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Funny looking orchid!, with an inflorescence 8 to 24 cm long and bearing one tiny flower of only 1 cm across. That is so small. And it is making a face at me!

 

I think this is the Liparis Lobongensis (Ames 1920), also called Mt Lobong Liparis. The weed-like pseudobulb enveloped in cataphylls is unique. There are some photos on the internet but their flowers are orange. Perhaps this one is still early in the bloom. (Hopefully the Park will eventually add name tags to the orchids.)

 

Liparis Lobongensis is only found in North Borneo (i.e. Sabah). Photographed at Kipandi Butterfly Park which is 26 km from Kota Kinabalu, and located at an elvation of about 700 metres above sea level.

 

See where this picture was taken. [?] / View On Black

Subfamily: Epidendroideae Tribe: Vandeae SubTribe: Aeridinae Genus: Renanthera Species: Renanthera bella J.J. Wood 1981. Common Name The Beautiful Renanthera .

 

This is a rare orchid that is found in Sabah (north Borneo). It is a hot to warm growing epiphyte at elevations of 400 to 1200 meters. It grows on tree trunks and blooms from fall to summer on an almost horizontal and long inflorescence of about 45 cm, bearing up to 16 red flowers 6 cm across.

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Photographed at Kipandi Butterfly Park. It rained while I was there, and I had the pleasure of meeting Linus Gokusing who had a rare orchid specie named after him (Cleisocentron gokusingli). We had a good hour looking through some books. And I am really happy not to have missed this rare orchid in bloom. {next post: a very fragrant orchid.}

Familia: Lamiaceae Genus: Clerodendrum. Species: Clerodendrum japonicum ssp. bethuneanum. Common name: Japanese glorybower.

 

The sub-species name may be wrong, but that's what I found from a search on the internet. This is not the same as the Clerodendrum paniculatum which is commonly called Pagoda flower.

 

#201009-14 ~Lightbox~

Familia: Orchidaceae • Subfamilia: Epidendroideae • Tribus: Dendrobieae • Subtribus: Bulbophyllinae • Genus: Bulbophyllum • Species: Bulbophyllum lobbii . Lindl. (1847)

 

The Bulbophyllum lobbii is one of about 2000 species in the genus, with many of them looking similar but for slight differences in colours. This one is widespread in Asia, from north eastern India to Phillipines. It thrives in the lowland and montane forests between 200m to 2,200m above sea level. It was discovered by Thomas Lobb in Java in 1846. It

is also called Thailand Bulbophyllum or Sumatran Bulbophyllum.

 

The generic name comes from “bolbos" (bulb) and “phyllum" (leaf) and refers to the thick leaves. It is an epiphyte, an 'air plant' that grows on other plants or objects, but it is non parasitic. It obtains moisture and nutrients from the atmosphere and rain, and also from the debris accumulating around it.

 

Interestingly, the labellum works as an ellastic. When an insect lands there, it will move violently up and down, throwing the insect against the pollen which sticks on their back.

When the fly visits another flower, the movement of the labellum makes it deposit the pollen onto the flower.

 

Having done some reading after I started photographing them, I find myself overwhelmed by the diversity in orchids. This photo was taken at the Kipandi Butterfly Park which also houses the two nurseries for wild orchids. The nursery is an orchid conservation project, growing orchids collected from the forests, and from areas felled for their logs.

Banded Swallowtail {Papilio demolion} is a species of swallowtail butterfly found in Asia. This photo was taken at Kipandi Butterfly Park which is 36 km from Kota Kinabalu City and 700m (2,100 feet) above sea level.

Coelogyne radicosa. Common name: The many rooted coelogyne.

Photographed at Kipandi Butterfly Park.

#201006-12 ~View on Black~

Subfamily: Cypripedioideae Tribe: Cypripedieae Subtribe: Paphiopedilinae Genus: Paphiopedilum Species: Paphiopedilum lowii (Lindl.) Stein (1892). Common name: Low's Paphiopedilum .

