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pois. já cá estou

(to Kangan)

Museu de Arte Popular, Lisbon, Portugal

 

Material: Linoleum

Collection: The Escher Foundation Collection

  

BIOGRAPHY

 

Maurits Cornelis Escher (1898-1972) is one of the world's most famous graphic artists. His art is enjoyed by millions of people all over the world, as can be seen on the many websites on the internet.

 

He is most famous for his so-called impossible constructions, such as Ascending and Descending, Relativity, his Transformation Prints, such as Metamorphosis I, Metamorphosis II and Metamorphosis III, Sky & Water I or Reptiles.

 

But he also made some wonderful, more realistic work during the time he lived and travelled in Italy.

 

Castrovalva for example, where one already can see Escher's fascination for high and low, close by and far away. The lithograph Atrani, a small town on the Amalfi Coast was made in 1931, but comes back for example, in his masterpiece Metamorphosis I and II.

 

M.C. Escher, during his lifetime, made 448 lithographs, woodcuts and wood engravings and over 2000 drawings and sketches. Like some of his famous predecessors, - Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Dürer and Holbein-, M.C. Escher was left-handed.

 

Apart from being a graphic artist, M.C. Escher illustrated books, designed tapestries, postage stamps and murals. He was born in Leeuwarden, the Netherlands, as the fourth and youngest son of a civil engineer. After 5 years the family moved to Arnhem where Escher spent most of his youth. After failing his high school exams, Maurits ultimately was enrolled in the School for Architecture and Decorative Arts in Haarlem.

  

After only one week, he informed his father that he would rather study graphic art instead of architecture, as he had shown his drawings and linoleum cuts to his graphic teacher Samuel Jessurun de Mesquita, who encouraged him to continue with graphic arts.

 

After finishing school, he travelled extensively through Italy, where he met his wife Jetta Umiker, whom he married in 1924. They settled in Rome, where they stayed until 1935. During these 11 years, Escher would travel each year throughout Italy, drawing and sketching for the various prints he would make when he returned home.

 

Many of these sketches he would later use for various other lithographs and/or woodcuts and wood engravings, for example, the background in the lithograph Waterfall stems from his Italian period, or the trees reflecting in the woodcut Puddle, which are the same trees Escher used in his woodcut "Pineta of Calvi", which he made in 1932.

 

M.C. Escher became fascinated by the regular Division of the Plane, when he first visited the Alhambra, a fourteen-century Moorish castle in Granada, Spain in 1922.

 

During the years in Switzerland and throughout the Second World War, he vigorously pursued his hobby, by drawing 62 of the total of 137 Regular Division Drawings he would make in his lifetime.

 

He would extend his passion for the Regular Division of the Plane, by using some of his drawings as the basis for yet another hobby, carving beech wood spheres.

 

He played with architecture, perspective and impossible spaces. His art continues to amaze and wonder millions of people all over the world. In his work, we recognize his keen observation of the world around us and the expressions of his own fantasies. M.C. Escher shows us that reality is wondrous, comprehensible and fascinating.

 

SOURCE:

www.mcescher.com/about/biography/

Museu de Arte Popular, Lisbon, Portugal

 

Material: Wood engraving

Collection: Private Collection, Italy

  

BIOGRAPHY

 

Maurits Cornelis Escher (1898-1972) is one of the world's most famous graphic artists. His art is enjoyed by millions of people all over the world, as can be seen on the many websites on the internet.

 

He is most famous for his so-called impossible constructions, such as Ascending and Descending, Relativity, his Transformation Prints, such as Metamorphosis I, Metamorphosis II and Metamorphosis III, Sky & Water I or Reptiles.

 

But he also made some wonderful, more realistic work during the time he lived and travelled in Italy.

 

Castrovalva for example, where one already can see Escher's fascination for high and low, close by and far away. The lithograph Atrani, a small town on the Amalfi Coast was made in 1931, but comes back for example, in his masterpiece Metamorphosis I and II.

 

M.C. Escher, during his lifetime, made 448 lithographs, woodcuts and wood engravings and over 2000 drawings and sketches. Like some of his famous predecessors, - Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Dürer and Holbein-, M.C. Escher was left-handed.

 

Apart from being a graphic artist, M.C. Escher illustrated books, designed tapestries, postage stamps and murals. He was born in Leeuwarden, the Netherlands, as the fourth and youngest son of a civil engineer. After 5 years the family moved to Arnhem where Escher spent most of his youth. After failing his high school exams, Maurits ultimately was enrolled in the School for Architecture and Decorative Arts in Haarlem.

  

After only one week, he informed his father that he would rather study graphic art instead of architecture, as he had shown his drawings and linoleum cuts to his graphic teacher Samuel Jessurun de Mesquita, who encouraged him to continue with graphic arts.

 

After finishing school, he travelled extensively through Italy, where he met his wife Jetta Umiker, whom he married in 1924. They settled in Rome, where they stayed until 1935. During these 11 years, Escher would travel each year throughout Italy, drawing and sketching for the various prints he would make when he returned home.

 

Many of these sketches he would later use for various other lithographs and/or woodcuts and wood engravings, for example, the background in the lithograph Waterfall stems from his Italian period, or the trees reflecting in the woodcut Puddle, which are the same trees Escher used in his woodcut "Pineta of Calvi", which he made in 1932.

 

M.C. Escher became fascinated by the regular Division of the Plane, when he first visited the Alhambra, a fourteen-century Moorish castle in Granada, Spain in 1922.

 

During the years in Switzerland and throughout the Second World War, he vigorously pursued his hobby, by drawing 62 of the total of 137 Regular Division Drawings he would make in his lifetime.

 

He would extend his passion for the Regular Division of the Plane, by using some of his drawings as the basis for yet another hobby, carving beech wood spheres.

 

He played with architecture, perspective and impossible spaces. His art continues to amaze and wonder millions of people all over the world. In his work, we recognize his keen observation of the world around us and the expressions of his own fantasies. M.C. Escher shows us that reality is wondrous, comprehensible and fascinating.

 

SOURCE:

www.mcescher.com/about/biography/

Museu de Arte Popular, Lisbon, Portugal

 

Material: Lithograph

Collection: The Escher Foundation Collection

  

BIOGRAPHY

 

Maurits Cornelis Escher (1898-1972) is one of the world's most famous graphic artists. His art is enjoyed by millions of people all over the world, as can be seen on the many websites on the internet.

 

He is most famous for his so-called impossible constructions, such as Ascending and Descending, Relativity, his Transformation Prints, such as Metamorphosis I, Metamorphosis II and Metamorphosis III, Sky & Water I or Reptiles.

 

But he also made some wonderful, more realistic work during the time he lived and travelled in Italy.

 

Castrovalva for example, where one already can see Escher's fascination for high and low, close by and far away. The lithograph Atrani, a small town on the Amalfi Coast was made in 1931, but comes back for example, in his masterpiece Metamorphosis I and II.

 

M.C. Escher, during his lifetime, made 448 lithographs, woodcuts and wood engravings and over 2000 drawings and sketches. Like some of his famous predecessors, - Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Dürer and Holbein-, M.C. Escher was left-handed.

 

Apart from being a graphic artist, M.C. Escher illustrated books, designed tapestries, postage stamps and murals. He was born in Leeuwarden, the Netherlands, as the fourth and youngest son of a civil engineer. After 5 years the family moved to Arnhem where Escher spent most of his youth. After failing his high school exams, Maurits ultimately was enrolled in the School for Architecture and Decorative Arts in Haarlem.

  

After only one week, he informed his father that he would rather study graphic art instead of architecture, as he had shown his drawings and linoleum cuts to his graphic teacher Samuel Jessurun de Mesquita, who encouraged him to continue with graphic arts.

 

After finishing school, he travelled extensively through Italy, where he met his wife Jetta Umiker, whom he married in 1924. They settled in Rome, where they stayed until 1935. During these 11 years, Escher would travel each year throughout Italy, drawing and sketching for the various prints he would make when he returned home.

 

Many of these sketches he would later use for various other lithographs and/or woodcuts and wood engravings, for example, the background in the lithograph Waterfall stems from his Italian period, or the trees reflecting in the woodcut Puddle, which are the same trees Escher used in his woodcut "Pineta of Calvi", which he made in 1932.

 

M.C. Escher became fascinated by the regular Division of the Plane, when he first visited the Alhambra, a fourteen-century Moorish castle in Granada, Spain in 1922.

 

During the years in Switzerland and throughout the Second World War, he vigorously pursued his hobby, by drawing 62 of the total of 137 Regular Division Drawings he would make in his lifetime.

 

He would extend his passion for the Regular Division of the Plane, by using some of his drawings as the basis for yet another hobby, carving beech wood spheres.

 

He played with architecture, perspective and impossible spaces. His art continues to amaze and wonder millions of people all over the world. In his work, we recognize his keen observation of the world around us and the expressions of his own fantasies. M.C. Escher shows us that reality is wondrous, comprehensible and fascinating.

 

SOURCE:

www.mcescher.com/about/biography/

destruída por ignorante fita-cola

Museu de Arte Popular, Lisbon, Portugal

 

Material: Woodcut

Collection: The Escher Foundation Collection

  

BIOGRAPHY

 

Maurits Cornelis Escher (1898-1972) is one of the world's most famous graphic artists. His art is enjoyed by millions of people all over the world, as can be seen on the many websites on the internet.

 

He is most famous for his so-called impossible constructions, such as Ascending and Descending, Relativity, his Transformation Prints, such as Metamorphosis I, Metamorphosis II and Metamorphosis III, Sky & Water I or Reptiles.

 

But he also made some wonderful, more realistic work during the time he lived and travelled in Italy.

 

Castrovalva for example, where one already can see Escher's fascination for high and low, close by and far away. The lithograph Atrani, a small town on the Amalfi Coast was made in 1931, but comes back for example, in his masterpiece Metamorphosis I and II.

 

M.C. Escher, during his lifetime, made 448 lithographs, woodcuts and wood engravings and over 2000 drawings and sketches. Like some of his famous predecessors, - Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Dürer and Holbein-, M.C. Escher was left-handed.

 

Apart from being a graphic artist, M.C. Escher illustrated books, designed tapestries, postage stamps and murals. He was born in Leeuwarden, the Netherlands, as the fourth and youngest son of a civil engineer. After 5 years the family moved to Arnhem where Escher spent most of his youth. After failing his high school exams, Maurits ultimately was enrolled in the School for Architecture and Decorative Arts in Haarlem.

  

After only one week, he informed his father that he would rather study graphic art instead of architecture, as he had shown his drawings and linoleum cuts to his graphic teacher Samuel Jessurun de Mesquita, who encouraged him to continue with graphic arts.

 

After finishing school, he travelled extensively through Italy, where he met his wife Jetta Umiker, whom he married in 1924. They settled in Rome, where they stayed until 1935. During these 11 years, Escher would travel each year throughout Italy, drawing and sketching for the various prints he would make when he returned home.

