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New hope in 2009

有段話我覺得不要翻成英文比較好,老美看了大概會不爽,這張圖我弄好後覺的很像黑人牙膏的mark說....TT我應該把它作成貼紙印出來的!以下就轉貼他的生平:

"Barack" and "Obama" redirect here. For other uses, see Barack (disambiguation) and Obama (disambiguation).

Barack Obama

   

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44th President of the United States

Incumbent

Assumed office

January 20, 2009

Vice President Joe Biden

Preceded by George W. Bush

 

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United States Senator

from Illinois

In office

January 3, 2005 – November 16, 2008

Preceded by Peter Fitzgerald

Succeeded by Roland Burris

 

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Member of the Illinois Senate

from the 13th district

In office

January 8, 1997 – November 4, 2004

Preceded by Alice Palmer

Succeeded by Kwame Raoul

 

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Born August 4, 1961 (1961-08-04) (age 47)[1]

Honolulu, Hawaii, United States[2]

Birth name Barack Hussein Obama II[2]

Nationality American

Political party Democratic

Spouse Michelle Obama (m. 1992)

Children Malia Ann (b. 1998)

Natasha (a.k.a. Sasha) (b. 2001)

Residence Chicago, Illinois (private)

White House, Washington, D.C. (official)

Alma mater Occidental College

Columbia University (B.A.)

Harvard Law School (J.D.)

Profession Community organizer

Attorney

Author

Professor

Politician

Religion Protestant Christian[3]

Signature

Website WhiteHouse.gov

This article is part of a series about

Barack Obama

Background · Illinois Senate · U.S. Senate

Political positions · Public image · Family

2008 primaries · Obama–Biden campaign

Transition · Inauguration · US Presidency

 

Barack Hussein Obama II (pronounced /bəˈrɑːk hʊˈseɪn oʊˈbɑːmə/; born August 4, 1961) is the 44th and current President of the United States. He is the first African American to hold the office. Obama was the junior United States Senator from Illinois from 2005 until he resigned following his 2008 election to the presidency. He was inaugurated as President on January 20, 2009.

 

Obama is a graduate of Columbia University and Harvard Law School, where he was the first African American president of the Harvard Law Review. He worked as a community organizer, and practiced as a civil rights attorney in Chicago before serving three terms in the Illinois Senate from 1997 to 2004. He also taught Constitutional Law at the University of Chicago Law School from 1992 to 2004. Following an unsuccessful bid for a seat in the U.S. House of Representatives in 2000, Obama was elected to the Senate in November 2004. Obama delivered the keynote address at the Democratic National Convention in July 2004.

 

As a member of the Democratic minority in the 109th Congress, Obama helped create legislation to control conventional weapons and to promote greater public accountability in the use of federal funds. He also made official trips to Eastern Europe, the Middle East, and Africa. During the 110th Congress, he helped create legislation regarding lobbying and electoral fraud, climate change, nuclear terrorism, and care for U.S. military personnel returning from combat assignments in Iraq and Afghanistan

Early life and career

Main article: Early life and career of Barack Obama

Barack Obama was born at the Kapi'olani Medical Center for Women & Children in Honolulu, Hawaii,[4][5] to Stanley Ann Dunham,[6] a White American from Wichita, Kansas,[7][8][9] and Barack Obama, Sr., a Luo from Nyang’oma Kogelo, Nyanza Province, Kenya. Obama's parents met in 1960 in a Russian language class at the University of Hawaii at Mānoa, where his father was a foreign student on scholarship.[10][11] The couple married on February 2, 1961.[12] Obama's parents separated when Obama was two years old, and they divorced in 1964.[11] Obama's father returned to Kenya and saw his son only once more before dying in an automobile accident in 1982.[13]

 

After her divorce, Dunham married Indonesian student Lolo Soetoro, who was attending college in Hawaii. When Soeharto, a military leader in Soetoro's home country, came to power in 1967, all students studying abroad were recalled and the family moved to Indonesia.[14] There Obama attended local schools in Jakarta, such as Besuki Public School and St. Francis of Assisi School, until he was ten years old.

 

He then returned to Honolulu to live with his maternal grandparents, Madelyn and Stanley Armour Dunham, while attending Punahou School from the fifth grade in 1971 until his graduation from high school in 1979.[15] Obama's mother returned to Hawaii in 1972 for five years, and then in 1977 went back to Indonesia, where she worked as an anthropological field worker. She stayed there most of the rest of her life, returning to Hawaii in 1994. She died of ovarian cancer in 1995.[16]

  

Right-to-left: Barack Obama and half-sister Maya Soetoro-Ng, with their mother Ann Dunham and grandfather Stanley Dunham, in Hawaii (early 1970s).Of his early childhood, Obama has recalled, "That my father looked nothing like the people around me — that he was black as pitch, my mother white as milk — barely registered in my mind."[17] In his 1995 memoir, he described his struggles as a young adult to reconcile social perceptions of his multiracial heritage.[18] He wrote that he used alcohol, marijuana and cocaine during his teenage years to "push questions of who I was out of my mind."[19] At the 2008 Civil Forum on the Presidency, Obama identified his high-school drug use as his "greatest moral failure."[20]

 

Some of his fellow students at Punahou School later told the Honolulu Star-Bulletin that Obama was mature for his age, and that he sometimes attended college parties and other events in order to associate with African American students and military service people. Reflecting later on his formative years in Honolulu, Obama wrote: "The opportunity that Hawaii offered — to experience a variety of cultures in a climate of mutual respect — became an integral part of my world view, and a basis for the values that I hold most dear."[21]

 

Following high school, Obama moved to Los Angeles, where he studied at Occidental College for two years.[22] He then transferred to Columbia University in New York City, where he majored in political science with a specialization in international relations.[23] Obama graduated with a B.A. from Columbia in 1983. He worked for a year at the Business International Corporation[24][25] and then at the New York Public Interest Research Group.[26][27]

 

After four years in New York City, Obama moved to Chicago, where he was hired as director of the Developing Communities Project (DCP), a church-based community organization originally comprising eight Catholic parishes in Greater Roseland (Roseland, West Pullman and Riverdale) on Chicago's far South Side. He worked there for three years from June 1985 to May 1988.[26][28] During his three years as the DCP's director, its staff grew from one to thirteen and its annual budget grew from $70,000 to $400,000. His achievements included helping set up a job training program, a college preparatory tutoring program, and a tenants' rights organization in Altgeld Gardens.[29] Obama also worked as a consultant and instructor for the Gamaliel Foundation, a community organizing institute.[30] In mid-1988, he traveled for the first time to Europe for three weeks and then for five weeks in Kenya, where he met many of his paternal relatives for the first time.[31]

 

Obama entered Harvard Law School in late 1988. He was selected as an editor of the Harvard Law Review at the end of his first year,[32] and president of the journal in his second year.[33] During his summers, he returned to Chicago where he worked as a summer associate at the law firms of Sidley & Austin in 1989 and Hopkins & Sutter in 1990.[34] After graduating with a Juris Doctor (J.D.) magna cum laude[35][36] from Harvard in 1991, he returned to Chicago.[32]

 

Obama's election as the first black president of the Harvard Law Review gained national media attention[33] and led to a publishing contract and advance for a book about race relations.[37] In an effort to recruit him to their faculty, the University of Chicago Law School provided Obama with a fellowship and an office to work on his book.[37] He originally planned to finish the book in one year, but it took much longer as the book evolved into a personal memoir. In order to work without interruptions, Obama and his wife, Michelle, traveled to Bali where he wrote for several months. The manuscript was finally published in mid-1995 as Dreams from My Father.[37]

 

From April to October 1992, Obama directed Illinois's Project Vote, a voter registration drive with a staff of ten and seven hundred volunteers; it achieved its goal of registering 150,000 of 400,000 unregistered African Americans in the state, and led to Crain's Chicago Business naming Obama to its 1993 list of "40 under Forty" powers to be.[38][39]

 

For twelve years, Obama served as a professor at the University of Chicago Law School teaching Constitutional Law. He was first classified as a Lecturer from 1992 to 1996 and then as a Senior Lecturer from 1996 to 2004.[40] He also joined Davis, Miner, Barnhill & Galland, a twelve-attorney law firm specializing in civil rights litigation and neighborhood economic development, where he was an associate for three years from 1993 to 1996, then of counsel from 1996 to 2004, with his law license becoming inactive in 2002.[26][41][42]

 

Obama was a founding member of the board of directors of Public Allies in 1992, resigning before his wife, Michelle, became the founding executive director of Public Allies Chicago in early 1993.[26][43] He served from 1994 to 2002 on the board of directors of the Woods Fund of Chicago, which in 1985 had been the first foundation to fund the Developing Communities Project, and also from 1994 to 2002 on the board of directors of the Joyce Foundation.[26] Obama served on the board of directors of the Chicago Annenberg Challenge from 1995 to 2002, as founding president and chairman of the board of directors from 1995 to 1999.[26] He also served on the board of directors of the Chicago Lawyers' Committee for Civil Rights Under Law, the Center for Neighborhood Technology, and the Lugenia Burns Hope Center.[26]

  

Political career

 

State legislator: 1997–2004

Main article: Illinois Senate career of Barack Obama

Obama was elected to the Illinois Senate in 1996, succeeding State Senator Alice Palmer as Senator from Illinois's 13th District, which then spanned Chicago South Side neighborhoods from Hyde Park-Kenwood south to South Shore and west to Chicago Lawn.[44] Once elected, Obama gained bipartisan support for legislation reforming ethics and health care laws.[45] He sponsored a law increasing tax credits for low-income workers, negotiated welfare reform, and promoted increased subsidies for childcare.[46] In 2001, as co-chairman of the bipartisan Joint Committee on Administrative Rules, Obama supported Republican Governor Ryan's payday loan regulations and predatory mortgage lending regulations aimed at averting home foreclosures.[47]

 

Obama was reelected to the Illinois Senate in 1998, defeating Republican Yesse Yehudah in the General Election, and reelected again in 2002.[48] In 2000, he lost a Democratic primary run for the U.S. House of Representatives to four-term incumbent Bobby Rush by a margin of two to one.[49][50]

 

In January 2003, Obama became chairman of the Illinois Senate's Health and Human Services Committee when Democrats, after a decade in the minority, regained a majority.[51] He sponsored and led unanimous, bipartisan passage of legislation to monitor racial profiling by requiring police to record the race of drivers they detained and legislation making Illinois the first state to mandate videotaping of homicide interrogations.[46][52] During his 2004 general election campaign for U.S. Senate, police representatives credited Obama for his active engagement with police organizations in enacting death penalty reforms.[53] Obama resigned from the Illinois Senate in November 2004 following his election to the U.S. Senate.[54]

  

2004 U.S. Senate campaign

See also: United States Senate election in Illinois, 2004

In mid-2002, Obama began considering a run for the U.S. Senate; he enlisted political strategist David Axelrod that fall and formally announced his candidacy in January 2003.[55] Decisions by Republican incumbent Peter Fitzgerald and his Democratic predecessor Carol Moseley Braun not to contest the race launched wide-open Democratic and Republican primary contests involving fifteen candidates.[56] Obama's candidacy was boosted by Axelrod's advertising campaign featuring images of the late Chicago Mayor Harold Washington and an endorsement by the daughter of the late Paul Simon, former U.S. Senator for Illinois.[57] He received over 52% of the vote in the March 2004 primary, emerging 29% ahead of his nearest Democratic rival.[58]

 

In July 2004, Obama wrote and delivered the keynote address at the 2004 Democratic National Convention in Boston, Massachusetts.[59] After describing his maternal grandfather's experiences as a World War II veteran and a beneficiary of the New Deal's FHA and G.I. Bill programs, Obama spoke about changing the U.S. government's economic and social priorities. He questioned the Bush administration's management of the Iraq War and highlighted America's obligations to its soldiers. Drawing examples from U.S. history, he criticized heavily partisan views of the electorate and asked Americans to find unity in diversity, saying, "There is not a liberal America and a conservative America; there's the United States of America."[60] Though it was not televised by the three major broadcast news networks, a combined 9.1 million viewers watching on PBS, CNN, MSNBC, Fox News and C-SPAN saw Obama's speech, which was a highlight of the convention and confirmed his status as the Democratic Party's brightest new star.[61]

 

Obama's expected opponent in the general election, Republican primary winner Jack Ryan, withdrew from the race in June 2004.[62] Two months later and less than three months before Election Day, Alan Keyes accepted the Illinois Republican Party's nomination to replace Ryan.[63] A long-time resident of Maryland, Keyes established legal residency in Illinois with the nomination.[64] In the November 2004 general election, Obama received 70% of the vote to Keyes's 27%, the largest victory margin for a statewide race in Illinois history.[65]

  

U.S. Senator: 2005–2008

Main article: United States Senate career of Barack Obama

Obama was sworn in as a senator on January 4, 2005.[66] Obama was the fifth African-American Senator in U.S. history, and the third to have been popularly elected.[67] He was the only Senate member of the Congressional Black Caucus.[68] CQ Weekly, a nonpartisan publication, characterized him as a "loyal Democrat" based on analysis of all Senate votes in 2005–2007. The National Journal ranked him as the "most liberal" senator based on an assessment of selected votes during 2007; in 2005 he was ranked sixteenth most liberal, and in 2006 he was ranked tenth.[69][70] In 2008, Congress.org ranked him as the eleventh most powerful Senator.[71] Obama announced on November 13, 2008 that he would resign his senate seat on November 16, 2008, before the start of the lame-duck session, to focus on his transition period for the presidency.[72][73] This enabled him to avoid the conflict of dual roles as President-elect and Senator in the lame duck session of Congress, which no sitting member of Congress had faced since Warren Harding.[74]

  

Legislation

See also: List of bills sponsored by Barack Obama in the United States Senate

 

Senate bill sponsors Tom Coburn (R-OK) and Obama discussing the Coburn–Obama Transparency Act.[75]Obama voted in favor of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 and cosponsored the Secure America and Orderly Immigration Act.[76] In September 2006, Obama supported a related bill, the Secure Fence Act.[77] Obama introduced two initiatives bearing his name: Lugar–Obama, which expanded the Nunn–Lugar cooperative threat reduction concept to conventional weapons,[78] and the Coburn–Obama Transparency Act, which authorized the establishment of USAspending.gov, a web search engine on federal spending.[79] On June 3, 2008, Senator Obama, along with Senators Thomas R. Carper, Tom Coburn, and John McCain, introduced follow-up legislation: Strengthening Transparency and Accountability in Federal Spending Act of 2008.[80]

 

Obama sponsored legislation that would have required nuclear plant owners to notify state and local authorities of radioactive leaks, but the bill failed to pass in the full Senate after being heavily modified in committee.[81] Obama is not hostile to Tort reform and voted for the Class Action Fairness Act of 2005 and the FISA Amendments Act of 2008 which grants immunity from civil liability to telecommunications companies complicit with NSA warrantless wiretapping operations.[82]

 

In December 2006, President Bush signed into law the Democratic Republic of the Congo Relief, Security, and Democracy Promotion Act, marking the first federal legislation to be enacted with Obama as its primary sponsor.[83] In January 2007, Obama and Senator Feingold introduced a corporate jet provision to the Honest Leadership and Open Government Act, which was signed into law in September 2007.[84] Obama also introduced Deceptive Practices and Voter Intimidation Prevention Act, a bill to criminalize deceptive practices in federal elections[85] and the Iraq War De-Escalation Act of 2007,[86] neither of which have been signed into law.

  

Obama and U.S. Sen. Richard Lugar (R-IN) visit a Russian mobile launch missile dismantling facility in August 2005.[87]Later in 2007, Obama sponsored an amendment to the Defense Authorization Act adding safeguards for personality disorder military discharges.[88] This amendment passed the full Senate in the spring of 2008.[89] He sponsored the Iran Sanctions Enabling Act supporting divestment of state pension funds from Iran's oil and gas industry, which has not passed committee, and co-sponsored legislation to reduce risks of nuclear terrorism.[90][91] Obama also sponsored a Senate amendment to the State Children's Health Insurance Program providing one year of job protection for family members caring for soldiers with combat-related injuries.[92]

  

Committees

Obama held assignments on the Senate Committees for Foreign Relations, Environment and Public Works and Veterans' Affairs through December 2006.[93] In January 2007, he left the Environment and Public Works committee and took additional assignments with Health, Education, Labor and Pensions and Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs.[94] He also became Chairman of the Senate's subcommittee on European Affairs.[95] As a member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Obama made official trips to Eastern Europe, the Middle East, Central Asia and Africa. He met with Mahmoud Abbas before he became President of the Palestinian Authority, and gave a speech at the University of Nairobi condemning corruption in the Kenyan government.[96][97][98][99]

  

2008 Presidential campaign

Main articles: Barack Obama presidential primary campaign, 2008 and Barack Obama presidential campaign, 2008

Wikinews has related news: Barack Obama elected 44th President of the United States

On February 10, 2007, Obama announced his candidacy for President of the United States in front of the Old State Capitol building in Springfield, Illinois.[100][101] The choice of the announcement site was symbolic because it was also where Abraham Lincoln delivered his historic "House Divided" speech in 1858.[102] Throughout the campaign, Obama emphasized the issues of rapidly ending the Iraq War, increasing energy independence, and providing universal health care.[103]

  

Obama stands on stage with his wife and two daughters just before announcing his presidential candidacy in Springfield, Illinois, Feb. 10, 2007.During both the primary process and the general election, Obama's campaign set numerous fundraising records, particularly in the quantity of small donations.[104][105][106] On June 19, Obama became the first major-party presidential candidate to turn down public financing in the general election since the system was created in 1976.[107]

 

A large number of candidates initially entered the Democratic Party presidential primaries. After a few initial contests, the field narrowed to a contest between Obama and Senator Hillary Clinton, with each winning some states and the race remaining close throughout the primary process.[108][109][110][111] On May 31, the Democratic National Committee agreed to seat all of the disputed Michigan and Florida delegates at the national convention, each with a half-vote, narrowing Obama's delegate lead.[112] On June 3, with all states counted, Obama passed the threshold to become the presumptive nominee.[113][114] On that day, he gave a victory speech in St. Paul, Minnesota. Clinton suspended her campaign and endorsed him on June 7.[115] From that point on, he campaigned for the general election race against Senator John McCain, the Republican nominee.

 

On August 23, 2008, Obama announced that he had selected Delaware Senator Joe Biden as his vice presidential running mate.[116]

  

Obama delivers his presidential election victory speech.At the Democratic National Convention in Denver, Colorado, Obama's former rival Hillary Clinton gave a speech in support of Obama's candidacy and later called for Obama to be nominated by acclamation as the Democratic presidential candidate.[117][118] On August 28, Obama delivered a speech to 84,000 supporters in Denver. During the speech, which was viewed by over 38 million people worldwide, he accepted his party's nomination and presented his policy goals.[119][120]

 

After McCain was nominated as the Republican presidential candidate, there were three presidential debates between Obama and McCain in September and October 2008.[121][122] In November, Obama won the presidency with 53% of the popular vote and a wide electoral college margin. His election sparked street celebrations in numerous cities in the United States[123] and abroad.

  

Election victory

Main article: Presidential transition of Barack Obama

 

President-elect Obama meets with President George W. Bush in the Oval Office, November 10, 2008.On November 4, 2008, Barack Obama defeated John McCain in the general election with 365 electoral votes to McCain's 173[124] and became the first African American to be elected President of the United States.[125][126][127][128] In his victory speech, delivered before a crowd of hundreds of thousands of his supporters in Chicago's Grant Park, Obama proclaimed that "change has come to America".[129]

 

On January 8, 2009, the joint session of the U.S. Congress met to certify the votes of the Electoral College for the 2008 presidential election. Based on the results of the electoral vote count, Barack Obama was declared to have been elected President of the United States and Joseph Biden was declared to have been elected Vice President of the United States.[130]

  

Presidency

Main article: Presidency of Barack Obama

The inauguration of Barack Obama as the forty-fourth President, and Joe Biden as Vice President, took place on January 20, 2009. The theme of the inauguration was "A New Birth of Freedom," commemorating the 200th anniversary of the birth of Abraham Lincoln.[131]

 

In his first few days in office, Obama issued executive orders and presidential memoranda reversing President Bush's ban on federal funding to foreign establishments that allow abortions (known as the Global Gag Rule),[132] and changed procedures to promote disclosure under the Freedom of Information Act,[133] directing the U.S. military to develop plans to withdraw troops from Iraq,[134] and reducing the secrecy given to presidential records,[135] and closing Guantanamo Bay detention camp "as soon as practicable and no later than" January 2010, and "Immediate Review of All Guantánamo Detentions".

