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The church dedicated to the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary was founded by the burghers of Kazimierz: Bartłomiej and Mikołaj Przybyłów and his consecration took place in August 1591. In 1627, the Franciscans - reformers settled at the temple, gradually enlarging the temple and adding a monastery. The monastery complex was severely damaged by a fire in 1827. After rebuilding, the temple received many features typical of classicism. In 1865, the monastery was closed by the tsarist authorities for help in the January Uprising. They returned to Kazimierz Dolny in 1928.

In the main altar of the church there is an image of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary, painted oil on a wooden board in 1600. Honored for a long time as famous grace, he was decorated with a papal crown in August 1986.

The church is situated on a picturesque hill, from which there is a beautiful view of the city with the parish church and hills with the ruins of the castle.

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Kościół pod wezwaniem Zwiastowania Najświętszej Maryi Panny został ufundowany przez mieszczan kazimierskich: Bartłomieja i Mikołaja Przybyłów a jego konsekracja nastąpiła w sierpniu 1591 roku. W 1627 przy tej świątyni osiedlili się franciszkanie-reformaci, którzy powiększyli stopniowo świątynię i dobudowali klasztor. Zespół klasztorny został poważnie uszkodzony przez pożar w 1827 roku. Po odbudowaniu świątynia otrzymała wiele cech typowych dla klasycyzmu. W 1865 roku klasztor został zamknięty, przez władze carskie za pomoc w Powstaniu Styczniowym. Do Kazimierza Dolnego zakonnicy powrócili w 1928 roku.

W ołtarzu głównym kościoła znajduje się obraz Zwiastowania Najświętszej Maryi Panny, namalowany olejno na desce w 1600 roku. Czczony od dawna jako łaskami słynący, został ozdobiony koroną papieską w sierpniu 1986 roku.

Kościół jest położony na malowniczym wzgórzu, z którego roztacza się piękny widok miasta z farą i wzgórza z ruinami zamku.

Taken by NR

 

Church: Kościół pw. św. Stanisława Biskupa w Kaliszu (Church of St. Stanislas the Bishop in Kalisz). Known as Kościół franciszkański / Franciscan Church.

Built in years: 1257-1283?, 1339, 1599-1632(by Albin Fontana), ...

 

Cf. Soborewski, Piotr 2015, Wszystkie drogi prowadzą do... Kalisza: Przewodnik turystyczny, Kalisz: EDYTOR, pp. 167-169; [and] www.kalisz.franciszkanie.pl/articles.php?article_id=23 [2017.08.11].

 

The window is located by Kazimierzowska Street.

ポーランド、カリシュ市の聖スタニスワフ司教教会(通称 フランシスコ会教会) の窓

 

"[...]

The Kalisz monastery is the oldest Franciscan convent in Wielkopolska. It was built in 1257 and funded by Duke Boleslaus the Pious and his wife, Blessed Jolenta. The presbytery and neighbouring chapel have whatever vestiges survive from those times. The three-nave body was probably added to the presbytery in the 2nd half of the 13th century. The church was given its final shape at the turn of the 13th and 14th centuries. The oldest, western, wing of the monastery was also built at this time. The building was seriously damaged by fire in 1537 and 1559. Due to financial problems, reconstruction only began at the end of the 16th century and was not completed until 1632. The work was supervised by Italian architect Albin Fontana from the beginning of the 1620s. The body of the church was covered with new vaults, which were then decorated in late-renaissance stucco in 1623. The extension of the monastery began in 1637.

The Prussians expelled the monks and moved them to a Canons Regular monastery in 1798. The monastery was converted into a prison and substantially rebuilt. The Franciscans made use of part of the building during the time of the Grand Duchy of Warsaw. The prison was only closed in 1858. The Russian authorities moved monks from liquidated Franciscan convents into the Kalisz monastery in 1864. The monastery was eventually closed in 1902. The Franciscans returned in 1918 and again in 1945. The church was thoroughly renovated several times during the 19th and 20thcenturies.

[...]"

See: regionwielkopolska.pl/en/catalogue-of-attractions/church-... [2019.01.14].

The polychromy in the ceiling of the transept of the St. Francis of Assisi Church in Kraków, designed by Stanisław Wyspiański in the years 1895–1897.

