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Animism encompasses the belief that there is no separation between the spiritual and physical (or material) world, and souls or spirits exist, not only in humans, but also in some other animals, plants, rocks, geographic features such as mountains, or other entities of the natural environment, including thunder, wind, and oceans.

 

The soul, in many religious, philosophical and mythological traditions, is the incorporeal and, in many conceptions, immortal essence of a living thing. According to most of the Abrahamic religions, immortal souls belong only to human beings. For example, the Catholic theologian Thomas Aquinas attributed "soul" (anima) to all organisms but argued that only human souls are immortal. Other religions (most notably Jainism and Hinduism) teach that all biological organisms have souls, and others teach that even non-biological entities (such as oceans and mountains) possess souls. This latter belief is called animism.

 

www.cameralenscompare.com/photoAwardsCounterDetails.aspx?...

 

Beyond reason, beyond belief, beyond all humanity

This belief has strained our longing disastrously. This is so lonely since it is human longing that makes us holy. The most beautiful thing about us is our longing; this longing is spiritual and has great depth and wisdom. If you focus your longing on a faraway divinity, you put an unfair strain on your longing. (...) Yet we do not need to put any strain on our longing. If we believe that the body is in the soul and the soul is divine ground, then the presence of the divine is completely here, close with us."

 

John O'Donohue

 

myhealingmoments.blogspot.com.es/2014/03/day-512.html

Sorry I have been on holiday. Will take time to catch up on all my contacts photos.

Probably the most famous tree in Bangor. Rihanna shot one of her music videos near this tree.

 

(Northern Ireland)

  

Back in 1996 I had the privilege to met Nelson Mandela in Johannesburg, South Africa. He was so charming. This timeless Great Man, called Madiba by his people, represents what I most admire in a human being. Passion, belief, strength, compassion, tolerance, dignity, humanity.

And Freedom.

 

To Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela, a Man for All Seasons

   

Whatever your belief, religion or philosophy, it's clear that on the other side things will never be the same.

 

( thanks to Marcus Ranum for the girl )

We had this belief about photography, but that's about to disappear because of the computer. I actually welcome this development; I'd like to think that more overt recognition and discussion of the manipulation which has always been inherent in photographic representation is healthy.

 

~Esther Parada - Writing in 1993 about her work with digital photographs.

 

P.S. Non-HDR-processed / Non-GND-filtered ● Black Card Technique 黑卡作品

A belief in hell and the knowledge that every ambition is doomed to frustration at the hands of a skeleton have never prevented the majority of human beings from behaving as though death were no more than an unfounded rumor.

 

Aldous Huxley

  

Our discarded beliefs have much to teach us, if only we could recall them.

   

Treat the earth well: it was not given to you by your parents, it was loaned to you by your children. We do not inherit the Earth from our Ancestors, we borrow it from our Children.

    

many believe thru prayer we attain peace,,

suspending belief for a moment

allowing time to slip by

permitting all senses to be spent

without ever asking why

 

P.J.McAdie

cog·ni·tive dis·so·nance (noun; PSYCHOLOGY)

1. the state of having inconsistent thoughts, beliefs, or attitudes, esp. as relating to behavioral decisions and attitude change.

 

(the title of this piece is a chorus line from the popular song by Tears for Fears, Shout)

 

-=-

 

the geek behind the curtain: all shots and layers in this photo art assemblage were taken candidly with a hand-held, point-and-shoot camera and developed by myself with the free (open source) graphics manipulation program called GIMP.

 

true confessions: this was a candid hand-held shot (cliche) taken from the passenger seat of the car as we were passing this guy (possibly cliche) on the sidewalk -- making it "real street photography" (ridiculous). later converted to black and white (cliche). then texture layers were added (cliche)

 

if i were a serious badass street photographer (with, say, a Nikon D90 or something) this guy would be screaming while he was being dragged away by police during a riot or pro-human-rights protest. and i might feel heroic for having been there to document it.

 

actually he was just yawning and adjusting the collar of his jacket as i snapped it.

 

i'm not gonna get into how that makes me feel.