  

Political positions

Main article: Political positions of Barack Obama

A method that some political scientists use for gauging ideology is to compare the annual ratings by the Americans for Democratic Action (ADA) with the ratings by the American Conservative Union (ACU).[136] Based on his years in Congress, Obama has a lifetime average conservative rating of 7.67% from the ACU,[137] and a lifetime average liberal rating of 90% from the ADA.[138]

  

Obama campaigning in Abington, Pennsylvania, October 2008.Obama was an early opponent of the Bush administration's policies on Iraq.[139] On October 2, 2002, the day President George W. Bush and Congress agreed on the joint resolution authorizing the Iraq War,[140] Obama addressed the first high-profile Chicago anti-Iraq War rally in Federal Plaza,[141] speaking out against the war.[142][143] On March 16, 2003, the day Bush issued his 48-hour ultimatum to Saddam Hussein to leave Iraq before the U.S. invasion of Iraq,[144] Obama addressed the largest Chicago anti-Iraq War rally to date in Daley Plaza and told the crowd that "it's not too late" to stop the war.[145] Although Obama had previously said he wanted all the U.S. troops out of Iraq within 16 months of becoming President, after he won the primary, he said he might "refine" that promise.[146]

 

Obama stated that if elected he would enact budget cuts in the range of tens of billions of dollars, stop investing in "unproven" missile defense systems, not "weaponize" space, "slow development of Future Combat Systems," and work towards eliminating all nuclear weapons. Obama favors ending development of new nuclear weapons, reducing the current U.S. nuclear stockpile, enacting a global ban on production of fissile material, and seeking negotiations with Russia in order to take ICBMs off high alert status.[147]

 

In November 2006, Obama called for a "phased redeployment of U.S. troops from Iraq" and an opening of diplomatic dialogue with Syria and Iran.[148] In a March 2007 speech to AIPAC, a pro-Israel lobby, he said that the primary way to prevent Iran from developing nuclear weapons is through talks and diplomacy, although he did not rule out military action.[149] Obama has indicated that he would engage in "direct presidential diplomacy" with Iran without preconditions.[150][151][152] Detailing his strategy for fighting global terrorism in August 2007, Obama said "it was a terrible mistake to fail to act" against a 2005 meeting of al-Qaeda leaders that U.S. intelligence had confirmed to be taking place in Pakistan's Federally Administered Tribal Areas. He said that as president he would not miss a similar opportunity, even without the support of the Pakistani government.[153]

 

In a December 2005, Washington Post opinion column, and at the Save Darfur rally in April 2006, Obama called for more assertive action to oppose genocide in the Darfur region of Sudan.[154] He has divested $180,000 in personal holdings of Sudan-related stock, and has urged divestment from companies doing business in Iran.[155] In the July–August 2007 issue of Foreign Affairs, Obama called for an outward looking post-Iraq War foreign policy and the renewal of American military, diplomatic, and moral leadership in the world. Saying that "we can neither retreat from the world nor try to bully it into submission," he called on Americans to "lead the world, by deed and by example."[156]

  

Obama speaking at a rally at the University of Missouri in Columbia, Missouri.In economic affairs, in April 2005, he defended the New Deal social welfare policies of Franklin D. Roosevelt and opposed Republican proposals to establish private accounts for Social Security.[157] In the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, Obama spoke out against government indifference to growing economic class divisions, calling on both political parties to take action to restore the social safety net for the poor.[158] Shortly before announcing his presidential campaign, Obama said he supports universal health care in the United States.[159] Obama proposes to reward teachers for performance from traditional merit pay systems, assuring unions that changes would be pursued through the collective bargaining process.[160]

 

In September 2007, he blamed special interests for distorting the U.S. tax code.[161] His plan would eliminate taxes for senior citizens with incomes of less than $50,000 a year, repeal income tax cuts for those making over $250,000 as well as the capital gains and dividends tax cut,[162] close corporate tax loopholes, lift the income cap on Social Security taxes, restrict offshore tax havens, and simplify filing of income tax returns by pre-filling wage and bank information already collected by the IRS.[163] Announcing his presidential campaign's energy plan in October 2007, Obama proposed a cap and trade auction system to restrict carbon emissions and a ten year program of investments in new energy sources to reduce U.S. dependence on imported oil.[164] Obama proposed that all pollution credits must be auctioned, with no grandfathering of credits for oil and gas companies, and the spending of the revenue obtained on energy development and economic transition costs.[165]

 

Obama has encouraged Democrats to reach out to evangelicals and other religious groups.[166] In December 2006, he joined Sen. Sam Brownback (R-KS) at the "Global Summit on AIDS and the Church" organized by church leaders Kay and Rick Warren.[167] Together with Warren and Brownback, Obama took an HIV test, as he had done in Kenya less than four months earlier.[168] He encouraged "others in public life to do the same" and not be ashamed of it.[169] Addressing over 8,000 United Church of Christ members in June 2007, Obama challenged "so-called leaders of the Christian Right" for being "all too eager to exploit what divides us."[170]

  

Family and personal life

Main articles: Early life and career of Barack Obama and Family of Barack Obama

 

Barack Obama and his wife Michelle Obama.In June 1989, Obama met Michelle Robinson, who later became his wife, when he was employed as a summer associate at the Chicago law firm of Sidley Austin.[171] Assigned for three months as Obama's adviser at the firm, Robinson joined him at group social functions, but declined his initial requests to date.[172] They began dating later that summer, became engaged in 1991, and were married on October 3, 1992.[173] The couple's first daughter, Malia Ann, was born in 1998,[174] followed by a second daughter, Natasha ("Sasha"), in 2001.[175] Because of Michelle Obama's employment with the University of Chicago, the Obama daughters attended the private University of Chicago Laboratory Schools. When they moved to Washington, D.C., in January 2009, the girls started at the private Sidwell Friends School.[176]

 

Obama was known as "Barry" in his youth, but asked to be addressed with his given name during his college years.[177]

 

Applying the proceeds of a book deal, in 2005 the family moved from a Hyde Park, Chicago condominium to their current $1.6 million house in neighboring Kenwood.[178] The purchase of an adjacent lot and sale of part of it to Obama by the wife of developer and friend Tony Rezko attracted media attention because of Rezko's indictment and subsequent conviction on political corruption charges that were unrelated to Obama.[179][180]

 

In December 2007, Money magazine estimated the Obama family's net worth at $1.3 million.[181] Their 2007 tax return showed a household income of $4.2 million—up from about $1 million in 2006 and $1.6 million in 2005—mostly from sales of his books.[182]

  

Obama playing basketball with U.S. military at Camp Lemonier, Djibouti in 2006.[183]In a 2006 interview, Obama highlighted the diversity of his extended family. "Michelle will tell you that when we get together for Christmas or Thanksgiving, it's like a little mini-United Nations." he said. "I've got relatives who look like Bernie Mac, and I've got relatives who look like Margaret Thatcher."[184] Obama has seven half-siblings from his Kenyan father's family, six of them living, and a half-sister with whom he was raised, Maya Soetoro-Ng, the daughter of his mother and her Indonesian second husband.[185] Obama's mother was survived by her Kansas-born mother, Madelyn Dunham[186] until her death on November 2, 2008, just before the presidential election.[187] In Dreams from My Father, Obama ties his mother's family history to possible Native American ancestors and distant relatives of Jefferson Davis, president of the southern Confederacy during the American Civil War.[188] Obama's maternal and paternal grandfathers fought in World War II. Obama's great-uncle served in the 89th Division that overran Ohrdruf,[189] the first Nazi camp liberated by U.S. troops.[190]

 

Obama plays basketball, a sport he participated in as a member of his high school's varsity team.[191] He is an avid sports fan. Obama follows the Chicago Bears, Chicago White Sox, Chicago Bulls and West Ham United F.C.[192][193][194][195] While he has never been a heavy smoker, Obama has tried to quit smoking several times, including a well-publicized and ongoing effort which he began before launching his presidential campaign.[196] Obama has said he will not smoke in the White House.[197]

 

Obama is a Protestant Christian whose religious views have evolved in his adult life. In The Audacity of Hope, Obama writes that he "was not raised in a religious household." He describes his mother, raised by non-religious parents (whom Obama has specified elsewhere as "non-practicing Methodists and Baptists") to be detached from religion, yet "in many ways the most spiritually awakened person that I have ever known." He describes his father as "raised a Muslim," but a "confirmed atheist" by the time his parents met, and his stepfather as "a man who saw religion as not particularly useful." In the book, Obama explains how, through working with black churches as a community organizer while in his twenties, he came to understand "the power of the African-American religious tradition to spur social change."[198][199] He was baptized at the Trinity United Church of Christ in 1988 and was an active member there for two decades.[200][201]

 

Besides his native English, Obama speaks Indonesian (Bahasa Indonesia), at least on a colloquial level, which he learned during his four childhood years in Jakarta.[202] After the APEC summit in November 2008, Indonesian president Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono related a telephone conversation with Obama in Indonesian to Indonesian media. Obama had told Yudhoyono that he missed Indonesian food like Nasi Goreng, Bakso or Rambutan.[203]

  

Cultural and political image

Main article: Public image of Barack Obama

With his black Kenyan father and white American mother, his upbringing in Honolulu and Jakarta, and his Ivy League education, Obama's early life experiences differ markedly from those of African-American politicians who launched their careers in the 1960s through participation in the civil rights movement.[204] Expressing puzzlement over questions about whether he is "black enough", Obama told an August 2007 meeting of the National Association of Black Journalists that the debate is not about his physical appearance or his record on issues of concern to black voters. Obama said that "we're still locked in this notion that if you appeal to white folks then there must be something wrong."[205]

 

Echoing the inaugural address of John F. Kennedy, Obama acknowledged his youthful image in an October 2007 campaign speech, saying: "I wouldn't be here if, time and again, the torch had not been passed to a new generation."[206] A popular catch phrase distilled the concept: "Rosa sat so Martin could walk; Martin walked so Obama could run; Obama is running so our children can fly."[207]

  

From left: Presidents George H. W. Bush, Barack Obama, George W. Bush, Bill Clinton and Jimmy Carter meet in the Oval Office on January 7, 2009.Obama has been praised as a master of oratory on par with other renowned speakers in the past such as Martin Luther King, Jr.[208][209] His "Yes We Can" speech, which artists independently set to music in a video produced by Will.i.am, was viewed by 10 million people on YouTube in the first month,[210] and received an Emmy Award.[211] University of Virginia professor Jonathan Haidt researched the effectiveness of Obama's public speaking and concluded that part of his excellence is because the politician is adept at inspiring the emotion of elevation, the desire to act morally and do good for others.[212] Obama used these communication skills in a series of weekly internet video addresses during his pre-inauguration transition period;[213] he has suggested he will make a series of broadcast and internet addresses similar to Franklin D. Roosevelt's famous fireside chats throughout his term as president to explain his policies and actions.[214]

 

Many commentators mentioned Obama's international appeal as a defining factor for his public image.[215] Not only did several polls show strong support for him in other countries,[216] but Obama also established close relationships with prominent foreign politicians and elected officials even before his presidential candidacy, notably with then incumbent British Prime Minister Tony Blair, whom he met in London in 2005,[217] with Italy's Democratic Party leader and then Mayor of Rome Walter Veltroni, who visited Obama's Senate office in 2005,[218] and with French President Nicolas Sarkozy, who also visited him in Washington in 2006.[219]

 

Obama won Best Spoken Word Album Grammy Awards for abridged audiobook versions of both of his books; for Dreams from My Father in February 2006 and for The Audacity of Hope in February 2008.[220]

 

In December 2008, Time magazine named Barack Obama as its Person of the Year for his historic candidacy and election, which it described as "the steady march of seemingly impossible accomplishments."[221]

  

Notes

^ "President Barack Obama". www.whitehouse.gov.

^ a b "Birth Certificate of Barack Obama". Department of Health, Hawaii. PolitiFact.com (August 8, 1961). Retrieved on 2008-12-12.

^ "Obama's church choice likely to be scrutinized". Associated Press. msnbc.com (November 17, 2008). Retrieved on 2009-1-20.

^ Maraniss, David (August 24, 2008). "Though Obama Had to Leave to Find Himself, It Is Hawaii That Made His Rise Possible", Politics, Washington Post. Retrieved on 27 October 2008.

^ Serafin, Peter (March 21, 2004). "Punahou grad stirs up Illinois politics" (Article), Special to the Star-Bulletin, Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Retrieved on November 30 2008.

^ For Stanley Ann's first name, see Obama (1995, 2004), p. 19

^ "Born in the U.S.A.". FactCheck (August 21, 2008). Retrieved on October 24, 2008.

^ Hutton, Brian (May 3, 2007). "For sure, Obama's South Side Irish", Politics, The Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved on 23 November 2008.

^ "Tiny Irish Village Is Latest Place to Claim Obama as Its Own - washingtonpost.com". Washingtonpost.com. Retrieved on 2008-11-08.

^ Obama (1995, 2004), pp. 9–10. For book excerpts, see "Barack Obama: Creation of Tales", East African (2004-11-01). Retrieved on 13 April 2008. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007.

^ a b Jones, Tim (2007-03-27). "Obama's mom: Not just a girl from Kansas: Strong personalities shaped a future senator", Chicago Tribune, reprinted in The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved on 27 October 2008.

^ Ripley, Amanda (2008-04-09). "The Story of Barack Obama's Mother", Time. Retrieved on 9 April 2007.

^ Merida, Kevin (2007-12-14). "The Ghost of a Father", Washington Post. Retrieved on 24 June 2008. See also: Ochieng, Philip (2004-11-01). "From Home Squared to the US Senate: How Barack Obama Was Lost and Found", East African. Retrieved on 24 June 2008. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. In August 2006, Obama flew his wife and two daughters from Chicago to join him in a visit to his father's birthplace, a village near Kisumu in rural western Kenya. Gnecchi, Nico (2006-02-27). "Obama Receives Hero's Welcome at His Family's Ancestral Village in Kenya", Voice of America. Retrieved on 24 June 2008.

^ Obama (1995, 2004), pp. 44–45.

^ Serafin, Peter (2004-03-21). "Punahou Grad Stirs Up Illinois Politics", Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Retrieved on 13 April 2008. See also: Obama (1995, 2004), Chapters 3 and 4.

^ Ripley, Amanda (2008-04-09). "The Story of Barack Obama's Mother", Time. Retrieved on 24 June 2008. See also: Suryakusuma, Julia (2006-11-29). "Obama for President... of Indonesia", Jakarta Post. Retrieved on 24 June 2008.

^ Obama (1995), pp. 9–10.

^ Obama (1995), Chapters 4 and 5. See also: Serrano, Richard A (March 11, 2007). "Obama's Peers Didn't See His Angst" (paid archive), Los Angeles Times. Retrieved on 4 January 2008.

^ "Obama Gets Blunt with N.H. Students", Associated Press, Boston Globe (November 21, 2007). Retrieved on 4 January 2008. In Dreams from My Father, Obama writes: "Pot had helped, and booze; maybe a little blow when you could afford it." Obama (1995), pp. 93–94. For analysis of the political impact of the quote and Obama's more recent admission that he smoked marijuana as a teenager ("When I was a kid, I inhaled."), see: Romano, Lois (January 3, 2007). "Effect of Obama's Candor Remains to Be Seen", Washington Post. Retrieved on 4 January 2008. Seelye, Katharine Q (October 24, 2006). "Obama Offers More Variations From the Norm", New York Times. Retrieved on 4 January 2008.

^ Hornick, Ed (August 17, 2008). "Obama, McCain talk issues at pastor's forum", CNN.com. Retrieved on 4 January 2009.

^ Reyes, B. J (February 8, 2007). "Punahou Left Lasting Impression on Obama", Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Retrieved on 4 January 2008. "As a teenager, Obama went to parties and sometimes sought out gatherings on military bases or at the University of Hawaii that were mostly attended by blacks."

^ "Oxy Remembers "Barry" Obama '83". Occidental College (2007-01-29). Retrieved on 2008-04-13.

^ Boss-Bicak, Shira (January 2005). "Barack Obama '83", Columbia College Today. Retrieved on 9 June 2008.

^ "Curriculum Vitae". The University of Chicago Law School. Archived from the original on 2001-05-09. Retrieved on 2008-11-03.

^ Issenberg, Sasha (2008-08-06). "Obama shows hints of his year in global finance: Tied markets to social aid", Boston Globe. Retrieved on 13 April 2008.

^ a b c d e f g Chassie, Karen (ed.) (2007). Who's Who in America, 2008. New Providence, NJ: Marquis Who's Who. p. 3468. ISBN 9780837970110. www.marquiswhoswho.com/products/WAprodinfo.asp. Retrieved on 2008-06-06.

^ Scott, Janny (2007-10-30). "Obama's Account of New York Years Often Differs from What Others Say", The New York Times. Retrieved on 13 April 2008. Obama (1995, 2004), pp. 133–140; Mendell (2007), pp. 62–63.

^ Secter, Bob; McCormick, John (2007-03-30). "Portrait of a pragmatist", Chicago Tribune, p. 1. Retrieved on 6 June 2008. Archived from the original on 9 February 2008. Lizza, Ryan (2007-03-19). "The Agitator: Barack Obama's Unlikely Political Education" (alternate link), New Republic. Retrieved on 13 April 2008. Obama (1995, 2004), pp. 140–295; Mendell (2007), pp. 63–83.

^ Matchan, Linda (1990-02-15). "A Law Review breakthrough" (paid archive), The Boston Globe, p. 29. Retrieved on 6 June 2008. Corr, John (1990-02-27). "From mean streets to hallowed halls" (paid archive), The Philadelphia Inquirer, p. C01. Retrieved on 6 June 2008.

^ Obama, Barack (August–September 1988). "Why organize? Problems and promise in the inner city". Illinois Issues 14 (8–9): 40–42. reprinted in: Knoepfle, Peg (ed.) (1990). After Alinsky: community organizing in Illinois. Springfield, IL: Sangamon State University. pp. 35–40. ISBN 0962087335. Tayler, Letta; Herbert, Keith (2008-03-02). "Obama forged path as Chicago community organizer", Newsday, p. A06. Retrieved on 6 June 2008.

^ Obama (1995, 2004), pp. 299–437.

^ a b Levenson, Michael; Saltzman, Jonathan (2007-01-28). "At Harvard Law, a unifying voice", The Boston Globe. Retrieved on 15 June 2008. Kantor, Jodi (2007-01-28). "In law school, Obama found political voice", The New York Times, p. 1. Retrieved on 15 June 2008. Kodama, Marie C (2007-01-19). "Obama left mark on HLS", The Harvard Crimson. Retrieved on 15 June 2008. Mundy, Liza (2007-08-12). "A series of fortunate events", The Washington Post, p. W10. Retrieved on 15 June 2008. Heilemann, John (2007-10-22). "When they were young". New York 40 (37): 32–7, 132–3. www.printthis.clickability.com/pt/cpt?action=cpt&titl.... Retrieved on 15 June 2008. Mendell (2007), pp. 80–92.

^ a b Butterfield, Fox (1990-02-06). "First black elected to head Harvard's Law Review", The New York Times, p. A20. Retrieved on 15 June 2008. Ybarra, Michael J (1990-02-07). "Activist in Chicago now heads Harvard Law Review" (paid archive), Chicago Tribune, p. 3. Retrieved on 15 June 2008. Matchan, Linda (1990-02-15). "A Law Review breakthrough" (paid archive), The Boston Globe, p. 29. Retrieved on 15 June 2008. Corr, John (1990-02-27). "From mean streets to hallowed halls" (paid archive), The Philadelphia Inquirer, p. C01. Retrieved on 15 June 2008. Drummond, Tammerlin (1990-03-12). "Barack Obama's Law; Harvard Law Review's first black president plans a life of public service" (paid archive), Los Angeles Times, p. E1. Retrieved on 15 June 2008. Evans, Gaynelle (1990-03-15). "Opening another door: The saga of Harvard's Barack H. Obama", Black Issues in Higher Education, p. 5. Retrieved on 15 November 2008. Pugh, Allison J. (Associated Press) (1990-04-18). "Law Review's first black president aims to help poor" (paid archive), The Miami Herald, p. C01. Retrieved on 15 June 2008.

^ Aguilar, Louis (1990-07-11). "Survey: Law firms slow to add minority partners" (paid archive), Chicago Tribune, p. 1 (Business). Retrieved on 15 June 2008. "Barack Obama, a summer associate at Hopkins & Sutter in Chicago"

^ Adams, Richard (2007-05-09). "Barack Obama", The Guardian. Retrieved on 26 October 2008.

^ Mendell, David. "Barack Obama (American politician)". Retrieved on 2008-10-26.

^ a b c Scott, Janny (2008-05-18). "The story of Obama, written by Obama", The New York Times, p. 1. Retrieved on 15 June 2008. Obama (1995, 2004), pp. xiii–xvii.

^ White, Jesse (ed.) (2000). Illinois Blue Book, 2000, Millennium ed.. Springfield, IL: Illinois Secretary of State. p. 83. OCLC 43923973. www.sos.state.il.us/bb/toc.html. Retrieved on 2008-06-06.

^ Jarrett, Vernon (1992-08-11). "'Project Vote' brings power to the people" (paid archive), Chicago Sun-Times, p. 23. Retrieved on 6 June 2008. Reynolds, Gretchen (January 1993). "Vote of Confidence". Chicago 42 (1): 53–54. www.chicagomag.com/Chicago-Magazine/January-1993/Vote-of-.... Retrieved on 6 June 2008. Anderson, Veronica (September 27–October 3 1993). "40 under Forty: Barack Obama, Director, Illinois Project Vote". Crain's Chicago Business 16 (39): 43.

^ University of Chicago Law School (2008-03-27). "Statement regarding Barack Obama". University of Chicago Law School. Retrieved on 2008-06-10. Miller, Joe (2008-03-28). "Was Barack Obama really a constitutional law professor?". FactCheck.org. Retrieved on 2008-06-10. Holan, Angie Drobnic (2008-03-07). "Obama's 20 years of experience". PolitiFact.com. Retrieved on 2008-06-10.<

^ Robinson, Mike (Associated Press) (2007-02-10). "Obama got start in civil rights practice", The Boston Globe. Retrieved on 15 June 2008. Pallasch, Abdon M (2007-12-17). "As lawyer, Obama was strong, silent type; He was 'smart, innovative, relentless,' and he mostly let other lawyers do the talking", Chicago Sun-Times, p. 4. Retrieved on 15 June 2008. "People" (paid archive), Chicago Tribune (1993-06-27), p. 9 (Business). Retrieved on 15 June 2008. "Business appointments" (paid archive), Chicago-Sun-Times (1993-07-05), p. 40. Retrieved on 15 June 2008. Miner, Barnhill & Galland (2008). "About Us". Miner, Barnhill & Galland – Chicago, Illinois. Retrieved on 2008-06-15. Obama (1995, 2004), pp. 438–439, Mendell (2007), pp. 104–106.