 

St. Francis of Assisi Church built in the years 1237-1269 was founded by Prince Henry the Pious and it was one of the first brick constructions in Krakow. Today the most authentic part of the church is the northern elevation of the transept, surviving almost intact in its 13th century form. The stocky proportions of the transept facade show the spirit of the early phase of Gothic.

In 1850 the church and monastery went up in flames of The Great Fire. The reconstruction took several dozen years. But this unfortunate event gave occasion to another extraordinary meeting of styles: the interior was redecorated in Art Nouveau style by Stanisław Wyspiański (the polychromy and stained glass windows).

Krakow: Monastery and Basilica. Francis of Assisi

The Franciscans settled in Krakow in 1237, the accord has bishopf Wisław and chapter Krakow gave land for construction. Bishop helped to create a pastoral center and thanks to sacrifices made ​​by the faithful was built a church and convent - so the founder of the collective, as it is indeed to this day, does not preclude later the great benefactors, including Boleslaw the Chaste. It is the only Franciscan monastery in the Polish lands which is continuously until today.

Franciscan Church from the beginning has been built on a Latin cross on the model of church. Francis in Viterbo. In 1249 , the monastery was held in the Provincial Chapter, and this year is taken as the date of the consecration of the church. The concept of building the church from the beginning to take into account the space east of the temple, close to the square and adjacent to the west a long rectangular nave . In 1277 the Franciscans received from Princess Kinga new area and then the idea of ​​asymmetric dwunawowego (twelfth) body of the church. The second tube, which was built on the north side, the same length as the nave, except the eastern part, coincides with today's Chapel of the Passion. Both aisles were probably connected rozpiętymi (wingspan) arcades on pillars and covered with gable roofs separately .

In the first half of the fifteenth century, was extended to the east chancel and closed it three-sided apse. At the same time, the cloisters were built, mainly for the Eucharistic processions, shrines, and they joined the buildings together. The galleries attract the attention of the fifteenth-century frescoes, among them the so-called unique Compression Mystic and an extensive series of portraits of the Bishops of Krakow.

In its long history, both church and monastery doznawały (sustainend) many disasters and calamities, such as theft, robbery and especially fires that occurred in 1462, 1476, 1655, or the most devastating in 1850. After each of these disasters always bore the Franciscans of the ruins, both the church and the monastery so that they can continue to play its unique role in the province.

In 1895, the eastern part of the church received Wyspiański murals (enclosure walls), mostly of floral motifs. Wyspiariski also is the author of magnificent stained glass project that has been done in Innsbruck in 1899-1904. All the rave, but distinguished by the powerful image of God the Father at the time of creation of the world, located above the church choir. In the years 1904-1905, Tadeusz Popiel made ​​murals rest of the church.

Especially noteworthy are four scenes from the life of St . Francis placed in lunetach vaults on the north wall. On the opposite side of the three Gothic tracery windows with stained-glass windows are the motifs, designed by T. Popiel .

In the church are united three chapels: Blessed Salome with its relics. This is also buried in the chapel of Blessed Brother. Salome Duke Boleslaw the Chaste, the great benefactor of the monastery. The second is the Chapel of the Passion. When it is Archconfraternity of the same name, founded by the Bishop of Krakow, Marcin Szyszkowski in 1595 by Joseph Mehoffer to the chapel, in the years 1933 to 1946, he painted images of the cross .

It is located in the tomb-sarcophagus with the relics of Bl. Salawa Angeles, beatified by the Holy Father John Paul II on the Market Square in Krakow, August 13, 1991, the third chapel of Our Lady of Sorrows, was formed from the northern arm of the fifteenth-century cloister, with its preserved Gothic ribbed vaults. The chapel is a wonderful picture of " melancholy benefactress Krakow " in the first half of the fifteenth century. This image was crowned by the Papal Tiara Bishop of Krakow Cardinal John Puzyna, September 20, 1908, the beautiful murals in the chapel done in 1897 by Stefan Peter Niziński Matejko .

With its long and turbulent history of the church and the monastery were lost documents attesting to the consecration of the church, so it was decided the re-consecration, which made ​​June 14, 1908, by the Auxiliary Bishop of Kraków, Anatol Nowak. February 23, 1920, the church was one of the first in Cracow awarded the title of minor basilica .

