Coxey's Army: 1894-1944
Coxey’s Army of the unemployed, who marched on Washington in the Spring of 1894, marked the first well publicized protest demonstration in the nation’s capital.

Spurred by the deprivation caused by the panic of 1893 (the country’s worst depression up to that point in time), Ohio businessman Jacob Coxey organized the march to demand a public works program that would provide jobs and built the country’s infrastructure to stimulate economic growth.

When the protesters finally reached the U.S. Capitol on May 1, 1894, the demonstration was broken up by police using clubs and horses. Coxey and several other leaders were jailed.

However, the vast publicity would spur many others to march on Washington again, including Coxey who staged a second march in 1914.
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