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Lake Clark National Park

Duck Island

Cook's Inlet, Alaska



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A different type of puffin found on Duck Island in Cook's Inlet, Alaska, nesting along side horned puffins but higher on the cliffs in burrows. It is hard to blur the background when they nest within inches of the cliff wall.


' Wikipedia -The tufted puffin (Fratercula cirrhata) also known as crested puffin, is a relatively abundant medium-sized pelagic seabird in the auk (Alcidae) family found throughout the North Pacific Ocean. It is one of three species of puffin that make up the Fratercula genus and is easily recognizable by its thick red bill and yellow tufts.


Tufted puffins form dense breeding colonies during the summer reproductive season from British Columbia, throughout southeastern Alaska and the Aleutian Islands, Kamchatka, the Kuril Islands and throughout the Sea of Okhotsk. While they share some habitat with horned puffins (F. corniculata), the range of the tufted puffin is generally more eastern. They have been known to nest in small numbers as far south as the northern Channel Islands, off southern California. However, the last confirmed sighting at the Channel Islands occurred in 1997.


Tufted puffins typically select islands or cliffs that are relatively inaccessible to predators, close to productive waters, and high enough that they can take to the air successfully. Ideal habitat is steep but with a relatively soft soil substrate and grass for the creation of burrows.


During the winter feeding season, they spend their time almost exclusively at sea, extending their range throughout the North Pacific and south to Japan and California.


Bear jumping after a fish/n

South Kamchatka SanctuarySouth Kamchatka Sanctuary; bear; salmon; spawning; Kuril Lake; sockeye; Kamchatka

herring gull and chicks on Kuril Islands

Fog surrounds Yankicha Island, but the middle remains strangely empty. It is a flooded caldera and quite beautiful!

Sarychev Peak, one of the most active volcanoes of the Kuril Islands, Russia, erupted during July 1st-6th,2009.


Gas and steam plumes were seen almost daily and they drifted 20-75 km NW, NE, and SE. Plumes rose to altitudes of 1.5-3 km (4,900-10,000 ft) a.s.l. during July 4th-5th. No large ash explosions were noted after June the 16th.


Because of the eruption, and the ash and dust, we're expecting to see some colorful sunsets and sunrises here in Finland within the next two weeks.


This one is from last night, I didn't notice any difference between this sunset and others I've seen. Maybe this was a little more colorful than what I've usually seen this Summer, I don't know..


July 12th, 2009

Espoo, Finland,

Hakodate (函館市 Hakodate-shi) is a city and port located in Oshima Subprefecture, Hokkaido, Japan. It is the capital city of Oshima Subprefecture.

As of July 31, 2011, the city has an estimated population of 279,851 with 143,221 households and a population density of 412.83 persons per km2 (1,069.2 persons per sq. mi.). The total area is 677.77 km2 (261.69 sq mi). The city is now the third biggest in Hokkaido after Sapporo and Asahikawa.

Hakodate was Japan's first city whose port was opened to foreign trade in 1854 as a result of Convention of Kanagawa, and used to be the most important port in northern Japan. Also, the city had been the biggest city in Hokkaido before the Great Hakodate Fire of 1934.

Hakodate was founded in 1454, when Kono Kaganokami Masamichi constructed a large manor house in the Ainu fishing village of Usukeshi (the word for bay in Ainu).

After his death, Masamichi's son, Kono Suemichi, and family were driven out of Hakodate into nearby Kameda during Ainu rebellion in 1512 and little history was recorded for the area during the next 100 years. There was constant low level conflict in the Oshima peninsula at the time with the Ainu as armed merchants like the Kono family established bases to control trade in the region. This conflict culminated in an uprising from 1669 to 1672, led by Ainu warrior Shakushain after which the Ainu in the region were suppressed.[1]

Hakodate flourished during the Hoei period (1704–11) and many new temples were founded in the area. The town's fortunes received a further boost in 1741 when the Matsumae clan, which had been granted nearby areas on the Oshima Peninsula as a march fief, moved its Kameda magistracy to Masamichi's house in Hakodate.

In 1779, the Tokugawa shogunate took direct control over Hakodate, which triggered rapid development in the area. Merchant Takadaya Kahei, who is honoured as the founder of Hakodate port, set up trading operations, which included opening the northern Etorofu sea route to the Kuril island fisheries. He is credited with turning Hakodate from a trading outpost into a thriving city. A Hakodate magistracy was established in 1802.,_Hokkaido













La ciudad de Hakodate (函館市 Hakodate-shi) es una ciudad y puerto ubicado en el extremo sur de Hokkaidō, en la península de Oshima, en la subprefectura de Oshima. Tiene una economía centrada en la pesca y el turismo. También es conocida por la vista nocturna que de ella se tiene desde el monte Hakodate.


