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Mount Shasta From Interstate 5 | by www78
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Mount Shasta From Interstate 5

A prominent volcanic peak dominating the California Far North, at 4321.8 m Mount Shasta is the second highest peak in the Cascades and the fifth highest peak in California. To the right is the satellite peak Shastina, itself 3760 m high. At the Southern end of the Cascades, it looms over the California Central Valley, rising 3000m above the surrounding landscape and is visible as far as 230km to the South. With an estimated volume of 350 km^3, it is the most voluminous mountain in the Cascades.


Mount Shasta was created perhaps 593000 years ago.Around 360000-300000 years ago the entire North face collapsed. In the last 10,000 years, Mount Shasta has erupted an average of every 800 years, but in the past 4,500 years the volcano has erupted an average of every 600 years. The last significant eruption on Mount Shasta may have occurred about two centuries ago. The United States Geological Survey monitors Mount Shasta and rates it as a very high-threat volcano.


Shasta is Karuk for "white mountain" and the surrounding Native tribes of Shasta, Okwanuchu, Modoc, Achomawi, Atsugewi, Karuk, Klamath, Wintu, and Yana all held it sacred. The Klamath hold that Mount Shasta is home of Skell, Spirit of the Above-World, who frequently engaged in fighting against Llao, Spirit of the Below-World who resided atop Mount Mazama.


Anglo Americans arrived in the 1820s, with Rogers Peak being renamed Mount Shasta by 1841. Elias Pearce had the first recorded ascent of Mount Shasta occurred in 1854, followed by Harriette Eddy, Mary Campbell McCloud, and their party in 1856.


Mount Shasta came to the attention of California Romanticists by the 1870s, and John Muir, Josiah Whitney, Clarence King, and John Wesley Powell all wrote about it. Muir famously survived a blizzard by laying in a hot spring near the summit. In 1887 the Central Pacific Railroad built a line to Mount Shasta and tourism flooded to the area, enjoying mountain climbing, fishing and hot springs. It continues to a lesser extent to this day. Mount Shasta is also a center for the New Age and Oculist Movements and is said to be the home of the remnants of Lemuria.

Hornbrook, California

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Taken on July 14, 2018