 

Many of these sketches he would later use for various other lithographs and/or woodcuts and wood engravings, for example, the background in the lithograph Waterfall stems from his Italian period, or the trees reflecting in the woodcut Puddle, which are the same trees Escher used in his woodcut "Pineta of Calvi", which he made in 1932.

 

M.C. Escher became fascinated by the regular Division of the Plane, when he first visited the Alhambra, a fourteen-century Moorish castle in Granada, Spain in 1922.

 

During the years in Switzerland and throughout the Second World War, he vigorously pursued his hobby, by drawing 62 of the total of 137 Regular Division Drawings he would make in his lifetime.

 

He would extend his passion for the Regular Division of the Plane, by using some of his drawings as the basis for yet another hobby, carving beech wood spheres.

 

He played with architecture, perspective and impossible spaces. His art continues to amaze and wonder millions of people all over the world. In his work, we recognize his keen observation of the world around us and the expressions of his own fantasies. M.C. Escher shows us that reality is wondrous, comprehensible and fascinating.

 

SOURCE:

www.mcescher.com/about/biography/

Museu de Arte Popular, Lisbon, Portugal

 

Material: Linoleum cut

Collection: Private collection, Italy

 

ALHAMBRA PALACE PATTERNS

 

The ALHAMBRA is a Walled city and fortress in Granada, Spain.

 

It was built in the last Islamic sultanate on the Iberian peninsula, the Nasrid Dynasty (1238 - 1492). The palace is lavishly decorated with stone and wood carvings and tile patterns on most of the ceilings, walls and floors. Islamic Art does not use representations of living beings, but heavily uses geometric patterns, especially symmetric and repeating patterns.

 

Escher visits the Alhambra in 1922 and later in 1936 together with his wife Jetta. During the second visit, he spends three whole days there, studying the designs and copying many of the motifs.

 

Here it was the foundation was laid for his pioneering work in periodic space-filling.

  

BIOGRAPHY

 

Maurits Cornelis Escher (1898-1972) is one of the world's most famous graphic artists. His art is enjoyed by millions of people all over the world, as can be seen on the many websites on the internet.

 

He is most famous for his so-called impossible constructions, such as Ascending and Descending, Relativity, his Transformation Prints, such as Metamorphosis I, Metamorphosis II and Metamorphosis III, Sky & Water I or Reptiles.

 

But he also made some wonderful, more realistic work during the time he lived and travelled in Italy.

 

Castrovalva for example, where one already can see Escher's fascination for high and low, close by and far away. The lithograph Atrani, a small town on the Amalfi Coast was made in 1931, but comes back for example, in his masterpiece Metamorphosis I and II.

 

M.C. Escher, during his lifetime, made 448 lithographs, woodcuts and wood engravings and over 2000 drawings and sketches. Like some of his famous predecessors, - Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Dürer and Holbein-, M.C. Escher was left-handed.

 

Apart from being a graphic artist, M.C. Escher illustrated books, designed tapestries, postage stamps and murals. He was born in Leeuwarden, the Netherlands, as the fourth and youngest son of a civil engineer. After 5 years the family moved to Arnhem where Escher spent most of his youth. After failing his high school exams, Maurits ultimately was enrolled in the School for Architecture and Decorative Arts in Haarlem.

  

After only one week, he informed his father that he would rather study graphic art instead of architecture, as he had shown his drawings and linoleum cuts to his graphic teacher Samuel Jessurun de Mesquita, who encouraged him to continue with graphic arts.

 

After finishing school, he travelled extensively through Italy, where he met his wife Jetta Umiker, whom he married in 1924. They settled in Rome, where they stayed until 1935. During these 11 years, Escher would travel each year throughout Italy, drawing and sketching for the various prints he would make when he returned home.

 

Many of these sketches he would later use for various other lithographs and/or woodcuts and wood engravings, for example, the background in the lithograph Waterfall stems from his Italian period, or the trees reflecting in the woodcut Puddle, which are the same trees Escher used in his woodcut "Pineta of Calvi", which he made in 1932.

 

M.C. Escher became fascinated by the regular Division of the Plane, when he first visited the Alhambra, a fourteen-century Moorish castle in Granada, Spain in 1922.

 

During the years in Switzerland and throughout the Second World War, he vigorously pursued his hobby, by drawing 62 of the total of 137 Regular Division Drawings he would make in his lifetime.

 

He would extend his passion for the Regular Division of the Plane, by using some of his drawings as the basis for yet another hobby, carving beech wood spheres.

 

He played with architecture, perspective and impossible spaces. His art continues to amaze and wonder millions of people all over the world. In his work, we recognize his keen observation of the world around us and the expressions of his own fantasies. M.C. Escher shows us that reality is wondrous, comprehensible and fascinating.

 

SOURCE:

www.mcescher.com/about/biography/Museu de Arte Popular, Lisbon, Portugal

 

Material: Linoleum

Collection: The Escher Foundation Collection

  

BIOGRAPHY

 

Maurits Cornelis Escher (1898-1972) is one of the world's most famous graphic artists. His art is enjoyed by millions of people all over the world, as can be seen on the many websites on the internet.

 

He is most famous for his so-called impossible constructions, such as Ascending and Descending, Relativity, his Transformation Prints, such as Metamorphosis I, Metamorphosis II and Metamorphosis III, Sky & Water I or Reptiles.

 

But he also made some wonderful, more realistic work during the time he lived and travelled in Italy.

 

Castrovalva for example, where one already can see Escher's fascination for high and low, close by and far away. The lithograph Atrani, a small town on the Amalfi Coast was made in 1931, but comes back for example, in his masterpiece Metamorphosis I and II.

 

M.C. Escher, during his lifetime, made 448 lithographs, woodcuts and wood engravings and over 2000 drawings and sketches. Like some of his famous predecessors, - Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Dürer and Holbein-, M.C. Escher was left-handed.

 

Apart from being a graphic artist, M.C. Escher illustrated books, designed tapestries, postage stamps and murals. He was born in Leeuwarden, the Netherlands, as the fourth and youngest son of a civil engineer. After 5 years the family moved to Arnhem where Escher spent most of his youth. After failing his high school exams, Maurits ultimately was enrolled in the School for Architecture and Decorative Arts in Haarlem.

  

After only one week, he informed his father that he would rather study graphic art instead of architecture, as he had shown his drawings and linoleum cuts to his graphic teacher Samuel Jessurun de Mesquita, who encouraged him to continue with graphic arts.

 

After finishing school, he travelled extensively through Italy, where he met his wife Jetta Umiker, whom he married in 1924. They settled in Rome, where they stayed until 1935. During these 11 years, Escher would travel each year throughout Italy, drawing and sketching for the various prints he would make when he returned home.

 

Many of these sketches he would later use for various other lithographs and/or woodcuts and wood engravings, for example, the background in the lithograph Waterfall stems from his Italian period, or the trees reflecting in the woodcut Puddle, which are the same trees Escher used in his woodcut "Pineta of Calvi", which he made in 1932.

 

M.C. Escher became fascinated by the regular Division of the Plane, when he first visited the Alhambra, a fourteen-century Moorish castle in Granada, Spain in 1922.

 

During the years in Switzerland and throughout the Second World War, he vigorously pursued his hobby, by drawing 62 of the total of 137 Regular Division Drawings he would make in his lifetime.

 

He would extend his passion for the Regular Division of the Plane, by using some of his drawings as the basis for yet another hobby, carving beech wood spheres.

 

He played with architecture, perspective and impossible spaces. His art continues to amaze and wonder millions of people all over the world. In his work, we recognize his keen observation of the world around us and the expressions of his own fantasies. M.C. Escher shows us that reality is wondrous, comprehensible and fascinating.

 

SOURCE:

www.mcescher.com/about/biography/

Museu de Arte Popular, Lisbon, Portugal

 

Material: Lithograph

Collection: Private

 

BIOGRAPHY

 

Maurits Cornelis Escher (1898-1972) is one of the world's most famous graphic artists. His art is enjoyed by millions of people all over the world, as can be seen on the many websites on the internet.

 

He is most famous for his so-called impossible constructions, such as Ascending and Descending, Relativity, his Transformation Prints, such as Metamorphosis I, Metamorphosis II and Metamorphosis III, Sky & Water I or Reptiles.

 

But he also made some wonderful, more realistic work during the time he lived and travelled in Italy.

 

Castrovalva for example, where one already can see Escher's fascination for high and low, close by and far away. The lithograph Atrani, a small town on the Amalfi Coast was made in 1931, but comes back for example, in his masterpiece Metamorphosis I and II.

 

M.C. Escher, during his lifetime, made 448 lithographs, woodcuts and wood engravings and over 2000 drawings and sketches. Like some of his famous predecessors, - Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Dürer and Holbein-, M.C. Escher was left-handed.

 

Apart from being a graphic artist, M.C. Escher illustrated books, designed tapestries, postage stamps and murals. He was born in Leeuwarden, the Netherlands, as the fourth and youngest son of a civil engineer. After 5 years the family moved to Arnhem where Escher spent most of his youth. After failing his high school exams, Maurits ultimately was enrolled in the School for Architecture and Decorative Arts in Haarlem.

  

After only one week, he informed his father that he would rather study graphic art instead of architecture, as he had shown his drawings and linoleum cuts to his graphic teacher Samuel Jessurun de Mesquita, who encouraged him to continue with graphic arts.

 

After finishing school, he travelled extensively through Italy, where he met his wife Jetta Umiker, whom he married in 1924. They settled in Rome, where they stayed until 1935. During these 11 years, Escher would travel each year throughout Italy, drawing and sketching for the various prints he would make when he returned home.

 

Many of these sketches he would later use for various other lithographs and/or woodcuts and wood engravings, for example, the background in the lithograph Waterfall stems from his Italian period, or the trees reflecting in the woodcut Puddle, which are the same trees Escher used in his woodcut "Pineta of Calvi", which he made in 1932.

 

M.C. Escher became fascinated by the regular Division of the Plane, when he first visited the Alhambra, a fourteen-century Moorish castle in Granada, Spain in 1922.

 

During the years in Switzerland and throughout the Second World War, he vigorously pursued his hobby, by drawing 62 of the total of 137 Regular Division Drawings he would make in his lifetime.

 

He would extend his passion for the Regular Division of the Plane, by using some of his drawings as the basis for yet another hobby, carving beech wood spheres.

 

He played with architecture, perspective and impossible spaces. His art continues to amaze and wonder millions of people all over the world. In his work, we recognize his keen observation of the world around us and the expressions of his own fantasies. M.C. Escher shows us that reality is wondrous, comprehensible and fascinating.

 

SOURCE:

www.mcescher.com/about/biography/

  

Museu de Arte Popular, Lisbon, Portugal

 

Material: Litograph

Collection: The Escher Foundation Collection

  

BIOGRAPHY

 

Maurits Cornelis Escher (1898-1972) is one of the world's most famous graphic artists. His art is enjoyed by millions of people all over the world, as can be seen on the many websites on the internet.

 

He is most famous for his so-called impossible constructions, such as Ascending and Descending, Relativity, his Transformation Prints, such as Metamorphosis I, Metamorphosis II and Metamorphosis III, Sky & Water I or Reptiles.

