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A word I learned from watching HBO docu on global warming Ice On Fire #iceonfire #savetheearth #redwoodforestfoundation #biochar #amaziograph #polamatic #digitalpainting #mobiledigitalart #mag_mobileartgroup #appwhisperer

Biochar is a highly porous carbon-rich material produced by pyrolysis of biomass. The SEM image shows micropores in a wood-derived biochar sample. Due to its unique properties such as high porosity, large surface area, and presence of negatively charged organic functional groups, biochar is used as adsorbent for the removal of various contaminants in soil and wastewater. Biochar is a simple yet powerful tool for soil and waste management, energy production, and C-sequestration to mitigate climate change.


Courtesy of Dr. Ravi Sidhu , University of Manitoba


Image Details

Instrument used: Quanta SEM

Magnification: 4000x

Horizontal Field Width: 5

Vacuum: 100 Pa

Voltage: 10kV

Spot: 3.0

Working Distance: 9.3

Detector: LFD


Porous Biochar particle imaged at high vacuum on MLA 650 FEG. Image is a 50/50 mix of SE and BSE using XT software.


Courtesy of Mr. Dylan Goudie , Memorial University of Newfoundland


Image Details

Instrument used: MLA

Magnification: 690x

Horizontal Field Width: 216um

Vacuum: 5 x 10^-6 Torr (high vacuum)

Voltage: 15 kV

Spot: 4.5

Working Distance: 13.3 mm

Detector: 50/50 Mix of SE/BSE


R14 of Get Pushed turned out to be an interesting quest. I was paired with Skinbops . Like many of us, he stalks the world around him from behind the lens and captures some magnificent images and moments. He is definitely a gentleman with an inquisitive mind and keen eye. Love his sense of humour as well.


"OK, My challenge to you is for you to take an image depicting an industrial scene but in a gritty urban style. " Sounds straight forward enough, right? A little tougher than I thought, as is often the case in these Pushes. We have plenty of manufacturing in this city, but industry?.......not so much. I toyed with the idea of taking photos in a scrap yard then had a discussion with my youngest son. He mentioned an apparently abandoned plant that was reputed to have been built several years back to extract fuel from wood. My interest was immediately piqued.


There was one nearly sunny (and approaching warm) day last week so I gathered up my camera gear and tripod and headed to the location. The high chain link fence with the barbed wire around the top made me decide that trying to get on the property might not be prudent. The No Trespassing sign on the gate by the overgrown road in was also a subtle I'd have to click photos from afar through the fence.


Now I had to find out something about what this plant was for.....why was it abandoned? Exactly what was the history?


Good old Google. Dynamotive Energy Systems Corporation was founded in 1990 to develop and commercialize technologies that improve industrial efficiency while solving major environmental problems. The company was incorporated and commenced operations in Canada in 1991, went public in 1996 and is currently traded on the Over-The-Counter Bulletin Board (OTC:BB) under the symbol DYMTF.


Since inception, Dynamotive has successfully commercialized two technologies: a motion control system for automotive stud welding and DynaPower industrial metal cleaning systems. The firm is well into the process of bringing a third technology to the market, a Fast Pyrolysis process for producing BioOil from organic waste.


In 1996, the Company licensed the Fast Pyrolysis process from Resource Transforms International Ltd. (RTI), a partner company located in Waterloo, Ontario. Dynamotive then began to focus exclusively on the Fast Pyrolysis process and its derivative products. In February of 2000, the Company acquired the exclusive worldwide Pyrolysis patents from RTI to consolidate its position as a world leader in BioOil production technology.


In early 2006, ground breaking for the Guelph Plant commenced and an upgrade to improve the reliability and increase the output of the West Lorne plant also commenced. A research facility and laboratory looking into further uses for BioOil and BioChar was opened in Waterloo, Ontario under the guidance of Dr. Desmond Radlein. A master license was granted to Renewable Oil Corporation (ROC) to develop markets in Australia.


In 2007, the Guelph plant was completed. At the same time, the 15TPD(Tonne Per Day) Pilot Plant and 2TPD Test Plant were moved to Guelph, Ontario. Dynamotive continued to expand its operations by opening offices in the US, and Argentina.


