The Bay Model

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    In 1940, actor and schoolteacher John Reber came up with a plan to fill in San Francisco Bay. The San Francisco Bay Project, also known as the Reber Plan, would have two massive dams/causeways cutting off the South Bay and Suisun Bay and leaving two freshwater lakes, much fill-in, and a massive deepwater naval port. The plan was enthusiastically supported by San Francisco and the Navy, but WWII interrupted the effort. In response to this plan, the Rivers and Harbors Act of 1950 called for a large model to be built of the entire water system of the San Francisco Bay Area to test the feasibility of the plan. The US Army Corp of Engineers Bay Model was constructed in 1957. 97m long, and 122m wide, the Bay Model is one of the largest hydraulic models ever created, about the size of three football fields. It has a 1:1000 horizontal scale and a 1:100 vertical scale and accurately reflects the water flow of the Bay. The Model quickly showed that the dams of the Reber Plan would be unable to withstand the currents and the whole idea was scrapped by 1960.
    US Army Corps of Engineers Bay Model, Sausalito, California

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