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Subfamily: Epidendroideae Tribe: Vandeae SubTribe: Aeridinae Genus: Papilionanthe Species: Papilionanthe hookeriana Common Name: Hooker's Papilionanthe {English botanist in the 1800s.}

#201003-09

Winter's Chilly Wetness and Darkness descended once again on The Netherlands. I sought some solace in my travel photos. Here's a pretty Green Orchid that I snapped this past Autumn in the Hothouse of the exquisite Foster Botanical Garden in Honolulu, Hawai'i.

It's Dendrobium alexandrae and besides its own beauty it is surrounded by a fascinating history. On January 5, I posted a Papilionanthe hookeriana. In the description I mentioned the intrepid German plant hunter Friedrich Richard Rudolf Schlechter (1872-1925). His is the scientific description as well of this Dendrobium (1912). He'd found it in German New Guinea in the first decade of the twentieth century. Schlechter was there not in fact on an aesthetically or naturalist's motivated jaunt but in a very serious venture to find sources for natural rubber. Natural rubber (guttapercha) was the choice material for the insulation of electrical wires (such as those of the telegraph under water). Thus expeditions to seek it were part of the German industrial war effort (World War I).

But Schlechter was also a True Naturalist and - though plagued by tropical disease and illness - he collected an enormous herbarium of 'useless' plants as well, which he described meticulously.

In this he was ably and undauntingly assisted by his wife Alexandra. His dedication of this Orchid to her is one of the most moving tributes to a botanist's wife that I have ever seen. So moving, indeed, that I quote it here fully in German to preserve its 'taste': 'Ich habe diese Art meiner Ehegattin Alexandra, geb. Sobennikoff, gewidmet, welche mir in meinen Arbeiten und besonders bei Abfassung dieses buches über die Orchidaceen von Deutsch-Neu-Guinea stets eine treue und schätzenswerte Gehilfin gewesen ist.' (A free translation: "I've dedicated this flower to my wife Alexandra, née Sobennikoff. She was always a constant and highly esteemed helper in my work and especially in the preparation of this book on the kinds of orchids of German New Guinea". Note especially that Schlechter gives the full name of Alexandra, thus indicating her as more than 'merely' his wife; rather a botanist in her own right. Moreover, his adjectives with 'helper' are particularly telling.)

plant, vegetation, flora, aquatic, semi-aquatic, terrestrial, flower, orchid, kinta weed, papilionanthe hookeriana, vanda hookeriana, miss joaquim, wetland, swamp, bog, hybrid, hybridized, national flower, singapore, perak, malaysia, asia

plant, vegetation, flora, aquatic, semi-aquatic, terrestrial, flower, orchid, kinta weed, papilionanthe hookeriana, vanda hookeriana, miss joaquim, wetland, swamp, bog, hybrid, hybridized, national flower, singapore, perak, malaysia, asia

plant, vegetation, flora, aquatic, semi-aquatic, terrestrial, flower, orchid, kinta weed, papilionanthe hookeriana, vanda hookeriana, miss joaquim, wetland, swamp, bog, hybrid, hybridized, national flower, singapore, perak, malaysia, asia

plant, vegetation, flora, aquatic, semi-aquatic, terrestrial, flower, orchid, kinta weed, papilionanthe hookeriana, vanda hookeriana, miss joaquim, wetland, swamp, bog, hybrid, hybridized, national flower, singapore, perak, malaysia, asia

plant, vegetation, flora, aquatic, semi-aquatic, terrestrial, flower, orchid, kinta weed, papilionanthe hookeriana, vanda hookeriana, miss joaquim, wetland, swamp, bog, hybrid, hybridized, national flower, singapore, perak, malaysia, asia

plant, vegetation, flora, aquatic, semi-aquatic, terrestrial, flower, orchid, kinta weed, papilionanthe hookeriana, vanda hookeriana, miss joaquim, wetland, swamp, bog, hybrid, hybridized, national flower, singapore, perak, malaysia, asia

plant, vegetation, flora, aquatic, semi-aquatic, terrestrial, flower, orchid, kinta weed, papilionanthe hookeriana, vanda hookeriana, miss joaquim, wetland, swamp, bog, hybrid, hybridized, national flower, singapore, perak, malaysia, asia

plant, vegetation, flora, aquatic, semi-aquatic, terrestrial, flower, orchid, kinta weed, papilionanthe hookeriana, vanda hookeriana, miss joaquim, wetland, swamp, bog, hybrid, hybridized, national flower, singapore, perak, malaysia, asia

plant, vegetation, flora, aquatic, semi-aquatic, terrestrial, flower, orchid, kinta weed, papilionanthe hookeriana, vanda hookeriana, miss joaquim, wetland, swamp, bog, hybrid, hybridized, national flower, singapore, perak, malaysia, asia

Reichenbachia :.