 

{Photographed at Kipandi Butterfly Park, 36 km from Kota Kinabalu. This photo is a close-up of another flower.}

 

This is a medium sized and multiflowered orchid. They are found in hot to warm growing conditions in lowland forests of P. Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Sulawesi and Borneo, at altitudes of 200 to 1700 meters. They may be terrestrial, on humus filled hollows of limestones and boulders or on large trees. The inflorescence is 25 to 40 inches (62 to 100 cm) long, holding 2 to 7 flowers.

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{Further information on Paphiopedilum can be found on Wikipedia.}

The paphiopedilums are also commonly called "Slipper orchids" due to the unusual shape of the pouch-like labellum. The pouch traps insects seeking nectar, and to leave again they have to climb up past the staminode, behind which they collect or deposit pollinia. (In cultivation, humans assist by using swaps.)

 

There are about 80 species, some of which are natural hybrids. These slipper orchids are native to South China, India, Southeast Asia and the Pacific Islands, and form their own subtribe, the Paphiopedilinae. These sympodial orchids lack pseudobulbs. Instead, they grow robust shoots, each with several leaves.

 

Members of this genus are highly collectible due to the curious and unusual form of their flowers. They are among the most widely cultivated and hybridized of orchid genera, and are relatively easy to grow indoors, as long as conditions that mimic their natural habitats are created. Most species thrive in moderate to high humidity (50-70%), moderate temperatures ranging from 13 to 35 degrees Celsius and low light of 12,000 to 20,000 lux. Modern hybrids are typically easier to grow.

Order: Asparagales Family: Orchidaceae Subfamily: Epidendroideae Tribe: Podochilaeae Subtribe: Dendrobiinae Genus: Flickingeria A. D. Hawkes (1961)

{ Synonyma: Desmotrichum Blume (1825) Ephemerantha P.F. Hunt & Summerh (1961) Abaxianthus M.A. Clem. & D.L. Jones (2002) }

 

What a mouthful for a name. I know what you are thinking... but I did not invent this name. It was named long before flickr existed. It was named for Edward A. Flinger, a friend of A. D. Hawkes.

 

There are about 75 species in this genus, found in tropical Asia and Australasia. It is an epiphyte with a creeping rhizome, or with branched aerial stems ending in a pseudobulb of 1 node, 1 leafed at the apex. The inflorescences arise from the base of the leaf. Apparently, the flower lasts for a day only.

 

This photo was taken at Kipandi Butterfly Park, 36km from Kota Kinabalu. The park consist of 3 sections; (1) the netted butterfly enclosure, which is about 15,000 sq ft in area, with 30 to 40 species of butterflies (2) a small insectarium exhibiting 800 species of butterflies and 1,800 species of beetles (3) the flora garden in two enclosures, a joint conservation project with the Sabah Wildlife Department. They house some 400 species of orchids, 15 species of nepenthes (pitcher plant) and 28 species of Hoyas. The plants are collected in the wild. The ranger there is most helpful + reference books are available.

 

Subfamily: Epidendroideae Tribe: Podochileae Subtribe: Bulbophyllinae.

Species: Bulbophyllum longiflorum Thouars .

 

Photographed at Kipandi Butterfly Park, 36km from Kota Kinabalu. This specie looks like a pretty lampshade. However, they have an unpleasant scent, faintly like garbage. The smell is noticeable, but I didn't know it came from this orchid. Definitely not for indoors. I'm scared of bees, so I seldom put my nose to a flower. :-)))

 

This orchid inhabit rainforests from sea level to 1,600 metres (5,300 feet). The pseudobulbs are up to 4.5 cm (1 3/4 inches) long and spaced about 5 cm (2 inches) apart on a creeping rhizome. The single leaf can be up to 15 cm (6 inches) long. The inflorescence is up to 20 cm (8 inches) long and can bear six to eight flowers in a semi-circle at the end.

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{Bulbophyllum generally}

The genus Bulbophyllum is the largest in the orchid family (Orchidaceae) with about 3,000 species. They are widely distributed, from the Americas, Africa and Madagascar to Eastern Australia and the Western Pacific Islands.

 

It has many vegetative forms; tall plants with cane like stems, root climbers and creepers and pendulous epiphytes. Some have developed succulent foliage. Although the flower form is diverse, they have a basic structural blueprint that serves to identify this genus. The center of diversity is in West Irian and New Guinea which seems to be the evolutionary homeland.

