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Ⓒ Saúl Tuñón Loureda

 

El Ayuntamiento de Londres es la sede de la Autoridad del Gran Londres (GLA), que se compone del Alcalde de Londres y la Asamblea de Londres. Se sitúa en Southwark, en la orilla sur del Río Támesis, cerca del Puente de la Torre. Fue diseñado por Norman Foster y abrió en julio de 2002, dos años después de que se creara la Autoridad del Gran Londres.

 

El edificio tiene una extraña forma bulbosa, supuestamente destinada a reducir su superficie y por tanto mejorar su eficiencia energética, aunque el exceso de consumo de energía provocado por el uso exclusivo de cristal en una fachada doble sobrepasa el beneficio de la forma. A pesar de afirmar que el edificio "demuestra el potencial de un edificio público sostenible y casi no contaminante", las mediciones del consumo de energía han demostrado que el edificio es bastante ineficiente en cuanto al consumo de energía (375 kWh/m2/año), con una clasificación del Certificado de Eficiencia Energética en 2012 de "D" Se ha comparado con el casco de Darth Vader, un huevo deforme, una cochinilla y un casco de motocicleta. El antiguo alcalde Ken Livingstone se refirió a él como un "testículo de cristal", mientras que el actual alcalde, Boris Johnson, se ha referido a él como "la gónada de cristal" y más educadamente como "la cebolla". Sus diseñadores concibieron originalmente el edificio como una gran esfera que sobresaliera sobre el Támesis, pero optaron por un edificio más convencional en su lugar, girado 180 grados. No tiene parte frontal o trasera en el sentido convencional, sino que su forma se deriva de una esfera.

 

Una escalera helicoidal de 500 m, que recuerda a la del Museo Solomon R. Guggenheim de Nueva York, asciende toda la altura del edificio. En la cima del edificio de diez plantas hay un espacio de exposiciones y reuniones llamado "London's Living Room", con una mirador abierto ocasionalmente al público. La escalera ofrece vistas del interior del edificio, y pretende simbolizar la transparencia; Foster usó un elemento similar en su reconstrucción del Reichstag en Berlín. En 2006 se anunció que la Agencia del Cambio Climático de Londres instalaría células solares fotovoltaicas en el edificio.

 

El edificio se sitúa en el municipio de Southwark, junto al Río Támesis. Forma parte de un proyecto mayor llamado More London, que incluye oficinas y tiendas. Junto al Ayuntamiento hay un anfiteatro hundido llamado The Scoop, usado en verano para actuaciones al aire libre; sin embargo, no es parte de la jurisdicción de la GLA. The Scoop y sus alrededores fueron diseñados por Townshend Landscape Architects. La estación del Metro de Londres y National Rail más cercana es London Bridge.

 

es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ayuntamiento_de_Londres

 

City Hall is the headquarters of the Greater London Authority (GLA), which comprises the Mayor of London and the London Assembly. It is located in Southwark, on the south bank of the River Thames near Tower Bridge. It was designed by Norman Foster and opened in July 2002, two years after the Greater London Authority was created.

 

Background

 

For the first two years of its existence, the Greater London Authority was based at Romney House, Marsham Street in Westminster. Meetings of the London Assembly took place at Emmanuel Centre, also on Marsham Street.

 

City Hall was constructed at a cost of £43 million on a site formerly occupied by wharves serving the Pool of London. The building does not belong to the GLA but is leased under a 25-year rent. Despite its name, City Hall is neither located in nor does it serve a city (as recognised by English constitutional law), often adding to the confusion of Greater London with the City of London, which has its headquarters at Guildhall. In June 2011 Mayor Boris Johnson announced that for the duration of the London 2012 Olympic Games, the building would be called London House.

 

The predecessors of the Greater London Authority, namely the Greater London Council and the London County Council, had their headquarters at County Hall, upstream on the South Bank. Although County Hall's old council chamber is still intact, the building is unavailable for use by the GLA due to its conversion into, among other things, a luxury hotel, amusement arcade and aquarium.

