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Sunrise at Bagan with the silhouettes of Dhammayangyi and Sulamani Temples and hot air balloons flying over the archaeological zone

...inside Dhammayangyi temple, Bagan, Myanmar...

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Bagan formerly Pagan is an ancient city from the 9th to 13th centuries,. The city was the capital of Myanmar. Bagan is one of Myanmar’s main attractions. It was the capital of Bagan empire, where Theravada Buddhism was the main religion. The area also known as the Bagan Archaeological Zone, occupies an impressive 26-sq-mile area. Marco Polo described Bagan as one of the finest sights in the world. Despite centuries of neglect, looting, erosion, regular earthquakes, not to mention questionable restoration, this temple-studded plain remains a remarkably impressive and unforgettable vision. Bagan’s kings commissioned more than 4000 Buddhist temples. Myauk Guni Temple is also located in Old Bagan. It was built by the Queen Pwasaw. Queen Pwasaw was a powerful Queen in the Bagan history. A stone inscription was found inside the temple describing about the donation of the temple, land and slaves by the Queen. Also there were curses to whoever destroys the temple.

 

During our visit to Bagan, we rented a bicycle and were allowed to drive along any Buddhist temple. The Myauk Guni Temple is located Southwest of Dhammayangyi in Old Bagan. It's build in A.D 1241.

 

De stad Bagan is één van de vroegere hoofdsteden van Myanmar, en is gesticht in het jaar 849. Het was de hoofdstad van het Bagan-rijk, waar het Theravada-boeddhisme het belangrijkste geloof was. Bagan is één van de absolute top bezienswaardigheden van Myanmar. Een reis naar Myanmar zonder tussenstop in Bagan is gewoonweg ondenkbaar. Bagan wordt niet voor niets vaak op één lijn geplaatst met Angkor. Bagan, dat is 42 km² bezaaid met tempels. Er zijn er meer dan 4400 in totaal. Dat is waanzinnig veel. Ondanks dat deze rijkdom al lang is verdwenen worden er tegenwoordig nog steeds nieuwe tempels bijgebouwd. In 1975 zijn er echter veel tempels afgebroken bij een grote aardbeving in Myanmar en vandaag de dag zijn nog steeds niet alle gebouwen hersteld. Tijdens ons bezoek aan Bagan huurden we fietsen. We fietsen langs alle bijzondere boeddhistische tempels in Bagan. De Myauk Guni Temple is ook gelegen in het oude Bagan. Het werd gebouwd door Koningin Pwasaw. Queen Pwasaw was een daadkrachtige koningin in de Bagan geschiedenis. Een stenen inscriptie werd gevonden in de tempel en beschreven over de donatie van de tempel, land en slaven door de koningin. Ook waren er vloeken aan diegene die de tempel vernietigd hadden. Tijdens zonsondergang zit je altijd goed bij Myauk Guni, net ten zuiden van de immense Dhammayangyi Pahto. Vind je weg naar de hoogste verdieping voor een fraai uitzicht in de richting van Old Bagan en de ondergaande zon.

 

Sunrise over Dhammayangyi temple at Bagan, Burma.

Inside Dhammayangyi Temple. Bagan, Myanmar (Burma).

 

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The Dhammayangyi (or Dhamma-yan-gyi) Pahto, extending approximately 255 feet on each of its four sides, is Bagan’s most massive shrine. There is considerable controversy over the identity of the builder and the construction of the building itself.

 

It probably was built by King Narathu (1167?-1170?) over a three year period to atone for his wicked rule. Yet some have attributed it to Narathu’s father and predecessor, Sithu I, who also built Thatbyinnyu. Legend suggests that Narathu met his end in a series of morbid events shortly after acceding to the throne. He had smothered his father and, shortly thereafter, his brother. After he had one of his wives (a former Indian princess and one of the wives of his father) executed for her Hindu hygienic rituals, he was assassinated by eight men, disguised as Brahmin priests, sent by the princess’ father.

