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不怕相思苦

只怕你伤痛

怨只怨人在风中

聚散都不由我

 

不怕我孤独

只怕你寂寞

无处说离愁

 

www.youtube.com/watch?v=BJI-AssviX0

 

秋意浓

离人心上秋意浓

一杯酒情绪万种

离别多

叶落的时节离别多

握住你的手放在心头

我要你记得无言的承诺

 

舞秋风

漫天回忆舞秋风

叹一声黯然沉默

不能说

惹泪的话都不能说

紧紧拥着你 永远记得

你曾经为我这样的哭过

 

© All rights reserved Anna Kwa. Please do not use this image on websites, blogs or any other media without my explicit written permission.

The Flying fox or Fruit Bat is a bat in the genus Pteropus, belonging to the Megachiroptera sub-order, the largest bats in the world. There are many sub-species in this genus.They live in the tropics and subtropics of Asia and a number of remote oceanic islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans.

 

The genus Pteropus goes back a long time. Fossils unearthed were dated 35 million years old. The notable difference in the fossil being the presence of a tail for stabilisation in early flight adaptation.

 

Pteropus do not possess echolocation. They do not have super-sonar like the microbats. However, they have well developed sense of smell and sight. Pteropus feed only on nectar, blossom, pollen and fruits. When it locates food, it often crash into the foliage and grabs for it. Feeding ranges can reach up to 40 miles.

 

Many species are threatened with extinction today. All Pteropus are listed in Appendix II (threatened) of CITES. (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora). {Condensed from wikipedia}.

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Photographed through the wire mesh of a large cage at Lok Kawi Wildlife Park. (macro lens). Unfortunately, it was not possible to get a frontal shot.

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My butterfly photo "Malay Lacewing II" is on frontpage this week at Vos plus belles photos . Many thanks to everyone. :-)))

 

Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University , Phila -- Live butterfly exhibit

The Leopard Lacewing (Cethosia cyane) is a species of heliconiine butterfly found from India to southern China (southern Yunnan), and Indochina. Its range has expanded in the last few decades, and its arrival in the southern part of the Malay Peninsula, including Singapore, is relatively recent.

Malay Lacewing at Kipandi Butterfly Park.

 

#201008-36~Lightbox~

Malay Lacewing {cethosia hypsea hypsina} on lantana at Kipandi Butterfly Park.

 

#201101-04 ~Lightbox~ My butterfly set

The Leopard Lacewing (Cethosia cyane) is a species of heliconiine butterfly found from India to southern China (southern Yunnan), and Indochina. Its range has expanded in the last few decades, and its arrival in the southern part of the Malay Peninsula, including Singapore, is relatively recent.

scientific name " Malay Lacewing " info courtesy from dr. zulbaning www.flickr.com/photos/zulbaning/ [ tq v much doc! ]

A Malay Lacewing Butterfly at the American Museum of Natural History’s Butterfly Conservatory (New York, New York)—April 14, 2012

這隻曾被選為全世界最美的七種蝴蝶之一. 不過個人覺得比他漂亮的蝶種還很多,每個人審美觀不同啦 :)

This species was ever chosen to be one of the seven most beautiful butterflies in the world. A common species in Malay Penisula. Taken at Penang Butterfly Farm.

We had a lovely time at RHS Wisley yesterday. We specifically went to see the "Butterflies in the Glasshouse". They didn't disappoint with plenty flying around, feeding and resting. The most gorgeous colours - very beautiful. This is the blue morpho (Morpho peleides).

 

"See exotic butterflies take flight amongst the flowers and fruit of the nectar plants in the tropical paradise of the Glasshouse. The tree ferns, tall palms, lush-leaved creepers and dazzling flower displays give an air of expectation and drama – like walking in to a jungle. Butterflies such as the striking blue morpho, giant owl, king swallowtail and colourful Malay lacewing will settle amongst the tropical plantings. Marvel at the colours and sizes of the different species - if you're lucky, one might even land on you!

