Nidarosdomen cathedral and Nidelven river
The cathedral and the Nidelven river. The two most important photo subjects in Trondheim. The third most important is nice weather. The green area between the church and the river, Marinen, is a place where local people gather on sunny weekends in the summer.
The old cathedral was built where the remains of St. Olav were buried - at least that is what is believed. St. Olav died in the battle of Stiklestad in 1030 when christening Norway, and several miracles were ascribed him shortly thereafter. He therefore become one of the most important saints of his age, and despite the far distance Trondheim became the fourth most important goal for medieval European pilgrimage. Trondheim is also called Drontheim in Germany, it signified its importance that other continental Europe has given it names different from the Norwegian name.
In the 1930 the government wanted the town to take back the old name Nidaros, which means the outlet of the "Nidar" river, or Nidelven as it is called now. People of the town called it "Trondhjem", but in the rest of the district is was called "Trondheim", which ended us as the accepted name. "Heim" and "Hjem" are two different forms for the same word meaning "home", and related to the two different standards of written Norwegian, "Bokmål" and "Nynorsk".
Trondheim was the capitol of Norway during the Viking ages, but after the black death Norway lost sovereignty to Denmark and the to Sweden, and since then the area around Oslo has become far more important. Trondheim has approx 150.000 inhabitants, and around half a million people live in the region Midtnorge (Central Norway) where Trondheim is a natural center.