Rosedale (c 1856), Columbus, Mississippi
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This beautiful Italianate home from 1855 or 1856 is in Columbus, Lowndes County, Mississippi. It is Rosedale. It was built by W. W. Topp and is located in an 11 plus acre meadow and landscaped yard. It's believed the house was built according to plans by Samuel Sloane (1815-1884), Rosedale closely resembling a design for an Italian Villa in Book 1 of his 1852 book “The Model Architect". There's no direct proof that this is one of his designs, however.
The front facade of Rosedale is totally symmetrical. The home is two-stories high with a 3-story square tower rising from the center of five bays. Construction is stucco over brick with walls 18-inches thick. The exterior stucco has been scored or grooved to give the appearance of quarry stone (the grooves are not visible in the photo). There are two pairs of internal chimneys with chamfered corners and corbeled caps which project from a very low hip pyramidal roof. The tower roof is also pyramidal with brackets in the cornice. The top story of the tower is accented by a belt course of stucco below a pair of round-arched windows in a round-arch opening. An ornamental circle tops the window opening.
On either side of the tower on the second level are two six-over-six round arched windows. Below the eaves of the roof are six elliptical ventilation grills of cast iron. The center balcony has a canopy over the double doors and a decorated cast iron balustrade.
The ground level also has pairs of six-over-six double hung round arched windows flanking the front entrance (not visible in the photo for the first level). The porch extends the full length of the facade and has a canopy roof supported by colonnettes with elaborate foliated brackets. Ornamental millwork characterizes the balustrade. The entry is a single-leaf wooden door with two vertical windows in the top portion and panels below. Sidelights are on either side of the door. The entry surround continues the round arch pattern, the arch rising from paneled pilasters (not visible) and culminating in a keystone (not visible) above the large arched fanlight.
Information on Sloane can be found at en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samuel_Sloan_(architect)
The Model Architect, both volumes, is available at archive.org/details/modelarchitectse01sloa
Rosedale has an individual listing on the National Register of Historic Places, added June 24, 1994 with ID #94000642. Many details of exterior and interior features are included in the pdf file of the National Register nomination form:
A few interior views are at volzassociates.com/projects/rosedale/