Arundina graminifolia Common name: Bamboo orchid .

 

#201010-24 ~Lightbox~

Golden Birdwing {troides amphrysus, female} on Lantana flower. Photographed at Kipandi Butterfly Park, 36km from Kota Kinabalu and sited 700 metres above sea level.

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A small set of my butterfly photos here.

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I found this nice song, by a young lad. I don't understand it, but the voice and acoustic sounds lovely. My Butterfly - Jantje Smit

Appendicula calcarata Ridl., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 31: 302 (1896). Photographed at Kipandi Butterfly Park, about 36 km from Kota Kinabalu.

#201006-10 ~View on Black~

Cleisocentron mirrillianum {Merrill's Cleisocentron} is a wild orchid found only in Sabah. Photographed at Kipandi Butterfly Park.

#201006-18 ~View on Black~

Species: Dendrobium cumulatum ... Family: Orchidaceae... Subfamily: Epidendroideae....

Tribe: Podochilaeae.. Subtribe: ..Dendrobiinae.. Genus: Dendrobium.. Common names:

The Crowded-Inflorescence Dendrobium

 

Synonyms: 1. Callista cumulata (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891 2. Dendrobium eoum Ridl. 1896 3. Eurycaulis cumulatus (Lindl.) M.A.Clem. 2003 4. Pedilonum eoum (Ridl.) Rauschert 1983

 

This orchid is distributed in tropical south, east, and southeast Asia (including Borneo) at elevations of 300m - 1,500m. There are about 1,200 species in the dendrobium genus. This is an epiphyte (grows on other plants) and sympodial. The small flowers are only 3cm. More information Orchids Wiki

 

This photo was taken at the flora garden, at Kipandi Butterfly Park. The wild orchids were collected or 'saved' from felled areas of the rainforest.

 

My friends, have a "dendrobriliful" and "cumulatumtastic" Monday.

Mixing up my uploads a bit. Here's a reminder to myself.... post some nature photos too!

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Family: Papilionidae Subfamily: Papilioninae Genus: Atrophaneura Subgenus: Pachliopta Species: Atrophaneura (Pachliopta) aristolochiae (Fabricius, 1775) Common Rose / Gewöhnliche Rose

 

The Common Rose is a small member of the Papilionidae family of swallowtails, in the genus Atrophaneura {red-bodied} and sub genus Pachliopta {the roses}. It is extensively distributed across South and South East Asia.

 

The wingspan is 9.0 to 10.0 cm across, black with white and red spots, with tails on the hind wings. (the males do not have the white spots nor red spots on the upperside of the hind wings.) Its larvae feed on creepers and climbers of the genus Aristolochia and they sequester toxins such as aristolochic acid in their bodies. They are inedible to vertebrate predators like birds and reptiles.

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Processed for lighter, warm colours (see original colours in comments below).

 

See where this picture was taken. [?]

Subfamily: Cypripedioideae Tribe: Cypripedieae Subtribe: Paphiopedilinae Genus: Paphiopedilum Species: Paphiopedilum lowii (Lindl.) Stein (1892). Common name: Low's Paphiopedilum .

 

{Photographed at Kipandi Butterfly Park, 36 km from Kota Kinabalu. This photo shows the front, side and back profiles.}

 

This is a medium sized and multiflowered orchid. They are found in hot to warm growing conditions in lowland forests of P. Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Sulawesi and Borneo, at altitudes of 200 to 1700 meters. They may be terrestrial, on humus filled hollows of limestones and boulders or on large trees. The inflorescence is 25 to 40 inches (62 to 100 cm) long, holding 2 to 7 flowers.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

{Further information on Paphiopedilum can be found on Wikipedia.}

The paphiopedilums are also commonly called "Slipper orchids" due to the unusual shape of the pouch-like labellum. The pouch traps insects seeking nectar, and to leave again they have to climb up past the staminode, behind which they collect or deposit pollinia. (In cultivation, humans assist by using swaps.)

