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How to Celebrate Women’s History @ Your Library

Telling the story of women’s work is never done.

 

By Kay Ann Cassell and Kathleen Weibel

Focusing on women as a library market segment offers so many more creative opportunities for reaching out to your community

“Writing Women Back into History” is the theme for National Women’s History Month, March 2010, the annual celebration of women in the United States. For years women’s contributions were routinely underestimated or ignored even in the history of our own profession. While this still remains the case for much of history, the second wave of feminism reinvigorated interest in, and work on, “women’s history” at the academic and community levels. Now children learn about Sojourner Truth as well as Betsy Ross and we understand that Abigail Adams contributed to the founding of this country as did her husband, John, our nation’s second president.

 

National Women’s History Month (NWHM), whose origins are a complex story [1] in itself, offers libraries a familiar framework for programming and for updating your website, displays, and exhibits. You can take an approach similar to National Library Week, Black History Month, and other heritage-themed celebrations relevant to your community. Many types of libraries join in the celebration, even if only at the most basic level of a book display. However, focusing on women’s history and women as a library market segment offers so many more creative opportunities for reaching out to your community, whether that community consists of students and faculty, corporate executives, homemakers, scientists, secretaries, or others.

 

This article focuses on celebrations that take place in public libraries, since the greatest variety of women’s history programming in libraries takes place there. Here is what four public libraries of varying sizes reported in response to our recent information request to the PubLib and Feminist discussion lists:

 

•For several years the East Baton Rouge (La.) Parish Library has joined in its city’s Women’s Week program, sponsored by the Women’s Council of Greater Baton Rouge. The library offers genealogy classes, consumer health information classes targeting women’s health, and classes on library resources of interest to women. In 2009, the library made available Wii games targeted at senior women. At other times during the year EBRPL offers programs for professional women and caregivers.

•In 2001 Fort Worth (Tex.) Library spearheaded the creation of Hattitude … Hats Off to Women, a monthlong citywide celebration of women that continues today with the cooperation of several city organizations. In 2009 the groups cosponsored six events including a hat fashion show, a girls’ poetry jam, a leadership conference, and two award events honoring area women and organizations. The library has also established an archive documenting women’s contributions to Fort Worth and Tarrant County.

•The 21-branch Ocean County (N.J.) Library sponsors a range of programs each year. The 2009 selection included: women’s history quizzes; jazz and blues programs focusing on women; programs on New Jersey women; film screenings; scrapbooking to honor extraordinary women in one’s life; a scavenger hunt; programs on beauty, health, women authors, and the history of women’s underwear; and a one-woman show about three modern first ladies.

•The Twelve Bridges Library in Lincoln, California, celebrated Women’s History Month with an array of special events: for children, “Celebrating Great Women” featured five costumed volunteers speaking in the first person as Abigail Adams, Indira Gandhi, Amelia Earhart, Julia Morgan, and Sally Ride; a program highlighting International Women’s Day offered speakers from a variety of international groups including CROP (Comparative Research Programme on Poverty), Heifer International, WIPA (Women for International Peace and Arbitration), and the Tahirih Justice Center; and there was a screening of Ken Burns and Paul Burns’ film Not for Ourselves Alone: The Story of Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony.

For additional programming ideas and resource materials, see “(At Least) 21 Ideas for Celebrating Women’s History Month [2]” and “To Help You Plan [3].”

 

Historical collaborations

Partnerships are an effective way to develop programs for National Women’s History Month and develop long-term relationships with other local groups and individuals who don’t use the library. Partnerships are a way of acknowledging the good work of other community members and bringing the library to the attention of others. If the library reaches out to other groups, those groups will in turn reach out to the library.

 

Women’s organizations—including those affiliated with religious groups, sororities, sports teams, and self-help and educational groups—remain a strong force in national and local life, including K–12 and higher education. There are literally thousands of women’s organizations with a range of missions and agendas, some in opposition to each other, but most are logical library partners. Be sure to look for a local, county, or state government commission on the status of women. If you can’t find one, check the National Association of Commissions for Women [4], which has a clickable map of its more than 200 members.

 

Potential partner organizations are recommended here [5]. For even more leads, check out the National Council of Women’s Organizations [6], “a nonpartisan, nonprofit umbrella organization of more than 200 groups, which collectively represent over 10 million women across the country.” NCWO members work together on a range of public policy issues of concern to women and girls. The website has a useful list of member organizations with links organized by subject expertise. Also, the National Council for Research on Women [7], “a network of more than 100 leading U.S. research, advocacy, and policy centers,” provides a topical list of organizations with expertise from which libraries could access speakers or resources, including those concerning current issues.

 

When developing partnerships, keep in mind these four simple guidelines:

 

•Send staff to community organization meetings to see how your library could contribute to their programs and projects.

•Read the local paper to find out what other area groups are doing.

•Invite community groups to cosponsor library programs. This will extend the reach of the library by drawing in more program participants and help you develop an ongoing relationship with the organizations.

•Offer library resources to community groups, such as annotated reading lists, access to library materials, space for exhibits and programs, and program ideas.

Middle Country Public Library in Centereach, New York, partners with local organizations year-round, cultivating the library’s image as a welcoming community resource. For the past nine years growing out of an initial partnership with the Long Island Fund for Women and Girls, the library has hosted a fall Women’s Expo [8], “a showcase and a marketplace for Long Island women entrepreneurs, artisans, [and] importers,” with an expanding list of partners that includes local media, businesses, banks, and community organizations. Well over 1,500 people attend. Women exhibitors also receive help in developing their capability. This economic-development activity could be replicated during NWHM or at any other time of year.

 

Whether you program with a partner or go solo, your local community should be your first-line resource for NWHM celebrations. Why? Local program presenters often come with their own audience, are often free or low cost, and typically know area interests and needs. (And remember: Your own library is one of those local resources.)

 

It doesn’t matter how large or small your library, who you serve, whether you are print oriented, all digital, or like most libraries a hybrid: You can do something for National Women’s History Month.

   

Kay Ann Cassell is an assistant director of the MLIS program in the Department of Library and Information Science at Rutgers University in New Brunswick, New Jersey. She was previously the associate director for collections and services at New York Public Library. Kathleen Weibel is a retired librarian with experience in public and academic libraries and a history of activism regarding feminist issues.

 

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Source URL: americanlibrariesmagazine.org/womenshistory2010

Links:

[1] americanlibrariesmagazine.org/features/02102010/history-w...

[2] americanlibrariesmagazine.org/features/02102010/least-21-...

[3] americanlibrariesmagazine.org/features/02102010/help-you-...

[4] nacw.org

[5] americanlibrariesmagazine.org/features/02102010/partnersh...

[6] www.womensorganizations.org

[7] www.ncrw.org

[8] www.womensexpoli.org

[9] americanlibrariesmagazine.org/sites/default/files/photos/...

 

New IWPR Briefing Paper Finds Women's Unemployment, Economic Insecurity, and Poverty at Historic Hig

The Institute for Women's Policy Research released a comprehensive, 67-page Briefing Paper, entitled Women and Men's Employment and Unemployment in the Great Recession. Based on analysis of data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau, the Briefing Paper finds many families are relying on women's earnings when men are unemployed and that unemployed men and women are experiencing an average of 29 weeks of unemployment before finding a new job.

 

The Briefing Paper, authored by Heidi Hartmann, Ph.D., Ashley English, and Jeffrey Hayes, Ph.D., researchers at IWPR, is available on the IWPR website here: www.iwpr.org/pdf/C373womeninrecession.pdf.

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311. When are you entitled to divorced spouse's insurance benefits?

 

You are entitled to a divorced spouse's insurance benefits on the worker's Social Security record if:

 

The worker is entitled to retirement or disability insurance benefits;

 

You have filed an application for divorced spouse's benefits;

 

You are not entitled to a retirement or disability insurance benefit based on a primary insurance amount which equals or exceeds one-half the worker's primary insurance amount;

 

You are age 62 or over;

 

You are not married; and

 

You were married to the worker for at least 10 years before the date the divorce became final.

 

Note: You are not entitled before age 62 even if you have an entitled child in care.

 

The divorced spouse of a worker who is not entitled to retirement or disability insurance benefits, but has reached age 62 and is fully insured, can become independently entitled to benefits on the worker's earnings record. To do so, however, the divorced spouse must meet the requirements in (B)-(F) above and have been divorced from the worker for not less than two continuous years.

 

Last Revised: Mar. 12, 2009

  

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Domestic Diversions

1. Good counsel on matters of relationships, families and family law. 2. The efforts of good people working together to advance the mind, arouse the heart, and amuse the spirit.

domesticdiversions.com/index.php/social-security-benefits...

officially the State of Eritrea, is a country in the Horn of Africa. It is bordered by Sudan in the west, Ethiopia in the south, and Djibouti in the southeast. The east and northeast of the country have an extensive coastline on the Red Sea, directly across from Saudi Arabia and Yemen. The Dahlak Archipelago and several of the Hanish Islands are part of Eritrea. Its size is just under 118,000 km2 (45,560 sq mi) with an estimated population of 5 million. The capital is Asmara.

 

History

Eritrea is an ancient name, associated in the past with its Greek form Erythraía (Greek alphabet Ερυθραία), and its derived Latin form Erythræa. In the past, Eritrea had given its name to the Red Sea, then called the Erythræan Sea. The Italians created the colony of Eritrea in the 19th century around Asmara, and named it with its current name. After World War II Eritrea was annexed to Ethiopia.In 1991 the People's Liberation Front defeated the Ethiopian government. Eritrea officially celebrated its independence on May 24, 1992.

 

Prehistory

One of the oldest hominids, representing a possible link between Homo erectus and an archaic Homo sapiens, was found in Buya (Eritrean Danakil) in 1995 by Italian scientists. The cranium was found to be over 1 million years old. Furthermore, in 1999, the Eritrean Research Project Team discovered some of the earliest evidence of human tool-use in the harvesting of marine resources. The site contained obsidian tools dated to the paleolithic era, over 125,000 years old.

Epipaleolithic or mesolithic cave paintings in central and northern Eritrea attest to early hunter-gatherers in this region. An American paleontologist, William Sanders of the University of Michigan, also discovered a possible missing link between ancient and modern elephants in the form of the fossilized remains of a pig-sized creature in Eritrea. The fossil, which is 27 million years old, pushes the origins of elephants and mastodons five million years further into the past and indicates that modern elephants originated in Africa.

 

Antiquity

The oldest written reference to the territory now known as Eritrea is the chronicled expedition launched to the fabled Punt (or Ta Netjeru, meaning land of the Gods) by the Ancient Egyptians in the twenty-fifth century BC under Pharaoh Sahure. Later sources from the Pharaoh Hatshepsut in the fifteenth century BC present a more detailed portrayal of an expedition in search of frankincense. The geographical location of the missions to Punt is described as roughly corresponding to the southern west coast of the Red Sea. The name Eritrea is a rendition of the ancient Greek name Ἐρυθραία, Erythraía, meaning the "Red Land". The earliest evidence of agriculture, urban settlement and trade in Eritrea was found in the western region of the country consisting of archaeological remains dating back to 3500 BC in sites called the Gash group. Based on the archaeological evidence, there seems to have been a connection between the peoples of the Gash group and the civilizations of the Nile Valley namely Ancient Egypt and Nubia.

 

In the highlands, especially in Asmara's suburbs, scores of ancient sites have been documented, including Sembel, Mai Chiot, Ona Gudo, Mai Temenai, Weki Duba and Mai Hutsa. Mostly dating to the early and mid-1st millennium BCE (800 to 350 BCE), these communities consisted of small towns, villages, and hamlets built of stone. The proximity of these ancient communities to gold mines suggest that part of their prosperity was linked to the mining and processing of gold. Around the mid-1st millennium, several sites with Sabaean remains (inscriptions, artifacts, and monuments) seem to emerge in the central highlands, for example, at Keskese. Between the eighth and fifth century BCE, a kingdom known as D'mt was supposedly established in what is today Eritrea and the Tigray province of northern Ethiopia.

 

After D'mt's decline around the fifth century BC, the state of Aksum arose in much of Eritrea and the northern Ethiopian Highlands. It grew during the fourth century BC and came into prominence during the first century AD, minting its own coins by the third century, and converting in the fourth century to Christianity, thereby becoming the second official Christian state (after Armenia), and the first country to feature the cross on its coins. According to Mani, it grew to be one of the four greatest civilizations in the world, on a par with China, Persia, and Rome. In the seventh century, with the advent of Islam across the Red Sea in Arabia and the Arab invasion and subsequent destruction of Adulis, Aksum's main port city, Aksum's trade and power on the Red Sea began to decline and the empire gradually diminished and was overtaken by smaller rival kingdoms.

 

Medieval period

During the medieval period, contemporary with and following the gradual disintegration of the Aksumite state between the 9th and 10th centuries, several states as well as tribal and clan lands emerged in the area known today as Eritrea. Between the eighth and thirteenth century, northern and northwestern Eritrea had largely come under the domination of the Beja, a Cushitic people from northeastern Sudan. The Beja brought Islam to large parts of Eritrea and connected the region to the greater Islamic world. Nonetheless, Christians of the Axumite era continued to inhabit these areas and retain their religion.

 

In the main highland area and adjacent coastline of what were previously Muslim (Beja) ruled areas, a Christian Kingdom called Midir Bahr or Midri Bahri (Tigrinya for land of the sea) arose, ruled by the Bahr Negus or Bahr Negash, ("ruler of the sea") emerged in the 15th century. The southeastern parts of Eritrea, inhabited by the independent Afar since ancient times, came to form part of the Islamic Adal Sultanate. Parts of the southwestern lowlands of Eritrea were under the dominion of the then Christian/Animist Funj Sultanate of Sinnar.

 

An invading force of the Turkish Ottoman Empire, under Suleiman I, conquered Massawa in 1557 from the Christians, building what is now considered the "old town" of Massawa on Batsi island. They also conquered the towns of Hergigo and Debarwa, the capital city of Yeshaq, the contemporary Christian Bahr Negus, before being driven back to the coast by 1578. The Ottomans remained in control of the important ports of Massawa and Hergigo and their environs, and maintained their dominion over the coastal areas for nearly 300 years, absorbing the coastal areas of the disintegrated Adal Sultanate as vassals in the 16th century. The Funj Sultanate of Sinnar converted to Islam in the 16th century but maintained independent control of the southwestern areas of Eritrea until being absorbed into the Ottoman Empire in the early 19th century.

 

With the feudal rule of the Bahr Negus in the predominantly Christian highland interior severely weakened from the 17th century up until modern times, the area was dubbed Mereb Mellash by locals and neighboring Ethiopians alike, meaning "beyond the Mereb" (in Tigrinya). This name defined the territory as being north of the Mareb River which to this day is a natural boundary between the modern states of Eritrea and Ethiopia.[18] Roughly the same area also came to be referred to as Hamasien, a name that survived until modern times, designating a much smaller area (province) immediately surrounding the capital Asmara, until being absorbed into the new administrative divisions in 1994. In these areas, feudal authority was particularly weak or nonexistent, and the autonomy of the landowning peasantry was particularly strong; a kind of republican rule was prevalent, governed by local customary laws legislated by elected elder's councils (shimagile). In 1770, the Scottish researcher James Bruce describes Hamasien and Abyssinia as "different countries who are often fighting" (SUKE, p. 25).

 

Colonialism

Italian colonisation arguably began with the purchase of the locality of Assab by a Roman Catholic priest by the name of Giuseppe Sapeto acting on behalf of a Genovese shipping company called "Rubattino" who bought the land from the Afar Sultan of Obock (a vassal of the Ottomans) in 1869. This happened in the same year as the opening of the Suez Canal.

 

With the approval of the Italian parliament and King Umberto I of Italy (later succeeded by his son Victor Emmanuel III), the government of Italy in 1879 bought the Rubattino company's holdings and from 1882 expanded its possessions northward along the Red Sea coast toward and beyond Massawa, encroaching on and quickly expelling previous 'Egyptian' possessions but meeting stiffer resistance in the Eritrean highlands from the invading army of the Emperor Yohannes IV of Ethiopia.

 

Italy declared Eritrea a territory of Italy as of New Years Day 1890. The Kingdom of Italy ruled Eritrea from 1890 to 1941. Approximately 100,000 Italian colonists settled during the 1930s in the Colonia Primigenia (as Eritrea was called by the Italians, meaning they considered Eritrea their first and most important colony). Some of the greatest feats accomplished by the Italian colonialists in Eritrea was the building of Eritrea's modern capital; Asmara, and the Eritrean railway.

 

Between 1936 and 1941, the fascist dictator Benito Mussolini briefly created the Italian Empire, with the short-lived union of Eritrea, Ethiopia and Italian Somaliland. Eritrea enjoyed considerable industrialization and development of modern infrastructure during Italian rule (such as roads and the Eritrean Railway). The Italians remained the colonial power in Eritrea throughout the lifetime of Fascism and the beginnings of World War II, until they were defeated by Allied forces in 1941, and Eritrea came under British administration.

 

In the Peace Treaty of February 1947, Italy surrendered all her colonies, including Eritrea. While under British trusteeship, the United Nations decided to federate Eritrea with Ethiopia in 1950 after a lengthy inquiry regarding the status of Eritrea.

 

Eritrean War of Independence

The sandals worn by the fighters of independence have become iconic. A monument in central Asmara of such sandals was erected in memoriam. Barely 10 years into the federation with Ethiopia, in 1961, the 30-year Eritrean Struggle for Independence began, following the Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie I's dissolution of the federation and shutting down of Eritrea's parliament.

 

The Emperor declared Eritrea the fourteenth province of Ethiopia in 1962.[22] Eritreans formed the Eritrean Liberation Front (ELF) and rebelled.

 

The ELF was initially a conservative grass-roots movement dominated by Muslim lowlanders. The ELF received backing from Nasser's Egypt as part of a policy of expanding Arab Nationalist political influence in the region (some Eritreans were Arabic-speakers - one of the rather loose conditions for being part of the 'Arab Nation'). Ethiopia's imperial government received support from the United States which had established a radio listening base, called the Kagnew Station, in Eritrea's Ethiopian-occupied capital, Asmara. Internal divisions within the ELF based on religion, ideology, ethnicity, clan and, sometimes, personalities, led to the weakening and factioning of the ELF from which sprang the Eritrean People's Liberation Front.

 

The EPLF professed Marxism and egalitarian values devoid of gender, religion, or ethnic bias. Its leadership was educated in China. It came to be supported by a growing Eritrean diaspora. Bitter fighting broke out between the ELF and EPLF during the late 1970s and 1980s for dominance over Eritrea. The ELF continued to dominate the Eritrean landscape well into the 1970s when the struggle for independence neared victory due to Ethiopia's internal turmoil caused by a socialist revolution against the monarchy there.

 

The ELF's gains suffered when Ethiopia's ailing US-backed Emperor was deposed and replaced by the Derg, a Marxist military junta with backing from the Soviet Union and other communist countries, who continued the Ethiopian policy of repressing Eritrean "separatists" with increased military assistance and fervor. Nevertheless, the Eritrean resistance, which saw itself forced to retreat from most of the Eritrean countryside it had previously occupied, became instead entrenched in the northern parts of the country around the Sudanese border from where the most important supply lines came. The heavily bombarded and embattled northern town of Nakfa came to symbolize the Eritrean struggle. (The Eritrean currency is named after it.)

 

The numbers of the EPLF swelled in the 1980s. The EPLF relied largely on armaments captured from the Ethiopian army itself as well as financial and political support from the Eritrean diaspora and the cooperation of neighboring states hostile to Ethiopia's government Somalia and Sudan (although the support of the latter turned into hostility in agreement with Ethiopia during the Gaafar Nimeiry administration between 1971 and 1985) as well as Ethiopian resistance and separatist movements. Drought, famine, and intensive offensives launched by the Ethiopian army on Eritrea took a heavy toll on the population — more than half a million fled to Sudan as refugees. In 1985, Eritrean elite commandos infiltrated the Ethiopian- and Soviet-held air force base in Asmara and destroyed all 30 fighter jets there, suffering only one casualty. In 1988, a massive Ethiopian military offensive against Eritrean rebels backfired with a third of the Ethiopian army annihilated in the northern Eritrean town of Afabet.

 

Following the decline of the Soviet Union in 1989 and diminishing support for the Ethiopian war, Eritrean rebels advanced further, capturing the port of Massawa and putting the Ethiopian and Soviet naval capabilities there out of action. By 1990 and early 1991 virtually all Eritrean territory had been liberated by the EPLF except for the capital, whose only connection with the rest of government-held Ethiopia during the last year of the war was by an air-bridge. In 1991, the Ethiopian army finally capitulated and its leader Mengistu Hailemariam fled to Zimbabwe where he resides to this day. Eritrean rebels entered the capital Asmara and began to govern Eritrea on May 24, 1991. The new Ethiopian government, consisting of a coalition of Ethiopian resistance and separatist movements allied with Eritrea's rebels, conceded Eritrea's demand to have an internationally (UN) supervised referendum dubbed UNOVER to be held in Eritrea. This took place in April 1993 with an overwhelming vote by Eritreans for independence. Independence was declared on May 24, 1993.

 

Independence

Upon Eritrea's declaration of independence, the leader of the EPLF, Isaias Afewerki, became Eritrea's first Provisional President, and the Eritrean People's Liberation Front (later renamed the People's Front for Democracy and Justice, or PFDJ) created a government.

 

Faced with limited economic resources and a country shattered by decades of war, the government embarked on a reconstruction and defense effort, later called the Warsai Yikalo Program, based on the labour of national servicemen and women. It is still continuing and deploys the conscripted, which is drawn from anyone male or female who has graduated high school, into a combination of duties ranging from military service to construction projects, health care, teaching and training/education as well as agricultural work to improve the country's food security.

 

The government also attempts to tap into the resources of the Eritreans living abroad by levying a 2% tax on the gross income of those who wish to gain full economic rights and access as citizens in Eritrea (land ownership, business licenses and other privileges for nationals etc), while at the same time encouraging tourism and investment both from Eritreans living abroad and other foreign investors. This has been complicated by Eritrea's tumultuous relations with its neighbours, lack of stability and subsequent political problems.

 

Eritrea severed diplomatic relations with Sudan in 1994, citing that the latter was hosting Islamic terrorist groups to destabilize Eritrea, and both countries entered into an acrimonious relationship, each accusing the other of hosting various opposition rebel groups or "terrorists" and soliciting outside support to destabilize the other. Diplomatic relations were resumed in 2005 following a reconciliation agreement reached with the help of Qatar's negotiation in 1999.[29][30] Eritrea now plays a prominent role in the internal Sudanese peace and reconciliation effort.

 

Perhaps the conflict with the deepest impact on independent Eritrea has been the renewed hostility with Ethiopia. In 1998, a border war with Ethiopia over the town of Badme occurred. The Eritrean-Ethiopian War ended in 2000 with a negotiated agreement known as the Algiers Agreement, which assigned an independent, UN-associated boundary commission known as the Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission (EEBC), whose task was to clearly identify the border between the two countries and issue a final and binding ruling. Along with the agreement the UN established a temporary security zone consisting of a 25-kilometre demilitarized buffer zone within Eritrea, running along the length of the disputed border between the two states and patrolled by UN troops in the mission named UNMEE. Ethiopia was to withdraw to positions held before the outbreak of hostilities in May 1998. The peace agreement would be completed with the implementation of the Border Commission's ruling, also ending the task of the peacekeeping mission of UNMEE. The EEBC's verdict came in April 2002, which awarded Badme to Eritrea. However, Ethiopia refused to withdraw its military from positions in the disputed areas, including Badme, and also refused to implement the EEBC's ruling, and the dispute is ongoing.

 

Eritrea's diplomatic relations with Djibouti were briefly severed during the border war with Ethiopia in 1998 due to a dispute over Djibouti's intimate relation with Ethiopia during the war but were restored and normalized in 2000. Relations are again tense due to a renewed border dispute. Similarly, Eritrea and Yemen had a border conflict between 1996 to 1998 over the Hanish Islands and the maritime border, which was resolved in 2000 by the Permanent Court of Arbitration in the Hague.

 

Geography

Eritrea is located in Northeast Africa, more specifically in the Horn of Africa, and is bordered on the northeast and east by the Red Sea. The country is virtually bisected by one of the world's longest mountain ranges, formed by the processes that formed the Great Rift Valley, with fertile lands to the west, descending to desert in the east. Eritrea, at the southern end of the Red Sea, is the home of the fork in the rift. The Dahlak Archipelago and its fishing grounds are situated off the sandy and arid coastline. The land to the south, in the highlands, is slightly drier and cooler.

 

The Afar Triangle or Danakil Depression of Eritrea is the probable location of a triple junction where three tectonic plates are pulling away from one another: the Arabian Plate, and the two parts of the African Plate (the Nubian and the Somali plate) splitting along the East African Rift Zone (USGS). The highest point of the country, Emba Soira, is located in the center of Eritrea, at 3,018 meters (9,902 ft) above sea level.

 

The main cities of the country are the capital city of Asmara and the port town of Asseb in the southeast, as well as the towns of Massawa to the east, and Keren to the north.

 

Other Info

Oficial Name:

tir: ሃግሬ ኤርትራ (Hagəre Ertra)

ara: دولة إرتريا (Dawlâtu Iritriyā)

Hagere Ertra

 

Independence:

May 24, 1991

-de jure May 24, 1993

 

Area:

121.320 km2

 

Inhabitants:

4.906.585

 

Language:

Afar [aar] 160,000 in Eritrea (2001 Johnstone and Mandryk). Southern Eritrea. May also be in Somalia. Alternate names: Afaraf, "Danakil", "Denkel". Dialects: Central Afar, Northern Afar, Aussa, Ba'adu. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Cushitic, East, Saho-Afar

More information.

 

Arabic, Hijazi Spoken [acw] Red Sea coast. Alternate names: Hijazi. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic

More information.

 

Arabic, Standard [arb] Middle East, North Africa. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic

More information.

 

Bedawi [bej] 150,000 in Eritrea (2001 Johnstone and Mandryk). Population includes 20,000 Hadendoa (1970 Bendor). Alternate names: Bedàwie, Beja, Bedawiye, Bedawye, Bedauye, Bedwi, Bedya, Bedja, Lobat. Dialects: Hadareb (Hadaareb), Bisharin (Bisarin, Bisariab), Hadendoa (Hadendowa), Beni-Amir, Ababda, Amara. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Cushitic, North

More information.

 

Bilen [byn] 70,000 (1995). Central Eritrea, in and around the town of Keren. Alternate names: Bogo, Bogos, Bilayn, Bilin, Balen, Beleni, Belen, Bilein, Bileno, North Agaw. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Cushitic, Central, Northern

More information.

 

English [eng] Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, English

More information.

 

Italian [ita] A few monolinguals. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Italo-Dalmatian

More information.

 

Kunama [kun] 107,000 in Eritrea (2001 Johnstone and Mandryk). Population includes 1,000 in Ilit, 600 in Odasa. Population total all countries: 108,883. Western Eritrea, on the Gash and Setit rivers, Sudan border and into Tigray Province. Barka is south of Barentu; Marda is north, northeast, and east of Barentu and in Barentu; Aimara is west of Barentu; Laki-Tukura is south of Aimara, west of Barka; Tika is south of Laki-Tukura, west of Barka. None in Sudan. Also spoken in Ethiopia. Alternate names: Baza, Baaza, Bazen, Baazen, Baazayn, Baden, Baaden, Bada, Baada, Cunama, Diila. Dialects: Barka (Berka), Marda, Aimara (Aaimasa, Aymasa, Odasa), Tika (Tiika, Lakatakura-Tika), Ilit (Iliit, Iiliit, Iilit), Bitama (Bitaama), Sokodasa (Sogodas, Sogadas), Takazze-Setiit (Setiit, Setit), Tigray. Bitama and Ilit are nearly unintelligible to speakers of other Kunama. Barka is the largest dialect and intelligible to speakers of all others. Classification: Nilo-Saharan, Kunama

More information.

 

Nara [nrb] 80,000 (2001 Johnstone and Mandryk). In and north of Barentu, western Eritrea, adjoining Kunama territory which is to the south. Alternate names: Nera, "Barea", "Barya", "Baria", Higir, Koyta, Mogareb, Santora. Dialects: Considerable dialect variation within the four main groups: Higir, Mogareb, Koyta, Santora. Little intelligibility of Kunama. Classification: Nilo-Saharan, Eastern Sudanic, Eastern, Nara

More information.

 

Saho [ssy] 180,000 in Eritrea (2001 Johnstone and Mandryk). Population total all countries: 202,759. Southern Eritrea. Also spoken in Ethiopia. Alternate names: Sao, Shaho, Shoho, Shiho. Dialects: Very close to Afar. The Irob dialect is only in Ethiopia. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Cushitic, East, Saho-Afar

More information.

 

Tigré [tig] 800,000 in Eritrea (1997 census). Also spoken in Sudan. Alternate names: Khasa, Xasa. Dialects: Mansa' (Mensa). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, South, Ethiopian, North

More information.

 

Tigrigna [tir] 1,200,000 in Eritrea (2001 Johnstone and Mandryk). South and central Eritrea. Alternate names: Tigrinya, Tigray. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, South, Ethiopian, North

More information.

  

Extinct languages

Geez [gez] Extinct. Alternate names: Ancient Ethiopic, Ethiopic, Ge'ez, Giiz. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, South, Ethiopian, North

 

Capital city:

Asmara

 

Meaning country name:

Named by Italian colonizers, from the Latin name for the Red Sea "Mare Erythraeum" ("Erythraean Sea") which in turn derived from the ancient Greek name for the Red Sea: "Erythrea Thalassa".

 

Description Flag:

The current flag of Eritrea was adopted on December 5, 1995, and uses the basic layout of the flag of the Eritrean People's Liberation Front, with the wreath with upright olive branch symbol derived from the 1952 flag.

The flag is dominated by a red triangle extending from the hoist to the fly with complementary green and blue triangles above and below. Green stands for the fertility of the country respectively for agriculture; blue stands for the ocean and red for the blood lost in the fight for freedom. In the red triangle a yellow wreath symbol with 14 leaves on each side derived from the 1952 flag replaces the yellow star of the EPLF flag. The use of triangles is also important, because reading the flag from left to right it is important to note that the red shrinks which represents that in the end Eritrea will see peace and blood will no longer be spilled for the nation.

 

Coat of arms:

The Coat of Arms of Eritrea was adopted May 24, 1993, on the date of declaration of independence. It shows a dromedary in natural colors surrounded by an olive wreath. On the bottom is a band with the name of the nation in the official languages - English in the middle, Tigrinya on the left and Arabic on the right.

 

National Anthem: Ertra, Ertra, Ertra ,

Tigrinya: ኤርትራ ኤርትራ ኤርትራ

 

Tigrinya

ኤርትራ ኤርትራ ኤርትራ፡

በዓል ደማ እናልቀሰ ተደምሲሱ፡

መስዋእታ ብሓርነት ተደቢሱ።

  

መዋእል ነኺሳ ኣብ ዕላማ፡

ትእምርቲ ጽንዓት ኰይኑ ስማ፡

ኤርትራ'ዛ ሓበን ውጹዓት፡

ኣመስኪራ ሓቂ ከምትዕወት፡

  

ኤርትራ ኤርትራ (ክልተ ግዜ)

ኣብ ዓለም ጨቢጣቶ ግቡእ ክብራ።

 

ናጽነት ዘምጽኦ ልዑል ኒሕ፡

ንህንጻ ንልምዓት ክንሰርሕ፡

ስልጣኔ ከነልብሳ ግርማ

ሕድሪ'ሎና ግምጃ ክንስልማ፡

 

ኤርትራ ኤርትራ (ክልተ ግዜ)

ኣብ ዓለም ጨቢጣቶ ግቡእ ክብራ።

 

Tigrinya with Romanization

 

Ertra, Ertra, Ertra,

Beal dema'nalkese tedemsisu,

Meswaéta bharnet tdebisu.

 

Mewaél nekhisa'b élame,

TémErti tsnt koynu sma,

Ertra za haben wtsuAt,

Ameskira haki kem téwet.

 

Ertra, Ertra,

Abalem chebitato gbué kbra.

 

Natsänet zemtsä’ lä‘ul nihh,

N'hntsa n'lm‘at k'serihh,

S'lthane k'nelbsa grma,

Hihdri-lena gmja k'nslma.

 

Ertra, Ertra,

Abalem chebitato gbué kbra.

  

English translation

Eritrea, Eritrea, Eritrea,

Her enemy decimated,

and her sacrifices vindicated by liberation.

 

Steadfast in her goal,

symbolizing endurance,

Eritrea, the pride of her oppressed people,

proved that the truth prevails.

 

Eritrea, Eritrea,

holds her rightful place in the world.

 

Dedication that led to liberation,

Will buildup and make her green,

We shall honour her with progress,

We have a word to her to embellish.

 

Eritrea, Eritrea,

holds her rightful place in the world.

 

Internet Page: www.eritreaeritrea.com

www.shabait.com

 

eritrea in diferent languages

 

eng | afr | arg | ast | bre | cat | ces | cor | cym | dan | est | eus | fao | fin | glg | glv | hun | ibo | ina | ita | jav | jnf | lim | lld | mlg | mlt | nld | nor | roh | rup | slk | sme | spa | sqi | srd | swa | swe | tgl | vor: Eritrea

dsb | hrv | hsb | lav | slv: Eritreja

crh | kaa | uzb: Eritreya / Эритрея

deu | ltz | nds: Eritrea / Eritrea; Erythräa / Erythräa

hat | tur | zza: Eritre

hau | kin | run: Eritreya

ind | msa: Eritrea / اريتريا

pol | szl: Erytrea

aze: Eritreya / Еритреја

bam: Eritire

bos: Eritreja / Еритреја

epo: Eritreo

fra: Érythrée

frp: Èritrê

fur: Eritree

gla: Ertra

gle: An Eiritré / An Eiritré

haw: ʻElikilea

isl: Erítrea

kmr: Êrîtrê / Еритре / ئێریترێ

kur: Erître / ئەریترە

lat: Erythraea

lin: Elitré

lit: Eritrėja

mol: Eritreea / Еритрея

nrm: Éritraée

oci: Eritrèa

por: Eritreia / Eritréia

que: Iritrya

rmy: Eritreya / एरित्रेया

ron: Eritreea

scn: Eritrìa

slo: Eritrea / Еритреа

smg: Eritrėjė

smo: Eriteria

som: Ereteeriya; Eriteeriya; Eretareeya

tet: Eritreia

tuk: Eritreýa / Эритрея

vie: Ê-ri-tơ-rê-a

vol: Lerüträn

wln: Eritrêye

wol: Eritere

abq | alt | che | chm | kir | kjh | kom | krc | kum | rus | tyv | udm: Эритрея (Ėritreja)

bak: Эритрея / Eritreya

bel: Эрытрэя / Erytreja

bul: Еритрея (Eritreja)

chv: Эритрейӑ (Ėritrejă)

kaz: Эритрея / Erïtreya / ەريترەيا

kbd: Эритрея (Ăritreja)

mkd: Еритреа (Eritrea)

mon: Эритрей (Äritrej)

oss: Эритрей (Ėritrej)

srp: Еритреја / Eritreja

tat: Эритрея / Eritreä

tgk: Эритрея / اریتریه / Eritreja

ukr: Еритрея (Erytreja)

ara: إريتريا (Irītriyā); أريتريا (Arītriyā); إرتريا (Iritriyā); أرتريا (Aritriyā); إرتيريا (Irtīriyā); أرتيريا (Artīriyā)

fas: اریتره (Erītre)

prs: اریتریا (Erītriyā)

pus: اريتريا (Irītriyā); اېريتريا (Erītriyā)

uig: ئېرىترېيە / Éritréye / Эритрея

urd: اریٹریا (Irīṫriyā); ارٹریا (Iriṫriyā); اریٹیریا (Irīṫīriyā)

div: އެރިތްރިއާ (Eritri'ā)

heb: אריטראה (Erîṭreʾah); אריטריאה (Erîṭrêʾah); אריתריאה (Erîtrêʾah)

lad: איריטריאה / Eritrea

yid: עריטרײאַ (Eritreya)

amh | tir: ኤርትራ (Ertra)

ell-dhi: Ερυθραία (Eryṯraía)

ell-kat: Ἐρυθραία (Eryṯraía)

hye: Էրիտրեա (Ēritrea)

kat: ერიტრეა (Eritrea)

hin: इरिट्रिया (Iriṭriyā); एरिट्रिया (Eriṭriyā); एरीट्रिया (Erīṭriyā)

ben: ইরিত্রিয়া (Iritriyā); এরিট্রিয়া (Eriṭriyā)

pan: ਈਰਿਟਰੀਆ (Īriṭrīā)

kan: ಎರಿಟ್ರಿಯ (Eriṭriya)

mal: എരിട്രിയ (Eriṭriya)

tam: எரித்திரியா (Erittiriyā); எரித்ரியா (Eritriyā)

tel: ఎరిట్రియా (Eriṭriyā)

zho: 厄立特里亞/厄里特尼亚 (Èlǐtèlíyà)

jpn: エリトリア (Eritoria)

kor: 에리트레아 (Eriteuraea)

mya: အီရီထရီးယား (Iẏitʰáẏìyà)

tha: เอริเทรีย (Ēritʰriya)

khm: អេរីទ្រា (Erītrā)

 

The Cosmopolitan™ of Las Vegas TV On The Radio & Arctic Monkeys Concert Ticket Giveaway

OFFICIAL RULES.