^ "ARDC Individual Attorney Record of Public Registration and Public Disciplinary and Disability Information as of October 17, 2008 at 12:52:13 PM". Attorney Registration and Disciplinary Commission of the Supreme Court of Illinois. Retrieved on 2008-10-19.

^ Public Allies (2008). "Fact Sheet on Public Allies' History with Senator Barack and Michelle Obama". Public Allies. Retrieved on 2008-06-06.

^ Jackson, David; Ray Long (2007-04-03). "Obama Knows His Way Around a Ballot", Chicago Tribune. Retrieved on 14 January 2008. [dead link] White, Jesse (2001). "Legislative Districts of Cook County, 1991 Reapportionment". Illinois Blue Book 2001–2002. Springfield: Illinois Secretary of State. p. 65. State Sen. District 13 = State Rep. Districts 25 & 26.

^ Slevin, Peter (2007-02-09). "Obama Forged Political Mettle in Illinois Capitol", Washington Post. Retrieved on 20 April 2008. Helman, Scott (2007-09-23). "In Illinois, Obama dealt with Lobbyists", Boston Globe. Retrieved on 20 April 2008. See also: "Obama Record May Be Gold Mine for Critics", Associated Press, CBS News (2007-01-17). Retrieved on 20 April 2008. "In-Depth Look at Obama's Political Career" (video), CLTV, Chicago Tribune (2007-02-09). Retrieved on 20 April 2008.

^ a b Scott, Janny (2007-07-30). "In Illinois, Obama Proved Pragmatic and Shrewd", The New York Times. Retrieved on 20 April 2008. See also: Pearson, Rick; Ray Long (2007-05-03). "Careful Steps, Looking Ahead", Chicago Tribune. Retrieved on 20 April 2008. Archived from the original on 16 February 2008.

^ Allison, Melissa (2000-12-15). "State takes on predatory lending; Rules would halt single-premium life insurance financing", Chicago Tribune, p. 1 (Business). Retrieved on 1 June 2008. Long, Ray; Allison, Melissa (2001-04-18). "Illinois OKs predatory loan curbs; State aims to avert home foreclosures.", Chicago Tribune, p. 1. Retrieved on 1 June 2008.

^ "13th District: Barack Obama" (archive). Illinois State Senate Democrats (2000-08-24). Archived from the original on 2000-04-12. Retrieved on 2008-04-20. "13th District: Barack Obama" (archive). Illinois State Senate Democrats (2004-10-09). Archived from the original on 2004-08-02. Retrieved on 2008-04-20.

^ "Federal Elections 2000: U.S. House Results - Illinois". Federal Election Commission. Retrieved on 2008-04-24.. See also: "Obama's Loss May Have Aided White House Bid". and Scott, Janny (2007-09-09). "A Streetwise Veteran Schooled Young Obama", The New York Times. Retrieved on 20 April 2008.

^ McClelland, Edward (2007-02-12). "How Obama Learned to Be a Natural", Salon. Retrieved on 20 April 2008. See also: Wolffe, Richard; Daren Briscoe (2007-07-16). "Across the Divide", Newsweek, MSNBC. Retrieved on 20 April 2008. Helman, Scott (2007-10-12). "Early Defeat Launched a Rapid Political Climb", Boston Globe. Retrieved on 20 April 2008. and Wills, Christopher (2007-10-24). "Obama learned from failed Congress run", USA Today. Retrieved on 20 September 2008.

^ Calmes, Jackie (2007-02-23). "Statehouse Yields Clues to Obama", Wall Street Journal. Retrieved on 20 April 2008.

^ Tavella, Anne Marie (2003-04-14). "Profiling, taping plans pass Senate", Daily Herald, p. 17. Retrieved on 1 June 2008. Haynes, V. Dion (2003-06-29). "Fight racial profiling at local level, lawmaker says; U.S. guidelines get mixed review", Chicago Tribune, p. 8. Retrieved on 1 June 2008. Pearson, Rick (2003-07-17). "Taped confessions to be law; State will be 1st to pass legislation", Chicago Tribune, p. 1 (Metro). Retrieved on 1 June 2008.

^ Youngman, Sam; Aaron Blake (2007-03-14). "Obama's Crime Votes Are Fodder for Rivals", The Hill. Retrieved on 20 April 2008. See also: "US Presidential Candidate Obama Cites Work on State Death Penalty Reforms", Associated Press, International Herald Tribune (2007-11-12). Retrieved on 20 April 2008.

^ Coffee, Melanie (2004-11-06). "Attorney Chosen to Fill Obama's State Senate Seat", Associated Press, HPKCC. Retrieved on 20 April 2008.

^ Helman, Scott (2007-10-12). "Early Defeat Launched a Rapid Political Climb", Boston Globe. Retrieved on 13 April 2008.

^ Davey, Monica (2004-03-07). "Closely Watched Illinois Senate Race Attracts 7 Candidates in Millionaire Range", The New York Times. Retrieved on 13 April 2008.

^ Wallace-Wells, Ben (2007-04-01). "Obama's Narrator", The New York Times Magazine. Retrieved on 13 April 2008.

^ Davey, Monica (2004-03-17). "From Crowded Field, Democrats Choose State Legislator to Seek Senate Seat", New York Times. Retrieved on 13 April 2008. See also: Jackson, John S (August 2006). "The Making of a Senator: Barack Obama and the 2004 Illinois Senate Race" (PDF), Occasional Paper of the Paul Simon Public Policy Institute, Southern Illinois University. Retrieved on 13 April 2008.

^ Bernstein, David (June 2007). "The Speech", Chicago Magazine. Retrieved on 13 April 2008.

^ Obama, Barack (2004-07-27). "Keynote Address at the 2004 Democratic National Convention" (text or video). BarackObama.com. Retrieved on 2008-04-13.

^ . (2004-08-02). "Star Power. Showtime: Some are on the rise; others have long been fixtures in the firmament. A galaxy of bright Democratic lights", Newsweek, pp. 48–51. Retrieved on 15 November 2008. Samuel, Terence (2004-08-02). "A shining star named Obama. How a most unlikely politician became a darling of the Democrats", U.S. News & World Report, p. 25. Retrieved on 15 November 2008. Lizza, Ryan. "The Natural. Why is Barack Obama generating more excitement among Democrats than John Kerry?", The Atlantic Monthly, pp. 30, 33. Retrieved on 15 November 2008. Davey, Monica (2004-07-26). "A surprise Senate contender reaches his biggest stage yet", The New York Times, p. A1. Retrieved on 15 November 2008. Leibovich, Mark (2004-07-27). "The other man of the hour", The Washington Post, p. C1. Retrieved on 15 November 2008. Milligan, Susan (2004-07-27). "In Obama, Democrats see their future", The Boston Globe, p. B8. Retrieved on 15 November 2008. Seelye, Katharine Q. (2004-07-28). "Senate nominee speaks of encompassing unity", The New York Times, p. A1. Retrieved on 15 November 2008. Broder, David S. (2004-07-28). "Democrats focus on healing divisions; Addressing convention, newcomers set themes", The Washington Post, p. A1. Retrieved on 15 November 2008. Bing, Jonathan; McClintock, Pamela (2004-07-29). "Auds resist charms of Dem stars", Daily Variety, p. 1. Retrieved on 15 November 2008. Mendell (2007), pp. 272–285.

^ "Ryan Drops Out of Senate Race in Illinois", CNN (2004-06-25). Retrieved on 13 April 2008.

^ Lannan, Maura Kelly (2004-08-09). "Alan Keyes Enters U.S. Senate Race in Illinois Against Rising Democratic Star", Associated Press, Union-Tribune (San Diego). Retrieved on 13 April 2008.

^ Liam, Ford; David Mendell (2004-08-13). "Keyes Sets Up House in Cal City", Chicago Tribune. Retrieved on 13 April 2008.

^ "America Votes 2004: U.S. Senate / Illinois", CNN. Retrieved on 13 April 2008. Slevin, Peter (2007-11-13). "For Obama, a Handsome Payoff in Political Gambles", The Washington Post. Retrieved on 13 April 2008.

^ "About Barack Obama". Barack Obama U.S. Senate Office. Retrieved on 2008-04-27.

^ "Breaking New Ground: African American Senators". U.S. Senate Historical Office. Retrieved on 2008-06-25.

^ "Member Info". Congressional Black Caucus. Retrieved on 2008-06-25. See also: Zeleny, Jeff (2005-06-26). "When It Comes to Race, Obama Makes His Point—With Subtlety", Chicago Tribune. Retrieved on 25 June 2008. Archived from the original on 16 February 2008.

^ Nather, David (2008-01-14). "The Space Between Clinton and Obama", CQ Weekly. Retrieved on 25 June 2008. See also: Curry, Tom (2008-02-21). "What Obama's Senate Votes Reveal", MSNBC. Retrieved on 25 June 2008.

^ "Obama: Most Liberal Senator In 2007", National Journal (2008-01-31). Retrieved on 25 June 2008.

^ KnowLegis. "Power Rankings: Senate". Retrieved on 2008-09-07.

^ Mason, Jeff (2008-11-16). "Obama resigns Senate seat, thanks Illinois". The Washington Post. The Washington Post Company. Retrieved on 2008-11-21.

^ Sidoti, Liz (2008-11-13). "Obama to Resign Senate Seat on Sunday". Time. Time Inc.. Retrieved on 2008-11-22.

^ Baker, Peter (2008-11-14). "ON THE WHITE HOUSE; If the Senate Reconvenes, Two Seats May Be Empty". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved on 2008-11-21.

^ "President Bush Signs Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act.". White House (2006-09-26).

^ U.S. Senate, 109th Congress, 1st Session (2005-05-12). "S. 1033, Secure America and Orderly Immigration Act". Thomas. Retrieved on 2008-04-27.

^ "Latinos Upset Obama Voted for Border Fence", CBS 2 (Chicago) (2006-11-20). Retrieved on 27 April 2008. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007.

^ "Lugar–Obama Nonproliferation Legislation Signed into Law by the President". Richard Lugar U.S. Senate Office (2007-01-11). Retrieved on 2008-04-27. See also: Lugar, Richard G; Barack Obama (2005-12-03). "Junkyard Dogs of War", Washington Post. Retrieved on 27 April 2008.

^ McCormack, John (2007-12-21). "Google Government Gone Viral", Weekly Standard. Retrieved on 27 April 2008. See also: "President Bush Signs Coburn–Obama Transparency Act". Tom Coburn U.S. Senate Office (2006-09-26). Retrieved on 2008-04-27. and USAspending.gov

^ S. 3077: Strengthening Transparency and Accountability in Federal Spending Act of 2008 Govtrack.us, 2007-2008 (110th Congress)

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^ Weixel, Nathaniel (2007-11-15). "Feingold, Obama Go After Corporate Jet Travel", The Hill. Retrieved on 27 April 2008. Weixel, Nathaniel (2007-12-05). "Lawmakers Press FEC on Bundling Regulation", The Hill. Retrieved on 27 April 2008. See also: "Federal Election Commission Announces Plans to Issue New Regulations to Implement the Honest Leadership and Open Government Act of 2007", Federal Election Commission (2007-09-24). Retrieved on 27 April 2008.

^ Stern, Seth (2007-01-31). "Obama–Schumer Bill Proposal Would Criminalize Voter Intimidation", CQPolitics.com, The New York Times. Retrieved on 27 April 2008. U.S. Senate, 110th Congress, 1st Session (2007-01-31). "S. 453, Deceptive Practices and Voter Intimidation Prevention Act of 2007". Thomas. Retrieved on 2008-04-27. See also: "Honesty in Elections" (editorial), The New York Times (2007-01-31). Retrieved on 27 April 2008.

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^ Cummings, Jeanne (September 26, 2007). "Small Donors Rewri

"By 1975 a Planning Strategy had been prepared"

 

[1]

Source:

www.swanseamarina.org.uk/index.cfm?articleid=3839

 

Planning Strategy

 

By 1975 a Planning Strategy had been prepared which included a regeneration programme and identified economic, social and environment policy objectives.

 

Developing the Marina - aerial view Developing the Marina - aerial view

  

Land acquisition, clearance and installing the necessary infrastructure took another 5 years, before redevelopment could go ahead.

  

This work involved creating new sea defence works, clearing the dock basins of debris and the installation of moorings for a new marina. More efficient lock gates were fitted, and a new swing bridge was constructed and the quay sides were paved to form a new public walkway around the dockside.

 

Of the £13m of public expenditure on infrastructure works, £6.1m was obtained by way of grants. More recently, the Tawe River Barrage was completed for a further £17m. All this has created two marina and an attractive waterside environment for a new development.

  

Development Process

The quality of urban design has been achieved using the Council's planning powers and its ownership of land to ensure that individual developments reflected the Council's plan for the area. This plan not only provided a context for design submissions but ensured that a mix of land-use was introduced.

 

The redevelopment process involves the preparation of design or development briefs. These identify the public routs and spaces, the suggested form and scale of development and recommended materials that would blend in with adjoining projects. the adoption of a design brief enables the Council to take a balanced view that gives full consideration to good design, as well as the financial and social dimensions of any given scheme.

 

[2]

www.swanseamarina.org.uk/index.cfm?articleid=3838

Industrial Wasteland

 

The South Dock's decline set in after World War 1, due to the world-wide disruption to trade that was caused.

 

Industrial Wasteland Industrial Wasteland

  

Cheaper imported copper, particularly from the America's and little diversification at home, all contributed to the decline of the port.

 

The North Dock closed in 1928 and the South Dock followed in 1969.

 

The whole area now known as the Maritime Quarter was then bought for a nominal sum by the City Council.

 

At first the area was considered as a route for a new relief road that would have taken traffic now on Oystermouth Road; it would also have required a new crossing of the Tawe.

 

However, following Local Government reorganisation in 1974, a reassessment of the land use policy was undertaken by the newly-created Planning Department and the seeds of the present Maritime Quarter were sown.

 

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Infrastructure

 

This section explains in more detail the infrastructure projects undertaken by the Council to facilitate new development.

 

Yachts in Pockets Wharf Yachts in Pockets Wharf

  

The Yacht Marina

Since opening in 1982 the Marina has welcomed vessels from all over the world.

 

In anticipation of these and in line with the mixed use philosophy, the former City Council built 5 light-industrial units on Fishmarket Quay in 1983. These provide support services for the boating community.

 

Access to the marina is from the river via the Barrage sea lock (capacity 25 yachts) and an inner (smaller) lock that allows access to the Marina proper.

 

The Marina's overall capacity is 365 berths adjacent to pontoons that provide access to electricity and water. The maximum size vessel that can be accommodated is 100 ft overall x 27ft beam x 14ft draft.

 

Overlooking the Tawe basin lockgates is the Marina Administration and Boat Store in which can be found berth holders toilets, showers and a laundrette. A boat storage yard and a repair shed can be found to the rear of this building.

 

Public Walkways

A unique feature of the Maritime Quarter is the continuous access to the waterfront enjoyed by the public. Unlike may North American marinas or similar private developments in the UK, public access begins at the quayside and continues around the whole of the South Dock.

 

The Tawe River Barrage completed in 1992 converted the tidal river into a linear lake. This stimulated the upgrading of the river area with the restoration of long-abandoned jetties and the creation of pedestrian footpaths and cycle paths.

 

Public Walkways Public Walkways

 

Such improvements not only add to the river's new visual appeal, they also make adjacent land more attractive. As the Tawe is navigable as far upstream as the Addis works, future leisure uses might include canoeing and small-scale recreational boating.

 

Promenade Promenade

  

Sea's Edge

A sea defence wall and promenade was constructed in 1986 by Swansea City Council at a cost of £1.2m. This was to protect the exposed southern edge of the Maritime Quarter and to reclaim additional land from dereliction and erosion.

 

The lower level takes the form of a splash wall, while the upper level forms a walkway and retaining wall to the new promenade.

 

Changes of level and direction were included in the design, as were ramps to allow for people in wheelchairs.

 

The names of vessels registered in Swansea over a 100 years ago are inscribed on the seaward side of the retaining wall.

 

The main beach access point is called 'Seagate' and is marked by twin Portland stone pylons that flank two pavilions. On the higher level there are two Seagate feature seats which act as architectural signs marking beach access.

 

Building the barrage - aerial view Building the barrage - aerial view

  

The Tawe River Barrage

The origins of the Tawe River Barrage go back as far as those of the Maritime Quarter.

 

The idea was first put forward in 1974 and was re-examined in 1978, but limited resources and other priorities contrived to keep if off the agenda until the late 1980's.

 

The contract for the Barrage was let for £17.5m in January 1989, and it qualified for an EEC grant of £6.5m.

 

Completed in July 1992, it now retains water in the river at roughly half-tidal level, forming an inland linear lake that has a strong visual impact at the main gateway' to the City Centre. The River Tawe, that has for so long divided Swansea east from west, can now unite the two halves by becoming a leisure amenity for both.

 

Improvements to the river banks and the continued recovery of derelict land will help to stimulate new investment overlooking the water, especially near the former docklands area around the river mouth.

 

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Development Projects

 

The best and only way to view the Maritime Quarter is on foot.

 

This said, the next section outlines the principal development projects in a clockwise direction starting with Arethusa Quay, Victoria Quay, Industrial and Maritime Museum, Pumphouse and Quay , Mannheim Quay, Pockett's Wharf, New Moorings in the Tawe, Pilot House Wharf, Tower of the Ecliptic, Abernethy Square and Quay, Ferrara Square and Quay, The Maritime Village, The Hotel, Sites 10 and 11, Site 12 Spontex and Port Tawe River Frontage - SA1.

 

Alpheius the River God Alpheius the River God

  

Arethusa Quay

The whole process of redevelopment began in 1982 when the City Council built a 49-unit public housing scheme to re-house the existing Paxton Street community.

 

This 2-3 storey red brick development to the west of Arethusa Quay included 14 flats for the elderly persons, cost £0.9m and was designed by the Swansea City Council Architects Department. The adjoining quayside was then developed by Ratehealth Limited to provide 67 flats at a cost of £1.8m in 1985. Arethusa Quay is named after H.M.S. Arethusa and was opened by Rear Admiral R.A, Snow on 3rd August 1984.

 

Victoria Quay

Development on Victoria Quay began in 1983 and was completed 3 years later. Built at a cost of £5m by Whitegates Ltd, the development provides 72 flats, shops, wine bar, ice cream parlour and a public house / restaurant.

 

The stone carvings at ground floor level all relate to the history and development of steam railways. The various stones depict Trevithick's Pen-y-Darren (1804), Stevenson's Rocket (1829) and the LMS logo, among others. The plaque facing the Maritime and Industrial Museum depicts a Webb 2.4.2 locomotive in Victoria Station. Victoria Quay derives its name from the Victoria Railway Station, that stood for nearly 100 years on the site of the Leisure Centre.

 

Marina through arches Marina through arches

 

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Maritime and Industrial Museum Maritime and Industrial Museum

  

The Industrial and Maritime Museum

The Industrial and Maritime Museum was housed in converted Coast Lines Warehouse, which was built around 1900 and extended to the west around 1914.

 

It was leased for some 30 years by Swansea Harbour Trust to Coast Lines Limited, who ran regular sailings from Swansea to most British ports.

 

The warehouse now forms part of the National Waterfront Museum. A suite of new exhibition galleries, a little to the north of the warehouse and a central foyer that connects the two main buildings complete the new museum. Much care has been taken by the Architects to complement the historic warehouse through materials, structure and overall design.

 

The new museum tells the story of Wales's industrial and maritime history, highlighting the dramatic effect of industrialisation on the people and the landscape. The museum also reflects the important role played by Swansea and its hinterland, in the ultimate development of Wales as the world's first industrial nation.

 

The latest computer technology has been used to enhance the museum with audio visual and interactive displays throughout the 15 galleries.

 

National Waterfront Museum (Illustration) National Waterfront Museum (Illustration)

 

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Sunset over Pumphouse Sunset over Pumphouse

  

Pumphouse and Quay

This Quay owes its name to the former Hydraulic Pumphouse, whose tower has dominated the South Dock since the beginning of the 20th century. Built in 1900 to supply power for the new swing-bridge and locks, the building replaced the early machinery fitted by James Abernethy and Sir George Armstrong.

 

The building was used for the last time in 1971, when the last vessel left the South Dock. By the late 1970's it had been vandalised and the machinery so badly corroded by rust that it had to be removed in 1981. Essential work was undertaken to make the structure sound following the designation of the Conservation Area the previous year.

 

It was marketed for leisure use in 1984, converted at a cost of £200,000 and opened as a steak restaurant in 1985. In 1987 the Pumphouse was given Grade 2 listed status, as a building of historical and architectural interest

 

Mannheim Quay - Phase 1 & 2 Mannheim Quay - Phase 1 & 2

  

Mannheim Quay - Phase 1 & 2

Named after one of Swansea's twin cities, Mannheim Quay is overlooked by an ambitious public housing development. The first phase was designed by Swansea City Council Architects Department and was completed in 1988. It cost £1.5million and provided 50 sheltered flats, shops and a chemist, and retail units. this phase also involved the rehabilitation and conversion of Gloucester House, a former office building.

 

The second phase by Shaw Homes, involved the construction of a further 100 units of social housing with 60 flats for sale. This 4-storey development incorporates the use of a timber frame system, and cost £4.5 million.

 

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Pockets Wharf

This is a mixed-use development consisting of forty, 2 and 3 bedroom flats and commercial floor space which includes a major high street bank.

 

It was built by Lovell Urban Renewal in 1993 and is composed of a continuously-linked block of three structures, in a dog-legged plan form. The tallest element is 152 feet high and a major landmark at the seaward entrance to the Maritime Quarter.

 

The materials used in the design of Pockett's Wharf blend with the rest of the area and are ochre facing brick, reconstituted stone and metal balconies.

