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Theresa Russell among peace delegates at the White House: 1932 | by Washington Area Spark
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Theresa Russell among peace delegates at the White House: 1932

Members of the delegation from the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom are seen at the White House in Washington on January 8, 1932 as they called on President Hoover with disarmament petitions gathered on their recent continental tour.


They will present the petitions to Dr. Mary Woolley of Massachusetts, who will take them to the conference at Geneva.


Left to right: Katherine Strong; Theresa Hirshi Russell; Dorothy Detzer, executive secretary of the league; Emma Wold; and Anna Boddanoff.


Russell was also the wife of Charles Edward Russell, a founding member of the NAACP and muckraking journalist.


Theresa Russell, along with Detzer, was an active participant is the Washington, D.C. campaign to end Jim Crow in the U.S. Capitol public restaurants in 1934.


She was part of an interracial group composed of her husband Charles; Harland Glazier, secretary of the socialist party in D.C.; and Ralph Bunche, professor of political science at Howard University that on March 13th sought service at the Jim Crow House of Representatives public restaurant.


There were a number of such groups that tried to use direct action to desegregate the facilities in March 1934.


In Russell’s case, their party was served without incident.


Later, she went with others to the office of Rep. Lindsay Warren who had ordered the barring of African Americans and encountered Warren’s confidential aide.


Warren’s secretary told her that the policy was not to serve black people “and that’s the end of it.” Ms. Russell replied, “It is not the end, it is only the beginning.”


For a detailed blog post on the battle against Jim Crow in the U.S. Capitol public restaurants, see


For additional images related to the battle against Jim Crow in the U.S. Capitol, see


For information on Dorothy Detzer, see


The photographer is unknown. The image is an ACME News Service photograph obtained via an Internet sale

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Taken on January 8, 1932