 

But he also made some wonderful, more realistic work during the time he lived and travelled in Italy.

 

Castrovalva for example, where one already can see Escher's fascination for high and low, close by and far away. The lithograph Atrani, a small town on the Amalfi Coast was made in 1931, but comes back for example, in his masterpiece Metamorphosis I and II.

 

M.C. Escher, during his lifetime, made 448 lithographs, woodcuts and wood engravings and over 2000 drawings and sketches. Like some of his famous predecessors, - Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Dürer and Holbein-, M.C. Escher was left-handed.

 

Apart from being a graphic artist, M.C. Escher illustrated books, designed tapestries, postage stamps and murals. He was born in Leeuwarden, the Netherlands, as the fourth and youngest son of a civil engineer. After 5 years the family moved to Arnhem where Escher spent most of his youth. After failing his high school exams, Maurits ultimately was enrolled in the School for Architecture and Decorative Arts in Haarlem.

  

After only one week, he informed his father that he would rather study graphic art instead of architecture, as he had shown his drawings and linoleum cuts to his graphic teacher Samuel Jessurun de Mesquita, who encouraged him to continue with graphic arts.

 

After finishing school, he travelled extensively through Italy, where he met his wife Jetta Umiker, whom he married in 1924. They settled in Rome, where they stayed until 1935. During these 11 years, Escher would travel each year throughout Italy, drawing and sketching for the various prints he would make when he returned home.

 

Many of these sketches he would later use for various other lithographs and/or woodcuts and wood engravings, for example, the background in the lithograph Waterfall stems from his Italian period, or the trees reflecting in the woodcut Puddle, which are the same trees Escher used in his woodcut "Pineta of Calvi", which he made in 1932.

 

M.C. Escher became fascinated by the regular Division of the Plane, when he first visited the Alhambra, a fourteen-century Moorish castle in Granada, Spain in 1922.

 

During the years in Switzerland and throughout the Second World War, he vigorously pursued his hobby, by drawing 62 of the total of 137 Regular Division Drawings he would make in his lifetime.

 

He would extend his passion for the Regular Division of the Plane, by using some of his drawings as the basis for yet another hobby, carving beech wood spheres.

 

He played with architecture, perspective and impossible spaces. His art continues to amaze and wonder millions of people all over the world. In his work, we recognize his keen observation of the world around us and the expressions of his own fantasies. M.C. Escher shows us that reality is wondrous, comprehensible and fascinating.

 

SOURCE:

www.mcescher.com/about/biography/

Museu de Arte Popular, Lisbon, Portugal

 

Material: Woodcut

Collection: The Escher Foundation Collection

  

BIOGRAPHY

 

Maurits Cornelis Escher (1898-1972) is one of the world's most famous graphic artists. His art is enjoyed by millions of people all over the world, as can be seen on the many websites on the internet.

 

He is most famous for his so-called impossible constructions, such as Ascending and Descending, Relativity, his Transformation Prints, such as Metamorphosis I, Metamorphosis II and Metamorphosis III, Sky & Water I or Reptiles.

 

But he also made some wonderful, more realistic work during the time he lived and travelled in Italy.

 

Castrovalva for example, where one already can see Escher's fascination for high and low, close by and far away. The lithograph Atrani, a small town on the Amalfi Coast was made in 1931, but comes back for example, in his masterpiece Metamorphosis I and II.

 

M.C. Escher, during his lifetime, made 448 lithographs, woodcuts and wood engravings and over 2000 drawings and sketches. Like some of his famous predecessors, - Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Dürer and Holbein-, M.C. Escher was left-handed.

 

Apart from being a graphic artist, M.C. Escher illustrated books, designed tapestries, postage stamps and murals. He was born in Leeuwarden, the Netherlands, as the fourth and youngest son of a civil engineer. After 5 years the family moved to Arnhem where Escher spent most of his youth. After failing his high school exams, Maurits ultimately was enrolled in the School for Architecture and Decorative Arts in Haarlem.

  

After only one week, he informed his father that he would rather study graphic art instead of architecture, as he had shown his drawings and linoleum cuts to his graphic teacher Samuel Jessurun de Mesquita, who encouraged him to continue with graphic arts.

 

After finishing school, he travelled extensively through Italy, where he met his wife Jetta Umiker, whom he married in 1924. They settled in Rome, where they stayed until 1935. During these 11 years, Escher would travel each year throughout Italy, drawing and sketching for the various prints he would make when he returned home.

 

Many of these sketches he would later use for various other lithographs and/or woodcuts and wood engravings, for example, the background in the lithograph Waterfall stems from his Italian period, or the trees reflecting in the woodcut Puddle, which are the same trees Escher used in his woodcut "Pineta of Calvi", which he made in 1932.

 

M.C. Escher became fascinated by the regular Division of the Plane, when he first visited the Alhambra, a fourteen-century Moorish castle in Granada, Spain in 1922.

 

During the years in Switzerland and throughout the Second World War, he vigorously pursued his hobby, by drawing 62 of the total of 137 Regular Division Drawings he would make in his lifetime.

 

He would extend his passion for the Regular Division of the Plane, by using some of his drawings as the basis for yet another hobby, carving beech wood spheres.

 

He played with architecture, perspective and impossible spaces. His art continues to amaze and wonder millions of people all over the world. In his work, we recognize his keen observation of the world around us and the expressions of his own fantasies. M.C. Escher shows us that reality is wondrous, comprehensible and fascinating.

 

SOURCE:

www.mcescher.com/about/biography/

Museu de Arte Popular, Lisbon, Portugal

 

Material: Digital Print

Collection: Private, Italy

 

BIOGRAPHY

 

Lenstra a soutenu en 1977 une thèse à l'université d'Amsterdam, dirigée par Frans Oort (de), sur les « corps de nombres euclidiens ». En 1978, il y est devenu professeur, jusqu'en 1986. De 1987 à 2003, il était à l'université de Californie à Berkeley. De 1998 à 2003, il a donné des cours à la fois à Leyde et Berkeley, puis il s'est fixé à Leyde. Il a été entre autres invité à l'Institute for Advanced Study (1990/91) et en 2000/2001, professeur-Hewlett-Packard au MSRI.

 

SOURCE: Wikipedia

  

ARTFUL MATHEMATICS: THE HERITAGE OF M. C. ESCHER

CELEBRATING MATHEMATICS AWARENESS MONTH

 

In recognition of the 2003 Mathematics Awareness Month theme “Mathematics and Art”, this article brings together three different pieces about inter- sections between mathematics and the artwork of M. C. Escher. For more information about Mathematics Awareness Month, visit the website mathforum.org/mam/03/. The site contains materials for organising local celebrations of Mathematics

 

In 1956 the Dutch graphic artist Maurits Cornelis Escher (1898–1972) made an unusual lithograph with the title PRENTENTENTOONSTELLING ("Print Gallery Solved").

 

It shows a young man standing in an exhibition gallery, viewing a print of a Mediterranean seaport. As his eyes follow the quayside buildings shown on the print from left to right and then down, he discovers among them the very same gallery in which he is standing. A circular white patch in the middle of the lithograph contains Escher’s monogram and signature.

 

WHAT IS THE MATHEMATICS BEHIND PRENTENTENTOONSTELLING?

 

Is there a more satisfactory way of filling in the central white hole? We shall see that the lithograph can be viewed as drawn on a certain elliptic curve over the field of complex numbers and

B. de Smit and H. W. Lenstra Jr. are at the Mathematics' Institute, Universities Leiden, the Netherlands. H. W. Lenstra also holds a position at the University of California, Berkeley.

 

They deduced that an idealised version of the picture repeats itself in the middle. More precisely, it contains a copy of itself, rotated clockwise by 157.6255960832 . . . degrees and scaled down by a factor of 22.5836845286 . . . .

 

ESCHER’S METHOD

 

The best explanation of how PRENTENTENTOONSTELLING was made is found in The Magic Mirror of M. C. Escher by Bruno Ernst, from which the following quotations and all illustrations in this section are taken.

 

Escher started “from the idea that it must...be possible to make an annular bulge,” “a cyclic expansion...without beginning or end.” The realisation of this idea caused him “some almighty headaches.”

 

At first, he “tried to put his idea into practice using straight lines but then he intuitively adopted the curved lines. In this way the original small squares could better retain their square appearance.”

 

After a number of successive improvements Escher arrived at a grid. As one travels from A to D, the squares making up the grid expand by a factor of 4 in each direction. As one goes clockwise around the centre, the grid folds onto itself, but expanded by a factor of 44 = 25.

 

The second ingredient Escher needed was a normal, undistorted drawing depicting the same scene: a gallery in which a print exhibition is held, one of the prints showing a seaport with quayside buildings, and one of the buildings being the original.

 

One of Escher’s studies.print gallery but reduced by a factor of 256. In order to do justice to the varying amount of detail that he needed, Escher actually made four studies instead of a single one (see, one for each of the four corners of the lithograph).

 

Each of these studies shows a portion of the previous one but blown up by a factor of 4. Mathematically we may as well view Escher’s four studies as a single drawing that is invariant under scaling by a factor of 256. Square by square, Escher then fitted the straight square grid of his four studies onto the curved grid, and in this way he obtained PRENTENTENTOONSTELLING.

 

APRIL 2003

NOTICES OF THE AMS 447

 

REFERENCE

 

[1] BRUNO ERNST, De toverspiegel van M. C. Escher, Meulen- hoff, Amsterdam, 1976; English translation by John E.

Books, New York, 1976.

[2] J. SILVERMAN, The Arithmetic of Elliptic Curves, Springer-

Verlag, New York, 1986.

[3] E. THÉ (design), The Magic of M. C. Escher, Harry N.

Abrams, New York and London, 2000.

 

SOURCE: www.ams.org/notices/200304/fea-escher.pdf

 

NOTE:

a) I've made a synthesis of this text, and introduced it here, just to underline the link between the ESCHER ART and the Mathematic. For more developments please go the above internet address where you can find the complete PDF text;

b) See this picture: www.flickr.com/photos/pedrosimoes7/39768436081/

 

Museu de Arte Popular, Lisbon, Portugal

 

Material: Woodcut

Collection: The Escher Foundation Collection

  

BIOGRAPHY

 

Maurits Cornelis Escher (1898-1972) is one of the world's most famous graphic artists. His art is enjoyed by millions of people all over the world, as can be seen on the many websites on the internet.

 

He is most famous for his so-called impossible constructions, such as Ascending and Descending, Relativity, his Transformation Prints, such as Metamorphosis I, Metamorphosis II and Metamorphosis III, Sky & Water I or Reptiles.

 

But he also made some wonderful, more realistic work during the time he lived and travelled in Italy.

 

Castrovalva for example, where one already can see Escher's fascination for high and low, close by and far away. The lithograph Atrani, a small town on the Amalfi Coast was made in 1931, but comes back for example, in his masterpiece Metamorphosis I and II.

