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Devetashka - the Bulgarian Cave with 70,000 Years of Human Habitation

  

Devetashka cave is an enormous cave in Bulgaria, which has provided shelter for groups of humans since the late Paleolithic era, and continuously for tens of thousands of years since then. Now abandoned by humans, it remains a site of national and international significance and is home to some 30,000 bats.

 

Devetashka cave, which is known as Devetàshka peshterà in Bulgaria, is located roughly 18 kilometres north of Lovech, near the village of Devetaki. It is a karst cave formed from the dissolution of soluble rocks and characterized by sinkholes, caves, and underground drainage systems.

 

The cave itself is immense, measuring approximately 2 kilometres in length and with a huge entrance ‘hall’ measuring 60 metres in height. In places the ceiling is 100 metres above the ground and there are seven huge holes through which daylight illuminates the vast interior. It is these holes that earned the cave the name Maarata or Oknata ("the eyes").

 

About 200 meters from the entrance, the cave separates into two branches. On the left side, a small river runs along it, forming miniature lakes and waterfalls, passing through the main hall and eventually flowing into the Osam River. The right side is warm and dry and contains several chambers, ending with a round hall, known as the Altar. Beautiful stalactites and stalagmites, rivulets, majestic natural domes and arches can be found within the enormous cave and one can see why various human populations would have chosen Devetashka as their home.

 

Devetashka Cave was rediscovered by a Bulgarian scientist in 1921 but was not fully excavated until the 1950s when the intention was to transform the cave into a giant warehouse. Studies revealed that it has been inhabited almost continuously since the late Paleolithic era. The earliest traces of human presence date back to the middle of the Early Stone Age around 70,000 years ago. The Devetashka cave also contained one of the richest sources of cultural artifacts from the Neolithic (6th millennium - 4th millennium B C).

 

In June, 1996, Devetashka Cave was declared a natural landmark. The cave is probably best known for its part in the action movie ‘The Expendables 2’, filmed in 2011, in which Sylvester Stallone crash lands a plane into Jean Claude Van Damme’s subterranean lair.

St Paul's beach, Mornington Peninsula, Melbourne, Australia.

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Cave - B&W - (HQ) - Click Here

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The view from the amazing cave Mellissani in Kefalonia Island, Greece! #NoDSLR

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Discovered by a Terena Indian in 1924, the dimensions of the blue lake inside this cave is so huge that make it one of the world's largest flooded cavity. In 1992, a Franco-Brazilian expedition of specialized cave divers, found a series of mammal fossils such as tiger-toothed saber and giant sloth, which lived during the Pleistoceno geologic period - 6000 to 10.000 years ago.

 

After 100m downhill, an intense deep blue lake is found, which an estimated depth of 90m. With its geologic formation, not only the celling, but also the floor is covered by speleothems of may shapes and sizes.

peak district national park

The light coming into this small cave made the red rocks glow.

An incoming waves crashes on the rocks at Ruby Beach.

Love the sound of the surf and the varied shapes and forms of the splash.

 

Enjoy a wonderful weekend!

  

Trona Pinnacles cave site overlooking the arena. One small tea light inside was actually too much for the long exposure.

High above Lake Thun lie the limestone caves of St. Beatus: a marvel of nature millions of years old that never ceases to astonish its visitors.

 

Legend has it that these limestone caves once served as a refuge for St. Beatus, who it is said drove away the dragon who live there in the 6th century. Even today the Caves of St. Beatus still exude a special power with their gorges, impressive halls and waterfalls.

A cave beach on Peyia Paphos .

The City of Rocks National Preserve is a wonderland for exploring. There are so many caves, indents, arches and anything else you can imagine that has to do with rocks. I know there are a few places called City of Rocks, this one is in Idaho. As is usually the case, I had a certain spot planned out for a photo. That spot totally did not work at all. But you never go to a place without looking around for another angle, another image. I spotted this set of holes in the rock. I could see that in about an hour the sun would be bursting through these. So I set up shop and waited. Let me know what you think.