 

The building has an unusual, bulbous shape, purportedly intended to reduce its surface area and thus improve energy efficiency, although the excess energy consumption caused by the exclusive use of glass (in a double facade) overwhelms the benefit of shape. Despite claiming the building "demonstrates the potential for a sustainable, virtually non-polluting public building", energy use measurements have shown this building to be fairly inefficient in terms of energy use (375 kWh/m2/yr), with a 2012 Display Energy Performance Certificate rating of "D". It has been compared variously to Darth Vader's helmet, a misshapen egg, a woodlouse and a motorcycle helmet. Former mayor Ken Livingstone referred to it as a "glass testicle", while the present mayor, Boris Johnson, has referred to it as "The Glass Gonad" and more politely as "The Onion". Its designers reportedly saw the building as a giant sphere hanging over the Thames, but opted for a more conventionally rooted building instead. It has no front or back in conventional terms but derives its shape from a modified sphere.

 

A 500-metre (1,640 ft) helical walkway, reminiscent of that in New York's Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, ascends the full height of the building. At the top of the ten-storey building is an exhibition and meeting space called "London's Living Room", with an open viewing deck which is occasionally open to the public. The walkway provides views of the interior of the building, and is intended to symbolise transparency; a similar device was used by Foster in his design for the rebuilt Reichstag (parliament) in Germany. In 2006 it was announced that solar photovoltaic cells would be fitted to the building by the London Climate Change Agency.

 

The building is located on the River Thames in the London Borough of Southwark. It forms part of a larger development called More London, including offices and shops. Next to City Hall is a sunken amphitheatre called The Scoop, which is used in the summer months for open-air performances; it is not, however, part of the GLA's jurisdiction. The Scoop and surrounding landscape were designed by Townshend Landscape Architects. The nearest London Underground and National Rail station is London Bridge.

 

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/City_Hall,_London

www.facebook.com/stloureda

twitter.com/Woody_Twitt

 

Ⓒ Saúl Tuñón Loureda

 

El Ayuntamiento de Londres es la sede de la Autoridad del Gran Londres (GLA), que se compone del Alcalde de Londres y la Asamblea de Londres. Se sitúa en Southwark, en la orilla sur del Río Támesis, cerca del Puente de la Torre. Fue diseñado por Norman Foster y abrió en julio de 2002, dos años después de que se creara la Autoridad del Gran Londres.

 

El edificio tiene una extraña forma bulbosa, supuestamente destinada a reducir su superficie y por tanto mejorar su eficiencia energética, aunque el exceso de consumo de energía provocado por el uso exclusivo de cristal en una fachada doble sobrepasa el beneficio de la forma. A pesar de afirmar que el edificio "demuestra el potencial de un edificio público sostenible y casi no contaminante", las mediciones del consumo de energía han demostrado que el edificio es bastante ineficiente en cuanto al consumo de energía (375 kWh/m2/año), con una clasificación del Certificado de Eficiencia Energética en 2012 de "D" Se ha comparado con el casco de Darth Vader, un huevo deforme, una cochinilla y un casco de motocicleta. El antiguo alcalde Ken Livingstone se refirió a él como un "testículo de cristal", mientras que el actual alcalde, Boris Johnson, se ha referido a él como "la gónada de cristal" y más educadamente como "la cebolla". Sus diseñadores concibieron originalmente el edificio como una gran esfera que sobresaliera sobre el Támesis, pero optaron por un edificio más convencional en su lugar, girado 180 grados. No tiene parte frontal o trasera en el sentido convencional, sino que su forma se deriva de una esfera.

