Hip to be Hippocrates!

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    Seen in the decoration at Stuyvesant Polyclinic, Manhattan, New York City

    Historians accept that Hippocrates was born around the year 460 BC on the Greek island of Kos (Cos), and became a famous physician and teacher of medicine. Other biographical information, however, is likely to be untrue. Soranus of Ephesus, a 2nd-century Greek gynecologist, was Hippocrates' first biographer and is the source of most information on Hippocrates' person. Information about Hippocrates can also be found in the writings of Aristotle, which date from the 4th century BC, in the Suda of the 10th century AD, and in the works of John Tzetzes, which date from the 12th century AD.

    Soranus wrote that Hippocrates' father was Heraclides, a physician; his mother was Praxitela, daughter of Tizane. The two sons of Hippocrates, Thessalus and Draco, and his son-in-law, Polybus, were his students. According to Galen, a later physician, Polybus was Hippocrates' true successor, while Thessalus and Draco each had a son named Hippocrates.

    Soranus said that Hippocrates learned medicine from his father and grandfather, and studied other subjects with Democritus and Gorgias. Hippocrates was probably trained at the asklepieion of Kos, and took lessons from the Thracian physician Herodicus of Selymbria. The only contemporaneous mention of Hippocrates is in Plato's dialogue Protagoras, where Plato describes Hippocrates as "Hippocrates of Kos, the Asclepiad". Hippocrates taught and practiced medicine throughout his life, traveling at least as far as Thessaly, Thrace, and the Sea of Marmara. He probably died in Larissa at the age of 83 or 90, though some accounts say he lived to be well over 100; several different accounts of his death exist.

    Medicine and Religion:

    Hippocrates is credited with being the first physician to reject superstitions, legends and beliefs that credited supernatural or divine forces with causing illness. Hippocrates was credited by the disciples of Pythagoras of allying philosophy and medicine. He separated the discipline of medicine from religion, believing and arguing that disease was not a punishment inflicted by the gods but rather the product of environmental factors, diet, and living habits. Indeed there is not a single mention of a mystical illness in the entirety of the Hippocratic Corpus.

    The Hippocratic Oath:

    I swear by Apollo, the healer, Asclepius, Hygieia, and Panacea, and I take to witness all the gods, all the goddesses, to keep according to my ability and my judgment, the following Oath and agreement:

    To consider dear to me, as my parents, him who taught me this art; to live in common with him and, if necessary, to share my goods with him; To look upon his children as my own brothers, to teach them this art.

    I will prescribe regimens for the good of my patients according to my ability and my judgment and never do harm to anyone. (Key Phrase in the Oath).

    I will not give a lethal drug to anyone if I am asked, nor will I advise such a plan; and similarly I will not give a woman a pessary to cause an abortion.

    But I will preserve the purity of my life and my arts.

    I will not cut for stone, even for patients in whom the disease is manifest; I will leave this operation to be performed by practitioners, specialists in this art.

    In every house where I come I will enter only for the good of my patients, keeping myself far from all intentional ill-doing and all seduction and especially from the pleasures of love with women or with men, be they free or slaves.

    All that may come to my knowledge in the exercise of my profession or in daily commerce with men, which ought not to be spread abroad, I will keep secret and will never reveal.

    If I keep this oath faithfully, may I enjoy my life and practice my art, respected by all men and in all times; but if I swerve from it or violate it, may the reverse be my lot.

    source: wiki

    golli43, billnbenj, and 10 other people added this photo to their favorites.

    1. golli43 59 months ago | reply

      I found this great photo at:
      Anal Retentive - where our bark is worse than our bite!!

      www.flickr.com/groups/anal_retentiveness_//

    2. billnbenj 59 months ago | reply

      Great picture,Tony,from a great angle too. Your excellent historical information is second to none.

    3. Richard Roscoe Photography 59 months ago | reply

      I like it very much!
      -----------------------
      Seen in my contacts' photos

    4. Gingercat2008 59 months ago | reply

      Great shot, the shadows really bring out the face and the greenery makes a nice frame. Interesting info too.

    5. ~Abadhero08~ 58 months ago | reply

      Wonderful image!
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    6. Avocadoface 58 months ago | reply

      Sì, è davvero una bellissima interpretazione!
      Yes, it's really a beautiful interpretation!
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      Per favore, aggiungi tag "Estremità"
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    7. Metropol 21 57 months ago | reply

      Very nicely captured! I love it!

    8. jamica1 51 months ago | reply

      Hi, I'm an admin for a group called Science, Technology, History, and we'd love to have this added to the group!

    9. aaron_language 37 months ago | reply

      Thanks as always for the terrific photos. We are now working on some ESL materials for our site at www.aaroncoaches.com/ for teaching writing. We will be in touch with the exact URL if we use this shot. Just wanted to let you know.

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