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This seemingly idyllic spot in south Devon was involved in one of the biggest disasters in the Second World War.

 

This area was used as a rehearsal for the D-Day landings, as it resembles part of the Normandy coast. There were tragic results. Over 900 American servicemen were lost off the adjacent Slapton Sands while some 30,000 participated in the rehearsal for the D-Day landings at Utah Beach. Over 600 were lost at sea following an attack by German E-boats, while more than 300 were killed here and on the adjacent beach (out of shot behind the camera) from so-called friendly fire.

 

Arromanches-les-Bains, Normandy. The coastal town is in the heart of the area where the Normandy landings took place on D-Day, on 6 June 1944.

 

Godersi il sole ad Arromanches-les-Bains, Normandia, uno dei principali siti del D-Day, 6 giugno 1944.

This apparently tranquil spot in south Devon was involved in one of the biggest disasters in the Second World War. This area was used as a rehearsal for the D-Day landings, as it resembles part of the Normandy coast. There were tragic results. Over 900 American servicemen were killed out of some 30,000 who participated in the rehearsal for the D-Day landings at Utah Beach. Over 600 were lost at sea following an attack by German E-boats, while more than 300 were killed on the beach and just inland from so-called friendly fire.

 

La Nuit des Artistes: Forte du succès rencontré par la première édition organisée en 2015, la Ville de Honfleur célèbre de nouveau l’art dans tous ses états en invitant des artistes d’horizons très divers à se produire pendant une nuit dans toute la ville. Les sculpteurs, peintres, musiciens… amateurs, professionnels sont conviés à “s’approprier” le magnifique décor de la cité

honfleuraise, le temps d’une nuit. Un cadre et des conditions uniques pour mettre en valeur les œuvres, réaliser des démonstrations et exercer son talent devant un large public… au pied de la Lieutenance, au bord du Vieux Bassin, sur les places et dans les ruelles du Vieux Honfleur.

De nombreuses disciplines artistiques seront représentées et les galeries et ateliers d’art seront de nouveau partie prenante de cette belle soirée, en restant ouverts jusque tard dans la nuit. www.ot-honfleur.fr/evenement/la-nuit-des-artistes/

  

Honfleur is a commune in the Calvados department in Normandy en.normandie-tourisme.fr/normandy-tourism-109-2.html in northwestern France. It is located on the southern bank of the estuary of the Seine across from le Havre and very close to the exit of the Pont de Normandie. Its inhabitants are called Honfleurais. It is especially known for its old, beautiful picturesque port, characterized by its houses with slate-covered frontages, painted many times by artists, including in particular Gustave Courbet, Eugène Boudin, Claude Monet and Johan Jongkind, forming the école de Honfleur (Honfleur school) which contributed to the appearance of the Impressionist movement. The Sainte-Catherine church, which has a bell tower separate from the principal building, is the largest church made out of wood in France. The first written record of Honfleur is a reference by Richard III, Duke of Normandy, in 1027. By the middle of the 12th century, the city represented a significant transit point for goods from Rouen to England. Located on the estuary of one of the principal rivers of France with a safe harbour and relatively rich hinterland, Honfleur profited from its strategic position from the start of the Hundred Years' War. The town's defences were strengthened by Charles V in order to protect the estuary of the Seine from attacks from the English. This was supported by the nearby port of Harfleur. However, Honfleur was taken and occupied by the English in 1357 and from 1419 to 1450. When under French control, raiding parties often set out from the port to ransack the English coasts, including partially destroying the town of Sandwich, in Kent, England, in the 1450s. At the end of the Hundred Years' War, Honfleur benefited from the boom in maritime trade until the end of the 18th century. Trade was disturbed during the wars of religion in the 16th century. The port saw the departure of a number of explorers, in particular in 1503 of Binot Paulmierde Gonneville to the coasts of Brazil. In 1506, local man Jean Denis departed for Newfoundland island and the mouth of the Saint Lawrence. An expedition in 1608, organised by Samuel de Champlain, founded the city of Quebec in modern day Canada. After 1608, Honfleur thrived on trade with Canada, the West Indies, the African coasts and the Azores. As a result, the town became one of the five principal ports for the slave trade in France. During this time the rapid growth of the town saw the demolition of its fortifications on the orders of Colbert. The wars of the French revolution and the First Empire, and in particular the continental blockade, caused the ruin of Honfleur. It only partially recovered during the 19th century with the trading of wood from northern Europe. Trade was however limited by the silting up of the entrance to the port and development of the modern port at Le Havre. The port however still functions today. On August 25, 1944, Honfleur was liberated together by the British army - 19th Platoon of the 12th Devon's, 6th Air Landing Brigade, the Belgian army (Brigade Piron) on 25 August 1944.[1] and the Canadian army without any combat. en.normandie-tourisme.fr/articles/honfleur-278-2.html

