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Elevation of this entrance to Yellowstone National Park is at 7,365 ft.

 

After camping the night along Rock Creek between Red Lodge, Montana and Yellowstone National Park (northeast entrance), I drove the Beartooth Pass highway (hwy 212) at dawn, to watch the new day arrive at 10.947 ft. That is lots of smoke from "managed" forest fires in the area.

 

Beartooth Pass is one of my favorite highways to drive and even with the forest fire smoke, I enjoyed the route.

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THE CIRQUE OF THE TOWERS Backpacking Trip: September 7th through 9th 2012

Wind River Mountain Range - Wyoming

 

PREFACE:

 

I often write a "story" to go along with the photographs I post on my OLDMANTRAVELS flickr site. I can get pretty wordy and long winded with these stories but the beauty of the situation is you don't have to read one word of it if you don't want to. Just look at the photographs (if you want to).

 

On occasion I have received some flip Flickr flak for my long photo "stories" but, trust me, I am adept and ignoring criticism. Ask any of my photographer friends who try to talk me into using a tripod or even try to become a "real" photographer (instead of a hiker who likes to snap pictures).

 

So, you may be sitting in a work cubicle in a high rise office in L.A., wishing you were any where else in the world but preferably up in the mountains with a pack on your back. You may sitting in an easy chair in your ranch house in Halfway, Wyoming (I want to go there some day, just to say I have been there) looking at flickr photos on your PC or surfing flickr photos on your iPad in a cafe in Halfway, Oregon (I have been there. Cool little town).

 

But wherever you are, be it Halfway,Anywhere or Alltheway, Somewhere - I hope you enjoy some of the photographs and perhaps, some of the story that goes with them. Have fun.

 

INTRODUCTION:

 

Fred and I put together a backpacking trip into Titcomb Basin, in the Northern portion of Wyoming's Wind River Range for September of 2011. With Fred's consent, my brother and a friend of mine, accompanied us on that backpacking trip. We backpacked 27 miles over four days and had spectacular weather. No bugs and very few people. In fact, we pretty much had Upper and Lower Titcomb Lakes to ourselves.

 

The September 2011 Titcomb Basin backpack, was the first time Fred and I had hiked together. We got along great so it was only natural to plan a "follow up hike". During the always long, with short days, winter or 2011-12, we exchanged emails and it became evident that both of us longed for a return trip to the Wind River Range. So early in the year of 2012, we set our sights on the Cirque of the Towers, located in the Southern portion of the Wind River Range. The planning began in earnest.

 

For our 2012 backpacking trip, we invited Fred's sister, whom I shall call "SQ". Fred had told me about her before. He claimed that she was an excellent hiker, backpacker and outdoors person and would be fun to have on our backpacking trip. He was 100% right.

 

Both Fred and SQ both work (they aren't old living on government dole like me) so we set the Cirque of the Towers backpacking trip dates for Friday 9.6.12; Saturday 9.7.12; and Sunday 9.8.12. Weekends might mean more people on the trails but for good company on a backpacking trip, that didn't bother me...so subject to a "reasonable" weather forecast, those are the days we picked.

 

When we got we got within a ten day weather forecast window of our backpacking trip and the forecast looked good, the three of us agreed to "go for it". We all reserved cabins at the Log Cabin Motel in Pinedale, Wyoming for Thursday night September 6th. Our plan would be to head for the Big Sandy trail head on Friday morning - - backpacks loaded and ready.

 

As a shiftless (you could add lazy, stubborn, and unconventional to that) retiree, who no longer works (my wife still works part time), I was free to drive down to the trail head and return back home, at my own whims and predilections. Early on, my wife and I agreed not to include her on this particular backpacking trip as we didn't know how "tough or easy" the route up Jackass Pass (10,800') might be and it would be difficult to get the right days off in September.

 

"THE STORY" DAY ONE: I left our home in Eastern Washington at four in the morning. I had our small, old, high mileage SUV packed with both my backpacking gear and "road travel" gear. It had been packed and double checked, the night before.

 

As with any road trip or hike, the earlier I get going the better I like it. I'm like a kid in that respect. Can't wait.

 

I drove the interstate (I-90) east and at a steady pace. My goal was to reach a camping spot anywhere between Red Lodge, Montana and the Beartooth Pass, leading into the Northeast entrance of Yellowstone National Park.

 

I stayed on I-90 all the way through Spokane, Missoula, Three Forks, Bozeman, and the small town of Columbus, Montana. Here I left the interstate and purposefully drove a highway I had never traveled before. I took Montana highway 78 through Abarokee and "downtown" Roscoe to Red Lodge, Montana.

 

My plan was to camp between Red Lodge and Northeast entrance to Yellowstone NP, so I could travel the spectacular Beartooth Pass highway, right at dawn. My wife and I had tried to travel the pass a few years ago (from south to north) but it was closed so we improvised an took the scenic highway 296 highway to Cody, Wyoming on that trip. But it had been many years since last crossing the Beartooth Pass (10,947') and I was anxious to do so again.

 

There was a problem and that was forest fires. Whether started by lightening, careless people, or on purpose as "managed" fires as they call them, the smoke can diminish the scenic beauty of an area quickly and I had driven through lots of such wildfire smoke on this trip already.

 

I found an excellent place to camp just as dark started to arrive. I backed my old RAV4 up to within a stone's toss of the rumbling creek (Rock Creek) and slept in the bed I had prepared in the back of the old Toyota RAV4 with 150,000 miles on it. Breaking camp the next morning would consist of crawling from the bed in the back to the driver's seat and starting the engine (followed closely by turning the heat to high and the fan to full).

 

"THE STORY" DAY TWO: I arrived at the summit of Beartooth Pass at dawn. As I suspected and feared, the forest fire smoke filtered the landscape views and at times irritated my eyes. Still, I enjoyed every minute of the drive. It is big, spectacular country and I kept reminding myself that forest fires were as much a part of the grand scheme of Mother Nature, as were winds, rain, four seasons, and flowing rivers and streams.

 

I stopped to take a few photos at "Little Bear Lake" and then continued on through Cooke City and Silver Gate into Yellowstone. I drove slowly through Yellowstone, admiring the wildlife (bison, pronghorn, elk, deer, and sandhill cranes) and the scenery. Dunraven Pass had lots of wildfire smoke so I didn't linger there. On through Canyon Village then Lake Village exiting the park on highway 191.

 

Entering Grand Teton National Park on the venerable highway 191 route, I decided to stray from convention and loop over to Jenny Lake, a place I had not visited for many years. So at the south end of Jackson Lake, I took the Teton Park Road to the Jenny Lake visitor center. Lots of people. The tent camp was already full so I spent some quality time talking to a young lady park ranger, with a map spread out in front of us, talking about any places I might camp that night, that wouldn't be full. She recommended Gros Ventre camp, so off I went.

 

At Moose Junction I turned back north on hwy 191 to Antelope Flats Road and headed east. I went past the north end of "Mormon Row" but didn't take time to stop as I wanted most of all to secure a campsite for the night. I then took the paved narrow two lane road south to Kelly (a small "pocket town" on the Gros Ventre River), and turned back west to the Gros Ventre campground. On the way I passed the south end of the gravel road that travels the Mormon Row barns and homesteads, so I now had the lay of the land in my mind.

 

Two women at the campground office worked at finding me a campsite for the night that would lend itself to my goal of a quiet night's sleep with an early morning departure. They put me up at site #199 in Loop "D" for a modest "senior's rate" camp fee. It turned out perfect. My only camping neighbor was a nice couple from Emmett, Idaho, who were in a truck camper and as they said "prepared to camp until the leaves changed color". I liked that.

 

Having secured (posted my receipt on the campsite post) my camping spot for the night, I drove the gravel road north to enjoy the much photographed old buildings of Mormon Row

The places along this row of farms were built in the 1910s up into the early 1930s. The people, who lived here were mostly the Moultons, some Chambers, Thomas Murphy and Thomas Perry. Many of the buildings are gone and all that remain are now part of the national park system. The views of the Grand Teton Mountains from these old buildings are spectacular.

 

After taking some smoke filtered landscape photos at Mormon Row, I was hungry. I carried and ice chest full of cold soda pop and a well stocked plastic tote of sandwich making material, so I drove north up to the Snake River Overlook (a place my wife and I have often stopped at when driving highway 191 through Grand Teton NP).

 

Here I fixed and ate dinner, walked the rim of the Snake River and waited with others for the sun to set behind the Grand Teton range. Now I began to appreciate the forest fire smoke in the area as the sky turned bright orange and pink behind the mountains as the sun disappeared behind them. Well worth the wait. After the sunset scene, I drove back to my campsite, read John Muir's "Travels in Alaska" by LED headlamp, and fell blissfully asleep.

 

"THE STORY" DAY THREE: This was an uneventful, slow paced, rest up, organize, and get ready for the backpacking trip day. Enjoyable.

 

I drove the Moose Entrance to Wilson "scenic road" for the first time. The north end had some good "moose country" habitat and it was an enjoyable drive, but even early in the morning don't expect solitude. It is a popular route. Postscript: I didn't see a single moose along the MOOSE to Wilson road (which reminds me of a joke):

 

Said a well traveled young man: "I spent an entire week on the Canary Islands and during my entire stay, I didn't see one canary. I then traveled to the Virgin Islands for a week long visit there as well. And you know what? ..................... I didn't see a single canary there either.".

 

I stocked up on "hiking food" (scones) at the Albertson store in Jackson Hole, Wyoming then drove on to Hoback Junction and on to Pinedale, Wyoming. I checked into my cabin there and started organizing my backpacking gear, making sandwiches for the backpacking trip, reading, relaxing and hoping that Fred and SQ would arrive without problems from there homes in the Boise, Idaho area.

 

Fred called me by cell phone at 1:30 pm on Thursday and said that they were "on their way" with an ETA of around 9:30 pm (which is about when they arrived). Fred came to my cabin when they got to Pinedale (SQ went directly to her cabin) and the two of us talked about the upcoming hike plans and agreed upon when we would leave Pinedale in the morning.

  

"THE STORY" DAY FOUR: We drove to the Subway for our last "civilization" meal for a few days, then headed off to the Big Sandy trailhead. In some hiking guide books, they make finding the correct turns to make as complicated and difficult. We found quite the contrary. There are just two major turns to make after leaving the pavement on Wyoming highway 353. They aren't hard to find. The dirt roads are in great shape except the last ten miles (when you make the last turn north). There it is pretty rough in places but the scenery and anticipation of the high quality hiking to come, makes it a cinch as well.

 

We signed in at the trail head, shouldered our backpacks and headed up the 5.5 mile trail (with only 600 ft. of elevation gain) to Big Sandy Lake. Fred is a strong hiker and a professional photographer (in addition to his professional "day job"). So it is difficult for him to leave a tripod, camera body, or lens ... behind. SQ whispered to me that he was able to leave his wooden pin hole camera behind on this hike but he took it with him on our September 2011 Titcomb Basin hike.

 

Fred always carries the biggest and heaviest pack but he knows what he is capable of and takes the cameras, lenses, and photographic equipment it takes to get the professional results he does with his photography.

 

SQ had the next biggest and heaviest pack. She too is a strong competent hiker and backpacker and as Fred once warned me "She will out hike us both"...she did. So we put SQ in the lead and asked her to slow down if she saw us "fading" on the trail.

 

I'm the wimp. I carried the lightest load of the three of us. And here comes the first of a couple of backpacking vignettes: Leading up to our backpacking trip, Fred and I exchanged emails dithering and deliberating over how to save weight to carry on our backpacking trip.

This meant all was subject to being left behind , except camera gear for Fred (of course).

 

We both decided that with the favorable weather forecast, for example, we could leave rain pants behind. Nylon hiking pant and long poly prop underwear would handle that issue for me. Then the topic came up of "bear vaults". Both Fred and I have each owned one for years but NEVER has either of us used ours. Hell they weigh TWO pounds each and they are bulky. Besides, we are real men. We can hang our food properly in a bear bag over a cliff or on an sturdy tree limb. So went the thinking.

 

When I confirmed by phone that bear vaults weren't mandatory in the Wind River Range, Fred and I gleefully agreed that we would leave ours at home. Well you have probably already figured out the punch line. given our situation of "the beauty" (SQ) hiking with "the two beasts" (Fred and me). SQ brought her bear vault and Fred and I shamelessly made use of the bear vault SQ packed all the way to Big Sandy Lake in her large heavy backpack.

 

We leap frogged a few backpackers on our way up to Big Sandy Lake. Two women and their four pack carrying dogs became our instant trail favorites. We would run into each other on the backpack into Big Sandy Lake; on the trail coming out of the Cirque of the Towers on Saturday and at least twice on our backpack out to the trail head on Sunday.

 

The four happy hiking trail dogs were a real study in different dog personalities. Walter, was the smallest, slightest built dog of the four and clearly liked to lead. He was also the most affectionate to trail strangers (like us) and seemed to be having the most fun. He was a mutt, as many smart endearing dogs are and a mix between a beagle and Australian shepherd. The other three were magnificent purebred German Shepherds.

 

Walter was always "first up the trail". He made friends quickly with his adorable expression and straight forward manner. As soon as the three German Shepherds saw how well Walter was being petted and scratched behind his ears...they lined up and competed for attention.

 

Almost 75% of the people we saw hiking in and out of Big Sandy Lake had dogs with them and I can tell you that every dog we passed was well mannered and friendly. They were welcome trail companions in my book.

 

The three of us arrived at Big Sandy Lake and were impressed by both the appeal of the lake and the dramatic mountains that surround it. It is a truly lovely lake. I think if any of us had hiked the Cirque of the Towers trail up over Jackass Pass before, and seen the available "best tent sites" in the area, we might have continued to hike there on Friday. We had enough daylight. But with a wind and clouds rolling in at the moment, we decided it would be best to secure a good camping spot at the far end of Big Sandy Lake and then do our exploring with day hikes to the Cirque of the Towers and later to the Clear Lake & Deep Lake - East Temple Peak area - - if we had time.

 

That decided, we set up our three small lightweight backpacking tents in a well spaced row up the left bank of the almost dry creek bed of Lost Creek. The spacing would assure that SQ would not have to lose a night's sleep listening to two world class snorers (Fred and I have our reputations to uphold in that classification). SQ took the top site up close to the marmot's boulder field; then Fred's tent; then mine. We all had quality views of Sandy Mountain; Big Sandy Lake; Haystack and East Temple peaks.

 

Our intent was to spend both Friday and Saturday nights at our Big Sandy Lake/Lost Creek "base camp". Then we could spend all of our time hiking our favorite trails with light day packs (though with Fred's camera gear, I'm pretty certain his day pack load would be close to my entire backpack load in weight). This is what we did and it worked out great.

 

We ate camp dinner and talked for awhile and took a couple of short "reconnaissance" hikes close by camp. We now had a feel for the "Miller Lake/Little Sandy Lake" trail; the Clear Lake/Deep Lake trail; the Black Joe Lake trail as well as the trail junction for the hike up past North Lake and Arrowhead Lake, over Jackass Pass and into the spectacular Cirque of the Towers area.

 

We all retired to our tents for the night. I had brought along a copy of the Sep+Oct 2012 Washington Trails magazine for camp reading. The magazine came with membership in the Washington Trails Association that was "gifted" to me by a good hiking friend of mine, HC.

 

I turned on my LED headlamp and opened up the magazine. There on page three was a familiar name: Andy Porter. He was listed as a "guest contributor". He is a flickr contact of mine and he does indeed take excellent photographs. It seemed ironic, that I had written one person about a waterfall location, in the Cirque area between Hidden and Lonesome Lake, and that was Andy. He was quick to send me a Flickr email back with information that I requested. His Flickr site is: I8Seattle.

 

A quick side note: Flickr has been a wonderful resource for me when researching upcoming hikes and road trips. I really appreciate people like Andy, who willingly share information. I always write to thank people for their help. Some people sent me a flickr email a couple of months ago asking for camping information for the Titcomb Basin hike and some specific camp location questions. I wrote them providing what they asked, and never heard another word. There are people that are "takers" out there, who think nothing of requesting information then are too lazy (or rude) to send a two word reply back. Thank you.

 

Thanks Andy for the "waterfalls" info. Thanks too "HC" for the WTA membership gift and the Trails magazine that comes with it.

 

"THE STORY" DAY FIVE: Fred, the professional photographer, wanted to head up the 2+ mile trail over Jackass Pass before dawn, hiking with a headlamp. I told him I would be happy to join him and asked that he call for me outside my tent if he got up before I did.

 

SQ, who doesn't carry a camera but instead hikes to see and enjoy the scenery, said she would sleep in Saturday morning and start up the trail when she had something to eat and was good and ready. I hope you are starting to get the picture here. A competent smart woman hiker and her brother and her brother's hiking friend (me) that can't seem to wait to get going .. no matter what.

 

What happened Saturday morning? I got up at six. I went over to Fred's tent and said in a nice strong voice "Fred, Fred...Fred". No response. I headed down where we had placed SQ's Bear Vault (filled equally with her food, our food, and our camp food garbage). My intent was to open the bear vault and get some hiking food for my day hike up into the Cirque of the Towers.

 

The lid of the bear vault was iced over and try as I might I couldn't get it open. I squeezed the lid in; wrestled with it; cursed it; but could not open it. I admit to being shamed in knowing that a black bear in the Adirondack Mountains has learned to open the blasted things..yet I could not.

 

I decided with my ample "fat reserve" that I could make it without food for my day hike over and back to the Cirque of the Towers. I threw a couple bottles of diet Mt. Dew (my caffeine fix) in my pack; two small cameras (Canon G9 & G10) a few essentials and a coat, into my light Marmot "day pack" and got ready to head out.

 

Then I noticed that Fred's pack wasn't in sight. So I returned to his tent and called his name a few more times then opened the rain fly of his tent to find him gone.

 

I now concluded correctly that: #1 he had left before dawn and had been unable to stir me from my sleep. AND #2 incorrectly that Fred too had been unable to open the bear vault so he too would be hiking without trail food. I thought the ice and frost on the bear vault lid proved that but I was wrong. Fred (like the black bear in the Adirondacks) did get the vault open but had left so early that a new coating of ice and frost had formed on the lid by the time I tried it. Off I went.

 

It was light enough for me to hike easily without a headlamp up the Cirque of the Towers trail. It did get tough to find the route in a couple of places though and the trail was much more work that I thought it would be so it took a little longer than I might have guessed. I was just amazed that Fred had been able to successfully negotiate the route in the dark, even with a good map and headlamp, given that none of the three of us had ever hiked in the area.

 

I saw Fred's boot prints on the occasional dirt or sand portion of the trail. I just didn't know how early he had left camp, nor how fast or slow he might be hiking, given his load of camera gear.

 

I won't try to describe how magnificent the scenery was on this hike and I hope a photo or two of mine does some justice to it, but my head was constantly on swivel enjoying the ever unfolding beauty of this world class rock climbing area.

 

After a few steep ups and downs in the cairn marked trail, I came to a four way trail intersection above Arrowhead Lake. To my left a faint path lead down to the north end of Arrowhead Lake. to my right was a straight up the hill wide, heavily eroded, rock strewn trail that was clearly the route to Jackass pass (10,800 ft.).

 

Straight ahead was a faint but inviting "climbers' path" that led up to a notched saddle, that I just knew would have a tremendous view of the Cirque, the rock faces, and the landscape as the morning sun was starting to move down the rock faces. I chose to take the path straight ahead.

 

Coming over the crest of the saddle and looking down below at the Cirque and across at all the tremendous spires, faces, and peaks of the Cirque of the Towers was the most dramatic moment of this trip. Wonderful. Beyond words.

 

Right in the middle of the Cirque was "the waterfalls" I wanted to visit and photograph. It was right where Andy Porter said it would be. I could follow the creek down from Hidden Lake (not labeled on all maps you will see of the area) and then see it as it flowed down over the falls and on into the Lonesome Lake basin.

 

I studied the topography of the cirque basin for awhile and picked a line of travel that would avoid tight patches of alpine conifers and the boulder fields that might slow my progress. I had lots of choices and I sat off on what looked like the "best route" down to the waterfalls.

 

The waterfalls are small but their setting makes them dramatic. While at the falls I saw a few rock climbers making their way to Pingora or Wolf Head or some other peak of the Cirque of the Towers, with their rock climbing gear slung across their shoulders.

 

I met a retired backpacker from Kellogg, Idaho, who was camped a ways down stream from the waterfalls. He had his binoculars out and was getting ready to watch the rock climber ply their avocation and skills.

 

I contoured from the waterfalls over to intercept the trail between Lonesome Lake and Jackass Pass. No sign of Fred anywhere but I just knew wherever he was he had a big grin on his face and was happily following photo op after photo op. I knew he was in his element.

 

When I got to the main trail, without losing any altitude, it was a short hike up over Jackass Pass, heading south. Quietly I hoped I could hike fast enough to get back to camp at Big Sandy Lake, eat something (I was determined to get into the Yogi Bear proof bear vault) then head out for a hike to one or more of the lakes down by Temple Mountain.

 

Between Arrowhead Lake and North Lake, on the trail on my way back to Big Sandy Lake camp, I saw SQ coming up the trail at a nice even brisk pace. We hadn't talked much up to this point but there is something about a "side of the trail" talk, that brings out topic after topic.

 

When she found out I hadn't been able to get into the "anybody can do it" (except me), bear vault she started throwing food out of her day pack, insisting that I eat something of hers. I didn't have the heart to eat any of her precious trail chocolate but willingly ate one of her mini-bagel peanut butter and jelly sandwiches.

 

We talked on and on and every few minutes, hikers or climber going in or out of the Cirque of the Towers would stop by and the conversation would expand in topic and in number of participants. What fun.

 

Then we looked down the trail and saw a familiar face coming up the trail. It was "Walter the wonder dog" the trail beagle/Australian shepherd mix, sweetheart of a dog. He seemed to recognize us and made a bee line over for some ear scratching and encouraging "dog talk". He may have also spotted SQ's trail snacks.

 

A much repeated trail ritual ensued with Walter's big German Shepherd companions appearing on the trail The moment they spotted Walter getting attention they once again lined up for their share. The two women, who owned the dogs (by now regular "trail friends") came up too and another animated trail information sessions began again. They told me of how much they had enjoyed the granite slab rock hike between Deep and Clear Lakes, so that nugget of information lodged in my mind.

 

Finally SQ and I headed our different ways. She headed up toward Jackass Pass (armed with my recommendation for at least sampling the "climbers' trail" to the notch). She would find Fred and probably the two of them would spend the rest of the day in the Cirque of the Towers area. I expressed my wish to eat at camp; secure food; and then head south from Big Sandy Lake to hike the Clear Lake/Deep Lake slab stone route OR the entire loop if I found I had time (returning down the Miller Lake route).

 

By 1:30 pm I had successfully opened the bear vault back at "base camp" and had a big lunch. I packed my day pack with more water and my water filter and readied for a day hike toward Temple Mountain. I left an irreverent note for Fred and SQ in the bear vault, so they would know what time I headed out and what my intended destination would be.

 

More hikers and backpackers were now arriving at Big Sandy Lake. That came as no surprise to me given the great weather and it being a Saturday. What did surprise me is that when I took off on the trail up to Clear Lake, I didn't see another person or backpacking tent, until I had hiked up to Deep Lake and returned to Clear Lake. Then, and only then did I run into a few hikers.

 

The hike up the granite slab rock between Clear Lake and Deep Lake was the most enjoyable section of "trail" that I have hiked in the Wind River Range. I just loved it. The steep white granite walls of Haystack and East Temple Mountain were tremendous sights.

 

When I looked at my hiking maps the route from Clear to Deep Lake was obvious so I ignored the cairns and any trails wandering in and out of the woods and just hiked the slab rock to my heart's content. It was really great hiking.

 

I lingered at Deep Lake to filter some water (tasted great), and just enjoy the outstanding views. I was tempted to hang around or perhaps hike on over to Temple Lake so I could be at Deep Lake when the pink early evening light started to hit East Temple Peak. But I thought it best to return the way I came and get back to Big Sandy Lake "base camp" in time to have a early evening meal with Fred & SQ, who would likely be returning from the Cirque of the Towers at around the same time.

 

The weather forecast for Sunday was a 20% chance of rain, which according to hikers coming in, had jumped up to 30%. Fred and SQ had the two plus hour backpack out from Big Sandy Lake to the trail head to do Sunday morning; then a two plus hour drive to Pinedale; then an 8 hour trip back home to Boise - - to be ready for work Monday morning.

 

When the three of us ended up together at our tents at our Big Sandy Lake "base camp" we all agreed to "sleep in" then head out together first thing Sunday morning. Saturday night was a still star filled night. It was a great way to finish out this backpacking trip. We all went to sleep with our own thoughts.

 

"THE STORY" DAY SIX: We all got up the next morning about the same time. Without words we immediately ate something and started striking our tents and packing our packs. Ice had formed on the inside of my rain fly as I had slept with the rain fly door wide open. Still I wouldn't have missed the night view of the stars.

 

At 8 am Sunday morning we shouldered our backpacks and headed down the gentle easy trail from Big Sandy Lake back to our vehicles at the trail head.

 

We talked to several hikers and backpackers as they were heading in and we were heading out. We met two older, but fit looking, women with quality backpacking gear, coming up the trail. Their accents quickly gave them away. They were from Adelaide, Australia.

 

I quickly teased them about the 1/2 hour time zones I had run into when working the area in the 1980s. SQ and the two Aussie women found some common topic threads and a full scale trail meeting began in earnest. Fred and I slowly backed away into the shade of a small pine and watched with pleasure and amusement as the women adroitly shifted topics and punctuated their discussion with hand waving.

 

Then a familiar hiker came running down the trail toward us. Walter the wonder beagle. How funny. Same routine, different location. Now the two dog owning women hikers; joined the two Aussie women; and SQ (surrounded by attention seeking canines) and the trail meeting took on a life of its own.

 

I circled the trail meeting with my camera trying to catch a snapshot that would capture the essence and the spirit of the "meeting". The meeting finally ended and off we all went. it was a good ending to our trail encounters with other hikers and Walter will always have a special place in my heart and a deserved title as "Trail Ambassador" and a very cute and clever dog.

 

We were at our vehicles by 11 am and digging into our ice chests for cold rewards for our three day backpacking and day hiking efforts. We chatted and talked trip highlights at the trail head then convoyed our vehicles back to the paved road. I stopped to photograph a cow and calf moose along the road on the way back to Pinedale but ran into Fred & SQ at the Subway, where we parted ways for the last time on this trip.

 

It had been a wonderful backpacking trip for me. If you made a short list of the qualities you would want in backpacking and hiking companions it would probably include adjectives such as: dependable, fair, courteous, considerate, flexible tolerant, competent, confident, honest, happy, flexible, fit, and a couple of phrases like "great attitude" "self sufficient" etc. Fred and his sister were all of those and more.

 

I have a feeling we will hike together again, unless I get too old too soon to keep up with the two of them. If they ever switch to lighter packs, then I'm already out matched. But somehow, I think the two of them would be fine with hiking slower because that is the kind of nice people that they are. Thanks Fred. Thanks SQ.

 

By the way if you have not yet hiked this area and are thinking about doing so, I highly recommend the map "Cirque of the Towers Wind River Range" by Backpacker Magazine (mytopo - a Trimble company). Fred found it and being the considerate person that he is, bought and sent a copy of the map to both me and to his sister, before our backpacking trip.

 

Also: I have read many backpacking "guides" and the one that hits the right balance for me and seems to be filled with good and "reasonable" advice is: Backpacker: "The Hiking Light Handbook" (carry less and enjoy more) by Karen Berger. I highly recommend it.

 

After leaving Pinedale in the early afternoon I had a planned stop at Trappers Point, just north of Pinedale off highway 191. You can't miss the place now as they are putting in a million dollar "antelope, deer, elk, and cattle" overpass right near the site.. You take a short rough dirt road to the top of a hill and you are looking down upon where Horse Creek enters the Snake River. Here six of the sixteen fur trading "rendezvous" took place.

 

Looking down upon the scene it doesn't take much imagination to time transport your thoughts to the 1830s and 1840s and imagine the colorful events that took place where you are looking. You will be standing where many Native Americans have stood, when hunting at this natural big game corridor. You can understand why this location was chosen for the rendezvous with - - the combination of wood, water, grazing, and bountiful game that would have made this the "place to be" for those many years.

 

You will share views and boot prints with mountain men like Jim Bridger (my hero); the Sublette brothers; Thomas Fitzpatrick; and Jedediah Smith (his story is a great read).

 

After spending much time at Trappers Point, I drove the familiar route through Bondurant, to the Hoback Junction; then down the Snake River to Alpine. From here I purposefully took yet another back road I had never before driven. I took highway 34 through small towns like Freedom, Henry and Soda Springs. I saw moose and pronghorn along the way and lots of early fall color.

 

When I arrived at Interstate 15 the "get home" bug hit me in full and I kept with the interstates from then on, driving up to Pocatello; then over to Burley, Twin Falls, Boise, La Grande, Pendleton and home. I pulled into rest stops, picnic areas, forest camps etc. to catch three of four hours of sleep in my RAV car camping bed, then drove on sipping cold diet Pepsi and eating peanut butter and jelly sandwiches I made along the way using fresh coarse great tasting wheat bread I purchased near Daniel, Wyoming.

 

I got back home Monday morning. You might think I surprised my wife by getting home so early after leaving the trail head at close to noon on Sunday, but not so. She knows me well and greeted me with a big hug and a knowing smile. A good trip. I hope you enjoy some of the photographs and perhaps a bit of the "story" as well. OMT September 2012.

    

Desert Center, California

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 

Desert Center is a census-designated place in the Colorado Desert in Riverside County, California. It is in southern California, between the cities of Indio and Blythe at the junction of Interstate 10 and State Route 177 (Desert Center-Rice Road). The ZIP Code is 92239, and the community is in telephone area code 760. The elevation is 656 feet (200 m). The population was 204 at the 2010 census.

 

History

 

"Desert Steve" Ragsdale

 

The town was founded in 1925 by Stephen A. Ragsdale, also known as “Desert Steve”, and his wife, Lydia. Ragsdale was an itinerant preacher and cotton farmer, originally from Arkansas.

In 1915, he left his farm in the Palo Verde Valley along the Colorado River to attend to some business in Los Angeles.

 

The road between Phoenix and Los Angeles was mostly sand, and Ragsdale's vehicle broke down near a place called Gruendyke's Well. This featured a hand-dug well and was inhabited by a prospector named Bill Gruendyke. Gruendyke rescued Ragsdale and gave him food, shelter, and water until his vehicle was repaired and he could resume his journey to Los Angeles.

 

Upon his return, Ragsdale bought out Gruendyke and moved his family to the remote spot, where they constructed a small shack with a lean-to that served as the repair garage. A Model T truck was modified to serve as a tow car. Gasoline was pumped by hand from a 55 gallon drum. Lydia served food and refreshments to thirsty and weary travelers. In spite of the remote location 50 miles (80 km) in any direction from anything, the Ragsdales prospered.

 

Ragsdale named his outpost 'Desert Center'. In 1921, it was announced that the sand road running through Desert Center would be relocated about 5 miles (8.0 km) (SOUTH), straightened, paved, and named U.S. Route 60, a modern "high-speed" highway.

 

Ragsdale abandoned "old Desert Center" and built a poured-concrete café in the adobe style with an attached gasoline station and a huge service garage. Across the road, a series of wooden structures were built, including a market (which at one time was the largest Coleman camping equipment dealer in the country), and a post office. He also built several cabins for travelers, and a large "plunge" (swimming pool) next to the café where travelers could escape the desert heat.

 

Ragsdale was a desert eccentric of the first order, and his advertising for Desert Center in publications such as Desert Magazine reflected his personality: "U Need Us – We Need U", "Our Main Street is 100-miles long!",[3] "We lost our keys... we can't close!" (a reference to the fact that the café has been open 24 hours a day, 365 days a year since it opened in 1921), "Free Room and Board Every Day The Sun Doesn't Shine In Desert Center", "If You Don't Believe Me, You Can Go To Hell, or Visit Me in Desert Center in August! Nuf sed, Steve".

 

Ragsdale was a teetotaler and once hung a sign on the door of the café which read, "No Drunks. No Dogs. We prefer dogs." He was known to take a stick to travelers who were drunk in his café.

 

When Ragsdale needed a teacher for his own children and the few others in the town, the county declined to send one; there weren't enough students to warrant the expense. Ragsdale hastily built a basic structure of stick framing with paper board walls to use as a schoolhouse, and placed an ad in Los Angeles newspapers asking for an auto mechanic with a large family, which he got, and a teacher was indeed provided by the county.

 

One morning, the town awoke to find that goats had gotten loose and had eaten the paper board walls of the schoolhouse as high as they could stand on their hind legs. The Ragsdales still have a photo of the goat-eaten schoolhouse.

 

Ragsdale frequently retreated to his writing shack near the north tip of the rock formation called "The Alligator" (across I-10 from DC) where he composed bad poetry – the stanzas are referred to as "Spasm #1", etc. – to be distributed in booklet form to travelers. Ragsdale was a close friend of many classic "desert people" such as Randall Henderson, founder of Desert Magazine; Marshall South, the hermit of Ghost Mountain; desert painter John Hilton; noted biologist Edmund C. Jaeger; and Harry Oliver, with whom Steve co-founded the annual Pegleg Smith Liar's Contest in Anza-Borrego. Oliver often printed items about Desert Steve in his 'newspaper,' the Desert Rat Scrap Book.

 

Within a few years, Ragsdale operated a number of satellite businesses in locations such as Cactus City, Hell, Skyway, Box Canyon, and (Shaver's Well). Around 1950, he was accused of dallying with an office worker in his employ and left Desert Center in disgrace, living the rest of his days in self-imposed exile at his log cabin retreat near the summit of Santa Rosa Mountain. His sons, Stanley, Thurman, and Herbert, took over operations of Desert Center, and Stanley eventually purchased the town from his father. Stanley ran it for decades, adding a hamburger stand and the Stanco gasoline station.

 

"Desert Steve" Ragsdale died in 1971 and is buried in the Coachella Valley Public Cemetery,[4] even though he had dug his own grave near Desert Center prior to his 1950 departure and had even placed a memorial plaque near it. The empty grave and marker still exist.[5]

 

Early prepaid health insurance

 

In the early 1930s, Dr. Sidney R. Garfield, who had just graduated from USC, went to visit a former classmate with a practice in Indio. The practice was thriving to capacity, while Garfield was nearly without business in Depression-era Los Angeles. Garfield's friend explained that he was the closest doctor (50 miles) to 5,000 men digging the Colorado River Aqueduct under direction of The Seven Companies, Inc. The project site's headquarters was just southeast of Desert Center. Garfield borrowed money from his father and constructed a 4-bed clinic near the construction site. The clinic was cooled by an ammonia air-conditioning system and at the time was the only air-conditioned building between Riverside and Phoenix. Garfield would treat the men, who would promise to pay on payday, but who would usually go to Blythe or Indio and drink their paychecks. Within a year, Garfield was broke and announced that he would pull up stakes.[3]

 

Hearing this, Henry J. Kaiser, whose division of the Six Companies, Inc. was building the stretch of the Colorado River Aqueduct through the Desert Center vicinity, visited Garfield at his clinic. His idea was to take a nickel a day out of each man's paycheck to prepay for that man's future medical treatments, should an injury occur while he was working. If the man wanted to be covered for the remainder of the day, after work hours, another nickel would be deducted. If the man had a wife and/or children he wanted to cover, this would cost another nickel. Within a short time, Garfield had a steady income stream and things improved for him immensely. When the aqueduct project was finished, Kaiser's next venture was the construction of the Grand Coulee dam, and he took Garfield with him to manage the workers' health care, but this time there were 50,000 men, not just 5000.[6]

 

Garfield's Contractors General Hospital evolved into Kaiser Permanente, the largest managed health care system in the world, but its origins are in Desert Center. In 1992 a roadside historical marker at the site was unveiled by Garfield's sister next to the grocery honoring Desert Center as the birthplace of Kaiser Permanente.[7]

 

General Patton – Desert Training Center[edit]

 

By 1942, Desert Center had very few residents. It was then that the Army, under the direction of Maj. General George Patton, established the Desert Center Army Air Field[8] to support operations in the California-Arizona Maneuver Area.[9] The base covered 18,000 square miles (47,000 km2).[10] Its purpose was to train troops for combat in the deserts of North Africa against the forces of German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel. The enormous operation came to a close in 1944, when the Allies were victorious in the North African theatre. A museum honoring Patton and his training complex is located in Chiriaco Summit.[11]

 

After the military’s departure, the town became quiet again, remaining relatively unchanged as the old U.S. Route 60/70 was replaced by Interstate 10.

 

Eagle Mountain Mine[edit]

 

The site of Kaiser Steel Eagle Mountain Mine, one of the largest open-pit iron mining operations in the world, is located about 13 miles (21 km) north of Desert Center. The rich iron ore deposit was discovered by geologists employed by Henry J. Kaiser during construction of the Colorado River Aqueduct in the early 1930s. The Eagle Mountain Mine operated at capacity from World War II until Kaiser closed the mine and the town of Eagle Mountain in early 1982.