 

No Purchase Necessary to Enter or Win. VOID WHERE PROHIBITED BY LAW OR REGULATION. PARTICIPANTS MUST BE 21 YEARS OF AGE OR OLDER AT THE TIME OF ENTRY. The Sweepstakes is in no way sponsored, endorsed or administered by, or associated with Flickr, Facebook or Twitter. You understand that you are providing your information to The Cosmopolitan™ of Las Vegas and not to Flickr, Facebook or Twitter. The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas’ privacy policy can be found at www.cosmopolitanlasvegas.com/privacy-policy.aspx

 

1. PROMOTION DESCRIPTION. The Cosmopolitan™ of Las Vegas TV On The Radio & Arctic Monkeys Concert Ticket Giveaway (the “Sweepstakes”) begins on Monday, June 13, 2011 on or around 1:00 p.m. Pacific Daylight Time (“PDT”) and ends on Thursday, September 22, 2011 at 11:59 p.m. PDT (the “Promotion Period”). Entry in the Sweepstakes does not constitute entry into any other promotion, contest or sweepstakes. By participating in the Sweepstakes, each entrant unconditionally accepts and agrees to comply with and abide by these Official Rules and the decisions of Nevada Property 1 LLC dba The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas (the “Sponsor”) whose decisions shall be final and legally binding in all respects.

 

2. ELIGIBILITY. This promotion is open to legal U.S. residents (excluding Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands and Guam), who are twenty-one (21) years of age or older at the time of entry and who reside in the United States at the time of entry. Employees, officers, and directors of Sponsor, promotion prize suppliers, and each of their affiliated companies, subsidiaries, licensees, distributors, dealers, sales representatives, retailers, printers, individuals engaged in the development, production or distribution of materials, their advertising and promotion agencies, and any and all other companies associated with the promotion agents (collectively, the “Promotion Entities”), and each of their immediate family members (as defined by the IRS) and/or people living in the same household are not eligible to participate. All eligibility is subject to all federal, state, and local laws and regulations. All entries submitted are the property of the Sponsor. The Sweepstakes is void where prohibited.

 

3. PROMOTION “SWEEPSTAKES” PERIODS.“The Cosmopolitan TV On The Radio & Arctic Monkeys Concert Ticket Giveaway” (“Sweepstakes”) Promotion Periods run as follows:

 

- June 13-16, 2011: Begins at or around 1:00 PM PST (Pacific Daylight Time) on June 13, 2011 and ends at 11:59 PM PST (Pacific Daylight Time) on June 16, 2011 (“Sweepstakes/Promotion Period”)

 

- August 8-11, 2011: Begins at or around 1:00 PM PST (Pacific Daylight Time) on August 8, 2011 and ends at 11:59 PM PST (Pacific Daylight Time) on August 11, 2011 (“Sweepstakes/Promotion Period”)

 

- September 19-22, 2011: Begins at or around 1:00 PM PST (Pacific Daylight Time) on September 19, 2011 and ends at 11:59 PM PST (Pacific Daylight Time) on September 22, 2011 (“Sweepstakes/Promotion Period”)

 

4. SPONSOR. Nevada Property 1 LLC, dba The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas, 3708 Las Vegas Boulevard South, Las Vegas, NV 89109

 

5. AGREEMENT TO THE OFFICIAL RULES: By participating in the Sweepstakes and providing an email address ENTRANTS GRANT PERMISSION to The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas to email company updates and announcements (you can unsubscribe at any time); and all entrants fully and unconditionally agree to and accept these Official Rules and the Sponsor’s and Administrator’s decisions which are final and binding in all matters related to the Sweepstakes. Winning the prizes (described below) is contingent upon fulfilling all requirements set forth herein.

 

6. ODDS OF WINNING. Odds of winning will depend upon the number of eligible entries received from all entry methods.

 

7. PRIZES AND THE VALUE OF THE PRIZES. The winner will receive a pair of tickets (two general admission tickets) to the TV On The Radio & Arctic Monkeys concert taking place on September 23, 2011 at The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas, located at 3708 Las Vegas Boulevard South, Las Vegas, Nevada 89109. Prizes must be redeemed and used by September 23, 2011 (date of show). TV On The Radio & Arctic Monkeys general admission concert tickets are valued at thrity-seven dollars and fifty cents ($37.50) each, with a total value for prize (2 tickets) totaling seventy-five dollars ($75.00). There will be three (3) winners in total that will receive the prize of a pair of tickets (two tickets) to TV On The Radio & Arctic Monkeys concert at The Cosmopolitan for an overall prize value from all prizes awarded of two hundred twenty-five dollars ($225.00).

 

8. PRIZE NOTES. Winner must be twenty-one (21) years of age or older in order to redeem and participate in the Prize activities. Winner must have proper identification documents as it may be required at time of redemption and entrance into show. Prizes will be awarded only if the potential Prize Winner fully complies with these Official Rules. Taxes on any prize are solely the responsibility of each winner. Prizes are non-assignable and non-transferable. The Sponsor at their sole discretion will determine all details and other restrictions of any prize not specified in these Official Rules. No cash alternative or substitution will be allowed, except Sponsors reserve the right in its sole discretion to substitute prize(s) of comparable value if any prize listed is unavailable, in whole or in part, for any reason. The prize restrictions/conditions stated herein are not all-inclusive and the Prizes described above may be subject to additional restrictions/conditions, which may be stated in the “Prize Claim Documents” (defined below). In the event the Prize winner or his or her guest engages in behavior that (as determined by Sponsor in Sponsor’s sole discretion) is obnoxious or threatening, illegal or that is intended to annoy, abuse, threaten or harass any other person, Sponsor reserves the right to terminate the awarded prize, in whole or in part, with no further compensation. All gratuities, taxes, incidental expenses, registrations, fees or charges, and other expenses not specified herein are the sole responsibility of the Prize Winner and his or her guest. Winners are not allowed to transfer or sell the tickets on eBay, Craigslist, Stubhub or any other online site or offline location.

 

9. HOW TO ENTER. Limit one (1) entry per person for each Sweepstakes/Promotion Period. For the Sweepstakes/Promotion Periods, The Cosmopolitan will begin the giveaway by tweeting from its twitter handle/username (@Cosmopolitan_LV) AND posting on its Facebook Wall at www.facebook.com/TheCosmopolitan a link to the Flickr page with a challenge/trivia question or picture riddle.

 

EACH ENTRANT NEEDS TO: SUBMIT HIS OR HER ENTRY AND ANSWER VIA THE COSMOPOLITAN WEBSITE: www.cosmopolitanlasvegas.com/contests.aspx Multiple entries per sweepstakes period WILL NOT be acknowledged.

 

A. TWITTER: You must be following @Cosmopolitan_LV (http://twitter.com/Cosmopolitan_LV) on Twitter.

 

AND/OR

 

B. FACEBOOK: You must be a “Fan” by “Liking” The Cosmopolitan Facebook fan page on Facebook located at www.facebook.com/TheCosmopolitan.

 

Entries will not be acknowledged or returned. Sponsor/Administrator assume no responsibility for lost, late or misdirected entries.

 

All entries are subject to verification by the Sponsor/Administrator. Entries that do not meet the Sweepstakes specifications, or otherwise do not comply with the Official Rules herein may be automatically disqualified. Incomplete, illegible or mutilated entries will be automatically disqualified. No responsibility is assumed for lost, late, misdirected, damaged, altered, or illegible entries. Any attempted form of entry other than as described herein is void. Sponsor will determine in its sole discretion, what constitutes a valid entry. All materials submitted become the property of the Sponsor and will not be returned or acknowledged.

 

Sponsor reserves the right to cancel or modify the Sweepstakes if fraud or technical failures destroy the integrity of the Sweepstakes as determined by the Sponsor, in its sole discretion, and to award the prizes based on eligible entries received prior to the cancellation. Sponsor also reserves the right to add additional promotion periods.

 

By entering the Sweepstakes, all entrants grant an irrevocable, perpetual, worldwide non-exclusive license to Authorized Parties, to reproduce, distribute, display and create derivative works of the entries (along with a name credit) in connection with the Sweepstakes and promotion of the Sweepstakes, in any media now or hereafter known, including, but not limited to, display at a potential exhibition of winners, or online highlighting entries or winners of the Sweepstakes. Entrants consent to the Sponsor doing or omitting to do any act that would otherwise infringe the entrant’s “moral rights” in their entries. Display or publication of any entry on an Authorized Party’s website does not indicate the entrant will be selected as a winner. Authorized Parties will not be required to pay any additional consideration or seek any additional approval in connection with such use. Additionally, by entering, each entrant grants to Authorized Parties the unrestricted right to use all statements made in connection with the Sweepstakes, and pictures or likenesses of Sweepstakes entrants, or choose not to do so, at their sole discretion. Authorized Parties will not be required to pay any additional consideration or seek any additional approval in connection with such use.

 

Limit: One (1) entry per person for each Sweepstakes/Promotion Period. Entries made on another’s behalf by any other individuals or any other entity, including but not limited to commercial contest/sweepstakes subscription notification and/or entering services, will be declared invalid and disqualified for the Sweepstakes. Tampering with the entry process or the operation of the Sweepstakes is prohibited and any entries deemed by Sponsor, in its sole discretion, to have been submitted in this manner will be void. In the event a dispute regarding the identity of the individual who actually submitted an entry cannot be resolved to Sponsor’s satisfaction, the affected entry will be deemed ineligible.

 

NOTICE TO ONLINE ENTRIES: Sponsor is not responsible for problems of any sweepstakes-related information to or from the web site or for any other technical malfunctions of electronic equipment, computer on-line systems, servers, or providers, computer hardware or software failures, phone lines, failure of any electronic mail entry to be received by Sponsor on account of technical problems, traffic, congestion on the internet or the web site, or any other technical problems related to web site entries including telecommunication miscommunication or failure, and failed, lost, delayed, incomplete, garbled or misdirected communications which may limit an entrant’s ability to participate in the Sweepstakes.

 

10. TIMING OF WINNER SELECTIONS AND NOTIFICATION TO WINNERS. For each sweepstakes/promotions period, one winner will be determined at random selection from the entries that have all the required information on the entry page AND the correct answer. Winners will receive an email notification stating that he or she has won. To claim and receive prize the winner must reply to the email notification informing them that they have won by the deadline to claim prize. Exact deadline to claim prize is stated below for Sweepstakes/Promotion Period. “The Cosmopolitan TV On The Radio & Arctic Monkeys Concert Ticket Giveaway” (“Sweepstakes”) winner selection and notification period is as follows:

 

- June 13-16, 2011 Sweepstakes/Promotion Period: One (1) winner will be selected and notified on June 17, 2011 and winner has until June 18, 2011 at 5:00PM PDT to claim prize.

 

- August 8-11, 2011 Sweepstakes/Promotion Period: One (1) winner will be selected and notified on August 12, 2011 and winner has until August 13, 2011 at 5:00PM PDT to claim prize.

 

- September 19-22, 2011 Sweepstakes/Promotion Period: One (1) winner will be selected and notified via email on September 23, 2011 at approximately 12:00pm and winner has until 5:00PM PST on the same day to claim prize. September 23rd is the day of show, so after the winner accepts prize by replying to the email notification that states he/she has won, the winner will then be given instructions via email on when and where to pick up tickets that evening. For this giveaway there will be no second-chance winner if the first winner declines or doesn't reply.

 

If any prize is not claimed by the deadline to claim prize then a second-chance winner selection will be conducted. The second-chance winner will also be notified by email and will have twenty-four (24) hours to claim prize. Participants in any second-chance drawings will consist of all remaining non-winning entrants for each Sweepstakes Period. If any prizes from second-chance drawings are not claimed within the 24-hour period, those prizes will not be awarded.

 

11. GENERAL PRIZE RESTRICTIONS/CONDITIONS/LIMITATIONS OF LIABILITY. Prize winners may be required to execute an Affidavit of Eligibility, a Liability Release, and (where legal) a Publicity Release form (collectively, “Prize Claim Documents”).

 

By entering the Sweepstakes, all entrants agree to release, discharge, and hold harmless Promotion Entities and its partners, affiliates, subsidiaries, advertising agencies, agents and their employees, officers, directors, and representatives from any claims, losses, and damages arising out of their participation in the Sweepstakes or any Sweepstakes-related activities and the acceptance and use, misuse, or possession of any prize awarded hereunder. Promotion Entities assumes no responsibility for any error, omission, interruption, deletion, defect, or delay in operation or transmission; communications line failure; theft or destruction of or unauthorized access to Sweepstakes entries or entry forms; or alteration of entries or entry forms. Sponsor is not responsible for any problems with or technical malfunction of any telephone network or lines, computer online systems, servers or providers, computer equipment, software, failure of any email entry to be received on account of technical problems or traffic congestion on the Internet or at any website, human errors of any kind, or any combination thereof, including any injury or damage to entrants’ or any other persons’ computers related to or resulting from participation, uploading or downloading of any materials related to in the Sweepstakes.

 

12. PUBLICITY RELEASE. Acceptance of any Prize constitutes Prize Winner’s permission for the Promotion Entities to use Prize Winner’s entry materials, name, photograph, likeness, voice, biographical information, statements and complete address (collectively, the “Attributes”), for advertising and/or publicity purposes worldwide and in all forms of media now known or hereafter devised, in perpetuity, without further compensation or authorization, (except where prohibited by law), and releases the Promotion Entities from all claims arising out of the use of such Attributes.

 

13. DISQUALIFICATION/FORCE MAJEURE. Sponsor is not responsible for lost, late, mutilated, misdirected, illegible, incomplete, inaccurate, or stolen, submissions or prize notifications. Sponsor reserves the right in its sole discretion to disqualify any individual who is found to be tampering with the entry process or the operation of the Sweepstakes, to be acting in violation of these Official Rules, or to be acting in an unsportsman-like or disruptive manner, or with the intent to disrupt or undermine the legitimate operation of the Sweepstakes, or to annoy, abuse, threaten or harass any other person, and Sponsor reserves the right to seek damages and other remedies from any such person to the fullest extent permitted by law. No mechanically reproduced, illegible, incomplete, forged, software-generated or other automated multiple entries will be accepted. Sponsor reserves the right to modify, extend, suspend, or terminate the Sweepstakes if it determines, in its sole discretion, that the Sweepstakes is technically impaired or corrupted or that fraud or technical problems, failures or malfunctions or other causes beyond Sponsor’s control have destroyed or severely undermined or to any degree impaired the integrity, administration, security, proper play and/or feasibility of the Sweepstakes as contemplated herein. In the event an insufficient number of eligible entries are received and/or Sponsor is prevented from awarding prizes or continuing with the Sweepstakes t as contemplated herein by any event beyond its control, including but not limited to fire, flood, natural or man-made epidemic of health of other means, earthquake, explosion, labor dispute or strike, act of God or public enemy, satellite or equipment failure, riot or civil disturbance, terrorist threat or activity, war (declared or undeclared) or any federal state or local government law, order, or regulation, public health crisis (e.g. SARS), order of any court or jurisdiction, or other cause not reasonably within Sponsor’s control (each a “Force Majeure” event or occurrence), then Sponsor shall have the right to modify, suspend, or terminate the Sweepstakes. If the Sweepstakes is terminated before the designated end date, Sponsor will (if possible) select the winner in a random drawing from all eligible, non-suspect entries received as of the date of the event giving rise to the termination. Inclusion in such drawing shall be each entrant’s sole and exclusive remedy under such circumstances. Only the type and quantity of prizes described in these Official Rules will be awarded. If, for any reason, more bona fide winners come forward seeking to claim prizes in excess of the number of each type of prize set forth in these Official Rules, the winners, or remaining winners, as the case may be, of the advertised number of prizes available in the prize category in question may be selected in a random drawing from among all persons making purportedly valid claims for such prize(s). The invalidity or unenforceability of any provision of these rules shall not affect the validity or enforceability of any other provision. In the event that any provision is determined to be invalid or otherwise unenforceable or illegal, these rules shall otherwise remain in effect and shall be construed in accordance with their terms as if the invalid or illegal provision were not contained herein.

 

14. GOVERNING LAW/JURISDICTION. ALL ISSUES AND QUESTIONS CONCERNING THE CONSTRUCTION, VALIDITY, INTERPRETATION AND ENFORCEABILITY OF THESE OFFICIAL RULES OR THE RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS OF ENTRANTS OR SPONSOR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SWEEPSTAKES SHALL BE GOVERNED BY AND CONSTRUED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE INTERNAL LAWS OF THE STATE OF NEVADA WITHOUT GIVING EFFECT TO ANY CHOICE OF LAW OF CONFLICT OF LAW RULES OR PROVISIONS THAT WOULD CAUSE THE APPLICATION OF ANY OTHER STATE’S LAWS.

 

15. ARBITRATION PROVISION. By participating in the Sweepstakes, each entrant agrees that any and all disputes the entrant may have with, or claims entrant may have against, the Promotion Entities relating to, arising out of or connected in any way with (i) the Sweepstakes, (ii) the awarding or redemption of any prize, and/or (iii) the determination of the scope or applicability of this agreement, will be resolved individually and exclusively in the courts of Las Vegas, NV.

 

16. WINNERS LIST/OFFICIAL RULES. To obtain a copy of these Official Rules (print this page) and/or any legally-required winners list, send a self-addressed stamped envelope to: The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas, ATTN: Marketing Department-TV On The Radio & Arctic Monkeys Concert Ticket Giveaway, 3708 Las Vegas Boulevard South, Las Vegas, NV 89109. All such requests must be received by 9/30/2011. Allow four to six weeks for delivery of winner name.

 

© 2011 The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas. All Rights Reserved.

This Sweepstakes is in no way sponsored, endorsed or administered by, or associated with Flickr, Facebook or Twitter.

On 25 January 1919, the League of Nations was formed during the Paris Peace Conference. A product of the revulsion of war and earlier discussions on international arbitration, the League's principal mission was to maintain world peace through collective security and disarmament. Despite a number of notable successes from 1920, the League ultimately proved incapable of preventing aggression, and was suspended following its failure to prevent the Second World War. It was replaced by the United Nations in late 1945.

 

Representing New Zealand at the Paris Peace Conference in 1919 was Premier William Massey, who took an indifferent, almost hostile view of the League. Although he did not want to discourage the idea, Massey believed military preparedness and a strong British Empire was a better guarantor of peace. Impatient to discuss the economic cost of the war and New Zealand's interests in Western Samoa, Massey wrote to MP David Guthrie that "it would have been better had the Conference began with the discussion of the actual peace terms rather than to take up so much time with such matters as the League of Nations."

 

The record above is one of sixteen bound volumes of press cuttings on the Peace Conference. Dating from December 1918 to October 1921, these large volumes were collected by the High Commissioner in London, and form an excellent day-by-day source of information on both the Conference and the League of Nations.

 

Archives Reference: ACIE 8807 EA31 Box 2

www.archway.archives.govt.nz/ViewFullItem.do?code=17498625

 

For more information use our “ask an archivist” link on our website: www.archives.govt.nz

 

Material from Archives New Zealand Te Rua Mahara o te Kāwanatanga

 

The Cosmopolitan™ of Las Vegas Young The Giant Concert Ticket Giveaway

OFFICIAL RULES.

 

No Purchase Necessary to Enter or Win. VOID WHERE PROHIBITED BY LAW OR REGULATION. PARTICIPANTS MUST BE 21 YEARS OF AGE OR OLDER AT THE TIME OF ENTRY. The Sweepstakes is in no way sponsored, endorsed or administered by, or associated with Flickr, Facebook or Twitter. You understand that you are providing your information to The Cosmopolitan™ of Las Vegas and not to Flickr, Facebook or Twitter. The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas’ privacy policy can be found at www.cosmopolitanlasvegas.com/privacy-policy.aspx

 

1. PROMOTION DESCRIPTION. The Cosmopolitan™ of Las Vegas Young The Giant Concert Ticket Giveaway (the “Sweepstakes”) begins on Monday, March 5, 2012 on or around 1:00 p.m. Pacific Standard Time (“PST”) and ends on Thursday, March 8, 2012 at 11:59 p.m. PST (the “Promotion Period”). Entry in the Sweepstakes does not constitute entry into any other promotion, contest or sweepstakes. By participating in the Sweepstakes, each entrant unconditionally accepts and agrees to comply with and abide by these Official Rules and the decisions of Nevada Property 1 LLC dba The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas (the “Sponsor”) whose decisions shall be final and legally binding in all respects.

 

2. ELIGIBILITY. This promotion is open to legal U.S. residents (excluding Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands and Guam), who are twenty-one (21) years of age or older at the time of entry and who reside in the United States at the time of entry. Employees, officers, and directors of Sponsor, promotion prize suppliers, and each of their affiliated companies, subsidiaries, licensees, distributors, dealers, sales representatives, retailers, printers, individuals engaged in the development, production or distribution of materials, their advertising and promotion agencies, and any and all other companies associated with the promotion agents (collectively, the “Promotion Entities”), and each of their immediate family members (as defined by the IRS) and/or people living in the same household are not eligible to participate. All eligibility is subject to all federal, state, and local laws and regulations. All entries submitted are the property of the Sponsor. The Sweepstakes is void where prohibited.

 

3. PROMOTION “SWEEPSTAKES” PERIODS.“The Cosmopolitan Young The Giant Concert Ticket Giveaway” (“Sweepstakes”) Promotion Periods run as follows:

 

- March 5-8, 2012: Begins at or around 1:00 PM PST (Pacific Standard Time) on March 5, 2012 and ends at 11:59 PM PST (Pacific Standard Time) on March 8, 2012 (“Sweepstakes/Promotion Period”)

  

4. SPONSOR. Nevada Property 1 LLC, dba The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas, 3708 Las Vegas Boulevard South, Las Vegas, NV 89109

 

5. AGREEMENT TO THE OFFICIAL RULES: By participating in the Sweepstakes and providing an email address ENTRANTS GRANT PERMISSION to The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas to email company updates and announcements (you can unsubscribe at any time); and all entrants fully and unconditionally agree to and accept these Official Rules and the Sponsor’s and Administrator’s decisions which are final and binding in all matters related to the Sweepstakes. Winning the prizes (described below) is contingent upon fulfilling all requirements set forth herein.

 

6. ODDS OF WINNING. Odds of winning will depend upon the number of eligible entries received from all entry methods.

 

7. PRIZES AND THE VALUE OF THE PRIZES. The winner will receive a pair of tickets (two general admission tickets) to the Young The Giant concert taking place on May 26, 2012 at The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas, located at 3708 Las Vegas Boulevard South, Las Vegas, Nevada 89109. Prizes must be redeemed and used by May 26, 2012 (date of show). Young The Giant general admission (GA) concert tickets are valued at twenty two dollars and fifty cents ($22.50) each, with a total value for prize (2 tickets) totaling forty five dollars ($45.00). There will be one (1) winner in total that will receive the prize of a pair of tickets (two tickets) to the Young The Giant concert at The Cosmopolitan for an overall prize value from all prizes awarded of forty five dollars ($45.00).

 

8. PRIZE NOTES. Winner must be twenty-one (21) years of age or older in order to redeem and participate in the Prize activities. Winner must have proper identification documents as it may be required at time of redemption and entrance into show. Prizes will be awarded only if the potential Prize Winner fully complies with these Official Rules. Taxes on any prize are solely the responsibility of each winner. Prizes are non-assignable and non-transferable. The Sponsor at their sole discretion will determine all details and other restrictions of any prize not specified in these Official Rules. No cash alternative or substitution will be allowed, except Sponsors reserve the right in its sole discretion to substitute prize(s) of comparable value if any prize listed is unavailable, in whole or in part, for any reason. The prize restrictions/conditions stated herein are not all-inclusive and the Prizes described above may be subject to additional restrictions/conditions, which may be stated in the “Prize Claim Documents” (defined below). In the event the Prize winner or his or her guest engages in behavior that (as determined by Sponsor in Sponsor’s sole discretion) is obnoxious or threatening, illegal or that is intended to annoy, abuse, threaten or harass any other person, Sponsor reserves the right to terminate the awarded prize, in whole or in part, with no further compensation. All gratuities, taxes, incidental expenses, registrations, fees or charges, and other expenses not specified herein are the sole responsibility of the Prize Winner and his or her guest. Winners are not allowed to transfer or sell the tickets on eBay, Craigslist, Stubhub or any other online site or offline location.

 

9. HOW TO ENTER. Limit one (1) entry per person for each Sweepstakes/Promotion Period. For the Sweepstakes/Promotion Periods, The Cosmopolitan will begin the giveaway by tweeting from its twitter account @Cosmopolitan_LV AND/OR posting to its Google+ page AND/OR posting on its Facebook Wall a challenge/trivia question or picture riddle and a link to the contest entry page.

 

EACH ENTRANT NEEDS TO: SUBMIT HIS OR HER ENTRY AND ANSWER VIA THE COSMOPOLITAN WEBSITE: www.cosmopolitanlasvegas.com/contests.aspx Multiple entries per sweepstakes period WILL NOT be acknowledged.

 

Entries will not be acknowledged or returned. Sponsor/Administrator assume no responsibility for lost, late or misdirected entries.

 

All entries are subject to verification by the Sponsor/Administrator. Entries that do not meet the Sweepstakes specifications, or otherwise do not comply with the Official Rules herein may be automatically disqualified. Incomplete, illegible or mutilated entries will be automatically disqualified. No responsibility is assumed for lost, late, misdirected, damaged, altered, or illegible entries. Any attempted form of entry other than as described herein is void. Sponsor will determine in its sole discretion, what constitutes a valid entry. All materials submitted become the property of the Sponsor and will not be returned or acknowledged.

 

Sponsor reserves the right to cancel or modify the Sweepstakes if fraud or technical failures destroy the integrity of the Sweepstakes as determined by the Sponsor, in its sole discretion, and to award the prizes based on eligible entries received prior to the cancellation. Sponsor also reserves the right to add additional promotion periods.

 

By entering the Sweepstakes, all entrants grant an irrevocable, perpetual, worldwide non-exclusive license to Authorized Parties, to reproduce, distribute, display and create derivative works of the entries (along with a name credit) in connection with the Sweepstakes and promotion of the Sweepstakes, in any media now or hereafter known, including, but not limited to, display at a potential exhibition of winners, or online highlighting entries or winners of the Sweepstakes. Entrants consent to the Sponsor doing or omitting to do any act that would otherwise infringe the entrant’s “moral rights” in their entries. Display or publication of any entry on an Authorized Party’s website does not indicate the entrant will be selected as a winner. Authorized Parties will not be required to pay any additional consideration or seek any additional approval in connection with such use. Additionally, by entering, each entrant grants to Authorized Parties the unrestricted right to use all statements made in connection with the Sweepstakes, and pictures or likenesses of Sweepstakes entrants, or choose not to do so, at their sole discretion. Authorized Parties will not be required to pay any additional consideration or seek any additional approval in connection with such use.

 

Limit: One (1) entry per person for each Sweepstakes/Promotion Period. Entries made on another’s behalf by any other individuals or any other entity, including but not limited to commercial contest/sweepstakes subscription notification and/or entering services, will be declared invalid and disqualified for the Sweepstakes. Tampering with the entry process or the operation of the Sweepstakes is prohibited and any entries deemed by Sponsor, in its sole discretion, to have been submitted in this manner will be void. In the event a dispute regarding the identity of the individual who actually submitted an entry cannot be resolved to Sponsor’s satisfaction, the affected entry will be deemed ineligible.

 

NOTICE TO ONLINE ENTRIES: Sponsor is not responsible for problems of any sweepstakes-related information to or from the web site or for any other technical malfunctions of electronic equipment, computer on-line systems, servers, or providers, computer hardware or software failures, phone lines, failure of any electronic mail entry to be received by Sponsor on account of technical problems, traffic, congestion on the internet or the web site, or any other technical problems related to web site entries including telecommunication miscommunication or failure, and failed, lost, delayed, incomplete, garbled or misdirected communications which may limit an entrant’s ability to participate in the Sweepstakes.

 

10. TIMING OF WINNER SELECTIONS AND NOTIFICATION TO WINNERS. For each sweepstakes/promotions period, one winner will be determined at random selection from the entries that have all the required information on the entry page AND the correct answer. Winners will receive an email notification stating that he or she has won. To claim and receive prize the winner must reply to the email notification informing them that they have won by the deadline to claim prize. Exact deadline to claim prize is stated below for Sweepstakes/Promotion Period. “The Cosmopolitan Young The Giant Concert Ticket Giveaway” (“Sweepstakes”) winner selection and notification period is as follows:

 

- March 5-8, 2012 Sweepstakes/Promotion Period: One (1) winner will be selected and notified on March 9, 2012 and winner has until March 11, 2012 at 5:00PM PST to claim prize.

 

If any prize is not claimed by the deadline to claim prize then a second-chance winner selection will be conducted. The second-chance winner will also be notified by email and will have twenty-four (24) hours to claim prize. Participants in any second-chance drawings will consist of all remaining non-winning entrants for each Sweepstakes Period. If any prizes from second-chance drawings are not claimed within the 24-hour period, those prizes will not be awarded.

 

11. GENERAL PRIZE RESTRICTIONS/CONDITIONSLIMITATIONS OF LIABILITY. Prize winners may be required to execute an Affidavit of Eligibility, a Liability Release, and (where legal) a Publicity Release form (collectively, “Prize Claim Documents”).

 

By entering the Sweepstakes, all entrants agree to release, discharge, and hold harmless Promotion Entities and its partners, affiliates, subsidiaries, advertising agencies, agents and their employees, officers, directors, and representatives from any claims, losses, and damages arising out of their participation in the Sweepstakes or any Sweepstakes-related activities and the acceptance and use, misuse, or possession of any prize awarded hereunder. Promotion Entities assumes no responsibility for any error, omission, interruption, deletion, defect, or delay in operation or transmission; communications line failure; theft or destruction of or unauthorized access to Sweepstakes entries or entry forms; or alteration of entries or entry forms. Sponsor is not responsible for any problems with or technical malfunction of any telephone network or lines, computer online systems, servers or providers, computer equipment, software, failure of any email entry to be received on account of technical problems or traffic congestion on the Internet or at any website, human errors of any kind, or any combination thereof, including any injury or damage to entrants’ or any other persons’ computers related to or resulting from participation, uploading or downloading of any materials related to in the Sweepstakes.

 

12. PUBLICITY RELEASE. Acceptance of any Prize constitutes Prize Winner’s permission for the Promotion Entities to use Prize Winner’s entry materials, name, photograph, likeness, voice, biographical information, statements and complete address (collectively, the “Attributes”), for advertising and/or publicity purposes worldwide and in all forms of media now known or hereafter devised, in perpetuity, without further compensation or authorization, (except where prohibited by law), and releases the Promotion Entities from all claims arising out of the use of such Attributes.

 

13. DISQUALIFICATION/FORCE MAJEURE. Sponsor is not responsible for lost, late, mutilated, misdirected, illegible, incomplete, inaccurate, or stolen, submissions or prize notifications. Sponsor reserves the right in its sole discretion to disqualify any individual who is found to be tampering with the entry process or the operation of the Sweepstakes, to be acting in violation of these Official Rules, or to be acting in an unsportsman-like or disruptive manner, or with the intent to disrupt or undermine the legitimate operation of the Sweepstakes, or to annoy, abuse, threaten or harass any other person, and Sponsor reserves the right to seek damages and other remedies from any such person to the fullest extent permitted by law. No mechanically reproduced, illegible, incomplete, forged, software-generated or other automated multiple entries will be accepted. Sponsor reserves the right to modify, extend, suspend, or terminate the Sweepstakes if it determines, in its sole discretion, that the Sweepstakes is technically impaired or corrupted or that fraud or technical problems, failures or malfunctions or other causes beyond Sponsor’s control have destroyed or severely undermined or to any degree impaired the integrity, administration, security, proper play and/or feasibility of the Sweepstakes as contemplated herein. In the event an insufficient number of eligible entries are received and/or Sponsor is prevented from awarding prizes or continuing with the Sweepstakes as contemplated herein by any event beyond its control, including but not limited to fire, flood, natural or man-made epidemic of health of other means, earthquake, explosion, labor dispute or strike, act of God or public enemy, satellite or equipment failure, riot or civil disturbance, terrorist threat or activity, war (declared or undeclared) or any federal state or local government law, order, or regulation, public health crisis (e.g. SARS), order of any court or jurisdiction, or other cause not reasonably within Sponsor’s control (each a “Force Majeure” event or occurrence), then Sponsor shall have the right to modify, suspend, or terminate the Sweepstakes. If the Sweepstakes is terminated before the designated end date, Sponsor will (if possible) select the winner in a random drawing from all eligible, non-suspect entries received as of the date of the event giving rise to the termination. Inclusion in such drawing shall be each entrant’s sole and exclusive remedy under such circumstances. Only the type and quantity of prizes described in these Official Rules will be awarded. If, for any reason, more bona fide winners come forward seeking to claim prizes in excess of the number of each type of prize set forth in these Official Rules, the winners, or remaining winners, as the case may be, of the advertised number of prizes available in the prize category in question may be selected in a random drawing from among all persons making purportedly valid claims for such prize(s). The invalidity or unenforceability of any provision of these rules shall not affect the validity or enforceability of any other provision. In the event that any provision is determined to be invalid or otherwise unenforceable or illegal, these rules shall otherwise remain in effect and shall be construed in accordance with their terms as if the invalid or illegal provision were not contained herein.

 

14. GOVERNING LAW/JURISDICTION. ALL ISSUES AND QUESTIONS CONCERNING THE CONSTRUCTION, VALIDITY, INTERPRETATION AND ENFORCEABILITY OF THESE OFFICIAL RULES OR THE RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS OF ENTRANTS OR SPONSOR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SWEEPSTAKES SHALL BE GOVERNED BY AND CONSTRUED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE INTERNAL LAWS OF THE STATE OF NEVADA WITHOUT GIVING EFFECT TO ANY CHOICE OF LAW OF CONFLICT OF LAW RULES OR PROVISIONS THAT WOULD CAUSE THE APPLICATION OF ANY OTHER STATE’S LAWS.

