new icn messageflickr-free-ic3d pan white
View allAll Photos Tagged Virus+that+looks+like+a+antivirus

The Net offers many internet retailers. You can get each of the items that you require while sitting in the home. There are many options on the market, so you should be mindful of the way to get the highest bargains. This article has all that you should know.


Prior to deciding to being to purchase on the net, make certain your antivirus software is perfectly up to date. There are numerous dangerous sites on the market seeking to lure you in. Scam artists can develop a storefront with all the intent of infecting your personal computer with virus and malware. Take precautions before visiting any web store, even though they appear reputable.


You need to be browsing different stores online so that you can compare products and gives. Compare different brands unless you know which product you would like. Pick the item that provides the price and also the features you want. Have a look at your chosen shopping websites frequently to get the best deals.


When you are interested in somewhere to get something, and absolutely not one of the listings appear to be they are available from names you already know, be hesitant about investing in any personal data. Make certain you can find security signs from Cybertrust or Verisign so you know they're not just a scam.


Should you be paying a lot of money for fast shipping, try exercising some patience and utilize a less expensive shipping service. You could be shocked at how fast your items arrive using standard shipping. Plus, you save a lot money by waiting simply a couple days more.


Try to find the charts that demonstrate sizes on clothing store websites. One important thing you could have trouble with once you buy clothes through the Internet is the fact you're struggling to determine if they fit or otherwise not. However, you'll realize that most clothing retailers online could have a sizing chart you may go over before purchasing. They are able to make certain you don't produce a bad purchase decision.


There is a lot of income to get saved by shopping on the web. You simply need to find out is when and where to find the most effective online bargains. This article you may have just read has given you excellent advice concerning how to spend less while shopping on the web. Apply the data here, and you are likely to get the very best bargains.

What are the benefits and advantages of Virgin Coconut Oil to Your Health ?


Why drink Virgin Coconut Oil? (Must read) Sinusitis & Alergy, Chronic Tiredness & Asthma

Protection from disease Dandruff and hair fall

Advantages of VCO & Metabolism and Energy Remove excess fat- Obesity

Remedial, Substance digestion and absorption Prostate Enlargement, Ulcer and constipation

Mother's milk & MCFA,pregnancy & Your baby Acute myocardial infarction deterrent

Anti aging, Scars on skin elasticity, Protect & treat skin High blood & Diabetes

Cracked heel, Accident wound, wound and sore Cancer , AIDS Treatment & other Researches


Prof.Dr.Mary G.Enig Director, Nutritional Science Division,

Enig Associates, Inc. 11120 New Hampshire Avenue

500 Silver Spring, MD 20904-2633 U.S.


"Coconut oil is the important and beneficial food for 21st century . With the availability of clinical and scientific information of its healthy qualities of antimicrobial virgin coconut oil particularly and coconut oil in generally, makes it very attractive."


“Virgin Coconut Oil is most salutary oil in the world"


Dr. Bruce Fife (Doctor Naturopati – USA)


" Virgin Coconut Oil has anti virus, anti bacteria, anti fungus and anti natural parasite characteristics can control a variety of diseases "


Dr. John J. Kabara (Universiti Michigan –USA)


" Virgin coconut oil stand strong alone as the most salutary oil that you can use. It contains nutritional value and research treasure that is really valuable. I really indeed want you make virgin coconut oil as part of your daily nutrition's plan "

Dr. Mark Atkinson, Holistic Medical Physician




(Clinical Nutrition)


Dr Joseph Mercola

(Author of Total Health Programand Rachael Droege)


6 ways for your


skin to really look young


1-Control from excessive exposure to sunlight.

2-Avoid from practicing a 'yo-yo diet'.

3-Use Virgin Coconut Oil

Using virgin coconut oil as a lotion is the ideal method to control your skin's youthfulness. It does not only prevent the formation of harmful free radicals, but it also act to protect it from free radical. In fact it is also capable of sustaining the skin from whitehead and other skin problem due to aging factor and excessive exposure to sunlight.

Virgin coconut oil is capable of strengthening the 'connective' tissue of the skin, thereby helping to stop the skin from slack and wrinkle. It contains certain elements that is capable of restoring damaged skin or preventing the skin from contracting a disease.

Virgin coconut oil not only give temporary relief to the skin, but it also helps to restore and improve the skin, and that cannot be done by any other types of lotion. It functioned to r5estore the youthfulness of your skin by removing the external dead skin cells. Virgin coconut oil will penetrate deep into the underlayer skin and will reinforce that layer of tissue. Finally your skin will be soft and healthy.

If you want the maximum restorative effect, you must choose those oil that is genuinely of high quality, free from chemicals, no bleaching and non hydrogenated. All these are available in virgin coconut oil.

4-Rest your face muscles

5-Take plenty of Omega-3.

6-Avoid smoking.


Hj.Ishak Basiran

(Mechanical Engineer)

M.Director Desaku Maju Marketing, Desaku Trading, Mudah Niaga & Teknologi Desa Hijau Sdn Bhd.

Dr.AH.Bambang Setiaji, MSc

(Expert Virgin Coconut oil Nusantara)

Lecturer Fakulti Kimia Matematik dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universiti Gadjah Mada Indonesia


Everyday drink Virgin Coconut Oil @ Black Seed Oil @ Honey- What you will get?


Relieve breathing– dilute phlegm and cleanse the respiratory tract and throat.


Ease defecation and urination – overcome constipation & uncomfortable urination and remove toxin through excrement.


Increase the metabolism rate on the whole body cells– Virgin coconut oil will be diffused on as the energy component inside the body – your body will consider stronger.


In the ileum and colon, it destroys the harmful organism like viruses, bacteria, fungi and protozoan (worm). The digestion will achieve maximum level.


Reduce the condition of being easily hungry – when the digestion achieves maximum level, the body will gain more nutrition and energy.


Therefore the body weight is controlled – don't need to eat much and often.


Reduce body fat – the body weight decreases to suit the person's body.


Not easily infected by diseases – with the strengthening of the body immunity system.


Reduce the stickiness of the blood platelet – the stickiness of the platelet is the contributing factor of the plaque formation in the blood vessel.


Reduce the risk of heart attack and high blood pressure – avoid the formation of plaque in the blood vessel especially the blood vessel to the heart.


Speeds up the process of repairing the damaged cells – restore the flexibility, tenderness and fineness of skin.




Reduce the cholesterol level – it does not contain cholesterol. Therefore it is the best alternative to other oils that have high high cholesterol level.


Control diabetes - the pancreas is more efficient to secrete insulin while the cell work more efficiently to diffuse the needed sugar.


Overcome degenerative disease and old age problem - the natural anti oxidant in virgin coconut oil is the free radical formation obstructer.


Does not increase the stickiness level of platelet in the blood – overcome plaque formation in the vessel which is the factor of heart attack.


The body is more resistant to diseases because VCO has anti virus, anti bacteria, anti fungus and anti protozoan agents.


Restore the flexibility, softness of skin – it speeds up the process of building new cells, besides protecting it from ultra violet radiation.


Stimulate new hair growth and guard against dandruff –the hair cell will gain adequate energy and nutrients for maximum growth.


Prevent allergy – virgin coconut oil acts as an anti histamine agent.


Prevent the risk of cancer disease – virgin coconut oil destroys the presence of any pathogen. Therefore leucocytes can act maximally destroy the cancer cells, because the leucocytes is not capable of attacking the pathogen organisms.


Overcome snoring – because the respiratory tract and uvula will be flexible and elastic due to the existence of new cells.


As a Source of Food, Energy and Health




Ø Does not burden the pancreas


Ø Medium Chain Fatty Acid (MCFA – easily digested)


Ø Digested by only the saliva enzyme and in stomach (very good for those who have digestive disorder, metabolic problem, premature infant that the body system is under growth.


Ø Transmitted to the liver producing maximum energy.


Ø Produce instant energy. It can pass through the membrane cell of mitochondria without the enzyme.


Ø Cells become efficient.


Ø Act to prevent the formation of free radical.


Ø The poisonous trans fatty acid that destroy the body system is not produced.


Ø No cholesterol.


Ø Contain about 45-55 % of lauric acid.


Ø Have antivirus, antibacterial, antifungal, anti protozoan properties.


Ø On skin, it acts as the additional shield against the dangerous ultra violet (UV) radiation (longer skin's youthfulness) and prevent from the bacterial infection (prevent skin disease infection) besides speeding up the formation of new cells (flexibility and softness of skin is more obvious.


Ø Acts as anti cancer and anti histamine (prevent allergy).


Ø Increase metabolism. (Cells have more energy, makethem more efficient).


Ø Improve endurance.


Ø Improve the digestive system. (will not easily get hungry, no need to eat much and the body weight is controlled naturally).


Ø Improve the digestion of vitamins and minerals (good for old folks).




Ø Burdening to the pancreas.


Ø Long Chain Fatty Acid ( only certain LCFA can be digested)


Ø Need pancreatic enzyme and various enzymes to be broken down into small units.


Ø It needs specific enzyme to enable it to permeate mitochondria membrane cell - thus it generates energy slower than Virgin Coconut Oil.


Ø Cells not efficient.


Ø Free radical is easily formed.


Ø It is being processed through deodorization, bleaching, dehydrogenation, which in the process, produces trans fatty acid that is known to be harmful to the human body.


Ø Contain cholesterol.


Ø Almost no beneficial acid.




As explain earlier, coconut oil does not increase the blood cholesterol level or triglyceride level or excessive blood clot. It even stimulate the metabolism, thereby lowering the cholesterol level. Research result from 1970 to 1980 showed that coconut oil is good for the heart although at that time the unsaturated fat is blamed for increasing the risk of myocardial infarction. It is proven that taking coconut oil greatly influence towards the decline in the risk of myocardial infarction compared with other edible oil. Coconut oil can also reduce the accumulation of body fat, increasing lifespan, lessen blood clot formation, reduce free radicals in the cells, reduce the cholesterol level in the blood and heart, adding antioxidant in the cells and reduce the possibility of acute myocardial infarction of the society. By consuming coconut oil the risk of heart attack can be reduced.


Based on this evidence coconut oil therefore is good for the heart or at least harmless to the heart. However it is a fact that coconut oil is not only harmless but play an important role in fighting against acute myocardial infarction. Because of its extraordinary role, it is expected to become a new weapon in fighting against acute myocardial infarction.




To understand how coconut oil can help prevent acute myocardial infarction, we must possess the basic knowledge of how a heart disease develop. Acute myocardial infarction is caused by the hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis) that happened as a result of plaque formation. Most people say atherosclerosis is caused by too much cholesterol in the blood. This idea call cholesterol hypothesis or lipid from acute myocardial infarction. Presently this idea still is widely spread in popular media by the Soya bean industries, in fact this theory is already obsolete, with the clinical observation and academic research it had been displaced by the response to injury hypothesis.


What causes the formation of plaque and atherosclerosis to develop? Generally it is always thought that hardening of the vein is usually associated with cholesterol. However cholesterol does not only stay freely in the blood vessels but can settle abruptly anywhere in the vessel. Cholesterol is used by the body to patch and repair wounds on the wall of blood vessels. In fact cholesterol is not really required for the formation of plaque in the atherosclerosis. Contrary to popular belief, the key component of blood vessel plaque is not cholesterol but protein especially the network of wounds. Several blood vessels that suffer atherosclerosis contain a small amount of cholesterol or none at all. According to response to injury hypothesis, part of the atherosclerosis develop as a result of wound on the inner wall of the blood vessel. Wound can happen due several reasons such as poisoning, free radicals, virus or bacteria. If the cause of the wound is not removed, it will cause further damage and as long as the complication and inflammation continue, the network will continue developing. Blood coagulant protein called platelets circulate freely in the blood. When it meets the wound it will become sticky and stick with one another in the damaged network to facilitate remedy. This is how blood clot is form. Wound from whatever source will trigger the platelet to coagulate and the cells in the blood vessel will release element to stimulate the growth of muscle cells in the wall. A complex combination of network wound, platelet, calcium, cholesterol and triglyceride work together to cure the wound. Therefore from the fiber network, it is clear that not only cholesterol that form the basic element in plaque. Calcium accumulation in plaque caused the hardening of blood vessel and this is the characteristic of atherosclerosis.


Contrary to popular belief, plaque does not only stick to the internal wall along the blood vessel just like mud does in the garden hose. But plaque grow inside the wall of a blood vessel, and it is part of the wall. The wall of a blood vessel is surrounded by a layer of strong muscle fiber coiling around it to prevent the plaque from spreading. Because plaques grow and developed, but it is unable to propagate outwards, it therefore presses inwards and close the vessel passage, narrowing down the bloodstream and restricting the blood flow.


Platelets gather around the wound to form blood clot. It seals the vent of the damage tube. But if the blood is inclined to clot, it will finally obstruct the blood flow. Finally the vessel narrowed down by the plaque will because clog by the blood clot and this in turn will stop the blood flow. If this happen to the coronary vessel it is known as heart attack. If it happened to carotid vessel going to the brain, the result is what is called stroke. Atherosclerosis cause acute myocardial infarction and other cardiovascular interference.




Generally adult male has risk in attack prostate disruption during his life. Most common prostate disruption is benign prostaic hyperplasia (BHP) or prostate enlargement. Almost 50% old man among 40-59 year and 90% people those aged between 70-80 year stricken phenomenon BHP. The disease distributed when someone ageing. Is known that lifestyle plays a vital role happened this BHP, and it make main problem in western country. Man who lives in developed country who are less advanced where local food production and consumption usually has been undisturbed by this disease. Yet disease actual cause BHP this not yet leak. Theory most popular concentrate to male hormone dihydrostestosterone (DHT) as his cause. Believed that when we ageing greater testerone are transformed into collected DHT in prostate. Affairs this resulted prostate grow, and it pressing urethra, (fund whereby urine flowing) and bladder until cause often urinate and interference urinate, especially at night, this situation often in knit with gland inflammation. Although it is not cancer ailment, but that potential as upholder happen this disease, (cancer).


Medical that reasonable to BHP is by prevent change testerone become DHT. Finasteride is a medicine function by this way and has proven effective. Herb medication popular and are believed get prevent poisonous influence DHT's formation that excess is saw palmetto. This subtropical climate can found in American region South-East. Indian's person indigenous Florida and his early people use berries and this crop as medicine people to cure disruption reproduction, or vessel disease urinate and influenza. To woman are used to mother's milk and defuse menstruation painful.


Present research that saw palmetto berries powerfully effective in lessen disruption BHP. Relatively proscar (BHP's drug that many formulation), saw palmetto more effective in defuse prostate phenomenon. Lot of scrutiny have pointed out that saw palmetto powerfully effective almost 90% to menstrual period among week 4 to week 6 . Instead proscar only effective in defuse his phenomenon less 37% after drug taking during per years. Convince that saw palmetto had no side effects. Instead proscar may cause impotency, desire decline (libido) sexual and disabled birth. Saw palmetto have solicited his reputation among the physicians alternative health and conventional as a effective medication to BPH. It make a herb has been admitted by conventional medication as secure and effective.


Medication influences saw palmetto can be found especially from fat tamarind in berry. Attract to be observed that saw palmetto make cluster palm and berries and it make among coconut species. Obtain many fat tamarind to saw palmetto berries make similar MCFA with MCFA in coconut. Dr Jon Kabara, biochemist fat (lipid), declared that fat tamarind saw palmetto barriers cope pursue formation DHT hormone. Then be also with fat tamarind to coconut oil. A conclusion is necessarily equal coconut oil effective it even more effective in preventing and cure BPH like extract saw palmetto.




Among a number of modern society diseases is diabetes. This disease have increased less from a century ago to the need serious attention. Now diabetes become sixth-largest killer in America. Diabetes does not just cause death but can cause other disease such as kidney pain, acute myocardial infarction, high-blood-pressure, stroke, cataract, nerve damage, hearing loss and blindness. Calculated that 45% risky inhabitants this disease (diabetes).


By easier diabetes are disease that related with sugar inside the body in whose know as blood sugar or blood glucose. Every cell inside body should get glucose to spur metabolic. Cell use glucose to strengthen growth process and recovery. When eat food, digestive system change a lot of food become glucose then free in bloodstream. Hormone insulin, issued by gland pancreas, arrange glucose from the blood to be channeled into the cell until operational as fuel. If cell not get glucose total that sufficient cell will become 'hunger' and finally will die. To this moment, network and organs of the body will suffer damage. That is really happened to the diabetes patient.


There are two types diabetes, namely diabetes type I and diabetes type II. Diabetes type I sometimes considered as diabetes youth, namely diabetes which had been dependent insulin. Diabetes this type is ordinary originated during child and it is because by incapacity pancreas to issue total insulin needed by person. While diabetes type II also known as diabetes who do not rely to insulin. Diabetes this kind only occurred when person already adult and it happen because cell not able to absorb normal rate insulin issued by pancreas. In these circumstances insulin may regard as key to a key mango to singles door. Insulin with role as key, open mango key (enter into the cell) and then open the gate to facilitate glucose enter. If his mango's key make from material that are not quality and it damage, key is no longer function, door will not be able to open. This happens to sufferer diabetes tipe II. Insulin available cannot longer open the gate because his mango's key damaged. To both type diabetes this glucose level in the blood increase whereas his cell malfunction.


To diabetes tipe I pancreas not able to produce insulin rate that adequate to deliver glucose ply to all cells inside body. The treatment is with make insulin injection once or more a day with sugar low nutrition table that the tight. Was reported that around 90% sufferer diabetes have been from tipe II and 85% from it caused by obesity. This both tipe diabetes, diet very important whether to patient that stay to the moment disease start though in his handling. While type of food eaten also really influence patient either it enhance or protect


A interesting facts, persons that stay in the archipelago Pacific who practice traditional diet never reportedly catch diabetes ill. Yet when them leave his natural food and replace him with westernized food, all manner type of disease come, and in about is diabetes. For example what that happened in Nautu Island people in South-pacific. During their centuries just rely to food based upon on banana, tuber and coconut.


Yet after being found in their earth phosphate patching his revenue bring to prosperity and their changing lifestyles, majority of the population replace banana, tuber and coconut with food from fine powder, sugar and vegetable oil that while his process already experienced many modify. Consequently emerge disease have never seem before it like diabetes and others. Reportedly World Health Organization (WHO), almost half Nautu's Island urban population that age 30-64 years get diabetes disease.


Doctors have successfully helped patients to operate diabetes with organize patient practice low-fat diet, high carbohydrate. Through diet they get limit fat intake until 30% calorie. Complex carbohydrates as perfect grain and vegetables comprise from 50% to 60% calorie. Medium carbohydrate as fine powder and sugar should avoid. This is because carbohydrate pay tension that not duly to pancreas and this will increase in blood sugar to level that jeopardizes. Reason to fat reduction and also sweet food are gaining body weight reduction. This is because body weight problem is main cause diabetes. In addition other reason to low-fat diet is reduce the acute myocardial infarction risk that general effect from diabetes illness.


Lastly, researchers has shown that flute vegetable oil excessive recruitment cause disease diabetes. This matter was strengthen with a proof study to on animal where it have successfully raised diabetes with only feeding fat content poly unsaturated fat that substantial. Then with only limiting fat intake, that animals has undergone remedial from his disease (diabetes). In a conclusion powerfully effective low-fat diet in the handling diabetes.