 

Movies have used the mine as a filming location, including scenes from the Terminator II (1990 film) – 3-D first Terminator movie.

 

A for-profit prison was operated by Utah's Management and Training Corporation here in facilities leased from Kaiser Steel. Six weeks before it was closed on December 31, 2003, a race riot claimed the lives of two African-American prisoners.

 

Plans for a project to operate an enormous waste management landfill at the mine site were stopped by environmentalists' legal actions taken to protect the surrounding Colorado Desert ecosystem and the groundwater aquifer.

 

Desert Center today[edit]

 

Today, though showing its age, the town barely survives. The United States Post Office is the only remaining business, serving both locals and travelers crossing the vast expanse of desert between the Colorado River and Indio. The nearest gasoline and fast food are at Chiriaco Summit. Desert Center is home to agricultural farms, a couple of mobile home parks frequented by “snowbirds,” and the Lake Tamarisk community founded by the Kaiser Steel Corporation. Desert Center Airport (FAA designator: L64) has a 4,200-foot (1,300 m) runway, but last operated as a public airport in 1992. It is now privately owned.

 

The 1980s saw a surge of growth in Desert Center as jojoba gained popularity. The brackish water, sandy soil, and dry weather make the area ideal for cultivation of this hardy desert plant whose oil is used chiefly in cosmetic products.

 

In the early 1990s, Stanley Ragsdale commissioned the planting of several hundred palm trees in strange patterns on the town’s frontage with Interstate 10. When asked why, he said he always wanted a “tree-ring circus.” Since his death in 1999, the trees have fallen into disrepair and many have died.

 

In 2010 Desert Center became home to the Chuckwalla Valley Raceway, a professional grade track that can be rented by clubs and individuals.

 

Despite many changes in the modern world, Desert Center is a true survivor – a town that not only refuses to die, it thrives and continues to provide a safe haven for travelers. It is a fitting monument to its founder, who once said, “Even the woodpecker owes his success to the fact that he uses his head.”

 

Services[edit]

 

The community is served by State Route 177 and Interstate 10. Most wireline phone numbers in Desert Center and Lake Tamarisk are served by Verizon from the (760) 227-xxxx exchange. Additionally, Desert Center is served by Competitive Local Exchange Carriers (CLECs) via the (760)205 and (760)437 exchanges (per the Telecordia Local Exchange Routing Guide). As of 2000, a Caltrans maintenance station existed at 29476 Ragsdale Rd.

 

Local school children are part of the Desert Center Unified School District. Elementary and middle school children attend Eagle Mountain School in Eagle Mountain, California, while high school age children are bussed daily to Blythe, California.

 

Lake Tamarisk (community )[edit]

 

Lake Tamarisk is a community about one and three quarter miles north of Interstate 10 off Kaiser Road at

 

33°44′20″N 115°23′20″W, and on the Desert Center 7.5-minute quadrangle. The community has a golf course with low greens fees.

 

Both the Lake Tamarisk Library and Riverside County Fire Station 49 are located at 43880 Lake Tamarisk Drive in Lake Tamarisk

 

14-02-10 Happy Valentines day! I saw my wife for 5 mins this morning, she gave me a tube of smarties. I love her! Another "Stuck in the office" shot today unfortunately. This is a roll of corrugated cardboard. Edited with silver efex pro, I also gave it a lot of contrast using lightrooms curves. I hope all your Valentines day's are going a lot better then mine.

 

Manual Page Read: Lets just skip this for today. I'll get back into it on Monday when I am actually at home.

 

Images Viewed: I have added a live search for #project365 on Tweetdeck so I get live updates of all the 365ers on twitter! If I see anything awesome I'll give it a re-tweet and maybe post it here.

Other Inspiration: I thought I had got rid of my gear lust. Turns out I have not. I think I'm gonna sell my 18-250mm lens and buy a 10-20mm one instead. I like what I am seeing from the super wide lenses and want in on the action. The 18-250mm is agreat lens but I am finding that it just doesn't suit my style of photography. I already own a 55-200mm and have a Minolta Beercan 70-210mm on loan from Andy Wardlaw. So I may throw it up on ebay and see what I get for it. Also, I just got a £700 bursary from uni! So my tuition fees can be paid! What gear are you guys lusting after?

On Twitter.

 

My 365 blog - greg365.mcmull.in

Information from: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chrysler_Building

  

The Chrysler Building is an Art Deco skyscraper in New York City, located on the east side of Manhattan in the Turtle Bay area at the intersection of 42nd Street and Lexington Avenue. Standing at 319 metres (1,047 ft),[4][5] it was the world's tallest building for 11 months before it was surpassed by the Empire State Building in 1931. After the destruction of the World Trade Center, it was again the second-tallest building in New York City until December 2007, when the spire was raised on the 365.8-metre (1,200 ft) Bank of America Tower, pushing the Chrysler Building into third position. In addition, The New York Times Building which opened in 2007, is exactly level with the Chrysler Building in height.[6]

 

The Chrysler Building is a classic example of Art Deco architecture and considered by many contemporary architects to be one of the finest buildings in New York City. In 2007, it was ranked ninth on the List of America's Favorite Architecture by the American Institute of Architects.[7] It was the headquarters of the Chrysler Corporation from 1930 until the mid 1950's, but although the building was built and designed specifically for the car manufacturer, the corporation didn't pay for the construction of it and never owned it, as Walter P. Chrysler decided to pay for it himself, so that his children could inherit it.[8]

 

Contents [hide]

1 History

1.1 Design beginnings

1.2 Construction

1.3 Completion

1.4 Property

2 Architecture

2.1 Crown ornamentation

2.2 Crown usage

2.3 Lighting

2.4 Recognition and appeal

3 Cultural depictions

4 Quotations

5 Gallery

6 See also

7 References

8 Notes

9 External links

  

[edit] History

 

The Chrysler Building in 1932

View from Empire State Building, 2005

Chrysler Building and eastern Midtown ManhattanThe Chrysler Building was designed by architect William Van Alen for a project of Walter P. Chrysler.[8] When the ground breaking occurred on September 19, 1928, there was an intense competition in New York City to build the world's tallest skyscraper.[9][10] Despite a frantic pace (the building was built at an average rate of four floors per week), no workers died during the construction of this skyscraper.[11]

 

[edit] Design beginnings

Van Alen's original design for the skyscraper called for a decorative jewel-like glass crown. It also featured a base in which the showroom windows were tripled in height and topped by twelve stories with glass-wrapped corners, creating an impression that the tower appeared physically and visually light as if floating on mid-air.[8] The height of the skyscraper was also originally designed to be 246 metres (807 ft).[11] However, the design proved to be too advanced and costly for building contractor William H. Reynolds, who disapproved of Van Alen's original plan.[12] The design and lease were then sold to Walter P. Chrysler, who worked with Van Alen and redesigned the skyscraper for additional stories; it was eventually revised to be 282 metres (925 ft) tall.[11] As Walter Chrysler was the chairman of the Chrysler Corporation and intended to make the building into Chrysler's headquarters,[11] various architectural details and especially the building's gargoyles were modeled after Chrysler automobile products like the hood ornaments of the Plymouth; they exemplify the machine age in the 1920s (see below).[13][14]

 

[edit] Construction

Construction commenced on September 19, 1928.[11] In total, almost 400,000 rivets were used[11] and approximately 3,826,000 bricks were manually laid, to create the non-loadbearing walls of the skyscraper.[15] Contractors, builders and engineers were joined by other building-services experts to coordinate construction.

 

Prior to its completion, the building stood about even with a rival project at 40 Wall Street, designed by H. Craig Severance. Severance increased the height of his project and then publicly claimed the title of the world's tallest building[16] (this distinction excluded structures that were not fully habitable, such as the Eiffel Tower[17]). In response, Van Alen obtained permission for a 56.3-metre (185 ft) long spire[18] and had it secretly constructed inside the frame of the building. The spire was delivered to the site in 4 different sections.[19] On October 23, 1929, the bottom section of the spire was hoisted onto the top of the building's dome and lowered into the 66th floor of the building. The other remaining sections of the spire were hoisted and riveted to the first one in sequential order in just 90 minutes.[20]

 

[edit] Completion

Upon completion, May 20, 1930,[11] the added height of the spire allowed the Chrysler Building to surpass 40 Wall Street as the tallest building in the world and the Eiffel Tower as the tallest structure. It was the first man-made structure to stand taller than 1,000 feet (305 m). Van Alen's satisfaction in these accomplishments was likely muted by Walter Chrysler's later refusal to pay the balance of his architectural fee.[8] Less than a year after it opened to the public on May 27, 1931, the Chrysler Building was surpassed in height by the Empire State Building, but the Chrysler Building is still the world's tallest steel-supported brick building.[21][22] (The world's tallest brick building without steel is St. Martin's Church in Landshut begun in 1389.)[citation needed]

  

Height comparison of buildings in New York City[edit] Property

The east building wall of the base out of which the tower rises runs at a slant to the Manhattan street grid, following a property line that predated the Commissioners' Plan of 1811.[23] The land on which the Chrysler Building stands was donated to The Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art,[24] a private college that offers every admitted student a full tuition scholarship, in 1902. The land was originally leased to William H. Reynolds, but when he was unable to raise money for the project, the building and the rights to the land were acquired by Walter P. Chrysler in 1928.[24][25] Contrary to popular belief, the Chrysler Corporation was never involved in the construction or ownership of the Chrysler Building, although it was built and designed for the corporation and served as its headquarters until the mid 1950s. It was a project of Walter P. Chrysler for his children.[8]

 

The ownership of the building has changed several times. The Chrysler family sold the building in 1947, and in 1957 it was purchased by real-estate moguls Sol Goldman and Alex DiLorenzo, and owned by Massachusetts Mutual Life Insurance Company. The lobby was refurbished and the facade renovated in 1978–1979.[26] The building was owned by Jack Kent Cooke, a Washington, D.C. investor, in 1979. The spire underwent a restoration that was completed in 1995. In 1998, Tishman Speyer Properties and the Travelers Insurance Group bought the Chrysler Building, at 42nd Street and Lexington Avenue, and the adjoining Kent Building in 1997 for about $220 million from a consortium of banks and the estate of Jack Kent Cooke. Tishman Speyer Properties had negotiated a 150 year lease on the land from Cooper Union, which had held the lease before 1997, and continues to hold the land lease.[27]

 

In 2001, a 75% stake in the building was sold, for US$ 300 million, to TMW, the German arm of an Atlanta-based investment fund.[28] On June 11, 2008 it was reported that the Abu Dhabi Investment Council was in negotiations to buy TMW's 75% economic interest, and a 15% interest from Tishman Speyer Properties in the building, and a share of the Trylons retail structure next door for US$ 800 million.[29] On July 9, 2008 it was announced that the transaction had been completed, and that the Abu Dhabi Investment Council was now the 90% owner of the building.[27][30]

 

[edit] Architecture

 

Detail of the Art Deco ornamentation at the crownThe Chrysler Building is considered a masterpiece of Art Deco architecture. The distinctive ornamentation of the building based on features that were then being used on Chrysler automobiles. The corners of the 61st floor are graced with eagles, replicas of the 1929 Chrysler hood ornaments;[31] on the 31st floor, the corner ornamentation are replicas of the 1929 Chrysler radiator caps.[32] The building is constructed of masonry, with a steel frame, and metal cladding. In total, the building currently contains 3,862 windows on its facade and 4 banks of 8 elevators designed by the Otis Elevator Corporation.[11] The building was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1976.[3][33]

 

[edit] Crown ornamentation

The Chrysler Building is also well renowned and recognized for its terraced crown. Composed of seven radiating terraced arches, Van Alen's design of the crown is a cruciform groin vault constructed into seven concentric members with transitioning setbacks, mounted up one behind each other.[34] The stainless-steel cladding is ribbed and riveted in a radiating sunburst pattern with many triangular vaulted windows, transitioning into smaller segments of the seven narrow setbacks of the facade of the terraced crown. The entire crown is clad with silvery "Enduro KA-2" metal, an austenitic stainless steel developed in Germany by Krupp and marketed under the trade name "Nirosta" (a German acronym for nichtrostender Stahl, meaning "non-rusting steel").[8][35]

 

[edit] Crown usage

When the building first opened, it contained a public viewing gallery on the 71st floor, which was closed to the public in 1945. This floor is now the highest-occupied floor, most recently occupied by an office space management firm.[36] The private Cloud Club occupied a three-floor high space from the 66th–68th floors, but closed in the late 1970s. Above the 71st floor, the stories of the building are designed mostly for exterior appearance, functioning mainly as landings for the stairway to the spire. Very narrow with low, sloped ceilings, these top stories are useful only for holding radio-broadcasting and other mechanical and electrical equipment.[11] Television station WCBS-TV (Channel 2) originally transmitted from the top of the Chrysler in the 1940s and early 1950s, before moving to the Empire State Building.[11] For many years, WPAT-FM and WTFM (now WKTU) also used the Chrysler Building as a transmission site, but they also moved to the Empire by the 1970s. There are currently no commercial broadcast stations located at the Chrysler Building.

 

[edit] Lighting

There are two sets of lighting in the top spires and decoration. The first are the V-shaped lighting inserts in the steel of the building itself. Added later were groups of floodlights which are on mast arms directed back at the building. This allows the top of the building to be lit in many colors for special occasions. This lighting was installed by electrician Charles Londner and crew during construction.[11]

 

[edit] Recognition and appeal

In more recent years, the Chrysler Building has continued to be a favorite among New Yorkers. In the summer of 2005, New York's own Skyscraper Museum asked one hundred architects, builders, critics, engineers, historians, and scholars, among others, to choose their 10 favorites among 25 New York towers. The Chrysler Building came in first place as 90% of them placed the building in their top-10 favorite buildings.[37]

 

The Chrysler Building's distinctive profile has inspired similar skyscrapers worldwide, including One Liberty Place in Philadelphia.[38][39]

 

[edit] Cultural depictions

The Chrysler Building has been featured in several television programs, movies, and other media. Below are examples.

 

In an early episode of Saturday Night Live the Coneheads launch the building as a rocketship to return to their home planet. In the 1982 Larry Cohen film Q a winged serpent terrorizing New York is nesting inside the building's crown; the film's poster depicts the monster perched atop the building holding an attractive blonde victim in its claws. (The poster's monster is enormously out of scale to its size in the movie.) The Chrysler Building was also a short scene in the movie Predator 2 where the predator is holding a trophy raising it up on the building. The artwork was done by Michael Whelan.[40] In Deep Impact (1998) a wall of water surrounds the skyscraper and people can be seen on the 61st-floor observation deck fleeing to the other side of the building.[41] The tower was also prominently featured and being destroyed in the 1998 film, Godzilla,[41] and in Armageddon, which featured the tower being struck by a meteor, causing its spire to come crashing to the ground.[41] In another film, Fantastic Four: Rise of the Silver Surfer, while Johnny Storm chases the Silver Surfer through Manhattan, the Silver Surfer flies straight through the Chrysler Building.[42][43] Towards the end of Steven Spielberg's A.I.: Artificial Intelligence, the Chrysler Building is seen totally underwater as the mechas guide their spacecraft through the submerged ruins of Manhattan.[41]> In the film Spider-Man, Spider-Man perches on top of one of the building's gargoyles, mourning his Uncle Ben's murder.[41] Matthew Barney's art film Cremaster 3 (2002) narrates a fantastical version of the building's construction.

 

In the music scene, Meat Loaf's 1993 album Bat Out of Hell II: Back Into Hell's cover art depicts a demonic bat clinging to the top floors of the Chrysler Building. The Chrysler Building has also appeared in numerous video games such as Parasite Eve and Grand Theft Auto IV, being replicated as the "Zirconium Building".[44][45]

 

[edit] Quotations

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Chrysler Building

"Art Deco in France found its American equivalent in the design of the New York skyscrapers of the 1920s. The Chrysler Building ... was one of the most accomplished essays in the style."

–John Julius Norwich, in The World Atlas of Architecture

"The design, originally drawn up for building contractor William H. Reynolds, was finally sold to Walter P. Chrysler, who wanted a provocative building which would not merely scrape the sky but positively pierce it. Its 77 floors briefly making it the highest building in the world—at least until the Empire State Building was completed—it became the star of the New York skyline, thanks above all to its crowning peak. In a deliberate strategy of myth generation, Van Alen planned a dramatic moment of revelation: the entire seven-storey pinnacle, complete with special-steel facing, was first assembled inside the building, and then hoisted into position through the roof opening and anchored on top in just one and a half hours. All of a sudden it was there—a sensational fait accompli."

–Peter Gossel and Gabriele Leuthauser, in Architecture in the Twentieth Century

"One of the first uses of stainless steel over a large exposed building surface. The decorative treatment of the masonry walls below changes with every set-back and includes story-high basket-weave designs, radiator-cap gargoyles, and a band of abstract automobiles. The lobby is a modernistic composition of African marble and chrome steel."

–Elliot Willensky and Norval White, in AIA Guide to New York

 

Information from: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chrysler_Building

  

The Chrysler Building is an Art Deco skyscraper in New York City, located on the east side of Manhattan in the Turtle Bay area at the intersection of 42nd Street and Lexington Avenue. Standing at 319 metres (1,047 ft),[4][5] it was the world's tallest building for 11 months before it was surpassed by the Empire State Building in 1931. After the destruction of the World Trade Center, it was again the second-tallest building in New York City until December 2007, when the spire was raised on the 365.8-metre (1,200 ft) Bank of America Tower, pushing the Chrysler Building into third position. In addition, The New York Times Building which opened in 2007, is exactly level with the Chrysler Building in height.[6]

 

The Chrysler Building is a classic example of Art Deco architecture and considered by many contemporary architects to be one of the finest buildings in New York City. In 2007, it was ranked ninth on the List of America's Favorite Architecture by the American Institute of Architects.[7] It was the headquarters of the Chrysler Corporation from 1930 until the mid 1950's, but although the building was built and designed specifically for the car manufacturer, the corporation didn't pay for the construction of it and never owned it, as Walter P. Chrysler decided to pay for it himself, so that his children could inherit it.[8]

 

Contents [hide]

1 History

1.1 Design beginnings

1.2 Construction

1.3 Completion

1.4 Property

2 Architecture

2.1 Crown ornamentation

2.2 Crown usage

2.3 Lighting

2.4 Recognition and appeal

3 Cultural depictions

4 Quotations

5 Gallery

6 See also

7 References

8 Notes

9 External links

  

[edit] History

 

The Chrysler Building in 1932

View from Empire State Building, 2005

Chrysler Building and eastern Midtown ManhattanThe Chrysler Building was designed by architect William Van Alen for a project of Walter P. Chrysler.[8] When the ground breaking occurred on September 19, 1928, there was an intense competition in New York City to build the world's tallest skyscraper.[9][10] Despite a frantic pace (the building was built at an average rate of four floors per week), no workers died during the construction of this skyscraper.[11]

 

[edit] Design beginnings

Van Alen's original design for the skyscraper called for a decorative jewel-like glass crown. It also featured a base in which the showroom windows were tripled in height and topped by twelve stories with glass-wrapped corners, creating an impression that the tower appeared physically and visually light as if floating on mid-air.[8] The height of the skyscraper was also originally designed to be 246 metres (807 ft).[11] However, the design proved to be too advanced and costly for building contractor William H. Reynolds, who disapproved of Van Alen's original plan.[12] The design and lease were then sold to Walter P. Chrysler, who worked with Van Alen and redesigned the skyscraper for additional stories; it was eventually revised to be 282 metres (925 ft) tall.[11] As Walter Chrysler was the chairman of the Chrysler Corporation and intended to make the building into Chrysler's headquarters,[11] various architectural details and especially the building's gargoyles were modeled after Chrysler automobile products like the hood ornaments of the Plymouth; they exemplify the machine age in the 1920s (see below).[13][14]

 

[edit] Construction

Construction commenced on September 19, 1928.[11] In total, almost 400,000 rivets were used[11] and approximately 3,826,000 bricks were manually laid, to create the non-loadbearing walls of the skyscraper.[15] Contractors, builders and engineers were joined by other building-services experts to coordinate construction.

 

Prior to its completion, the building stood about even with a rival project at 40 Wall Street, designed by H. Craig Severance. Severance increased the height of his project and then publicly claimed the title of the world's tallest building[16] (this distinction excluded structures that were not fully habitable, such as the Eiffel Tower[17]). In response, Van Alen obtained permission for a 56.3-metre (185 ft) long spire[18] and had it secretly constructed inside the frame of the building. The spire was delivered to the site in 4 different sections.[19] On October 23, 1929, the bottom section of the spire was hoisted onto the top of the building's dome and lowered into the 66th floor of the building. The other remaining sections of the spire were hoisted and riveted to the first one in sequential order in just 90 minutes.[20]

 

[edit] Completion

Upon completion, May 20, 1930,[11] the added height of the spire allowed the Chrysler Building to surpass 40 Wall Street as the tallest building in the world and the Eiffel Tower as the tallest structure. It was the first man-made structure to stand taller than 1,000 feet (305 m). Van Alen's satisfaction in these accomplishments was likely muted by Walter Chrysler's later refusal to pay the balance of his architectural fee.[8] Less than a year after it opened to the public on May 27, 1931, the Chrysler Building was surpassed in height by the Empire State Building, but the Chrysler Building is still the world's tallest steel-supported brick building.[21][22] (The world's tallest brick building without steel is St. Martin's Church in Landshut begun in 1389.)[citation needed]

  

Height comparison of buildings in New York City[edit] Property

The east building wall of the base out of which the tower rises runs at a slant to the Manhattan street grid, following a property line that predated the Commissioners' Plan of 1811.[23] The land on which the Chrysler Building stands was donated to The Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art,[24] a private college that offers every admitted student a full tuition scholarship, in 1902. The land was originally leased to William H. Reynolds, but when he was unable to raise money for the project, the building and the rights to the land were acquired by Walter P. Chrysler in 1928.[24][25] Contrary to popular belief, the Chrysler Corporation was never involved in the construction or ownership of the Chrysler Building, although it was built and designed for the corporation and served as its headquarters until the mid 1950s. It was a project of Walter P. Chrysler for his children.[8]

 

The ownership of the building has changed several times. The Chrysler family sold the building in 1947, and in 1957 it was purchased by real-estate moguls Sol Goldman and Alex DiLorenzo, and owned by Massachusetts Mutual Life Insurance Company. The lobby was refurbished and the facade renovated in 1978–1979.[26] The building was owned by Jack Kent Cooke, a Washington, D.C. investor, in 1979. The spire underwent a restoration that was completed in 1995. In 1998, Tishman Speyer Properties and the Travelers Insurance Group bought the Chrysler Building, at 42nd Street and Lexington Avenue, and the adjoining Kent Building in 1997 for about $220 million from a consortium of banks and the estate of Jack Kent Cooke. Tishman Speyer Properties had negotiated a 150 year lease on the land from Cooper Union, which had held the lease before 1997, and continues to hold the land lease.[27]

 

In 2001, a 75% stake in the building was sold, for US$ 300 million, to TMW, the German arm of an Atlanta-based investment fund.[28] On June 11, 2008 it was reported that the Abu Dhabi Investment Council was in negotiations to buy TMW's 75% economic interest, and a 15% interest from Tishman Speyer Properties in the building, and a share of the Trylons retail structure next door for US$ 800 million.[29] On July 9, 2008 it was announced that the transaction had been completed, and that the Abu Dhabi Investment Council was now the 90% owner of the building.[27][30]

 

[edit] Architecture

 

Detail of the Art Deco ornamentation at the crownThe Chrysler Building is considered a masterpiece of Art Deco architecture. The distinctive ornamentation of the building based on features that were then being used on Chrysler automobiles. The corners of the 61st floor are graced with eagles, replicas of the 1929 Chrysler hood ornaments;[31] on the 31st floor, the corner ornamentation are replicas of the 1929 Chrysler radiator caps.[32] The building is constructed of masonry, with a steel frame, and metal cladding. In total, the building currently contains 3,862 windows on its facade and 4 banks of 8 elevators designed by the Otis Elevator Corporation.[11] The building was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1976.[3][33]

 

[edit] Crown ornamentation

The Chrysler Building is also well renowned and recognized for its terraced crown. Composed of seven radiating terraced arches, Van Alen's design of the crown is a cruciform groin vault constructed into seven concentric members with transitioning setbacks, mounted up one behind each other.[34] The stainless-steel cladding is ribbed and riveted in a radiating sunburst pattern with many triangular vaulted windows, transitioning into smaller segments of the seven narrow setbacks of the facade of the terraced crown. The entire crown is clad with silvery "Enduro KA-2" metal, an austenitic stainless steel developed in Germany by Krupp and marketed under the trade name "Nirosta" (a German acronym for nichtrostender Stahl, meaning "non-rusting steel").[8][35]

 

[edit] Crown usage

When the building first opened, it contained a public viewing gallery on the 71st floor, which was closed to the public in 1945. This floor is now the highest-occupied floor, most recently occupied by an office space management firm.[36] The private Cloud Club occupied a three-floor high space from the 66th–68th floors, but closed in the late 1970s. Above the 71st floor, the stories of the building are designed mostly for exterior appearance, functioning mainly as landings for the stairway to the spire. Very narrow with low, sloped ceilings, these top stories are useful only for holding radio-broadcasting and other mechanical and electrical equipment.[11] Television station WCBS-TV (Channel 2) originally transmitted from the top of the Chrysler in the 1940s and early 1950s, before moving to the Empire State Building.[11] For many years, WPAT-FM and WTFM (now WKTU) also used the Chrysler Building as a transmission site, but they also moved to the Empire by the 1970s. There are currently no commercial broadcast stations located at the Chrysler Building.

 

[edit] Lighting

There are two sets of lighting in the top spires and decoration. The first are the V-shaped lighting inserts in the steel of the building itself. Added later were groups of floodlights which are on mast arms directed back at the building. This allows the top of the building to be lit in many colors for special occasions. This lighting was installed by electrician Charles Londner and crew during construction.[11]

 

[edit] Recognition and appeal

In more recent years, the Chrysler Building has continued to be a favorite among New Yorkers. In the summer of 2005, New York's own Skyscraper Museum asked one hundred architects, builders, critics, engineers, historians, and scholars, among others, to choose their 10 favorites among 25 New York towers. The Chrysler Building came in first place as 90% of them placed the building in their top-10 favorite buildings.[37]

 

The Chrysler Building's distinctive profile has inspired similar skyscrapers worldwide, including One Liberty Place in Philadelphia.[38][39]

 

[edit] Cultural depictions

The Chrysler Building has been featured in several television programs, movies, and other media. Below are examples.

 

In an early episode of Saturday Night Live the Coneheads launch the building as a rocketship to return to their home planet. In the 1982 Larry Cohen film Q a winged serpent terrorizing New York is nesting inside the building's crown; the film's poster depicts the monster perched atop the building holding an attractive blonde victim in its claws. (The poster's monster is enormously out of scale to its size in the movie.) The Chrysler Building was also a short scene in the movie Predator 2 where the predator is holding a trophy raising it up on the building. The artwork was done by Michael Whelan.[40] In Deep Impact (1998) a wall of water surrounds the skyscraper and people can be seen on the 61st-floor observation deck fleeing to the other side of the building.[41] The tower was also prominently featured and being destroyed in the 1998 film, Godzilla,[41] and in Armageddon, which featured the tower being struck by a meteor, causing its spire to come crashing to the ground.[41] In another film, Fantastic Four: Rise of the Silver Surfer, while Johnny Storm chases the Silver Surfer through Manhattan, the Silver Surfer flies straight through the Chrysler Building.[42][43] Towards the end of Steven Spielberg's A.I.: Artificial Intelligence, the Chrysler Building is seen totally underwater as the mechas guide their spacecraft through the submerged ruins of Manhattan.[41]> In the film Spider-Man, Spider-Man perches on top of one of the building's gargoyles, mourning his Uncle Ben's murder.[41] Matthew Barney's art film Cremaster 3 (2002) narrates a fantastical version of the building's construction.

 

In the music scene, Meat Loaf's 1993 album Bat Out of Hell II: Back Into Hell's cover art depicts a demonic bat clinging to the top floors of the Chrysler Building. The Chrysler Building has also appeared in numerous video games such as Parasite Eve and Grand Theft Auto IV, being replicated as the "Zirconium Building".[44][45]

 

[edit] Quotations

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Chrysler Building

"Art Deco in France found its American equivalent in the design of the New York skyscrapers of the 1920s. The Chrysler Building ... was one of the most accomplished essays in the style."

–John Julius Norwich, in The World Atlas of Architecture

"The design, originally drawn up for building contractor William H. Reynolds, was finally sold to Walter P. Chrysler, who wanted a provocative building which would not merely scrape the sky but positively pierce it. Its 77 floors briefly making it the highest building in the world—at least until the Empire State Building was completed—it became the star of the New York skyline, thanks above all to its crowning peak. In a deliberate strategy of myth generation, Van Alen planned a dramatic moment of revelation: the entire seven-storey pinnacle, complete with special-steel facing, was first assembled inside the building, and then hoisted into position through the roof opening and anchored on top in just one and a half hours. All of a sudden it was there—a sensational fait accompli."

–Peter Gossel and Gabriele Leuthauser, in Architecture in the Twentieth Century

"One of the first uses of stainless steel over a large exposed building surface. The decorative treatment of the masonry walls below changes with every set-back and includes story-high basket-weave designs, radiator-cap gargoyles, and a band of abstract automobiles. The lobby is a modernistic composition of African marble and chrome steel."

–Elliot Willensky and Norval White, in AIA Guide to New York

 

Photo caption:

From left – Mark Lankester, Group CEO of Tune Hotels; Hon. Dr Denis Napthine, Premier of Victoria; Tan Sri Tony Fernandes, Co-Founder of Tune Group; Stuart Myerscough, Commercial Manager Australia of AirAsia X unveiling the opening price of Tune Hotel Melbourne.

  

NEWS RELEASE

 

MELBOURNE – THE WORLD’S MOST LIVEABLE CITY MAY HAVE JUST GOT BETTER!

Tune Hotel Melbourne opening November with A$49* launch rate

 

KUALA LUMPUR, 17 June 2013 - International hotel group Tune Hotels today announced the pre-opening sale of its first Australian property in Melbourne and that the city will serve as its operational headquarters for the Australia and New Zealand region.

 

The announcement was made here today by Mark Lankester, the Group CEO of Tune Hotels in the presence of the visiting Premier of Victoria, Honourable Dr Denis Napthine. Also present was Co-Founder of Tune Group, who is also Group CEO of AirAsia, Tan Sri Tony Fernandes.

 

Tune Hotel Melbourne at 609 Swanston Street, Carlton is conveniently located next to the University of Melbourne, just two streets away from popular Lygon Street and minutes to Melbourne’s Central Business District (CBD). The 225-room property will open for customers on 1 November 2013.

 

To celebrate its arrival, Tune Hotel Melbourne is offering an attractive room rate from just A$49* (US$46 / RM157) per night. The promotion is offered exclusively online at www.tunehotels.com and guests have the option to choose and pay only for amenities that they require.

 

Bookings can be made from 18 June until 28 June 2013 for stays between 1 November 2013 and 31 March 2014, subject to availability of rooms. A total of 1,000 rooms will be made available at that price.

 

Dr Napthine said: “Melbourne’s new Tune Hotel would open its doors in Melbourne’s CBD in November to coincide with Victoria’s world-famous Spring Racing Carnival.”

 

Dr Napthine also welcomed the decision by Tune Hotels to set up its Australia and New Zealand Operational Headquarters in Melbourne. “Together, the investment is expected to create up to 100 jobs.”

 

The Premier is currently leading around 300 Victorian businesses and 450 delegates on a Super Trade Mission to South East Asia. Kuala Lumpur is the mission’s first stop before moving on to other key Asean cities – Singapore, Jakarta, Bangkok, Manila, and Hanoi, among others.

 

In a recent ranking of the world's "most liveable" cities, Melbourne took the number one spot for the second year running. The city was awarded perfect marks for education, healthcare, and infrastructure by the Economist Intelligence Unit.

 

As Australia’s events capital, Melbourne boasts a rich calendar of theatre, sporting and cultural events. Blockbuster annual events include the Australian Open Tennis Championship, Formula One Grand Prix, Spring Racing Carnival, Melbourne Food & Wine Festival, and more.

 

Melbourne is a romantic, stylish, cosmopolitan city with a European feel and hidden city laneways and arcades for visitors to discover hidden treasures, cafes, boutiques, bars and restaurants. The city is also the gourmet capital of Australia with award-winning chefs and a diverse cuisine with unique settings, provincial specialties and world class wine regions within easy access of the city.

 

A range of diverse travel experiences are available within easy reach of Melbourne in regional Victoria. Whether it’s skiing the Victorian Alps, reclining on picture postcard beaches, sampling award-winning wines or unwinding in luxurious day spas, regional Victoria is replete with immersive experiences year-round.

 

To add to the celebration, long-haul low cost airline AirAsia X is also running a joint promotion where a one-way flight seat from Kuala Lumpur to Melbourne is going from as low as RM329**. Guests have until 23 June 2013 to make a booking for travel between 15 November 2013 and 31 March 2014, subject to the availability of seats. Also on offer are Fly Thru services from Jakarta-Melbourne (from IDR 1,459,000** one-way) and Bangkok-Melbourne (from THB 5,890** one-way), allowing guests to seamlessly connect via Kuala Lumpur.

 

Guests who would like to travel with extra comfort may also fly on AirAsia X’s Premium Flatbed seats from as low as RM2, 299** from Kuala Lumpur to Melbourne. AirAsia X was the first long-haul, low fare carrier to introduce Premium Flatbed seats, which have standard business class specifications of 20” width, 60” pitch and stretch out to 77” in full recline position. Premium seat guests also enjoy premium complimentary products and services including Pick A Seat, Priority Check-in, Priority Boarding, Priority Baggage, 25kg Baggage Allowance, Complimentary Meal and Pillow & Duvet. For more information and flight bookings, please visit airasia.com.

 

Tan Sri Tony Fernandes said: “AirAsia X had been serving the Melbourne route for more than four years now and it is one of our best-selling. I am very pleased that Tune Hotels will now have its presence in Melbourne to give visitors to this wonderful city a truly compelling accommodation alternative. We are sure the Australian market will welcome and embrace Tune Hotels just as they did AirAsia X.”

 

Commenting on Melbourne as Tune Hotels’ Operational HQ for Australia and New Zealand, Group CEO Mark Lankester said: “We are very excited about Tune Hotel Melbourne as it marks our growing brand’s entry into Australia and New Zealand. Melbourne will be the location for our HQ overseeing Australia and New Zealand operations, working in conjunction with the corporate office in Kuala Lumpur. Given our long term plans for the region, the Australia and New Zealand HQ will be staffed relevantly to oversee and provide central support to Tune Hotels’ properties in Australia and New Zealand.”

 

“And to celebrate in true Tune Hotels style, we’re offering travellers one of the lowest room rates seen in central Melbourne for years. Tune Hotels is all about offering a great night’s sleep at a great price. Tune Hotel Melbourne will serve domestic business and leisure travellers and visitors from abroad who are looking for great comfort just minutes from Melbourne’s CBD without paying the usual exorbitant rates,” added Lankester.

 

The basic room rate at Tune Hotel Melbourne is already inclusive of air-conditioning and and/or heating. For an additional A$10, guests will get a pair of towels and toiletry kits and enjoy high-speed wireless broadband and Foxtel TV entertainment.

 

Tune Hotel Melbourne features an indoor courtyard, a recreational lounge, a restaurant, café/ convenience store, luggage storage, self-service launderette and computer kiosks. It is also equipped with a basement car park, something unusual for city centre hotels in Australia.

 

The hotel is just two streets away from Lygon Street, more famously known as Little Italy. The central business district, Melbourne Central Train Station and QV Melbourne; one of Melbourne's finest retail, dining and entertainment precincts, is only two tram stops away.

 

Tune Hotels provides international-class high-quality accommodation which focuses on key essentials but minus the generally underused facilities found in other hotels such as swimming pools, business centres and gymnasiums. By doing away with these costly and high-maintenance facilities, Tune Hotels is able to pass on savings to its guests in the form of super low room rates. Its pay-as-you-use concept lets travellers choose and pay only for amenities that they require to keep costs down, reduce waste and save energy.

 

All Tune hotels feature space-efficient, streamlined rooms focusing on high-quality basics: 5-star beds and powerful hot showers. The strategically located hotels provide housekeeping services, electronic keycard access into rooms, extensive CCTV systems, and no access into the main lobby without a keycard past midnight for extra security.

 

The group has received almost five million guests since the opening of its first hotel in Downtown Kuala Lumpur in 2007. Tune Hotels has one hotel in India, 11 in Malaysia, five in the UK, and four each in the Philippines, Thailand and Indonesia. The company is set to open another property in Japan this year while future projects are planned in the Middle East, Europe and Africa.