 

15. ARBITRATION PROVISION. By participating in the Sweepstakes, each entrant agrees that any and all disputes the entrant may have with, or claims entrant may have against, the Promotion Entities relating to, arising out of or connected in any way with (i) the Sweepstakes, (ii) the awarding or redemption of any prize, and/or (iii) the determination of the scope or applicability of this agreement, will be resolved individually and exclusively in the courts of Las Vegas, NV.

 

16. WINNERS LIST/OFFICIAL RULES. To obtain a copy of these Official Rules (print this page) and/or any legally-required winners list, send a self-addressed stamped envelope to: The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas, ATTN: Marketing Department-Young The Giant Concert Ticket Giveaway, 3708 Las Vegas Boulevard South, Las Vegas, NV 89109. All such requests must be received by 6/1/2012. Allow four to six weeks for delivery of winner names.

 

© 2012 The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas. All Rights Reserved.

This Sweepstakes is in no way sponsored, endorsed or administered by, or associated with Flickr, Facebook, Twitter or Google+.

The Cosmopolitan™ of Las Vegas Foster The People Concert Ticket Giveaway

OFFICIAL RULES.

 

No Purchase Necessary to Enter or Win. VOID WHERE PROHIBITED BY LAW OR REGULATION. PARTICIPANTS MUST BE 21 YEARS OF AGE OR OLDER AT THE TIME OF ENTRY. The Sweepstakes is in no way sponsored, endorsed or administered by, or associated with Flickr, Facebook or Twitter. You understand that you are providing your information to The Cosmopolitan™ of Las Vegas and not to Flickr, Facebook or Twitter. The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas’ privacy policy can be found at www.cosmopolitanlasvegas.com/privacy-policy.aspx

 

1. PROMOTION DESCRIPTION. The Cosmopolitan™ of Las Vegas Foster The People Concert Ticket Giveaway (the “Sweepstakes”) begins on Monday, August 8, 2011 on or around 1:00 p.m. Pacific Daylight Time (“PDT”) and ends on Thursday, October 19, 2011 at 11:59 p.m. PDT (the “Promotion Period”). Entry in the Sweepstakes does not constitute entry into any other promotion, contest or sweepstakes. By participating in the Sweepstakes, each entrant unconditionally accepts and agrees to comply with and abide by these Official Rules and the decisions of Nevada Property 1 LLC dba The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas (the “Sponsor”) whose decisions shall be final and legally binding in all respects.

 

2. ELIGIBILITY. This promotion is open to legal U.S. residents (excluding Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands and Guam), who are twenty-one (21) years of age or older at the time of entry and who reside in the United States at the time of entry. Employees, officers, and directors of Sponsor, promotion prize suppliers, and each of their affiliated companies, subsidiaries, licensees, distributors, dealers, sales representatives, retailers, printers, individuals engaged in the development, production or distribution of materials, their advertising and promotion agencies, and any and all other companies associated with the promotion agents (collectively, the “Promotion Entities”), and each of their immediate family members (as defined by the IRS) and/or people living in the same household are not eligible to participate. All eligibility is subject to all federal, state, and local laws and regulations. All entries submitted are the property of the Sponsor. The Sweepstakes is void where prohibited.

 

3. PROMOTION “SWEEPSTAKES” PERIODS.“The Cosmopolitan Foster The People Concert Ticket Giveaway” (“Sweepstakes”) Promotion Periods run as follows:

 

- August 8-11, 2011: Begins at or around 1:00 PM PST (Pacific Daylight Time) on August 8, 2011 and ends at 11:59 PM PST (Pacific Daylight Time) on August 11, 2011 (“Sweepstakes/Promotion Period”)

 

- September 26-29, 2011: Begins at or around 1:00 PM PST (Pacific Daylight Time) on September 26, 2011 and ends at 11:59 PM PST (Pacific Daylight Time) on September 29, 2011 (“Sweepstakes/Promotion Period”)

 

- October 3-6, 2011: Begins at or around 1:00 PM PST (Pacific Daylight Time) on October 3, 2011 and ends at 11:59 PM PST (Pacific Daylight Time) on October 6, 2011 (“Sweepstakes/Promotion Period”)

 

- October 10-13, 2011: Begins at or around 1:00 PM PST (Pacific Daylight Time) on October 10, 2011 and ends at 11:59 PM PST (Pacific Daylight Time) on October 13, 2011 (“Sweepstakes/Promotion Period”)

 

- October 17-19, 2011: Begins at or around 1:00 PM PST (Pacific Daylight Time) on October 17, 2011 and ends at 11:59 PM PST (Pacific Daylight Time) on October 19, 2011 (“Sweepstakes/Promotion Period”)

 

4. SPONSOR. Nevada Property 1 LLC, dba The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas, 3708 Las Vegas Boulevard South, Las Vegas, NV 89109

 

5. AGREEMENT TO THE OFFICIAL RULES: By participating in the Sweepstakes and providing an email address ENTRANTS GRANT PERMISSION to The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas to email company updates and announcements (you can unsubscribe at any time); and all entrants fully and unconditionally agree to and accept these Official Rules and the Sponsor’s and Administrator’s decisions which are final and binding in all matters related to the Sweepstakes. Winning the prizes (described below) is contingent upon fulfilling all requirements set forth herein.

 

6. ODDS OF WINNING. Odds of winning will depend upon the number of eligible entries received from all entry methods.

 

7. PRIZES AND THE VALUE OF THE PRIZES. The winner will receive a pair of tickets (two general admission tickets) to the Foster The People concert taking place on October 20, 2011 at The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas, located at 3708 Las Vegas Boulevard South, Las Vegas, Nevada 89109. Prizes must be redeemed and used by October 20, 2011 (date of show). Foster The People general admission concert tickets are valued at thirty dollars and eighty cents ($30.80) each, with a total value for prize (2 tickets) totaling sixty-one dollars and sixty cents ($61.60). There will be five (5) winners in total that will receive the prize of a pair of tickets (two tickets) to the Foster The People concert at The Cosmopolitan for an overall prize value from all prizes awarded of three hundred eight dollars ($308.00).

 

8. PRIZE NOTES. Winner must be twenty-one (21) years of age or older in order to redeem and participate in the Prize activities. Winner must have proper identification documents as it may be required at time of redemption and entrance into show. Prizes will be awarded only if the potential Prize Winner fully complies with these Official Rules. Taxes on any prize are solely the responsibility of each winner. Prizes are non-assignable and non-transferable. The Sponsor at their sole discretion will determine all details and other restrictions of any prize not specified in these Official Rules. No cash alternative or substitution will be allowed, except Sponsors reserve the right in its sole discretion to substitute prize(s) of comparable value if any prize listed is unavailable, in whole or in part, for any reason. The prize restrictions/conditions stated herein are not all-inclusive and the Prizes described above may be subject to additional restrictions/conditions, which may be stated in the “Prize Claim Documents” (defined below). In the event the Prize winner or his or her guest engages in behavior that (as determined by Sponsor in Sponsor’s sole discretion) is obnoxious or threatening, illegal or that is intended to annoy, abuse, threaten or harass any other person, Sponsor reserves the right to terminate the awarded prize, in whole or in part, with no further compensation. All gratuities, taxes, incidental expenses, registrations, fees or charges, and other expenses not specified herein are the sole responsibility of the Prize Winner and his or her guest. Winners are not allowed to transfer or sell the tickets on eBay, Craigslist, Stubhub or any other online site or offline location.

 

9. HOW TO ENTER. Limit one (1) entry per person for each Sweepstakes/Promotion Period. For the Sweepstakes/Promotion Periods, The Cosmopolitan will begin the giveaway by tweeting from its twitter handle/username (@Cosmopolitan_LV) AND posting on its Facebook Wall at www.facebook.com/TheCosmopolitan a link to the Flickr page with a challenge/trivia question or picture riddle.

 

EACH ENTRANT NEEDS TO: SUBMIT HIS OR HER ENTRY AND ANSWER VIA THE COSMOPOLITAN WEBSITE: www.cosmopolitanlasvegas.com/contests.aspx Multiple entries per sweepstakes period WILL NOT be acknowledged.

 

A. TWITTER: You must be following @Cosmopolitan_LV (twitter.com/Cosmopolitan_LV) on Twitter.

 

AND/OR

 

B. FACEBOOK: You must be a “Fan” by “Liking” The Cosmopolitan Facebook fan page on Facebook located at www.facebook.com/TheCosmopolitan.

 

Entries will not be acknowledged or returned. Sponsor/Administrator assume no responsibility for lost, late or misdirected entries.

 

All entries are subject to verification by the Sponsor/Administrator. Entries that do not meet the Sweepstakes specifications, or otherwise do not comply with the Official Rules herein may be automatically disqualified. Incomplete, illegible or mutilated entries will be automatically disqualified. No responsibility is assumed for lost, late, misdirected, damaged, altered, or illegible entries. Any attempted form of entry other than as described herein is void. Sponsor will determine in its sole discretion, what constitutes a valid entry. All materials submitted become the property of the Sponsor and will not be returned or acknowledged.

 

Sponsor reserves the right to cancel or modify the Sweepstakes if fraud or technical failures destroy the integrity of the Sweepstakes as determined by the Sponsor, in its sole discretion, and to award the prizes based on eligible entries received prior to the cancellation. Sponsor also reserves the right to add additional promotion periods.

 

By entering the Sweepstakes, all entrants grant an irrevocable, perpetual, worldwide non-exclusive license to Authorized Parties, to reproduce, distribute, display and create derivative works of the entries (along with a name credit) in connection with the Sweepstakes and promotion of the Sweepstakes, in any media now or hereafter known, including, but not limited to, display at a potential exhibition of winners, or online highlighting entries or winners of the Sweepstakes. Entrants consent to the Sponsor doing or omitting to do any act that would otherwise infringe the entrant’s “moral rights” in their entries. Display or publication of any entry on an Authorized Party’s website does not indicate the entrant will be selected as a winner. Authorized Parties will not be required to pay any additional consideration or seek any additional approval in connection with such use. Additionally, by entering, each entrant grants to Authorized Parties the unrestricted right to use all statements made in connection with the Sweepstakes, and pictures or likenesses of Sweepstakes entrants, or choose not to do so, at their sole discretion. Authorized Parties will not be required to pay any additional consideration or seek any additional approval in connection with such use.

 

Limit: One (1) entry per person for each Sweepstakes/Promotion Period. Entries made on another’s behalf by any other individuals or any other entity, including but not limited to commercial contest/sweepstakes subscription notification and/or entering services, will be declared invalid and disqualified for the Sweepstakes. Tampering with the entry process or the operation of the Sweepstakes is prohibited and any entries deemed by Sponsor, in its sole discretion, to have been submitted in this manner will be void. In the event a dispute regarding the identity of the individual who actually submitted an entry cannot be resolved to Sponsor’s satisfaction, the affected entry will be deemed ineligible.

 

NOTICE TO ONLINE ENTRIES: Sponsor is not responsible for problems of any sweepstakes-related information to or from the web site or for any other technical malfunctions of electronic equipment, computer on-line systems, servers, or providers, computer hardware or software failures, phone lines, failure of any electronic mail entry to be received by Sponsor on account of technical problems, traffic, congestion on the internet or the web site, or any other technical problems related to web site entries including telecommunication miscommunication or failure, and failed, lost, delayed, incomplete, garbled or misdirected communications which may limit an entrant’s ability to participate in the Sweepstakes.

 

10. TIMING OF WINNER SELECTIONS AND NOTIFICATION TO WINNERS. For each sweepstakes/promotions period, one winner will be determined at random selection from the entries that have all the required information on the entry page AND the correct answer. Winners will receive an email notification stating that he or she has won. To claim and receive prize the winner must reply to the email notification informing them that they have won by the deadline to claim prize. Exact deadline to claim prize is stated below for Sweepstakes/Promotion Period. “The Cosmopolitan Foster The People Concert Ticket Giveaway” (“Sweepstakes”) winner selection and notification period is as follows:

 

- August 8-11, 2011 Sweepstakes/Promotion Period: One (1) winner will be selected and notified on August 12, 2011 and winner has until August 13, 2011 at 5:00PM PDT to claim prize.

 

- September 26-29, 2011 Sweepstakes/Promotion Period: One (1) winner will be selected and notified on September 30, 2011 and winner has until October 1, 2011 at 5:00PM PDT to claim prize.

 

- October 3-6, 2011 Sweepstakes/Promotion Period: One (1) winner will be selected and notified on October 7, 2011 and winner has until October 8, 2011 at 5:00PM PDT to claim prize.

 

- October 10-13, 2011 Sweepstakes/Promotion Period: One (1) winner will be selected and notified on October 14, 2011 and winner has until October 15, 2011 at 5:00PM PDT to claim prize.

 

- October 17-19, 2011 Sweepstakes/Promotion Period: One (1) winner will be selected and notified on October 20, 2011 around 12:00PM PDT and winner has until October 20, 2011 at 5:00PM PST to claim prize. October 20th is the day of show, so after the winner accepts prize by replying to the email notification that states he/she has won, the winner will then be given instructions via email on when and where to pick up tickets. For this giveaway there will be no second-chance winner if the first winner declines or doesn't reply.

 

If any prize is not claimed by the deadline to claim prize then a second-chance winner selection will be conducted. The second-chance winner will also be notified by email and will have twenty-four (24) hours to claim prize. Participants in any second-chance drawings will consist of all remaining non-winning entrants for each Sweepstakes Period. If any prizes from second-chance drawings are not claimed within the 24-hour period, those prizes will not be awarded.

 

11. GENERAL PRIZE RESTRICTIONS/CONDITIONSLIMITATIONS OF LIABILITY. Prize winners may be required to execute an Affidavit of Eligibility, a Liability Release, and (where legal) a Publicity Release form (collectively, “Prize Claim Documents”).

 

By entering the Sweepstakes, all entrants agree to release, discharge, and hold harmless Promotion Entities and its partners, affiliates, subsidiaries, advertising agencies, agents and their employees, officers, directors, and representatives from any claims, losses, and damages arising out of their participation in the Sweepstakes or any Sweepstakes-related activities and the acceptance and use, misuse, or possession of any prize awarded hereunder. Promotion Entities assumes no responsibility for any error, omission, interruption, deletion, defect, or delay in operation or transmission; communications line failure; theft or destruction of or unauthorized access to Sweepstakes entries or entry forms; or alteration of entries or entry forms. Sponsor is not responsible for any problems with or technical malfunction of any telephone network or lines, computer online systems, servers or providers, computer equipment, software, failure of any email entry to be received on account of technical problems or traffic congestion on the Internet or at any website, human errors of any kind, or any combination thereof, including any injury or damage to entrants’ or any other persons’ computers related to or resulting from participation, uploading or downloading of any materials related to in the Sweepstakes.

 

12. PUBLICITY RELEASE. Acceptance of any Prize constitutes Prize Winner’s permission for the Promotion Entities to use Prize Winner’s entry materials, name, photograph, likeness, voice, biographical information, statements and complete address (collectively, the “Attributes”), for advertising and/or publicity purposes worldwide and in all forms of media now known or hereafter devised, in perpetuity, without further compensation or authorization, (except where prohibited by law), and releases the Promotion Entities from all claims arising out of the use of such Attributes.

 

13. DISQUALIFICATION/FORCE MAJEURE. Sponsor is not responsible for lost, late, mutilated, misdirected, illegible, incomplete, inaccurate, or stolen, submissions or prize notifications. Sponsor reserves the right in its sole discretion to disqualify any individual who is found to be tampering with the entry process or the operation of the Sweepstakes, to be acting in violation of these Official Rules, or to be acting in an unsportsman-like or disruptive manner, or with the intent to disrupt or undermine the legitimate operation of the Sweepstakes, or to annoy, abuse, threaten or harass any other person, and Sponsor reserves the right to seek damages and other remedies from any such person to the fullest extent permitted by law. No mechanically reproduced, illegible, incomplete, forged, software-generated or other automated multiple entries will be accepted. Sponsor reserves the right to modify, extend, suspend, or terminate the Sweepstakes if it determines, in its sole discretion, that the Sweepstakes is technically impaired or corrupted or that fraud or technical problems, failures or malfunctions or other causes beyond Sponsor’s control have destroyed or severely undermined or to any degree impaired the integrity, administration, security, proper play and/or feasibility of the Sweepstakes as contemplated herein. In the event an insufficient number of eligible entries are received and/or Sponsor is prevented from awarding prizes or continuing with the Sweepstakes as contemplated herein by any event beyond its control, including but not limited to fire, flood, natural or man-made epidemic of health of other means, earthquake, explosion, labor dispute or strike, act of God or public enemy, satellite or equipment failure, riot or civil disturbance, terrorist threat or activity, war (declared or undeclared) or any federal state or local government law, order, or regulation, public health crisis (e.g. SARS), order of any court or jurisdiction, or other cause not reasonably within Sponsor’s control (each a “Force Majeure” event or occurrence), then Sponsor shall have the right to modify, suspend, or terminate the Sweepstakes. If the Sweepstakes is terminated before the designated end date, Sponsor will (if possible) select the winner in a random drawing from all eligible, non-suspect entries received as of the date of the event giving rise to the termination. Inclusion in such drawing shall be each entrant’s sole and exclusive remedy under such circumstances. Only the type and quantity of prizes described in these Official Rules will be awarded. If, for any reason, more bona fide winners come forward seeking to claim prizes in excess of the number of each type of prize set forth in these Official Rules, the winners, or remaining winners, as the case may be, of the advertised number of prizes available in the prize category in question may be selected in a random drawing from among all persons making purportedly valid claims for such prize(s). The invalidity or unenforceability of any provision of these rules shall not affect the validity or enforceability of any other provision. In the event that any provision is determined to be invalid or otherwise unenforceable or illegal, these rules shall otherwise remain in effect and shall be construed in accordance with their terms as if the invalid or illegal provision were not contained herein.

 

14. GOVERNING LAW/JURISDICTION. ALL ISSUES AND QUESTIONS CONCERNING THE CONSTRUCTION, VALIDITY, INTERPRETATION AND ENFORCEABILITY OF THESE OFFICIAL RULES OR THE RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS OF ENTRANTS OR SPONSOR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SWEEPSTAKES SHALL BE GOVERNED BY AND CONSTRUED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE INTERNAL LAWS OF THE STATE OF NEVADA WITHOUT GIVING EFFECT TO ANY CHOICE OF LAW OF CONFLICT OF LAW RULES OR PROVISIONS THAT WOULD CAUSE THE APPLICATION OF ANY OTHER STATE’S LAWS.

 

15. ARBITRATION PROVISION. By participating in the Sweepstakes, each entrant agrees that any and all disputes the entrant may have with, or claims entrant may have against, the Promotion Entities relating to, arising out of or connected in any way with (i) the Sweepstakes, (ii) the awarding or redemption of any prize, and/or (iii) the determination of the scope or applicability of this agreement, will be resolved individually and exclusively in the courts of Las Vegas, NV.

 

16. WINNERS LIST/OFFICIAL RULES. To obtain a copy of these Official Rules (print this page) and/or any legally-required winners list, send a self-addressed stamped envelope to: The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas, ATTN: Marketing Department-Foster The People Concert Ticket Giveaway, 3708 Las Vegas Boulevard South, Las Vegas, NV 89109. All such requests must be received by 10/28/2011. Allow four to six weeks for delivery of winner name.

 

© 2011 The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas. All Rights Reserved.

This Sweepstakes is in no way sponsored, endorsed or administered by, or associated with Flickr, Facebook or Twitter.

The Cosmopolitan™ of Las Vegas Black Keys Concert Ticket Giveaway

 

OFFICIAL RULES.

No Purchase Necessary to Enter or Win. VOID WHERE PROHIBITED BY LAW OR REGULATION. PARTICIPANTS MUST BE 21 YEARS OF AGE OR OLDER AT THE TIME OF ENTRY. The Sweepstakes is in no way sponsored, endorsed or administered by, or associated with Flickr, Facebook or Twitter. You understand that you are providing your information to The Cosmopolitan™ of Las Vegas and not to Flickr, Facebook or Twitter. The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas’ privacy policy can be found at www.cosmopolitanlasvegas.com/privacy-policy.aspx

 

1. PROMOTION DESCRIPTION. The Cosmopolitan™ of Las Vegas The Black Keys Concert Ticket Giveaway (the “Sweepstakes”) begins on Monday, December 13, 2010 on or around 7:00 p.m. Pacific Standard Time (“PST”) and last promotion ends on Friday, February 11, 2010 at 12:00 p.m. PT (the “Promotion Periods”). Entry in the Sweepstakes does not constitute entry into any other promotion, contest or sweepstakes. By participating in the Sweepstakes, each entrant unconditionally accepts and agrees to comply with and abide by these Official Rules and the decisions of Nevada Property 1 LLC dba The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas (the “Sponsor” and “Administrator”) whose decisions shall be final and legally binding in all respects.

 

2. ELIGIBILITY.

This promotion is open to legal U.S. residents (excluding Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands and Guam), who are twenty-one (21) years of age or older at the time of entry and who reside in the United States at the time of entry. Employees, officers, and directors of Sponsor, Administrator, promotion prize suppliers, and each of their affiliated companies, subsidiaries, licensees, distributors, dealers, sales representatives, retailers, printers, individuals engaged in the development, production or distribution of materials, their advertising and promotion agencies, and any and all other companies associated with the promotion agents (collectively, the “Promotion Entities”), and each of their immediate family members (as defined by the IRS) and/or people living in the same household are not eligible to participate. All eligibility is subject to all federal, state, and local laws and regulations. All entries submitted are the property of the Sponsor. The Sweepstakes is void where prohibited.

 

3. PROMOTION “SWEEPSTAKES” PERIODS. The “The Cosmopolitan The Black Keys Concert Ticket Giveaway“ (“Sweepstakes”) Promotion Periods run as follows:

  

-Begins at or around 1:00 PM PST (Pacific Standard Time) on December 13, 2010 and ends at 12:00 PM PST (Pacific Standard Time) on December 17, 2010 (“Sweepstakes/Promotion Period”)

 

-Begins at or around 1:00 PM PST (Pacific Standard Time) on January 3, 2011 and ends at 12:00 PM PST (Pacific Standard Time) on January 7, 2011(“Sweepstakes/Promotion Period”)

 

-Begins at or around 1:00 PM PST (Pacific Standard Time) on January 10, 2011 and ends at 12:00 PM PST (Pacific Standard Time) on January 14, 2011 (“Sweepstakes/Promotion Period”)

 

-Begins at or around 1:00 PST (Pacific Standard Time) on January 18, 2011 and ends at 12:00 PM PST (Pacific Standard Time) on January 21, 2011 (“Sweepstakes/Promotion Period”)

 

-Begins at or around 1:00 PST (Pacific Standard Time) on January 24, 2011 and ends at 12:00 PM PST (Pacific Standard Time) on January 28, 2011 (“Sweepstakes/Promotion Period”)

 

-Begins at or around 1:00 PST (Pacific Standard Time) on January 31, 2011 and ends at 12:00 PM PST (Pacific Standard Time) on February 4, 2011 (“Sweepstakes/Promotion Period”)

 

-Begins at or around 1:00 PST (Pacific Standard Time) on February 7, 2011 and ends at 12:00 PM PST (Pacific Standard Time) on February 11, 2011 (“Sweepstakes/Promotion Period”)

 

4. SPONSOR. Nevada Property 1 LLC, dba The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas, 3708 Las Vegas Boulevard South, Las Vegas, NV 89109

 

5. ADMINISTRATOR. Nevada Property 1 LLC, dba The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas, 3708 Las Vegas Boulevard South, Las Vegas, NV 89109

 

6. AGREEMENT TO THE OFFICIAL RULES: By participating in the Sweepstakes and providing an email address ENTRANTS GRANT PERMISSION to The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas to email company updates and announcements (you can unsubscribe at any time); and all entrants fully and unconditionally agree to and accept these Official Rules and the Sponsor’s and Administrator’s decisions which are final and binding in all matters related to the Sweepstakes. Winning the prizes (described below) is contingent upon fulfilling all requirements set forth herein.

 

7. ODDS OF WINNING. Odds of winning will depend upon the number of eligible entries received from all entry methods.

 

8. PRIZES AND THE VALUE OF THE PRIZES. Each winner will receive a pair of tickets (two general admission tickets) to The Black Keys concert taking place on either February 19 or 20, 2011 (winner does not get to pick date) at The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas, located at 3708 Las Vegas Boulevard South, Las Vegas, Nevada 89109. Prizes must be redeemed and used by February 19, 2011 for the February 19 show and February 20, 2011 for the February 20 show. The Black Keys general admission concert tickets are valued at thirty-seven dollars and fifty-cents ($37.50) each with a total value of each prize (2 tickets) totaling seventy-five dollars ($75.00). There will be ten (10) winners in total that will receive the prize of a pair of tickets (two tickets) to the Black Keys concert at The Cosmopolitan.

 

PRIZE NOTES. Winner must be twenty-one (21) years of age or older in order to redeem and participate in the Prize activities. Winner must have proper identification documents as it may be required at time of redemption. Prizes will be awarded only if the potential Prize Winner fully complies with these Official Rules. Taxes on any prize are solely the responsibility of each winner. Prizes are non-assignable and non-transferable. The Sponsor at their sole discretion will determine all details and other restrictions of any prize not specified in these Official Rules. No cash alternative or substitution will be allowed, except Sponsors reserve the right in its sole discretion to substitute prize(s) of comparable value if any prize listed is unavailable, in whole or in part, for any reason. The prize restrictions/conditions stated herein are not all-inclusive and the Prizes described above may be subject to additional restrictions/conditions, which may be stated in the “Prize Claim Documents” (defined below). In the event the Prize winner or his or her guest engages in behavior that (as determined by Sponsor in Sponsor’s sole discretion) is obnoxious or threatening, illegal or that is intended to annoy, abuse, threaten or harass any other person, Sponsor reserves the right to terminate the awarded prize, in whole or in part, with no further compensation. All gratuities, taxes, incidental expenses, registrations, fees or charges, and other expenses not specified herein are the sole responsibility of the Prize Winner and his or her guest. Winners are not allowed to transfer or sell the tickets on eBay, Craigslist, Stubhub or any other online site or offline location.

 

9. HOW TO ENTER.

Limit one (1) entry per person for each Sweepstakes/Promotion Period. For the Sweepstakes/Promotion Periods, The Cosmopolitan will begin the giveaway by tweeting from its twitter handle/username (@Cosmopolitan_LV) AND posting on its Facebook Wall at www.facebook.com/TheCosmopolitan a link to the Flickr page with the game question/challenge.

 

FOR THE FIRST THREE (3) PROMOTIONS/SWEEPTSTAKES PERIODS (DECEMBER 13-17, 2010, JANUARY 3-7, 2011, and JANUARY 10-14, 2011) ENTRANTS NEED TO:

 

A. TWITTER: You must be following @Cosmopolitan_LV (http://twitter.com/Cosmopolitan_LV) on Twitter. Send ONE (1) email per Sweepstakes/Promotion Period to CosmopolitanLV[at]gmail.com with “THE COSMOPOLITAN BLACK KEYS CONCERT TICKET GIVEAWAY” in the subject line and your real/legal first and last name, twitter handle/username and answer to the game question/challenge in the body of the email. A person can enter once per Sweepstakes Period. In the event of a dispute over the identity of an entrant, the entrant will be the registered owner of the Twitter account. Multiple entries per sweepstakes period WILL NOT be acknowledged.

 

OR

 

B. FACEBOOK: You must be a “Fan” by “Liking” The Cosmopolitan Facebook fan page on Facebook located at www.facebook.com/TheCosmopolitan. Send ONE (1) email per sweepstakes period to CosmopolitanLV[at]gmail.com with “THE COSMOPOLITAN BLACK KEYS CONCERT TICKET GIVEAWAY” in the subject line and your real/legal first and last name, Facebook name if different from legal name, and answer to the picture riddle or other game question in the body of the email. A person can enter once per sweepstakes period. In the event of a dispute over the identity of an entrant, the entrant will be the registered owner of the Facebook account. Multiple entries per sweepstakes period WILL NOT be acknowledged.

 

*******FOR ALL REMAINING PROMOTION PERIODS (January 18 -- February 11, 2011) EACH ENTRANT NEEDS TO: SUBMIT HIS OR HER ENTRY VIA THE COSMOPOLITAN WEBSITE: www.cosmopolitanlasvegas.com/contests.aspx*******

 

Entries will not be acknowledged or returned. Sponsor/Administrator assume no responsibility for lost, late or misdirected entries.

 

All entries are subject to verification by the Sponsor/Administrator. Entries that do not meet the Sweepstakes specifications, or otherwise do not comply with the Official Rules herein may be automatically disqualified. Incomplete, illegible or mutilated entries will be automatically disqualified. No responsibility is assumed for lost, late, misdirected, damaged, altered, or illegible entries. Any attempted form of entry other than as described herein is void. Sponsor will determine in its sole discretion, what constitutes a valid entry. All materials submitted become the property of the Sponsor and will not be returned or acknowledged.

 

Sponsor reserves the right to cancel or modify the Sweepstakes if fraud or technical failures destroy the integrity of the Sweepstakes as determined by the Sponsor, in its sole discretion, and to award the prizes based on eligible entries received prior to the cancellation.

By entering the Sweepstakes, all entrants grant an irrevocable, perpetual, worldwide non-exclusive license to Authorized Parties, to reproduce, distribute, display and create derivative works of the entries (along with a name credit) in connection with the Sweepstakes and promotion of the Sweepstakes, in any media now or hereafter known, including, but not limited to, display at a potential exhibition of winners, or online highlighting entries or winners of the Sweepstakes. Entrants consent to the Sponsor doing or omitting to do any act that would otherwise infringe the entrant’s “moral rights” in their entries. Display or publication of any entry on an Authorized Party’s website does not indicate the entrant will be selected as a winner. Authorized Parties will not be required to pay any additional consideration or seek any additional approval in connection with such use. Additionally, by entering, each entrant grants to Authorized Parties the unrestricted right to use all statements made in connection with the Sweepstakes, and pictures or likenesses of Sweepstakes entrants, or choose not to do so, at their sole discretion. Authorized Parties will not be required to pay any additional consideration or seek any additional approval in connection with such use.

 

Limit: One (1) entry per person for each Sweepstakes/Promotion Period. Entries made on another’s behalf by any other individuals or any other entity, including but not limited to commercial contest/sweepstakes subscription notification and/or entering services, will be declared invalid and disqualified for the Sweepstakes. Tampering with the entry process or the operation of the Sweepstakes is prohibited and any entries deemed by Sponsor, in its sole discretion, to have been submitted in this manner will be void. In the event a dispute regarding the identity of the individual who actually submitted an entry cannot be resolved to Sponsor’s satisfaction, the affected entry will be deemed ineligible.

 

NOTICE TO ONLINE ENTRIES: Sponsor is not responsible for problems of any sweepstakes-related information to or from the web site or for any other technical malfunctions of electronic equipment, computer on-line systems, servers, or providers, computer hardware or software failures, phone lines, failure of any electronic mail entry to be received by Sponsor on account of technical problems, traffic, congestion on the internet or the web site, or any other technical problems related to web site entries including telecommunication miscommunication or failure, and failed, lost, delayed, incomplete, garbled or misdirected communications which may limit an entrant’s ability to participate in the Sweepstakes.

 

10. TIMING OF WINNER SELECTIONS AND NOTIFICATION TO WINNERS. Starting on December 17, 2010, winners will be determined at random selection from the entries that have ALL the required information stated in #9 HOW TO ENTER section AND the correct answer. Winners will receive an email notification stating that he or she has won. To claim and receive prize the winner must reply to the email notification with their mailing address by the deadline to claim prize. Exact deadlines to claim prize are stated below for each Sweepstakes/Promotion Period. “The Cosmopolitan Black Keys Concert Ticket Giveaway” (“Sweepstakes”) winner selection and notification periods run as follows:

 

-December 13-17, 2010 Sweepstakes/Promotion Period: Four (4) winners will be selected and notified on December 17, 2010 and winners have until December 18, 2010 at 5:00PM PST to claim prize.

 

-January 3-7, 2011 Sweepstakes/Promotion Period: One (1) winner will be selected and notified on January 7, 2011 and winner has until January 8, 2011 at 5:00PM PST to claim prize.

 

-January 10-14, 2011 Sweepstakes/Promotion Period: One (1) winner will be selected and notified on January 14, 2011 and winners has until January 15, 2011 at 5:00PM PST to claim prize.

 

-January 18-21, 2011 Sweepstakes/Promotion Period: One (1) winner will be selected and notified on January 21, 2011 and winner has until January 22, 2011 at 5:00PM PST to claim prize.

 

-January 24-28, 2011 Sweepstakes/Promotion Period: One (1) winner will be selected and notified on January 28, 2011 and winner has until January 29, 2011 at 5:00PM PST to claim prize.

 

-January 31 – February 4, 2011 Sweepstakes/Promotion Period: One (1) winner will be selected and notified on February 4, 2011 and winner has until February 5, 2011 at 5:00PM PST to claim prize.

 

-February 7-11, 2011 Sweepstakes/Promotion Period: One (1) winner will be selected and notified on February 11, 2011and winner has until February 12, 2011 at 5:00PM PST to claim prize.

 

If any prize is not claimed by the deadline to claim prize then a second-chance winner selection will be conducted. The second-chance winner will also be notified by email and will have twenty-four (24) hours to claim prize. Participants in any second-chance drawings will consist of all remaining non-winning entrants for each Sweepstakes Period. If any prizes from second-chance drawings are not claimed within the 24-hour period, those prizes will not be awarded.

 

11. GENERAL PRIZE RESTRICTIONS/CONDITIONSLIMITATIONS OF LIABILITY. Prize winners may be required to execute an Affidavit of Eligibility, a Liability Release, and (where legal) a Publicity Release form (collectively, “Prize Claim Documents”).

By entering the Sweepstakes, all entrants agree to release, discharge, and hold harmless Promotion Entities and its partners, affiliates, subsidiaries, advertising agencies, agents and their employees, officers, directors, and representatives from any claims, losses, and damages arising out of their participation in the Sweepstakes or any Sweepstakes-related activities and the acceptance and use, misuse, or possession of any prize awarded hereunder. Promotion Entities assumes no responsibility for any error, omission, interruption, deletion, defect, or delay in operation or transmission; communications line failure; theft or destruction of or unauthorized access to Sweepstakes entries or entry forms; or alteration of entries or entry forms. Sponsor is not responsible for any problems with or technical malfunction of any telephone network or lines, computer online systems, servers or providers, computer equipment, software, failure of any email entry to be received on account of technical problems or traffic congestion on the Internet or at any website, human errors of any kind, or any combination thereof, including any injury or damage to entrants’ or any other persons’ computers related to or resulting from participation, uploading or downloading of any materials related to in the Sweepstakes.

 

12. PUBLICITY RELEASE. Acceptance of any Prize constitutes Prize Winner’s permission for the Promotion Entities to use Prize Winner’s entry materials, name, photograph, likeness, voice, biographical information, statements and complete address (collectively, the “Attributes”), for advertising and/or publicity purposes worldwide and in all forms of media now known or hereafter devised, in perpetuity, without further compensation or authorization, (except where prohibited by law), and releases the Promotion Entities from all claims arising out of the use of such Attributes.