“The belief that one's own view of reality is the only reality is the most dangerous of all delusions”

Paul Watzlawick

  

Autogrill

 

per la settimana dal 20 al 26 Marzo Rob Brezsny consiglia:

 

Aquarius (January 20- February 18) for renquedochan

No one really knows when the Piscean Age ends and the Aquarian Age begins. Astrologers have been arguing about the issue for years. But here's what to watch for: When the transition gets underway, fewer and fewer people will be invested in belief systems, and an ever-growing contingent will thrive on asking questions and keeping an open mind. For those of us in the latter category -- the Aquarian Agers -- we will prize the virtues of curiosity. We will avoid being addicted to dogmatic theories and rigid certainties, knowing that they tend to shut down our fluid intelligence. We will get a kick out of shedding our own emotional biases so that we can strive to be more objective in our understanding of the ever-evolving truth. I mention this, Aquarius, because it is an excellent time for you to charge headlong toward the Aquarian Age.

  

Ariete (21 marzo - 19 aprile)

Il terremoto che colpì San Francisco nel 1906 distrusse anche la città di Santa Rosa. Durante i lavori di ricostruzione, Frank Doyle – un uomo d'affari che si definiva un "paladino del futuro" – fece una proposta avveniristica. "La nuova strada che attraversa Santa Rosa dovrà essere più ampia", disse Doyle. "Così ci sarà spazio anche per quella novità tecnologica chiamata automobile". Prendi a esempio la sua lungimiranza, Ariete. Quando ricostruirai e rinnoverai il tuo mondo, crea l'equivalente metaforico di una strada più ampia. Diventa un paladino del futuro.

 

Toro (20 aprile - 20 maggio)

Alcuni alchimisti medievali cercarono di arricchirsi trasformando il piombo in oro. Ma i veri professionisti del settore erano interessati a esperimenti più raffinati, come sviluppare e abbellire il lato oscuro della loro mente. Il loro motto era: "Perché i rami di un albero raggiungano il cielo, le sue radici devono arrivare all'inferno". Questo significa, Toro, che per poter acquisire conoscenze e poteri spirituali più elevati dovrai scavare in profondità ed eliminare le tue caratteristiche meno attraenti. Le prossime settimane saranno un momento ottimo per realizzare quest'alchimia.

 

Gemelli (21 maggio - 20 giugno)

L'entomologo Justin O. Schmidt ha compilato un indice del dolore provocato dalle varie punture di insetti. Quella di un calabrone è "intensa, vigorosa, stritolante, simile al dolore che si prova quando la mano ti rimane incastrata in una porta girevole". La puntura di una vespa è "corrosiva e bruciante" con un "retrogusto amaro, come quando ti versi dell'acido muriatico su un taglio che ti sei fatto con la carta". L'ape, invece, può colpirti in modo "leggero, effimero, quasi fruttato: una piccola scintilla che ti brucia un pelo del braccio". Ti dico questo, Gemelli, nella speranza di risvegliare la tua anima ribelle. Il tuo compito è creare un indice altrettanto preciso e ricco di sfumature delle esperienze che ti fanno stare bene. Se proverai a elencare e a descrivere nei minimi dettagli le forme di piacere che hai a disposizione, accederai a enormi riserve di intelligenza.

 

Cancro (21 giugno - 22 luglio)

Un video su YouTube mostra un piccolo granchio appollaiato su una medusa gigantesca che nuota nel mare. A quanto pare succede spesso: i granchi della specie Cancer gracilis viaggiano gratis sulle meduse e gli rubano il cibo. Questa creatura dovrà essere il tuo modello, Cancerino. Cerca di sviluppare un rapporto simbiotico (anche temporaneo) con una grande creatura informe e urticante. O almeno cerca di scroccare qualche favore da un gigante sprovveduto.

