Paris - Beauborg: Centre Georges Pompidou
Centre Georges Pompidou (Pompidou Centre), a complex built to the designs of the Italian architect Renzo Piano, the British architect couple Richard Rogers and Sue Rogers, and the British structual engineer Edmund Happold and Irish structural engineer Peter Rice from 1971-1977 in the Beauborg area of the 4th arrondissement, houses the Bibliothèque publique d'information, a vast public library, the Musée National d'Art Moderne, and IRCAM, a centre for music and acoustic research.
Named after Georges Pompidou, who was president of France from 1969 to 1974, the complex is known locally as Beauborg. When initially opened on January 31, 1977, the building was met with a lot of detraction, but over time it earned both a place as a noted Parisian attraction and acclaim for the designers. The supporting structure and movement and flow systems, such as the escalators, were relegated to the outside of the building, freeing up interior space for museum and activity areas. The brightly colored tubes of the exposed mechanical system are color-coded coded according to the contents: yellow for electricity, red for transport(elevators), blue for water, and green for air. The transparency of the west main façade allows people to see what is going on inside the centre from the piazza, a vast esplanade that the architects conceived of as an area of continuity, linking the city and the centre.