Black postal clerks: 1868-1971
Barred from the Post Office before the Civil War, African Americans faced segregation on the job and within labor unions.

The formal segregation did not end until the 1960s.

The predominantly African American unions were excluded from bargaining under the Postal Reorganization of 1970. One-the National Postal Union--merged with others to form the American Postal Workers Union and gained bargaining rights in that manner.

The other--the National Alliance of Postal and Federal Employees (NAPFE), was excluded but continues to handle grievance and provides a benefit plan.
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