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La Carretera Austral o Ruta CH-7 es la Rutas Escénica más impresionante de Sudamérica y una de las 10 mas espectaculares del mundo. Nace en la ciudad de Puerto Montt, recorriendo mas de 1.240 kilómetros, en su trayecto cruza varias veces la cordillera de los Andes, junto con bordear el litoral y los fiordos de la Patagonia Occidental, para luego internarse en los bosques australes siempre verdes, acercándose a numerosos glaciares, grandes lagos y los ventisqueros de los Campos de Hielo Norte para finalizar en Villa O’Higgins, a unos cuantos kilómetros del Campo de Hielo Sur.

 

Esta larga carretera nació como un sendero de colonización en el siglo XX, cuando la Patagonia Chilena se encontraba completamente aislada del resto del territorio. La unica conexión era viajando por territorio Argentino. Sus primeros tramos comenzaron a ser construidos en 1930 para apoyar la incipiente colonizacion, principalmente en Palena y Aysen, siendo esfuerzos aislados con escasa continuidad durante las decadas posteriores. Recien en 1976 el Estado Chileno retoma su construccion con el fin de reafirmar la soberania terriorial. A cargo del Ministerio de Obras Públicas (MOP) y con ayuda del Cuerpo Militar del Trabajo, organismo dependiente del Ejército de Chile, más de 10.000 soldados trabajaron en las obra de ingeniería más costosa y difícil realizada en Chile, principalmente debido al clima extremo y a la existencia de glaciares, fiordos, caudalosos rios e infranqueables montañas que complicaron el trazado del camino. 20 años demoro completar el trazado hasta Villa O'Higgins, con un costo de 300 millones de dolares y la muerte de una cantidad incontable de militares y contratistas. El proyecto en total pretende unir toda la Patagonia Chilena llegando hasta Puerto Williams en Tierra del Fuego completando mas de 4.000 kms. Se espera que el tramo sur en Tierra del Fuego actualmente en construcion estara terminado para el 2023. Estimaciones dicen que toda la carretera podria estar terminada y pavimentada para el 2040 (!). Lo que significa que la construccion total habra demorado 60 años.

 

En el 2007 comenzó a ser pavimentado el tramo norte, se estimaba que para el 2017 el 70% estaria completado, pero las dificultades climaticas, tecnicas y geograficas impiden el avance. En la actualidad poco mas de 400 kms estan efectivamente pavimentados permaneciendo el resto como un camino de ripio apto para todo tipos de vehiculos con gran cantidad de trabajos en todos los tramos. En el verano del 2017 se dio continuidad al tramo entre Puerto Yungay y Puerto Natales con la puesta en servicio de la barcaza ferry Crux Australis que conecta la Carretera Austral con el Parque Torres del Paine sorteando por mar el Campo de Hielo Sur en un increible viaje de 41 hrs por canales y fiordos.

 

A pesar de todas las dificultades actualmente es una ruta turística de creciente interés para viajeros y aventureros de todo el mundo que quieran recorrer la salvaje belleza patagónica. Se estima que el flujo de turistas en los ultimos años ha crecido en un 600 % . Lo nuevos emprendimientos turisticos y agencias se multiplican cada año. Especialmente los lodge de pesca y de Turismo Aventura. Conforme se abren nuevos tramos, nuevas atracciones naturales se agregan convirtiendo a la Carretra Austral en una inagotable fuente de experiencias inolvidables teniendo la posibilidad de estar en contacto con una naturaleza en su estado mas primitivo y salvaje sin intervencion del hombre.

 

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The Southern Highway or Route CH-7 is the most impressive Scenic Route in South America and one of the 10 most spectacular in the world. It is born in the city of Puerto Montt, covering more than 1,240 kilometers, in its route crosses several times the Andes mountain range, bordering along the coast and the fjords of the Western Patagonia, soon to be entered in the evergreen austral forests, approaching to numerous glaciers, great lakes and the Northern Ice Fields to finish in Villa O'Higgins, a few kilometers from the big Southern Ice Field.

 

This long road was born as a path of colonization in the twentieth century, when the Chilean Patagonia was completely isolated from the rest of the territory. The only connection was traveling through Argentine territory. Its first stretches began to be constructed in 1930 to support the incipient colonization, mainly in Palena and Aysen, being isolated efforts with little continuity during the following decades. Only in 1976 the Chilean State resumes its construction in order to reaffirm the territorial sovereignty. In charge of the Ministry of Public Works (MOP) and with the help of the Military Corps of Labor, an organization dependent on the Chilean Army, more than 10,000 soldiers worked in the most expensive and difficult engineering work in Chile, mainly due to the extreme climate, existence of glaciers, fjords, mighty rivers and impassable mountains that complicated the layout of the road. It took 20 years to complete the route to Villa O'Higgins, costing U$ 300 million and killing countless military and contractors. The project in total intends to unite all the Chilean Patagonia arriving until Port Williams in Tierra del Fuego completing more than 4,000 kms. It is expected that the southern section in Tierra del Fuego currently under construction will be completed by 2023. Estimates say that the entire highway could be completed and paved by 2040 (!). Which means that the total construction will have taken 60 years.

 

In 2007 the northern section began to be paved, it was estimated that by 2017 70% would be completed, but climatic, technical and geographical difficulties impede progress. At present little more than 400 km are effectively paved, remaining the rest as a gravel road suitable for all types of vehicles with large number of jobs in all sections. In the summer of 2017, the stretch between Puerto Yungay and Puerto Natales was continued with the commissioning of the Crux Australis ferry barge, which connects the Austral Highway and the Torres del Paine Park, bypassing the Southern Ice Field on an 41 hrs incredible voyage through channels and fjords.

 

Despite all the difficulties nowadays it is a tourist route of growing interest for travelers and adventurers from all over the world who want to explore the wild Patagonian beauty. It is estimated that the flow of tourists in the last years has grown by 600%. The new tourist enterprises and agencies are multiplying each year. Especially the fishing lodge and Adventure Tourism. As new stretches open, new natural attractions are added, making the Carretra Austral an inexhaustible source of unforgettable experiences having the possibility of being in contact with a nature in its most primitive and wild state without the human intervention.

La Carretera Austral o Ruta CH-7 es la Rutas Escénica más impresionante de Sudamérica y una de las 10 mas espectaculares del mundo. Nace en la ciudad de Puerto Montt, recorriendo mas de 1.240 kilómetros, en su trayecto cruza varias veces la cordillera de los Andes, junto con bordear el litoral y los fiordos de la Patagonia Occidental, para luego internarse en los bosques australes siempre verdes, acercándose a numerosos glaciares, grandes lagos y los ventisqueros de los Campos de Hielo Norte para finalizar en Villa O’Higgins, a unos cuantos kilómetros del Campo de Hielo Sur.

 

Esta larga carretera nació como un sendero de colonización en el siglo XX, cuando la Patagonia Chilena se encontraba completamente aislada del resto del territorio. La unica conexión era viajando por territorio Argentino. Sus primeros tramos comenzaron a ser construidos en 1930 para apoyar la incipiente colonizacion, principalmente en Palena y Aysen, siendo esfuerzos aislados con escasa continuidad durante las decadas posteriores. Recien en 1976 el Estado Chileno retoma su construccion con el fin de reafirmar la soberania terriorial. A cargo del Ministerio de Obras Públicas (MOP) y con ayuda del Cuerpo Militar del Trabajo, organismo dependiente del Ejército de Chile, más de 10.000 soldados trabajaron en las obra de ingeniería más costosa y difícil realizada en Chile, principalmente debido al clima extremo y a la existencia de glaciares, fiordos, caudalosos rios e infranqueables montañas que complicaron el trazado del camino. 20 años demoro completar el trazado hasta Villa O'Higgins, con un costo de 300 millones de dolares y la muerte de una cantidad incontable de militares y contratistas. El proyecto en total pretende unir toda la Patagonia Chilena llegando hasta Puerto Williams en Tierra del Fuego completando mas de 4.000 kms. Se espera que el tramo sur en Tierra del Fuego actualmente en construcion estara terminado para el 2023. Estimaciones dicen que toda la carretera podria estar terminada y pavimentada para el 2040 (!). Lo que significa que la construccion total habra demorado 60 años.

 

En el 2007 comenzó a ser pavimentado el tramo norte, se estimaba que para el 2017 el 70% estaria completado, pero las dificultades climaticas, tecnicas y geograficas impiden el avance. En la actualidad poco mas de 400 kms estan efectivamente pavimentados permaneciendo el resto como un camino de ripio apto para todo tipos de vehiculos con gran cantidad de trabajos en todos los tramos. En el verano del 2017 se dio continuidad al tramo entre Puerto Yungay y Puerto Natales con la puesta en servicio de la barcaza ferry Crux Australis que conecta la Carretera Austral con el Parque Torres del Paine sorteando por mar el Campo de Hielo Sur en un increible viaje de 41 hrs por canales y fiordos.

 

A pesar de todas las dificultades actualmente es una ruta turística de creciente interés para viajeros y aventureros de todo el mundo que quieran recorrer la salvaje belleza patagónica. Se estima que el flujo de turistas en los ultimos años ha crecido en un 600 % . Lo nuevos emprendimientos turisticos y agencias se multiplican cada año. Especialmente los lodge de pesca y de Turismo Aventura. Conforme se abren nuevos tramos, nuevas atracciones naturales se agregan convirtiendo a la Carretra Austral en una inagotable fuente de experiencias inolvidables teniendo la posibilidad de estar en contacto con una naturaleza en su estado mas primitivo y salvaje sin intervencion del hombre.

 

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The Southern Highway or Route CH-7 is the most impressive Scenic Route in South America and one of the 10 most spectacular in the world. It is born in the city of Puerto Montt, covering more than 1,240 kilometers, in its route crosses several times the Andes mountain range, bordering along the coast and the fjords of the Western Patagonia, soon to be entered in the evergreen austral forests, approaching to numerous glaciers, great lakes and the Northern Ice Fields to finish in Villa O'Higgins, a few kilometers from the big Southern Ice Field.

 

This long road was born as a path of colonization in the twentieth century, when the Chilean Patagonia was completely isolated from the rest of the territory. The only connection was traveling through Argentine territory. Its first stretches began to be constructed in 1930 to support the incipient colonization, mainly in Palena and Aysen, being isolated efforts with little continuity during the following decades. Only in 1976 the Chilean State resumes its construction in order to reaffirm the territorial sovereignty. In charge of the Ministry of Public Works (MOP) and with the help of the Military Corps of Labor, an organization dependent on the Chilean Army, more than 10,000 soldiers worked in the most expensive and difficult engineering work in Chile, mainly due to the extreme climate, existence of glaciers, fjords, mighty rivers and impassable mountains that complicated the layout of the road. It took 20 years to complete the route to Villa O'Higgins, costing U$ 300 million and killing countless military and contractors. The project in total intends to unite all the Chilean Patagonia arriving until Port Williams in Tierra del Fuego completing more than 4,000 kms. It is expected that the southern section in Tierra del Fuego currently under construction will be completed by 2023. Estimates say that the entire highway could be completed and paved by 2040 (!). Which means that the total construction will have taken 60 years.