 

Yachts in Pockets Wharf Yachts in Pockets Wharf

 

Pontoon and Boats Pontoon and Boats

  

New Moorings in the Tawe

One of the first to benefit from the river's new status as a linear lake, with lock access to the sea, was Swansea Yacht and Sub-Aqua Club, located on Burrows Road.

 

In a move that has had the effect of extending the yacht marina out into the river, they added 200 new berths on pontoons which are anchored to the bed of the river just outside the entrance to the Marina. The new births were formally declared open in December 1992 by Robin Knox Johnson and were immediately snapped up by yachtsmen.

 

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Pilot House Wharf

The Pilot House served the needs of Swansea's sea pilots for the greater part of the 20th century. Before the development of radar in the 1930's, the castellated tower served both as look-out and a small weather station.

 

Pilots have been working out of Swansea ever since sea trading routes were established in the early Middle Ages, although they were not properly established by committee until the late 18th century. A small carved stone on the north facing wall of the new public lavatories celebrates the architecture of the Pilot House tower, buoys and waves.

 

The Tower of the Ecliptic

This is the name given to the Public Observatory built by the City Council, with the aid of a 50% grant, made available by the European Regional Development Fund.

 

The Tower acts as both a focal point for the grand sweep of the Swansea Bay and is a visible statement of he City's edge. Both landmark and functional structure, it rests on an octagonal plinth lapped (and occasionally lashed) by the sea. The upper levels act as a viewing gallery and observatory, the latter is equipped with a 500mm reflecting telescope, the largest in Wales.

 

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Abernethy Square and Quay

These new dockside spaces were named after James Abernethy, the prominent Victorian engineer who designed the South Dock and Half Tide Basin in the early 1850's.

 

The new development was built by Kingdomwide Housing in 1986 and provides 258 flats for sale and rent. It is the largest housing association development in the Maritime Quarter and cost £7.4m. Only 155 units of this development are traditional housing association stock, the rest are for direct sale. Additionally, six shop units were designed into this scheme, one of which is located in Abernethy's refurbished hydraulic engine house on the square itself.

 

Ferrara Square and Quay Ferrara Square and Quay

  

Ferrara Square and Quay

The Northern Italian city of Ferrara is twinned with Swansea and the naming of this square celebrates that fact. Ferrara Square is formed by the western side of Kingdomwide development, while the Quay is overlooked by the £11 million Lovell Urban Renewal development.

 

Numerous stone panels in and around the Square acknowledge Ferrara's Renaissance heyday, further details of which can be found in the Stoney Stories heritage guide to the Maritime Quarter

 

The statue in the centre of Ferrara Square is of John Henry Vivian (1779-1885) and is made from cast bronze sculptured by I Evan Thomas. John Henry Vivian was the founder of a copper smelting works on the bank of the Tawe, and Swansea's MP for six successive parliaments (23 years).

 

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Maritime Village

The Maritime Village is one of the largest development sites within the Maritime Quarter, containing 265 housing units and six shops.

  

Built by Lovell developments at a cost of £11 million in 1988, it is located between the seafront and the South Dock Basin. It overlooks the Ferrara Quay development in the east and ends shortly before the Ramada Jarvis Hotel in the west.

 

The Maritime Village The Maritime Village

 

Aerial view of Marriot Hotel Aerial view of Marriot Hotel

  

The Hotel

Marriot Hotels operate a 4-star, 117 bed hotel which was completed in 1989 at the western end of the Maritime Quarter. It cost £6.5 million to build of which £2 million came from an Urban Investment Grant. Facilities include restaurants, bars, a swimming pool and a conference room for 300 people.

 

This 5-storey structure makes a maximum use of its location, with most bedrooms overlooking the water, either in the form of the South Dock or Swansea Bay.

 

As a building, it forms a visual stop to one end of the dock basin and is finished in two-tone brick to match other developments in the Maritime Quarter. The northern face is completed as a brick tower that echoes the Pumphouse at the other end of the dock, while the southern seaward gable is ornamented by a piece of public art called 'The Siren'.

 

Detail on Marriot Hotel Detail on Marriot Hotel

 

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Sites 10 and 11

There are two prominent development sites that enjoy any for of relationship with the South Dock Basin.

 

They straddle Trawler Road, with Site 10 looking directly into the South Dock and Site 11 on slightly higher ground, level with the promenade and facing Swansea Bay. This land has been reserved to attract major leisure uses and create a focus for the public activity.

 

Site 12 Spontex

Now that the industrial use of this existing site has ceased, the 15-acre site forms an important extension to the Maritime Quarter. It will provide an opportunity for residential, leisure and commercial redevelopment together with public open space and public parking

 

Port Tawe River Frontage - SA1

The Barrage and the stable river level it ensures has improved the development potential of this area. As a result it enjoys the benefit of river views and subsequent new buildings will have to respond strongly to such a waterside setting.

 

The aim is to create a lively riverfront environment that is enlivened by water-bourne activity, whose diversity of use is encouraged by a mixed development and animated by continuous public access.

 

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Conservation and Renewal

 

In 1975 a conservation area was proposed by the City and County for Cambrian Place and the Assembly Rooms, which was granted an 'outstanding' category by the Welsh Office. This was extended by 1980 to cover the entire historic core of the Maritime Quarter. Since then the Council has facilitated a refurbishment programme of the key buildings within the area.

  

Re-use of Historic Buildings

 

The Old Guildhall The Old Guildhall

  

The Council began the conversion of the former Coast Lines warehouse into the Industrial and Maritime Museum in 1975. The former Hydraulic Pumphouse built in 1901 was partly renovated by the City Council in 1981. A former Seaman's Chapel was converted into an art gallery and a former garage became the Dylan Thomas Theatre.

 

This image is of the old Guildhall, a Grade 2* listed building which was refurbished in 1995 to create the Dylan Thomas Centre, the architectural centrepiece of the UK Year of Literature celebrations in 1995.

 

The Georgian Terrace in Cambrian Place was converted into 34 flats by the Gwalia Housing Association, who have added another 66 flats since.

  

The Assembly Rooms is a Grade 2 listed building built after 1810, the facade of which has been retained as part of a £700,000 housing association development.

 

Late Georgian Terrace Late Georgian Terrace

  

The Environment Centre, Pier Street

Opened by HRH Prince of Wales on the 12th April 1995, the first Environment Centre in Wales is housed in a converted 96 year-old former city telephone exchange.

 

Located in the heart of the Conservation Area, it is the result of an alliance between the City Council, the Countryside Council for Wales and the Prince of Wales Committee. The Centre offers a range of conference, administrative and meeting areas for use by local and regional organisations. Its role is to raise public awareness of environmental issues, to encourage involvement in environmental projects and to demonstrate practical energy efficiency measures. Workshop space for artists in residence has been provided and a cafe and shop are planned.

  

Environmental Enhancement

Perhaps the most original features in the Maritime Quarter is the amount of public space decorated by sculpture and carved-stone panels, set into and around the new buildings..

 

This was all part of a Council-sponsored programme that operated between 1985 - 1990 and was designated "architectural enhancement". Conceived to focus attention on the main public walkways, its aim was to arouse interest and give pleasure.

 

The "enhancement" was not intended to be simply decorative. It is an important element of the whole project and every developer had to agree to its incorporation as part of the planning conditions for the site. Once agreement had been reached, the City Council then organised the design and manufacture of the artwork for the developers to install as part of their building programme.

 

Environmental Enhancement Environmental Enhancement

 

The Globe Sundial The Globe Sundial

  

Sculpture

The first example can be found in St Vincent Crescent and is the Globe sundial by the artist Wendy Taylor. It is a cast bronze sphere whose axis lies parallel to the axis of the earth. and reproduces in miniature the way the earth is bathed in sunlight. The time is indicated by the fin which casts the least shadow.

 

Lighthouse Tower Sculpture Lighthouse Tower Sculpture

  

A second example is the Lighthouse Tower Sculpture by Robert Conybear. This sculpture has a painted and galvanised steel, brass and polycarbonate superstructure. It sits atop a Portland stone column that is hung with both static and flashing neon lighting.

The Mermaid The Mermaid

  

The third sculpture, by George Young, was carved from a single massive block of Woodkirk sandstone and is called the Mermaid. It can be found immediately behind the Tower of the Ecliptic Public Observatory, at the most easterly end of the promenade. All three sculptures were installed between 1987 - 1988.

  

Tower of the Nets

The name has classical origins and refers to the Tower of the Winds at Athens. This small hexagonal structure is something between a free standing monument and an orthodox small building.

 

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The Future

 

A number of very significant development opportunities still exist.

 

Apart from those sites still owned by the Council there remain two sizeable pieces of land not in Council ownership.

 

The first is the 15-acre Spontex site that faces both to the sea and the river,

 

while the second is on the opposite side of the river which is owned by Associated British Ports.

 

Tawe Wharf Tawe Wharf

  

Site 3 Design Brief

Tawe Wharf has been created from reclaimed land and lies immediately alongside the River Tawe below New Cut Bridge.

  

Its western boundary is defined by East Burrows Road and it has a built-up edge comprised of a major supermarket, the Dylan Thomas Centre and Cambrian Place.

 

The site has real potential as a leisure destination and it is accessible both from Oystermouth Road and via the footpath that stretches all the way along the riverside up to New Cut Bridge and on up the river valley. In this way the river's new status as a linear lake can be exploited to further improve the City's tourism offer.

 

Site 9 Pau Square

Pau Square lies due north of the public observatory and is a prime seafront residential site of 0.36 hectares. It was named after another of Swansea's twin towns, this time in France.

 

Manhattan, New York City, New York, United States

 

If you want to know more about my walks and photos, check out my blog.

 

Summary

 

The Wilbraham, built in 1888-90 as a bachelor apartment hotel, was commissioned by prominent Scottish-American jeweler William Moir as a real estate investment. It was designed by the versatile New York architectural firm of D. & J. Jardine, whose principals, David and John Jardine, were brothers and also of Scottish birth.

 

Located at the northwest corner of Fifth Avenue and West 30th Street, the Wilbraham is eight stories high (plus basement and penthouse) and crowned by a mansard roof. Clad in a handsome combination of Philadelphia brick, Belleville brownstone, and cast iron, the Wilbraham is extraordinarily well-detailed and reflects the influence of the Romanesque Revival style in the rock-faced stonework and excellent, intricately carved stone detail. The Real Estate Record & Guide in 1890 called it "quite an imposing piece of architecture." The building's two-story shopfront housed the famous china and glassware importing firm of Gilman Collamore & Co. from 1890 to about 1920.

 

The Wilbraham was constructed when this area was changing due to the inroads of commerce, but was still fashionable for clubs, theaters, apartments, and hotels. The bachelor apartment hotel, or "bachelor flats," was a multiple dwelling building type that arose in the 1870s to serve the city's very large population of single men. The Wilbraham catered to professional men of means.

 

Each apartment contained a two-room suite with a bathroom but no kitchen; a residents' dining room was provided on the eighth floor. In 1934-35, the apartments were remodeled to include kitchens, and the building ceased to operate solely as bachelor flats. The Wilbraham, an outstanding extant example of the bachelor apartment hotel building type, has remained in residential use.

 

DESCRIPTION AND ANALYSIS

 

Fifth Avenue, from 23rd to 34th Streets, in the 19th Century 1

 

By 1837, Fifth Avenue was extended north of 23rd Street to 42nd Street, and the surrounding land was sold as building lots. Madison Square, formerly part of "The Parade" and located on the east side of the avenue between 23rd and 26th Streets, was reserved as a park and opened in 1847. Gradually, New York's elite moved "uptown" as they escaped the encroachment of commerce farther downtown, and Fifth Avenue in this area became the most fashionable address and home to the some of the city's wealthiest individuals.

 

Most of the residences along the avenue were speculatively-built brownstones. Numerous churches also located in this vicinity.3

 

Amos R. Eno's Fifth Avenue Hotel (1856-59, Griffith Thomas, with William Washburn; demolished 1908), at Fifth Avenue and 23rd Street across from Madison Square, was initially dubbed "Eno's Folly" because it was built so far north. It soon became one of the most famous hotels in the city and spurred construction of other hotels west and northwest of Madison Square (particularly in the triangle formed by the intersection of Fifth Avenue with the diagonal of Broadway).

 

This district contained the city's best hotels, as well as men's social clubs that followed their constituents uptown. Apartment houses and apartment hotels began to appear on the avenue in the early 1870s. In 1876, Delmonico's, the well-known restaurant, moved to 212-214 Fifth Avenue (at 26th Street).6 By the 1870s, the theater district also relocated northward from Union Square to the Madison Square vicinity.7 Madison Square Garden, opened in 1879 at Madison Avenue and 26th Street and replaced with a new building (1889-91, McKim, Mead & White; demolished 1925), became one of the nation's premiere theater and entertainment centers.

 

The shopping area known as Ladies' Mile developed to the south between 14th and 23rd Streets, with the great department stores along Sixth Avenue and retail shops extending east to and along Broadway. Fifth Avenue in the late 19th century was also at the eastern edge of the legendary and crime-ridden section of midtown Manhattan known as "the Tenderloin," roughly bounded by 23rd and 42nd Streets and Fifth and Seventh Avenues (by the turn of the century, it extended northward and westward).

 

Beginning in the 1880s, as commerce encroached and the exclusivity of the area faded, many prominent New York families moved farther up Fifth Avenue around Central Park.9

 

Hotels and apartment houses continued to be built in the vicinity. The Knickerbocker Apartments (1882-84, Charles W. Clinton, demolished), 243-249 Fifth Avenue (at 28th Street), was a luxury building that included one floor of bachelor apartments. Holland House (1891, Harding & Gooch), 274-280 Fifth Avenue (at 30th Street), was for a brief period the most opulent and luxurious hotel in the city. This was surpassed by the Waldorf Hotel (1891-93, Henry J. Hardenbergh), expanded in 1895-97 as the Waldorf-Astoria, also by Hardenbergh (now demolished), which was on the site of the Astor residences.

 

The Wilbraham evokes the history of this stretch of Fifth Avenue as a fashionable area of shops, theaters, clubs, and residences.

 

William Moir

 

The Wilbraham was built as a real estate investment for prominent jeweler William Moir (18261896), who resided at 6 West 20th Street. Born in Aberdeen, Scotland, Moir immigrated to New York City around 1840 and was apprenticed to watchmaker Alexander Martin.

 

He later became a journeyman to jeweler Emmet T. Pell at 315 Hudson Street, and after Pell retired in 1844, purchased the business with his brother John Moir (d. 1895). J. & W. Moir ran a successful operation at that location for 25 years, until John's withdrawal from the firm. In 1870, William Moir commissioned a five-story, cast-iron-clad structure (Theodore A. Tribit, architect) for his own business at No. 711 [originally 373] Sixth Avenue, at the southwest corner of West 23 rd Street.12 Moir's business in 1872 included a fine selection of French clocks and bronzes, specially imported by him, and a yet larger stock of watches, native and foreign, jewelry, diamonds, and silver-plated ware. The diamond jewelry is noticeably good, and is all made on the premises.

 

At the time of his death, he was called "one of New York's oldest and best known retail jewelers."14 He was treasurer for 22 years of the First Presbyterian Church, 48 Fifth Avenue.

 

His widow, Emily Hun Sexton Moir, dedicated a memorial window (c. 1910, designed by Tiffany Studios and containing Scottish references) in his honor in the church. Moir also served as a trustee of the Presbyterian Hospital and a director of the Greenwich Bank and Greenwich Savings Bank, and was a member of the Saint Andrew's Society of the State of New York, for men of Scottish ancestry. He was buried in Green-Wood Cemetery in Brooklyn.

 

Construction of the Wilbraham

 

In April 1888, William Moir purchased, for $245,000,17 a townhouse located at the northwest corner of Fifth Avenue and West 30th Street. Plans were filed in October 1888 by architects D. & J. Jardine for a six-story (plus basement) bachelor flats building on this site, to be fireproof, framed in iron, and clad in Philadelphia brick, Belleville (N.J.) brownstone, and cast iron, at an estimated cost of $150,000.

 

Construction began immediately, but plans were amended and approved in November 1888 to substitute steel for the proposed iron beams and girders.18 In December, Moir conveyed the property to his wife Emily. A rendering of the proposed six-story Wilbraham capped by a high balustrade parapet was published in January 1889 in Building.

 

An amendment filed in June 1889, however, increased the height of the building two stories including a one-story mansard roof, so that the completed building was eight full stories. This increase in height reflected the maximum possible return that Moir could achieve on his investment.

 

In 1885, a New York City law had been enacted to limit the height of all new residential construction to a height of 80 feet (six stories), but hotels and apartment hotels, including bachelor flats, were exempt because they were considered commercial properties.19 Another amendment filed in July 1889 added a penthouse to the roof of the Wilbraham, with three servants' rooms and a kitchen.

 

The building was completed in May 1890. An alteration application was filed by the Jardine firm in October 1890 to add another two servants' rooms to the penthouse, which were completed in 1891; William Moir pleaded for these rooms in a letter to the Buildings Dept. because "in the carrying on of the work in the building they are a positive necessity."

 

A store has continually occupied the building's two-story base, with frontage on Fifth Avenue and two bays on West 30th Street. Each apartment in the Wilbraham contained two rooms -- a parlor and a bedroom -- and the floors were arranged so that it was possible to combine apartments together.

 

Typical of apartment hotels, kitchens were not included in the apartments, instead a residents' dining room was provided on the eighth floor. The Real Estate Record & Guide called it "the most elegantly appointed among the bachelor apartment houses in New York City."

 

The building was equipped with technological amenities, including the latest in plumbing and ventilation, a manually-operated Otis elevator, steam heating, both gas and electric lighting, and an internal communication system connected with the superintendent. Tenants were also provided the housekeeping services of a hotel.

 

The Architects: D. & J. Jardine

 

Born in Whithorn, Wigtownshire, Scotland, David Jardine (1830-1892) trained under his builder-architect father before immigrating to America around 1850. In New York City he established an architectural practice by 1855, then was a partner in Jardine & [Edward G.] Thompson in 1858-60. His brother, John Jardine (1838-1920), also born in Whithorn, immigrated to the United States and worked for the U.S. government during the Civil War in the design of monitors and gunboats.

 

John moved to New York City, and in 1865 formed an architectural partnership with David. D. & J. Jardine, which lasted until David's death, was one of the more prominent, prolific, and versatile architectural firms in the city in the second half of the 19th century. George Elliott Jardine (1841-1902), another brother from Whithorn, began working for the firm around 1887. All three brothers were members of the Saint Andrew's Society of the State of New York (a possible source of their commission from Moir). A fourth member of the firm, from about 1886 to 1891, was Jay (Joseph) H. Van Norden.

 

D. & J. Jardine was active in rowhouse development in Greenwich Village and on the Upper East and Upper West Sides from the late-1860s through the mid-1880s.

 

The firm achieved prominence for its designs, in a variety of contemporary styles, for religious structures, store-and-loft buildings, warehouses, office buildings, and apartment houses.

 

D. & J. Jardine designed a number of notable cast-iron-fronted buildings, including: No. 319 Broadway ("Thomas Twin") ( 1869-70); G. Rosenblatt & Bro. Buildings, 57 Walker Street (1870), and 734 Broadway (1872-73); Davies Building (1874-75), 678 Broadway; Jones Building (1875-76, demolished), 171-175 8th Avenue, for drygoods merchant Owen Jones; B. Altman & Co. Building (1876-80), 625-629 Sixth Avenue; No. 121 Mercer Street (originally owned by the New York Eye & Ear Infirmary) (1879);24 and Baumann Brothers Furniture and Carpets Store (1880-81), 2226 East 14th Street.

 

Among the firm's other notable extant commissions are: the Fourth Reformed Presbyterian Church (1874), 359-365 West 48th Street; D.S. Hess & Co. Building (1880), 35-37 West 23 rd Street; and the Castree-Halliday Buildings (1887), store-and-loft structures located at 13-17 Jay Street.25 Aside from the Wilbraham, the firm's multiple-residential structures, few of which survive, included the Jardine Apartments (1872, demolished), 203-205 West 56th Street, one of New York City's earliest French flats buildings;26 Clermont Apartments (1878, demolished), 1706-1708 Broadway; St. Marc Hotel (1880, demolished), 434 Fifth Avenue; Palermo Apartments (1882, demolished), 125 East 57th Street; Dundonald Flats (1885), 71 West 83rd Street;27 and the Alpine (1886-87, demolished), bachelor flats at 1282-1286 Broadway.

 

David Jardine was called by the American Architect & Building News "one of the best known of the older generation of New York architects."28 After his death in 1892, John and George Jardine were joined by William W. Kent in the firm of Jardine, Kent & Jardine. In 1911, the firm became Jardine, Kent & [Clinton M.] Hill; its successor firm after 1913 was Jardine, Hill, & [Harris H.] Murdock. John Jardine committed suicide in 1920 at the age of 82. The firm continued as Jardine, Murdock, & Wright after 1936.

 

Design of the Wilbraham

 

The period of the 1880s in New York City was one of stylistic experimentation in which architects (including those of the various multiple dwelling building types), incorporated diverse influences, such as the Queen Anne, Victorian Gothic, Romanesque, Renaissance, and neo-Grec styles, French rationalism, and the German Run dbogens til.

 

The desire of architects and clients for originality, variety, and novelty was demonstrated, as well, by a freedom in design and materials. This was a period of interest in, and availability of, various types and colors of brick for exterior cladding.

 

There was also great interest in the use of several materials in combination (such as brick, terra cotta, stone, and cast iron), both to achieve varied and picturesque effects of color, texture, and ornament, and to exploit their functional qualities.

