The War of Wealth by C.T. Dazey, Broadway poster, 1895
The War of Wealth by C.T. [Charles Turner] Dazey, author of In Old Kentucky, Jacob Litt, proprietor. The Run on the Bank. A crisis in the affairs of the great financial institution. The most animated and realistic scene ever shown on the stage. Promotional poster for the Broadway melodrama. Copyright by The Strobridge Lithograph Co., Cincinnati & New York, 1895.
From the Library of Congress website: This poster for the stage production The War of Wealth depicts what might have been any number of nineteenth century-financial crises. During that time, the U.S. experienced panics in the years 1819, 1837, 1857, 1873, and 1893.
The major financial catalyst for the panic of 1857 was the August 24, 1857, failure of the New York branch of the Ohio Life Insurance and Trust Company. It was soon reported that the entire capital of the Trust's home office had been embezzled. What followed was one of the most severe economic crises in U.S. history.
Almost immediately, New York bankers put severe restrictions on even the most routine transactions. In turn, many people interpreted these restrictions as a sign of impending financial collapse and panicked. Individual holders of stock and of commercial paper rushed to their brokers and eagerly made deals that "a week before they would have shunned as a ruinous sacrifice." As the September 12, 1857, Harper's Weekly described the scene on the New York Stock Exchange, "…prominent stocks fell eight or ten per cent in a day, and fortunes were made and lost between ten o'clock in the morning and four of the afternoon."
[PD] This picture is in the public domain