 

13. DISQUALIFICATION/FORCE MAJEURE. Sponsor is not responsible for lost, late, mutilated, misdirected, illegible, incomplete, inaccurate, or stolen, submissions or prize notifications. Sponsor reserves the right in its sole discretion to disqualify any individual who is found to be tampering with the entry process or the operation of the Sweepstakes, to be acting in violation of these Official Rules, or to be acting in an unsportsman-like or disruptive manner, or with the intent to disrupt or undermine the legitimate operation of the Sweepstakes, or to annoy, abuse, threaten or harass any other person, and Sponsor reserves the right to seek damages and other remedies from any such person to the fullest extent permitted by law. No mechanically reproduced, illegible, incomplete, forged, software-generated or other automated multiple entries will be accepted. Sponsor reserves the right to modify, extend, suspend, or terminate the Sweepstakes if it determines, in its sole discretion, that the Sweepstakes is technically impaired or corrupted or that fraud or technical problems, failures or malfunctions or other causes beyond Sponsor’s control have destroyed or severely undermined or to any degree impaired the integrity, administration, security, proper play and/or feasibility of the Sweepstakes as contemplated herein. In the event an insufficient number of eligible entries are received and/or Sponsor is prevented from awarding prizes or continuing with the Sweepstakes t as contemplated herein by any event beyond its control, including but not limited to fire, flood, natural or man-made epidemic of health of other means, earthquake, explosion, labor dispute or strike, act of God or public enemy, satellite or equipment failure, riot or civil disturbance, terrorist threat or activity, war (declared or undeclared) or any federal state or local government law, order, or regulation, public health crisis (e.g. SARS), order of any court or jurisdiction, or other cause not reasonably within Sponsor’s control (each a “Force Majeure” event or occurrence), then Sponsor shall have the right to modify, suspend, or terminate the Sweepstakes. If the Sweepstakes is terminated before the designated end date, Sponsor will (if possible) select the winner in a random drawing from all eligible, non-suspect entries received as of the date of the event giving rise to the termination. Inclusion in such drawing shall be each entrant’s sole and exclusive remedy under such circumstances. Only the type and quantity of prizes described in these Official Rules will be awarded. If, for any reason, more bona fide winners come forward seeking to claim prizes in excess of the number of each type of prize set forth in these Official Rules, the winners, or remaining winners, as the case may be, of the advertised number of prizes available in the prize category in question may be selected in a random drawing from among all persons making purportedly valid claims for such prize(s). The invalidity or unenforceability of any provision of these rules shall not affect the validity or enforceability of any other provision. In the event that any provision is determined to be invalid or otherwise unenforceable or illegal, these rules shall otherwise remain in effect and shall be construed in accordance with their terms as if the invalid or illegal provision were not contained herein.

 

14. GOVERNING LAW/JURISDICTION. ALL ISSUES AND QUESTIONS CONCERNING THE CONSTRUCTION, VALIDITY, INTERPRETATION AND ENFORCEABILITY OF THESE OFFICIAL RULES OR THE RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS OF ENTRANTS OR SPONSOR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SWEEPSTAKES SHALL BE GOVERNED BY AND CONSTRUED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE INTERNAL LAWS OF THE STATE OF NEVADA WITHOUT GIVING EFFECT TO ANY CHOICE OF LAW OF CONFLICT OF LAW RULES OR PROVISIONS THAT WOULD CAUSE THE APPLICATION OF ANY OTHER STATE’S LAWS.

 

15. ARBITRATION PROVISION. By participating in the Sweepstakes, each entrant agrees that any and all disputes the entrant may have with, or claims entrant may have against, the Promotion Entities relating to, arising out of or connected in any way with (i) the Sweepstakes, (ii) the awarding or redemption of any prize, and/or (iii) the determination of the scope or applicability of this agreement, will be resolved individually and exclusively in the courts of Las Vegas, NV.

 

16. WINNERS LIST/OFFICIAL RULES. To obtain a copy of these Official Rules (print this page) and/or any legally-required winners list, send a self-addressed stamped envelope to: The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas, ATTN: Marketing Department-Black Keys Concert Ticket Giveaway, 3708 Las Vegas Boulevard South, Las Vegas, NV 89109. All such requests must be received by 2/15/2011. Allow four to six weeks for delivery of the list.

 

© 2010 The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas. All Rights Reserved.

This Sweepstakes is in no way sponsored, endorsed or administered by, or associated with Flickr, Facebook or Twitter.

  

The Cosmopolitan™ of Las Vegas Ben Folds Concert Ticket Giveaway

OFFICIAL RULES.

 

No Purchase Necessary to Enter or Win. VOID WHERE PROHIBITED BY LAW OR REGULATION. PARTICIPANTS MUST BE 21 YEARS OF AGE OR OLDER AT THE TIME OF ENTRY. The Sweepstakes is in no way sponsored, endorsed or administered by, or associated with Flickr, Facebook or Twitter. You understand that you are providing your information to The Cosmopolitan™ of Las Vegas and not to Flickr, Facebook or Twitter. The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas’ privacy policy can be found at www.cosmopolitanlasvegas.com/privacy-policy.aspx

 

1. PROMOTION DESCRIPTION. The Cosmopolitan™ of Las Vegas Ben Folds Concert Ticket Giveaway (the “Sweepstakes”) begins on Monday, April 25, 2011 on or around 1:00 p.m. Pacific Daylight Time (“PDT”) and ends on Thursday, July 14, 2011 at 11:59 p.m. PDT (the “Promotion Period”). Entry in the Sweepstakes does not constitute entry into any other promotion, contest or sweepstakes. By participating in the Sweepstakes, each entrant unconditionally accepts and agrees to comply with and abide by these Official Rules and the decisions of Nevada Property 1 LLC dba The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas (the “Sponsor”) whose decisions shall be final and legally binding in all respects.

 

2. ELIGIBILITY. This promotion is open to legal U.S. residents (excluding Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands and Guam), who are twenty-one (21) years of age or older at the time of entry and who reside in the United States at the time of entry. Employees, officers, and directors of Sponsor, promotion prize suppliers, and each of their affiliated companies, subsidiaries, licensees, distributors, dealers, sales representatives, retailers, printers, individuals engaged in the development, production or distribution of materials, their advertising and promotion agencies, and any and all other companies associated with the promotion agents (collectively, the “Promotion Entities”), and each of their immediate family members (as defined by the IRS) and/or people living in the same household are not eligible to participate. All eligibility is subject to all federal, state, and local laws and regulations. All entries submitted are the property of the Sponsor. The Sweepstakes is void where prohibited.

 

3. PROMOTION “SWEEPSTAKES” PERIODS.“The Cosmopolitan Ben Folds Concert Ticket Giveaway” (“Sweepstakes”) Promotion Periods run as follows:

 

- April 25-28, 2011: Begins at or around 1:00 PM PST (Pacific Daylight Time) on April 25, 2011 and ends at 11:59 PM PST (Pacific Daylight Time) on April 28, 2011 (“Sweepstakes/Promotion Period”)

 

- May 16-19, 2011: Begins at or around 1:00 PM PST (Pacific Daylight Time) on May 16, 2011 and ends at 11:59 PM PST (Pacific Daylight Time) on May 19, 2011 (“Sweepstakes/Promotion Period”)

 

- May 31-June 2, 2011: Begins at or around 1:00 PM PST (Pacific Daylight Time) on May 31, 2011 and ends at 11:59 PM PST (Pacific Daylight Time) on June 2, 2011 (“Sweepstakes/Promotion Period”)

 

- June 27-30, 2011: Begins at or around 1:00 PM PST (Pacific Daylight Time) on June 27, 2011 and ends at 11:59 PM PST (Pacific Daylight Time) on June 30, 2011 (“Sweepstakes/Promotion Period”)

 

- July 11-14, 2011: Begins at or around 1:00 PM PST (Pacific Daylight Time) on July 11, 2011 and ends at 11:59 PM PST (Pacific Daylight Time) on July 14, 2011 (“Sweepstakes/Promotion Period”)

 

4. SPONSOR. Nevada Property 1 LLC, dba The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas, 3708 Las Vegas Boulevard South, Las Vegas, NV 89109

 

5. AGREEMENT TO THE OFFICIAL RULES: By participating in the Sweepstakes and providing an email address ENTRANTS GRANT PERMISSION to The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas to email company updates and announcements (you can unsubscribe at any time); and all entrants fully and unconditionally agree to and accept these Official Rules and the Sponsor’s and Administrator’s decisions which are final and binding in all matters related to the Sweepstakes. Winning the prizes (described below) is contingent upon fulfilling all requirements set forth herein.

 

6. ODDS OF WINNING. Odds of winning will depend upon the number of eligible entries received from all entry methods.

 

7. PRIZES AND THE VALUE OF THE PRIZES. The winner will receive a pair of tickets (two general admission tickets) to the Ben Folds concert taking place on July 15, 2011 at The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas, located at 3708 Las Vegas Boulevard South, Las Vegas, Nevada 89109. Prizes must be redeemed and used by July 15, 2011 (date of show). Ben Folds general admission concert tickets are valued at thirty-five dollars ($35.00) each, with a total value for prize (2 tickets) totaling seventy dollars ($70.00). There will be five (5) winners in total that will receive the prize of a pair of tickets (two tickets) to Ben Folds concert at The Cosmopolitan for an overall prize value of three-hundred fifty dollars ($350.00).

 

8. PRIZE NOTES. Winner must be twenty-one (21) years of age or older in order to redeem and participate in the Prize activities. Winner must have proper identification documents as it may be required at time of redemption and entrance into show. Prizes will be awarded only if the potential Prize Winner fully complies with these Official Rules. Taxes on any prize are solely the responsibility of each winner. Prizes are non-assignable and non-transferable. The Sponsor at their sole discretion will determine all details and other restrictions of any prize not specified in these Official Rules. No cash alternative or substitution will be allowed, except Sponsors reserve the right in its sole discretion to substitute prize(s) of comparable value if any prize listed is unavailable, in whole or in part, for any reason. The prize restrictions/conditions stated herein are not all-inclusive and the Prizes described above may be subject to additional restrictions/conditions, which may be stated in the “Prize Claim Documents” (defined below). In the event the Prize winner or his or her guest engages in behavior that (as determined by Sponsor in Sponsor’s sole discretion) is obnoxious or threatening, illegal or that is intended to annoy, abuse, threaten or harass any other person, Sponsor reserves the right to terminate the awarded prize, in whole or in part, with no further compensation. All gratuities, taxes, incidental expenses, registrations, fees or charges, and other expenses not specified herein are the sole responsibility of the Prize Winner and his or her guest. Winners are not allowed to transfer or sell the tickets on eBay, Craigslist, Stubhub or any other online site or offline location.

 

9. HOW TO ENTER. Limit one (1) entry per person for each Sweepstakes/Promotion Period. For the Sweepstakes/Promotion Periods, The Cosmopolitan will begin the giveaway by tweeting from its twitter handle/username (@Cosmopolitan_LV) AND posting on its Facebook Wall at www.facebook.com/TheCosmopolitan a link to the Flickr page with a challenge/trivia question or picture riddle.

 

EACH ENTRANT NEEDS TO: SUBMIT HIS OR HER ENTRY AND ANSWER VIA THE COSMOPOLITAN WEBSITE: www.cosmopolitanlasvegas.com/contests.aspx Multiple entries per sweepstakes period WILL NOT be acknowledged.

 

A. TWITTER: You must be following @Cosmopolitan_LV on Twitter at twitter.com/Cosmopolitan_LV.

 

AND/OR

 

B. FACEBOOK: You must be a “Fan” by “Liking” The Cosmopolitan Facebook fan page on Facebook located at www.facebook.com/TheCosmopolitan.

 

Entries will not be acknowledged or returned. Sponsor/Administrator assume no responsibility for lost, late or misdirected entries.

 

All entries are subject to verification by the Sponsor/Administrator. Entries that do not meet the Sweepstakes specifications, or otherwise do not comply with the Official Rules herein may be automatically disqualified. Incomplete, illegible or mutilated entries will be automatically disqualified. No responsibility is assumed for lost, late, misdirected, damaged, altered, or illegible entries. Any attempted form of entry other than as described herein is void. Sponsor will determine in its sole discretion, what constitutes a valid entry. All materials submitted become the property of the Sponsor and will not be returned or acknowledged.

 

Sponsor reserves the right to cancel or modify the Sweepstakes if fraud or technical failures destroy the integrity of the Sweepstakes as determined by the Sponsor, in its sole discretion, and to award the prizes based on eligible entries received prior to the cancellation. Sponsor also reserves the right to add additional promotion periods.

 

By entering the Sweepstakes, all entrants grant an irrevocable, perpetual, worldwide non-exclusive license to Authorized Parties, to reproduce, distribute, display and create derivative works of the entries (along with a name credit) in connection with the Sweepstakes and promotion of the Sweepstakes, in any media now or hereafter known, including, but not limited to, display at a potential exhibition of winners, or online highlighting entries or winners of the Sweepstakes. Entrants consent to the Sponsor doing or omitting to do any act that would otherwise infringe the entrant’s “moral rights” in their entries. Display or publication of any entry on an Authorized Party’s website does not indicate the entrant will be selected as a winner. Authorized Parties will not be required to pay any additional consideration or seek any additional approval in connection with such use. Additionally, by entering, each entrant grants to Authorized Parties the unrestricted right to use all statements made in connection with the Sweepstakes, and pictures or likenesses of Sweepstakes entrants, or choose not to do so, at their sole discretion. Authorized Parties will not be required to pay any additional consideration or seek any additional approval in connection with such use.

 

Limit: One (1) entry per person for each Sweepstakes/Promotion Period. Entries made on another’s behalf by any other individuals or any other entity, including but not limited to commercial contest/sweepstakes subscription notification and/or entering services, will be declared invalid and disqualified for the Sweepstakes. Tampering with the entry process or the operation of the Sweepstakes is prohibited and any entries deemed by Sponsor, in its sole discretion, to have been submitted in this manner will be void. In the event a dispute regarding the identity of the individual who actually submitted an entry cannot be resolved to Sponsor’s satisfaction, the affected entry will be deemed ineligible.

 

NOTICE TO ONLINE ENTRIES: Sponsor is not responsible for problems of any sweepstakes-related information to or from the web site or for any other technical malfunctions of electronic equipment, computer on-line systems, servers, or providers, computer hardware or software failures, phone lines, failure of any electronic mail entry to be received by Sponsor on account of technical problems, traffic, congestion on the internet or the web site, or any other technical problems related to web site entries including telecommunication miscommunication or failure, and failed, lost, delayed, incomplete, garbled or misdirected communications which may limit an entrant’s ability to participate in the Sweepstakes.

 

10. TIMING OF WINNER SELECTIONS AND NOTIFICATION TO WINNERS. For each sweepstakes/promotions period, one winner will be determined at random selection from the entries that have all the required information on the entry page AND the correct answer. Winners will receive an email notification stating that he or she has won. To claim and receive prize the winner must reply to the email notification informing them that they have won by the deadline to claim prize. Exact deadline to claim prize is stated below for Sweepstakes/Promotion Period. “The Cosmopolitan Ben Folds Concert Ticket Giveaway” (“Sweepstakes”) winner selection and notification period is as follows:

 

- April 25-28, 2011 Sweepstakes/Promotion Period: One (1) winner will be selected and notified on April 29, 2011 and winner has until April 30, 2011 at 5:00PM PST to claim prize.

 

- May 16-19, 2011 Sweepstakes/Promotion Period: One (1) winner will be selected and notified on May 20, 2011 and winner has until May 21, 2011 at 5:00PM PST to claim prize.

 

- May 31-June 2, 2011 Sweepstakes/Promotion Period: One (1) winner will be selected and notified on June 3, 2011 and winner has until June 4, 2011 at 5:00PM PST to claim prize.

 

- June 27-30, 2011 Sweepstakes/Promotion Period: One (1) winner will be selected and notified on July 1, 2011 and winner has until July 2, 2011 at 5:00PM PST to claim prize.

 

- July 11-14, 2011 Sweepstakes/Promotion Period: One (1) winner will be selected and notified via email on July 15, 2011 at approximately 12:00pm and winner has until 5:00PM PST on the same day to claim prize. July 15th is the day of show, so after the winner accepts prize by replying to the email notification that states he/she has won, the winner will then be given instructions via email on when and where to pick up tickets that evening. For this giveaway there will be no second-chance winner if the first winner declines.

 

If any prize is not claimed by the deadline to claim prize then a second-chance winner selection will be conducted. The second-chance winner will also be notified by email and will have twenty-four (24) hours to claim prize. Participants in any second-chance drawings will consist of all remaining non-winning entrants for each Sweepstakes Period. If any prizes from second-chance drawings are not claimed within the 24-hour period, those prizes will not be awarded.

 

11. GENERAL PRIZE RESTRICTIONS/CONDITIONS/LIMITATIONS OF LIABILITY. Prize winners may be required to execute an Affidavit of Eligibility, a Liability Release, and (where legal) a Publicity Release form (collectively, “Prize Claim Documents”).

 

By entering the Sweepstakes, all entrants agree to release, discharge, and hold harmless Promotion Entities and its partners, affiliates, subsidiaries, advertising agencies, agents and their employees, officers, directors, and representatives from any claims, losses, and damages arising out of their participation in the Sweepstakes or any Sweepstakes-related activities and the acceptance and use, misuse, or possession of any prize awarded hereunder. Promotion Entities assumes no responsibility for any error, omission, interruption, deletion, defect, or delay in operation or transmission; communications line failure; theft or destruction of or unauthorized access to Sweepstakes entries or entry forms; or alteration of entries or entry forms. Sponsor is not responsible for any problems with or technical malfunction of any telephone network or lines, computer online systems, servers or providers, computer equipment, software, failure of any email entry to be received on account of technical problems or traffic congestion on the Internet or at any website, human errors of any kind, or any combination thereof, including any injury or damage to entrants’ or any other persons’ computers related to or resulting from participation, uploading or downloading of any materials related to in the Sweepstakes.

 

12. PUBLICITY RELEASE. Acceptance of any Prize constitutes Prize Winner’s permission for the Promotion Entities to use Prize Winner’s entry materials, name, photograph, likeness, voice, biographical information, statements and complete address (collectively, the “Attributes”), for advertising and/or publicity purposes worldwide and in all forms of media now known or hereafter devised, in perpetuity, without further compensation or authorization, (except where prohibited by law), and releases the Promotion Entities from all claims arising out of the use of such Attributes.

 

13. DISQUALIFICATION/FORCE MAJEURE. Sponsor is not responsible for lost, late, mutilated, misdirected, illegible, incomplete, inaccurate, or stolen, submissions or prize notifications. Sponsor reserves the right in its sole discretion to disqualify any individual who is found to be tampering with the entry process or the operation of the Sweepstakes, to be acting in violation of these Official Rules, or to be acting in an unsportsman-like or disruptive manner, or with the intent to disrupt or undermine the legitimate operation of the Sweepstakes, or to annoy, abuse, threaten or harass any other person, and Sponsor reserves the right to seek damages and other remedies from any such person to the fullest extent permitted by law. No mechanically reproduced, illegible, incomplete, forged, software-generated or other automated multiple entries will be accepted. Sponsor reserves the right to modify, extend, suspend, or terminate the Sweepstakes if it determines, in its sole discretion, that the Sweepstakes is technically impaired or corrupted or that fraud or technical problems, failures or malfunctions or other causes beyond Sponsor’s control have destroyed or severely undermined or to any degree impaired the integrity, administration, security, proper play and/or feasibility of the Sweepstakes as contemplated herein. In the event an insufficient number of eligible entries are received and/or Sponsor is prevented from awarding prizes or continuing with the Sweepstakes as contemplated herein by any event beyond its control, including but not limited to fire, flood, natural or man-made epidemic of health of other means, earthquake, explosion, labor dispute or strike, act of God or public enemy, satellite or equipment failure, riot or civil disturbance, terrorist threat or activity, war (declared or undeclared) or any federal state or local government law, order, or regulation, public health crisis (e.g. SARS), order of any court or jurisdiction, or other cause not reasonably within Sponsor’s control (each a “Force Majeure” event or occurrence), then Sponsor shall have the right to modify, suspend, or terminate the Sweepstakes. If the Sweepstakes is terminated before the designated end date, Sponsor will (if possible) select the winner in a random drawing from all eligible, non-suspect entries received as of the date of the event giving rise to the termination. Inclusion in such drawing shall be each entrant’s sole and exclusive remedy under such circumstances. Only the type and quantity of prizes described in these Official Rules will be awarded. If, for any reason, more bona fide winners come forward seeking to claim prizes in excess of the number of each type of prize set forth in these Official Rules, the winners, or remaining winners, as the case may be, of the advertised number of prizes available in the prize category in question may be selected in a random drawing from among all persons making purportedly valid claims for such prize(s). The invalidity or unenforceability of any provision of these rules shall not affect the validity or enforceability of any other provision. In the event that any provision is determined to be invalid or otherwise unenforceable or illegal, these rules shall otherwise remain in effect and shall be construed in accordance with their terms as if the invalid or illegal provision were not contained herein.

 

14. GOVERNING LAW/JURISDICTION. ALL ISSUES AND QUESTIONS CONCERNING THE CONSTRUCTION, VALIDITY, INTERPRETATION AND ENFORCEABILITY OF THESE OFFICIAL RULES OR THE RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS OF ENTRANTS OR SPONSOR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SWEEPSTAKES SHALL BE GOVERNED BY AND CONSTRUED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE INTERNAL LAWS OF THE STATE OF NEVADA WITHOUT GIVING EFFECT TO ANY CHOICE OF LAW OF CONFLICT OF LAW RULES OR PROVISIONS THAT WOULD CAUSE THE APPLICATION OF ANY OTHER STATE’S LAWS.

 

15. ARBITRATION PROVISION. By participating in the Sweepstakes, each entrant agrees that any and all disputes the entrant may have with, or claims entrant may have against, the Promotion Entities relating to, arising out of or connected in any way with (i) the Sweepstakes, (ii) the awarding or redemption of any prize, and/or (iii) the determination of the scope or applicability of this agreement, will be resolved individually and exclusively in the courts of Las Vegas, NV.

 

16. WINNERS LIST/OFFICIAL RULES. To obtain a copy of these Official Rules (print this page) and/or any legally-required winners list, send a self-addressed stamped envelope to: The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas, ATTN: Marketing Department-Ben Folds Concert Ticket Giveaway, 3708 Las Vegas Boulevard South, Las Vegas, NV 89109. All such requests must be received by 7/22/2011. Allow four to six weeks for delivery of winner name.

 

© 2011 The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas. All Rights Reserved.

This Sweepstakes is in no way sponsored, endorsed or administered by, or associated with Flickr, Facebook or Twitter.

The Kueser Law Firm represents investors who have been the victims of securities fraud or other stockbroker misconduct in securities arbitration and litigation. The firm also represents financial advisors in employment disputes and promissory note claims.

 

In addition, The Kueser Law Firm represents clients in commercial litigation and arbitration, and counsels client with business planning/formation and estate planning issues.

 

Our website is www.jmkesquire.com (or alternatively, www.kueserlawfirm.com). We also maintain a blog (blog.jmkesquire.com).

The talking heads have been prating on about how this illiterate douche-trawler can’t even read a TelePrompTer. Everyone simply assumes he misread the script and committed a faux pas.

 

Not me. I think he meant exactly what he said. At a rate of about once every 4 days since his inauguration, he or members of his administration have taken steps to abolish our civil rights. One might argue that the Boy President is not a ‘people of faith’ but one could never argue that he has not been hard at work abolishing civil rights in America. Here is a short list (trust me on this!) of steps they have taken since January 2017:

 

January 27, 2017 Trump signed an executive order — the first version of his Muslim travel ban — that discriminated against Muslims and banned refugees.

 

January 31, 2017 Under new Chairman Ajit Pai's leadership, the Federal Communications Commission refused to defend critical components of its prison phone rate rules in federal court — rules that were ultimately struck down in June.

 

February 3, 2017 Trump signed an executive order outlining principles for regulating the U.S. financial system and calling for a 120-day review of existing laws, like the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act. The order was viewed as Trump's opening attack on consumer protection laws.

 

February 3, 2017 The FCC rescinded its 2014 Joint Sales Agreement (JSA) guidance, which had led to the only increase in television diversity in recent years.

 

February 3, 2017 FCC Chairman Pai revoked the Lifeline Broadband Provider (LBP) designations for nine broadband service providers, reducing the number of providers offering broadband and thus decreasing the competitive forces available to drive down prices.

 

February 9, 2017 Trump signed three executive orders "to fight crime, gangs, and drugs; restore law and order; and support the dedicated men and women of law enforcement." The orders, though vague, were viewed suspiciously by civil rights organizations.

 

February 21, 2017 The Department of Homeland Security issued a memo updating immigration enforcement guidance, massively expanding the number of people subject to detention and deportation. The guidance drastically increased the use of expedited removal and essentially eliminated the priorities for deportation.

 

February 22, 2017 The Justice Department's Civil Rights Division and the Department of Education's Office for Civil Rights jointly rescinded Title IX guidance clarifying protections under the law for transgender students.

 

February 23, 2017 Attorney General Sessions withdrew an earlier Justice Department memo that set a goal of reducing and ultimately ending the department's use of private prisons.

 

February 27, 2017 The Department of Justice dropped the federal government's longstanding position that a Texas voter ID law under legal challenge was intentionally racially discriminatory, despite having successfully advanced that argument in multiple federal courts. The district court subsequently rejected the position of the Sessions Justice Department and concluded the law was passed with discriminatory intent.

 

March 6, 2017 Trump signed a revised executive order restricting travel to the United States by citizens of Iran, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, and Yemen and drastically cutting back refugee admissions.

 

March 6, 2017 A week after Trump called on lawmakers to repeal the Affordable Care Act during his address to Congress, House Republicans released a proposal to replace the ACA with a law that would restructure Medicaid and defund Planned Parenthood.

 

March 16, 2017 The Trump administration released a budget blueprint that proposed a $54 billion increase in military spending that would come from $54 billion in direct cuts to non-defense programs. The blueprint also proposed spending $4.1 billion through 2018 on the beginnings of construction of a wall through communities on the U.S.-Mexico border.

 

March 27, 2017 Trump signed a resolution of disapproval under the Congressional Review Act, which repealed a U.S. Department of Education accountability rule finalized last year that would clarify states' obligations under the Every Student Succeeds Act.

 

March 27, 2017 Trump signed a resolution of disapproval under the Congressional Review Act, which repealed the Fair Pay and Safe Workplaces Executive Order. The order, signed by President Obama, represented a much-needed step forward in ensuring that the federal contractor community is providing safe and fair workplaces for employees by encouraging compliance with federal labor and civil rights laws, and prohibiting the use of mandatory arbitration of certain disputes.

 

March 31, 2017 Sessions ordered a sweeping review of consent decrees with law enforcement agencies relating to police conduct — a crucial tool in the Justice Department's efforts to ensure constitutional and accountable policing. The department also tried, unsuccessfully, to block a federal court in Baltimore from approving a consent decree between the city and the Baltimore Police Department to rein in discriminatory police practices that the department itself had negotiated over a multi-year period.

 

April 13, 2017 Trump signed a resolution of disapproval under the Congressional Review Act, which overturned the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services' final rule updating the regulations governing the Title X family planning program — a vital source of family planning and related preventive care for low-income, uninsured, and young people across the country.

 

April 26, 2017 Trump released an outline of a tax reform plan that was viewed largely as a tax giveaway for the wealthy and big corporations.

 

April 26, 2017 Trump signed an executive order directing Secretary of Education Betsy DeVos to conduct a study on the federal government's role in education.

 

May 4, 2017 Trump signed an executive order that he claimed overturned the Johnson Amendment (though it did not), which precludes tax-exempt organizations, including places of worship, from engaging in any political campaign activity and would curtail the contraception mandate of the Affordable Care Act.

 

May 11, 2017 Trump signed an executive order creating the so-called Presidential Advisory Commission on Election Integrity headed by Vice President Mike Pence and Kansas Secretary of State Kris Kobach, who has a history of trying to suppress the vote in Kansas.

 

May 12, 2017 Sessions announced in a two-page memo that DOJ was abandoning its Smart on Crime initiative that had been hailed as a positive step forward in rehabilitating drug users and reducing the enormous costs of warehousing inmates.

May 23, 2017 Trump released his fiscal year 2018 budget that included massive, unnecessary tax cuts for the wealthy and large corporations, which would be paid for by slashing basic living standards for the most vulnerable and by attacking critical programs like Social Security Disability Insurance, Medicaid, food assistance, and more.

 

May 23, 2017 Trump's fiscal year 2018 budget proposed eliminating the Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs (OFCCP) and transferring its functions to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC). This would have impeded the work of both the OFCCP and the EEOC as each have distinct missions and expertise, and would have thereby undermined the civil rights protections that employers and workers have relied on for almost 50 years.

 

June 5, 2017 Trump released an infrastructure plan that focuses on putting public assets into private hands, creating another giveaway to wealthy corporations and millionaires at the expense of working families and communities.

 

June 6, 2017 Secretary of Education Betsy DeVos testified before a Senate appropriations subcommittee and made unclear statements about whether she would allow federal funds to go to schools that discriminate against LGBTQ students. She made similarly troubling statements when testifying before a House committee in late March.

 

June 6, 2017 The Department of Education's Office for Civil Rights (OCR) issued unclear new instructions on transgender student discrimination.

 

June 8, 2017 OCR's acting head sent a memo to OCR staff discouraging systemic investigations in favor of individual investigations of discrimination.

 

June 14, 2017 DeVos decided to delay implementation of and to renegotiate the Borrower Defense to Repayment and Gainful Employment regulations.

 

June 15, 2017 The administration rescinded President Obama's Deferred Action for Parents of Americans and Lawful Permanent Residents (DAPA) program, an initiative that — had it gone into effect — would have offered a pathway to citizenship for immigrant parents with children who are citizens or residents of the United States.

 

June 27, 2017 Labor Secretary Acosta requested information on the Obama-era overtime rule, signaling his intent to lower the salary threshold of the overtime rule.

 

June 28, 2017 The Justice Department's Civil Rights Division sent a letter to 44 states demanding extensive information on how they maintain their voter rolls. This request was made on the same day that President Trump's so-called Commission on Election Integrity sent letters to all 50 states demanding intrusive and highly sensitive personal data about all registered voters.

 

July 26, 2017 Trump declared in a series of tweets that he was barring transgender people from serving in the military. He followed through with a presidential memo on August 25, though the issue is still being challenged in the courts.

 

July 26, 2017 The Department of Justice filed a legal brief arguing that Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 does not prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation — a decision that contravened recent court decisions and Equal Employment Opportunity Commission guidance.

 

August 1, 2017 The New York Times reported that the "Trump administration is preparing to redirect resources of the Justice Department's civil rights division toward investigating and suing universities over affirmative action admissions policies deemed to discriminate against white applicants." In a move without recent precedent, this investigation and enforcement effort was planned to be run out of the Civil Rights Division's front office by political appointees, instead of by experienced career staff in the division's educational opportunities section.

 

August 2, 2017 Trump announced his support of Republican-backed legislation that would slash legal immigration in half over a decade.

 

August 7, 2017 The Justice Department filed a brief in the Supreme Court in Husted v. A. Philip Randolph Institute arguing that it should be easier for states to purge registered voters from their rolls — reversing not only its longstanding legal interpretation, but also the position it had taken in the lower courts in that case.

 

August 28, 2017 Sessions lifted the Obama administration's ban on the transfer of some military surplus items to domestic law enforcement — rescinding guidelines that were created in the wake of Ferguson to protect the public from law enforcement misuse of military-grade weapons.

 

August 29, 2017 The administration halted an EEOC rule that required large companies to disclose what they pay employees by sex, race, and ethnicity — a rule that was intended to remedy the unequal pay that remains rampant in the American workplace.

 

September 5, 2017 Sessions announced that the administration was rescinding the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program.

 

September 7, 2017 The Department of Justice filed a brief with the Supreme Court in Masterpiece Cakeshop v. Colorado Civil Rights Commission arguing that businesses have a right to discriminate against LGBTQ customers.

 

September 15, 2017 The Department of Justice ended the Community Oriented Policing Services' Collaborative Reform Initiative, a Justice Department program that aimed to help build trust between police officers and the communities they serve.

 

September 22, 2017 DeVos announced that the Department of Education was rescinding guidance related to Title IX and schools' obligations regarding sexual violence and educational opportunity.

 

September 24, 2017 Trump issued the third version of his Muslim travel ban which, unlike the previous versions, was of indefinite duration.

 

September 27, 2017 The Trump administration and Republican leadership in Congress unveiled tax principles that would provide trillions in dollars of unnecessary tax cuts to millionaires, billionaires, and wealthy corporations.

 

October 2, 2017 DeVos rescinded 72 guidance documents outlining the rights of students with disabilities, though it wasn't until October 21 until the public learned of the rescissions.

 

October 4, 2017 The Department of Justice filed a brief in the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia asking the court to dismiss a lawsuit against the president's transgender military ban.

 

October 5, 2017 Sessions reversed a Justice Department policy which clarified that transgender workers are protected from discrimination under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

 

October 6, 2017 The Department of Justice issued sweeping religious liberty guidance to federal agencies, which will create a license to discriminate against LGBTQ individuals and others.

 

October 8, 2017 The White House released a list of hard-line immigration principles — a list of demands that included funding a border wall, deporting Central American children seeking sanctuary, and curbing grants to sanctuary cities, effectively stalling any possible bipartisan agreement on a bill to protect Dreamers.

 

October 12, 2017 Trump signed an executive order to undermine health care and, later that day, announced that he would end subsidies for certain health care plans.

 

October 27, 2017 The Department of Education announced it was withdrawing nearly 600 policy documents regarding K-12 and higher education.

 

November 1, 2017 Trump signed a resolution of disapproval under the Congressional Review Act, which repealed the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau's rule on forced arbitration. Overturning the rule will enable big banks, payday lenders, and other financial companies to force victims of fraud, discrimination, or other unlawful conduct into a "kangaroo court" process where their claims are decided by hired arbitration firms rather than by judges and juries — harming consumers and undermining civil rights and consumer protection laws.

 

November 6, 2017 The Trump administration announced it will terminate the Temporary Protected Status (TPS) designation for Nicaragua.

 

November 16, 2017 The Federal Communications Commission voted to gut Lifeline, the program dedicated to bringing phone and internet service within reach for people of color, low-income people, seniors, veterans, and people with disabilities, with particularly egregious consequences for tribal areas. They also voted to eliminate several rules promoting competition and diversity in the broadcast media, undermining ownership chances for women and people of color.

 

November 20, 2017 The Trump administration announced it would terminate the Temporary Protected Status (TPS) designation in 18 months for approximately 59,000 Haitians living in the United States.

 

November 24, 2017 Trump appointed Mick Mulvaney as acting director of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB). As a member of Congress, Mulvaney supported abolishing the consumer bureau and has in the past referred to the CFPB as a "sick, sad" joke.

 

December 4, 2017 The Department of Labor proposed changing its longstanding position codified in regulation that prohibited employers from pooling together tips and redistributing them to workers who don't traditionally earn tips.

 

December 12, 2017 The Department of Justice wrote to acting Census Bureau Director Ron Jarmin requesting a question about citizenship on the 2020 Census. It was an untimely and unnecessarily intrusive request that would destroy any chance for an accurate count, discard years of careful research, and increase costs significantly.

 

December 21, 2017 It was reported that Sessions rescinded 25 guidance documents, including a letter sent to chief judges and court administrators to help state and local efforts to reform harmful practices of imposing fees and fines on poor people.

 

January 4, 2018 Sessions rescinded guidance that had allowed states, with minimal federal interference, to legalize marijuana. This move will further reignite the War on Drugs.

 

January 8, 2018 Trump re-nominated a slate of unqualified and biased judicial nominees, including two rated Not Qualified by the American Bar Association.

 

January 8, 2018 The administration announced it would terminate the Temporary Protected Status (TPS) designation for nearly 200,000 Salvadorans.

 

January 11, 2018 The Trump administration released new guidelines that allow states to seek waivers to require Medicaid recipients to work — requirements that represent a throwback to rejected racial stereotypes.