ⓒRebecca Bugge, All Rights Reserved

Do not use without permission.

 

The Romanesque church of Notre-Dame de l'Assomption (Our Lady of the Assumption - referring to the Catholic idea of the assumption of the Virgin Mary, that is that she was taken to Heaven alive after her life here on Earth) in Colleville. The church was built in the 12th and 13th century and became a historical monument in 1840.

 

The church suffered heavy damages in the Normandy landings in 1944 when seven German soldiers sat there giving coordinates to the German batteries at the coast - the tower was just a pile of rubble after the war. The church was rebuilt 1946-1951, to look like it had done before the war.

ⓒRebecca Bugge, All Rights Reserved

Do not use without permission.

 

Known as Utah Beach during the Normandy landings on June 6 1944 (D-Day) - by the village of La Madeleine.

If you ever saw the movie the Longest Day, the story of the D-Day landings in Normandy in World War 2, you will remember the American parachutist that got caught on one of the spires of a church. Well this is it and they still commemorate the soldier, John Steele, with a model of him hanging there. He was captured by the Germans when daylight came but amazingly escaped, rejoined his unit, and survived the war.

 

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sainte-Mère-Église

Site of the US First Division landings on D-Day June 1944.

The rainbow appeared as we waited for the rain to clear (three image pano). And the sand is that amazing orange colour.

 

Normandie, March 2015

First b&w roll with the diana (actually first b&b roll that I didnt fuck up because i hav'nt read the manual before ;-).

If youd like an advice, the P pause on the diana is really only for stenope, and nothing else, now Im aware )

 

3 june edit : Ive just learnt that that was the place where Barack Obama and Nicolas Sarkozy will take off saturday 6 june for the 65th Anniversary of the Normandy Landings. Poor dandelions, and no bike for us on saturday

ⓒRebecca Bugge, All Rights Reserved

Do not use without permission.

 

Details from the Romanesque church of Notre-Dame de l'Assomption (Our Lady of the Assumption - referring to the Catholic idea of the assumption of the Virgin Mary, that is that she was taken to Heaven alive after her life here on Earth) in Colleville. The church was built in the 12th and 13th century and became a historical monument in 1840.

 

The church suffered heavy damages in the Normandy landings in 1944 when seven German soldiers sat there giving coordinates to the German batteries at the coast - the tower was just a pile of rubble after the war. The church was rebuilt 1946-1951, to look like it had done before the war.

ⓒRebecca Bugge, All Rights Reserved

Do not use without permission.

 

The Romanesque church of Notre-Dame de l'Assomption (Our Lady of the Assumption - referring to the Catholic idea of the assumption of the Virgin Mary, that is that she was taken to Heaven alive after her life here on Earth) in Colleville. The church was built in the 12th and 13th century and became a historical monument in 1840. The church suffered heavy damages on the Normandy landings in 1944 when seven German soldiers sat there giving coordinates to the German batteries at the coast - the tower was just a pile of rubble after the war. The church was rebuilt 1946-1951, to look like it had done before the war.

