Española Ground-Finch (Adult)
NOTE: The species common name has recently been changed from Cactus-Finch to the more appropriate Ground-Finch. The name "cactus-finch" is a bit of a misnomer for this large Galapagos finch. Genetically, it is a closer relative to the Large Ground-Finch than it is to any of the other Cactus-finches.
The feeding behavior is also more typical of a ground-finch, as it generally forages seeds from the ground or rocks.
These birds (and the other species classified in the "Darwin's Finches" category) are widely regarded as "finches". They are actually, however, tanagers that have evolved from the ancestral relatives of the Tiaris grassquits that arrived on the Galapagos islands some 2 to 3 million years ago.
As the name suggests, the species is restricted to the Island of Espanola, in the Galapagos.
Española Ground-Finch (Geospiza conirostris)
Family: Tanagers (Thraupidae)