 

Leone (23 luglio - 22 agosto)

"C'è un modo salutare di giocare d'azzardo: basta usare una vanga e una busta di semi", dice il comico Dan Bennett. Il tuo compito, Leone, è trovare altre tre forme di azzardo intelligente. Stai entrando in una fase del ciclo astrale particolare: se lascerai la tua zona di sicurezza e ti avventurerai oltrefrontiera, sarai ampiamente ricompensato. Per farlo dovrai armarti di astuzia e di una visione realistica (ma non cinica) del mondo. Ti prego, evita le imprese avventate, gli spari nel buio e i salti nell'ignoto dettati da una fede cieca.

 

Vergine (23 agosto - 22 settembre)

Qualche anno fa, uno scienziato polacco che lavorava in Antartide aveva così tanta nostalgia della sua donna che disegnò sul terreno ghiacciato una grande M con lo sterco di pinguino. Era la prima lettera del nome della sua amata, Magda. Grazie al potere fertilizzante degli escrementi, ancora oggi sulla M crescono due specie di piante da fiore. Il tuo compito per la prossima settimana, Vergine, è creare qualcosa di altrettanto unico e duraturo per qualcuno a cui tieni davvero.

 

Bilancia (23 settembre - 22 ottobre)

Se nei prossimi giorni ti troverai a guidare in autostrada, avrai più probabilità del solito di imbatterti nel punto in cui un camion ha perso alcune tonnellate di patatine fritte, migliaia di bottiglie di birra o un enorme carico di giocattoli erotici. Infatti, secondo la mia analisi dei presagi astrali, avrai a disposizione una risorsa troppo abbondante, che non ti appartiene o di cui non hai bisogno. E una delle forme che potrebbe assumere è proprio quella di un carico disperso. Che dovrai fare? Non lasciarti distrarre e continua a cercare quello che ti serve davvero nelle giuste quantità.

 

Scorpione (23 ottobre - 21 novembre)

Dopo un'attenta analisi, sono arrivato alla seguente conclusione: non dovrai scontare neanche un giorno all'inferno per le distruzioni terapeutiche che scatenerai questa settimana. Sempre secondo le mie ricerche astrali, è probabile che, sganciando le tue bombe, guadagnerai del credito karmico invece di perderlo. Però ti avverto: questi trattamenti d'urto dovranno nascere dall'amore, non dalla sete di potere. Inoltre assicurati di distruggere solo cose che non si possono più riparare o che causano dolore. E cerca di elaborare un piano per costruire qualcosa di nuovo e scintillante al posto di quello che è andato perduto.

 

Sagittario (22 novembre - 21 dicembre)

"Il mare che spesso ci minaccia talvolta è anche misericordioso", dice Ferdinando nella Tempesta di Shakespeare. "Ingiustamente l'avevo maledetto". Ti prego di considerare la possibilità di fare una dichiarazione simile a proposito di un elemento del tuo mondo. Cosa conosci di selvaggio e allo stesso tempo benefico? O di così primordiale da farti ritrovare le tue radici più profonde e ricordare cos'è veramente importante?

 

Capricorno (22 dicembre - 19 gennaio)

Studia bene queste parole: rifugio, santuario, bunker, asilo, fortezza, porto sicuro, riparo, zona di sicurezza, cantina, nascondiglio, ritiro, casa-famiglia, chiostro, cella, ashram, circolo privato, tana, trincea, nido, pozzo, sancta sanctorum. Ti serviranno a spiegare come pensi di aumentare la tua libertà e la tua sicurezza. Per esempio: "Quando avrò voglia di starmene da solo per rinnovarmi, mi rifugerò in un porto sicuro, non in un bunker". O "se avrò bisogno di sfuggire alla follia che mi circonda, andrò in pellegrinaggio in un santuario, non mi chiuderò in trincea".

 

Acquario (20 gennaio - 18 febbraio)

Gli astrologi discutono da anni su quando finirà l'era dei Pesci e comincerà quella dell'Acquario, ma nessuno lo sa veramente. Sappiamo, però, che dovremo stare attenti ad alcuni segnali: quando comincerà la transizione, diminuiranno le persone che accettano un sistema di credenze e aumenteranno quelle dalla mente aperta, pronte a fare sempre nuove domande. Chi fa parte della seconda categoria, gli Acquariani, apprezzerà la curiosità. Eviterà le teorie dogmatiche e le certezze incrollabili, sapendo che offuscano la nostra intelligenza. Proverà piacere a liberarsi da ogni pregiudizio emotivo per dedicarsi con maggiore obiettività alla ricerca di una verità in continua evoluzione. Te lo dico, Acquario, perché è il momento di gettarti a capofitto in questa nuova era.