 

There are about 80 species, some of which are natural hybrids. These slipper orchids are native to South China, India, Southeast Asia and the Pacific Islands, and form their own subtribe, the Paphiopedilinae. These sympodial orchids lack pseudobulbs. Instead, they grow robust shoots, each with several leaves.

 

Members of this genus are highly collectible due to the curious and unusual form of their flowers. They are among the most widely cultivated and hybridized of orchid genera, and are relatively easy to grow indoors, as long as conditions that mimic their natural habitats are created. Most species thrive in moderate to high humidity (50-70%), moderate temperatures ranging from 13 to 35 degrees Celsius and low light of 12,000 to 20,000 lux. Modern hybrids are typically easier to grow.

Familia: Orchidaceae • Subfamilia: Epidendroideae • Tribus: Dendrobieae • Subtribus: Bulbophyllinae • Genus: Bulbophyllum • Species: Bulbophyllum lobbii . Lindl. (1847)

 

The Bulbophyllum lobbii is one of about 2000 species in the genus, with many of them looking similar but for slight differences in colours. This one is widespread in Borneo, Indonesia, Peninsular Malaysia, and the Philippines at altitudes of 200 to 2000 meters in lowland and montane forests.

 

This epiphyte has pseudobulbs with one leaf and are well spaced on a coarse rhizome. It likes hot to warm growing conditions. The single leaf blooms on an inflorescense of 15cm (6 inches) long with just a single fragrant flower. The flower is 7.5 to 10cm (3 to 4 inches) across and blooms in late spring and summer.

 

Interestingly, the labellum works as an ellastic. When an insect lands there, it will move violently up and down, throwing the insect against the pollen which sticks on their back. At the conservatory where this orchid was photographed, the ranger helps in the pollination process by using swabs.

 

This photo was taken at the Kipandi Butterfly Park. The orchids are growing from the trunk of a short palm tree, The brochure says 400 species are grown here. I have photographed about 30 species only.

The Great Mormon Swallowtail { Papilio memnon } photographed at Kipandi Butterfly Park.

 

#201010-41 ~Lightbox~

 

Malay Lacewing {cethosia hypsea hypsina}

 

A beautiful butterfly with wings of orange and red surrounded by broad black borders. The wings are scalloped, giving the hind-wings its sawtooth-like edges. The undersides are orange and red with white fasciae and black spots forming an intricate pattern.

 

This photo was taken at Kipandi Butterfly Park which is 36 km from Kota Kinabalu City and 700m (2,100 feet) above sea level. It shows a lacewing on the lantana. (There are quite a number of subspecies with different patterns and colours.)

 

~Lightbox~

From archive: Bulbophyllum dearei {Deare's bulbophyllum} photographed at Kipandi Butterfly Park.

 

#201012-11 ~Lightbox~ Wild orchid set.

 

*Posting orchids, dragonflies and butterflies for the remaining few days of 2010!

Golden Birdwing {troides amphrysus} on lantana.

There are some 200 species of hibiscus under the malvaceae or mallow family, including 7 that are native to Hawaii. I am not sure of the specie in this photo. I think this is the hibiscus rosa-sinesis 'King Kalakua' variety.

 

In Malaysia, the most well known specie is the brilliant red Hibiscus rosa-sinensis, locally called 'Bunga Raya" meaning big flower. It is also sometimes referred to as 'Queen of the tropics'. Another specie syriacus or 'Rose of Sharon', is the national flower of Korea.

 

The Bunga Raya was declared a national flower by the Malaysian government on 28th July 1960. The word "bunga" in Malay means "flower" and "raya" means big. The Chinese call it "the big red flower". The red of the petals symbolizes the courage, life, and rapid growth of Malaysia. The five petals represent the five "Rukun Negara" or tenets of Malaysia. The flower can be found imprinted on the notes and coins of the Malaysian ringgit.

 

It is common to find the Bunga Raya in household gardens and along roads in Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei, Thailand and Indonesia. This photo was taken at the Kipandi Butterfly Park, about 36km from Kota Kinabalu and sited 700m (2,100 feet) above sea level.