 

M.C. Escher, during his lifetime, made 448 lithographs, woodcuts and wood engravings and over 2000 drawings and sketches. Like some of his famous predecessors, - Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Dürer and Holbein-, M.C. Escher was left-handed.

 

Apart from being a graphic artist, M.C. Escher illustrated books, designed tapestries, postage stamps and murals. He was born in Leeuwarden, the Netherlands, as the fourth and youngest son of a civil engineer. After 5 years the family moved to Arnhem where Escher spent most of his youth. After failing his high school exams, Maurits ultimately was enrolled in the School for Architecture and Decorative Arts in Haarlem.

  

After only one week, he informed his father that he would rather study graphic art instead of architecture, as he had shown his drawings and linoleum cuts to his graphic teacher Samuel Jessurun de Mesquita, who encouraged him to continue with graphic arts.

 

After finishing school, he travelled extensively through Italy, where he met his wife Jetta Umiker, whom he married in 1924. They settled in Rome, where they stayed until 1935. During these 11 years, Escher would travel each year throughout Italy, drawing and sketching for the various prints he would make when he returned home.

 

Many of these sketches he would later use for various other lithographs and/or woodcuts and wood engravings, for example, the background in the lithograph Waterfall stems from his Italian period, or the trees reflecting in the woodcut Puddle, which are the same trees Escher used in his woodcut "Pineta of Calvi", which he made in 1932.

 

M.C. Escher became fascinated by the regular Division of the Plane, when he first visited the Alhambra, a fourteen-century Moorish castle in Granada, Spain in 1922.

 

During the years in Switzerland and throughout the Second World War, he vigorously pursued his hobby, by drawing 62 of the total of 137 Regular Division Drawings he would make in his lifetime.

 

He would extend his passion for the Regular Division of the Plane, by using some of his drawings as the basis for yet another hobby, carving beech wood spheres.

 

He played with architecture, perspective and impossible spaces. His art continues to amaze and wonder millions of people all over the world. In his work, we recognize his keen observation of the world around us and the expressions of his own fantasies. M.C. Escher shows us that reality is wondrous, comprehensible and fascinating.

 

SOURCE:

www.mcescher.com/about/biography/

Museu de Arte Popular, Lisbon, Portugal

 

Material: Wood engraving

Collection: The Escher Foundation Collection

  

BIOGRAPHY

 

Maurits Cornelis Escher (1898-1972) is one of the world's most famous graphic artists. His art is enjoyed by millions of people all over the world, as can be seen on the many websites on the internet.

 

He is most famous for his so-called impossible constructions, such as Ascending and Descending, Relativity, his Transformation Prints, such as Metamorphosis I, Metamorphosis II and Metamorphosis III, Sky & Water I or Reptiles.

 

But he also made some wonderful, more realistic work during the time he lived and travelled in Italy.

 

Castrovalva for example, where one already can see Escher's fascination for high and low, close by and far away. The lithograph Atrani, a small town on the Amalfi Coast was made in 1931, but comes back for example, in his masterpiece Metamorphosis I and II.

 

M.C. Escher, during his lifetime, made 448 lithographs, woodcuts and wood engravings and over 2000 drawings and sketches. Like some of his famous predecessors, - Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Dürer and Holbein-, M.C. Escher was left-handed.

 

Apart from being a graphic artist, M.C. Escher illustrated books, designed tapestries, postage stamps and murals. He was born in Leeuwarden, the Netherlands, as the fourth and youngest son of a civil engineer. After 5 years the family moved to Arnhem where Escher spent most of his youth. After failing his high school exams, Maurits ultimately was enrolled in the School for Architecture and Decorative Arts in Haarlem.

  

After only one week, he informed his father that he would rather study graphic art instead of architecture, as he had shown his drawings and linoleum cuts to his graphic teacher Samuel Jessurun de Mesquita, who encouraged him to continue with graphic arts.

 

After finishing school, he travelled extensively through Italy, where he met his wife Jetta Umiker, whom he married in 1924. They settled in Rome, where they stayed until 1935. During these 11 years, Escher would travel each year throughout Italy, drawing and sketching for the various prints he would make when he returned home.

 

Many of these sketches he would later use for various other lithographs and/or woodcuts and wood engravings, for example, the background in the lithograph Waterfall stems from his Italian period, or the trees reflecting in the woodcut Puddle, which are the same trees Escher used in his woodcut "Pineta of Calvi", which he made in 1932.

 

M.C. Escher became fascinated by the regular Division of the Plane, when he first visited the Alhambra, a fourteen-century Moorish castle in Granada, Spain in 1922.

 

During the years in Switzerland and throughout the Second World War, he vigorously pursued his hobby, by drawing 62 of the total of 137 Regular Division Drawings he would make in his lifetime.

 

He would extend his passion for the Regular Division of the Plane, by using some of his drawings as the basis for yet another hobby, carving beech wood spheres.

 

He played with architecture, perspective and impossible spaces. His art continues to amaze and wonder millions of people all over the world. In his work, we recognize his keen observation of the world around us and the expressions of his own fantasies. M.C. Escher shows us that reality is wondrous, comprehensible and fascinating.

 

SOURCE:

www.mcescher.com/about/biography/

Museu de Arte Popular, Lisbon, Portugal

 

Material: Woodcut

Collection: The Escher Foundation Collection

  

BIOGRAPHY

 

Maurits Cornelis Escher (1898-1972) is one of the world's most famous graphic artists. His art is enjoyed by millions of people all over the world, as can be seen on the many websites on the internet.

 

He is most famous for his so-called impossible constructions, such as Ascending and Descending, Relativity, his Transformation Prints, such as Metamorphosis I, Metamorphosis II and Metamorphosis III, Sky & Water I or Reptiles.

 

But he also made some wonderful, more realistic work during the time he lived and travelled in Italy.

 

Castrovalva for example, where one already can see Escher's fascination for high and low, close by and far away. The lithograph Atrani, a small town on the Amalfi Coast was made in 1931, but comes back for example, in his masterpiece Metamorphosis I and II.

 

M.C. Escher, during his lifetime, made 448 lithographs, woodcuts and wood engravings and over 2000 drawings and sketches. Like some of his famous predecessors, - Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Dürer and Holbein-, M.C. Escher was left-handed.

 

Apart from being a graphic artist, M.C. Escher illustrated books, designed tapestries, postage stamps and murals. He was born in Leeuwarden, the Netherlands, as the fourth and youngest son of a civil engineer. After 5 years the family moved to Arnhem where Escher spent most of his youth. After failing his high school exams, Maurits ultimately was enrolled in the School for Architecture and Decorative Arts in Haarlem.

  

After only one week, he informed his father that he would rather study graphic art instead of architecture, as he had shown his drawings and linoleum cuts to his graphic teacher Samuel Jessurun de Mesquita, who encouraged him to continue with graphic arts.

 

After finishing school, he travelled extensively through Italy, where he met his wife Jetta Umiker, whom he married in 1924. They settled in Rome, where they stayed until 1935. During these 11 years, Escher would travel each year throughout Italy, drawing and sketching for the various prints he would make when he returned home.

 

Many of these sketches he would later use for various other lithographs and/or woodcuts and wood engravings, for example, the background in the lithograph Waterfall stems from his Italian period, or the trees reflecting in the woodcut Puddle, which are the same trees Escher used in his woodcut "Pineta of Calvi", which he made in 1932.

 

M.C. Escher became fascinated by the regular Division of the Plane, when he first visited the Alhambra, a fourteen-century Moorish castle in Granada, Spain in 1922.

 

During the years in Switzerland and throughout the Second World War, he vigorously pursued his hobby, by drawing 62 of the total of 137 Regular Division Drawings he would make in his lifetime.

 

He would extend his passion for the Regular Division of the Plane, by using some of his drawings as the basis for yet another hobby, carving beech wood spheres.

 

He played with architecture, perspective and impossible spaces. His art continues to amaze and wonder millions of people all over the world. In his work, we recognize his keen observation of the world around us and the expressions of his own fantasies. M.C. Escher shows us that reality is wondrous, comprehensible and fascinating.

 

SOURCE:

www.mcescher.com/about/biography/

Riverside of Museu de Arte Popular, which does not open on Mondays, are these two red oxen.

Museu de Arte Popular, Lisbon, Portugal

 

Material: Woodcut

Collection: The Escher Foundation Collection

  

BIOGRAPHY

 

Maurits Cornelis Escher (1898-1972) is one of the world's most famous graphic artists. His art is enjoyed by millions of people all over the world, as can be seen on the many websites on the internet.

 

He is most famous for his so-called impossible constructions, such as Ascending and Descending, Relativity, his Transformation Prints, such as Metamorphosis I, Metamorphosis II and Metamorphosis III, Sky & Water I or Reptiles.

 

But he also made some wonderful, more realistic work during the time he lived and travelled in Italy.

 

Castrovalva for example, where one already can see Escher's fascination for high and low, close by and far away. The lithograph Atrani, a small town on the Amalfi Coast was made in 1931, but comes back for example, in his masterpiece Metamorphosis I and II.

 

M.C. Escher, during his lifetime, made 448 lithographs, woodcuts and wood engravings and over 2000 drawings and sketches. Like some of his famous predecessors, - Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Dürer and Holbein-, M.C. Escher was left-handed.

 

Apart from being a graphic artist, M.C. Escher illustrated books, designed tapestries, postage stamps and murals. He was born in Leeuwarden, the Netherlands, as the fourth and youngest son of a civil engineer. After 5 years the family moved to Arnhem where Escher spent most of his youth. After failing his high school exams, Maurits ultimately was enrolled in the School for Architecture and Decorative Arts in Haarlem.

  

After only one week, he informed his father that he would rather study graphic art instead of architecture, as he had shown his drawings and linoleum cuts to his graphic teacher Samuel Jessurun de Mesquita, who encouraged him to continue with graphic arts.

 

After finishing school, he travelled extensively through Italy, where he met his wife Jetta Umiker, whom he married in 1924. They settled in Rome, where they stayed until 1935. During these 11 years, Escher would travel each year throughout Italy, drawing and sketching for the various prints he would make when he returned home.

 

Many of these sketches he would later use for various other lithographs and/or woodcuts and wood engravings, for example, the background in the lithograph Waterfall stems from his Italian period, or the trees reflecting in the woodcut Puddle, which are the same trees Escher used in his woodcut "Pineta of Calvi", which he made in 1932.

 

M.C. Escher became fascinated by the regular Division of the Plane, when he first visited the Alhambra, a fourteen-century Moorish castle in Granada, Spain in 1922.

 

During the years in Switzerland and throughout the Second World War, he vigorously pursued his hobby, by drawing 62 of the total of 137 Regular Division Drawings he would make in his lifetime.

 

He would extend his passion for the Regular Division of the Plane, by using some of his drawings as the basis for yet another hobby, carving beech wood spheres.

 

He played with architecture, perspective and impossible spaces. His art continues to amaze and wonder millions of people all over the world. In his work, we recognize his keen observation of the world around us and the expressions of his own fantasies. M.C. Escher shows us that reality is wondrous, comprehensible and fascinating.

