How to run an effective meeting
*Để chạy một cuộc họp hiệu quả, cần làm gì?*
*Để chạy một cuộc họp hiệu quả, cần làm gì?*
- Có mục đích rõ ràng
- và được chi tiết hóa hơn bằng agenda
- Tập trung vào agenda, không đi lệch chủ đề chính
- Càng ngắn càng tốt. Thời gian cho một meeting nên không vượt quá 25 phút.
- Chỉ định người take note
- Tất cả những người tham gia có sự chuẩn bị trước về mặt tinh thần và nội dung
- Chỉ định người điều khiển cuộc họp, điều chỉnh cuộc họp theo các tiêu nói nói trên: Tập trung vào agenda, không lệch chủ đề, chủ động ngắt phát biểu nếu quá dài.
Một số biểu hiện của cuộc họp không hiệu quả:
- Thời gian quá dài
- Không đi vào nội dung chính
- Không rõ mục tiêu của cuộc họp là gì
- Có người ngủ hoặc/làm việc riêng trong khi họp
- Không có kết luận, danh sách TODO/next action sau cuộc họp
*Tham khảo bài dưới đây: *
There are good meetings and there are bad meetings. Bad meetings drone on
forever, you never seem to get to the point, and you leave wondering why
you were even present. Effective ones leave you energized and feeling that
you've really accomplished something.
So what makes a meeting effective?
Effective meetings really boil down to three things:
They achieve the meeting's objective.
They take up a minimum amount of time.
They leave participants feeling that a sensible process has been
If you structure your meeting planning, preparation, execution, and follow
up around these three basic criteria, the result will be an effective
*1. The Meeting's Objective*
An effective meeting serves a useful purpose. This means that in it, you
achieve a desired outcome. For a meeting to meet this outcome, or
objective, you have to be clear about what it is.
Too often, people call a meeting to discuss something without really
considering what a good outcome would be.
1. Do you want a decision?
2. Do you want to generate ideas?
3. Are you getting status reports?
4. Are you communicating something?
5. Are you making plans?
Any of these, and a myriad of others, is an example of a meeting objective.
Before you do any meeting planning, you need to focus your objective.
To help you determine what your meeting objective is, complete this
At the close of the meeting, I want the group to ...
With the end result clearly defined, you can then plan the contents of the
meeting, and determine who needs to be present.
*2. Use Time Wisely*
Time is a precious resource, and no one wants their time wasted. With the
amount of time we all spend in meetings, you owe it to yourself and your
team to streamline the meeting as much as possible. What's more, time
wasted in a meeting is time wasted for everybody attending. For example, if
a critical person is 15 minutes late in an eight person meeting, that
person has cost the organization two hours of lost activity.
Starting with your meeting objective, everything that happens in the
meeting itself should further that objective. If it doesn't, it's
superfluous and should not be included.
To ensure you cover only what needs to be covered and you stick to relevant
activities, you need to create an agenda. The agenda is what you will refer
to in order to keep the meeting running on target and on time.
To prepare an agenda, consider the following factors:
1. Priorities – what absolutely must be covered?
2. Results – what do need to accomplish at the meeting?
3. Participants – who needs to attend the meeting for it to be
4. Sequence – in what order will you cover the topics?
5. Timing – how much time will spend on each topic?
6. Date and Time – when will the meeting take place?
7. Place – where will the meeting take place?
With an idea of what needs to be covered and for how long, you can then
look at the information that should be prepared beforehand. What do the
participants need to know in order to make the most of the meeting time?
And, what role are they expected to perform in the meeting, so that they
can do the right preparation?
If it's a meeting to solve a problem, ask the participants to come prepared
with a viable solution. If you are discussing an ongoing project, have each
participant summarize his or her progress to date and circulate the reports
Assigning a particular topic of discussion to various people is another
great way to increase involvement and interest. On the agenda, indicate who
will lead the discussion or presentation of each item.
Use your agenda as your time guide. When you notice that time is running
out for a particular item, consider hurrying the discussion, pushing to a
decision, deferring discussion until another time, or assigning it for
discussion by a subcommittee.
An important aspect of running effective meetings is insisting that
everyone respects the time allotted. Start the meeting on time, do not
spend time recapping for latecomers, and, when you can, finish on time.
Whatever can be done outside the meeting time should be. This includes
circulating reports for people to read beforehand, and assigning smaller
group meetings to discuss issues relevant to only certain people.
Download our free agenda template here, and use this as a starting point
for creating your own agenda.
*3. Satisfying Participants that a Sensible Process Has Been Followed*
Once you have an agenda prepared, you need to circulate it to the
participants and get their feedback and input. Running a meeting is not a
dictatorial role: You have to be participative right from the start.
Perhaps there is something important that a team member has to add. Maybe
you have allotted too much, or too little, time for a particular item.
There may even be some points you've included that have been settled
already and can be taken off the list for discussion.
Whatever the reason, it is important you get feedback from the meeting
participants about your proposed agenda.
Once in the meeting, to ensure maximum satisfaction for everyone, there are
several things you should keep in mind:
If certain people are dominating the conversation, make a point of
asking others for their ideas.
At the end of each agenda item, quickly summarize what was said, and
ask people to confirm that that's a fair summary. Then make notes regarding
Note items that require further discussion.
Watch body language and make adjustments as necessary. Maybe you need a
break, or you need to stop someone from speaking too much.
Ensure the meeting stays on topic.
List all tasks that are generated at the meeting. Make a note of who is
assigned to do what, and by when.
At the close of the meeting, quickly summarize next steps and inform
everyone that you will be sending out a meeting summary.
After the meeting is over, take some time to debrief, and determine what
went well and what could have been done better. Evaluate the meeting's
effectiveness based on how well you met the objective. This will help you
continue to improve your process of running effective meetings.
You may even want to get the participants' feedback as well. Depending on
the time frame, this debriefing can be done within the meeting itself or
Finally, prepare the meeting summary. This will be forwarded to all
participants and other stakeholders. It is a record of what was
accomplished and who is responsible for what as the team moves forward.
This is a very crucial part of effective meetings that often gets
overlooked. You need a written record of what transpired, along with a list
of actions that named individuals have agreed to perform. Make sure someone
is assigned to take notes during the meeting if you think you will be too
busy to do so yourself.
Running an effective meeting is more than sending out a notice that your
team is to meet at a particular time and place. Effective meetings need
structure and order. Without these elements they can go on forever and not
accomplish a thing.
With a solid objective in mind, a tight agenda, and a commitment to
involving the meeting participants in the planning, preparation, and
execution of the meeting, you are well on your way to chairing great
Given the frustration most people feel when their time is wasted, gaining a
reputation for running efficient and successful meetings is good for you
and your career.