 

January 12, 2018 The Trump administration approved a waiver allowing Kentucky to require Medicaid recipients to work. ( On June 29, a federal judge struck down Kentucky's Medicaid work requirements.)

 

January 16, 2018 The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau under Mulvaney's leadership announced it would reconsider the agency's payday lending rule.

 

January 17, 2018 The administration announced its decision to bar citizens from Haiti from receiving H2-A and H2-B visas.

 

January 18, 2018 The Department of Health and Human Services announced a proposed rule to allow health care providers to discriminate against patients, and within the department's Office for Civil Rights, a new division — the Conscience and Religious Freedom Division — to address related claims.

 

January 18, 2018 The CFPB abruptly dropped a lawsuit against four online payday lenders who unlawfully made loans of up to 950 percent APR in at least 17 states.

 

January 25, 2018 The Census Bureau announced that the questionnaire for the 2018 End-to-End Census Test will use race and ethnicity questions from the 2010 Census instead of updated questions recommended by Census Bureau staff. This suggests that the Office of Management and Budget will not revise the official standards for collecting and reporting this data, despite recommendations from a federal agency working group to do so.

 

February 1, 2018 The New York Times reported that the Department of Justice was effectively closing its Office for Access to Justice, which was designed to make access to legal aid more accessible.

 

February 1, 2018 Reports surfaced claiming Trump's Labor Department concealed an economic analysis that found working people could lose billions of dollars in wages under its proposal to roll back an Obama-era rule — a rule that protects working people in tipped industries from having their tips taken away by their employers.

 

February 1, 2018 Multiple sources reported that acting Consumer Financial Protection Bureau Director Mick Mulvaney had transferred the consumer agency's Office of Fair Lending and Equal Opportunity from the Supervision, Enforcement, and Fair Lending division to the director's office. The move essentially gutted the unit responsible for enforcing anti-lending discrimination laws.

 

February 2, 2018 The Trump administration approved a waiver allowing Indiana to require some Medicaid recipients to work.

 

February 12, 2018 The Trump administration released its Fiscal Year 2019 budget proposal, which would deny critical health care to those most in need simply to bankroll the president's wall through border communities. The proposal would also eliminate the Community Relations Service — a Justice Department office established by the Civil Rights Act of 1964 — which has been a key tool that helps address discrimination, conflicts, and tensions in communities around the country.

 

February 12, 2018 The Trump administration released an infrastructure proposal that would reward the rich and special interests at the expense of low-income communities and communities of color and leave behind too many American communities and those most in need

 

February 12, 2018 BuzzFeed News reported that the U.S. Department of Education would no longer investigate complaints filed by transgender students who have been banned from using the restrooms that correspond with their gender identity. On the same day, the department released a statement saying Trump's budget protects vulnerable students" — a dubious claim.

 

February 12, 2018 The Trump administration released its Fiscal Year 2019 budget proposal, which would deny critical health care to those most in need simply to bankroll the president's wall through border communities. The proposal would also eliminate the Community Relations Service — a Justice Department office established by the Civil Rights Act of 1964 — which has been a key tool that helps address discrimination, conflicts, and tensions in communities around the country.

 

February 12, 2018 The Trump administration released an infrastructure proposal that would reward the rich and special interests at the expense of low-income communities and communities of color and leave behind too many American communities and those most in need.

 

February 12, 2018 BuzzFeed News reported that the U.S. Department of Education would no longer investigate complaints filed by transgender students who have been banned from using the restrooms that correspond with their gender identity. On the same day, the department released a statement saying Trump's budget protects vulnerable students" — a dubious claim.

 

February 26, 2018 The U.S. Department of Education proposed to delay implementation of a rule that enforces the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). The rule implements the IDEA's provisions regarding significant disproportionality in the identification, placement, and discipline of students with disabilities with regard to race and ethnicity.

 

March 5, 2018 The Trump administration approved Arkansas' request to require some Medicaid recipients to work.

 

March 5, 2018 The Office for Civil Rights at the U.S. Department of Education released a new Case Processing Manual (CPM) that creates greater hurdles for people filing complaints and allows dismissal of civil rights complaints based on the number of times an individual has filed.

 

March 12, 2018 Attorney General Sessions announced the Justice Department's 'school safety' plan — a plan that civil rights advocates criticized as militarizing schools, overpolicing children, and harming students, disproportionately students of color.

 

March 23, 2018 Trump issued new orders to ban most transgender people from serving in the military — the latest iteration of a ban that he had initially announced in a series of tweets in July 2017.

 

March 23, 2018 Trump signed a spending bill that included the STOP School Violence Act, which civil rights organizations are concerned will exacerbate the school-to-prison pipeline crisis, further criminalize historically marginalized children, and increase the militarization of, and over-policing in, schools and communities of color.

 

March 26, 2018 Secretary of Commerce Wilbur Ross announced that he had directed the Census Bureau to add an untested and unnecessary question to the 2020 Census form, which would ask the citizenship status of every person in America.

 

April 6, 2018 Attorney General Sessions announced that he had notified all U.S. Attorney's offices along the southwest border of a new "zero tolerance" policy toward people trying to enter the country — a policy that quickly, and inhumanely, separated hundreds of children from their families.

 

April 10, 2018 A federal official announced that the Department of Justice was halting the Legal Orientation Program, which offers legal assistance to immigrants.

 

April 10, 2018 Trump signed an executive order directing federal agencies to push for work requirements for low-income people in America who receive federal assistance, including Medicaid and SNAP.

 

April 25, 2018 Secretary Ben Carson proposed changes to federal housing subsidies that could triple rent for some households and make it easier to impose work requirements.

 

April 26, 2018 The Trump administration announced it would terminate the Temporary Protected Status (TPS) designation in 12 months for approximately 9,000 Nepalese immigrants.

 

May 4, 2018 The Trump administration announced it would terminate the Temporary Protected Status (TPS) designation in 18 months for approximately 57,000 Honduran immigrants.

 

May 7, 2018 The Trump administration approved New Hampshire's request to require some Medicaid recipients to work or participate in other "community engagement activities."

 

May 11, 2018 The Federal Bureau of Prisons released changes to its Transgender Offender Manual that rolled back protections allowing transgender inmates to use facilities, including bathrooms and cell blocks, that correspond to their gender identity.

 

May 18, 2018 The Department of Housing and Urban Development announced it would be publishing three separate notices to indefinitely suspend implementation of the 2015 Affirmatively Furthering Fair Housing rule.

 

May 21, 2018 Trump signed a resolution of disapproval under the Congressional Review Act, which repealed the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau's (CFPB) guidance on indirect auto financing.

 

May 22, 2018 The Trump administration issued a draft Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) designed to block access to health care under Title X and deny women information about their reproductive health care options.

 

May 24, 2018 Trump signed the Economic Growth, Regulatory Relief and Consumer Protection Act, which will undermine one of our nation's key civil rights laws and weaken consumer protections enacted after the 2008 financial crisis.

 

June 6, 2018 Mick Mulvaney fired all 25 members of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau's Consumer Advisory Board.

 

June 8, 2018 A Department of Justice filing argued that the Affordable Care Act's protections for people with pre-existing conditions are unconstitutional. The brief was signed by Chad Readler, a Justice Department official who Trump nominated to serve on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit.

 

June 11, 2018 Attorney General Sessions ruled that fears of domestic or gang violence was not grounds for asylum in the United States.

 

June 11, 2018 U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) Director L. Francis Cissna announced the creation of a denaturalization task force in a push to strip naturalized citizens of their citizenship.

 

June 12, 2018 The Department of Justice sued the state of Kentucky to force it to "systematically remove the names of ineligible voters from the registration records." This voter purge lawsuit was filed one day after the U.S. Supreme Court upheld Ohio's voter purges in Husted v. A. Philip Randolph Institute.

 

June 18, 2018 Nikki Haley, the U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations, announced that the United States was withdrawing from the UN Human Rights Council.

 

July 3, 2018 Attorney General Jeff Sessions and Education Secretary Betsy DeVos rescinded guidance from the Departments of Justice and Education that provides a roadmap to implement voluntary diversity and integration programs in higher education consistent with Supreme Court holdings on the issue.

 

July 10, 2018 The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services announced cuts to navigator funding for outreach to hard-to-reach communities for the fall 2018 Affordable Care Act open enrollment period.

 

July 25, 2018 The Department of Education proposed new borrower defense rules, which would further exacerbate inequalities — making the already unfair and ineffective student loan servicing system even more harmful to all students, particularly to borrowers of color. The proposal would strip away borrower rights and would not protect students from predatory practices in both higher education and student loan servicing. ( On September 12, a federal judge struck down DeVos' attempt to weaken the rule. In October, the Department of Education said it would no longer try to delay the Obama-era regulation.)

 

July 26, 2018 The Trump administration failed to meet a court-ordered deadline to reunite children and families separated at the border.

 

July 30, 2018 Jeff Sessions announced the creation of a religious liberty task force at the Department of Justice, which many saw as a taxpayer funded effort to license discrimination against LGBTQ people and others.

 

August 13, 2018 Secretary Ben Carson proposed changes to the Obama-era Affirmatively Furthering Fair Housing (AFFH) rule, which aimed to combat segregation in housing policy.

 

August 15, 2018 The Federal Register published a Trump administration proposal to restrict protest rights in Washington, D.C. by closing 80 percent of the White House sidewalk, putting new limits on spontaneous demonstrations, and opening the door to charging fees for protesting.

 

August 29, 2018 The New York Times reported that the Department of Education is preparing rules that would narrow the definition of sexual harassment, holding schools accountable only for formal complaints filed through proper authorities and for conduct said to have occurred on their campuses. They would also establish a higher legal standard to determine whether schools improperly addressed complaints."

 

August 30, 2018 The Department of Justice filed an amicus brief opposing Harvard College's motion for summary judgement in Students for Fair Admissions, Inc. v. Harvard, choosing to oppose constitutionally sound strategies that colleges and universities use to expand educational opportunity for students of all backgrounds.

 

September 5, 2018 The Trump administration sent sweeping subpoenas to the North Carolina state elections board and 44 county elections boards requesting voter records be turned over by September 25. Two months before the midterm elections, civil rights advocates worried this effort would lead to voter suppression and intimidation.

 

September 6, 2018 The Department of Homeland Security and the Department of Health and Human Services announced a proposal to withdraw from the Flores Settlement Agreement. The Flores Agreement is a set of protections for underage migrant children in government custody.

 

September 13, 2018 The National Labor Relations Board proposed weakening the "joint-employer standard" under the National Labor Relations Act, which would make it difficult for working people to bring the companies that share control over their terms and conditions of employment to the bargaining table.

 

October 1, 2018 A policy change at the Department of State took effect saying that the Trump administration would no longer issue family visas to same-sex domestic partners of foreign diplomats or employees of international organizations who work in the United States.

 

October 10, 2018 The Department of Homeland Security's proposed 'public charge' rule was published in the Federal Register. Under the rule, immigrants who apply for a green card or visa could be deemed a 'public charge' and turned away if they earn below 250 percent of the federal poverty line and use any of a wide range of public programs.

 

October 12, 2018 The Department of Justice filed a statement of interest opposing a consent decree negotiated by Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel and Illinois Attorney General Lisa Madigan to overhaul the Chicago Police Department.

 

October 16, 2018 The administration released its fall 2017 Unified Agenda of Federal Regulatory and Deregulatory Actions. The document details the regulatory and deregulatory actions that federal agencies plan to make in the coming months, including harmful civil and human rights rollbacks.

 

October 19, 2018 The Department of Justice ended its agreement to monitor the Juvenile Court of Memphis and Shelby County and the Shelby County Detention Center in Tennessee, which addressed discrimination against Black youth, unsafe conditions, and no due process at hearings.

 

October 21, 2018 The New York Times reported that the Department of Health and Human Services is considering an interpretation of Title IX that "would define sex as either male or female, unchangeable, and determined by the genitals that a person is born with" — effectively erasing protections for transgender people.

 

October 22, 2018 The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) issued new guidance on the Affordable Care Act's 1332 waivers that would expand a state's flexibility to establish insurance markets that don't meet the requirements of the ACA.

 

October 24, 2018 The Department of Justice filed a brief with the U.S. Supreme Court arguing that federal civil rights law does not protect transgender workers from discrimination on the basis of their gender identity.

 

October 30, 2018 Axios reported that Trump intends to sign an executive order to end birthright citizenship. In a tweet the following day, Trump said "it will be ended one way or the other."

 

October 31, 2018 The administration approved a waiver allowing Wisconsin to require Medicaid recipients to work. It was the first time a state that did not expand Medicaid under the Affordable Care Act was allowed to impose work requirements.

 

November 5, 2018 The Department of Justice filed a petition with the U.S. Supreme Court to circumvent three separate U.S. Courts of Appeals on litigation concerning the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program.

 

November 7, 2018 On his last day as Attorney General, Jeff Sessions issued a memorandum to gut the Department of Justice's use of consent decrees.

 

November 8, 2018 The Department of Homeland Security and Department of Justice announced an interim final rule to block people from claiming asylum if they enter the United States outside legal ports of entry.

 

November 8, 2018 The Department of Labor rolled back guidance issued by the Obama administration that clarified that tipped workers must spend at least 80 percent of their time doing tipped work in order for employers to pay them the lower tipped minimum wage.

 

November 16, 2018 The Department of Education issued a draft Title IX regulation that represents a cruel attempt to silence sexual assault survivors and limit their educational opportunity — and could lead schools to do even less to prevent and respond to sexual violence and harassment.

 

December 11, 2018 Trump declared that he would be "proud to shut down the government" — which he did. It resulted in the longest government shutdown in U.S. history (35 days), which harmed federal workers, contractors, their families, and the communities that depend on them.

 

December 18, 2018 The Trump administration's School Safety Commission recommended rescinding Obama-era school discipline guidance, which was intended to assist states, districts, and schools in developing practices and policies to enhance school climate and comply with federal civil rights laws.

 

December 21, 2018 Following the recommendation of Trump's School Safety Commission, the Departments of Justice and Education rescinded the Dear Colleague Letter on the Nondiscriminatory Administration of School Discipline. Both departments jointly issued the guidance in January 2014.

 

January 3, 2019 The Washington Post reported that the Trump administration is considering rolling back disparate impact regulations that provide anti-discrimination protections to people of color, women, and others.

 

January 4, 2019 The Guardian reported that the Trump administration has stopped cooperating with and responding to UN investigators over potential human rights violations in the United States.

 

January 29, 2019 The Department of Justice reversed its position in a Texas voting rights case, saying the state shouldn't need to have its voting changes pre-cleared with the federal government. Career voting rights lawyers at the department declined to sign the brief.

 

February 6, 2019 The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) — under the direction of Trump-appointed Director Kathy Kraninger- released its plan to roll back the central protections of the agency's 2017 payday and car-title lending rule.

  

Source: civilrights.org/trump-rollbacks/

 

The Cosmopolitan™ of Las Vegas Ms. Lauryn Hill Concert Ticket Giveaway

OFFICIAL RULES.

 

No Purchase Necessary to Enter or Win. VOID WHERE PROHIBITED BY LAW OR REGULATION. PARTICIPANTS MUST BE 21 YEARS OF AGE OR OLDER AT THE TIME OF ENTRY. The Sweepstakes is in no way sponsored, endorsed or administered by, or associated with Flickr, Facebook or Twitter. You understand that you are providing your information to The Cosmopolitan™ of Las Vegas and not to Flickr, Facebook or Twitter. The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas’ privacy policy can be found at www.cosmopolitanlasvegas.com/privacy-policy.aspx

 

1. PROMOTION DESCRIPTION. The Cosmopolitan™ of Las Vegas Ms. Lauryn Hill Concert Ticket Giveaway (the “Sweepstakes”) begins on Monday, April 4, 2011 on or around 3:00 p.m. Pacific Daylight Time (“PDT”) and ends on Thursday, May 12, 2011 at 11:59 p.m. PDT (the “Promotion Period”). Entry in the Sweepstakes does not constitute entry into any other promotion, contest or sweepstakes. By participating in the Sweepstakes, each entrant unconditionally accepts and agrees to comply with and abide by these Official Rules and the decisions of Nevada Property 1 LLC dba The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas (the “Sponsor”) whose decisions shall be final and legally binding in all respects.

 

2. ELIGIBILITY. This promotion is open to legal U.S. residents (excluding Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands and Guam), who are twenty-one (21) years of age or older at the time of entry and who reside in the United States at the time of entry. Employees, officers, and directors of Sponsor, promotion prize suppliers, and each of their affiliated companies, subsidiaries, licensees, distributors, dealers, sales representatives, retailers, printers, individuals engaged in the development, production or distribution of materials, their advertising and promotion agencies, and any and all other companies associated with the promotion agents (collectively, the “Promotion Entities”), and each of their immediate family members (as defined by the IRS) and/or people living in the same household are not eligible to participate. All eligibility is subject to all federal, state, and local laws and regulations. All entries submitted are the property of the Sponsor. The Sweepstakes is void where prohibited.

 

3. PROMOTION “SWEEPSTAKES” PERIODS.“The Cosmopolitan Ms. Lauryn Hill Concert Ticket Giveaway” (“Sweepstakes”) Promotion Periods run as follows:

 

- April 4-7, 2011: Begins at or around 3:00 PM PST (Pacific Daylight Time) on April 4, 2011 and ends at 11:59 PM PST (Pacific Daylight Time) on April 7, 2011 (“Sweepstakes/Promotion Period”)

 

- April 18-21, 2011: Begins at or around 3:00 PM PST (Pacific Daylight Time) on April 18, 2011 and ends at 11:59 PM PST (Pacific Daylight Time) on April 21, 2011 (“Sweepstakes/Promotion Period”)

 

- May 2-5, 2011: Begins at or around 3:00 PM PST (Pacific Daylight Time) on May 2, 2011 and ends at 11:59 PM PST (Pacific Daylight Time) on May 5, 2011 (“Sweepstakes/Promotion Period”)

 

- May 9-12, 2011: Begins at or around 3:00 PM PST (Pacific Daylight Time) on May 9, 2011 and ends at 11:59 PM PST (Pacific Daylight Time) on May 12, 2011 (“Sweepstakes/Promotion Period”)

 

4. SPONSOR. Nevada Property 1 LLC, dba The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas, 3708 Las Vegas Boulevard South, Las Vegas, NV 89109

 

5. AGREEMENT TO THE OFFICIAL RULES: By participating in the Sweepstakes and providing an email address ENTRANTS GRANT PERMISSION to The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas to email company updates and announcements (you can unsubscribe at any time); and all entrants fully and unconditionally agree to and accept these Official Rules and the Sponsor’s and Administrator’s decisions which are final and binding in all matters related to the Sweepstakes. Winning the prizes (described below) is contingent upon fulfilling all requirements set forth herein.

 

6. ODDS OF WINNING. Odds of winning will depend upon the number of eligible entries received from all entry methods.

 

7. PRIZES AND THE VALUE OF THE PRIZES. The winner will receive a pair of tickets (two general admission tickets) to The Ms. Lauryn Hill concert taking place on May 13, 2011 at The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas, located at 3708 Las Vegas Boulevard South, Las Vegas, Nevada 89109. Prizes must be redeemed and used by May 13, 2011 (date of show). Ms. Lauryn Hill general admission concert tickets are valued at fifty-five dollars ($55.00) each, with a total value for prize (2 tickets) totaling one-hundred ten dollars ($110.00). There will be four (4) winners in total that will receive the prize of a pair of tickets (two tickets) to Ms. Lauryn Hill concert at The Cosmopolitan for an overall prize value of three-hundred thirty dollars ($440.00).

 

8. PRIZE NOTES. Winner must be twenty-one (21) years of age or older in order to redeem and participate in the Prize activities. Winner must have proper identification documents as it may be required at time of redemption and entrance into show. Prizes will be awarded only if the potential Prize Winner fully complies with these Official Rules. Taxes on any prize are solely the responsibility of each winner. Prizes are non-assignable and non-transferable. The Sponsor at their sole discretion will determine all details and other restrictions of any prize not specified in these Official Rules. No cash alternative or substitution will be allowed, except Sponsors reserve the right in its sole discretion to substitute prize(s) of comparable value if any prize listed is unavailable, in whole or in part, for any reason. The prize restrictions/conditions stated herein are not all-inclusive and the Prizes described above may be subject to additional restrictions/conditions, which may be stated in the “Prize Claim Documents” (defined below). In the event the Prize winner or his or her guest engages in behavior that (as determined by Sponsor in Sponsor’s sole discretion) is obnoxious or threatening, illegal or that is intended to annoy, abuse, threaten or harass any other person, Sponsor reserves the right to terminate the awarded prize, in whole or in part, with no further compensation. All gratuities, taxes, incidental expenses, registrations, fees or charges, and other expenses not specified herein are the sole responsibility of the Prize Winner and his or her guest. Winners are not allowed to transfer or sell the tickets on eBay, Craigslist, Stubhub or any other online site or offline location.

 

9. HOW TO ENTER. Limit one (1) entry per person for each Sweepstakes/Promotion Period. For the Sweepstakes/Promotion Periods, The Cosmopolitan will begin the giveaway by tweeting from its twitter handle/username (@Cosmopolitan_LV) AND posting on its Facebook Wall at www.facebook.com/TheCosmopolitan a link to the Flickr page with a challenge/trivia question or picture riddle.

 

EACH ENTRANT NEEDS TO: SUBMIT HIS OR HER ENTRY AND ANSWER VIA THE COSMOPOLITAN WEBSITE: www.cosmopolitanlasvegas.com/contests.aspx Multiple entries per sweepstakes period WILL NOT be acknowledged.

 

A. TWITTER: You must be following @Cosmopolitan_LV (http://twitter.com/Cosmopolitan_LV) on Twitter.

 

AND/OR

 

B. FACEBOOK: You must be a “Fan” by “Liking” The Cosmopolitan Facebook fan page on Facebook located at www.facebook.com/TheCosmopolitan.

 

Entries will not be acknowledged or returned. Sponsor/Administrator assume no responsibility for lost, late or misdirected entries.

 

All entries are subject to verification by the Sponsor/Administrator. Entries that do not meet the Sweepstakes specifications, or otherwise do not comply with the Official Rules herein may be automatically disqualified. Incomplete, illegible or mutilated entries will be automatically disqualified. No responsibility is assumed for lost, late, misdirected, damaged, altered, or illegible entries. Any attempted form of entry other than as described herein is void. Sponsor will determine in its sole discretion, what constitutes a valid entry. All materials submitted become the property of the Sponsor and will not be returned or acknowledged.

 

Sponsor reserves the right to cancel or modify the Sweepstakes if fraud or technical failures destroy the integrity of the Sweepstakes as determined by the Sponsor, in its sole discretion, and to award the prizes based on eligible entries received prior to the cancellation. Sponsor also reserves the right to add additional promotion periods.

 

By entering the Sweepstakes, all entrants grant an irrevocable, perpetual, worldwide non-exclusive license to Authorized Parties, to reproduce, distribute, display and create derivative works of the entries (along with a name credit) in connection with the Sweepstakes and promotion of the Sweepstakes, in any media now or hereafter known, including, but not limited to, display at a potential exhibition of winners, or online highlighting entries or winners of the Sweepstakes. Entrants consent to the Sponsor doing or omitting to do any act that would otherwise infringe the entrant’s “moral rights” in their entries. Display or publication of any entry on an Authorized Party’s website does not indicate the entrant will be selected as a winner. Authorized Parties will not be required to pay any additional consideration or seek any additional approval in connection with such use. Additionally, by entering, each entrant grants to Authorized Parties the unrestricted right to use all statements made in connection with the Sweepstakes, and pictures or likenesses of Sweepstakes entrants, or choose not to do so, at their sole discretion. Authorized Parties will not be required to pay any additional consideration or seek any additional approval in connection with such use.

 

Limit: One (1) entry per person for each Sweepstakes/Promotion Period. Entries made on another’s behalf by any other individuals or any other entity, including but not limited to commercial contest/sweepstakes subscription notification and/or entering services, will be declared invalid and disqualified for the Sweepstakes. Tampering with the entry process or the operation of the Sweepstakes is prohibited and any entries deemed by Sponsor, in its sole discretion, to have been submitted in this manner will be void. In the event a dispute regarding the identity of the individual who actually submitted an entry cannot be resolved to Sponsor’s satisfaction, the affected entry will be deemed ineligible.

 

NOTICE TO ONLINE ENTRIES: Sponsor is not responsible for problems of any sweepstakes-related information to or from the web site or for any other technical malfunctions of electronic equipment, computer on-line systems, servers, or providers, computer hardware or software failures, phone lines, failure of any electronic mail entry to be received by Sponsor on account of technical problems, traffic, congestion on the internet or the web site, or any other technical problems related to web site entries including telecommunication miscommunication or failure, and failed, lost, delayed, incomplete, garbled or misdirected communications which may limit an entrant’s ability to participate in the Sweepstakes.

 

10. TIMING OF WINNER SELECTIONS AND NOTIFICATION TO WINNERS. For each sweepstakes/promotions period, one winner will be determined at random selection from the entries that have all the required information on the entry page AND the correct answer. Winners will receive an email notification stating that he or she has won. To claim and receive prize the winner must reply to the email notification informing them that they have won by the deadline to claim prize. Exact deadline to claim prize is stated below for Sweepstakes/Promotion Period. “The Cosmopolitan Ms. Lauryn Hill Concert Ticket Giveaway” (“Sweepstakes”) winner selection and notification period is as follows:

 

- April 4-7, 2011 Sweepstakes/Promotion Period: One (1) winner will be selected and notified on April 8, 2011 and winner has until April 9, 2011 at 5:00PM PST to claim prize.

 

- April 18-21, 2011 Sweepstakes/Promotion Period: One (1) winner will be selected and notified on April 22, 2011 and winner has until April 23, 2011 at 5:00PM PST to claim prize.

 

- May 2-5, 2011 Sweepstakes/Promotion Period: One (1) winner will be selected and notified on May 6, 2011 and winner has until May 7, 2011 at 5:00PM PST to claim prize.

 

- May 9-12, 2011 Sweepstakes/Promotion Period: One (1) winner will be selected and notified via email on May 13, 2011 at approximately 12:00pm and winner has until 5:00PM PST on the same day to claim prize. May 13th is the day of show, so after the winner accepts prize by replying to the email notification that states he/she has won, the winner will then be given instructions via email on when and where to pick up tickets that evening. For this giveaway there will be no second-chance winner if the first winner declines.

 

If any prize is not claimed by the deadline to claim prize then a second-chance winner selection will be conducted. The second-chance winner will also be notified by email and will have twenty-four (24) hours to claim prize. Participants in any second-chance drawings will consist of all remaining non-winning entrants for each Sweepstakes Period. If any prizes from second-chance drawings are not claimed within the 24-hour period, those prizes will not be awarded.

 

11. GENERAL PRIZE RESTRICTIONS/CONDITIONSLIMITATIONS OF LIABILITY. Prize winners may be required to execute an Affidavit of Eligibility, a Liability Release, and (where legal) a Publicity Release form (collectively, “Prize Claim Documents”).

 

By entering the Sweepstakes, all entrants agree to release, discharge, and hold harmless Promotion Entities and its partners, affiliates, subsidiaries, advertising agencies, agents and their employees, officers, directors, and representatives from any claims, losses, and damages arising out of their participation in the Sweepstakes or any Sweepstakes-related activities and the acceptance and use, misuse, or possession of any prize awarded hereunder. Promotion Entities assumes no responsibility for any error, omission, interruption, deletion, defect, or delay in operation or transmission; communications line failure; theft or destruction of or unauthorized access to Sweepstakes entries or entry forms; or alteration of entries or entry forms. Sponsor is not responsible for any problems with or technical malfunction of any telephone network or lines, computer online systems, servers or providers, computer equipment, software, failure of any email entry to be received on account of technical problems or traffic congestion on the Internet or at any website, human errors of any kind, or any combination thereof, including any injury or damage to entrants’ or any other persons’ computers related to or resulting from participation, uploading or downloading of any materials related to in the Sweepstakes.

 

12. PUBLICITY RELEASE. Acceptance of any Prize constitutes Prize Winner’s permission for the Promotion Entities to use Prize Winner’s entry materials, name, photograph, likeness, voice, biographical information, statements and complete address (collectively, the “Attributes”), for advertising and/or publicity purposes worldwide and in all forms of media now known or hereafter devised, in perpetuity, without further compensation or authorization, (except where prohibited by law), and releases the Promotion Entities from all claims arising out of the use of such Attributes.

 

13. DISQUALIFICATION/FORCE MAJEURE. Sponsor is not responsible for lost, late, mutilated, misdirected, illegible, incomplete, inaccurate, or stolen, submissions or prize notifications. Sponsor reserves the right in its sole discretion to disqualify any individual who is found to be tampering with the entry process or the operation of the Sweepstakes, to be acting in violation of these Official Rules, or to be acting in an unsportsman-like or disruptive manner, or with the intent to disrupt or undermine the legitimate operation of the Sweepstakes, or to annoy, abuse, threaten or harass any other person, and Sponsor reserves the right to seek damages and other remedies from any such person to the fullest extent permitted by law. No mechanically reproduced, illegible, incomplete, forged, software-generated or other automated multiple entries will be accepted. Sponsor reserves the right to modify, extend, suspend, or terminate the Sweepstakes if it determines, in its sole discretion, that the Sweepstakes is technically impaired or corrupted or that fraud or technical problems, failures or malfunctions or other causes beyond Sponsor’s control have destroyed or severely undermined or to any degree impaired the integrity, administration, security, proper play and/or feasibility of the Sweepstakes as contemplated herein. In the event an insufficient number of eligible entries are received and/or Sponsor is prevented from awarding prizes or continuing with the Sweepstakes t as contemplated herein by any event beyond its control, including but not limited to fire, flood, natural or man-made epidemic of health of other means, earthquake, explosion, labor dispute or strike, act of God or public enemy, satellite or equipment failure, riot or civil disturbance, terrorist threat or activity, war (declared or undeclared) or any federal state or local government law, order, or regulation, public health crisis (e.g. SARS), order of any court or jurisdiction, or other cause not reasonably within Sponsor’s control (each a “Force Majeure” event or occurrence), then Sponsor shall have the right to modify, suspend, or terminate the Sweepstakes. If the Sweepstakes is terminated before the designated end date, Sponsor will (if possible) select the winner in a random drawing from all eligible, non-suspect entries received as of the date of the event giving rise to the termination. Inclusion in such drawing shall be each entrant’s sole and exclusive remedy under such circumstances. Only the type and quantity of prizes described in these Official Rules will be awarded. If, for any reason, more bona fide winners come forward seeking to claim prizes in excess of the number of each type of prize set forth in these Official Rules, the winners, or remaining winners, as the case may be, of the advertised number of prizes available in the prize category in question may be selected in a random drawing from among all persons making purportedly valid claims for such prize(s). The invalidity or unenforceability of any provision of these rules shall not affect the validity or enforceability of any other provision. In the event that any provision is determined to be invalid or otherwise unenforceable or illegal, these rules shall otherwise remain in effect and shall be construed in accordance with their terms as if the invalid or illegal provision were not contained herein.

 

14. GOVERNING LAW/JURISDICTION. ALL ISSUES AND QUESTIONS CONCERNING THE CONSTRUCTION, VALIDITY, INTERPRETATION AND ENFORCEABILITY OF THESE OFFICIAL RULES OR THE RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS OF ENTRANTS OR SPONSOR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SWEEPSTAKES SHALL BE GOVERNED BY AND CONSTRUED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE INTERNAL LAWS OF THE STATE OF NEVADA WITHOUT GIVING EFFECT TO ANY CHOICE OF LAW OF CONFLICT OF LAW RULES OR PROVISIONS THAT WOULD CAUSE THE APPLICATION OF ANY OTHER STATE’S LAWS.

 

15. ARBITRATION PROVISION. By participating in the Sweepstakes, each entrant agrees that any and all disputes the entrant may have with, or claims entrant may have against, the Promotion Entities relating to, arising out of or connected in any way with (i) the Sweepstakes, (ii) the awarding or redemption of any prize, and/or (iii) the determination of the scope or applicability of this agreement, will be resolved individually and exclusively in the courts of Las Vegas, NV.

 

16. WINNERS LIST/OFFICIAL RULES. To obtain a copy of these Official Rules (print this page) and/or any legally-required winners list, send a self-addressed stamped envelope to: The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas, ATTN: Marketing Department-Ms. Lauryn Hill Concert Ticket Giveaway, 3708 Las Vegas Boulevard South, Las Vegas, NV 89109. All such requests must be received by 5/20/2011. Allow four to six weeks for delivery of winner name.

 

© 2011 The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas. All Rights Reserved.

This Sweepstakes is in no way sponsored, endorsed or administered by, or associated with Flickr, Facebook or Twitter.

Identifier: worldsoratorscom0799leeg

Title: The world's orators : comprising the great orations of the world's history, with introductory essays, biographical sketches and critical notes

Year: 1899 (1890s)

Authors: Lee, Guy Carleton, 1862-1936

Subjects: Speeches, addresses, etc Orators

Publisher: New York : G.P. Putnam's Sons

Contributing Library: University of Connecticut Libraries

Digitizing Sponsor: University of Connecticut Libraries

  

View Book Page: Book Viewer

About This Book: Catalog Entry

View All Images: All Images From Book

 

Click here to view book online to see this illustration in context in a browseable online version of this book.

  

Text Appearing Before Image:

e-coming course for us now to withdraw, when thefact that the power of England can be felt promptlyand on the spot is the best security for peace, andthe best security for peace must be the best defencein case of war ? The views taken by my noble friend below thegangway are essentially erroneous views, and inno one point are they more erroneous, I think,than in what he said of the opportunity which theHouse of Lords now has of expressing its opinion.I do not wish in any way to maintain an exag-gerated view. Feeling myself keenly upon the 288 Earl of Beaconsfield question of Candahar, I believe there is a real anddeep feeling, and, what is more, an increasingfeeling, on the subject. The subject is being moreconsidered ; opinion will become more matured.There cannot be, therefore, a more legitimate occa-sion for the Peers of England to come forward andto give to the country the results of their wisdomand their experience, as I hope they will to-night,in reference to the Empire of India.

 

Text Appearing After Image:

JOHN BRIGHT John Bright was born in Lancashire in 1811. He receivedthe usual common-school education up to the age of fifteen,when he became connected with the factory which was ownedby his father. Bright was always preeminently a businessman, but he soon became deeply interested in matters politi-cal, and in 1835 became prominent in the education movement.Always on the side of the people, when the National Anti-Corn-Law League was formed Mr. Brights name was secondon the list of the provisional committee, but it was not until1841 that he publicly spoke in behalf of the movement, and in1843 he was elected to Parliament. From that time he was atthe head of the movement for the Corn-law repeal, and it wasprincipally through his influence that the measure was effected.In 1849 he took an active part in the peace congresses whichwere held about that time in furtherance of the attempt toestablish arbitration as a substitute for war. He labored earn-estly for the extension of the franchise,

  

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Please note that these images are extracted from scanned page images that may have been digitally enhanced for readability - coloration and appearance of these illustrations may not perfectly resemble the original work.

Securities Attorney 888-923-9223 by SecuritesLawyer Securities Attorney – bit.ly/14BO4G0 Menzer & Hill, P.A., are nationally known securities attorneys headquartered in Boca Raton, Florida We Specialize in securities fraud, securities arbitration and securities litigation. We focus on the re Get a FREE YouTube Software at bit.ly/Sfhsjz Get more free SEO Training & Video marketing videos at bit.ly/VwLdsG

The Cosmopolitan™ of Las Vegas Florence + The Machine Concert Ticket Giveaway

OFFICIAL RULES.