In the first years of independence, in the monastery of Krakow began his publishing activities St . Maximilian Kolbe. Hence the publication moved to Grodno.

During the German occupation, when placed on the residence of the Governor General Wawel Castle, Wawel Cathedral was closed, and then the Basilica. Francis served the bishops of Krakow as place of celebration .

Very often prayed here Cardinal Karol Wojtyla. Even as the Holy Father Pope John Paul II visited the basilica twice 9 June 1979 and 13 August 1991, after the beatification Salawa Angeles, where he prayed with her ​​in the chapel of the relics of the Passion.

Father Marek Hałambiec / o Dr. Simeon Barcik

In pictures: 1 ) Convent and Basilica. Francis , the view from the pl. All Saints , 2) the sacristy of the basilica / photo AIF .

franciszkanie.pl/news.php?id=1929

Krakow: Monastery and Basilica. Francis of Assisi

The Franciscans settled in Krakow in 1237, the accord has bishopf Wisław and chapter Krakow gave land for construction. Bishop helped to create a pastoral center and thanks to sacrifices made ​​by the faithful was built a church and convent - so the founder of the collective, as it is indeed to this day, does not preclude later the great benefactors, including Boleslaw the Chaste. It is the only Franciscan monastery in the Polish lands which is continuously until today.

Franciscan Church from the beginning has been built on a Latin cross on the model of church. Francis in Viterbo. In 1249 , the monastery was held in the Provincial Chapter, and this year is taken as the date of the consecration of the church. The concept of building the church from the beginning to take into account the space east of the temple, close to the square and adjacent to the west a long rectangular nave . In 1277 the Franciscans received from Princess Kinga new area and then the idea of ​​asymmetric dwunawowego (twelfth) body of the church. The second tube, which was built on the north side, the same length as the nave, except the eastern part, coincides with today's Chapel of the Passion. Both aisles were probably connected rozpiętymi (wingspan) arcades on pillars and covered with gable roofs separately .

In the first half of the fifteenth century, was extended to the east chancel and closed it three-sided apse. At the same time, the cloisters were built, mainly for the Eucharistic processions, shrines, and they joined the buildings together. The galleries attract the attention of the fifteenth-century frescoes, among them the so-called unique Compression Mystic and an extensive series of portraits of the Bishops of Krakow.

In its long history, both church and monastery doznawały (sustainend) many disasters and calamities, such as theft, robbery and especially fires that occurred in 1462, 1476, 1655, or the most devastating in 1850. After each of these disasters always bore the Franciscans of the ruins, both the church and the monastery so that they can continue to play its unique role in the province.

In 1895, the eastern part of the church received Wyspiański murals (enclosure walls), mostly of floral motifs. Wyspiariski also is the author of magnificent stained glass project that has been done in Innsbruck in 1899-1904. All the rave, but distinguished by the powerful image of God the Father at the time of creation of the world, located above the church choir. In the years 1904-1905, Tadeusz Popiel made ​​murals rest of the church.

Especially noteworthy are four scenes from the life of St . Francis placed in lunetach vaults on the north wall. On the opposite side of the three Gothic tracery windows with stained-glass windows are the motifs, designed by T. Popiel .

In the church are united three chapels: Blessed Salome with its relics. This is also buried in the chapel of Blessed Brother. Salome Duke Boleslaw the Chaste, the great benefactor of the monastery. The second is the Chapel of the Passion. When it is Archconfraternity of the same name, founded by the Bishop of Krakow, Marcin Szyszkowski in 1595 by Joseph Mehoffer to the chapel, in the years 1933 to 1946, he painted images of the cross .

It is located in the tomb-sarcophagus with the relics of Bl. Salawa Angeles, beatified by the Holy Father John Paul II on the Market Square in Krakow, August 13, 1991, the third chapel of Our Lady of Sorrows, was formed from the northern arm of the fifteenth-century cloister, with its preserved Gothic ribbed vaults. The chapel is a wonderful picture of " melancholy benefactress Krakow " in the first half of the fifteenth century. This image was crowned by the Papal Tiara Bishop of Krakow Cardinal John Puzyna, September 20, 1908, the beautiful murals in the chapel done in 1897 by Stefan Peter Niziński Matejko .

