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Nizhny Novgorod is called the third capital and the “pocket of Russia”. The city was founded in 1221 by Vladimir-Suzdal Prince Yury Vsevolodovich as a frontier fortress, but after transferring the biggest fair in the country here, it became one of the main shopping centers of Russia. There were legends about the wealth and prosperity of Nizhny Novgorod, and its stone Kremlin of the 16th century was never yielded to the onslaught of the besiegers.
The city has preserved many unique monuments of history, architecture and culture, which gave UNESCO grounds to include Nizhny Novgorod in the list of 100 cities of the world of world historical and cultural value. The peculiarity that distinguishes it from other historical cities of the country is that the Lower is in a very convenient place to get here by water, and the rare Volga cruise does not include it in its program.
The lower one boasts over 600 exceptional historical and architectural monuments. In addition, there are many museums here, among which the museum complex dedicated to Maxim Gorky, who spent his childhood here, is particularly notable. The city even bore a name in honor of the writer in the period from 1932 to 1990.
March, 2017, Velikiy Novgorod
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Historic Monuments of Novgorod and Surroundings