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Cairns council created a Zhanjiang Friendship Garden at Freshwater Lakes in the Cairns Botanic Garden precinct, to celebrate the Sister Cities relationship between Cairns and the Chinese city of Zhanjiang. The Chinese-style garden, which celebrates the cultural heritage of the Cairns region, was officially opened on 21 November 2015. Situated on the banks of Freshwater Lake, within the Centenary Lakes precinct at Edge Hill, the garden incorporates traditional features in a contemporary style. It pays homage to the unique friendship that is maintained between the cities of Zhanjiang and Cairns. The entry pillars announce “arrival” and are adorned with graphic motifs of traditional cloud patters of Zhanjiang. Boulders of Chillagoe marble acknowledge the importance of rocks and mountains in Chinese garden culture.

A Moon Gate is inscribed with the words “Friendship Garden” and carved granite dogs at the entrance to the Pavilion are representative of the ancient dog sculptures unique to Zhanjiang. Designers consulted the Sister Cities Advisory Committee, the Consul-General to Mayor Wang Zhongbing, the Zhanjiang Urban Management Bureau, the Cairns and District Chinese Association and the Friends of the Botanic Gardens in preparing the brief. The style of the garden has been influenced by the designers' involvement with the Sino Australian Friendship Garden at Zhanjiang China, Cairns' Sister City – a 37ha contemporary style garden with modern Chinese elements that were in turn influenced by an existing 500 year old light house, a modern harbour bridge and an interest to fuse local Cairns cultural icons into the end result – a symbolic gesture that supported the 'friendship' between the two cities. 23193

Dawn colours and reflections at this large wetland. Cairns council created a Zhanjiang Friendship Garden at Freshwater Lakes in the Cairns Botanic Garden precinct, to celebrate the Sister Cities relationship between Cairns and the Chinese city of Zhanjiang. The Chinese-style garden, which celebrates the cultural heritage of the Cairns region, was officially opened on 21 November 2015. Situated on the banks of Freshwater Lake, within the Centenary Lakes precinct at Edge Hill, the garden incorporates traditional features in a contemporary style. It pays homage to the unique friendship that is maintained between the cities of Zhanjiang and Cairns. The entry pillars announce “arrival” and are adorned with graphic motifs of traditional cloud patters of Zhanjiang. Boulders of Chillagoe marble acknowledge the importance of rocks and mountains in Chinese garden culture.

A Moon Gate is inscribed with the words “Friendship Garden” and carved granite dogs at the entrance to the Pavilion are representative of the ancient dog sculptures unique to Zhanjiang. Designers consulted the Sister Cities Advisory Committee, the Consul-General to Mayor Wang Zhongbing, the Zhanjiang Urban Management Bureau, the Cairns and District Chinese Association and the Friends of the Botanic Gardens in preparing the brief. The style of the garden has been influenced by the designers' involvement with the Sino Australian Friendship Garden at Zhanjiang China, Cairns' Sister City – a 37ha contemporary style garden with modern Chinese elements that were in turn influenced by an existing 500 year old light house, a modern harbour bridge and an interest to fuse local Cairns cultural icons into the end result – a symbolic gesture that supported the 'friendship' between the two cities. 23206

Cairns council created a Zhanjiang Friendship Garden at Freshwater Lakes in the Cairns Botanic Garden precinct, to celebrate the Sister Cities relationship between Cairns and the Chinese city of Zhanjiang. The Chinese-style garden, which celebrates the cultural heritage of the Cairns region, was officially opened on 21 November 2015. Situated on the banks of Freshwater Lake, within the Centenary Lakes precinct at Edge Hill, the garden incorporates traditional features in a contemporary style. It pays homage to the unique friendship that is maintained between the cities of Zhanjiang and Cairns. The entry pillars announce “arrival” and are adorned with graphic motifs of traditional cloud patters of Zhanjiang. Boulders of Chillagoe marble acknowledge the importance of rocks and mountains in Chinese garden culture.

A Moon Gate is inscribed with the words “Friendship Garden” and carved granite dogs at the entrance to the Pavilion are representative of the ancient dog sculptures unique to Zhanjiang. Designers consulted the Sister Cities Advisory Committee, the Consul-General to Mayor Wang Zhongbing, the Zhanjiang Urban Management Bureau, the Cairns and District Chinese Association and the Friends of the Botanic Gardens in preparing the brief. The style of the garden has been influenced by the designers' involvement with the Sino Australian Friendship Garden at Zhanjiang China, Cairns' Sister City – a 37ha contemporary style garden with modern Chinese elements that were in turn influenced by an existing 500 year old light house, a modern harbour bridge and an interest to fuse local Cairns cultural icons into the end result – a symbolic gesture that supported the 'friendship' between the two cities. 23173

skate girl

Model: Ema Krot @ Urban Management

Stylist: Alessandra Faja

Make Up Artist/ Hair stylist: Hilaria Brilli

 

more on my site

 

View On White

  

Joachim Beuckelaer 1530-1574 Anvers

Marché avec l'Ecce Homo. Market with Ecce Homo vers 1561

Nancy Musée des Beaux Arts

 

L'ART MATERIALISTE D'UNE SOCIETE PROSPERE

  

Pieter Aertsen (1508-1575) est actif à Anvers et Amsterdam. Il a pour neveu Joachim Beuckelaer dont les oeuvres sont semblables.

Il vit à une époque de transition et de troubles consécutifs à la guerre entre les protestants et les catholiques aux Pays Bas. Le peintre a exécuté des oeuvres religieuses et profanes. Mais une grande partie de ses oeuvres religieuses a été détruite par les iconoclastes protestants.

Son art est très révélateur des tendances matérialistes de la culture des Pays Bas du Sud (flamands), comme de la culture des Pays Bas du Nord (néerlandais).

Une tendance réaliste et matérialiste déjà nettement perceptible chez Bruegel Pierre l'Ancien, qui préfigure très clairement celles de l'Europe contemporaine.

Ses tableaux, en tout cas ceux qui ont trouvé grâce aux yeux des iconoclastes, comme ceux de son neveu, ne traitent de sujet religieux que tout à fait accessoirement, en fond de scène.

L'avant plan est une minutieuse célébration de la prospérité alimentaire. C'est la grand messe de la "bouffe".

Une publicité pour nos actuels super-marchés.

Les tableaux dits de "Vanités" stigmatisent les bonheurs vulgaires de ce monde. Ils sont aussi une tradition de la peinture des Pays Bas.

Mais Aertsen, comme tous ses confrères, sait bien que les clients aiment toutes les vanités et les plaisirs de la chair.

Ses tableaux sont un étalage de viandes mortes, prêtes à rôtir, bouillir et mijoter bien entourées de légumes savoureux. La "Vanité" n'est bien souvent qu'un prétexte à saliver.

 

Ces tableaux témoignent non seulement d'un état d'esprit et d'une culture, mais aussi de la situation économique du pays au 16è siècle.

Les Pays Bas du Sud (la Flandre) sont depuis le 11è siècle une des régions les plus développées d'Europe.

Tout de suite après la plaine de Pô.

L'Angleterre, les vallées du Rhin et du Danube, les rives ouest de la Baltique germanique suivront. Les Pays Bas du Nord ensuite.

Contrairement à la France ou à l'Espagne ces zones de développement sont des régions qui sont peu compartimentées.

Bien avant le reste de l'Europe les transports y sont facilités par leur superficie réduite et un relief peu tourmenté. Les disettes et les famines peuvent être réduites par les échanges.

La gestion des villes, l'urbanisme et l'hygiène publique et privée limitent quelque peu les épidémies.

L'agriculture flamande est comme celle de la plaine du Pô une des toutes premières en efficacité dès le 13è siècle. Elle servira d'exemple en Angleterre, en Allemagne des fleuves, et dans certaines régions du Nord de la France et dans la région parisienne.

Mais on est étonné de constater à quel point la diffusion de ce savoir faire en Europe restera en définitive très limité.

Il faudra des siècles pour que des techniques simples parviennent à certaines autres régions, pourtant proches, de l'Europe.

L'Europe restera très compartimentée jusqu'à la seconde moitié du 19è siècle. La France sera en Europe de l'Ouest un des derniers pays à achever sa révolution agricole. il faudra même attendre sur certains poins les années 1960! Cela n'aura d'ailleurs pas que des inconvénients.

Les Pays Bas des 16è et 17è sont très développés certes en comparaison de beaucoup d'autres régions d'Europe. Au 17è siècle ils sont épargnés en grande partie par les guerres de religion qui sévissent en France et en Allemagne. Leur siècle d'Or n'est pas d'or dans ces deux pays.