With its long and turbulent history of the church and the monastery were lost documents attesting to the consecration of the church, so it was decided the re-consecration, which made ​​June 14, 1908, by the Auxiliary Bishop of Kraków, Anatol Nowak. February 23, 1920, the church was one of the first in Cracow awarded the title of minor basilica .

In the first years of independence, in the monastery of Krakow began his publishing activities St . Maximilian Kolbe. Hence the publication moved to Grodno.

During the German occupation, when placed on the residence of the Governor General Wawel Castle, Wawel Cathedral was closed, and then the Basilica. Francis served the bishops of Krakow as place of celebration .

Very often prayed here Cardinal Karol Wojtyla. Even as the Holy Father Pope John Paul II visited the basilica twice 9 June 1979 and 13 August 1991, after the beatification Salawa Angeles, where he prayed with her ​​in the chapel of the relics of the Passion.

Father Marek Hałambiec / o Dr. Simeon Barcik

In pictures: 1 ) Convent and Basilica. Francis , the view from the pl. All Saints , 2) the sacristy of the basilica / photo AIF .

franciszkanie.pl/news.php?id=1929

Krakow: Monastery and Basilica. Francis of Assisi

The Franciscans settled in Krakow in 1237, the accord has bishopf Wisław and chapter Krakow gave land for construction. Bishop helped to create a pastoral center and thanks to sacrifices made ​​by the faithful was built a church and convent - so the founder of the collective, as it is indeed to this day, does not preclude later the great benefactors, including Boleslaw the Chaste. It is the only Franciscan monastery in the Polish lands which is continuously until today.

Franciscan Church from the beginning has been built on a Latin cross on the model of church. Francis in Viterbo. In 1249 , the monastery was held in the Provincial Chapter, and this year is taken as the date of the consecration of the church. The concept of building the church from the beginning to take into account the space east of the temple, close to the square and adjacent to the west a long rectangular nave . In 1277 the Franciscans received from Princess Kinga new area and then the idea of ​​asymmetric dwunawowego (twelfth) body of the church. The second tube, which was built on the north side, the same length as the nave, except the eastern part, coincides with today's Chapel of the Passion. Both aisles were probably connected rozpiętymi (wingspan) arcades on pillars and covered with gable roofs separately .

In the first half of the fifteenth century, was extended to the east chancel and closed it three-sided apse. At the same time, the cloisters were built, mainly for the Eucharistic processions, shrines, and they joined the buildings together. The galleries attract the attention of the fifteenth-century frescoes, among them the so-called unique Compression Mystic and an extensive series of portraits of the Bishops of Krakow.

In its long history, both church and monastery doznawały (sustainend) many disasters and calamities, such as theft, robbery and especially fires that occurred in 1462, 1476, 1655, or the most devastating in 1850. After each of these disasters always bore the Franciscans of the ruins, both the church and the monastery so that they can continue to play its unique role in the province.

In 1895, the eastern part of the church received Wyspiański murals (enclosure walls), mostly of floral motifs. Wyspiariski also is the author of magnificent stained glass project that has been done in Innsbruck in 1899-1904. All the rave, but distinguished by the powerful image of God the Father at the time of creation of the world, located above the church choir. In the years 1904-1905, Tadeusz Popiel made ​​murals rest of the church.

Especially noteworthy are four scenes from the life of St . Francis placed in lunetach vaults on the north wall. On the opposite side of the three Gothic tracery windows with stained-glass windows are the motifs, designed by T. Popiel .

In the church are united three chapels: Blessed Salome with its relics. This is also buried in the chapel of Blessed Brother. Salome Duke Boleslaw the Chaste, the great benefactor of the monastery. The second is the Chapel of the Passion. When it is Archconfraternity of the same name, founded by the Bishop of Krakow, Marcin Szyszkowski in 1595 by Joseph Mehoffer to the chapel, in the years 1933 to 1946, he painted images of the cross .