Latest suggestion is lessen or limit all fats. Unsaturated mono fat as olive oil, subtly influence diabetes, then approved use at reasonable rates. Yet because all fats including high olive oil caloric content, then his recruitment not are encouraged. However seem unsaturated poly oil classified oil as problem occur. This scrutiny shows that when unsaturated poly fat from diet enclose in cellular arrangement, cell ability to get disturbed glucose. In other words 'mango key' to cell open the gate supply glucose to be entered aggravate his state when too much unsaturated poly oil in take in food. Then insulin not afford open the gate. Unsaturated poly fat oxidizable easily and destroyed by free radicals. With all type of fat, including unsaturated poly oil, used as obstacle hedge supply membrane cell. Unsaturated poly fat oxidizable in membrane cell can influence by detrimental his cellular function, including his ability in permit hormone, glucose and other substance to flow into and outwards his cell. Then thereof, diet high to vegetable unsaturated poly oil distillation increase diabetes. Diet low to oil will help dispel his symptom because all fat potential to increase body weight. Then would be excellent to avoiding him.


In this regard still there fat which can be eaten by diabetes sufferer without foreboding. The fat is coconut oil. Coconut oil not cause diabetes and it get help arrange blood sugar, felled at lessen influence diabetes. Nautu's people take many coconut oil during several generations and was never found diabetes, yet when they replace with eating from other oil his result is disaster.


Attractive one item of coconut oil not claim enzyme production insulin from pancreas. With reduction to process inside the body during lunch time, whereas insulin was still being taken out with many, then would facilitate organs of the body function more efficient. Coconut oil also help give energy to cell because it have been absorbed easily without need enzyme or insulin. Coconut oil has proven can improve secretion insulin and blood glucose. Coconut oil to improving food and improve action and insulin capacity send glucose repeat among cell, when compared with other oil.


In Journal of the Indian Medicine Association reports that diabetes type II in India have increased when person neglect oil traditional, because more selective vegetable unsaturated poly oil that has promoted “good for the heart”. The authors having commentary on the relationship between unsaturated poly oil with diabetes and organize enhance consumption coconut oil as method to prevent diabetes.


A diabetes consequence are diminished energy that related with incapacity cell to get glucose that is required. Without glucose to strengthen cellular activity, metabolic becomes slow and all body fell weak.


Athletic were organized as a method to help diabetes sufferer operate in blood sugar. The reason why beneficial athletic is that it enhance metabolic. Faster metabolic amount will stimulate insulin production increase that is required and enhance glucose absorption in cells. Therefore it can help diabetes sufferer type I though diabetes sufferer type II.


Coconut oil can also increase metabolic amount that cause body fire more calories that mean will add body weight reduction. Therefore decrease body weight can do with only increasing coconut oil into the food. MCFA to coconut oil mail directly to heart are transformed into energy instead of inside the body as fat network.


Diabetes sufferer as good it avoiding consumption all fats, except coconut oil, because it get help stabilize blood glucose rate and help lessen excess body weight. Not extreme if reputedly that coconut oil is as good oil it eaten diabetes sufferer.


Ulcer and Constipation


Some of the ulcers are usually caused by Herpes virus simplex type 2. It will attack when the person's immunity is low such as during fever, cold, diabetes, when menstruating, stress and others, while constipation is caused by lack water, fiber, drug/chemical reaction, incorrect toilet habit, cancer of the intestine, after operation or pregnancy.


Generally by taking Virgin Coconut Oil it will ease the pain, besides reducing inflammation and swelling of the ulcer sufferer. The high content of lauric and capric acid in virgin coconut oil (with antimicrobial characteristics) help to enhance the body's resistance besides acting as an antibiotic in the body. For those suffering from constipation, Virgin Coconut Oil can ease the bowel and help to treat internal wound such as pile.


1-Web refferal


2-Web refferal


3-Web refferal


4-Web refferal


5-Web refferal


Ke borang pendaftaran :


English Version


With the wide scale use of internet, there are different types of computer threats, that the computer networks are susceptible to. Each of these threats can cause potential damage and cause a lot of harm, if the data is lost. It is important to know the different types of threats, so that the data can be safeguarded.


Computer network as well as stand alone systems are susceptible to a number of computer threats. The damage caused by the threats can cause very high loss to the company. The danger increases, when the computer network is connected to the internet. Although there are different types of threats to computer systems, they have a common bond. They are designed to trick the user and gain access to the network or the stand alone systems or destroy the data. Some of the threats are known to replicate itself, while others destroy the files on the system or some infect the files itself.

Types of Computer Security Threats

The classification of the types of information security threats is made on the way the information in the system is compromised upon. There are the passive threats and the active threats. The passive threats are very difficult to detect and equally difficult to prevent as well. Then there are the active threats. Since these threats continue to make changes to the system, they are easy to find out and fix as well.

Virus: The most common of the types of cyber threats are the viruses. They infect different files on the computer network or on the stand alone systems. Most people fall prey to the viruses, as they trick the person into taking some action, like clicking on a malicious link, downloading a malicious file, etc. It is from these links and files, that the virus is transmitted to the computer. There are also cases of the viruses been a part of an email attachment, which may be downloaded from the internet. In some cases, the viruses can also spread through infected portable data storage as well. Hence, it is important to have an antivirus on the system, which can not only detect the virus, but be able to get rid of them as well.

Worms: The other common types of internet security threats are the worms. They are actually malicious programs, which take advantage of the weaknesses in the operating system. Like the worms in real life crawl to move from one place to another, similarly the worms in the cyber world also spread from one computer to another and from one network to another. The most prominent feature of the worms is that they are able to spread at very high rates, which can lead the system being at risk of crashing. There is a type of worm, called net worm. These worms replicates itself by sending complete and independent copes of itself over a network, thereby infecting almost all the systems on the said network.

Trojan: This is a different type of computer virus, which is disguised under the garbs of a friend. The Trojans derive their name from the legend. They make their way into the software, which may not be noticed. It is often seen, that the Trojans are a part of the different attachments in emails or download links. In some cases making a visit to certain web pages also puts the computer system at risk.

Spyware: Spyware as the name suggests spy on the network and the computer system. They may be downloaded unintentionally from different websites, email messages or instant messages. In some cases, they may also make their way through different direct file sharing connection. In some cases, clicking on 'Accept User License Agreement', can also put the computer at risk.

Rootkits: The job of the rootkits is to give cover to the hackers. The best or the worst part about rootkits is that they are able to hide themselves from the antivirus software as well, due to which the user is not aware that a rootkit is present on the system. This helps the hacker and he is able to spread malware on the system. Therefore, it is important that one opts for antivirus, which also has a rootkit scanner, which will be able to detect the invasion.

Riskware: They are dangerous applications, who often become a part of software applications. They are often seen as a part of development environment for malicious programs and spread to the software applications. In some cases, these applications can also be used by hackers as additional components to gain access in the network.

Adware: The recent addition to the list of computer threats are the adware. They are actually advertising supported software. It is not uncommon to see different advertisements or pop ups coming up on the computer, when certain applications are being used. They may not pose a lot of threat, but often lower the speed of the computers. There are chances that the computer system may become unstable because of these adware.

Cookies: When we visit a website, there are files due to which the website is able to remember the details of the computer. They are more of a threat to confidentiality as opposed to the data on the computer. In most cases, cookies may be stored on the computer without the consent of the user and data may be stored on them, which is passed back to the website server the next time, one visits the website. The data gathered may be sold to third parties and depending on the interests, which may lead to different advertisements flashing on the screen.

Phishing: Often people appear to get emails from trustworthy organizations, like banks. In some cases, the emails may come from bogus sites, which may resemble the original site or it may superimposes a bogus pop up, due to which confidential data is gathered. They are often a part of different scamming activities and often poses to the financial threats.

These were the main types of computer threats. It is important to be on the look always to ensure that the network and/or standalone systems are protected from the threats. As soon as any of the threats are detected, measures will have to be taken to get rid of them at the earliest, so that the data is protected.


Do you know your RAM from your ROM?

The technological terms are like a ticking bomb!

Do you know how to back up your data to cloud?

Or does the data assault your brain – TOO LOUD!

Is a Trojan a problem? Or is it good Luck?

Is a mouse a rodent? Is it part of a book?

Is it a pointer? Something to hold?

Does it squeak like the real thing if you are bold?

Can your web be spun through the virtual space?

Does it link to a camera and show your face?

Does your apple have pips and put up a fight

If you work it too hard creating bytes?

How is your Auntie? Old Virus herself,

Does she sweep her files and look after her health?

Does your internet access work with WiFi?

Speed slow when needed, when you don’t it’s high!

Is your broad always band? Your modem on dial?

Does it lag disappointingly for a while?

Does your disc work ok? Nice and smooth, and not slip?

Does your signal have strength and not unintentionally dip?

If you can answer my questions you’re better than me.

You manage to make it all look easy.

You have an aptitude with all things PC

You have an affinity with Tech-nol-o-gee.


Have you ever wondered how to begin downloading your preferred tunes, but were too scared to test? Are you currently too scared to asked family members for help? If this sounds like true, you found the best article. These guidelines can help you out.


ITunes is great option for music downloads. Not just could it be simple to find the songs you desire, you can easily download and transfer the songs for an iPod or iPhone. iTunes is a wonderful spot to find great music deals.


Once you get music off of the Internet, ensure you are picky concerning the sites you utilize. Adhering to sites that are popular can help you avoid viruses or privacy breaches. Remember that it truly does pay to safeguard your data when utilizing smaller, unknown sites.


If you plan to download songs from the free site, be cautious. These MP3s often contain viruses added by malicious users. You won't know if they're infected until your pc is infected, too.


In case you are considering utilizing an unknown download resource, try to look for online reviews first. Whenever you do find reviews, concentrate on the site's safety and not simply the download quality. Look for another site if you fail to find any reviews.


Use previews before you purchase an album. The previews allow you to hear a part of a song prior to making an order decision. Such samples are freely supplied by the main downloading retailers. This could prevent buyers remorse, which could happen whenever you purchase an album without hearing any one of its songs in advance.


Never download music without needing active antivirus software. This protects you against any malicious files that may damage your pc. Only use caution and download files safely. This is actually important if you use file-sharing, like a P2P client. Before opening data, scan it. You might have downloaded something you don't want on your pc.


It truly is really simple. It's not really difficult to download music. Apply everything you have discovered out of this article. You'll be thrilled with how easy it really is. Whenever you assembled an excellent variety of music, you are going to also have something to listen to! A good thing to accomplish is it so you may have a bigger collection as days pass.

When purchasing a desktop, you might be confused as to what to look for. Like many people, you might only have to buy a new desktop when the one you have breaks down or is old. This article simplifies the purchasing process.


You need to have an anti-virus program on your pc. Running without antivirus support can leave you susceptible to malicious software invading your computer. Mal-ware can steal your individual info and decelerate your pc. There are numerous programs that will scan and repair these on a schedule, and several new desktops have this software.


Search for cheap deals on desktop computers. Lots of people are trying to shift their computing to tablets and laptops, so that you can buy their desktop computer quite inexpensively. These computers are generally in a fit condition, but prior to making an offer, ensure it really works okay.


Consider the accessories when purchasing a desktop. Many computer stores have choices to purchase extra accessories. Buy accessories which are required for your computer. Make sure to do your research too. You'll likely find these products cheaper online or at discount stores. Accessories may be marked up if you purchase them directly from the computer manufacturer.


Carefully select the components in the event you develop your desktop. Certain processors are sometimes only suitable for some kinds of motherboards. Some RAM units don't work together with some motherboards. When purchasing the person computer components it is necessary they are compatible with one another. This could cause less headaches whenever you develop your own computer.


It is best to be certain your brand-new computer includes a proper warranty. The warranty will come in handy if something in the computer stops working leaving you needing help quickly. When the warranty continues to be good, you will be able to send it back to the store to get it fixed, or acquire one with similar model number.


The above mentioned recommendations can help you make your next desktop computer purchase you are now all set to go shopping! For those who have questions when you are in a computer store, get the aid of an experienced employee to assist complete your pc search. Better of luck for you!

Acquiring a new laptop can seem to be like an overwhelming process. Really do not be nervous, due to the fact the appropriate data can support immensely. Keep on looking through to understand how savvy laptop customers uncover the machines they call for. Be confident to have anti-virus application. Managing with no antivirus assist can leave you susceptible to destructive application invading your technique. Destructive application […]

Are you currently confused when attempting to download tunes? Do you want to brush on your abilities associated with getting music downloaded? If either one of these brilliant have your list, then your following article will end up being quite helpful. Keep reading to find out more.


When downloading music online, be cautious using the websites that you would like to make use of. It is advisable to remain with reputable sources, since plenty of other sites are recognized for the malware they send for your computer. It's preferable to keep personal data secure whenever you cope with lesser-known sites.


Be cautious when downloading free music. Hackers are notorious for giving out free music but adding on the little something extra. You can aquire a virus from simply downloading a song.


Before downloading music from an unfamiliar website, search for some reviews. You have to discover whether or not the website is safe for use, or whether or not it could compromise your pc. In the event you can't locate them, it may be preferable to consider another site for the favorite tunes.


One great reaction you can have to download music and reduce your cost would be to keep an eye out for many different promotions. Oftentimes, you will find offers from iTunes and various services which are holding promotions to obtain songs free of charge.


Only use antivirus programs whenever you download new music. It's advisable to be secure instead of sorry. Be cautious about downloads. If you are using a P2P client, this really is extremely important. Before opening data, scan it. You might have downloaded something you don't want on your pc.


Keep track of all of the music you've downloaded and already purchased. You will hate to waste money by obtaining things you currently have. Generally, most sites enables you to take a look at your buying history.


You have to be cautious when downloading music. Make use of the advice you've just been given every single time you download. Usually do not rush! Learn all that you could and will also soon become something of the second nature.

Such a pleasure it can be to look shopping right in the comfort of your very own living area. Do you need to find hard-to-find products without visiting numerous stores? This may be accomplished. When done efficiently, Online shopping can be extremely painless.


When shopping online, it's wise to research prices to find the best price. Your competitors is fierce and retailers compete ruthlessly depending on price, to the benefit. Only buy from places you sense more comfortable with when shopping online. Although you may get a terrific price, if ordering from your given store worries you, there is very little point.


If you would like be described as a smart and safe online shopper, never go seeking a deal unless your anti-virus and anti-malware programs are fully updated. Hackers frequently target main shopping retailers as a way to break into your accounts and obtain private data. Always be aware of notices and warnings through your antivirus programs. Once they warn you clear of a selected web shop, don't complete your purchase contact the store's administrators to inform them in regards to the problem.


Make time to read through different online shops to check the items offered. It's crucial that you compare the pros and cons of several products, provided you haven't decided already. Look for the best take care of the ideal shipping fees, at the same time. If you view your preferred online shops frequently, you can expect to never miss current sales.


Have a look at testimonials for the retailer should this be your first time purchasing from them. This would supply you with a good plan of the grade of the company's products and customer satisfaction. Low ratings can be a bad sign.


Instead of paying throughout the nose for rush shipping when shopping online, see what occurs if you select standard shipping instead. You may well be surprised by the speed which your items will arrive just with standard shipping. Exercising a little bit patience could be worthwhile greatly!


Having check this out article, you likely have a good comprehension of shopping on the internet. You could possibly even think about Internet like a giant shoppers' treasure map. Just make sure that you use the information from above to actually are ready for shopping on the web.

Are you currently fed up with actually wearing clothes when you are shopping? Don't you hate waiting in line behind all those individuals that went shopping too? Shopping online is the reply to your problems. Only a couple clicks of the computer mouse as well as your treasured packages are headed to your home without you stepping foot outside your house. This information has superb advice to make use of before you begin online shopping.


While you shop online, you have to get the very best price. It may be quite simple to find just what you would like in the right price online. While looking around, ensure that you only consider the prices from places where you'd feel at ease buying from. Even when is definitely the lowest price on the web, it doesn't matter in the event you can't feel at ease handing over your individual information.


Before you start online shopping, ensure you have good anti-virus software. Shopping online could be a terrific way to obtain your info stolen in the event you don't take precautions. Certain folks create storefronts in order to infect people's computers. Don't count on instincts and gut feelings regarding the trustworthiness in the sites you visit make certain you're fully protected before you decide to shop.


In the event you order online a whole lot, keep the malware protection current. Hackers concentrate on the big shopping sites to obtain personal data and hack into accounts. Should your antivirus software issues a warning or report regarding the shopping site you make use of, tend not to purchase any products through the site, and report this problem towards the shopping site's webmaster.


Proceed with extreme caution when volunteering your individual information with an unfamiliar online retailer. Become acquainted with security symbols including Cybertrust or Verisign to aid assess if a web site is legitimate and worried about your security.


Focus your shopping search with websites that search only shopping online opportunities. Google is wonderful, but you may also end up having results that are not stores, that is a distraction at this stage. and similar sites enable you to narrow your alternatives.


Shopping online alleviates the requirement to immerse yourself in unpleasant crowds. Now you're capable of sit at home without getting dressed up to look. It's difficult to find anything a lot better than that! But, before you begin it is crucial you recognize the industry of shopping online. This post may help you using that.

Music is a wonderful form of entertainment. These days, folks can get music in many different ways. Downloading music has definitely been very popular these days. If you don't know how to do it, keep reading for tips about ways you can get your favorite music today.


If you're looking for music, try checking out iTunes. Not only is it easy to find the music you want, it is easy to download and transfer the music to an iPod or iPhone. iTunes usually offers great deals.


If you intend to download songs from a free site, be careful. Hackers and other malicious individuals can sneak viruses along with free songs, because they know users will readily download the music. They have no problem attaching viruses to the music that is downloaded by unsuspecting fans.


Just like anything else, when downloading songs, look for sales to save dough. There are many instances in which iTunes and other popular companies will offer short time only promotions that allow you to get a free song or download a full album.


Know what tunes you already own before you make a purchase. Downloading songs you already own is a complete waste of money. Most services have a technique to review your music purchase and download history.


Take the time to make a complete backup of all the songs on your computer. It can be expensive to build a quality collection of music. If you lose all those files, you will get lost a lot of time and cash. Don't assume you'll be able to download the music again for free. Make sure you pack up your tunes to a hard drive (external is best) or an online storage solution.


Be certain your antivirus program is working and up-to-date when you download music. This protects you from any malicious files that may damage your computer. So be sure to take every precaution possible. This is vital if you use P2P clients. Scan any file you download for viruses. If you forget, you can easily discover that you've download something harmful.


Music downloading doesn't need to intimidate you. It's a great way to listen to all of the songs you love. Use all the tips, and extremely quickly you'll have an impressive music library! Have some fun by using it!

What type of information are you looking for about downloading music? This is the place where you can find current information from the music experts. The following article has everything you are looking for, so read on.


If you're looking for music, try checking out iTunes. There is lots of popular music on there that you can download to an iPhone or iPod. When you purchase music from iTunes, you usually get fair prices.


When you get music off the Internet, make sure you are picky about the sites you use. It's best to use reputable sites and avoid those that may have viruses or collect your information to send spam. Safeguarding your personal data is key if you're using an unknown site.


Use caution if you decide to download music from free sources. Hackers are notorious for providing users with popular music so that they can dish out viruses. Since it's a very simple process to include a virus with a download, you won't know what's happened until after the fact.


Always review a website before you download anything from it. You need to find out whether the site is safe to use, or whether it could compromise your computer. When you can't find reviews, go elsewhere.


When you are downloading music, make sure you have an antivirus program installed. You always want to be as safe as possible. Be careful when you are downloading music. This is especially crucial if you're using P2P clients. Scan any file you download for viruses. It can be simple to download things you weren't planning on.


Do you frequently download music? If so, subscribing to a music service may be your best bet. These subscription services let you download songs with a monthly fee. You can even download the music for offline play, just like you would a purchased download. It's a less expensive way of increasing your personal music library.