Website | Twitter | Google+ | Join me on Facebook here WW2 Concrete barges resting in the River Thames Essex/London

 

The number of participants at the Normandy landings ;

 

Omaha beach (American)

34.250

Utah beach (American)

23.250

Gold beach (Brittain)

24.970

Juno beach (Canada)

21.400

Sword beach (Brittain)

28.845

  

The town lies along the stretch of coastline designated as Gold Beach during the D-Day landings , one of the beaches used by British troops in the Allied invasion. Arromanches was selected as one of the sites for two Mulberry Harbours built on the Normandy coast, the other one built further West at Omaha Beach. Sections of the Mulberry Harbour at Arromanches still remain today with huge concrete blocks sitting on the sand, and more can be seen further out at sea.

Today Arromanches is mainly a tourist town. Situated in a good location for visiting all of the battle sites and War Cemeteries, there is also a museum at Arromanches with information about Operation Overlord and in particular, the Mulberry harbours.

 

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arromanches-les-Bains

Utah Beach, Normandy, France

 

Utah Beach was one of two beaches targeted by the U.S. VII Corps for operation Overlord. Utah was chosen so that Allied forces could capture the port city of Cherbourg on the northern tip of the Cotentin.

 

Units from the US 4th infantry divison began landing on Utah Beach at 6:30 a.m. on june 6, 1944.

 

Resistance here was lighter than at Omaha Beach, and the American units were able to move inland after some fighting.

Of the 23,000 men of the 4th Infantry Division that landed on Utah Beach on D-day, there were 197 casualties.

 

Within a couple of hours units from the 4th Infantry Division were able to link-up with men of the 101st Airborne Division on Causeway 1, near Pouppeville, a few miles inland from here.

 

The photo was taken on the site of the Allied landings code named Uncle Red sector. On the foreground a German "Tobruk" defensive positon of WN (Widerstandsnest) 5 - Augustus 2017.

 

- Omaha, Gold, Juno et Sword sont avec Utah Beach les 5 plages du Débarquement. Alors que les troupes américaines débarquent à Utah et Omaha Beach, les Britanniques se concentrent sur Sword et Gold Beach et les Canadiens posent le pied sur le sol Normand à Juno Beach.

Cette plage a été voulue par le général anglais Bernard Montgomery qui souhaitait que soit établie une tête de pont directement dans le Cotentin, afin que la capture de Cherbourg et de son port en eau profonde soit plus rapide.

6 juin 1944 – 6h30

 

- Utah Beach, Landing Beach.

Omaha, Gold, Juno and Sword are with Utah Beach the 5 beaches of the D-Day. While US troops land in Utah and Omaha Beach, the British focus on Sword and Gold Beach and Canadians set foot on Norman soil in Juno Beach.

This beach was wanted by the English General Bernard Montgomery who wanted a bridgehead set up directly in the Cotentin, so that the capture of Cherbourg and its deep-water port is faster.

June 6, 1944 – 6:30 am

 

this plane is now in the colors of the Israeli Army (desert camo).....but the plane has history with the Normandy D-Day landings.....they are going to repaint it in the Normandy colors, as the final part of the restoration.....the Israeli Army wouldn't disclose any of the plane's history while it was in their possession ( imagine that..)

Nash is a World War II U.S. Army Large Tug (LT) class seagoing tugboat built as hull #298 at Jakobson Shipyard, Oyster Bay NY as a Design 271 steel hulled Large Tug delivered November, 1943. Originally named Major Elisha K. Henson (LT-5), in 1946 she was renamed John F. Nash by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Since retirement from the Corps of Engineers, LT-5 has been renamed Major Elisha K. Henson. LT-5 is the last functional U.S. Army vessel that participated in Normandy landings.

Coordinates: 43°27′48.5″N 76°30′56.2″W

Built:1943 Jakobson Shipyard, Oyster Bay NY

Architect:Cox & Stevens

Governing body:H. Lee White Marine Museum

NRHP Reference#:91002059

ⓒRebecca Bugge, All Rights Reserved

Do not use without permission.

 

Inside the Romanesque church of Notre-Dame de l'Assomption (Our Lady of the Assumption - referring to the Catholic idea of the assumption of the Virgin Mary, that is that she was taken to Heaven alive after her life here on Earth) in Colleville. The church was built in the 12th and 13th century and became a historical monument in 1840.