 

Tune Hotels is part of Tune Group, a lifestyle business conglomerate co-founded by Tony Fernandes and Kamarudin Meranun, who are the Group CEO and Deputy Group CEO respectively of Asia’s largest low cost carrier AirAsia.

 

For real-time updates and promotion alerts, guests can stay connected with Tune Hotels via Facebook at www.facebook.com/tunehotelsAUS and on Twitter via www.twitter.com/tunehotels.

 

For booking and further information, visit www.tunehotels.com.

  

* Rooms at promotional rates are limited and subject to availability. Promotional rates are limited to double rooms, exclude peak periods, available only on specific dates and only for bookings made via www.tunehotels.com. Advertised rate includes GST and is for room only (excludes comfort package (WiFi, Towel & toiletries and TV) and all optional add-ons). Bookings that are made at the promotional price are strictly non-refundable or changeable. Booking period is 18 June 2013 - 28 June 2013, or until promotional rooms are sold out. Stay period is 1 Nov 2013 to 31 March 2014. No additional charges for booking payments made using PayPal. Additional charges may apply for online bookings paid using credit and debit cards. All amounts are in Australian dollars unless stated otherwise. Refer to www.tunehotels.com for other applicable terms and conditions.

 

** Promo fares include airport taxes and fees (all-in fares). Flights and fares are subject to availability and are for one-way travel only.

  

-ENDS-

About Tune Hotels & Tune Group

Tune Hotels is part of the lifestyle business conglomerate Tune Group that was founded by Tan Sri Tony Fernandes and Dato’ Kamarudin Meranun. Tune Hotels seeks to innovate and revolutionise the way services are made available and has employed efficient web-based technologies to reach and engage its customers, presenting a unique lifestyle opportunity. All Tune Hotels’ properties feature space-efficient, streamlined rooms focusing on high-quality basics: a five-star bed, powerful hot showers and energy-conserving ceiling fans along with housekeeping services, electronic keycard access into rooms, CCTV surveillance, and 24-hour security. The Tune Group of companies are Tune Air (a substantial shareholder of AirAsia), Tune Hotels, Tune Money (holding company of Tune Insurance), Tune Talk, Tune Box, Tune Studios, Tune Tones, Caterham F1 Team, Queens Park Rangers Football Club (QPR) and Educ8 Group (owner of Epsom College in Malaysia).

  

About AirAsia X Berhad

AirAsia X is the low-cost, long-haul affiliate carrier of the AirAsia Group that currently flies to destinations in China, Australia, Taiwan, Korea, Japan, Nepal and the Middle East. The airline currently serves 14 destinations across Asia (Tokyo, Osaka, Seoul, Taipei, Beijing, Hangzhou, Chengdu, Shanghai and Kathmandu), Australia (Sydney, Melbourne, Perth and Gold Coast) and the Middle East (Jeddah) with flights to an additional destination, namely Busan, commencing in July 2013. AirAsia X operates a fleet of 10 Airbus A330-300s, each with a seat configuration of 12 Premium Flatbeds and 365 Economy seats. The airline has carried over 9 million guests since it commenced long-haul in 2007. Our vision is to further solidify our position as the global leader in low-cost, long-haul aviation and create the first global multi-hub low-cost carrier network along with other carriers of the AirAsia Group.

 

More photos can be downloaded from www.flickr.com/tunehotels.

  

Media enquiries:

 

MALAYSIA & INTERNATIONAL

Cymantha Sothiar

Mobile: +6012 3153638

Email: cymantha@tunehotels.com

 

AUSTRALIA

Brenton Gibbs

Tel: +61 (0)419 828 440

Email: brenton@crookgroup.com.au

 

Window detail, the former Moolah Temple (Moolah Shriners Temple) on Lindell Boulevard in St. Louis, Missouri. The Moolah web site describes the origin of the name "moolah" and the history of the temple as follows:

 

The name "Moolah," an Arabic word meaning "Title for one learned in teaching dignity for the law of the Koran or religion," was suggested by Noble John T. Nixon. It is not a title conferred by authority, but rather an expression of public respect. The name was adopted and has held the respect of Shriners and the public alike ever since. Meeting Places In the early years, from June 20, 1894, until December 16, 1896, Moolah Temple's meetings were held at the Freemasons Hall, 17th and Chestnut streets. On January 20, 1897 it held its first meeting at Tuscan Hall, 28th and Washington Avenue - its last meeting being held there on March 21, 1897. Other meetings were held at Harmony Hall, Union Hall, the Mercantile Club, the West End Hall, the American Theatre, and the Grand Avenue Masonic Temple Building.

 

In 1912, Potentate Walter Ashton assisted by his officers, took action toward building a home to house Moolah Temple. On April 12, 1912, Past Potentate Herman Mauch presented a resolution to appoint a building committee, and steps were taken to form a corporation to purchase real estate and build a Temple. Articles of Incorporation and a Pro Forma Decree Charter were certified and filed in Jefferson City on August 9, 1912.

 

From then on things began to move fast. Plans were submitted and many sites considered - one being at Theresa and Morgan, another at Taylor and Washington avenues, and the chosen location on Lindell Boulevard. The financing of the building construction was arranged and Ernest Helfenstellar, Jr., of Hirsh and Watson was chosen architect. Ground was broken September 11, 1912, at midnight with a ceremony illuminated by colored lighted torches. The Cornerstone was laid at midnight, October 21, 1913 with a parade starting at the Masonic Temple Building. Imperial Potentate Henry Niedringhaus, Jr., Imperial First Ceremonial Master Wiles Jacoby, Moolah Divan and Nobles participated and witnessed these ceremonies.

 

For three years work progressed rapidly and Moolah held its first meeting in the new Temple on March 18, 1914. Dedicatory ceremonies were held on April 25, 1914 with a class of 133 novices. In December 1920 the Temple building bonds were retired, with a final payment being made to Mississippi Valley Trust Company. This project culminated a term of nine years from January 1912 to December 1920. In 1931 East and West wings were added to enlarge quarters for the Potentate and the Divan, the Temple Office and Unit Rooms.

 

In 1988, Moolah Temple moved to a West County location on Fee Fee Road to be closer to its members' homes and to take advantage of the growing population there to help increase its membership.

 

After the temple moved in 1988, the property was vacant for several years until its redevelopment as a theater. It opened in that new incarnation in 2004, and remains in operation

 

Another detail of the front elevation of the temple appears on my Flickr site here.

Tuesday, August 21, 2007

 

I went to lunch with Gatzke today. Usually 3 of us go so I have to drive but since it was just he and I we took his truck. Our friend Laine met us up there and had us laughing the whole time. On the way back to the office, we pulled up at a red light. Then BAM!!!!!!! It took me a second to figure out what happened. Suddenly it dawned on me....we had been hit. Luckily the damage was minimal and no one was hurt. Gatzke has never been in an accident before so I teased him about how sore he'd be. He looked at me like I was crazy! We had been hit pretty hard but neither of us were really thrown around. I told him it didn't matter...he'd feel it in the morning. Within two hours, we were both walking around the office like 90 year olds. So I've popped some advil and crawled in bed for the night. No worries, I'll be feeing better soon.

I ordered this Gloomy Bear outfit from Nubanded on Etsy a couple of months ago. Apparently, it didn't make it to me the first time it was sent out and got returned so Nubanded sent it to me again. Very glad it didn't get lost in the mail, but I think they did miss giving me a notice that it arrived and so it sat at the post office long enough to be returned. :p Stupid postal system.

 

Anyway, very glad to finally have it! The little hat is so cute. ^_^ Greta does love Gloomy and now she has a shirt to show her love.

East Williamsburg, Brooklyn

The 19th Police Precinct Station House and Stable form a highly-visible, well-preserved example of the finely-detailed Romanesque Revival police precinct complexes that established a characteristic public presence in the neighborhoods of Brooklyn in the late nineteenth century. The 19th, erected in 1891-92, was one of several station house complexes designed by architect and engineer George Ingram and constructed as part of a building campaign initiated in 1886 by Brooklyn Police Commissioner Thomas Carroll to properly house the rapidly-expanding police force. The station house and stable built for the 19th Precinct - the former 6th Sub-Precinct which had been established in 1885 and elevated to precinct status in 1888 — were situated near the Meeker Avenue transportation corridor in the mixed-use residential and industrial neighborhood west of Newtown Creek.

 

In his role as Assistant Engineer in the Brooklyn Department of City Works, George Ingram developed the nearly-standard plan for the Brooklyn police station complexes, in which the stable, cell block, and lodging rooms are located in a wing attached to the precinct house. Ingram, who was associated with the designs for approximately ten Brooklyn station houses, adapted the Romanesque Revival style to this building type, creating a recognizable aesthetic later used by other police station architects. Located on a corner site, the 19th Precinct Station House complex successfully combines several elements characteristic of Ingram's designs, including a projecting central bay incorporating the boldly-arched entrance porch which terminates in a tower and a prominent stairhall window bay.

 

The detailing of the round arch that frames the entrance porch, the foliate-carved brownstone elements, the brownstone arcade of the tower, and the ornamental pressed brick of the red brick structure are well-executed features expressive of the Romanesque Revival. Further enhancing the station house and stable are the ornate cast-iron fence and entrance porch balustrade. The 19th Precinct Station House and Stable, which later housed the 62nd Precinct and then the 87th, remains in use by the New York City Police Department (although it no longer houses a police precinct).

 

Development in the Eastern District

 

During the early nineteenth century, the portion of the town of Bushwick between the village of Williamsburgh and Newtown Creek was a rural area. From the time that the early settlements in Bushwick spread out along the roads that connected them, the major thoroughfares in the area have facilitated development, as well as defined neighborhoods.

 

Beginning in the second decade of the nineteenth century, at the time ferries to Manhattan were initiated, the Williamsburgh and Jamaica Plank Road was established on the route of present-day Metropolitan Avenue. Around the same time, the Newtown and Bushwick Turnpike, also known as the North Road to Newtown, was built on the route of present-day Meeker Avenue.

 

The turnpike crossed Newtown Creek at a site where a ferry had operated since the late 1600s; in 1836 a toll bridge was built which came to be known as the "Penny Bridge" after the fee charged to pedestrians. Bushwick Avenue, which connected with Humboldt Street, was an important north-south route.

 

In 1835, the village of Williamsburgh was extended to the east, from an original boundary around Bushwick Creek and the present-day Union Avenue to Bushwick Avenue, encompassing the area which became known as the "new village." In 1855, when the cities of Brooklyn and Williamsburgh and the town of Bushwick formed the consolidated City of Brooklyn, the fifteenth ward in the Eastern District was created from the new village of Williamsburgh and a portion of Bushwick to the east; some of this area would later be included within the boundaries of Brooklyn's 19th police precinct.

 

The Eastern District, laid out with streets in the early 1850s, rapidly changed from a rural area with small farms to an urban neighborhood. Meeker Avenue, named after a counselor of the village of Williamsburgh, was laid out in 1852. Humboldt Street, first known as Wyckoff Avenue and later as Smith Street, was opened in the same year. The name of the street was changed in 1869 in honor of the German scientist, Alexander Humboldt.

 

Early development on Humboldt Street included six houses with pillared porches, known as "Colonnade Row," on the east side between Richardson and Herbert Streets. The ward, sometimes referred to as "Yanktown," encompassed "Dutchtown," where there was a large German population, and "Irish Town," which was located north of Metropolitan Avenue, between Bushwick and Union Avenues. During the early 1850s, houses on "The Green" — the blocks between Union and Lorimer Avenues, north of Skillman Street — were occupied by leaders of the Irish community. James Gleason's Lone Star tavern, located nearby at the corner of Humboldt and Meeker Avenue, was a gathering place for Irish residents of the district.

 

During the mid- to late nineteenth century, the eastern portion of what was originally Brooklyn's fifteenth ward and later the eighteenth ward was a mixed-use residential and industrial area with most development concentrated west of Kingsland Avenue. Many of the small wood houses in the area had back houses or stables at the rear of the lots. Industrial operations began to locate on Newtown Creek and its west branch, known as "English Kills," as the waterway was improved with the deepening of its channel and construction of bulkheads between the late 1850s and the early 1870s.

 

Peter Cooper was one of the first industrialists to become interested in the area, and in the late 1840s he purchased a large tract on which he built a glue manufacturing works; the Cooper glue works, which relocated closer to Newtown Creek in the late 1870s, helped to establish the area as one in which noxious industrial works were grouped.

 

The Bushwick Chemical Works, at Metropolitan and Grand Avenues on the English Kills channel, was another early industry among the lime, plaster, and brick works, coal yards, and other factories located in the sparsely-developed area east of Kingsland Avenue.

 

During the late nineteenth century, the Meeker Avenue transportation corridor became the setting for public and institutional buildings, including the 19th Police Precinct Station House, in the neighborhood west of Newtown Creek. The Grand Street & Newtown Railroad Company built a line that ran on Humboldt Street and Meeker Avenue from a Manhattan ferry and across the Penny Bridge; a station on a later line, the New York & Manhattan Beach Railroad, was located at Meeker and North Henry Streets. Public School 51 (later P.S. 181, James Naughton, architect, demolished), was built in 1886 at the northeast corner of Meeker Avenue and Humboldt Street.

 

St. Cecilia's Roman Catholic Church erected a larger building in 1892 on Herbert Street, between Monitor and North Henry Streets, where the church had been located since 1872. The site for the 19th Police Precinct Station House, initially accessible to transit lines and close to these other neighborhood services, remains a highly visible one, in part because of its proximity to the Brooklyn-Queens Expressway which follows the route of Meeker Avenue in this area of Brooklyn.

 

The 19th Police Precinct

 

During the late nineteenth century, the Brooklyn police force expanded with the creation of a number of additional precincts and sub-precincts to serve the rapidly growing population in the city. In October, 1885, the 6th Sub-Precinct was carved out of portions of neighboring precincts, due to the reputation of the area as one of the roughest neighborhoods in Brooklyn.

 

The sub-precinct — which extended from Meeker Avenue to Metropolitan Avenue and from Union Avenue to Newtown Creek — encompassed "The Green," originally a quiet residential neighborhood, but by 1885, the nightly scene of "daring robberies, obscene adventures and attempts at murder."

 

During the first few months that Sergeant Edmund Brown's force patrolled the sub-precinct, at least twenty-five arrests were made in each twenty-four-hour period; however, within two years, the crime rate was significantly reduced. The 6th Sub-Precinct was housed in a newly-constructed three-story building, originally intended for use as a store and dwelling, at 437 Graham Avenue (near Frost Street).

 

In May, 1888, the 6th Sub-Precinct became a full-fledged police precinct — the city of Brooklyn's 19th Precinct. This change in status coincided with a police department building campaign, and in 1889 the Brooklyn Board of Estimate authorized the construction of a new station house for the 19th Precinct. A site was selected at the corner of Humboldt and Herbert Streets, just off Meeker Avenue. Captain Michael Campbell's precinct force ceremoniously paraded from the Graham Avenue building to the new station house on May 19, 1892, a move marked with a neighborhood celebration.

 

At the time of the consolidation of Greater New York in 1898, the 19th Precinct became the 62nd Precinct; the precinct house was the home of the 87th Precinct from around 1930 to 1970. It remains in use by the New York City Police Department (although it no longer houses a police precinct).

 

A Building Campaign for the Department of Police and Excise

 

The police precinct station house of the mid-and late nineteenth century served a variety of functions. The office of the captain and the imposing sergeant's desk were located on the first floor, and sleeping accommodations were provided on the upper floors for the patrolmen who customarily worked sixteen-hour shifts.

 

Larger station houses also had day rooms or reading rooms for the use of the patrolmen. Each precinct station house had a small cell block, as well as lodging rooms for the homeless. As the use of the patrol wagon became more common after 1887, the stable became a standard component of the precinct house complex.

 

In 1886 the newly-appointed Brooklyn Commissioner of Police and Excise, Colonel Thomas Carroll, evaluated the facilities then in use as police precinct station houses. The department owned a few buildings, including the 5th (North 1st Street and Bedford Avenue, 1859-60), the 9th (Gates and Marcy Avenues, 1864), and the 8th (5th Avenue and 15th Street, F.B. Stryker, Jr., architect, 1873), which had been considered model precinct station houses at the time they were built.

 

However, because the number of patrolmen in the force and number of precincts had increased rapidly during the preceding decades, many commands were housed in inadequate quarters, some of them leased. Both commercial buildings with storefronts and tenements were leased by the department, and many precinct houses could be identified only by the green police lanterns hanging at the door.

 

Commissioner Carroll initiated a program to erect city-owned, specially-designed police precinct station houses. This building campaign provided new facilities for existing precincts and for several newly-created precincts in the rapidly growing city. By 1887 plans were underway for four new buildings.

 

When Police Commissioner J.D. Bell took over the department in 1889, he continued the campaign and by 1892 a dozen new station houses had been completed or were under construction. At that time, Mayor David A. Boody predicted that "Brooklyn will own every station house and they will be as commodious and as well-equipped as those in any city in the United States."

 

While many of the buildings erected during this campaign still stand, the 19th is one of the most visible and best preserved.

 

The Architecture of Brooklyn Precinct Station Houses

 

Although the Brooklyn Department of Police did not have an in-house architect, as did New York City where Nathaniel D. Bush had been providing designs for station houses since 1862, George Ingram played a dominant role in the design of Brooklyn's late nineteenth-century station houses. In the mid-1880s Ingram was employed by the Brooklyn Department of City Works which was responsible for public works and buildings, including police precinct station houses.

 

The Department, however, appears to have been unable to plan and design all of the public buildings, including police station houses, required by the rapidly-expanding city and turned to architects and engineers in private practice.

 

George Ingram's involvement with several station houses at the beginning of the building campaign, while he was Assistant Engineer of the Department of City Works, suggests that he was responsible for developing the characteristic plan and creating a recognizable aesthetic for the building type in Brooklyn.

 

The precinct houses are distinctive public buildings, usually prominently sited on corner lots. The various functions are segregated within the structure; where site planning allowed, the stable, cell block (with about ten cells), and lodging room are contained in a wing which is separated from the main building, but connected by a covered walkway, as seen in the plan for the 19th Police Precinct Station House and Stable.

 

Many of the station houses have towers that rise above the roofline, suggesting a medieval fortress; these towers are often located at the corners of the buildings. The tower of the 19th, by contrast, is positioned at the center of the facade, rising from a boldly-arched entrance porch. The tower not only helped to establish a civic character for the building type but also gave it increased visibility. Contemporary descriptions of late nineteenth-century police buildings comment on the strong contrast between the precinct station houses and small neighboring residences, an aspect of their appearance that was no accident.

 

The Brooklyn buildings are noticeably different from contemporary station houses in New York City. The Italianate and French Second Empire precinct houses in Manhattan, designed by Nathaniel D. Bush, were generally more formal buildings without towers and were often located on less-expensive mid-block sites.

 

In adapting the Romanesque Revival style for station house complexes, Ingram recognized the popularity of a style which was influencing the design of many building types of the era, including public buildings, and created an aesthetic later used by other police station architects.

 

Henry Hobson Richardson demonstrated the possibilities for Romanesque civic structures with his designs for several libraries and the Allegheny County Courthouse, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (1883-88) and, throughout the country, courthouses, post offices, schools, and other public buildings soon appeared in the Romanesque mode.

 

The United States Post Office, Brooklyn Central Office (271-301 Cadman Plaza East, 1885-91, Mifflin E. Bell, a designated New York City Landmark) and the Brooklyn Fire Headquarters (365-367 Jay Street, 1892, Frank Freeman, a designated New York City Landmark) were important buildings of the era, executed in the Richardson-inspired manner in rugged, rock-faced granite or brownstone. Some of James W. Naughton's public school buildings in Brooklyn, such as P.S. 76 (1888, 20 Wyona Street) which is a Romanesque Revival building with a central bay that extends as a tower, are similar to Ingram's police precinct station houses; both building types are brick enriched with stone, terra cotta, and ornamental pressed brick.

 

In the design of the 19th Police Precinct Station House complex, Ingram used an arch to define the entrance porch of the station house, and arches and bold stone surrounds at the window openings which he grouped in facades modulated with slightly-projecting bays.

 

The centrally-located window bay lighting the stair hall on the Humboldt Street facade is accentuated with decorative spandrels and an ornamental grille at the fanlight transom. These finely-executed features are characteristic of the Romanesque Revival style. Other architects followed Ingram's lead in the use of the Romanesque Revival style and the incorporation of towers (usually corner towers) in their buildings, including William B. Tubby, who drew plans for the 20th Police Precinct Station House and Stable (179 Wilson Avenue, 1894-95, a designated New York City Landmark), and Robert Dixon, who was responsible for station houses (demolished) in Sheepshead Bay and Coney Island around 1895.10 Frank Freeman's use of the Renaissance Revival style for the 9th Police Precinct Station House (Gates and Throop Avenues, 1895) signaled a change in the appearance of police station houses in Brooklyn.

 

Description of the 19th Police Precinct Station House and Stable

 

The 19th Police Precinct Station House and Stable is well-preserved example of the finely-detailed Romanesque Revival police precinct complexes. The three-story main block of the station house, on the corner of the lot, is connected to a stable wing to the east by a one-story passageway.

 

The two-story stable wing also incorporates a cell block and lodging rooms. The well-preserved building of Philadelphia pressed brick is enriched with brownstone and granite, as well as ornamental pressed brick. Bluestone curbs edge area way openings. The building lot is enclosed with an ornate and well-preserved six-foot cast-iron fence.

 

The main facade, on Herbert Street, is dominated by a projecting central bay, the lower portion of which is the entrance porch. Polished granite columns support the round arch of the entrance porch; contrasting brownstone elements include impost blocks carved with Romanesque-inspired foliate forms and masks at the corners.

 

The paired, paneled and glazed oak doors at the round-arched entrance have recently been refinished. A cast-iron railing, which features the date " 1891" in the central panel, edges the second-story balcony that extends from an arched opening in the projecting central bay. A pyramidal roof sheathed in sheet metal (now painted blue) terminates the tower, the upper level of which is pierced by a brownstone-enframed arcade.

 

Above the sandstone water table, the facade is divided by brownstone band courses at each story. Window openings with brownstone heads and label moldings are filled with paired double-hung wood sash and transoms.

 

The cornices edging the tower roof and flat roof of the main block are formed of friezes of panels with spherical forms and several corbelled courses of ornamental pressed brick with a reeded pattern.

 

The side facade on Humboldt Street is divided by the window bay marking the main stairhall in the building; in this bay, double-hung windows are separated by a spandrel panel consisting of a grid with engaged spherical forms and are topped by a fanlight transom with an ornamental grille.

 

The long facade wall is divided into alternating, slightly projecting and recessed bays; double-hung windows with transoms in each bay are united by brownstone heads with label moldings. The visible portion of the east facade of the main block has single and paired windows.

 

To the east of the main block, near the sidewalk, is a small extension that partially shields from view the walkway behind it which connects the precinct house to the cell block and stable. The cell block, windowless on the street end, has a band of the ornamental pressed bricks (like that in the cornice frieze of the main block) below a simple banded parapet. The stable, set back from the street, has a main entrance topped by an exposed iron lintel with decorative bosses, and flanking windows at the ground story.

 

At the second story, bulI' s eye windows in the side bays have brick surrounds with brownstone keystones; the central window has a bold brownstone head with a keystone. A band of ornamental pressed bricks with reeded forms marks the lower edge of the roof parapet. The rear (north) elevations of the station house and stable, only a small portion of which are visible, have been parged.

 

- From the 1993 NYCLPC Landmark Designation Report

Crappy photo tonight as I haven't taken anything decent, but you get a rant instead about rip-off Britain.

 

Having got hitched, we need to get our marriage registered in Finland, just so their population register is correct and shows Laura as married.

 

This isn't actually that bad. They need to see our marriage certificate, a copy of her passport and a copy of mine.

 

The rub comes from the fact that we need to use an apostille service. The Finnish authorities don't necessarily know what a British marriage certificate looks like, or how to spot a genuine from a fake, so they need it ratified by an apostille. The bummer is that this means we have to send the bloody thing off to Milton Keynes to the Foreign and Commonwealth Office. This comes with a £28.80 administration fee. To put a feckin' stamp on it. Grrr. Then of course if you pay online this comes with a £6 surcharge. There's also a charge if you pay by postal order, but not if you pay by cheque. Oh, but they don't take personal cheques, only business ones. Now I'm sorry, but that's tantamount to bloody Ryanair scam charges.

 

Grrrr.

East Williamsburg, Brooklyn

The 19th Police Precinct Station House and Stable form a highly-visible, well-preserved example of the finely-detailed Romanesque Revival police precinct complexes that established a characteristic public presence in the neighborhoods of Brooklyn in the late nineteenth century. The 19th, erected in 1891-92, was one of several station house complexes designed by architect and engineer George Ingram and constructed as part of a building campaign initiated in 1886 by Brooklyn Police Commissioner Thomas Carroll to properly house the rapidly-expanding police force. The station house and stable built for the 19th Precinct - the former 6th Sub-Precinct which had been established in 1885 and elevated to precinct status in 1888 — were situated near the Meeker Avenue transportation corridor in the mixed-use residential and industrial neighborhood west of Newtown Creek.

 

In his role as Assistant Engineer in the Brooklyn Department of City Works, George Ingram developed the nearly-standard plan for the Brooklyn police station complexes, in which the stable, cell block, and lodging rooms are located in a wing attached to the precinct house. Ingram, who was associated with the designs for approximately ten Brooklyn station houses, adapted the Romanesque Revival style to this building type, creating a recognizable aesthetic later used by other police station architects. Located on a corner site, the 19th Precinct Station House complex successfully combines several elements characteristic of Ingram's designs, including a projecting central bay incorporating the boldly-arched entrance porch which terminates in a tower and a prominent stairhall window bay.

 

The detailing of the round arch that frames the entrance porch, the foliate-carved brownstone elements, the brownstone arcade of the tower, and the ornamental pressed brick of the red brick structure are well-executed features expressive of the Romanesque Revival. Further enhancing the station house and stable are the ornate cast-iron fence and entrance porch balustrade. The 19th Precinct Station House and Stable, which later housed the 62nd Precinct and then the 87th, remains in use by the New York City Police Department (although it no longer houses a police precinct).

 

Development in the Eastern District

 

During the early nineteenth century, the portion of the town of Bushwick between the village of Williamsburgh and Newtown Creek was a rural area. From the time that the early settlements in Bushwick spread out along the roads that connected them, the major thoroughfares in the area have facilitated development, as well as defined neighborhoods.

 

Beginning in the second decade of the nineteenth century, at the time ferries to Manhattan were initiated, the Williamsburgh and Jamaica Plank Road was established on the route of present-day Metropolitan Avenue. Around the same time, the Newtown and Bushwick Turnpike, also known as the North Road to Newtown, was built on the route of present-day Meeker Avenue.

 

The turnpike crossed Newtown Creek at a site where a ferry had operated since the late 1600s; in 1836 a toll bridge was built which came to be known as the "Penny Bridge" after the fee charged to pedestrians. Bushwick Avenue, which connected with Humboldt Street, was an important north-south route.

 

In 1835, the village of Williamsburgh was extended to the east, from an original boundary around Bushwick Creek and the present-day Union Avenue to Bushwick Avenue, encompassing the area which became known as the "new village." In 1855, when the cities of Brooklyn and Williamsburgh and the town of Bushwick formed the consolidated City of Brooklyn, the fifteenth ward in the Eastern District was created from the new village of Williamsburgh and a portion of Bushwick to the east; some of this area would later be included within the boundaries of Brooklyn's 19th police precinct.

 

The Eastern District, laid out with streets in the early 1850s, rapidly changed from a rural area with small farms to an urban neighborhood. Meeker Avenue, named after a counselor of the village of Williamsburgh, was laid out in 1852. Humboldt Street, first known as Wyckoff Avenue and later as Smith Street, was opened in the same year. The name of the street was changed in 1869 in honor of the German scientist, Alexander Humboldt.

 

Early development on Humboldt Street included six houses with pillared porches, known as "Colonnade Row," on the east side between Richardson and Herbert Streets. The ward, sometimes referred to as "Yanktown," encompassed "Dutchtown," where there was a large German population, and "Irish Town," which was located north of Metropolitan Avenue, between Bushwick and Union Avenues. During the early 1850s, houses on "The Green" — the blocks between Union and Lorimer Avenues, north of Skillman Street — were occupied by leaders of the Irish community. James Gleason's Lone Star tavern, located nearby at the corner of Humboldt and Meeker Avenue, was a gathering place for Irish residents of the district.

 

During the mid- to late nineteenth century, the eastern portion of what was originally Brooklyn's fifteenth ward and later the eighteenth ward was a mixed-use residential and industrial area with most development concentrated west of Kingsland Avenue. Many of the small wood houses in the area had back houses or stables at the rear of the lots. Industrial operations began to locate on Newtown Creek and its west branch, known as "English Kills," as the waterway was improved with the deepening of its channel and construction of bulkheads between the late 1850s and the early 1870s.

 

Peter Cooper was one of the first industrialists to become interested in the area, and in the late 1840s he purchased a large tract on which he built a glue manufacturing works; the Cooper glue works, which relocated closer to Newtown Creek in the late 1870s, helped to establish the area as one in which noxious industrial works were grouped.

 

The Bushwick Chemical Works, at Metropolitan and Grand Avenues on the English Kills channel, was another early industry among the lime, plaster, and brick works, coal yards, and other factories located in the sparsely-developed area east of Kingsland Avenue.

 

During the late nineteenth century, the Meeker Avenue transportation corridor became the setting for public and institutional buildings, including the 19th Police Precinct Station House, in the neighborhood west of Newtown Creek. The Grand Street & Newtown Railroad Company built a line that ran on Humboldt Street and Meeker Avenue from a Manhattan ferry and across the Penny Bridge; a station on a later line, the New York & Manhattan Beach Railroad, was located at Meeker and North Henry Streets. Public School 51 (later P.S. 181, James Naughton, architect, demolished), was built in 1886 at the northeast corner of Meeker Avenue and Humboldt Street.

 

St. Cecilia's Roman Catholic Church erected a larger building in 1892 on Herbert Street, between Monitor and North Henry Streets, where the church had been located since 1872. The site for the 19th Police Precinct Station House, initially accessible to transit lines and close to these other neighborhood services, remains a highly visible one, in part because of its proximity to the Brooklyn-Queens Expressway which follows the route of Meeker Avenue in this area of Brooklyn.

 

The 19th Police Precinct

 

During the late nineteenth century, the Brooklyn police force expanded with the creation of a number of additional precincts and sub-precincts to serve the rapidly growing population in the city. In October, 1885, the 6th Sub-Precinct was carved out of portions of neighboring precincts, due to the reputation of the area as one of the roughest neighborhoods in Brooklyn.

 

The sub-precinct — which extended from Meeker Avenue to Metropolitan Avenue and from Union Avenue to Newtown Creek — encompassed "The Green," originally a quiet residential neighborhood, but by 1885, the nightly scene of "daring robberies, obscene adventures and attempts at murder."

 

During the first few months that Sergeant Edmund Brown's force patrolled the sub-precinct, at least twenty-five arrests were made in each twenty-four-hour period; however, within two years, the crime rate was significantly reduced. The 6th Sub-Precinct was housed in a newly-constructed three-story building, originally intended for use as a store and dwelling, at 437 Graham Avenue (near Frost Street).

 

In May, 1888, the 6th Sub-Precinct became a full-fledged police precinct — the city of Brooklyn's 19th Precinct. This change in status coincided with a police department building campaign, and in 1889 the Brooklyn Board of Estimate authorized the construction of a new station house for the 19th Precinct. A site was selected at the corner of Humboldt and Herbert Streets, just off Meeker Avenue. Captain Michael Campbell's precinct force ceremoniously paraded from the Graham Avenue building to the new station house on May 19, 1892, a move marked with a neighborhood celebration.

 

At the time of the consolidation of Greater New York in 1898, the 19th Precinct became the 62nd Precinct; the precinct house was the home of the 87th Precinct from around 1930 to 1970. It remains in use by the New York City Police Department (although it no longer houses a police precinct).

 

A Building Campaign for the Department of Police and Excise

 

The police precinct station house of the mid-and late nineteenth century served a variety of functions. The office of the captain and the imposing sergeant's desk were located on the first floor, and sleeping accommodations were provided on the upper floors for the patrolmen who customarily worked sixteen-hour shifts.

 

Larger station houses also had day rooms or reading rooms for the use of the patrolmen. Each precinct station house had a small cell block, as well as lodging rooms for the homeless. As the use of the patrol wagon became more common after 1887, the stable became a standard component of the precinct house complex.

 

In 1886 the newly-appointed Brooklyn Commissioner of Police and Excise, Colonel Thomas Carroll, evaluated the facilities then in use as police precinct station houses. The department owned a few buildings, including the 5th (North 1st Street and Bedford Avenue, 1859-60), the 9th (Gates and Marcy Avenues, 1864), and the 8th (5th Avenue and 15th Street, F.B. Stryker, Jr., architect, 1873), which had been considered model precinct station houses at the time they were built.

 

However, because the number of patrolmen in the force and number of precincts had increased rapidly during the preceding decades, many commands were housed in inadequate quarters, some of them leased. Both commercial buildings with storefronts and tenements were leased by the department, and many precinct houses could be identified only by the green police lanterns hanging at the door.

 

Commissioner Carroll initiated a program to erect city-owned, specially-designed police precinct station houses. This building campaign provided new facilities for existing precincts and for several newly-created precincts in the rapidly growing city. By 1887 plans were underway for four new buildings.

 

When Police Commissioner J.D. Bell took over the department in 1889, he continued the campaign and by 1892 a dozen new station houses had been completed or were under construction. At that time, Mayor David A. Boody predicted that "Brooklyn will own every station house and they will be as commodious and as well-equipped as those in any city in the United States."

 

While many of the buildings erected during this campaign still stand, the 19th is one of the most visible and best preserved.

 

The Architecture of Brooklyn Precinct Station Houses

 

Although the Brooklyn Department of Police did not have an in-house architect, as did New York City where Nathaniel D. Bush had been providing designs for station houses since 1862, George Ingram played a dominant role in the design of Brooklyn's late nineteenth-century station houses. In the mid-1880s Ingram was employed by the Brooklyn Department of City Works which was responsible for public works and buildings, including police precinct station houses.

 

The Department, however, appears to have been unable to plan and design all of the public buildings, including police station houses, required by the rapidly-expanding city and turned to architects and engineers in private practice.

 

George Ingram's involvement with several station houses at the beginning of the building campaign, while he was Assistant Engineer of the Department of City Works, suggests that he was responsible for developing the characteristic plan and creating a recognizable aesthetic for the building type in Brooklyn.

 

The precinct houses are distinctive public buildings, usually prominently sited on corner lots. The various functions are segregated within the structure; where site planning allowed, the stable, cell block (with about ten cells), and lodging room are contained in a wing which is separated from the main building, but connected by a covered walkway, as seen in the plan for the 19th Police Precinct Station House and Stable.

 

Many of the station houses have towers that rise above the roofline, suggesting a medieval fortress; these towers are often located at the corners of the buildings. The tower of the 19th, by contrast, is positioned at the center of the facade, rising from a boldly-arched entrance porch. The tower not only helped to establish a civic character for the building type but also gave it increased visibility. Contemporary descriptions of late nineteenth-century police buildings comment on the strong contrast between the precinct station houses and small neighboring residences, an aspect of their appearance that was no accident.

 

The Brooklyn buildings are noticeably different from contemporary station houses in New York City. The Italianate and French Second Empire precinct houses in Manhattan, designed by Nathaniel D. Bush, were generally more formal buildings without towers and were often located on less-expensive mid-block sites.

 

In adapting the Romanesque Revival style for station house complexes, Ingram recognized the popularity of a style which was influencing the design of many building types of the era, including public buildings, and created an aesthetic later used by other police station architects.

 

Henry Hobson Richardson demonstrated the possibilities for Romanesque civic structures with his designs for several libraries and the Allegheny County Courthouse, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (1883-88) and, throughout the country, courthouses, post offices, schools, and other public buildings soon appeared in the Romanesque mode.

 

The United States Post Office, Brooklyn Central Office (271-301 Cadman Plaza East, 1885-91, Mifflin E. Bell, a designated New York City Landmark) and the Brooklyn Fire Headquarters (365-367 Jay Street, 1892, Frank Freeman, a designated New York City Landmark) were important buildings of the era, executed in the Richardson-inspired manner in rugged, rock-faced granite or brownstone. Some of James W. Naughton's public school buildings in Brooklyn, such as P.S. 76 (1888, 20 Wyona Street) which is a Romanesque Revival building with a central bay that extends as a tower, are similar to Ingram's police precinct station houses; both building types are brick enriched with stone, terra cotta, and ornamental pressed brick.

 

In the design of the 19th Police Precinct Station House complex, Ingram used an arch to define the entrance porch of the station house, and arches and bold stone surrounds at the window openings which he grouped in facades modulated with slightly-projecting bays.

