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[ Current Affairs : Screams for FREEDOM and DEMOCRACY ] @ FREE LIBYA Protest in Dublin / Republic of Ireland - Witness to HISTORY : PRESENT : FUTURE! | by || UggBoy♥UggGirl || PHOTO || WORLD || TRAVEL ||
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[ Current Affairs : Screams for FREEDOM and DEMOCRACY ] @ FREE LIBYA Protest in Dublin / Republic of Ireland - Witness to HISTORY : PRESENT : FUTURE!

Democracy is a legislative system in which all citizens exercise direct and equal participation in the development, proposal and passage of legislation into law. The term comes from the Greek: δημοκρατία – (dēmokratía) "rule of the people", which was coined from δῆμος (dêmos) "people" and κράτος (Kratos) "power", in the middle of the 5th-4th century BC to denote the political systems then existing in some Greek city-states, notably Athens following a popular uprising in 508 BC.

 

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Even though there is no specific, universally accepted definition of 'democracy', equality and freedom have been identified as important characteristics of democracy since ancient times. These principles are reflected in all citizens being equal before the law and having equal access to the legislative process. For example, in a representative democracy, every vote has equal weight, no restrictions can apply to anyone wanting to become a representative, and the freedom of its citizens is secured by legitimized rights and liberties which are generally protected by a constitution.

 

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There are several varieties of democracy, some of which provide better representation and more freedoms for their citizens than others. However, if any democracy is not structured so as to prohibit the government from excluding the people from the legislative process, or any branch of government from altering the separation of powers in its own favor, then a branch of the system can accumulate too much power and destroy the democracy. Representative Democracy, Consensus Democracy, and Deliberative Democracy are pseudo-democracies because they do not allow direct citizen participation in the legislative process.

 

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Majority rule is often listed as a characteristic of democracy. So it is possible for a minority to be oppressed by a "tyranny of the majority" without governmental or constitutional protections of individual liberties. An essential part of an "ideal" representative democracy is competitive elections that are fair both substantively and procedurally. Furthermore, freedom of political expression, freedom of speech, and freedom of the press are considered by some to be essential so that citizens are informed and able to vote in their personal interests.

 

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Popular sovereignty is common but not a universal motivating principle for establishing a democracy. In some countries, democracy is based on the philosophical principle of equal rights. Many people use the term "democracy" as shorthand for liberal democracy, which may include additional elements such as political pluralism; equality before the law; the right to petition elected officials for redress of grievances; due process; civil liberties; human rights; and elements of civil society outside the government.

 

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In the United States, separation of powers is often cited as a supporting attribute, but in other countries, such as the United Kingdom, the dominant philosophy is parliamentary sovereignty (though in practice judicial independence is generally maintained). In other cases, "democracy" is used to mean direct democracy. Though the term "democracy" is typically used in the context of a political state, the principles are applicable to private organizations and other groups also.

 

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Democracy has its formal origins in Ancient Greece, but democratic practices are evident in earlier societies including Mesopotamia, Phoenicia and India. Other cultures since Greece have significantly contributed to the evolution of democracy such as Ancient Rome, Europe, and North and South America. The concept of representative democracy arose largely from ideas and institutions that developed during the European Middle Ages and the Age of Enlightenment and in the American and French Revolutions.

 

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Democracy has been called the "last form of government" and has spread considerably across the globe.The right to vote has been expanded in many Jurisdictions over time from relatively narrow groups (such as wealthy men of a particular ethnic group), with New Zealand the first nation to grant universal suffrage for all its citizens in 1893.

 

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For more insights into Democracy and WHY DEMOCRACY IS A HUMAN RIGHT, please inform yourself with the following LINK, enjoy:

 

WIKIPEDIA = The Long WAY TO DEMOCRACY around THE WORLD, OUR PLANET

 

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Human rights is the soul of our foreign policy, because human rights is the very soul of our sense of nationhood.

 

--- Jimmy Carter

 

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Taken on February 26, 2011