 

No Purchase Necessary to Enter or Win. VOID WHERE PROHIBITED BY LAW OR REGULATION. PARTICIPANTS MUST BE 21 YEARS OF AGE OR OLDER AT THE TIME OF ENTRY. The Sweepstakes is in no way sponsored, endorsed or administered by, or associated with Flickr, Facebook or Twitter. You understand that you are providing your information to The Cosmopolitan™ of Las Vegas and not to Flickr, Facebook or Twitter. The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas’ privacy policy can be found at www.cosmopolitanlasvegas.com/privacy-policy.aspx

 

1. PROMOTION DESCRIPTION. The Cosmopolitan™ of Las Vegas Florence + The Machine Concert Ticket Giveaway (the “Sweepstakes”) begins on Monday, January 23, 2012 on or around 1:00 p.m. Pacific Standard Time (“PST”) and ends on Thursday, February 23, 2012 at 11:59 p.m. PST (the “Promotion Period”). Entry in the Sweepstakes does not constitute entry into any other promotion, contest or sweepstakes. By participating in the Sweepstakes, each entrant unconditionally accepts and agrees to comply with and abide by these Official Rules and the decisions of Nevada Property 1 LLC dba The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas (the “Sponsor”) whose decisions shall be final and legally binding in all respects.

 

2. ELIGIBILITY. This promotion is open to legal U.S. residents (excluding Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands and Guam), who are twenty-one (21) years of age or older at the time of entry and who reside in the United States at the time of entry. Employees, officers, and directors of Sponsor, promotion prize suppliers, and each of their affiliated companies, subsidiaries, licensees, distributors, dealers, sales representatives, retailers, printers, individuals engaged in the development, production or distribution of materials, their advertising and promotion agencies, and any and all other companies associated with the promotion agents (collectively, the “Promotion Entities”), and each of their immediate family members (as defined by the IRS) and/or people living in the same household are not eligible to participate. All eligibility is subject to all federal, state, and local laws and regulations. All entries submitted are the property of the Sponsor. The Sweepstakes is void where prohibited.

 

3. PROMOTION “SWEEPSTAKES” PERIODS.“The Cosmopolitan Florence + The Machine Concert Ticket Giveaway” (“Sweepstakes”) Promotion Periods run as follows:

 

- January 23-26, 2012: Begins at or around 1:00 PM PST (Pacific Standard Time) on January 23, 2012 and ends at 11:59 PM PST (Pacific Standard Time) on January 26, 2012 (“Sweepstakes/Promotion Period”)

 

- February 21-23, 2012: Begins at or around 1:00 PM PST (Pacific Standard Time) on February 21, 2012 and ends at 11:59 PM PST (Pacific Standard Time) on February 23, 2012 (“Sweepstakes/Promotion Period”)

  

4. SPONSOR. Nevada Property 1 LLC, dba The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas, 3708 Las Vegas Boulevard South, Las Vegas, NV 89109

 

5. AGREEMENT TO THE OFFICIAL RULES: By participating in the Sweepstakes and providing an email address ENTRANTS GRANT PERMISSION to The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas to email company updates and announcements (you can unsubscribe at any time); and all entrants fully and unconditionally agree to and accept these Official Rules and the Sponsor’s and Administrator’s decisions which are final and binding in all matters related to the Sweepstakes. Winning the prizes (described below) is contingent upon fulfilling all requirements set forth herein.

 

6. ODDS OF WINNING. Odds of winning will depend upon the number of eligible entries received from all entry methods.

 

7. PRIZES AND THE VALUE OF THE PRIZES. The winner will receive a pair of tickets (two general admission tickets) to the Florence + The Machine concert taking place on April 21, 2012 at The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas, located at 3708 Las Vegas Boulevard South, Las Vegas, Nevada 89109. Prizes must be redeemed and used by April 21, 2012 (date of show). Florence + The Machine general admission (GA) concert tickets are valued at forty dollars ($40.00) each, with a total value for prize (2 tickets) totaling eighty dollars ($80.00). There will be two (2) winners in total that will receive the prize of a pair of tickets (two tickets) to the Florence + The Machine concert at The Cosmopolitan for an overall prize value from all prizes awarded of one hundred sixty dollars ($160.00).

 

8. PRIZE NOTES. Winner must be twenty-one (21) years of age or older in order to redeem and participate in the Prize activities. Winner must have proper identification documents as it may be required at time of redemption and entrance into show. Prizes will be awarded only if the potential Prize Winner fully complies with these Official Rules. Taxes on any prize are solely the responsibility of each winner. Prizes are non-assignable and non-transferable. The Sponsor at their sole discretion will determine all details and other restrictions of any prize not specified in these Official Rules. No cash alternative or substitution will be allowed, except Sponsors reserve the right in its sole discretion to substitute prize(s) of comparable value if any prize listed is unavailable, in whole or in part, for any reason. The prize restrictions/conditions stated herein are not all-inclusive and the Prizes described above may be subject to additional restrictions/conditions, which may be stated in the “Prize Claim Documents” (defined below). In the event the Prize winner or his or her guest engages in behavior that (as determined by Sponsor in Sponsor’s sole discretion) is obnoxious or threatening, illegal or that is intended to annoy, abuse, threaten or harass any other person, Sponsor reserves the right to terminate the awarded prize, in whole or in part, with no further compensation. All gratuities, taxes, incidental expenses, registrations, fees or charges, and other expenses not specified herein are the sole responsibility of the Prize Winner and his or her guest. Winners are not allowed to transfer or sell the tickets on eBay, Craigslist, Stubhub or any other online site or offline location.

 

9. HOW TO ENTER. Limit one (1) entry per person for each Sweepstakes/Promotion Period. For the Sweepstakes/Promotion Periods, The Cosmopolitan will begin the giveaway by tweeting from its twitter account @Cosmopolitan_LV AND/OR posting to its Google+ page AND/OR posting on its Facebook Wall a challenge/trivia question or picture riddle and a link to the contest entry page.

 

EACH ENTRANT NEEDS TO: SUBMIT HIS OR HER ENTRY AND ANSWER VIA THE COSMOPOLITAN WEBSITE: www.cosmopolitanlasvegas.com/contests.aspx Multiple entries per sweepstakes period WILL NOT be acknowledged.

 

Entries will not be acknowledged or returned. Sponsor/Administrator assume no responsibility for lost, late or misdirected entries.

 

All entries are subject to verification by the Sponsor/Administrator. Entries that do not meet the Sweepstakes specifications, or otherwise do not comply with the Official Rules herein may be automatically disqualified. Incomplete, illegible or mutilated entries will be automatically disqualified. No responsibility is assumed for lost, late, misdirected, damaged, altered, or illegible entries. Any attempted form of entry other than as described herein is void. Sponsor will determine in its sole discretion, what constitutes a valid entry. All materials submitted become the property of the Sponsor and will not be returned or acknowledged.

 

Sponsor reserves the right to cancel or modify the Sweepstakes if fraud or technical failures destroy the integrity of the Sweepstakes as determined by the Sponsor, in its sole discretion, and to award the prizes based on eligible entries received prior to the cancellation. Sponsor also reserves the right to add additional promotion periods.

 

By entering the Sweepstakes, all entrants grant an irrevocable, perpetual, worldwide non-exclusive license to Authorized Parties, to reproduce, distribute, display and create derivative works of the entries (along with a name credit) in connection with the Sweepstakes and promotion of the Sweepstakes, in any media now or hereafter known, including, but not limited to, display at a potential exhibition of winners, or online highlighting entries or winners of the Sweepstakes. Entrants consent to the Sponsor doing or omitting to do any act that would otherwise infringe the entrant’s “moral rights” in their entries. Display or publication of any entry on an Authorized Party’s website does not indicate the entrant will be selected as a winner. Authorized Parties will not be required to pay any additional consideration or seek any additional approval in connection with such use. Additionally, by entering, each entrant grants to Authorized Parties the unrestricted right to use all statements made in connection with the Sweepstakes, and pictures or likenesses of Sweepstakes entrants, or choose not to do so, at their sole discretion. Authorized Parties will not be required to pay any additional consideration or seek any additional approval in connection with such use.

 

Limit: One (1) entry per person for each Sweepstakes/Promotion Period. Entries made on another’s behalf by any other individuals or any other entity, including but not limited to commercial contest/sweepstakes subscription notification and/or entering services, will be declared invalid and disqualified for the Sweepstakes. Tampering with the entry process or the operation of the Sweepstakes is prohibited and any entries deemed by Sponsor, in its sole discretion, to have been submitted in this manner will be void. In the event a dispute regarding the identity of the individual who actually submitted an entry cannot be resolved to Sponsor’s satisfaction, the affected entry will be deemed ineligible.

 

NOTICE TO ONLINE ENTRIES: Sponsor is not responsible for problems of any sweepstakes-related information to or from the web site or for any other technical malfunctions of electronic equipment, computer on-line systems, servers, or providers, computer hardware or software failures, phone lines, failure of any electronic mail entry to be received by Sponsor on account of technical problems, traffic, congestion on the internet or the web site, or any other technical problems related to web site entries including telecommunication miscommunication or failure, and failed, lost, delayed, incomplete, garbled or misdirected communications which may limit an entrant’s ability to participate in the Sweepstakes.

 

10. TIMING OF WINNER SELECTIONS AND NOTIFICATION TO WINNERS. For each sweepstakes/promotions period, one winner will be determined at random selection from the entries that have all the required information on the entry page AND the correct answer. Winners will receive an email notification stating that he or she has won. To claim and receive prize the winner must reply to the email notification informing them that they have won by the deadline to claim prize. Exact deadline to claim prize is stated below for Sweepstakes/Promotion Period. “The Cosmopolitan Florence + The Machine Concert Ticket Giveaway” (“Sweepstakes”) winner selection and notification period is as follows:

 

- January 23-26, 2012 Sweepstakes/Promotion Period: One (1) winner will be selected and notified on January 27, 2012 and winner has until January 29, 2012 at 5:00PM PST to claim prize.

 

- February 21-23, 2012 Sweepstakes/Promotion Period: One (1) winner will be selected and notified on February 24, 2012 and winner has until February 26, 2012 at 5:00PM PST to claim prize.

 

If any prize is not claimed by the deadline to claim prize then a second-chance winner selection will be conducted. The second-chance winner will also be notified by email and will have twenty-four (24) hours to claim prize. Participants in any second-chance drawings will consist of all remaining non-winning entrants for each Sweepstakes Period. If any prizes from second-chance drawings are not claimed within the 24-hour period, those prizes will not be awarded.

 

11. GENERAL PRIZE RESTRICTIONS/CONDITIONSLIMITATIONS OF LIABILITY. Prize winners may be required to execute an Affidavit of Eligibility, a Liability Release, and (where legal) a Publicity Release form (collectively, “Prize Claim Documents”).

 

By entering the Sweepstakes, all entrants agree to release, discharge, and hold harmless Promotion Entities and its partners, affiliates, subsidiaries, advertising agencies, agents and their employees, officers, directors, and representatives from any claims, losses, and damages arising out of their participation in the Sweepstakes or any Sweepstakes-related activities and the acceptance and use, misuse, or possession of any prize awarded hereunder. Promotion Entities assumes no responsibility for any error, omission, interruption, deletion, defect, or delay in operation or transmission; communications line failure; theft or destruction of or unauthorized access to Sweepstakes entries or entry forms; or alteration of entries or entry forms. Sponsor is not responsible for any problems with or technical malfunction of any telephone network or lines, computer online systems, servers or providers, computer equipment, software, failure of any email entry to be received on account of technical problems or traffic congestion on the Internet or at any website, human errors of any kind, or any combination thereof, including any injury or damage to entrants’ or any other persons’ computers related to or resulting from participation, uploading or downloading of any materials related to in the Sweepstakes.

 

12. PUBLICITY RELEASE. Acceptance of any Prize constitutes Prize Winner’s permission for the Promotion Entities to use Prize Winner’s entry materials, name, photograph, likeness, voice, biographical information, statements and complete address (collectively, the “Attributes”), for advertising and/or publicity purposes worldwide and in all forms of media now known or hereafter devised, in perpetuity, without further compensation or authorization, (except where prohibited by law), and releases the Promotion Entities from all claims arising out of the use of such Attributes.

 

13. DISQUALIFICATION/FORCE MAJEURE. Sponsor is not responsible for lost, late, mutilated, misdirected, illegible, incomplete, inaccurate, or stolen, submissions or prize notifications. Sponsor reserves the right in its sole discretion to disqualify any individual who is found to be tampering with the entry process or the operation of the Sweepstakes, to be acting in violation of these Official Rules, or to be acting in an unsportsman-like or disruptive manner, or with the intent to disrupt or undermine the legitimate operation of the Sweepstakes, or to annoy, abuse, threaten or harass any other person, and Sponsor reserves the right to seek damages and other remedies from any such person to the fullest extent permitted by law. No mechanically reproduced, illegible, incomplete, forged, software-generated or other automated multiple entries will be accepted. Sponsor reserves the right to modify, extend, suspend, or terminate the Sweepstakes if it determines, in its sole discretion, that the Sweepstakes is technically impaired or corrupted or that fraud or technical problems, failures or malfunctions or other causes beyond Sponsor’s control have destroyed or severely undermined or to any degree impaired the integrity, administration, security, proper play and/or feasibility of the Sweepstakes as contemplated herein. In the event an insufficient number of eligible entries are received and/or Sponsor is prevented from awarding prizes or continuing with the Sweepstakes as contemplated herein by any event beyond its control, including but not limited to fire, flood, natural or man-made epidemic of health of other means, earthquake, explosion, labor dispute or strike, act of God or public enemy, satellite or equipment failure, riot or civil disturbance, terrorist threat or activity, war (declared or undeclared) or any federal state or local government law, order, or regulation, public health crisis (e.g. SARS), order of any court or jurisdiction, or other cause not reasonably within Sponsor’s control (each a “Force Majeure” event or occurrence), then Sponsor shall have the right to modify, suspend, or terminate the Sweepstakes. If the Sweepstakes is terminated before the designated end date, Sponsor will (if possible) select the winner in a random drawing from all eligible, non-suspect entries received as of the date of the event giving rise to the termination. Inclusion in such drawing shall be each entrant’s sole and exclusive remedy under such circumstances. Only the type and quantity of prizes described in these Official Rules will be awarded. If, for any reason, more bona fide winners come forward seeking to claim prizes in excess of the number of each type of prize set forth in these Official Rules, the winners, or remaining winners, as the case may be, of the advertised number of prizes available in the prize category in question may be selected in a random drawing from among all persons making purportedly valid claims for such prize(s). The invalidity or unenforceability of any provision of these rules shall not affect the validity or enforceability of any other provision. In the event that any provision is determined to be invalid or otherwise unenforceable or illegal, these rules shall otherwise remain in effect and shall be construed in accordance with their terms as if the invalid or illegal provision were not contained herein.

 

14. GOVERNING LAW/JURISDICTION. ALL ISSUES AND QUESTIONS CONCERNING THE CONSTRUCTION, VALIDITY, INTERPRETATION AND ENFORCEABILITY OF THESE OFFICIAL RULES OR THE RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS OF ENTRANTS OR SPONSOR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SWEEPSTAKES SHALL BE GOVERNED BY AND CONSTRUED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE INTERNAL LAWS OF THE STATE OF NEVADA WITHOUT GIVING EFFECT TO ANY CHOICE OF LAW OF CONFLICT OF LAW RULES OR PROVISIONS THAT WOULD CAUSE THE APPLICATION OF ANY OTHER STATE’S LAWS.

 

15. ARBITRATION PROVISION. By participating in the Sweepstakes, each entrant agrees that any and all disputes the entrant may have with, or claims entrant may have against, the Promotion Entities relating to, arising out of or connected in any way with (i) the Sweepstakes, (ii) the awarding or redemption of any prize, and/or (iii) the determination of the scope or applicability of this agreement, will be resolved individually and exclusively in the courts of Las Vegas, NV.

 

16. WINNERS LIST/OFFICIAL RULES. To obtain a copy of these Official Rules (print this page) and/or any legally-required winners list, send a self-addressed stamped envelope to: The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas, ATTN: Marketing Department-Florence + The Machine Concert Ticket Giveaway, 3708 Las Vegas Boulevard South, Las Vegas, NV 89109. All such requests must be received by 4/27/2012. Allow four to six weeks for delivery of winner names.

 

© 2012 The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas. All Rights Reserved.

This Sweepstakes is in no way sponsored, endorsed or administered by, or associated with Flickr, Facebook or Twitter.

Securities Attorneys – bit.ly/14BO4G0 Menzer & Hill, P.A., are nationally known securities attorneys headquartered in Boca Raton, Florida We Specialize in securities fraud, securities arbitration and securities litigation. We focus on the representation of clients in securities related matter Get a FREE YouTube Software at bit.ly/Sfhsjz Get more free SEO Training & Video marketing videos at bit.ly/VwLdsG

Sacred to the memory of

Patrick Charles WEBB

Died 23rd March 1950 – Aged 65 years

Minister of Mines

In the First

Labour Government of New Zealand

 

Patrick Charles WEBB

This memorial was erected by

The United Mine-Workers of New Zealand

As a token of their appreciation

Of his untiring zeal and effort

In the interests of his fellow man.

 

His portrait:

www.teara.govt.nz/en/photograph/2061/patrick-charles-webb...

 

Block 22 Plot 150A

Address at time of death: Lewisham Hospital, Christchurch

Occupation: Retired Company Director

Years in NZ at time of death: 44

 

Webb, Patrick Charles

1884–1950

Coalminer, trade unionist, politician

Patrick (Paddy) Charles Webb was born in Rutherglen in north-eastern Victoria, Australia, on 30 November 1884. He was one of nine children of George Webb, a miner, and his wife, Mary Ann McNamara. The family established a vineyard during Rutherglen's shortlived mining boom in the mid 1880s and it was there at the age of 15 that Webb began his working life. Within two years family fortunes slumped, the vineyard was abandoned and all five Webb boys were found work in the mines. Paddy made his mark quickly in union affairs. By 1904 he had become a steward of the local branch of the Amalgamated Miners' Association of Australia and was secretary of the Rutherglen Labor Council. It was here that he met another young Victorian making his way in union affairs – Michael Joseph Savage. The two were to be lifelong friends.

 

Webb's attitudes were formed in the strong Victorian labour movement. In 1901 the Melbourne Trades Hall Council established the broadly based Political Labor Council of Victoria (PLC) in order to provide an independent organisation for industrial labour. Webb was elected inaugural secretary of its North Prentice branch in 1904. He inhabited a labour world that defined socialism in practical and reformist terms and saw the state and the trade union movement as the major instruments of social improvement. Political and industrial action were seen as complementary means of civilising capitalism. And while the specific interests of the PLC were shaped by local circumstances, its thinking was unambiguously internationalist. The sense of being part of a worldwide struggle against capitalism came readily to miners and it was given added impetus by such notable apostles of socialism as Tom Mann, the veteran of the 1889 London dock strike, alongside whom Webb worked in a PLC recruiting drive in Rutherglen during 1904.

 

Webb was by now blacklisted from the Victorian coalmines. Like fellow Victorian unionists Savage and Robert Semple he came to New Zealand, arriving in Dunedin in 1905. He worked briefly in freezing works and threshing mills before beginning work as a miner on the Denniston plateau, near Westport. There he attempted, with Patrick Hickey, to organise a branch of the New Zealand Socialist Party. Such activities brought Webb to the notice of the mine management and he quickly moved on to the state mine at Runanga, near Greymouth. Opened in 1902 by the Liberal government to provide competition within the coal industry, the mine quickly became a mecca for socialists who saw it as an experiment in public enterprise and the forerunner of wider nationalisation within their industry. In the meantime, Runanga offered activists like Webb a safer environment in which to spread their socialist gospel. The Liberal government, reliant politically on the support of the organised labour movement, was more tolerant of miners branded as troublemakers by private enterprise.

 

It was, however, from Blackball rather than from Runanga that Webb stepped onto the national stage. Together with Hickey, he left the comparative safety of the state mine and began work at a pit where grievances abounded. There the pair helped orchestrate an attack on the arbitration system, which radicals increasingly believed had emasculated unionism by restricting the capacity of individual unions to engage in direct action. On 27 February 1908 Webb, along with six other miners, was dismissed for taking – in accordance with an earlier union decision – half an hour for lunch rather than the prescribed 15 minutes. So began the 'tucker-time strike'. By striking in support of the dismissed men, the Blackball Coal-miners' Union deliberately breached the arbitration award under which they worked. And, by refusing to pay the £75 fine which the court imposed, the miners made clear their wider purpose of discrediting the arbitration system. Moreover, when the owners conceded the half-hour lunch break and reinstated the dismissed men, Webb and the socialists claimed to have demonstrated that the strike could do more for workers than continued adherence to the arbitration system.

 

His work done at Blackball, Webb returned to Runanga. The next four years were frenetic. At pit-head meetings, in miners' halls and on street corners Webb was at the heart of a socialist push to recast union organisation on the coalfields according to the tenets of industrial unionism. The first step was to produce a blueprint for a national miners' organisation. Webb played little part in the formal discussions between the older generation of leaders, who thought there was still mileage to be had from the Lib–Lab alliance, and the rising generation of newcomers, who wanted change here and now. Consequently, he was not among the office-holders of the New Zealand Federation of Miners that emerged in 1908. Yet as the socialist victory was sealed, and the new leadership in 1909 boldly renamed themselves the New Zealand Federation of Labour and secured the affiliation of other unions, Webb emerged as its inaugural president.

 

Like many of the 'Red Feds', as members of the new organisation were soon to be called, Webb held that industrial organisation offered the surest way to remake the world along co-operative and socialist lines. But he also thought that trade union activity needed a political dimension. This would ensure that when the revolution came – and Webb thought it was inevitable – the people would be ready to accept the new order. To prepare the way, Webb and his fellow socialists embarked on an educational programme that took socialism into the streets and led to the formation of a district labour council in Greymouth. Its declaration of principles reflected Webb's belief in the inevitability of class struggle and of evolutionary progress towards socialism.

 

In 1911 Webb was to the fore in an attempt by Runanga miners to launch their own independent working-class party. It was a move stimulated by the appearance of the moderate New Zealand Labour Party and by pressure from anti-conscriptionists on the coalfields. Webb was the miners' unanimous choice as a 'workers' candidate' in the 1911 general election. He presented himself to voters as the candidate of the Federation of Labour and billed his campaign as 'An Appeal to Reason'. The supporters of his opponent, Sir Arthur Guinness, Speaker in the Liberal government since 1903, depicted Webb as representing the forces of anarchism. It was a view shared by the more cautious sections of the local labour movement. Webb's campaign was further handicapped by the opposition of both local newspapers. In these circumstances Webb was pleased to poll 2,539 votes against Guinness's 3,677.

 

Meanwhile, within the Federation of Labour, Webb and his executive were under increasing pressure from militant factions to pursue a more aggressive industrial policy. The Waihi strike of 1912 and the death of a striker after clashes with police stationed in the town intensified demands for an immediate general strike. Webb resisted, and countered by promoting a reorganisation of the labour movement nationally. He played a critical role in assembling the 1913 unity conferences at which a new industrial and political structure was hammered out. The outcome was the creation of two organisations: the United Federation of Labour and the Social Democratic Party. The consolidation of labour's ranks implicit in these changes fitted Webb's preference for a two-pronged approach to the question of improving the position of the working class.

 

The death of Arthur Guinness on 10 June 1913 provided the SDP with a chance to test the new organisation. Webb was their unanimous choice as candidate. Following a vitriolic campaign, marred by sectarianism and scaremongering, Webb, with the support of the losing Liberal, defeated the Reform Party candidate on the second ballot. Webb depicted the second poll as a contest between democracy and the Massey government. 'The banner of the Tory landlord party would never', he claimed, 'wave over a constituency which, for close on thirty years, was in the forefront of the progressive movement'. Thus, at 28 years of age, did Paddy Webb become the nation's first coalminer to enter Parliament. The 'banner of Democracy', he triumphantly told his supporters, had 'been hoisted high on the hills of Grey.'

 

Webb's election, and that of James McCombs in Lyttelton later in 1913, assured the success of the SDP. The subsequent failure of the 1913 general strike underlined the need for greater political representation of the labour movement. Webb thus came to occupy a critical position in attempts to build an independent political party around a working-class base; they were to succeed with the formation of the second New Zealand Labour Party in 1916. The outbreak of war in August 1914 was in some ways to accelerate this process, and in others to place road blocks in labour's path. Webb stood at the heart of this predicament. The unpopularity of the Massey government in a mining constituency gave Webb a reasonable security of tenure as the member for Grey – a security borne out by his retention of the seat in 1914. But the labour movement's attitude to the war and the way it should be prosecuted placed it outside the patriotic mainstream.

 

Webb shared the wider labour movement's suspicion of militarism, but in his initial public comment on the war he avoided opposing New Zealand's involvement. New Zealand should, he believed, resist the Prussian onslaught on Flanders and Belgium. He steadfastly opposed any suggestion of compelling men to fight, and also opposed the national register of manpower compiled by the government in 1915 as preparing the way for military conscription. When conscription was introduced in 1916 he demanded its immediate repeal but he was, at first, more circumspect than anti-militarists on the coalfields who were advocating mass resistance to the Military Service Act. His caution antagonised union leaders bent upon organising a series of go-slows in the pits in the hope of bringing about the repeal of the legislation. Some coalfields activists branded him an opportunist who had lost his socialist sympathies. Perhaps goaded by such attacks, Webb abandoned his usual caution when speaking in support of Labour Party candidates in the Greymouth municipal elections, in April 1917, and praised the miners' struggle against conscription as a battle for democratic freedom. He was arrested, charged with seditious utterance and served three months in prison. Overnight, Webb became a martyr for the anti-conscriptionist cause.

 

Conservative opinion in his electorate professed to be aghast: they were being represented by an unmarried member of Parliament who steadfastly refused to enlist. Both local newspapers had for some time been urging Webb to volunteer and contrasted his 'cowardice' with the 'heroism' of T. E. Y. Seddon, the member for Westland, who had volunteered in August 1915. They could scarcely hide their joy when Webb was called up for military service in October 1917. Webb's response was to seek a mandate from the electorate to stay home. He resigned as MP for Grey and challenged the government to a by-election fought on the issue of conscription. The government refused, and Webb was returned unopposed. When he subsequently declined the offer of a non-combatant role, he was court-martialled and sentenced to two years' hard labour. His parliamentary seat was declared vacant in April 1918, and was won in the by-election by another Labour member, Harry Holland. Webb spent two years tree-planting on the Kaingaroa Plains, and was deprived of his civil rights for 10 years.

 

In the post-war years Webb returned to mining. He joined George Hunter, a mate from the North Prentice days, in one such pit at Dunollie near Greymouth. He also spent some time with another Red Fed, Bob Semple, tunnelling at Orongorongo before establishing the Point Elizabeth Co-op Coal Depot in Christchurch. This was a successful business venture but also one that brought Webb into conflict with the national coalminers' union, the United Mine Workers of New Zealand. Now led by Angus McLagan, a pugnacious and able Scot, they saw the appearance of co-operative miners on the coalfields as a threat to the employment prospects of unionists and thought the non-union mines would provide an alternative source of coal during industrial disputes. A series of bitter clashes between the two groups broke out on the West Coast coalfields in the early 1930s. Webb and Hunter, as coal suppliers, were caught in the cross-fire and accused of buying coal from non-union pits.

The clash with the United Mine Workers created difficulties when Webb sought to return to Parliament. After an unsuccessful attempt to win the Motueka seat in 1932 he won the Labour Party nomination in a by-election for Buller in 1933 following the death of the sitting member and party leader, Harry Holland. McLagan stumped the coalfields demanding that Webb be replaced by a genuine miners' candidate. Webb was able to weather the storm and the election of the first Labour government in 1935 saw him become minister of mines. His old mate from the Rutherglen days, Savage, now prime minister, had hesitated before adding him to the cabinet, preferring at first another ex-Red Fed and Australian, Jim O'Brien, MP for Westland. Whatever the reason for Savage's reluctance, Webb became a loyal disciple of the party leader in the struggles over policy that were to beset the government. He was appointed minister of labour in 1938.

 

Webb played a major role in attempting to reform working and living conditions in the coaltowns. The long period of crisis on the coalfields in the 1920s and 1930s had left the industry plainly run down. Webb saw the answer in nationalisation of the pits. State control would make possible much-needed housing reform and result in greater attention to safety. The achievement of these goals was complicated by the outbreak of war in 1939. The wartime demand for coal strengthened the case for nationalisation and Webb was able to proceed with a programme of piecemeal purchase of mines to maintain coal production. The gradual purchase of failing pits continued throughout the war. It was a policy that did not please the more radical spirits on the coalfields, who wanted the government to scale the capitalist heights and nationalise all mines.

 

Webb had to tread carefully to retain the support of men in the pits. He not only had to placate demands for immediate nationalisation, but also had to convince union officials to keep a tight rein on both attendance and production levels. This was no easy task in an industry whose workforce was rapidly ageing and whose productive capacity was limited by low levels of investment in development and maintenance. Added to this, the introduction of newcomers to swell the ranks of the truckers upset the hierarchy of the pits and brought in its wake a generational conflict that threatened to undermine production. It was a tribute to Webb's temperament and personality that he was able by a mixture of cajolery, concession and threat to retain the support of the miners throughout the war.

 

The effort took its toll and in 1946 Webb retired from politics. His final words in Parliament, couched in typically colourful and generous vein, acknowledged the coalminers' contribution to the war effort. He concluded that 'The people of New Zealand should take off their hats to the miners'. The words would stand also as a personal epitaph for a persistent and loyal miners' advocate.

 

Paddy Webb was charming, genial, generous and made friends easily. Of average height and build, he had an open, friendly and alert face, accentuated by partial baldness from an early age. He never married but was notoriously fond of female company. In his youth he had been a talented cricketer and Australian rules footballer. He played rugby in New Zealand and was a keen shooter and fisherman. His greatest sporting passion was horse-racing. He frequently attended race meetings and was a successful racehorse owner, both on his own account and in partnership with George Hunter.

 

Webb died in Christchurch on 23 March 1950, but not before the major objective of his generation of miners – the nationalisation of the coal industry – had been achieved.

[Len Richardson. 'Webb, Patrick Charles - Webb, Patrick Charles', from the Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, updated 30-Oct-2012 URL: www.TeAra.govt.nz/en/biographies/3w5/webb-patrick-charles] ]

  

His probate is available:

www.archway.archives.govt.nz/ViewFullItem.do?code=19661712

   

Sources:

Christchurch cemeteries online database

  

On 25 January 1919, the League of Nations was formed during the Paris Peace Conference. A product of the revulsion of war and earlier discussions on international arbitration, the League's principal mission was to maintain world peace through collective security and disarmament.

 

Despite a number of notable successes from 1920, the League ultimately proved incapable of preventing aggression, and was suspended following its failure to prevent the Second World War. It was replaced by the United Nations in late 1945.

 

Representing New Zealand at the Paris Peace Conference in 1919 was Premier William Massey, who took an indifferent, almost hostile view of the League. Although he did not want to discourage the idea, Massey believed military preparedness and a strong British Empire was a better guarantor of peace. Impatient to discuss the economic cost of the war and New Zealand's interests in Western Samoa, Massey wrote to MP David Guthrie that "it would have been better had the Conference began with the discussion of the actual peace terms rather than to take up so much time with such matters as the League of Nations."

 

This newspaper cutting is part of one of sixteen bound volumes of press cuttings on the Peace Conference. Dating from December 1918 to October 1921, these large volumes were collected by the High Commissioner in London, and form an excellent day-by-day source of information on both the Conference and the League of Nations. This particular cutting, published in the Daily Mirror on Monday the 27th of January implores “plain people” to ask the question “How are things going at the Peace Conference?” and what is the League of Nations to be?

  

Archives Reference: ACIE 8807 EA31 Box 2

www.archway.archives.govt.nz/ViewFullItem.do?code=17498625

 

For more information use our “ask an archivist” link on our website: www.archives.govt.nz

 

Material from Archives New Zealand Te Rua Mahara o te Kāwanatanga

 

In the aftermath of the Great Revolt, Henry held negotiations at Montlouis, offering a lenient peace on the basis of the pre-war status quo.[299] Henry and Young Henry swore not to take revenge on each other's followers; Young Henry agreed to the transfer of the disputed castles to John, but in exchange the elder Henry agreed to give the younger Henry two castles in Normandy and 15,000 Angevin pounds; Richard and Geoffrey were granted half the revenues from Aquitaine and Brittany respectively.[300][nb 30] Eleanor, however, was kept under effective house arrest until the 1180s.[302] The rebel barons were kept imprisoned for a short time and in some cases fined, then restored to their lands.[303] The rebel castles in England and Aquitaine were destroyed.[304] Henry was less generous to William of Scotland, who was not released until he had agreed to the Treaty of Falaise in December 1174, under which he publicly gave homage to Henry and surrendered five key Scottish castles to Henry's men.[305] Philip of Flanders declared his neutrality towards Henry, in return for which the King agreed to provide him with regular financial support.[92]

 

Henry now appeared to his contemporaries to be stronger than ever, and he was courted as an ally by many European leaders and asked to arbitrate over international disputes in Spain and Germany.[306] He was nonetheless busy resolving some of the weaknesses that he believed had exacerbated the revolt. Henry set about extending royal justice in England to reassert his authority and spent time in Normandy shoring up support amongst the barons.[307] The King also made use of the growing Becket cult to increase his own prestige, using the power of the saint to explain his victory in 1174, especially his success in capturing William.[308]

 

The 1174 peace did not deal with the long-running tensions between Henry and Louis, however, and these resurfaced during the late 1170s.[309] The two kings now began to compete for control of Berry, a prosperous region of value to both kings.[309] Henry had some rights to western Berry, but in 1176 announced an extraordinary claim that he had agreed in 1169 to give Richard's fiancée Alice the whole province as part of the marriage settlement.[310] If Louis accepted this, it would have implied that the Berry was Henry's to give away in the first place, and would have given Henry the right to occupy it on Richard's behalf.[311] To put additional pressure on Louis, Henry mobilised his armies for war.[309] The papacy intervened and, probably as Henry had planned, the two kings were encouraged to sign a non-aggression treaty in September 1177, under which they promised to undertake a joint crusade.[311] The ownership of the Auvergne and parts of the Berry were put to an arbitration panel, which reported in favour of Henry; Henry followed up this success by purchasing La Marche from the local count.[312] This expansion of Henry's empire once again threatened French security and promptly put the new peace at risk

The journey to this centennial started in 1899 with the Hague Peace Conference – a unique gathering of representatives of the 26 sovereign powers of the time.

 

Those leaders were distressed by a seemingly endless cycle of conflict and carnage.

 

They sought solutions not in more fearsome weaponry. Instead they looked to the realm that would provide the strongest and soundest bulwark of peace: they looked to the law.

 

The agreements they adopted brought at least some semblance of humanity to the conduct of war, building on the first Geneva Convention and forming the basis for modern-day international humanitarian law.

 

The Conference was a vote of confidence in international cooperation.

 

And of course it led to this magnificent building, this one, home to the International Court of Justice, the Permanent Court of Arbitration, the Hague Academy of International Law and the phenomenal collection of the Peace Palace Library.

 

Today The Hague is known as the “legal capital of the world” -- an epicentre of international justice and accountability.

 

I thank the Government and people of the Netherlands for their many contributions to the development and advancement of international law.

 

I must also note the generosity and farsightedness of Andrew Carnegie and the ongoing work of the Carnegie Foundation.

 

Le Palais de la Paix représente un idéal qui rayonne bien au-delà de La Haye : un idéal plus solide que la pierre; une notion encore plus belle que les boiseries, les mosaïques et les tapisseries qui nous entourent.