 

The centrally-located window bay lighting the stair hall on the Humboldt Street facade is accentuated with decorative spandrels and an ornamental grille at the fanlight transom. These finely-executed features are characteristic of the Romanesque Revival style. Other architects followed Ingram's lead in the use of the Romanesque Revival style and the incorporation of towers (usually corner towers) in their buildings, including William B. Tubby, who drew plans for the 20th Police Precinct Station House and Stable (179 Wilson Avenue, 1894-95, a designated New York City Landmark), and Robert Dixon, who was responsible for station houses (demolished) in Sheepshead Bay and Coney Island around 1895.10 Frank Freeman's use of the Renaissance Revival style for the 9th Police Precinct Station House (Gates and Throop Avenues, 1895) signaled a change in the appearance of police station houses in Brooklyn.

 

Description of the 19th Police Precinct Station House and Stable

 

The 19th Police Precinct Station House and Stable is well-preserved example of the finely-detailed Romanesque Revival police precinct complexes. The three-story main block of the station house, on the corner of the lot, is connected to a stable wing to the east by a one-story passageway.

 

The two-story stable wing also incorporates a cell block and lodging rooms. The well-preserved building of Philadelphia pressed brick is enriched with brownstone and granite, as well as ornamental pressed brick. Bluestone curbs edge area way openings. The building lot is enclosed with an ornate and well-preserved six-foot cast-iron fence.

 

The main facade, on Herbert Street, is dominated by a projecting central bay, the lower portion of which is the entrance porch. Polished granite columns support the round arch of the entrance porch; contrasting brownstone elements include impost blocks carved with Romanesque-inspired foliate forms and masks at the corners.

 

The paired, paneled and glazed oak doors at the round-arched entrance have recently been refinished. A cast-iron railing, which features the date " 1891" in the central panel, edges the second-story balcony that extends from an arched opening in the projecting central bay. A pyramidal roof sheathed in sheet metal (now painted blue) terminates the tower, the upper level of which is pierced by a brownstone-enframed arcade.

 

Above the sandstone water table, the facade is divided by brownstone band courses at each story. Window openings with brownstone heads and label moldings are filled with paired double-hung wood sash and transoms.

 

The cornices edging the tower roof and flat roof of the main block are formed of friezes of panels with spherical forms and several corbelled courses of ornamental pressed brick with a reeded pattern.

 

The side facade on Humboldt Street is divided by the window bay marking the main stairhall in the building; in this bay, double-hung windows are separated by a spandrel panel consisting of a grid with engaged spherical forms and are topped by a fanlight transom with an ornamental grille.

 

The long facade wall is divided into alternating, slightly projecting and recessed bays; double-hung windows with transoms in each bay are united by brownstone heads with label moldings. The visible portion of the east facade of the main block has single and paired windows.

 

To the east of the main block, near the sidewalk, is a small extension that partially shields from view the walkway behind it which connects the precinct house to the cell block and stable. The cell block, windowless on the street end, has a band of the ornamental pressed bricks (like that in the cornice frieze of the main block) below a simple banded parapet. The stable, set back from the street, has a main entrance topped by an exposed iron lintel with decorative bosses, and flanking windows at the ground story.

 

At the second story, bulI' s eye windows in the side bays have brick surrounds with brownstone keystones; the central window has a bold brownstone head with a keystone. A band of ornamental pressed bricks with reeded forms marks the lower edge of the roof parapet. The rear (north) elevations of the station house and stable, only a small portion of which are visible, have been parged.

 

- From the 1993 NYCLPC Landmark Designation Report

East Williamsburg, Brooklyn

The 19th Police Precinct Station House and Stable form a highly-visible, well-preserved example of the finely-detailed Romanesque Revival police precinct complexes that established a characteristic public presence in the neighborhoods of Brooklyn in the late nineteenth century. The 19th, erected in 1891-92, was one of several station house complexes designed by architect and engineer George Ingram and constructed as part of a building campaign initiated in 1886 by Brooklyn Police Commissioner Thomas Carroll to properly house the rapidly-expanding police force. The station house and stable built for the 19th Precinct - the former 6th Sub-Precinct which had been established in 1885 and elevated to precinct status in 1888 — were situated near the Meeker Avenue transportation corridor in the mixed-use residential and industrial neighborhood west of Newtown Creek.

 

In his role as Assistant Engineer in the Brooklyn Department of City Works, George Ingram developed the nearly-standard plan for the Brooklyn police station complexes, in which the stable, cell block, and lodging rooms are located in a wing attached to the precinct house. Ingram, who was associated with the designs for approximately ten Brooklyn station houses, adapted the Romanesque Revival style to this building type, creating a recognizable aesthetic later used by other police station architects. Located on a corner site, the 19th Precinct Station House complex successfully combines several elements characteristic of Ingram's designs, including a projecting central bay incorporating the boldly-arched entrance porch which terminates in a tower and a prominent stairhall window bay.

 

The detailing of the round arch that frames the entrance porch, the foliate-carved brownstone elements, the brownstone arcade of the tower, and the ornamental pressed brick of the red brick structure are well-executed features expressive of the Romanesque Revival. Further enhancing the station house and stable are the ornate cast-iron fence and entrance porch balustrade. The 19th Precinct Station House and Stable, which later housed the 62nd Precinct and then the 87th, remains in use by the New York City Police Department (although it no longer houses a police precinct).

 

Development in the Eastern District

 

During the early nineteenth century, the portion of the town of Bushwick between the village of Williamsburgh and Newtown Creek was a rural area. From the time that the early settlements in Bushwick spread out along the roads that connected them, the major thoroughfares in the area have facilitated development, as well as defined neighborhoods.

 

Beginning in the second decade of the nineteenth century, at the time ferries to Manhattan were initiated, the Williamsburgh and Jamaica Plank Road was established on the route of present-day Metropolitan Avenue. Around the same time, the Newtown and Bushwick Turnpike, also known as the North Road to Newtown, was built on the route of present-day Meeker Avenue.

 

The turnpike crossed Newtown Creek at a site where a ferry had operated since the late 1600s; in 1836 a toll bridge was built which came to be known as the "Penny Bridge" after the fee charged to pedestrians. Bushwick Avenue, which connected with Humboldt Street, was an important north-south route.

 

In 1835, the village of Williamsburgh was extended to the east, from an original boundary around Bushwick Creek and the present-day Union Avenue to Bushwick Avenue, encompassing the area which became known as the "new village." In 1855, when the cities of Brooklyn and Williamsburgh and the town of Bushwick formed the consolidated City of Brooklyn, the fifteenth ward in the Eastern District was created from the new village of Williamsburgh and a portion of Bushwick to the east; some of this area would later be included within the boundaries of Brooklyn's 19th police precinct.

 

The Eastern District, laid out with streets in the early 1850s, rapidly changed from a rural area with small farms to an urban neighborhood. Meeker Avenue, named after a counselor of the village of Williamsburgh, was laid out in 1852. Humboldt Street, first known as Wyckoff Avenue and later as Smith Street, was opened in the same year. The name of the street was changed in 1869 in honor of the German scientist, Alexander Humboldt.

 

Early development on Humboldt Street included six houses with pillared porches, known as "Colonnade Row," on the east side between Richardson and Herbert Streets. The ward, sometimes referred to as "Yanktown," encompassed "Dutchtown," where there was a large German population, and "Irish Town," which was located north of Metropolitan Avenue, between Bushwick and Union Avenues. During the early 1850s, houses on "The Green" — the blocks between Union and Lorimer Avenues, north of Skillman Street — were occupied by leaders of the Irish community. James Gleason's Lone Star tavern, located nearby at the corner of Humboldt and Meeker Avenue, was a gathering place for Irish residents of the district.

 

During the mid- to late nineteenth century, the eastern portion of what was originally Brooklyn's fifteenth ward and later the eighteenth ward was a mixed-use residential and industrial area with most development concentrated west of Kingsland Avenue. Many of the small wood houses in the area had back houses or stables at the rear of the lots. Industrial operations began to locate on Newtown Creek and its west branch, known as "English Kills," as the waterway was improved with the deepening of its channel and construction of bulkheads between the late 1850s and the early 1870s.

 

Peter Cooper was one of the first industrialists to become interested in the area, and in the late 1840s he purchased a large tract on which he built a glue manufacturing works; the Cooper glue works, which relocated closer to Newtown Creek in the late 1870s, helped to establish the area as one in which noxious industrial works were grouped.

 

The Bushwick Chemical Works, at Metropolitan and Grand Avenues on the English Kills channel, was another early industry among the lime, plaster, and brick works, coal yards, and other factories located in the sparsely-developed area east of Kingsland Avenue.

 

During the late nineteenth century, the Meeker Avenue transportation corridor became the setting for public and institutional buildings, including the 19th Police Precinct Station House, in the neighborhood west of Newtown Creek. The Grand Street & Newtown Railroad Company built a line that ran on Humboldt Street and Meeker Avenue from a Manhattan ferry and across the Penny Bridge; a station on a later line, the New York & Manhattan Beach Railroad, was located at Meeker and North Henry Streets. Public School 51 (later P.S. 181, James Naughton, architect, demolished), was built in 1886 at the northeast corner of Meeker Avenue and Humboldt Street.

 

St. Cecilia's Roman Catholic Church erected a larger building in 1892 on Herbert Street, between Monitor and North Henry Streets, where the church had been located since 1872. The site for the 19th Police Precinct Station House, initially accessible to transit lines and close to these other neighborhood services, remains a highly visible one, in part because of its proximity to the Brooklyn-Queens Expressway which follows the route of Meeker Avenue in this area of Brooklyn.

 

The 19th Police Precinct

 

During the late nineteenth century, the Brooklyn police force expanded with the creation of a number of additional precincts and sub-precincts to serve the rapidly growing population in the city. In October, 1885, the 6th Sub-Precinct was carved out of portions of neighboring precincts, due to the reputation of the area as one of the roughest neighborhoods in Brooklyn.

 

The sub-precinct — which extended from Meeker Avenue to Metropolitan Avenue and from Union Avenue to Newtown Creek — encompassed "The Green," originally a quiet residential neighborhood, but by 1885, the nightly scene of "daring robberies, obscene adventures and attempts at murder."

 

During the first few months that Sergeant Edmund Brown's force patrolled the sub-precinct, at least twenty-five arrests were made in each twenty-four-hour period; however, within two years, the crime rate was significantly reduced. The 6th Sub-Precinct was housed in a newly-constructed three-story building, originally intended for use as a store and dwelling, at 437 Graham Avenue (near Frost Street).

 

In May, 1888, the 6th Sub-Precinct became a full-fledged police precinct — the city of Brooklyn's 19th Precinct. This change in status coincided with a police department building campaign, and in 1889 the Brooklyn Board of Estimate authorized the construction of a new station house for the 19th Precinct. A site was selected at the corner of Humboldt and Herbert Streets, just off Meeker Avenue. Captain Michael Campbell's precinct force ceremoniously paraded from the Graham Avenue building to the new station house on May 19, 1892, a move marked with a neighborhood celebration.

 

At the time of the consolidation of Greater New York in 1898, the 19th Precinct became the 62nd Precinct; the precinct house was the home of the 87th Precinct from around 1930 to 1970. It remains in use by the New York City Police Department (although it no longer houses a police precinct).

 

A Building Campaign for the Department of Police and Excise

 

The police precinct station house of the mid-and late nineteenth century served a variety of functions. The office of the captain and the imposing sergeant's desk were located on the first floor, and sleeping accommodations were provided on the upper floors for the patrolmen who customarily worked sixteen-hour shifts.

 

Larger station houses also had day rooms or reading rooms for the use of the patrolmen. Each precinct station house had a small cell block, as well as lodging rooms for the homeless. As the use of the patrol wagon became more common after 1887, the stable became a standard component of the precinct house complex.

 

In 1886 the newly-appointed Brooklyn Commissioner of Police and Excise, Colonel Thomas Carroll, evaluated the facilities then in use as police precinct station houses. The department owned a few buildings, including the 5th (North 1st Street and Bedford Avenue, 1859-60), the 9th (Gates and Marcy Avenues, 1864), and the 8th (5th Avenue and 15th Street, F.B. Stryker, Jr., architect, 1873), which had been considered model precinct station houses at the time they were built.

 

However, because the number of patrolmen in the force and number of precincts had increased rapidly during the preceding decades, many commands were housed in inadequate quarters, some of them leased. Both commercial buildings with storefronts and tenements were leased by the department, and many precinct houses could be identified only by the green police lanterns hanging at the door.

 

Commissioner Carroll initiated a program to erect city-owned, specially-designed police precinct station houses. This building campaign provided new facilities for existing precincts and for several newly-created precincts in the rapidly growing city. By 1887 plans were underway for four new buildings.

 

When Police Commissioner J.D. Bell took over the department in 1889, he continued the campaign and by 1892 a dozen new station houses had been completed or were under construction. At that time, Mayor David A. Boody predicted that "Brooklyn will own every station house and they will be as commodious and as well-equipped as those in any city in the United States."

 

While many of the buildings erected during this campaign still stand, the 19th is one of the most visible and best preserved.

 

The Architecture of Brooklyn Precinct Station Houses

 

Although the Brooklyn Department of Police did not have an in-house architect, as did New York City where Nathaniel D. Bush had been providing designs for station houses since 1862, George Ingram played a dominant role in the design of Brooklyn's late nineteenth-century station houses. In the mid-1880s Ingram was employed by the Brooklyn Department of City Works which was responsible for public works and buildings, including police precinct station houses.

 

The Department, however, appears to have been unable to plan and design all of the public buildings, including police station houses, required by the rapidly-expanding city and turned to architects and engineers in private practice.

 

George Ingram's involvement with several station houses at the beginning of the building campaign, while he was Assistant Engineer of the Department of City Works, suggests that he was responsible for developing the characteristic plan and creating a recognizable aesthetic for the building type in Brooklyn.

 

The precinct houses are distinctive public buildings, usually prominently sited on corner lots. The various functions are segregated within the structure; where site planning allowed, the stable, cell block (with about ten cells), and lodging room are contained in a wing which is separated from the main building, but connected by a covered walkway, as seen in the plan for the 19th Police Precinct Station House and Stable.

 

Many of the station houses have towers that rise above the roofline, suggesting a medieval fortress; these towers are often located at the corners of the buildings. The tower of the 19th, by contrast, is positioned at the center of the facade, rising from a boldly-arched entrance porch. The tower not only helped to establish a civic character for the building type but also gave it increased visibility. Contemporary descriptions of late nineteenth-century police buildings comment on the strong contrast between the precinct station houses and small neighboring residences, an aspect of their appearance that was no accident.

 

The Brooklyn buildings are noticeably different from contemporary station houses in New York City. The Italianate and French Second Empire precinct houses in Manhattan, designed by Nathaniel D. Bush, were generally more formal buildings without towers and were often located on less-expensive mid-block sites.

 

In adapting the Romanesque Revival style for station house complexes, Ingram recognized the popularity of a style which was influencing the design of many building types of the era, including public buildings, and created an aesthetic later used by other police station architects.

 

Henry Hobson Richardson demonstrated the possibilities for Romanesque civic structures with his designs for several libraries and the Allegheny County Courthouse, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (1883-88) and, throughout the country, courthouses, post offices, schools, and other public buildings soon appeared in the Romanesque mode.

 

The United States Post Office, Brooklyn Central Office (271-301 Cadman Plaza East, 1885-91, Mifflin E. Bell, a designated New York City Landmark) and the Brooklyn Fire Headquarters (365-367 Jay Street, 1892, Frank Freeman, a designated New York City Landmark) were important buildings of the era, executed in the Richardson-inspired manner in rugged, rock-faced granite or brownstone. Some of James W. Naughton's public school buildings in Brooklyn, such as P.S. 76 (1888, 20 Wyona Street) which is a Romanesque Revival building with a central bay that extends as a tower, are similar to Ingram's police precinct station houses; both building types are brick enriched with stone, terra cotta, and ornamental pressed brick.

 

In the design of the 19th Police Precinct Station House complex, Ingram used an arch to define the entrance porch of the station house, and arches and bold stone surrounds at the window openings which he grouped in facades modulated with slightly-projecting bays.

 

The centrally-located window bay lighting the stair hall on the Humboldt Street facade is accentuated with decorative spandrels and an ornamental grille at the fanlight transom. These finely-executed features are characteristic of the Romanesque Revival style. Other architects followed Ingram's lead in the use of the Romanesque Revival style and the incorporation of towers (usually corner towers) in their buildings, including William B. Tubby, who drew plans for the 20th Police Precinct Station House and Stable (179 Wilson Avenue, 1894-95, a designated New York City Landmark), and Robert Dixon, who was responsible for station houses (demolished) in Sheepshead Bay and Coney Island around 1895.10 Frank Freeman's use of the Renaissance Revival style for the 9th Police Precinct Station House (Gates and Throop Avenues, 1895) signaled a change in the appearance of police station houses in Brooklyn.

 

Description of the 19th Police Precinct Station House and Stable

 

The 19th Police Precinct Station House and Stable is well-preserved example of the finely-detailed Romanesque Revival police precinct complexes. The three-story main block of the station house, on the corner of the lot, is connected to a stable wing to the east by a one-story passageway.

 

The two-story stable wing also incorporates a cell block and lodging rooms. The well-preserved building of Philadelphia pressed brick is enriched with brownstone and granite, as well as ornamental pressed brick. Bluestone curbs edge area way openings. The building lot is enclosed with an ornate and well-preserved six-foot cast-iron fence.

 

The main facade, on Herbert Street, is dominated by a projecting central bay, the lower portion of which is the entrance porch. Polished granite columns support the round arch of the entrance porch; contrasting brownstone elements include impost blocks carved with Romanesque-inspired foliate forms and masks at the corners.

 

The paired, paneled and glazed oak doors at the round-arched entrance have recently been refinished. A cast-iron railing, which features the date " 1891" in the central panel, edges the second-story balcony that extends from an arched opening in the projecting central bay. A pyramidal roof sheathed in sheet metal (now painted blue) terminates the tower, the upper level of which is pierced by a brownstone-enframed arcade.

 

Above the sandstone water table, the facade is divided by brownstone band courses at each story. Window openings with brownstone heads and label moldings are filled with paired double-hung wood sash and transoms.

 

The cornices edging the tower roof and flat roof of the main block are formed of friezes of panels with spherical forms and several corbelled courses of ornamental pressed brick with a reeded pattern.

 

The side facade on Humboldt Street is divided by the window bay marking the main stairhall in the building; in this bay, double-hung windows are separated by a spandrel panel consisting of a grid with engaged spherical forms and are topped by a fanlight transom with an ornamental grille.

 

The long facade wall is divided into alternating, slightly projecting and recessed bays; double-hung windows with transoms in each bay are united by brownstone heads with label moldings. The visible portion of the east facade of the main block has single and paired windows.

 

To the east of the main block, near the sidewalk, is a small extension that partially shields from view the walkway behind it which connects the precinct house to the cell block and stable. The cell block, windowless on the street end, has a band of the ornamental pressed bricks (like that in the cornice frieze of the main block) below a simple banded parapet. The stable, set back from the street, has a main entrance topped by an exposed iron lintel with decorative bosses, and flanking windows at the ground story.

 

At the second story, bulI' s eye windows in the side bays have brick surrounds with brownstone keystones; the central window has a bold brownstone head with a keystone. A band of ornamental pressed bricks with reeded forms marks the lower edge of the roof parapet. The rear (north) elevations of the station house and stable, only a small portion of which are visible, have been parged.

 

- From the 1993 NYCLPC Landmark Designation Report

Oakland A's Stadium 365 Estuary Park Project - D'Sjon Dixon, Rick Tripp Zennie62 talked with D'Sjon Dixon, the creator and architect of the exciting Stadium 365 Estuary Park Oakland As Stadium Proposal and his developer Rick Tripp in what is the first video interview and the longest one so far. It's also the first Zennie62 YouTube video that is a recorded three way conversation, thanks to Skype: D'Sjon Dixon is at his office in San Francisco; Rick Tripp is in Sacramento, and Zennie Abraham is in Suburban Atlanta Georgia. D’Sjon Dixon is an architect with SGPA Architecture and Planning. His idea and drawings for a baseball stadium for the A's has been in existence since 2013, but it took on steam when Dixon met and formed a friendship with real estate developer Rick Tripp, the Owner, Tripp Development. Dixon's stadium website is at Stadium365.com. Dixon's idea is for a $600 million privately financed stadium at Estuary Park in Oakland, and at the same place controlled by the Brooklyn Basin Developers. Dixon says that he got a blessing of sorts from Signature Development President Mike Ghielmetti. There's a rub here, as Brooklyn Basin has broke ground, but Dixon says he has it worked out. Rick Tripp's name is not new in this issue: he made a proposal for a privately financed stadium for the A's at Coliseum City. But it came with a novel financing approach that Tripp says is based on real estate brokerage fees, and was in part presented in blog posts over at NewBallPark.org. Tripp also used this plan in a presentation for stadiums in Sacramento and in San Diego for the Chargers. I'll hold off on a critique here, as we're going to talk on video again. But back to Tripp, he is in the real estate business with his wife Leslie Dougherty, a realtor with Fusion Real Estate Network. Prior to that, both were involved with Cachet Realty Group Inc. in Nevada. I would not say Mr. Tripp is the finance guy, but more the classic real estate developer who sells the idea of a project to bankers. He's got to have a credible plan by a credentialed architect who can make something that can be built before he can attract more money- that person is Dixon. What is good is that this is a team up of two creatives who needed each other: D'Sjon Dixon's plan is excellent, but cried for a development partner; Tripp's plan was strong on financing (to a degree) but needed a good architect. As I told both, the purpose here is not to tear down D'Sjon Dixon's work, but to make it better as that benefits all of us. Visit our blog Zennie62.com here: ift.tt/1d6iMwr ift.tt/1IDDnq9

Photo caption:

From left – Mark Lankester, Group CEO of Tune Hotels; Hon. Dr Denis Napthine, Premier of Victoria; Tan Sri Tony Fernandes, Co-Founder of Tune Group; Stuart Myerscough, Commercial Manager Australia of AirAsia X during media conference.

  

NEWS RELEASE

 

MELBOURNE – THE WORLD’S MOST LIVEABLE CITY MAY HAVE JUST GOT BETTER!

Tune Hotel Melbourne opening November with A$49* launch rate

 

KUALA LUMPUR, 17 June 2013 - International hotel group Tune Hotels today announced the pre-opening sale of its first Australian property in Melbourne and that the city will serve as its operational headquarters for the Australia and New Zealand region.

 

The announcement was made here today by Mark Lankester, the Group CEO of Tune Hotels in the presence of the visiting Premier of Victoria, Honourable Dr Denis Napthine. Also present was Co-Founder of Tune Group, who is also Group CEO of AirAsia, Tan Sri Tony Fernandes.

 

Tune Hotel Melbourne at 609 Swanston Street, Carlton is conveniently located next to the University of Melbourne, just two streets away from popular Lygon Street and minutes to Melbourne’s Central Business District (CBD). The 225-room property will open for customers on 1 November 2013.

 

To celebrate its arrival, Tune Hotel Melbourne is offering an attractive room rate from just A$49* (US$46 / RM157) per night. The promotion is offered exclusively online at www.tunehotels.com and guests have the option to choose and pay only for amenities that they require.

 

Bookings can be made from 18 June until 28 June 2013 for stays between 1 November 2013 and 31 March 2014, subject to availability of rooms. A total of 1,000 rooms will be made available at that price.

 

Dr Napthine said: “Melbourne’s new Tune Hotel would open its doors in Melbourne’s CBD in November to coincide with Victoria’s world-famous Spring Racing Carnival.”

 

Dr Napthine also welcomed the decision by Tune Hotels to set up its Australia and New Zealand Operational Headquarters in Melbourne. “Together, the investment is expected to create up to 100 jobs.”

 

The Premier is currently leading around 300 Victorian businesses and 450 delegates on a Super Trade Mission to South East Asia. Kuala Lumpur is the mission’s first stop before moving on to other key Asean cities – Singapore, Jakarta, Bangkok, Manila, and Hanoi, among others.

 

In a recent ranking of the world's "most liveable" cities, Melbourne took the number one spot for the second year running. The city was awarded perfect marks for education, healthcare, and infrastructure by the Economist Intelligence Unit.

 

As Australia’s events capital, Melbourne boasts a rich calendar of theatre, sporting and cultural events. Blockbuster annual events include the Australian Open Tennis Championship, Formula One Grand Prix, Spring Racing Carnival, Melbourne Food & Wine Festival, and more.

 

Melbourne is a romantic, stylish, cosmopolitan city with a European feel and hidden city laneways and arcades for visitors to discover hidden treasures, cafes, boutiques, bars and restaurants. The city is also the gourmet capital of Australia with award-winning chefs and a diverse cuisine with unique settings, provincial specialties and world class wine regions within easy access of the city.

 

A range of diverse travel experiences are available within easy reach of Melbourne in regional Victoria. Whether it’s skiing the Victorian Alps, reclining on picture postcard beaches, sampling award-winning wines or unwinding in luxurious day spas, regional Victoria is replete with immersive experiences year-round.

 

To add to the celebration, long-haul low cost airline AirAsia X is also running a joint promotion where a one-way flight seat from Kuala Lumpur to Melbourne is going from as low as RM329**. Guests have until 23 June 2013 to make a booking for travel between 15 November 2013 and 31 March 2014, subject to the availability of seats. Also on offer are Fly Thru services from Jakarta-Melbourne (from IDR 1,459,000** one-way) and Bangkok-Melbourne (from THB 5,890** one-way), allowing guests to seamlessly connect via Kuala Lumpur.

 

Guests who would like to travel with extra comfort may also fly on AirAsia X’s Premium Flatbed seats from as low as RM2, 299** from Kuala Lumpur to Melbourne. AirAsia X was the first long-haul, low fare carrier to introduce Premium Flatbed seats, which have standard business class specifications of 20” width, 60” pitch and stretch out to 77” in full recline position. Premium seat guests also enjoy premium complimentary products and services including Pick A Seat, Priority Check-in, Priority Boarding, Priority Baggage, 25kg Baggage Allowance, Complimentary Meal and Pillow & Duvet. For more information and flight bookings, please visit airasia.com.

 

Tan Sri Tony Fernandes said: “AirAsia X had been serving the Melbourne route for more than four years now and it is one of our best-selling. I am very pleased that Tune Hotels will now have its presence in Melbourne to give visitors to this wonderful city a truly compelling accommodation alternative. We are sure the Australian market will welcome and embrace Tune Hotels just as they did AirAsia X.”

 

Commenting on Melbourne as Tune Hotels’ Operational HQ for Australia and New Zealand, Group CEO Mark Lankester said: “We are very excited about Tune Hotel Melbourne as it marks our growing brand’s entry into Australia and New Zealand. Melbourne will be the location for our HQ overseeing Australia and New Zealand operations, working in conjunction with the corporate office in Kuala Lumpur. Given our long term plans for the region, the Australia and New Zealand HQ will be staffed relevantly to oversee and provide central support to Tune Hotels’ properties in Australia and New Zealand.”

 

“And to celebrate in true Tune Hotels style, we’re offering travellers one of the lowest room rates seen in central Melbourne for years. Tune Hotels is all about offering a great night’s sleep at a great price. Tune Hotel Melbourne will serve domestic business and leisure travellers and visitors from abroad who are looking for great comfort just minutes from Melbourne’s CBD without paying the usual exorbitant rates,” added Lankester.

 

The basic room rate at Tune Hotel Melbourne is already inclusive of air-conditioning and and/or heating. For an additional A$10, guests will get a pair of towels and toiletry kits and enjoy high-speed wireless broadband and Foxtel TV entertainment.

 

Tune Hotel Melbourne features an indoor courtyard, a recreational lounge, a restaurant, café/ convenience store, luggage storage, self-service launderette and computer kiosks. It is also equipped with a basement car park, something unusual for city centre hotels in Australia.

 

The hotel is just two streets away from Lygon Street, more famously known as Little Italy. The central business district, Melbourne Central Train Station and QV Melbourne; one of Melbourne's finest retail, dining and entertainment precincts, is only two tram stops away.

 

Tune Hotels provides international-class high-quality accommodation which focuses on key essentials but minus the generally underused facilities found in other hotels such as swimming pools, business centres and gymnasiums. By doing away with these costly and high-maintenance facilities, Tune Hotels is able to pass on savings to its guests in the form of super low room rates. Its pay-as-you-use concept lets travellers choose and pay only for amenities that they require to keep costs down, reduce waste and save energy.

 

All Tune hotels feature space-efficient, streamlined rooms focusing on high-quality basics: 5-star beds and powerful hot showers. The strategically located hotels provide housekeeping services, electronic keycard access into rooms, extensive CCTV systems, and no access into the main lobby without a keycard past midnight for extra security.

 

The group has received almost five million guests since the opening of its first hotel in Downtown Kuala Lumpur in 2007. Tune Hotels has one hotel in India, 11 in Malaysia, five in the UK, and four each in the Philippines, Thailand and Indonesia. The company is set to open another property in Japan this year while future projects are planned in the Middle East, Europe and Africa.

 

Tune Hotels is part of Tune Group, a lifestyle business conglomerate co-founded by Tony Fernandes and Kamarudin Meranun, who are the Group CEO and Deputy Group CEO respectively of Asia’s largest low cost carrier AirAsia.

 

For real-time updates and promotion alerts, guests can stay connected with Tune Hotels via Facebook at www.facebook.com/tunehotelsAUS and on Twitter via www.twitter.com/tunehotels.

 

For booking and further information, visit www.tunehotels.com.

  

* Rooms at promotional rates are limited and subject to availability. Promotional rates are limited to double rooms, exclude peak periods, available only on specific dates and only for bookings made via www.tunehotels.com. Advertised rate includes GST and is for room only (excludes comfort package (WiFi, Towel & toiletries and TV) and all optional add-ons). Bookings that are made at the promotional price are strictly non-refundable or changeable. Booking period is 18 June 2013 - 28 June 2013, or until promotional rooms are sold out. Stay period is 1 Nov 2013 to 31 March 2014. No additional charges for booking payments made using PayPal. Additional charges may apply for online bookings paid using credit and debit cards. All amounts are in Australian dollars unless stated otherwise. Refer to www.tunehotels.com for other applicable terms and conditions.

 

** Promo fares include airport taxes and fees (all-in fares). Flights and fares are subject to availability and are for one-way travel only.

  

-ENDS-

About Tune Hotels & Tune Group

Tune Hotels is part of the lifestyle business conglomerate Tune Group that was founded by Tan Sri Tony Fernandes and Dato’ Kamarudin Meranun. Tune Hotels seeks to innovate and revolutionise the way services are made available and has employed efficient web-based technologies to reach and engage its customers, presenting a unique lifestyle opportunity. All Tune Hotels’ properties feature space-efficient, streamlined rooms focusing on high-quality basics: a five-star bed, powerful hot showers and energy-conserving ceiling fans along with housekeeping services, electronic keycard access into rooms, CCTV surveillance, and 24-hour security. The Tune Group of companies are Tune Air (a substantial shareholder of AirAsia), Tune Hotels, Tune Money (holding company of Tune Insurance), Tune Talk, Tune Box, Tune Studios, Tune Tones, Caterham F1 Team, Queens Park Rangers Football Club (QPR) and Educ8 Group (owner of Epsom College in Malaysia).

  

About AirAsia X Berhad

AirAsia X is the low-cost, long-haul affiliate carrier of the AirAsia Group that currently flies to destinations in China, Australia, Taiwan, Korea, Japan, Nepal and the Middle East. The airline currently serves 14 destinations across Asia (Tokyo, Osaka, Seoul, Taipei, Beijing, Hangzhou, Chengdu, Shanghai and Kathmandu), Australia (Sydney, Melbourne, Perth and Gold Coast) and the Middle East (Jeddah) with flights to an additional destination, namely Busan, commencing in July 2013. AirAsia X operates a fleet of 10 Airbus A330-300s, each with a seat configuration of 12 Premium Flatbeds and 365 Economy seats. The airline has carried over 9 million guests since it commenced long-haul in 2007. Our vision is to further solidify our position as the global leader in low-cost, long-haul aviation and create the first global multi-hub low-cost carrier network along with other carriers of the AirAsia Group.

 

More photos can be downloaded from www.flickr.com/tunehotels.

  

Media enquiries:

 

MALAYSIA & INTERNATIONAL

Cymantha Sothiar

Mobile: +6012 3153638

Email: cymantha@tunehotels.com

 

AUSTRALIA

Brenton Gibbs

Tel: +61 (0)419 828 440

Email: brenton@crookgroup.com.au

 

You daren't publish this but I'll take a rain check.

I got this in my inbox from the DAILYMAIL: “Celebrations and Jubilations - An Unforgettable Royal Experience” before opening it. I thought this what am waiting for: Oh boy. This is it. This must be the full coverage of Sheikh Khalifa’s Historical State Visit to England. As I hit ‘open’ God Heaven. Buckingham Palace gone for sale from £219pp. Oh My God! Queen Beatrix abdicated Holland thrown to her kid Prince Willem. Where the Hell is the QUEEN of England? She’s supposed to be receiving Abu Dhabi Sheikh as we speak? Oh-No media coverage dark out. It must be bad what’s going on? As matter fact all British headlines focusing on Jason Collins Gay Athlete Benediction by Obama in James S. Brady Press Briefing Room. What about Sheikh Khalifa? Oh I know where I can get his news for sure. Lemme’ hit the sponsored propagandists: KHALEEJTIMES & GULFNEWS. I got it. The usual sponsored slide-show. The Queen stood in the shade while Sheikh Khalifa out inspecting the Beefeaters. I can smell Prince Philips vinegary farts from right here. Akhkheeeh. Poor fellow he got an erection in his pancreas. And then the: BOMB – KABOOOAM from THE INDEPENDENT that put Sheikh Khalifa back on British Headlines. David Cameron confronted Sheikh Khalifa in Ten-Downing-Street to conduct an independent investigation and release immediately 3 Drug Traffickers busted last year for being too stooopid and too dumb vulnerable to be arrested by Dubai Police. Grant Cameron [Irish], Suneet Jeerh [Indian] and Karl Williams [Nigerian] who also happened to hold British passports. THE INDEPENDENT described the trio as Londoners conquistadores on assignment - selling state of art synthetic narcotics to world children in Dubai - apprehended during business hours and they were forced to sign a confession in Arabic or else their rectums will be rammed in Jumeirah Hilton (that’s Britons Executive Branch in al-Aweer Prison). All-that-jazz was in July last year now we’re in May. Damn it 10 months. Rotting in jail for selling drugs? Ain’t fair they are British they’re supposed to be surfing and sipping champagne with Mr. Lawless in Burj al-Arab. Why the hell David Cameron waited that long and treasured his vendetta to extort Sheikh Khalifa now in London, he could settled it on phone. That’s hypocritical. Hold on don’t be foolish. David Cameron exploited Sheikh Khalifa historic visit to Hijack British headlines for his failing tenure at Ten Downing Street. Oh No that crap. I warned you. No conspiracy theory allowed here. I am Truther ain’t BULLSHITTER. He’s meaner than that. David Cameron likes to get even with Queen’s Guest on his mating ground right near his fireplace - where he adds laxative into his guest’s tea to rush him out. Particularly June-disappointments. The HOTAIR that he got NOTHING outta Abu Dhabi overtures. He wanted to tell his guest things his prodigals shielded from him about the unproductive fruitless futile outcome of his June 2012 visit to Abu Dhabi. THE-BIG-FIVE-SHOW paid his fair to Dubai then. Mean Moriarty Moves: David Cameron choked-up Queen’s Guest with useless Drug Dealers’ Dilemma. He hit the jackpot. He got everything. I bet they signed everything David Cameron tossed across. He didn’t needed to raise the Debt-Laden Unprivileged Emarati Activists’ Issue or the Human-Right Violations that yet to be shelved at the right price and the right time. Mind UAE House 131,000 over Paid British Unemployables Bankruptcies. Can you believe that a great chunk of them insured their life against David Cameron SCREWUPS with UAE Authorities? Let’s pray. O Lord, I beseech thee, let now thine ear be attentive to the prayer of thy servant, because it gave access to the king in those seasons of hilarity when men are.