I may be wrong, but as far as I was able to determine, the plant was never in operation.


There were plans to begin production at the Guelph plant in late 2010, but to date, it still remains inactive.


I used a little experiment with HDR to give this photo a more ominous atmosphere. I combined 4 different exposures along with a low key black and white version.


Thanks for the Push Skin! It turned out to be an educational journey!


Session by @Noiseprofessor today, broadcast on #ds106radio

He's big on propagation and only interested in plants you can eat.

When choosing forest garden plants, consider useful plants; that are useful for food, fibre, dye, medicine, forgagers, soil building.

He likes the book by Fukuoka, One Straw Revolution aka Do Nothing Farming

Mound Culture involves piling of organic matter. Hugelkultur is the use of woody waste.

I have an archive somewhere of the time @Noiseprofessor burnt up some woody matter in a closed system and successfully created biochar.

All the plants that live in an area and use each other's resources symbiotically are known as a guild. Food, feed, climbers, supporters, miners, groundcover, protectors. This can be seen in the forest with the canopy, low tree layer, shrubs, herbaceous layer, groundcover and roots.

A productive region of a forest garden is the edge because it has the most biodiversity between ranges. The edge effect is used to maximize the sun's influence while planning for succession; positive gradual edge.

This is one time where I think the visuals might have helped me because there were many words I had to look up and concepts that I'd like to explore further.


Luckily, he has a whole blog dedicated to learning more:

Carbon emissions can be sustainably offset by producing biochar from waste and residue biomass, as demonstrated in this schematic of the pyrolysis process to create biochar.


Terms of Use: Our images are freely and publicly available for use with the credit line, "Courtesy of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory." Please use provided caption information for use in appropriate context.

Biochar is a highly porous carbon-rich material produced by pyrolysis of biomass. The SEM image shows micropores in a wood-derived biochar sample. Due to its unique properties such as high porosity, large surface area, and presence of negatively charged organic functional groups, biochar is used as adsorbent for the removal of various contaminants in soil and wastewater. Biochar is a simple yet powerful tool for soil and waste management, energy production, and C-sequestration to mitigate climate change.


Courtesy of Dr. Ravi Sidhu , University of Manitoba


Image Details

Instrument used: Quanta SEM

Magnification: 3748x

Horizontal Field Width: 55.3

Vacuum: 2.37e-3 Pa

Voltage: 10kV

Spot: 3.0

Working Distance: 9.1

Detector: ETD


DILLARD, Oregon - Ken Carloni of the non-profit group, Yew Creek Land Alliance, is working with the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) to thin overcrowded conifer stands on his forest lands to restore oak habitat. Removing excess conifer opens up the canopy for oak trees so they no longer compete with conifers for water and sunlight. Thinning the forest also helps reduce the amount of forest fuels that can cause a catastrophic wildfire. Ken is using an innovative technique to burn the tree debris. Instead of doing a traditional open pile burn, which generates a lot of smoke, Ken cleanly burns the debris in a kiln that he designed himself, creating an end product called biochar. Biochar permanently sequesters carbon and returns nutrients to the soil to bolster soil microbial activity. Ken is the first landowner in Oregon to utilize the biochar enhancement as part of his contract through the NRCS' Conservation Stewardship Program. The technology for using biochar in this capacity was developed through a Conservation Innovation Grant between NRCS and the South Umpqua Rural Community Partnership. NRCS photo by Tracy Robillard, Aug. 28, 2019.

. . . can you imagen: this huge machine is necesarry to take away the outer husk of every single rice grain! This is the dirtiest and dustiest workplace I´ve ever seen in my life! Without going through this process you cannot eat rice!



A rice huller or rice husker is an agricultural machine used to automate the process of removing the chaff (the outer husks) of grains of rice. Throughout history, there have been numerous techniques to hull rice. Traditionally, it would be pounded using some form of mortar and pestle. An early simple machine to do this is a rice pounder. Later even more efficient machinery was developed to hull and polish rice. These machines are most widely developed and used throughout Asia where the most popular type is the Engelberg huller designed by German Brazilian engineer Evaristo Conrado Engelberg in Brazil and first patented in 1885.