 

The Wilbraham's design reflects the influence of the Romanesque Revival style, which gained popularity in the 1880s due to the work of the distinguished Boston architect Henry Hobson Richardson. This influence is seen in the rock-faced stonework and arched openings, as well as the noteworthy, intricately carved, stone detail, particularly the residential entrance on West 30th Street. In this building, the Jardines freely interpreted the Romanesque Revival style, making creative use of its ornament while mixing it with classical references.

 

The Wilbraham is extraordinarily well-detailed and employs a handsome combination of materials, colors, and textures -- the red Philadelphia brick, warm Belleville brownstone, and cast iron. The Real Estate Record & Guide in 1890 called the Wilbraham "certainly the 'crack' apartment house of its kind in New York City... quite an imposing piece of architecture."

 

The Bachelor Apartment Hotel or "Bachelor Flats"

 

Throughout the 19th century, large numbers of New Yorkers lived in multiple residences, including converted dwellings and hotels, due (among other factors) to real estate conditions that made single-family residences prohibitive to all but the wealthy.

 

The bachelor apartment hotel, or "bachelor flats," was a variation on one of the purpose-built multiple dwelling building types that emerged in New York City in the early 1870s (and in such cities as Boston, Washington, and Chicago in the 1870s-80s). Though the contemporary terms were sometimes employed imprecisely, the building types came to be defined as follows: 1) the apartment house or French flats consisted of apartments with suites of rooms (including a bathroom and kitchen) for middle- and upper-middle-class residents (luxury apartment houses emerged after 1880); 2) the apartment hotel or residential hotel had apartments, for basically long-term residents, with suites of rooms (including a bathroom but no kitchen), while a dining room and other services were provided; and 3) the hotel, for transient visitors and long-term residents, had a variety of services, as well as a dining room open to the general public.

 

With the growth and industrialization of New York City in the 19th century, the work force consisted of very large numbers of unmarried men. The number of bachelors in the city ranged from 125,000 (about 13% of the total population) in 1870,31 to nearly 45 percent of the male population over the age of 15 in 18 90.

 

Howard Chudacoff, in a recent study on the "bachelor subculture in America" from 1880 to 1930, identified 1890 (the year of the Wilbraham's completion) as the peak year in American history of the number of unmarried males over the age of 15 - nearly 42 percent was the national average.33 He and other historians have noted a variety of contemporary social factors that contributed to these numbers of single men: the exclusion of women from most occupations; the greater number of male immigrants; postponement of marriage due to low income level; dissatisfaction with the institution of marriage; and the availability of alternatives, including socializing outside of marriage, the emergence of a gay male community, and the attractions of the heterosexual "sporting male culture."

 

Housing options for middle-class unmarried men in New York were severely limited. As rowhouses and better hotels were expensive, bachelors were forced to find quarters in boarding or rooming houses (usually converted rowhouses) with less privacy or security, in less-than-desirable rooms in cheaper hotels or apartment buildings, or in such facilities as clubs and YMCAs. It was observed in 1898 that "the bachelor was not considered to be entitled to much consideration; any old thing was good enough for him... Anyone who was old enough and had the means to marry and yet did not, was not thought to be entitled to anything better."

 

The emergence of the apartment hotel provided an alternative that accommodated unmarried men along with couples, families, and widows, but this was considered awkward as single men were seen as threatening married couples and traditional gender roles. Chudacoff comments that:

 

Americans have always revered and depended on the family as the chief institution for promoting citizenship and social order. They have celebrated family life as a basic stabilizing influence in society. Those who valued the family in this way considered individuals and groups living outside the family setting as outcasts, people handicapped by an inability to participate in wholesome social life. These individuals were said to be destabilizing influences...

 

The acute need for apartment hotels specifically for bachelors in New York City was reported by architect Emlen T. Littel in a paper read before the annual convention of the American Institute of Architects and published in 1876. He called for the construction of "club chambers, arranged for the special use of bachelors, [in which they] would find a permanent and real home."

 

In his proposal were characteristics that would become standard in bachelor flats: convenient location on a commercial avenue; storefront on the ground floor; apartments consisting of (at least) a bedroom, parlor, and bathroom; and floor plans in which parlors joined another so "that friends occupying adjacent chambers might, if so inclined, enjoy joint possession... [as well as] suites for those wishing to chum together permanently might consist of a larger parlor, two bedrooms, and a bathroom."

 

Littel concluded that "of single men, young and old... there is nothing which would conduce more to their welfare than the erection of such buildings; and, further, that there are few investments in real estate which would so amply reward the proprietor."

 

The first American apartment hotel is believed to have been the Hotel Pelham (1856-57, Alfred Stone of Arthur Gilman's firm) in Boston. In New York City, the proliferation of French flats is usually traced to the success of the Stuyvesant Apartments (1869-70, Richard Morris Hunt; demolished), 142 East 18th Street, which attracted a "respectable" clientele, while one of the city's earliest apartment hotels was the Grosvenor House (1871-72, Detlef Lienau; demolished), 35-37 Fifth Avenue (at 10th Street). Stevens House (1870-72, Richard Morris Hunt; demolished), Broadway and 27th Street, was originally built with apartments (above ground-floor stores), but the building was remodeled and enlarged in 1873-74 (Arthur Gilman, architect) as an apartment hotel.

 

It has been suggested that Stevens House also then became one of the first bachelor apartment hotels in New York.40 The Panic of 1873 slowed the construction of apartment hotels until economic recovery occurred around 1879-80.

 

Among the early buildings built as b ache lor flats were the Benedick (1879-80, McKim, Mead & Bigelow), 79-80 Washington Square East; the Percival (1882, McKim, Mead & White; demolished), 230 West 42nd Street; the Gorham Building (1883-84, Edward H. Kendall), 889-891 Broadway; and the Alpine (1886-87, D. & J. Jardine). Between 1880 and 1915, hundreds of bachelor apartment hotels were erected. The Real Estate Record & Guide in 1890 reflected that the bachelors' apartment house is a product of our modern life. It is not a social fad, ready to disappear directly.

 

It has ceased to be a novelty. It has come to stay, for it fills a gap in the life of every unmarried man who has become weary of the boarding house, the furnished room, or the hotel.

 

Historian Paul Groth noted that the success of American residential hotels, including bachelor flats, made possible a cultured, civilized life for men without the aid of a woman... provid[ing] domestic care as well as, or better than, a woman could. In some cases, then, the maxim "What every man needs is a good woman," became " What every man needs is a good hotel."

 

The Record & Guide commented in 1898 that bachelor flats "began to arise one after the other, and each later one surpassing its predecessor in elegance, comfort and convenience," and by 1905 noted that "such buildings are found for the most part along Fifth Avenue south of Central Park, and in the cross streets adjacent, on Broadway, and in some other choice locations" south to 23rd Street.

 

The Wilbraham was thus one of the earlier bachelor apartment hotels located in the midst of a district where such buildings would flourish prior to World War I. The Wilbraham catered to single professional men of means. The 1900 census listed eleven single male "boarders" at the Wilbraham, ranging in age from 28 to 80: two lawyers, two treasurers, two company "secretaries," a music professor, a drygoods clerk, a silk manufacturer, an architect, and an actor.

 

The 1910 census counted fifteen tenants, aged from 26 to 68: four lawyers, three stockbrokers, two newspaper solicitors, a publisher, a real estate agent, a shopowner, a civil engineer, a clerk, and a treasurer; only one of these men had resided here at the previous census.

 

Gilman Collamore & Co.

 

Occupying the Wilbraham's two-story shopfront (and basement) on Fifth Avenue upon its completion was Gilman Collamore & Co., famous dealers in expensive fine china, porcelain, pottery, glassware, and "bric-a-brac," who specialized in high-quality imported French and English goods. Gilman Collamo re (1834-1888), born in West Scitiuate, Mass., trained in the china importing firm of his uncle in Boston.

 

Collamore moved to New York City in 1854 and worked in the same business with his brother Davis Collamore; he established a firm under his own name in 1861.

 

An advertisement for his business at 731 Broadway in 1868 called it "importers and dealers in china, glass, silver-plated ware, &c." Prior to its move to the Wilbraham, the firm was located at 19 Union Square. After Collamore's death, the company was run by John Joseph Gibbons (d. 1917). King's Handbook remarked in 1893 that in houses of wealth and taste it seldom happens that there are not wares obtained through Collamore's... A large part of its imported goods cannot be found in any other house in America... [which] has always maintained itself at the head of its line of trade by virtue of the artistic excellence of its goods.

 

Gibbons purchased the Wilbraham from Emily Moir for one million dollars in 1908. Of the sale, the Real Estate Record & Guide stated that it shows the growing necessity of tenants on the avenue owning their own property in every case where it is possible. The supply is getting very limited, and as soon as the present inactivity is over investors will be climbing over each other to get choice avenue property.

 

In the New York Times, Gibbons said he believed that Fifth Avenue would "continue to be the best for high-class retail trade." The building, called by the Times "one of the first and finest bachelor apartment houses erected in the Fifth Avenue section," was also to continue in that use. Around 1920, a new building at 15 East 56th Street was constructed to house Gilman Collamore & Co.

 

Fifth Avenue in the 20th Century

 

After the turn of the century, Fifth Avenue between Madison Square and Central Park was largely transformed into a commercial thoroughfare. As the heyday of Ladies' Mile ended, the section of Fifth Avenue north of 34th Street developed a high-end retail trade, with specialty shops catering to the upper class and selling such items as jewelry, perfume, and furs. The section of the avenue south of 34th Street developed as "the main artery of the new wholesale trade centre," according to the New York Times in 1915.

 

The theater district moved to Times Square, new grand hotels were built near Central Park, large department stores opened around Herald Square, and the vicinity of Madison Square was developed with office buildings. Town & Country commented in 1903 that "the brown-stone streets are blossoming out, here and there, with odd houses, all designed for business purposes.

 

They break the monotonous line and make that part of the city a place of pleasant contrasts..."53 It was estimated that by 1907 the avenue had seen a 250 percent increase in real estate values. In 1908, Fifth Avenue was widened to accommodate the increased commercial and automobile traffic. Many 19th-century residences were demolished, and those that remained were converted to commercial use or had their facades replaced.

 

The new buildings were tall store-and-loft or office structures, some associated with the textile industry. Many of the great hotels in the area were demolished and replaced by office structures retaining the original names.

 

Holland House was converted to an office building about 1925. The Waldorf-Astoria Hotel was torn down for the Empire State Building (1929-31, Shreve, Lamb & Harmon), then the tallest building in the world.

 

Later History of the Wilbraham

 

The Wilbraham was sold in 1927 by the John J. Gibbons estate to the 1 West 30 St. Corp.58 A Manhattan directory in 1929 listed fifteen female and ten male residents, though a Buildings Dept. application in 1930 still listed "bachelor apartments" as the use. The building was conveyed to the Metropolitan Life Insurance Co. in 1934 due to unpaid taxes and a mortgage default. Architects Emery Roth and D. Everett Waid, with the firm of Bing & Bing, general contractors, made interior alterations in 1934-35, which included the creation of six apartments with kitchens on floors three through eight; creation of a second-story office; and extension of the penthouse for the creation of two apartments. The New York Times reflected that "a striking illustration of the fact that Fifth Avenue south of Thirty-fourth Street has not entirely lost its charm as a residential neighborhood is presented in the recent renovation of the old Wilbraham apartment building."

 

Metropolitan Life sold the property in 1944, and it has changed hands a number of times since. The Wilbraham has continually remained a residence, although its name was changed by 1984 to the Tiffany.

 

Description

 

The Wilbraham, located on the northwest corner of Fifth Avenue and West 30th Street, is eight stories high (plus basement and a rooftop penthouse). Clad in Philadelphia brick, Belleville (N.J.) brownstone, and cast iron, the building is articulated in a tripartite manner, with a two-story base, three-story midsection, and three-story upper section (including a one-story mansard roof), all separated by cornices.

 

The facades are pierced by window groupings that are linked vertically. The Fifth Avenue facade is two bays wide, while the West 30th Street facade is seven bays with slight projections in the center and western end. A metal fire escape was added to this center section.

 

The building retains its wood sash windows. Base: Fifth Avenue The two-story base consists of two wide bays, separated by a monumental cast-iron Composite order half-round column set on a cast-iron pier (that has been covered with a veneer of polished granite). At each end of the base is a rusticated stone pier (consisting of bands of rock-faced stone alternating with smaller bands of delicate decorative carving) with a polished granite base/watertable and a carved capital with a foliate-and-head design.

 

Each bay of the ground story originally had a display window with a transom and bulkhead, and an entrance door with a transom. There are now non-historic single-pane display windows (with rolldown gates), and non-historic double entrance doors with a transom in the southern bay; the storefront is surmounted by a non-historic projecting metal signband with large lettering.

 

The ground floor is surmounted by cast-iron spandrel panels with dentils and a ribbon design that continues from the central column. The second story has paired one-over-one double-hung wood windows separated by cast-iron colonnettes. The base is capped by a cast-iron and stone cornice with dentils (this cornice originally held lettering for Gilman Collamore & Co.).

 

Base: West 30th Street [east to west] The easternmost two bays are similar in treatment to the Fifth Avenue facade (minus entrances), and are a continuation of the ground-floor storefront. Both display windows retain their original decorative iron framing and bulkhead/grille (now covered with wood). A non-historic projecting metal signband with large lettering, similar to that on Fifth Avenue, surmounts the storefront; both bays have rolldown gates.

 

The slightly projecting central two bays are clad in rock-faced stone with quoins above a high polished granite watertable. Wide round-arched openings are set into this section below smooth-finished and molded surrounds on the ground floor.

 

The eastern bay originally had a basement entrance door surmounted by two windows set within the arch, and steps with iron railings; currently the portion below the stone spandrel panel has non-historic metal service doors, and a non-historic metal fan grille is placed within the arch.

 

The western bay has non-historic entrance doors (to the storefront) with a transom, set below the round-arched transom. A canopy has been placed within this arch, and there is a rolldown gate. The second-story paired windows have a central column, transom, and outer colonnettes surmounted by carved stone ornamental brackets.

 

The next two bays to the west are similar in treatment to the storefront bays on each facade. The ground floor of the eastern bay is filled with masonry, a door, louvers, and a metal grille. The ground floor of the western bay is filled with masonry, glass block and several small windows, and is partly covered with a metal grille.

 

The westernmost bay has the main residential entrance to the building. Flanking the entry are paired squat piers with carved capitals, above a polished granite watertable/base, that support a decorative entablature, from which springs a round arch. The entry has a low stone platform and non-historic doors and a transom.

 

The arch above the entrance has a transom (now covered) set below a smooth-finished, molded surround with a prominent foliate keystone and banderole with the carved inscription "WILBRAHAM." The spandrels are ornamented with elaborate carving. A canopy is hung by cables over the entrance within the arch, and a non-historic light fixture is placed on the arched surround. The second story has a paired window similar to those on the center bays of the West 30th Street facade.

 

Midsection This section, clad in Philadelphia brick with stone trim, consists of the third through the fifth stories. The Fifth Avenue bays are tripartite, while those on West 30th Street are double. The window groupings are linked vertically by colossal decorative stone half-round columns, edge moldings/ colonnettes surmounted by decorative carving, and keyed enframements.

 

Original windows are single-pane wood sash with transoms (transoms on the fourth story are round-arched). Stone spandrel panels have ornate foliate carving. Additionally, there are small original windows located in the center bays and in the next two bays to the west on the West 30th Street facade. The section is capped by a smooth-finished stone cornice with voussoirs, keystones, and dentils.

 

Upper Section This section consists of the sixth through the eighth floors, the last a mansard roof. The Fifth Avenue bays are tripartite, while those on West 30th Street are double. Original windows are one-over-one double hung wood sash. The sixth-story windows are segmental, flanked by piers with corbels, and are surmounted by a stone cornice with voussoirs and corbels.

 

The westermost bay is capped by a pediment above the sixth story. The seventh-story windows are separated by rock-faced stone piers and are surmounted by a rock-faced band course. The top-story mansard roof, now covered in standing-seam copper but originally slate with cresting, has dormers with paired windows set on rock-faced bases, with decorative frames and shed roofs with eaves decorated with egg-and-dart designs; and four tall brick-and-stone chimneys on the West 30th Street facade (each having projecting non-historic metal vents). A non-historic metal railing lines the roof, upon which there is a roof garden.

 

Penthouse The one-story penthouse (dating from 1890-91 and 1934-35), set back at the western half of the roof, is visible from the street. West Wall The top two stories of the western wall (brick, partly painted), as well as the building's water tank, are visible above the adjacent building.

 

- From the 2004 NYCLPC Landmark Designation Report

Tenderloin, Manhattan, New York City, New York, United States

 

Summary

 

The Wilbraham, built in 1888-90 as a bachelor apartment hotel, was commissioned by prominent Scottish-American jeweler William Moir as a real estate investment. It was designed by the versatile New York architectural firm of D. & J. Jardine, whose principals, David and John Jardine, were brothers and also of Scottish birth.

 

Located at the northwest corner of Fifth Avenue and West 30th Street, the Wilbraham is eight stories high and crowned by a mansard roof. Clad in a handsome combination of Philadelphia brick, Belleville brownstone, and cast iron, the Wilbraham is extraordinarily well-detailed and reflects the influence of the Romanesque Revival style in the rock-faced stonework and excellent, intricately carved stone detail. The Real Estate Record & Guide in 1890 called it "quite an imposing piece of architecture." The building's two-story shopfront housed the famous china and glassware importing firm of Gilman Collamore & Co. from 1890 to about 1920.

 

The Wilbraham was constructed when this area was changing due to the inroads of commerce, but was still fashionable for clubs, theaters, apartments, and hotels. The bachelor apartment hotel, or "bachelor flats," was a multiple dwelling building type that arose in the 1870s to serve the city's very large population of single men. The Wilbraham catered to professional men of means.

 

Each apartment contained a two-room suite with a bathroom but no kitchen; a residents' dining room was provided on the eighth floor. In 1934-35, the apartments were remodeled to include kitchens, and the building ceased to operate solely as bachelor flats. The Wilbraham, an outstanding extant example of the bachelor apartment hotel building type, has remained in residential use.

 

DESCRIPTION AND ANALYSIS

 

Fifth Avenue, from 23rd to 34th Streets, in the 19th Century 1

 

By 1837, Fifth Avenue was extended north of 23rd Street to 42nd Street, and the surrounding land was sold as building lots. Madison Square, formerly part of "The Parade" and located on the east side of the avenue between 23rd and 26th Streets, was reserved as a park and opened in 1847. Gradually, New York's elite moved "uptown" as they escaped the encroachment of commerce farther downtown, and Fifth Avenue in this area became the most fashionable address and home to the some of the city's wealthiest individuals.

 

Most of the residences along the avenue were speculatively-built brownstones. Numerous churches also located in this vicinity.3

 

Amos R. Eno's Fifth Avenue Hotel , at Fifth Avenue and 23rd Street across from Madison Square, was initially dubbed "Eno's Folly" because it was built so far north. It soon became one of the most famous hotels in the city and spurred construction of other hotels west and northwest of Madison Square .

 

This district contained the city's best hotels, as well as men's social clubs that followed their constituents uptown. Apartment houses and apartment hotels began to appear on the avenue in the early 1870s. In 1876, Delmonico's, the well-known restaurant, moved to 212-214 Fifth Avenue .6 By the 1870s, the theater district also relocated northward from Union Square to the Madison Square vicinity.7 Madison Square Garden, opened in 1879 at Madison Avenue and 26th Street and replaced with a new building , became one of the nation's premiere theater and entertainment centers.

 

The shopping area known as Ladies' Mile developed to the south between 14th and 23rd Streets, with the great department stores along Sixth Avenue and retail shops extending east to and along Broadway. Fifth Avenue in the late 19th century was also at the eastern edge of the legendary and crime-ridden section of midtown Manhattan known as "the Tenderloin," roughly bounded by 23rd and 42nd Streets and Fifth and Seventh Avenues .

 

Beginning in the 1880s, as commerce encroached and the exclusivity of the area faded, many prominent New York families moved farther up Fifth Avenue around Central Park.9

 

Hotels and apartment houses continued to be built in the vicinity. The Knickerbocker Apartments , 243-249 Fifth Avenue , was a luxury building that included one floor of bachelor apartments. Holland House , 274-280 Fifth Avenue , was for a brief period the most opulent and luxurious hotel in the city. This was surpassed by the Waldorf Hotel , expanded in 1895-97 as the Waldorf-Astoria, also by Hardenbergh , which was on the site of the Astor residences.

 

The Wilbraham evokes the history of this stretch of Fifth Avenue as a fashionable area of shops, theaters, clubs, and residences.

 

William Moir

 

The Wilbraham was built as a real estate investment for prominent jeweler William Moir , who resided at 6 West 20th Street. Born in Aberdeen, Scotland, Moir immigrated to New York City around 1840 and was apprenticed to watchmaker Alexander Martin.

 

He later became a journeyman to jeweler Emmet T. Pell at 315 Hudson Street, and after Pell retired in 1844, purchased the business with his brother John Moir . J. & W. Moir ran a successful operation at that location for 25 years, until John's withdrawal from the firm. In 1870, William Moir commissioned a five-story, cast-iron-clad structure for his own business at No. 711 [originally 373] Sixth Avenue, at the southwest corner of West 23 rd Street.12 Moir's business in 1872 included a fine selection of French clocks and bronzes, specially imported by him, and a yet larger stock of watches, native and foreign, jewelry, diamonds, and silver-plated ware. The diamond jewelry is noticeably good, and is all made on the premises.

 

At the time of his death, he was called "one of New York's oldest and best known retail jewelers."14 He was treasurer for 22 years of the First Presbyterian Church, 48 Fifth Avenue.

 

His widow, Emily Hun Sexton Moir, dedicated a memorial window in his honor in the church. Moir also served as a trustee of the Presbyterian Hospital and a director of the Greenwich Bank and Greenwich Savings Bank, and was a member of the Saint Andrew's Society of the State of New York, for men of Scottish ancestry. He was buried in Green-Wood Cemetery in Brooklyn.