En 2004, la población era estimada en 299.737 habitantes. La densidad de población era 442,24 hab./km². Tiene un área total de 677,77 km². El área de Hakodate casi se dobló el 1 de diciembre de 2004 cuando los municipios vecinos de Toi, Esan, Todohokke y Minamikayabe fueron unidos a la ciudad.

Hakodate fue fundada en 1454 cuando Kono Kaganokami Masamichi construyó un palacio al pie del monte Hakodate en un pueblo pesquero llamado Usukeshi o también Ushorokeshi (宇須岸: Cabo de la Bahía, en el idioma ainu). El nombre de Hakodate (箱館: edificio [palacio] caja) viene de la forma de este palacio que se parecía a una caja. En 1457, Hakodate y sus alrededores fueron el sitio de la Batalla de Koshamain, el primer gran levantamiento de los ainus contra los wajin (colonizadores japoneses).


En el período Edo, Hakodate florecía como punto de comercio con los ainus. El 31 de marzo de 1854, el puerto de Hakodate fue abierto al comercio con los estadounidenses según el Tratado de Kanagawa, negociado por Matthew Perry.


En Hakodate se halla la fortaleza Goryokaku, construida en 1866 según el estilo europeo con una planta en forma de estrella de cinco puntas. Al final de la Restauración Meiji, partidarios del shogunato ocuparon la fortaleza, y declararon el establecimiento de la República de Ezo. Unos soldados franceses dirigidos por Jules Brunet, quienes habían sido asesores militares para el ejército del shogunato, apoyaron la rebelión encabezada por Enomoto Takeaki. Rendida en 1869, esta fortaleza se usa ahora como parque y es popular como lugar para el hanami (la tradición de observar y contemplar los cerezos en flor).


Varios países establecieron sus consulados en Hakodate. El consulado ruso tenía una capilla, con la que llegó a Japón la Iglesia Ortodoxa. En sus alrededores hay también iglesias anglicanas, católicas, y de otras religiones.

Hakodate otorga gran importancia al calamar, tanto que el "pez" (en el sentido tradicional, no en el sentido biológico) oficial de la ciudad es el calamar. El Shio Ramen de Hakodate, que usa pedazos de calamar en vez de carne de cerdo, también es famoso. El Festival del Puerto de Hakodate tiene lugar cada año en julio, en el que se baila el 'Ika-Odori' (baile del calamar). Se pueden ver las luces de los barcos que pescan calamares en el mar cerca de la ciudad.

When sockeye rush spawning rivers in large number, the fish push each other out of the water/n

South Kamchatka SanctuaryOncorhynchus nerka; South Kamchatka Sanctuary; Kamchatka; Kuril Lake; sockeye; salmon; spawning


Kuril Flyover, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Canon EOS 6D - f/8 - 1/160sec - 100mm - ISO 800


see for pictures of the blossom:


Lysichiton is a genus in the family Araceae. The genus has two species, one found in north-east Asia (Lysichiton camtschatcensis), the other in north-west America (Lysichiton americanus).


Lysichiton camtschatcensis, common name Asian skunk cabbage or white skunk cabbage, is a plant found in swamps and wet woods, along streams and in other wet areas of the Kamchatka Peninsula, the Kuril Islands, Sakhalin and northern Japan. The common name "skunk cabbage" is used for the genus Lysichiton, which includes L. americanus, the western skunk cabbage, noted for its unpleasant smell. The Asian skunk cabbage is more variable: plants have been reported to smell disgusting, not at all, and sweet. In Japanese it is known as mizubashō (lit. "water-banana") from a supposed similarity to the Japanese banana, a name with poetic rather than malodorous associations.


It is a robust clump-forming herbaceous perennial with strongly-veined, glossy leaves 50–100 cm (20–39 in) long. In early spring it produces fragrant, pure white, arum-like flowers, the pointed white spathes are up to 40 cm (16 in) long.


The individual flowers are small and are tightly packed on a fleshy stem called a spadix which is surrounded by a white but otherwise leaf-like bract called a spathe. The spathe is hooded or boat-shaped at the top. Lysichiton has flowers with both male and female parts present (bisexual), unlike many other aroids. After fertilization, the green fruits become embedded in the spadix; each fruit usually has two seeds but may have up to four.


Best grown in water margins in fertile, humus-rich, medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade. Plants tolerate close to full shade. Plants also tolerate some seasonal flooding of very shallow water over the roots.