 

Aujourd’hui, nous faisons plus que célébrer ce merveilleux bâtiment : nous célébrons l’état de droit lui-même. Nous célébrons un principe qui est la pierre angulaire de l’ordre mondial.

 

[Translates to: The Peace Palace represents an ideal that extends far beyond The Hague; an ideal stronger than bricks and mortar; a notion even more beautiful than the woodwork, mosaics and tapestries that decorate our surroundings. So today we do more than celebrate this great building; we celebrate the rule of law itself. We celebrate a principle that provides the bedrock of our entire world order]

 

The rule of law creates the predictability, transparency and mutual obligations that are indispensable for peaceful coexistence among countries..

 

It fosters the norms and practices that build strong institutions central to good governance, the provision of basic services and the pursuit of the Millennium Development Goals.

 

It provides legal systems that can fight corruption and allow for the timely, principled and transparent resolution of grievances and disputes.

 

And it extends the framework of norms, statutes, mechanisms and processes that give people the human rights protection they need.

 

At last year’s High-level Meeting on the Rule of Law, United Nations Member States adopted a far-reaching declaration that gives us a new tool to deliver justice at both the national and international levels.

 

Here in the Hague, you help sustain and expand the rule of law – you bring the rule of law to life.

 

The International Court of Justice, the principal judicial organ of the United Nations, provides a vital platform for the peaceful resolution of complex and sensitive disputes. Member States from all regions are making greater use of the Court, and I very much hope that this trend will continue.

 

The Permanent Court of Arbitration likewise offers a low-key path to resolving differences early, before they escalate.

 

The Palace’s neighbours – the International Criminal Court and the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia – have been central players in the great advance of international criminal law of the past generation.

 

Convictions have demonstrated the new global will to hold perpetrators to account, regardless of rank or prominence of the people concerned.

 

And these Courts’ very existence has begun to serve as a deterrent to future crimes. The threat of “ending up in the Hague” has become very real. They have to think very seriously before they commit something.

 

We are moving from an age of impunity to an age of accountability.

 

But is it is crucial for Member States to do more to sustain this momentum, through additional ratifications of the ICC Statute and greater levels of cooperation with international jurisdictions.

 

I want to use this opportunity to make a special appeal on behalf of the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia. This Court has achieved important successes in prosecuting the brutal crimes committed by the Khmer Rouge regime.

 

Yet today the Court is in crisis. The voluntary contributions on which the Court depends have run dry. Cambodian staff have not been paid since June. The very survival of the Court is now in question.

 

Financial failure would be a tragedy for the people of Cambodia, who have waited so long for justice. It would also be a severe blow to our shared commitment to international justice.

 

I call on the international community to come forward with the financing to continue this most important judicial process – not just for the weeks ahead, but to see all the cases through to their conclusion.

 

This palace is by function a seat of law. But in name, it speaks of peace.

 

When I think of peace today, my thoughts turn to countries and especially people caught in conflict.

 

I think of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The United Nations continues to strongly support the recent peace agreement that gives the region its best chance to end the years-long cycle of violence.

 

I think of Egypt, where violence and polarization have brought bitter winds to the Arab Spring. I appeal to all Egyptians to show maximum restraint, revive the political process and resolve differences peacefully through dialogue.

 

Above all, I think about Syria, where a catastrophic civil war has killed more than 100,000 people by now, ignited sectarian tensions and generated instability across the region.

 

Now we have reached the most serious moment in this conflict.

 

The latest escalation has caused horrendous casualties. And through images unlike any we have seen in the 21st century, it has also raised the spectre of chemical warfare.

 

The use of chemical weapons by anyone, for any reasons, under any circumstances, would be an atrocious violation of international law.

 

It is essential to establish the facts. A United Nations investigation team is now on the ground to do just that.

 

Just days after the attacks, they have collected valuable samples and interviewed victims and witnesses. The team needs time to do its job.

 

Here in the Peace Palace, let us say: Give peace a chance. Give diplomacy a chance. Stop fighting and start talking.

 

And here in this hall dedicated to the rule of law, I say: let us adhere to the United Nations Charter.

 

To those providing weapons to either side, we must ask: what have those arms achieved but more bloodshed?

 

The military logic has given us a country on the verge of total destruction, a region in chaos and a global threat. Why add more fuel to the fire?

 

We must pursue all avenues to get the parties to the negotiating table. The joint envoy of the United Nations and the Arab League continues his efforts.

 

Most of all, the Security Council of the United Nations must uphold its responsibilities under the Charter - moral and political responsibilities under the Charter of the United Nations.

 

Syria is the biggest challenge of war and peace in the world today. The body entrusted with maintaining international peace and security cannot be missing in action. The Council must at last find the unity to act. It must use its authority for peace.

 

The war has created a lost generation of children and young people. Mothers, fathers, families face worsening prospects by the day. The Syrian people deserve solutions, not silence.

 

Our common humanity demands that all do their utmost to end this tragedy now.

 

The search for peace and justice over the years has known many low points.

 

Places such as Auschwitz, Rwanda and Srebrenica – and the fields of Flanders just a morning’s drive from here.

 

Practices like slavery, colonialism and apartheid. The everyday wrongs of poverty and prejudice.

 

But we have also seen inspiring efforts to avert future tragedies, and to build a world of equality before the law, and peaceful coexistence among peoples, cultures and nations.

 

I have seen both setbacks and progress during my time as Secretary-General.

 

But I have seen something else as well: the capacity of people to make a difference, to turn commitment to action, to come together to make possible new laws, new rights, new opportunities and new attitudes that improve the human condition.

 

Such gains suggest to me that the long-term trajectory of humankind can be one of uplift.

 

That is also a mission that you strive here to make real every day.

 

Together, let us work to realize those ambitions and ideals in every community and corner of our world.

***********

The Hague, the Netherlands

Craig Waugh (B.A. 2004) has been elected to shareholder of national law firm Polsinelli. Craig Waugh is a commercial and securities litigator who assists clients in state and federal court actions, arbitrations, and enforcement actions by the SEC, FINRA, and Arizona Securities Division. He practices in the firm’s Phoenix office.

Overlooking Baltimore’s scenic Inner Harbor, roughly 100 attorneys packed the 15th floor of the Downtown Hyatt Regency on September 28, 2018, for a one-of-a-kind opportunity to learn from leading general counsel on hot-button issues facing their field. The MSBA teamed up with Judicial Events™ to present “2018 Legends of the Boardroom”, which featured a powerhouse of in-house counsel who spoke to the “In’s and Out’s of the Corporate M&A”, “Cyber Security and Compliance”, “International Arbitration”, and “A View from the ‘C’ Suite: What General Counsels Want You to Know About Billing!”. Other event sponsors included Womble Bond Dickinson; Goodell DeVries; Levy, Mann, Caplan & Hermann & Polashuk, LLP; Wright, Constable & Skeen, LLP; McGuireWoods; Fedder and Garten, Professional Association; Nemphos Braue; Legal Technology Solutions, LLC; Safe Harbor Discovery, LLC; and The Daily Record.

 

I Delivered Packages for Amazon and It Was a Nightmare I Delivered Packages for Amazon and It Was a Nightmare Technology I Delivered Packages for Amazon and It Was a Nightmare Amazon Flex allows drivers to get paid to deliver packages from their own vehicles. But is it a good deal for workers? Jun 25, 2018 Aygun Aliyeva / Shutterstock.com / Arsh Raziuddin / The Atlantic / GoogleMaps I’m sure I looked comical as I staggered down a downtown San Francisco street on a recent weekday, arms full of packages—as I dropped one and bent down to pick it up, another fell, and as I tried to rein that one in, another toppled. Yet it wasn’t funny, not really. There I was, wearing a bright-yellow safety vest and working for Amazon Flex, a program in which the e-commerce giant pays regular people to deliver packages from their own vehicles for $18 to $25 an hour, before expenses. I was racing to make the deliveries before I got a ticket—there are few places for drivers without commercial vehicles to park in downtown San Francisco during the day—and also battling a growing rage as I lugged parcels to offices of tech companies that offered free food and impressive salaries to their employees, who seemed to spend their days ordering stuff online. Technology was allowing these people a good life, but it was just making me stressed and cranky. “NOT. A. GOOD. DEAL,” I scrawled in my notebook, after having walked down nine flights of stairs, sick of waiting for a freight elevator that may or may not have been broken, and returned to my car for another armful of packages. Welcome to the future of package delivery. As people shop more online, companies like Amazon are turning to independent contractors—essentially anyone with a car—to drop parcels at homes and businesses. Flex is necessary because Amazon is growing so quickly—the company shipped 5 billion Prime items last year—that it can’t just rely on FedEx, UPS, and the Postal Service. Flex takes care of “last mile” deliveries, the most complicated part of getting goods from where they’re made to your doorstep. It also allows Amazon to meet increases in demand during the holiday season, Prime Day, and other busy times of the year, a spokeswoman told me in an email. But Flex operates year-round, not just during the holiday season, which suggests there’s another reason for it: It’s cheap. As the larger trucking industry has discovered over the past decade, using independent contractors rather than unionized drivers saves money, because so many expenses are borne by the drivers, rather than the company. Amazon has rolled out Flex in more than 50 cities, including New York; Indianapolis, Indiana; and Memphis, Tennessee. The company doesn’t share information about how many drivers it has, but one Seattle economist calculated that 11,262 individuals drove for Flex in California between October 2016 and March 2017, based on information Amazon shared with him to help the company defend a lawsuit about Flex drivers. On the surface, these jobs, like many others in the gig economy, seem like a good deal. But Flex workers get no health insurance or pension, and are not guaranteed a certain number of hours or shifts a week. They are not covered by basic labor protections like minimum wage and overtime pay, and they don’t get unemployment benefits if they suddenly can’t work anymore. And when workers calculate how much they’re pulling in on a daily basis, they often don’t account for the expenses that they’ll incur doing these jobs. “A lot of these gig-type services essentially rely on people not doing the math on what it actually costs you,” Sucharita Kodali, a Forrester analyst who covers e-commerce, told me . One Amazon Flex driver in Cleveland, Chris Miller, 63, told me that though he makes $18 an hour, he spends about 40 cents per mile he drives on expenses like gas and car repairs. He bought his car, used, with 40,000 miles on it. It now has 140,000, after driving for Flex for seven months, and Uber and Lyft before that. That means he’s incurred about $40,000 in expenses—things he didn’t think about initially, like changing the oil more frequently and replacing headlights and taillights. He made slightly less than $10 an hour driving for Uber, he told me, once he factored in these expenses; Flex pays a bit better. Miller’s wife has a full-time job with benefits, so his Flex earnings are helpful for paying off his family’s credit-card bills. But “if I were trying to make this work as a single guy on my own, it would be tough to do that,” he said. His costs might actually be lower than what most drivers spend: The standard mileage rates for use of a car for business purposes, according to the IRS, are 54.5 cents a mile in 2018. I became an Amazon Flex independent contractor by downloading an app, going through a background check, and watching 19 videos that explained in great detail the process of delivering packages. (I did not get paid for the time it took to watch these videos, nor was there any guarantee that I would be approved as a driver once I watched the videos.) The videos covered topics like what to do if a customer decides they don’t want their order anymore (“Isn’t this customer nuts?!,” Amazon asks), and how to deliver alcohol (asking customers how old they are, it turns out, is not an acceptable form of checking ID). Because the videos were followed by quizzes, I actually had to pay attention. After I was finally approved as a driver, a process that took weeks, I signed up for a shift. Flex drivers get work by opening the app and clicking on available shifts; current Flex drivers told me that newbies get offered the best hours and rates. My first shift was from 11:00 a.m. to 2:30 p.m. on a Tuesday, delivering packages from an Amazon logistics center in South San Francisco, about 30 minutes from my apartment. Different shifts offer varying rates; my three-and-a-half-hour block was going to net me $70, according to the app, though of course I had to pay for my own fuel and tolls. The app would tell me where to pick up the packages, where to drop them off, and what route to take, so the task seemed pretty easy. I anticipated a few leisurely hours driving between houses in a sleepy San Francisco suburb, listening to an audiobook as I dropped packages on doorsteps, smelling the lavender and sagebrush that grace many front lawns here. My first hint that the afternoon was not going to be the bucolic day I had imagined came when I drove into the Amazon warehouse to pick up the packages. I was handed a yellow safety vest to wear inside the warehouse so other drivers could see me, “compliments of Amazon,” a man told me, and was directed to a parking spot where a cart of packages awaited. I began loading them into my trunk, but paused when I saw the addresses printed on them. I was assigned 43 packages but only two addresses: two office buildings on Market Street, the main thoroughfare in downtown San Francisco. This meant driving into downtown San Francisco in the middle of a workday, stashing my car somewhere and walking between floors and offices in the two buildings. Readers weigh in on the pitfalls of the gig economy. “Where am I supposed to park?” I asked the two men who were guiding traffic in the warehouse, as I loaded giant boxes and slim white Prime envelopes into my overstuffed car. They both shrugged. “Lots of people just get tickets,” one told me. I was still feeling optimistic as I headed through 30 minutes of traffic to downtown San Francisco. I saw container ships on the horizon of the Bay as I drove up Highway 101, and for a moment, felt like an integral part of a global delivery chain that brought these packages from China, across the sea, to the port, over the roads, into the backseat of my car, and now to the people eagerly awaiting them. By some measures, delivering packages is one of the few “good” jobs left in America for people without college degrees. The Teamsters represent roughly 260,000 UPS workers, who make around $36 an hour . The American Postal Workers Union represents around 156,000 clerks and support workers, who make, on average, $75,500 annually, according to the union. The National Association of Letter Carriers, which did not respond to requests for comment, represents the actual Postal Service delivery workers. * Yet these union jobs are under pressure. “These are good jobs, and they can get much worse really fast,” Steve Viscelli, a sociologist at the University of Pennsylvania who writes about the trucking industry, told me. The Teamsters recently gave workers the go-ahead to call a strike amid ongoing contract negotiations, although the two sides said late last week they’d reached a tentative deal. The American Postal Workers Union is about to begin contract negotiations too. Workers are pushing back over weekend deliveries and the lower pay and benefits given to part-time workers. UPS now has a second tier of part-time workers who make as little as $10 an hour; the Postal Service has added workers it calls city carrier assistants who make less than regular mail carriers. And then, of course, there’s Flex. If the delivery workforce continues to shift toward nonunionized workers and independent contractors, the industry could go from one where workers can support a family to one where they are making less than minimum wage. That’s what happened in the long-haul trucking industry, according to Viscelli. The average long-haul trucker today makes about $40,000 , down from the equivalent of $100,000 in 1980. “There’s been a whole movement to try to contain costs and undercut labor costs by classifying drivers as independent contractors so companies don’t have to worry about wage laws,” says Shannon Liss-Riordan, an attorney who has filed numerous lawsuits against tech companies for misclassifying workers as independent contractors. Amazon Flex employees sometimes make below the minimum wage in the city where they live—including in Seattle, where the minimum wage is $15 an hour—and they do not receive time-and-a-half for the hours they work over 40 hours a week, according to a lawsuit Liss-Riordan filed on behalf of Flex workers in U.S. District Court in Washington State. (Amazon said it does not comment on pending litigation.) For some people, being an independent contractor is one of the best parts of driving for Flex. Jeremy Brown, a 36-year-old Flex driver in Milwaukee, told me that he likes the freedom of being his own boss. If he wakes up in the morning and doesn’t feel like driving for Flex, he can go back to sleep, or spend his time leading the music worship service at his church, or homeschooling his kids. He makes enough money—around $120 a day, when he factors in expenses—from Flex that his family relies on it for the bulk of their income. Brown often finishes his two-hour shifts in a shorter time than Amazon has estimated they will take. But if it takes a Flex driver longer to complete their deliveries than Amazon has calculated it will, they don’t get paid for the extra time. (An Amazon spokeswoman told me that “the vast majority” of blocks are completed within or in less than the estimated time.) If the driver gets into a car accident, the driver, not Amazon, is responsible for medical and insurance costs. If a driver gets a speeding ticket, the driver pays. (UPS and FedEx usually pay their trucks’ tickets, but Amazon explicitly says in the contract Flex drivers sign that drivers are responsible for fees and fines-.) Because of the way Flex works, drivers rarely know when blocks of time will become available, and don’t know when they’ll be working or how much they’ll be making on any given day. Brown likes to work two shifts delivering groceries for Amazon, from 4:30 to 6:30 a.m. and 6:30 to 8:30 a.m., but the morning we talked, no 4:30 shifts were available. He sometimes wakes up at 3 a.m. and does what Flex workers call the “sip and tap,” sitting at home and drinking coffee while refreshing the app, hoping new blocks come up. He does not get paid for the hour he spends tapping. Twice in the last year, he’s been barred from seeing new blocks for seven days because Amazon accused him of using a bot to grab blocks—he says he just taps the app so frequently Amazon assumes he’s cheating. When he is barred from seeing blocks, he has no recourse but to repeatedly email Amazon, which has never led to his suspension being lifted. Amazon also does not break down how much he receives in tips and how much he receives in pay from the company—for all he knows, people are tipping him $20 and Amazon is paying him less than minimum wage. And he doesn’t have a boss he can ask what’s going on. Kelly Cheeseman, an Amazon spokeswoman, told me that Flex is a great opportunity for people to be their own boss and set their own schedule. If workers prefer to be full-time employees, rather than independent contractors, the company has a “wide variety” of full- and part-time opportunities, she said. (Of course, many of the full-time jobs are physically challenging as well. Chris Miller, the Cleveland worker, told me that he preferred working as a contractor to working as an employee for Amazon, which is infamous for high levels of stress and pressure among employees.) Cheeseman said that most Flex workers are doing the job as a side gig to make money when they’re in school or raising kids. But Nikolay Akunts, a driver who administers a Facebook group for Flex workers in the San Francisco Bay Area, told me that 70 to 80 percent of the drivers in the group are doing so full-time. (Akunts drives for Flex in Sunnyvale, California, from 4:30 to 8:30 a.m. and then goes to his full-time job at a software company.) Even people who work for Flex full-time know they can’t always depend on the app to make money. Akunts said that people often get “deactivated,” which means they receive a message telling them they can no longer drive for Flex. Sometimes, the workers don’t know why they’ve been terminated and their contract annulled, he told me. It can take as long as a month to get reinstated. Akunts, who likes working for Flex and makes a lot of money doing so, told me that he’s one of the only drivers left after three years delivering packages in Sunnyvale who hasn’t been deactivated or quit. “Amazon keeps you on a high standard,” Akhunts said. If someone ordered a grocery delivery but doesn’t answer the phone, Akunts keeps trying—the customer might be in the shower or on the other line, he said. This dedication to the customer, he said, is what Amazon expects from its workers. When I arrived at the Market Street address where the first batch of packages were supposed to be delivered, I swiped “I’ve arrived” on the Flex app. The app informed me that I should actually be delivering the packages at the freight elevator on Ellis Street, in the back of the building—a two-minute walk, but a traffic-choked 10-minute drive, away. Once I arrived there, I discovered there was nowhere to park legally. I was already nearly an hour into my shift and hadn’t delivered a package yet, so I parked at a red parking meter reserved for trucks with six wheels or more from 7 a.m. to 6 p.m. and started to make trips to the building, my arms full of parcels. Flex drivers often fill their cars to the brim before delivering packages. (Alana Semuels / The Atlantic) I tried to move quickly so that I wasn’t leaving my car unattended for very long, but after walking in circles through the building, I reemerged onto Ellis Street and encountered a parking enforcement officer about to write me a ticket. I explained my difficulty: that I was delivering for Amazon, but there was nowhere to park, since I didn’t have commercial plates. What was I supposed to do? My only option, since I was driving a personal car, he said, was to park in a garage, or deliver the packages at night. But lots of people risk it and park illegally in meters, he told me—the number of parking citations issued in the first three months of the year for people parking illegally at red and yellow meters grew 29 percent from 2016, according to data provided to me by the city. I eventually convinced him not to give me a ticket, which would have cost $110 and wiped out my earnings for the day, but even as he pulled away, he warned me that another officer could be coming by soon and wouldn’t hesitate to write me one. Later, when I returned to the warehouse, I encountered a few Flex drivers who had two people in the car, presumably so one could drive and watch out for traffic enforcement officers while the other hopped out to deliver packages. Parking headaches weren’t the only problem. One of the packages I had to deliver was a huge box weighing more than 30 pounds. Because of the limited parking, I ended up walking two blocks with it, resting every 100 steps or so. At one point, a friendly police officer tried to lift it for kicks and groaned audibly. The security guard at the front door of the office building chastised me for carrying the box, and told me that I should be using a dolly to transport it. (None of the 19 videos I had to watch to be a Flex driver recommended bringing a delivery cart or a dolly.) Had I injured myself carrying the package, I would not have been able to receive workers’ compensation or paid medical time off. I also would have been responsible for my own medical care. Brown, the Milwaukee Amazon Flex driver, is the sole provider for his family, and uses BadgerCare, the Wisconsin health-insurance program for low-income residents, for his family’s health insurance. And then there was the fact that the Flex technology itself was difficult to use. Flex workers are supposed to scan each package before they deliver it, but the app wouldn’t accept my scans. When I called support, unsure of what to do, I received a recorded messaging saying support was experiencing technical difficulties, but would be up again soon. Then I got a message on my phone telling me the current average wait time for support was “less than 114,767 minutes.” I ended up just handing the packages to people in the offices without scanning them, hoping that someone, somewhere, was tracking where they went. (Amazon says it is constantly taking driver feedback into consideration to improve Flex.) Two of the small offices I was supposed to deliver packages to were locked, and there was no information about where to leave the deliveries. When I finally reached support and asked what to do with those undeliverable packages, I was told I could either drive them back to the warehouse in South San Francisco, 35 minutes away through worsening traffic, or keep trying to deliver them until the recipients returned. When I tried to use the app to call the recipients, it directed me to the wrong phone numbers; I eventually called a phone number printed on an office door and left a message. But there was no efficient way to register my problems with Amazon—I was on my own. All my frustration really hit when I went to the second office building on Market Street, home to a few big tech companies. One of them took up multiple floors, smelled strongly of pizza, and had dog leashes and kibble near the front door. Young workers milled around with laptops and lattes, talking about weekend plans. They were benefiting from the technology boom, sharing in the prosperity that comes with a company’s rapid growth. Technology was making their jobs better—they worked in offices that provided free food and drinks, and they received good salaries, benefits, and stock options. They could click a button and use Amazon to get whatever they wanted delivered to their offices—I brought 16 packages for 13 people to one office; one was so light I was sure it was a pack of gum, another felt like a bug-spray container. Until then, I had been, like them, blithely ordering things on Amazon so I wouldn’t have to wait in line at a store or go searching for a particular product (even though I knew, from talking to warehouse workers , that many of the jobs that get those packages to my door aren’t good ones). But now, technology was enabling Amazon to hire me to deliver these packages with no benefits or perks. If one of these workers put the wrong address on the package, they would get a refund, while I was scurrying around trying to figure out what they meant when they listed their address as “fifth floor” and there was no fifth floor. How could these two different types of jobs exist in the same economy? Gig-economy jobs like this one are becoming more and more common. The number of “non-employer firms” in the ground-transportation sector—essentially freelancers providing rides through various platforms—grew 69 percent from 2010 to 2014, the most recent year for which there is data available, according to a Brookings analysis of Census Bureau and Moody’s data. Big cities like San Francisco, Boston, and Denver led the growth, according to Mark Muro, a senior fellow and policy director at the Metropolitan Policy Program at Brookings. Regular payroll employment in ground-transportation companies grew at a much slower rate, Brookings found. People are worried that automation is going to create a “job apocalypse,” but there will likely be thousands more driving and delivery jobs in upcoming years, according to Viscelli. Technology has allowed people to outsource the things they don’t want to do; they can now have someone else go grocery shopping for them, pick up their takeout, bring them packages in under two hours so they don’t have to go to a store. “We’re going to take the billion hours Americans spend driving to stores and taking things off shelves, and we’re going to turn it into jobs,” Viscelli said. “The fundamental question is really what the quality of these jobs is going to be.” This shift could create even more congestion in cities as hundreds of small passenger cars flood the streets. It also could fundamentally change people’s relationship with their employers—think of people like Chris Miller, the Ohio Flex driver, who for years was a full-time employee at various radio stations, and now is on his own. “It concerns me that this could be the way of the world,” he told me. There are efforts to make some of the people who drive for Flex employees rather than independent contractors, a move that worker advocates say could go a long way in improving the quality of these jobs. The lawsuit filed by Shannon Liss-Riordan in Washington State, for example, argues that Flex drivers are employees, not independent contractors, because they receive unpaid training about how to interact with customers and handle deliveries, they must follow Amazon’s instructions about where to make deliveries, and they can be terminated if they don’t follow the company’s policies. Liss-Riordan filed the lawsuit on behalf of five plaintiffs, but is hoping to add more. The California Supreme Court ruled in April that businesses must use an “ABC” standard when deciding how to classify workers. The standard, already in use in Massachusetts and New Jersey, means a worker is an independent contractor only if the work is done without direction and control from the employer, outside the course of the employer’s usual business, and is done by someone who has his or her own independent business doing that kind of work. This may make it harder for employers to classify workers as contractors—but still, it will be hard for Amazon Flex workers in California to change their classification. They will have to file a formal complaint or take the matter to court, assuming Amazon and other gig-economy companies do not reclassify them on their own. Liss-Riordan says one of the biggest obstacles in getting workers to take legal action over their classification is that many Flex workers agree, upon signing up to deliver packages, to resolve disputes with Amazon through arbitration. Companies can now use arbitration clauses to prevent workers from joining together to file class-action lawsuits, because of a May Supreme Court ruling . (A new lawsuit now in front of the Supreme Court argues that transportation workers are exempt from that rule.) Looking back through the many things I’d agreed to when signing up for Flex, I found that I, too, was governed by a binding arbitration agreement. The only way to opt out of this arbitration agreement would have been to inform Amazon I did not want to be covered by it within 14 days of signing the agreement. For me, being an independent contractor meant that the job was lonely, with no colleagues to share stories with, and no boss to ask about the many confusing aspects of being a first-day driver. (Flex drivers complained to me that even when they do contact support with a complaint, they often receive back a form letter, making them feel like they are working for a robot rather than a company that employs actual humans.) Many drivers take to Facebook to share stories and tips, but I only found those pages much later. My only interactions, aside from the parking enforcement officer, were with the people receiving the packages, who often said a distracted “thank you” as they tore open their packages, and with receptionists, who would nod me to mail rooms overflowing with brown boxes. Being an independent contractor also meant that the job was hard to leave behind, even when I was done for the day. A few hours after I’d finished my shift, I received a call on my cellphone from a woman to whom I’d tried to deliver a package earlier that day. There had been no instructions about where to leave the package, but she told me she had frequently asked Amazon to leave her packages with another office. As she began chastising me—and Amazon—for my failures, I told her I wasn’t responsible anymore and hung up the phone. Even weeks after I’d stopped driving for Flex, I kept getting new notifications from Amazon, telling me that increased rates were available, tempting me to log back in and make a few extra bucks, making me feel guilty for not opening the app, even though I have another job. And I didn’t even have to put up with the early, unpaid hours of the “sip and tap” drivers who depended on Flex for work that they never knew for sure was coming the next day. Flex was not a good deal for me. My shift lasted slightly longer than the three-and-a-half hours Amazon had told me it would, because I had to return two undeliverable packages to the South San Francisco warehouse. On my traffic-choked drive there, I passed a billboard showing a man who had made millions through Bitcoin sitting on a beach. My tech-economy experience was far less lucrative. In total, I drove about 40 miles (not counting the 26 miles I had to drive between the warehouse and my apartment). I was paid $70, but had $20 in expenses, based on the IRS mileage standards. I had narrowly avoided a $110 parking ticket, which felt like a win, but my earnings, added up, were $13.33 an hour. That’s less than San Francisco’s $14 minimum wage. I eagerly awaited my paycheck, which was supposed to be deposited into my bank account the Friday after my shift. It never came. Something had gone wrong with the way I entered my bank-account number into the app, and when I wrote to support to report this, I received a form letter back that said I was emailing Amazon from the wrong email address. I’m still corresponding with Amazon to figure out exactly how to get paid—more time spent trying to eke out a meager wage in the gig economy. We want to hear from you. Please email your response to letters@theatlantic.com . * This article previously misstated which workers are represented by the American Postal Workers Union. We want to hear what you think about this article. Submit a letter to the editor or write to letters@theatlantic.com. Alana Semuels is a staff writer at The Atlantic . She was previously a national correspondent for the Los Angeles Times . Read More… The post I Delivered Packages for Amazon and It Was a Nightmare appeared first on TBNT Have The Solution. from TBNT Have The Solution ift.tt/2Lw51wd via Article Source ift.tt/eA8V8J TBNT Have The Solution August 27, 2018 at 04:56AM

Xin giới thiệu mẫu Bản dịch tiếng Anh Hợp đồng tư vấn xây dựng được dịch bởi đội ngũ Dịch Thuật SMS.

Dịch thuật hợp đồng xây dựng là một loại dịch vụ đặc thù vì đòi hỏi sự hiểu biết đồng thời các thuật ngữ pháp lý và thuật ngữ chuyên ngành xây dựng. Dịch Thuật SMS có kinh nghiệm phong phú trong lĩnh vực dịch thuật hợp đồng tiếng Anh nói chung và dịch hợp đồng xây dựng nói riêng.

Chúng tôi thường xuyên nhận dịch rất nhiều loại hợp đồng tư vấn xây dựng gồm: dịch hợp đồng tư vấn khảo sát xây dựng, dịch hợp đồng tư vấn lập Báo cáo nghiên cứu khả thi đầu tư xây dựng, dịch hợp đồng tư vấn thiết kế xây dựng công trình, dịch hợp đồng tư vấn giám sát thi công xây dựng công trình…

Để được báo giá dịch tiếng Anh sang Việt và dịch sang tiếng Anh cho hợp đồng xây dựng và tài liệu xây dựng nói chung:

  

gọi ngay 0934 436 040 (có hỗ trợ Zalo/Viber/Whatsapp/Wechat)

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hoặc bấm vào nút bên dưới để gửi yêu cầu báo giá trực tuyến.

  

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Kéo xuống để xem mẫu Bản dịch Hợp đồng Tư vấn xây dựng (Contract of Construction design consulting service) được dịch từ Việt sang Anh bởi đội ngũ Dịch Thuật SMS, hoặc bấm vào link dưới để tải về.

mẫu Bản dịch Hợp đồng Tư vấn xây dựng (Contract of Construction design consulting service) được dịch từ Việt sang Anh bởi đội ngũ Dịch Thuật SMS

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Để nhận bảng giá dịch tiếng Anh cho hợp đồng, hồ sơ xây dựng của công ty bạn, hãy:

 

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CONTRACT OF

CONSTRUCTION DESIGN CONSULTING SERVICE

No: 01/2016/HD-ABC

 

Today, 08th March, 2016, we are:

ABC CORPORATION

Address:

Tel:Fax:

Represented by:Position:

Tax code:

(Hereinafter being referred to as “Owner”)

And:

XYZ PROJECTS (VIETNAM) LTD

Address:

Represented by:Position:

Tax code:

Account no:

(Hereinafter being referred to as “Consultant”)

Owner as well as Consultant is called the “Party” individually and the “Parties” in commonly.

Whereas:

Owner needs to use construction design services related to construction project of ABC Building located in lot Z.03b-04 and lot Z.05-06-07, Industrial Park, Tan Thuan export processing zone, Tan Thuan Dong Ward, District 7, HCMC, Viet Nam (the “Project”);

Consultant is a construction design consulting organization which is authorized to do business in Vietnam. Proposal documents submitted by Consultant have been approved by the Owner for performance of works required for the Project.

Now, therefore the Parties hereto mutually agree to sign the Contract of Construction Design Consulting Service (the “Contract) under following terms and conditions:

ARTICLE 1. OBJECT OF THE CONTRACT1.1 Consultant agree to provide construction design service for construction of the Project in accordant with provisions of Appendix A – Scope of Work attached hereto (the “Service”).

 

1.2 Consultant shall carry out the Service as schedule described in Appendix B – Project Schedule attached hereto.

ARTICLE 2: CONSULTANT’S DUTIES, OBLIGATIONS AND RESPONSIBILITIES2.1 The Consultant shall perform the Service hereunder timely in accordant with Project schedule stipulated herein; assure quality of Project subject to Vietnamese Government’s regulation as well as Owner’s requirements; and transfer all relevant documents specified herein.

 

2.2. To present and defend his convictions of design content in the presentation and approval meetings with Owner’s authorities;

 

2.3. To inform Owner timely and fully all information related to Project design;

 

2.4. To promptly modify design, figures, drawings, documents records related to the Project, as requested by Owner, necessitated by errors or omissions subject to the Consultant’s faults.

 

2.5 To designate qualified individual, personnel in compliance with the provisions of the law to undertake author supervision during Project construction.

 

2.6 Consultant has responsibilities to explain and clarify construction design documents to Owner, constructors in order to control and execute construction following correct design.

 

2.7 When identifying deviation between construction and construction design (except modification approved by Consultant), author supervisor of Consultant shall take note the deviation in supervision record and inform Owner to ask constructors to adjust construction in accordant with construction design; Consultant shall be held harmless from liabilities by Owner and/ or Constructor subject to the adjustments are not carried out thereby as Consultant’s advice.

 

2.8 During author supervision, in case any construction category is not qualified for acceptance, Consultant shall send a written notification to Owner therein clarify the reasons for rejection of acceptance.

 

2.9 To adjust design to match the reality and Owner’s requirement in accordant with scope of project stipulated hereunder; Owner shall make payment for additional Service Cost set forth in Article 8.2 hereunder.

 

2.10 To attend the meetings related to construction design during construction when receipt of invitation from Owner.

 

2.11 To attend acceptance testing for trial operation and official operation.

 

2.12 In case that Consultant indicates subcontract from the third parties for performing a part within the Service of the Contract, the Consultant shall:

 

Notify Owner of the subcontract 15 days in advance. Subcontract shall not be applied without written approval by Owner. The subcontract is considered to be accepted by Owner providing that Owner has no written response within 15 days upon receipt of the written subcontract notice from Consultant.

 

a.The Consultant has to assure that his indicated subcontractors as condition herein shall performance correctly and fully works with respect to this contract. Consultant shall be responsible for result, quality and schedule of the works performed by the subcontractors.

 

b.Consultant shall be responsible for cost and expenditures arising from the performance of subcontractors.

 

c.Consultant has liability to compensate Owner for actual damages caused by the violation performed by the third parties.

 

2.13 All finished works transferred to Inspector shall comply with provision of the contract, in full legitimacy, and be accepted by Owner. The acceptance of Inspector shall not relieve Consultant of liabilities for his design.

 

2.14 Consultant shall conform to laws, regulations, rules, mandatory standards applied for Service under this Contract.

 

2.15 To return to Owner all relevant documents obtained from performance of the Contract.

 

2.16 To coordinate with Owner to resolve problems occurred in connection with performance of this Contract.

 

2.17 Consultant guarantees that:

a.Consultant has full authorities to sign and fulfill this Contract

 

b.Consultant is not bound by any liabilities which prevent Consultant from performance fully, promptly and entirely his duties, obligations and liabilities stipulated herein.

 

c.Consultant does not violate intellectual property rights owned by the third parties in connection with performing of Service under this contract.

ARTICLE 3: OWNER’S PROPERTY AND SUPPORT3.1 Any property which is bought or provided by Owner to Consultant for the purpose of performance of the Service is supposed to Owner’s possession. When the Service is fulfilled or the Contract comes into expiration, Consultant shall transfer fully all property to Owner. Any damages, losses or attritions shall be clarified by Consultant in a brief, including: reason for damages, losses or attritions, type of property, figures of damages, losses or attritions by the time of transfer. For lost properties, Consultant has obligations to compensate Owner for the remained value after deduction of depreciated value at the time of damage, losses. The Depreciation period is three (3) years.