Ali and India. Pretty genius metaphor. We should know that we have strength, we have stamina, we have bulk, we have presence, reputation and we have history that if someone wants to take few blows at us we will be able to withstand them. Kudos Salman Khurshid! oh by the way here’s 182 Terrorists Organizations based in India. How would Ali Criterion help Delhi to bust them? You kill one they kill hundreds and devastate millions. Never about money its lose change. Here’s some specimens Stipulated hereinbelow: ZRV,ZRA,UPDS,UNLF,UMLFA,ULMA,ULFA,UKLF,UIRA,UILA,UBLF,TTYF,TTYF,TTVF,TTSF,TTDF,TTACF,TSV,TSV,TRRB,TPC,TNRT,TNRF,TNLA,TNDTF,TNA,TMP,TLOF,TLF,TDF,TCF,TATCF,SIMI,SDFT,RNSF,RMC,RJC,PULF,PREPAK,PRA,PLF-M,PLA,NSCN-K,NSCNI-M,NSCN-IM,NNC-Adino,NMT,NLFT,NEMF,NDFB,MVF,MULTA,MULFA,MTF,MSF,MSCA,MPLF,MLTA,MLA,LTTE,KZF,KYKL,KSF,KRPC,KRLO,KRF,KRA,KPF,KNV,KNV,KNO,KNF,KNA,KNA,KLO,KLF,KLF,KLA,KKK,KIF,KIA,KDF,KCP,KCF,KAF,IURPI,ISYF,ISS,Isak-Muivah,IRPA,IRF,INF,ILAA,IKL,HULA,HRF,HPC-D,HPC,HNLC,GTF,DHD,CPI-ML-Janashakti,CPI-Maoist,CKRF,BVYLF,BTFK,BTF,BNCT,BMS,BLTF,BKI,BCF,ATVF,ATTF,ATNF,ATLO,ATBSF,ATBR,ASF,AS,ANVC,AISSF,ADF,ABNES,AAASS, ADINO

I said on Apr 19, 2013 Bravo Jane. You’re really my girl. Welcome to Lee Harvey Oswald World.

Ron Paul is dead-right when he said that USA is a Third World Banana Republic. FBI UNINDEXED clashing Testimonies to jab published ground truth is outrageous. FBI is forcing everyone to LIE even in Yesterday’s President Obama’s 48 minutes answers in James S. Brady Press Briefing Room. Please invite some Black-belt Body-Linguists to watch Obama’s body-language in James S. Brady Press Briefing Room. Focus on when he says “I talk to Putin” watch his eyes. Oh by the way! I picked a new phenomenon from Obama: ‘Self-Radicalized” as ‘self-charged battery.’ Back to FBI: FBI Testimonies are on my radar since Christmas Bomber. FBI become another MOKHABARAT (Secret Police) in my backyard. I have no doubt that FBI finish product ain’t authored by Qualified Patriot Americans but by our WORST Urban Rejects who fled our Sewers to strike rich in the Wild Wet West. People stood no chance of any success in our backyard how the hell they will be added-value assets and will add intelligence to FBI. On the contrary their effect is obvious - negative now as I can see; they really brought FBI intelligence down to earth that they don’t worthy my respect. Look at BMB. A representative specimen of FBI SCREWUPS. FBI said that they interviewed Tamerlan in Makhachkala and let him go to bomb Boston Marathoners: ‘typical Arabic. Oh No! He entered USA by spelling error. Really.’ That’s ain’t FBI that I seen in Denzel Washington movie but sounds typical Maronite Phalangists, Hezbollah, Egyptian Copt, Iranian Pedarsag, Sardarji, Guajarati, Bihari, Iraqi-Shiite, Kurd or Alawite they got great motive just settling their old account in USA courtesy of American taxpayers by snaking Tsarnaeva to fool FBI for living. Zubeidat Tsarnaeva told FBI go to hell! They did big time. Once FBI realized that ‘Misha’ ain’t Mikhail Allakhverdov but ‘teddy bear’ they moved to DNA Game to haunt Tamerlan wife Katherine Russell Saray Mulk-khanum. She told FBI Gorm. I need Tamerlan corpse. They evaporated outta her sight. Now they’re snaking on Kazakhstani trio and toying with Saudi Mountaingoat intelligence whoresmanure. I am expecting FBI to tap on CIA who are dormant all these years as Baghdad frogs in BMB and bring forward Ruslan Tsarni, Graham Fuller, Samantha Ankara Fuller and big A or Ali. Stay tuned it is getting interesting.

Since Seigniorage Banksters crashed in 2007 their Culture ain’t working no mo. Sharia Binge is another Redherring to distracts fools away from real loots. Angosexual Geographical Muslims are the best Arabophobe Guinea pigs to experiment anti-Arabism to crackup nation of Islam. Since English is Islam’s language and Quran is Arabic that most Anti-Arabists loathe to memorize or explore it in the language of origin - then there is huge room for clergymen to maneuver to commit heinous crimes and Freud. Clergymen are feeble corruptible creatures. Islam is shirt of Othman wore wherever a crime yet to be committed. Law of the Land ain’t justice but a game played by scavenging lawyers and fostered by thieving Thugocracies to enable the HAVES rip-off the HAVENOTS. Sharia ain’t justice either it’s a scam played by Ignoramus clergymen to rip-off both the HAVES and the HAVENOTS and dole both loots as commonwealth to Distrusted Trusts notwithstanding Sharia commerce is nothing but an Arabic version of the Old Colonial British-India Merchant Banking

Mark Twain would commit suicide if he knew that Yesterday’s President Obama’s 48 minutes answers in James S. Brady Press Briefing Room were CHOREOGRAPHED to six historic questions. It is mind bugling when BILL asked Obama about Gitmo. Regarding "Maybe I should just pack up and go home. Golly," that’s POWER GESTURE if you go 24 hours back to Correspondence Dinner and see how Obama insulted Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell and the whole Republican Frugals attending then you will understand that Obama didn’t run outta juice wrongly placed "As Mark Twain said, rumors of my demise may be a little exaggerated at this point," metaphor.

First they ignore you, then they laugh at you, then they fight you, then you win. GITMOANS ain’t terrorists but conquistadores disowned by Thieving Thugocracies and they found a window of opportunity larger than life. They privileged trouble to prosperity to get attention. They got it all. They wrecked America. Republican Frugals water-boarded them to extract intelligence they got none but Hollywood Bedrock. Obama as Ho-Nigga then chickened-out to displease white folks he ditched the conquistadores to rot and die in Guantanamo. They decided to starve to test destiny. They battled Force-feeding torture. They have some attention now. I am looking forward to see Lindsey Graham ‘to begin with’ saying hell No. When Kerry & Hagel at the Helm around Obama I feel some smartness in DC’s tinted air. Back to Christian-Post Question. Why Do Radical Muslims Hate Americans So Much? Stooopid Question! First there is nothing called Radical Muslims. This is Muslim or never. Back to HAPPY HATE AMERICA DAY. If I say we don’t then I am a fraudulent hypocrite because you are here to hear this from me: ‘Death to America’. Now stop asking stooopid questions and consult with your gynecologist because you’re pregnant. And by the way don’t be afraid. That’s ain’t but cloth those losers are burning. Give them a decent flag they will stop.

Why Do Radical Muslims Hate Americans So Much? Stooopid Question! First nothing called Radical Muslims. This is Muslim or never. Back to HATE America. If I say we don’t then I am a jerk because you are here to hear this from me: ‘Death to America’. Now stop asking stooopid questions and consult with your gynecologist because you’re pregnant. And by the way don’t be afraid that’s but cloth that those losers are burning. Give them a decent flag they will stop.

PREZ PERES TO POPE FRANCIS: Come to Israel We, Jews didn’t murder Jesus. The Wahabi Mohammed did" (albeit Jesus was murder by Jews 670 years before Mohammed birth). Come Pope! I will show you how Israelis can kill Muslim elders, women & Children by one blow. Please don’t read the News. Israeli police watched, Single handed as with kitchen knife unarmed Salam Za'al killed armed settler Evyatar Borovsky, took Borovsky assault gun and begin shooting at Police Spectators. Salam Za'al was detained for 3 years in Israeli jail for crime of throwing stones. He’s released if he cooperates with Israel and turns his kid brother to traitor. Which he did, then this hitchhiking Borovsky he’s an actor, armed security force and has 4 children that he orphaned. Netanyahu will build more settlement to revenge for Borovsky’s Murder. Salam Za'al ain’t a lone wolf but a terrorist. So how Borovsky settled in Tulkarem? Go to bed boys.

When Ann Coulter said on FOXNEWS Zubeidat Tsarnaeva must be arrested for wearing Hijab, Breitbart banned me for saying Ann Coulter must be arrested for being a woman. Last week I said: watch your Tailgate. Vladimir! Especially when Kerry & Hagel at the Helm. Guys! Since Obama ditched Putin role as BMB Truther. Putin ain’t doing well. He lost control. Just now 30 Anti-Putin Protesters detained on Red Square and 140 people busted at Moscow mosque including more than 30 citizens of other countries. Putin used to be my hero when he weaned Caucuses away from Wahabi Mountaingoats and taken them as Proper Russians. BMB screwed up everything. He got greedy. He exploited BMB to silence Gorky Park Vodka Activists. That’s a wrong call. Syria’s sparks ain’t far away to ignite holy war in Chechnya. That’s Putin’s nightmare. Since FBI is NY outfit then it’s religiously Chuck Schumer business to snack some FBI-Russia whoresmanure to fish any hidden credibility in the mud. Don’t bother reading further than Misha ain’t Mikhail Allakhverdov in Russian it’s for Teddy ‘BEAR’. America is desperate to show the enemy that FBI on top of everything. FBI knew nothing about anything before 03:01PM . April 15, 2009. FBI must be closed-down then by An Executive Branch Order. It ain’t worth it to keep such obese white elephant that can’t defend itself. Paparazzi can deliver far better and cheaper intelligence than this crackpot who showed on CNN talking about an Armenian hippie who converted to Islam to bomb America. Armenians are happy to worship Judas Iscariot but not to be Muslims. We & Armenians have one good thing in common: “we hate each other”. MBM was tolerance stress test to America that’s why the bomb was concealed into pressure cooker to avoid killing innocent people. They just killed 3, hospitalized 246 and traumatized 300 million. That’s a home-run. Ron Paul said: Forced lockdown of city. Militarized police riding tanks in streets. Door-to-door armed searches without warrant. Families thrown out of their homes at gunpoint to be searched without probable cause. Businesses forced to close. Transport shut down. These were not scenes from military coup in far off banana republic, but rather scenes just over week ago in Boston as United States got taste of martial law. The ostensible reason for the military-style takeover of parts of Boston was that accused perpetrator of a horrific crime was on loose. The Boston bombing provided opportunity for government to turn what should have been police investigation into a military-style occupation of an American city. This unprecedented move should frighten us as much or more than the attack itself.

Turks cannot be trusted. Israelis too. IDF is killing our Elders, Women & Children in Gaza to get DC attention for more weapons. The same IDF flew over Assad Palace without harming him and went bombing alleged chemical weapon depot in Damascus and returned home safe. Would you dumb-down and tell us who the enemy is? Oh no SFA..lemme think!

MILITARY ACTION OVER SYRIA'S SUSPECTED USE OF CHEMICAL WEAPONS COULD BACKFIRE. Never mind about the narrative. The question is for you ‘THENATIONAL’. You the publisher! Are you in or out? Who are you dancing for? ISRAEL or SYRIA? Make up your mind. Shame on you! Yesterday a poor Syrian subject jumped to his death from 15th floor of Dubai Silicon Oasis Building probably listening to Mediawhore like you sporting the gassing of his parents with Syrian elders, women & children. Have some decency. Be a journalist. Quit scavenging as coldblooded paparazzi hyena on miseries to earn your living. Quit moderating minds.

I needed John McCain to shakeup the WhiteHouse. Democrats are slow-on boot-on-the-ground but patriot Republicans as

Senator John McCain, a Republican from Arizona who doesn’t need do get Tel-Aviv’s approval to oust Assad outta Syria. Assad Gassing Syrian Elders, Women & Children. It is getting harder and harder for Iran & Russia to maintain their military supplies lines. Russians, Iranians & Hezbollah mercenaries are butchered as boar allover Syria. Jordan king is happy to help to get more USAID for his dying economy and please the Islamists at his end. Turks are mean. Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan will exploit stalemate to occupy Syrian lands as he did in Northern Iraq to use for Kurdish Homeland away from Turkey motherland where they belong. Tayyip Erdogan will fight to stop Obama have boot-on-the-ground in Syria. Turks cannot be trusted.

“When the world can seem very dark and confusing, presence of priest is presence of hope,” Rev. Richard Cannon is bluffing. Priest is for death and wedding unlike Imam who has to drop everything off hand, wash-out, head to mosque, call for prayer outloud and lead the prayers reciting memorized Quran 5397 times not only after bombing but five times a day, 365 days a year. Imam leads rain, eclipse, death & trarweeh prayers. Rev. Tom Carzon showed up for the bombing like any Truther or sympathizer on every blue moon. Back to priest ban: I vote. No. please let them pray.

Russian state media quoted a Russian Federal Security Service statement as saying those detained Friday included more than 30 citizens of other countries. But the statement did not specify which nations.

Abdul Rahman Al-Sudais Mugshot with Geert Wilders Deputy Arnoud Van Doorn. What kind of stunt-show is this? Saudi Arabia fostered Geert Wilders campaign against Islam through FOXNEWS (a subsidiary of the Kingdom holdings run by Prince Alwaleed bin Talal). This is unorthodox and deciptive. Who are you trying to fool? Are you trying to deceive god as well? وَيَمْكُرُونَ وَيَمْكُرُ اللَّهُ وَاللَّهُ خَيْرُ الْمَاكِرِينَ‏ Abdul Rahman Al-Sudais is onto his second Stunt-Show somewhere in India next week without bothering to visit those 22 million devastated Kashmiris who crave to touch his feet. Abdul Rahman Al-Sudais is just following the agenda of those Godless endangered species of House of al-Saud.

GOD, PLEASE DEFEAT AMERICA’S ALLIES ON MAY 11 is preposterous headline. This is a secular & Godless argument. I need those arguing losers in that room to answer one question. Are they Muslims or Pakistani? History proved that you can’t be both. Pakistani means the boring Zardari, Nawaz Sharief, Imran Khan, Musharaf Etc. and Muslims. Use your imagination. KABOOOM if you ever touch Booze or America. I don’t think those in the room ready for that.

This comment is awaiting moderation. This is the harvest of Foreign Office seeds sown. Watching Thugocracies around the Globe committing heinous crimes against their own. All that is necessary for triumph of evil is that good men do nothing. Edmund Burke. Richard Branson devastated by ban on British tourists to Israel, Kenya, South Africa & Turkey due domestic unrest & al-Qaida and yet Thailand went unnoticed where conned British and sedated European tourists are butchered like wild boar in Phuket, Pattaya and those Schizophrenic Islands. Read Pattaya Daily & Phuket Gazette for body count. Ricardo. Mama Teresa killed more infants in her convents than al-Qaida.

Buddhist Monks beat Muslims to death in Burma watch video..Misinformation is act of crime. beforeitsnews contributors trying to draw attention gain mileage. That’s ain't right. Burmese Muslims are butchered while police watching.

Would you guys dumb down and Google how many millions been in Shanghai tower before getting into ranking Burj Khalifa. Bruno said: achievements build nations and ranks kill it.

Quit Googledjunk. What welfare? USA ain't afford foostamp them. They u hauled millions of petrodollars to America to survive in your hostile cities. They’re fooled by the American Dream Propaganda that deranged them to drop everything back home and rush to America and now headhunted as rabids. When Ann Coulter said on FOXNEWS Zubeidat Tsarnaeva must be arrested for wearing Hijab, Breitbart banned me for saying Ann Coulter must be arrested for being a woman.

Replying Charles Ford

I don't have to cover things. Why don't you fly all those copts (that you are committing suicide for) over to your backyard, they're handy to babysit your wife & kids and mow your lawn. Regarding what you said: Islam. The religion of the Pedophile, Rapist and Mass Murderer Mohammed. I have millions of website who're happy to enjoy your ISP if you allow me to pass it to them.

GAZA BIOMETRY IS AGAINST LAW.

إثبت أنها زوجتك او أختك.. فصلٌ جديد من حملة "الفضيلة" في شوارع غزة

هذه حريات شخصية civil liberties

مش من حق حماس او عباس او الاحتلال اصدار او طلب هوية اي فرد الا اذا ارتكب جريمة فحريته كحرية الطيور في الهواء والسمك في الماء و الدود في الارض. المشكلة ليست سياية وانما مشكلة دستورية هل يحق بيروقراطيا ان تطلب هوية شخص لاتعرفه.

حماس هي شريعة فلسطين بغظ النظر ان كانت مؤسسة ارهابية في حسابات اسرائيل هذا لايعني شيء عند العرب والمسلمين حالها كالاخوان في مصر اوطالبان في باكستان وافغانستان والنصرة في العراق وسوريا

Whites are cautious nutjob doublethinkers. In 2004 it was white vs. white. Everywhite hit the streets and voted for Bush to loot US Reserves and burn it over military complex engaged in two wars that wrecked America. Who cares? Whites preferred jobs over USA. Simply because USA was Whiteman’s World. In 2008 & 2012 it was white vs. black. Whites stayed at home because firstly they don’t trust each other and secondly they didn’t trusted the Rigged Diebold Machines which controlled by ABOVE-THE-LAWs. You must be kidding! Should some White crackpot voted for black against white The ABOVE-THE-LAWs will hunt him down and finish him. The White voters were so scared they stayed back at home lest they’re disowned by The ABOVE-THE-LAWs who will starve their children & elders to death if they ever voted black. As a matter of fact they are doing it to those white fools who voted black today. “Kill that bloody Nigga-lover”. During Obama administration foodstamps subscribers are higher than ever. Black Inmates and Black jobless are gracefully holding to the 90% Residency over America’s Stats since Lincoln. Black voters turnout ain’t perspective here. If a Ho-Nigga spotted singing and crying at the mall during Obama inauguration. That ain’t black enough. That’s Rupert Murdoch in his natural habitat minting money outta zombie’s turnout. This percussion is over Joe Biden’s tactical allegation to MSNBC that if McCain pushed harder on saving American economy he probably won 2008 Presidency.

Fountain of jihad that's nice. I Am a Muslim I love to sip some amrit to ram your rectum. would you pass zip code of this fountain to me so I can franchise it and open a bottling factory around to sell its water to all thousands of Hindu terrorist groups whoever love to devastate Delhi to get their birthrights here’s specimens of them: ZRV,ZRA,UPDS,UNLF,UMLFA,ULMA,ULFA,UKLF,UIRA,UILA,UBLF,TTYF,TTYF,TTVF,TTSF,TTDF,TTACF,TSV,TSV,TRRB,TPC,TNRT,TNRF,TNLA,TNDTF,TNA,TMP,TLOF,TLF,TDF,TCF,TATCF,SIMI,SDFT,RNSF,RMC,RJC,PULF,PREPAK,PRA,PLF-M,PLA,NSCN-K,NSCNI-M,NSCN-IM,NNC-Adino,NMT,NLFT,NEMF,NDFB,MVF,MULTA,MULFA,MTF,MSF,MSCA,MPLF,MLTA,MLA,LTTE,KZF,KYKL,KSF,KRPC,KRLO,KRF,KRA,KPF,KNV,KNV,KNO,KNF,KNA,KNA,KLO,KLF,KLF,KLA,KKK,KIF,KIA,KDF,KCP,KCF,KAF,IURPI,ISYF,ISS,Isak-Muivah,IRPA,IRF,INF,ILAA,IKL,HULA,HRF,HPC-D,HPC,HNLC,GTF,DHD,CPI-ML-Janashakti,CPI-Maoist,CKRF,BVYLF,BTFK,BTF,BNCT,BMS,BLTF,BKI,BCF,ATVF,ATTF,ATNF,ATLO,ATBSF,ATBR,ASF,AS,ANVC,AISSF,ADF,ABNES,AAASS, ADINO,

That’s ain’t Zionist problem. Unless you won’t to fool the whole world that: “Guys! We, Jews didn’t murder Jesus. The Wahabi Mohammed did. Go get him" (albeit Jesus was murder by Jews 670 years before Mohammed birth). Have some decency be journalist don’t be paparazzi. Try blind and quit scavenging on miseries as hyena to get noticed. On the contrary you’re getting condemned day by day.

Retailing religion in the military was during Former US Defence Secretary Donald Rumsfeld accused of using quotes from Bible underneath a passage from Book of Isaiah: "Their arrows are sharp, all their bows are strung; their horses' hoofs seem like flint, their chariot wheels are like a whirlwind." Another briefing showed a picture of Iraqi President Saddam Hussein beneath a quotation from the First Epistle of Peter: "It is God's will that by doing good you should silence the ignorant talk of foolish men." risked giving Muslims impression that war was a clash between Christianity and Islam. "taking a risk with national security,"

Obama t o Emir of Qatar: Hire 800 Unemployable Us Journalists or I will have McCain Germs overthrow you and dole Aljazeera to Iran. You hear me.

        

TheLegend33: It seems you know some English in order to input slang

Stsheetrock: THANK YOU

TheLegend33: plus you sound like a smart-arse who thinks he's smarter than everyone else. …

Stsheetrock: NO I AM NO THAT SICK THAT’S CALLED INFERIORITY COMPLEX DO YOU

TheLegend33: Which leads me to believe you’re just another follower with some sort of identity crisis

Stsheetrock: I DON NEED AN IDENTITY I HAVE ONE. I AM MUSLIM.

TheLegend33: You sound like a cross between a mis-informed misfit and an Alex Jones wannabe.

Stsheetrock: PSST: IT’S MISINFORMED! NO AM NEITHER AM NOT UNEMPLOYABLE. AM RICH

TheLegend33: You really hate America

Stsheetrock: GOD HEAVEN NO

TheLegend33: but your here because daddy sent you to get an education.

Stsheetrock: NO HE DIDN’T AM AN AUTOMATH. I DON’T NEED THAT ABUSE

TheLegend33: Your either very rich or from the "sewer" and receiving living assistance from the people you actually hate.

Stsheetrock: NO AM A BANK THIEF I DON’T USE FIAT I CAN CLONE YOUR CREDIT FOR FUN AND TOY YOUR ISP

TheLegend33: If you don't like us,

Stsheetrock: YOU’RE JUST NOBODY WHY SHOULD I DISLIKE YOU

TheLegend33: why do you stay?

Stsheetrock: I DON’T STAY THERE. I LOATHE THAT

TheLegend33: If I went to your country and I didn't like it, I would leave.

Stsheetrock: PLEASE DON’T COME YOU’RE NOT WELCOME PLEASE LEAVE IF YOU DID

TheLegend33: If your here for an education,

Stsheetrock: GOD FORBID NO

TheLegend33: appreciate it

Stsheetrock: YOU MEAN WASTE TIME & MONEY STUDY JUCKSCEINCE Of HARVARD, MIT, BOSTON, PRINCETON, COLUMBIA And YALE WHO TURN SMART HUMAN TO STOOOPID CORPORATE FRUGAL ZOMBIES.

TheLegend33: Try and be respectful to others and you'll find people here (real Americans) will treat you with respect.

Stsheetrock: I RESPECT MYSELF AND I CAN BUY MY OTHERS RESPECT. I DON’T NEED FOXNEWS AMERICAN VERSION RESPECT

 

Photo caption:

Speech by Tan Sri Tony Fernandes, Co-Founder of Tune Group.

  

NEWS RELEASE

 

MELBOURNE – THE WORLD’S MOST LIVEABLE CITY MAY HAVE JUST GOT BETTER!

Tune Hotel Melbourne opening November with A$49* launch rate

 

KUALA LUMPUR, 17 June 2013 - International hotel group Tune Hotels today announced the pre-opening sale of its first Australian property in Melbourne and that the city will serve as its operational headquarters for the Australia and New Zealand region.

 

The announcement was made here today by Mark Lankester, the Group CEO of Tune Hotels in the presence of the visiting Premier of Victoria, Honourable Dr Denis Napthine. Also present was Co-Founder of Tune Group, who is also Group CEO of AirAsia, Tan Sri Tony Fernandes.

 

Tune Hotel Melbourne at 609 Swanston Street, Carlton is conveniently located next to the University of Melbourne, just two streets away from popular Lygon Street and minutes to Melbourne’s Central Business District (CBD). The 225-room property will open for customers on 1 November 2013.

 

To celebrate its arrival, Tune Hotel Melbourne is offering an attractive room rate from just A$49* (US$46 / RM157) per night. The promotion is offered exclusively online at www.tunehotels.com and guests have the option to choose and pay only for amenities that they require.

 

Bookings can be made from 18 June until 28 June 2013 for stays between 1 November 2013 and 31 March 2014, subject to availability of rooms. A total of 1,000 rooms will be made available at that price.

 

Dr Napthine said: “Melbourne’s new Tune Hotel would open its doors in Melbourne’s CBD in November to coincide with Victoria’s world-famous Spring Racing Carnival.”

 

Dr Napthine also welcomed the decision by Tune Hotels to set up its Australia and New Zealand Operational Headquarters in Melbourne. “Together, the investment is expected to create up to 100 jobs.”

 

The Premier is currently leading around 300 Victorian businesses and 450 delegates on a Super Trade Mission to South East Asia. Kuala Lumpur is the mission’s first stop before moving on to other key Asean cities – Singapore, Jakarta, Bangkok, Manila, and Hanoi, among others.

 

In a recent ranking of the world's "most liveable" cities, Melbourne took the number one spot for the second year running. The city was awarded perfect marks for education, healthcare, and infrastructure by the Economist Intelligence Unit.

 

As Australia’s events capital, Melbourne boasts a rich calendar of theatre, sporting and cultural events. Blockbuster annual events include the Australian Open Tennis Championship, Formula One Grand Prix, Spring Racing Carnival, Melbourne Food & Wine Festival, and more.

 

Melbourne is a romantic, stylish, cosmopolitan city with a European feel and hidden city laneways and arcades for visitors to discover hidden treasures, cafes, boutiques, bars and restaurants. The city is also the gourmet capital of Australia with award-winning chefs and a diverse cuisine with unique settings, provincial specialties and world class wine regions within easy access of the city.

 

A range of diverse travel experiences are available within easy reach of Melbourne in regional Victoria. Whether it’s skiing the Victorian Alps, reclining on picture postcard beaches, sampling award-winning wines or unwinding in luxurious day spas, regional Victoria is replete with immersive experiences year-round.

 

To add to the celebration, long-haul low cost airline AirAsia X is also running a joint promotion where a one-way flight seat from Kuala Lumpur to Melbourne is going from as low as RM329**. Guests have until 23 June 2013 to make a booking for travel between 15 November 2013 and 31 March 2014, subject to the availability of seats. Also on offer are Fly Thru services from Jakarta-Melbourne (from IDR 1,459,000** one-way) and Bangkok-Melbourne (from THB 5,890** one-way), allowing guests to seamlessly connect via Kuala Lumpur.

 

Guests who would like to travel with extra comfort may also fly on AirAsia X’s Premium Flatbed seats from as low as RM2, 299** from Kuala Lumpur to Melbourne. AirAsia X was the first long-haul, low fare carrier to introduce Premium Flatbed seats, which have standard business class specifications of 20” width, 60” pitch and stretch out to 77” in full recline position. Premium seat guests also enjoy premium complimentary products and services including Pick A Seat, Priority Check-in, Priority Boarding, Priority Baggage, 25kg Baggage Allowance, Complimentary Meal and Pillow & Duvet. For more information and flight bookings, please visit airasia.com.

 

Tan Sri Tony Fernandes said: “AirAsia X had been serving the Melbourne route for more than four years now and it is one of our best-selling. I am very pleased that Tune Hotels will now have its presence in Melbourne to give visitors to this wonderful city a truly compelling accommodation alternative. We are sure the Australian market will welcome and embrace Tune Hotels just as they did AirAsia X.”

 

Commenting on Melbourne as Tune Hotels’ Operational HQ for Australia and New Zealand, Group CEO Mark Lankester said: “We are very excited about Tune Hotel Melbourne as it marks our growing brand’s entry into Australia and New Zealand. Melbourne will be the location for our HQ overseeing Australia and New Zealand operations, working in conjunction with the corporate office in Kuala Lumpur. Given our long term plans for the region, the Australia and New Zealand HQ will be staffed relevantly to oversee and provide central support to Tune Hotels’ properties in Australia and New Zealand.”

 

“And to celebrate in true Tune Hotels style, we’re offering travellers one of the lowest room rates seen in central Melbourne for years. Tune Hotels is all about offering a great night’s sleep at a great price. Tune Hotel Melbourne will serve domestic business and leisure travellers and visitors from abroad who are looking for great comfort just minutes from Melbourne’s CBD without paying the usual exorbitant rates,” added Lankester.

 

The basic room rate at Tune Hotel Melbourne is already inclusive of air-conditioning and and/or heating. For an additional A$10, guests will get a pair of towels and toiletry kits and enjoy high-speed wireless broadband and Foxtel TV entertainment.

 

Tune Hotel Melbourne features an indoor courtyard, a recreational lounge, a restaurant, café/ convenience store, luggage storage, self-service launderette and computer kiosks. It is also equipped with a basement car park, something unusual for city centre hotels in Australia.

 

The hotel is just two streets away from Lygon Street, more famously known as Little Italy. The central business district, Melbourne Central Train Station and QV Melbourne; one of Melbourne's finest retail, dining and entertainment precincts, is only two tram stops away.

 

Tune Hotels provides international-class high-quality accommodation which focuses on key essentials but minus the generally underused facilities found in other hotels such as swimming pools, business centres and gymnasiums. By doing away with these costly and high-maintenance facilities, Tune Hotels is able to pass on savings to its guests in the form of super low room rates. Its pay-as-you-use concept lets travellers choose and pay only for amenities that they require to keep costs down, reduce waste and save energy.

 

All Tune hotels feature space-efficient, streamlined rooms focusing on high-quality basics: 5-star beds and powerful hot showers. The strategically located hotels provide housekeeping services, electronic keycard access into rooms, extensive CCTV systems, and no access into the main lobby without a keycard past midnight for extra security.

 

The group has received almost five million guests since the opening of its first hotel in Downtown Kuala Lumpur in 2007. Tune Hotels has one hotel in India, 11 in Malaysia, five in the UK, and four each in the Philippines, Thailand and Indonesia. The company is set to open another property in Japan this year while future projects are planned in the Middle East, Europe and Africa.

 

Tune Hotels is part of Tune Group, a lifestyle business conglomerate co-founded by Tony Fernandes and Kamarudin Meranun, who are the Group CEO and Deputy Group CEO respectively of Asia’s largest low cost carrier AirAsia.

 

For real-time updates and promotion alerts, guests can stay connected with Tune Hotels via Facebook at www.facebook.com/tunehotelsAUS and on Twitter via www.twitter.com/tunehotels.

 

For booking and further information, visit www.tunehotels.com.

  

* Rooms at promotional rates are limited and subject to availability. Promotional rates are limited to double rooms, exclude peak periods, available only on specific dates and only for bookings made via www.tunehotels.com. Advertised rate includes GST and is for room only (excludes comfort package (WiFi, Towel & toiletries and TV) and all optional add-ons). Bookings that are made at the promotional price are strictly non-refundable or changeable. Booking period is 18 June 2013 - 28 June 2013, or until promotional rooms are sold out. Stay period is 1 Nov 2013 to 31 March 2014. No additional charges for booking payments made using PayPal. Additional charges may apply for online bookings paid using credit and debit cards. All amounts are in Australian dollars unless stated otherwise. Refer to www.tunehotels.com for other applicable terms and conditions.

 

** Promo fares include airport taxes and fees (all-in fares). Flights and fares are subject to availability and are for one-way travel only.

  

-ENDS-

About Tune Hotels & Tune Group

Tune Hotels is part of the lifestyle business conglomerate Tune Group that was founded by Tan Sri Tony Fernandes and Dato’ Kamarudin Meranun. Tune Hotels seeks to innovate and revolutionise the way services are made available and has employed efficient web-based technologies to reach and engage its customers, presenting a unique lifestyle opportunity. All Tune Hotels’ properties feature space-efficient, streamlined rooms focusing on high-quality basics: a five-star bed, powerful hot showers and energy-conserving ceiling fans along with housekeeping services, electronic keycard access into rooms, CCTV surveillance, and 24-hour security. The Tune Group of companies are Tune Air (a substantial shareholder of AirAsia), Tune Hotels, Tune Money (holding company of Tune Insurance), Tune Talk, Tune Box, Tune Studios, Tune Tones, Caterham F1 Team, Queens Park Rangers Football Club (QPR) and Educ8 Group (owner of Epsom College in Malaysia).

  

About AirAsia X Berhad

AirAsia X is the low-cost, long-haul affiliate carrier of the AirAsia Group that currently flies to destinations in China, Australia, Taiwan, Korea, Japan, Nepal and the Middle East. The airline currently serves 14 destinations across Asia (Tokyo, Osaka, Seoul, Taipei, Beijing, Hangzhou, Chengdu, Shanghai and Kathmandu), Australia (Sydney, Melbourne, Perth and Gold Coast) and the Middle East (Jeddah) with flights to an additional destination, namely Busan, commencing in July 2013. AirAsia X operates a fleet of 10 Airbus A330-300s, each with a seat configuration of 12 Premium Flatbeds and 365 Economy seats. The airline has carried over 9 million guests since it commenced long-haul in 2007. Our vision is to further solidify our position as the global leader in low-cost, long-haul aviation and create the first global multi-hub low-cost carrier network along with other carriers of the AirAsia Group.

 

More photos can be downloaded from www.flickr.com/tunehotels.

  

Media enquiries:

 

MALAYSIA & INTERNATIONAL

Cymantha Sothiar

Mobile: +6012 3153638

Email: cymantha@tunehotels.com

 

AUSTRALIA

Brenton Gibbs

Tel: +61 (0)419 828 440

Email: brenton@crookgroup.com.au

 

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Albany College of NanoScale Sciences and Engineering Albany New York Chris Milian Professional aerial photographer 518-495-7983 photos www.photosfromonhigh.com September 12 2011 9/11/11 Aerial Photo Albany Nanotech Expansion College of Nanoscale Sciences Chris Milian Professional Aerial Photographer 518-495-7983 www.photosfromonhigh.com The Energy and Environmental Technology Applications CenterUniversity · Albany, New YorkYou and The Energy and Envi

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Description The Energy and Environmental Technology Applications Center (E2TAC) addresses the needs of advanced energy and environmental applications by leveraging the intellectual power base and state-of-the-art infrastructure at the College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering (CNSE) and making use of its extensive capabilities in microelectronics and nanotechnology. Working with a growing list of collaborators, E2TAC is also at the forefront in business acceleration, education and outreach activities in the increasingly important areas of renewable energy and energy efficiency.

Address 257 Fuller Road, Albany, NY 12203 · Get Directions

Phone 518-956-7313

Website www.e2tac.org/

 

Founded 1998

Mission E2TAC's mission is to support energy and environmental technology deployment through accelerated commercialization by leveraging partnerships between industry, government and university.

Email mkilburn@uamail.albany.edu

 

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Home > Press > National Grid provides $225K grant to UAlbany NanoCollege for green energy initiative to establish solar power control and monitoring center at CNSE's Albany nanotech complex

   

Abstract:

Renewable Energy and Economic Development Program Grant Will Support Future Solar Generation Across New York State

 

National Grid provides $225K grant to UAlbany NanoCollege for green energy initiative to establish solar power control and monitoring center at CNSE's Albany nanotech complex

Albany, NY | Posted on June 2nd, 2011

National Grid today presented a $225,000 Renewable Energy and Economic Development grant to the College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering (CNSE) of the University at Albany to help enable a green energy initiative that will establish a Photovoltaic Control and Monitoring Center (PVCMC) at CNSE's Albany NanoTech Complex. The first grant to be awarded in eastern New York as part of National Grid's Renewable Energy and Economic Development Program will support future solar power generation systems across New York State.

 

The $225,000 National Grid grant will be used to develop, install and demonstrate a state-of-the-art control and monitoring center. The PVCMC will enable gathering of real-time research data that will provide designers, architects and installers with critical feedback to accelerate the construction and integration of roof-mounted PV systems across New York, fueling increased deployment of green energy in homes and businesses.

 

The UAlbany NanoCollege will partner with EYP Energy and Alteris Renewables to establish the PVCMC, which is part of a larger $1.35 million solar demonstration initiative that will evaluate and compare state-of-the-art, thin film-based solar PV technologies as a means of accelerating the use of clean energy technologies.

 

This grant demonstrates National Grid's continuing commitment to CNSE. In 2008, National Grid supported CNSE with a grant for $250,000 to offset the costs incurred by building a new substation for the facility.

 

"As the Capital Region's local energy company, National Grid is pleased to join with the College of Nanoscale Science & Engineering as an example of public-private partnerships that can work, and help bring economic vitality to the area," said Ken Daly, National Grid's President of New York. "What's more, supporting expanding technology in renewable energy makes National Grid's local grant an investment that will spread the benefits even beyond the region."

 

"The UAlbany NanoCollege is grateful to National Grid for its continued support in furthering CNSE's efforts to develop innovative, nanotechnology-enabled green energy technologies," said Dr. Alain E. Kaloyeros, Senior Vice President and Chief Executive Officer of CNSE. "This investment will serve to accelerate CNSE's growing portfolio in solar energy technologies, which hold great promise for reducing energy consumption, protecting the environment, and generating economic growth to benefit all New Yorkers."

