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Greetings from Pisa

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Pisa is known worldwide for its leaning tower the bell tower of the city's cathedral. This marble building is leaning over, and has always been. The scientist Galileo Galilei 1564-1642 conducted experiments from the Leaning Tower in order to prove that the time of descent of falling objects was independent of their mass. The tower's tilt began during construction, caused by an inadequate foundation on ground too soft on one side to properly support the structure's weight. The tilt increased in the decades before the structure was completed, and gradually increased until the structure was stabilized. Prior to restoration work performed between 1990 and 2001, the tower leaned at an angle of 5.5 degrees, but the tower now leans at about 3.99 degrees. Pisa is a city in Tuscany, Central Italy, on the right bank of the mouth of the River Arno on the Tyrrhenian Sea. It is the capital city of the Province of Pisa. Standing in a large green expanse, Piazza del Duomo houses a group of monuments known the world over. These four masterpieces of medieval architecture – the cathedral, the baptistry, the campanile the 'Leaning Tower and the cemetery – had a great influence on monumental art in Italy from the 11th to the 14th century.

 

After 20 years of work, the leaning Tower of Pisa’s makeover is complete. With its signature tilt slightly corrected, the tower in Pisa is now gleaming white. The tower, which is located in Pisa’s historic piazza dei Miracoli was completed in 1350. Photo of the Cemetery in front, the Cathedral, the Baptistery and its Leaning Tower. Thanks to the restoration work, experts expect the iconic landmark will safely stand for at least 300 more years.

 

Pisa is vooral beroemd om zijn scheve toren. De Toren van Pisa is de vrijstaande klokkentoren bij de kathedraal van Pisa . De toren is een van de onderdelen van de Piazza dei Miracoli. Bouwmeesters waren Gugilmo en Buonanno. Kort na het begin van de bouw in 1173 begon de toren al over te hellen. Toen al merkte men op dat de reeds gebouwde verdiepingen scheef stonden, en er werd dus besloten die scheefheid in de volgende verdiepingen te neutraliseren door aan de ene zijde meer mortel te gebruiken dan aan de andere. Doordat men loodrecht verder bouwde, is de toren niet alleen scheef maar ook krom. De toren is 55,85 meter hoog en het gewicht wordt geschat op 14,453 ton. De huidige helling is ongeveer 10%. De toren heeft 297 treden. Op 25 februari 1964 vroeg de Italiaanse regering om hulp om te zorgen dat de toren niet om zou vallen. In 1990 werd de toren gesloten uit veiligheidsoverwegingen. Vervolgens werd hij gerestaureerd om de helling te verminderen. Na ruim tien jaar werk werd de toren weer voor het publiek geopend.

 

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Taken on August 12, 2012