 

3.2 If necessary, Owner shall support Consultant in obtaining allowance from Ho Chi Minh City Export Processing and Industrial zones authority (“HEPZA”), allowing Consultant’s staff, the third parties indicated by Consultant to enter the area of project for purpose of surveys, measurement and other necessary works. However, Consultant agrees that any entering or movement performed by his personnel shall not affect normal activities of HEPZA or other organizations in Tan Thuan Export Processing Zone.

ARTICLE 4: OWNER’S DUTIES, OBLIGATIONS AND RESPONSIBILITIES4.1 Owner has obligation to provide Consultant with all necessary information related to Project timely as requested deadline to facilitate Consultant’s performance of Service on time.

 

4.2 To make payment to Consultant on time, as full and complete payment set forth in Appendix C attached hereto.

 

4.3 To be responsible for correctness and completion of documents furnished by himself.

 

4.4 To coordinate with Consultant to resolve problems occurred during performance of Service hereunder.

 

4.5 Owner guarantees that:

a.Owner has full authorities to sign and fulfill this Contract; and

 

b.Owner is not bound by any liabilities which prevent Owner from performance fully, promptly and entirely his duties, obligations and liabilities stipulated herein

 

c.Owner does not violate intellectual property rights owned by the third parties in connection with performing of Service under this contract.

 

ARTICLE 5 CONSULTANT’S PERSONNEL AND PERSONNEL REPLACEMENT 5.1 Consultant has obligations to assure the attendance of the individuals listed in Appendix D – Project Personnel;

 

5.2 Consultant’s personnel working in scope of Project shall be applied health inspection to ensure the health for undertaking their responsibilities. At the same time, such persons shall have qualification and abilities appropriate for the works undertook by themselves.

 

5.3 In case that Consultant needs to replace indicated staff, the replacement shall be noticed to Owner fifteen (15) days in advance, in written form and shall not be applied without written approval by Owner. The replacement is considered to be accepted by Owner providing that Owner has no written response within 15 days upon receipt of the written replacement notice from Consultant.

  

5.4 In case that Owner identifies that Consultant’s personnel is unqualified for the works, Owner shall inform Consultant in written form to replace personnel. Consultants shall consider such information and replace personnel joining the Project immediately no later than three (3) working days to assure Project schedule and Project requirements.

ARTICLE 6: CAREER LIABILITY INSURANCEConsultant has liability/ obligation to buy career liability insurance with limit value of a million dollars (USD 1,000,000), at the same time has obligation to maintain insurance value and insurance validity throughout the period of validity of the Contract until the fulfillment of Construction.

 

Consultant shall, within fifteen (15) days from the effective date of this Contract, provide Owner with certified copies of insurance certificate and other relevant documents as reasonably requested by Owner.

 

In case of fault of Consultant affecting Project and insurer rejects or does not carry out entire compensation for any reason, Consultant shall be responsible for the left value of compensation which is rejected or not carried out by insurer.

ARTICLE 7: GUARANTEE OF CONTRACT FULFILLMENT 7.1 Consultant shall provide bank guarantee of contract fulfillment with value of 10% of the Contract value. Owner has the right to delay any amount of payment until appropriate bank guarantee is submitted by Consultant;

 

7.2 In case that Consultant does not fulfill or fulfill incorrectly any duties, obligations, or liabilities under this Contract, Owner has the right to request guarantee bank to use guarantee value for compensation or penalties in accordant with this Contract.

 

7.3 Consultant guarantees that the guarantee agreement letter shall be issued by a legally authorized bank in Vietnam not accompanied by any disadvantage conditions against Owner’s interest.

 

7.4 Owner shall provide Consultant with acceptance letter of bank guarantee clearance after 7th payment period set forth in APPENDIX C – PAYMENT SCHEDULE.

  

ARTICLE 8: CHANGE OR MODIFICATION8.1 Content of Service under this Contract can be changed during performance by written agreement by the Parties.

 

8.2 Cost and expenditures arising from major changes requested by Owner is only to be paid by Owner to Consultant in such cases:

a.Change of location, construction area, size, original design of the Project.

 

b.Beyond scope of Service

c.Major changes in design (excluding approved conceptual design & basic design) providing that such changes is to be approved by Owner or government authorities. Major changes are the changes causing the redesign counting to 20% of total area of construction, obtaining approval from Owner or government authorities earlier. Arising cost and expenditures shall be confirmed by Owner within seven (7) days from the day Owner is made aware of such cost and expenditures. Beyond this period, if Owner has no approval or response on such cost and expenditures, scope of service will maintain.

8.3. The arising cost and expenditures shall be agreed by the Parties but not exceed to 8% of total value of the Contract.

 

8.4 Changes which is in scope of service and/ or upon requested by government authorities due to fault of Consultant during the performance of the Service – excluding changes due to changes of laws or government’s regulations, shall not be paid for additional cost and expenditures arising in connection with such change.

ARTICLE 9: LIABILITIES FOR CONTRACT BREACH 9.1 If a Party violates any of his duties, obligations or liabilities under this Contract, the Party shall incur a penalty equal to 12% of value of the violated part and shall compensate the other Party for actual damage.

 

9.2 Independent from Term 9.1 herein, if the performance of the Service is delayed due to fault of Consultant or the third parties indicated by Consultant that causes extension in time or schedule of the Service or increase in cost, Consultant shall incur a penalty equal to 0.1% of value of the violated part per week, providing that the total penalty value does not exceed 12% of value of the violated part.

 

9.3 Independent from Term 9.1 herein, if any amount of payment is not paid to Consultant on time as stipulated in appendix C, Owner shall incur an interest rate 8% per year for the overdue amount on overdue days. The interest is to be counted from the 8th overdue date to the date Owner settles full payment to Consultant.

 

9.4 Independent from Term 9.1 herein, if there is any delay caused by Owner affects progress of Consultant’s performance of Service, Owner shall extend the deadline of Service a period equal to the delay so that the Consultant has enough time to perform the Service as agreed.

 

9.5 If Owner does not fulfill or fulfill incorrectly his duties, obligations or liabilities under this Contract or does not settle payment completely and timely but makes an overdue payment beyond ten (10) days from the due date.

a.Consultant has the right to suspend the Service within five (5) working days providing that such suspension has to be notified by Consultant and be received by Owner in written form.

 

b.Besides incurring such above mentioned interest for delay in payment due to faults not of Consultant, Owner shall also incur the penalty as stipulated in Term 9.1herein.

 

After Owner fulfills fully his duties, obligations or liabilities under this contract, Consultant has obligation to continue performance of the Service.

ARTICLE 10: TERMINATION OF CONTRACTThe Contract is to be terminated under following conditions:

10.1 By Consultant when Owner delays in payments over thirty (30) days from the due date.

 

10.2 By Owner when Consultant delays his performance of the Service in accordant with Appendix B under this Contract providing that such delay is not by fault of Owner.

 

10.3 By one of the Party when the other Party goes into liquidation or bankruptcy;

 

10.4 By one of the Party due to force majeure set forth in Article 15 hereunder

 

10.5 By one of the Party when the construction of the Project is suspended, for any reason, for hundred and eighty (180) days

 

10.6 If the Contract is terminated in accordant with Term 10.1 and 10.4 under this contract:

a.Owner shall make payment to Consultant for the Service performance counting to the date of termination.

 

b.Consultant shall return Owner all advance payment, if any, in accordant with the components of the Service which are not fulfilled by Consultant

 

10.7 If the contract is terminated in accordant with Term 10.3 under this contract, providing that such liquidation or bankruptcy is from Owner side, the Parties agree to apply provision of Term 10.6.

 

10.8 If the contract is terminated in accordant with Term 10.3 under this contract, providing that liquidation or bankruptcy is from Consultant side, the Parties mutually agree as following:

a.Owner shall pay Consultant for cost in accordant with performance of the Service counting till the date of termination, providing that Owner can find an alternative consultants who agree to continue perform the Service base on the work result provided by Consultant at the time of termination, after deduction reasonable cost for the continuation of service performed by the alternative consultants.

 

b.Consultant shall return Owner all advance payment, if any, in accordant with the parts of the Service which are not fulfilled by Consultant

  

ARTICLE 11 SERVICE COST AND PAYMENTService cost and Payment are stipulated at Appendix C – Payment Schedule attached hereto. Service cost shall exclude:

11.1. 10% Value Added Tax (VAT)

11.2. Expenses on business trips outside HCM city.

11.3. Cost, expenses, fees, contribution to be charged by government authorities.

11.4. Land Surveying service

11.5. Soil Investigation service.

11.6. Services related to LOTUS/LEED/GBI/Green Mark standards or any services related to Green Consultancy Services.

11.7. Environment impact assessment.

11.8. Special material inspection

11.9. Cost and expenditures related to import and export, customs duties, license/ declaration levies for materials deemed necessary for the project are not included.

11.10. Site Office and use of office furniture and equipment for site personnel.

11.11. Rendering and animation costs for marketing purpose.

11.12. Other consultancy and specialist consultancy services not listed in Appendix A – Scope of Work.

ARTICLE 12: ABORTIVE WORKIn the event of Discontinuance of the project or Termination of services in writing by both parties, all outstanding fees are to be paid up to the current Stages of work upon the day of notification of termination or discontinuance of the project.

 

Consultant shall also in all cases be reimbursed for the actual cost using of the experts and staff for the actual running works based on the unit price as follows:

 

NoPosition in ProjectUnit

(day/ month)Price

(VND)

1Design DirectorDay

2Design ManagerDay

3Permitting ManagerDay

4ArchitectDay

5C&S EngineerDay

6MEP EngineerDay

7Project Manager & CoordinatorDay

8Senior Draughtperson Day

9Draughtperson Day

10SecretaryDay

 

ARTICLE 13 APPLICABLE LAW AND DISPUTE RESOLUTION

13.1 This contract shall be governed by, and construed in accordance with Vietnamese Laws

 

13.2 Any dispute arising out of or in connection with contract shall be negotiated and discussed by the Parties base on spirit of cooperation, collegiality for dispute resolution.

 

13.3 If arising disputes cannot be solved through negotiation and discussion within thirty (30) days from the arising date, such dispute shall be submitted to arbitration in accordant with Rules of VIAC (Vietnam International Arbitration Center at the Vietnam Chamber of Commerce and Industry), by any Party providing notice to the other Party and VIAC. Any arbitration session in accordant with this article shall be attended by three (3) arbitrators, one indicated by Consultant, one indicated by Owner and the last one indicated by VIAC chairman. The place of Arbitration shall be in Ho Chi Minh city, Vietnam. Arbitration language shall be Vietnamese.

ARTICLE 14 CONFIDENTIALITY & SECURITY14.1 In accordant with this Contract, the “confidential information” definition shall include information, data, documents provided by Owner in oral or written forms, graphics or electric forms, but not limited to legal information and documents related to the Project, financial statement, information of establishment and securities, sketches, marketing campaign, sales plans, product development plan or plan of merge and acquisition (M&A), business relationship, business strategies, customer lists. confidential information shall exclude such information:

a.be announced to public without fault of Consultant

b.be developed by Consultant independently

c.be transferred legally to Consultant by other third parties without causing obligation of information security commit

d.be disclosed upon requirements of government authorities. Before disclosure of information, Consultant shall notify Owner to facilitate Owner’s rejection or reduction of disclosure of information

 

14.2 Owner agrees that Consultant shall be able to use or keep confidential information for purpose of the Contract. To reduce disclosure of information, at any time, through any representative or staff, Consultant shall not, except agreed by Owner: (i) copy, modify, public, reveal, leak, report, announce or transfer such information to any person or organization, for any purpose, or (ii) use confidential information for any purpose not stipulated in or relevant to this Contract.

 

14.3 Consultant agrees that all legal rights and interests in connection with any confidential information shall only belong to Owner possession.

 

14.4 At the time of termination of this Contract, Consultant shall transfer to Owner upon his request all originals or copies of confidential information and other documents containing confidential information which belongs to and under control of Owner regardless of places where such information is stored.

 

ARTICLE 15 FORCE MAJEURE15.1 Force majeure is the events beyond reasonable control of any Party, which prevent the Party to fulfill his duties, obligations, liabilities under this contract, including but not limited to fire, riot, war, terrorism, act of God, ordinance, laws or regulations of governments, biding orders of government authorities or other sudden similar events as regulation of Vietnamese Law.

 

15.2 If the fulfillment of this Contract is interrupted, limited, delayed or affected by force majeure. The Parties have the right to hold harmless against liabilities for unfulfilled components affected or interrupted by Force majeure.

 

15.3 The Party who is prevented from fulfillment of the Contract by Force majeure events shall notify the other party immediately by email and not later than 10 days from the occurring day of the events.

 

15.4 In case the Force majeure events last over sixty (60) days, each Party has the right to terminate the Contract immediately before expiry date providing written notification to other Party. A Party shall hold harmless the other party from and against complaint or claim related to such termination.

 

ARTICLE 16: INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS Consultant has the right to own copyrights of all documents created on their own. Owner has the right to hold possession of the documents. Consultant shall hold entirely liabilities for such copyrights of the documents and guarantee not to violate intellectual property rights of any other third parties. Owner has the right to use completely and permanently the documents (works) created in accordant with this Contract.

ARTICLE 17: GENERAL PROVISION17.1 This contract comes into effect from the date of signing to the fulfillment of obligations in accordance with the articles hereof by both Parties.

 

17.2 Work commencement is on 8th March. 2016

 

17.3 In case that any terms or conditions hereunder is null and void, illegal or unworkable by an authorized Court’s sentence, for any reason, such terms and conditions shall be eliminated. Other terms and conditions remain validity as if the Contract is made without such null and void, unworkable, illegal terms and conditions.

 

17.4 The Assignment of the Contract, or any rights or obligations hereof by Consultant shall not be allowed unless written agreement by Owner.

 

17.5 Any notification in connection with the Contract shall be made in written form and come to effect upon receipt at addresses stipulated in Particular Condition. The transfer shall be by hand, fax or email upon receipt of written confirmation or by registered letter or guarantee letter assuring letter of acceptance. Addresses and recipients as follows:

 

Representative of Owner:

Mr. NGUYEN VAN A

Position: Project Manger

ABC CORPORATION

 

Representative of Consultant:

Mr John Doe

Position: Director

XYZ PROJECTS (VIETNAM) LTD.

 

All notifications, proposals, claims or correspondences etc. from a Party are supposed to be received by other Party in such cases:

a)Three (3) days from sending date in case of registered letter sent by post

b)The date of receiving confirmation of sent status according to normal practice in case of sending by fax

 

In the event that sending date is on Sunday, or holiday in Vietnam, all notifications, proposals, claims or correspondences etc. shall be supposed to be received the next day which is not Sunday or holiday in Vietnam.

 

17.6 Throughout design development stage of the project, the meetings between Owner and Consultant for purpose of progress tracking shall take place weekly in Ho Chi Minh City.

 

17.7 This contract comes into effect from the date of signing to the fulfillment of obligations in accordance with the articles hereof by both Parties.

 

17.8 In case that any terms or conditions hereunder is null and void, illegal or unworkable by an authorized Court’s sentence, for any reason, such terms and conditions shall be eliminated without impact on validity of other terms and conditions.

 

17.9 This contract consists of 12 pages (excluding cover page) and 4 appendixes attached hereto.

 

17.10 This contract is made in four (4) copies in Vietnamese, each Party keeps two (2) copies with equal validity.

 

REPRESENTATIVE OF OWNERREPRESENTATIVE OF CONSULTANT

  

APPENDIX A - SCOPE OF WORK

Design works shall be executed as following categories:

1.General

2.Architecture design

3.Development & Detail Architecture design

4.MEP Schematic Design

5.MEP Development Design

6. MEP Detail Design

7.Civil and structural engineering design

8.Interior design

9.Landscape & outside lighting design

10.Construction Tender support

11.MEP Tender support

12.Author supervision and inspection

13.MEP Testing and Commissioning

All items listed are to be executed at Consultant’s office, except item 11 and 12 are to be executed at construction site.

The detail of work is as following:

1.General

1.1Gather and analyze all parameters possibly affecting the design, such as standards of location, space, technology, facility, necessary regulations and procedures

1.2Assure quality of design to meet requirements of Owner and of local government authorities.

1.3Prepare and provide Owner with documents needed for purpose of licensing, including but not limited to Construction license, certificate of fire fighting and prevention certificate, environment protection guarantee, etc. and other relevant documents as requested by local government authorities.

1.4Coordinate with and support other consultants, designers (if any) and Owner in regular design update and work synchronization during construction.

1.5Provide all of drawings, including but not limited to conceptual design drawings, basic design drawings and detailed designed drawings in 2D and 3D (3D of AutoCAD Revit 3D if any) to Owner or other consultants. Such documents shall be provided in full size, for both hardcopy and softcopy (if any request).

 

All drawings and documents shall be submitted to Owner in three (3) sets. Besides, Consultant shall provide all necessary drawings and documents for requirements of government authorities as regulation without any fee. If the quantity of the submission exceeds the quantity stipulated hereby, the cost and expenditures of printing shall be applied base on following table:

PRINTING FEE

 

Paper SizeBlack and White photocopy (VND)Color printing copy(VND)Black and White printing copy (VND)

A0

A1

A2

A3

A4

Special size

 

2. Architecture design

2.1Coordinate with MEP design consultant to survey location of construction, geography conditions, weather, etc. and propose important requirements and standards as well as necessities for architecture design and MEP design

2.2Develop and submit 3 proposals of architecture models of which Owner selects 2 proposals. Consultant continues to develop detail for all infrastructure elements of the Project, and evaluates specifically possibility, estimates cost and time needed for execution of each proposal. With each proposal, consultant presents conceptual design drawings in appropriate detail level, area of locations, calculates index of GFA rate (Gross Floor Area), NFA (Net Floor Area), land using ratio, etc.

2.3Combine and prepare necessary architectural drawings for presentation to Owner the conceptual and basic designs. Furnish necessary information to facilitate Owner’s investment application.

2.4Develop and complete detail architecture designs. To coordinate closely with other consultants (if any) to facilitate integration of other designs into architecture designs.

2.5During period of conceptual design, submit two (2) conceptual design drawings to Owner, including architecture master plan , landscape and interior furniture sketch for Owner’s selection of one in two submissions.

2.6Execute necessary calculation for selected idea and submit to Owner the information including (but not limited to) following items:

a)Budget estimation

b)Time estimation

c)Planned execution methods.

d)Owner shall approve idea for execution of basic design

 

The rest of this page is empty.

 

3. Detail Architecture Design

3.1Preliminary design includes but not limited to drawings as following:

a.Master Plan, scale of 1:500

b.Floor plans for each floor at appropriate scale

c.Drawings of zones, elevation drawings at appropriate scale

d.Perspective architectural drawings in 3D (3D of AutoCAD Revit 3D if any) for entirely construction and important landscape.

e.Perspective drawings of whole building and other important areas.

f.Detail data tabulation of area, dimension for each area.

g.Documents explaining concept idea.

3.2Necessary documents for Project investment approval include (but not limited to) such documents and drawings as below

a.Lists of drawings

b.Master and detail plans for each design phase of Project.

c.Zoning area, zoning; and

d.Zoning design for floors at scale of 1:200 (or any appropriate rate)

e.Elevation design at scale of 1:200 (or any appropriate rate)

f.3D Perspective showing conceptual design

g.Technical specification for design and development work.

h.All material used for interior and exterior furniture

i.Proposal of color scheme for basic design of interior and exterior

j.Explanation of basic design

3.3Detailed designs include (but not limited to)

a.Detailed designs of all floors and facades of the building and relevant components.

b.Detailed elevation drawings at appropriate rate

c.Detailed facade drawings of the building at appropriate scale

d.Detailed drawings submitted in Article 3 – Interior design and Article 4 – landscape design

 

MEP basic design

4.1Discuss with Owner and construction design consultant to determine design criteria, standards to be conformed, and MEP system to be connected hereby.

Advise the Owner and construction design consultant design criterion and working plan on the Project as well as solutions to save energy (Electricity, Water) during operation.

4.2Provide guidance to Owner and construction design consultant instructions of preliminary discussion about such systems connecting to general systems, including but not limited to electric and water systems, drainage systems, petrol systems, telecommunication systems, lightning protection systems, fire fighting and protecting systems, etc. and instructions of procedures of working with authorities about compliance with connected rule in construction design.

4.3Coordinate with construction design consultant in project building arranging development, including type of the building, overall arrangement and preliminary information of areas/ rooms in use for MEP systems, including (but not limited to) control room, canteen, meeting room, working spaces, etc.

4.4Propose 2 preliminary MEP technical options and calculate loading capacity, analyze advantages and disadvantages, and calculate necessary budget for each option, including but not limit to electric systems (Genset, UPS, substation, etc.), cooling systems, main ancillary systems (security systems, fire fighting and protecting systems, etc.), lightning protection systems and Building operation management system (BMS)

4.5Prepare conceptual design drawings and circuit diagrams for MEP systems and main ancillary systems.

 

4. MEP design development:

5.1Complete details related to requirements of space for function rooms of MEP systems

5.2Execute appropriate development of conceptual design, schedule development for structure and architecture design, and develop drawings base on arrangement of function room and ancillary areas.

5.3Provide basic design documents, including master plan, diagrams, design summary for entire MEP systems, ancillary systems and building operation management system (BMS)

5.4Assist Owner/ construction design consultant in detailed design of function rooms including (but not limited to) loading capacity, raised slab, false ceiling, ramp, loading elevator, underground oil tank, cooling tank, machine platform, etc.

5.5Design the operation supporting system including (but not limited to), fire fighting systems, closed-circuit television system (CCTV-IP), early smoke detection system, access systems, building operation management system (BMS)

5.6Review cost estimation which is prepared by Owner’s quantity advisor, for MEP systems and ancillary systems.

5.7Propose strategies and plans of purchasing and selecting equipment in purpose of investment optimization for MEP systems, ancillary systems and Building operation management system (BMS)

5.8Assist Owner/ construction design consultant in submission of MEP construction design documents to fire fighting and prevention department for approval of the fire fighting and prevention approaches prior to commencing of construction.

5.9Support Owner / construction design consultant to review necessary drawings and documents to be submitted to Authorities.

 

6.1Provide detailed design drawings including detailed drawings for detailed layout of engine rooms, areas, connection diagrams, equipment and detailed installment of the whole MEP systems and ancillary systems - including (but not limited to) electric system (Genset, UPS, substation, etc.), Lightning protection system and Cooling systems

6.2Provide detailed design drawings and design explanation of the fire fighting and prevention for approval of government authorities.

6.3Provide lists of technical specifications of MEP systems and ancillary systems for Owner’s approval, including:

a.Technical specification list of systems including (but not limited to): Electricity, HVAC, Pumping, Drainage, Fire fighting and prevention, raised slab and other ancillary systems.

b.Lists of manufacturers and suppliers of all MEP devices and other materials.

c.Lists of technical data, price ranges, and exchange rates.

6.4Review cost estimation which is prepared by Owner’s quantity advisor, for MEP systems and ancillary systems.

5. Civil and structural engineering design

7.1Develop documents and drawings related to structural engineering design for the whole building and architecture areas of the Project, including (but not limited to):

a.Office building, infrastructure and other architecture items.

b.Internal road, drainage systems and all other civil items.

c.Fences, security gates, parking area and other facilities.

7.2Gather information and requirements needed for construction structure and detailed design, including:

a.Review and evaluate soil investigation report

b.Review and analyze hydrologic data in the past to evaluate flooding level and rainfall in the location

c.Work with local suppliers of infrastructure services on issue of connection.

d.Understand clearly construction regulations at the Industry Park.

e.Understand clearly requirement and using purpose of each architecture items.

7.3Submit Owner proposal of structural engineering design prior to commencing of detail design:

a.Propose standards for basic design related to the structure of the building and architecture items

b.provide foundation of basic analysis for structure and architecture items

c.Present preliminary structural engineering designs

d.Provide detailed technical outline for the Project

7.4Design foundation, piping, sewer for waste water and rainwater, waste water treatment systems and entire of underground structure elements, dimension, arrangement, steel structure and other necessary elements related to the building.

7.5Provide structural drawings at scale of 1:100 and technical specification for main structure elements and auxiliary structure elements (such as staircases, ramp, roofs) or detail of main connection.

7.6Calculate vertical and lateral load capacity for structure, infrastructure and superstructure, including but not limited to such elements:

a.Foundations

b.Structure beams, floors, columns

c.Bearing walls and core walls

d.Staircases, floors, ramp

e.Main steel structure of the building

f.Building facade supporting structure (facades systems)

g.Internal roads and walkways

h.Rainwater drainage system of the building

7.7Prepare reports of loading capacity calculation with full analysis for all construction and civil elements

7.8 Coordinate with MEP design in effective and accurately arrangement for equipment and other elements of the building (panels, louvers, glasses, etc.)

 

6. Interior design

8.1Propose options to Owner, including (but not limited to):

a.Layouts of office and important areas

b.Conceptual design of office and important areas

c.Color and shape

d.Lists of materials, floor tiles, timbers, curtains

e.Perspective layout

f.Layout of electric system, air conditioners, telecommunication systems, screens, etc.

g.Ceilings, walls, floors, doors, windows, etc.

8.2Provide detailed design of lighting arrangement, control point and operation system.

Coordinate with MEP design to connect with main MEP systems of the building.

  

8.3Base on selection of Owner, develop detailed design for interior elements, including (but not limited to):

a.Completed layout for all areas at scale of 1:100 or 1:50

b.Elevation drawings for main and public areas at scale of 1:100 or 1:50

c.Detailed drawings of ceilings at scale of 1:100 or 1:50

d.Completed and sample boards and technical specifications of materials.

e.Options of pictures, dimensions, and descriptions of wall pictures

f.3D perspective (if any) for whole main areas

g.Office interior design, timber furniture and materials

h.Layout of lighting elements, air conditioners, electricity, fire fighting, telephones, etc.

i.Material samples and equipment specifications.

 

7. Landscape & outside lighting design

9.1Gather information of construction location as well as requirements from Owner to submit options for idea of exterior, landscape and lighting

9.2Develop and adjust basic design, provide common idea for development of elements, including:

a.Overall landscape and elevation

b.Concept of Plants and layout of plants

c.Understand functions of and submit proposal of location, dimension, materials for internal roads and walkways, lighting.

d.Understand functions of and submit proposal of location, dimension, materials for external elements, wall, fences, gates, lighting

e.Coordinate with MEP design and infrastructure authorized supplier to propose idea and drawings for drainage system

9.3The basic design package is made in coloured drawings submitted to Owner, including (but not limited to):

a.Handsketch coloured drawings and AutoCAD coloured drawings

b.Basic design drawings at scale of 1:100 or appropriate scale showing layout of hardscape, softscape and other elements.

c.Elevation of landscape at scale of 1:100 or appropriate scale

d.Material options for hardscape

e.Material options for softscape

f.Boards of Material pictures

g.3D views (if any) of the whole areas showing design models

h.Table of cost estimation for each items

9.4Prepare complete documents of detailed landscape design including shop drawings, technical specifications, development plan with full details to meet requirements of Owner and local standard and regulations of government authorities.

9.5Landscape drawings include (but not limited to):

a.All drawings at appropriate scale for hardscape, softscape, internal and external lighting, including layout, dimension and elevation

b.All options for hardscape, softscape, lighting, interior, drainage system, specimens of plants and soil, etc.

c.All shop drawings and construction detail of wall, fences, balconies, internal roads, pavements, plants, drainage system

d.All drawings are made in paper size of A0 or A1, with detailed description of installment, operation, materials, technical specification, sample selection, etc.

8. Construction Tendering

10.1Prepare full set of technical documents for tender, including (but not limited to)

a.Architectural drawings

b.Structural drawings

c.Technical specifications

d.Bill of quantities

e.Construction cost estimation

10.2Coordinate with Quantity surveyor in provision of design drawings for purpose of cost calculation

10.3Facilitate provision of criteria lists defining evaluation standards for tender invitation and tender evaluation, both technical and commercial standards

10.4Facilitate provision of lists defining evaluation methods, necessary procedure for technical evaluation. Provide forms and instructions to assist for evaluation of cost, comparison and balance of cost (value engineering)

10.5Facilitate direct or indirect explanation to contractors’ question during tender stage.

10.6Facilitate Owner in interview, bidding document evaluation and other stages throughout tender (if requested).

9. MEP equipment tendering

11.1Provide complete and full set of tender documents for MEP systems and ancillary systems, including:

a.Layout design for function engine rooms, sections, wiring schematic drawings, equipment selection and detail for basic installment of MEP systems and ancillary systems

b.Technical description for MEP systems and ancillary systems

c.Technical date Selections for equipment and materials

d.Cost table, exchange rates and personnel

11.2Assist Owner prequalify and recommending a list of contractors for MEP package (if requested).

11.3Assist explanation and instructions for contractors during tender stage (if requested).

11.4Assisting the Owner, Project Manager to analyze Tender Bids and making a report on the adequate capacity in terms of technical as well as Tender price (if requested)

11.5Participate in value engineering for MEP tender with selected contractors (maximum 2 contractors). Provide summary report of analysis result.

11.6Provide full drawings, reports, and options for contract signing with final contractor after completion of Tender analysis work and value engineering.

11.7Participate in meetings with other contractors and design consultants, project management group as requested.

 

10. Author supervision and inspection

12.1Provide manual to ensure safety work in construction period, installation and operation in future

12.2Keep track in authorship, periodically present on site (at least one time per 2 week) to assure compliance with design during actual construction on site

12.3Inspect periodically materials used for construction, define discrepancies between design and actual construction

12.4Supplement or review detailed drawings clarifying design details or detail modification in accordant with actual conditions of construction site

12.5Provide manual, instruction for inspection of construction structure, construction materials and participate in checking work (if requested).

12.6During author supervision, notify Owner of discrepancies between design and actual construction, installment of MEP devices and lighting equipment

12.7Supervise landscape execution, including (but not limited to):

a.Specimens of plants in premise

b.Arrangement of plant in premise

c.Arrangement of walkways and pavements

d.Elements relevant to landscape

e.Materials used for landscape

f.Sloping surfaces for water flowing on pavement and zones of green spaces

12.9Submit periodical report to Owner about discrepancies between design and actual construction and solutions

 

11. MEP Testing and Commissioning Supervision

13.1Propose commissioning procedures for MEP systems including (but not limited to) Electric systems, Cooling systems, building operating system, fire detection system and fire fighting.

13.2Review checking procedures and commissioning proposed by the Contractor for MEP systems.

13.3Supervise the complete checking work and commissioning for the whole MEP system and auxiliary system.

13.4Report to Owner, during author supervision, discrepancies between design and actual construction; and between expected results and actual acceptance testing results.

  

REPRESENTATIVE OF OWNERREPRESENTATIVE OF CONSULTANT

  

APPENDIX B – PROJECT SCHEDULE

Consultant shall implement Project schedule following below progress (start to calculate from the beginning of the Project set forth in Article 17 – General Terms and Conditions)

 

No.DescriptionPeriod of time (days)TimeAccumulated period of time

Commencing of the ProjectT0T0

1Submit concept architecture designs (30%) to Owner T0+65T1T0+65

2Completion of concept designs, including (60%)

-Concept designs for Architecture – Civil – Structure (CSA Works)

-Concept design for MEP (ME Works)T1+45T2T0+110

3Completion of designs for construction permit

-Site master plan and necessary technical drawings

-Design of fire fighting and protecting system

-Environment impact assessment report T1+100T3T0+100

4Completion of detailed design, including (100%)

-Detailed design for Architecture – Civil – Structure (CSA Works)

-Detailed design for MEP (ME Works)

-Interior design

-Landscape design

-Lighting designT2+45T4T0+155

5Completion of drawings, calculations and documents for purpose of tendering

-Construction tender

-ME equipment tender

Complete evaluation and selection of contractorsT4+21T5 T0+176

 

6Author supervision and Testing operating MEP equipment Construction periodT6

 

REPRESENTATIVE OF OWNERREPRESENTATIVE OF CONSULTANT

  

APPENDIX C – PAYMENT SCHEDULE

Payment terms and conditions:

Actual costs and expenditures to be paid to designers DO NOT INCLUDE VAT. Costs and expenditures shall be paid within thirty (30) days upon the day red invoices and full documents defining fulfillment of work from Consultant are received by Owner’s accounting department.

NoPaymentsDescriptionAmount (VND)Payment documents

11st Payment10% in advance payment-Signed contract

-Authorized certificates and documents define capacity of provision of design consulting service

-Bank guarantee letter with value of 10% of contract value

-Red invoice

22nd Payment10% right after completion of assessment of feasibility of Project and approval of Conceptual designs -Red invoice

-Acceptance minutes of Conceptual design from Owner

Documents include (but not limited to)

-3 hardcopies and 1 softcopy of conceptual design

33rd Payment10% right after Owner’s approval of basic design, including Architecture, Structure, MEP-Red invoice

-Acceptance minutes of Preliminary design from Owner

Documents include (but not limited to)

-3 hardcopies and 1 softcopy of Preliminary design and relevant documents

44th Payment15% right after Owner’s approval of Detailed design,-Red invoice

-Acceptance minutes of Detailed design from Owner

Documents include (but not limited to)

3 hardcopies and 1 softcopy of Detailed design and relevant documents

55th Payment10% right after Owner’s completion of Tender for all tender packages-Red invoice

-Acceptance minutes of construction bidding result

Documents include (but not limited to)

-designs, drawings, calculations, etc. needed for Tendering

-analyzing report of contractor selection

66th Payment15% right after Owner’s approval of construction permit -Red invoice

-Construction Permit issued by authorities

77th Payment10% right after completion of Landscape, Interior, Lighting design-Red invoice

-Acceptance minutes of Detailed design from Owner

Documents include (but not limited to)

3 hardcopies and 1 softcopy of Detailed design and relevant documents

88th Payment15% right after completion of author supervision, construction support, MEP equipment inspection and acceptance testing -Red invoice

-Confirmation minutes of Construction completion and operation readiness

 

99th Payment5% after 12 months from Owner’s acceptance and operation of construction-Red invoice

-Owner’s Confirmation minutes defining qualified operation period of 12 month

 

Total Contract Value

 

Total Contract Value:

Five billion, four hundred and eighty seven million, eight hundred and twenty five thousand dong.

REPRESENTATIVE OF OWNERREPRESENTATIVE OF CONSULTANT

  

APPENDIX D – PROJECT PERSONNEL

Consultant guarantees personnel and personnel organization structure in performance of project as following:

1.John Doe

-Position : Project Director

-Duty: Design guidance

2.Nguyen Van B

-Position: Design Director

-Duty: Design directing

3.Nguyen Van C

-Position: Urban Planning & Permitting Director

-Duty: Urban planning & permitting

4.Nguyen Van D

-Position: Architect

-Duty: Architectural design

5.Nguyen Van E

-Position: Architect

-Duty: Design coordination

6.Nguyen Van F

-Position: Project Manager

-Duty: General management

7.Nguyen Van G

-Position: Design Coordinator

-Duty: Design coordination

8.Nguyen Van H

-Position: Structural Design Manager

-Duty: Structural engineering design lead

9Pham Van E

-Position: MEP Design Manager

-Duty: MEP design lead (Electricity section)

10Nguyen Van I

-Position: MEP Design Manager

-Duty: MEP design lead (Mechanics section)

 

REPRESENTATIVE OF OWNERREPRESENTATIVE OF CONSULTANT

  

Source: www.dichthuatsms.com/ban-dich-tieng-anh-hop-dong-tu-van-x...