 

SOURCE:

www.mcescher.com/about/biography/

Museu de Arte Popular, Lisbon, Portugal

 

Material: Woodcut

Collection: The Escher Foundation Collection

 

EMBLEMATA

 

Emblemata is a book illustrated by M.C. Escher with woodcut engravings. It contains twenty-four maxims written by G.J. Hoogewerff, fried of Mr M.C. Escher, then Director of the Dutch Institute of Culture in Rome. It was printed in 1932, in number edition of 300.

 

The proverbs were written in Latin while the commentary is in Dutch. They refer to the tradition of Flemish maxims, as well as to the Emblemata published by Andrea Alciata, an Italian writer of the 16th century.

 

BIOGRAPHY

 

Maurits Cornelis Escher (1898-1972) is one of the world's most famous graphic artists. His art is enjoyed by millions of people all over the world, as can be seen on the many websites on the internet.

 

He is most famous for his so-called impossible constructions, such as Ascending and Descending, Relativity, his Transformation Prints, such as Metamorphosis I, Metamorphosis II and Metamorphosis III, Sky & Water I or Reptiles.

 

But he also made some wonderful, more realistic work during the time he lived and travelled in Italy.

 

Castrovalva for example, where one already can see Escher's fascination for high and low, close by and far away. The lithograph Atrani, a small town on the Amalfi Coast was made in 1931, but comes back for example, in his masterpiece Metamorphosis I and II.

 

M.C. Escher, during his lifetime, made 448 lithographs, woodcuts and wood engravings and over 2000 drawings and sketches. Like some of his famous predecessors, - Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Dürer and Holbein-, M.C. Escher was left-handed.

 

Apart from being a graphic artist, M.C. Escher illustrated books, designed tapestries, postage stamps and murals. He was born in Leeuwarden, the Netherlands, as the fourth and youngest son of a civil engineer. After 5 years the family moved to Arnhem where Escher spent most of his youth. After failing his high school exams, Maurits ultimately was enrolled in the School for Architecture and Decorative Arts in Haarlem.

  

After only one week, he informed his father that he would rather study graphic art instead of architecture, as he had shown his drawings and linoleum cuts to his graphic teacher Samuel Jessurun de Mesquita, who encouraged him to continue with graphic arts.

 

After finishing school, he travelled extensively through Italy, where he met his wife Jetta Umiker, whom he married in 1924. They settled in Rome, where they stayed until 1935. During these 11 years, Escher would travel each year throughout Italy, drawing and sketching for the various prints he would make when he returned home.

 

Many of these sketches he would later use for various other lithographs and/or woodcuts and wood engravings, for example, the background in the lithograph Waterfall stems from his Italian period, or the trees reflecting in the woodcut Puddle, which are the same trees Escher used in his woodcut "Pineta of Calvi", which he made in 1932.

 

M.C. Escher became fascinated by the regular Division of the Plane, when he first visited the Alhambra, a fourteen-century Moorish castle in Granada, Spain in 1922.

 

During the years in Switzerland and throughout the Second World War, he vigorously pursued his hobby, by drawing 62 of the total of 137 Regular Division Drawings he would make in his lifetime.

 

He would extend his passion for the Regular Division of the Plane, by using some of his drawings as the basis for yet another hobby, carving beech wood spheres.

 

He played with architecture, perspective and impossible spaces. His art continues to amaze and wonder millions of people all over the world. In his work, we recognize his keen observation of the world around us and the expressions of his own fantasies. M.C. Escher shows us that reality is wondrous, comprehensible and fascinating.

 

SOURCE:

www.mcescher.com/about/biography/Museu de Arte Popular, Lisbon, Portugal

Museu de Arte Popular, Lisbon, Portugal

 

Material: Lithograph

Collection: The Escher Foundation Collection

  

BIOGRAPHY

 

Maurits Cornelis Escher (1898-1972) is one of the world's most famous graphic artists. His art is enjoyed by millions of people all over the world, as can be seen on the many websites on the internet.

 

He is most famous for his so-called impossible constructions, such as Ascending and Descending, Relativity, his Transformation Prints, such as Metamorphosis I, Metamorphosis II and Metamorphosis III, Sky & Water I or Reptiles.

 

But he also made some wonderful, more realistic work during the time he lived and travelled in Italy.

 

Castrovalva for example, where one already can see Escher's fascination for high and low, close by and far away. The lithograph Atrani, a small town on the Amalfi Coast was made in 1931, but comes back for example, in his masterpiece Metamorphosis I and II.

 

M.C. Escher, during his lifetime, made 448 lithographs, woodcuts and wood engravings and over 2000 drawings and sketches. Like some of his famous predecessors, - Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Dürer and Holbein-, M.C. Escher was left-handed.

 

Apart from being a graphic artist, M.C. Escher illustrated books, designed tapestries, postage stamps and murals. He was born in Leeuwarden, the Netherlands, as the fourth and youngest son of a civil engineer. After 5 years the family moved to Arnhem where Escher spent most of his youth. After failing his high school exams, Maurits ultimately was enrolled in the School for Architecture and Decorative Arts in Haarlem.

  

After only one week, he informed his father that he would rather study graphic art instead of architecture, as he had shown his drawings and linoleum cuts to his graphic teacher Samuel Jessurun de Mesquita, who encouraged him to continue with graphic arts.

 

After finishing school, he travelled extensively through Italy, where he met his wife Jetta Umiker, whom he married in 1924. They settled in Rome, where they stayed until 1935. During these 11 years, Escher would travel each year throughout Italy, drawing and sketching for the various prints he would make when he returned home.

 

Many of these sketches he would later use for various other lithographs and/or woodcuts and wood engravings, for example, the background in the lithograph Waterfall stems from his Italian period, or the trees reflecting in the woodcut Puddle, which are the same trees Escher used in his woodcut "Pineta of Calvi", which he made in 1932.

 

M.C. Escher became fascinated by the regular Division of the Plane, when he first visited the Alhambra, a fourteen-century Moorish castle in Granada, Spain in 1922.

 

During the years in Switzerland and throughout the Second World War, he vigorously pursued his hobby, by drawing 62 of the total of 137 Regular Division Drawings he would make in his lifetime.

 

He would extend his passion for the Regular Division of the Plane, by using some of his drawings as the basis for yet another hobby, carving beech wood spheres.

 

He played with architecture, perspective and impossible spaces. His art continues to amaze and wonder millions of people all over the world. In his work, we recognize his keen observation of the world around us and the expressions of his own fantasies. M.C. Escher shows us that reality is wondrous, comprehensible and fascinating.

 

SOURCE:

www.mcescher.com/about/biography/

Museu de Arte Popular, Lisbon, Portugal

 

Material: Lithograph

Collection: The Escher Foundation Collection

  

BIOGRAPHY

 

Maurits Cornelis Escher (1898-1972) is one of the world's most famous graphic artists. His art is enjoyed by millions of people all over the world, as can be seen on the many websites on the internet.

 

He is most famous for his so-called impossible constructions, such as Ascending and Descending, Relativity, his Transformation Prints, such as Metamorphosis I, Metamorphosis II and Metamorphosis III, Sky & Water I or Reptiles.

 

But he also made some wonderful, more realistic work during the time he lived and travelled in Italy.

 

Castrovalva for example, where one already can see Escher's fascination for high and low, close by and far away. The lithograph Atrani, a small town on the Amalfi Coast was made in 1931, but comes back for example, in his masterpiece Metamorphosis I and II.

 

M.C. Escher, during his lifetime, made 448 lithographs, woodcuts and wood engravings and over 2000 drawings and sketches. Like some of his famous predecessors, - Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Dürer and Holbein-, M.C. Escher was left-handed.

 

Apart from being a graphic artist, M.C. Escher illustrated books, designed tapestries, postage stamps and murals. He was born in Leeuwarden, the Netherlands, as the fourth and youngest son of a civil engineer. After 5 years the family moved to Arnhem where Escher spent most of his youth. After failing his high school exams, Maurits ultimately was enrolled in the School for Architecture and Decorative Arts in Haarlem.

  

After only one week, he informed his father that he would rather study graphic art instead of architecture, as he had shown his drawings and linoleum cuts to his graphic teacher Samuel Jessurun de Mesquita, who encouraged him to continue with graphic arts.

 

After finishing school, he travelled extensively through Italy, where he met his wife Jetta Umiker, whom he married in 1924. They settled in Rome, where they stayed until 1935. During these 11 years, Escher would travel each year throughout Italy, drawing and sketching for the various prints he would make when he returned home.

 

Many of these sketches he would later use for various other lithographs and/or woodcuts and wood engravings, for example, the background in the lithograph Waterfall stems from his Italian period, or the trees reflecting in the woodcut Puddle, which are the same trees Escher used in his woodcut "Pineta of Calvi", which he made in 1932.

 

M.C. Escher became fascinated by the regular Division of the Plane, when he first visited the Alhambra, a fourteen-century Moorish castle in Granada, Spain in 1922.

 

During the years in Switzerland and throughout the Second World War, he vigorously pursued his hobby, by drawing 62 of the total of 137 Regular Division Drawings he would make in his lifetime.

 

He would extend his passion for the Regular Division of the Plane, by using some of his drawings as the basis for yet another hobby, carving beech wood spheres.

 

He played with architecture, perspective and impossible spaces. His art continues to amaze and wonder millions of people all over the world. In his work, we recognize his keen observation of the world around us and the expressions of his own fantasies. M.C. Escher shows us that reality is wondrous, comprehensible and fascinating.

 

SOURCE:

www.mcescher.com/about/biography/

Museu de Arte Popular, Belem, Lisbon, Portugal

 

Material: Woodcut

Collection: The Escher Foundation Collection

 

BIOGRAPHY

 

Until 18 June 2017, the Jewish Historical Museum presents an exhibition devoted to the draughtsman, printmaker, and decorative artist Samuel Jessurun de Mesquita (1868-1944).

 

During his lifetime, De Mesquita was much admired as an artist and a teacher. His death in the Second World War and the drastically altered artistic climate in postwar Europe led to the near-disappearance of his work from the public eye.

 

The Jewish Historical Museum now holds a large collection of his work, much of which will be included in the exhibition. The museum hopes to make De Mesquita the object of renewed interest.

 

SAMUEL JESSURUN DE MESQUITA WAS BORN INTO A CIRCLE OF ARTISTICALLY INCLINED PORTUGUESE JEWS IN 1868.

 

His elder brother Joseph was a photographer. The sculptor Joseph Mendes da Costa was his cousin and friend and became his brother-in-law.

 

After a brief apprenticeship at an architecture firm, he studied decorative art and then worked as a drawing teacher. By the turn of the century, he was an independent artist. He painted in oils and watercolours and developed a new drawing technique that was strongly tied to printmaking.

 

De Mesquita drew inspiration from everyday scenes, as well as from plants and animals at Artis Zoo, which was near his home. His greatest interest was in exotic animals, especially hoofed animals and birds. He could convey the essence of an animal without a trace of movement, in a frozen, timeless image.