 

My wife says she sees a whale in the rock. Hum.

Ok, its not a Whampa, but it could be. This is another frame from the recent trip to the Guler Ice Cave in Washington. She was just strolling into the cave when the backlight figure struck me, so I asked her to stand still. I guess I should have photoshoped her hanging form the roof and call her Luke.

Third largest cave in the US

Cave of Covadonga, Spain

(I think I might have a thing for sunbursts :-)))

 

Vela Spila (Engl. Big Cave) is a cave situated above the town of Vela Luka on the island of Korčula, Croatia, at an elevation of approximately 130 meters. The cave consists of an elliptically shaped cavern that measures 40 meters in length, 17 meters in height, and is approximately 40 meters wide. There are two openings in the roof of the cave as well, which were caused by a collapse of the cavern roof.

 

There are Mesolithic and Neolithic findings in the cave that date back to 7380-7080 BC. Radiocarbon dating has also shown that there was human activity going back 20 000 years. In 1986, remains of two adults where found. Scientific research dated their bodies back to late Neolithic times. The local towns people of Vela Luka call them Baba and Dida, meaning Grandma & Grandpa.

 

Further excavations between 2001 and 2006, produced 36 ceramic artifacts dated to the late Upper Palaeolithic period, about 17,500 to 15,000 years ago. These finds are the only examples of ceramic figurative art in southeastern Europe during the Upper Palaeolithic. (from Wikipedia)

I have been wanting to hike to this cave for a few years. I finally made the hike and I plan on going back during a better time to take photos. The hike was fairly easy, but the trail is poorly marked and there are side trails all over the place. After visiting the cave I went exploring and ran into several groups that lost the trail to the cave guided then back to the correct location. The cave itself is large but also popular so don’t expect to have it by yourself. I went with my dog and there are lots of cacti so which she managed to avoided but if you bring your dog or kids be sure to watch out. For this photo I wanted to show clouds streaking by but even with my little stopper I couldn’t get much movement because the air was so still.

Cave Dale, near Castleton, Peak District,Derbyshire, UK, May 2020

The Blaiskaith Waterfall tumbles gently over the now disused “Linn Caves” which were created around the 1850s for the extraction of Limestone, the caves can be entered with due care and recede some distance behind the waterfall.

The Vari Cave, also known as Pan Cave and Cave Archedimou is cave on the southern slopes of Mount Hymettus in Attica , north of Vari . The cave is an important archaeological site as the interior is decorated by the sculptor Thireos Archedimo the 5th century BC .. The cave in ancient times was a place of worship, Apollo and Pan. The cave excavations made in 1901 by the American School of Classical Studies at Athens .

 

The cave is located on the hill bed, at an altitude of 260 meters in the north Weights, on the southern slopes of Mount Hymettus. The cave is the Vari walk about one hour (5 km dirt road from the Military Academy ), but is more easily accessible from Voula and the road continues after the cemetery. Located a short distance from the small cave Sykia . The cave can not be visited for the public. Its opening, measuring 5 by 2 meters, is almost vertical and the rim carved steps that have now been destroyed. The main hall of the cave, with a length 26, width 23 and a height of 10 meters, was the sanctuary and the walls are carved steps and reliefs. Divided by a wall of stalactites in two parts.

 

The first traces of habitation in the cave dating from the 6th century BC According to the inscriptions in the cave, the cave reached sanctuary from Thireos sculptor Archedimo, who decorated and skalise steps, inscriptions and reliefs, the most important one that portrays him holding a chisel and hammer and a headless statue of the goddess seated on a throne . Ek then the cave was a place of worship until the 3rd century BC, when it was abandoned. .

 

The first for visiting the cave was the traveler Richard Chandler in 1765 and then visited by other tourists who passed from Attica, including Lord Byron . The cave conducted the period 1901-1902 excavations by the American School of Classical Studies at Athens , directed by Charles Weller. In the cave were discovered hundreds of lamps and reliefs, two of which are exposed to the Sculpture Collection of the National Archaeological Museum .