 

The church suffered heavy damages in the Normandy landings in 1944 when seven German soldiers sat there giving coordinates to the German batteries at the coast - the tower was just a pile of rubble after the war. The church was rebuilt 1946-1951, to look like it had done before the war.

One of the honeycomb paving slabs which were laid to re-enforce the beach at Lepe to assist in the loading of heavy vehicles for the D-Day landings in Normandy. The iron structures known as the dolphins are the remains of the jetty and make a great focal point and a permanent reminder of a momentous date in history.

A peaceful scene at Carentan Lock, on the Douve river in Normandy, north France. During World War II, this area was the scene of fierce fighting during the Normandy landings, code name 'Operation Overlord'. Following the landings at Omaha and Utah beaches, only a mile from Carentan, one of the bloodiest engagements occurred, which came to be known as 'The Battle of Bloody Gulch'. The German 17th SS Panzergrenadier with the 6th Fallschamjager (paratroops) regiments fought regiments of the U.S. 101st Airborne division for control of the rivers, roads and bridges around Carentan.

Nowadays it's hard to imagine such a tranquil area, being the scene of such carnage and bloodshed.

Two guys, having fun on the beach in Arromanches / Normandy. The dark elements in the background are part of the "Mulberry Habour", a floating harbour, towed over from Britain in separate elements to support the allied landings in 1944.

 

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mulberry_harbour

"Mulberry harbours were temporary portable harbours developed by the British during World War II to facilitate the rapid offloading of cargo onto beaches during the Allied invasion of Normandy in June 1944. After the Allies successfully held beachheads following D-Day, two prefabricated harbours were taken in sections across the English Channel from Britain with the invading army and assembled off Omaha (Mulberry "A") and Gold Beach (Mulberry "B").[1][2]"

...

  

Omaha, commonly known as Omaha Beach, was the code name for one of the five sectors of the Allied invasion of German-occupied France in the Normandy landings on June 6, 1944, during World War II. 'Omaha' refers to a section of the coast of Normandy, France, facing the English Channel 8 kilometers (5 mi) long, from east of Sainte-Honorine-des-Pertes to west of Vierville-sur-Mer on the right bank of the Douve River estuary and an estimated 150-foot (45 m) tall cliffs. Landings here were necessary to link the British landings to the east at Gold with the American landing to the west at Utah, thus providing a continuous lodgement on the Normandy coast of the Bay of the Seine. Taking Omaha was to be the responsibility of United States Army troops, with sea transport, mine sweeping, and a naval bombardment force provided predominantly by the United States Navy and Coast Guard, with contributions from the British, Canadian, and Free French navies.

 

The primary objective at Omaha was to secure a beachhead of eight kilometres (5.0 miles) depth, between Port-en-Bessin and the Vire River, linking with the British landings at Gold to the east, and reaching the area of Isigny to the west to link up with VII Corps landing at Utah. Opposing the landings was the German 352nd Infantry Division. Of the 12,020 men of the division, 6,800 were experienced combat troops, detailed to defend a 53-kilometer (33 mi) front. The German strategy was based on defeating any seaborne assault at the water line, and the defenses were mainly deployed in strongpoints along the coast. The untested American 29th Infantry Division, along with nine companies of U.S. Army Rangers redirected from Pointe du Hoc, assaulted the western half of the beach. The battle-hardened 1st Infantry Division was given the eastern half. The initial assault waves, consisting of tanks, infantry, and combat engineer forces, were carefully planned to reduce the coastal defenses and allow the larger ships of the follow-up waves to land.

 

Very little went as planned during the landing at Omaha. Difficulties in navigation caused the majority of landing craft to miss their targets throughout the day. The defenses were unexpectedly strong, and inflicted heavy casualties on landing U.S. troops. Under heavy fire, the engineers struggled to clear the beach obstacles; later landings bunched up around the few channels that were cleared. Weakened by the casualties taken just in landing, the surviving assault troops could not clear the heavily defended exits off the beach. This caused further problems and consequent delays for later landings. Small penetrations were eventually achieved by groups of survivors making improvised assaults, scaling the bluffs between the most heavily defended points. By the end of the day, two small isolated footholds had been won, which were subsequently exploited against weaker defenses further inland, thus achieving the original D-Day objectives over the following days.

