San Francisco's Historic Streetcar System
"F" Market & Wharves
The F Market & Wharves line is one of several light rail lines in San Francisco, California. Unlike the other lines, the F line is operated as a heritage streetcar service, using exclusively historic equipment both from San Francisco's retired fleet as well as from cities around the world. While the F line is operated by the San Francisco Municipal Railway (Muni), its operation is supported by Market Street Railway, a nonprofit organization of streetcar enthusiasts which raises funds and helps to restore vintage streetcars.
Despite its heritage status, the F Market & Wharves line is an integral part of Muni's intermodal urban transport network, operating at frequent intervals for 20 hours a day, seven days a week. It carries local commuters and tourists alike, linking residential, business and leisure oriented areas of the city. Unlike the San Francisco cable car system, standard Muni fares are levied.
A fleet of PCC streetcars from San Francisco, Philadelphia, and Newark, built between 1946 and 1948. As of August 2007, there are 27 of these cars restored to various states of readiness for service, together with another 30 unrestored cars in long term storage.
Of the restored cars, three are original San Francisco double-ended PCC cars. A further 16 cars are single-ended cars acquired from SEPTA in Philadelphia in 1992, while the remaining 11 cars are single-ended cars acquired from New Jersey Transit in Newark in 2002.
Many of the restored cars are painted in the color schemes of prominent past and present PCC streetcar operators, including Muni itself and 26 U.S. cities, based on the city of origin of the streetcar.
Peter Witt Fleet
A fleet of Peter Witt streetcars acquired from Milan, Italy. There are 11 of these cars, all built in 1928 to an Italian derivative of a common streetcar design that operated in many US cities, although never previously in San Francisco.
Most of San Francisco's Peter Witt cars are currently painted in the overall orange color scheme that they carried in Milan, although one has been repainted into its original livery of yellow and white with black trim, whilst another is in the two-tone green livery that that the cars carried from the 1930s to the 1970s.
San Francisco Vintage Fleet
A fleet of pre-PCC vintage cars built between 1895 and 1924 for operation in San Francisco. Three passenger cars were built for Muni itself, and a further two for the independent Market Street Railway Company that ran competing streetcar services in San Francisco until acquired by Muni in 1944. The final car is a works flat car, built for Muni in 1916 and used for hauling rails, ties, and other materials needed to maintain a streetcar system.
The cars carry a variety of former San Francisco streetcar color schemes.
A diverse collection of 10 cars from various cities worldwide:
* Blackpool tramway, in Blackpool, England
* Hamburger Hochbahn AG, in Hamburg, Germany
* Hankai Electric Rail Service Company, in Osaka, Japan
* Kobe City Railways & Hiroshima Electric Railway, in Kobe & Hiroshima, Japan
* Melbourne & Metropolitan Tramways Board, in Melbourne, Australia
* Moscow, Russia
* STCP, in Porto, Portugal
* STIB/MIVB, in Brussels, Belgium.
All the cars carry the color schemes of their original operators, except for the Brussels car, which currently carries a color scheme commemorating San Francisco's twin city of Zürich in Switzerland