Mais il y subsiste une misère matérielle : Teniers, Brouwer, Ostade nous le rappellent.

 

AERTSEN: ART MATERIALISTIC OF A PROSPEROUS SOCIETY

  

Pieter Aertsen (1508-1575) is active in Antwerp and Amsterdam. Its nephew Joachim Beuckelaer whose works are similar.

He lives in a time of transition and disorders resulting from the war between Protestants and Catholics in the Low Countries (Netherland).. The painter has executed religious and secular works. But much of his religious works was destroyed by iconoclastic Protestants.

His art is very revealing of the materialistic tendencies of the culture of the South Low Countries (Flemish), as the culture of the Northern Low Countries (Dutch).

A realistic and materialistic trend already clearly perceptible in Pierre Bruegel the Elder, which prefigures clearly those of contemporary Europe.

Her paintings, at least those who have found grace in the eyes of the iconoclasts, like those of his nephew, approach religious matters only quite incidentally, back of the stage.

The foreground is a meticulous celebration of food prosperity. This is the great mass of "food".

An advertisement for our supermarkets today.

The so-called paintings "Vanities" stigmatize vulgar pleasures of this world. They are also a tradition of painting in the Low Countries.

But Aertsen, like all his colleagues, knows that customers love all the vanities and pleasures of the flesh.

His paintings are a display of dead meat, ready for roasting, boiling and simmer well surrounded by tasty vegetables. The "Vanity" is often a pretext to salivate.

 

These paintings not only reflect a mindset and a culture, but also of the economic situation of the country in the 16th century.

The South Low Countries (Flanders) are from the 11th century one of the most developed regions in Europe.

Immediately after the plain of the Po.

England, the valleys of the Rhine and the Danube, the western shores of the Baltic Germanic follow. North Low Countries subsequently.

Unlike France or Spain these development areas are regions that are not compartmentalized.

Long before the rest of Europe transportation is facilitated by their reduced size and a bit troubled relief. Food shortages and famines can be reduced by trade.

Urban management, urban planning and public and private hygiene somewhat limit epidemics.

The Flemish agriculture is like that of the Po Valley one of the first in efficiency from the 13th century. It will be an example in England, Germany, the rivers, and in some parts of Northern France and the Paris region.

But it is amazed to find how the dissemination of this knowledge making in Europe will remain ultimately very limited.

It will take centuries for the simple techniques reach some other areas, yet nearby to Europe.

Europe will remain highly compartmentalized until the second half of the 19th century. France will be in Western Europe one of the last countries to complete its agricultural revolution. it will even waiting on some poins 1960! It will also not only disadvantages.

 

The Low Countries from the 16th and 17th are highly developed certainly compared to many other parts of Europe. In the 17th century they are spared largely by the wars of religion which are rife in France and Germany. Their golden age is not gold in these two countries.

But there are still in the Low Countries material misery: Teniers, Brouwer, Ostade remind us.

  

2015© Giuseppina Musumeci - All Rights Reserved

www.giuseppinamusumeci.com

 

On Salt&Vinegar magazine

Full editorial:

saltandvinegarmag.com/cerere-by-giuseppina-musumeci/

 

Photography - Giuseppina Musumeci

Styling - Vera Vaccaro

Hair - Trovato Alfio

Make Up - Eleonora Guarnera

Model - Giulia Beltrame - Urban Management

Model: William Kanno

Agenzia: Urban Management

Stylist: Patrizia Serru

Photo&Postproduction: me

Special thanks to IlDani for helping me with the wonderful location!

 

I took these pics some months ago, but I didn't have the time to fix them. Hope that you'll like them :)

Joachim Beuckelaer 1530-1574 Anvers

Marché avec l'Ecce Homo. Market with Ecce Homo vers 1561

Nancy Musée des Beaux Arts

 

L'ART MATERIALISTE D'UNE SOCIETE PROSPERE

  

Pieter Aertsen (1508-1575) est actif à Anvers et Amsterdam. Il a pour neveu Joachim Beuckelaer dont les oeuvres sont semblables.

Il vit à une époque de transition et de troubles consécutifs à la guerre entre les protestants et les catholiques aux Pays Bas. Le peintre a exécuté des oeuvres religieuses et profanes. Mais une grande partie de ses oeuvres religieuses a été détruite par les iconoclastes protestants.

Son art est très révélateur des tendances matérialistes de la culture des Pays Bas du Sud (flamands), comme de la culture des Pays Bas du Nord (néerlandais).

Une tendance réaliste et matérialiste déjà nettement perceptible chez Bruegel Pierre l'Ancien, qui préfigure très clairement celles de l'Europe contemporaine.

Ses tableaux, en tout cas ceux qui ont trouvé grâce aux yeux des iconoclastes, comme ceux de son neveu, ne traitent de sujet religieux que tout à fait accessoirement, en fond de scène.

L'avant plan est une minutieuse célébration de la prospérité alimentaire. C'est la grand messe de la "bouffe".

Une publicité pour nos actuels super-marchés.

Les tableaux dits de "Vanités" stigmatisent les bonheurs vulgaires de ce monde. Ils sont aussi une tradition de la peinture des Pays Bas.

Mais Aertsen, comme tous ses confrères, sait bien que les clients aiment toutes les vanités et les plaisirs de la chair.

Ses tableaux sont un étalage de viandes mortes, prêtes à rôtir, bouillir et mijoter bien entourées de légumes savoureux. La "Vanité" n'est bien souvent qu'un prétexte à saliver.

 

Ces tableaux témoignent non seulement d'un état d'esprit et d'une culture, mais aussi de la situation économique du pays au 16è siècle.

Les Pays Bas du Sud (la Flandre) sont depuis le 11è siècle une des régions les plus développées d'Europe.

Tout de suite après la plaine de Pô.

L'Angleterre, les vallées du Rhin et du Danube, les rives ouest de la Baltique germanique suivront. Les Pays Bas du Nord ensuite.

Contrairement à la France ou à l'Espagne ces zones de développement sont des régions qui sont peu compartimentées.

Bien avant le reste de l'Europe les transports y sont facilités par leur superficie réduite et un relief peu tourmenté. Les disettes et les famines peuvent être réduites par les échanges.

La gestion des villes, l'urbanisme et l'hygiène publique et privée limitent quelque peu les épidémies.

L'agriculture flamande est comme celle de la plaine du Pô une des toutes premières en efficacité dès le 13è siècle. Elle servira d'exemple en Angleterre, en Allemagne des fleuves, et dans certaines régions du Nord de la France et dans la région parisienne.

Mais on est étonné de constater à quel point la diffusion de ce savoir faire en Europe restera en définitive très limité.

Il faudra des siècles pour que des techniques simples parviennent à certaines autres régions, pourtant proches, de l'Europe.

L'Europe restera très compartimentée jusqu'à la seconde moitié du 19è siècle. La France sera en Europe de l'Ouest un des derniers pays à achever sa révolution agricole. il faudra même attendre sur certains poins les années 1960! Cela n'aura d'ailleurs pas que des inconvénients.

Les Pays Bas des 16è et 17è sont très développés certes en comparaison de beaucoup d'autres régions d'Europe. Au 17è siècle ils sont épargnés en grande partie par les guerres de religion qui sévissent en France et en Allemagne. Leur siècle d'Or n'est pas d'or dans ces deux pays.

Mais il y subsiste une misère matérielle : Teniers, Brouwer, Ostade nous le rappellent.

 

AERTSEN: ART MATERIALISTIC OF A PROSPEROUS SOCIETY

  

Pieter Aertsen (1508-1575) is active in Antwerp and Amsterdam. Its nephew Joachim Beuckelaer whose works are similar.

He lives in a time of transition and disorders resulting from the war between Protestants and Catholics in the Low Countries (Netherland).. The painter has executed religious and secular works. But much of his religious works was destroyed by iconoclastic Protestants.

His art is very revealing of the materialistic tendencies of the culture of the South Low Countries (Flemish), as the culture of the Northern Low Countries (Dutch).

A realistic and materialistic trend already clearly perceptible in Pierre Bruegel the Elder, which prefigures clearly those of contemporary Europe.

Her paintings, at least those who have found grace in the eyes of the iconoclasts, like those of his nephew, approach religious matters only quite incidentally, back of the stage.

The foreground is a meticulous celebration of food prosperity. This is the great mass of "food".

An advertisement for our supermarkets today.

The so-called paintings "Vanities" stigmatize vulgar pleasures of this world. They are also a tradition of painting in the Low Countries.

But Aertsen, like all his colleagues, knows that customers love all the vanities and pleasures of the flesh.