This was taken from the Plymouth (Devon side) looking towards Saltash (Cornwall side). The two bridges to the right are the Royal Albert rail bridge (completed in 1859) & behind it is the Tamar road bridge (completed in 1961) that links Devon & Cornwall. Very near to this spot is where the embarkation of US soldiers for the 1944 “D-Day” landings in Normandy took place.

The Plane has been specially painted with D-Day invasion stripes. The purpose was to increase recognition by friendly forces during and after the Normandy Landings.

For more infos pls. visit Wikipedia

AIR14, Switzerland

on Omaha Beach / Normandy. In front: the sculpture "Les Braves" by Anilore Banon. It was created to commemorate the D-Day landings in 1944.

Paddle Steamer Ryde aka Ryde Queen, built in 1937 and now rusting away on a mud bank on the Isle of Wight.

 

She used to operate between Portsmouth and Ryde.

 

www.paddlesteamers.info/Ryde.htm

 

RYDE QUEEN was built for the Southern Railway Co. for the ferry service between Portsmouth and Ryde on the Isle of Wight.

 

During the Second World War she served as a minesweeper. In 1942, RYDE was converted into an anti-aircraft vessel and took part in the Normandy Landings of June 1944. She returned to passenger service in 1945. Withdrawn from service in 1970, she opened as a restaurant/pub in Binfield in 1972. December 2006 saw her lying ashore on the River Medina, Isle of Wight, in poor condition with her funnel collapsed.

Département Calvados, Basse-Normandie, France

 

D-Day June 6th, 1944

the day of the Normandy landing initiating the Western Allied effort to liberate mainland Europe from Nazi occupation during World War II.

@Wikipedia

La pointe du Hoc (IPA : /pwε̃t dy ɔk/) est une petite avancée de la côte normande dans la Manche, située dans le Calvados. Elle surplombe une falaise de 25 à 30 mètres de haut avec une plage de galets d'une dizaine de mètres de large à ses pieds. La pointe se trouve sur la commune de Cricqueville-en-Bessin.

Elle fut le théâtre d'une des opérations du débarquement allié en Normandie le 6 juin 1944. Située entre les plages de Utah Beach (à l’ouest) et Omaha Beach (à l'est), la pointe avait été fortifiée par les Nazis et, selon les reconnaissances aériennes alliées était équipée de pièces d'artilleries lourdes dont la portée menaçait les deux plages voisines. Il avait été jugé primordial, pour la réussite du débarquement, que les pièces d'artilleries soient mises hors-services le plus rapidement possible.

Cette mission fut confiée au 2e bataillon de Rangers américain qui réussit à prendre le contrôle du site au prix de lourdes pertes. Par la suite, les pièces d'artillerie se révèleront avoir été déplacées par les Allemands peu de temps auparavant et installées 1,5 km en arrière, à l'intérieur des terres.

 

Point du Hoc (IPA: / pwεt ɔk dy /) is a small step on the Normandy coast English Channel, situated in the Calvados. It overlooks a cliff 25 to 30 meters high with a pebble beach of about ten meters wide at its feet. The tip is on the Common Cricqueville-en-Bessin.

It was the scene of one of the Allied landings in Normandy on 6 June 1944. Located between the beaches of Utah Beach (west) and Omaha Beach (east), the tip had been fortified by the Nazis and, according to the reconnaissance Allied Air was equipped with heavy artillery including the scope threatened two nearby beaches. It was considered essential for successful landing, that the guns are taken out of service, most quickly as possible.

This mission was assigned to 2nd Battalion American Rangers who managed to take control of the site with heavy losses. Subsequently, parts artillery will prove to have been displaced by the Germans shortly ago and installed 1.5 kilometers back to the inland.

 

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ⓒRebecca Bugge, All Rights Reserved

Do not use without permission.