The Engelberg huller uses steel rollers to remove the husk. Other types of huller include the disk or cono huller which uses an abrasive rotating disk to first remove the husk before passing the grain to conical rollers which polish it, this is done repeatedly since other sides of circular side of rice are not husked. Rubber rollers may be used to reduce the amount of breakage of the grains, so increasing the yield of the best quality head rice, but the rubber rollers tend to require frequent replacement, which can be a significant drawback.


Rice hulls (or rice husks) are the hard protecting coverings of grains of rice. In addition to protecting rice during the growing season, rice hulls can be put to use as building material, fertilizer, insulation material, or fuel. Rice hulls are part of the chaff of the rice.



Rice hulls are the coatings of seeds, or grains, of rice. The husk protects the seed during the growing season and is formed from hard materials, including opaline silica and lignin. The hull is hard to eat or swallow and mostly indigestible to humans because of its enriched fibre components. However, some poor people in ancient China made a type of pastry which mixes rice husks, wild vegetables, and soybean powder as the portion of daily food for satisfying the hunger, especially during periods of drought and crop-failure. One idiom, cereals hulls and vegetables as the chow of a half year, is to describe people suffering with economic hardships and food shortage. Winnowing, used to separate the rice from hulls, is to put the whole rice into a pan and throw it into the air while the wind blows. The light hulls are blown away while the heavy rice fall back into the pan. Later pestles and a simple machine called a rice pounder were developed to remove hulls. In 1885 the modern rice hulling machine was invented in Brazil. During the milling processes, the hulls are removed from the raw grain to reveal whole brown rice, which may then sometimes be milled further to remove the bran layer, resulting in white rice.




Combustion of rice hulls affords rice husk ash (acronym RHA). This ash is a potential source of amorphous reactive silica, which has a variety of applications in materials science. Most of the ash is used in the production of Portland cement. When burnt completely, the ash can have a Blaine number of as much as 3,600 compared to the Blaine number of cement (between 2,800 and 3,000), meaning it is finer than cement. Silica is the basic component of sand, which is used with cement for plastering and concreting. This fine silica will provide a very compact concrete. The ash also is a very good thermal insulation material. The fineness of the ash also makes it a very good candidate for sealing fine cracks in civil structures, where it can penetrate deeper than the conventional cement sand mixture.


A number of possible uses for RHA include absorbents for oils and chemicals, soil ameliorants, a source of silicon, insulation powder in steel mills, as repellents in the form of "vinegar-tar" release agent in the ceramics industry, as an insulation material. More specialized applications include the use of this material as a catalyst support.


Goodyear announced plans to use rice husk ash as a source for tire additive.


Rice hulls are a low-cost material from which silicon carbide "whiskers" can be manufactured. The SiC whiskers are then used to reinforce ceramic cutting tools, increasing their strength tenfold.



In Kerala, India, charcoal from Rice husks (Umikari in Malayalam) were universally used for over centuries in cleaning teeth, before toothpaste replaced it.



Rice hulls can be used in brewing beer to increase the lautering ability of a mash. Rice husk is also used in one step of traditional preparation processes of Kaoliang (Sorghum) liquid. After fermentation, rice husk can be added into the wine tank to increase the void, which is advantageous for distillation.



Rice hulls can be composted, but their high lignin content can make this a slow process. Sometimes earthworms are used to accelerate the process. Using vermicomposting techniques, hulls can be converted to fertilizer in about four months.


Rice hulls that are parboiled (PBH) are used as a substrate or medium for gardening, including certain hydrocultures. The hulls decay over time. Rice hulls allow drainage, and retain less water than growstones. It has been shown that rice hulls do not affect plant growth regulation.



Rice hulls are coated with fine-grained gunpowder and used as the main bursting charge in aerial fireworks shells.



With proper techniques, rice hulls can be burned and used to power steam engines. Some rice mills originally disposed of hulls in this way. Unfortunately the direct combustion of rice hulls produces large quantities of smoke. An alternative is gasification. Rice hulls are easily gasified in top-lit updraft gasifiers. The combustion of this rice hull gas produces a blue flame, and rice hull biochar makes a good soil amendment.