Others, however, have suggested that his death came at the hands of a Ceylonese mission that not only killed the king but sacked the city and introduced Ceylonese influence into the architectural spirit of Bagan.

 

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Dhammayangyi Temple is the most massive structure in Bagan which has a similar architectural plan to Ananda Temple. It was built by King Narathu (1167-70), who was also known as Kalagya Min, the 'king killed by Indians'. The temple is located about a kilometer to the southeast of the city walls directing Minnanthu.

 

After murdering his own king father, Narathu ascended the throne of Bagan and due to that, he built this temple. It is said that Narathu oversaw the construction himself and that masons were excecuted if a needle could be pushed between bricks they had laid. But he never completed the construction because he was assassinated before the completion. It was said that he was displeased by the Hindu rituals and one of them who made those rituals was the Indian princess who was the daughter of Pateikkaya. So he executed her for such reasons. The princess's father wanted revenge for his innocent daughter and sent 8 officers in the disguise of Brahmans and assassinated Narathu in this very temple.

:copyright: all rights reserved by B℮n

 

Bagan formerly Pagan is an ancient city from the 9th to 13th centuries,. The city was the capital of Myanmar. Bagan is one of Myanmar’s main attractions. It was the capital of Bagan empire, where Theravada Buddhism was the main religion. The area also known as the Bagan Archaeological Zone, occupies an impressive 26-sq-mile area. Marco Polo described Bagan as one of the finest sights in the world. Despite centuries of neglect, looting, erosion, regular earthquakes, not to mention questionable restoration, this temple-studded plain remains a remarkably impressive and unforgettable vision. Bagan’s kings commissioned more than 4000 Buddhist temples. Myauk Guni Temple is also located in Old Bagan. It was built by the Queen Pwasaw. Queen Pwasaw was a powerful Queen in the Bagan history. A stone inscription was found inside the temple describing about the donation of the temple, land and slaves by the Queen. Also there were curses to whoever destroys the temple.

 

During our visit to Bagan, we rented a bicycle and were allowed to drive along any Buddhist temple. The Myauk Guni Temple is located Southwest of Dhammayangyi in Old Bagan. It's build in A.D 1241. From temple you have a great viewpoint on the 4000 temples scattered across the sacred plain. The Dhammayangyi in centre is a very large square single story pyramidal temple with six monumental ascending exterior terraces. Oriented toward the east, the Dhammayangyi's brickwork is finely crafted—perhaps it is the finest in Bagan.

 

De stad Bagan is één van de vroegere hoofdsteden van Myanmar, en is gesticht in het jaar 849. Het was de hoofdstad van het Bagan-rijk, waar het Theravada-boeddhisme het belangrijkste geloof was. Bagan is één van de absolute top bezienswaardigheden van Myanmar. Een reis naar Myanmar zonder tussenstop in Bagan is gewoonweg ondenkbaar. Bagan wordt niet voor niets vaak op één lijn geplaatst met Angkor. Bagan, dat is 42 km² bezaaid met tempels. Er zijn er meer dan 4400 in totaal. Dat is waanzinnig veel. Ondanks dat deze rijkdom al lang is verdwenen worden er tegenwoordig nog steeds nieuwe tempels bijgebouwd. In 1975 zijn er echter veel tempels afgebroken bij een grote aardbeving in Myanmar en vandaag de dag zijn nog steeds niet alle gebouwen hersteld. Tijdens ons bezoek aan Bagan huurden we fietsen. We fietsen langs alle bijzondere boeddhistische tempels in Bagan. De Myauk Guni Temple is ook gelegen in het oude Bagan. Het werd gebouwd door Koningin Pwasaw. Queen Pwasaw was een daadkrachtige koningin in de Bagan geschiedenis. Een stenen inscriptie werd gevonden in de tempel en beschreven over de donatie van de tempel, land en slaven door de koningin. Ook waren er vloeken aan diegene die de tempel vernietigd hadden. Tijdens zonsondergang zit je altijd goed bij Myauk Guni, net ten zuiden van de immense Dhammayangyi Pahto. Vind je weg naar de hoogste verdieping voor een fraai uitzicht in de richting van Old Bagan en de ondergaande zon.