 

Admittedly it would have been better, had the man not been holding a plastic bag - but you can only work with what you actually got.

 

This is at Hermanville-sur-Mer, and the beach here was part of Sword beach of the D-Day landings in 1944.

On the dunes of Utah beach in Normandy, France. This is a monument to the D-Day landings

La Nuit des Artistes: Forte du succès rencontré par la première édition organisée en 2015, la Ville de Honfleur célèbre de nouveau l’art dans tous ses états en invitant des artistes d’horizons très divers à se produire pendant une nuit dans toute la ville. Les sculpteurs, peintres, musiciens… amateurs, professionnels sont conviés à “s’approprier” le magnifique décor de la cité

honfleuraise, le temps d’une nuit. Un cadre et des conditions uniques pour mettre en valeur les œuvres, réaliser des démonstrations et exercer son talent devant un large public… au pied de la Lieutenance, au bord du Vieux Bassin, sur les places et dans les ruelles du Vieux Honfleur.

De nombreuses disciplines artistiques seront représentées et les galeries et ateliers d’art seront de nouveau partie prenante de cette belle soirée, en restant ouverts jusque tard dans la nuit. www.ot-honfleur.fr/evenement/la-nuit-des-artistes/

  

Honfleur is a commune in the Calvados department in Normandy en.normandie-tourisme.fr/normandy-tourism-109-2.html in northwestern France. It is located on the southern bank of the estuary of the Seine across from le Havre and very close to the exit of the Pont de Normandie. Its inhabitants are called Honfleurais. It is especially known for its old, beautiful picturesque port, characterized by its houses with slate-covered frontages, painted many times by artists, including in particular Gustave Courbet, Eugène Boudin, Claude Monet and Johan Jongkind, forming the école de Honfleur (Honfleur school) which contributed to the appearance of the Impressionist movement. The Sainte-Catherine church, which has a bell tower separate from the principal building, is the largest church made out of wood in France. The first written record of Honfleur is a reference by Richard III, Duke of Normandy, in 1027. By the middle of the 12th century, the city represented a significant transit point for goods from Rouen to England. Located on the estuary of one of the principal rivers of France with a safe harbour and relatively rich hinterland, Honfleur profited from its strategic position from the start of the Hundred Years' War. The town's defences were strengthened by Charles V in order to protect the estuary of the Seine from attacks from the English. This was supported by the nearby port of Harfleur. However, Honfleur was taken and occupied by the English in 1357 and from 1419 to 1450. When under French control, raiding parties often set out from the port to ransack the English coasts, including partially destroying the town of Sandwich, in Kent, England, in the 1450s. At the end of the Hundred Years' War, Honfleur benefited from the boom in maritime trade until the end of the 18th century. Trade was disturbed during the wars of religion in the 16th century. The port saw the departure of a number of explorers, in particular in 1503 of Binot Paulmierde Gonneville to the coasts of Brazil. In 1506, local man Jean Denis departed for Newfoundland island and the mouth of the Saint Lawrence. An expedition in 1608, organised by Samuel de Champlain, founded the city of Quebec in modern day Canada. After 1608, Honfleur thrived on trade with Canada, the West Indies, the African coasts and the Azores. As a result, the town became one of the five principal ports for the slave trade in France. During this time the rapid growth of the town saw the demolition of its fortifications on the orders of Colbert. The wars of the French revolution and the First Empire, and in particular the continental blockade, caused the ruin of Honfleur. It only partially recovered during the 19th century with the trading of wood from northern Europe. Trade was however limited by the silting up of the entrance to the port and development of the modern port at Le Havre. The port however still functions today. On August 25, 1944, Honfleur was liberated together by the British army - 19th Platoon of the 12th Devon's, 6th Air Landing Brigade, the Belgian army (Brigade Piron) on 25 August 1944.[1] and the Canadian army without any combat. en.normandie-tourisme.fr/articles/honfleur-278-2.html

Shortly after the D-DAY landings, troops pour into Normandy.