 

Pesci (19 febbraio - 20 marzo)

Negli ultimi anni alcuni dei più fortunati best seller giapponesi sono stati scritti sui cellulari. Le dimensioni ridotte dello schermo favoriscono uno stile conciso. Le lunghe descrizioni sono rare e lo sviluppo dei personaggi è molto rapido. Sono convinto che nelle prossime settimane avrai una capacità simile a quella dei romanzieri da cellulare, Pesci. Sarai capace di comprimere materiale complesso in forme più semplici. Avrai il dono di essere molto creativo e al tempo stesso di eliminare i fronzoli per ridurre tutto all'essenziale.

There are so many questions one may have on any given day. This is a new day in a new year, but although the numbers have changed, it is just another day.

Understand

to achieve anything

requires faith

and belief in yourself,

vision,

hard work,

determination,

and dedication."

-Gail Devers

 

Remember

all things are possible

for those who believe.”

 

- Ge Dela Cruz, A mentor, a respected friend, a gifted artist.

 

A photography connoisseur.

  

Song Zan Lin Si, Shangri-La

A Tibetan Buddhist Temple

Oldest, second largest after Pudala Temple

 

Yunnan Province, People's Republic Of China

 

View Large | Mythical Shangri-La Set | Explore, Interestingness Set | Explore: Front Page Set

 

(Explore #31 March 31, 2009)

(Explore Front Page March 31, 2009)

   

Reworked for HSS!! A couple more of yesterday's playtime below..

A lot of exploring and accessing certain locations is all by luck, one day something could be locked down beyond belief, everyone says its not doable, its too risky etc. Yet you could walk by the next day and the front door has been left ajar and you can waltz right in. If you do strike gold you know you have to be quick to react and have to get on it. You cant be making excuses. You will never know how long this will last. You have to make the most out this type of situation when it arises, and take all that you can from it. Obviously you only come across situations like this by going out and about constantly checking anything and everything, not by sitting at home on a forum, watching your phone for someone to text you the next big thing or by browsing blogs adding locations to your shopping list.

 

Many situations like this can be handled in a lot of different ways. The way anyone handles this will be different and will be based on how they think or what their goal, or aim is. My personal goal would be to pro-long the length of time this so called location can be accessed in the same manor, especially if it is easy. This not only means you can enjoy it yourself, but you can share this with others over time. Obviously you have to think who you will want to take or tell. This is as people will have different, I am not saying the wrong incentive, but just different goals to your own. This can lead to a place being made hot or getting sealed. Its a knock on effect of someone knowing, they tell their select few, then that select few tells their selected friends, or co-explorers etc. Quickly 1 person turns into 9. As much as you think you could trust those people you told, somewhere down the line it will be leaked. There will be that one person who wont think about the safe keeping of the information, and therefor everything will be ruined.

 

Its always that person who wont think about said things properly, who will always be the first to complain and winge that they weren't told about a lead. But this then arises another question. If people were told about a 'hot' or 'risky' location being doable in some way, would they actually leave their computer to check it out? Would they go and find this way in? Would they venture into the unknown? Would they take a risk? Or would they only visit if someone had posted a 28dayslater thread, with step by step instructions with every last detail of how to access the said location? Would they also need to be told its risk free and they wont get into any trouble by following this elite exploration manual?