 

Construction of the Wilbraham

 

In April 1888, William Moir purchased, for $245,000,17 a townhouse located at the northwest corner of Fifth Avenue and West 30th Street. Plans were filed in October 1888 by architects D. & J. Jardine for a six-story bachelor flats building on this site, to be fireproof, framed in iron, and clad in Philadelphia brick, Belleville brownstone, and cast iron, at an estimated cost of $150,000.

 

Construction began immediately, but plans were amended and approved in November 1888 to substitute steel for the proposed iron beams and girders.18 In December, Moir conveyed the property to his wife Emily. A rendering of the proposed six-story Wilbraham capped by a high balustrade parapet was published in January 1889 in Building.

 

An amendment filed in June 1889, however, increased the height of the building two stories including a one-story mansard roof, so that the completed building was eight full stories. This increase in height reflected the maximum possible return that Moir could achieve on his investment.

 

In 1885, a New York City law had been enacted to limit the height of all new residential construction to a height of 80 feet , but hotels and apartment hotels, including bachelor flats, were exempt because they were considered commercial properties.19 Another amendment filed in July 1889 added a penthouse to the roof of the Wilbraham, with three servants' rooms and a kitchen.

 

The building was completed in May 1890. An alteration application was filed by the Jardine firm in October 1890 to add another two servants' rooms to the penthouse, which were completed in 1891; William Moir pleaded for these rooms in a letter to the Buildings Dept. because "in the carrying on of the work in the building they are a positive necessity."

 

A store has continually occupied the building's two-story base, with frontage on Fifth Avenue and two bays on West 30th Street. Each apartment in the Wilbraham contained two rooms -- a parlor and a bedroom -- and the floors were arranged so that it was possible to combine apartments together.

 

Typical of apartment hotels, kitchens were not included in the apartments, instead a residents' dining room was provided on the eighth floor. The Real Estate Record & Guide called it "the most elegantly appointed among the bachelor apartment houses in New York City."

 

The building was equipped with technological amenities, including the latest in plumbing and ventilation, a manually-operated Otis elevator, steam heating, both gas and electric lighting, and an internal communication system connected with the superintendent. Tenants were also provided the housekeeping services of a hotel.

 

The Architects: D. & J. Jardine

 

Born in Whithorn, Wigtownshire, Scotland, David Jardine trained under his builder-architect father before immigrating to America around 1850. In New York City he established an architectural practice by 1855, then was a partner in Jardine & [Edward G.] Thompson in 1858-60. His brother, John Jardine , also born in Whithorn, immigrated to the United States and worked for the U.S. government during the Civil War in the design of monitors and gunboats.

 

John moved to New York City, and in 1865 formed an architectural partnership with David. D. & J. Jardine, which lasted until David's death, was one of the more prominent, prolific, and versatile architectural firms in the city in the second half of the 19th century. George Elliott Jardine , another brother from Whithorn, began working for the firm around 1887. All three brothers were members of the Saint Andrew's Society of the State of New York . A fourth member of the firm, from about 1886 to 1891, was Jay H. Van Norden.

 

D. & J. Jardine was active in rowhouse development in Greenwich Village and on the Upper East and Upper West Sides from the late-1860s through the mid-1880s.

 

The firm achieved prominence for its designs, in a variety of contemporary styles, for religious structures, store-and-loft buildings, warehouses, office buildings, and apartment houses.

 

D. & J. Jardine designed a number of notable cast-iron-fronted buildings, including: No. 319 Broadway ; G. Rosenblatt & Bro. Buildings, 57 Walker Street , and 734 Broadway ; Davies Building , 678 Broadway; Jones Building , 171-175 8th Avenue, for drygoods merchant Owen Jones; B. Altman & Co. Building , 625-629 Sixth Avenue; No. 121 Mercer Street ;24 and Baumann Brothers Furniture and Carpets Store , 2226 East 14th Street.

 

Among the firm's other notable extant commissions are: the Fourth Reformed Presbyterian Church , 359-365 West 48th Street; D.S. Hess & Co. Building , 35-37 West 23 rd Street; and the Castree-Halliday Buildings , store-and-loft structures located at 13-17 Jay Street.25 Aside from the Wilbraham, the firm's multiple-residential structures, few of which survive, included the Jardine Apartments , 203-205 West 56th Street, one of New York City's earliest French flats buildings;26 Clermont Apartments , 1706-1708 Broadway; St. Marc Hotel , 434 Fifth Avenue; Palermo Apartments , 125 East 57th Street; Dundonald Flats , 71 West 83rd Street;27 and the Alpine , bachelor flats at 1282-1286 Broadway.

 

David Jardine was called by the American Architect & Building News "one of the best known of the older generation of New York architects."28 After his death in 1892, John and George Jardine were joined by William W. Kent in the firm of Jardine, Kent & Jardine. In 1911, the firm became Jardine, Kent & [Clinton M.] Hill; its successor firm after 1913 was Jardine, Hill, & [Harris H.] Murdock. John Jardine committed suicide in 1920 at the age of 82. The firm continued as Jardine, Murdock, & Wright after 1936.

 

Design of the Wilbraham

 

The period of the 1880s in New York City was one of stylistic experimentation in which architects , incorporated diverse influences, such as the Queen Anne, Victorian Gothic, Romanesque, Renaissance, and neo-Grec styles, French rationalism, and the German Run dbogens til.

 

The desire of architects and clients for originality, variety, and novelty was demonstrated, as well, by a freedom in design and materials. This was a period of interest in, and availability of, various types and colors of brick for exterior cladding.

 

There was also great interest in the use of several materials in combination , both to achieve varied and picturesque effects of color, texture, and ornament, and to exploit their functional qualities.

 

The Wilbraham's design reflects the influence of the Romanesque Revival style, which gained popularity in the 1880s due to the work of the distinguished Boston architect Henry Hobson Richardson. This influence is seen in the rock-faced stonework and arched openings, as well as the noteworthy, intricately carved, stone detail, particularly the residential entrance on West 30th Street. In this building, the Jardines freely interpreted the Romanesque Revival style, making creative use of its ornament while mixing it with classical references.

 

The Wilbraham is extraordinarily well-detailed and employs a handsome combination of materials, colors, and textures -- the red Philadelphia brick, warm Belleville brownstone, and cast iron. The Real Estate Record & Guide in 1890 called the Wilbraham "certainly the 'crack' apartment house of its kind in New York City... quite an imposing piece of architecture."

 

The Bachelor Apartment Hotel or "Bachelor Flats"

 

Throughout the 19th century, large numbers of New Yorkers lived in multiple residences, including converted dwellings and hotels, due to real estate conditions that made single-family residences prohibitive to all but the wealthy.

 

The bachelor apartment hotel, or "bachelor flats," was a variation on one of the purpose-built multiple dwelling building types that emerged in New York City in the early 1870s . Though the contemporary terms were sometimes employed imprecisely, the building types came to be defined as follows: 1) the apartment house or French flats consisted of apartments with suites of rooms for middle- and upper-middle-class residents ; 2) the apartment hotel or residential hotel had apartments, for basically long-term residents, with suites of rooms , while a dining room and other services were provided; and 3) the hotel, for transient visitors and long-term residents, had a variety of services, as well as a dining room open to the general public.

 

With the growth and industrialization of New York City in the 19th century, the work force consisted of very large numbers of unmarried men. The number of bachelors in the city ranged from 125,000 in 1870,31 to nearly 45 percent of the male population over the age of 15 in 18 90.

 

Howard Chudacoff, in a recent study on the "bachelor subculture in America" from 1880 to 1930, identified 1890 as the peak year in American history of the number of unmarried males over the age of 15 - nearly 42 percent was the national average.33 He and other historians have noted a variety of contemporary social factors that contributed to these numbers of single men: the exclusion of women from most occupations; the greater number of male immigrants; postponement of marriage due to low income level; dissatisfaction with the institution of marriage; and the availability of alternatives, including socializing outside of marriage, the emergence of a gay male community, and the attractions of the heterosexual "sporting male culture."

 

Housing options for middle-class unmarried men in New York were severely limited. As rowhouses and better hotels were expensive, bachelors were forced to find quarters in boarding or rooming houses with less privacy or security, in less-than-desirable rooms in cheaper hotels or apartment buildings, or in such facilities as clubs and YMCAs. It was observed in 1898 that "the bachelor was not considered to be entitled to much consideration; any old thing was good enough for him... Anyone who was old enough and had the means to marry and yet did not, was not thought to be entitled to anything better."

 

The emergence of the apartment hotel provided an alternative that accommodated unmarried men along with couples, families, and widows, but this was considered awkward as single men were seen as threatening married couples and traditional gender roles. Chudacoff comments that:

 

Americans have always revered and depended on the family as the chief institution for promoting citizenship and social order. They have celebrated family life as a basic stabilizing influence in society. Those who valued the family in this way considered individuals and groups living outside the family setting as outcasts, people handicapped by an inability to participate in wholesome social life. These individuals were said to be destabilizing influences...

 

The acute need for apartment hotels specifically for bachelors in New York City was reported by architect Emlen T. Littel in a paper read before the annual convention of the American Institute of Architects and published in 1876. He called for the construction of "club chambers, arranged for the special use of bachelors, [in which they] would find a permanent and real home."

 

In his proposal were characteristics that would become standard in bachelor flats: convenient location on a commercial avenue; storefront on the ground floor; apartments consisting of a bedroom, parlor, and bathroom; and floor plans in which parlors joined another so "that friends occupying adjacent chambers might, if so inclined, enjoy joint possession... [as well as] suites for those wishing to chum together permanently might consist of a larger parlor, two bedrooms, and a bathroom."

 

Littel concluded that "of single men, young and old... there is nothing which would conduce more to their welfare than the erection of such buildings; and, further, that there are few investments in real estate which would so amply reward the proprietor."

 

The first American apartment hotel is believed to have been the Hotel Pelham in Boston. In New York City, the proliferation of French flats is usually traced to the success of the Stuyvesant Apartments , 142 East 18th Street, which attracted a "respectable" clientele, while one of the city's earliest apartment hotels was the Grosvenor House , 35-37 Fifth Avenue . Stevens House , Broadway and 27th Street, was originally built with apartments , but the building was remodeled and enlarged in 1873-74 as an apartment hotel.

 

It has been suggested that Stevens House also then became one of the first bachelor apartment hotels in New York.40 The Panic of 1873 slowed the construction of apartment hotels until economic recovery occurred around 1879-80.

 

Among the early buildings built as b ache lor flats were the Benedick , 79-80 Washington Square East; the Percival , 230 West 42nd Street; the Gorham Building , 889-891 Broadway; and the Alpine . Between 1880 and 1915, hundreds of bachelor apartment hotels were erected. The Real Estate Record & Guide in 1890 reflected that the bachelors' apartment house is a product of our modern life. It is not a social fad, ready to disappear directly.

 

It has ceased to be a novelty. It has come to stay, for it fills a gap in the life of every unmarried man who has become weary of the boarding house, the furnished room, or the hotel.

 

Historian Paul Groth noted that the success of American residential hotels, including bachelor flats, made possible a cultured, civilized life for men without the aid of a woman... provid[ing] domestic care as well as, or better than, a woman could. In some cases, then, the maxim "What every man needs is a good woman," became " What every man needs is a good hotel."

 

The Record & Guide commented in 1898 that bachelor flats "began to arise one after the other, and each later one surpassing its predecessor in elegance, comfort and convenience," and by 1905 noted that "such buildings are found for the most part along Fifth Avenue south of Central Park, and in the cross streets adjacent, on Broadway, and in some other choice locations" south to 23rd Street.

 

The Wilbraham was thus one of the earlier bachelor apartment hotels located in the midst of a district where such buildings would flourish prior to World War I. The Wilbraham catered to single professional men of means. The 1900 census listed eleven single male "boarders" at the Wilbraham, ranging in age from 28 to 80: two lawyers, two treasurers, two company "secretaries," a music professor, a drygoods clerk, a silk manufacturer, an architect, and an actor.

 

The 1910 census counted fifteen tenants, aged from 26 to 68: four lawyers, three stockbrokers, two newspaper solicitors, a publisher, a real estate agent, a shopowner, a civil engineer, a clerk, and a treasurer; only one of these men had resided here at the previous census.

 

Gilman Collamore & Co.

 

Occupying the Wilbraham's two-story shopfront on Fifth Avenue upon its completion was Gilman Collamore & Co., famous dealers in expensive fine china, porcelain, pottery, glassware, and "bric-a-brac," who specialized in high-quality imported French and English goods. Gilman Collamo re , born in West Scitiuate, Mass., trained in the china importing firm of his uncle in Boston.

 

Collamore moved to New York City in 1854 and worked in the same business with his brother Davis Collamore; he established a firm under his own name in 1861.

 

An advertisement for his business at 731 Broadway in 1868 called it "importers and dealers in china, glass, silver-plated ware, &c." Prior to its move to the Wilbraham, the firm was located at 19 Union Square. After Collamore's death, the company was run by John Joseph Gibbons . King's Handbook remarked in 1893 that in houses of wealth and taste it seldom happens that there are not wares obtained through Collamore's... A large part of its imported goods cannot be found in any other house in America... [which] has always maintained itself at the head of its line of trade by virtue of the artistic excellence of its goods.

 

Gibbons purchased the Wilbraham from Emily Moir for one million dollars in 1908. Of the sale, the Real Estate Record & Guide stated that it shows the growing necessity of tenants on the avenue owning their own property in every case where it is possible. The supply is getting very limited, and as soon as the present inactivity is over investors will be climbing over each other to get choice avenue property.

 

In the New York Times, Gibbons said he believed that Fifth Avenue would "continue to be the best for high-class retail trade." The building, called by the Times "one of the first and finest bachelor apartment houses erected in the Fifth Avenue section," was also to continue in that use. Around 1920, a new building at 15 East 56th Street was constructed to house Gilman Collamore & Co.

 

Fifth Avenue in the 20th Century

 

After the turn of the century, Fifth Avenue between Madison Square and Central Park was largely transformed into a commercial thoroughfare. As the heyday of Ladies' Mile ended, the section of Fifth Avenue north of 34th Street developed a high-end retail trade, with specialty shops catering to the upper class and selling such items as jewelry, perfume, and furs. The section of the avenue south of 34th Street developed as "the main artery of the new wholesale trade centre," according to the New York Times in 1915.

 

The theater district moved to Times Square, new grand hotels were built near Central Park, large department stores opened around Herald Square, and the vicinity of Madison Square was developed with office buildings. Town & Country commented in 1903 that "the brown-stone streets are blossoming out, here and there, with odd houses, all designed for business purposes.

 

They break the monotonous line and make that part of the city a place of pleasant contrasts..."53 It was estimated that by 1907 the avenue had seen a 250 percent increase in real estate values. In 1908, Fifth Avenue was widened to accommodate the increased commercial and automobile traffic. Many 19th-century residences were demolished, and those that remained were converted to commercial use or had their facades replaced.

 

The new buildings were tall store-and-loft or office structures, some associated with the textile industry. Many of the great hotels in the area were demolished and replaced by office structures retaining the original names.

 

Holland House was converted to an office building about 1925. The Waldorf-Astoria Hotel was torn down for the Empire State Building , then the tallest building in the world.

 

Later History of the Wilbraham

 

The Wilbraham was sold in 1927 by the John J. Gibbons estate to the 1 West 30 St. Corp.58 A Manhattan directory in 1929 listed fifteen female and ten male residents, though a Buildings Dept. application in 1930 still listed "bachelor apartments" as the use. The building was conveyed to the Metropolitan Life Insurance Co. in 1934 due to unpaid taxes and a mortgage default. Architects Emery Roth and D. Everett Waid, with the firm of Bing & Bing, general contractors, made interior alterations in 1934-35, which included the creation of six apartments with kitchens on floors three through eight; creation of a second-story office; and extension of the penthouse for the creation of two apartments. The New York Times reflected that "a striking illustration of the fact that Fifth Avenue south of Thirty-fourth Street has not entirely lost its charm as a residential neighborhood is presented in the recent renovation of the old Wilbraham apartment building."

 

Metropolitan Life sold the property in 1944, and it has changed hands a number of times since. The Wilbraham has continually remained a residence, although its name was changed by 1984 to the Tiffany.

 

Description

 

The Wilbraham, located on the northwest corner of Fifth Avenue and West 30th Street, is eight stories high . Clad in Philadelphia brick, Belleville brownstone, and cast iron, the building is articulated in a tripartite manner, with a two-story base, three-story midsection, and three-story upper section , all separated by cornices.

 

The facades are pierced by window groupings that are linked vertically. The Fifth Avenue facade is two bays wide, while the West 30th Street facade is seven bays with slight projections in the center and western end. A metal fire escape was added to this center section.

 

The building retains its wood sash windows. Base: Fifth Avenue The two-story base consists of two wide bays, separated by a monumental cast-iron Composite order half-round column set on a cast-iron pier . At each end of the base is a rusticated stone pier with a polished granite base/watertable and a carved capital with a foliate-and-head design.

 

Each bay of the ground story originally had a display window with a transom and bulkhead, and an entrance door with a transom. There are now non-historic single-pane display windows , and non-historic double entrance doors with a transom in the southern bay; the storefront is surmounted by a non-historic projecting metal signband with large lettering.

 

The ground floor is surmounted by cast-iron spandrel panels with dentils and a ribbon design that continues from the central column. The second story has paired one-over-one double-hung wood windows separated by cast-iron colonnettes. The base is capped by a cast-iron and stone cornice with dentils .

 

Base: West 30th Street [east to west] The easternmost two bays are similar in treatment to the Fifth Avenue facade , and are a continuation of the ground-floor storefront. Both display windows retain their original decorative iron framing and bulkhead/grille . A non-historic projecting metal signband with large lettering, similar to that on Fifth Avenue, surmounts the storefront; both bays have rolldown gates.

 

The slightly projecting central two bays are clad in rock-faced stone with quoins above a high polished granite watertable. Wide round-arched openings are set into this section below smooth-finished and molded surrounds on the ground floor.

 

The eastern bay originally had a basement entrance door surmounted by two windows set within the arch, and steps with iron railings; currently the portion below the stone spandrel panel has non-historic metal service doors, and a non-historic metal fan grille is placed within the arch.

 

The western bay has non-historic entrance doors with a transom, set below the round-arched transom. A canopy has been placed within this arch, and there is a rolldown gate. The second-story paired windows have a central column, transom, and outer colonnettes surmounted by carved stone ornamental brackets.

 

The next two bays to the west are similar in treatment to the storefront bays on each facade. The ground floor of the eastern bay is filled with masonry, a door, louvers, and a metal grille. The ground floor of the western bay is filled with masonry, glass block and several small windows, and is partly covered with a metal grille.

 

The westernmost bay has the main residential entrance to the building. Flanking the entry are paired squat piers with carved capitals, above a polished granite watertable/base, that support a decorative entablature, from which springs a round arch. The entry has a low stone platform and non-historic doors and a transom.

 

The arch above the entrance has a transom set below a smooth-finished, molded surround with a prominent foliate keystone and banderole with the carved inscription "WILBRAHAM." The spandrels are ornamented with elaborate carving. A canopy is hung by cables over the entrance within the arch, and a non-historic light fixture is placed on the arched surround. The second story has a paired window similar to those on the center bays of the West 30th Street facade.

 

Midsection This section, clad in Philadelphia brick with stone trim, consists of the third through the fifth stories. The Fifth Avenue bays are tripartite, while those on West 30th Street are double. The window groupings are linked vertically by colossal decorative stone half-round columns, edge moldings/ colonnettes surmounted by decorative carving, and keyed enframements.

 

Original windows are single-pane wood sash with transoms . Stone spandrel panels have ornate foliate carving. Additionally, there are small original windows located in the center bays and in the next two bays to the west on the West 30th Street facade. The section is capped by a smooth-finished stone cornice with voussoirs, keystones, and dentils.

 

Upper Section This section consists of the sixth through the eighth floors, the last a mansard roof. The Fifth Avenue bays are tripartite, while those on West 30th Street are double. Original windows are one-over-one double hung wood sash. The sixth-story windows are segmental, flanked by piers with corbels, and are surmounted by a stone cornice with voussoirs and corbels.

 

The westermost bay is capped by a pediment above the sixth story. The seventh-story windows are separated by rock-faced stone piers and are surmounted by a rock-faced band course. The top-story mansard roof, now covered in standing-seam copper but originally slate with cresting, has dormers with paired windows set on rock-faced bases, with decorative frames and shed roofs with eaves decorated with egg-and-dart designs; and four tall brick-and-stone chimneys on the West 30th Street facade . A non-historic metal railing lines the roof, upon which there is a roof garden.

 

Penthouse The one-story penthouse , set back at the western half of the roof, is visible from the street. West Wall The top two stories of the western wall , as well as the building's water tank, are visible above the adjacent building.

 

- From the 2004 NYCLPC Landmark Designation Report

India and China Seek Economic Integration Via Burma, Bangladesh

 

By NEETA LAL / ASIA SENTINEL| Wednesday, November 6, 2013 |

www.irrawaddy.org/china/india-china-seek-economic-integra... and www.natunbarta.com/english/business-and-finance/2013/11/0...

 

The recent endorsement by Chinese Premier Li Keqiang and Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh of a multibillion dollar construction corridor encompassing Bangladesh, China, India and Burma—if it materializes—could redraw the economic and geopolitical map of Asia.

 

Termed “an international gateway to South Asia,” the BMIC corridor, as it is known, was the highlight of Li’s recent visit to India. The Chinese premier’s office commented that the link “will surely release enormous growth energy and provide new vitality for the Asian economic integration and global growth.”

