Newcastle and Berwick Railway Delivery Certificate for Rails 1847
Plans for a continuous east coast route to Scotland had been promoted by railway speculators since the early 1830s. George Stephenson surveyed a number of routes between Newcastle and Edinburgh and recommended a route via Berwick and Dunbar which kept close to the coast.
These plans were revived in 1844 when the railway reached Newcastle from London. The promoters of the Newcastle & Berwick Railway adopted George Stephenson’s route to join the North British Railway at Berwick. The Newcastle & Berwick Railway obtained its Act of Parliament on 31 July 1845 and appointed Robert Stephenson its chief engineer. Its strategic importance meant that in 1847 the company was amalgamated with the York & Newcastle to form the York, Newcastle & Berwick Railway.
Between its authorisation in 1845 and the opening of the line in 1850 major works of civil engineering by Robert Stephenson had been completed; the High Level Bridge (1849), the Royal Border Bridge (1850) and Newcastle Central Station (1850). With the opening of the Royal Border Bridge the York, Newcastle & Berwick Railway was linked to the North British Railway route to Edinburgh. The dream of a continuous east coast railway route to Edinburgh had become a reality.
History Time Line -
The line between Newcastle and Edinburgh via Berwick & Dunbar is surveyed by George Stephenson.
The plan for an east coast route to Scotland is revived. Promoters back George Stephenson’s route for the Newcastle & Berwick Railway.
July: the Newcastle & Berwick Railway is approved by Act of Parliament.
July: The Newcastle & Berwick joins the York & Newcastle to form the York, Newcastle & Berwick Railway.
The High Level Bridge over the River Tyne at Newcastle is opened.
August: the York, Newcastle & Berwick Railway is linked to the North British Railway route to Edinburgh with the opening of the Royal Border Bridge at Berwick. Newcastle Station is opened jointly between the York, Newcastle & Berwick and the Newcastle & Carlisle railways.
July: the York, Newcastle & Berwick Railway forms part of the new North Eastern Railway Company.