20090828_167-2 - Citrus Butterfly (Papilio demodocus)
Papilio demodocus, also called Citrus Butterfly, Orange Dog or Christmas Butterfly is a very common butterfly from Afrotropic ecozone (Africa). The first description was in 1798 by Esper. The wingspan is about 9.0 – 11.0 cm. The Citrus Butterfly is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE. The butterfly is black with yellow bands and spots on wings. Hind wings have no tails. The forewings are black. At the margin there are two chains of little yellow spots. In the middle of wing there is a chain of big yellow spots. At the wing leading edge there are some big yellow spots. Nearby the body there is a yellow pollinate area.
The underside is a copy of upside, but there are some yellow lines nearby the body.
The hind wings are black and have no tails. The margin is ridged. At the margin there are two chains of little yellow spots. In the middle of wing there is a broad yellow band, which contains one big black and blue eye. In back there is a blue, black and red eye.
The underside is copy of upside, but there is an extra chain of blue and brown spots. Furthermore there is a big black blue and brown spot in the middle of wing and some yellow lines nearby the body.
The body is black, but the underside is yellow.
There are no sex differences between the Male and Female.
The distribution is extend from Senegal, Somalia, Yemen and Oman to South Africa.