 

You’ll be able to see butterflies feeding at special feeding stations, and learn about the lifecycle of butterflies with our puparium. New for 2015 will be a display of sculptures depicting butterflies and caterpillars, by Alison Catchlove an artist based in Shere. Her work has been inspired by previous visits to Butterflies in the Glasshouse.

 

Aside from the butterfly-friendly plants, such as Plumbago indica, calliandras and lantanas there’s a world-class horticultural display to see. Look out for Magnolia doltsopa with scented creamy white flowers as you enter the Glasshouse. Inside you’ll see the Clivia collection in mid-February, with more unusual variegated cultivars in flower. Aloe x spinosissima in the arid section begins to look its best early in the new year with fantastic grey leaves and spikes of orange flowers." www.rhs.org.uk/gardens/wisley

The Leopard Lacewing (Cethosia cyane) is a species of heliconiine butterfly found from India to southern China (southern Yunnan), and Indochina. Its range has expanded in the last few decades, and its arrival in the southern part of the Malay Peninsula, including Singapore, is relatively recent.

299V1008a

 

View Large

 

The Malay Lacewing (Cethosia hypsea hypsina) belongs to the genus Cethosia, which includes some of the most beautiful butterflies in the region. The upperside of the wings of both the male and female of this species feature a bright orange-red colour with black borders. The outer margins of both wings are serrated, particularly more so on the hindwings, giving the wings a saw-toothed appearance. The intricate 'lace' patterns on the undersides of the wings are likely to have given rise to the origin of its English common name, Lacewing.

 

The Malay Lacewing is described as the commonest species of the genus in Malaysia and Singapore. It is characterised by the pale yellow subapical border on the forewing above. Males tend to fly more energetically than the females. It is essentially a forest butterfly, preferring to stay within the confines of the nature reserves in Singapore, and the forested areas. The Malay Lacewing can often be observed at the flowers of Leea indica, Snakeweed (Stachytarpeta indica), Mile-a-Minute (Mikania cordata), Ixora spp. and Lantana camara. It is always a joy to watch this pretty butterfly flutter amongst the flowering bushes, searching for its favourite nectaring source to feed upon, and flying nonchalantly in a spectacular display of its bright cheerful colours.

 

Females of the Malay Lacewing have a yellowish-white dorsal patch on the forewings above, which is absent in the males. The females also appear a paler orange-red whereas the males sport a darker shade of orange-red on the wings above.

 

The wine-red caterpillars of this species are known to feed on Passifloraceae. The species is distateful to predators.

 

See butterflycircle.blogspot.com/2007/12/butterfly-of-month-d...

  

Sometimes it feels as though I am holding on to you by the tips of my fingers.

 

Just holding on.....

 

www.youtube.com/watch?v=r2Zu7qJqDXQ

 

You are like a butterfly, fragile and fleeting.

 

One rough breath, one lurch , one tiny movement of my hand and you would fly away from me....

 

:copyright: All rights reserved Anna Kwa. Please do not use this image on websites, blogs or any other media without my explicit written permission

The Leopard Lacewing (Cethosia cyane) is a species of heliconiine butterfly found from India to southern China (southern Yunnan), and Indochina. Its range has expanded in the last few decades, and its arrival in the southern part of the Malay Peninsula, including Singapore, is relatively recent.

The Leopard Lacewing (Cethosia cyane) is a species of heliconiine butterfly found from India to southern China (southern Yunnan), and Indochina. Its range has expanded in the last few decades, and its arrival in the southern part of the Malay Peninsula, including Singapore, is relatively recent.

This bird belongs the Kashmir House Martin (Delichon dasypus cashmiriensis) sub-species of the Ashain House martin

 

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asian_House_Martin

  

The Asian House Martin (Delichon dasypus) is a migratory passerine bird of the swallow family Hirundinidae. It has mainly blue-black upperparts, other than its white rump, and has pale grey underparts. Its three subspecies breed in the Himalayas and in central and eastern Asia, and spend the winter lower in the mountains or in Southeast Asia. This species is locally abundant and is expanding northward in Siberia, so there are no concerns about its conservation status.