It is located in the tomb-sarcophagus with the relics of Bl. Salawa Angeles, beatified by the Holy Father John Paul II on the Market Square in Krakow, August 13, 1991, the third chapel of Our Lady of Sorrows, was formed from the northern arm of the fifteenth-century cloister, with its preserved Gothic ribbed vaults. The chapel is a wonderful picture of " melancholy benefactress Krakow " in the first half of the fifteenth century. This image was crowned by the Papal Tiara Bishop of Krakow Cardinal John Puzyna, September 20, 1908, the beautiful murals in the chapel done in 1897 by Stefan Peter Niziński Matejko .

With its long and turbulent history of the church and the monastery were lost documents attesting to the consecration of the church, so it was decided the re-consecration, which made ​​June 14, 1908, by the Auxiliary Bishop of Kraków, Anatol Nowak. February 23, 1920, the church was one of the first in Cracow awarded the title of minor basilica .

In the first years of independence, in the monastery of Krakow began his publishing activities St . Maximilian Kolbe. Hence the publication moved to Grodno.

During the German occupation, when placed on the residence of the Governor General Wawel Castle, Wawel Cathedral was closed, and then the Basilica. Francis served the bishops of Krakow as place of celebration .

Very often prayed here Cardinal Karol Wojtyla. Even as the Holy Father Pope John Paul II visited the basilica twice 9 June 1979 and 13 August 1991, after the beatification Salawa Angeles, where he prayed with her ​​in the chapel of the relics of the Passion.

Father Marek Hałambiec / o Dr. Simeon Barcik

In pictures: 1 ) Convent and Basilica. Francis , the view from the pl. All Saints , 2) the sacristy of the basilica / photo AIF .

franciszkanie.pl/news.php?id=1929

Krakow: Monastery and Basilica. Francis of Assisi

The Franciscans settled in Krakow in 1237, the accord has bishopf Wisław and chapter Krakow gave land for construction. Bishop helped to create a pastoral center and thanks to sacrifices made ​​by the faithful was built a church and convent - so the founder of the collective, as it is indeed to this day, does not preclude later the great benefactors, including Boleslaw the Chaste. It is the only Franciscan monastery in the Polish lands which is continuously until today.

Franciscan Church from the beginning has been built on a Latin cross on the model of church. Francis in Viterbo. In 1249 , the monastery was held in the Provincial Chapter, and this year is taken as the date of the consecration of the church. The concept of building the church from the beginning to take into account the space east of the temple, close to the square and adjacent to the west a long rectangular nave . In 1277 the Franciscans received from Princess Kinga new area and then the idea of ​​asymmetric dwunawowego (twelfth) body of the church. The second tube, which was built on the north side, the same length as the nave, except the eastern part, coincides with today's Chapel of the Passion. Both aisles were probably connected rozpiętymi (wingspan) arcades on pillars and covered with gable roofs separately .

In the first half of the fifteenth century, was extended to the east chancel and closed it three-sided apse. At the same time, the cloisters were built, mainly for the Eucharistic processions, shrines, and they joined the buildings together. The galleries attract the attention of the fifteenth-century frescoes, among them the so-called unique Compression Mystic and an extensive series of portraits of the Bishops of Krakow.

In its long history, both church and monastery doznawały (sustainend) many disasters and calamities, such as theft, robbery and especially fires that occurred in 1462, 1476, 1655, or the most devastating in 1850. After each of these disasters always bore the Franciscans of the ruins, both the church and the monastery so that they can continue to play its unique role in the province.

In 1895, the eastern part of the church received Wyspiański murals (enclosure walls), mostly of floral motifs. Wyspiariski also is the author of magnificent stained glass project that has been done in Innsbruck in 1899-1904. All the rave, but distinguished by the powerful image of God the Father at the time of creation of the world, located above the church choir. In the years 1904-1905, Tadeusz Popiel made ​​murals rest of the church.

Especially noteworthy are four scenes from the life of St . Francis placed in lunetach vaults on the north wall. On the opposite side of the three Gothic tracery windows with stained-glass windows are the motifs, designed by T. Popiel .

In the church are united three chapels: Blessed Salome with its relics. This is also buried in the chapel of Blessed Brother. Salome Duke Boleslaw the Chaste, the great benefactor of the monastery. The second is the Chapel of the Passion. When it is Archconfraternity of the same name, founded by the Bishop of Krakow, Marcin Szyszkowski in 1595 by Joseph Mehoffer to the chapel, in the years 1933 to 1946, he painted images of the cross .

