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Prison record of revolt leader Mark Caesar: 1850 | by Washington Area Spark
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Prison record of revolt leader Mark Caesar: 1850

A copy of the prison record of Mark Caesar who helped lead a mass escape of slaves from Charles County Maryland in 1845.


Caesar was captured and his first trial for insurrection ended in a hung jury. He was retried for aiding and abetting the escape of slaves and sentenced to four years on ten counts to run concurrently.


The prison record shows he was 35 years old at the time he entered prison, 5’8” tall and a carpenter by trade.


Caesar was a freedman and the record shows he had two scars on his back, one on his neck and a scar from a pistol ball on his face. It is not known if that the pistol ball scar occurred during the brief battle near Rockville when the white Montgomery Volunteers surrounded the group, killing and wounding several.


The record also shows he was unmarried and could read and write and that he worked as a dyer in prison.


For a short blog post on the Maryland mass escape, see


For more information and additional images, see

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Taken on July 1, 1850