His paintings are a display of dead meat, ready for roasting, boiling and simmer well surrounded by tasty vegetables. The "Vanity" is often a pretext to salivate.

 

These paintings not only reflect a mindset and a culture, but also of the economic situation of the country in the 16th century.

The South Low Countries (Flanders) are from the 11th century one of the most developed regions in Europe.

Immediately after the plain of the Po.

England, the valleys of the Rhine and the Danube, the western shores of the Baltic Germanic follow. North Low Countries subsequently.

Unlike France or Spain these development areas are regions that are not compartmentalized.

Long before the rest of Europe transportation is facilitated by their reduced size and a bit troubled relief. Food shortages and famines can be reduced by trade.

Urban management, urban planning and public and private hygiene somewhat limit epidemics.

The Flemish agriculture is like that of the Po Valley one of the first in efficiency from the 13th century. It will be an example in England, Germany, the rivers, and in some parts of Northern France and the Paris region.

But it is amazed to find how the dissemination of this knowledge making in Europe will remain ultimately very limited.

It will take centuries for the simple techniques reach some other areas, yet nearby to Europe.

Europe will remain highly compartmentalized until the second half of the 19th century. France will be in Western Europe one of the last countries to complete its agricultural revolution. it will even waiting on some poins 1960! It will also not only disadvantages.

 

The Low Countries from the 16th and 17th are highly developed certainly compared to many other parts of Europe. In the 17th century they are spared largely by the wars of religion which are rife in France and Germany. Their golden age is not gold in these two countries.

But there are still in the Low Countries material misery: Teniers, Brouwer, Ostade remind us.

  

Görlitz is the easternmost town of Germany and, with 55.000 inhabitants, the largest of the region of Upper Lusatia. It is situated on the Lusatian Neisse river established as Germany's Eastern frontier after World War II. As a consequence, the part of the town situated on the East shore of the river constitute now the Polish town of Zgorzelec. Both parts of the town declared themselves "City of Europe" in 1998, cooperating in the urban management. Görlitz was left nearly unharmed by destructions in World War II. And so all important phases of urban development and architecture have been preserved without great modifications. Görlitz boasts more than 4.000 cultural and architectural monuments, forming the largest area under monumental protection in Germany.

Die Grundsteinlegung für die dreischiffige spätgotische Kirche fand am 7. Mai 1459 und die Weihe am 29. Mai 1473 noch vor der Fertigstellung statt. Die hohen Maßwerkfenster, das Netzrippengewölbe mit den verzierten Schlusssteinen, die die Sieben Freuden Marias, die vier Evangelistensymbole und vier weibliche Heilige abbildet sowie die Orgelempore aus Sandstein gehören zu den bedeutenden gotischen Steinmetzkunstwerken der Stadt.

The foundation stone of the three-nave late-Gothic hall church was laid on May 7th, 1459, and it was consecrated on May 29th, 1473, even before it was completed. The high tracery windows, the ribbed vaulting with the decorated keystones showing the Seven Joys of Mary, the four symbols of the Evangelists and four female saints as well as the sandstone organ gallery rank among the most important works of masonry of the town.

Görlitz is the easternmost town of Germany and, with 55.000 inhabitants, the largest of the region of Upper Lusatia. It is situated on the Lusatian Neisse river established as Germany's Eastern frontier after World War II. As a consequence, the part of the town situated on the East shore of the river constitute now the Polish town of Zgorzelec. Both parts of the town declared themselves "City of Europe" in 1998, cooperating in the urban management. Görlitz was left nearly unharmed by destructions in World War II. And so all important phases of urban development and architecture have been preserved without great modifications. Görlitz boasts more than 4.000 cultural and architectural monuments, forming the largest area under monumental protection in Germany.

2015© Giuseppina Musumeci - All Rights Reserved

www.giuseppinamusumeci.com

  

Photography - Giuseppina Musumeci

Styling - Vera Vaccaro

Hair - Trovato Alfio

Make Up - Eleonora Guarnera

Model - Giulia Beltrame - Urban Management

Görlitz is the easternmost town of Germany and, with 55.000 inhabitants, the largest of the region of Upper Lusatia. It is situated on the Lusatian Neisse river established as Germany's Eastern frontier after World War II. As a consequence, the part of the town situated on the East shore of the river constitute now the Polish town of Zgorzelec. Both parts of the town declared themselves "City of Europe" in 1998, cooperating in the urban management. Görlitz was left nearly unharmed by destructions in World War II. And so all important phases of urban development and architecture have been preserved without great modifications. Görlitz boasts more than 4.000 cultural and architectural monuments, forming the largest area under monumental protection in Germany.

Der Kaisertrutz ist eine der einstmals 32 Basteien, von denen heute noch vier erhalten sind, die die Stadt Görlitz zur Verteidigung besaß. Den Namen erhielt er im Dreißigjährigen Krieg, als die von Schweden besetzte Stadt 1641 mehrere Wochen der Belagerung durch kaiserliche und sächsische Truppen standhielt. Heute beherbergt er das Kulturhistorische Museum der Stadt. Der Reichenbacher Turm ist mit 51 Metern der höchste der drei erhaltenen Wach- und Wehrtürme der Stadt.

 

The Kaisertrutz ("Brave the Emperor") is one of formerly 32 bastions built to defend the town of Görlitz, of which four have been preserved up to the present. It received its name in the Thirty Years' War when the town in 1641, occupied by Swedish troups, resisted for several weeks a siege by Imperial and Saxon troups. Today it houses the Museum of Cultural History. The Reichenbach Tower is with its height of 51 metres the hiegest of the town's three still existing defense and guard towers.

Görlitz is the easternmost town of Germany and, with 55.000 inhabitants, the largest of the region of Upper Lusatia. It is situated on the Lusatian Neisse river established as Germany's Eastern frontier after World War II. As a consequence, the part of the town situated on the East shore of the river constitute now the Polish town of Zgorzelec. Both parts of the town declared themselves "City of Europe" in 1998, cooperating in the urban management. Görlitz was left nearly unharmed by destructions in World War II. And so all important phases of urban development and architecture have been preserved without great modifications. Görlitz boasts more than 4.000 cultural and architectural monuments, forming the largest area under monumental protection in Germany.

2015© Giuseppina Musumeci - All Rights Reserved

www.giuseppinamusumeci.com

 

On Salt&Vinegar magazine

Full editorial:

saltandvinegarmag.com/cerere-by-giuseppina-musumeci/

 

Photography - Giuseppina Musumeci

Styling - Vera Vaccaro

Hair - Trovato Alfio

Make Up - Eleonora Guarnera

Model - Giulia Beltrame - Urban Management

2015© Giuseppina Musumeci - All Rights Reserved

www.giuseppinamusumeci.com

 

On Salt&Vinegar magazine

Full editorial:

saltandvinegarmag.com/cerere-by-giuseppina-musumeci/

 

Photography - Giuseppina Musumeci

Styling - Vera Vaccaro

Hair - Trovato Alfio

Make Up - Eleonora Guarnera

Model - Giulia Beltrame - Urban Management

Architecture of Totalitarian Regimes of the XX Century in Urban Management.

skate girl

Model: Ema Krot @ Urban Management

Stylist: Alessandra Faja

Make Up Artist/ Hair stylist: Hilaria Brilli

 

more on my site

 

and on c-heads - skate girl

 

View On White

Die Peterskirche, offiziell St. Peter und Paul, ist mit einer Länge von 72 Metern, einer Breite von 39 Metern und einer Mittelschiffshöhe von 24 Metern eine der größten und bedeutendsten Hallenkirchen im Osten Deutschlands. Bereits um 1230 stand an diesem Ort eine Basilika, deren Westbau als einziger Teil bis heute erhalten blieb. Die heutige Hallenkirche wurde im ersten Jahrzehnt des 15. Jahrhunderts begonnen. Die Fertigstellung erfolte im Wesentlichen 1465. Die beiden Türme wurden zwischen 1889 und 1891 mit den oberen Geschossen und Turmhelmen aus Beton auf eine Höhe von 84 Metern gebracht. Die Sonnenorgel verdankt ihren Namen der Tatsache, dass auf dem 1703 fertiggestellten Prospekt 16 Sonnen verteilt sind.

St. Peter's Church, the full official name is St. Peter's and Paul's, is with a length of 72 meters, a width of 39 metres and a central nave height of 24 metres one of the largest and most important hall churches in Eastern Germany. As early as about 1230, a basilica was standing at the same site, the western structure of which is still existing. Construction of the present hall church began in the first decade of the 15th century. It was essentially finnished in 1465. Between 1889 and 1891, additional storeys and concrete steeples were built on top of the two towers, elevating their height to 84 metres. The "Sun Organ" owes its name to the 16 sun symbols distributed on the prospect from 1703.