 

In 2007 the northern section began to be paved, it was estimated that by 2017 70% would be completed, but climatic, technical and geographical difficulties impede progress. At present little more than 400 km are effectively paved, remaining the rest as a gravel road suitable for all types of vehicles with large number of jobs in all sections. In the summer of 2017, the stretch between Puerto Yungay and Puerto Natales was continued with the commissioning of the Crux Australis ferry barge, which connects the Austral Highway and the Torres del Paine Park, bypassing the Southern Ice Field on an 41 hrs incredible voyage through channels and fjords.

 

Despite all the difficulties nowadays it is a tourist route of growing interest for travelers and adventurers from all over the world who want to explore the wild Patagonian beauty. It is estimated that the flow of tourists in the last years has grown by 600%. The new tourist enterprises and agencies are multiplying each year. Especially the fishing lodge and Adventure Tourism. As new stretches open, new natural attractions are added, making the Carretra Austral an inexhaustible source of unforgettable experiences having the possibility of being in contact with a nature in its most primitive and wild state without the human intervention.

La Carretera Austral o Ruta CH-7 es la Rutas Escénica más impresionante de Sudamérica y una de las 10 mas espectaculares del mundo. Nace en la ciudad de Puerto Montt, recorriendo mas de 1.240 kilómetros, en su trayecto cruza varias veces la cordillera de los Andes, junto con bordear el litoral y los fiordos de la Patagonia Occidental, para luego internarse en los bosques australes siempre verdes, acercándose a numerosos glaciares, grandes lagos y los ventisqueros de los Campos de Hielo Norte para finalizar en Villa O’Higgins, a unos cuantos kilómetros del Campo de Hielo Sur.

 

Esta larga carretera nació como un sendero de colonización en el siglo XX, cuando la Patagonia Chilena se encontraba completamente aislada del resto del territorio. La unica conexión era viajando por territorio Argentino. Sus primeros tramos comenzaron a ser construidos en 1930 para apoyar la incipiente colonizacion, principalmente en Palena y Aysen, siendo esfuerzos aislados con escasa continuidad durante las decadas posteriores. Recien en 1976 el Estado Chileno retoma su construccion con el fin de reafirmar la soberania terriorial. A cargo del Ministerio de Obras Públicas (MOP) y con ayuda del Cuerpo Militar del Trabajo, organismo dependiente del Ejército de Chile, más de 10.000 soldados trabajaron en las obra de ingeniería más costosa y difícil realizada en Chile, principalmente debido al clima extremo y a la existencia de glaciares, fiordos, caudalosos rios e infranqueables montañas que complicaron el trazado del camino. 20 años demoro completar el trazado hasta Villa O'Higgins, con un costo de 300 millones de dolares y la muerte de una cantidad incontable de militares y contratistas. El proyecto en total pretende unir toda la Patagonia Chilena llegando hasta Puerto Williams en Tierra del Fuego completando mas de 4.000 kms. Se espera que el tramo sur en Tierra del Fuego actualmente en construcion estara terminado para el 2023. Estimaciones dicen que toda la carretera podria estar terminada y pavimentada para el 2040 (!). Lo que significa que la construccion total habra demorado 60 años.

 

En el 2007 comenzó a ser pavimentado el tramo norte, se estimaba que para el 2017 el 70% estaria completado, pero las dificultades climaticas, tecnicas y geograficas impiden el avance. En la actualidad poco mas de 400 kms estan efectivamente pavimentados permaneciendo el resto como un camino de ripio apto para todo tipos de vehiculos con gran cantidad de trabajos en todos los tramos. En el verano del 2017 se dio continuidad al tramo entre Puerto Yungay y Puerto Natales con la puesta en servicio de la barcaza ferry Crux Australis que conecta la Carretera Austral con el Parque Torres del Paine sorteando por mar el Campo de Hielo Sur en un increible viaje de 41 hrs por canales y fiordos.

 

A pesar de todas las dificultades actualmente es una ruta turística de creciente interés para viajeros y aventureros de todo el mundo que quieran recorrer la salvaje belleza patagónica. Se estima que el flujo de turistas en los ultimos años ha crecido en un 600 % . Lo nuevos emprendimientos turisticos y agencias se multiplican cada año. Especialmente los lodge de pesca y de Turismo Aventura. Conforme se abren nuevos tramos, nuevas atracciones naturales se agregan convirtiendo a la Carretra Austral en una inagotable fuente de experiencias inolvidables teniendo la posibilidad de estar en contacto con una naturaleza en su estado mas primitivo y salvaje sin intervencion del hombre.

 

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The Southern Highway or Route CH-7 is the most impressive Scenic Route in South America and one of the 10 most spectacular in the world. It is born in the city of Puerto Montt, covering more than 1,240 kilometers, in its route crosses several times the Andes mountain range, bordering along the coast and the fjords of the Western Patagonia, soon to be entered in the evergreen austral forests, approaching to numerous glaciers, great lakes and the Northern Ice Fields to finish in Villa O'Higgins, a few kilometers from the big Southern Ice Field.

 

This long road was born as a path of colonization in the twentieth century, when the Chilean Patagonia was completely isolated from the rest of the territory. The only connection was traveling through Argentine territory. Its first stretches began to be constructed in 1930 to support the incipient colonization, mainly in Palena and Aysen, being isolated efforts with little continuity during the following decades. Only in 1976 the Chilean State resumes its construction in order to reaffirm the territorial sovereignty. In charge of the Ministry of Public Works (MOP) and with the help of the Military Corps of Labor, an organization dependent on the Chilean Army, more than 10,000 soldiers worked in the most expensive and difficult engineering work in Chile, mainly due to the extreme climate, existence of glaciers, fjords, mighty rivers and impassable mountains that complicated the layout of the road. It took 20 years to complete the route to Villa O'Higgins, costing U$ 300 million and killing countless military and contractors. The project in total intends to unite all the Chilean Patagonia arriving until Port Williams in Tierra del Fuego completing more than 4,000 kms. It is expected that the southern section in Tierra del Fuego currently under construction will be completed by 2023. Estimates say that the entire highway could be completed and paved by 2040 (!). Which means that the total construction will have taken 60 years.

 

In 2007 the northern section began to be paved, it was estimated that by 2017 70% would be completed, but climatic, technical and geographical difficulties impede progress. At present little more than 400 km are effectively paved, remaining the rest as a gravel road suitable for all types of vehicles with large number of jobs in all sections. In the summer of 2017, the stretch between Puerto Yungay and Puerto Natales was continued with the commissioning of the Crux Australis ferry barge, which connects the Austral Highway and the Torres del Paine Park, bypassing the Southern Ice Field on an 41 hrs incredible voyage through channels and fjords.

 

Despite all the difficulties nowadays it is a tourist route of growing interest for travelers and adventurers from all over the world who want to explore the wild Patagonian beauty. It is estimated that the flow of tourists in the last years has grown by 600%. The new tourist enterprises and agencies are multiplying each year. Especially the fishing lodge and Adventure Tourism. As new stretches open, new natural attractions are added, making the Carretra Austral an inexhaustible source of unforgettable experiences having the possibility of being in contact with a nature in its most primitive and wild state without the human intervention.

La Carretera Austral o Ruta CH-7 es la Rutas Escénica más impresionante de Sudamérica y una de las 10 mas espectaculares del mundo. Nace en la ciudad de Puerto Montt, recorriendo mas de 1.240 kilómetros, en su trayecto cruza varias veces la cordillera de los Andes, junto con bordear el litoral y los fiordos de la Patagonia Occidental, para luego internarse en los bosques australes siempre verdes, acercándose a numerosos glaciares, grandes lagos y los ventisqueros de los Campos de Hielo Norte para finalizar en Villa O’Higgins, a unos cuantos kilómetros del Campo de Hielo Sur.

 

Esta larga carretera nació como un sendero de colonización en el siglo XX, cuando la Patagonia Chilena se encontraba completamente aislada del resto del territorio. La unica conexión era viajando por territorio Argentino. Sus primeros tramos comenzaron a ser construidos en 1930 para apoyar la incipiente colonizacion, principalmente en Palena y Aysen, siendo esfuerzos aislados con escasa continuidad durante las decadas posteriores. Recien en 1976 el Estado Chileno retoma su construccion con el fin de reafirmar la soberania terriorial. A cargo del Ministerio de Obras Públicas (MOP) y con ayuda del Cuerpo Militar del Trabajo, organismo dependiente del Ejército de Chile, más de 10.000 soldados trabajaron en las obra de ingeniería más costosa y difícil realizada en Chile, principalmente debido al clima extremo y a la existencia de glaciares, fiordos, caudalosos rios e infranqueables montañas que complicaron el trazado del camino. 20 años demoro completar el trazado hasta Villa O'Higgins, con un costo de 300 millones de dolares y la muerte de una cantidad incontable de militares y contratistas. El proyecto en total pretende unir toda la Patagonia Chilena llegando hasta Puerto Williams en Tierra del Fuego completando mas de 4.000 kms. Se espera que el tramo sur en Tierra del Fuego actualmente en construcion estara terminado para el 2023. Estimaciones dicen que toda la carretera podria estar terminada y pavimentada para el 2040 (!). Lo que significa que la construccion total habra demorado 60 años.

 

En el 2007 comenzó a ser pavimentado el tramo norte, se estimaba que para el 2017 el 70% estaria completado, pero las dificultades climaticas, tecnicas y geograficas impiden el avance. En la actualidad poco mas de 400 kms estan efectivamente pavimentados permaneciendo el resto como un camino de ripio apto para todo tipos de vehiculos con gran cantidad de trabajos en todos los tramos. En el verano del 2017 se dio continuidad al tramo entre Puerto Yungay y Puerto Natales con la puesta en servicio de la barcaza ferry Crux Australis que conecta la Carretera Austral con el Parque Torres del Paine sorteando por mar el Campo de Hielo Sur en un increible viaje de 41 hrs por canales y fiordos.

 

A pesar de todas las dificultades actualmente es una ruta turística de creciente interés para viajeros y aventureros de todo el mundo que quieran recorrer la salvaje belleza patagónica. Se estima que el flujo de turistas en los ultimos años ha crecido en un 600 % . Lo nuevos emprendimientos turisticos y agencias se multiplican cada año. Especialmente los lodge de pesca y de Turismo Aventura. Conforme se abren nuevos tramos, nuevas atracciones naturales se agregan convirtiendo a la Carretra Austral en una inagotable fuente de experiencias inolvidables teniendo la posibilidad de estar en contacto con una naturaleza en su estado mas primitivo y salvaje sin intervencion del hombre.

 

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

 

The Southern Highway or Route CH-7 is the most impressive Scenic Route in South America and one of the 10 most spectacular in the world. It is born in the city of Puerto Montt, covering more than 1,240 kilometers, in its route crosses several times the Andes mountain range, bordering along the coast and the fjords of the Western Patagonia, soon to be entered in the evergreen austral forests, approaching to numerous glaciers, great lakes and the Northern Ice Fields to finish in Villa O'Higgins, a few kilometers from the big Southern Ice Field.