It is important for you to take the time you need to learn everything about your everyday tasks. Regardless of which task it is, or what your current knowledge base is, it is important to always continue learning. By following the advice given in this article, you can successfully start downloading your favorite tunes, today.

It truly is easy to get high quality downloads, so long as you comprehend the process. To discover it easier or understand how to download it safely, you need to comprehend the process. To start, look at the ideas below.


Always exercise caution when searching for sources for music downloads. It's advisable to make use of the more established sites so you don't get viruses or lots of spam mail. Remember that it's smarter to become private regarding your information with smaller sites you don't know when you can trust.


If you're downloading music that's on the site free of charge, be cautious about this. Hackers who wish to spread viruses often do this by providing up free music they know people wish to hear. Often, you will end up oblivious towards the additional items until your device quits functioning.


Whenever you download music, try finding promotions to avoid wasting money. There are lots of instances where iTunes as well as other popular companies will offer you short time only promotions that enable you to obtain a free song or download a complete album.


Never download music without needing active antivirus software. It is best to be cautious instead of risking being sorry later. Be mindful about downloading. This is particularly important if you are using P2P clients. Scan any file you download for viruses. It is extremely simple to download data that appears legitimate however is not.


If you are planning to download a lot of music, subscribing to some service might be your smartest choice. Consider utilising Spotify or Rdio this could save you considerable time and cash. You download it for offline play much like purchased downloads. This should help you in order to save lots of money.


Pay attention to songs before purchasing them. You have to be sure your music is of excellent quality before spending money. Some companies have great deals because of reduced quality. The sample will help ensure you are getting everything you really expect.


Music downloading is one thing simple that will alter your appearance at music. This short article will provide you with a jump start on your own knowledge. You can even check out similar articles allowing you to have just as much knowledge as is possible.

Technology has changed the way many things happen in the modern world. Music is no exception to this. Downloads are perhaps the most popular method of acquiring music today. If you don't know much about the topic, read on.


When you download music from an online source, you have to be careful when you download from various sites. Stick to reputable or better-known sites since others may have viruses or collect your personal information for spam. Keep in mind that you are always safer if you limit the amount of personal information you provide to sites you don't know.


Always review a website before you download anything from it. Focus on what the reviews say about the safety of using this service, and not just about the songs that it offers. If you are unable to find any, it is wiser to find another site to download from.


Always use antivirus programs when you download new music. It's always best to make sure you're covered now, rather than finding out too late you've ruined your computer. Always be safe when downloading songs. This is particular vital if you're dabbling with any P2P sites. Scan files every time before you open them. It can be easy to download something you didn't intend to.


Special deals are great. If you are visiting Amazon, look to see which ones they may have available. Both albums and singles are often offered at incredible discounts, which will save you plenty on getting your favorite music. The discounts can change prices day by day so you can examine the site on a regular basis to save the most money.


Prior to purchasing an album in its entirety, be sure to use the preview feature. The previews enable you to hear part of a song before you make a purchase decision. Such snippets are free and can be found on most major sites. You can avoid buying an entire album that you may have thought sounded good but ended up not liking.


If you have an Android device, Google has a music service that might be best for you. Named Google Music, their All Access pass works like other subscription services and pairs perfectly with all of Android devices. For all of the songs you want to hear, it is a bargain for a $10 monthly charge.


Anyone, even those people who are new to technology, can download music and listen to it easily. Make use of the ideas you learned here to assist you find your path. You'll be an older hat at downloading music before very long. Tell others as to what you have learned to allow them to benefit from your understanding as well.

One thing to do when seeking to learn is usually to pursue research. If you would like really study a subject, you want expert tips from someone you can rely. Begin with with such suggestions to assist you to recognize how the full process works and the ways to make your devices safe.


If you're seeking music, try exploring iTunes. Their grocer carries a large choice of popular songs that are super easy to get on your computer system or i-device. iTunes typically has decent prices, at the same time.


If you download free music from your site, use caution. There are several viruses you could grab. They may place a computer virus in the download easily, and as soon as you figure it all out, it can be past too far.


Never download music unless you have antivirus software installed. It is better to play it safe rather than risking being sorry later. Be cautious about downloading. This is especially crucial if you're using P2P clients. Scan each file ahead of opening it. It can be all too easy to acquire dangerous viruses and malware.


Special deals are great. When you are visiting Amazon, look to see which ones they may have available. Albums and downloads for singles are generally available for prices that are discounted which can save you some money on music you're likely to enjoy. They have daily deals, so check the site often.


Try playing previews of the music before buying a whole album. The preview option permits you to sneak a sound check of a song ahead of actually paying for it. These are widely available on most music downloading platforms. That way, you will stop yourself from buying entire albums that you just wind up hating.


Always backup your music library. You'll invest a lot of time in downloading songs. It would be a shame if you lost all those files. Do not depend on the download clients to allow you to re-download them. Back up your music library to online storage or external hard drive.


Expert advice is sure to give you the leg up on downloading music. Here you will learn several of the knowledge that you need. Use them wisely, and start downloading music today.

It is easy to learn how to download music. Knowing a little more about it can make a difference between a positive or negative experience. This article is packed full of tips that will help you to successfully download music simply and cheaply.


If you are looking for a cheap way to download music, try using a free service instead of downloading. Service such as Pandora or Slacker will let you listen to music from any device. You do not have to store the files on your phone or tablet just listen to them streaming online.


Always make sure that you download your music from a legal website. If you download music illegally, you can face harsh fines. In many cases you can be fined up to $500 per song. The artists deserve to be paid for the music they make, so download only legal copies of the songs that you love.


Shop around for promotions to use when you are downloading music. These can range from sales to freebies.


When you are downloading music, make sure you have an antivirus program installed. This protects you from any malicious files that could damage your computer. Always be safe when downloading songs. If you use any P2P software, this is especially crucial. Scan any file you download for viruses. It is far too easy to get a file you really did not want.


If you want to avoid getting a virus when downloading music, make sure you download from a reputable site. There are many websites where you can download free music. These sites are usually less secure than the ones you pay for, increasing your chances of downloading a virus. If you want to avoid getting a virus, consider paying for music you download.


Advice like this can make downloading music easier and more enjoyable. This results in your access to the music you love without a lot of wasted time hunting them down. Reviewing this material has been time well spent, because you will get great happiness from the music in helps you acquire.

Probably the most revolutionary methods for acquiring music nowadays is via downloading online. If downloading music is completely new for you, you might be wondering where to begin. The ideas that follow will clarify things for you personally.


Be safe should you download free music. Hackers as well as other malicious individuals can sneak viruses in with free songs, since they know users will readily download the songs. Since it's a very simple process to add a virus using a download, you won't know what's happened until right after the fact.


If you're searching for music and you're upon an unknown site, you might like to search for reviews. You ought to look particularly for the reviews that say the site is safe as opposed to some reviews speaking about how good the songs is. In the event you can't see them, it could be safer to choose another site to your favorite tunes.


Always employ an antivirus program when downloading music. It is far better to play it safe as opposed to risking being sorry later. Often be safe when downloading songs. This can be vital when using P2P clients. Scan each file just before opening it. It's way too simple to get malware that you simply weren't expecting.


Never forget the songs that is certainly already inside your collection when you download new songs. You might find yourself inadvertently downloading a tune you already own. Just examine your history in the sites you get from.


Look into the specials on Amazon's music downloading site. Amazon often offers deals on single downloads and entire albums, which helps you save money. Deals similar to this are frequently updated, so who knows what musical gem you will probably find!


In the event you download music, you must make sure in addition, you backup your music, too. Developing an excellent sized library is costly and will require a bit of time. It is possible to lose many of these files if something were to happen. You could be employing a popular and trusted music client, but mistakes can and do happen. Use online storage and external hard disks as support options to store your music.


As has become mentioned, downloading music is definitely a popular way of getting the songs you would like. Internet stores are only like traditional stores because each one has their own unique characteristics. Make use of the information here to get the most from your music downloading experience. You'll be pretty pleased with a greater collection.

If you're like many of us, you require computers every day. Although, they are going to not last so long as you think. When the time is currently to purchase a brand new computer, you need to look for a great deal. We wrote this short article to show you whenever possible. Here, you will discover some terrific tips to help you to get an excellent computer.


Does your brand-new computer include anti virus programs? Your pc is vulnerable in the event you don't have antivirus programs protecting you. This malicious software can steal private information, making your pc run slowly. Lots of applications available will scan and repair your hard disk in the event you configure it.


Find people who wish to give their desktop away. Individuals are replacing their desktops with laptops, therefore their older but nonetheless functional computers are now being sold for any song. These computers are generally in good condition. However, before you decide to actually buy, ensure that things are in working order.


A boot check could be implemented if you discover your desktop operating slowly. MS Config could be run in the first place menu. You will see which programs start when booting the pc. You need to disable programs which you don't use often. This makes the device run faster.


Consider accessories which come connected to your pc purchase. Most computer stores offer accessories. It is crucial that you buy only what exactly is needed. Additionally, seriously consider the cheaper accessories on other websites. Accessories may be marked up if you purchase them directly from the pc manufacturer.


If you want playing video games online and would like to purchase a computer for any great gaming experience, keep several things in your mind. Your brand-new system must have 4GB of memory at the minimum, a relevant video card which will offer the thing you need along with a display that provides a greater resolution. Additionally, there are keyboards which are constructed to increase your experience.


Don't become enthusiastic about choosing the lowest price anywhere. Some individuals once they require a new desktop start watching the deals. A number of them don't get one since they are waiting on the better deal. Usually there exists not a great deal of price distinction between discounted prices, so that you should act quickly when you discover a great one.


Since you've look at the piece above, do you know what it requires to discover a wonderful desktop. Apply these sound advice for your research. You are going to easily have the ability to pinpoint the pc which will meet your needs perfectly.

Just how do you download music? This post was created with others such as you at heart. Should you wish to understand more about this you then should follow along because there is some sound advice from the text below.


It is advisable to confirm iTunes when you are considering downloading music. Not simply would it be readily accessible the background music you need, you can actually download and transfer the background music to a iPod or iPhone. You may usually get good deals when selecting music on iTunes.


Take care when downloading free music. Some hackers target music fans by dangling free songs looking at them. They may then attach a negative file on the download and this may be challenging to detect before it's past too far.


You may minimize the expenses related to getting new music by seeking out specials. Oftentimes, you will discover offers from iTunes as well as other services that happen to be holding promotions to acquire songs totally free.


Be sure you have antivirus software running if you download music. Always err along the side of caution. Make sure that you will be cautious when downloading music. Be particularly cautious should you use a P2P client. Make sure you scan your files prior to try and open them. You don't would like to get a virus!


Remember you should examine the sound file's size prior to open it up. It's an easy task to mistakenly download something you have no purpose of downloading. This is certainly risky for your personal computer. Locate a file of your expected size. Will not open everything that has a tendency to small or large.


If you enjoy a good number of of any artist's songs, it can be probably a great idea to find the album. Albums will not likely amount to an arm plus a leg, like songs purchased individually. You will also have a great deal of music to explore and savor. You could possibly even locate a new favorite song.


People enjoy to listen to music and they need to listen alone electronic devices. Seeing that you've read many ways about getting music downloaded, you shouldn't have trouble with this sort of thing. Be cautious when downloading your music, and you'll discover how easy it can be.

Here we go again! Here is a Notebook infected with the same "XP Antivirus" software as the PC I worked on here.

Only this time, it is the Newest Version, HAAAAAAA! Windows "XP Antivirus 2009" instead of the Windows XP Antivirus 2008"


But, this time, there were better removal tools located on the net. Here are two great sources:



The best analogy I can think of is an auto mechanic who secretly puts sand in your oil, then offers to fix your car for a fee.


A digital murder

Programmed by mathematical terrorists

Outside of mortal bounds

Silently hacking

A binary plague

Serving information

This is the time of the hacker

This is the code of the hacker

This is the hacker

An algebra of fear


Within the language of machines

Uninfringed my human emotions

Within global systems

Silently moving

A digital maze

Cutting information

This is the way of the hacker

This is the extremity of the hacker

This is the hacker

Protect now or be erased forever


A binary virus

Unleashed by subversive programmers

Inside corporate systems

Silently eating

The endemic wave

Erasing information

This is the sign of the hacker

This is the genius of the hacker

This is the hacker

Learn now

Or be cut down forever


[ lyrics | vinyl | hear ]


I'd known I wanted to get into computers since 1980 because they were the future. Around 1983, my family bought a Commodore VIC=20, which qualified as a computer by the standards back then (4k RAM onboard, tape drive, built-in BASIC). Eventually I got versed with the Apple // family, then when I got into college IBM-compat 286's (8mb RAM, 20mb RLL hard drives with two 5¼" floppies). I've held a shrinkwrapped copy of Windows 2.1 but no one ever installed it on a school machine, DOS 4 suited everyone's needs better.


The sister of my college roomie called the other day to ask if I could have a look at her computer because it was having trouble. (This happens once or twice a year because she luuuuuve them shareware apps loaded with spyware, which she installs sight unforseen.) I should know better but I said sure.

She brought over four computers yesterday.


So the tally is this:

1 -- Yeah, indeed, seven instances of malware across 20 files. Should be better now. Just had to restore the network and WiFi functions that the removal of those spywares caused to fail... Cracks me up, the main user (her daughter) has her profile password protected, but her profile as well as the Admin profile were both unprotected.

2 -- It's dead, Jim. Seriously, that's not "sleep mode", that's a CPU that gave up its magic smoke. It's pining for the fjords. Digital dirtnap.

3 -- Do you get the feeling something bad may have happened, like a power spike, when your 256mb memory stick says it's 32mb, and your 512mb memory stick isn't recognised at all? Backed by how Windows Mistake Edition says at boot that the network card is missing or needs the drivers reinstalled, even after reinstalling the drivers and the card? (Too bad the network interface of computer #2 is onboard and the memory sticks are PC133 not PC2100 or I'd be making swaps.)

4 -- See this screencap for how bad this beast is. This Vista machine has a 2.8GHz processor and 1gb RAM but moves like molasses. Having more than one antivirus scanner doesn't solve anything, folks. She's asked me to make a backup of the hard drive from computer #2 but I figure, if she's already put it in this computer she's got access to the data. :)


That was my day. How is yours?

The purchase of a whole new computer can leave someone feeling quite excited. Your excitement might change to anxiety once you are looking at each of the choices. You wonder how to locate a computer that can best provide what you need. Read the valuable tips below for many good advice.


Make certain you provide an antivirus program. Without this software, you might be the victim of malicious software. Such dangerous software is able to take personal data and in addition slow down the computer. Anti-virus protection programs exist to distinguish and eliminate threats in your computer security. You can get some useful anti-virus programs on the net which can be free to use, and some are for sale to purchase.


Glance at the add-ons that include any computer you're considering. Most models include optional accessories. Be certain you just purchase people who are important to suit your needs. Also, be mindful as numerous add-ons are cheaper on other websites. Manufacturers typically jack the values up.


Use caution with all the products you select once you develop a desktop. Some motherboards work only with some types of processors. Its not all RAM units will continue to work with all motherboards. Search for compatibility when evaluating your components. This will save you time, money and worry when constructing a computer.


Appraise the space where your desktop computer will more than likely go. These come in different sizes. Some have small profiles, and a few use significant amounts of vertical space. You have to know what size you would like.


Review multiple sites so that you will know very well what a certain machine will offer. It is actually overwhelming once you glance at the choices, however, checking out an editor's pick list or perhaps for some reviews may help you locate a model worth your cash.


Investing in a computer can be tough, but can be created easier with all the right knowledge. Require a deep breath, relax, and set these pointers to good use. Once you get your new computer, you'll be well prepared for the greatest.


1. Installation


Before installing security software designed to protect your computer I find it's best to first ensure that your computer is already free of malware. I know it sounds like strange advice, but this can prevent many problems further down the road. To do this please follow the advice I give in my article about How to Know If Your Computer Is Infected. Note that, as mentioned in that article, I would advise that you submit all unrecognized files to Comodo to be whitelisted. That article explains how to do this. If all of the files on your computer are whitelisted you will find Comodo Internet Security to be very quiet, except when there is a possible threat.

After this is done you can download the installer. Here are the download pages for Comodo Internet Security and Comodo Firewall. Please download whichever you would like to install. If, at a later time, you decide that you want to switch from one to the other you can accomplish this by going to the start menu, finding Comodo, and selecting the option to "Add and Remove components".

Options During Installation


During installation you will first see a scren which asks you whether you want two options to be enabled. I would recommend leaving the box to "enable 'Cloud Based Behavior Analysis'..." checked. I would strongly advise that you leave this option checked. This will upload all active unrecognized programs to Comodo for analysis. These files will then either be added to the whitelist or added to the definitions for the antivirus. This will make Comodo Internet Security both easier to use and more powerful against threats. The other box, to "Send anonymous program usage...", you can uncheck if you desire, or you can leave it checked. It's entirely up to you.

Before going to the next screen select the option in the lower left-corner called "Customize Installation". In addition you should select the small option near the bottom of the windows that says "Customize Installer". This will give you the option to choose which components, and additional programs, you would like to install. You may wish to consider leaving the option to install Comodo GeekBuddy checked. This is a free trial program through which Comodo technicians can remotely diagnose, but not fix, problems with your computer. This trial period will only start once you first use it. If at a later date you decide to purchase the product then the technicians can also remotely fix any problems with your computer. However, if this does not sound useful you can deselect it. Also, if you do choose to install it you can always choose to uninstall it later.

You are also given the option to install the Comodo Dragon browser. If you do not wish to install this then deselect this option as well. You can also uncheck the option to "Install PrivDog...". This is an adblocker similar to Adblock Plus. However, it replaces most ads with ads which are verified to be safe, but which may still be able to provide the site you are viewing with some revenue. Personally, I use Adblock Plus, but the choice is yours. Once you're done, click on Back and then click Next.

On the next screen you are given the choice to change your DNS servers to Comodo Secure DNS Servers. This will automatically block any websites that Comodo knows to be dangerous. Therefore, if you are currently using the default DNS server offered by your ISP I would recommend that you consider enabling this. However, if you would prefer to use another DNS server, as is mentioned in this section of my article about How to Stay Safe While Online, or just use the default one from your ISP, then you can deselect that option. You can also uncheck the option to change your home page and search engine to Yahoo. Leaving it checked will help to support Comodo, but it is very easy to opt out if you do not wish to use Yahoo. After that you can click "Agree and Install" and the installation will begin.2. Changes To Configuration

Not long after the installation is complete, assuming you installed CIS, it will download the virus database and begin running a quick scan of your computer. Let this scan complete. Unless you have a slow internet connection this process should only take about 5-15 minutes. Either way, I would suggest letting it complete its scan. After the initial scan is completed any subsequent scans will be much faster due to Comodo's new caching technology. Once it's done you can close the scan window. However, note that once you close the scan window it will ask you to restart your computer. Do not yet allow it to restart your computer.

At this time you may also choose to disable User Account Control (UAC). Personally I do disable it. However, there are some reasons to leave it enabled. One problem is that disabling this will turn off protected mode in Internet Explorer. It will also disable file/registry virtualization for Windows Vista and Windows 7. In general, UAC controls who can run specified applications that require elevated Administrator privileges. For more information please read this article.

A) General Tweaks To The Configuration


Change Overall Configuration


One of the most important changes it to change the default configuration to Proactive Security. For an explanation of the differences between the configurations please see this page. To do this open the main window for Comodo Internet Security. Then click on the green task icon on the upper right hand corner of the Window. This will flip the screen to show you the task window, which contains the configuration options. Click on the section for "Advanced Tasks" and then select the option to "Open Advanced Settings". Make sure the dropdown menu under "General Settings" is shown and then click on the Configuration option.