St. Albans :London,New York,F. Sander & Co., Orchid growers & importers;H. Sotheran & Co.;I. Forstermann, [etc., etc.]1888 [-90].

biodiversitylibrary.org/page/33413109

plant, vegetation, flora, aquatic, terrestrial, flower, orchid, kinta weed, papilionanthe hookeriana, vanda hookeriana, miss joaquim, hanguana malayana, wetland, swamp, bog, hybrid, hybridized, national flower, singapore, perak, malaysia, asia, april 2011

plant, vegetation, flora, aquatic, terrestrial, flower, orchid, kinta weed, papilionanthe hookeriana, vanda hookeriana, miss joaquim, hanguana malayana, wetland, swamp, bog, hybrid, hybridized, national flower, singapore, perak, malaysia, asia, april 2011

plant, vegetation, flora, aquatic, terrestrial, flower, orchid, kinta weed, papilionanthe hookeriana, vanda hookeriana, miss joaquim, hanguana malayana, wetland, swamp, bog, hybrid, hybridized, national flower, singapore, perak, malaysia, asia, april 2011

A visit to Kuala Lumpur cannot be called complete if an excursion has not been made to The Secret Garden on the rooftop of the 1 Utama Shopping Centre at Petaling Jaya, not far from the city centre. The brain-child of businessman Teo Chiang Kok and renowned botanist Francis Ng, the Secret Garden occupies about 30,000 square feet on top of the 7th storey of the shopping centre. In it are grown some 500 species of unusual plants from all over the world. Of course, there's an emphasis on tropicals from Malaysia.

Here's pretty Papilionanthe hookeriana once called the Kinta Weed because it was so very prolific in the Kinta Valley of Perak through which moves the Brown and Muddy Kinta on whose shores lies the fine town of Ipoh. It's become very rare there, indeed, and is now listed among the endangered plants of Malaysia. But Dr Ng grows it wonderfully in 'his' rooftop garden.

The first description of our Orchid was by Heinrich Gustav Reichenbach (1824-1889). He analysed it on the basis of an exemplar from Borneo, and called it Vanda hookeriana in honor of the great English botanist William Jackson Hooker (1785-1865). Famous expert on Orchids, Friedrich Richard Rudolph Schlechter (1872-1925) 'cleaned up' much orchid nomenclature. He renamed Reichenbach's Vanda to Papilionanthe, using that name because the flower reminded him of a gliding butterfly. Though Reichenbach had not seen his Vanda in the wild, Schlechter had collected widely in Southeast Asia and could write from experience.

Incidentally, his enormous herbarium was destroyed by an Allied bombing raid on Berlin in the last throes of World War II. No gliding, beautiful butterflies, those planes...

plant, vegetation, flora, aquatic, flower, orchid, terrestrial orchid, wetland orchid, kinta weed, papilionanthe hookeriana, vanda hookeriana, miss joaquim, hanguana malayana, wetland, swamp, bog, hybrid, hybridized, national flower, singapore, kinta valley, perak, malaysia, asia, november 2013

plant, vegetation, flora, aquatic, semi-aquatic, terrestrial, flower, orchid, kinta weed, papilionanthe hookeriana, vanda hookeriana, miss joaquim, wetland, swamp, bog, hybrid, hybridized, national flower, singapore, perak, malaysia, asia

plant, vegetation, flora, aquatic, flower, orchid, terrestrial orchid, wetland orchid, kinta weed, papilionanthe hookeriana, vanda hookeriana, miss joaquim, hanguana malayana, wetland, swamp, bog, hybrid, hybridized, national flower, singapore, kinta valley, perak, malaysia, asia, november 2013

plant, vegetation, flora, aquatic, terrestrial, flower, orchid, kinta weed, papilionanthe hookeriana, vanda hookeriana, miss joaquim, hanguana malayana, wetland, swamp, bog, hybrid, hybridized, national flower, singapore, perak, malaysia, asia, april 2011

plant, vegetation, flora, aquatic, terrestrial, epiphyte, flower, orchid, kinta weed, papilionanthe hookeriana, vanda hookeriana, miss Joaquim, hanguana malayana, wetland, swamp, bog, marsh, pond, hybrid, national flower, singapore, kinta valley, perak, malaysia, asia, april 2017

plant, vegetation, flora, aquatic, terrestrial, epiphyte, flower, orchid, kinta weed, papilionanthe hookeriana, vanda hookeriana, miss Joaquim, hanguana malayana, wetland, swamp, bog, marsh, pond, hybrid, national flower, singapore, kinta valley, perak, malaysia, asia, april 2017

plant, vegetation, flora, aquatic, terrestrial, flower, orchid, kinta weed, papilionanthe hookeriana, vanda hookeriana, miss joaquim, hanguana malayana, wetland, swamp, bog, hybrid, hybridized, national flower, singapore, perak, malaysia, asia, april 2011