 

This long road was born as a path of colonization in the twentieth century, when the Chilean Patagonia was completely isolated from the rest of the territory. The only connection was traveling through Argentine territory. Its first stretches began to be constructed in 1930 to support the incipient colonization, mainly in Palena and Aysen, being isolated efforts with little continuity during the following decades. Only in 1976 the Chilean State resumes its construction in order to reaffirm the territorial sovereignty. In charge of the Ministry of Public Works (MOP) and with the help of the Military Corps of Labor, an organization dependent on the Chilean Army, more than 10,000 soldiers worked in the most expensive and difficult engineering work in Chile, mainly due to the extreme climate, existence of glaciers, fjords, mighty rivers and impassable mountains that complicated the layout of the road. It took 20 years to complete the route to Villa O'Higgins, costing U$ 300 million and killing countless military and contractors. The project in total intends to unite all the Chilean Patagonia arriving until Port Williams in Tierra del Fuego completing more than 4,000 kms. It is expected that the southern section in Tierra del Fuego currently under construction will be completed by 2023. Estimates say that the entire highway could be completed and paved by 2040 (!). Which means that the total construction will have taken 60 years.

 

In 2007 the northern section began to be paved, it was estimated that by 2017 70% would be completed, but climatic, technical and geographical difficulties impede progress. At present little more than 400 km are effectively paved, remaining the rest as a gravel road suitable for all types of vehicles with large number of jobs in all sections. In the summer of 2017, the stretch between Puerto Yungay and Puerto Natales was continued with the commissioning of the Crux Australis ferry barge, which connects the Austral Highway and the Torres del Paine Park, bypassing the Southern Ice Field on an 41 hrs incredible voyage through channels and fjords.

 

Despite all the difficulties nowadays it is a tourist route of growing interest for travelers and adventurers from all over the world who want to explore the wild Patagonian beauty. It is estimated that the flow of tourists in the last years has grown by 600%. The new tourist enterprises and agencies are multiplying each year. Especially the fishing lodge and Adventure Tourism. As new stretches open, new natural attractions are added, making the Carretra Austral an inexhaustible source of unforgettable experiences having the possibility of being in contact with a nature in its most primitive and wild state without the human intervention.

The Juan Sebastián de Elcano is the third largest "Tall Ship" in the world and was launched on March 5, 1927. She is the official training ship for the Royal Spanish Navy and entrusted with the formation and training of the Spanish Naval Midshipmen. Since 1927 the Elcano has sailed more than a million and a half nautical miles through all the seas of the world. Of the 77 cruises she has completed, 10 of them have been around the world. Considered to be a "floating embassy," her presence in foreign countries and ports contributes considerably to the Spanish foreign policy.

 

Each year, Pensacola, which boasts a large population with connections to Spain, celebrates that victory. In December of 2014, the United States Congress conferred honorary citizenship on Galvez, citing him as a hero of the Revolutionary War. Spanish commander Galvez defeated British troops in the Battle of Pensacola on May 9, 1781, reconquering West Florida for Spain and aiding the 13 American colonies in their quest for independence.

 

The Juan Sebastián de Elcano has visited Pensacola six other times. The first was in 1959 during Pensacola’s 400th Anniversary. Mrs. Davis, who is also Chairman of the Elcano Committee, was responsible for the Elcano’s return to Pensacola five more times in 1981 for the Galvez Celebration, then again in 1984, 1995, 1998 and 2009 for the 450th Anniversary Celebration.

 

The Fiesta of Five Flags organization was formed to celebrate the founding of Pensacola. In 1559, Spanish Conquistador, Don Tristan de Luna, established Pensacola as the first European settlement in the United States. Since that time five different flags have flown over the City: Spanish, French, British, Confederate, and American. Fiesta plans and produces over 20 events throughout the year with the help of a plethora of volunteers. These events are designed to appeal to all ages and interests, as well as promote tourism for the area. Fiesta has always been a significant celebration for the Pensacola Bay Area. A 10-day heritage celebration, held the first two weeks in June, is one of the oldest and largest heritage festivals in the State of Florida.

 

- fiestaoffiveflags.org

Dongdaemun Design Plaza in Seoul, South Korea.

 

Published in the 2015 Korean Tourism Organization Calendar (circulation of 155,000).

 

The Dongdaemun Design Plaza & Park (DDP) is a large urban development project in Dongdaemun, Seoul, South Korea that includes a park, exhibition spaces, and restored parts of the Seoul fortress. Originally planned for completion by 2010 to coincide with Seoul's designation as World Design Capital that year, but construction only started in April 2009, and the DDP was officially inaugurated on March 21, 2014. Organizers hope to make Dongdaemun the fashion hub of South Korea and possibly the entire Asia-Pacific region.

Ark Encounter is a Christian fundamentalist theme park that opened in Grant County, Kentucky on July 7, 2016. The centerpiece of the park is a full-scale model of Noah's Ark from the Genesis flood narrative in the Bible which is 510 feet (155 m) long, 85 feet (26 m) wide, and 51 feet (16 m) high. It is one of only three full-size Noah's Ark replicas and derivatives in the world, and the largest of the three. Ark Encounter is operated by Answers in Genesis (AiG), a Young Earth creationism group that operates the Creation Museum 45 miles (70 km) away in Petersburg, Kentucky.

 

After independent feasibility studies projected that the park would provide a boon to the state's tourism industry, the Ark Encounter received tax incentives from the city, county, and state to induce its construction. This drew criticism from groups concerned with the separation of church and state. A dispute over AiG's hiring practices was adjudicated in U.S. federal court, which found in 2016 that the organisation could require Ark Encounter employees to sign a statement of faith as a condition of their employment, prompting criticism of the park's discriminatory hiring practices.

Vietnam, Con Dao Island

 

„The isolated 16-island archipelago of Con Dao 110 miles off the mainland’s southeastern coast, was a place most Vietnamese wanted to forget. For 113 years, this island was home to one of the country’s hardest prison systems, established by French colonists in 1862 and later ruled by South Vietnamese and American forces. Saigon fell to the North Vietnamese in 1975, at which point the prisons were closed.

 

These days, officials on government-sponsored group tours make pilgrimages to the crumbling stone prisons, which have been turned into museums that depict the suffering endured by their comrades.

But despite, or perhaps because of, its ugly history, Con Dao is one of Southeast Asia’s most untouched and breathtaking getaways.

 

A lack of development and, until recently, of access has also helped to keep the islands’ beaches empty and immaculate. The azure waters are brimming with Vietnam’s best coral reefs, and the forests bustle with macaque monkeys and black squirrels.

Indeed, efforts to preserve Con Dao’s natural beauty are unrivaled in the rest of Vietnam. Of the archipelago’s total area, 83 percent is protected by the Con Dao National Park, including over 50 square miles that make up the country’s first marine reserve.

With help from organizations like the World Wildlife Fund and the United Nations Development Program, the park has just won approval for a $16.5 million development plan through 2020, which will finance natural resource protection, research and eco-tourism.

 

For now, Con Dao’s slow, friendly rhythms and spectacular beauty remain largely undisturbed.”

 

„The New York Times”

 

Unspoiled by mass tourism, the small but beautiful city of Lier lies waiting to be discovered by those who love a friendly and pleasant atmosphere in a beautiful setting, rich in monuments. Lier lies inbetween the cities of Antwerp and Mechelen and at about 45 minutes from Brussels.

Already inhabited during the Roman period Lier had developed into a town near the river Nete, which you see here with one of Lier's bridges. In 1212 the Duke of Brabant granted Lier city rights. The economic pillars where the cloth industry and the cattle market. During the first world war the city was heavily damaged but tastefully rebuilt afterwards.

The market place is surrounded by several beautiful old guild houses. In the center of the square stands the rococo town hall with the belfry tower from 1369. When leaving the center of the city you can visit one of the most beautiful beguinages of Belgium. Beguinages were all-female communities where the beguines lived. These organizations could be compared with monasteries, except that the beguines did not make vows like nuns did.

  

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A destroyed Kuwaiti satellite antenna is a left over from the Iraqi invasion in 1990. This site is visible a short distance east of Route 80 between the Al-Mutla Ridge and the Iraqi border at Abdaly.

 

Before the war, the country had four ground satellite stations working with the International Telecommunications Satellite Organization (Intelsat) and the Arab Satellite Communication Organization (Arabsat) system. All four stations were destroyed in the war. Smaller mobile satellite ground stations currently handle international telephone calls, data transmission, and live television broadcasts.

 

Today this place at northern Kuwait has turned into a ghost town, those destroyed satellites are making spooky sounds as the wind blows through those giant deserted structures. It is at the same time very interesting place for photographers that would not be possible to visit otherwise. Just to have an idea of the scale, look at the 4x4 car on the very left site.

 

Camera Model: PENTAX K20D; ; Focal length: 13.00 mm; Aperture: 4.5; Exposure time: 1/30 s; ISO: 100

 

All rights reserved - Copyright :copyright: Lucie Debelkova - www.luciedebelkova.com

 

All images are exclusive property and may not be copied, downloaded, reproduced, transmitted, manipulated or used in any way without expressed, written permission of the photographer.

Art belongs to us all. It does not belong to the experts, the organisations or the artists. We all make the art. It is not what you were taught, what you read, what you believe.

Every single person that looks upon the world, can see the art.

 

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Doha (Arabic: الدوحة‎, ' or ad-Dōḥa) is the capital city of Qatar. With a population of 400,051 according to the 2005, it is located in the Ad Dawhah municipality on the Persian Gulf. Doha is Qatar's largest city, with over 80% of the nation's population residing in Doha or its surrounding suburbs, and is also the economic center of the country. Doha is home to the Education City, an area devoted to research and education. Doha was the site of the first ministerial-level meeting of the Doha Development Round of World Trade Organization negotiations. The city of Doha also held the 2006 Asian Games, which was the world's largest Asian Games held.

 

Middle East is a wonderful mix of new and old, traditional and modern. This photo nicely captures this contrast. You can see the newly build skyline of Doha with traditional Dhow in front of it. Dhow cruising in Qatar is one the most popular activities in the region.

 

A dhow (Arabic,دهو) is a traditional Arab sailing vessel with one or more lateen sails. They are primarily used along the coasts of the Arabian Peninsula, Pakistan, India, and East Africa. Larger dhows have crews of approximately thirty, while smaller dhows typically have crews of around twelve.Up to the 1960s, dhows made commercial journeys between the Persian Gulf and East Africa using sails as their only means of propulsion. Their cargo was mostly dates and fish to East Africa and mangrove timber to the lands in the Persian Gulf. They sailed south with the monsoon in winter or early spring and back again to Arabia in late spring or early summer. The term "dhow" is also applied to small, traditionally-constructed vessels used for trade in the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf area and the Indian Ocean from Madagascar to the Gulf of Bengal. Such vessels typically weigh 300 to 500 tons, and have a long, thin hull design. Also, it is a family of early Arab ships that used the lateen sail, on which the Portuguese likely based their designs for the caravel known to Arabs as sambuk, booms, baggalas, ghanjas, and zaruqs.

 

Canon 5D Mark II, f/5.6, 0.02 sec (1/50), ISO 100, 168 mm

 

All rights reserved - Copyright :copyright: Lucie Debelkova - www.luciedebelkova.com

 

All images are exclusive property and may not be copied, downloaded, reproduced, transmitted, manipulated or used in any way without expressed, written permission of the photographer.