 

This martin breeds in colonies, building mud nests under an overhang on a vertical cliff or the wall of a building. Both sexes build the nest, incubate the three or four white eggs and feed the chicks. The Asian House Martin feeds on small insects taken in flight, usually caught high in the air. The presence of terrestrial springtails and Lepidoptera larvae in its diet indicates that food is sometime picked from the ground.

  

Taxonomy

The Asian House Martin was first formally described from a bird collected in Borneo by French naturalist and ornithologist Charles Lucien Bonaparte in 1850 as Chelidon dasypus,[1][2] shortly before it was moved to the new genus Delichon by British entomologist Frederic Moore and American naturalist Thomas Horsfield in 1854.[3] Delichon is an anagram of the Ancient Greek term χελιδών (chelīdōn), meaning 'swallow',[4] and dasypus is from Greek δασύπους "rough-legged". This martin's closest relatives are the two other members of the Delichon genus, the Nepal House Martin and the Common House Martin.[5] There are three subspecies:[6]

 

D. d. dasypus, the nominate subspecies described by Bonaparte, which breeds in eastern Russia and nearby islands

D. d. cashmeriensis, the Himalayan and central Asian form described by English ornithologist John Gould in 1858 from a Kashmiri specimen obtained by Andrew Leith Adams),[7]

D. d. nigrimentalis, described by German ornithologist Ernst Hartert in 1910 from a specimen taken in Fujian, southeast China,[8]

 

Description

The adult Asian House Martin is 12 cm (4.7 in) long, dark steel blue above with a contrasting white rump, grey-washed white underparts, and a slightly forked tail. The tail and upperwings are brownish-black, and the underwings are grey-brown. The legs and feet are brownish-pink and covered with white feathers, the eyes are brown, and the bill is black.[6] There are few differences in appearance between the sexes, although the male is somewhat whiter below than the female, especially in fresh plumage. The juvenile bird is less glossy and has dark brown upperparts, sometimes with a brownish wash to the rump, and grey-white underparts.[9]

 

D. d. cashmiriensis has brighter blue upperparts and a whiter rump than the nominate race, and is slightly smaller, but still larger than the third race, D. d. nigrimentalis.[6] All three subspecies can be distinguished from the similar Nepal House Martin by the latter species' black chin, black undertail coverts and much squarer tail. Asian House Martin is more similar to Common House Martin, but is darker underneath and has a less deeply forked tail.[6] Confusion is most likely between adult male Asian House Martins, which have paler underparts, and the eastern race of Common House Martin, D. urbicum lagopus which has a less forked tail than the western subspecies, although it still shows a more pronounced fork than Asian.[6]

 

This species’ song is a rippling metallic trill, and is a sibilant twitter, and call is a dry metallic cheep, often with two or three syllables. It is similar to that of Common House Martin, but more rasping.[9]

  

Distribution and habitat

The nominate subspecies of the Asian House Martin, D. d. dasypus, breeds in the southeast of Russia, the Kuril Islands, Japan and sometimes Korea. It migrates through eastern China to winter in the Malay Peninsula, Borneo, the PhilippinesJava and Sumatra; a few birds remain around hot springs in Japan. D. d. cashmeriensis breeds in the Himalayas from Afghanistan east to Sikkim and northwards into Tibet and western and central China.[6] It is found between 1,500–5,000 m (4,900–16,000 ft) altitude, although mainly in the 2,400–4,000 m (7,900–13,000 ft) range.[9] This martin is a short-range migrant, mainly wintering at lower altitudes in the foothills of the Himalayas, but with some birds on the plains of northeastern India, and smaller numbers further afield in Burma and northern Thailand. The third race, D. d. nigrimentalis, breeds in southeastern China and southern Siberia. Its wintering grounds are unknown,[6] but birds in Taiwan just move to lower altitudes in winter.[10] Non-breeding Asian House Martins have been recorded as far west as the United Arab Emirates.[11] The range of D. d. cashmeriensis overlaps with that of the Nepal House Martin, although they breed at somewhat different altitudes. The height separation and the small differences in appearance seem sufficient to prevent interbreeding.[12]

 