 

One of the recurring themes during my travels is the rise and fall of great ancient empires. Walking in the shadows of these grandiose monuments of ages past, we're ever so often awed by the limitless potential and ingenuity of the human race, while at the same time forced to contemplate our (as human beings) own frailties or failings as socio-political entities.

 

:copyright: all rights reserved by B℮n

 

Bagan formerly Pagan is an ancient city from the 9th to 13th centuries,. The city was the capital of Myanmar. Bagan is one of Myanmar’s main attractions. It was the capital of Bagan empire, where Theravada Buddhism was the main religion. The area also known as the Bagan Archaeological Zone, occupies an impressive 26-sq-mile area. Marco Polo described Bagan as one of the finest sights in the world. Despite centuries of neglect, looting, erosion, regular earthquakes, not to mention questionable restoration, this temple-studded plain remains a remarkably impressive and unforgettable vision. Bagan’s kings commissioned more than 4000 Buddhist temples. During our visit to Bagan, we rented a bicycle and were allowed to drive along any Buddhist temple. The Ywa Huang Gyi temple is one of the most underrated in Bagan. Not listed as a must-see in the guides and not highlighted on the tourist maps, the Ywa Huang Gyi temple is beautiful yet understated. The temple is welcoming with only a low wall surrounding it and no gateways or outer staircases. When we stopped by in the late afternoon, there were no people visiting. It was quiet and peaceful. Just the building and the its grassy backdrop and a beautiful sunset. More photo's in my Myanmar album.

 

1. Centre: The Breathtaking Bagan Sunset Experience, 2. Top left: The green passageway to the Sulamani temple, 3. Biking towards the intriguing Dhammayangyi temple, 4. Scattered pagodas towering everywhere in Bagan, 5. Myauk Guni temple build by powerful Queen Pwasaw, 6. Myanmar reveals immense beauty and poverty, 7. The circular gold leaf-gilded Shwezigin stupa on a rainy day, 8. Prayer is when you talk to God. Meditation is when you're listening., 9. A little surviving Buddha masterpiece in the many niches inside Ananda Temple, 10. Unique Golden Buddha inside the old Manuha Phaya Temple, 11. The Shwezigon temple even shines in the rain, 12. Mya Zedi Buddha “Calling the Earth to witness”, 13. Coachman drives horse-drawn carriage in Bagan

 

De stad Bagan is één van de vroegere hoofdsteden van Myanmar, en is gesticht in het jaar 849. Het was de hoofdstad van het Bagan-rijk, waar het Theravada-boeddhisme het belangrijkste geloof was. Bagan is één van de absolute top bezienswaardigheden van Myanmar. Een reis naar Myanmar zonder tussenstop in Bagan is gewoonweg ondenkbaar. Bagan wordt niet voor niets vaak op één lijn geplaatst met Angkor. Bagan, dat is 42 km² bezaaid met tempels. Er zijn er meer dan 4400 in totaal. Dat is waanzinnig veel. Ondanks dat deze rijkdom al lang is verdwenen worden er tegenwoordig nog steeds nieuwe tempels bijgebouwd. In 1975 zijn er echter veel tempels afgebroken bij een grote aardbeving in Myanmar en vandaag de dag zijn nog steeds niet alle gebouwen hersteld. Tijdens ons bezoek aan Bagan huurden we fietsen. We fietsen langs alle bijzondere boeddhistische tempels in Bagan. De Ywa Haung Gyi tempel is één van de meest onderschatte tempels in Bagan. Niet vermeld als een must-see in de gidsen en niet gemarkeerd op de toeristische kaarten, de Ywa Huang Gyi tempel ligt mooi ingetogen. Gelegen ten noordoosten van Old Bagan in Nyaung-U deel van de stad, vonden wij dit heiligdom gebouwd met de rood-bakstenen. Gelegen naast de Anawrahta Road. Meer foto's te zien in mijn Myanmar album.