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~~~~~~~~~

 

A destroyed Kuwaiti satellite antenna is a left over from the Iraqi invasion in 1990. This site is visible a short distance east of Route 80 between the Al-Mutla Ridge and the Iraqi border at Abdaly.

 

Before the war, the country had four ground satellite stations working with the International Telecommunications Satellite Organization (Intelsat) and the Arab Satellite Communication Organization (Arabsat) system. All four stations were destroyed in the war. Smaller mobile satellite ground stations currently handle international telephone calls, data transmission, and live television broadcasts.

 

Today this place at northern Kuwait has turned into a ghost town, those destroyed satellites are making spooky sounds as the wind blows through those giant deserted structures. It is at the same time very interesting place for photographers that would not be possible to visit otherwise. Just to have an idea of the scale, look at the 4x4 car on the very left site.

 

Camera Model: PENTAX K20D; ; Focal length: 10.00 mm; Aperture: 5.6; Exposure time: 1/45 s; ISO: 100

 

All rights reserved - Copyright :copyright: Lucie Debelkova - www.luciedebelkova.com

 

All images are exclusive property and may not be copied, downloaded, reproduced, transmitted, manipulated or used in any way without expressed, written permission of the photographer.

Paris. France.

 

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Paris (English /ˈpærɪs/, i/ˈpɛrɪs/; French: [paʁi] ( listen)) is the capital and largest city of France. It is situated on the river Seine, in the north of the country, at the heart of the Île-de-France region. Within its administrative limits (the 20 arrondissements), Paris has a population of about 2,230,000, and its metropolitan area is one of the largest population centres in Europe, with more than 12 million inhabitants.

An important settlement for more than two millennia, Paris had become, by the 12th century, one of Europe's foremost centres of learning and the arts and was the largest city in the Western world until the turn of the 18th century. Paris is today one of the world's leading business and cultural centres and its influences in politics, education, entertainment, media, science, and the arts all contribute to its status as one of the world's major global cities.

Paris and the Paris region account for a quarter of the gross domestic product of France and has one of the largest city GDPs in the world, with €572 billion in 2010. Considered as green and highly liveable, the city and its region are the world's leading tourism destination, hosting four UNESCO World Heritage Sites and many international organizations, including UNESCO and the European Space Agency.

   

Paris. France.

 

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Paris (English /ˈpærɪs/, i/ˈpɛrɪs/; French: [paʁi] ( listen)) is the capital and largest city of France. It is situated on the river Seine, in the north of the country, at the heart of the Île-de-France region. Within its administrative limits (the 20 arrondissements), Paris has a population of about 2,230,000, and its metropolitan area is one of the largest population centres in Europe, with more than 12 million inhabitants.

An important settlement for more than two millennia, Paris had become, by the 12th century, one of Europe's foremost centres of learning and the arts and was the largest city in the Western world until the turn of the 18th century. Paris is today one of the world's leading business and cultural centres and its influences in politics, education, entertainment, media, science, and the arts all contribute to its status as one of the world's major global cities.

Paris and the Paris region account for a quarter of the gross domestic product of France and has one of the largest city GDPs in the world, with €572 billion in 2010. Considered as green and highly liveable, the city and its region are the world's leading tourism destination, hosting four UNESCO World Heritage Sites and many international organizations, including UNESCO and the European Space Agency.

 

Lunenburg, is a Canadian port town in Lunenburg County, Nova Scotia.

 

Situated on the province's South Shore, Lunenburg is located on a peninsula at the western side of Mahone Bay. The town is approximately 90 kilometres southwest of the county boundary with the Halifax Regional Municipality.

 

The historic town was designated a United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage Site in 1995.

 

This designation ensures protection for much of Lunenburg's unique architecture and civic design, being the best example of planned British colonial settlement in North America.

Paris. France.

 

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Paris (English /ˈpærɪs/, i/ˈpɛrɪs/; French: [paʁi] ( listen)) is the capital and largest city of France. It is situated on the river Seine, in the north of the country, at the heart of the Île-de-France region. Within its administrative limits (the 20 arrondissements), Paris has a population of about 2,230,000, and its metropolitan area is one of the largest population centres in Europe, with more than 12 million inhabitants.

An important settlement for more than two millennia, Paris had become, by the 12th century, one of Europe's foremost centres of learning and the arts and was the largest city in the Western world until the turn of the 18th century. Paris is today one of the world's leading business and cultural centres and its influences in politics, education, entertainment, media, science, and the arts all contribute to its status as one of the world's major global cities.

Paris and the Paris region account for a quarter of the gross domestic product of France and has one of the largest city GDPs in the world, with €572 billion in 2010. Considered as green and highly liveable, the city and its region are the world's leading tourism destination, hosting four UNESCO World Heritage Sites and many international organizations, including UNESCO and the European Space Agency.

   

Paris. France.

 

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Paris (English /ˈpærɪs/, i/ˈpɛrɪs/; French: [paʁi] ( listen)) is the capital and largest city of France. It is situated on the river Seine, in the north of the country, at the heart of the Île-de-France region. Within its administrative limits (the 20 arrondissements), Paris has a population of about 2,230,000, and its metropolitan area is one of the largest population centres in Europe, with more than 12 million inhabitants.

An important settlement for more than two millennia, Paris had become, by the 12th century, one of Europe's foremost centres of learning and the arts and was the largest city in the Western world until the turn of the 18th century. Paris is today one of the world's leading business and cultural centres and its influences in politics, education, entertainment, media, science, and the arts all contribute to its status as one of the world's major global cities.

Paris and the Paris region account for a quarter of the gross domestic product of France and has one of the largest city GDPs in the world, with €572 billion in 2010. Considered as green and highly liveable, the city and its region are the world's leading tourism destination, hosting four UNESCO World Heritage Sites and many international organizations, including UNESCO and the European Space Agency.

   

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Geneva (Genèva, Genf, Ginevra) is the second-most-populous city in Switzerland (after Zurich). Situated where the Rhône River exits Lake Geneva (in French also known as Lac Léman). Geneva is a global city, a financial centre, and a worldwide centre for diplomacy and the most important international co-operation centre with New York because of the presence of numerous international organizations, including the headquarters of many of the agencies of the United Nations and the Red Cross. A 2009 survey by Mercer found Geneva to have the third-highest quality of life of any city in the world (narrowly outranked by Zurich). The city has been referred to as the world's most compact metropolis and the "Peace Capital". In 2009, Geneva was ranked as the fourth most expensive city in the world.

 

Camera Model: Canon EOS 5D Mark II; Lens: EF17-40mm f/4L USM; Focal length: 32.00 mm; Aperture: 10; Exposure time: 30.0 s; ISO: 100

 

All rights reserved - Copyright :copyright: Lucie Debelkova www.luciedebelkova.com

 

All images are exclusive property and may not be copied, downloaded, reproduced, transmitted, manipulated or used in any way without expressed, written permission of the photographer.

Paris. France.

 

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Paris (English /ˈpærɪs/, i/ˈpɛrɪs/; French: [paʁi] ( listen)) is the capital and largest city of France. It is situated on the river Seine, in the north of the country, at the heart of the Île-de-France region. Within its administrative limits (the 20 arrondissements), Paris has a population of about 2,230,000, and its metropolitan area is one of the largest population centres in Europe, with more than 12 million inhabitants.

An important settlement for more than two millennia, Paris had become, by the 12th century, one of Europe's foremost centres of learning and the arts and was the largest city in the Western world until the turn of the 18th century. Paris is today one of the world's leading business and cultural centres and its influences in politics, education, entertainment, media, science, and the arts all contribute to its status as one of the world's major global cities.

Paris and the Paris region account for a quarter of the gross domestic product of France and has one of the largest city GDPs in the world, with €572 billion in 2010. Considered as green and highly liveable, the city and its region are the world's leading tourism destination, hosting four UNESCO World Heritage Sites and many international organizations, including UNESCO and the European Space Agency.

 

Paris. France.

 

FOR SALE ON GETTY IMAGES

 

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Paris (English /ˈpærɪs/, i/ˈpɛrɪs/; French: [paʁi] ( listen)) is the capital and largest city of France. It is situated on the river Seine, in the north of the country, at the heart of the Île-de-France region. Within its administrative limits (the 20 arrondissements), Paris has a population of about 2,230,000, and its metropolitan area is one of the largest population centres in Europe, with more than 12 million inhabitants.

An important settlement for more than two millennia, Paris had become, by the 12th century, one of Europe's foremost centres of learning and the arts and was the largest city in the Western world until the turn of the 18th century. Paris is today one of the world's leading business and cultural centres and its influences in politics, education, entertainment, media, science, and the arts all contribute to its status as one of the world's major global cities.

Paris and the Paris region account for a quarter of the gross domestic product of France and has one of the largest city GDPs in the world, with €572 billion in 2010. Considered as green and highly liveable, the city and its region are the world's leading tourism destination, hosting four UNESCO World Heritage Sites and many international organizations, including UNESCO and the European Space Agency.

   

France.

 

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Paris (English /ˈpærɪs/, i/ˈpɛrɪs/; French: [paʁi] ( listen)) is the capital and largest city of France. It is situated on the river Seine, in the north of the country, at the heart of the Île-de-France region. Within its administrative limits (the 20 arrondissements), Paris has a population of about 2,230,000, and its metropolitan area is one of the largest population centres in Europe, with more than 12 million inhabitants.

An important settlement for more than two millennia, Paris had become, by the 12th century, one of Europe's foremost centres of learning and the arts and was the largest city in the Western world until the turn of the 18th century. Paris is today one of the world's leading business and cultural centres and its influences in politics, education, entertainment, media, science, and the arts all contribute to its status as one of the world's major global cities.

Paris and the Paris region account for a quarter of the gross domestic product of France and has one of the largest city GDPs in the world, with €572 billion in 2010. Considered as green and highly liveable, the city and its region are the world's leading tourism destination, hosting four UNESCO World Heritage Sites and many international organizations, including UNESCO and the European Space Agency.

   

This late afternoon magic stayed only for few minutes........and we were the blessed ones to reach at the right moment.

  

National Highway 1D (NH 1D), also known as Srinagar-Leh Highway, is a National Highway entirely within the state of Jammu & Kashmir in North India that connects Srinagar to Leh in Ladakh. It is one of the only two roads that connect Ladakh with the rest of India, the other being Leh-Manali Highway. The Srinagar-Leh Highway was declared as National Highway in 2006.

The old Central Asian trade route Srinagar-Leh-Yarkand was also known as the Treaty Road, after a commercial treaty signed in 1870 between Maharaja Ranbir Singh and Thomas Douglas Forsyth.

Weather conditions

Even nowadays, heavy snowfall at highest passes blocks traffic, cutting Leh from Srinagar for some six months each year. During springtime, the Border Roads Organisation (BRO) plows snow and repairs damages caused by landslides. Zoji La pass received reportedly some 18 m (59 ft) of snowfall in 2008.

Geography

For most part, NH 1D runs through extremely treacherous terrain and follows the historic trade route along the Indus River, thus giving modern travelers a glimpse of villages which are historically and culturally important. The road generally remains open for traffic from early June to mid-November. The total length of NH 1 is 422 km.