 

"CNSE's PV Control and Monitoring Center will become a key regional and statewide asset, driving additional PV installations in New York State and generating substantial economic development through business attraction and job growth," said Dr. Pradeep Haldar, Vice President for Clean Energy Programs at CNSE. "In addition, the demonstration facilities will serve as a living laboratory to train undergraduate and graduate students to perform research and enable technology transfer to industry."

 

The National Grid Renewable Energy and Economic Development Grant program funds projects that demonstrate alternative generation technologies, such as solar, while promoting economic development for the region. This National Grid grant is part of the company's comprehensive economic development plan for upstate New York. For more information and program descriptions, visit National Grid's Economic Development website at: www.shovelready.com/.

 

####

 

About UAlbany NanoCollege

The UAlbany CNSE is the first college in the world dedicated to education, research, development, and deployment in the emerging disciplines of nanoscience, nanoengineering, nanobioscience, and nanoeconomics. CNSE’s Albany NanoTech Complex is the most advanced research enterprise of its kind at any university in the world. With over $7 billion in high-tech investments, the 800,000-square-foot complex attracts corporate partners from around the world and offers students a one-of-a-kind academic experience. The UAlbany NanoCollege houses the only fully-integrated, 300mm wafer, computer chip pilot prototyping and demonstration line within 80,000 square feet of Class 1 capable cleanrooms. More than 2,500 scientists, researchers, engineers, students, and faculty work on site, from companies including IBM, GlobalFoundries, SEMATECH, Toshiba, Samsung, Applied Materials, Tokyo Electron, ASML, Novellus Systems, Vistec Lithography and Atotech. An expansion now underway is projected to increase the size of CNSE’s Albany NanoTech Complex to over 1,250,000 square feet of next-generation infrastructure housing over 135,000 square feet of Class 1 capable cleanrooms and more than 3,750 scientists, researchers and engineers from CNSE and global corporations. For information, visit www.cnse.albany.edu.

 

About National Grid

National Grid is an international energy delivery company. In the U.S., National Grid delivers electricity to approximately 3.3 million customers in Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York and Rhode Island, and manages the electricity network on Long Island under an agreement with the Long Island Power Authority (LIPA). It is the largest distributor of natural gas in the northeastern U.S., serving approximately 3.4 million customers in Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York and Rhode Island. National Grid also owns over 4,000 megawatts of contracted electricity generation that provides power to over one million LIPA customers.

 

For more information, please click here

 

Contacts:

Steve Janack

College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering

518-956-7322

 

Patrick Stella

National Grid

518-433-3838

 

Copyright © UAlbany NanoCollege

 

If you have a comment, please Contact us.

Issuers of news releases, not 7th Wave, Inc. or Nanotechnology Now, are solely responsible for the accuracy of the content.

 

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NanoCollege awarded $57.5M

Federal grant to propel UAlbany to top of emerging solar energy industry; local jobs to follow

By Larry Rulison Business writer

Updated 11:14 a.m., Wednesday, April 6, 2011

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ALBANY -- The University at Albany's College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering has been awarded $57.5 million by the U.S. Department of Energy to create a solar manufacturing consortium that could rival what Sematech did for the computer chip industry and the city of Austin, Texas two decades ago.

 

The surprise announcement came just one day after U.S. Sen. Charles Schumer was at the college's Albany NanoTech complex on Fuller Road, urging the Obama Administration to award the NanoCollege and the University of Central Florida a $100 million grant that would be split between the two schools. They are partnering with the Sematech computer chip consortium to create the U.S. Photovoltaic Manufacturing Consortium. Photovoltaics are solar technologies like solar panels that generate electricity.

 

As it turns out, the NanoCollege was awarded $57.5 million -- more than the $50 million it was expecting -- while UCF will get a far smaller award of just $5 million.

 

Together, the package is $62.5 million. That's significantly less than the $100 million package the two schools had originally requested, although that didn't dampen Schumer's excitement. He was the first to break the news Tuesday afternoon -- even to the surprise of school officials.

 

"The future is very bright for solar energy research, development and jobs in Albany," Schumer said.

 

The NanoCollege has been comparing this new solar manufacturing consortium to the creation of Sematech in Austin in the late 1980s.

 

Sematech was funded by the federal government to fight Japan's growing computer chip industry. The new solar consortium would be used to unite the U.S. photovoltaic industry to better compete with China and Germany, two countries that are dominating solar manufacturing. Computer chips and solar technologies share many of the same manufacturing techniques and suppliers.

 

The NanoCollege and UCF had put together several hundred million dollars in additional private funding to match the federal grant. Alain Kaloyeros, the chief executive officer at the NanoCollege, said the consortium should have about $400 million in total funding to begin with. And the additional money coming to Albany should help spur private investment.

 

"This allows us to leverage significantly more investment," said Kaloyeros, who added that the consortium will seek additional funding for UCF.

 

One of the NanoCollege's main rivals for the money was expected to be the University of Toledo, which put together a proposal along with Dow Corning of Midland, Mich. Toledo is home to many solar manufacturing suppliers and even boasts a 900,000 square-foot solar factory operated by First Solar, an Arizona company whose technology was developed at Toledo.

 

However, late Tuesday the Department of Energy announced that a partnership between Stanford University and the University of California Berkeley was awarded $25 million, and another $25 million went to SVTC Technologies in San Jose, Calif.

 

Reach Larry Rulison at 454-5504 or at lrulison@timesunion.com

 

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Solar energy facility rising

UAlbany details plans for solar energy consortium with global impact for Albany area

By YI-KE PENG Staff writer

Published 07:00 a.m., Tuesday, September 13, 2011

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ALBANY -- The new building rising along Washington Avenue Extension next to Interstates 87 and 90 will house a previously announced, federally funded solar energy consortium.

 

The University at Albany's College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering revealed that during a public presentation Monday afternoon.

 

The projected 191,000-square-foot facility containing a 25,000-square-foot clean room will be devoted to green energy research, said Alain Kaloyeros, senior vice president and chief executive officer of the NanoCollege.

 

Kaloyeros said the construction is privately funded, with part of the revenue coming from access fees paid by companies using the school's equipment.

 

A second phase of construction will add two more buildings totaling 300,000 square feet, according to environmental review documents filed with state and local agencies a year ago.

 

Back in April, the U.S. Department of Energy awarded nearly $60 million to the NanoCollege to create a national solar manufacturing consortium modeled after Sematech, the computer chip manufacturing consortium that was founded in Austin, Texas in the late 1980s but moved this year to Albany.

 

School officials have said in the past that the consortium, including cleanroom space for pilot solar cell manufacturing operations, would be housed within its Zero Energy Nanotechnology building, or ZEN, that it had planned for land north of its existing campus.

 

This building, now under construction, seeks to achieve the NanoCollege's goal of transferring its research and development model for chip manufacturing to green energy research, bringing private enterprise companies and academics together to work in collaboration under the same roof.

 

The solar consortium, known as the U.S. Photovoltaic Manufacturing Consortium, was designed to pull together a splintered solar industry in the United States that has fallen behind markets in places like China. Sematech was created for a similar reason, to reclaim leadership in the global computer chip market from Japan. Sematech not only reignited the semiconductor industry in the U.S., but made Austin into a major player in the computer chip industry. NanoCollege officials believe the solar consortium, and its $300 million in private commitments, could make Albany and New York state a hub for solar manufacturing The Buzz: Business news

Business, media, technology and more in the Capital Region and beyond

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IMEC responds to growth at Albany NanoTechSeptember 16, 2011 at 12:53 pm by Larry Rulison

IMEC, which is Europe’s version of Albany NanoTech and the College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering, responded today to the NanoCollege’s expansion efforts, which a Times Union story today says includes expanded research into 450mm manufacturing.

 

The computer industry currently makes chips on 12-inch, or 300mm wafers. But the next step would be to move to 18-inch, or 450mm wafers, which would drastically reduce costs and energy usage.

 

The NanoCollege already works with Sematech, the computer chip consortium based at Albany NanoTech, on 450mm research, but Sematech officials have been touting a major push into 450mm that would be facilitated by a new 260,000 square-foot building with a 45,000 square-foot clean room.

 

IMEC, which is also expanding its headquarters in Belgium, is also planing a 450mm push in Europe. We asked IMEC officials if they wanted to comment on Albany NanoTech’s plans.

 

IMEC CEO Luc Van den hove had this to say:

 

“The plans of Albany, as we know them, have no effect on imec’s planning related to a 450mm infrastructure. We continue to build our plans based from our own roadmaps, with a neutral, global vision, and with the inputs we get from our partner eco-system. Imec is fully committed to support the R&D requirements from its partners with the latest generation infrastructure.

 

Imec has an extensive partner base in programs focusing on process module development and device integration, with a lot of unique value offerings. All leading IC manufacturers (including the most advanced logic and memory suppliers), foundries and equipment suppliers are engaged in imec’s R&D, and this network and level of engagement is further growing.

 

Imec is a global research provider, has pioneered the model of open innovation and is prepared to partner with anybody. Hence, imec is fully open to set up interaction, collaboration and partnerships with Albany as global alignment and coordination will contribute to providing the most efficient R&D support to our partners.”

  

IMEC in Belgium is also expanding its nanotech research facilities

  

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Building for a revolution

Project puts Albany in race to become center of world's semiconductor industry

By LARRY RULISON and CHRIS CHURCHILL Business writers

Published 12:37 a.m., Friday, September 16, 2011

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Screen grab from an EYP design brochure which features artist renderings of a project believed to be the new Nano Science and Engineering building at University at Albany. (EYP design website)

Screen grab from an EYP design brochure which features artist...

 

Screen grab from an EYP design brochure which features artist renderings of a project believed to be the new Nano Science and Engineering building on Washington Avenue Extension in Albany N.Y. (EYP design website)

Screen grab from an EYP design brochure which features artist...

 

Artist rendering of new College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering buildings on Western Ave. in Albany, N.Y. The buildings are described as the Nanoelectronics Building (NanoFab West) and the ZEN Building. Each building is 250,000 square feet. (College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering)

Artist rendering of new College of Nanoscale Science and...

 

Artist rendering of new College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering buildings on Washington Avenue Extension in Albany N.Y. The buildings are described as the Nanoelectronics Building (NanoFab West) and the ZEN Building. Each building is 250,000 square feet. (College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering)

Artist rendering of new College of Nanoscale Science and...

 

Artist rendering of new College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering buildings on Washington Ave. in Albany, N.Y. The buildings are described as the Nanoelectronics Building (NanoFab West) and the ZEN Building. Each building is 250,000 square feet. (EYP Design)

Artist rendering of new College of Nanoscale Science and...

 

Artist rendering of new College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering buildings on Washington Ave. in Albany, N.Y. The buildings are described as the Nanoelectronics Building (NanoFab West) and the ZEN Building. Each building is 250,000 square feet. (College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering)

Artist rendering of new College of Nanoscale Science and...

 

Construction under way on the newest NanoTech buildings at Fuller Road and Wasington Ave Extention in Albany,NY Thursday Sept.15, 2011. ( Michael P. Farrell/Times Union)

Construction under way on the newest NanoTech buildings at Fuller...

 

Construction under way on the newest NanoTech buildings at Fuller Road and Wasington Ave Extention in Albany,NY Thursday Sept.15, 2011. ( Michael P. Farrell/Times Union)

Construction under way on the newest NanoTech buildings at Fuller...

 

Construction under way on the newest NanoTech buildings at Fuller Road and Wasington Ave Extention in Albany,NY Thursday Sept.15, 2011. ( Michael P. Farrell/Times Union)

Construction under way on the newest NanoTech buildings at Fuller...

 

Construction under way on the newest NanoTech buildings at Fuller Road and Wasington Ave Extention in Albany,NY Thursday Sept.15, 2011. ( Michael P. Farrell/Times Union)

Construction under way on the newest NanoTech buildings at Fuller...

  

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ALBANY -- The massive building now rising amid a shroud of secrecy at the University at Albany's nanotech complex is part of a major push by the semiconductor industry to develop the next generation of computer chip manufacturing.

 

School officials have refused to discuss the project even as the frame of the complex takes shape after months of work. The school never held a groundbreaking, released design details or disclosed the cost of the project -- or its source of funding.

 

But while public discussion of the intent and scope of the project has been muted, it remains a highly ambitious effort to change the way the microprocessors are made. If the venture succeeds, it will place Albany at the center of the worldwide semiconductor industry.

 

Renderings and other documents obtained by the Times Union show a dramatic, 500,000-square-foot structure that will nearly double the size of the existing College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering campus. The project, to be built in two phases, is rising opposite Washington Avenue Extension from the existing campus.

 

Officials from Sematech, the computer chip research consortium headquartered at the NanoCollege, have touted the expansion to insiders in recent months, describing the effort to move the industry from making chips on 12-inch, or 300 millimeter silicon wafers, to 18-inch, or 450 millimeter wafers.

 

The move could revolutionize the way chips are made by drastically reducing costs while increasing output.

 

A small-scale 450mm research program has been operated by the International Sematech Manufacturing Initiative, a Sematech program that has received millions of dollars in state funding. NanoCollege officials called it a "limited seed program" only two months ago.

 

But presentations made at semiconductor conferences around the world by Sematech CEO Dan Armbrust and Paolo Gargini, director of technology strategy at chip giant Intel Corp., show that the 450mm program is poised to grow significantly here.

 

The focal point is a 45,000-square-foot clean room being built as part of the first phase of the NanoCollege project, which is located on an 11-acre, state-owned parcel between Interstate 90 and Washington Avenue Extension.

 

Gargini showed numerous photos of the Albany construction project in July at SemiconWest, an annual conference held each year in San Francisco for companies that make computer chip manufacturing equipment, also known as "tools."

 

Jonathan Davis, an executive with SEMI, the trade group that organizes the conference, said Gargini's presentation was "intended to bolster confidence in the seriousness of efforts to proceed with 450mm" research and development.

 

Neither Armbrust nor Gargini could be reached for comment.

 

Officials have only said the project will include space for "green energy" research and a federally funded solar manufacturing research consortium announced back in April.

 

School spokesman Steve Janack has repeatedly declined to answer questions about the new building, which is called NanoFab X or NanoFab West in some renderings.

 

"Is this the story du jour?" Janack asked Thursday, referring to previous Times Union articles seeking to describe the construction and its purpose.

 

Renderings presented by Armbrust, Gargini and others show that a similarly sized, 250,000-square-foot building built closer to Fuller Road and dedicated to clean energy research would be part of a second phase of construction.

 

The buildings would be connected by a giant glass rotunda, renderings show, and a pedestrian bridge would rise over Washington Avenue Extension and connect the old campus with the new. (The county is planning to move the roadway to the north in 2012, allowing for a contiguous NanoCollege campus.)

 

EYP Architecture and Engineering is the project's designer. The firm, which is based at the college's $7 billion campus, in promotional materials touts the first building as being designed for the "most sophisticated next generation computer chip manufacturing tool in the world."

 

Renderings and some other details about the nanofab project were obtained from various industry websites. None were provided by the NanoCollege.

 

Gov. Andrew Cuomo's office did not return a call seeking comment.

 

Reach Larry Rulison at 454-5504 or at lrulison@timesunion.com.

       

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Photo caption:

From left – Mark Lankester, Group CEO of Tune Hotels; Hon. Dr Denis Napthine, Premier of Victoria; Tan Sri Tony Fernandes, Co-Founder of Tune Group; Stuart Myerscough, Commercial Manager Australia of AirAsia X unveiling the opening price of Tune Hotel Melbourne.

  

NEWS RELEASE

 

MELBOURNE – THE WORLD’S MOST LIVEABLE CITY MAY HAVE JUST GOT BETTER!

Tune Hotel Melbourne opening November with A$49* launch rate

 

KUALA LUMPUR, 17 June 2013 - International hotel group Tune Hotels today announced the pre-opening sale of its first Australian property in Melbourne and that the city will serve as its operational headquarters for the Australia and New Zealand region.

 

The announcement was made here today by Mark Lankester, the Group CEO of Tune Hotels in the presence of the visiting Premier of Victoria, Honourable Dr Denis Napthine. Also present was Co-Founder of Tune Group, who is also Group CEO of AirAsia, Tan Sri Tony Fernandes.

 

Tune Hotel Melbourne at 609 Swanston Street, Carlton is conveniently located next to the University of Melbourne, just two streets away from popular Lygon Street and minutes to Melbourne’s Central Business District (CBD). The 225-room property will open for customers on 1 November 2013.

 

To celebrate its arrival, Tune Hotel Melbourne is offering an attractive room rate from just A$49* (US$46 / RM157) per night. The promotion is offered exclusively online at www.tunehotels.com and guests have the option to choose and pay only for amenities that they require.

 

Bookings can be made from 18 June until 28 June 2013 for stays between 1 November 2013 and 31 March 2014, subject to availability of rooms. A total of 1,000 rooms will be made available at that price.

 

Dr Napthine said: “Melbourne’s new Tune Hotel would open its doors in Melbourne’s CBD in November to coincide with Victoria’s world-famous Spring Racing Carnival.”

 

Dr Napthine also welcomed the decision by Tune Hotels to set up its Australia and New Zealand Operational Headquarters in Melbourne. “Together, the investment is expected to create up to 100 jobs.”

 

The Premier is currently leading around 300 Victorian businesses and 450 delegates on a Super Trade Mission to South East Asia. Kuala Lumpur is the mission’s first stop before moving on to other key Asean cities – Singapore, Jakarta, Bangkok, Manila, and Hanoi, among others.

 

In a recent ranking of the world's "most liveable" cities, Melbourne took the number one spot for the second year running. The city was awarded perfect marks for education, healthcare, and infrastructure by the Economist Intelligence Unit.

 

As Australia’s events capital, Melbourne boasts a rich calendar of theatre, sporting and cultural events. Blockbuster annual events include the Australian Open Tennis Championship, Formula One Grand Prix, Spring Racing Carnival, Melbourne Food & Wine Festival, and more.

 

Melbourne is a romantic, stylish, cosmopolitan city with a European feel and hidden city laneways and arcades for visitors to discover hidden treasures, cafes, boutiques, bars and restaurants. The city is also the gourmet capital of Australia with award-winning chefs and a diverse cuisine with unique settings, provincial specialties and world class wine regions within easy access of the city.

 

A range of diverse travel experiences are available within easy reach of Melbourne in regional Victoria. Whether it’s skiing the Victorian Alps, reclining on picture postcard beaches, sampling award-winning wines or unwinding in luxurious day spas, regional Victoria is replete with immersive experiences year-round.

 

To add to the celebration, long-haul low cost airline AirAsia X is also running a joint promotion where a one-way flight seat from Kuala Lumpur to Melbourne is going from as low as RM329**. Guests have until 23 June 2013 to make a booking for travel between 15 November 2013 and 31 March 2014, subject to the availability of seats. Also on offer are Fly Thru services from Jakarta-Melbourne (from IDR 1,459,000** one-way) and Bangkok-Melbourne (from THB 5,890** one-way), allowing guests to seamlessly connect via Kuala Lumpur.

 

Guests who would like to travel with extra comfort may also fly on AirAsia X’s Premium Flatbed seats from as low as RM2, 299** from Kuala Lumpur to Melbourne. AirAsia X was the first long-haul, low fare carrier to introduce Premium Flatbed seats, which have standard business class specifications of 20” width, 60” pitch and stretch out to 77” in full recline position. Premium seat guests also enjoy premium complimentary products and services including Pick A Seat, Priority Check-in, Priority Boarding, Priority Baggage, 25kg Baggage Allowance, Complimentary Meal and Pillow & Duvet. For more information and flight bookings, please visit airasia.com.

 

Tan Sri Tony Fernandes said: “AirAsia X had been serving the Melbourne route for more than four years now and it is one of our best-selling. I am very pleased that Tune Hotels will now have its presence in Melbourne to give visitors to this wonderful city a truly compelling accommodation alternative. We are sure the Australian market will welcome and embrace Tune Hotels just as they did AirAsia X.”

 

Commenting on Melbourne as Tune Hotels’ Operational HQ for Australia and New Zealand, Group CEO Mark Lankester said: “We are very excited about Tune Hotel Melbourne as it marks our growing brand’s entry into Australia and New Zealand. Melbourne will be the location for our HQ overseeing Australia and New Zealand operations, working in conjunction with the corporate office in Kuala Lumpur. Given our long term plans for the region, the Australia and New Zealand HQ will be staffed relevantly to oversee and provide central support to Tune Hotels’ properties in Australia and New Zealand.”

 

“And to celebrate in true Tune Hotels style, we’re offering travellers one of the lowest room rates seen in central Melbourne for years. Tune Hotels is all about offering a great night’s sleep at a great price. Tune Hotel Melbourne will serve domestic business and leisure travellers and visitors from abroad who are looking for great comfort just minutes from Melbourne’s CBD without paying the usual exorbitant rates,” added Lankester.

 

The basic room rate at Tune Hotel Melbourne is already inclusive of air-conditioning and and/or heating. For an additional A$10, guests will get a pair of towels and toiletry kits and enjoy high-speed wireless broadband and Foxtel TV entertainment.

 

Tune Hotel Melbourne features an indoor courtyard, a recreational lounge, a restaurant, café/ convenience store, luggage storage, self-service launderette and computer kiosks. It is also equipped with a basement car park, something unusual for city centre hotels in Australia.

 

The hotel is just two streets away from Lygon Street, more famously known as Little Italy. The central business district, Melbourne Central Train Station and QV Melbourne; one of Melbourne's finest retail, dining and entertainment precincts, is only two tram stops away.

 

Tune Hotels provides international-class high-quality accommodation which focuses on key essentials but minus the generally underused facilities found in other hotels such as swimming pools, business centres and gymnasiums. By doing away with these costly and high-maintenance facilities, Tune Hotels is able to pass on savings to its guests in the form of super low room rates. Its pay-as-you-use concept lets travellers choose and pay only for amenities that they require to keep costs down, reduce waste and save energy.

 

All Tune hotels feature space-efficient, streamlined rooms focusing on high-quality basics: 5-star beds and powerful hot showers. The strategically located hotels provide housekeeping services, electronic keycard access into rooms, extensive CCTV systems, and no access into the main lobby without a keycard past midnight for extra security.

 

The group has received almost five million guests since the opening of its first hotel in Downtown Kuala Lumpur in 2007. Tune Hotels has one hotel in India, 11 in Malaysia, five in the UK, and four each in the Philippines, Thailand and Indonesia. The company is set to open another property in Japan this year while future projects are planned in the Middle East, Europe and Africa.

 

Tune Hotels is part of Tune Group, a lifestyle business conglomerate co-founded by Tony Fernandes and Kamarudin Meranun, who are the Group CEO and Deputy Group CEO respectively of Asia’s largest low cost carrier AirAsia.

 

For real-time updates and promotion alerts, guests can stay connected with Tune Hotels via Facebook at www.facebook.com/tunehotelsAUS and on Twitter via www.twitter.com/tunehotels.

 

For booking and further information, visit www.tunehotels.com.

  

* Rooms at promotional rates are limited and subject to availability. Promotional rates are limited to double rooms, exclude peak periods, available only on specific dates and only for bookings made via www.tunehotels.com. Advertised rate includes GST and is for room only (excludes comfort package (WiFi, Towel & toiletries and TV) and all optional add-ons). Bookings that are made at the promotional price are strictly non-refundable or changeable. Booking period is 18 June 2013 - 28 June 2013, or until promotional rooms are sold out. Stay period is 1 Nov 2013 to 31 March 2014. No additional charges for booking payments made using PayPal. Additional charges may apply for online bookings paid using credit and debit cards. All amounts are in Australian dollars unless stated otherwise. Refer to www.tunehotels.com for other applicable terms and conditions.

 

** Promo fares include airport taxes and fees (all-in fares). Flights and fares are subject to availability and are for one-way travel only.

  

-ENDS-

About Tune Hotels & Tune Group

Tune Hotels is part of the lifestyle business conglomerate Tune Group that was founded by Tan Sri Tony Fernandes and Dato’ Kamarudin Meranun. Tune Hotels seeks to innovate and revolutionise the way services are made available and has employed efficient web-based technologies to reach and engage its customers, presenting a unique lifestyle opportunity. All Tune Hotels’ properties feature space-efficient, streamlined rooms focusing on high-quality basics: a five-star bed, powerful hot showers and energy-conserving ceiling fans along with housekeeping services, electronic keycard access into rooms, CCTV surveillance, and 24-hour security. The Tune Group of companies are Tune Air (a substantial shareholder of AirAsia), Tune Hotels, Tune Money (holding company of Tune Insurance), Tune Talk, Tune Box, Tune Studios, Tune Tones, Caterham F1 Team, Queens Park Rangers Football Club (QPR) and Educ8 Group (owner of Epsom College in Malaysia).

  

About AirAsia X Berhad

AirAsia X is the low-cost, long-haul affiliate carrier of the AirAsia Group that currently flies to destinations in China, Australia, Taiwan, Korea, Japan, Nepal and the Middle East. The airline currently serves 14 destinations across Asia (Tokyo, Osaka, Seoul, Taipei, Beijing, Hangzhou, Chengdu, Shanghai and Kathmandu), Australia (Sydney, Melbourne, Perth and Gold Coast) and the Middle East (Jeddah) with flights to an additional destination, namely Busan, commencing in July 2013. AirAsia X operates a fleet of 10 Airbus A330-300s, each with a seat configuration of 12 Premium Flatbeds and 365 Economy seats. The airline has carried over 9 million guests since it commenced long-haul in 2007. Our vision is to further solidify our position as the global leader in low-cost, long-haul aviation and create the first global multi-hub low-cost carrier network along with other carriers of the AirAsia Group.

 

More photos can be downloaded from www.flickr.com/tunehotels.

  

Media enquiries:

 

MALAYSIA & INTERNATIONAL

Cymantha Sothiar

Mobile: +6012 3153638

Email: cymantha@tunehotels.com

 

AUSTRALIA

Brenton Gibbs

Tel: +61 (0)419 828 440

Email: brenton@crookgroup.com.au

 

A fairly quiet day - got Mum up and dressed, I had a bath, we had lunch. In the afternoon, I went to Olive's to check all OK (she was out at Peggy Dodd Centre), and found a Post Office card re. underpayment on an article of postage. I picked it up later on, and it was a Christmas and birthday card from Olive's brother-in-law. It was worth paying the collection fee though, as it also had a cheque inside. I also collected Mum's medications etc from the pharmacy. Not a very exciting New Year's Eve, but there you go - goodbye 2013!

ift.tt/1wzzX1w

 

Windows 9 Threshold: All you need to know about the next Windows

 

When is the Windows 9 release date and how will Windows 9 differ from Windows 8? Read on as we explore potential Windows 9 release dates, leaked Windows 9 screenshots and how the Windows 9 Start Menu looks set to change, hopefully for the better. (Last Update: 16 Sep)

Windows 9 is the most important software release in Microsoft's history. Among the many things Microsoft needs to sort out is the Windows 9 Start Menu, but there's more to it than that. There are also debates about how Microsoft will sell Windows 9, with some kind of subscription model a possibility.

Whatever Microsoft has planned, we don't have long to find out what it is. Official invites have gone out to 'Join us to hear about what's next for Windows and the enterprise' on 30 September.

Microsoft's ambition for Windows 9 is apparently that it needs a "deeply personal, universally human way of operating". For one thing, this will likely mean integrating Microsoft's Cortana digital assistant.

Windows 9 Release Date: When is Windows 9 coming out?

 

There are a few schools of thought on the Windows 9 release date. One suggests it's planned for April 2015. This is a reasonably safe bet for a few reasons, including Microsoft's desire to shorten the gaps between releases, and the fact the original report came from respected Microsoft reporter Paul Thurrot.

Reasons against this theory include that there was no serious mention of Windows 9 at the BUILD 2014 conference, Microsoft's annual developers conference. Microsoft did show a sneak peek of a new Start Menu, but not much else.

 

Another view suggests Microsoft is actually planning a much earlier launch. Renowned Russian pirate group WZOR, a notorious source of verified Microsoft tips in the past, recently tweeted that it believed the Windows 9 launch was coming much sooner, with an RTM (Release To Manufacturing) release towards the end of this year.

If this were the case, however, we'd expect to have heard a lot details by now, and it's possible WZOR's sources referred to the expected Windows 8 update planned for later this year and not Windows 9 itself.

More recently, reports suggested that Windows 9 will be delayed later into 2015 due to another update to Windows 8.1. This would push the Windows 9 release date to June 2015 as opposed to the planned April 2015.

Hopefully, Microsoft's 30 September event will clear all this detail up.SEE ALSO: Surface Pro 3 vs Surface Pro 2

Windows 9 Start Menu: What will it look like?

 

Most of the discussion about Windows 9 thus far has focused on the Windows 9 Start Menu and what changes Microsoft is expected to make to it. Indeed, Microsoft has fueled this by releasing the following early concept of what the future Start Menu will look like.SEE ALSO: Android 5.0 release date, news and rumours

  

The Start Menu is returning in a serious way – it won't just open the full 'Modern UI' as seen in the most recent Windows 8.1 update. Instead, it looks as though Microsoft will integrate elements of that UI, such as Live Tiles, into it.

 

Windows 9 Beta/Preview: When will the Windows 9 Preview be released?

 

As noted earlier, a Windows 9 Beta this year is looking increasingly likely. This would give Microsoft plenty of time to gather user feedback ahead of a full release, and hopefully generate some goodwill from hardcore users who could influence regular consumers.

Like previous Windows previews, we'd expect the Windows 9 Preview to be open to everyone with the usual caveats that you need to know what you're doing to install it. Fundamentally, though, the main changes are likely to be visual rather than structural, so it's unlikely to have any problems with drivers and other common snags from previous Windows betas. If you can run Windows 8 smoothly, the Windows 9 preview should be fine.

Windows 9 Features: Could Cortana be a key part of Windows 9?

 

Cortana, in case you mised her/it, is the digital assistant that Microsoft introduced to Windows Phone 8.1. Recently, two separate reports confirm that the system is coming to Windows 9. This would essentially add voice search, and other voice activated interactions, right into Windows 9.

This idea is also consistent with a recently leaked poster (see below) that refers to the need to make Windows 9 "deeply personal". Adding a personal assistant like Cortana seems like a good way to kickstart that idea.

Windows 9 Price: Could Windows 9 be subscription based?

 

We don't know this for certain yet, but it's reasonably clear that Windows 9 will see a change in how Microsoft sells Windows 9 and that the Windows 9 price may be significantly lower than previous releases.

The two sources for information on this topic are WZOR (again) and respected journalist, and Microsoft expert, Mary Jo Foley. WZOR believes the base operating system will be free, with certain features costing extra as part of a subscription. This could take the form of enterprise features costing extra in a similar manner to Office 365.

Foley, meanwhile, believes that Windows 9 will be free, but only without the desktop. This is somewhat consistent with current Microsoft policy whereby products of a certain size or price are effectively exempt from the licensing fee, though how Microsoft would charge for desktop versions and what it would charge remain up for debate.

These two ideas aren't necessary mutually exclusive, either, and clearly show that discussions within Microsoft are ongoing.

As noted earlier, a recent leaked Microsoft document refers to 'Windows 365' and thus adds further fuel to the idea that Windows could have a subscription-based future. It seems unlikely, to us at least, that Microsoft would make such a radical change immediately, making the WZOR assertion of a subscription for certain features far more likely.

 

Windows 9 Screenshots: What else is new?

 

The above screenshot is the only official concept for a future Windows release at present, but it includes a few more clues than just what the Windows 9 Start Menu will look like.Here you can see a Metro app and Desktop app on the desktop

Chief among these clues is the ability to pin 'Metro' apps to the taskbar and open them inside traditional desktop Windows. Arguably this is a more serious and more useful change than an updated Start Menu.

One of the many criticisms of the Modern Start Screen seen in Windows 8 is it forced people to use full screen apps when it wasn't necessary. This idea works fine on a tablet, but it doesn't make much sense when you're using a 24-inch (or more) monitor. This change would allow more users to enjoy the benefits of these apps without the drawbacks.

What we want to see in Windows 9

 

Besides what we already know to be coming, there are few things we'd really like Microsoft to sort out for Windows 9Better support for High DPI monitors

Currently, Windows 8 is rubbish on high DPI displays, such as the 3,200 x 1,800 resolution display found on the Samsung Ativ Book 9 Plus or the 10-inch, 1080p screen on the Surface Pro 2. One these devices, desktop apps often have implausibly small text or UI elements, which completely defeats the object of having nice, crisp high DPI screens.Fewer hidden UI elements

One of the more irritating habits of Windows 8 was using hidden elements, such as hot corners, to access certain features. Again, many of these ideas worked great on tablets, but were an utter pain on laptops and PCs.More Metro apps

An obvious one, this. Even now the Windows Store lacks a little depth beyond the big names, and it's an area that needs to improve. Unifying the app process between Windows Phone and Windows 9 would help this, and it's widely believed to be what Microsoft is working on.Reduced OS size

Windows remains a somewhat bloated operating system. That's fine if you're using an old-school PC, but on an Ultrabook or tablet with limited space, handing over 30GB or so to the OS is a major pain.

Read more at ift.tt/1wzzX1C

 

During my four years in the UK, my bank was Barclays. For the most part, as an international student, they were about as good as one could expect. When new people would come to town and try to get a bank account, the result would be crazy horror stories about the hoops they had to jump through to get one (Barclays included). Now, there was a standard fee of £5 a month just to have the account. Why? Because international students can't be trusted and therefore must be made to pay extra fees.

 

Ok, but other than that stupid fee, I really had no bones with Barclays.

 

Until I had to close my account because I was leaving the UK for good. When I went into the branch, it was like I asked for the keys to the vault. The local managers had no idea how to do it. They had to call the head office to find out how...which required a written letter declaring my wish to cancel my account. So I had them fax the letter to their head office and the branch office kept a record of the cancellation in their 'dead accounts' filing cabinet.

 

This was August. Sometime in January, I got a statement from Barclays that showed my account in deficit. They hadn't closed it, but continued to charge the monthly fee...and once the account was in the red, an additional fee for overdraft. Several 'double-u, tea, F' series of correspondence ensued.

 

Today, April 5th, I finally got a letter saying that my account had been closed. Needless to say, Barclays is now cross-shredded and in the bin (trash).

  

For some humour related to being 'binned', just put the word into YouTube and you can watch British school children putting each other into trash cans. I guess that's funny.