Now right-click on the option for "COMODO-Proactive Security" and select Activate. It will ask you whether you want to save changes, but at this point you can select no. It will then ask you to restart your computer. Make sure you select OK on the Advanced Settings Window before selecting the option to "Reboot Now".

Other General Steps


Once your computer has started up again open up the main screen for CIS. This time click on the icon on the upper left hand corner of the screen, as shown in the picture to the right, to switch CIS to advanced view.

Then click the icon at the bottom of the windows labeled Scan. Those with CIS installed should select the option to run a "Rating Scan". Note that if you did not install the antivirus component clicking on scan will automatically begin running a rating scan. Allow this scan to complete. Unless you have a slow internet connection it should not take more than a few minutes.

What this is doing is scanning the critical areas of your computer and compiling a list of which files are already known to be safe, dangerous, or unknown. No action is required on your part as long as you already followed my advice about how to ensure that your computer is not infected. The only reason I ask you to do this now is that it will help make Comodo Internet Security a little bit faster and less resource intensive than it otherwise would have been. Once the rating scan is complete you can close the rating scan window without selecting any action for the files, unless you would like to remove some bad files or trust some unknown files which you know to be safe.

Once the scan window is closed please once again look at the main window for CIS. For the section labeled Auto-Sandbox left-click on the text where it says "Partially Limited". A drop-down menu will appear. From this I would advise that you select Untrusted. This level will provide you with protection from nearly any malware I am aware of, including ransomware. The one exception is keyloggers. Some keyloggers may still be able to log data. However, even if they are able to access any information the firewall will stop them from being able to transmit it from your computer. Thus, as long as you are careful when answering any firewall alerts you will be safe. The one exception to this is if you run CIS in Game Mode. An explanation of what this mode is, and why it is dangerous, can be found in this section.

The left-click the text next to HIPS which reads "Safe Mode" and change this to Disabled. My configuration will actually not require you to enable the HIPS. This version of Comodo Internet Security is designed in such a way that you can achieve the same amount of security without enabling the HIPS. Everything we will need is actually now contained within the Behavioral Blocker, which will provide far fewer popups.

Then once again flip the screen to get to the Tasks window. Then go to the section for "Firewall Tasks" and click on the option for "Stealth Ports". In the window which pops up click the option to "Block Incoming Connections". Then go to the section for "Advanced Tasks" and once again click on the icon for "Open Advanced Settings". We will use this window to complete the rest of the changes which will be made to the configuration. I have broken the rest of the advice into that which is applicable for each of the main components of Comodo Internet Security.

B) Configure Antivirus


Assuming you chose to install Comodo Internet Security you also installed the antivirus component. Please open the Advanced Settings again. Then, make sure the dropdown menu under "General Settings" is shown. Then click on the Updates option. You will note that the virus database is set to automatically update every 6 hours. I would actually advise that you leave that at default. The only reason I pointed it out is that it may seem strange that the antivirus should be set to update so infrequently.

The reason for this is that any program running on your computer will automatically be checked against all signatures in the cloud. Thus, as long as you are constantly connected to the internet you always have up-to-date signature protection regardless of the last time your virus database was updated. Thus the infrequent updates don't actually decrease your protection. In fact, the infrequent updates may even help to make your computer more responsive.

Next make sure the dropdown menus under "Security Settings" are shown. Click on the one for Antivirus. Then click on the one for Scans. If you do not want your computer to run scheduled scans you can slide the toggle for both scans to deactivate them. Other than that there are not really any other changes which need to be made to the antivirus component.

C) Configure Defense+


All of the most important changes I would recommend for the Defense+ component have already been made. However, there are some optional changes which you may want to consider.

Optional Change


If you like you can disable the option to "Detect installers and show privilege elevation alerts". What this will do is ensure that the only popups you get are to let you know that an application has been sandboxed. The program will not ask you whether you want to allow an application or not. Thus if you select this option you will not have to answer a single Defense+ alert. Every program, even if it is an installer, will automatically be sandboxed.

If this is not disabled running most unknown installers will prompt an unlimited rights popup, which would ask you whether you trust them. However, do note that when sandboxed many installers will not be able to install correctly. Thus, disabling that option will ensure that you receive fewer alerts, although you will still receive a few from the firewall component, but it will also cause more of the unknown programs to fail. Thus, I would recommend making this change only if you are an advanced user and are prepared for the consequences.

D) Configure Firewall


Strongly Recommended Changes


Now minimize the drop-down menu for Defense+ and open the dropdown menu for the Firewall component. Click on "Firewall Settings" and check the boxes for "Filter IPv6 traffic", "Block fragmented IP traffic", "Do Protocol Analysis", and "Enable anti-ARP spoofing". Selecting these will likely not have any negative side-affects on your browsing experience. However, if you do find that you are having trouble with your internet/network connections please try unchecking these options as they are likely the culprit. Also, although it's preferable to leave it checked, in some cases the option to "Filter loopback traffic" may cause certain DNS services to not work correctly. This is rare, but if this happens you can uncheck the option to "Filter loopback traffic". However, as long as there are no problems I would advise that you leave it checked.Optional Change

Also, if you do not want any unknown programs to be able to access the internet you can check the box for "Do NOT show popup alerts" and then change the behavior to "Block Requests". This will automatically block all unknown applications from accessing the internet. Thus, if you select this option, and the optional one for the Defense+ component, the only popups you will see are those for the sandbox. Also, note that the sandbox popups do not require any user input. Thus, Comodo Internet Security will now be entirely automated and will require no user input at all.

However, making this change to the firewall configuration will cause some unknown programs to not be able to operate correctly and will also result in any unknown installer, which must download files from the internet, failing. Thus, I would recommend making this change only if you are an advanced user and are prepared for the consequences. Note that if you do run into problems with this change, you should just uncheck the option.

When you are done making your changes select OK. This will save all changes and close the advanced settings window.

3. Advice On How To Use Comodo Internet Security


How To Answer Defense+/Sandbox/Firewall Alerts


In terms of how to use this program it's really quite simple, at least for the most part. The main problem is that although there are very few alerts which you will have to answer, there are still some decisions which will have to be made. For ordinary sandbox alerts no action will be required on your part. CIS will just show a small popup on the lower right-hand corner of the screen to let you know the application has been sandboxed. However, this popup will provide you with the option to trust the application.

For any popups, regardless of which component they are from, it is very important that you do not just allow an application because you want to get rid of the alert. If you do this you greatly decrease the protection offered by Comodo Internet Security. In general, regardless of what the alert is asking, you should only allow a program access to your computer if you are absolutely sure that it is safe.

If you're not sure whether an application is safe or not I would advise that before allowing it you take some time to check it by following the advice I give in my article about How to Tell if a File is Malicious. However, if you're not sure what to do I would advise that you select the option to block the request or, if it is a sandbox alert, do nothing and leave the application sandboxed. If you do otherwise you may inadvertently allow a malicious program access to your computer.Overview of What Game Mode Is

CIS also has an option called "Game Mode". If you choose use this no Defense+ alerts, Firewall alerts, update popups, or scheduled scans will be shown or run. Thus, these cannot interfere with what you are doing. However, what enabling this will also do is create automatic allow rules for all running applications. Thus, running your computer in game mode will essentially put your computer in training mode, which I would not advise as I consider it to be dangerous. Thus, I would advise that you do not use "Game Mode".

Brief Overview of How the Behavioral Blocker Works


Also, I would quickly like to briefly mention the way in which Comodo's behavioral blocker works. If a piece of malware is not yet detected as dangerous by Comodo it will automatically be sandboxed. When in the sandbox it may be able to run, drop files in certain folders, display windows, and perform other actions which may seem alarming. However, do not worry.

The sandbox is watching every action the application tries to make sure that it will not allow it to do anything which can actually harm the computer. Also, the application will not be able to automatically start itself. Thus, once you restart your computer, regardless of how dangerous the malware might have been, the malware will be rendered completely inert upon restart.

However, those files dropped by it may still be sitting on your computer. Other malware scanners may flag these as dangerous and thus it would appear that Comodo Internet Security allowed the computer to be infected. This is not true. In truth, malware is only dangerous if it is active and able to harm your computer or steal information. Thus, since these files are completely inert, you can see that the approach Comodo Internet Security takes towards protecting your computer actually does protect it from all types of malware. Just because there are some leftover files on your computer does not mean that your computer is infected.

Overview of Comodo Virtual Desktop


Comodo Virtual Desktop creates a fully virtualized environment on your computer. It can be accessed by going to the tasks window, going to the "Sandbox Tasks" section, and clicking on "Run Virtual Desktop". This starts the fully virtualized environment which is mainly meant to be used for web related activities. It is not really designed for installing other programs, although many programs will install correctly inside of it. In addition, any programs which are installed on your real computer, and have a shortcut sitting on the desktop, will be able to be launched from inside the Virtual Desktop. However, note that in order to access them you will need to switch from the tablet screen to the desktop screen. This is done by flipping the window by clicking on the orange icon, just as you would with the CIS window.

Also, please do be aware that due to restrictions, which help protect you from dangerous malware, there are certain types of programs which will not be able to run inside the Virtual Desktop. Also, note that if the Virtual Desktop is closed and then started again no applications will initially be running. This would include any malware which may have been running. Thus, I would recommend that before performing sensitive actions such as online banking you at least close the Virtual Desktop and then open it again just before you go to the banking site. If you like you can even choose the option to "Reset Sandbox", which will delete all information which was inside it and provide you with an entirely fresh sandbox the next time you run the Virtual Desktop.

Also, the shared space folder, of which a shortcut is placed on your desktop during installation and an icon is placed in the main window for CIS, is the folder which is shared by both your actual computer and the Comodo Virtual Desktop. Thus, any files placed in there will be shared between the two environments.

Optional Cosmetic Changes


If you would like to run your browser sandboxed, but would prefer not to use the Virtual Desktop, you can instead use the widget. This is the small window which has been added to your desktop. This will automatically detect and display all browsers currently installed on your computer, along with other useful information. Clicking on the icon for that browser will cause it to be run sandboxed with full-virtualization. Note that you can also right-click on the CIS icon and either add or remove information from the widget.

Please note that any changes you make to the browser while sandboxed, such as bookmarking a page, will not be saved to your unsandboxed browser and will in fact be deleted when you reset the sandbox. Note that if you do not want to use the widget you can remove it by right-clicking on the CIS icon, selecting Widget, and unchecking the option to Show. Personally, I use it often, but if you find it an eyesore it is easy to remove.

Also, if you would prefer not to receive messages from the COMODO Message Center you can disable this by going to the CIS Task window. Then go to the "Advanced Tasks" section and click on "Advanced Settings". Then make sure the dropdown menu under "General Settings" is shown and click on "User Interface". Then disable the option to "Show messages from COMODO Message Center". These messages have nothing to do with the protection of your computer and, if you like, can safely be disabled. While in this same area you can also choose to disable the sounds which CIS now plays when an alert is shown, if you wish. When you are done select OK to save your changes and close the window.

The main window of Comodo Internet Security now provides you with the option to add task shortcuts to the task bar at the bottom of the window. To add additional task shortcuts you can flip the screen to the task window, navigate to the task you want to make a shortcut of, right click on the icon for it, and select "Add to Task Bar". I would suggest you do this for any tasks which you find you are using often. Note that you are also given the ability to drag the icons around on the main window.4. What To Do If You Have Further Questions

Note that if at any time after installing this product you encounter serious problems with it, which running the diagnostics cannot fix, it may be helpful to reinstall it. If you do decide to reinstall Comodo Internet Security it's best to do this by following the steps I outline in my post on this page.

If you do have any other questions please peruse the online help files, which can be found on this page. If you still have questions then I would advise that you search the Comodo Forums for a solution. If someone hasn't already created a post with the same problem please feel free to join the forum and create a post of your own. The community will do their best to help you with any problems that you may encounter.


One thing to do when seeking to learn is usually to pursue research. You must find advice you can discover from and trust. This piece is a selection of guidance on music downloads made by experts.


When downloading music online, be cautious together with the websites you want to work with. Protect yourself when you go to simply the most credible sites. Other sites make you prone to spyware, spam, and viruses. It usually is best and also hardwearing . information safe while you are having an unfamiliar site.


Never download music without having an antivirus program active. It is advisable to err along the side of caution. So be sure you take every precaution possible. This is certainly imperative if you're using P2P clients. Always scan the downloaded file prior to open it up. This could help you save time and effort and cash.


An effective tip to remember when you're downloading music is usually to record what music you already possess. Do not throw money away on songs you've already bought. Most sites let you too lookup your download history.


Never miss an agreement on Amazon's music download site. Albums and downloads for singles are often accessible for prices that happen to be discounted which could help you save a few bucks on music you're more likely to enjoy. The discounts change every day, so make sure you sign in often to conserve.


Backup your music library frequently. It will require a ton of money and time to produce a significant song library. It's unfortunate to reduce countless files. You can't trust a music site helping you to download those tunes over again. Back your music library to online storage or hard drive.


Are you experiencing an Android device? Then and you wish to download music, look at Google's service for downloads. This specific service from Google is Music All Access. It's like all kinds of other subscription services, except the system functions just the thing for Android devices. You'll pay only $10 a month, so that it is easy to have a handful of music for the great price.


Expert consultancy is the perfect information you will discover on any subject. The following advice contain all you should know about the subject. This informative article will enable you to save time and money while downloading.

Many small children have previously downloaded their most favorite songs and also have them on their own gadgets. If you wish to uncover the joy of music downloads, this is actually the place you ought to be. You may get exactly the music you like by using this advice.


Be sure to exercise caution when downloading free of charge. Hackers love spreading viruses via free music downloads given that they know that's what lots of people want. You can aquire a virus from simply downloading a song.


Browse the reviews of unknown websites before you decide to do anything whatsoever. You would like to seriously consider security reviews a lot more than quality of music reviews. If are unable find any recent reviews, consider using a different website to be around the safe side.


An excellent tip to make use of when downloading music would be to save just as much money as possible by searching for promotions which you can use. These may vary from sales to freebies.


Only use antivirus programs whenever you download new music. Always err along the side of caution. Be sure to be secure whenever you download. This is particularly crucial if you're using P2P clients. Scan any file you download for viruses. It is extremely simple to download data that looks legitimate however is not.


When downloading music, consider the actual dimensions of the file before you decide to try to open it up. It's simple to mistakenly download something you needed no aim of downloading. Data which you weren't intending to download could damage your CPU. Look into the file size before you decide to download. Usually do not open something that appears to small or large.


Never download music without needing active antivirus software. This protects you against any malicious files that may damage your pc. Only use caution and download files safely. This is actually important if you use file-sharing, like a P2P client. Before opening data, scan it. You might have downloaded something you don't want on your pc.


This short article discussed the easiest and most affordable methods to download and manage your preferred songs. You will find a number of different places to obtain music online, and you have to locate what is going to work right for you. This short article will help you find and download the songs you adore.

Online shopping has numerous conveniences. The opportunity to buy nearly anything at anytime and put makes this industry boom. There are several tips all shoppers ought to be privy to. Continue reading if you'd like the best recommendation regarding how to buy things on the web.


Improve your antivirus protection before signing in to look online. You might stumbled upon a great deal of suspect websites while online shopping. Scam artists can create a storefront using the intent of infecting your pc with virus and malware. Therefore, prior to visiting and create a buy from a shop, you must do research onto it to guarantee the store is legit.


Prior to buying from the seller, check their reviews. This will help give a general concept of the caliber of products you are likely to receive. If you see multiple poor reviews for any retailer, you likely need to look elsewhere.


Take time to take a look at size charts listed on all clothing websites. An enormous challenge in purchasing clothes on the internet is the problem of determining whether the content of clothing suits you. Thankfully, sizing charts can help. This could be quite useful.


Before purchasing, investigate the product involved quite carefully. Simply viewing a web-based picture can provide you with a faulty impression. Items might be photographed to appear larger or better they actually are. Make certain you examine the whole description so you know about just what you really are buying.


You might like fast delivery, however it costs considerably more, so try simply using standard shipping. It might exercise anyway. The speediness where you get your packages when utilizing standard shipping might shock you. Simply by waiting a couple of days longer, it can save you enough money to buy much more!


Since you now know about good ways to look online, you are able to put your understanding to make use of. You may enjoy great savings twenty-four hours per day, 7 days per week. Share this together with your friends, to allow them to enjoy shopping online just as much as you are doing.

When you are buying food or possibly a vehicle, you will discover it on the internet. You could buy from brand name websites, major retailers or from auctions online. Used or new, all you buy are available for much less. Follow this data to get and take full advantage of bargains online.


Before starting shopping on the internet, keep your antivirus software depends on date. Shopping on the internet can be a hotbed for suspect websites. You will even find those who are simply just planning to infect computers with viruses. Use caution when you shop online, in spite of famous and reputable sites.


Never give anyone your SSN when you shop online. No site carries a reason to want this data to perform an investment. When your number is requested, you possess likely stumbled upon a scammer's site. In such a circumstance, will not share the info and look for some other, reputable site.


Look at online reviews before choosing from your new retailer. You may usually take advantage of this like a guide to what you can anticipate in the merchant's services or products. If you realise a retailer with low ratings, shop elsewhere.


It is vital that you merely shop with a secure connection, so do it from your own home if it is put in place properly. Identity thieves and hackers target public connections and wi-fi hotspots for victims.


Be sure to see the product page thoroughly prior to an investment. Find out in case the item gives the features you would like, it comes down from the size you want and at a cost that could help you save money. Sometimes the photo is just not exactly what you will be ordering which is only associated with the goods.


Irrespective of how great a shopper you will be, you're never too experienced to discover new techniques for conserving money. You could always do a fantastic job when you have know-how about what you are accomplishing. Read similar articles to the a person to learn new ways to shopping on the internet that you just wouldn't otherwise find out about.

cutest dress evaaarrr!!! :D

Everyone buy dresses from Yuuki's sister! :DDDDD


blaghargh argh

I had this dumb virus thing called antivirus 2009 on my computer and I sould barely use the computer at all. The only website that wasn't blocked all the time was flickr and It was like *look at one photo* BLOCKED

*comment on a photo* BLOCKED

TT___TT but thankfully I got rid of it thanks to a friend >3<


Are you experiencing unanswered queries about downloading songs and albums? If you would like understand more about music downloading, you've just hit the mom-lode of real information. Scour the next article for everything you should understand about this procedure of acquiring music.


When you download music from less popular sites, having antivirus software on your computer system is crucial. This software can safeguard you hackers that want to access your own information. Ensure it is running anytime you opt to download some tunes, and be certain that to hold it updated too.


Seek out reviews of download websites ahead of the initial download using them. If you do find reviews, pinpoint the site's safety rather than just the download quality. If are unable find any recent reviews, try out a different site to be about the safe side.


Use anti-virus protection if you download music. It is advisable to err along the side of caution. Take care while you are downloading music. This is certainly vital by using P2P clients. Always scan data prior to open it up. It's not difficult to download data you have no purpose of downloading.


Remember what music you hold already when you would like new music to download. Using this method you don't find yourself with two copies the exact same thing. Most services have got a history page.


When you are an end user of Apple products, you'll want to look into iTunes for your personal music downloads. iTunes downloads gives you a seamless music experience across your Mac, your iPhone plus your iPad. You won't have to bother about conversions or the best places to download the background music again as it'll be in the actual ecosystem you are widely used to.


It is crucial that you just learn all you can relating to your daily tasks. Regardless of the you would like, learning is secret weapon to success. Using what you've learned with this article, downloading music should certainly be a breeze.

Just like any other type of shopping, computer shopping is best when lots of information and facts are digested in advance. This means that you should spend some time reading this article. These tips are used by professionals and will help you make wise decisions.