It is located in the tomb-sarcophagus with the relics of Bl. Salawa Angeles, beatified by the Holy Father John Paul II on the Market Square in Krakow, August 13, 1991, the third chapel of Our Lady of Sorrows, was formed from the northern arm of the fifteenth-century cloister, with its preserved Gothic ribbed vaults. The chapel is a wonderful picture of " melancholy benefactress Krakow " in the first half of the fifteenth century. This image was crowned by the Papal Tiara Bishop of Krakow Cardinal John Puzyna, September 20, 1908, the beautiful murals in the chapel done in 1897 by Stefan Peter Niziński Matejko .

With its long and turbulent history of the church and the monastery were lost documents attesting to the consecration of the church, so it was decided the re-consecration, which made ​​June 14, 1908, by the Auxiliary Bishop of Kraków, Anatol Nowak. February 23, 1920, the church was one of the first in Cracow awarded the title of minor basilica .

In the first years of independence, in the monastery of Krakow began his publishing activities St . Maximilian Kolbe. Hence the publication moved to Grodno.

During the German occupation, when placed on the residence of the Governor General Wawel Castle, Wawel Cathedral was closed, and then the Basilica. Francis served the bishops of Krakow as place of celebration .

Very often prayed here Cardinal Karol Wojtyla. Even as the Holy Father Pope John Paul II visited the basilica twice 9 June 1979 and 13 August 1991, after the beatification Salawa Angeles, where he prayed with her ​​in the chapel of the relics of the Passion.

Father Marek Hałambiec / o Dr. Simeon Barcik

In pictures: 1 ) Convent and Basilica. Francis , the view from the pl. All Saints , 2) the sacristy of the basilica / photo AIF .

franciszkanie.pl/news.php?id=1929

Stained glass showing Saint Eligius (the cloisters of Monastery of Franciscans at Franciszkańska Street in Kraków).

 

The Franciscan Church and Monastery was founded by Duke Henry the Pious for monks coming from Prague. A single-nave Greek cruciform church was constructed in 1269, a sacristy, side chapels and cloisters being added on later.

The most famous and the largest stained glass in the Basilica of St. Francis of Assisi in Kraków is "God the Father - Become!" (Bóg Ojciec - Stań się!) designed by Stanisław Wyspiański. In his artistic vision the author presented God at the moment of creating water and dividing light from darkness. This image in some way praises energy, the power of nature and elements, which came to exist through the intervention of God.

Wyspianski designed the stained glass windows for the Basilica between 1897and 1902. They were made in Innsbruck of the Tyrol region between 1899 and 1904.

 

Stanisław Wyspiański (1869–1907) was a Polish playwright, painter and poet, as well as interior and furniture designer. A patriotic writer, he created a series of symbolic, national dramas within the artistic philosophy of the Young Poland Movement. Wyspiański was one of the most outstanding and multifaceted artists of his time in Europe. He successfully joined the trends of modernism with themes of the Polish folk tradition and Romantic history. Unofficially, he came to be known as the Fourth Polish Bard.

Wyspiański’s artistic output is very eclectic. Among dramas and poetry, one can find there views of Cracow (drawings, sketch-books, oil-paintings, pastel drawings), portraits and self-portraits, designs of stained glass windows and paintings, illustrations, graphic art, plans of furniture and interiors, development of Wawel.

More about Stanisław Wyspiański...

 

Canon Eos 40D EF-S 17-85 1:4-5.6 USM

Taken by NR

 

Church: Kościół pw. św. Stanisława Biskupa w Kaliszu (Church of St. Stanislas the Bishop in Kalisz). Known as Kościół franciszkański / Franciscan Church.

Built in years: 1257-1283?, 1339, 1599-1632(by Albin Fontana), ...

 

Cf. Soborewski, Piotr 2015, Wszystkie drogi prowadzą do... Kalisza: Przewodnik turystyczny, Kalisz: EDYTOR, pp. 167-169; [and] www.kalisz.franciszkanie.pl/articles.php?article_id=23 [2017.08.11].

 

The door is located by Kazimierzowska Street.

ポーランド、カリシュ市の聖スタニスワフ司教教会(通称 フランシスコ会教会) のドア

 

"[...]