 

(Yes the image was edited. Though the account is closed, the internet doesn't need to know my former bank details.) 25%

Title: Illinois Agricultural Association record [microform]

Identifier: 5060538.1923-1930

Year: 1923 (1920s)

Authors: Illinois Agricultural Association; Illinois Agricultural Association. Record

Subjects: Agriculture -- Illinois

Publisher: Mendota, Ill. : The Association

Contributing Library: University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign

Digitizing Sponsor: University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign

  

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Page 2 The Illinoi» Agricukural Assooation Record September 26, 192S Septe I LiLilNOiS CCLTVBAL ASSOCIA RECORD' Published every other Saturday by the Illinois AKrIcultural As> toclatlon, 608 Soutb Dearborn Street, Cblcago, Illinois. Edited by Department of Information, Harry C. Butcber, Director. Entered as second class matter Oct. 10, 1921, at the post office at Chicago, Illinois, under the act of March I, 1879. Acceptance for mailing at special rates of postage provided for In Section not, Act of October 3, 1917, aatborUed Oct. II, l»tl. The individual membership fee of tbe Illinois AjTlcaltaral ▲•• sociation Is five dollars a year. The fee includes payaaeat mt fifty cents for su.bscriptlon to the Illinois Ajrrleultural Asso- ciation RSCOBD. Postmaster: In returning an nnoalled-for or satssent eopy, please indicate key number on address as is required by lair. OFFICERS Preatdent, S. H. Tbompaon, Qnlney. Vice-President, H. K. Goembel, Hooppole. Treasnrer, R. A. CowIm, Bloomiactaa r 8«crecai7, Geo. A. Fox, Bjcamorab EXECmTVE OOMMirrEB B]r Congresaioiuil District* 1st to Mith Wllllun Webb, Route One, Jollet IStk..!.. O. F. Tulleck. Rockferd UtK..I , C E. Bamborough, Pole 14th.. I W. H. Moody, Port Byron 1»th.., B. H. Tsylor, Rapatce 1««i.., A. R. Wriaht, V»m« 17th.., F. D. Barton, Cornell 1tth..L R. F. Karr, Iroquola 1>th. .f J. L. Whisnand, Charleston aOth..l Earl C. Smith, Oetrolt 21at Samuel Sorrells, Raymond 22nd.. Stanly Castle, Alton 2Srd..l W. L. Cops, Salem 24th..1 Curt Anderson, Xenia 2Sth..l R. K. Loomis, Makanda Directors of Depiurtments, I. Co.operatlve Accounting Dairy Marketing Finance Fruit and Vegetable Marketing General Office..; Grain Marketing Information Legal Counsel Live Stock Marketing Organisation j Phosphate-Llmestsn* Poultry and Egg Marketing Taxatiea and SUtlstlcs Transportation A. A. Office Geo. R. Wicker A. D. Lynch R. A, Cowles A. B. Lssper J. H. Kelker Chester C. Oavis Harry C. Butcher ...Donald Kirkpatriok Wm, E. Hedgcock , O. E. Metzger J. R. Bent ....'.... F. A. Geugler J. C. Watson L. J. Suaaey THB Racesa'i FLATFOItM Advaue* (he purpose for whidi ih» Farm Bwmu ■*•• erfamseA ■—i/j, 10 fnwtof, frouet mid nprmnt th» hrntinm, teouowue, meial md tiacmtia/ul iMersste of lfc# fmmtn of Ittiaoit wd iho mmiom, omd to develop egricobare. The Epidemic of Proeperity Feoer For the past two months both city and country news- papers have been publishing news stories and editorials heraliiiiift the return of prosperity to mid-western farm- ers. With true newspaper optimism we have read' of the Ixniiper crops and hifrher prices. It has been said that the farnicT is now in a better financial condition than al any time sinee the World War. It i^^ true that the eeoaomic condition of the farmer is improieil and it l«riiio skilfully built. It is the purpose of the pl«>sident of the American Federation of Labor to ^"bn^iig these facts to the attention of Congress, and to fflsi^st in the name of the working people of America that the textile manufacturers who have in- augurated and carried out a policy of wage-reduc- ILLIl Bl tions shall be deprived of special privileges and spe- ■ » cial benefits which they have enjoyed-from high-' tariff protection. These are ominous words, viewed from the self-inter- est of the eastern manufacturer, but no more disturbing than the mutter of similar opinions arising from the, great surplus crop producing areas of the corn belt and the Northwest. Men and women of the farms have a. clearer view of the tariff and of other devices in the American protective system than they had a few years- ago. "They understand them as interferences with tl^ natural economic law in the interest of special industrifr groups. The labor leader's letter, with a slight change or two,- expresses the conclusion which many a combelt farmer has reached as he has wTestled with his problems since 1920. ' Congress has heard by no means the last of the slogan' "Equality for Agriculture," as expressing the demand that if the protective principle is to be maintained ip this' country, an extension of its effects must be made to. cover the great surplus crops of the farm. H. A. W^allaee, editor of Wallace's Parmer and son" of the late secretary of agriculture, Henry C. Wallace,, referred to the possibility of forcing a reduction in pro- tective tariffs in his address at the annual I. A. A. picnic," Taylorville, in which he said: So far as I know now the Dickinson bill will take the place of the McNary-Haugen bill this next win- ter. A determined effort will be made to put it across. If it fails, the next step will be to'open a de- termined fight on those taiiiffis which are keeping out manufactured products from Europe, A fight for the reduction of tariffs on imported manu- factuFedTjproducts would be a drastic measure. How- J" that i ever, -if^the commercial interests of this country willf ^'^'f''? ., .«, , 1... • and m not recognize the voice of the rural population, it is pos-r ^q 30 sible that such a battle may be wag«d***iing the coming | still it session of Congress. "^ * \ sbipnie disastrous to the morale of the -farmer to have freight rates advanced before he has recovered from post-war condi- tions—L. M. .Swansey. President. Stephenson County Farm Bu reau. Freeport. i agricul are reci perc« ■ bich I ''•ir, the this de 'tail as of the of and ,was scj the Shi one or Visit( H. J teeni^n reau ar Farmer Illiopoli son; J. ager, I change, E. A. 1 |vator E the Mi< 'F. Nattl A. J. Si clan, Sp: Obelens Veadem Oisen, . ■\gricul( ashini JOHN THINKER AND EPIDERMIS FLINT. *'Ep" Has Joined but Still Kicking. MIRANDI KNOWS. ' IJVST WEEK I JOINED THE C^RM BURFAO . N I'UU XA KE A FEW OF THOS YOU'VE BCE1S T7M-KIN& MIRANDI TELLS i^e -rov l-u6 PRINTS /«r-:s»''> went S.UPPOSCD TO KNONM CVEUVTWINS , WH>VT THBY EETJ IS EFFIC(e<<4CV . NOW IF THEY Ron that Ooinx Like I RON My parm TTkEY-'O eCX RE&UL-T&

 

Text Appearing After Image:

WHAT DO 1 GET OUT- OF IT ? MIRANDI ? I THOOO-HT "H-IAT ADVI WOULD COME AROUND ANO HELP ME . YOU URqBO riE" To O

  

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You daren't publish this but I'll take a rain check.

I don’t know what kind of demons elected Peter King as Member of the U.S. House of Representatives and as Chairman of the United States House Committee on Homeland Security. This man is mad. Peter King lures, extorts and bribes Anglosexual Geographical Muslims, Creditcards Fugitive, Urban Rejects and Traitors who fled our sewers to surface in USA to show up and testify before Handpicked Corrupt Congressmen off the Controversial Homeland Security Committee that TERRORISM is ISLAM. Peter King need to raid mosque now to franchise bombing NFL, Grammy, Tony, Mann Grauman's, Broadway anywhere were innocent festive Americans having good time. Peter King lost his mind. He’s a fool. Talk to your enemy crackpot. Stop talking to your enemies’ enemy. Learn Arabic for change. Quit listening to Televangelist & Zionazi endangered species that ain’t able to identify Quran from Bhagavad Gita. Here’s the deal... Pat Robertson found 50 verses in Quran orders Merovingian to bomb Americans who quit Monsanto. Don’t you get? Pete. Quarter of Planet Earth at large is saying: UP YOU. PETER KING they gonna do it again and again to piss you off. Get them to your committee. Talk to them before it’s too late. Think about your seat next terms. You are the only one who’s self radicalized and needs help to stay at Capitol. You stand no chance before Teeebaagerzz floodgate that looking forward to get you attractive seat. You’re getting old, ugly and dumb. STOP POLITICAL CORRECTNESS. SHUT UP PETE. PROFILING MY ✡SS

I crave for Unprecedented Israeli honesty once in my life. I am stunned. Israel nuke-like Bombing Assad. This is too honest to believe. I need more time to trust Israel. I meant, I needed to see more bombing to take Israel seriously. Israelis has no guts to stand my remarks – they are ready to drop-out everything outta hand and go and kill anyone who they disagrees with - A liter of blood for droplet of ink. How the hell Israelis will have the courage to aid McCain germs in Syria. As I probed Mediawhores underground. I firmly believe that Assad, Hezbollah, Iran, Turkey & Israel warring factions are Kafkaesque Brotberuf can’t be trusted. Every Muslim enjoyed watching Assad, Hezbollah & Iran using chemical weapons & WMD to commit genocides against hundreds of thousands of Muslim elders, women & children condemning Israelis while bedding their women outta godless monotony. This is a Godsend opportunity for Israel to set it right and to redeem esteem of Muslims than Thugocracies. Here’s the deal.. All missiles all over Gush Qatif stopped. It’s a miracle. Its Hezbollah’s call that am waiting.

    

DUBAI AWQAF sacked all mosques cleaners and replaced them by cleaning contractors who use slave workers at $136 per month. Hoping to milking butterflies to save money. These slaves sold everything back home to get into land of plenty. DUBAI AWQAF sequestration introduced new enemies: mosque thieves looting people and charity. Dubai Police Bollywood about finding $1188 hidden in the cleaner's right [foot] sock without either slapping or kicking the poor fellow was immaculate.

Assata Shakur first woman named on FBI most wanted terror list! Who are you kidding? Losers. Booooooooh. FBI ain’t clever to get Joanne Chesimard latest Mugshot. Does FBI have any Dignity & Pride left? Assata Shakur proved to whole world that FBI is Parasitic White-Elephant. Good for nothing but HOTAIR and must immediately moved from New York to Indian Reservations or Beirut. Single handedly she outfoxed FBI for 40 years. Cuba fostered her as Freedom-Fighter not as the Most Wanted Terrorist as FBI alleged. Cuba granted Assata Shakur the political asylum that usually granted to heads of states. There’s no Indy source proves that Assata Shakur is Guilty of any crime dramatized by Hollywood. It’s dirty politics. She ain’t black enough to get whites justice. Here’s the good news... Assata Shakur is grown up, she’s 65, and she ain’t miss USA. It ain’t home no mo. it’s just bad memory. I thought you should know that she quit watching Thelma & Louise all over and ALLOVER again in Havana, she’s ready to come clean on three conditions that ONE: FBI quit voodoo & TWO: FBI quit bitching about busting her. THREE: FBI must dumb down and give her the promised $2M Reward instead giving it to daydreaming Bounty Hunters. She really earned it. Joanne Chesimard will open a mosque in New Jersey State Prison Trenton and convert all Rastafaris to Episcopals. Then you don’t need to worry about Rednecks converting to Teeebaagerzz. Assata Shakur’s Rastafarian Episcopals will guarantee fair share of pot all over Dixie.

American Sniper: Autobiography of Most Lethal Sniper in U.S. Military History Book by Scott McEwen. (MY ASS) Now that’s fact on Hollywood played by Bradley Cooper. Steven Spielberg is digging his own grave this time. This Zionist really has gone mad. He lost his mind after directing Schindler's List horsemanure. You must be kidding! Spielberg to dramatize Autobiography of Donald Rumsfeld’s TOYBOY Redneck Psycho Mercenary who sported shooting 225 ill-elders, pregnant-women and sleeping-babies in Anbar. Spielberg should direct Assata Shakur autobiography first woman named on FBI most wanted terror list instead. Have we any honor left on planet earth. Chris Kyle used to collect his victims’ ears and fingers as trophies to fortify his wins and dole ‘em to Rumsfeld. Rummy loved to use them as dildos to milk his own prostate. Steven Spielberg is sick as Rumsfeld. Man! I was always wondered - why Spielberg adored shirtless underage boys on his logos. Chris Kyle stood no chance to sniper a rat in Fallujah – kids will hunt him down like fox. He would be dead long-long before he ever unpacked his shotgun. Nice Mugshot though. Watch Kyle’s Body-Language. Ain’t but Failing Photoshop of a damn loser. When it comes to worthying the worthless and glorifying criminals? CNN is FOXNEWS. How would Chris Kyle sleeps? Unless he sniffs ton of crack - Before he takes his life and blame Tsarnaeva Brothers, Chris Kyle was GUNDOWN by a Beer-Lout while shooting scarecrows of Dixie. Obama said yes right away because this movie project must be funded by Saudi Arabia as Schindler's List or else he will have McCain Germs overthrow the Dying Monarchy of Saudi Arabia. Obama draws a precedent here to show how helpless Muslims’ ill-elders, pregnant-women and sleeping-babies sniperd by contract killers if they ever rebel against Thugocracies. This brings me to Saud Alfaisal when he said: ‘I will chop anybody’s finger if he ever pointed at House of Alsaud’. AMERICAN SNIPER movie sends a powerful message to the world: “that’s OK to kill Muslim’s and make a mockery outta ‘em in Hollywood movies”. Wow that’s Good signal for Taliban to bomb movie houses than marathoners. Your tailgates are larger than your hollow skull. Politics is scam not religious conviction. Man. You owe me a confession. You’re thicker than Kyle. Kyle was in Fallujah during Iraq War killing unarmed elders, women & babies not in Dubai. I don't hate you. I enjoy writing back to you. Kyle and you must watched Rich Wyatt he’s quite an inspiration for coach potatoes. Credit goes to FOXNEWS who successfully turn Americans to zombies who shoot at anything moves hoping it’s a Muslim. Let’s brush aside our differences. US MEDIA WHORES are bankrupt during Bush the-Kid era, even Rush Limbaugh ain’t getting enough commercials to run his radio. Aljazeera is buying all those bankruptcies. Who would rehire Sean Hannity or Ann Coulter if they were sacked? Only Obama’s Poodles in my backyard love to hide their loots in US Media Streams that Murdoch rules to Redherring masses. Look how they killed the Second Amendment and Sandy Hook by Boston marathon bombing. America was Falkland for 2 weeks thanks to FOXNEWS.

Quit wikitrash. Thomas Coke Sharp ain’t able to identify Quran from Bhagavad Gita. Here’s the deal... Pat Robertson found 50 verses in Quran orders Merovingian to bomb Americans who quit Monsanto.

Blackwater really hit you. I Am proud. Your haha is immaculate I love sharing hahaha with you if present an Indy source that fortifies you horsemanure. Quit Googledjunk & Wikitrash. Tuntun! MULAYAM Singh Yadav must be nuts or somebody must kept ganja in his Rajni Gandha. Samajwadi Party chief said Chinese army had entered one km inside Indian Territory when he was Defense Minister. "I directed the (Indian) forces to drive them out. We entered four km inside Chinese territory in the process," he claimed. Whether the Shaven Bagwas Sirdar Mulayam is laying or bulling or crowing about. Such statement shouldn’t published especially when Salman Khurshid is meeting Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi Thursday in Beijing to talk about resolving the dispute over the presence of PLA troops in Depsang valley in Ladakh through talks without letting it to "affect" bilateral ties. Wang Yi surely will tell Slaman Khurshid: Since Mulayam Singh Yadav directed the (Indian) forces into china to drive PLA Troops outta Chinese territory and entered four km inside Chinese territory. We ain’t even square. Go To Hell. SALMAN. Mulayam Singh Yadav a Godsend Fool.

Why don’t Dr Gurmanjit Rai, head of department, forensic medicine at civil hospital in Tarn Taran district quit nagging, call Jinnah hospital and request the missing organs stomach, heart, gall bladder and two kidneys than YOUYOUING. Usually organs are removed from any corpse air freighted for burial aboard this is classic routine everywhere. IN RETALIATION Inmate Venod Kumar hit Pakistani Prisoner Sanaullah on the head with brick in the Kot Lakhpat jail. The wretched thing that stroke my head. Sirdarjis were mourning an anonymous busted by Pakistani for being stoopid and kept Indo-Pakistan headline running as cricket more than Narendra Modi Stunt-Show. By the way Modi wanted Delhi to cut it Diplomatic ties with Islamabad for sake of Sarabjit’s blue eyes. What a loser? Say should Delhi take Modi’s advice seriously! Which clowns will be watching before bed to unwind and go to sleep? Lalu Parsad is ma[s]turbating. NOT YOU TUNTUN. SHUT-UP. Looking at Sarabjit’s alas Manjit corpse cremated off course in the presence of Rahul Gandhi the great-grandson of Jawaharlal Nehru who murdered million Punjabis to give Lahore to Jinnah. Don’t be foolish. He’s there to fool Sirdarjis to Congress Next Polling stations. I watched Indian Soldiers Mourning Parade and shooting Blanks in the Air. I almost had heart-attack. They never got a single shot right. Wow! India seriously needs BLACKWATER to guard these poor soldiers if they ever go to war. Back to Sarabjit singh. Why the hell Delhi didn’t take the trouble to prove to Pakistan that Sarabjit ain’t Manjit through DNA Eternal Forensic Game. That will surely keep both probably alive on the media until election is over and every Sirdarji lived happily ever after. MULAYAM Singh Yadav must be nuts or somebody must kept ganja in his Rajni Gandha. Samajwadi Party chief said Chinese army had entered one km inside Indian Territory when he was Defense Minister. "I directed the (Indian) forces to drive them out. We entered four km inside Chinese territory in the process," he claimed. Whether the Shaven Bagwas Sirdar Mulayam is laying or bulling or crowing about. Such statement shouldn’t published especially when Salman Khurshid is meeting Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi Thursday in Beijing to talk about resolving the dispute over the presence of PLA troops in Depsang valley in Ladakh through talks without letting it to "affect" bilateral ties. Wang Yi surely will tell Slaman Khurshid: Since Mulayam Singh Yadav directed the (Indian) forces into China to drive PLA Troops outta Chinese territory and entered four km inside Chinese territory. We ain’t even square. Go To Hell. SALMAN. Mulayam Singh Yadav a Godsend Fool.

I got this in my inbox from the DAILYMAIL: “Celebrations and Jubilations - An Unforgettable Royal Experience” before opening it. I thought this what am waiting for: Oh boy. This is it. This must be the full coverage of Sheikh Khalifa’s Historical State Visit to England. As I hit ‘open’ God Heaven. Buckingham Palace gone for sale from £219pp. Oh My God! Queen Beatrix abdicated Holland thrown to her kid Prince Willem. Where the Hell is the QUEEN of England? She’s supposed to be receiving Abu Dhabi Sheikh as we speak? Oh-No media coverage dark out. It must be bad what’s going on? As matter fact all British headlines focusing on Jason Collins Gay Athlete Benediction by Obama in James S. Brady Press Briefing Room. What about Sheikh Khalifa? Oh I know where I can get his news for sure. Lemme’ hit the sponsored propagandists: KHALEEJTIMES & GULFNEWS. I got it. The usual sponsored slide-show. The Queen stood in the shade while Sheikh Khalifa out inspecting the Beefeaters. I can smell Prince Philips vinegary farts from right here. Akhkheeeh. Poor fellow he got an erection in his pancreas. And then the: BOMB – KABOOOAM from THE INDEPENDENT that put Sheikh Khalifa back on British Headlines. David Cameron confronted Sheikh Khalifa in Ten-Downing-Street to conduct an independent investigation and release immediately 3 Drug Traffickers busted last year for being too stooopid and too dumb vulnerable to be arrested by Dubai Police. Grant Cameron [Irish], Suneet Jeerh [Indian] and Karl Williams [Nigerian] who also happened to hold British passports. THE INDEPENDENT described the trio as Londoners conquistadores on assignment - selling state of art synthetic narcotics to world children in Dubai - apprehended during business hours and they were forced to sign a confession in Arabic or else their rectums will be rammed in Jumeirah Hilton (that’s Britons Executive Branch in al-Aweer Prison). All-that-jazz was in July last year now we’re in May. Damn it 10 months. Rotting in jail for selling drugs? Ain’t fair they are British they’re supposed to be surfing and sipping champagne with Mr. Lawless in Burj al-Arab. Why the hell David Cameron waited that long and treasured his vendetta to extort Sheikh Khalifa now in London, he could settled it on phone. That’s hypocritical. Hold on don’t be foolish. David Cameron exploited Sheikh Khalifa historic visit to Hijack British headlines for his failing tenure at Ten Downing Street. Oh No that crap. I warned you. No conspiracy theory allowed here. I am Truther ain’t BULLSHITTER. He’s meaner than that. David Cameron likes to get even with Queen’s Guest on his mating ground right near his fireplace - where he adds laxative into his guest’s tea to rush him out. Particularly June-disappointments. The HOTAIR that he got NOTHING outta Abu Dhabi overtures. He wanted to tell his guest things his prodigals shielded from him about the unproductive fruitless futile outcome of his June 2012 visit to Abu Dhabi. THE-BIG-FIVE-SHOW paid his fair to Dubai then. Mean Moriarty Moves: David Cameron choked-up Queen’s Guest with useless Drug Dealers’ Dilemma. He hit the jackpot. He got everything. I bet they signed everything David Cameron tossed across. He didn’t needed to raise the Debt-Laden Unprivileged Emarati Activists’ Issue or the Human-Right Violations that yet to be shelved at the right price and the right time. Mind you. We, UAE House over 131,000 overpaid British Unemployables & Bankruptcies Fugitives. I thought you should know that a great chunk of those nagging nutjobs got life insurance policies against David Cameron SCREWUPS with UAE Authorities or being redundant? So who’s the boss Khalifa or Cameron? Let’s pray. O Lord, I beseech thee, let now thine ear be attentive to the prayer of thy servant, because it gave access to the king in those seasons of hilarity when men are.

Ali and India. Pretty genius metaphor. We should know that we have strength, we have stamina, we have bulk, we have presence, reputation and we have history that if someone wants to take few blows at us we will be able to withstand them. Kudos Salman Khurshid! oh by the way here’s 182 Terrorists Organizations based in India. How would Ali Criterion help Delhi to bust them? You kill one they kill hundreds and devastate millions. Never about money its lose change. Here’s some specimens Stipulated hereinbelow: ZRV,ZRA,UPDS,UNLF,UMLFA,ULMA,ULFA,UKLF,UIRA,UILA,UBLF,TTYF,TTYF,TTVF,TTSF,TTDF,TTACF,TSV,TSV,TRRB,TPC,TNRT,TNRF,TNLA,TNDTF,TNA,TMP,TLOF,TLF,TDF,TCF,TATCF,SIMI,SDFT,RNSF,RMC,RJC,PULF,PREPAK,PRA,PLF-M,PLA,NSCN-K,NSCNI-M,NSCN-IM,NNC-Adino,NMT,NLFT,NEMF,NDFB,MVF,MULTA,MULFA,MTF,MSF,MSCA,MPLF,MLTA,MLA,LTTE,KZF,KYKL,KSF,KRPC,KRLO,KRF,KRA,KPF,KNV,KNV,KNO,KNF,KNA,KNA,KLO,KLF,KLF,KLA,KKK,KIF,KIA,KDF,KCP,KCF,KAF,IURPI,ISYF,ISS,Isak-Muivah,IRPA,IRF,INF,ILAA,IKL,HULA,HRF,HPC-D,HPC,HNLC,GTF,DHD,CPI-ML-Janashakti,CPI-Maoist,CKRF,BVYLF,BTFK,BTF,BNCT,BMS,BLTF,BKI,BCF,ATVF,ATTF,ATNF,ATLO,ATBSF,ATBR,ASF,AS,ANVC,AISSF,ADF,ABNES,AAASS, ADINO

I said on Apr 19, 2013 Bravo Jane. You’re really my girl. Welcome to Lee Harvey Oswald World.

Ron Paul is dead-right when he said that USA is a Third World Banana Republic. FBI UNINDEXED clashing Testimonies to jab published ground truth is outrageous. FBI is forcing everyone to LIE even in Yesterday’s President Obama’s 48 minutes answers in James S. Brady Press Briefing Room. Please invite some Black-belt Body-Linguists to watch Obama’s body-language in James S. Brady Press Briefing Room. Focus on when he says “I talk to Putin” watch his eyes. Oh by the way! I picked a new phenomenon from Obama: ‘Self-Radicalized” as ‘self-charged battery.’ Back to FBI: FBI Testimonies are on my radar since Christmas Bomber. FBI become another MOKHABARAT (Secret Police) in my backyard. I have no doubt that FBI finish product ain’t authored by Qualified Patriot Americans but by our WORST Urban Rejects who fled our Sewers to strike rich in the Wild Wet West. People stood no chance of any success in our backyard how the hell they will be added-value assets and will add intelligence to FBI. On the contrary their effect is obvious - negative now as I can see; they really brought FBI intelligence down to earth that they don’t worthy my respect. Look at BMB. A representative specimen of FBI SCREWUPS. FBI said that they interviewed Tamerlan in Makhachkala and let him go to bomb Boston Marathoners: ‘typical Arabic. Oh No! He entered USA by spelling error. Really.’ That’s ain’t FBI that I seen in Denzel Washington movie but sounds typical Maronite Phalangists, Hezbollah, Egyptian Copt, Iranian Pedarsag, Sardarji, Guajarati, Bihari, Iraqi-Shiite, Kurd or Alawite they got great motive just settling their old account in USA courtesy of American taxpayers by snaking Tsarnaeva to fool FBI for living. Zubeidat Tsarnaeva told FBI go to hell! They did big time. Once FBI realized that ‘Misha’ ain’t Mikhail Allakhverdov but ‘teddy bear’ they moved to DNA Game to haunt Tamerlan wife Katherine Russell Saray Mulk-khanum. She told FBI Gorm. I need Tamerlan corpse. They evaporated outta her sight. Now they’re snaking on Kazakhstani trio and toying with Saudi Mountaingoat intelligence whoresmanure. I am expecting FBI to tap on CIA who are dormant all these years as Baghdad frogs in BMB and bring forward Ruslan Tsarni, Graham Fuller, Samantha Ankara Fuller and big A or Ali. Stay tuned it is getting interesting.

Since Seigniorage Banksters crashed in 2007 their Culture ain’t working no mo. Sharia Binge is another Redherring to distracts fools away from real loots. Angosexual Geographical Muslims are the best Arabophobe Guinea pigs to experiment anti-Arabism to crackup nation of Islam. Since English is Islam’s language and Quran is Arabic that most Anti-Arabists loathe to memorize or explore it in the language of origin - then there is huge room for clergymen to maneuver to commit heinous crimes and Freud. Clergymen are feeble corruptible creatures. Islam is shirt of Othman wore wherever a crime yet to be committed. Law of the Land ain’t justice but a game played by scavenging lawyers and fostered by thieving Thugocracies to enable the HAVES rip-off the HAVENOTS. Sharia ain’t justice either it’s a scam played by Ignoramus clergymen to rip-off both the HAVES and the HAVENOTS and dole both loots as commonwealth to Distrusted Trusts notwithstanding Sharia commerce is nothing but an Arabic version of the Old Colonial British-India Merchant Banking

Mark Twain would commit suicide if he knew that Yesterday’s President Obama’s 48 minutes answers in James S. Brady Press Briefing Room were CHOREOGRAPHED to six historic questions. It is mind bugling when BILL asked Obama about Gitmo. Regarding "Maybe I should just pack up and go home. Golly," that’s POWER GESTURE if you go 24 hours back to Correspondence Dinner and see how Obama insulted Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell and the whole Republican Frugals attending then you will understand that Obama didn’t run outta juice wrongly placed "As Mark Twain said, rumors of my demise may be a little exaggerated at this point," metaphor.

First they ignore you, then they laugh at you, then they fight you, then you win. GITMOANS ain’t terrorists but conquistadores disowned by Thieving Thugocracies and they found a window of opportunity larger than life. They privileged trouble to prosperity to get attention. They got it all. They wrecked America. Republican Frugals water-boarded them to extract intelligence they got none but Hollywood Bedrock. Obama as Ho-Nigga then chickened-out to displease white folks he ditched the conquistadores to rot and die in Guantanamo. They decided to starve to test destiny. They battled Force-feeding torture. They have some attention now. I am looking forward to see Lindsey Graham ‘to begin with’ saying hell No. When Kerry & Hagel at the Helm around Obama I feel some smartness in DC’s tinted air. Back to Christian-Post Question. Why Do Radical Muslims Hate Americans So Much? Stooopid Question! First there is nothing called Radical Muslims. This is Muslim or never. Back to HAPPY HATE AMERICA DAY. If I say we don’t then I am a fraudulent hypocrite because you are here to hear this from me: ‘Death to America’. Now stop asking stooopid questions and consult with your gynecologist because you’re pregnant. And by the way don’t be afraid. That’s ain’t but cloth those losers are burning. Give them a decent flag they will stop.

Why Do Radical Muslims Hate Americans So Much? Stooopid Question! First nothing called Radical Muslims. This is Muslim or never. Back to HATE America. If I say we don’t then I am a jerk because you are here to hear this from me: ‘Death to America’. Now stop asking stooopid questions and consult with your gynecologist because you’re pregnant. And by the way don’t be afraid that’s but cloth that those losers are burning. Give them a decent flag they will stop.

PREZ PERES TO POPE FRANCIS: Come to Israel We, Jews didn’t murder Jesus. The Wahabi Mohammed did" (albeit Jesus was murder by Jews 670 years before Mohammed birth). Come Pope! I will show you how Israelis can kill Muslim elders, women & Children by one blow. Please don’t read the News. Israeli police watched, Single handed as with kitchen knife unarmed Salam Za'al killed armed settler Evyatar Borovsky, took Borovsky assault gun and begin shooting at Police Spectators. Salam Za'al was detained for 3 years in Israeli jail for crime of throwing stones. He’s released if he cooperates with Israel and turns his kid brother to traitor. Which he did, then this hitchhiking Borovsky he’s an actor, armed security force and has 4 children that he orphaned. Netanyahu will build more settlement to revenge for Borovsky’s Murder. Salam Za'al ain’t a lone wolf but a terrorist. So how Borovsky settled in Tulkarem? Go to bed boys.

When Ann Coulter said on FOXNEWS Zubeidat Tsarnaeva must be arrested for wearing Hijab, Breitbart banned me for saying Ann Coulter must be arrested for being a woman. Last week I said: watch your Tailgate. Vladimir! Especially when Kerry & Hagel at the Helm. Guys! Since Obama ditched Putin role as BMB Truther. Putin ain’t doing well. He lost control. Just now 30 Anti-Putin Protesters detained on Red Square and 140 people busted at Moscow mosque including more than 30 citizens of other countries. Putin used to be my hero when he weaned Caucuses away from Wahabi Mountaingoats and taken them as Proper Russians. BMB screwed up everything. He got greedy. He exploited BMB to silence Gorky Park Vodka Activists. That’s a wrong call. Syria’s sparks ain’t far away to ignite holy war in Chechnya. That’s Putin’s nightmare. Since FBI is NY outfit then it’s religiously Chuck Schumer business to snack some FBI-Russia whoresmanure to fish any hidden credibility in the mud. Don’t bother reading further than Misha ain’t Mikhail Allakhverdov in Russian it’s for Teddy ‘BEAR’. America is desperate to show the enemy that FBI on top of everything. FBI knew nothing about anything before 03:01PM . April 15, 2009. FBI must be closed-down then by An Executive Branch Order. It ain’t worth it to keep such obese white elephant that can’t defend itself. Paparazzi can deliver far better and cheaper intelligence than this crackpot who showed on CNN talking about an Armenian hippie who converted to Islam to bomb America. Armenians are happy to worship Judas Iscariot but not to be Muslims. We & Armenians have one good thing in common: “we hate each other”. MBM was tolerance stress test to America that’s why the bomb was concealed into pressure cooker to avoid killing innocent people. They just killed 3, hospitalized 246 and traumatized 300 million. That’s a home-run. Ron Paul said: Forced lockdown of city. Militarized police riding tanks in streets. Door-to-door armed searches without warrant. Families thrown out of their homes at gunpoint to be searched without probable cause. Businesses forced to close. Transport shut down. These were not scenes from military coup in far off banana republic, but rather scenes just over week ago in Boston as United States got taste of martial law. The ostensible reason for the military-style takeover of parts of Boston was that accused perpetrator of a horrific crime was on loose. The Boston bombing provided opportunity for government to turn what should have been police investigation into a military-style occupation of an American city. This unprecedented move should frighten us as much or more than the attack itself.

Turks cannot be trusted. Israelis too. IDF is killing our Elders, Women & Children in Gaza to get DC attention for more weapons. The same IDF flew over Assad Palace without harming him and went bombing alleged chemical weapon depot in Damascus and returned home safe. Would you dumb-down and tell us who the enemy is? Oh no SFA..lemme think!

MILITARY ACTION OVER SYRIA'S SUSPECTED USE OF CHEMICAL WEAPONS COULD BACKFIRE. Never mind about the narrative. The question is for you ‘THENATIONAL’. You the publisher! Are you in or out? Who are you dancing for? ISRAEL or SYRIA? Make up your mind. Shame on you! Yesterday a poor Syrian subject jumped to his death from 15th floor of Dubai Silicon Oasis Building probably listening to Mediawhore like you sporting the gassing of his parents with Syrian elders, women & children. Have some decency. Be a journalist. Quit scavenging as coldblooded paparazzi hyena on miseries to earn your living. Quit moderating minds.

I needed John McCain to shakeup the WhiteHouse. Democrats are slow-on boot-on-the-ground but patriot Republicans as

Senator John McCain, a Republican from Arizona who doesn’t need do get Tel-Aviv’s approval to oust Assad outta Syria. Assad Gassing Syrian Elders, Women & Children. It is getting harder and harder for Iran & Russia to maintain their military supplies lines. Russians, Iranians & Hezbollah mercenaries are butchered as boar allover Syria. Jordan king is happy to help to get more USAID for his dying economy and please the Islamists at his end. Turks are mean. Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan will exploit stalemate to occupy Syrian lands as he did in Northern Iraq to use for Kurdish Homeland away from Turkey motherland where they belong. Tayyip Erdogan will fight to stop Obama have boot-on-the-ground in Syria. Turks cannot be trusted.

“When the world can seem very dark and confusing, presence of priest is presence of hope,” Rev. Richard Cannon is bluffing. Priest is for death and wedding unlike Imam who has to drop everything off hand, wash-out, head to mosque, call for prayer outloud and lead the prayers reciting memorized Quran 5397 times not only after bombing but five times a day, 365 days a year. Imam leads rain, eclipse, death & trarweeh prayers. Rev. Tom Carzon showed up for the bombing like any Truther or sympathizer on every blue moon. Back to priest ban: I vote. No. please let them pray.

Russian state media quoted a Russian Federal Security Service statement as saying those detained Friday included more than 30 citizens of other countries. But the statement did not specify which nations.

Abdul Rahman Al-Sudais Mugshot with Geert Wilders Deputy Arnoud Van Doorn. What kind of stunt-show is this? Saudi Arabia fostered Geert Wilders campaign against Islam through FOXNEWS (a subsidiary of the Kingdom holdings run by Prince Alwaleed bin Talal). This is unorthodox and deciptive. Who are you trying to fool? Are you trying to deceive god as well? وَيَمْكُرُونَ وَيَمْكُرُ اللَّهُ وَاللَّهُ خَيْرُ الْمَاكِرِينَ‏ Abdul Rahman Al-Sudais is onto his second Stunt-Show somewhere in India next week without bothering to visit those 22 million devastated Kashmiris who crave to touch his feet. Abdul Rahman Al-Sudais is just following the agenda of those Godless endangered species of House of al-Saud.

GOD, PLEASE DEFEAT AMERICA’S ALLIES ON MAY 11 is preposterous headline. This is a secular & Godless argument. I need those arguing losers in that room to answer one question. Are they Muslims or Pakistani? History proved that you can’t be both. Pakistani means the boring Zardari, Nawaz Sharief, Imran Khan, Musharaf Etc. and Muslims. Use your imagination. KABOOOM if you ever touch Booze or America. I don’t think those in the room ready for that.

This comment is awaiting moderation. This is the harvest of Foreign Office seeds sown. Watching Thugocracies around the Globe committing heinous crimes against their own. All that is necessary for triumph of evil is that good men do nothing. Edmund Burke. Richard Branson devastated by ban on British tourists to Israel, Kenya, South Africa & Turkey due domestic unrest & al-Qaida and yet Thailand went unnoticed where conned British and sedated European tourists are butchered like wild boar in Phuket, Pattaya and those Schizophrenic Islands. Read Pattaya Daily & Phuket Gazette for body count. Ricardo. Mama Teresa killed more infants in her convents than al-Qaida.

Buddhist Monks beat Muslims to death in Burma watch video..Misinformation is act of crime. beforeitsnews contributors trying to draw attention gain mileage. That’s ain't right. Burmese Muslims are butchered while police watching.

Would you guys dumb down and Google how many millions been in Shanghai tower before getting into ranking Burj Khalifa. Bruno said: achievements build nations and ranks kill it.

Quit Googledjunk. What welfare? USA ain't afford foostamp them. They u hauled millions of petrodollars to America to survive in your hostile cities. They’re fooled by the American Dream Propaganda that deranged them to drop everything back home and rush to America and now headhunted as rabids. When Ann Coulter said on FOXNEWS Zubeidat Tsarnaeva must be arrested for wearing Hijab, Breitbart banned me for saying Ann Coulter must be arrested for being a woman.

Replying Charles Ford

I don't have to cover things. Why don't you fly all those copts (that you are committing suicide for) over to your backyard, they're handy to babysit your wife & kids and mow your lawn. Regarding what you said: Islam. The religion of the Pedophile, Rapist and Mass Murderer Mohammed. I have millions of website who're happy to enjoy your ISP if you allow me to pass it to them.

GAZA BIOMETRY IS AGAINST LAW.

إثبت أنها زوجتك او أختك.. فصلٌ جديد من حملة "الفضيلة" في شوارع غزة

هذه حريات شخصية civil liberties

مش من حق حماس او عباس او الاحتلال اصدار او طلب هوية اي فرد الا اذا ارتكب جريمة فحريته كحرية الطيور في الهواء والسمك في الماء و الدود في الارض. المشكلة ليست سياية وانما مشكلة دستورية هل يحق بيروقراطيا ان تطلب هوية شخص لاتعرفه.

حماس هي شريعة فلسطين بغظ النظر ان كانت مؤسسة ارهابية في حسابات اسرائيل هذا لايعني شيء عند العرب والمسلمين حالها كالاخوان في مصر اوطالبان في باكستان وافغانستان والنصرة في العراق وسوريا

Whites are cautious nutjob doublethinkers. In 2004 it was white vs. white. Everywhite hit the streets and voted for Bush to loot US Reserves and burn it over military complex engaged in two wars that wrecked America. Who cares? Whites preferred jobs over USA. Simply because USA was Whiteman’s World. In 2008 & 2012 it was white vs. black. Whites stayed at home because firstly they don’t trust each other and secondly they didn’t trusted the Rigged Diebold Machines which controlled by ABOVE-THE-LAWs. You must be kidding! Should some White crackpot voted for black against white The ABOVE-THE-LAWs will hunt him down and finish him. The White voters were so scared they stayed back at home lest they’re disowned by The ABOVE-THE-LAWs who will starve their children & elders to death if they ever voted black. As a matter of fact they are doing it to those white fools who voted black today. “Kill that bloody Nigga-lover”. During Obama administration foodstamps subscribers are higher than ever. Black Inmates and Black jobless are gracefully holding to the 90% Residency over America’s Stats since Lincoln. Black voters turnout ain’t perspective here. If a Ho-Nigga spotted singing and crying at the mall during Obama inauguration. That ain’t black enough. That’s Rupert Murdoch in his natural habitat minting money outta zombie’s turnout. This percussion is over Joe Biden’s tactical allegation to MSNBC that if McCain pushed harder on saving American economy he probably won 2008 Presidency.