 

Alongside these portraits of animals, De Mesquita also produced a very large number of freely drawn sensitive works. These sketchy swiftly made drawings, which often resemble caricatures, portray human-like creatures. They were originally received with mixed feelings but later won more admiration.

 

From 1902 to 1926 De Mesquita taught at the School voor Kunstnijverheid in Haarlem, a leading institution for the study of the visual and decorative arts.

 

One of his best-known pupils was the printmaker M.C. ESCHER (1898-1972). Starting in 1933, De Mesquita taught at the Rijksakademie, a prestigious Amsterdam art school, but this interfered with his productivity as an artist, and after four years he left.

 

The German invasion in 1940 and the anti-Jewish measures that followed left the De Mesquita family almost completely isolated. In the early hours of 1 February 1944, Samuel Jessurun de Mesquita, his wife, and his son were taken from their home and deported. None of them survived the war.

 

Since De Mesquita's death, there have been several exhibitions of his work, including a retrospective in the Stedelijk Museum in 1946 at the initiative of his student Escher. In 2005, Jonieke van Es published a substantial monograph on the artist in conjunction with an exhibition at the Gemeentemuseum in The Hague.

 

SOURCE: Jewish Historical Museum

jck.nl/en/exhibition/samuel-jessurun-de-mesquita

 

MAURITS CORNELIS ESCHER (1898-1972)

 

EARLY TIMES

 

Some of M.C. Escher's early works were inspired by Art Nouveau, a popular art style originated in the late 19th century in Europe, characterized by curved lines and intricate shapes, inspired by natural forms.

 

Samuel Jessurum de Mesquita, an exponent of art nouveau, was his teacher at the Harlem School for Architecture and Decorative Arts in the Netherlands and greatly influenced his early works.

 

M.C. Escher had a reverence for nature and created numerous printing representing realistic drawing of insects and flowers.

His journeys to Italy between 1921 and 1935 inspired him to depict its countryside. When living in Rome, he produced many landscapes based on his trips to southern Italy, ranging from ancient monuments and scenery to the Italian flora and fauna. The characteristics of M.C. Escher's work come from his meticulous observation of nature and his passion for the geometrical regularity he noticed in the world surrounding him.

 

This chapter focuses on how nature, from observation to artistic influences, has deeply influenced M.C. Escher's works.

 

Museu de Arte Popular, Lisbon, Portugal

 

Material: Lithograph

Collection: The Escher Foundation Collection

  

BIOGRAPHY

 

Maurits Cornelis Escher (1898-1972) is one of the world's most famous graphic artists. His art is enjoyed by millions of people all over the world, as can be seen on the many websites on the internet.

 

He is most famous for his so-called impossible constructions, such as Ascending and Descending, Relativity, his Transformation Prints, such as Metamorphosis I, Metamorphosis II and Metamorphosis III, Sky & Water I or Reptiles.

 

But he also made some wonderful, more realistic work during the time he lived and travelled in Italy.

 

Castrovalva for example, where one already can see Escher's fascination for high and low, close by and far away. The lithograph Atrani, a small town on the Amalfi Coast was made in 1931, but comes back for example, in his masterpiece Metamorphosis I and II.

 

M.C. Escher, during his lifetime, made 448 lithographs, woodcuts and wood engravings and over 2000 drawings and sketches. Like some of his famous predecessors, - Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Dürer and Holbein-, M.C. Escher was left-handed.

 

Apart from being a graphic artist, M.C. Escher illustrated books, designed tapestries, postage stamps and murals. He was born in Leeuwarden, the Netherlands, as the fourth and youngest son of a civil engineer. After 5 years the family moved to Arnhem where Escher spent most of his youth. After failing his high school exams, Maurits ultimately was enrolled in the School for Architecture and Decorative Arts in Haarlem.

  

After only one week, he informed his father that he would rather study graphic art instead of architecture, as he had shown his drawings and linoleum cuts to his graphic teacher Samuel Jessurun de Mesquita, who encouraged him to continue with graphic arts.

 

After finishing school, he travelled extensively through Italy, where he met his wife Jetta Umiker, whom he married in 1924. They settled in Rome, where they stayed until 1935. During these 11 years, Escher would travel each year throughout Italy, drawing and sketching for the various prints he would make when he returned home.

 

Many of these sketches he would later use for various other lithographs and/or woodcuts and wood engravings, for example, the background in the lithograph Waterfall stems from his Italian period, or the trees reflecting in the woodcut Puddle, which are the same trees Escher used in his woodcut "Pineta of Calvi", which he made in 1932.

 

M.C. Escher became fascinated by the regular Division of the Plane, when he first visited the Alhambra, a fourteen-century Moorish castle in Granada, Spain in 1922.

 

During the years in Switzerland and throughout the Second World War, he vigorously pursued his hobby, by drawing 62 of the total of 137 Regular Division Drawings he would make in his lifetime.

 

He would extend his passion for the Regular Division of the Plane, by using some of his drawings as the basis for yet another hobby, carving beech wood spheres.

 

He played with architecture, perspective and impossible spaces. His art continues to amaze and wonder millions of people all over the world. In his work, we recognize his keen observation of the world around us and the expressions of his own fantasies. M.C. Escher shows us that reality is wondrous, comprehensible and fascinating.

 

SOURCE:

www.mcescher.com/about/biography/

 

Museu de Arte Popular, Lisbon, Portugal

 

Material: Lithograph

Collection: The Escher Foundation Collection

  

BIOGRAPHY

 

Maurits Cornelis Escher (1898-1972) is one of the world's most famous graphic artists. His art is enjoyed by millions of people all over the world, as can be seen on the many websites on the internet.

 

He is most famous for his so-called impossible constructions, such as Ascending and Descending, Relativity, his Transformation Prints, such as Metamorphosis I, Metamorphosis II and Metamorphosis III, Sky & Water I or Reptiles.

 

But he also made some wonderful, more realistic work during the time he lived and travelled in Italy.

 

Castrovalva for example, where one already can see Escher's fascination for high and low, close by and far away. The lithograph Atrani, a small town on the Amalfi Coast was made in 1931, but comes back for example, in his masterpiece Metamorphosis I and II.

 

M.C. Escher, during his lifetime, made 448 lithographs, woodcuts and wood engravings and over 2000 drawings and sketches. Like some of his famous predecessors, - Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Dürer and Holbein-, M.C. Escher was left-handed.

 

Apart from being a graphic artist, M.C. Escher illustrated books, designed tapestries, postage stamps and murals. He was born in Leeuwarden, the Netherlands, as the fourth and youngest son of a civil engineer. After 5 years the family moved to Arnhem where Escher spent most of his youth. After failing his high school exams, Maurits ultimately was enrolled in the School for Architecture and Decorative Arts in Haarlem.

  

After only one week, he informed his father that he would rather study graphic art instead of architecture, as he had shown his drawings and linoleum cuts to his graphic teacher Samuel Jessurun de Mesquita, who encouraged him to continue with graphic arts.

 

After finishing school, he travelled extensively through Italy, where he met his wife Jetta Umiker, whom he married in 1924. They settled in Rome, where they stayed until 1935. During these 11 years, Escher would travel each year throughout Italy, drawing and sketching for the various prints he would make when he returned home.

 

Many of these sketches he would later use for various other lithographs and/or woodcuts and wood engravings, for example, the background in the lithograph Waterfall stems from his Italian period, or the trees reflecting in the woodcut Puddle, which are the same trees Escher used in his woodcut "Pineta of Calvi", which he made in 1932.

 

M.C. Escher became fascinated by the regular Division of the Plane, when he first visited the Alhambra, a fourteen-century Moorish castle in Granada, Spain in 1922.

 

During the years in Switzerland and throughout the Second World War, he vigorously pursued his hobby, by drawing 62 of the total of 137 Regular Division Drawings he would make in his lifetime.

 

He would extend his passion for the Regular Division of the Plane, by using some of his drawings as the basis for yet another hobby, carving beech wood spheres.

 

He played with architecture, perspective and impossible spaces. His art continues to amaze and wonder millions of people all over the world. In his work, we recognize his keen observation of the world around us and the expressions of his own fantasies. M.C. Escher shows us that reality is wondrous, comprehensible and fascinating.

 

SOURCE:

www.mcescher.com/about/biography/

... in Popular art Museum 15, 16, 17 April in Lisbon / Portugal - spring Market

 

....No Museu de arte Popular 15, 16 e 17 de Abril em frente ao C.C.B em Lisboa - Mercado da primavera

 

More info ateliersusanatavares.blogspot.com

Museu de Arte Popular, Lisbon, Portugal

 

Material: Woodcut

Collection: The Escher Foundation Collection

  

BIOGRAPHY

 

Maurits Cornelis Escher (1898-1972) is one of the world's most famous graphic artists. His art is enjoyed by millions of people all over the world, as can be seen on the many websites on the internet.

 

He is most famous for his so-called impossible constructions, such as Ascending and Descending, Relativity, his Transformation Prints, such as Metamorphosis I, Metamorphosis II and Metamorphosis III, Sky & Water I or Reptiles.

 

But he also made some wonderful, more realistic work during the time he lived and travelled in Italy.

 

Castrovalva for example, where one already can see Escher's fascination for high and low, close by and far away. The lithograph Atrani, a small town on the Amalfi Coast was made in 1931, but comes back for example, in his masterpiece Metamorphosis I and II.

 

M.C. Escher, during his lifetime, made 448 lithographs, woodcuts and wood engravings and over 2000 drawings and sketches. Like some of his famous predecessors, - Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Dürer and Holbein-, M.C. Escher was left-handed.

 

Apart from being a graphic artist, M.C. Escher illustrated books, designed tapestries, postage stamps and murals. He was born in Leeuwarden, the Netherlands, as the fourth and youngest son of a civil engineer. After 5 years the family moved to Arnhem where Escher spent most of his youth. After failing his high school exams, Maurits ultimately was enrolled in the School for Architecture and Decorative Arts in Haarlem.

  

After only one week, he informed his father that he would rather study graphic art instead of architecture, as he had shown his drawings and linoleum cuts to his graphic teacher Samuel Jessurun de Mesquita, who encouraged him to continue with graphic arts.

 

After finishing school, he travelled extensively through Italy, where he met his wife Jetta Umiker, whom he married in 1924. They settled in Rome, where they stayed until 1935. During these 11 years, Escher would travel each year throughout Italy, drawing and sketching for the various prints he would make when he returned home.

 

Many of these sketches he would later use for various other lithographs and/or woodcuts and wood engravings, for example, the background in the lithograph Waterfall stems from his Italian period, or the trees reflecting in the woodcut Puddle, which are the same trees Escher used in his woodcut "Pineta of Calvi", which he made in 1932.

 

M.C. Escher became fascinated by the regular Division of the Plane, when he first visited the Alhambra, a fourteen-century Moorish castle in Granada, Spain in 1922.

 

During the years in Switzerland and throughout the Second World War, he vigorously pursued his hobby, by drawing 62 of the total of 137 Regular Division Drawings he would make in his lifetime.