 

People will obviously disagree with this whole statement, but the vast majority of you so called 'explorers' hardly explore, you never tread the unknown, you dont find any leads, you dont push any boundaries. Yet you all want to be the next big thing posting something with in hours of arriving home and wanting to get mad props for your write up. I just find that most of you lack any motivation because you might have a few wasted nights checking shit for yourselves. You all seem to hate the thought that you will come home empty handed and will have no content to do a post on. Yet you expect a certain few to go out every week, bust their nuts finding leads, slaving to find ways in, taking any risks involved, to then just turn around and give all of this work condensed into a digestible packet for you to use. So for future reference, dont run your mouth saying people have done something bad and are wrong because they havent told you about a location being open pr easy. Instead go out and use your time wisely and you wont miss out the cream of the crop...

► ya de regreso en Flickr, aprovecho para felicitaros el Año Nuevo y desearos una magnífica producción fotográfica durante estos próximos 12 meses.

► already back on Flickr, I take this opportunity to congratulate the New Year and wish you a wonderful photographic production over the next 12 months.

 

Much better on blackMucho mejor sobre fondo negro

The Best of 2009 Video

 

Please don't use this image on websites, blogs or other media without my explicit permission. ©jesuscm. All rights reserved

Did you say "Digital Photography"? Magical!, isn't it? Nah?

 

Whatever your style,

whatever your taste and

whatever your belief

Nothing beats the lights from above!!!

 

This represents something very special to me. The magical arrival of a son due in a couple of months.

 

Nikon D300, Nikkor 18-200mm @200mm, f/16, 1/125s, ISO 100, Hoya circular Polarizer, 3stops GND, 8stops ND filter

 

Thank you for your visits, comments and support. Have a nice one :)

 

I Don't Wanna Miss a Thing - Aerosmith

'Dewdrop' ~

by Jill Eisnaugle...

 

A sense of hope beyond belief

Perched high above the lawn

A dewdrop, resting on a leaf

Appears each day at dawn

Our sign that God is always near

This symbol of His grace

Was once an angel’s fallen tear

We are meant to embrace.

  

This tiny dewdrop holds the key

To what life has in store

For those of us who vow to be

Much better than before

This cherished gift God humbly shares

Upon each chosen leaf

Confirms how much He truly cares –

And longs to heal our grief.

  

A sense of hope beyond belief

When nighttime hours are done

A dewdrop, resting on a leaf

Glows ‘neath the rising sun

This gift from God, so calm and pure

Below the sky of blue

Freshens the soul while we endure

The day that will ensue.

 

© 2006 – Jill Eisnaugle’s Poetry Collection

  

It is a widespread belief in the western world that crying is therapeutic and also the converse, that failure to cry is a danger to our health. Randolph Cornelius (1986) systematically analysed the content of popular articles on weeping in the press from 1850 to 1985 and found a major theme was that crying was considered an important means of releasing physiological tensions; if it wasn't released, it would find an outlet in some other way, such as affecting the person's body and possibly causing disease. 94% of articles recommended letting tears flow.

 

Psychotherapists and counsellors from nearly every school or persuasion regard crying during the process of therapy as constructive rather than destructive, though there may be some exceptions to this general rule such as depression, some neuropsychological conditions and manipulative crying. Sometimes a patient enters the therapy office for the first session and may cry with relief within minutes in the presence of the therapist, who is effectively a total stranger. Often patients who cry during sessions whilst talking about subjects of crucial emotional importance to them, spontaneously say how much better they feel or may report in the next session how they were upset at the time but felt much better afterwards. Whereas in normal life people may try to steer others away from crying, in therapy the psychologist often steers into crying.

A thought without belief has no power,

a thought with belief can start a war

Mooji

 

When you listen to a thought,

you are aware not only of the thought

but also of yourself as the witness of the thought.

A new dimension of consciousness has come in."

Tolle

 

Fill your mind with sacred thoughts, or neurotic ones will plague you.