The two highest passes on NH 1D include Fotu La at 4,108 m (13,478 ft) elevation and Zoji La at 3,528 m (11,575 ft) elevation.

Dras, located some 170 km from Srinagar at elevation of 3,249 m (10,659 ft), is the first major village over the Zoji La pass. The village is inhabited by a population of mixed Kashmiri and Dard origins, having a reputation of being the second coldest permanent inhabited spot in the world after Siberia, with temperatures dropping to −45 °C (−49 °F).

History

In the 17th and 18th centuries, the road was only a track, impassable even with ponies. Goods, mainly pashmina wool, were carried by porters from Yarkand and Tibet for Kashmir shawl industry.

In the 19th century, the route was improved, allowing pony caravans to pass. This work was started after Dogra General Zorawar Singh conquered Ladakh region from the Sikh Empire during 1836–1840 Trans-Himalayan campaign and princely state of Jammu and Kashmir was formed when the British sold Kashmir to maharaja Gulab Singh in 1846 Treaty of Amritsar.

In April 1873, the Kashmir government allocated 2,500 rupees annually for upkeep of the Treaty Road and associated serais.

During the 1950s, tensions rose in Ladakh region. China had quietly been building a military road spanning some 1,200 km from Xinjiang to western Tibet. The road was discovered by Indians in 1957 and this was confirmed by Chinese maps showing the road in 1958. The political situation eroded, culminating in 1962 in the Sino-Indian War.

The road on the Chinese side gave PLA an advantage as a reliable supply line, giving the Indian Army impetus to build a road for supply and mobilisation of their own troops. The building started from Sringar in 1962, reaching Kargil in two years. This was the basis of modern Srinagar-Leh Highway. Building the road was hazardous task, given the challenging geographical location, and maintaining the road is still unenviable task.

Restrictions on civilian traffic were lifted in 1974.

This highway was used as mobilisation route by the Indian Army during Pakistani occupation of Kargil in 1999, known as Operation Vijay.

( Source : Wikipedia)

  

One of the most beautiful and serene places I have ever visited even though it is so busy. Durlston is large and there are many places where you can get away from the crowds. I took a walk along the coastal path to the Dancing Ledges 3 miles away and was rewarded with astounding views. As you walk along the top of the cliffs you get stunning views across a blue sea and see many different types of birds. I saw Guillemots, Razorbills, Shag, Fulmar, Gannet, Kittiwake, and Gulls along the cliffs. Other birds present included Linnet, Meadow Pipit, Whitethroat, Kestrel, Raven and Stonechat. I was lucky enough to see a Barking Deer or Muntjac as they are also known.

I also had a little pot of locally made Honeycombe Hash flavoured Purbeck ice cream.

  

www.durlston.co.uk/

   

Durlston Country Park and National Nature Reserve, situated 1 mile from Swanage in Dorset, is a fabulous 280 acre countryside paradise, consisting of sea-cliffs, coastal limestone downland, haymeadows, hedgerows and woodland. With stunning views, walking trails, the historic Great Globe, superb geology and fascinating wildlife there is always something different to see.

   

www.durlston.co.uk/index.php?nid=51&id=32

  

About Durlston Country Park

Situated in the south-east corner of the Isle of Purbeck in Dorset (grid ref SZ 03 77), a mile south of Swanage, lies Durlston Country Park – 280 acres of very special countryside.

 

The Country Park was established in the 1970s by Dorset County Council, and 30 years of careful management by the Ranger team have resulted in a superb site that everyone can enjoy.

Wildlife and Landscape

Few places in Britain equal Durlston: The bare statistics merely hint at the amazing diversity of wildlife: 33 species of breeding butterfly, over 250 species of bird recorded, 500 wildflowers, 500 moths and thousands of other invertebrates.

Durlston's special qualities stem from a combination of geography, geology, history and careful management which has created a mosaic of nationally important wildlife habitats: sea-cliffs, downs, ancient meadows, hedgerows, woodland, and dry-stone walls – each with their characteristic plants and animals.

 

History

Wildlife apart, there are plenty of other things to see: The history of Durlston can be detected in the now dry, glacial river valley, the ancient Saxon field systems, two types of quarry – the inland Purbeck Stone Quarr, and the Portland limestone cliff quarry known as Tilly Whim Caves.

High on the ridge remain the footings of a Napoleonic telegraph station, and Anvil Point Lighthouse adds further interest to a visit.

The eminent Victorian, George Burt, left a legacy of fascinating artefacts. These include the 'Great Globe' – 40 tons of Portland limestone, cast-iron bollards from the City, St Martin's and other parts of London, and Durlston Castle itself – all linked by scenic cliff-top paths with Victorian panels quoting poetry and facts of interest.

 

Facilities

The Visitor Centre

The Visitor Centre is a must for all - recent wildlife sightings, daily and monthly displays all ensure the latest information for visitors.

 

There are also live pictures from the seabird colony on the cliffs and sound from an underwater hydrophone.

A Ranger is always available to help you make the most of your visit.

Family Activities

Guided Walks and Events

A full programme of events – guided walks, boat trips, talks, children's events and other activities run throughout the year.

 

Paths and Trails

Four clearly waymarked Trails, each with its own information leaflet provide an ideal introduction to Durlston.

All Trails begin at the Visitor Centre.

A network of Public Footpaths criss-cross the site, with good access to the South-west Coast Path.

 

Education

Each year, thousands of school children and students use Durlston as an educational resource. A wide range of sessions and other educational facilities are provided by the Rangers to help them get the most from their visit.

 

Community

Friends of Durlston

The Park has always had close ties with the local community, and the Friends of Durlston organisation provides a focus for goodwill and support.

Over 700 Friends provide an enormous amount of practical help – from running the Visitor Centre counter and updating our wildlife records, to monitoring butterflies and building dry stone walls.

There is also a thriving social side to the 'Friends', with illustrated talks held monthly and other events throughout the year.

 

Achievements

Awards

The County Council's policy of 'Conservation for Public Enjoyment' has formed the basis of the Park's management for 30 years.

This, combined with the support of the Friends, has led to both organisations being jointly awarded the prestigious English Nature SSSI Award.

In 2006 Durlston recieved both the Royal Horticultural Society's 'Conservation and Environment Award' for outstanding conservation work

In 2008, for the third time, we were awarded the 'Green Flag', recognising the quality of amenities for visitors.

In 2010, Durlston was voted 2nd in a competition to find Britain's Favourite Park, organised by the Keep Briatin Tidy Group.

Designations

As an internationally important site for wildlife and geology, Durlston is protected by a host of designations. Durlston forms part of an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty and the Purbeck Heritage Coast (which holds a Council of Europe Diploma for it's management).

Most of the Park is a Site of Special Scientific Interest and since 1997, a Special Area of Conservation. Most of the Park is also designated as a Site of Nature Conservation Importance, while in 1997, the Dorset and East Devon Coast was awarded World Heritage Site status for its geological importance.

In June 2008, Durlston was awarded National Nature Reserve Status by Natural England in recognition of the national importance of Durlston for wildlife.

This long list of accolades and designations that highlight the site's importance and provide a reminder of the great care that must be taken to conserve this wonderful facility for future generations.

At any time of year, a visit to Durlston is a memorable experience. Despite its popularity, there is still the peace and quiet to enjoy the natural splendours of the area, and no matter how many times you visit there is always something new to see and enjoy.

  

La Bandiera Blu è un riconoscimento internazionale, istituito nel 1987 Anno europeo dell’Ambiente, che viene assegnato ogni anno in 48 paesi, inizialmente solo europei, più recentemente anche extra-europei, con il supporto e la partecipazione delle due agenzie dell'ONU: UNEP (Programma delle Nazioni Unite per l’ambiente) e UNWTO (Organizzazione Mondiale del Turismo) con cui la FEE ha sottoscritto un Protocollo di partnership globale.

 

Bandiera Blu è un eco-label volontario assegnato alle località turistiche balneari che rispettano criteri relativi alla gestione sostenibile del territorio.

 

Obiettivo principale di questo programma è quello di indirizzare la politica di gestione locale di numerose località rivierasche, verso un processo di sostenibilità ambientale.

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The Blue Flag is an international award, established in 1987 the European Year of the Environment, which is awarded every year in 48 countries, initially only in Europe, most recently also outside Europe, with the support and participation of the two UN agencies: UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme) and UNWTO (World Tourism Organization) with which the FEE has signed a Memorandum of global partnership.

 

Blue Flag is a voluntary eco-label awarded to tourist resorts that meet criteria relating to sustainable land management.

 

The main objective of this program is to direct the policy of the local management of many coastal resorts, toward a process of environmental sustainability.

 

Primi tentativi di foto con lunga esposizione.

First attempts of photos with long exposure.

All rights reserved - copyright :copyright: Giancarlo Gabbrielli

  

Paris. France.

 

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Paris (English /ˈpærɪs/, i/ˈpɛrɪs/; French: [paʁi] ( listen)) is the capital and largest city of France. It is situated on the river Seine, in the north of the country, at the heart of the Île-de-France region. Within its administrative limits (the 20 arrondissements), Paris has a population of about 2,230,000, and its metropolitan area is one of the largest population centres in Europe, with more than 12 million inhabitants.

An important settlement for more than two millennia, Paris had become, by the 12th century, one of Europe's foremost centres of learning and the arts and was the largest city in the Western world until the turn of the 18th century. Paris is today one of the world's leading business and cultural centres and its influences in politics, education, entertainment, media, science, and the arts all contribute to its status as one of the world's major global cities.

Paris and the Paris region account for a quarter of the gross domestic product of France and has one of the largest city GDPs in the world, with €572 billion in 2010. Considered as green and highly liveable, the city and its region are the world's leading tourism destination, hosting four UNESCO World Heritage Sites and many international organizations, including UNESCO and the European Space Agency.

 

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Petra

   

Petra (Greek "πέτρα" (petra), meaning stone; Arabic: البتراء, Al-Batrāʾ) is a historical and archaeological city in the Jordanian governorate of Ma'an that is famous for its rock cut architecture and water conduit system. Established sometime around the 6th century BC as the capital city of the Nabataeans,[2] it is a symbol of Jordan as well as its most visited tourist attraction.[2] It lies on the slope of Mount Hor[3] in a basin among the mountains which form the eastern flank of Arabah (Wadi Araba), the large valley running from the Dead Sea to the Gulf of Aqaba. Petra has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1985.

The site remained unknown to the Western world until 1812, when it was introduced by Swiss explorer Johann Ludwig Burckhardt. It was described as "a rose-red city half as old as time" in a Newdigate Prize-winning poem by John William Burgon. UNESCO has described it as "one of the most precious cultural properties of man's cultural heritage".[4] Petra was chosen by the BBC as one of "the 40 places you have to see before you die".

  

Geography

 

Pliny the Elder and other writers identify Petra as the capital of the Nabataeans, and the center of their caravan trade. Enclosed by towering rocks and watered by a perennial stream, Petra not only possessed the advantages of a fortress, but controlled the main commercial routes which passed through it to Gaza in the west, to Bosra and Damascus in the north, to Aqaba and Leuce Come on the Red Sea, and across the desert to the Persian Gulf.