Be certain you have software that protects you against viruses. Running without antivirus support can leave you vulnerable to malicious software invading your system. You don't need to buy a desktop with malicious software that also makes the computer run slowly. They can be scheduled to run scans.


Try performing a boot check if your desktop is sluggish. Look in the start menu for a program named "ms config." Then, check out programs that are starting when you start your computer. If there are some listed you do not use often, disable them. That ought to make your system a bit faster.


Make sure you pay close attention to the additional items that are included when you buy a desktop computer. It's not uncommon for there to be some great accessories that you can purchase separately that will help make computing easier. Only get the accessories you need. Be sure to do your homework too. You'll likely find these items cheaper online or at discount stores. Buying from the manufacturer can take a bigger chunk of your money.


Make sure the desktop you buy fits your budget and your computing needs. A lot of people want to get computers that are too expensive, filled with features they don't even use. In order to save money, check out a desktop's components and features and go with the one that you need, not want.


Only buy a computer which offers a great warranty. This helps ensure you don't have any problems if your computer starts messing up. You can simply return it to the store and get it replaced.


If you are considering a Mac instead of a Windows desktop, but have Windows programs you like to run, think about getting Parallels for Mac. This is software to run like a PC on your Mac. Doing this allows you to work with any software or program. Obviously, you'll also need to have a copy of the PC OS to install.


Make a great choice if you're buying a desktop computer. The tips here have given you the start you need, so use them. Use what you learned and the right computer can be yours.

As seen in an Arizona Corporation Commission (Engineering Dept) office last week. The poster looks like it's from the 80s.

Should you be buying food or even a vehicle, you can get it online. You can get from name brand websites, major retailers or from auctions online. Used or new, whatever you buy can be obtained for a cheap price. Follow this info to locate and benefit from excellent deals online.


Before starting shopping on the web, keep your antivirus software depends on date. Internet shopping can be a hotbed for suspect websites. You will even find those who are simply just planning to infect computers with viruses. Use caution when you shop online, in spite of famous and reputable sites.


Never give anyone your SSN when you shop online. No site carries a reason to want this info to perform an investment. When your number is requested, you possess likely stumbled upon a scammer's site. In such a circumstance, will not share the info and look for some other, reputable site.


Look at online reviews before choosing from your new retailer. You may usually take advantage of this like a guide to what you can anticipate in the merchant's services or products. If you realise a retailer with low ratings, shop elsewhere.


It is vital that you merely shop with a secure connection, so do it from your own home if it is put in place properly. Identity thieves and hackers target public connections and wi-fi hotspots for victims.


Be sure to see the product page thoroughly prior to an investment. Find out in case the item gives the features you would like, it comes down inside the size you will need and at a cost that can save you money. Sometimes the photo is just not exactly what you will be ordering which is only associated with the goods.


Irrespective of how great a shopper you will be, you're never too experienced to discover new techniques for conserving money. You could always do a fantastic job when you have know-how about what you are accomplishing. Read similar articles to the a person to learn new ways to internet shopping that you just wouldn't otherwise find out about.

Precisely what do you need your desktop to achieve in your lifetime? You already know that you require it or else you wouldn't be here. It's vital that you take into consideration that answer while shopping because it'll enable you to limit the correct choice to suit your needs. Check out the tips below to truly define it a lot more.


It is recommended to have antivirus software running. You could get a virus should you don't have this software. These viruses can actually decrease your desktop, and they also put you in jeopardy of sharing personal information. A lot of available programs can scan and repair the equipment regularly.


A boot check is very important should your speeds are lower than optimal. Begin in the beginning menu, and pick "ms config". This offers the cabability to examine each of the programs which can be set to start out up right after the computer turns on. Look for people who are infrequently used and change the settings to make sure they are certainly not launched at each boot. This will assist your personal computer quicken.


Consider add-ons that could come linked to your personal computer purchase. You'll often have the capacity to purchase extra accessories with all the machine. Don't buy any you don't need. Also, take care as numerous add-ons are less costly on other websites. Anything purchased from your computer manufacturer is normally priced substantially higher.


Be cautious with all the products you decide on once you make a desktop. Certain motherboards are simply works with certain processors. Some RAM units only deal with some motherboards. If you get the items, verify that they can interact with each other. This means don't overspend so you don't hang around.


In case you have PC programs but require a Mac desktop, you may purchase Parallels for Mac. That software assists you to run an platform to get a PC directly on the Mac. Using this method, you may run any PC program that you may have! Keep in mind the PC systems needs to be purchased separately.


When you are considering a Mac, but would like to use your computer programs or applications, consider buying Parallels for Mac. This software will give you many contemporary features. Now you may run all available PC programs. You can expect to, however, ought to separately find the needed PC platform that comes with it.


Following expert consultancy can assist you in getting best computer to suit your needs. Therefore, this post was written to feature a great deal of terrific tips. Make use of this advice to make the most of your personal computer purchase.

Are you currently seeking to understand how to easily download some music? Are you looking to brush up more about your music downloads? If this stuff affect you, this post is exactly what you are searching for. Keep reading to find out more.


Check iTunes when downloading music. Not just could it be simple to find the songs you desire, you can easily download and transfer the songs for an iPod or iPhone. Whenever you purchase music from iTunes, you typically get fair prices.


You need to make use of your antivirus software whenever you download music. It's always best to ensure you're covered now, instead of discovering far too late you've ruined your pc. Be mindful about downloading. This is particularly important if you are using P2P clients. Never open any file which you have not ran by way of a scanning program. It really is very simple to acquire dangerous viruses and malware.


Amazon features a section where one can download music, plus they offer discounts, too. They regularly offer discounts for both singles and albums, helping you save lots of cash. The discounts regularly change, check in daily to find the best deals.


Pay attention to the previews before you purchase a complete album. These previews enable you to hear a small amount of the song prior to deciding if you should purchase it. You will find all of them popular downloading sites. This prevents you against buying a whole album you thought you loved, but usually dislike.


Previews are a good tool when you make purchases online. This can allow you to hear one minute approximately of the track prior to buying it. They won't set you back any money and are available on many sites that allow you to download music. Utilize this to prevent buying full albums which you anticipated to love but wound up not taking care of a great deal.


Never download music without needing active antivirus software. This protects you against any malicious files that may damage your pc. Only use caution and download files safely. This is actually important if you use file-sharing, like a P2P client. Before opening data, scan it. You might have downloaded something you don't want on your pc.


Be leery of downloads before you decide to find out about how it operates. You need to learn some tips this article can show you so memorize these guidelines. Don't rush around. Make sure to understand exactly what you really are doing this your download experience is going to be simple and fun. redir.eс/Oe5Kсе838 httр:// httр:// httр://сa10

More and more people turn to downloading music each day. That said, some people need help with this process. The tips here will help you quickly enjoy your music.


If a site is free, download at your own risk. Hackers and other malicious individuals can sneak viruses together with free songs, because they know users will readily download the music. They can attach viruses and malware to the downloads, and you may not know it before it's too late.


You should make sure your antivirus program depends on date when you download music. It's always best to make sure you're covered now, rather than finding out too late you've ruined your computer. Be careful when downloading music. This is really important if you are using file-sharing, such as a P2P client. Scan files every time before you open them. Downloading unintended material, such as viruses, is all too easy to do.


Use Google's music service when you are using a smartphone. Called Google Music All Access, the service is just like any other subscription-based service, but it works perfectly with Android devices. For just dollars a month, you can accumulate a nice selection of tunes.


If there is a particular artist who has done some songs you like, maybe you should get the full album. Albums will not cost you an arm and a leg, like songs purchased individually. This will also let you listen to numerous music at the same time. You might discover a new classic along the way.


Look at the specials on Amazon's music site. Single downloads and albums can be bought for discounts, and that is going to save you money. The discounts regularly change, so check in daily for the best deals.


If you download music from the Internet, it is vital that you always cover yourself with current anti-virus software. This protects you from any malicious files that could damage your computer. Be careful when you are downloading music. Take double precautions if you are using a peer to peer site. Before opening a file, scan it. It is very easy to download a file seems legitimate but is not.


The booming industry of music downloads shows no signs of abating soon, and it is therefore important for as many people as possible to understand it. By using the tips found above, it is possible for folks of all avenues of life to obtain their favorite tunes in this simple, affordable way. Rock on!

Have you ever shopped from the sofa before? Have you ever found some rare items from your comfort of your sofa? It surely is extremely possible. Using the Internet to enable you to shop you'll be saving money and you also won't be anxious in the event you discover ways to order online properly.


While you shop online, you should perform some price comparisons. It may be quite simple to find just what you would like in the right price online. Just take a look at prices from sites you feel better about purchasing from. Although the cost is low, this doesn't matter in the event you prefer to not order from them.


Usually do not shop without adequate antivirus software. Shopping online attracts suspicious activities. You can even find the ones that are merely trying to infect computers with viruses. Be mindful when utilizing any website for shopping, whether you believe they may be safe or otherwise.


Make sure to review all product information before ordering. A photo of the product could be deceiving. It can be hard to ascertain the items true size. Reading the description will help you to have confidence within the item you might be purchasing.


When the results you view aren't associated with familiar retailers, then you need to reconsider entering your personal data. Watch for Verisign or Cybertrust logos to confirm the credibility of the site.


Determine what the sizing charts say while looking through clothes online. It's difficult to tell if clothes will fit when purchasing online. But, many online clothes retailers offer size charts that will help a whole lot. They could make sure you don't create a bad purchase decision.


You need to now understand how to do shopping online properly. You will find just about any product you wish, but obtaining the top deals takes some skill. Make use of the tips you learned here and you'll impress your family and friends together with your shopping savvy.

Mforting to the unsuccessful, that a play fails


again on sofa, and goes on reading._) Vane. (_looking at picture_) Will you never learn to be an _artist_, Denham? The modern picture should be a painted quatrain, with colours for words--words which say nothing, because everything has been said, but which _suggest_ all that has been felt and dreamed. Art is the initiation into a mood, a mystery--a sphinx whose riddle every one can answer, yet no one understand. Fitzgerald. (_shutting the book on his finger_) Bravo, Vane! 'Pon my word, I begin to believe in you. Vane. I can endure even that. Denham. I am on the wrong tack then? Vane. My dear fellow, look at that canvas. What a method! You are like an amateur pianist who tries laboriously to obtain tone, without having mastered the keyboard. One cannot _blunder_ into great art. Only Englishmen make the attempt. You are a nation of amateurs. (_He turns away, and sees a sketch on the_ L _wall_) Did you do this? Denham. My brush did it somehow. Vane. Ah! this is exquisite--or would be if you could paint. Why, _why_ not learn the technique of your art, and make these notes of a mood, a moment, so as to give real delight? Denham. Upon my word, Vane, you are right. That sketch is worth a wilderness of Brynhilds. But look here! (_Crosses to picture. He opens a pocket knife, and makes a long cut across the figure of Brynhild._) There goes a year's work. Fitzgerald. (_rising_) By Jove! Vane. My dear fellow, I congratulate you. The year's work is not thrown away--now. (_Re-enter Mrs. Denham._) Mrs. Denham. Oh, Mr. Vane, what have you made him do? Vane. My dear Mrs. Denham, I have saved your husband's reputation for a few months at least. He cannot do anything so _consummately_ bad in _less_. Pray, pray, do not try to understand art! Women never can; they have not yet developed the sixth sense--the sense of _Beauty_. But I must really tear myself a



Este mensaje no contiene virus ni malware porque la protección de avast! Antivirus está activa.

It really is easy and fun to download your preferred music for your tablet, music player or computer. When you accomplish that instead of purchase a CD, it can save you money and time since you don't need to leave your house to discover music you prefer. Whenever you download music, having some suggestions to adhere to is effective. These guidelines are a good place to start. Once you get music off of the Internet, ensure you are picky concerning the sites you utilize. Protect yourself by going to just the most credible sites. Other sites leave you susceptible to spyware, spam, and viruses. Remember that you might be always safer in the event you limit the quantity of private information you give to sites you don't know. In case a website is free, download at the own risk. It really is common for hackers and the ones thinking about spreading computer viruses to make use of free music download offers in an effort to accomplish their set goals. Viruses can easily be connected to the music download and may go undetected until your pc crashes. Whenever you download music, cut costs by looking for promotions. Services like iTunes will offer you discounts at specific times that enables you to get free songs or heavily discounted albums. There ought to always be antivirus software running when you will download any music. Always err along the side of caution. So make sure to take every precaution possible. This really is definitely true if you are using P2P sites. Before opening data, scan it. Downloading unintended material, like viruses, is actually all too simple to do. Ensure that you have a good anti-virus program. You usually wish to be as safe as is possible. Be cautious when downloading music. This is particularly important if you are using P2P clients. Scan all files before opening. You don't wish to get a virus! In the event you download music, you need to ensure additionally you backup your music, too. You'll invest considerable time in downloading songs. It might be bad if you decide to lose the files you might have. Usually do not rely on the download client for the backup. Purchase an additional hard disk to keep everything on. Now, you can start making a great music library. Keep your information here in mind to enable you to help make your music listening and downloading more easy. Relax towards the sweet sounds from the songs you adore.




download rap and hip hop beats

Just copy thoose url address in picture to visit our site


isnt life surprising i was laying awake thinking last night about how different my life has gone then what i thought (in a good way)

i do have one faithful companion who is braving the germs penny the pug russell

and i think im done cutting kits for a while


i will i will i will please hold me accountable if you dont see the results posted next week the inspiration pieces

what im listening to this morningagain


i was born in orange county where my parents had lived in the same house for like 20 years they had both lived in so cal all their lives

hard to find only a little ive met some truly kindred spirits in my life so far especially my two nicoles (well coco i not so much met as i was born to the same parents) i love them girls and their cute purses


snacks NUTS i would die without nuts i love roasted almonds cashews peanuts i also love those roasted edamame they taste like nuts even though theyre not and nuts taste really good with a few slices of swiss cheese also deli meat slices celery with peanut butter on it a few whole grain crackers with cheese beef jerky sugar free snack packs stuffed mushrooms hard boiled eggs string cheese protein bars crudites and more NUTS six

the deal with pcos and carbs


he is the perfect mix to me of blues and folk and funk and feeling

i thought id live there forever one day when i was 12 my dad quit his job and we moved to lake tahoe it rocked my stable world


me 1982

Off to the kindergarten valentine party


i got a lot emails about what i eat and how it effects pcos- so i hope you dont mind if i just answer all the questions here instead of going through each email

we gave the universe one out- if grant found a job he loved before springtime wed stay put even though we wanted to go to cali really bad and even though grant had been looking for a different job for a long time


cate and i went through some of the free options around the web for valentines to download and print

cate did you love disney games on the computer when you were five


i really really need my bedroom to be simple and uncluttered and white for calming purposes you know what i mean

and then i found myself a mother funny i thought id teach awhile longer and have grant all to myself and save some money


let me explain Buoy is this ELLE

and that made me think of all the insomniatic nights that she stayed up with me and mirrored my every move and snuggled me right out of my anxiety into dreamland long after grant and cate had drifted off


how have you been surprised what can i say

and as ive been laying in my misery ive been thinking a lot about that penny and just how lonely id be if she wasnt there with me


where are neighborhoods like that anymore with bushes big enough to hide in and kids that go around the block together all afternoon and normal sized houses and the old winkfields next door ok i dont need the winkfields but id sure love to give my kids the rest

all the sudden im 30 i thought id be driving a mini van full of kids and happily decorating my own home but life has shown me again that i am not in control and as i wait for more children and a sense of being settled


i think they are so cute i love her litte handwriting and she is beyond excited to pass them out some other projects she and i looked at but didnt get around to (of course) from martha (of course)

grant and i listened and danced to his music on valentines day


No virus found in this outgoing message

Checked by PC Tools AntiVirus ( - 10.068.014).

Many small children have previously downloaded their most favorite songs and also have them on their own gadgets. This short article could be of help if you wish to discover ways to find and download music. These details can help you expand your library.


Be leery concerning the websites you download from when you download music online. You need to take a moment and stay with sites which are popular since there are some sites which have viruses to them or they might get information that can lead to you getting spam. Remember that you might be always safer in the event you limit the quantity of private information you give to sites you don't know.


Find reviews before downloading music from an unfamiliar website. You need to look especially for the reviews that repeat the website is safe instead of some reviews referring to how good the songs is. If are unable find any recent reviews, consider using a different website to be around the safe side.


Search for promotions when purchasing music online. Often times, services like iTunes have promotions that will allow you to get songs as well as other extras free of charge.


If you are downloading music, be sure you come with an antivirus program installed. This protects you against any malicious files that may damage your pc. Use caution if you are downloading music. When utilizing peer to peer, this really is much more important. Always scan data before you decide to open it up. It is simple to download things that you might not have access to meant to.


Always browse the specials whenever you go to the music download site of Amazon. Single downloads and albums can be purchased for discounts, and that will help you save money. The deals are constantly changing, check in often.


Check out the dimensions of the file you might have downloaded before simply clicking on it. Accidentally downloading something is a lot simpler than you thought it might be. This could harm your pc. Be certain that the file you download is all about the dimensions you will expect. If it's tiny or huge, delete it.


If you've been looking for good information about how easy it is to obtain the songs you desire, this article is here to assist. There are lots of online venues to find the songs you are searching for, however it takes some price comparisons to find quality tracks for any low cost. Make use of the information shared here along with you, and you will have a great collection very quickly.

It appears as though shopping inside a regular store is really a subject put to rest for many people. Between traffic, hours, and busy schedules, purchases you would like to make can continually be put off. These are the basic times that shopping online is really a godsend. These paragraphs provide you with use of advice for your upcoming shopping online foray.


If you are purchasing a product online, look for discount codes. A simple search will unveil lots of discounts provided by your preferred online stores. Type the shop or item name you are searching for a coupon for and skim the outcomes. This really is a terrific way to cut costs while you shop online.


Before beginning online shopping, ensure your anti-virus software program is updated. Online shoppers are susceptible to landing on fake webpages. Some people make websites specifically with regards to infecting computers. Don't depend on instincts and gut feelings concerning the trustworthiness from the sites you visit ensure you're fully protected before you decide to shop.


If you're doing lots of shopping online, ensure your spyware protection is updated. Hackers frequently target main shopping retailers to be able to break into your accounts and obtain private information. Focus on warnings yielded by antivirus software and ensure you report unusual activity towards the store itself.


Be sure to read all the details about any product you are thinking about purchasing. You could be fooled by online photos of products. They could provide a product a distorted size. Make sure you review all product descriptions to be able to know what you may actually receive.


Before you decide to enter any charge card information right into a website, take a look at the URL on top of the screen. In the event that it says "https" prior to the website address, then you can be certain the details will be encrypted. When it doesn't, what this means is buying from your site will leave you susceptible to fraud.


Shopping online is a wonderful alternative that you ought to utilize. Involving the convenience, savings, and flexibility you'll experience while you shop online, it's commonly a more rewarding experience than a trip to an actual store. Utilize this advice to your benefit to spend less making all of the purchases you have to.