  

Benagil’s beautiful sea cave is listed in the world’s “Top 10 Coolest Caves” published this week by American online newspaper The Huffington Post.

Describing the natural rock formation, the website wrote: “You've probably seen pictures of Benagil’s sea cave before. To get to the iconic cave in the Algarve, you'll have to charter a local fishing boat, but we think the trip is well worth it.”

Benagil’s cave is actually one of many caves along Lagoa’s coastline but certainly the most stunning attracting hundreds of visitors each summer.

Benagil caves were also on a list of the “50 Most Breathtaking Places to Visit Before You Die” by Singaporean website The Smart Local in February.

A number of boat trips to visit the caves are offered by local companies based at Benagil beach.

The American website has already praised Ponta da Piedade in Lagos describing it as “possibly the most beautiful beach on Earth” and Lisbon as one of the “nine best European cities to visit with friends”.

 

The Huffington Post’s Top 10 Coolest Caves Around the World.

This photo is of the cave boat journey, there is a small waterfall after leaving the cave exit but the boat drivers know when to spin the tour boat around just in time before going over the falls. I was disappointed with the colour of the river as I had seen many photos of the beautiful turquoise colour of the water but my journey there was interrupted with rains that changed this river to a mud colour.

The cave itself is an interesting adventure as you climb through the cave and then take a boat tour inside, the rains had made it very humid in the cave but as usual I had a hidden cerveza in my camera bag that made the boat journey comfortable! The whole adventure takes almost an hour, lucky for me once exiting the boat it was only a short walk for a snack and another cerveza.

At least the rains made the vegetation very nice and lush and full of colour.

Please view & enjoy (L)

 

Third largest cave in the US

Devetashka - the Bulgarian Cave with 70,000 Years of Human Habitation

 

Devetashka cave is an enormous cave in Bulgaria, which has provided shelter for groups of humans since the late Paleolithic era, and continuously for tens of thousands of years since then. Now abandoned by humans, it remains a site of national and international significance and is home to some 30,000 bats.

Devetashka cave, which is known as Devetàshka peshterà in Bulgaria, is located roughly 18 kilometres north of Lovech, near the village of Devetaki. It is a karst cave formed from the dissolution of soluble rocks and characterized by sinkholes, caves, and underground drainage systems.

The cave itself is immense, measuring approximately 2 kilometres in length and with a huge entrance ‘hall’ measuring 60 metres in height. In places the ceiling is 100 metres above the ground and there are seven huge holes through which daylight illuminates the vast interior. It is these holes that earned the cave the name Maarata or Oknata ("the eyes").

About 200 meters from the entrance, the cave separates into two branches. On the left side, a small river runs along it, forming miniature lakes and waterfalls, passing through the main hall and eventually flowing into the Osam River. The right side is warm and dry and contains several chambers, ending with a round hall, known as the Altar. Beautiful stalactites and stalagmites, rivulets, majestic natural domes and arches can be found within the enormous cave and one can see why various human populations would have chosen Devetashka as their home.

Devetashka Cave was rediscovered by a Bulgarian scientist in 1921 but was not fully excavated until the 1950s when the intention was to transform the cave into a giant warehouse. Studies revealed that it has been inhabited almost continuously since the late Paleolithic era. The earliest traces of human presence date back to the middle of the Early Stone Age around 70,000 years ago. The Devetashka cave also contained one of the richest sources of cultural artifacts from the Neolithic (6th millennium - 4th millennium B C).

In June, 1996, Devetashka Cave was declared a natural landmark. The cave is probably best known for its part in the action movie ‘The Expendables 2’, filmed in 2011, in which Sylvester Stallone crash lands a plane into Jean Claude Van Damme’s subterranean lair.