The Great Mormon Swallowtail { Papilio memnon } is a common South-Asian butterfly and is widely distributed in 13 subspecies (4 male and 9 female forms). This is a large butterfly with contrasting colors. The wingspan is 12 ~15 cm (4.7 ~ 5.9 inches).

 

The male never has a tail, and is deep blue to black. It may or may not have red streak on the forewing. The female may be tailed (alcanor) or tailess (butlerianus, polymnestoroides). The upperside forewing is ground colour sepia with greyish white streak. The upperside hindwing is blue-black with 5 to 7 yellow or white discal patches. It is polymorphic and with mimetic forms. ( Excellent information is available on Wikipedia.)

 

This photo was taken at the Kipandi Butterfly Park, 36 km from Kota Kinabalu. It shows a male fluttering and tugging at the lantana. The butterfly and flower were vibrating quite vigorously.

 

Lightbox

  

Malay Lacewing {cethosia hypsea hypsina} on lantana at Kipandi Butterfly Park.

 

#201101-04 ~Lightbox~ My butterfly set

Malay Lacewing at Kipandi Butterfly Park.

 

#201008-36~Lightbox~

Tribe:Dendrobieae Subtribe: Bulbophyllinae Genus: Bulbophyllum Species: Bullbophyllum claptonense Rolfe 1905 Common name: The Clapton Bulbophyllum

#201004-18 .. B l a c k m a g i c

 

Tribe: Coelogyneae Genus: Coelogyne Lindl. 1821 Specie: Coelogyne pandurata

 

This specie, the "Black Orchid", inhabits the lowlands of Borneo, often forming massive clumps on tree trunks along river banks next to rainforest. It is also popular in cultivation because of its large green flowers which have an almost black, violin shaped labellum. Much sought after by hybridizers. {Photographed at Kipandi Butterfly Park, 36km from Kota Kinabalu.}

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Coelogyne is a large and diverse genus of over 200 sympodial epiphytes of Asian origin and distributed from Nepal to China and Malaysa, the Philippines, Indonesia and the Fiji islands, with the main centers in Borneo, Sumatra and the Himalayas. They can be found from tropical lowland forests to montane rainforests. A few species grow as terrestrials or even as lithophytes in open, humid habitats.

 

The scientific name is derived from the Greek words koilos (hollow) and gyne (woman), referring to the concave stigma. This genus lacks the saccate base of the labellum, a typical characteristic which is present in the other genera in the subtribe Coelogyninae.

 

The free lip has high lateral lobes along the basal part of the labellum (hypochile) and smooth, toothed or warty keels. Most of this showy genus have white or green flowers with contrasting labellums displaying many brown markings in them.

 

The plants produce one or two leaves and often flower from pendent inflorescences produced with new growth. About half the species are in cultivation. A few are commonly called 'necklace orchids', because of their long, pendant and multi flowered inflorescence. They often have a sweet scent, attracting different kinds of pollinators, such as bees, wasps and beetles.

 

Cleisostoma sp. I do not have the ID for this orchid. Photographed at Kipandi Butterfly Park.

#201007-01~ B l a c k m a g i c ~

Tribe: Podochilaeae Subtribe: Dendrobiinae Genus: Flickingeria

Species: Flickingeria fimbriata A. D. Hawkes (1961)

#201004-40 ~ B l a c k m a g i c ~

Malay Lacewing at Kipandi Butterfly Park.

 

201008-35~Lightbox~

Family: Papilionidae. Genus: Papilio. Species: Papilio demolion Common name: Banded Swallowtail. {From archive.} Photographed at Kipandi Butterfly Park.

#201007-20 ~ B l a c k m a g i c ~

 

Heliconia at Kipandi Butterfly Park. Psittacorum type but I do not know the species. Kind of spooky when they are old.

 

Flowers album:-

www.flickr.com/photos/davidstella/sets/72157612535583735/

Subfamily: Epidendroideae Tribe: Arethuseae Subtribe: Bletiinae

Genus: Arundina Species: A. graminifolia Common name: Bamboo orchid.

 

Photographed at Kipandi Butterfly Park, 36 km from Kota Kinabalu. They line the surrounds of the parking area there, and along the walkways and hedges in the park.