The Kalisz monastery is the oldest Franciscan convent in Wielkopolska. It was built in 1257 and funded by Duke Boleslaus the Pious and his wife, Blessed Jolenta. The presbytery and neighbouring chapel have whatever vestiges survive from those times. The three-nave body was probably added to the presbytery in the 2nd half of the 13th century. The church was given its final shape at the turn of the 13th and 14th centuries. The oldest, western, wing of the monastery was also built at this time. The building was seriously damaged by fire in 1537 and 1559. Due to financial problems, reconstruction only began at the end of the 16th century and was not completed until 1632. The work was supervised by Italian architect Albin Fontana from the beginning of the 1620s. The body of the church was covered with new vaults, which were then decorated in late-renaissance stucco in 1623. The extension of the monastery began in 1637.

The Prussians expelled the monks and moved them to a Canons Regular monastery in 1798. The monastery was converted into a prison and substantially rebuilt. The Franciscans made use of part of the building during the time of the Grand Duchy of Warsaw. The prison was only closed in 1858. The Russian authorities moved monks from liquidated Franciscan convents into the Kalisz monastery in 1864. The monastery was eventually closed in 1902. The Franciscans returned in 1918 and again in 1945. The church was thoroughly renovated several times during the 19th and 20thcenturies.

[...]"

See: regionwielkopolska.pl/en/catalogue-of-attractions/church-... [2019.01.14].

kościół parafialny p.w. św. Maurycego, obecnie p.w. Wniebowzięcia NMP

The Franciscan Church and Monastery seen from Planty Park in Kraków.

 

The Franciscans came to Kraków as early as 1237. Almost all of them had known St. Francis who died nine years earlier.

St. Francis of Assisi Church built in the years 1237-1269 was founded by Prince Henry the Pious and it was one of the first brick constructions in Krakow. Now the most authentic part of the church is the northern elevation of the transept, surviving almost intact in its 13th century form. The stocky proportions of the transept facade show the spirit of the early phase of Gothic. The arcaded moulded-brick frieze adorning the gable is a dircet borrowing from Lombardian architecture. The straight wall of the presbytery was replaced by a three-sided apse in the 15th. century.

A place of special beauty are the Gothic cloisters surrounding the rectangular viridarium, dating mostly from the first half of the 15th. century.

In 1850 the church and monastery went up in flames of The Great Fire, the same fire which destroyed the interiors of the Dominicans. The reconstruction took several dozen years. But this unfortunate event gave occasion to another extraordinary meeting of styles: the interior was redecorated in Art Nouveau style by the famous Polish artist Stanisław Wyspiański who designed not only the murals that cover the interior of the church, but also the marvellous stained glass windows. Most famous is the huge 'Let it Be', which stands above the Western facade and shows God in the act of creation.

Krakow: Monastery and Basilica. Francis of Assisi

The Franciscans settled in Krakow in 1237, the accord has bishopf Wisław and chapter Krakow gave land for construction. Bishop helped to create a pastoral center and thanks to sacrifices made ​​by the faithful was built a church and convent - so the founder of the collective, as it is indeed to this day, does not preclude later the great benefactors, including Boleslaw the Chaste. It is the only Franciscan monastery in the Polish lands which is continuously until today.

Franciscan Church from the beginning has been built on a Latin cross on the model of church. Francis in Viterbo. In 1249 , the monastery was held in the Provincial Chapter, and this year is taken as the date of the consecration of the church. The concept of building the church from the beginning to take into account the space east of the temple, close to the square and adjacent to the west a long rectangular nave . In 1277 the Franciscans received from Princess Kinga new area and then the idea of ​​asymmetric dwunawowego (twelfth) body of the church. The second tube, which was built on the north side, the same length as the nave, except the eastern part, coincides with today's Chapel of the Passion. Both aisles were probably connected rozpiętymi (wingspan) arcades on pillars and covered with gable roofs separately .

In the first half of the fifteenth century, was extended to the east chancel and closed it three-sided apse. At the same time, the cloisters were built, mainly for the Eucharistic processions, shrines, and they joined the buildings together. The galleries attract the attention of the fifteenth-century frescoes, among them the so-called unique Compression Mystic and an extensive series of portraits of the Bishops of Krakow.