Lysichiton camtschatcensis is inheems in Kamchatka, het noorden van Japan, en in delen van Siberië. De beste plek in de tuin is de oever van een vijver met een natuurlijke bodem, geplant in de vijver wordt maximaal 10 centimeter water verdragen. De ongeveer 40 cm hoge, zuiver witte bloemen, worden gevolgd door peddelvormige bladen. De grote bladen zijn zeer decoratief vanwege hun lengte en diepliggende nerf.


De bloemen bevinden zich aan de schacht, die tussen het grote schutblad zit. Er zitten aan deze schacht mannelijke en vrouwelijke bloemen. Het schutblad maakt in werkelijkheid geen onderdeel uit van de bloem! De bloemen verschijnen in de periode april - mei, voordat het blad aanwezig is. Een volwassen plant kan 6 tot 8 bloemen produceren en omdat er in het vroege voorjaar langs de vijverrand nog niet veel planten staan, valt een grote pol Lysichiton erg op.


Het blad gaat zich pas na de bloei ontwikkelen. Op voedselrijke plaatsen kan dat blad tussen 80 en 100 cm hoog worden. In de periode dat het blad gaat groeien, ontwikkelen zich ook de zaden. In de zomer is het zaad rijp. Wie zelf eens Lysichiton wil kweken, kan dat zaad in een grote bak zonder afvoergaten met kletsnatte potgrond zaaien. De ervaren tuinier heeft na 3 jaar bloeiende planten.


Lysichiton is volkomen winterhard en kan in ons klimaat uitstekend groeien in een diepe, modderrijke situatie. Planten in de volle zon zorgt voor een prima bloeirijkheid.

Kuril Flyover

Dhaka , Bangladesh

Kuril Flyover,

Dhaka, Bangladesh

More than 9,000 years ago, a catastrophic volcanic eruption created a huge caldera on the southern end of Onekotan Island, one of the Kuril Islands, located off the southern tip of Russia’s Kamchatka Peninsula. Today, the ancient Tao-Rusyr Caldera is filled by the deep blue waters of Kal’tsevoe Lake.


The Advanced Land Imager (ALI) on NASA’s Earth Observing-1 (EO-1) satellite acquired this true-color image of southern Onekotan on June 10, 2009. In this late-spring shot, snow or ice lingers on the land, forming white streaks on a brown-and-green land surface. In the northwest quadrant of the caldera is Krenitzyn Peak, which rises to a height of 1,325 meters (4,347 feet).


Like the other Kuril Islands, Onekotan lies along the Pacific “Ring of Fire.” The Kuril Island volcanoes are fueled by magma generated by the subduction of the Pacific Plate under the Eurasian Plate, which takes place along a deep trench about 200 kilometers (120 miles) to the islands’ east. The only historical eruption at Krenitzyn Peak occurred in 1952, a week after a magnitude 9.0 earthquake along the subduction fault.


NASA Earth Observatory image created by Robert Simmon, using EO-1 ALI data provided courtesy of the NASA EO-1 team. Caption by Michon Scott and Rebecca Lindsey.


NASA image use policy.


NASA Goddard Space Flight Center enables NASA’s mission through four scientific endeavors: Earth Science, Heliophysics, Solar System Exploration, and Astrophysics. Goddard plays a leading role in NASA’s accomplishments by contributing compelling scientific knowledge to advance the Agency’s mission.


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Distribution: S. Kuril Is. to N. & C. Japan

31 KUR 38 JAP

Found in Asia-Temperate Eastern Asia Japan, Russian Far East Kuril Is.


Homotypic Synonyms:

* Arethusa japonica A.Gray, Mem. Amer. Acad. Arts, n.s., 6: 409 (1859).

Bletilla japonica (A.Gray) Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 255 (1911).

(* Basionym/Replaced Synonym)


Heterotypic Synonyms:

Eleorchis conformis F.Maek., J. Jap. Bot. 11: 299 (1935).

The Steller sea lion (Eumetopias jubatus) also known as the northern sea lion and Steller's sea lion, is a near threatened species of sea lion in the northern Pacific. It is the sole member of the genus Eumetopias and the largest of the eared seals (Otariidae). Among pinnipeds, it is inferior in size only to the walrus and the two elephant seals. The species is named for the naturalist Georg Wilhelm Steller, who first described them in 1741. The Steller sea lion has attracted considerable attention in recent decades due to significant, unexplained declines in their numbers over a large portion of their range in Alaska.