 

He would extend his passion for the Regular Division of the Plane, by using some of his drawings as the basis for yet another hobby, carving beech wood spheres.

 

He played with architecture, perspective and impossible spaces. His art continues to amaze and wonder millions of people all over the world. In his work, we recognize his keen observation of the world around us and the expressions of his own fantasies. M.C. Escher shows us that reality is wondrous, comprehensible and fascinating.

 

SOURCE:

www.mcescher.com/about/biography/

 

Exposição organizada pelo Secretariado Nacional da Informação, Cultura Popular e Turismo .

Fotógrafo: Mário Novais, 1899-1967.

Data de produção da fotografia original: 1948.

 

[CFT003 018708.ic]

Museu de Arte Popular, Lisbon, Portugal

 

Material: Woodcut

Collection: The Escher Foundation Collection

  

BIOGRAPHY

 

Maurits Cornelis Escher (1898-1972) is one of the world's most famous graphic artists. His art is enjoyed by millions of people all over the world, as can be seen on the many websites on the internet.

 

He is most famous for his so-called impossible constructions, such as Ascending and Descending, Relativity, his Transformation Prints, such as Metamorphosis I, Metamorphosis II and Metamorphosis III, Sky & Water I or Reptiles.

 

But he also made some wonderful, more realistic work during the time he lived and travelled in Italy.

 

Castrovalva for example, where one already can see Escher's fascination for high and low, close by and far away. The lithograph Atrani, a small town on the Amalfi Coast was made in 1931, but comes back for example, in his masterpiece Metamorphosis I and II.

 

M.C. Escher, during his lifetime, made 448 lithographs, woodcuts and wood engravings and over 2000 drawings and sketches. Like some of his famous predecessors, - Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Dürer and Holbein-, M.C. Escher was left-handed.

 

Apart from being a graphic artist, M.C. Escher illustrated books, designed tapestries, postage stamps and murals. He was born in Leeuwarden, the Netherlands, as the fourth and youngest son of a civil engineer. After 5 years the family moved to Arnhem where Escher spent most of his youth. After failing his high school exams, Maurits ultimately was enrolled in the School for Architecture and Decorative Arts in Haarlem.

  

After only one week, he informed his father that he would rather study graphic art instead of architecture, as he had shown his drawings and linoleum cuts to his graphic teacher Samuel Jessurun de Mesquita, who encouraged him to continue with graphic arts.

 

After finishing school, he travelled extensively through Italy, where he met his wife Jetta Umiker, whom he married in 1924. They settled in Rome, where they stayed until 1935. During these 11 years, Escher would travel each year throughout Italy, drawing and sketching for the various prints he would make when he returned home.

 

Many of these sketches he would later use for various other lithographs and/or woodcuts and wood engravings, for example, the background in the lithograph Waterfall stems from his Italian period, or the trees reflecting in the woodcut Puddle, which are the same trees Escher used in his woodcut "Pineta of Calvi", which he made in 1932.

 

M.C. Escher became fascinated by the regular Division of the Plane, when he first visited the Alhambra, a fourteen-century Moorish castle in Granada, Spain in 1922.

 

During the years in Switzerland and throughout the Second World War, he vigorously pursued his hobby, by drawing 62 of the total of 137 Regular Division Drawings he would make in his lifetime.

 

He would extend his passion for the Regular Division of the Plane, by using some of his drawings as the basis for yet another hobby, carving beech wood spheres.

 

He played with architecture, perspective and impossible spaces. His art continues to amaze and wonder millions of people all over the world. In his work, we recognize his keen observation of the world around us and the expressions of his own fantasies. M.C. Escher shows us that reality is wondrous, comprehensible and fascinating.

 

SOURCE:

www.mcescher.com/about/biography/

Museu de Arte Popular, Lisbon, Portugal

 

Material: Woodcut and Wood engraving

Collection: The Escher Foundation Collection

  

BIOGRAPHY

 

Maurits Cornelis Escher (1898-1972) is one of the world's most famous graphic artists. His art is enjoyed by millions of people all over the world, as can be seen on the many websites on the internet.

 

He is most famous for his so-called impossible constructions, such as Ascending and Descending, Relativity, his Transformation Prints, such as Metamorphosis I, Metamorphosis II and Metamorphosis III, Sky & Water I or Reptiles.

 

But he also made some wonderful, more realistic work during the time he lived and travelled in Italy.

 

Castrovalva for example, where one already can see Escher's fascination for high and low, close by and far away. The lithograph Atrani, a small town on the Amalfi Coast was made in 1931, but comes back for example, in his masterpiece Metamorphosis I and II.

 

M.C. Escher, during his lifetime, made 448 lithographs, woodcuts and wood engravings and over 2000 drawings and sketches. Like some of his famous predecessors, - Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Dürer and Holbein-, M.C. Escher was left-handed.

 

Apart from being a graphic artist, M.C. Escher illustrated books, designed tapestries, postage stamps and murals. He was born in Leeuwarden, the Netherlands, as the fourth and youngest son of a civil engineer. After 5 years the family moved to Arnhem where Escher spent most of his youth. After failing his high school exams, Maurits ultimately was enrolled in the School for Architecture and Decorative Arts in Haarlem.

  

After only one week, he informed his father that he would rather study graphic art instead of architecture, as he had shown his drawings and linoleum cuts to his graphic teacher Samuel Jessurun de Mesquita, who encouraged him to continue with graphic arts.

 

After finishing school, he travelled extensively through Italy, where he met his wife Jetta Umiker, whom he married in 1924. They settled in Rome, where they stayed until 1935. During these 11 years, Escher would travel each year throughout Italy, drawing and sketching for the various prints he would make when he returned home.

 

Many of these sketches he would later use for various other lithographs and/or woodcuts and wood engravings, for example, the background in the lithograph Waterfall stems from his Italian period, or the trees reflecting in the woodcut Puddle, which are the same trees Escher used in his woodcut "Pineta of Calvi", which he made in 1932.

 

M.C. Escher became fascinated by the regular Division of the Plane, when he first visited the Alhambra, a fourteen-century Moorish castle in Granada, Spain in 1922.

 

During the years in Switzerland and throughout the Second World War, he vigorously pursued his hobby, by drawing 62 of the total of 137 Regular Division Drawings he would make in his lifetime.

 

He would extend his passion for the Regular Division of the Plane, by using some of his drawings as the basis for yet another hobby, carving beech wood spheres.

 

He played with architecture, perspective and impossible spaces. His art continues to amaze and wonder millions of people all over the world. In his work, we recognize his keen observation of the world around us and the expressions of his own fantasies. M.C. Escher shows us that reality is wondrous, comprehensible and fascinating.

 

SOURCE:

www.mcescher.com/about/biography/

Museu de Arte Popular, Lisbon, Portugal

 

Material: Lithograph

Collection: The Escher Foundation Collection

  

BIOGRAPHY

 

Maurits Cornelis Escher (1898-1972) is one of the world's most famous graphic artists. His art is enjoyed by millions of people all over the world, as can be seen on the many websites on the internet.

 

He is most famous for his so-called impossible constructions, such as Ascending and Descending, Relativity, his Transformation Prints, such as Metamorphosis I, Metamorphosis II and Metamorphosis III, Sky & Water I or Reptiles.

 

But he also made some wonderful, more realistic work during the time he lived and travelled in Italy.

 

Castrovalva for example, where one already can see Escher's fascination for high and low, close by and far away. The lithograph Atrani, a small town on the Amalfi Coast was made in 1931, but comes back for example, in his masterpiece Metamorphosis I and II.

 

M.C. Escher, during his lifetime, made 448 lithographs, woodcuts and wood engravings and over 2000 drawings and sketches. Like some of his famous predecessors, - Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Dürer and Holbein-, M.C. Escher was left-handed.

 

Apart from being a graphic artist, M.C. Escher illustrated books, designed tapestries, postage stamps and murals. He was born in Leeuwarden, the Netherlands, as the fourth and youngest son of a civil engineer. After 5 years the family moved to Arnhem where Escher spent most of his youth. After failing his high school exams, Maurits ultimately was enrolled in the School for Architecture and Decorative Arts in Haarlem.

  

After only one week, he informed his father that he would rather study graphic art instead of architecture, as he had shown his drawings and linoleum cuts to his graphic teacher Samuel Jessurun de Mesquita, who encouraged him to continue with graphic arts.

 

After finishing school, he travelled extensively through Italy, where he met his wife Jetta Umiker, whom he married in 1924. They settled in Rome, where they stayed until 1935. During these 11 years, Escher would travel each year throughout Italy, drawing and sketching for the various prints he would make when he returned home.

 

Many of these sketches he would later use for various other lithographs and/or woodcuts and wood engravings, for example, the background in the lithograph Waterfall stems from his Italian period, or the trees reflecting in the woodcut Puddle, which are the same trees Escher used in his woodcut "Pineta of Calvi", which he made in 1932.

 

M.C. Escher became fascinated by the regular Division of the Plane, when he first visited the Alhambra, a fourteen-century Moorish castle in Granada, Spain in 1922.

 

During the years in Switzerland and throughout the Second World War, he vigorously pursued his hobby, by drawing 62 of the total of 137 Regular Division Drawings he would make in his lifetime.

 

He would extend his passion for the Regular Division of the Plane, by using some of his drawings as the basis for yet another hobby, carving beech wood spheres.

 

He played with architecture, perspective and impossible spaces. His art continues to amaze and wonder millions of people all over the world. In his work, we recognize his keen observation of the world around us and the expressions of his own fantasies. M.C. Escher shows us that reality is wondrous, comprehensible and fascinating.

 

SOURCE:

www.mcescher.com/about/biography/

Museu de Arte Popular, Lisbon, Portugal

 

Material: Lithograph

Collection: The Escher Foundation Collection

  

BIOGRAPHY

 

Maurits Cornelis Escher (1898-1972) is one of the world's most famous graphic artists. His art is enjoyed by millions of people all over the world, as can be seen on the many websites on the internet.

 

He is most famous for his so-called impossible constructions, such as Ascending and Descending, Relativity, his Transformation Prints, such as Metamorphosis I, Metamorphosis II and Metamorphosis III, Sky & Water I or Reptiles.

 

But he also made some wonderful, more realistic work during the time he lived and travelled in Italy.

 

Castrovalva for example, where one already can see Escher's fascination for high and low, close by and far away. The lithograph Atrani, a small town on the Amalfi Coast was made in 1931, but comes back for example, in his masterpiece Metamorphosis I and II.

 

M.C. Escher, during his lifetime, made 448 lithographs, woodcuts and wood engravings and over 2000 drawings and sketches. Like some of his famous predecessors, - Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Dürer and Holbein-, M.C. Escher was left-handed.

 

Apart from being a graphic artist, M.C. Escher illustrated books, designed tapestries, postage stamps and murals. He was born in Leeuwarden, the Netherlands, as the fourth and youngest son of a civil engineer. After 5 years the family moved to Arnhem where Escher spent most of his youth. After failing his high school exams, Maurits ultimately was enrolled in the School for Architecture and Decorative Arts in Haarlem.