Excavations have demonstrated that it was the ability of the Nabataeans to control the water supply that led to the rise of the desert city, creating an artificial oasis. The area is visited by flash floods and archaeological evidence demonstrates the Nabataeans controlled these floods by the use of dams, cisterns and water conduits. These innovations stored water for prolonged periods of drought, and enabled the city to prosper from its sale.[6][7]

Although in ancient times Petra might have been approached from the south on a track leading around Jabal Haroun ("Aaron's Mountain"), across the plain of Petra, or possibly from the high plateau to the north, most modern visitors approach the site from the east. The impressive eastern entrance leads steeply down through a dark, narrow gorge (in places only 3–4 m (9.8–13 ft) wide) called the Siq ("the shaft"), a natural geological feature formed from a deep split in the sandstone rocks and serving as a waterway flowing into Wadi Musa. At the end of the narrow gorge stands Petra's most elaborate ruin, Al Khazneh (popularly known as "the Treasury"), hewn into the sandstone cliff.

A little further from the Treasury, at the foot of the mountain called en-Nejr, is a massive theatre, so placed as to bring the greatest number of tombs within view. At the point where the valley opens out into the plain, the site of the city is revealed with striking effect. The amphitheatre has been cut into the hillside and into several of the tombs during its construction. Rectangular gaps in the seating are still visible. Almost enclosing it on three sides are rose-coloured mountain walls, divided into groups by deep fissures, and lined with knobs cut from the rock in the form of towers.

   

History

Evidence suggests that settlements had begun in and around Petra in the eighteenth dynasty of Egypt (1550-1292 BC). It is listed in Egyptian campaign accounts and the Amarna letters as Pel, Sela or Seir. Though the city was founded relatively late, a sanctuary existed there since very ancient times. Stations 19 through 26 of the stations list of Exodus are places associated with Petra.[8] This part of the country was Biblically assigned to the Horites, the predecessors of the Edomites.[9] The habits of the original natives may have influenced the Nabataean custom of burying the dead and offering worship in half-excavated caves. Although Petra is usually identified with Sela which means a rock, the Biblical references[10] refer to it as "the cleft in the rock", referring to its entrance. The second book of Kings xiv. 7 seems to be more specific. In the parallel passage, however, Sela is understood to mean simply "the rock" (2 Chronicles xxv. 12, see LXX).

On the authority of Josephus (Antiquities of the Jews iv. 7, 1~ 4, 7) Eusebius and Jerome (Onom. sacr. 286, 71. 145, 9; 228, 55. 287, 94) assert that Rekem was the native name and Rekem appears in the Dead Sea Scrolls[11] as a prominent Edom site most closely describing Petra and associated with Mount Seir. But in the Aramaic versions Rekem is the name of Kadesh, implying that Josephus may have confused the two places. Sometimes the Aramaic versions give the form Rekem-Geya which recalls the name of the village El-ji, southeast of Petra.[citation needed] The Semitic name of the city, if not Sela, remains unknown. The passage in Diodorus Siculus (xix. 94–97) which describes the expeditions which Antigonus sent against the Nabataeans in 312 BC is understood to throw some light upon the history of Petra, but the "petra" referred to as a natural fortress and place of refuge cannot be a proper name and the description implies that the town was not yet in existence.

 

The name "Rekem" was inscribed in the rock wall of the Wadi Musa opposite the entrance to the Siq,[12] but about twenty years ago the Jordanians built a bridge over the wadi and this inscription was buried beneath tons of concrete[citation needed].

More satisfactory evidence of the date of the earliest Nabataean settlement may be obtained from an examination of the tombs. Two types have been distinguished: the Nabataean and the Greco-Roman. The Nabataean type starts from the simple pylon-tomb with a door set in a tower crowned by a parapet ornament, in imitation of the front of a dwelling-house. Then, after passing through various stages, the full Nabataean type is reached, retaining all the native features and at the same time exhibiting characteristics which are partly Egyptian and partly Greek. Of this type there exist close parallels in the tomb-towers at el-I~ejr in north Arabia, which bear long Nabataean inscriptions and supply a date for the corresponding monuments at Petra. Then comes a series of tombfronts which terminate in a semicircular arch, a feature derived from north Syria. Finally come the elaborate façades copied from the front of a Roman temple; however, all traces of native style have vanished. The exact dates of the stages in this development cannot be fixed. Few inscriptions of any length have been found at Petra, perhaps because they have perished with the stucco or cement which was used upon many of the buildings. The simple pylon-tombs which belong to the pre-Hellenic age serve as evidence for the earliest period. It is not known how far back in this stage the Nabataean settlement goes, but it does not go back farther than the 6th century BC.

 

A period follows in which the dominant civilization combines Greek, Egyptian and Syrian elements, clearly pointing to the age of the Ptolemies. Towards the close of the 2nd century BC, when the Ptolemaic and Seleucid kingdoms were equally depressed, the Nabataean kingdom came to the front. Under Aretas III Philhellene, (c.85–60 BC), the royal coins begin. The theatre was probably excavated at that time, and Petra must have assumed the aspect of a Hellenistic city. In the reign of Aretas IV Philopatris, (9 BC–40 AD), the fine tombs of the el-I~ejr [?] type may be dated, and perhaps also the great High-place.

  

Roman rule

In 106 AD, when Cornelius Palma was governor of Syria, that part of Arabia under the rule of Petra was absorbed into the Roman Empire as part of Arabia Petraea, becoming capital. The native dynasty came to an end, but the city continued to flourish. A century later, in the time of Alexander Severus, when the city was at the height of its splendor, the issue of coinage comes to an end. There is no more building of sumptuous tombs, owing apparently to some sudden catastrophe, such as an invasion by the neo-Persian power under the Sassanid Empire. Meanwhile, as Palmyra (fl. 130–270) grew in importance and attracted the Arabian trade away from Petra, the latter declined. It seems, however, to have lingered on as a religious centre. A Roman road was constructed at the site. Epiphanius of Salamis (c.315–403) writes that in his time a feast was held there on December 25 in honor of the virgin Khaabou (Chaabou) and her offspring Dushara (Haer. 51).[

  

Decline

  

The narrow passage (Siq) that leads to Petra

Petra declined rapidly under Roman rule, in large part from the revision of sea-based trade routes. In 363 an earthquake destroyed many buildings, and crippled the vital water management system.[13] The ruins of Petra were an object of curiosity in the Middle Ages and were visited by Sultan Baibars of Egypt towards the end of the 13th century. The first European to describe them was Swiss traveller Johann Ludwig Burckhardt in 1812.

Because the structures weakened with age, many of the tombs became vulnerable to thieves, and many treasures were stolen. In 1929, a four-person team, consisting of British archaeologists Agnes Conway and George Horsfield, Palestinian physician and folk-lore expert Dr Tawfiq Canaan and Dr Ditlef Nielsen, a Danish scholar, excavated and surveyed Petra.

  

T. E. Lawrence (Lawrence of Arabia)

In October, 1917, Lawrence, as part of a general effort to divert Turkish military resources away from the British invasion of North Africa, led a small force of Syrians and Arabians in defending Petra against a much larger combined force of Turks and Germans. The Bedouin women living in the vicinity of Petra and under the leadership of Sheik Khallil's wife were recruited to fight in the defense of the city. The defenders were able to completely devastate the Turkish/German forces.[

  

Religion

 

The Nabataeans worshipped the Arab gods and goddesses of the pre-Islamic times as well as a few of their deified kings. One, Obodas I, was deified after his death. Dushara was the main male god accompanied by his female trinity: Al-‘Uzzá, Allat and Manāt. Many statues carved in the rock depict these gods and goddesses.

The Monastery, Petra's largest monument, dates from the 1st century BC. It was dedicated to Obodas I and is believed to be the symposium of Obodas the god. This information is inscribed on the ruins of the Monastery (the name is the translation of the Arabic "Ad Deir").

Christianity found its way to Petra in the 4th century AD, nearly 500 years after the establishment of Petra as a trade center. Athanasius mentions a bishop of Petra (Anhioch. 10) named Asterius. At least one of the tombs (the "tomb with the urn"?) was used as a church. An inscription in red paint records its consecration "in the time of the most holy bishop Jason" (447). After the Islamic conquest of 629–632 Christianity in Petra, as of most of Arabia, gave way to Islam. During the First Crusade Petra was occupied by Baldwin I of the Kingdom of Jerusalem and formed the second fief of the barony of Al Karak (in the lordship of Oultrejordain) with the title Château de la Valée de Moyse or Sela. It remained in the hands of the Franks until 1189. It is still a titular see of the Catholic Church.[16]

Two Crusader-period castles are known in and around Petra. The first is al-Wu'ayra and is situated just north of Wadi Musa. It can be viewed from the road to "Little Petra". It is the castle of Valle Moise which was seized by a band of Turks with the help of local Muslims and only recovered by the Crusaders after they began to destroy the olive trees of Wadi Musa. The potential loss of livelihood led the locals to negotiate surrender. The second is on the summit of el-Habis in the heart of Petra and can be accessed via a flight of steps that begins near the tomb complex known as "the Monastery".

According to Arab tradition, Petra is the spot where Moses (Musa) struck a rock with his staff and water came forth, and where Moses' brother, Aaron (Harun), is buried, at Mount Hor, known today as Jabal Haroun or Mount Aaron. The Wadi Musa or "Wadi of Moses" is the Arab name for the narrow valley at the head of which Petra is sited. A mountaintop shrine of Moses' sister Miriam was still shown to pilgrims at the time of Jerome in the 4th century, but its location has not been identified since.

 

Threats to Petra

The site suffers from a host of threats, including collapse of ancient structures, erosion due to flooding and improper rainwater drainage, weathering from salt upwelling, improper restoration of ancient structures, and unsustainable tourism.[18] The latter has increased substantially, especially since the site received widespread media coverage in 2007 during the controversial New Seven Wonders of the World Internet and cell phone campaign.[19]

In an attempt to reduce the impact of these threats, Petra National Trust (PNT) was established in 1989. Over this time, it has worked together with numerous local and international organizations on projects that promote the protection, conservation and preservation of the Petra site.

  

Petra today

On December 6, 1985, Petra was designated a World Heritage Site.

In 2006 the design of a Visitor Centre began. The Jordan Times reported in December 2006 that 59,000 people visited in the two months October and November 2006, 25% fewer than the same period in the previous year.[

  

In popular culture

Petra was the main topic in John William Burgon's Poem Petra. Referring to it as the inaccessible city which he had heard described but had never seen. The Poem was awarded the Newdigate Prize in 1845 :

“It seems no work of Man's creative hand,

by labour wrought as wavering fancy planned;

But from the rock as if by magic grown,

eternal, silent, beautiful, alone!

Not virgin-white like that old Doric shrine,

where erst Athena held her rites divine;

Not saintly-grey, like many a minster fane,

that crowns the hill and consecrates the plain;

But rose-red as if the blush of dawn,

that first beheld them were not yet withdrawn;

The hues of youth upon a brow of woe,

which Man deemed old two thousand years ago,

match me such marvel save in Eastern clime,

a rose-red city half as old as time.”