The preferred habitat of the Asian House Martin is valleys and gorges in mountainous areas or coastal cliffs, where natural caves or crevices provide nest sites. It will also breed on large man-made sites like temples, hotels or power stations.[6] This martin tends to move to lower altitude open or hilly country in its wintering areas, although it has been recorded at up to 2,565 m (8,420 ft) in Thailand.[13]

  

Behaviour

 

Breeding

 

Birds collecting nest material in Hokkaido, Japan. On the left a bird is pulling up muddy grass

The Asian House Martin is a cliff nester, breeding in colonies sited under an overhang on a vertical cliff, usually with the nests not touching. It also frequently nests on large buildings such as temples and bridges, but not to the same extent as Common House Martin. The nest is a deep mud cone lined with grasses or feathers.[6] Unlike its relatives, the Asian House Martin frequently does not complete the enclosure of its nest, leaving it open instead like a deeper version of a Barn Swallow nest. A Russian study found half the nests in its Baikal research area to be of the open type,[14] and the Himalayan subspecies D. d. cashmiriensis has also been recorded as building a shallow cup nest.[15][16]

 

The normal clutch is three or four (occasionally up to six) plain white eggs averaging 20.2 mm × 14.1 mm (0.80 in × 0.56 in) and weighing 2.1 g (0.074 oz).[17] The incubation and fledging times are unknown, but are probably similar to those of the Common House Martin, which has an incubation period of 14 to 16 days until the eggs hatch, and a further 22 to 32 days to fledging. Both sexes build the nest, incubate the eggs and feed the chicks.[6]

 

Feeding

This martin feeds on insects taken in flight. As with its relatives it tends to feed high in the air, taking mostly small flies, aphid and Hymenoptera such as winged ants. A wide range of other insects are caught, including Lepidoptera, beetles and lacewings. The presence in the diet of terrestrial springtails and Lepidoptera larvae iindicate that food is sometime picked from the ground.[6]

 

Predators and parasites

Birds often carry parasites, both external lice and fleas, and internal blood parasites. The Asian House Martin is a host of the house martin flea Ceratophyllus hirundinis,[18] and has recently been shown to carry signs of avian malaria.[19] The predators of this martin appear to be little studied, but are presumably similar to those of the Common House Martin, namely fast flying falcons such as Oriental Hobby which can chase down their prey in flight.[20]

 

Conservation status

The Asian House Martin has a large range that does not appear to be contracting, and its numbers appear to be stable, although the total population is unknown. Since the range is more than 20,000 square kilometres (7,700 square miles), and there are more 10,000 mature individuals, in the absence of any large decline in distribution or numbers the species does not appear to meet the criteria to be considered vulnerable, and is currently evaluated as Least Concern.[21] This species is locally abundant and appears to be expanding its range northwards in southern Siberia.[6]

       

Butterfly - Malay Lacewing

 

Check out My Website www.rickwillis-photos.com

Penang Butterfly Farm

Penang 檳城

Malaysia馬來西亞

This butterfly died right beside a busy path. I watched while hundreds of museum visitors filed past, and thought it was something like a wake.

He said that...

We belonged together because he was born with a flower and I was born with a butterfly

 

www.youtube.com/watch?v=450p7goxZqg

 

And that flowers and butterflies need each other for survival

 

~Gemma Malley, The Declaration

 

© All rights reserved Anna Kwa. Please do not use this image on websites, blogs or any other media without my explicit written permission.

photographed in the glasshouse at Wisley, February 2014. the other side of the wing is black/white, with just a touch of thie lovely amber colour on the head

一步步曾經

一步步想念

在腳下蔓延

 

www.youtube.com/watch?v=97axrS3Npxk&list=RDwZH2wF_Fqf...

 

在充滿你的回憶裡面

我獨自流浪海角天邊

 

一步步走向孤單的明天

 

© All rights reserved Anna Kwa. Please do not use this image on websites, blogs or any other media without my explicit written permission

 

I have never managed to get a shot of the upperwing of this species before

Closeup Two Butterfly on Flower (The Malay Lacewing)

Recent Trip to Chester Zoo

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