 

We were pleasantly surprised to find this cave at the end of a short, flat trail through woods. Ash Cave is a horseshoe shaped recess cave measuring 700 feet from end to end, 100 feet deep from the rear cave wall to its front edge and 90 feet high. It was named for the massive piles of ashes found there by the first settlers in the area. (www.hockinghills.com/ash_cave.html) Its interesting history includes several theories on how the ashes got there. In any case, we were glad for the shelter it provided from the intermittent pouring rain.

Fire cave has an entrance at both ends, allowing you to shoot Windstone Arch from both directions. Headroom is equally poor from both entrances

Rydal Cave is situated on Loughrigg Fell and is actually a man-made cavern, which was formerly known as Loughrigg Quarry. The cave has been hollowed out of a rocky outcrop which overlooks picturesque Rydal Water. Over two hundred years ago, Rydal Cave was a busy working quarry supplying excellent quality roofing slate to the surrounding local villages.

 

The cave forms a dramatic mini ampitheatre, the entrance framed by jutting, angular rocks, much of which is now flooded by a stagnant pool, which abounds with small fish and insect life and can be accessed by a short walk along Loughrigg Fell, ample parking is provided at the nearby car park at White Moss Common on the A591.

 

Several large blocks of stone have recently fallen from the ceiling of the cave (2009). Visitors are advised for safety reasons to keep out, anyone doing so enters at their own risk.

 

Thanks to English Lakes for the history lesson and information on the location.

   

Inside the cave bar that was in my previous post!

A great experience that made possible a wonderful adventure!

Qumran (Hebrew: קומראן‎‎; Arabic: خربة قمران‎‎ Khirbet Qumran) is an archaeological site in the West Bank managed by Israel's Qumran National Park.[1] It is located on a dry plateau about 1.5 km (1 mi) from the northwestern shore of the Dead Sea, near the Israeli settlement and kibbutz of Kalya. The Hellenistic period settlement was constructed during the reign of John Hyrcanus, 134-104 BCE or somewhat later, and was occupied most of the time until it was destroyed by the Romans in 68 CE or shortly after. It is best known as the settlement nearest to the Qumran Caves where the Dead Sea Scrolls were hidden, caves in the sheer desert cliffs and beneath, in the marl terrace. The principal excavations at Qumran were conducted by Roland de Vaux in the 1950s, though several later unearthings at the site have since been carried out. (Wikipedia)

Another shot from inside the London Bridge cave at just before sunset. Worth a trip if you can combine good light and low tide.

This cave shot was taken driving from the Canterbury plains to the mountain foothills on the way to Porters ski field (Aotearoa New Zealand)... my mate and I wandered down the slope to explore the cave.. inside it was vast with a swiftly flowing stream ... we talked about doing a caving trip with a few others as it was so cool and beautiful inside and after all we are adventurers.... but hey, we're still to do it... but looking forward to it next summer maybe :-))

Ancient cave is a residence and burial site of prehistoric people, located on limestone mountains in the primeval forest of Cuc Phuong National Park, Nho Quan district, Ninh Binh province. Nguoi Xua is also known by the Muong as a bastard because it is home to many species of bats. This cave is located near the traffic axis through Cuc Phuong National Forest and is the main tourist attraction in the journey to Cuc Phuong.

Mossy Cave and Waterfalls is a great way to have a nice gentle and easy "preview" of a more serious hike within Bryce Canyon National Park.

 

The cave and waterfall is located right off Scenic Rt 12 about 3.5 miles west of Tropic and East of Bryce Canyon Entrance off Rt 63.

The caves run deep into the hillside above West Wycombe village and directly beneath St Lawrence's Church and Mausoleum (which were also constructed by Sir Francis Dashwood around the same time the caves were excavated). West Wycombe Park, ancestral seat of the Dashwood family and also a National Trust property, lies directly across the valley. The caves' striking entrance, designed as the façade of a mock gothic church and built from flint and chalk mortar, which was erected in around 1752, can be viewed directly from West Wycombe House.

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