Rice hulls are used as a "press aid" to improve extraction efficiency of apple pressing.



Rice hulls are an inexpensive byproduct of human food processing, serving as a source of fiber that is considered a filler ingredient in pet foods.



Rice hulls are used as pillow stuffing. The pillows are loosely stuffed and considered therapeutic as they retain the shape of the head.



Rice hulls themselves are a class A thermal insulating material because they are difficult to burn and less likely to allow moisture to propagate mold or fungi. It is also used as roofing after mixing it with mud and water.



Rice hulls are also used to make particle boards and cardboard. The silica in rice husk make the particle boards less attractive to termites.



Yard clippings and agricultural waste smolder into char in FoST's biochar maker. Biochar helps fertilize soil and improves its ability to retain water.


Photo by Rob Goodier/E4C

Bags of fertilizer using differing amounts of components like biochar.

The Flickr Lounge-Yard Work


Can't think of a better way to spend Earth Day than to get outside and do some yard work. After we finished our yard work, we went to Trumansburg to visit Liam and his family. He showed Stu how to gather branches from the yard and burn them so he could have biochar for the garden. Here's what Biochar is:

Preparatory Sketches:


"In art history, charcoal was said to be used by many master artists in their preparatory drawings on the canvas before they added paint pigment, this is because charcoal lines are easily painted-over without affecting the color or tone of the overlaid paint. I like that charcoal is lightweight, I find that its dry carbon substance is great to use for shading and smudging in the shadow details of a drawing." ~Tomitheos


Press L on your keyboard.


Copyright © 2011 Tomitheos Photography - All Rights Reserved

Dr. Anna Curtenius Roosevelt, renowned archaeologist, Teddy Roosevelt's great-granddaughter at a Santarém archeological site.

ROSEBURG, Oregon -- Don Morrison was a participating landowner in a biochar project funded by an NRCS Conservation Innovation Grant. His farm produces some hay and timber with a large subsistence vegetable garden and orchard. Don makes compost from garden waste every year and imports manure for use in the compost piles. He adds biochar to these piles for increased soil benefits. Don makes his own biochar out of thinned tree debris from his forest land. A portion of his pasture was used as a test plot to try different mixes of biochar applications to see how they impacted forage production. NRCS photo by Tracy Robillard, Aug. 28, 2019.

Charcoal yeild from First burn

Construction stages

Least expensive way to introduce charcoal/biochar to your soil to lighten it up

MSU professor Wei Zhang, with a sample of biochar.

Container potatoes grown in a combination of switchgrass compost and Terra Preta. Terra Preta is a soil enrichment from charcoal. Update 07/15/2007

Our day of making a 6-bed rotating veggie garden. This was on 10 10 10, day of practical climate action.


The gardens are "Wicking", in which a 90mm slotted stormwater pipe is used to water the veggies from the BOTTOM of the garden Less water evaporation, less weeds - and MORE great fresh food.


Go to for more info

One Day Pathétique (1.3 x 2.9 metres) is painted on doubly primed canvas in acrylic. The geometrical scaffolding is double Golden Rectangle between upper and lower strips as in Pablo PIcasso's "Guernica&quot, this being superimposed upon a Mediaeval . Muslim TiIe Art pattern (e.g. as in the Alhambra, Spain). Using naked female forms the painting reveals a joyful hopeful, dawn to night, "one day in the life of Pyotr Tchaikovsky" interpretation of his so-called Pathétique Symphony number 6 (he died several weeks after its first performance). Tchaikovsky was very happy with this symphony and the "one day" interpretation explains why - from the dreamy awaking in the morning to the gentle slide into sleep at the end of a happy day spent in Russian forests and meadows.


The nude female figures make a nice variation to the intrinsically .blob-and-line elements of Jackson Pollock's abstract expressionism. For detailed description and discussion of the "One Day Pathétique” painting see Gideon Polya, ““One Day Pathétique” Symphony Painting. HOPE – Best Renewables Now Cost Same as Coal Power”. For details of related paintings by Gideon Polya see "Art for Peace, Planet, Mother & Child": .


