The urban landscape of Messene was constructed in the Early Hellenistic era,
according to certain architectural and town-planning principles of spatial organization, which reflected the political and social values of the period applied to the demands of this programmatic city founded by the Thebans in 369 B.C. on the south slopes of mount Ithome. The city was famous for its mighty fortification walls, the monumentality of its pubic buildings and the Hippodamian town-plan.
The cityscape preserves evidence related to its successive constructional phases in the course of time from the 4th century BC to the 14th AD. The character of the landscape is defined and transformed by human activities and ideologies; it is a cultural product subject to constant re-interpretation.(Petros Themelis, Director of the excavations)
For a short illustrated overview, please refer to his paper: "Messene - A multiperiod site" > goo.gl/q6vWJS
further information on Wikipedia >
For a deeper inside have a look on the papers published by Petros Themelis: crete.academia.edu/PetrosThemelis
All descriptions of monuments are taken from the official website of the excavation project:
The numbers of the albums correspond with MAP01 and MAP02 in the 'Overview Maps' folder.
All picture by Rene Rissland if not indicated differently.