 

In 1977, the famous Lebanese Rahbani brothers wrote the musical "Petra" as a response to the Lebanese Civil War.-[22]

The site is featured in films such as: Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade, Arabian Nights, Passion in the Desert, Mortal Kombat: Annihilation, Sinbad and the Eye of the Tiger, and Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen. It was recreated for the video games Spy Hunter (2001), King's Quest V, Lego Indiana Jones and Sonic Unleashed and appeared in the novels Left Behind, Appointment with Death, The Eagle in the Sand and The Red Sea Sharks, the nineteenth book in The Adventures of Tintin series. It featured prominently in the Marcus Didius Falco mystery novel Last Act in Palmyra.

In Blue Balliett's novel, Chasing Vermeer, the character Petra Andalee comes from the site.[23] In Agatha Christie's, "Appointment with Death" (1938), the mysterious and enigmatic Petra is the setting for a murder mystery featuring Hercule Poirot.

The Sisters of Mercy filmed their popular music video for "Dominion/Mother Russia" in and around Al Khazneh ("The Treasury") in February 1988.

Petra was featured in episode 3 of the 2010 series "An Idiot Abroad"

   

Sister cities

• Plovdiv, Bulgaria

Mada'in Saleh in Saudi Arabia

 

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The Arg of Karim Khan (Persian: ارگ کريمخاني ɑrge KɑrīmKHănɪ AKA Arge KarimKhani, Citadel of KarimKhan, KarimKhan Fortress) is a citadel located in the north-east of Shiraz. It was built as part of a complex during the Zand dynasty and is named after Karim Khan, and served as his living quarters. In shape it resembles a medieval fortress. At times, the citadel was used as a prison. Today, it is a museum operated by Iran's Cultural Heritage Organization.

 

This photo was taken inside of one of the rooms. I have actually returned to this place during noon after my morning visit. I estimated that the best time for those amazing colors will around that time and the room will be full of light and color. I have chosen to post photo with a female figure as it adds nice point of interest.

 

Camera Model: Canon EOS 5D Mark II; Lens: EF17-40mm f/4L USM; Focal length: 17.00 mm; Aperture: 6.3; Exposure time: 1/80 s; ISO: 160

 

All rights reserved - Copyright :copyright: Lucie Debelkova www.luciedebelkova.com

 

All images are exclusive property and may not be copied, downloaded, reproduced, transmitted, manipulated or used in any way without expressed, written permission of the photographer.

Paris. France.

 

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Paris (English /ˈpærɪs/, i/ˈpɛrɪs/; French: [paʁi] ( listen)) is the capital and largest city of France. It is situated on the river Seine, in the north of the country, at the heart of the Île-de-France region. Within its administrative limits (the 20 arrondissements), Paris has a population of about 2,230,000, and its metropolitan area is one of the largest population centres in Europe, with more than 12 million inhabitants.

An important settlement for more than two millennia, Paris had become, by the 12th century, one of Europe's foremost centres of learning and the arts and was the largest city in the Western world until the turn of the 18th century. Paris is today one of the world's leading business and cultural centres and its influences in politics, education, entertainment, media, science, and the arts all contribute to its status as one of the world's major global cities.

Paris and the Paris region account for a quarter of the gross domestic product of France and has one of the largest city GDPs in the world, with €572 billion in 2010. Considered as green and highly liveable, the city and its region are the world's leading tourism destination, hosting four UNESCO World Heritage Sites and many international organizations, including UNESCO and the European Space Agency.

   

Paris. France.

 

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Paris (English /ˈpærɪs/, i/ˈpɛrɪs/; French: [paʁi] ( listen)) is the capital and largest city of France. It is situated on the river Seine, in the north of the country, at the heart of the Île-de-France region. Within its administrative limits (the 20 arrondissements), Paris has a population of about 2,230,000, and its metropolitan area is one of the largest population centres in Europe, with more than 12 million inhabitants.

An important settlement for more than two millennia, Paris had become, by the 12th century, one of Europe's foremost centres of learning and the arts and was the largest city in the Western world until the turn of the 18th century. Paris is today one of the world's leading business and cultural centres and its influences in politics, education, entertainment, media, science, and the arts all contribute to its status as one of the world's major global cities.

Paris and the Paris region account for a quarter of the gross domestic product of France and has one of the largest city GDPs in the world, with €572 billion in 2010. Considered as green and highly liveable, the city and its region are the world's leading tourism destination, hosting four UNESCO World Heritage Sites and many international organizations, including UNESCO and the European Space Agency.

   

Red Sea Diving Safari is the southern Red Sea’s most popular tourism & diving destination. Our organization is one of Egypt’s leading environmental activists and a pioneer for sustainable tourism. We have been internationally recognized as a model of tourism development and are considered a voice for the international diving community.

Our destination consists of 3 villages along the southern Red Sea coastline; Marsa Shagra Village, Marsa Nakari Village and Wadi Lahami Village. Our 3 villages are certified PADI resorts and we offer courses beginning from Discover Scuba Diving to Instructor. We are also the first TDI facility in the southern Red Sea. Although we are a favored destination for divers across the world, we are also the ideal destination for eco-tourists, nature lovers, explorers, or just your ordinary holiday-traveler.

Ark Encounter is a Christian fundamentalist theme park that opened in Grant County, Kentucky on July 7, 2016. The centerpiece of the park is a full-scale model of Noah's Ark from the Genesis flood narrative in the Bible which is 510 feet (155 m) long, 85 feet (26 m) wide, and 51 feet (16 m) high. It is one of only three full-size Noah's Ark replicas and derivatives in the world, and the largest of the three. Ark Encounter is operated by Answers in Genesis (AiG), a Young Earth creationism group that operates the Creation Museum 45 miles (70 km) away in Petersburg, Kentucky.

 

After independent feasibility studies projected that the park would provide a boon to the state's tourism industry, the Ark Encounter received tax incentives from the city, county, and state to induce its construction. This drew criticism from groups concerned with the separation of church and state. A dispute over AiG's hiring practices was adjudicated in U.S. federal court, which found in 2016 that the organisation could require Ark Encounter employees to sign a statement of faith as a condition of their employment, prompting criticism of the park's discriminatory hiring practices.

Paris. France.

 

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Paris (English /ˈpærɪs/, i/ˈpɛrɪs/; French: [paʁi] ( listen)) is the capital and largest city of France. It is situated on the river Seine, in the north of the country, at the heart of the Île-de-France region. Within its administrative limits (the 20 arrondissements), Paris has a population of about 2,230,000, and its metropolitan area is one of the largest population centres in Europe, with more than 12 million inhabitants.

An important settlement for more than two millennia, Paris had become, by the 12th century, one of Europe's foremost centres of learning and the arts and was the largest city in the Western world until the turn of the 18th century. Paris is today one of the world's leading business and cultural centres and its influences in politics, education, entertainment, media, science, and the arts all contribute to its status as one of the world's major global cities.

Paris and the Paris region account for a quarter of the gross domestic product of France and has one of the largest city GDPs in the world, with €572 billion in 2010. Considered as green and highly liveable, the city and its region are the world's leading tourism destination, hosting four UNESCO World Heritage Sites and many international organizations, including UNESCO and the European Space Agency.

  

Visit.Org Ambassadors Alex & Sarah visited our partner nonprofit organization Condor Trekkers in Sucre, Bolivia.

 

Condor Trekkers is a nonprofit organization based in Sucre, Bolivia that offers trekking and city tours as a way to combat poverty in one of the world’s poorest nations.

 

Sucre Trekking Tour: Hike an Inca Trail and the Maragua Crater

visit.org/bolivia/condor-trekkers/sucre-trekking-tour-hik...

The national economy of the Philippines is the 45th largest in the world, with an estimated 2010 gross domestic product (nominal) of $189 billion.Primary exports include semiconductors and electronic products, transport equipment, garments, copper products, petroleum products, coconut oil, and fruits.Major trading partners include China, Japan, the United States, Singapore, Hong Kong, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Thailand, and Malaysia.Its unit of currency is the Philippine peso (₱ or PHP).

 

A newly industrialized country, the Philippine economy has been transitioning from one based on agriculture to one based more on services and manufacturing. Of the country's total labor force of around 38.1 million, the agricultural sector employs close to 32% but contributes to only about 13.8% of GDP. The industrial sector employs around 13.7% of the workforce and accounts for 30% of GDP. Meanwhile the 46.5% of workers involved in the services sector are responsible for 56.2% of GDP.

 

The unemployment rate as of July 2009 stands at around 7.6% and due to the global economic slowdown inflation as of September 2009 reads 0.70%. Gross international reserves as of February 2010 are $45.713 billion. In 2004, public debt as a percentage of GDP was estimated to be 74.2%; in 2008, 56.9%. Gross external debt has risen to $66.27 billion. The country is a net importer.

  

The Philippine Stock Exchange with the statue of Benigno Aquino, Jr.After World War II, the country was for a time regarded as the second wealthiest in East Asia, next only to Japan. However, by the 1960s its economic performance started being overtaken. The economy stagnated under the dictatorship of Ferdinand Marcos as the regime spawned economic mismanagement and political volatility. The country suffered from slow economic growth and bouts of economic recession. Only in the 1990s with a program of economic liberalization did the economy begin to recover.The Philippines has enjoyed sustained economic growth during first decade of the 21st century. However, as of 2010, the country's economy remained smaller than its neighbors in Southeast Asia such as Thailand, Singapore, Indonesia and Malaysia from both GDP and GDP per capita (nominal).

 

The 1997 Asian Financial Crisis affected the economy, resulting in a lingering decline of the value of the peso and falls in the stock market. But the extent it was affected initially was not as severe as that of some of its Asian neighbors. This was largely due to the fiscal conservatism of the government, partly as a result of decades of monitoring and fiscal supervision from the International Monetary Fund (IMF), in comparison to the massive spending of its neighbors on the rapid acceleration of economic growth. There have been signs of progress since. In 2004, the economy experienced 6.4% GDP growth and 7.1% in 2007, its fastest pace of growth in three decades. Yet average annual GDP growth per capita for the period 1966–2007 still stands at 1.45% in comparison to an average of 5.96% for the East Asia and the Pacific region as a whole and the daily income for 45% of the population of the Philippines remains less than $2.

 

Other incongruities and challenges exist. The economy is heavily reliant on remittances which surpass foreign direct investment as a source of foreign currency. Regional development is uneven with Luzon—Metro Manila in particular—gaining most of the new economic growth at the expense of the other regions,although the government has taken steps to distribute economic growth by promoting investment in other areas of the country. Despite constraints, service industries such as tourism and business process outsourcing have been identified as areas with some of the best opportunities for growth for the country.Goldman Sachs includes the country in its list of the "Next Eleven" economies.But China and India have emerged as major economic competitors.

 

The Philippines is a member of the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, the World Trade Organization (WTO), the Asian Development Bank which is headquartered in Mandaluyong City, the Colombo Plan, and the G-77 among other groups and institutions

   

A late afternoon landscape.

 

National Highway 1D (NH 1D), also known as Srinagar-Leh Highway, is a National Highway entirely within the state of Jammu & Kashmir in North India that connects Srinagar to Leh in Ladakh. It is one of the only two roads that connect Ladakh with the rest of India, the other being Leh-Manali Highway. The Srinagar-Leh Highway was declared as National Highway in 2006.