I chanced upon the One Day" interpretation of Tchaikovsky's last Symphony number 6, the so-called Pathétique Symphony, while listening to the music as the sun rose over the beautiful Yarra River Valley, Meobourne, Australia. The soft opening was consitent with gentle awakrening and the memorable close when you struggle to hear thelast note was accordingly gently going off to sleep after a lovely day. - and in between the music variously describes sweeping grasslands, noon-day brilliance, the travails of our daily activities, late afternoon shadows, the brilliance of the stars ...


This optimistic interpretation has been used to garner optimism for our World threatened by man-made global warming. The technical solutions are already available - all that is lacking to save Humanity and the bIosphere is political will (see "Climate Crisis Facts & Required actions" c/- the Yarra Valley Climate Action Group :


Thus Climate Emergency Actions URGENTLY Required are:


1. Change of societal philosophy to one of scientific risk management and biological sustainability with complete cessation of species extinctions and zero tolerance for lying.


2. Urgent reduction of atmospheric CO2 to a safe level of about 300 ppm as recommended by leading climate and biological scientists.


3. Rapid switch to the best non-carbon and renewable energy (solar, wind, geothermal, wave, tide and hydro options that are currently roughly the same market cost as coal-based power, and indeed much cheaper than the true cost, of coal burning-based power ) and to energy efficiency, public transport, needs-based production, re-afforestation and return of carbon as biochar to soils coupled with correspondingly rapid cessation of fossil fuel burning, deforestation, methanogenic livestock production and population growth (the latter cessations being driven by Carbon Taxes that demand payment from polluters of the real cost of GHG pollution).


For a recent expert and optimistic statement by top US climate scientist Professor James Hansen (Columbia University, NASA's GISS) see “It’s possible to avert the climate crisis”, Countercurrents, 29 November 2009: ./hansen291109.htm .

A pay if forward loan for The recycling through active composting, vermicomposting and biochar creation of local biomass, agricultural, and food waste.



We are now experimenting with Biochar ( activated charcoal ) Charcoal mixed with cow and/or chicken manure and microorganism and apply about 5 % to every new planting. Also we start a field research on 5 former rice fields that we plow to mix the Biochar with the soil. This is a bigger project with about 10000 kilo of charcoal and 500 kilo cow manure +++


(click the like button of our "OM Kampot Permaculture Foodforest, Cambodia" Facebook page to stay updated)



This project will start around middle of July 2014

and you are welcome any time !

A pay if forward loan for The recycling through active composting, vermicomposting and biochar creation of local biomass, agricultural, and food waste.

A pay if forward loan for The recycling through active composting, vermicomposting and biochar creation of local biomass, agricultural, and food waste.

growing, algae, duckweed, bioreaction, clarification, hydroponic fertilizer, organic, fertilizer, deep water culture, raft, zooplankton, bioponica, algosolar, trough, pipes, vertical farming, sustainable, bioreactor, biofilter, clarifier, aquaculture, tilapia, guppies, crawfish, barramundi, red claw, spirulina, ebb and flow, deep water, nft, aquaponics, hydroponics, organic, fodder, fish feed,

Biochar is a porous carbon substance that helps increase the water-holding capacity of soil. USDA Forest Service photo by Deborah Page-Dumroese.

The raw materials that make up FoST's fuel briquettes can include office and newspaper and plant products. Experiments have included straw, tea, millet, banana peels, sugar cane, persimon, mushroom, pine needles, watermelon, rice husk, peanut shells and leaves and seeds of native plants.


Photo by Rob Goodier/E4C

Kids play ping pong on a slab of concrete at the Rejoice and Salvation in Trinity Services home for orphans, widows. The net is a line of bricks. Brick making is one of the region's largest industries.


Photo by Rob Goodier/E4C

Conversion of human waste into biochar using pyrolysis at community-scale facility in Kenya

Climate Foundation, Cornell University, Sanergy, Tide Technocrats, and the Prasino Group

USA & Kenya

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