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{Some information is available on Wikipedia}

The bamboo orchid is a species of orchid and the sole of the genus Arundina. This tropical Asiatic genus extends from India, Nepal, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, South China to Indonesia and across the Pacific Islands. It has been introduced in Puerto Rico, Costa Rica and Panama.

 

This is a terrestrial multi perennial orchid with reedy stems, forming into large clumps growing to a height between 70 cm and 2 m. The flowers are 5 to 8 cm, lilac / white with a purple lip. They bloom in summer and autumn. They are almost extinct in Singapore, but in Borneo, they grow abundantly in the rainforest.

 

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Coelogyne Pandurata (The Lute-shaped Coelogyne) photographed at Kipandi Butterfly Park.

 

#201012-12 ~Lightbox~ My wild orchids set.

 

***Mayaysia: Friday 31st Dec 2010 has been declared a public holiday to celebrate Malaysia’s first ever victory in the Asean Football Federation (AFF) Suzuki Cup championship.

Close-up of an orchid. Photographed at Kipandi Butterfly Park.

#201007-45 B l a c k m a g i c

 

The Banded Swallowtail {Papilio demolion} is a species of swallowtail butterfly found in Asia. I noted the name of this butterfly from a photo ID display at the site. I will need to go back and visit their exhibit centre to verify the name.

 

This photo was taken at Kipandi Butterfly Park which is 36 km from Kota Kinabalu City and 700m (2,100 feet) above sea level. Here is a link to an earlier photo of this butterfly:-

 

... and for lovers of jazz, Straighten up and fly right, by Nat king Cole.

  

Genus: dendrobium Species: Dendrobium Serena-Alexianum?

Not sure of the ID, but it looks like the Serena-Alexianum.

201003-27

Golden Birdwing {troides amphrysus, female}. A common butterfly in Malaysia, Sumatra and Java. It is usually among the first butterflies to be seen in the early morning, and the last to rest in the afternoon. The wingspan is 15~18 cm. [ More information at ButterflyCorner.net. ]

 

This photo shows a female Golden Birdwing visiting the Lantana. The photo was taken at the Kipandi Butterfly Park, Sabah. This park is sited on hilly slopes of the Crocker Range, some 36km from Kota Kinabalu along the old route to Keningau town in the interior. The altitude here is 2,100 feet (700m) above sea level. It also has a farm for native orchids, pitcher plants and other exotic flowering plants.

The Great Mormon Swallowtail { Papilio memnon } photographed at Kipandi Butterfly Park.

 

#201009-47 ~Lightbox~

Golden Birdwing feeding on nectar of the lantana. Photographed at Kipandi Butterfly Park.

 

#201010-32~Lightbox~

Subfamily: Epidendroideae Genus: Phalaenopsis Species: Phalaenopsis amabilis [L.] Blume 1825. Common name: The Lovely Phalaenopsis or Moon orchid.

#201003-07

 

For the ladies..

une fleur pour vous♥ .. ♥un fiore per te♥ .. ♥una flor para ti♥ .. ♥uma flor para você♥

♫♪♫ It's you that matters ♫♪♫

Subfamily: Epidendroideae Genus: Phalaenopsis Species: Phalaenopsis amabilis [L.] Blume 1825. Common name: The Lovely Phalaenopsis or Moon orchid.

#201004-31 ~ B l a c k m a g i c

 

Phalaenopsis gigantea {The Gigantic Phalaenopsis} at Kipandi Butterfly Park.

#201008-34 ~ Lightbox ~

    

Trichoglottis smithii {Smith's Trichoglottis} at Kipandi Butterfly Park.

 

#201004-21 .. Lightbox

   

No ID on this orchid. Photographed at Kipandi Butterfly Park.

#201007-42 B l a c k m a g i c ~

 

No ID. I think this is a Pholidota species. Photographed at Kipandi Butterfly Park.

#201007-02~ B l a c k m a g i c ~

Coelogyne radicosa. Common name: The many rooted coelogyne.

Photographed at Kipandi Butterfly Park.

 

#201010-27 ~Lightbox~

Bulbophyllum dearei {Deare's Bulbophyllum} at Kipandi Butterfly Park.

 

#201009~64 Lightbox

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