NYC - LES: Young Israel Synagogue
Young Israel or National Council of Young Israel (NCYI), is a branch of Modern Orthodox Judaism. The National Council of Young Israel (NCYI) was founded in 1912 to combat the wave of assimilation by Jews into secular American society. This is the first Young Israel Synagogue, at 229 East Broadway. There are now over 150 belonging to the NCYI.
Young Israel was founded by Rabbi Israel Friedlander, and Rabbi Mordecai Kaplan. Due to Kaplan's evolving position on Jewish theology, he was later condemned as a heretic by Young Israel and the rest of Orthodox Judaism, and his name is no longer mentioned in official publications as being one of the movement's founders.
At that time, American Jews were striving primarily for social and economic advancement, often leaving their religious observances behind. Because most jobs required working on Saturdays, observance of the Jewish Sabbath was rare, as were many other traditions. The Young Israel movement aimed to provide a positive Orthodox synagogue experience for newly-arrived immigrants and their future generations. The organization used the traditional communal synagogue to provide educational, religious, social, spiritual and communal programming