Kulasekharapattinam is a town in the Thoothukudi district (formerlyTinnelvelly or Tirunelveli) of Tamil Nadu, India. Kulasekharapatnam is referred to in Marco Polo's travel diaries dating to 1250 AD. Kulasekharapatnam the name is derived from pandyan ruler Maravarman Kulasekara Pandyan I. Kulasekharapatnam was an ancient port dating to the 1st centuries of the Christian era and was contemporaneous to the existence of Kollam, Cheran Port, another Pandyan port. Kollam served the Pandyas on the west coast while Kulasekharapatnam served them on the east coast connecting them to Ceylon and the pearl fisheries in the Gulf of Mannar facing the Tirunelveli Coast.
In this temple Dusshera is being celeberated as a big festival. Lakhs of people are assemble here to celebrate this festival. This temple stands unique amongst the other temples, which celebrates Dusshera. The same Dusshera itself is celebrated here as a 12 day function instead of 9 days.
History behind this Dusshera festival:
Once upon a time due to the curse of saint Agathiyar, The saint Varamuni has became a man with a buffalow head. The term “Magisam” means buffalow. Since he had a buffalow head he was called Magisasuran. With his continuous meditation and strenuous effort Magisasuran gained more power and dominated all over the world.
To condemn the domination of the Magisasuran the saints approached the Goddess and informed the hardship done by Magisasuran. Then with the power of Goddess there appears a female baby. The baby was named as Lalithambigai. The baby grown up within 9 days and on the 10th day she grew as Annai Parasakthi Lalithambigai with lots of anger came strongly and destroyed Magisasuran and this day (i.e.,) 10th day is being celebrated as Dusshera.
The growth occurred by Annai Parasakthi during the nine days are resumed as Navarathiri. The first three days for Malaimagal, the second three days as Alaimagal, and the last three days as Kalaimagal. After the Goddess Annai Parasakthi demolished Magisasuran she was called as Magisasura Marthini. At last the Goddess came to this city and settled and showered her blessing to all the devotes.
The devotees whoever wants to observe vridham should do so for 41 days continuously, and during the dusshera(10 days) they should dress like the god/goddess and should not do any mischief, leaving all bad habits, and should be pure at body, mind and soul. One more thing is that whoever wants to dress up like “Goddess KALI” should be more cautious than others, since people come to them for blessings. People can dress up like any God and Goddess according to their prayers and wishes.