  

After only one week, he informed his father that he would rather study graphic art instead of architecture, as he had shown his drawings and linoleum cuts to his graphic teacher Samuel Jessurun de Mesquita, who encouraged him to continue with graphic arts.

 

After finishing school, he travelled extensively through Italy, where he met his wife Jetta Umiker, whom he married in 1924. They settled in Rome, where they stayed until 1935. During these 11 years, Escher would travel each year throughout Italy, drawing and sketching for the various prints he would make when he returned home.

 

Many of these sketches he would later use for various other lithographs and/or woodcuts and wood engravings, for example, the background in the lithograph Waterfall stems from his Italian period, or the trees reflecting in the woodcut Puddle, which are the same trees Escher used in his woodcut "Pineta of Calvi", which he made in 1932.

 

M.C. Escher became fascinated by the regular Division of the Plane, when he first visited the Alhambra, a fourteen-century Moorish castle in Granada, Spain in 1922.

 

During the years in Switzerland and throughout the Second World War, he vigorously pursued his hobby, by drawing 62 of the total of 137 Regular Division Drawings he would make in his lifetime.

 

He would extend his passion for the Regular Division of the Plane, by using some of his drawings as the basis for yet another hobby, carving beech wood spheres.

 

He played with architecture, perspective and impossible spaces. His art continues to amaze and wonder millions of people all over the world. In his work, we recognize his keen observation of the world around us and the expressions of his own fantasies. M.C. Escher shows us that reality is wondrous, comprehensible and fascinating.

 

SOURCE:

www.mcescher.com/about/biography/

 

mas está-se a compor

Museu de Arte Popular, Lisbon, Portugal

 

Material: Woodcut

Collection: The Escher Foundation Collection

 

EMBLEMATA

 

Emblemata is a book illustrated by M.C. Escher with woodcut engravings. It contains twenty-four maxims written by G.J. Hoogewerff, fried of Mr M.C. Escher, then Director of the Dutch Institute of Culture in Rome. It was printed in 1932, in number edition of 300.

 

The proverbs were written in Latin while the commentary is in Dutch. They refer to the tradition of Flemish maxims, as well as to the Emblemata published by Andrea Alciata, an Italian writer of the 16th century.

 

BIOGRAPHY

 

Maurits Cornelis Escher (1898-1972) is one of the world's most famous graphic artists. His art is enjoyed by millions of people all over the world, as can be seen on the many websites on the internet.

 

He is most famous for his so-called impossible constructions, such as Ascending and Descending, Relativity, his Transformation Prints, such as Metamorphosis I, Metamorphosis II and Metamorphosis III, Sky & Water I or Reptiles.

 

But he also made some wonderful, more realistic work during the time he lived and travelled in Italy.

 

Castrovalva for example, where one already can see Escher's fascination for high and low, close by and far away. The lithograph Atrani, a small town on the Amalfi Coast was made in 1931, but comes back for example, in his masterpiece Metamorphosis I and II.

 

M.C. Escher, during his lifetime, made 448 lithographs, woodcuts and wood engravings and over 2000 drawings and sketches. Like some of his famous predecessors, - Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Dürer and Holbein-, M.C. Escher was left-handed.

 

Apart from being a graphic artist, M.C. Escher illustrated books, designed tapestries, postage stamps and murals. He was born in Leeuwarden, the Netherlands, as the fourth and youngest son of a civil engineer. After 5 years the family moved to Arnhem where Escher spent most of his youth. After failing his high school exams, Maurits ultimately was enrolled in the School for Architecture and Decorative Arts in Haarlem.

  

After only one week, he informed his father that he would rather study graphic art instead of architecture, as he had shown his drawings and linoleum cuts to his graphic teacher Samuel Jessurun de Mesquita, who encouraged him to continue with graphic arts.

 

After finishing school, he travelled extensively through Italy, where he met his wife Jetta Umiker, whom he married in 1924. They settled in Rome, where they stayed until 1935. During these 11 years, Escher would travel each year throughout Italy, drawing and sketching for the various prints he would make when he returned home.

 

Many of these sketches he would later use for various other lithographs and/or woodcuts and wood engravings, for example, the background in the lithograph Waterfall stems from his Italian period, or the trees reflecting in the woodcut Puddle, which are the same trees Escher used in his woodcut "Pineta of Calvi", which he made in 1932.

 

M.C. Escher became fascinated by the regular Division of the Plane, when he first visited the Alhambra, a fourteen-century Moorish castle in Granada, Spain in 1922.

 

During the years in Switzerland and throughout the Second World War, he vigorously pursued his hobby, by drawing 62 of the total of 137 Regular Division Drawings he would make in his lifetime.

 

He would extend his passion for the Regular Division of the Plane, by using some of his drawings as the basis for yet another hobby, carving beech wood spheres.

 

He played with architecture, perspective and impossible spaces. His art continues to amaze and wonder millions of people all over the world. In his work, we recognize his keen observation of the world around us and the expressions of his own fantasies. M.C. Escher shows us that reality is wondrous, comprehensible and fascinating.

 

SOURCE:

www.mcescher.com/about/biography/Museu de Arte Popular, Lisbon, Portugal

Museu de Arte Popular, Lisbon, Portugal

 

Material: Lithograph

Collection: The Escher Foundation Collection

  

BIOGRAPHY

 

Maurits Cornelis Escher (1898-1972) is one of the world's most famous graphic artists. His art is enjoyed by millions of people all over the world, as can be seen on the many websites on the internet.

 

He is most famous for his so-called impossible constructions, such as Ascending and Descending, Relativity, his Transformation Prints, such as Metamorphosis I, Metamorphosis II and Metamorphosis III, Sky & Water I or Reptiles.

 

But he also made some wonderful, more realistic work during the time he lived and travelled in Italy.

 

Castrovalva for example, where one already can see Escher's fascination for high and low, close by and far away. The lithograph Atrani, a small town on the Amalfi Coast was made in 1931, but comes back for example, in his masterpiece Metamorphosis I and II.

 

M.C. Escher, during his lifetime, made 448 lithographs, woodcuts and wood engravings and over 2000 drawings and sketches. Like some of his famous predecessors, - Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Dürer and Holbein-, M.C. Escher was left-handed.

 

Apart from being a graphic artist, M.C. Escher illustrated books, designed tapestries, postage stamps and murals. He was born in Leeuwarden, the Netherlands, as the fourth and youngest son of a civil engineer. After 5 years the family moved to Arnhem where Escher spent most of his youth. After failing his high school exams, Maurits ultimately was enrolled in the School for Architecture and Decorative Arts in Haarlem.

  

After only one week, he informed his father that he would rather study graphic art instead of architecture, as he had shown his drawings and linoleum cuts to his graphic teacher Samuel Jessurun de Mesquita, who encouraged him to continue with graphic arts.

 

After finishing school, he travelled extensively through Italy, where he met his wife Jetta Umiker, whom he married in 1924. They settled in Rome, where they stayed until 1935. During these 11 years, Escher would travel each year throughout Italy, drawing and sketching for the various prints he would make when he returned home.

 

Many of these sketches he would later use for various other lithographs and/or woodcuts and wood engravings, for example, the background in the lithograph Waterfall stems from his Italian period, or the trees reflecting in the woodcut Puddle, which are the same trees Escher used in his woodcut "Pineta of Calvi", which he made in 1932.

 

M.C. Escher became fascinated by the regular Division of the Plane, when he first visited the Alhambra, a fourteen-century Moorish castle in Granada, Spain in 1922.

 

During the years in Switzerland and throughout the Second World War, he vigorously pursued his hobby, by drawing 62 of the total of 137 Regular Division Drawings he would make in his lifetime.

 

He would extend his passion for the Regular Division of the Plane, by using some of his drawings as the basis for yet another hobby, carving beech wood spheres.

 

He played with architecture, perspective and impossible spaces. His art continues to amaze and wonder millions of people all over the world. In his work, we recognize his keen observation of the world around us and the expressions of his own fantasies. M.C. Escher shows us that reality is wondrous, comprehensible and fascinating.

 

SOURCE:

www.mcescher.com/about/biography/

Museu de Arte Popular, Lisbon, Portugal

 

Material: Woodcut

Collection: Private

  

BIOGRAPHY

 

Maurits Cornelis Escher (1898-1972) is one of the world's most famous graphic artists. His art is enjoyed by millions of people all over the world, as can be seen on the many websites on the internet.

 

He is most famous for his so-called impossible constructions, such as Ascending and Descending, Relativity, his Transformation Prints, such as Metamorphosis I, Metamorphosis II and Metamorphosis III, Sky & Water I or Reptiles.

 

But he also made some wonderful, more realistic work during the time he lived and travelled in Italy.

 

Castrovalva for example, where one already can see Escher's fascination for high and low, close by and far away. The lithograph Atrani, a small town on the Amalfi Coast was made in 1931, but comes back for example, in his masterpiece Metamorphosis I and II.

 

M.C. Escher, during his lifetime, made 448 lithographs, woodcuts and wood engravings and over 2000 drawings and sketches. Like some of his famous predecessors, - Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Dürer and Holbein-, M.C. Escher was left-handed.

 

Apart from being a graphic artist, M.C. Escher illustrated books, designed tapestries, postage stamps and murals. He was born in Leeuwarden, the Netherlands, as the fourth and youngest son of a civil engineer. After 5 years the family moved to Arnhem where Escher spent most of his youth. After failing his high school exams, Maurits ultimately was enrolled in the School for Architecture and Decorative Arts in Haarlem.

  

After only one week, he informed his father that he would rather study graphic art instead of architecture, as he had shown his drawings and linoleum cuts to his graphic teacher Samuel Jessurun de Mesquita, who encouraged him to continue with graphic arts.

 

After finishing school, he travelled extensively through Italy, where he met his wife Jetta Umiker, whom he married in 1924. They settled in Rome, where they stayed until 1935. During these 11 years, Escher would travel each year throughout Italy, drawing and sketching for the various prints he would make when he returned home.

 

Many of these sketches he would later use for various other lithographs and/or woodcuts and wood engravings, for example, the background in the lithograph Waterfall stems from his Italian period, or the trees reflecting in the woodcut Puddle, which are the same trees Escher used in his woodcut "Pineta of Calvi", which he made in 1932.

 

M.C. Escher became fascinated by the regular Division of the Plane, when he first visited the Alhambra, a fourteen-century Moorish castle in Granada, Spain in 1922.

 

During the years in Switzerland and throughout the Second World War, he vigorously pursued his hobby, by drawing 62 of the total of 137 Regular Division Drawings he would make in his lifetime.

 

He would extend his passion for the Regular Division of the Plane, by using some of his drawings as the basis for yet another hobby, carving beech wood spheres.

 

He played with architecture, perspective and impossible spaces. His art continues to amaze and wonder millions of people all over the world. In his work, we recognize his keen observation of the world around us and the expressions of his own fantasies. M.C. Escher shows us that reality is wondrous, comprehensible and fascinating.

 

SOURCE:

www.mcescher.com/about/biography/

 

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