 

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Sunrise on the Dhammayangyi Temple. The largest of all the temples in Bagan - Myanmar.

:copyright: all rights reserved by B℮n

 

Bagan formerly Pagan is an ancient city from the 9th to 13th centuries,. The city was the capital of Myanmar. Bagan is one of Myanmar’s main attractions. It was the capital of Bagan empire, where Theravada Buddhism was the main religion. The area also known as the Bagan Archaeological Zone, occupies an impressive 26-sq-mile area. Marco Polo described Bagan as one of the finest sights in the world. Despite centuries of neglect, looting, erosion, regular earthquakes, not to mention questionable restoration, this temple-studded plain remains a remarkably impressive and unforgettable vision. Bagan’s kings commissioned more than 4000 Buddhist temples. Myauk Guni Temple is also located in Old Bagan. It was built by the Queen Pwasaw. Queen Pwasaw was a powerful Queen in the Bagan history. A stone inscription was found inside the temple describing about the donation of the temple, land and slaves by the Queen. Also there were curses to whoever destroys the temple.

 

During our visit to Bagan, we rented a bicycle and were allowed to drive along any Buddhist temple. The Myauk Guni Temple is located Southwest of Dhammayangyi in Old Bagan. It's build in A.D 1241. Beautiful vista at Myauk Guni.

 

De stad Bagan is één van de vroegere hoofdsteden van Myanmar, en is gesticht in het jaar 849. Het was de hoofdstad van het Bagan-rijk, waar het Theravada-boeddhisme het belangrijkste geloof was. Bagan is één van de absolute top bezienswaardigheden van Myanmar. Een reis naar Myanmar zonder tussenstop in Bagan is gewoonweg ondenkbaar. Bagan wordt niet voor niets vaak op één lijn geplaatst met Angkor. Bagan, dat is 42 km² bezaaid met tempels. Er zijn er meer dan 4400 in totaal. Dat is waanzinnig veel. Ondanks dat deze rijkdom al lang is verdwenen worden er tegenwoordig nog steeds nieuwe tempels bijgebouwd. In 1975 zijn er echter veel tempels afgebroken bij een grote aardbeving in Myanmar en vandaag de dag zijn nog steeds niet alle gebouwen hersteld. Tijdens ons bezoek aan Bagan huurden we fietsen. We fietsen langs alle bijzondere boeddhistische tempels in Bagan. De Myauk Guni Temple is ook gelegen in het oude Bagan. Het werd gebouwd door Koningin Pwasaw. Queen Pwasaw was een daadkrachtige koningin in de Bagan geschiedenis. Een stenen inscriptie werd gevonden in de tempel en beschreven over de donatie van de tempel, land en slaven door de koningin. Ook waren er vloeken aan diegene die de tempel vernietigd hadden. Tijdens zonsondergang zit je altijd goed bij Myauk Guni, net ten zuiden van de immense Dhammayangyi Pahto. Vind je weg naar de hoogste verdieping voor een fraai uitzicht in de richting van Old Bagan en de ondergaande zon.

 

Balloon over Dhammayangyi Temple.

 

Dhammayangyi is the largest temple in Bagan. Unlike other temples that look tall and elegant, Dhammayangyi appears stout with its pyramid shape and dome-like top. The temple is shrouded in mystery as its entire innermost passage was intentionally filled with brick rubbles centuries ago. As I step into the temple, a pungent stench of bats' urine assaults my nasal senses. The high ceiling and poor natural lighting in the temple make it a favourite sanctuary for the bats during the day. At every temple, I always turn left and visit the four Buddha images in a clockwise direction. Despite the stench and the squeals from the bats, I want to do the same at Dhammayangyi. I am about halfway through as I turn the second corner. The passageway in front of me looks long and dark. The squeaky sounds from the bats originate from the high niche halfway down the corridor and are particularly loud. I proceed tentatively. I am alone and it feels really spooky. The eerie squeals get louder the closer I am to the central niche. Then my courage flees and I run back to the corner. I try to calm down and make another attempt. I abort it again and finally exit the temple. Fresh air and sunlight never feel so good.