Görlitz is the easternmost town of Germany and, with 55.000 inhabitants, the largest of the region of Upper Lusatia. It is situated on the Lusatian Neisse river established as Germany's Eastern frontier after World War II. As a consequence, the part of the town situated on the East shore of the river constitutes now the Polish town of Zgorzelec. Both parts of the town declared themselves "City of Europe" in 1998, cooperating in the urban management. Görlitz was left nearly unharmed by destructions in World War II. And so all important phases of urban development and architecture have been preserved without great modifications. Görlitz boasts more than 4.000 cultural and architectural monuments, forming the largest area under monumental protection in Germany.

Cairns council created a Zhanjiang Friendship Garden at Freshwater Lakes in the Cairns Botanic Garden precinct, to celebrate the Sister Cities relationship between Cairns and the Chinese city of Zhanjiang. The Chinese-style garden, which celebrates the cultural heritage of the Cairns region, was officially opened on 21 November 2015. Situated on the banks of Freshwater Lake, within the Centenary Lakes precinct at Edge Hill, the garden incorporates traditional features in a contemporary style. It pays homage to the unique friendship that is maintained between the cities of Zhanjiang and Cairns. The entry pillars announce “arrival” and are adorned with graphic motifs of traditional cloud patters of Zhanjiang. Boulders of Chillagoe marble acknowledge the importance of rocks and mountains in Chinese garden culture.

A Moon Gate is inscribed with the words “Friendship Garden” and carved granite dogs at the entrance to the Pavilion are representative of the ancient dog sculptures unique to Zhanjiang. Designers consulted the Sister Cities Advisory Committee, the Consul-General to Mayor Wang Zhongbing, the Zhanjiang Urban Management Bureau, the Cairns and District Chinese Association and the Friends of the Botanic Gardens in preparing the brief. The style of the garden has been influenced by the designers' involvement with the Sino Australian Friendship Garden at Zhanjiang China, Cairns' Sister City – a 37ha contemporary style garden with modern Chinese elements that were in turn influenced by an existing 500 year old light house, a modern harbour bridge and an interest to fuse local Cairns cultural icons into the end result – a symbolic gesture that supported the 'friendship' between the two cities. 23190

Joachim Beuckelaer 1530-1574 Anvers

Marché avec l'Ecce Homo. Market with Ecce Homo vers 1561

Nancy Musée des Beaux Arts (675)

 

L'ART MATERIALISTE D'UNE SOCIETE PROSPERE

  

Pieter Aertsen (1508-1575) est actif à Anvers et Amsterdam. Il a pour neveu Joachim Beuckelaer dont les oeuvres sont semblables.

Il vit à une époque de transition et de troubles consécutifs à la guerre entre les protestants et les catholiques aux Pays Bas. Le peintre a exécuté des oeuvres religieuses et profanes. Mais une grande partie de ses oeuvres religieuses a été détruite par les iconoclastes protestants.

Son art est très révélateur des tendances matérialistes de la culture des Pays Bas du Sud (flamands), comme de la culture des Pays Bas du Nord (néerlandais).

Une tendance réaliste et matérialiste déjà nettement perceptible chez Bruegel Pierre l'Ancien, qui préfigure très clairement celles de l'Europe contemporaine.

Ses tableaux, en tout cas ceux qui ont trouvé grâce aux yeux des iconoclastes, comme ceux de son neveu, ne traitent de sujet religieux que tout à fait accessoirement, en fond de scène.

L'avant plan est une minutieuse célébration de la prospérité alimentaire. C'est la grand messe de la "bouffe".

Une publicité pour nos actuels super-marchés.

Les tableaux dits de "Vanités" stigmatisent les bonheurs vulgaires de ce monde. Ils sont aussi une tradition de la peinture des Pays Bas.

Mais Aertsen, comme tous ses confrères, sait bien que les clients aiment toutes les vanités et les plaisirs de la chair.

Ses tableaux sont un étalage de viandes mortes, prêtes à rôtir, bouillir et mijoter bien entourées de légumes savoureux. La "Vanité" n'est bien souvent qu'un prétexte à saliver.

 

Ces tableaux témoignent non seulement d'un état d'esprit et d'une culture, mais aussi de la situation économique du pays au 16è siècle.

Les Pays Bas du Sud (la Flandre) sont depuis le 11è siècle une des régions les plus développées d'Europe.

Tout de suite après la plaine de Pô.

L'Angleterre, les vallées du Rhin et du Danube, les rives ouest de la Baltique germanique suivront. Les Pays Bas du Nord ensuite.

Contrairement à la France ou à l'Espagne ces zones de développement sont des régions qui sont peu compartimentées.

Bien avant le reste de l'Europe les transports y sont facilités par leur superficie réduite et un relief peu tourmenté. Les disettes et les famines peuvent être réduites par les échanges.

La gestion des villes, l'urbanisme et l'hygiène publique et privée limitent quelque peu les épidémies.

L'agriculture flamande est comme celle de la plaine du Pô une des toutes premières en efficacité dès le 13è siècle. Elle servira d'exemple en Angleterre, en Allemagne des fleuves, et dans certaines régions du Nord de la France et dans la région parisienne.

Mais on est étonné de constater à quel point la diffusion de ce savoir faire en Europe restera en définitive très limité.

Il faudra des siècles pour que des techniques simples parviennent à certaines autres régions, pourtant proches, de l'Europe.

L'Europe restera très compartimentée jusqu'à la seconde moitié du 19è siècle. La France sera en Europe de l'Ouest un des derniers pays à achever sa révolution agricole. il faudra même attendre sur certains poins les années 1960! Cela n'aura d'ailleurs pas que des inconvénients.

Les Pays Bas des 16è et 17è sont très développés certes en comparaison de beaucoup d'autres régions d'Europe. Au 17è siècle ils sont épargnés en grande partie par les guerres de religion qui sévissent en France et en Allemagne. Leur siècle d'Or n'est pas d'or dans ces deux pays.

Mais il y subsiste une misère matérielle : Teniers, Brouwer, Ostade nous le rappellent.

 

AERTSEN: ART MATERIALISTIC OF A PROSPEROUS SOCIETY

  

Pieter Aertsen (1508-1575) is active in Antwerp and Amsterdam. Its nephew Joachim Beuckelaer whose works are similar.

He lives in a time of transition and disorders resulting from the war between Protestants and Catholics in the Low Countries (Netherland).. The painter has executed religious and secular works. But much of his religious works was destroyed by iconoclastic Protestants.

His art is very revealing of the materialistic tendencies of the culture of the South Low Countries (Flemish), as the culture of the Northern Low Countries (Dutch).

A realistic and materialistic trend already clearly perceptible in Pierre Bruegel the Elder, which prefigures clearly those of contemporary Europe.

Her paintings, at least those who have found grace in the eyes of the iconoclasts, like those of his nephew, approach religious matters only quite incidentally, back of the stage.

The foreground is a meticulous celebration of food prosperity. This is the great mass of "food".

An advertisement for our supermarkets today.

The so-called paintings "Vanities" stigmatize vulgar pleasures of this world. They are also a tradition of painting in the Low Countries.

But Aertsen, like all his colleagues, knows that customers love all the vanities and pleasures of the flesh.

His paintings are a display of dead meat, ready for roasting, boiling and simmer well surrounded by tasty vegetables. The "Vanity" is often a pretext to salivate.

 

These paintings not only reflect a mindset and a culture, but also of the economic situation of the country in the 16th century.

The South Low Countries (Flanders) are from the 11th century one of the most developed regions in Europe.

Immediately after the plain of the Po.

England, the valleys of the Rhine and the Danube, the western shores of the Baltic Germanic follow. North Low Countries subsequently.

Unlike France or Spain these development areas are regions that are not compartmentalized.

Long before the rest of Europe transportation is facilitated by their reduced size and a bit troubled relief. Food shortages and famines can be reduced by trade.

Urban management, urban planning and public and private hygiene somewhat limit epidemics.

The Flemish agriculture is like that of the Po Valley one of the first in efficiency from the 13th century. It will be an example in England, Germany, the rivers, and in some parts of Northern France and the Paris region.

But it is amazed to find how the dissemination of this knowledge making in Europe will remain ultimately very limited.

It will take centuries for the simple techniques reach some other areas, yet nearby to Europe.

Europe will remain highly compartmentalized until the second half of the 19th century. France will be in Western Europe one of the last countries to complete its agricultural revolution. it will even waiting on some poins 1960! It will also not only disadvantages.