 

Una escalera helicoidal de 500 m, que recuerda a la del Museo Solomon R. Guggenheim de Nueva York, asciende toda la altura del edificio. En la cima del edificio de diez plantas hay un espacio de exposiciones y reuniones llamado "London's Living Room", con una mirador abierto ocasionalmente al público. La escalera ofrece vistas del interior del edificio, y pretende simbolizar la transparencia; Foster usó un elemento similar en su reconstrucción del Reichstag en Berlín. En 2006 se anunció que la Agencia del Cambio Climático de Londres instalaría células solares fotovoltaicas en el edificio.

 

El edificio se sitúa en el municipio de Southwark, junto al Río Támesis. Forma parte de un proyecto mayor llamado More London, que incluye oficinas y tiendas. Junto al Ayuntamiento hay un anfiteatro hundido llamado The Scoop, usado en verano para actuaciones al aire libre; sin embargo, no es parte de la jurisdicción de la GLA. The Scoop y sus alrededores fueron diseñados por Townshend Landscape Architects. La estación del Metro de Londres y National Rail más cercana es London Bridge.

 

es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ayuntamiento_de_Londres

 

City Hall is the headquarters of the Greater London Authority (GLA), which comprises the Mayor of London and the London Assembly. It is located in Southwark, on the south bank of the River Thames near Tower Bridge. It was designed by Norman Foster and opened in July 2002, two years after the Greater London Authority was created.

 

Background

 

For the first two years of its existence, the Greater London Authority was based at Romney House, Marsham Street in Westminster. Meetings of the London Assembly took place at Emmanuel Centre, also on Marsham Street.

 

City Hall was constructed at a cost of £43 million on a site formerly occupied by wharves serving the Pool of London. The building does not belong to the GLA but is leased under a 25-year rent. Despite its name, City Hall is neither located in nor does it serve a city (as recognised by English constitutional law), often adding to the confusion of Greater London with the City of London, which has its headquarters at Guildhall. In June 2011 Mayor Boris Johnson announced that for the duration of the London 2012 Olympic Games, the building would be called London House.

 

The predecessors of the Greater London Authority, namely the Greater London Council and the London County Council, had their headquarters at County Hall, upstream on the South Bank. Although County Hall's old council chamber is still intact, the building is unavailable for use by the GLA due to its conversion into, among other things, a luxury hotel, amusement arcade and aquarium.

 

The building has an unusual, bulbous shape, purportedly intended to reduce its surface area and thus improve energy efficiency, although the excess energy consumption caused by the exclusive use of glass (in a double facade) overwhelms the benefit of shape. Despite claiming the building "demonstrates the potential for a sustainable, virtually non-polluting public building", energy use measurements have shown this building to be fairly inefficient in terms of energy use (375 kWh/m2/yr), with a 2012 Display Energy Performance Certificate rating of "D". It has been compared variously to Darth Vader's helmet, a misshapen egg, a woodlouse and a motorcycle helmet. Former mayor Ken Livingstone referred to it as a "glass testicle", while the present mayor, Boris Johnson, has referred to it as "The Glass Gonad" and more politely as "The Onion". Its designers reportedly saw the building as a giant sphere hanging over the Thames, but opted for a more conventionally rooted building instead. It has no front or back in conventional terms but derives its shape from a modified sphere.

 

A 500-metre (1,640 ft) helical walkway, reminiscent of that in New York's Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, ascends the full height of the building. At the top of the ten-storey building is an exhibition and meeting space called "London's Living Room", with an open viewing deck which is occasionally open to the public. The walkway provides views of the interior of the building, and is intended to symbolise transparency; a similar device was used by Foster in his design for the rebuilt Reichstag (parliament) in Germany. In 2006 it was announced that solar photovoltaic cells would be fitted to the building by the London Climate Change Agency.

 

The building is located on the River Thames in the London Borough of Southwark. It forms part of a larger development called More London, including offices and shops. Next to City Hall is a sunken amphitheatre called The Scoop, which is used in the summer months for open-air performances; it is not, however, part of the GLA's jurisdiction. The Scoop and surrounding landscape were designed by Townshend Landscape Architects. The nearest London Underground and National Rail station is London Bridge.

 

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/City_Hall,_London