 

Statements like this are the usual hyperbole of state visits and must be taken with skepticism. But this time China, over recent weeks, has publicly unveiled a huge burst of ambitious plans to further draw East Asia, including both South Asia and Southeast Asia, into its economic and political orbit.

 

“Connectivity” is China’s new mantra and the focus of Beijing’s long-term planning and strategic thinking, extending a web of rail, highway and air links all over the region and recently, during the visit of President Xi Jinping, offering an infrastructure bank to help build it. Given the region’s considerable natural resources, and China’s need for them to fuel its industrial growth, planners have all roads pointed toward Beijing.

 

It may well be grandiose thinking, since China has had troubled relations with many of its neighbors, particularly India, with continuing border disputes over the eastern India Assam region. It should also be noted that as the four stakeholders are all developing nations plagued by capital constraints, regional economic cooperation has moved on a slow growth trajectory.

 

They are also nations that have had considerable antipathy for each other, for instance with Bangladesh long suspicious of India and India with China. Burma is only now emerging from six decades of isolation and its basic infrastructure needs are enormous, let alone for sophisticated transport and communication links.

 

However, Li’s talks with Manmohan Singh, say policy watchers, have rejuvenated the idea of upgrading cooperation to a new level through the corridor.

 

But what exactly is a trade corridor and how does it augment trade? “A trade corridor is a specific trading route that utilizes common trade agreements and infrastructure of the involved nations to increase the flow and productivity of trade and also strengthen bilateral ties,” said the scholar and historian B K Joshi, who is currently working on a book on the Silk Road and its impact on the dynamics between countries who traded on it.

 

The twin pillars of the economic corridor are visualized as industrial zones and infrastructure construction and cooperation. Through building industrial zones along the corridor, Joshi said, industrial transfer will be realized and industries such as processing, manufacturing and commerce logistics will be bolstered. This in turn, would create a thriving ecosystem for the growth of large and medium-sized cities along the corridor.

 

The establishment of a trade corridor by the Bangladesh-China-India-Myanmar (Burma) Forum for Regional Cooperation (BCIM) was an idea originally developed by Chinese scholars in Kunming at the end of the 1990s, then called the “Kunming Initiative.”

 

The “Kunming Initiative” evolved into the BCIM Forum for Regional Cooperation during its first meeting in 1999, with multiple objectives. These included, among others, creating a platform where major stakeholders could meet and discuss issues in the context of promoting economic growth and trade and identify specific sectors and projects that would promote greater collaboration among the grouping.

 

“The BCIM economic corridor has an advantageous geopolitical position allowing it to reach multiple Asian markets,” said the Mumbai-based trade analyst Diwakar Bedekar. “Once up, it will empower the four countries to work with each other’s advantages, accelerate economic growth, and also open up to the outside world.”

 

The economic advantages of the corridor—covering 1.65 million square kilometers, encompassing an estimated 440 million people in the regions of Yunnan, Bangladesh, Burma and Indian states like West Bengal, Bihar and the northeast region—are gargantuan. Besides access to myriad markets in Southeast Asia, the link is also expected to enhance the transportation infrastructure and creation of industrial zones.

 

“The construction of industrial zones will have a twofold benefit,” says a ministry of commerce senior official who was a part of Singh’s delegation to China. “Firstly, it will lead to industrial transfer boosting industries such as processing, manufacturing and commerce logistics.”

 

Secondly, the official adds, with labor costs rising in China, labor-intensive industries such as textile and agro processing will eventually be shifted out of China to newer regions that offer labor at relatively lower costs. “This will lead companies operating in China to give priority to the trade corridor region given its established infrastructure, improved logistics and ease of access,” he added.

 

India’s isolated eastern and northeastern states also stand to gain by higher trade and connectivity with China and the rest of Asia. India’s northeastern region alone covers 1.65 million square kilometers with a population of nearly 440 million people. Thus the BCIM may be a game changer for the states’ economies by helping them boost investment and enabling them to showcase their commercial prowess to Chinese investors, given the long—and sometimes disputed—border between the two countries.

 

The corridor will have an inevitable impact on diplomacy. “China will play a decisive role in the creation of the corridor as it faces economic slowdown and experiences difficulty in expanding into new markets. This requires China to eschew bilateral dissonance with India, and stress the tangible advantages of such an endeavor for the lesser-developed nations of Myanmar and Bangladesh,” said foreign policy analyst Ashish Shekhsariya.

 

The bridge dovetails well with India’s own “Look East” initiative and regional plans to help the BMIC grouping. China and Bangladesh have already been pressing India to improve and upgrade existing road and other traffic network on its territory, with a view to facilitating more border trade and strengthening the local economies involved. Moreover, the link would help to right the adverse trade balance India faces of up to 42 percent with China even as bilateral trade touched US$62 billion last year as against the 2015 target of $100 billion.

 

The BCIM countries may take up only 2 percent of global trade, but they are poised for exponential growth, trade analysts say. Once trade along the BCIM economic corridor is established, it will combine the China-Asean Free Trade Area, the Asean Free Trade Area and Asean-India Free Trade Area, to give shape to the biggest free trade area in the world. This will also bolster foreign trade of the BCIM countries and empower bilateral trading.

 

Economic interdependence and investments in each other’s economies, say policy watchers, is a surefire way to whittle down conflict as well.

 

“It is important for Delhi to push Beijing to change its structure of trade and bring down import barriers to ensure a more favorable trade balance for India,” said a senior external affairs ministry official. “Building roads, highways and infrastructure can bind the two most populous and fast-growing nations in the world to each other with positive results for the entire region.”

 

photo: China’s Premier Li Keqiang, right, shakes hands with India’s Prime Minister Manmohan Singh as they pose for pictures during their visit to the Forbidden City in Beijing on Oct. 23, 2013. (Photo: Reuters)

 

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Can China and India Coexist in Myanmar?

 

Posted: 02/21/2014 ,http://www.huffingtonpost.com/giorgio-cafiero/can-china-and-india-coexi_b_4824140.html?ncid=txtlnkusaolp00000592

 

"As in the past, so in the future, the people of India will stand shoulder to shoulder with the people of Burma, and whether we have to share good fortune or ill fortune, we shall share it together." These were Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru's words in 1948, on the day of Burma's independence from Britain. Since then relations between the two countries have fluctuated between friendship, neglect and outright hostility, yet India's rise on the international stage and Myanmar's "democratic transition" are forcing both governments to reassess the nature of bilateral relations based on regional geopolitical developments.

 

India views Myanmar's emerging political transformation as a strategic and ideological opening that offers New Delhi an opportunity to dilute Chinese influence while expanding India's strategic depth. While India cannot expect to rival China's influence in Myanmar in the near or even medium term, it can have an impact on that relationship. In turn, Myanmar stands to gain from a stronger relationship with India on a variety of levels, whereas China views the strengthening relationship between India and Myanmar as a strategic threat.

 

India has long prided itself as the world's largest democracy, as well as being a leader of the Non-Aligned Movement. At previous junctures in their modern history, both of these factors contributed to the dynamics that shaped the India-Myanmar/Burma relationship. Throughout the 1950s, ties were cordial, however the 1962 coup d'état in Myanmar led to a deterioration of relations. During the two decades of General Ne Win's junta, ethnic Indians were targeted, being viewed as "privileged" during British colonial rule. The nationalist wave that followed led to the expulsion of many ethnic Indians from the country. India pursued a rather disinterested and neutral policy vis-à-vis Myanmar throughout the majority of the Cold War. By the late 1980s, New Delhi began to play an activist role by sponsoring the democratic opposition -- seeking to establish itself as a beacon of democracy in Asia.

 

New Delhi soon learned that such an idealistic approach to foreign policy did not advance its strategic interests, nor did it help the democratic struggle in Myanmar, as the repressive nature of the regime only worsened. As the military junta in Yangon grew hostile toward India, China became the regime's closest ally. India's approach to Myanmar's government subsequently shifted toward realism by 1995, as New Delhi accepted that the ruling junta was there for the long term. Thereafter, India became one of only eight governments in the world to sell arms to Yangon, underscoring the degree to which the bilateral relationship fluctuated since independence.

 

Following the commencement of Myanmar's "democratic transition" in 2012, which led to the lifting of international economic sanctions, India's government and some of its private companies saw a strategic opportunity to influence the subcontinent's periphery. Indian firms such as ONGC Videsh, Jubilant Oil and Gas and the Century Ply-Star Cement group commenced operations in Myanmar. Total Indian investment in the country now approaches $300 million. Yet this is a small fraction of the total $43 billion in foreign direct investment (FDI) that has reached Myanmar and the majority of its FDI continues to originate from China. While a decrease in Chinese FDI in Myanmar has ensued since 2012 the government in Naypyidaw remains dependent on China (and Russia) for its military armaments. Here, India is simply not in a position to compete, and probably will not be for many years to come--if at all.

 

India's lack of capacity to become an influential trade and investment partner is driven by several factors, which include India's underdeveloped energy infrastructure, which limits New Delhi's capacity to transfer and distribute Myanmar's oil and natural gas in India, the reality that the two countries' mutual border is undeveloped, which contrasts with Myanmar's border with China, and bureaucratic hurdles and red tape that impede the cross-border trade and investment process.

 

India has every reason to want to embrace Myanmar at this time, and to make as much progress as is possible on the trade and investment front. New Delhi's interest in integrating India's isolated northeast with the rest of the country will continue to provide Indian officials with an incentive to deepen economic, political and military ties with Myanmar. Yet security dilemmas on both sides of the border constitute major concerns for Indian authorities. For example, the Buddhist-orchestrated pogroms against Myanmar's Muslims have led to a radicalization of some Muslims in the region, which threatens to result in retaliatory attacks against Buddhist institutions in India and other corners of South and Southeast Asia. The Naga community, situated on both sides of the border, will also remain a concern for both governments as the concept of "Nagaland" potentially threatens both states' territorial integrity.

 

From Naypyidaw's perspective, deeper ties with India can alleviate some of its own concerns about destabilizing developments on its side of the border, while also demonstrating that the country can balance its partnership with China along with other regional actors. Given Myanmar's economic and political dependence on Beijing, it should be expected that the government in Naypyidaw will only do so much, and with caution. Even if Myanmar's relationship with China does not fundamentally shift (and we do not expect that it will), India--and other countries such as the United States and Japan--offer Naypyidaw greater leverage against Beijing by emphasizing that Myanmar has other options. Chinese officials view the gradual development of economic, political and military relationships with India as a threat to Beijing's unique relationship with the country.

 

Myanmar's government understands the value it provides to both India and China. India's security dilemmas and its interest in new sources of oil and natural gas will continue to drive its ambitions vis-à-vis Myanmar for the foreseeable future. At the same time, China's access to the Bay of Bengal via Myanmar, and the security of energy accessibility via its landlocked southern provinces, make Myanmar an important strategic partner for Beijing. Within this context, deepening ties between India and Myanmar will remain an issue for China.

 

Regardless of whether Myanmar completes it democratic transition or retreats to resume its previous pariah status, its geostrategic significance and natural resources will continue to shape the balance of power in a region where Chinese and Indian interests intersect. China and India can indeed coexist in Myanmar, but China will maintain a distinct advantage by virtue of its recent history, the nature of its military assistance, and its alignment of long term interests with Naypyidaw.

 

Daniel Wagner is CEO of Country Risk Solutions, Senior Advisor with Gnarus Advisors, and author of the book "Managing Country Risk". Giorgio Cafiero is a research analyst with CRS based in Washington.

 

This article was reprinted with permission from the East-West Center (EWC).

 

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Experts hope for greater integration among Bangladesh, India, China and Myanmar in trade, investment

 

English.news.cn 2012-02-21 13:21:23 news.xinhuanet.com/english/china/2012-02/21/c_131422592.htm

 

KOLKATA, India, Feb. 20 (Xinhua) -- Attendants of a regional forum organized here by the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) and its partners from Bangladesh, China and Myanmar Monday expressed their hope for greater integration of trade and investment among the four countries.

Prabir De, Fellow, Research and Information System for Developing Countries (RIS), while elaborating on the rationale for Regional Trade and Investment Cooperation among the Bangladesh China India Myanmar Business Forum (BCIM) member countries, very comprehensively highlighted on the advantages, concerns and challenges faced by the vibrant neighborhood of BCIM.

The four countries with their diversified landscape, vast population, heterogeneous industries, product specialization and coastal access, can act as complementary to each other.

Though rising trade deficit is a major area of concern in bi- lateral trade of the region, the high inter-regional trade potential among these four countries with huge trade capacity largely remains unrealized.

De felt more market access, diversification and sophistication of products, harmonization of standards and fragmentation in BCIM is the need of the hour. He also talked about encouraging progress in transit in Myanmar.

Sandipan Chakravortty, Managing Director, Tata Steel Processing and Distribution Ltd., mentioned that India and China constitute 40 percent of world population thus projecting enormous trade potential and growth opportunities.

China is India's top trading partner but the target is to take up India from among China's top ten trading partners to the top five. Chakravorrty said that India should emphasize on expanding its exports to China. Wine, Telecommunication, food, beverage English education etc. are some of the sectors where India can increase its export opportunities.

On the other hand, trade has remained more or less static between India and Bangladesh which need to grow. Between India and Myanmar there is a trade surplus but needs to be further enhanced.

Annisul Huq, Immediate Past President South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) Chamber of Commerce and Industry and Former President Federation of Bangladesh Chamber of Commerce and Industry, considered India and China as the main players among the SAARC countries. With eight dynamic countries in the zone, growth has not been as dynamic as it should have been.

According to Huq, Bangladesh's export to China is 3.8 percent while its import is 32.8 percent. Contrarily, China's import from Bangladesh accounts to 0.02 percent. Bangladesh's export to India is 0.01 percent while its import is 14 percent.

There is a total of about 779 million U.S. dollar of Foreign Direct Investment inflow to Bangladesh from China and India, he added.

Accessing Visas for Bangladesh has been a hindrance in the path of flourishment of trade for long. But he assured that such problems are being meted out fast and visas can be applied through internet. He felt the need of compartmentalization of trade and politics. To him BCIM is a new regionalization of business with promising trade potentials and development.

Tan Yun, Deputy Secretary General, Foreign Trade Promotion Council of Yunnun, informed of the China Council for the Promotion of International Trade (CCPIT) which is a helpful forum in aid of foreigners and investors to do business in China.

She urged the investors to come to China and utilize the trading opportunities there. Yunnan, a land of beauty and abundance with its strategic geographical location and huge natural and energy resources is ranked sixth in China, she said.

Moreover it is keenly developing the infrastructure like airports, trans- Asian railways and investment policies to make it a favorable trade and tourist destination in China.

Kyaw Swe Tint, Consulate General, Republic of the Union of Myanmar, stated that tourism is the most promising industry that is growing real fast. The significance of tourism is immense in Myanmar as it has generated high employment.

He said BCIM has a great potential to be turned into world class tourist spots which in turn would generate great trade opportunities for the regions. Development of livestock and rural sectors must also be on the agenda.

R.K.Agrawal, Deputy Chairman, CII Eastern Region and Mr. Viresh Oberoi, Vice Chairman, CII West Bengal State Council also addressed the gathering.

 

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Prospects of the BMIC project

 

Author: Ashis Biswas, Echo of India,, Friday, 8 November, 2013

echoofindia.com/reflex-action/prospects-bmic-project-41562

 

It seems India is not on the same page with its regional neighbours when it comes to setting up the proposed Bangladesh-China-Myanmar-India (BMIC) economic corridor.

This became apparent after the recent visit to China by Indian Prime Minister Dr Manmohan Singh, from the tenor of his remarks on the progress of the concept so far.

There has been no lack of interest on China’s part to develop the corridor as fast and effectively as possible. The Chinese have announced their plans for the corridor a crucial component to open up and develop economically the border regions and beyond, within the economic grouping. The countries involved account for nearly 30% of the world’s population, with a strong middle class presence, enjoying considerable purchasing power.

The Chinese vision of the project, as outlined in the Beijing-based media, views it as an initiative that can “change the geo political map of Asia and even the world.” Acting as a new major link between the teeming South Asia and South East Asia regions, the corridor, linking Kunming city, the capital of Yunan province with Kolkata, the project has a multi dimensional growth potential for economic development.

China has expressed its interest to develop major road and railway links expeditiously and specifically called for co-operation from India as the major regional neighbor to help the BMIC’s completion. The Chinese wish to see the extension of the millennium’s new trade route eventually to be extended to the proposed Kolkata-Amritsar corridor.

On the anvil are projects related to tourism, border trade and business hubs, banking, transport, commerce, housing and infrastructure development in what might become a multi-billion dollar investment on part of the countries involved.

Given this background and the high level of Chinese interest, Dr Singh’s comments, following the release of a joint statement with China, appeared intriguing to observers. Assuring Indian co-operation, Dr Singh stressed the need for better co-ordination and understanding among the countries involved. He also hoped that “Bangladesh and Myanmar would co-operate in ensuring the success of the project.”

During the now regular motor rallies between Kolkata and Kunming, participants regardless of their nationality strongly complained against the pathetic condition of North Bengal roads and highways. The lack of civic support, public awareness or even minimal interest in what was being envisaged was shocking, to say the least. “It seemed nobody knew or followed the basic rules of driving in parts of Bengal, and the police were no help either,” was a common refrain among drivers when they spoke to the media.

“The local government blamed New Delhi, while New Delhi blamed Kolkata,” lamented one participant.

State Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee hardly seemed bothered about the poor perception of her State among international visitors. Too busy with attending local cultural meets and party gatherings with her entourage of Tollywood film personalities, she delegated the task of liaising with rally participants, Consular officials and others, to her Transport Minister Madan Mitra.

To his credit, Mitra expressed his keen interest and assured all support. “But that has not helped in improving the condition of the roads,” said a participant from Bangladesh.

There was the general feeling that India’s lack of interest seemed to be a carry-on from its attitude towards the earlier SAARC grouping. Here too, other countries often complained about India not taking much active interest in settling intra regional problems and issues.

The Chinese have indicated that they would invest in a major way in implementing the BCIM project. Among the world’s largest investors at the moment, China is also proposing greater economic co-operation with and promising investments in, Viet Nam, Laos , Cambodia and the Philippines, although it has major problems with some of these countries over the maritime jurisdiction of the South China Sea. Chinese investors have also been buying up most assets in Detroit city, after its authorities declared bankruptcy.

The post –army Junta regime in resource-rich Myanmar is currently examining a series of options relating to its ambitious infrastructure development programmes. Most major countries including India are sponsoring or participating in these projects. The BMIC corridor would serve its purpose effectively.

Bangladesh too has drawn up plans to make the best possible use of the corridor to rev up its exports and get the maximum advantage from the big Chinese investments expected.

Instead of hoping for a better response from Bangladesh and Myanmar to the regional grouping, therefore, Dr Singh would have been better advised to persuade Ms Banerjee to play a more constructive role on international matters in India’s own greater interest. Failing which, he should have read her the riot act and told her to get moving -- or else.

But being temperamentally averse to public spats and controversies, it is most likely that India’s good Prime Minister would leave such an undertaking for his successor in 2014. (IPA)

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India, China seal border pact, talk Pak-based terror

 

Rajeev Deshpande & Saibal Dasgupta, TNN Oct 24, 2013, 01.32AM IST articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2013-10-24/india/433...

 

BEIJING: 'If the host is hospitable and generous, there will be more frequent visits from guests' — a pithy Chinese phrase summed up the mood as Prime Minister Manmohan Singh sealed significant pacts to curb use of force on the borders, open a dialogue on dams on the Brahmaputra and enhance cooperation on terrorism with China.

 

On a clear day after overnight rain drove Beijing's infamous smog away, the PM struck an equation with the new Chinese leadership, with President Xi Jinping telling Singh, "We need to stand tall and look far, a journey of a 1,000 miles begins with a single step."

Xi handsomely supplemented the proverb offered by the Chinese spokesperson after the two sides signed a border protocol, mooting a hotline between military headquarters, and China pushed for an ambitious Bangladesh-Myanmar-India-China economic corridor along the south Silk Route.

The bonhomie might, given the recent run-ins on the Line of Actual Control, call for a reality check, but Indian officials are particularly pleased with a memorandum on water signed as part of nine agreements at the impressive Great Hall of the People that puts "issues of mutual interest" on the menu.

While stapled visas to Arunachal Pradesh residents remain a clear irritant, the breakthrough on border management and a preparedness to address a yawning trade deficit — although Planning Commission deputy chairman Montek Ahluwalia said the visit was not about returning to India "waving order books" — are a matter of satisfaction.

Stressing common goals, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang said, "Our two peoples have the wisdom and our two governments have the ability to manage our differences along the border so that it would not affect the overall interests of our bilateral relations."

Singh agreed, but underlined Indian concerns, saying, "As large neighbours following independent foreign policies, the relationships pursued by India and China with other countries must not become a source of concern for each other. This will be our strategic reassurance."

Singh followed this up by firmly underlining that peace on the border was a "strategic benchmark" while emphasizing the bonhomie by saying, "When India and China shake hands, the world takes notice."

While Li said he will work to build "political trust", Singh felt the border defence cooperation agreement (BDCA) will increase stability on the border.

Getting the border deal has been strenuous work, but the Indian side feels the agreement on trans-border rivers — that had not been nailed down till two days before Singh's meeting with Li — opens a tightly closed door. Apart from cooperation on sharing hydrological data, the MoU says the two sides will "exchange views on other issues of mutual interest" — read to mean India can raise queries on controversial dams on the Brahmaputra.

The BMIC economic corridor is an alluring concept, one that China is setting a lot of store by. In the area of counter-terrorism cooperation, Li spoke of joint training in south-west China and the Indians confirmed that Pakistan's role in fostering and using terrorism was discussed.