 

The Low Countries from the 16th and 17th are highly developed certainly compared to many other parts of Europe. In the 17th century they are spared largely by the wars of religion which are rife in France and Germany. Their golden age is not gold in these two countries.

But there are still in the Low Countries material misery: Teniers, Brouwer, Ostade remind us.

  

skate girl

Model: Ema Krot @ Urban Management

Stylist: Alessandra Faja

Make Up Artist/ Hair stylist: Hilaria Brilli

 

more on my site

 

View On White

Die Grundsteinlegung für die dreischiffige spätgotische Hallenkirche fand am 7. Mai 1459 und die Weihe am 29. Mai 1473 noch vor der Fertigstellung statt. Die hohen Maßwerkfenster, das Netzrippengewölbe mit den verzierten Schlusssteinen, die die Sieben Freuden Marias, die vier Evangelistensymbole und vier weibliche Heilige abbildet sowie die Orgelempore aus Sandstein gehören zu den bedeutenden gotischen Steinmetzkunstwerken der Stadt.

The foundation stone of the three-nave late-Gothic hall church was laid on May 7th, 1459, and it was consecrated on May 29th, 1473, even before it was completed. The high tracery windows, the ribbed vaulting with the decorated keystones showing the Seven Joys of Mary, the four symbols of the Evangelists and four female saints as well as the sandstone organ gallery rank among the most important works of masonry of the town.

Görlitz is the easternmost town of Germany and, with 55.000 inhabitants, the largest of the region of Upper Lusatia. It is situated on the Lusatian Neisse river established as Germany's Eastern frontier after World War II. As a consequence, the part of the town situated on the East shore of the river constitute now the Polish town of Zgorzelec. Both parts of the town declared themselves "City of Europe" in 1998, cooperating in the urban management. Görlitz was left nearly unharmed by destructions in World War II. And so all important phases of urban development and architecture have been preserved without great modifications. Görlitz boasts more than 4.000 cultural and architectural monuments, forming the largest area under monumental protection in Germany.

Das Waidhaus bzw. Renthaus, ein ehemaliger Speicher, ist der älteste Profanbau der Stadt, errichtet in der 2. Hälfte des 15. Jahrhunderts

The Woad House, a former warehouse, is the oldest secuklar building of the town. It was built in the second half of the 14th century.

Görlitz is the easternmost town of Germany and, with 55.000 inhabitants, the largest of the region of Upper Lusatia. It is situated on the Lusatian Neisse river established as Germany's Eastern frontier after World War II. As a consequence, the part of the town situated on the East shore of the river constitute now the Polish town of Zgorzelec. Both parts of the town declared themselves "City of Europe" in 1998, cooperating in the urban management. Görlitz was left nearly unharmed by destructions in World War II. And so all important phases of urban development and architecture have been preserved without great modifications. Görlitz boasts more than 4.000 cultural and architectural monuments, forming the largest area under monumental protection in Germany.

Görlitz is the easternmost town of Germany and, with 55.000 inhabitants, the largest of the region of Upper Lusatia. It is situated on the Lusatian Neisse river established as Germany's Eastern frontier after World War II. As a consequence, the part of the town situated on the East shore of the river constitute now the Polish town of Zgorzelec. Both parts of the town declared themselves "City of Europe" in 1998, cooperating in the urban management. Görlitz was left nearly unharmed by destructions in World War II. And so all important phases of urban development and architecture have been preserved without great modifications. Görlitz boasts more than 4.000 cultural and architectural monuments, forming the largest area under monumental protection in Germany.

Die Grundsteinlegung für die dreischiffige spätgotische Kirche fand am 7. Mai 1459 und die Weihe am 29. Mai 1473 noch vor der Fertigstellung statt. Die hohen Maßwerkfenster, das Netzrippengewölbe mit den verzierten Schlusssteinen, die die Sieben Freuden Marias, die vier Evangelistensymbole und vier weibliche Heilige abbildet sowie die Orgelempore aus Sandstein gehören zu den bedeutenden gotischen Steinmetzkunstwerken der Stadt.

The foundation stone of the three-nave late-Gothic hall church was laid on May 7th, 1459, and it was consecrated on May 29th, 1473, even before it was completed. The high tracery windows, the ribbed vaulting with the decorated keystones showing the Seven Joys of Mary, the four symbols of the Evangelists and four female saints as well as the sandstone organ gallery rank among the most important works of masonry of the town.

Görlitz is the easternmost town of Germany and, with 55.000 inhabitants, the largest of the region of Upper Lusatia. It is situated on the Lusatian Neisse river established as Germany's Eastern frontier after World War II. As a consequence, the part of the town situated on the East shore of the river constitute now the Polish town of Zgorzelec. Both parts of the town declared themselves "City of Europe" in 1998, cooperating in the urban management. Görlitz was left nearly unharmed by destructions in World War II. And so all important phases of urban development and architecture have been preserved without great modifications. Görlitz boasts more than 4.000 cultural and architectural monuments, forming the largest area under monumental protection in Germany.

Görlitz is the easternmost town of Germany and, with 55.000 inhabitants, the largest of the region of Upper Lusatia. It is situated on the Lusatian Neisse river established as Germany's Eastern frontier after World War II. As a consequence, the part of the town situated on the East shore of the river constitutes now the Polish town of Zgorzelec. Both parts of the town declared themselves "City of Europe" in 1998, cooperating in the urban management. Görlitz was left nearly unharmed by destructions in World War II. And so all important phases of urban development and architecture have been preserved without great modifications. Görlitz boasts more than 4.000 cultural and architectural monuments, forming the largest area under monumental protection in Germany.

Geschaffen wurde die Skulptur um 1500 von einem unbekannten Meister

The sculpture was made by an unknown master about 1500.

Görlitz is the easternmost town of Germany and, with 55.000 inhabitants, the largest of the region of Upper Lusatia. It is situated on the Lusatian Neisse river established as Germany's Eastern frontier after World War II. As a consequence, the part of the town situated on the East shore of the river constitute now the Polish town of Zgorzelec. Both parts of the town declared themselves "City of Europe" in 1998, cooperating in the urban management. Görlitz was left nearly unharmed by destructions in World War II. And so all important phases of urban development and architecture have been preserved without great modifications. Görlitz boasts more than 4.000 cultural and architectural monuments, forming the largest area under monumental protection in Germany.

Görlitz is the easternmost town of Germany and, with 55.000 inhabitants, the largest of the region of Upper Lusatia. It is situated on the Lusatian Neisse river established as Germany's Eastern frontier after World War II. As a consequence, the part of the town situated on the East shore of the river constitute now the Polish town of Zgorzelec. Both parts of the town declared themselves "City of Europe" in 1998, cooperating in the urban management. Görlitz was left nearly unharmed by destructions in World War II. And so all important phases of urban development and architecture have been preserved without great modifications. Görlitz boasts more than 4.000 cultural and architectural monuments, forming the largest area under monumental protection in Germany.

Der Kaisertrutz ist eine der einstmals 32 Basteien, von denen heute noch vier erhalten sind, die die Stadt Görlitz zur Verteidigung besaß. Den Namen erhielt er im Dreißigjährigen Krieg, als die von Schweden besetzte Stadt 1641 mehrere Wochen der Belagerung durch kaiserliche und sächsische Truppen standhielt. Heute beherbergt er das Kulturhistorische Museum der Stadt. Der Reichenbacher Turm ist mit 51 Metern der höchste der drei erhaltenen Wach- und Wehrtürme der Stadt.

 

The Kaisertrutz ("Brave the Emperor") is one of formerly 32 bastions built to defend the town of Görlitz, of which four have been preserved up to the present. It received its name in the Thirty Years' War when the town in 1641, occupied by Swedish troups, resisted for several weeks a siege by Imperial and Saxon troups. Today it houses the Museum of Cultural History. The Reichenbach Tower is with its height of 51 metres the hiegest of the town's three still existing defense and guard towers.

Görlitz is the easternmost town of Germany and, with 55.000 inhabitants, the largest of the region of Upper Lusatia. It is situated on the Lusatian Neisse river established as Germany's Eastern frontier after World War II. As a consequence, the part of the town situated on the East shore of the river constitute now the Polish town of Zgorzelec. Both parts of the town declared themselves "City of Europe" in 1998, cooperating in the urban management. Görlitz was left nearly unharmed by destructions in World War II. And so all important phases of urban development and architecture have been preserved without great modifications. Görlitz boasts more than 4.000 cultural and architectural monuments, forming the largest area under monumental protection in Germany.