Marianne Williamson

 

for the Art Uni International Magical Background Competition

 

- FACEBOOK

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© Claudio Mufarrege 2012 - All rights reserved / Todos los derechos reservados

 

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(Regardless of the beliefs of each person, dedicated with love to all those people of good will)

 

"Those who truly seek God, within the sanctuaries drown." Anonymous

"Do not ask for a light load, ask for a strong back." Theodore Roosevelt

"We need to feel the hand of God in the own back to be His hand on the backs of another." P.Zeisseg

  

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(Con independencia de las creencias de cada persona, dedicada con amor a todos aquellos de buena voluntad)

 

"Los que de veras buscan a Dios, dentro de los santuarios se ahogan." Anónimo

"No pidas una carga ligera, pide unas espaldas fuertes." Theodore Roosevelt

"Es necesario sentir la mano de Dios en la propia espalda para poder ser su mano en la espalda de los otros." P.Zeisseg

  

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[On Black - En Negro] / [Most recent /Más recientes] / [ Po r t f o l i o ]/ [Twitter me]/[Your work in my Galleries] / [My works chosen by you (your galleries)]

 

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Thanks for all the comments, faves and invites!!.

Gracias por los comentarios, favoritos e invitaciones!!

 

Live your beliefs and you can turn the world around.

~Thoreau

I believe that there is a subtle magnetism in Nature, which, if we unconsciously yield to it, will direct us aright.

 

~ Henry David Thoreau

 

take a look on black

 

Macro Mondays: belief

 

Location: Barudi, Narayanganj, Bangladesh

  

Gods and Beliefs 1

       

Tanade ( Tanahat) church Թանահատ

 

The Tanahat once was one of the most famous monasteries in Syunik region ( ARMENIA). This complex achieved the peak of its fame in the 13th -14th centuries, as the prominent Gladzor University is supposed to have been here. The university hosted many famous scholars and its graduates besides the religious studies, were engaged in science and manuscript writing. It was the art school of Gladzor which represented the Armenian miniature painting in a new way.

George Bernard Shaw quotation . It refers to my belief that we can, we must.....believe for a healthy Earth, more highly evolved Earthlings. Expecting the worst never brought good results for me, and I am determined now to believe for good things, expect good things. It's so easy to look around and see with our eyes the Earth getting sicker, the end getting closer. But we are "little pieces of God" (Wayne Dyer) , even as a drop of our blood contains our makeup (DNA). If we call upon our Creator, who loves us and all the Earth, and determine to have faith "as a grain of mustard seed".....we can turn things around! Let's try it. Let's envision a healthy planet, people who care about each other and all living things. Let's speak words of faith and positivity. Let's see the essence of God in a sunset and a tree; be still and feel HIs Presence.

I'm not a churchgoer, but I am a Believer. Who senses the impossible miracle of life, and is very grateful.

 

Copyright warning: All the pictures in my stream are my exclusive property and not to be used by any other person , business or entity without written terms and permissions. Please contact me if you are interested in this photo.

“It's my belief that history is a wheel. 'Inconstancy is my very essence,' says the wheel. Rise up on my spokes if you like, but don't complain when you're cast back down into the depths. Good times pass away, but then so do the bad. Mutability is our tragedy, but it's also our hope. The worst of times, like the best, are always passing away.”

 

Boethius - Itay (0479-0524)

My daughters on their snorkels at the Ancient Thermal

pool ( Turkey ) .

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I don't push my Christian beliefs to family members. The more I push the idea of God to them, the more I get the opposite reaction , they'll keep a distance , even run away from even the slightest chance to believing . So the best way is to leave it to Lord's time, keep them in the intercessions , standing for them before the Lord praying not one should perish . We just take the role as the sower ( Parable of the sower ) and let God take care of the seeds we've sown . We can't save our friends / family members and make them accept Christ on the spot as we share the gospel. It doesn't always work that way . That to some Christians, they get crazy if the family member refused and sometimes get argumentative. I was one of those, and that was when I was young in faith. Scaring them about hell, end time topics which to my understanding wouldn't work unless God open their spiritual eyes. Instead, it may end up as subject of ridicule to the ones of less understanding. Only God the father can draw people in to Christ according to His will and timing. We just have to do the work according to our calling.

 

John 6:37

"All that the Father giveth me shall come to me; and him that cometh to me I will in no wise cast out."

 

What comes to mind was the testimony of near death experience of Ian Mac Cormack, a former Atheist. His mother stood for him in her prayers that on his tragic moments facing death, he was given a chance to received Jesus and repent. He died and seen hell, but Jesus took him from the pits of hell to heavenly realm.