Al subir al templo de Shwe San Daw, el amanecer de Bagan se centra en el templo de Dhamma-yan-gyi Pahto, por donde aparece el sol.

  

When climbing the Shwe San Daw temple, the sunrise in Bagan is centered around the temple of Dhamma-yan-gyi Pahto, where the sun rises.

The Dhammayangyi Temple in Bagan, Myanmar

Visible from all parts of Bagan, this massive, walled, 12th-century temple (about 550yd east of Shwesandaw) is known locally as a ‘bad luck temple’. Some believe this is because of the ruthless king Narathu who mandated that the mortarless brickwork fit together so tightly that even a pin couldn’t pass between any two bricks. After he died – by assassination in 1170 – the inner encircling ambulatory was filled with brick rubble – as ‘payback’, most say. (Others quietly argue the temple dates from the earlier reign of Alaungsithu, which would refute all this fun legend behind it.)

 

The west entrance is considered particularly evil; just inside, there arestones with arm-sized grooves. Apparently workers not able to lay brick tight enough had an arm chopped off here...

 

I photographed this temple from atop the nearby Shwesandaw Paya about 30 minutes before sunset; an amazing 360 degree view!

Bagan, Dhammayangyi Pahto, ca. 1170

@ Old Bagan, Nyaung Oo, MMR.

 

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Myanmar Images : Sunrise at Bagan - where you expect to see magic flying carpets...

Myanmar 2000 -

 

The images represent the four Buddhas that have reached Nirvana, namely Kassapa Buddha, Kakusandha Buddha, Konagamana Buddha and Gautama Buddha. They sit back to back facing the four cardinal directions against a massive brick square central post on top of which is a golden spire with a multi tiered ceremonial umbrella. The four seated Buddhas wear golden robes and all have slightly different facial expressions. They are in the Bhumisparsha mudra, calling the Earth to witness.

Hot air balloons rise above ancient temples and pagodas of Bagan Archaeological Zone at sunrise March 5, 2015. In the center is the Dhammayangyi temple, the largest in Bagan. Photo by Tim Chong.

Balloon over Dhammayangyi Temple.

 

Dhammayangyi is the largest temple in Bagan. Unlike other temples that look tall and elegant, Dhammayangyi appears stout with its pyramid shape and dome-like top. The temple is shrouded in mystery as its entire innermost passage was intentionally filled with brick rubbles centuries ago.

 

As I step into the temple, a pungent stench of bats' urine assaults my nasal senses. The high ceiling and poor natural lighting in the temple make it a favourite sanctuary for the bats during the day. At every temple, I always turn left and visit the four Buddha images in a clockwise direction. Despite the stench and the squeals from the bats, I want to do the same at Dhammayangyi. I am about halfway through as I turn the second corner. The passageway in front of me looks long and dark. The squeaky sounds from the bats originate from the high niche halfway down the corridor and are particularly loud. I proceed tentatively. I am alone and it feels really spooky. The eerie squeals get louder the closer I am to the central niche. Then my courage flees and I run back to the corner. I try to calm down and make another attempt. I abort it again and finally exit the temple. Fresh air and sunlight never feel so good.

 

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In case anyone is wondering, the colours are almost direct from the slide, I just remove the slight colour cast, nothing else.

Bagan, Dhammayangyi Pahto, ca. 1170

Is this a skyline that makes you want to travel?

 

A Balloon drifts silently between the thousands of pagodas as the Burmese sun rises over Bagan. View from Mi-Nyein-Gon, towards Pa-Thar-Da, Dhammayangyi and Pyathadar (Pyathatgyi).

 

Mi-Nyein-Gon is Bagan Monument Number 1499.

Sin-Myar-Shin is Bagan Monument Number 1478.

Bagan Monument Number 1477.

Pa-tha-da-gu, Bagan Monument Number 1476

Pyathadar is Bagan Monument Number 803.

Dhammayangyi is Bagan Monument Number 771.