Görlitz is the easternmost town of Germany and, with 55.000 inhabitants, the largest of the region of Upper Lusatia. It is situated on the Lusatian Neisse river established as Germany's Eastern frontier after World War II. As a consequence, the part of the town situated on the East shore of the river constitute now the Polish town of Zgorzelec. Both parts of the town declared themselves "City of Europe" in 1998, cooperating in the urban management. Görlitz was left nearly unharmed by destructions in World War II. And so all important phases of urban development and architecture have been preserved without great modifications. Görlitz boasts more than 4.000 cultural and architectural monuments, forming the largest area under monumental protection in Germany.

Die Grundsteinlegung für die dreischiffige spätgotische Hallenkirche fand am 7. Mai 1459 und die Weihe am 29. Mai 1473 noch vor der Fertigstellung statt. Die hohen Maßwerkfenster, das Netzrippengewölbe mit den verzierten Schlusssteinen, die die Sieben Freuden Marias, die vier Evangelistensymbole und vier weibliche Heilige abbildet sowie die Orgelempore aus Sandstein gehören zu den bedeutenden gotischen Steinmetzkunstwerken der Stadt.

The foundation stone of the three-nave late-Gothic hall church was laid on May 7th, 1459, and it was consecrated on May 29th, 1473, even before it was completed. The high tracery windows, the ribbed vaulting with the decorated keystones showing the Seven Joys of Mary, the four symbols of the Evangelists and four female saints as well as the sandstone organ gallery rank among the most important works of masonry of the town.

Görlitz is the easternmost town of Germany and, with 55.000 inhabitants, the largest of the region of Upper Lusatia. It is situated on the Lusatian Neisse river established as Germany's Eastern frontier after World War II. As a consequence, the part of the town situated on the East shore of the river constitute now the Polish town of Zgorzelec. Both parts of the town declared themselves "City of Europe" in 1998, cooperating in the urban management. Görlitz was left nearly unharmed by destructions in World War II. And so all important phases of urban development and architecture have been preserved without great modifications. Görlitz boasts more than 4.000 cultural and architectural monuments, forming the largest area under monumental protection in Germany.

Mit der Stadt Straßburg hat der Name nichts zu tun, auch wenn im Eingang fälschlicherweise ein Schild "Strasbourg-Passage" hängt. Denn die Passage heißt nach dem Textilkaufmann Otto Straßburg, der 1898 das Kaufhaus an der Straße und 1908 die damals großstädtisch anmutende unv viel bewunderte Passage erbauen ließ. Görlitz ist die östlichste Stadt Deutschlands und größte Stadt der Oberlausitz. Die Stadt liegt an der Lausitzer Neiße, die dort seit 1945 die Grenze zu Polen bildet. Der östlich der Neiße gelegene Teil der Stadt wurde durch die Grenzziehung in den Jahren nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg abgetrennt und bildet seitdem die eigenständige polnische Stadt Zgorzelec.

Die Stadt ist Mitglied der Euroregion Neiße und bildet seit 1998 mit Zgorzelec eine Europastadt. Görlitz blieb im Zweiten Weltkrieg von Zerstörungen fast völlig verschont. Eine Besonderheit der Stadt ist, dass alle wesentlichen Phasen der mitteleuropäischen Siedlungsentwicklung ohne größere bauliche Veränderungen erhalten und ablesbar blieben. Mit über 4000 großteils restaurierten Kultur- und Baudenkmalen wird Görlitz oft als das flächengrößte zusammenhängende Denkmalgebiet Deutschlands bezeichnet.

 

The shopping arcade was named after the textile merchant Otto Straßburg who built the retail store on the street front in 1898 and in 1908 the arcade. It was much admired at the time because of its metropolitan look.

Görlitz is the easternmost town of Germany and, with 55.000 inhabitants, the largest of the region of Upper Lusatia. It is situated on the Lusatian Neisse river established as Germany's Eastern frontier after World War II. As a consequence, the part of the town situated on the East shore of the river constitute now the Polish town of Zgorzelec. Both parts of the town declared themselves "City of Europe" in 1998, cooperating in the urban management. Görlitz was left nearly unharmed by destructions in World War II. And so all important phases of urban development and architecture have been preserved without great modifications. Görlitz boasts more than 4.000 cultural and architectural monuments, forming the largest area under monumental protection in Germany.

Görlitz is the easternmost town of Germany and, with 55.000 inhabitants, the largest of the region of Upper Lusatia. It is situated on the Lusatian Neisse river established as Germany's Eastern frontier after World War II. As a consequence, the part of the town situated on the East shore of the river constitute now the Polish town of Zgorzelec. Both parts of the town declared themselves "City of Europe" in 1998, cooperating in the urban management. Görlitz was left nearly unharmed by destructions in World War II. And so all important phases of urban development and architecture have been preserved without great modifications. Görlitz boasts more than 4.000 cultural and architectural monuments, forming the largest area under monumental protection in Germany.

Der Flügelaltar stand bis ins frühe 18. Jahrhundert auf dem einstigen Hochalatar im Chorraum. Entstanden ist er nach 1503, vermutlich zwischen 1510-1515 in einer Breslauer Werkstatt.

 

The winged altar was made after 1503 presumably between 1510 and 1515 in a Breslau (now Wrocław) studio. It was originally the main altar of the church standing in the Choir where it was replaced by a Baroque altar in the early 18th century.

Görlitz is the easternmost town of Germany and, with 55.000 inhabitants, the largest of the region of Upper Lusatia. It is situated on the Lusatian Neisse river established as Germany's Eastern frontier after World War II. As a consequence, the part of the town situated on the East shore of the river constitute now the Polish town of Zgorzelec. Both parts of the town declared themselves "City of Europe" in 1998, cooperating in the urban management. Görlitz was left nearly unharmed by destructions in World War II. And so all important phases of urban development and architecture have been preserved without great modifications. Görlitz boasts more than 4.000 cultural and architectural monuments, forming the largest area under monumental protection in Germany.

Görlitz ist die östlichste Stadt Deutschlands und größte Stadt der Oberlausitz. Die Stadt liegt an der Lausitzer Neiße, die dort seit 1945 die Grenze zu Polen bildet. Der östlich der Neiße gelegene Teil der Stadt wurde durch die Grenzziehung in den Jahren nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg abgetrennt und bildet seitdem die eigenständige polnische Stadt Zgorzelec.

Die Stadt ist Mitglied der Euroregion Neiße und bildet seit 1998 mit Zgorzelec eine Europastadt. Görlitz blieb im Zweiten Weltkrieg von Zerstörungen fast völlig verschont. Eine Besonderheit der Stadt ist, dass alle wesentlichen Phasen der mitteleuropäischen Siedlungsentwicklung ohne größere bauliche Veränderungen erhalten und ablesbar blieben. Mit über 4000 großteils restaurierten Kultur- und Baudenkmalen wird Görlitz oft als das flächengrößte zusammenhängende Denkmalgebiet Deutschlands bezeichnet.

 

Görlitz is the easternmost town of Germany and, with 55.000 inhabitants, the largest of the region of Upper Lusatia. It is situated on the Lusatian Neisse river established as Germany's Eastern frontier after World War II. As a consequence, the part of the town situated on the East shore of the river constitute now the Polish town of Zgorzelec. Both parts of the town declared themselves "City of Europe" in 1998, cooperating in the urban management. Görlitz was left nearly unharmed by destructions in World War II. And so all important phases of urban development and architecture have been preserved without great modifications. Görlitz boasts more than 4.000 cultural and architectural monuments, forming the largest area under monumental protection in Germany.

Die Grundsteinlegung für die dreischiffige spätgotische Hallenkirche fand am 7. Mai 1459 und die Weihe am 29. Mai 1473 noch vor der Fertigstellung statt. Die hohen Maßwerkfenster, das Netzrippengewölbe mit den verzierten Schlusssteinen, die die Sieben Freuden Marias, die vier Evangelistensymbole und vier weibliche Heilige abbildet sowie die Orgelempore aus Sandstein gehören zu den bedeutenden gotischen Steinmetzkunstwerken der Stadt.

The foundation stone of the three-nave late-Gothic hall church was laid on May 7th, 1459, and it was consecrated on May 29th, 1473, even before it was completed. The high tracery windows, the ribbed vaulting with the decorated keystones showing the Seven Joys of Mary, the four symbols of the Evangelists and four female saints as well as the sandstone organ gallery rank among the most important works of masonry of the town.

Görlitz is the easternmost town of Germany and, with 55.000 inhabitants, the largest of the region of Upper Lusatia. It is situated on the Lusatian Neisse river established as Germany's Eastern frontier after World War II. As a consequence, the part of the town situated on the East shore of the river constitute now the Polish town of Zgorzelec. Both parts of the town declared themselves "City of Europe" in 1998, cooperating in the urban management. Görlitz was left nearly unharmed by destructions in World War II. And so all important phases of urban development and architecture have been preserved without great modifications. Görlitz boasts more than 4.000 cultural and architectural monuments, forming the largest area under monumental protection in Germany.