Adult animals are lighter in color than most sea lions, ranging from pale yellow to tawny and occasionally reddish. Steller sea lion pups are born almost black, weighing around 23 kg (51 lb), and remain dark for several months. Females and males both grow rapidly until the fifth year, after which female growth slows considerably. Adult females measure 2.3–2.9 m (7.5–9.5 ft) in length, with an average of 2.5 m (8.2 ft), and weigh 240–350 kg (530–770 lb), with an average of 263 kg (580 lb).Males continue to grow until their secondary sexual traits appear in their fifth to eighth year. Males are slightly longer than the females; they grow to about 2.82–3.25 m (9.3–10.7 ft) long, with an average of 3 m (9.8 ft).[4] Males have much wider chests, necks and general forebody structure and weigh 450–1,120 kg (990–2,470 lb), with an average of 544 kg (1,199 lb). Males are further distinguished from females by broader, higher foreheads, flatter snouts, and darker, slightly tuftier hair around their large necks, giving them a maned appearance. Indeed, their Latin name translates roughly as: "maned one with the broad forehead"


The range of the Steller sea lion extends from the Kuril Islands and the Sea of Okhotsk in Russia to the Gulf of Alaska in the north, and south to Año Nuevo Island off central California. They formerly bred as far south as the Channel Islands, but have not been observed there since the 1980s. Based on genetic anаlyses and local migration patterns, the global Steller sea lion population has traditionally been divided into an eastern and western stock at 144° W longitude, roughly through the middle of the Gulf of Alaska. Recent evidence suggests the sea lions in Russia in the Sea of Okhotsk and the Kuril Islands comprise a third Asian stock, while the sea lions on the eastern seaboard of Kamchatka and the Commander Islands belong to the western stock.


Steller sea lions congregate on rocks in the Gulf Islands of British Columbia.


Adult bull, females and pups near Juneau, Alaska

In the summer, Steller sea lions tend to shift their range somewhat southward. Thus, though there are no reproductive rookeries in Japan, there are several consistent haulouts around Hokkaidō in the winter and spring. Vagrants have been spotted in the Yellow Sea and Bohai Gulf and along the coast of Korea and China.

Steller sea lions are skilled and opportunistic marine predators feeding on a wide range of fish and cephalopod species. Important diet components include walleye pollock, Atka mackerel, halibut, herring, capelin, flatfish Pacific cod, rockfish, sculpins, and cephalopods. They seem to prefer schooling fish and remain primarily in between intertidal zones and continental shelves. They are also known to enter estuarine environments and feed on some semifreshwater fish such as sturgeon. Very occasionally, they have been known to prey on northern fur seals, harbor seals and sea otter pups. They are near the top of the marine food chain, but are susceptible to predation by killer whales and white sharks.



18.08.2011, Russia, Sakhalin Oblast, Kuril Islands, Island Iturup

kurilskoye lake (AKA kurile lake or kuril lake) a caldera and crater lake in the southern section of the kamchatka peninsula in the russian far east

13.08.2011, Russia, Sakhalin Oblast, Kuril Islands, Kunashir Island, Yuzhno-Kurilsk

Kuril Range. West coast of Kunashir Island

Vortices near the Kuril Islands 15 May 2017 as seen by MODIS on board Aqua satellite.



This is my favourite view of my favourite island within the Kuril Islands - it was amazing to climb to the top and see the overhanging grass which we were walking on top of! And I loved the calm turquoise water lapping against the shore below. Amazing spot.


Please visit my website:

千倉連山 標高1,816m Mt.Chikurachiki

kurilskoye lake (AKA kurile lake or kuril lake) a caldera and crater lake in the southern section of the kamchatka peninsula in the russian far east

Distribution: S. Kuril Is. to N. & C. Japan

31 KUR 38 JAP

Found in Asia-Temperate Eastern Asia Japan, Russian Far East Kuril Is.


Homotypic Synonyms:

* Arethusa japonica A.Gray, Mem. Amer. Acad. Arts, n.s., 6: 409 (1859).

Bletilla japonica (A.Gray) Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 255 (1911).

(* Basionym/Replaced Synonym)


Heterotypic Synonyms:

Eleorchis conformis F.Maek., J. Jap. Bot. 11: 299 (1935).

Ozernaya river near kurilskoye lake (AKA kurile lake or kuril lake) a caldera and crater lake in the southern section of the kamchatka peninsula in the russian far east

ranger station beside the ozernaya river just after it exits kurilskoye lake (AKA kurile lake or kuril lake) a caldera and crater lake in the southern section of the kamchatka peninsula in the russian far east

Distribution: S. Kuril Is. to N. & C. Japan

31 KUR 38 JAP

Found in Asia-Temperate Eastern Asia Japan, Russian Far East Kuril Is.


Homotypic Synonyms:

* Arethusa japonica A.Gray, Mem. Amer. Acad. Arts, n.s., 6: 409 (1859).

Bletilla japonica (A.Gray) Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 255 (1911).

(* Basionym/Replaced Synonym)


Heterotypic Synonyms:

Eleorchis conformis F.Maek., J. Jap. Bot. 11: 299 (1935).

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