 

A lone Canadian is lost from his unit. SSgt. Miller instructs him to ride along with them until Normandy is secure, he does. Here is his diary entry for June 8th, 1944:

 

I got fucking lost in the god-damn forrest. Thank god I found Easy Co. I was instructed to just keep with them until Normandy is a-okay. That seems all right with me! Earlier today we came across a small maybe 13 house village. Outta fucking no where a kraut StuG swings around a corner with a shit fuck of men. Pvt. Benir has a wounded arm from the drop and is basically using one arm. How the hell is he gonna fight? Never mind Benir. Cpl. Lipkins runs along the side of the destroyed home and muzzles down a kraut with his tommy. He saved us. Bloody german tried to flank us, don't know how he got past Pvt. Yost. Yost ran straight into the first home and took out a mortar-man. Didn't even see it coming. Yost quickly yields lefft and takes out a Fallschirmjager. I can't stress enough the importance of that tank being a StuG, as it didn't have an MG42. Pfc. Ellray spotted a MG trying to set up in the second homes' archway. He quickly aims his .30 at him. Knocks him down. Poor luck. A rifleman was in the window. Bastard shot down Ellray. All of us run into the first two homes, taking out the entire squad. We suffered only one casualty. Thank jesus.

 

***Sadly, THIS BUILD IS FINISHED***

Ode of Remembrance

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

  

The "Ode of Remembrance" is an ode taken from Laurence Binyon's poem, "For the Fallen", which was first published in The Times in September 1914.

  

'For The Fallen' plaque with The Rumps promontory beyond

The poet wrote For the Fallen, which has seven stanzas, while sitting on the cliffs between Pentire Point and The Rumps in north Cornwall, UK. A stone plaque was erected at the spot in 2001 to commemorate the fact. The plaque bears the inscription:

For the Fallen

Composed on these cliffs 1914

There is also a plaque on the beehive monument on the East Cliff above Portreath in central North Cornwall which cites that as the place where Binyon composed the poem. A plaque on a statue dedicated to the fallen in Valleta, Malta is also inscribed with these words.

The poem honoured the World War I British war dead of that time, and in particular the British Expeditionary Force, which by then already had high casualty rates on the developing Western Front. The poem was published when the Battle of the Marne was foremost in people's minds.

  

They went with songs to the battle, they were young.

Straight of limb, true of eye, steady and aglow.

They were staunch to the end against odds uncounted,

They fell with their faces to the foe.

 

They shall grow not old, as we that are left grow old:

Age shall not weary them, nor the years condemn.

At the going down of the sun and in the morning,

We will remember them.

 

They mingle not with their laughing comrades again;

They sit no more at familiar tables of home;

They have no lot in our labour of the day-time;

They sleep beyond England's foam

 

The phrase Lest we forget is often added as a final line at the end of the ode and repeated in response by those listening, especially in Australia. In the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand and Singapore, the final line of the ode, "We will remember them", is repeated in response. In Canada, the last stanza of the above extract has become known as the Act of Remembrance, and the final line is also repeated.

The second line of the fourth stanza, 'Age shall not weary them, nor the years condemn', draws upon Enobarbus' description of Cleopatra in Antony and Cleopatra: 'Age cannot wither her, nor custom stale'.

The "Ode of Remembrance" is regularly recited at memorial services held on days commemorating World War I, such as ANZAC Day, Remembrance Day, and Remembrance Sunday. In Australia's Returned and Services Leagues, and in New Zealand's numerous RSA's, it is read out nightly at 7 p.m., followed by a minute's silence. In Australia and New Zealand it is also part of the Dawn service at 6 a.m. Recitations of the "Ode of Remembrance" are often followed by a playing of the Last Post. In Canadian remembrance services, a French translation is often used along with or instead of the English ode.

The second stanza is also read at the Menin Gate, every evening at 8 p.m., after the first part of the last post. It is mostly read by a British serviceman. The recital is followed by a minute of silence.

Dubbed "Project 47" by the Canadian military, the Skink was a Canadian built self-propelled anti-aircraft tank intended to be used with the Normandy landings. Utilizing the Grizzly 1 chassis as the base, the Canadian military designed a new cast turret that could hold 4 (Polish) Polsten 20mm autocannons.