 

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Map

 

IMG_8529

Bagan is a magic place: it’s a landscape with soul and atmosphere – no matter how many pictures one sees, there is nothing like being there.

 

For one of my PhotoBlogs about Bagan, please visit: www.ursulasweeklywanders.com/travel/a-living-landscape-th...

Balloon over Dhammayangyi Temple.

 

Dhammayangyi is the largest temple in Bagan. Unlike other temples that look tall and elegant, Dhammayangyi appears stout with its pyramid shape and dome-like top. The temple is shrouded in mystery as its entire innermost passage was intentionally filled with brick rubbles centuries ago.

 

As I step into the temple, a pungent stench of bats' urine assaults my nasal senses. The high ceiling and poor natural lighting in the temple make it a favourite sanctuary for the bats during the day. At every temple, I always turn left and visit the four Buddha images in a clockwise direction. Despite the stench and the squeals from the bats, I want to do the same at Dhammayangyi. I am about halfway through as I turn the second corner. The passageway in front of me looks long and dark. The squeaky sounds from the bats originate from the high niche halfway down the corridor and are particularly loud. I proceed tentatively. I am alone and it feels really spooky. The eerie squeals get louder the closer I am to the central niche. Then my courage flees and I run back to the corner. I try to calm down and make another attempt. I abort it again and finally exit the temple. Fresh air and sunlight never feel so good.

[Available for Licensing @ Getty Images]

 

Copyright: © 2013 Jeremy Villasis. All Rights Reserved.

 

Project 365/288. Built in 1170AD by King Narathu, the cave pagoda known as Dhammayan Gyi Temple in Bagan is known for it's massiveness and from a distance looks like an Egyptian pyramid.

 

Bagan, Myanmar

Balloon over Dhammayangyi Temple.

 

Dhammayangyi is the largest temple in Bagan. Unlike other temples that look tall and elegant, Dhammayangyi appears stout with its pyramid shape and dome-like top. The temple is shrouded in mystery as its entire innermost passage was intentionally filled with brick rubbles centuries ago.

 

As I step into the temple, a pungent stench of bats' urine assaults my nasal senses. The high ceiling and poor natural lighting in the temple make it a favourite sanctuary for the bats during the day. At every temple, I always turn left and visit the four Buddha images in a clockwise direction. Despite the stench and the squeals from the bats, I want to do the same at Dhammayangyi. I am about halfway through as I turn the second corner. The passageway in front of me looks long and dark. The squeaky sounds from the bats originate from the high niche halfway down the corridor and are particularly loud. I proceed tentatively. I am alone and it feels really spooky. The eerie squeals get louder the closer I am to the central niche. Then my courage flees and I run back to the corner. I try to calm down and make another attempt. I abort it again and finally exit the temple. Fresh air and sunlight never feel so good.

About half a mile east of Dhammayangyi, this broad two-storey temple is one of Bagan’s most attractive, with lush grounds (and ample vendors) behind the surrounding walls. It’s a prime example of later, more sophisticated temple styles, with better internal lighting.

 

Sulamani is also referred to as "Crowning jewel" (in Burmese mani means ruby and sula means small. King Narapatisithu had it built by Sithu II (1174-1211) after during a climbing expedition he saw a ruby sparkling at the current site and decided it was a sign for him to make "a work of merit" there.

 

The interior stucco walls are still in good condition with ornamental and Buddha images still visible on the walls.

 

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Bagan is an ancient city located in the Mandalay Region of Burma (Myanmar). From the 9th to 13th centuries, the city was the capital of the Kingdom of Pagan, the first kingdom to unify the regions that would later constitute modern Myanmar. During the kingdom's height between the 11th and 13th centuries, over 10,000 Buddhist temples, pagodas and monasteries were constructed in the Bagan plains alone, of which the remains of over 2200 temples and pagodas still survive to the present day.

 

The Bagan Archaeological Zone is a main draw for the country's nascent tourism industry. It is seen by many as equal in attraction to Angkor Wat in Cambodia.

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