Fountain of jihad that's nice. I Am a Muslim I love to sip some amrit to ram your rectum. would you pass zip code of this fountain to me so I can franchise it and open a bottling factory around to sell its water to all thousands of Hindu terrorist groups whoever love to devastate Delhi to get their birthrights here’s specimens of them: ZRV,ZRA,UPDS,UNLF,UMLFA,ULMA,ULFA,UKLF,UIRA,UILA,UBLF,TTYF,TTYF,TTVF,TTSF,TTDF,TTACF,TSV,TSV,TRRB,TPC,TNRT,TNRF,TNLA,TNDTF,TNA,TMP,TLOF,TLF,TDF,TCF,TATCF,SIMI,SDFT,RNSF,RMC,RJC,PULF,PREPAK,PRA,PLF-M,PLA,NSCN-K,NSCNI-M,NSCN-IM,NNC-Adino,NMT,NLFT,NEMF,NDFB,MVF,MULTA,MULFA,MTF,MSF,MSCA,MPLF,MLTA,MLA,LTTE,KZF,KYKL,KSF,KRPC,KRLO,KRF,KRA,KPF,KNV,KNV,KNO,KNF,KNA,KNA,KLO,KLF,KLF,KLA,KKK,KIF,KIA,KDF,KCP,KCF,KAF,IURPI,ISYF,ISS,Isak-Muivah,IRPA,IRF,INF,ILAA,IKL,HULA,HRF,HPC-D,HPC,HNLC,GTF,DHD,CPI-ML-Janashakti,CPI-Maoist,CKRF,BVYLF,BTFK,BTF,BNCT,BMS,BLTF,BKI,BCF,ATVF,ATTF,ATNF,ATLO,ATBSF,ATBR,ASF,AS,ANVC,AISSF,ADF,ABNES,AAASS, ADINO,

That’s ain’t Zionist problem. Unless you won’t to fool the whole world that: “Guys! We, Jews didn’t murder Jesus. The Wahabi Mohammed did. Go get him" (albeit Jesus was murder by Jews 670 years before Mohammed birth). Have some decency be journalist don’t be paparazzi. Try blind and quit scavenging on miseries as hyena to get noticed. On the contrary you’re getting condemned day by day.

Retailing religion in the military was during Former US Defence Secretary Donald Rumsfeld accused of using quotes from Bible underneath a passage from Book of Isaiah: "Their arrows are sharp, all their bows are strung; their horses' hoofs seem like flint, their chariot wheels are like a whirlwind." Another briefing showed a picture of Iraqi President Saddam Hussein beneath a quotation from the First Epistle of Peter: "It is God's will that by doing good you should silence the ignorant talk of foolish men." risked giving Muslims impression that war was a clash between Christianity and Islam. "taking a risk with national security,"

Obama t o Emir of Qatar: Hire 800 Unemployable Us Journalists or I will have McCain Germs overthrow you and dole Aljazeera to Iran. You hear me.

        

TheLegend33: It seems you know some English in order to input slang

Stsheetrock: THANK YOU

TheLegend33: plus you sound like a smart-arse who thinks he's smarter than everyone else. …

Stsheetrock: NO I AM NO THAT SICK THAT’S CALLED INFERIORITY COMPLEX DO YOU

TheLegend33: Which leads me to believe you’re just another follower with some sort of identity crisis

Stsheetrock: I DON NEED AN IDENTITY I HAVE ONE. I AM MUSLIM.

TheLegend33: You sound like a cross between a mis-informed misfit and an Alex Jones wannabe.

Stsheetrock: PSST: IT’S MISINFORMED! NO AM NEITHER AM NOT UNEMPLOYABLE. AM RICH

TheLegend33: You really hate America

Stsheetrock: GOD HEAVEN NO

TheLegend33: but your here because daddy sent you to get an education.

Stsheetrock: NO HE DIDN’T AM AN AUTOMATH. I DON’T NEED THAT ABUSE

TheLegend33: Your either very rich or from the "sewer" and receiving living assistance from the people you actually hate.

Stsheetrock: NO AM A BANK THIEF I DON’T USE FIAT I CAN CLONE YOUR CREDIT FOR FUN AND TOY YOUR ISP

TheLegend33: If you don't like us,

Stsheetrock: YOU’RE JUST NOBODY WHY SHOULD I DISLIKE YOU

TheLegend33: why do you stay?

Stsheetrock: I DON’T STAY THERE. I LOATHE THAT

TheLegend33: If I went to your country and I didn't like it, I would leave.

Stsheetrock: PLEASE DON’T COME YOU’RE NOT WELCOME PLEASE LEAVE IF YOU DID

TheLegend33: If your here for an education,

Stsheetrock: GOD FORBID NO

TheLegend33: appreciate it

Stsheetrock: YOU MEAN WASTE TIME & MONEY STUDY JUCKSCEINCE Of HARVARD, MIT, BOSTON, PRINCETON, COLUMBIA And YALE WHO TURN SMART HUMAN TO STOOOPID CORPORATE FRUGAL ZOMBIES.

TheLegend33: Try and be respectful to others and you'll find people here (real Americans) will treat you with respect.

Stsheetrock: I RESPECT MYSELF AND I CAN BUY MY OTHERS RESPECT. I DON’T NEED FOXNEWS AMERICAN VERSION RESPECT

    

KiddingMe: Why should India need to prove Sarabjit is Sarabjit?

Obaid Karki: WE HAVE 2 INDIAN SUBJECTS: SARABJIT+MANJIT

KiddingMe: It is responsibility of Pakistan police and government that they punish the real culprit(s) who did the bomb blast.

Obaid Karki: TRUE

KiddingMe: They needed to prove to the Pakistani people that the actual culprit is not at large and they punished a scapegoat.

Obaid Karki: TRUE

KiddingMe: If they killed a scapegoat then it is a big disservice to their own people.

Obaid Karki: TRUE

KiddingMe: You decide in your heart if you can trust that Pakistani police caught the culprit the very next day of blast! Are they that efficient?

Obaid Karki: I DON’T TRUST ANY

KiddingMe: Do you see such quick action in other daily bomb blasts now or was it just one of case when they were so quick?

Obaid Karki: YOU KILL ONE THEY KILL TEN

PSST: its brick ain't bomb

Man. Your tailgate is larger than your hollow skull. It’s painful politics. You owe me a confession. I bet on another loser Greyhound. My fault. I overpriced you I should snubbed you at the beginning of this clever conversation.

If the White House has no power to find a gravesite for its subject how would the white house will be able to protect them. Its Saudi solemn responsibility to fly Tamerlan Tsarnaev's body to the holy land to be buried.

 

Life is a little surreal right now and snapping back to a reality which isn't even reality as you have known it is even more bizarre. I fee like I'm trapped in some trippy time warp right now.

 

Like one of those dreams where life seems fairly normal until a dragon floats into your office window and disrupts your routine in quite a dramatic way. You know there is a dragon in your office but you are trying really hard to pretend that eveything is still normal. Yeah - like that. :-/

You daren't publish this but I'll take a rain check.

I got this in my inbox from the DAILYMAIL: “Celebrations and Jubilations - An Unforgettable Royal Experience” before opening it. I thought this what am waiting for: Oh boy. This is it. This must be the full coverage of Sheikh Khalifa’s Historical State Visit to England. As I hit ‘open’ God Heaven. Buckingham Palace gone for sale from £219pp. Oh My God! Queen Beatrix abdicated Holland thrown to her kid Prince Willem. Where the Hell is the QUEEN of England? She’s supposed to be receiving Abu Dhabi Sheikh as we speak? Oh-No media coverage dark out. It must be bad what’s going on? As matter fact all British headlines focusing on Jason Collins Gay Athlete Benediction by Obama in James S. Brady Press Briefing Room. What about Sheikh Khalifa? Oh I know where I can get his news for sure. Lemme’ hit the sponsored propagandists: KHALEEJTIMES & GULFNEWS. I got it. The usual sponsored slide-show. The Queen stood in the shade while Sheikh Khalifa out inspecting the Beefeaters. I can smell Prince Philips vinegary farts from right here. Akhkheeeh. Poor fellow he got an erection in his pancreas. And then the: BOMB – KABOOOAM from THE INDEPENDENT that put Sheikh Khalifa back on British Headlines. David Cameron confronted Sheikh Khalifa in Ten-Downing-Street to conduct an independent investigation and release immediately 3 Drug Traffickers busted last year for being too stooopid and too dumb vulnerable to be arrested by Dubai Police. Grant Cameron [Irish], Suneet Jeerh [Indian] and Karl Williams [Nigerian] who also happened to hold British passports. THE INDEPENDENT described the trio as Londoners conquistadores on assignment - selling state of art synthetic narcotics to world children in Dubai - apprehended during business hours and they were forced to sign a confession in Arabic or else their rectums will be rammed in Jumeirah Hilton (that’s Britons Executive Branch in al-Aweer Prison). All-that-jazz was in July last year now we’re in May. Damn it 10 months. Rotting in jail for selling drugs? Ain’t fair they are British they’re supposed to be surfing and sipping champagne with Mr. Lawless in Burj al-Arab. Why the hell David Cameron waited that long and treasured his vendetta to extort Sheikh Khalifa now in London, he could settled it on phone. That’s hypocritical. Hold on don’t be foolish. David Cameron exploited Sheikh Khalifa historic visit to Hijack British headlines for his failing tenure at Ten Downing Street. Oh No that crap. I warned you. No conspiracy theory allowed here. I am Truther ain’t BULLSHITTER. He’s meaner than that. David Cameron likes to get even with Queen’s Guest on his mating ground right near his fireplace - where he adds laxative into his guest’s tea to rush him out. Particularly June-disappointments. The HOTAIR that he got NOTHING outta Abu Dhabi overtures. He wanted to tell his guest things his prodigals shielded from him about the unproductive fruitless futile outcome of his June 2012 visit to Abu Dhabi. THE-BIG-FIVE-SHOW paid his fair to Dubai then. Mean Moriarty Moves: David Cameron choked-up Queen’s Guest with useless Drug Dealers’ Dilemma. He hit the jackpot. He got everything. I bet they signed everything David Cameron tossed across. He didn’t needed to raise the Debt-Laden Unprivileged Emarati Activists’ Issue or the Human-Right Violations that yet to be shelved at the right price and the right time. Mind UAE House 131,000 over Paid British Unemployables Bankruptcies. Can you believe that a great chunk of them insured their life against David Cameron SCREWUPS with UAE Authorities? Let’s pray. O Lord, I beseech thee, let now thine ear be attentive to the prayer of thy servant, because it gave access to the king in those seasons of hilarity when men are.

Ali and India. Pretty genius metaphor. We should know that we have strength, we have stamina, we have bulk, we have presence, reputation and we have history that if someone wants to take few blows at us we will be able to withstand them. Kudos Salman Khurshid! oh by the way here’s 182 Terrorists Organizations based in India. How would Ali Criterion help Delhi to bust them? You kill one they kill hundreds and devastate millions. Never about money its lose change. Here’s some specimens Stipulated hereinbelow: ZRV,ZRA,UPDS,UNLF,UMLFA,ULMA,ULFA,UKLF,UIRA,UILA,UBLF,TTYF,TTYF,TTVF,TTSF,TTDF,TTACF,TSV,TSV,TRRB,TPC,TNRT,TNRF,TNLA,TNDTF,TNA,TMP,TLOF,TLF,TDF,TCF,TATCF,SIMI,SDFT,RNSF,RMC,RJC,PULF,PREPAK,PRA,PLF-M,PLA,NSCN-K,NSCNI-M,NSCN-IM,NNC-Adino,NMT,NLFT,NEMF,NDFB,MVF,MULTA,MULFA,MTF,MSF,MSCA,MPLF,MLTA,MLA,LTTE,KZF,KYKL,KSF,KRPC,KRLO,KRF,KRA,KPF,KNV,KNV,KNO,KNF,KNA,KNA,KLO,KLF,KLF,KLA,KKK,KIF,KIA,KDF,KCP,KCF,KAF,IURPI,ISYF,ISS,Isak-Muivah,IRPA,IRF,INF,ILAA,IKL,HULA,HRF,HPC-D,HPC,HNLC,GTF,DHD,CPI-ML-Janashakti,CPI-Maoist,CKRF,BVYLF,BTFK,BTF,BNCT,BMS,BLTF,BKI,BCF,ATVF,ATTF,ATNF,ATLO,ATBSF,ATBR,ASF,AS,ANVC,AISSF,ADF,ABNES,AAASS, ADINO

I said on Apr 19, 2013 Bravo Jane. You’re really my girl. Welcome to Lee Harvey Oswald World.

Ron Paul is dead-right when he said that USA is a Third World Banana Republic. FBI UNINDEXED clashing Testimonies to jab published ground truth is outrageous. FBI is forcing everyone to LIE even in Yesterday’s President Obama’s 48 minutes answers in James S. Brady Press Briefing Room. Please invite some Black-belt Body-Linguists to watch Obama’s body-language in James S. Brady Press Briefing Room. Focus on when he says “I talk to Putin” watch his eyes. Oh by the way! I picked a new phenomenon from Obama: ‘Self-Radicalized” as ‘self-charged battery.’ Back to FBI: FBI Testimonies are on my radar since Christmas Bomber. FBI become another MOKHABARAT (Secret Police) in my backyard. I have no doubt that FBI finish product ain’t authored by Qualified Patriot Americans but by our WORST Urban Rejects who fled our Sewers to strike rich in the Wild Wet West. People stood no chance of any success in our backyard how the hell they will be added-value assets and will add intelligence to FBI. On the contrary their effect is obvious - negative now as I can see; they really brought FBI intelligence down to earth that they don’t worthy my respect. Look at BMB. A representative specimen of FBI SCREWUPS. FBI said that they interviewed Tamerlan in Makhachkala and let him go to bomb Boston Marathoners: ‘typical Arabic. Oh No! He entered USA by spelling error. Really.’ That’s ain’t FBI that I seen in Denzel Washington movie but sounds typical Maronite Phalangists, Hezbollah, Egyptian Copt, Iranian Pedarsag, Sardarji, Guajarati, Bihari, Iraqi-Shiite, Kurd or Alawite they got great motive just settling their old account in USA courtesy of American taxpayers by snaking Tsarnaeva to fool FBI for living. Zubeidat Tsarnaeva told FBI go to hell! They did big time. Once FBI realized that ‘Misha’ ain’t Mikhail Allakhverdov but ‘teddy bear’ they moved to DNA Game to haunt Tamerlan wife Katherine Russell Saray Mulk-khanum. She told FBI Gorm. I need Tamerlan corpse. They evaporated outta her sight. Now they’re snaking on Kazakhstani trio and toying with Saudi Mountaingoat intelligence whoresmanure. I am expecting FBI to tap on CIA who are dormant all these years as Baghdad frogs in BMB and bring forward Ruslan Tsarni, Graham Fuller, Samantha Ankara Fuller and big A or Ali. Stay tuned it is getting interesting.

Since Seigniorage Banksters crashed in 2007 their Culture ain’t working no mo. Sharia Binge is another Redherring to distracts fools away from real loots. Angosexual Geographical Muslims are the best Arabophobe Guinea pigs to experiment anti-Arabism to crackup nation of Islam. Since English is Islam’s language and Quran is Arabic that most Anti-Arabists loathe to memorize or explore it in the language of origin - then there is huge room for clergymen to maneuver to commit heinous crimes and Freud. Clergymen are feeble corruptible creatures. Islam is shirt of Othman wore wherever a crime yet to be committed. Law of the Land ain’t justice but a game played by scavenging lawyers and fostered by thieving Thugocracies to enable the HAVES rip-off the HAVENOTS. Sharia ain’t justice either it’s a scam played by Ignoramus clergymen to rip-off both the HAVES and the HAVENOTS and dole both loots as commonwealth to Distrusted Trusts notwithstanding Sharia commerce is nothing but an Arabic version of the Old Colonial British-India Merchant Banking

Mark Twain would commit suicide if he knew that Yesterday’s President Obama’s 48 minutes answers in James S. Brady Press Briefing Room were CHOREOGRAPHED to six historic questions. It is mind bugling when BILL asked Obama about Gitmo. Regarding "Maybe I should just pack up and go home. Golly," that’s POWER GESTURE if you go 24 hours back to Correspondence Dinner and see how Obama insulted Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell and the whole Republican Frugals attending then you will understand that Obama didn’t run outta juice wrongly placed "As Mark Twain said, rumors of my demise may be a little exaggerated at this point," metaphor.

First they ignore you, then they laugh at you, then they fight you, then you win. GITMOANS ain’t terrorists but conquistadores disowned by Thieving Thugocracies and they found a window of opportunity larger than life. They privileged trouble to prosperity to get attention. They got it all. They wrecked America. Republican Frugals water-boarded them to extract intelligence they got none but Hollywood Bedrock. Obama as Ho-Nigga then chickened-out to displease white folks he ditched the conquistadores to rot and die in Guantanamo. They decided to starve to test destiny. They battled Force-feeding torture. They have some attention now. I am looking forward to see Lindsey Graham ‘to begin with’ saying hell No. When Kerry & Hagel at the Helm around Obama I feel some smartness in DC’s tinted air. Back to Christian-Post Question. Why Do Radical Muslims Hate Americans So Much? Stooopid Question! First there is nothing called Radical Muslims. This is Muslim or never. Back to HAPPY HATE AMERICA DAY. If I say we don’t then I am a fraudulent hypocrite because you are here to hear this from me: ‘Death to America’. Now stop asking stooopid questions and consult with your gynecologist because you’re pregnant. And by the way don’t be afraid. That’s ain’t but cloth those losers are burning. Give them a decent flag they will stop.

Why Do Radical Muslims Hate Americans So Much? Stooopid Question! First nothing called Radical Muslims. This is Muslim or never. Back to HATE America. If I say we don’t then I am a jerk because you are here to hear this from me: ‘Death to America’. Now stop asking stooopid questions and consult with your gynecologist because you’re pregnant. And by the way don’t be afraid that’s but cloth that those losers are burning. Give them a decent flag they will stop.

PREZ PERES TO POPE FRANCIS: Come to Israel We, Jews didn’t murder Jesus. The Wahabi Mohammed did" (albeit Jesus was murder by Jews 670 years before Mohammed birth). Come Pope! I will show you how Israelis can kill Muslim elders, women & Children by one blow. Please don’t read the News. Israeli police watched, Single handed as with kitchen knife unarmed Salam Za'al killed armed settler Evyatar Borovsky, took Borovsky assault gun and begin shooting at Police Spectators. Salam Za'al was detained for 3 years in Israeli jail for crime of throwing stones. He’s released if he cooperates with Israel and turns his kid brother to traitor. Which he did, then this hitchhiking Borovsky he’s an actor, armed security force and has 4 children that he orphaned. Netanyahu will build more settlement to revenge for Borovsky’s Murder. Salam Za'al ain’t a lone wolf but a terrorist. So how Borovsky settled in Tulkarem? Go to bed boys.

When Ann Coulter said on FOXNEWS Zubeidat Tsarnaeva must be arrested for wearing Hijab, Breitbart banned me for saying Ann Coulter must be arrested for being a woman. Last week I said: watch your Tailgate. Vladimir! Especially when Kerry & Hagel at the Helm. Guys! Since Obama ditched Putin role as BMB Truther. Putin ain’t doing well. He lost control. Just now 30 Anti-Putin Protesters detained on Red Square and 140 people busted at Moscow mosque including more than 30 citizens of other countries. Putin used to be my hero when he weaned Caucuses away from Wahabi Mountaingoats and taken them as Proper Russians. BMB screwed up everything. He got greedy. He exploited BMB to silence Gorky Park Vodka Activists. That’s a wrong call. Syria’s sparks ain’t far away to ignite holy war in Chechnya. That’s Putin’s nightmare. Since FBI is NY outfit then it’s religiously Chuck Schumer business to snack some FBI-Russia whoresmanure to fish any hidden credibility in the mud. Don’t bother reading further than Misha ain’t Mikhail Allakhverdov in Russian it’s for Teddy ‘BEAR’. America is desperate to show the enemy that FBI on top of everything. FBI knew nothing about anything before 03:01PM . April 15, 2009. FBI must be closed-down then by An Executive Branch Order. It ain’t worth it to keep such obese white elephant that can’t defend itself. Paparazzi can deliver far better and cheaper intelligence than this crackpot who showed on CNN talking about an Armenian hippie who converted to Islam to bomb America. Armenians are happy to worship Judas Iscariot but not to be Muslims. We & Armenians have one good thing in common: “we hate each other”. MBM was tolerance stress test to America that’s why the bomb was concealed into pressure cooker to avoid killing innocent people. They just killed 3, hospitalized 246 and traumatized 300 million. That’s a home-run. Ron Paul said: Forced lockdown of city. Militarized police riding tanks in streets. Door-to-door armed searches without warrant. Families thrown out of their homes at gunpoint to be searched without probable cause. Businesses forced to close. Transport shut down. These were not scenes from military coup in far off banana republic, but rather scenes just over week ago in Boston as United States got taste of martial law. The ostensible reason for the military-style takeover of parts of Boston was that accused perpetrator of a horrific crime was on loose. The Boston bombing provided opportunity for government to turn what should have been police investigation into a military-style occupation of an American city. This unprecedented move should frighten us as much or more than the attack itself.

Turks cannot be trusted. Israelis too. IDF is killing our Elders, Women & Children in Gaza to get DC attention for more weapons. The same IDF flew over Assad Palace without harming him and went bombing alleged chemical weapon depot in Damascus and returned home safe. Would you dumb-down and tell us who the enemy is? Oh no SFA..lemme think!

MILITARY ACTION OVER SYRIA'S SUSPECTED USE OF CHEMICAL WEAPONS COULD BACKFIRE. Never mind about the narrative. The question is for you ‘THENATIONAL’. You the publisher! Are you in or out? Who are you dancing for? ISRAEL or SYRIA? Make up your mind. Shame on you! Yesterday a poor Syrian subject jumped to his death from 15th floor of Dubai Silicon Oasis Building probably listening to Mediawhore like you sporting the gassing of his parents with Syrian elders, women & children. Have some decency. Be a journalist. Quit scavenging as coldblooded paparazzi hyena on miseries to earn your living. Quit moderating minds.

I needed John McCain to shakeup the WhiteHouse. Democrats are slow-on boot-on-the-ground but patriot Republicans as

Senator John McCain, a Republican from Arizona who doesn’t need do get Tel-Aviv’s approval to oust Assad outta Syria. Assad Gassing Syrian Elders, Women & Children. It is getting harder and harder for Iran & Russia to maintain their military supplies lines. Russians, Iranians & Hezbollah mercenaries are butchered as boar allover Syria. Jordan king is happy to help to get more USAID for his dying economy and please the Islamists at his end. Turks are mean. Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan will exploit stalemate to occupy Syrian lands as he did in Northern Iraq to use for Kurdish Homeland away from Turkey motherland where they belong. Tayyip Erdogan will fight to stop Obama have boot-on-the-ground in Syria. Turks cannot be trusted.

“When the world can seem very dark and confusing, presence of priest is presence of hope,” Rev. Richard Cannon is bluffing. Priest is for death and wedding unlike Imam who has to drop everything off hand, wash-out, head to mosque, call for prayer outloud and lead the prayers reciting memorized Quran 5397 times not only after bombing but five times a day, 365 days a year. Imam leads rain, eclipse, death & trarweeh prayers. Rev. Tom Carzon showed up for the bombing like any Truther or sympathizer on every blue moon. Back to priest ban: I vote. No. please let them pray.

Russian state media quoted a Russian Federal Security Service statement as saying those detained Friday included more than 30 citizens of other countries. But the statement did not specify which nations.

Abdul Rahman Al-Sudais Mugshot with Geert Wilders Deputy Arnoud Van Doorn. What kind of stunt-show is this? Saudi Arabia fostered Geert Wilders campaign against Islam through FOXNEWS (a subsidiary of the Kingdom holdings run by Prince Alwaleed bin Talal). This is unorthodox and deciptive. Who are you trying to fool? Are you trying to deceive god as well? وَيَمْكُرُونَ وَيَمْكُرُ اللَّهُ وَاللَّهُ خَيْرُ الْمَاكِرِينَ‏ Abdul Rahman Al-Sudais is onto his second Stunt-Show somewhere in India next week without bothering to visit those 22 million devastated Kashmiris who crave to touch his feet. Abdul Rahman Al-Sudais is just following the agenda of those Godless endangered species of House of al-Saud.

GOD, PLEASE DEFEAT AMERICA’S ALLIES ON MAY 11 is preposterous headline. This is a secular & Godless argument. I need those arguing losers in that room to answer one question. Are they Muslims or Pakistani? History proved that you can’t be both. Pakistani means the boring Zardari, Nawaz Sharief, Imran Khan, Musharaf Etc. and Muslims. Use your imagination. KABOOOM if you ever touch Booze or America. I don’t think those in the room ready for that.

This comment is awaiting moderation. This is the harvest of Foreign Office seeds sown. Watching Thugocracies around the Globe committing heinous crimes against their own. All that is necessary for triumph of evil is that good men do nothing. Edmund Burke. Richard Branson devastated by ban on British tourists to Israel, Kenya, South Africa & Turkey due domestic unrest & al-Qaida and yet Thailand went unnoticed where conned British and sedated European tourists are butchered like wild boar in Phuket, Pattaya and those Schizophrenic Islands. Read Pattaya Daily & Phuket Gazette for body count. Ricardo. Mama Teresa killed more infants in her convents than al-Qaida.

Buddhist Monks beat Muslims to death in Burma watch video..Misinformation is act of crime. beforeitsnews contributors trying to draw attention gain mileage. That’s ain't right. Burmese Muslims are butchered while police watching.

Would you guys dumb down and Google how many millions been in Shanghai tower before getting into ranking Burj Khalifa. Bruno said: achievements build nations and ranks kill it.

Quit Googledjunk. What welfare? USA ain't afford foostamp them. They u hauled millions of petrodollars to America to survive in your hostile cities. They’re fooled by the American Dream Propaganda that deranged them to drop everything back home and rush to America and now headhunted as rabids. When Ann Coulter said on FOXNEWS Zubeidat Tsarnaeva must be arrested for wearing Hijab, Breitbart banned me for saying Ann Coulter must be arrested for being a woman.

Replying Charles Ford

I don't have to cover things. Why don't you fly all those copts (that you are committing suicide for) over to your backyard, they're handy to babysit your wife & kids and mow your lawn. Regarding what you said: Islam. The religion of the Pedophile, Rapist and Mass Murderer Mohammed. I have millions of website who're happy to enjoy your ISP if you allow me to pass it to them.

GAZA BIOMETRY IS AGAINST LAW.

إثبت أنها زوجتك او أختك.. فصلٌ جديد من حملة "الفضيلة" في شوارع غزة

هذه حريات شخصية civil liberties

مش من حق حماس او عباس او الاحتلال اصدار او طلب هوية اي فرد الا اذا ارتكب جريمة فحريته كحرية الطيور في الهواء والسمك في الماء و الدود في الارض. المشكلة ليست سياية وانما مشكلة دستورية هل يحق بيروقراطيا ان تطلب هوية شخص لاتعرفه.

حماس هي شريعة فلسطين بغظ النظر ان كانت مؤسسة ارهابية في حسابات اسرائيل هذا لايعني شيء عند العرب والمسلمين حالها كالاخوان في مصر اوطالبان في باكستان وافغانستان والنصرة في العراق وسوريا

Whites are cautious nutjob doublethinkers. In 2004 it was white vs. white. Everywhite hit the streets and voted for Bush to loot US Reserves and burn it over military complex engaged in two wars that wrecked America. Who cares? Whites preferred jobs over USA. Simply because USA was Whiteman’s World. In 2008 & 2012 it was white vs. black. Whites stayed at home because firstly they don’t trust each other and secondly they didn’t trusted the Rigged Diebold Machines which controlled by ABOVE-THE-LAWs. You must be kidding! Should some White crackpot voted for black against white The ABOVE-THE-LAWs will hunt him down and finish him. The White voters were so scared they stayed back at home lest they’re disowned by The ABOVE-THE-LAWs who will starve their children & elders to death if they ever voted black. As a matter of fact they are doing it to those white fools who voted black today. “Kill that bloody Nigga-lover”. During Obama administration foodstamps subscribers are higher than ever. Black Inmates and Black jobless are gracefully holding to the 90% Residency over America’s Stats since Lincoln. Black voters turnout ain’t perspective here. If a Ho-Nigga spotted singing and crying at the mall during Obama inauguration. That ain’t black enough. That’s Rupert Murdoch in his natural habitat minting money outta zombie’s turnout. This percussion is over Joe Biden’s tactical allegation to MSNBC that if McCain pushed harder on saving American economy he probably won 2008 Presidency.

Fountain of jihad that's nice. I Am a Muslim I love to sip some amrit to ram your rectum. would you pass zip code of this fountain to me so I can franchise it and open a bottling factory around to sell its water to all thousands of Hindu terrorist groups whoever love to devastate Delhi to get their birthrights here’s specimens of them: ZRV,ZRA,UPDS,UNLF,UMLFA,ULMA,ULFA,UKLF,UIRA,UILA,UBLF,TTYF,TTYF,TTVF,TTSF,TTDF,TTACF,TSV,TSV,TRRB,TPC,TNRT,TNRF,TNLA,TNDTF,TNA,TMP,TLOF,TLF,TDF,TCF,TATCF,SIMI,SDFT,RNSF,RMC,RJC,PULF,PREPAK,PRA,PLF-M,PLA,NSCN-K,NSCNI-M,NSCN-IM,NNC-Adino,NMT,NLFT,NEMF,NDFB,MVF,MULTA,MULFA,MTF,MSF,MSCA,MPLF,MLTA,MLA,LTTE,KZF,KYKL,KSF,KRPC,KRLO,KRF,KRA,KPF,KNV,KNV,KNO,KNF,KNA,KNA,KLO,KLF,KLF,KLA,KKK,KIF,KIA,KDF,KCP,KCF,KAF,IURPI,ISYF,ISS,Isak-Muivah,IRPA,IRF,INF,ILAA,IKL,HULA,HRF,HPC-D,HPC,HNLC,GTF,DHD,CPI-ML-Janashakti,CPI-Maoist,CKRF,BVYLF,BTFK,BTF,BNCT,BMS,BLTF,BKI,BCF,ATVF,ATTF,ATNF,ATLO,ATBSF,ATBR,ASF,AS,ANVC,AISSF,ADF,ABNES,AAASS, ADINO,

That’s ain’t Zionist problem. Unless you won’t to fool the whole world that: “Guys! We, Jews didn’t murder Jesus. The Wahabi Mohammed did. Go get him" (albeit Jesus was murder by Jews 670 years before Mohammed birth). Have some decency be journalist don’t be paparazzi. Try blind and quit scavenging on miseries as hyena to get noticed. On the contrary you’re getting condemned day by day.

Retailing religion in the military was during Former US Defence Secretary Donald Rumsfeld accused of using quotes from Bible underneath a passage from Book of Isaiah: "Their arrows are sharp, all their bows are strung; their horses' hoofs seem like flint, their chariot wheels are like a whirlwind." Another briefing showed a picture of Iraqi President Saddam Hussein beneath a quotation from the First Epistle of Peter: "It is God's will that by doing good you should silence the ignorant talk of foolish men." risked giving Muslims impression that war was a clash between Christianity and Islam. "taking a risk with national security,"

Obama t o Emir of Qatar: Hire 800 Unemployable Us Journalists or I will have McCain Germs overthrow you and dole Aljazeera to Iran. You hear me.

        

TheLegend33: It seems you know some English in order to input slang

Stsheetrock: THANK YOU

TheLegend33: plus you sound like a smart-arse who thinks he's smarter than everyone else. …

Stsheetrock: NO I AM NO THAT SICK THAT’S CALLED INFERIORITY COMPLEX DO YOU

TheLegend33: Which leads me to believe you’re just another follower with some sort of identity crisis

Stsheetrock: I DON NEED AN IDENTITY I HAVE ONE. I AM MUSLIM.

TheLegend33: You sound like a cross between a mis-informed misfit and an Alex Jones wannabe.

Stsheetrock: PSST: IT’S MISINFORMED! NO AM NEITHER AM NOT UNEMPLOYABLE. AM RICH

TheLegend33: You really hate America

Stsheetrock: GOD HEAVEN NO

TheLegend33: but your here because daddy sent you to get an education.

Stsheetrock: NO HE DIDN’T AM AN AUTOMATH. I DON’T NEED THAT ABUSE

TheLegend33: Your either very rich or from the "sewer" and receiving living assistance from the people you actually hate.

Stsheetrock: NO AM A BANK THIEF I DON’T USE FIAT I CAN CLONE YOUR CREDIT FOR FUN AND TOY YOUR ISP

TheLegend33: If you don't like us,

Stsheetrock: YOU’RE JUST NOBODY WHY SHOULD I DISLIKE YOU

TheLegend33: why do you stay?

Stsheetrock: I DON’T STAY THERE. I LOATHE THAT

TheLegend33: If I went to your country and I didn't like it, I would leave.

Stsheetrock: PLEASE DON’T COME YOU’RE NOT WELCOME PLEASE LEAVE IF YOU DID

TheLegend33: If your here for an education,

Stsheetrock: GOD FORBID NO

TheLegend33: appreciate it

Stsheetrock: YOU MEAN WASTE TIME & MONEY STUDY JUCKSCEINCE Of HARVARD, MIT, BOSTON, PRINCETON, COLUMBIA And YALE WHO TURN SMART HUMAN TO STOOOPID CORPORATE FRUGAL ZOMBIES.

TheLegend33: Try and be respectful to others and you'll find people here (real Americans) will treat you with respect.

Stsheetrock: I RESPECT MYSELF AND I CAN BUY MY OTHERS RESPECT. I DON’T NEED FOXNEWS AMERICAN VERSION RESPECT

 

Identifier: switzerlandadj00karl

Title: Switzerland and the adjacent portions of Italy, Savoy and the Tyrol : handbook for travellers

Year: 1872 (1870s)

Authors: Karl Baedeker (Firm)

Subjects:

Publisher: Coblenz : K. Baedeker

Contributing Library: University of California Libraries

Digitizing Sponsor: Internet Archive

  

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o the station in 35, in the opposite direction in20 min., fare /o fr.J. Opposite the station is the Caffe deltaStazione ed Athergo. High above Camerlata rises the lofty andvenerable tower of the Caattllo Baradello, where Frederick Barba-rossa occasionally resided. Railway to Milan in U/2 hr.. see K. 99. 93. Lugano and its Environs. Hotels. Hotel du Pare, in the former monastery of —9 fr., in winter 5V2—6 ; Hotel Washington, in the old governmentbuildings, R. 2, D. 4, L. and A. 1 fr., pension 5—8 fr, : Grand HotelSuisse; both the latter belong to the same proprietor. — Hotel d e 1 aCouronne in the town, tolerable, but without view. Bellevue, new.— Post and telegraph oflice in the Gov. Buildings (p. 367). Diligence to Luiiio (p. 371j once daily in 2j2 hrs., coupe 3 fr. 60 c,interieur 2 fr. 9(1 c. ; steamboat-tickets for Lago Maggiore are also issued IL ^^. » MILAMO V ^3:/<ZW

 

Text Appearing After Image:

LLGANO. 93. Route. 367 at the office (twu-horso can-. 20, one-horse 12 fr.. iml. feej; to Liueviifvia Bellinzona and the Si. Gotthard twice daily; \n Coire over the Ber-nardino once daily ; to Caini-ilata twice daily. Steamboat toCapolayo (p. 365) I fr. or 60 c. ; to Porlezza 2|2 or 1 fr. Boats t(i Porlezza (p. 3H0) with one rower 7 fr. . two 12 fr. , thre*-161,2 fi-; t (apolago G. 10. or 12 fr., inch fee. English Church Service at the Hotel du Pare during the sea.son. luugano (9;V2). the most considerable town of the Cantonof Ticino, with (5024 inhab. (124 Prot.j. is charmingly .■situated onthe lake of the same name, and enjoys a southern climate (th-aloe blooms here in the open air), without the oppre-sive heaiof the Italian towns. It is a most agreeable place for a lengtlienedsojourn; the environs display all the charms of Italian mountain-scenery; numerous white villas and country-seats are scattere<lalong the margin of the lake; the lower hills are covered withvineyards and

  

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