Popayán: El Morro de Tulcán
El Morro del Tulcán is a pre-hispanic pyramid, presumbaly built between 1600 and 500 BCE. During road construction at the foot of the pyramid in 1928, adobe structures, vessels, bones and other pre-hispanic objects were found. Today, the equestrian statue of Sebastián de Belalcázar (1479/80-1551) is located on top of the pyramid. Belalcázar commanded the Spanish forces who conquered the area and founded Popayán in 1537.
The statue was created in 1937 by the Spanish sculptor Victorio Macho (1887-1966) to commemorate the quadricentennial of the founding of the city of Popayán. Needless to say, the placement of the statue of a conquistador on top of an indigenous monument is controversial, particularly as this fact was know when the monument was erected. Perhaps the amount of graffiti on the base indicated lack of respect for this monument. The top offers great views and is a very popular spot to watch sunsets.