 

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Skink_anti-aircraft_tank

 

Plans to build these, as well as conversion kits for existing Grizzly and Sherman tanks, were quickly superseded by the realization that Allied air forces had achieved air supremacy over Normandy. As a result only three vehicles and eight conversion kits were completed.

 

The single Skink that was shipped to Europe saw action outside of Nijmegen where it's guns were used on German infantry with devastating effect.

 

Reference pics:

www.wwiivehicles.com/canada/tank-medium/grizzly.asp

bcoy1cpb.pacdat.net/Skink_WWII_photos_from_DESIGN_RECORD_...

www.armorama.com/modules.php?op=modload&name=SquawkBo...

  

Key notes about this build:

 

100% Old Dark Grey

4 x Brickarms Gunmetal M1919 Machine Gun (modified to represent the Polsten autocannons)

1 x Brickarms Gunmetal M203 Grenade Launcher (used to represent the hull mounted .30 cal).

 

Part use credit to Dan Siskind (Brickmania) as much of the side skirt design is from his M3 Grant model.

 

 

Normandy, France.

 

The taking of Pegasus Bridge in the early hours of D-Day was a major triumph for the Allies. The control of Pegasus Bridge gave the Allies the opportunity to disrupt the Germans ability to bring in re-enforcements to the Normandy beaches, especially those that the British and Canadians were landing at – Gold, Juno and Sword. Even the most basic of delays in getting German troops to the beaches would have been important and the capture of the bridge that guarded the main road to Ouistreham and then on to the beaches further west was of great importance to the Allies. Control of the road, also meant that the 6th Airborne Division, that had been dropped to the east of Caen, could be supplied by Allied troops that had landed at Sword Beach. Without any control of this road, the 6th Airborne would have been starved of vital equipment.

 

Another important point is the simple fact that the Allies were landed behind enemy lines. This almost certainly was enough to spread confusion among the German defenders.

The first British troops to land in Normandy during D-Day were the men of D Company, 2nd Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry (part of the 6th British Airborne Division) who landed at Ranville-Benouville in the early hours of June 6th. Troops led by Major John Howard – landed by Horsa glider – captured the Caen Canal Bridge, later renamed Pegasus Bridge in honour of the cap badge of the 6th Airborne Division.

 

The bridge was guarded by German machine gun posts but by using gliders, the British landed with a degree of surprise and the bridge was captured with relative ease after a 10 minute fire-fight. Howard had time to set up his defences for the expected German counter-attack which came at 02.10 - about 2 hours after their landing. However, reinforced by paratroopers, Howard and his men were able to resist an attack by the 21st Panzer Division. Control of the bridge - and the nearby Orne Bridge - and the swift taking of the D-Day beaches meant that the 6th Airborne Division could protect the eastern flank of the entire landings.

View of Omaha Beach, the code name for one of the five sectors of the Allied invasion of German-occupied France in the Normandy landings on 6 June 1944, during World War II. Omaha is located on the coast of Normandy, France, facing the English Channel, and is 5 miles (8 km) long, from east of Sainte-Honorine-des-Pertes to west of Vierville-sur-Mer on the right bank of the Douve River estuary.

 

Landings here were necessary in order to link up the British landings to the east at Gold with the American landing to the west at Utah, thus providing a continuous lodgement on the Normandy coast of the Bay of the Seine.

Arromanches-les-Bains lies along the stretch of coastline designated as Gold Beach during the D-Day landings , one of the beaches used by British troops in the Allied invasion. Arromanches was selected as one of the sites for two Mulberry Harbours built with pontons on the Normandy coast on june 6th, 1944.

Sections of the Mulberry Harbour at Arromanches still remain today with huge concrete blocks sitting on the sand, and more can be seen further out at sea.

By the end of 11 June, 326,547 troops, 54,186 vehicles and 104,428 tons of supplies had been landed on the beaches.

 

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Images may not be copied or used in any way without my written permission.

Site of the Canadian Landings on D-Day in Courseulles-sur-Mer, Normandy, France.

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