I like many others were stoked when the myriad of windows 8 tablets were announced back in October. Several months and delays later most of them have started to appear. This tablet is in hard competition with others such as the Samsung 500t and the Asus vivo, tablets that have support for styluses. I choose the Lenovo as it was the only tablet with a stylus that had a 10.1 inch screen; I had held and tested several of the 11.1 inch models in various stores and I found them too big. In addition they were not very well balanced in my hand when carrying around. For me the 10.1 size is on the edge of comfortable, and while I might have preferred a 9 inch instead it is light enough and small enough that it feels like a device I will continue to carry around, even after the novelty of a new devices goes away. The build quality feels solid, the tablet also feels like a quality product that can withstand daily abuse and use. The tablet came preloaded with some crapware, but not much. Biggest drawback was Norton Suite, that company should have been forced to close a long time ago. Had to download an additional uninstaller from their site to completely remove their software, leaving it in would probably have been worse than having any viruses, so it had to be done. Windows 8 comes preloaded with a very good antivirus, so there is really no need to use Norton at all, ever. In addition some of the Lenovo &34;bundled&34; software are more or less just links to paid versions from thirdparty publishers that you can get for a discounted price, in other words not that awesome, but easy to get rid of at least. Pros 10.1 screen, a bit smaller physical size than its competition. Lightweight, among the lightest of the Atom tablets. Stylus, this is simply awesome and makes the transition from keyboardmouse to touch easier. 64gb storage built in, and a microSD slot for expansion. Small amount of crapware preinstalled. Good battery time, lasts me a day at work with some extra to spare for when I get home USB charging cable, no proprietorial connector means that you can replace the charger and cable for cheap, or buy spare ones. Full size USB port, makes data transfers and doing backups easy. Can use any windows software you already have or decide to download, dont have to go through an app store. Cons Intel SoC graphics, so far not impressed, but maybe this could be resolved with updated drivers in the future. 32 App updates and 28 System updates should be installed once you boot up, system is not uptodate, plan on spending an hour or so (depending on download speed) to complete this. The included charging cord is 3 feet long, hardly reaching anywhere; need a power outlet at your desk or the optional docking station. Good thing is that its USB and not propriatory, so I could buy a longer one for cheap. Windows media player seems to downscale videos, making them look pixelated and horrible in fullscreen. Fixed this by downloading VLC ( and using that for media playback instead. Lacking App store, this will change I guess in the coming months. I expected this though as an early adopter, but I still somewhat miss the numbers of alternatives the Google play store have. Final words So far I love this device, screen is bright and clear even outside, its lightweight and have ample battery time for my use. However it should be noted that this is a productivity device (Office and mobile office duties, webbrowsing, programming, light drawing and illustrating and other nonintensive tasks), if your main use is playing games, editing raw pictures or video then you are probably gonna be less impressed. Overall this is everything I expected it to be and a little bit more.

It’s Way Too Easy to

Hack the Hospital

Firewalls and medical devices are extremely vulnerable, and everyone’s pointing fingers

By Monte Reel and Jordan Robertson | November 2015

from Bloomberg Businessweek


In the fall of 2013, Billy Rios flew from his home in California to Rochester, Minn., for an assignment at the Mayo Clinic, the largest integrated nonprofit medical group practice in the world. Rios is a “white hat” hacker, which means customers hire him to break into their own computers. His roster of clients has included the Pentagon, major defense contractors, Microsoft, Google, and some others he can’t talk about.

Animated gif graphic illustration of a flailing IV drip in the style of ascii shaders done in Cinema 4D by Steph

He’s tinkered with weapons systems, with aircraft components, and even with the electrical grid, hacking into the largest public utility district in Washington state to show officials how they might improve public safety. The Mayo Clinic job, in comparison, seemed pretty tame. He assumed he was going on a routine bug hunt, a week of solo work in clean and quiet rooms.


But when he showed up, he was surprised to find himself in a conference room full of familiar faces. The Mayo Clinic had assembled an all-star team of about a dozen computer jocks, investigators from some of the biggest cybersecurity firms in the country, as well as the kind of hackers who draw crowds at conferences such as Black Hat and Def Con. The researchers split into teams, and hospital officials presented them with about 40 different medical devices. Do your worst, the researchers were instructed. Hack whatever you can.


Like the printers, copiers, and office telephones used across all industries, many medical devices today are networked, running standard operating systems and living on the Internet just as laptops and smartphones do. Like the rest of the Internet of Things—devices that range from cars to garden sprinklers—they communicate with servers, and many can be controlled remotely. As quickly became apparent to Rios and the others, hospital administrators have a lot of reasons to fear hackers. For a full week, the group spent their days looking for backdoors into magnetic resonance imaging scanners, ultrasound equipment, ventilators, electroconvulsive therapy machines, and dozens of other contraptions. The teams gathered each evening inside the hospital to trade casualty reports.


“Every day, it was like every device on the menu got crushed,” Rios says. “It was all bad. Really, really bad.” The teams didn’t have time to dive deeply into the vulnerabilities they found, partly because they found so many—defenseless operating systems, generic passwords that couldn’t be changed, and so on.


The Mayo Clinic emerged from those sessions with a fresh set of security requirements for its medical device suppliers, requiring that each device be tested to meet standards before purchasing contracts were signed. Rios applauded the clinic, but he knew that only a few hospitals in the world had the resources and influence to pull that off, and he walked away from the job with an unshakable conviction: Sooner or later, hospitals would be hacked, and patients would be hurt. He’d gotten privileged glimpses into all sorts of sensitive industries, but hospitals seemed at least a decade behind the standard security curve.

“Every day, it was like every device on the menu got crushed,” Rios says. “It was all bad. Really, really bad.”|


“Someone is going to take it to the next level. They always do,” says Rios. “The second someone tries to do this, they’ll be able to do it. The only barrier is the goodwill of a stranger.”


Rios lives on a quiet street in Half Moon Bay, a town about 25 miles south of San Francisco, pressed against a rugged curl of coastline where scary, 50-foot waves attract the state’s gutsiest surfers. He’s 37, a former U.S. Marine and veteran of the war in Iraq. In the Marines, Rios worked in a signal intelligence unit and afterward took a position at the Defense Information Systems Agency. He practices jiu-jitsu, wanders the beach in board shorts, and shares his house with his wife, a 6-year-old daughter, and a 4-year-old son. His small home office is crowded with computers, a soldering station, and a slew of medical devices.


Shortly after flying home from the Mayo gig, Rios ordered his first device—a Hospira Symbiq infusion pump. He wasn’t targeting that particular manufacturer or model to investigate; he simply happened to find one posted on EBay for about $100. It was an odd feeling, putting it in his online shopping cart. Was buying one of these without some sort of license even legal? he wondered. Is it OK to crack this open?


Infusion pumps can be found in almost every hospital room, usually affixed to a metal stand next to the patient’s bed, automatically delivering intravenous drips, injectable drugs, or other fluids into a patient’s bloodstream. Hospira, a company that was bought by Pfizer this year, is a leading manufacturer of the devices, with several different models on the market. On the company’s website, an article explains that “smart pumps” are designed to improve patient safety by automating intravenous drug delivery, which it says accounts for 56 percent of all medication errors.


Rios connected his pump to a computer network, just as a hospital would, and discovered it was possible to remotely take over the machine and “press” the buttons on the device’s touchscreen, as if someone were standing right in front of it. He found that he could set the machine to dump an entire vial of medication into a patient. A doctor or nurse standing in front of the machine might be able to spot such a manipulation and stop the infusion before the entire vial empties, but a hospital staff member keeping an eye on the pump from a centralized monitoring station wouldn’t notice a thing, he says.

Photograph of Billy Rios, subject of this story, in a U.S. Open t-shirt and blue jeans, casual post reclining on swivel chair on hardwood floor. An exposed sheetless mattress with coiled cord atop is visible on the right side. Various framed certificates and degrees hang in the background.

Rios grew interested in security flaws in medical devices after an assignment at the Mayo Clinic in 2013.

Photographer: Graeme Mitchell for Bloomberg Businessweek


In the spring of 2014, Rios typed up his findings and sent them to the Department of Homeland Security’s Industrial Control Systems Cyber Emergency Response Team (ICS-CERT). In his report, he listed the vulnerabilities he had found and suggested that Hospira conduct further analysis to answer two questions: Could the same vulnerabilities exist in other Hospira devices? And what potential consequences could the flaws present for patients? DHS in turn contacted the Food and Drug Administration, which forwarded the report to Hospira. Months passed, and Rios got no response from the manufacturer and received no indication that government regulators planned to take action.


“The FDA seems to literally be waiting for someone to be killed before they can say, ‘OK, yeah, this is something we need to worry about,’ ” Rios says.


Rios is one of a small group of independent researchers who have targeted the medical device sector in recent years, exploiting the security flaws they’ve uncovered to dramatic effect. Jay Radcliffe, a researcher and a diabetic, appeared at the 2011 Def Con hacking conference to demonstrate how he could hijack his Medtronic insulin pump, manipulating it to deliver a potentially lethal dose. The following year, Barnaby Jack, a hacker from New Zealand, showed attendees at a conference in Australia how he could remotely hack a pacemaker to deliver a dangerous shock. In 2013, Jack died of a drug overdose one week before he was scheduled to attend Black Hat, where he promised to unveil a system that could pinpoint any wirelessly connected insulin pumps within a 300-foot radius, then alter the insulin doses they administered.


Such attacks angered device makers and hospital administrators, who say the staged hacks threatened to scare the public away from technologies that do far more good than harm. At an industry forum last year, a hospital IT administrator lost his temper, lashing out at Rios and other researchers for stoking hysteria when, in fact, not a single incident of patient harm has ever been attributed to lax cybersecurity in a medical device. “I appreciate you wanting to jump in,” Rick Hampton, wireless communications manager for Partners HealthCare System, said, “but frankly, some of the National Enquirer headlines that you guys create cause nothing but problems.” Another time, Rios was shouted at by device vendors on a conference call while dozens of industry executives and federal officials listened in. “It wasn’t just someone saying, ‘Hey, you suck,’ or something,” Rios remembers, “but truly, literally, screaming.”


“All their devices are getting compromised, all their systems are getting compromised,” he continues. “All their clinical applications are getting compromised—and no one cares. It’s just ridiculous, right? And anyone who tries to justify that it’s OK is not living in this world. They’re in a fantasyland.”

Animated gif graphic of a human being inserted into an MRI machine over and over and over again. The interior of the machine is flashing in a psychedelic vortex of colors. The human's silhouette is shaded in 1s and 0s, green on black, in the style of classic computer binary code.


Last fall analysts with TrapX Security, a firm based in San Mateo, Calif., began installing software in more than 60 hospitals to trace medical device hacks. TrapX created virtual replicas of specific medical devices and installed them as though they were online and running. To a hacker, the operating system of a fake CT scan device planted by TrapX would appear no different than the real thing. But unlike the real machines, the fake devices allowed TrapX to monitor the movements of the hackers across the hospital network. After six months, TrapX concluded that all of the hospitals contained medical devices that had been infected by malware.


In several cases, the hackers “spear phished” hospital staffers, luring them into opening e-mails that appeared to come from senders they knew, which infected hospital computers when they fell for the bait. In one case, hackers penetrated the computer at a nurses’ station, and from there the malware spread throughout the network, eventually slipping into radiological machines, blood gas analyzers, and other devices. Many of the machines ran on cheap, antiquated operating systems, such as Windows XP and even Windows 2000. The hospital’s antivirus protections quickly scrubbed the computer at the nurses’ station, but the medical devices weren’t so well guarded.


Many of the hospitals that participated in the study rely on the device manufacturers to maintain security on the machines, says Carl Wright, general manager for TrapX. That service is often sporadic, he says, and tends to be reactive rather than preventive. “These medical devices aren’t presenting any indication or warning to the provider that someone is attacking it, and they can’t defend themselves at all,” says Wright, who is a former information security officer for the U.S. military.


After hackers had compromised a medical device in a hospital, they lurked there, using the machine as a permanent base from which to probe the hospital network. Their goal, according to Wright, was to steal personal medical data.

Two hands reach out of a black screen on a medical computer. The hands are again shaded in green-on-black binary code. The computer is mounted on a rolling rack, so that it might more easily be maneuvered around the emergency room and such.


A credit card is good only until its expiration date and becomes almost useless as soon as the owner notices that it has been stolen. Medical profiles often contain that same credit card information, as well as Social Security numbers, addresses, dates of birth, familial relationships, and medical histories—tools that can be used to establish false identities and lines of credit, to conduct insurance fraud, or even for blackmail. Simple credit card numbers often sell for less than $10 on the Web’s black market; medical profiles can fetch 10 times as much. For a hacker, it’s all about resale value.


The decoy devices that TrapX analysts set up in hospitals allowed them to observe hackers attempting to take medical records out of the hospitals through the infected devices. The trail, Wright says, led them to a server in Eastern Europe believed to be controlled by a known Russian criminal syndicate. Basically, they would log on from their control server in Eastern Europe to a blood gas analyzer; they’d then go from the BGA to a data source, pull the records back to the BGA, and then out. Wright says they were able to determine that hackers were taking data out through medical devices because, to take one example, they found patient data in a blood gas analyzer, where it wasn’t supposed to be.


In addition to the command-and-control malware that allowed the records to be swiped, TrapX also found a bug called Citadel, ransomware that’s designed to restrict a user’s access to his or her own files, which allows hackers to demand payment to restore that access. The researchers found no evidence suggesting the hackers had actually ransomed the machines, but its mere presence was unsettling. “That stuff is only used for one purpose,” Wright says.


Hospitals generally keep network breaches to themselves. Even so, scattered reports of disruptions caused by malware have surfaced. In 2011, the Gwinnett Medical Center in Lawrenceville, Ga., shut its doors to all non-emergency patients for three days after a virus crippled its computer system. Doctor’s offices in the U.S. and Australia have reported cases of cybercriminals encrypting patient databases and demanding ransom payments. Auditing firm KPMG released a survey in August that indicated 81 percent of health information technology executives said the computer systems at their workplaces had been compromised by a cyber attack within the past two years.


Watching all this, Rios grew anxious for federal regulators to pay attention to the vulnerabilities he’d found in the Hospira pump. In the summer of 2014 he sent reminders to the Department of Homeland Security, asking if Hospira had responded to his suggestions. According to an e-mail from DHS, the company was “not interested in verifying that other pumps are vulnerable.”


A few weeks after he received that message, an increasingly frustrated Rios found himself in a vulnerable position: immobilized in a hospital bed, utterly dependent upon, of all things, an infusion pump.

“We have to create videos and write real exploit code that could really kill somebody in order for anything to be taken seriously.”|


Late last July, Rios began snoring loudly, which interrupted his sleep enough that he went to a doctor, who discovered a polyp inside his nose, near the cerebral membrane. The polyp was removed—a simple outpatient procedure—but days later Rios developed a fever and noticed clear liquid leaking from his nose. Years before, he’d broken it, and the doctors thought the polyp had grown around scar tissue. When the polyp was removed, some of the scar tissue that had protected his brain casing must have been clipped, too. The clear liquid coming out of his nose was cerebral fluid.


He spent two weeks at Stanford Hospital, in a room filled with the kind of gadgetry he’d been breaking into. After a few dazed days in bed, he got his bearings and assessed his situation. His bed was plugged into a network jack. The pressure bands strapped around his legs, which periodically squeezed his calves to aid circulation, were also connected to a computer. He counted 16 networked devices in his room, and eight wireless access points. The most obvious of these was the CareFusion infusion pump, a brand he hadn’t looked into yet, that controlled the fluids that were pumped into his arm. “It wasn’t like I was going to turn to the doctor and say, ‘Don’t hook me up to that infusion pump!’ ” Rios recalls. “I needed that thing.”


He noticed that the other patient in his room, separated from him by a curtain, was connected to a Hospira pump. “I kept thinking, ‘Should I tell him?’ ” Rios says. He opted for silence.


When he was able to drag himself out of bed, Rios wheeled his infusion pump into the bathroom, where he gave it a good once-over. “I’m looking at the wireless card, pushing the buttons on it, seeing what menus I can get to,” he recalls. It only inflamed his concerns. “Whatever Wi-Fi password they’re using to let the pump join the network, I could get that off the pump pretty easily.”


In the hallway just outside his room, Rios found a computerized dispensary that stored medications in locked drawers. Doctors and nurses normally used coded identification badges to operate the machine. But Rios had examined the security system before, and he knew it had a built-in vulnerability: a hard-coded password that would allow him to “jackpot” every drawer in the cabinet. Such generic passwords are common in many medical devices, installed to allow service technicians to access their systems, and many of them cannot be changed. Rios and a partner had already alerted Homeland Security about those password vulnerabilities, and the agency had issued notices to vendors informing them of his findings. But nothing, at least at this hospital, had been done. In the hallway, he quickly discovered that all the medications in the device’s drawers could have been his for the taking. “They hadn’t patched it at this point, so I was testing some passwords on it, and I was like, ‘This s--- works!’ ”


He didn’t touch any drugs, he says, but when he was released, he tried to turn up the heat on Hospira. He’d already told the federal government that he knew how to sabotage the pumps, but after he returned home he decided to make a video to show them how easily it could be done. He aimed the camera directly at the infusion pump’s touchscreen and demonstrated how he could remotely press the buttons, speeding through password protections, unlocking the infuser, and manipulating the machine at will. Then he wrote out sample computer code and sent it to the DHS and the FDA so they could test his work for themselves.

Pills shoot erratically out of a plastic container, conceptually signifying overdispensing pills.


“We have to create videos and write real exploit code that could really kill somebody in order for anything to be taken seriously,” Rios says. “It’s not the right way.”


But it got the FDA’s attention. Finally, after more than a year of hectoring from Rios, the FDA in July issued an advisory urging hospitals to stop using the Hospira Symbiq infusion pump because it “could allow an unauthorized user to control the device and change the dosage the pump delivers.”


“It’s viewed as precedent-setting,” says Suzanne Schwartz, who coordinates cybersecurity initiatives for the FDA’s Center for Devices and Radiological Health. “It’s the first time we’ve called out a product specifically on a cybersecurity issue.”


“There have been no known breaches of a Hospira product in a clinical setting, and the company has worked with industry stakeholders to make sure that doesn’t happen,” says MacKay Jimeson, a spokesman for Pfizer.


The medical research community didn’t break out in celebration over the advisory. Hospira said that it would work with vendors to remedy any problems and that the Symbiq model was off the market. But the advisory was merely that: It didn’t force the company to fix the machines that were already in hospitals and clinics, and it didn’t require the company to prove that similar cybersecurity flaws didn’t also affect its other pump models. For some researchers, the advisory felt like a hollow victory.


“It was the moment we realized that the FDA really was a toothless dragon in this situation,” says Mike Ahmadi, a researcher active in the medical device sector.


The FDA’s challenge is a tricky one: to draft regulations that are specific enough to matter yet general enough to outlast threats that mutate and adapt much faster than the products the agency must certify. The agency finalized a set of guidelines last October that recommended—but didn’t require—that medical device manufacturers consider cybersecurity risks in their design and development phases and that they submit documentation to the agency identifying any potential risks they’ve discovered. But the onus doesn’t rest solely on manufacturers; Schwartz emphasizes that providers and regulators also need to address the challenge, which she calls one “of shared responsibility and shared ownership.”


Divvying up that responsibility is where things get messy. After the guidelines were published, the American Hospital Association sent a letter to the FDA saying health-care providers were happy to do their part, but it urged the agency to do more to “hold device manufacturers accountable for cybersecurity.” It said device vendors need to respond faster to vulnerabilities and patch problems when they occur. Device vendors, meanwhile, have pointed out that to be hacked, criminals first need to breach the firewalls at hospitals and clinics; so why was everyone talking about regulating the devices when the providers clearly needed to improve their network protections? Hospira, in a statement issued after the FDA advisory, labeled hospital firewalls and network security “the primary defense against tampering with medical devices” and said its own internal protections “add an additional layer of security.” Others have suggested that security researchers such as Rios are pressuring the industry to adopt security measures that might get in the way of patient care.