These are now almost wiped out in the wild because their swampy habitats are drained, filled and turned into housing areas or plantations. Thankfully, they are very easy to propagate and keikis will arise from cuttings just 6 inches long with at least two nodes.

plant, vegetation, flora, aquatic, flower, orchid, terrestrial orchid, wetland orchid, kinta weed, papilionanthe hookeriana, vanda hookeriana, miss joaquim, hanguana malayana, wetland, swamp, bog, hybrid, hybridized, national flower, singapore, kinta valley, perak, malaysia, asia, november 2013

plant, vegetation, flora, aquatic, semi-aquatic, terrestrial, flower, orchid, kinta weed, papilionanthe hookeriana, vanda hookeriana, miss joaquim, wetland, swamp, bog, hybrid, hybridized, national flower, singapore, perak, malaysia, asia

plant, vegetation, flora, aquatic, terrestrial, epiphyte, flower, orchid, kinta weed, papilionanthe hookeriana, vanda hookeriana, miss Joaquim, hanguana malayana, wetland, swamp, bog, marsh, pond, hybrid, national flower, singapore, kinta valley, perak, malaysia, asia, april 2017

plant, vegetation, flora, aquatic, terrestrial, flower, orchid, kinta weed, papilionanthe hookeriana, vanda hookeriana, miss joaquim, wetland, swamp, bog, hybrid, hybridized, national flower, singapore, perak, malaysia, asia

plant, vegetation, flora, aquatic, terrestrial, epiphyte, flower, orchid, kinta weed, papilionanthe hookeriana, vanda hookeriana, miss Joaquim, hanguana malayana, wetland, swamp, bog, marsh, pond, hybrid, national flower, singapore, kinta valley, perak, malaysia, asia, april 2017

plant, vegetation, flora, aquatic, terrestrial, flower, orchid, kinta weed, papilionanthe hookeriana, vanda hookeriana, miss joaquim, wetland, swamp, bog, hybrid, hybridized, national flower, singapore, perak, malaysia, asia

plant, vegetation, flora, aquatic, flower, orchid, terrestrial orchid, wetland orchid, kinta weed, papilionanthe hookeriana, vanda hookeriana, miss joaquim, hanguana malayana, wetland, swamp, bog, hybrid, hybridized, national flower, singapore, kinta valley, perak, malaysia, asia, november 2013

plant, vegetation, flora, aquatic, flower, orchid, terrestrial orchid, wetland orchid, kinta weed, papilionanthe hookeriana, vanda hookeriana, miss joaquim, hanguana malayana, wetland, swamp, bog, hybrid, hybridized, national flower, singapore, kinta valley, perak, malaysia, asia, november 2013

plant, vegetation, flora, aquatic, terrestrial, flower, orchid, kinta weed, papilionanthe hookeriana, vanda hookeriana, miss joaquim, hanguana malayana, wetland, swamp, bog, hybrid, hybridized, national flower, singapore, perak, malaysia, asia, april 2011

plant, vegetation, flora, aquatic, terrestrial, flower, orchid, kinta weed, papilionanthe hookeriana, vanda hookeriana, miss joaquim, wetland, swamp, bog, hybrid, hybridized, national flower, singapore, perak, malaysia, asia

plant, vegetation, flora, aquatic, terrestrial, flower, orchid, kinta weed, papilionanthe hookeriana, vanda hookeriana, miss joaquim, wetland, swamp, bog, hybrid, hybridized, national flower, singapore, perak, malaysia, asia

plant, vegetation, flora, aquatic, terrestrial, flower, orchid, kinta weed, papilionanthe hookeriana, vanda hookeriana, miss joaquim, wetland, swamp, bog, hybrid, hybridized, national flower, singapore, perak, malaysia, asia

Write-up posted.

www.sarawaklens.com/2009/11/papilionanthe-hookeriana-in-n...

This swamp orchid used to be known as Vanda hookeriana.

plant, vegetation, flora, aquatic, terrestrial, flower, orchid, kinta weed, papilionanthe hookeriana, vanda hookeriana, miss joaquim, hanguana malayana, wetland, swamp, bog, hybrid, hybridized, national flower, singapore, perak, malaysia, asia, april 2011

plant, vegetation, flora, aquatic, terrestrial, flower, orchid, kinta weed, papilionanthe hookeriana, vanda hookeriana, miss joaquim, wetland, swamp, bog, hybrid, hybridized, national flower, singapore, perak, malaysia, asia

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