City Urban Administrative and Law Enforcement Bureau, (Pinyin:Chengguan城管)

local government agency in the People's Republic of China.

there have been repeated criticism of them using excessive force.

Chengguan is widely disliked by the Chinese due to their alleged abuses of power.

The use of unnecessary brute force by urban management officials to oppress people is a fact of life across China.

Das 1570 erbaute Hochrenaissancegebäude erhielt seinen Namen auf Grund der Reliefs an der Fassade im ersten und zweiten Obergeschoss. Sie zeigen Szenen aus dem Alten und Neuen Testament.

 

This high-Renaissance house built in 1570 received its name due to the reliefs on the facade of the first and second floors showing scenes from the Old and the New Testaments

Görlitz is the easternmost town of Germany and, with 55.000 inhabitants, the largest of the region of Upper Lusatia. It is situated on the Lusatian Neisse river established as Germany's Eastern frontier after World War II. As a consequence, the part of the town situated on the East shore of the river constitutes now the Polish town of Zgorzelec. Both parts of the town declared themselves "City of Europe" in 1998, cooperating in the urban management. Görlitz was left nearly unharmed by destructions in World War II. And so all important phases of urban development and architecture have been preserved without great modifications. Görlitz boasts more than 4.000 cultural and architectural monuments, forming the largest area under monumental protection in Germany.

Görlitz is the easternmost town of Germany and, with 55.000 inhabitants, the largest of the region of Upper Lusatia. It is situated on the Lusatian Neisse river established as Germany's Eastern frontier after World War II. As a consequence, the part of the town situated on the East shore of the river constitute now the Polish town of Zgorzelec. Both parts of the town declared themselves "City of Europe" in 1998, cooperating in the urban management. Görlitz was left nearly unharmed by destructions in World War II. And so all important phases of urban development and architecture have been preserved without great modifications. Görlitz boasts more than 4.000 cultural and architectural monuments, forming the largest area under monumental protection in Germany.

Görlitz is the easternmost town of Germany and, with 55.000 inhabitants, the largest of the region of Upper Lusatia. It is situated on the Lusatian Neisse river established as Germany's Eastern frontier after World War II. As a consequence, the part of the town situated on the East shore of the river constitute now the Polish town of Zgorzelec. Both parts of the town declared themselves "City of Europe" in 1998, cooperating in the urban management. Görlitz was left nearly unharmed by destructions in World War II. And so all important phases of urban development and architecture have been preserved without great modifications. Görlitz boasts more than 4.000 cultural and architectural monuments, forming the largest area under monumental protection in Germany.

Das von 1727 bis 1729 erbaute Wohn- und Handelshaus beherbergt heute Teile des Kulturhistorischen Museums Görlitz

The residential and commercial building constructed from 1727 to 1729 houses at present parts of the Görlitz Museum of Cultural History.

Görlitz is the easternmost town of Germany and, with 55.000 inhabitants, the largest of the region of Upper Lusatia. It is situated on the Lusatian Neisse river established as Germany's Eastern frontier after World War II. As a consequence, the part of the town situated on the East shore of the river constitute now the Polish town of Zgorzelec. Both parts of the town declared themselves "City of Europe" in 1998, cooperating in the urban management. Görlitz was left nearly unharmed by destructions in World War II. And so all important phases of urban development and architecture have been preserved without great modifications. Görlitz boasts more than 4.000 cultural and architectural monuments, forming the largest area under monumental protection in Germany.

Görlitz is the easternmost town of Germany and, with 55.000 inhabitants, the largest of the region of Upper Lusatia. It is situated on the Lusatian Neisse river established as Germany's Eastern frontier after World War II. As a consequence, the part of the town situated on the East shore of the river constitutes now the Polish town of Zgorzelec. Both parts of the town declared themselves "City of Europe" in 1998, cooperating in the urban management. Görlitz was left nearly unharmed by destructions in World War II. And so all important phases of urban development and architecture have been preserved without great modifications. Görlitz boasts more than 4.000 cultural and architectural monuments, forming the largest area under monumental protection in Germany.

Görlitz is the easternmost town of Germany and, with 55.000 inhabitants, the largest of the region of Upper Lusatia. It is situated on the Lusatian Neisse river established as Germany's Eastern frontier after World War II. As a consequence, the part of the town situated on the East shore of the river constitutes now the Polish town of Zgorzelec. Both parts of the town declared themselves "City of Europe" in 1998, cooperating in the urban management. Görlitz was left nearly unharmed by destructions in World War II. And so all important phases of urban development and architecture have been preserved without great modifications. Görlitz boasts more than 4.000 cultural and architectural monuments, forming the largest area under monumental protection in Germany.

Die Grundsteinlegung für die dreischiffige spätgotische Kirche fand am 7. Mai 1459 und die Weihe am 29. Mai 1473 noch vor der Fertigstellung statt.

 

The foundation stone of this three-nave late Gothic hall church was laid on May 7th, 1459, and it was consecrated on May 29th, 1473, even before it was completed.

Görlitz is the easternmost town of Germany and, with 55.000 inhabitants, the largest of the region of Upper Lusatia. It is situated on the Lusatian Neisse river established as Germany's Eastern frontier after World War II. As a consequence, the part of the town situated on the East shore of the river constitute now the Polish town of Zgorzelec. Both parts of the town declared themselves "City of Europe" in 1998, cooperating in the urban management. Görlitz was left nearly unharmed by destructions in World War II. And so all important phases of urban development and architecture have been preserved without great modifications. Görlitz boasts more than 4.000 cultural and architectural monuments, forming the largest area under monumental protection in Germany.

 

Die Grundsteinlegung für die dreischiffige spätgotische Hallenkirche fand am 7. Mai 1459 und die Weihe am 29. Mai 1473 noch vor der Fertigstellung statt. Die hohen Maßwerkfenster, das Netzrippengewölbe mit den verzierten Schlusssteinen, die die Sieben Freuden Marias, die vier Evangelistensymbole und vier weibliche Heilige abbildet sowie die Orgelempore aus Sandstein gehören zu den bedeutenden gotischen Steinmetzkunstwerken der Stadt.

The foundation stone of the three-nave late-Gothic hall church was laid on May 7th, 1459, and it was consecrated on May 29th, 1473, even before it was completed. The high tracery windows, the ribbed vaulting with the decorated keystones showing the Seven Joys of Mary, the four symbols of the Evangelists and four female saints as well as the sandstone organ gallery rank among the most important works of masonry of the town.

Görlitz is the easternmost town of Germany and, with 55.000 inhabitants, the largest of the region of Upper Lusatia. It is situated on the Lusatian Neisse river established as Germany's Eastern frontier after World War II. As a consequence, the part of the town situated on the East shore of the river constitute now the Polish town of Zgorzelec. Both parts of the town declared themselves "City of Europe" in 1998, cooperating in the urban management. Görlitz was left nearly unharmed by destructions in World War II. And so all important phases of urban development and architecture have been preserved without great modifications. Görlitz boasts more than 4.000 cultural and architectural monuments, forming the largest area under monumental protection in Germany.

Bereits 1305 werden ein Steintor und ein Steinturm, bezeichnet nach ihrer Lage am Ausgang der Steinstraße, erwähnt. Sein Aussehen hat das Bauwerk über die Jahrhunderte nur wenig verändert. Das Steinrelief von Briccius Gauske war seit 1477 am äußeren Frauentor eingemauert. Nach dem Abriss des Tores erhielt es 1852 seinen jetzigen Standort.Es zeigt Maria und Barbara mit dem 1433 von Kaiser Sigismund verliehene Stadtwappen.

Documents dated as early as 1305 mention already a Steintor (Stone Gate) and a Steinturm (Stone Tower), named after their location at the end of Steinstraße (Stone Street, meaning Paved Street). Along the centuries, the tower has remained nearly unchanged. The stone relief crated by Brccius Gauske had been integrated in 1477 in the outer Frauentor (Our Lady's Gate). When this was demolished, the relief was transferred in 1852 to its present location. It shows Mary and Barbara with the municipal coat awarded in 1433 by Emperor Sigismund.

Görlitz is the easternmost town of Germany and, with 55.000 inhabitants, the largest of the region of Upper Lusatia. It is situated on the Lusatian Neisse river established as Germany's Eastern frontier after World War II. As a consequence, the part of the town situated on the East shore of the river constitute now the Polish town of Zgorzelec. Both parts of the town declared themselves "City of Europe" in 1998, cooperating in the urban management. Görlitz was left nearly unharmed by destructions in World War II. And so all important phases of urban development and architecture have been preserved without great modifications. Görlitz boasts more than 4.000 cultural and architectural monuments, forming the largest area under monumental protection in Germany.