“It was the moment we realized that the FDA really was a toothless dragon in this situation.”|


At a forum sponsored by the FDA to discuss the guidelines, an anesthesiologist from Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston used the example of automated medicine cabinets, like the one that Rios had cracked, to make this point. After Rios told the government about the password vulnerability, some hospitals began instituting fingerprint scans as a backup security measure. “Now, one usually wears gloves in the operating room,” Dr. Julian Goldman told those at the forum. Fumbling with those gloves, fiddling with the drawer, making sure no contaminated blood got near the exposed hands, yanking the gloves back on—it turned out to be a maddening hassle, he suggested, and a potentially dangerous waste of time. “I can tell you that it certainly brings it home when you suddenly need something,” Goldman said, “and as you’re turning around to reach for the drawers, you hear click-click-click-click, and they lock, just as you are reaching for the drawers to get access to a critical drug.”


Rios says he doesn’t care how manufacturers or hospitals fix the problem, so long as they do something. The Hospira saga convinced him that the only way for that to happen is to continue to pressure manufacturers, calling them out by name until they’re forced to pay attention. That automated medicine cabinet wasn’t the only device he’d found with a hard-coded password; along with research partner Terry McCorkle, Rios found the same vulnerability in about 300 different devices made by about 40 different companies. The names of those vendors weren’t released when the government issued its notice about the problem, and Rios says none of them has fixed the password problem. “What that shows me,” he says, “is that without pressure on a particular vendor, they’re not going to do anything.”

A hospital bed spins 360 degrees. It features a tray attachment mounted on a rail that lets it move the length of the bed. The pillow is small, flat, and potentially unfluffled.


Since the FDA’s Hospira advisory was issued this July, boxes of medical devices have continued to arrive on Rios’s doorstep in Half Moon Bay, and they’ve crowded his office so much that he’s been forced to relocate some to his garage. No one is paying him to try to hack them, and no one is reimbursing his expenses. “I’ve been lucky, and I’ve done well, so it’s not that big of a deal for me to buy a $2,000 infusion pump and look at it whenever I have time,” he says.

The cover of the award-winning magazine Bloomberg Businessweek.

Featured in Bloomberg Businessweek, Nov. 16, 2015. Subscribe now.

Photographer: Graeme Mitchell for Bloomberg Businessweek


For novice independent researchers, however, access to devices can be a forbidding barrier to work in this field. Infusion pumps are relatively affordable, but MRI machines, for example, cost hundreds of thousands of dollars, if not more. And radiological equipment requires a special license. To encourage more research on devices, Rios is trying to establish a lending library of medical equipment; he and a group of partners have begun lobbying hospitals for used devices, and they’re hoping to crowdsource the purchase of new ones.


The buzz that surrounded the Hospira advisory this year might have done more to attract new researchers to the field than anything Rios could do. Kevin Fu, a professor of engineering who oversees the Archimedes Research Center for Medical Device Security at the University of Michigan, has been investigating medical device security for more than a decade, and he’s never seen as much interest in the field as he’s noticed this year. “Every day I hear of another name I hadn’t heard before, somebody who hadn’t been doing anything with medical devices,” Fu says. “And out of the blue, they find some problems.”


On a sunny fall day in Half Moon Bay, Rios grabs an iced coffee at a Starbucks in the city center. He’s fresh off a week of work in Oklahoma—one of those assignments he can’t talk about—and he’s looking forward to some family time. Maybe in a spare moment, he’ll grab one of the devices in his office and see what flaws he can find inside it.


One of those machines is exerting a powerful pull on him, as if begging to be hacked. After he was released from the hospital last year, he surfed around online and found the same CareFusion pump that had been tethered to him for two weeks. It now sits near a filing cabinet in his office.


“It’s next,” Rios says.


Download link:














































































































28 Sep 2015, Exchange Server 2016 lets you accomplish more across phones, tablets, desktop

, and the Web.28 сен 2015, Exchange Server 2016 позволяет выполнять множество задач на телефонах,

планшетах, компьютерах и в Интернете.Full-featured Exchange Server 2013 product evaluation software available for

EXE download.Microsoft Exchange Server download and additional information, actions that

Microsoft Exchange Server can perform with each of its associated file type beta.Internet gateway for Microsoft Exchange server retrieves messages from single

and multiple recipient POP3 accounts.ESET Mail Security for Microsoft Exchange Server eliminates all types of, Real

File Type Detection NEW, Download ESET Remote Administrator Console.ESET Mail Security for Microsoft Exchange Server. Download, Award-winning

technology – holder of the VB SPAM+ award; Real File Type Detection – withAvira AntiVir Exchange provides real-time protection against viruses, spam,

adware,, Solid antivirus protection for Microsoft Exchange Server, Download.The product you are about to download can be managed remotely using ESET,

ESET Mail Security for Microsoft Exchange Server - user guide (3.4 MB).5 May 2015, FND2204 Get a first look at Exchange Server 2016, the on-premises, Come

learn about the innovation in Exchange Server 2016 that will help you keep., To

download, right click the file type you would like and pick “Save target as…,

High quality only downloaded 1MB and would not play at all, midMailScan for Microsoft Exchange Server is an advanced Real-time Anti-Spam

and Anti-Virus solution specially designed for MS Exchange Server. It uses

VSAPISafeguard your Microsoft Exchange with ESET Mail Securitys real-time

protection from known and, Real File Type Detection – with policies for specific

e-mail attachment content, . Download - Product installers and documentation.5 May 2015, Servicing Microsoft Exchange Server: Update Your Knowledge, Download,

takes a close look at the servicing model for Exchange Server.4 May 2015, Automating Microsoft Exchange Server 2013 Configuration with, Download, to

Exchange installation, to DAG and Database configuration,NOTE: To open 64-bit Offline Exchange 2007, 2010 or 2013 databases you

MUST install DigiScope:registered:, DigiScope:registered: uses native Microsoft Messaging

Application Program Interface (MAPI) to communicate with Production/Online

Exchange servers, ensuring reliable and consistent operation of your server., A

file type of ".Microsoft Exchange Server download and additional information, ESET Mail Security for Microsoft Exchange Server eliminates all types of, File Type Detection NEW, ESET Mail Security for Microsoft Exchange Server.Solid antivirus protection for Microsoft Exchange Server, The product you are about to download can be managed remotely using ESET, May 2015, FND2204 Get a first look at Exchange Server 2016, the on-premises, Exchange Server 2016 that will help you keep.Save target as…, Anti-Virus solution specially designed for MS Exchange Server.May 2015, Servicing Microsoft Exchange Server: Update Your Knowledge, May 2015, Automating Microsoft Exchange Server 2013 Configuration with, MUST install DigiScope:registered:, Exchange servers, ensuring reliable and consistent operation of your server.

via WordPress


You need to care for your tech devices in much the same way as you do your own body – looking after both inside and out. Whether it’s your mobile phone, desktop, laptop or tablet; games console or smart watch you need to look after both its hardware and software. These items can be pretty expensive to buy and to fix; having to live without them is unthinkable for some! Here are the top 4 things you need to do to properly care for your tech devices and keep them in tip-top condition.


Invest in screen protectors, covers and cases


If you’re anything like us, you use your computer and phone whilst eating or drinking at the same time. Even if you think you’re being really careful, they still tend to get a bit sticky and grubby. Keep your devices clean with anti-bacterial spray cleaner and a specialist cleaning brush set for getting between the spaces on your keyboard.


Keep them clean, but also make sure you keep them covered… especially if you’re clumsy and prone to dropping things! Start with a clear screen protector – they only take seconds to apply, but they stop the glass getting scratched and can help save it from shattering. Enclose your mobile in a leather iPhone case, it safeguards from daily wear & tear and makes it look great at the same time. I use my iPad for following recipes as I cook; I use a case with integral stand to keep it upright and clean… save a few buttery fingerprints here & there!


Install anti-virus software


One of the most stressful and scary things that can happen to your tech device is unknowingly installing a virus, Trojan horse or some other kind of malware. It can completely disable your machine and can cost a lot of money to get someone to put it right. And you may even unintentionally infect the devices of friends, family and work colleagues. These situations can be easily avoided by installing anti-virus software – and there are some good, free ones available.


AVG Anti-virus (AVG AntiVirus for Mac:registered: | AVG AntiVirus FREE | AVG AntiVirus for Android:tm:)


AVG AntiVirus includes real-time security updates, scans for both malware and performance issues, and even catches malicious downloads before they reach your device. It blocks unsafe links, downloads and email attachments.


Avast Security (PC, Mac & Android)


Avast is one of the largest security companies in the world using next-gen technologies to fight cyber attacks in real time. They have an immense cloud-based machine learning engine that receives a constant stream of data from our more than 400 million users.


Keep your hard drive spick & span


There are a few, simple things you can do to keep your devices running quickly and smoothly. By freeing up disk space you not only stop your device becoming sluggish, you also extend your battery life. Always keep your apps updated, developers are always tweaking them, fixing bugs and improving performance. Quit, don’t just close apps that aren’t being used. Don’t simply put files into your trash – delete them completely by emptying the ‘trash’/’recycle bin’. Keep anything that you don’t need every day on an external had drive – especially large files such as images, music and video.


There are lots of useful apps that can help you keep many of them are free or cost very little. Here are just a few.


AVG Cleaner (AVG PC TuneUp:registered: | AVG Cleaner:tm: for Mac:registered: | AVG Cleaner:tm: for Android:tm:)


It quickly finds any hidden clutter you may have accumulated and clean it with just one click.


MacBooster (Mac)


This is a Mac maintenance tool to clean up junk, boost performance and remove malware and viruses.


AppZapper (Mac)


Everybody loves the drag and drop nature of OS X. Drag an app into your applications folder, and it’s installed. You’d think it would be that easy to delete an app – just a matter of dragging it to the trash. But it’s not. Apps install support files on your computer that generate clutter. Introducing AppZapper. Simply drag one or more apps onto AppZapper. Then, watch as it finds the extra files and lets you delete them with one click.


Reno Uninstaller (PC)


Has powerful features to uninstall programs scanning for left over files, folders and registry entries after uninstall.


Disk Diag (Mac)


Disk Diag is a free, simple and efficient tool for cleaning your Mac. It takes the hassle out of finding which files are clogging-up your Mac hard drive by instantly scanning and discovering what’s taking-up space.


Monolingual (Mac)


Monolingual is a program for removing unnecessary language resources from macOS, in order to reclaim several hundred megabytes of disk space. It requires a 64-bit capable Intel-based Mac and at least macOS 10.12 (Sierra).


Removing unused language packs is different for Windows:registered: operating systems. Read about going about it here.


Prepare for if it gets lost or stolen




No one wants to think about the possibility of their device getting misplaced, lost or stolen; but it happens to people every, single day. There are things you can put in place if, in future, you need to locate a lost or stolen device.


For Mac products – iPhone, iPad, iPod Touch, Apple Watch and MacBook – the Find My iPhone app is a security essential.


Find My iPhone will help you locate your missing device on a map, remotely lock it, play a sound, display a message, or erase all the data on it.


For missing iOS devices, Find My iPhone also includes Lost Mode. Lost Mode locks your device with a passcode and can display a custom message and contact phone number right on the Lock Screen. While in Lost Mode, your device can keep track of where it has been and report back so you can view its recent location history, right from the Find My iPhone app.


If you have an Android phone, you need to enable the ‘Remotely locate this device’ and ‘Allow remote lock and erase’ settings in the Google Settings app. You’ll find them under Security → Device Manager. If your Android device goes missing, log into the Android Device Manager on the Google website and it’s location will be mapped out. From here you can ring, lock or erase your phone’s data.


Windows phones also have built-in settings to track missing mobile devices. You will find them here: Settings → Privacy → Find my phone. Tick the box to ‘Save my phone’s location periodically and before the battery runs out to make it easier to find’. So long as you have done this you will be able to search for your phone’s whereabouts via your Microsoft account. From here you’ll be able to ring, lock or erase it’s data.


Doing these four simple things will ensure that your tech devices will enjoy a long and prosperous existence!




The post 4 essential ways to care for your tech devices appeared first on H is for Home Harbinger.


Related posts:


Gimme Five! Tech fashion accessories


Gimme Five! High tech homewares


nCube for your smart home


NSA-CIA-Mossad cyber terrorists get a kick out of daily hacking and attacking Americans servers and computers, then reporting immediately how EVIL CHINA ATTACKED AMERICA AGAIN!!!!


Like Iraq and Saddam attacked us on 911...while luckily CIA-Mossad-Pentagon kept the 3000+ murdered Americans safe.



US Getting Better at Cyber Blaming, Not Cyber Security


Peter Lee

June 13, 2015


Color me skeptical about the Sunday Times report that Edward Snowden’s archive got cracked. Not saying it couldn’t happen despite 256 bit encryption, accidents do happen, but the story as presented reeks of psyops bullshit unloaded by the NSA-GCHQ team with the help of obliging media in the UK.


What I think is happening is that the United States is upping its game…in public cyberattribution.


Honestly parsing and presenting a cyberattribution dossier is a thankless job. Remember how the Obama administration looked foolish on the Sony hack?


Sure you don’t. That was so…four months ago.


Here’s what I wrote back then on the occasion of the rollout of the US government’s Cyber Threats Intelligence Integration Center:


According to AP (actually, according to AP’s Ken Dilanian, the n otoriously obliging amanuensis to the US security establishment ):


White House cybersecurity coordinator Michael Daniel has concluded that cyberintelligence at the moment is bedeviled by the same shortcomings that afflicted terrorism intelligence before 9/11 — bureaucracy, competing interests, and no streamlined way to combine analysis from various agencies, the official said.


The hack on Sony’s movie subsidiary, for example, resulted in a variety of different analytical papers from various agencies. Each one pointed to North Korea, but with varying degrees of confidence.



As I argued in various venues recently with reference to the Sony hack, for purposes of semiotics (clear messaging, positioning, blame avoidance, and signaling of US government intentions) if not forensics (proving whodunit), painting a convincing, action-worthy cyberbullseye on the back of some foreign enemy is a major challenge for governments these days.


When some high-profile outrage like Sony occurs, the US government has to make a prompt show of control, capability, and resolve. Letting a bunch of data nerds chew over the data for a few weeks and spit up an equivocal conclusion like “It looks like the same guys who did this did that, and maybe the guys who did that were…” doesn’t quite fill the bill.


Which is pretty much what happened on Sony. Various private sector and government actors all stuck their oar in, contradictory opinions emerged, messaging was all over the map.


… By establishing a central clearing house for relevant information, the US government is on the right side of the information symmetry equation. “You say you think this, but you don’t know this, this, and this, or the stuff we can’t tell you because it’s classified above your clearance.”


And even if the real takeaway from the investigatory process still is “It looks like the same guys who did this did that, and maybe the guys who did that were…” it comes out as “The Cyber Threats Intelligence Integration Center has attributed this cyberattack to North Korea with a high degree of confidence. By Executive Order, the President has already commanded CyberCommand to make a proportional response.”


You get the picture.


So I expect jobs one and two and three for CTIIC will be to generate persuasive dossiers for backgrounding, leaking, whatever on the PRC, North Korea, and the Russian Federation, to be deployed when some mysterious alchemy of evidence, circumstance, and strategy dictate that one of them has to get tagged as The Bad Guy for some cyberoutrage.


Fast-forward, to employ a quaint VHS-era term, to June 5. Ellen Nakashima lays out the administration position on the OPM hack in a Washington Post article remarkable for its completely categorical no-two-ways-about-it statement that “China” had dunnit:


With a series of major hacks, China builds a database on Americans

China is building massive databases of Americans’ personal information by hacking government agencies and U.S. health-care companies, using a high-tech tactic to achieve an age-old goal of espionage: recruiting spies or gaining more information on an adversary, U.S. officials and analysts say.


Groups of hackers w orking for the Chinese government have compromised the networks of the Office of Personnel Management…


China hacked into the federal government’s network, compromising four million current and former employees’ information. The Post’s Ellen Nakashima talks about what kind of national security risk this poses and why China wants this information. (Alice Li/The Washington Post)



U.S. officials privately said China was behind it.



“This is an intelligence operation designed to help the Chinese government,” the China expert said.


Emphasis added, natch.


Either the US has spectacularly upped its forensics game since Michael Daniel’s rueful reflections in February or (my theory)…


The great minds were sitting around a table in Washington and concluded:


“We can’t prove this was a Chinese hack, but let’s turn this around. Nobody can disprove this was a Chinese hack, so nobody can prove us wrong when if we declare without qualification it was a Chinese hack. So let’s just go for it.”


Parenthetically, I might point out that one problem I see is, If with categorically and openly identifying the PRC as source of the hack is that we should immediately and openly retaliate at a commensurate level. Otherwise, where’s our national credibility & deterrence? Still waiting for the shoe to drop on that one.


The tip-off for me that the WaPo was carrying Obama administration water with this totally backgrounded mostly anonymous scoop was this:


The big-data approach being taken by the Chinese might seem to mirror techniques used abroad by the NSA, which has come under scrutiny for its data-gathering practices under executive authority. But in China, the authorities do not tolerate public debate over the proper limits of large-scale spying in the digital age.


The piece was written June 5, three days after the Obama administration had put the Snowden unpleasantness behind it and totally regained the moral high ground, in its own mind if nobody else’s, by replacing the Patriot Act with the USA Freedom Act a.k.a. “Uniting and Strengthening America by Fulfilling Rights and Ending Eavesdropping, Dragnet-collection and Online Monitoring Act.”


Now, with the legalities of the US cyberprograms re-established, it was time to stop playing defense and go on offense against those public-debate-intolerant Chinese!


And that means relaunching the China cyberoutlaw product! With the story of a hack that had, if I understand Nakashima’s account correctly, had occurred in December 2014!


Again, it is perhaps little remembered except by me that a key US objective for the Xi Jinping—Barack Obama summit in Sunnylands in June 2013 was to cap an eighteen month public opinion campaign against PRC cyberoffenses with a personal rebuke by President Obama and the presentation of an embarrassing dossier to Xi Jinping.


If, as I did, one googled “Xi Jinping cyberwarfare” on June 3, 2013, the first four pages of results included hits like these, indicating that the Western press was energetically singing from the same cyberwar hymnal:

China Doesn’t Care if Its ‘Digitalized’ Military Cyberwar Drill Scares You



China Is Winning the Cyber War Because They Hacked U.S. Plans for Real War




Krauthammer to Obama: Launch cyber war on China


Fox News


China Is Our Number One National Security Threat


International Business Journal


House Intelligence Chairman: US “Losing” Cyber-War


Wall Street Journal


US Says China Is Stepping Up Cyber War


Financial Times


U.S. China Cyberbattle Intensifies




Just a reminder; these headlines are from June 2013, not June 2015.


In this case, the China Matters serendipity engine was firing on all cylinders; three days later the Washington Post and Guardian newspapers published their first revelations from Edward Snowden, fundamentally skewing the frame of the Chinese cyberwarfare story.


I’ve always wondered if the timing of Snowden’s revelations had something to do with the hypocrisy of the world’s biggest cybersnoop trying to stick that label on the PRC.


Anyway, the Obama administration has had two years to lick its wounds, do damage control, and reboot the program.


And guess what! Xi Jinping’s coming to the United States again in September! This time we’ll be ready for him fer sure! Snowden discredited! NSA on top! PRC in doghouse!


I must state here that I believe that PRC cyberespionage program is massive, government-backed, full spectrum, and actively exploring offensive capabilities. But I also think that the US tactics are destabilizing and escalatory & have more to do with maintaining the US cyberadvantage as part of the burgeoning and profitable China-threat milsec business than they do with diminishing the threat to the American people from PRC cyber misbehavior.