 

Myself haven't seen the real heaven either, but every miracle I have experienced and the impossible made possible by God's intervention are levels of heaven to me . Therefore His word assuring us of heaven and eternal glory must be reserve at the end awaiting for everyone that loves the Lord.

 

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The Magi (play /ˈmædʒaɪ/;[1] Greek: μάγοι, magoi), also referred to as the (Three) Wise Men, (Three) Kings, or Kings from the East, were, according to Christian beliefs, a group of distinguished foreigners who visited Jesus after his birth, bearing gifts of gold, frankincense and myrrh. They are regular figures in traditional accounts of the nativity celebrations of Christmas and are an important part of the Christian tradition.

 

The Gospel of Matthew,[2] the only one of the four Canonical gospels to mention the Magi, states that they came "from the east" to worship the Christ, "born King of the Jews." Although the account does not tell how many they were, the three gifts led to a widespread assumption that they were three as well.[3][4] In the East, the magi traditionally number twelve.[4] Their identification as kings in later Christian writings is probably linked to Psalms 72:11, “May all kings fall down before him”

Traditions identify a variety of different names for the Magi. In the Western Christian church they have been commonly known as:

 

Melchior (also Melichior[7]), a Babylonian scholar

Caspar (also Gaspar, Jaspar, Jaspas, Gathaspa,[7] and other variations), a Persian scholar

Balthazar (also Balthasar, Balthassar, and Bithisarea[7]), an Arab scholar

 

These names apparently derive from a Greek manuscript probably composed in Alexandria around 500 A.D., and which has been translated into Latin with the title Excerpta Latina Barbari.[7] Another Greek document from the 8th century, of presumed Irish origin and translated into Latin with the title Collectanea et Flores, continues the tradition of three kings and their names and gives additional details.[8][9]

 

Caspar is also sometimes given as Gaspar or Jaspar.[10] One candidate for the origin of the name Caspar appears in the Acts of Thomas as Gondophares (AD 21 – c.AD 47), i.e., Gudapharasa (from which 'Caspar' might derive as corruption of 'Gaspar'). This Gondophares declared independence from the Arsacids to become the first Indo-Parthian king and who was allegedly visited by Thomas the Apostle. His name is perpetuated in the name of the Afghan city Kandahar, which he founded under the name Gundopharron.[11] Christian legend may have chosen Gondofarr simply because he was an eastern king living in the right time period.

 

In contrast, the Syrian Christians name the Magi Larvandad, Gushnasaph, and Hormisdas. These names have a far greater likelihood of being originally Persian, though that does not, of course, guarantee their authenticity.

 

In the Eastern churches, Ethiopian Christianity, for instance, has Hor, Karsudan, and Basanater, while the Armenians have Kagpha, Badadakharida and Badadilma.[12][13] Many Chinese Christians believe that one of the magi came from China.[14] This final idea is used by Christopher Moore in his novel Lamb.

 

Bible historian Chuck Missler mentions an Armenian tradition identifying the Magi as Balthasar of Arabia, Melchior of Persia and Gasper of India

source wikipédia

Within the animist belief system of Indigenous Australians , a songline, also called dreaming track, is one of the paths across the land (or sometimes the sky) mark the route followed by localised 'creator-beings' during the Dreaming. The paths of the songlines are recorded in traditional songs, stories, dance, and painting.

(source: Wikipedia)

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Do not believe in anything simply because you have heard it. Do not believe in anything simply because it is spoken and rumored by many.

 

Do not believe in anything simply because it is found written in your religious books. Do not believe in anything merely on the authority of your teachers and elders.

 

Do not believe in traditions because they have been handed down for many generations. But after observation and analysis, when you find that anything agrees with reason and is conducive to the good and benefit of one and all, then accept it and live up to it.” - Buddha

As long as the sky exists

And as long as there are sentient beings

May I remain to help

Relieve them of all their pain

 

---Shantideva (AD 687-763)

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