The old Central Asian trade route Srinagar-Leh-Yarkand was also known as the Treaty Road, after a commercial treaty signed in 1870 between Maharaja Ranbir Singh and Thomas Douglas Forsyth.

Weather conditions

Even nowadays, heavy snowfall at highest passes blocks traffic, cutting Leh from Srinagar for some six months each year. During springtime, the Border Roads Organisation (BRO) plows snow and repairs damages caused by landslides. Zoji La pass received reportedly some 18 m (59 ft) of snowfall in 2008.

Geography

For most part, NH 1D runs through extremely treacherous terrain and follows the historic trade route along the Indus River, thus giving modern travelers a glimpse of villages which are historically and culturally important. The road generally remains open for traffic from early June to mid-November. The total length of NH 1 is 422 km.

The two highest passes on NH 1D include Fotu La at 4,108 m (13,478 ft) elevation and Zoji La at 3,528 m (11,575 ft) elevation.

Dras, located some 170 km from Srinagar at elevation of 3,249 m (10,659 ft), is the first major village over the Zoji La pass. The village is inhabited by a population of mixed Kashmiri and Dard origins, having a reputation of being the second coldest permanent inhabited spot in the world after Siberia, with temperatures dropping to −45 °C (−49 °F).

History

In the 17th and 18th centuries, the road was only a track, impassable even with ponies. Goods, mainly pashmina wool, were carried by porters from Yarkand and Tibet for Kashmir shawl industry.

In the 19th century, the route was improved, allowing pony caravans to pass. This work was started after Dogra General Zorawar Singh conquered Ladakh region from the Sikh Empire during 1836–1840 Trans-Himalayan campaign and princely state of Jammu and Kashmir was formed when the British sold Kashmir to maharaja Gulab Singh in 1846 Treaty of Amritsar.

In April 1873, the Kashmir government allocated 2,500 rupees annually for upkeep of the Treaty Road and associated serais.

During the 1950s, tensions rose in Ladakh region. China had quietly been building a military road spanning some 1,200 km from Xinjiang to western Tibet. The road was discovered by Indians in 1957 and this was confirmed by Chinese maps showing the road in 1958. The political situation eroded, culminating in 1962 in the Sino-Indian War.

The road on the Chinese side gave PLA an advantage as a reliable supply line, giving the Indian Army impetus to build a road for supply and mobilisation of their own troops. The building started from Sringar in 1962, reaching Kargil in two years. This was the basis of modern Srinagar-Leh Highway. Building the road was hazardous task, given the challenging geographical location, and maintaining the road is still unenviable task.

Restrictions on civilian traffic were lifted in 1974.

This highway was used as mobilisation route by the Indian Army during Pakistani occupation of Kargil in 1999, known as Operation Vijay.

 

( Source : Wikipedia)

  

Ark Encounter is a Christian fundamentalist theme park that opened in Grant County, Kentucky on July 7, 2016. The centerpiece of the park is a full-scale model of Noah's Ark from the Genesis flood narrative in the Bible which is 510 feet (155 m) long, 85 feet (26 m) wide, and 51 feet (16 m) high. It is one of only three full-size Noah's Ark replicas and derivatives in the world, and the largest of the three. Ark Encounter is operated by Answers in Genesis (AiG), a Young Earth creationism group that operates the Creation Museum 45 miles (70 km) away in Petersburg, Kentucky.

 

After independent feasibility studies projected that the park would provide a boon to the state's tourism industry, the Ark Encounter received tax incentives from the city, county, and state to induce its construction. This drew criticism from groups concerned with the separation of church and state. A dispute over AiG's hiring practices was adjudicated in U.S. federal court, which found in 2016 that the organisation could require Ark Encounter employees to sign a statement of faith as a condition of their employment, prompting criticism of the park's discriminatory hiring practices.

Visit.Org Ambassadors Alex & Sarah visited our partner nonprofit organization Condor Trekkers in Sucre, Bolivia.

 

Condor Trekkers is a nonprofit organization based in Sucre, Bolivia that offers trekking and city tours as a way to combat poverty in one of the world’s poorest nations.

 

Sucre Trekking Tour: Hike an Inca Trail and the Maragua Crater

visit.org/bolivia/condor-trekkers/sucre-trekking-tour-hik...

Classic Lunenburg. It doesn't matter whatever the weather, the colours of this town always pop.

 

Lunenburg, is a Canadian port town in Lunenburg County, Nova Scotia.

 

Situated on the province's South Shore, Lunenburg is located on a peninsula at the western side of Mahone Bay. The town is approximately 90 kilometres southwest of the county boundary with the Halifax Regional Municipality.

 

The historic town was designated a United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage Site in 1995.

 

This designation ensures protection for much of Lunenburg's unique architecture and civic design, being the best example of planned British colonial settlement in North America.

 

Paris. France.

 

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Paris (English /ˈpærɪs/, i/ˈpɛrɪs/; French: [paʁi] ( listen)) is the capital and largest city of France. It is situated on the river Seine, in the north of the country, at the heart of the Île-de-France region. Within its administrative limits (the 20 arrondissements), Paris has a population of about 2,230,000, and its metropolitan area is one of the largest population centres in Europe, with more than 12 million inhabitants.

An important settlement for more than two millennia, Paris had become, by the 12th century, one of Europe's foremost centres of learning and the arts and was the largest city in the Western world until the turn of the 18th century. Paris is today one of the world's leading business and cultural centres and its influences in politics, education, entertainment, media, science, and the arts all contribute to its status as one of the world's major global cities.

Paris and the Paris region account for a quarter of the gross domestic product of France and has one of the largest city GDPs in the world, with €572 billion in 2010. Considered as green and highly liveable, the city and its region are the world's leading tourism destination, hosting four UNESCO World Heritage Sites and many international organizations, including UNESCO and the European Space Agency.

   

Visit.Org Ambassadors Alex & Sarah visited our partner nonprofit organization Condor Trekkers in Sucre, Bolivia.

 

Condor Trekkers is a nonprofit organization based in Sucre, Bolivia that offers trekking and city tours as a way to combat poverty in one of the world’s poorest nations.

 

Sucre Trekking Tour: Hike an Inca Trail and the Maragua Crater

visit.org/bolivia/condor-trekkers/sucre-trekking-tour-hik...

Visit.Org Ambassadors Alex & Sarah visited our partner nonprofit organization Condor Trekkers in Sucre, Bolivia.

 

Condor Trekkers is a nonprofit organization based in Sucre, Bolivia that offers trekking and city tours as a way to combat poverty in one of the world’s poorest nations.

 

Sucre Trekking Tour: Hike an Inca Trail and the Maragua Crater

visit.org/bolivia/condor-trekkers/sucre-trekking-tour-hik...

Visit.Org Ambassadors Alex & Sarah visited our partner nonprofit organization Condor Trekkers in Sucre, Bolivia.

 

Condor Trekkers is a nonprofit organization based in Sucre, Bolivia that offers trekking and city tours as a way to combat poverty in one of the world’s poorest nations.

 

Sucre Trekking Tour: Hike an Inca Trail and the Maragua Crater

visit.org/bolivia/condor-trekkers/sucre-trekking-tour-hik...

Paris. France.

 

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Paris (English /ˈpærɪs/, i/ˈpɛrɪs/; French: [paʁi] ( listen)) is the capital and largest city of France. It is situated on the river Seine, in the north of the country, at the heart of the Île-de-France region. Within its administrative limits (the 20 arrondissements), Paris has a population of about 2,230,000, and its metropolitan area is one of the largest population centres in Europe, with more than 12 million inhabitants.

An important settlement for more than two millennia, Paris had become, by the 12th century, one of Europe's foremost centres of learning and the arts and was the largest city in the Western world until the turn of the 18th century. Paris is today one of the world's leading business and cultural centres and its influences in politics, education, entertainment, media, science, and the arts all contribute to its status as one of the world's major global cities.

Paris and the Paris region account for a quarter of the gross domestic product of France and has one of the largest city GDPs in the world, with €572 billion in 2010. Considered as green and highly liveable, the city and its region are the world's leading tourism destination, hosting four UNESCO World Heritage Sites and many international organizations, including UNESCO and the European Space Agency.

   

Paris. France.

 

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Check it out my Portfolio: GETTY IMAGES

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Paris (English /ˈpærɪs/, i/ˈpɛrɪs/; French: [paʁi] ( listen)) is the capital and largest city of France. It is situated on the river Seine, in the north of the country, at the heart of the Île-de-France region. Within its administrative limits (the 20 arrondissements), Paris has a population of about 2,230,000, and its metropolitan area is one of the largest population centres in Europe, with more than 12 million inhabitants.

An important settlement for more than two millennia, Paris had become, by the 12th century, one of Europe's foremost centres of learning and the arts and was the largest city in the Western world until the turn of the 18th century. Paris is today one of the world's leading business and cultural centres and its influences in politics, education, entertainment, media, science, and the arts all contribute to its status as one of the world's major global cities.

Paris and the Paris region account for a quarter of the gross domestic product of France and has one of the largest city GDPs in the world, with €572 billion in 2010. Considered as green and highly liveable, the city and its region are the world's leading tourism destination, hosting four UNESCO World Heritage Sites and many international organizations, including UNESCO and the European Space Agency.

   

Visit.Org Ambassadors Alex & Sarah visited our partner nonprofit organization Condor Trekkers in Sucre, Bolivia.

 

Condor Trekkers is a nonprofit organization based in Sucre, Bolivia that offers trekking and city tours as a way to combat poverty in one of the world’s poorest nations.

 

Sucre Trekking Tour: Hike an Inca Trail and the Maragua Crater

visit.org/bolivia/condor-trekkers/sucre-trekking-tour-hik...

Visit.Org Ambassadors Alex & Sarah visited our partner nonprofit organization Condor Trekkers in Sucre, Bolivia.

 

Condor Trekkers is a nonprofit organization based in Sucre, Bolivia that offers trekking and city tours as a way to combat poverty in one of the world’s poorest nations.

 

Sucre Trekking Tour: Hike an Inca Trail and the Maragua Crater

visit.org/bolivia/condor-trekkers/sucre-trekking-tour-hik...

Visit.Org Ambassadors Alex & Sarah visited our partner nonprofit organization Condor Trekkers in Sucre, Bolivia.

 

Condor Trekkers is a nonprofit organization based in Sucre, Bolivia that offers trekking and city tours as a way to combat poverty in one of the world’s poorest nations.

 

Sucre Trekking Tour: Hike an Inca Trail and the Maragua Crater

visit.org/bolivia/condor-trekkers/sucre-trekking-tour-hik...

Visit.Org Ambassadors Alex & Sarah visited our partner nonprofit organization Condor Trekkers in Sucre, Bolivia.

 

Condor Trekkers is a nonprofit organization based in Sucre, Bolivia that offers trekking and city tours as a way to combat poverty in one of the world’s poorest nations.

 

Sucre Trekking Tour: Hike an Inca Trail and the Maragua Crater

visit.org/bolivia/condor-trekkers/sucre-trekking-tour-hik...

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