In its long history, both church and monastery doznawały (sustainend) many disasters and calamities, such as theft, robbery and especially fires that occurred in 1462, 1476, 1655, or the most devastating in 1850. After each of these disasters always bore the Franciscans of the ruins, both the church and the monastery so that they can continue to play its unique role in the province.

In 1895, the eastern part of the church received Wyspiański murals (enclosure walls), mostly of floral motifs. Wyspiariski also is the author of magnificent stained glass project that has been done in Innsbruck in 1899-1904. All the rave, but distinguished by the powerful image of God the Father at the time of creation of the world, located above the church choir. In the years 1904-1905, Tadeusz Popiel made ​​murals rest of the church.

Especially noteworthy are four scenes from the life of St . Francis placed in lunetach vaults on the north wall. On the opposite side of the three Gothic tracery windows with stained-glass windows are the motifs, designed by T. Popiel .

In the church are united three chapels: Blessed Salome with its relics. This is also buried in the chapel of Blessed Brother. Salome Duke Boleslaw the Chaste, the great benefactor of the monastery. The second is the Chapel of the Passion. When it is Archconfraternity of the same name, founded by the Bishop of Krakow, Marcin Szyszkowski in 1595 by Joseph Mehoffer to the chapel, in the years 1933 to 1946, he painted images of the cross .

It is located in the tomb-sarcophagus with the relics of Bl. Salawa Angeles, beatified by the Holy Father John Paul II on the Market Square in Krakow, August 13, 1991, the third chapel of Our Lady of Sorrows, was formed from the northern arm of the fifteenth-century cloister, with its preserved Gothic ribbed vaults. The chapel is a wonderful picture of " melancholy benefactress Krakow " in the first half of the fifteenth century. This image was crowned by the Papal Tiara Bishop of Krakow Cardinal John Puzyna, September 20, 1908, the beautiful murals in the chapel done in 1897 by Stefan Peter Niziński Matejko .

With its long and turbulent history of the church and the monastery were lost documents attesting to the consecration of the church, so it was decided the re-consecration, which made ​​June 14, 1908, by the Auxiliary Bishop of Kraków, Anatol Nowak. February 23, 1920, the church was one of the first in Cracow awarded the title of minor basilica .

In the first years of independence, in the monastery of Krakow began his publishing activities St . Maximilian Kolbe. Hence the publication moved to Grodno.

During the German occupation, when placed on the residence of the Governor General Wawel Castle, Wawel Cathedral was closed, and then the Basilica. Francis served the bishops of Krakow as place of celebration .

Very often prayed here Cardinal Karol Wojtyla. Even as the Holy Father Pope John Paul II visited the basilica twice 9 June 1979 and 13 August 1991, after the beatification Salawa Angeles, where he prayed with her ​​in the chapel of the relics of the Passion.

Father Marek Hałambiec / o Dr. Simeon Barcik

In pictures: 1 ) Convent and Basilica. Francis , the view from the pl. All Saints , 2) the sacristy of the basilica / photo AIF .

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The oldest monument in the village of Nowy Korczyn, Poland, is the red brick Gothic church dedicated to Saint Stanislaus. The church, belonging to the Franciscan monastery complex, was founded in 1257 by Duke of Cracow Boleslaus the Chaste (Bolesław Wstydliwy) and his wife Saint Kinga of Poland.

In the 14th century the church was extended by King Casimir the Great (Kazimierz Wielki). The construction was eventually finished in 1346.

Despite some later rebuildings conducted in the years 1615-1637 and 1751-1777, most of the exterior (as well as the cross vault of the presbytery) has preserved in its original Gothic form. The corner bell tower was added in the 18th century, and the neo-Baroque voluted pediment with pilasters at the top of the front in the 19th century.

An unusual element embedded in the façade over the chuch entrance attracts visitor's attention - it's a propeller blade of the Soviet ground-attack aircraft Ilyushin Il-2 shot down over Nowy Korczyn by a German anti-aircraft gun in the late 1944. In uncontrolled flight the aircaft crashed into the church destroying the choir and the organ.

During the devastating flood in 2010 the church, standing right at the bank of the Nida River, was flooded and now its Baroque interior is under rennovation.

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