Dutch postcard. Sent by mail in the Netherlands in 1972. Picture: Pagotfilm, 1972.
Calimero (1972, Yugo Serikawa) is an Italian/Japanese cartoon TV series about a charming, but hapless chicken. Calimero is the only black one in a family of yellow chickens. He wears half of his egg shell still on his head. Nino and Toni Pagot originally created Calimero for the Italian television show Carosello in1963, and soon the little chicken became a popular icon in Italy. The animations were created by the studio Organizzazione Pagot and originated as a series of animated advertisements for soap products shown throughout Italy. At the end of each episode, it turns out that Calimero is not actually black, but only very dirty, and becomes white after being washed by the advertised soap products.
The characters were later licensed in Japan as an anime series, twice. The first was made by Toei Animation in 1972, and the second, with new settings and characters, was made in 1992. Altogether, 99 Japanese episodes were made (47 in the 1972 Toei series, and 52 in the 1992 series). The series mostly consists of the many adventures of Calimero and his friends such as the shy chick Priscilla and Peter Jobatta. In the Netherlands and Belgium, 'Calimero complex' is used to denote someone who thinks the world is against him or her because they are an underdog. In the Dutchversion of the Calimero series, he says "They are big and I is small and that is not fair, oh no!" (Dutch: "Zij zijn groot en ik is klein, en da's niet eerlijk, o nee!" The erroneous use of the word 'is' is intentional).
Source: Wikipedia and IMDb.