And I take the current spate of news stories as part of an effort to get us used to perpetual cyberwar, just as we were bombarded with stories about malevolent Muslims in the last decade to reconcile us the the Global War on Terror, the erosion of civil liberties, and expensive and perpetual conflicts.


At this time, a trip down memory lane is warranted for people who have forgotten how the Obama administration methodically rolled out PRC Cyberthreat v. 1.0, the buggy pre-Snowden product, and are perhaps not connecting the dots on the rollout of PRC Cyberthreat v. 2.0, Now Bigger and Scarier! and how this might be a factor in the headlines blaring out of their newspapers & TVs & tablets.


Below the fold, for the sake of posterity, a lengthy recap on the first abortive US salvo in the China cyberthreat propaganda war.


What I wrote back in April 2012:


The Barack Obama administration went public with its case against China in November 2011, with a report on industrial espionage titled Foreign Economic Collection. It described China rather generously as a “Persistent Collector” given the PRC’s implication in several high-profile industrial espionage cases and soft-pedaled the issue of official Chinese government involvement. The report stated:


US corporations and cyber-security specialists also have reported an onslaught of computer network intrusions originating from Internet Protocol (IP) addresses in China, which private sector specialists call “advanced persistent threats.” Some of these reports have alleged a Chinese corporate or government sponsor of the activity, but the IC [intelligence community] has not been able to attribute many of these private sector data breaches to a state sponsor. Attribution is especially difficult when the event occurs weeks or months before the victims request IC or law enforcement help. [5]


A month later, in December 2011, US criticism of China became a lot more pointed. Business Week published an exhaustive report on Chinese cyber-espionage, clearly prepared with the cooperation of federal law enforcement authorities as it named and described several investigations:


The hackers are part of a massive espionage ring codenamed Byzantine Foothold by US investigators, according to a person familiar with efforts to track the group. They specialize in infiltrating networks using phishing e-mails laden with spyware, often passing on the task of exfiltrating data to others.


Segmented tasking among various groups and sophisticated support infrastructure are among the tactics intelligence officials have revealed to Congress to show the hacking is centrally coordinated, the person said. US investigators estimate Byzantine Foothold is made up of anywhere from several dozen hackers to more than one hundred, said the person, who declined to be identified because the matter is secret. [6]


United States security boffin Richard Clarke had this to say about Chinese cyber-espionage in an interview with Smithsonian magazine:


“I’m about to say something that people think is an exaggeration, but I think the evidence is pretty strong,” he tells me. “Every major company in the United States has already been penetrated by China.”




“The British government actually said [something similar] about their own country.”


Clarke claims, for instance, that the manufacturer of the F-35, our next-generation fighter bomber, has been penetrated and F-35 details stolen. And don’t get him started on our supply chain of chips, routers and hardware we import from Chinese and other foreign suppliers and what may be implanted in them-”logic bombs,” trapdoors and “Trojan horses,” all ready to be activated on command so we won’t know what hit us. Or what’s already hitting us. [7]


Some big numbers are being thrown around to publicize the Chinese threat.


Business Week’s report, while admitting the woolliness of its methodology, stated that losses to American companies from international cyber-espionage amounted to US$500 billion in a single year.


Scott Borg, director of a non-profit outfit called the US Cyber Consequences Unit told Business Week:


“We’re talking about stealing entire industries … This may be the biggest transfer of wealth in a short period of time that the world has ever seen.”


Beyond these apocalyptic economic and military scenarios, we might also descend to the personal and political and point out that Google, a favorite target of Chinese cyber-attacks, is Obama’s friend, indispensable ally, brain trust and source of personnel in the high-tech sector.


Connect the dots, and it is clear that the Obama administration, in its usual meticulous way, is escalating the rhetoric and preparing the public and the behind-the-scenes groundwork for major pushback against China in the cyber-arena.


And in March 2013, a few weeks before Sunnylands, I wrote:


[National Security Advisor] Donilon came up with a nuanced approach to Chinese cyber-mischief during his speech to the Asia Society…


Bypassing the issue of cyber-spying against military and government targets that probably falls into the grey area of “everybody does it and why shouldn’t they”, and defining and limiting the issue to a specific and remediable problem – the massive state-sponsored PRC program of industrial and commercial espionage against Western targets – Donilon’s framing placed “cyber-theft” in a category similar to the intellectual property gripe, also know as systematic piracy of US software, as an info strategy condoned by the Chinese government:



This rather unexceptionable and reasonable demand that the PRC reign in its gigantic program of economic/commercial hacking, i.e. cyber-enabled theft as Donilon put it, and give US businesses a break, was not good enough for the Christian Science Monitor, which has apparently shed, together with its print edition, the sober inhibitions that once characterized its news operations.


The CSM’s headline:


US tells China to halt cyberattacks, and in a first, lays out demands


Obama’s national security adviser, Thomas Donilon, spelled out a more aggressive US stance on the cyberattacks, saying China must recognize the problem, investigate it, and join in a dialogue. [4]


Note in the CSM story the effortless slide down the slippery slope from cyber-theft to cyber-espionage to cyber-attacks (and for that matter, “should” and “needs” to “demands”). Well, fish gotta swim, birds gotta fly, and eyeballs have to be wrenched from their accustomed paths and turned into click-fodder.


And don’t get me started on the Pentagon:


A new report for the Pentagon concludes that the US military is unprepared for a full-scale cyber-conflict with a top-tier adversary. The report says the United States must increase its offensive cyberwarfare capabilities. The report also calls on the US intelligence agencies to invest more resources in obtaining information about other countries’ cyberwar capabilities and plans.


The Washington Post reports that the report says that the United States must maintain the threat of a nuclear strike as a deterrent to a major cyberattack by other countries. The report notes that very few countries, for example, China and Russia, have the skills and capabilities to create vulnerabilities in protected systems by interfering with components.


The report emphasizes that defensive cyber capabilities are not enough, and that the United States must have offensive cyber capabilities which, when needed, could be used either preemptively or in retaliation for a cyber attack by an adversary. [5]


Security consultant Bruce Schneier addressed the threat inflation issue (and the dangers of trying to design and justify retaliation in the murky realm of cyberspace) in a blog post on February 21:


Wow, is this a crazy media frenzy. We should know better. These attacks happen all the time, and just because the media is reporting about them with greater frequency doesn’t mean that they’re happening with greater frequency.


But this is not cyberwar. This is not war of any kind. This is espionage, and the difference is important. Calling it war just feeds our fears and fuels the cyberwar arms race.


In a private e-mail, Gary McGraw made an important point about attribution that matters a lot in this debate.


Because espionage unfolds over months or years in realtime, we can triangulate the origin of an exfiltration attack with some certainty. During the fog of a real cyber war attack, which is more likely to happen in milliseconds, the kind of forensic work that Mandiant did would not be possible. (In fact, we might just well be “Gandalfed” and pin the attack on the wrong enemy.)


Those of us who work on security engineering and software security can help educate policymakers and others so that we don’t end up pursuing the folly of active defense.


I agree.


This media frenzy is going to be used by the US military to grab more power in cyberspace. They’re already ramping up the US Cyber Command. President Obama is issuing vague executive orders that will result in we-don’t-know what. I don’t see any good coming of this. [6]


Not to worry, is the US attitude.


A head-to-head conventional war with China isn’t likely, despite the overheated imagination displayed in the AirSea Battle scenario, and it is difficult to identify any satisfying proxy battlefield in meatspace where the PRC and the USA might be tempted to slug it out.


But cyberwarfare?…Bring it!


The Department of Defense has a “Cyber Command” which, it revealed to the Washington Post, is muscling up from 500 staff to 4000 “cyberwarriors”.


The Post interviewed William J. Lynn III, identified as one of the maestros of the DoD’s cyber strategy:


“Given the malicious actors that are out there and the development of the technology, in my mind, there’s little doubt that some adversary is going to attempt a significant cyber-attack on the United States at some point…The only question is whether we’re going to take the necessary steps like this one to deflect the impact of the attack in advance or… read about the steps we should have taken in some post-attack commission report.”


The DoD is keen to emphasize that its cyberwarriors will be primarily playing defense, understandable considering the vulnerabilities of America’s immense, dispersed, highly integrated and—and the case of the power grid, at least—rather decrepit national infrastructure.


But of course there will be “combat mission forces”:


The combat mission forces, one of the three divisions of Cyber Command will launch cyber-attacks alongside traditional military offensives.


“This new class of cyber warrior would be responsible for penetrating the machines behind identified attack sources, installing spyware to monitor connections to those machines, and following the trail back to the desktop of the attacker. They would have to research and exploit vulnerabilities, craft malware, operate honey pots, and even engage in targeted Denial of Service attacks,” Richard Stiennon, chief research analyst at IT-Harvest, told GlobalPost.


Contra Dr. Stiennon’s assertions, I don’t think that the DoD really believes that the scope of Cyber Command combat missions will be limited to delectable honey pots and “even” targeted Denial of Service attacks.


Not when the cyberwar scenarios, according to Leon Panetta, include our enemies derailing trains, contaminating water supplies, or shutting down power grids. We’re going to be able to do that, too.


The United States security/military apparatus apparently feels that it can “win the Internet” by harnessing the power of the invincible American technological knowhow to the anti-Chinese cyber-crusade.


In another of the seemingly endless series of self-congratulatory backgrounders given by US government insiders, the godlike powers of the National Security Agency were invoked to Foreign Policy magazine in an article titled Inside the Black Box: How the NSA is helping US companies fight back against Chinese hackers:


In the coming weeks, the NSA, working with a Department of Homeland Security joint task force and the FBI, will release to select American telecommunication companies a wealth of information about China’s cyber-espionage program, according to a US intelligence official and two government consultants who work on cyber projects. Included: sophisticated tools that China uses, countermeasures developed by the NSA, and unique signature-detection software that previously had been used only to protect government networks.


Very little that China does escapes the notice of the NSA, and virtually every technique it uses has been tracked and reverse-engineered. For years, and in secret, the NSA has also used the cover of some American companies – with their permission – to poke and prod at the hackers, leading them to respond in ways that reveal patterns and allow the United States to figure out, or “attribute,” the precise origin of attacks. The NSA has even designed creative ways to allow subsequent attacks but prevent them from doing any damage. Watching these provoked exploits in real time lets the agency learn how China works.


And amid the bluster, a generous serving of bullshit:


Now, though, the cumulative effect of Chinese economic warfare – American companies’ proprietary secrets are essentially an open book to them – has changed the secrecy calculus. An American official who has been read into the classified program – conducted by cyber-warfare technicians from the Air Force’s 315th Network Warfare Squadron and the CIA’s secret Technology Management Office – said that China has become the “Curtis LeMay” of the post-Cold War era: “It is not abiding by the rules of statecraft anymore, and that must change.”


“The Cold War enforced norms, and the Soviets and the US didn’t go outside a set of boundaries. But China is going outside those boundaries now. Homeostasis is being upset,” the official said. [7]


A more impressive and evocative term than “upset homeostasis” to describe the US cyber-war conundrum is “Stuxnet”.


The Obama administration’s cyber-maneuverings have been complicated and, it appears, intensified, by the problem that the United States “did not abide by the rules of statecraft” and “went outside the boundaries” and, indeed, became the “Curtis LeMay of the post Cold War era” when it cooperated with Israel to release the Stuxnet exploit against Iran’s nuclear program.



Not unsurprisingly, post-Stuxnet the Chinese government has even less interest in the “Law of Armed Conflict in cyberspace” norms that the United States wants to peddle to its adversaries but apparently ignore when the exigencies of US interests, advantage, and politics dictate.


Instead, the PRC and Russia have lined up behind a proposed “International Code of Conduct for Internet Security”, an 11-point program that says eminently reasonable things like:


Not to use ICTs including networks to carry out hostile activities or acts of aggression and pose threats to international peace and security. Not to proliferate information weapons and related technologies.


It also says things like:


To cooperate in combating criminal and terrorist activities which use ICTs [information and computer technologies] including networks, and curbing dissemination of information which incites terrorism, secessionism, extremism or undermines other countries’ political, economic and social stability, as well as their spiritual and cultural environment. [11]


The United States, of course, has an opposite interest in “freedom to connect” and “information freedom,” (which the Chinese government regards as little more than “freedom to subvert”) and has poured scorn on the proposal.


The theoretical gripe with the PRC/Russian proposal is that it endorses the creation of national internets under state supervision, thereby delaying the achievement of the interconnected nirvana that information technology evangelists assure us is waiting around the next corner – and also goring the ox of West-centric Internet governing organizations like ICANN.


So the Chinese proposal is going exactly nowhere.


The (genuine) irony here is that the Chinese and Russians are showing and driving the rest of the world in their response to the undeniable dangers of the Internet ecosystem, some of which they are themselves responsible for but others – like Stuxnet – can be laid at the door of the US.


In response to hacking, the Internet as a whole has evolved beyond its open architecture to a feudal structure of strongly-defended Internet fortresses, with cyber-surfs free to roam the undefended commons outside the gates, glean in the fields, and catch whatever deadly virus happens to be out there.


In recent months, the word “antivirus” has disappeared from the homepages of Symantec and MacAfee as they have recognized that their reference libraries of viruses can’t keep up with the proliferation of millions of new threats emerging every year, let alone a carefully weaponized packet of code like Stuxnet, and protect their privileged and demanding users. Now the emphasis – and gush of VC and government money – has shifted to compartmentalizing data and applications and detecting, reducing the damage, and cleaning up the mess after a virus has started rummaging through the innards of an enterprise.


In other words, the Internet fortresses, just like their medieval analogues, are increasingly partitioned into outer rampart, inner wall, and keep – complete with palace guard – in order to create additional lines of defense for the lords and their treasure.


In other words, they are starting to look like the Chinese and Russian national internets.


Absolute cyber-safety, through defense or deterrence against an antagonist, is a chimera. The best hope for the Internet might be “peaceful coexistence” – the move toward cooperation instead of confrontation that characterized the US-USSR relationship when it became apparent that “mutually assured destruction” was leading to a proliferation of dangerous and destabilizing asymmetric workarounds instead of “security through terror”.


Or, as the Chinese spokesperson put it in Demick’s article:


“Cyberspace needs rules and cooperation, not war. China is willing to have constructive dialogue and cooperation with the global community, including the United States,” Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying said at a briefing Tuesday. [14]


It looks like the Obama administration, by carefully and convincingly placing the cyber-theft issue on the table, might be working toward some kind of modus vivendi that leads to a joint reduction of Internet threats – dare I say, win-win solution? – with the PRC.


It remains to be seen if this initiative can withstand the pressures of the US military, security, and technology industries for a profitable threat narrative – and the Obama administration’s own inclination toward zero-sum China-bashing.

Really the most famous choice to get music nowadays is by music downloads. You might be interested regarding how to begin. Continue reading for a few sound advice below to assist you learn how to select the perfect services and discover the best deals online.


Beware which sites you obtain music from. Adhere to well known, reputable sites in order to avoid some which could collect your information or contain viruses. Take into account that it does pay to guard your data when you use smaller, unknown sites.


Check reviews before downloading from your site you don't know. This gives you a solid idea of its quality. Should you aren't capable to locate these reviews you really should look to an alternative site for music.


The best way to save a little bit money when downloading your preferred music would be to be on the lookout for promotions. Check back often, it is possible to find freebies also.


While you are downloading music, be sure to offer an antivirus program installed. There may be no problem with exercising a lot of caution. So be sure you take every precaution possible. Using P2P might be risky. Have a scan about the files you download before opening them. This could help you save time and effort and cash.


In case you are downloading music from Amazon, be cautious about deals. They regularly offer discounts for both singles and albums, helping you save a good amount of cash. They change their discounts daily, so make sure you be on the lookout consistently.


Never fail to backup your library of music. Building your library needs time to work and cash. You may lose every one of these files if something would happen. Will not be determined by any download program that claims to help you to download all things in this particular situation. Be sure to pack the tunes into a harddrive (external is advisable) or an internet based storage solution.


Downloading music can be a fast and inexpensive method to get the songs you desire included with your music library. Exactly like physical store locations, all Internet retailers are very different. The information which were described will certainly support you with downloading music. Once your collection is finished, you will be happy.

The purchase of a whole new computer can leave someone feeling quite excited. Your excitement might change to anxiety once you are looking at each of the choices. You wonder how to locate a computer that can best provide what you need. Read the valuable tips below for many good advice.


Make certain you provide an antivirus program. Without this software, you might be the victim of malicious software. Such dangerous software is able to take personal data and in addition slow down the computer. Anti-virus protection programs exist to distinguish and eliminate threats in your computer security. You can get some useful anti-virus programs on the net which can be free to use, and some are for sale to purchase.


Glance at the add-ons that include any computer you're considering. Most models include optional accessories. Be certain you just purchase people who are important to suit your needs. Also, be mindful as numerous add-ons are cheaper on other websites. Manufacturers typically jack the values up.


Use caution with all the products you select once you develop a desktop. Some motherboards work only with some types of processors. Its not all RAM units will continue to work with all motherboards. Search for compatibility when evaluating your components. This will save you time, money and worry when constructing a computer.


Appraise the space where your desktop computer will more than likely go. These come in different sizes. Some have small profiles, and a few use significant amounts of vertical space. You have to know what size you would like.


Review multiple sites so that you will know very well what a certain machine will offer. It is actually overwhelming once you glance at the choices, however, checking out an editor's pick list or perhaps for some reviews may help you locate a model worth your cash.


Investing in a computer can be tough, but can be created easier with all the right knowledge. Require a deep breath, relax, and set these pointers to good use. Once you get your new computer, you'll be well prepared for the greatest.

Samsung has shown off its new convertible tablet at the CES 2016 in Las Vegas. The Galaxy TabPro S tablet runs Microsoft’s Windows 10 operating system. The design of the Samsung Galaxy TabPro S looks like to an iPad. Samsung's TabPro S is indeed slim at 6.3mm and 693 grams so can be possibly being carried throughout the day. For more details visit here -

Are you presently looking to expand your understanding on the subject of shopping on the internet? A great deal of people are interested in this booming area. Being familiar with the web based retail world should assist you to feel convenient about producing purchases over the web. Please read on to acquire that learning. It can help you.


Before doing shopping on the internet, make certain your antivirus is current. Shopping on the internet attracts suspicious activities. They may you need to be there to provide malware. Although you may think a retailer is reputable, you must still take precautions.


If you would like be described as a smart and safe online shopper, never go seeking a deal unless your anti-virus and anti-malware programs are fully updated. Big shopping sites are frequent targets for hackers who wish your own information. When your software alerts you a website is not secure, take your organization elsewhere.


Be sure you review all product information ahead of ordering. You will be fooled by online photos of merchandise. Without having references you may be thinking it is actually a different size or color in comparison to reality. Read all descriptions prior to any purchases.


When you spend time and effort shopping on the internet, explore services that will permit for your needs get shipping and delivery from certain stores. These facilities can have a long list of stores that they can partner with, and give free trial version memberships in order to decide regardless of whether the yearly dues will probably be worth every penny. Try out a few out and pick one which best fits your expections.


Ahead of entering visa or mastercard numbers onto an internet site, examine the URL. If only it starts off with HTTPS should you really enter your information. Whether it doesn't, this simply means buying in the site will create prone to fraud.


Sometimes your best option is usually to work simply with internet vendors based within your country. Shopping with your merchants ensures protection via consumer protection laws at both federal and state levels. By getting products from your company who seems to be operating out of another country, you will be not guaranteed this measure of protection.


Do you feel less burned out about shopping on the internet now? There are actually changes to shopping on the internet daily. Keep what you've read here in mind so at a later time while you shop it is going smoothly. It's not quantum physics, but it really takes learning the consumer's side to shopping on the internet.

1 3 4