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Beautiful ruins | by walla2chick
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Beautiful ruins

Panorama from three pictures of Melrose Abbey in Scotland. The window on the right got twisted and I wasn't able to make it right.


The information below is from


Melrose Abbey is a Gothic-style abbey in Melrose, Scotland. It was founded in 1136 by Cistercian monks, on the request of King David I of Scotland. The east end of the abbey was completed in 1146. Other buildings in the complex were added over the next 50 years. The abbey was built in the form of a St. John's cross.


In 1322 the town was attacked by the army of Edward II, and much of the Abbey destroyed. It was rebuilt with the help of King Robert the Bruce, whose embalmed heart, encased in lead, was buried in the church.


In 1385 the Abbey was burned by the army of Richard II of England as he forced the army of Robert II of Scotland back to Edinburgh. It was rebuilt over a period of about 100 years—construction was still unfinished when James IV visited in 1504.


In 1544, as English armies raged across Scotland in an effort to force the Scots to allow the infant Mary, Queen of Scots to marry the son of Henry VIII (the Rough Wooing), the Abbey was again badly damaged and was never fully repaired.


In 1996 an archaeological excavation on the site unearthed a conical lead container and an engraved copper plaque that read "The enclosed leaden casket containing a heart was found beneath Chapter House floor, March 1921, by His Majesty's Office of Works"; the lead container was not opened, but it is assumed that since there are no records of anyone else's heart being buried at Melrose that it was indeed the heart of Robert I. The container was reburied at Melrose Abbey on June 22, 1998. A plinth was unveiled on June 24.


Today the abbey is maintained by Historic Scotland. I purchased a 14 day Historic Scotland Pass at the abbey which was good for 14 days and could be used on 7 of those days. On one day it got me into both Linlithgow Castle and Sterling Castle. I'm back as of June 19.

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Taken on June 4, 2010