Die Peterskirche, offiziell St. Peter und Paul, ist mit einer Länge von 72 Metern, einer Breite von 39 Metern und einer Mittelschiffshöhe von 24 Metern eine der größten und bedeutendsten Hallenkirchen im Osten Deutschlands. Bereits um 1230 stand an diesem Ort eine Basilika, deren Westbau als einziger Teil bis heute erhalten blieb. Die heutige Hallenkirche wurde im ersten Jahrzehnt des 15. Jahrhunderts begonnen. Die Fertigstellung erfolte im Wesentlichen 1465. Die beiden Türme wurden zwischen 1889 und 1891 mit den oberen Geschossen und Turmhelmen aus Beton auf eine Höhe von 84 Metern gebracht. Die Sonnenorgel verdankt ihren Namen der Tatsache, dass auf dem 1703 fertiggestellten Prospekt 16 Sonnen verteilt sind.

St. Peter's Church, the full official name is St. Peter's and Paul's, is with a length of 72 meters, a width of 39 metres and a central nave height of 24 metres one of the largest and most important hall churches in Eastern Germany. As early as about 1230, a basilica was standing at the same site, the western structure of which is still existing. Construction of the present hall church began in the first decade of the 15th century. It was essentially finnished in 1465. Between 1889 and 1891, additional storeys and concrete steeples were built on top of the two towers, elevating their height to 84 metres. The "Sun Organ" owes its name to the 16 sun symbols distributed on the prospect from 1703.

Görlitz is the easternmost town of Germany and, with 55.000 inhabitants, the largest of the region of Upper Lusatia. It is situated on the Lusatian Neisse river established as Germany's Eastern frontier after World War II. As a consequence, the part of the town situated on the East shore of the river constitutes now the Polish town of Zgorzelec. Both parts of the town declared themselves "City of Europe" in 1998, cooperating in the urban management. Görlitz was left nearly unharmed by destructions in World War II. And so all important phases of urban development and architecture have been preserved without great modifications. Görlitz boasts more than 4.000 cultural and architectural monuments, forming the largest area under monumental protection in Germany.

Das 1570 erbaute Hochrenaissancegebäude erhielt seinen Namen auf Grund der Reliefs an der Fassade im ersten und zweiten Obergeschoss. Sie zeigen Szenen aus dem Alten und Neuen Testament.

 

This high-Renaissance house built in 1570 received its name due to the reliefs on the facade of the first and second floors showing scenes from the Old and the New Testaments

Görlitz is the easternmost town of Germany and, with 55.000 inhabitants, the largest of the region of Upper Lusatia. It is situated on the Lusatian Neisse river established as Germany's Eastern frontier after World War II. As a consequence, the part of the town situated on the East shore of the river constitutes now the Polish town of Zgorzelec. Both parts of the town declared themselves "City of Europe" in 1998, cooperating in the urban management. Görlitz was left nearly unharmed by destructions in World War II. And so all important phases of urban development and architecture have been preserved without great modifications. Görlitz boasts more than 4.000 cultural and architectural monuments, forming the largest area under monumental protection in Germany.

Der Tauftisch stammt aus der evangelischen Kirche Merzdorf, die einem Tagebau weichen musste. Er ersetzt die Bronzetaufe aus dem 14. Jahrhundert, die sich heute im Nationalmuseum Warschau befindet.

Die Peterskirche, offiziell St. Peter und Paul, ist mit einer Länge von 72 Metern, einer Breite von 39 Metern und einer Mittelschiffshöhe von 24 Metern eine der größten und bedeutendsten Hallenkirchen im Osten Deutschlands. Bereits um 1230 stand an diesem Ort eine Basilika, deren Westbau als einziger Teil bis heute erhalten blieb. Die heutige Hallenkirche wurde im ersten Jahrzehnt des 15. Jahrhunderts begonnen. Die Fertigstellung erfolte im Wesentlichen 1465. Die beiden Türme wurden zwischen 1889 und 1891 mit den oberen Geschossen und Turmhelmen aus Beton auf eine Höhe von 84 Metern gebracht.

The baptismal font was transferred to St. Peter's from the evangelical church of Merzdorf, a locality that had to give way to a surface mine. It substitutes a bronze font from the 14th century that is to be found today in the Warsaw National Museum.

Die Peterskirche, offiziell St. Peter und Paul, ist mit einer Länge von 72 Metern, einer Breite von 39 Metern und einer Mittelschiffshöhe von 24 Metern eine der größten und bedeutendsten Hallenkirchen im Osten Deutschlands. Bereits um 1230 stand an diesem Ort eine Basilika, deren Westbau als einziger Teil bis heute erhalten blieb. Die heutige Hallenkirche wurde im ersten Jahrzehnt des 15. Jahrhunderts begonnen. Die Fertigstellung erfolte im Wesentlichen 1465. Die beiden Türme wurden zwischen 1889 und 1891 mit den oberen Geschossen und Turmhelmen aus Beton auf eine Höhe von 84 Metern gebracht. Die Sonnenorgel verdankt ihren Namen der Tatsache, dass auf dem 1703 fertiggestellten Prospekt 16 Sonnen verteilt sind.

St. Peter's Church, the full official name is St. Peter's and Paul's, is with a length of 72 meters, a width of 39 metres and a central nave height of 24 metres one of the largest and most important hall churches in Eastern Germany. As early as about 1230, a basilica was standing at the same site, the western structure of which is still existing. Construction of the present hall church began in the first decade of the 15th century. It was essentially finnished in 1465. Between 1889 and 1891, additional storeys and concrete steeples were built on top of the two towers, elevating their height to 84 metres. The "Sun Organ" owes its name to the 16 sun symbols distributed on the prospect from 1703.

Görlitz is the easternmost town of Germany and, with 55.000 inhabitants, the largest of the region of Upper Lusatia. It is situated on the Lusatian Neisse river established as Germany's Eastern frontier after World War II. As a consequence, the part of the town situated on the East shore of the river constitutes now the Polish town of Zgorzelec. Both parts of the town declared themselves "City of Europe" in 1998, cooperating in the urban management. Görlitz was left nearly unharmed by destructions in World War II. And so all important phases of urban development and architecture have been preserved without great modifications. Görlitz boasts more than 4.000 cultural and architectural monuments, forming the largest area under monumental protection in Germany.

Die Peterskirche, offiziell St. Peter und Paul, ist mit einer Länge von 72 Metern, einer Breite von 39 Metern und einer Mittelschiffshöhe von 24 Metern eine der größten und bedeutendsten Hallenkirchen im Osten Deutschlands. Bereits um 1230 stand an diesem Ort eine Basilika, deren Westbau als einziger Teil bis heute erhalten blieb. Die heutige Hallenkirche wurde im ersten Jahrzehnt des 15. Jahrhunderts begonnen. Die Fertigstellung erfolte im Wesentlichen 1465. Die beiden Türme wurden zwischen 1889 und 1891 mit den oberen Geschossen und Turmhelmen aus Beton auf eine Höhe von 84 Metern gebracht. Die Sonnenorgel verdankt ihren Namen der Tatsache, dass auf dem 1703 fertiggestellten Prospekt 16 Sonnen verteilt sind.

St. Peter's Church, the full official name is St. Peter's and Paul's, is with a length of 72 meters, a width of 39 metres and a central nave height of 24 metres one of the largest and most important hall churches in Eastern Germany. As early as about 1230, a basilica was standing at the same site, the western structure of which is still existing. Construction of the present hall church began in the first decade of the 15th century. It was essentially finnished in 1465. Between 1889 and 1891, additional storeys and concrete steeples were built on top of the two towers, elevating their height to 84 metres. The "Sun Organ" owes its name to the 16 sun symbols distributed on the prospect from 1703.

Görlitz is the easternmost town of Germany and, with 55.000 inhabitants, the largest of the region of Upper Lusatia. It is situated on the Lusatian Neisse river established as Germany's Eastern frontier after World War II. As a consequence, the part of the town situated on the East shore of the river constitutes now the Polish town of Zgorzelec. Both parts of the town declared themselves "City of Europe" in 1998, cooperating in the urban management. Görlitz was left nearly unharmed by destructions in World War II. And so all important phases of urban development and architecture have been preserved without great modifications. Görlitz boasts more than 4.000 cultural and architectural monuments, forming the largest area under monumental protection in Germany.

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