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China's commercial 'takeover' of Laos

 

NICK GARCIA, Contributing writer

 

November 19, 2013 6:42 pm JST asia.nikkei.com/Politics-Economy/International-Relations/...

 

VIENTIANE -- On a recent taxi ride here, the driver looked at his watch and leaned forward to switch his radio dial. Suddenly, instead of traditional Lao music, we were listening to a Chinese language lesson.

 

"Before," the driver, a man in his 60s, said with a grin, "we learned French. Now everyone is learning Chinese. China is the new power."

 

The new FM radio station broadcasting Chinese language lessons reflects a widening trend. Urban Laotians, young and old, are increasingly turning to Chinese culture, in what one Vientiane-based economist called a "pragmatic adjustment to a new reality" -- China's rapidly expanding influence in the poor, landlocked but resource-rich country of 6 million.

 

A little more than a decade ago, Laos was an agrarian economy with stagnant growth. Now it is expanding at roughly 8% a year, according to the International Monetary Fund. Much of this has been fueled by rising foreign investment. China's Ministry of Commerce last December said total Chinese investment in Laos was $3.3 billion in 2012, according to state-run Xinhua news agency. That would make China the country's third-largest foreign investor, after Thailand and Vietnam.

 

There are no independently verified figures, but some experts say Beijing is underestimating China's role. In his 2011 book "Southeast Asia and the Rise of China," Ian Storey, a senior fellow at Singapore's Institute of Southeast Asia Studies, wrote that China displaced Thailand as Laos' No. 1 source of foreign investment in 2006 to 2007.

 

Either way, China's voracious presence is having a big impact on its tiny neighbor. China has strategic, political and economic interests in Laos, regional experts say. It is the same mix that has driven vast Chinese investment in neighboring Myanmar and Cambodia. Said Jonathan London, an assistant professor at the City University of Hong Kong: "Laos is regarded as an untapped, proximate source of resources -- hydro, timber, minerals. In a sense, even if you include Myanmar, Laos is the last frontier of mainland Indochina."

 

In Cambodia as well as Laos, China is playing its powerful economic cards to expand its political influence; and with Laos, at least, it is increasingly displacing the country's old ally, Vietnam.

 

Chinese construction and infrastructure projects now dot parts of the countryside, while Chinese vendors are a growing presence in the biggest market towns. Underpinning the trend, Chinese language schools have sprung up around the country in the past year, mostly in provinces close to China.

 

Started by Lao businessmen with an eye for opportunity, many are rudimentary: concrete classrooms, a blackboard, basic desks and fluorescent lights. At one, in Houay Xai near the Thai border, nightly Chinese language classes cost the equivalent of $67 a month.

 

The school has 60 students, ranging from 6 to 30 years old. One, Somneuk, who would only give her surname, is 28 and works in a bank where most customers are Chinese. Understanding the language, she explained, would enable her to jump to a lucrative marketing job with a Chinese company.

 

She will not have to look far. Just 30km north is a 103 sq. km patch that the Chinese gaming and entertainment group Kings Romans has leased for 99 years. Its flagship casino, with faux Roman statues lining the facade, is steadily expanding its range of tourism and entertainment services. It plans eventually to employ up to 10,000 people.

 

Between Houay Xai and the Kings Romans casino, about 4,000 hectares of rice paddy fields have been transformed over the past two years into banana plantations. Chinese investors have leased the land from farmers. The move has radically changed local lifestyles: the farmer-landlords earn 30,000-40,000 baht ($1,000 to $1,300) in rent per year, plus around 200 baht a day if they work on the banana plantations.

 

In the old French colonial town of Luang Prabang, nearly 400km north of Vientiane, Chinese language schools have also opened. Western tourists still flock to the town's elegant temples and gracious riverside hotels. But Chinese as well as Vietnamese vendors in the famous night market are gradually replacing their local counterparts, reflecting a demographic shift as locals rent or sell their properties to Chinese investors and move out of town. The trend has spawned satellite communities of cheap, purpose-built housing such as an area known locally as "new town," about 40km from Luang Prabang.

 

Such changes are only the early consequences of China's encroaching influence, warn some analysts. Echoing similar rumblings in neighboring Myanmar and Cambodia about rising Chinese investment, Farish A. Noor, a prominent commentator and political scientist, recently warned that China's cultural as well as economic embrace could usher in the "demise of Western political, economic and cultural influence" in Southeast Asia.

 

Political currents

 

Laotians and expatriates alike are nervous about criticizing the Communist government, particularly after the head of Swiss aid agency Helvetas Swiss Intercooperation in Laos was expelled late last year and a prominent Lao civil society figure disappeared. Both had voiced concerns about official policies on development and land use. The Helvetas country chief, Anne-Sophie Gindroz, was particularly outspoken about systemic corruption and the lack of rights.

 

There is unease. In just a few years, Chinese companies have built a cultural center, government offices and luxury villas in Vientiane. Further afield, they have set up sprawling plantations for rubber, eucalyptus and other commercial crops, and, on a far grander scale, hydropower projects.

 

The urban development that promises to turn low-rise Vientiane into a mini-Shanghai is the most visible; it is, after all, happening in the capital. Even in a country with no free media, protests over evictions have been more public than similar complaints in the countryside.

 

The $1.6 billion That Luang Marsh project, in Vientiane, for example, was opposed by more than 400 families who lived in the area, a natural drainage basin. Much of the uproar was over rumors that the planned 365-hectare city -- on the drawing boards of the Shanghai Wanfeng Group, which develops shopping malls in China -- would house 50,000 Chinese.

 

Luxury villas built to house participants at the Asia-Europe Meeting Summit in November 2012 between leaders from the European Union and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), in November 2012, are part of a sprawling waterfront development called Vientiane New World, much of which is still on the drawing boards. The villas were built by the government and a Lao subsidiary of China CAMC Engineering Co.

 

After the leaders left, the Chinese company put the villas up for sale. There were no takers. Virtually forgotten are the 500-odd people who used to live in the area. Many grew vegetables to sell in the capital's markets. They were shifted to houses several kilometers away, where they say the land is unsuitable for growing vegetables and too far from the markets.

 

The normally inscrutable, one-party communist state has reacted to the criticism by arranging visits for diplomats to people relocated from Chinese project sites, in an effort to prove they are being adequately re-housed.

 

Meanwhile, China's megaprojects steamroll on. At a groundbreaking ceremony last December for the That Luang project, Lao Deputy Prime Minister Somsavat Lengsavad and China's ambassador toLaos, Bu Jiangua, hailed their bilateral cooperation and spoke hopefully of further deepening their ties.

 

And yet, local critics have already branded some of China's other urban development plans -- which are barely out of the planning stage -- as white elephants, such as the multi-use Vientiane Center.

 

Projects in the capital are mere candles on the cake of China's Laos investments, which range from mines to plantations and malls to casinos -- plus an ambitious high speed rail link from China to the Thai border. The Lao government appears determined to proceed with the railway, which would require the construction of scores of tunnels and bridges. The $7 billion price tag is more than 80% of Laos' entire gross domestic product. Costly Chinese loans may be taken out to cover it.

 

Some analysts speculate about the geopolitical implications of China's growing footprint in Laos, which has traditionally been far closer to Vietnam. Others say Laos is merely leveraging its natural resources to skillfully balance three major economic engines -- China, Thailand and Vietnam.

 

The political influence of Hanoi remains strong, according to a Vientiane-based regional economist who asked not to be named. "Vietnam's ideology is fully aligned with (that of) Laos," he said. "With China, it is much more of an issue of economic influence." But the economist cautioned that the Lao government was initially in a hurry and "sometimes too eager" to sign deals with Chinese investors.

 

This created strong public concern in some quarters -- and even within the government, he said. "Now there is more private talk by government officials of a quiet push-back in a non-confrontational, Lao way."

 

But it could be a token push-back. "There will come a time," said a foreign development aid specialist in Vientiane, "when Laos' dependence on Vietnam, and on aid money from the West, could be vastly reduced -- because it has China writing it checks."

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Manhattan, New York City, New York, United States

 

If you want to know more about my walks and photos, check out my blog.

 

Summary

 

The Wilbraham, built in 1888-90 as a bachelor apartment hotel, was commissioned by prominent Scottish-American jeweler William Moir as a real estate investment. It was designed by the versatile New York architectural firm of D. & J. Jardine, whose principals, David and John Jardine, were brothers and also of Scottish birth.

 

Located at the northwest corner of Fifth Avenue and West 30th Street, the Wilbraham is eight stories high (plus basement and penthouse) and crowned by a mansard roof. Clad in a handsome combination of Philadelphia brick, Belleville brownstone, and cast iron, the Wilbraham is extraordinarily well-detailed and reflects the influence of the Romanesque Revival style in the rock-faced stonework and excellent, intricately carved stone detail. The Real Estate Record & Guide in 1890 called it "quite an imposing piece of architecture." The building's two-story shopfront housed the famous china and glassware importing firm of Gilman Collamore & Co. from 1890 to about 1920.

 

The Wilbraham was constructed when this area was changing due to the inroads of commerce, but was still fashionable for clubs, theaters, apartments, and hotels. The bachelor apartment hotel, or "bachelor flats," was a multiple dwelling building type that arose in the 1870s to serve the city's very large population of single men. The Wilbraham catered to professional men of means.

 

Each apartment contained a two-room suite with a bathroom but no kitchen; a residents' dining room was provided on the eighth floor. In 1934-35, the apartments were remodeled to include kitchens, and the building ceased to operate solely as bachelor flats. The Wilbraham, an outstanding extant example of the bachelor apartment hotel building type, has remained in residential use.

 

DESCRIPTION AND ANALYSIS

 

Fifth Avenue, from 23rd to 34th Streets, in the 19th Century 1

 

By 1837, Fifth Avenue was extended north of 23rd Street to 42nd Street, and the surrounding land was sold as building lots. Madison Square, formerly part of "The Parade" and located on the east side of the avenue between 23rd and 26th Streets, was reserved as a park and opened in 1847. Gradually, New York's elite moved "uptown" as they escaped the encroachment of commerce farther downtown, and Fifth Avenue in this area became the most fashionable address and home to the some of the city's wealthiest individuals.

 

Most of the residences along the avenue were speculatively-built brownstones. Numerous churches also located in this vicinity.3

 

Amos R. Eno's Fifth Avenue Hotel (1856-59, Griffith Thomas, with William Washburn; demolished 1908), at Fifth Avenue and 23rd Street across from Madison Square, was initially dubbed "Eno's Folly" because it was built so far north. It soon became one of the most famous hotels in the city and spurred construction of other hotels west and northwest of Madison Square (particularly in the triangle formed by the intersection of Fifth Avenue with the diagonal of Broadway).

 

This district contained the city's best hotels, as well as men's social clubs that followed their constituents uptown. Apartment houses and apartment hotels began to appear on the avenue in the early 1870s. In 1876, Delmonico's, the well-known restaurant, moved to 212-214 Fifth Avenue (at 26th Street).6 By the 1870s, the theater district also relocated northward from Union Square to the Madison Square vicinity.7 Madison Square Garden, opened in 1879 at Madison Avenue and 26th Street and replaced with a new building (1889-91, McKim, Mead & White; demolished 1925), became one of the nation's premiere theater and entertainment centers.

 

The shopping area known as Ladies' Mile developed to the south between 14th and 23rd Streets, with the great department stores along Sixth Avenue and retail shops extending east to and along Broadway. Fifth Avenue in the late 19th century was also at the eastern edge of the legendary and crime-ridden section of midtown Manhattan known as "the Tenderloin," roughly bounded by 23rd and 42nd Streets and Fifth and Seventh Avenues (by the turn of the century, it extended northward and westward).

 

Beginning in the 1880s, as commerce encroached and the exclusivity of the area faded, many prominent New York families moved farther up Fifth Avenue around Central Park.9

 

Hotels and apartment houses continued to be built in the vicinity. The Knickerbocker Apartments (1882-84, Charles W. Clinton, demolished), 243-249 Fifth Avenue (at 28th Street), was a luxury building that included one floor of bachelor apartments. Holland House (1891, Harding & Gooch), 274-280 Fifth Avenue (at 30th Street), was for a brief period the most opulent and luxurious hotel in the city. This was surpassed by the Waldorf Hotel (1891-93, Henry J. Hardenbergh), expanded in 1895-97 as the Waldorf-Astoria, also by Hardenbergh (now demolished), which was on the site of the Astor residences.

 

The Wilbraham evokes the history of this stretch of Fifth Avenue as a fashionable area of shops, theaters, clubs, and residences.

 

William Moir

 

The Wilbraham was built as a real estate investment for prominent jeweler William Moir (18261896), who resided at 6 West 20th Street. Born in Aberdeen, Scotland, Moir immigrated to New York City around 1840 and was apprenticed to watchmaker Alexander Martin.

 

He later became a journeyman to jeweler Emmet T. Pell at 315 Hudson Street, and after Pell retired in 1844, purchased the business with his brother John Moir (d. 1895). J. & W. Moir ran a successful operation at that location for 25 years, until John's withdrawal from the firm. In 1870, William Moir commissioned a five-story, cast-iron-clad structure (Theodore A. Tribit, architect) for his own business at No. 711 [originally 373] Sixth Avenue, at the southwest corner of West 23 rd Street.12 Moir's business in 1872 included a fine selection of French clocks and bronzes, specially imported by him, and a yet larger stock of watches, native and foreign, jewelry, diamonds, and silver-plated ware. The diamond jewelry is noticeably good, and is all made on the premises.

 

At the time of his death, he was called "one of New York's oldest and best known retail jewelers."14 He was treasurer for 22 years of the First Presbyterian Church, 48 Fifth Avenue.

 

His widow, Emily Hun Sexton Moir, dedicated a memorial window (c. 1910, designed by Tiffany Studios and containing Scottish references) in his honor in the church. Moir also served as a trustee of the Presbyterian Hospital and a director of the Greenwich Bank and Greenwich Savings Bank, and was a member of the Saint Andrew's Society of the State of New York, for men of Scottish ancestry. He was buried in Green-Wood Cemetery in Brooklyn.

 

Construction of the Wilbraham

 

In April 1888, William Moir purchased, for $245,000,17 a townhouse located at the northwest corner of Fifth Avenue and West 30th Street. Plans were filed in October 1888 by architects D. & J. Jardine for a six-story (plus basement) bachelor flats building on this site, to be fireproof, framed in iron, and clad in Philadelphia brick, Belleville (N.J.) brownstone, and cast iron, at an estimated cost of $150,000.

 

Construction began immediately, but plans were amended and approved in November 1888 to substitute steel for the proposed iron beams and girders.18 In December, Moir conveyed the property to his wife Emily. A rendering of the proposed six-story Wilbraham capped by a high balustrade parapet was published in January 1889 in Building.

 

An amendment filed in June 1889, however, increased the height of the building two stories including a one-story mansard roof, so that the completed building was eight full stories. This increase in height reflected the maximum possible return that Moir could achieve on his investment.

 

In 1885, a New York City law had been enacted to limit the height of all new residential construction to a height of 80 feet (six stories), but hotels and apartment hotels, including bachelor flats, were exempt because they were considered commercial properties.19 Another amendment filed in July 1889 added a penthouse to the roof of the Wilbraham, with three servants' rooms and a kitchen.

 

The building was completed in May 1890. An alteration application was filed by the Jardine firm in October 1890 to add another two servants' rooms to the penthouse, which were completed in 1891; William Moir pleaded for these rooms in a letter to the Buildings Dept. because "in the carrying on of the work in the building they are a positive necessity."

 

A store has continually occupied the building's two-story base, with frontage on Fifth Avenue and two bays on West 30th Street. Each apartment in the Wilbraham contained two rooms -- a parlor and a bedroom -- and the floors were arranged so that it was possible to combine apartments together.

 

Typical of apartment hotels, kitchens were not included in the apartments, instead a residents' dining room was provided on the eighth floor. The Real Estate Record & Guide called it "the most elegantly appointed among the bachelor apartment houses in New York City."

 

The building was equipped with technological amenities, including the latest in plumbing and ventilation, a manually-operated Otis elevator, steam heating, both gas and electric lighting, and an internal communication system connected with the superintendent. Tenants were also provided the housekeeping services of a hotel.

 

The Architects: D. & J. Jardine

 

Born in Whithorn, Wigtownshire, Scotland, David Jardine (1830-1892) trained under his builder-architect father before immigrating to America around 1850. In New York City he established an architectural practice by 1855, then was a partner in Jardine & [Edward G.] Thompson in 1858-60. His brother, John Jardine (1838-1920), also born in Whithorn, immigrated to the United States and worked for the U.S. government during the Civil War in the design of monitors and gunboats.

 

John moved to New York City, and in 1865 formed an architectural partnership with David. D. & J. Jardine, which lasted until David's death, was one of the more prominent, prolific, and versatile architectural firms in the city in the second half of the 19th century. George Elliott Jardine (1841-1902), another brother from Whithorn, began working for the firm around 1887. All three brothers were members of the Saint Andrew's Society of the State of New York (a possible source of their commission from Moir). A fourth member of the firm, from about 1886 to 1891, was Jay (Joseph) H. Van Norden.

 

D. & J. Jardine was active in rowhouse development in Greenwich Village and on the Upper East and Upper West Sides from the late-1860s through the mid-1880s.

 

The firm achieved prominence for its designs, in a variety of contemporary styles, for religious structures, store-and-loft buildings, warehouses, office buildings, and apartment houses.

 

D. & J. Jardine designed a number of notable cast-iron-fronted buildings, including: No. 319 Broadway ("Thomas Twin") ( 1869-70); G. Rosenblatt & Bro. Buildings, 57 Walker Street (1870), and 734 Broadway (1872-73); Davies Building (1874-75), 678 Broadway; Jones Building (1875-76, demolished), 171-175 8th Avenue, for drygoods merchant Owen Jones; B. Altman & Co. Building (1876-80), 625-629 Sixth Avenue; No. 121 Mercer Street (originally owned by the New York Eye & Ear Infirmary) (1879);24 and Baumann Brothers Furniture and Carpets Store (1880-81), 2226 East 14th Street.

 

Among the firm's other notable extant commissions are: the Fourth Reformed Presbyterian Church (1874), 359-365 West 48th Street; D.S. Hess & Co. Building (1880), 35-37 West 23 rd Street; and the Castree-Halliday Buildings (1887), store-and-loft structures located at 13-17 Jay Street.25 Aside from the Wilbraham, the firm's multiple-residential structures, few of which survive, included the Jardine Apartments (1872, demolished), 203-205 West 56th Street, one of New York City's earliest French flats buildings;26 Clermont Apartments (1878, demolished), 1706-1708 Broadway; St. Marc Hotel (1880, demolished), 434 Fifth Avenue; Palermo Apartments (1882, demolished), 125 East 57th Street; Dundonald Flats (1885), 71 West 83rd Street;27 and the Alpine (1886-87, demolished), bachelor flats at 1282-1286 Broadway.

 

David Jardine was called by the American Architect & Building News "one of the best known of the older generation of New York architects."28 After his death in 1892, John and George Jardine were joined by William W. Kent in the firm of Jardine, Kent & Jardine. In 1911, the firm became Jardine, Kent & [Clinton M.] Hill; its successor firm after 1913 was Jardine, Hill, & [Harris H.] Murdock. John Jardine committed suicide in 1920 at the age of 82. The firm continued as Jardine, Murdock, & Wright after 1936.

 

Design of the Wilbraham

 

The period of the 1880s in New York City was one of stylistic experimentation in which architects (including those of the various multiple dwelling building types), incorporated diverse influences, such as the Queen Anne, Victorian Gothic, Romanesque, Renaissance, and neo-Grec styles, French rationalism, and the German Run dbogens til.

 

The desire of architects and clients for originality, variety, and novelty was demonstrated, as well, by a freedom in design and materials. This was a period of interest in, and availability of, various types and colors of brick for exterior cladding.

 

There was also great interest in the use of several materials in combination (such as brick, terra cotta, stone, and cast iron), both to achieve varied and picturesque effects of color, texture, and ornament, and to exploit their functional qualities.

 

The Wilbraham's design reflects the influence of the Romanesque Revival style, which gained popularity in the 1880s due to the work of the distinguished Boston architect Henry Hobson Richardson. This influence is seen in the rock-faced stonework and arched openings, as well as the noteworthy, intricately carved, stone detail, particularly the residential entrance on West 30th Street. In this building, the Jardines freely interpreted the Romanesque Revival style, making creative use of its ornament while mixing it with classical references.

 

The Wilbraham is extraordinarily well-detailed and employs a handsome combination of materials, colors, and textures -- the red Philadelphia brick, warm Belleville brownstone, and cast iron. The Real Estate Record & Guide in 1890 called the Wilbraham "certainly the 'crack' apartment house of its kind in New York City... quite an imposing piece of architecture."

 

The Bachelor Apartment Hotel or "Bachelor Flats"

 

Throughout the 19th century, large numbers of New Yorkers lived in multiple residences, including converted dwellings and hotels, due (among other factors) to real estate conditions that made single-family residences prohibitive to all but the wealthy.

 

The bachelor apartment hotel, or "bachelor flats," was a variation on one of the purpose-built multiple dwelling building types that emerged in New York City in the early 1870s (and in such cities as Boston, Washington, and Chicago in the 1870s-80s). Though the contemporary terms were sometimes employed imprecisely, the building types came to be defined as follows: 1) the apartment house or French flats consisted of apartments with suites of rooms (including a bathroom and kitchen) for middle- and upper-middle-class residents (luxury apartment houses emerged after 1880); 2) the apartment hotel or residential hotel had apartments, for basically long-term residents, with suites of rooms (including a bathroom but no kitchen), while a dining room and other services were provided; and 3) the hotel, for transient visitors and long-term residents, had a variety of services, as well as a dining room open to the general public.

 

With the growth and industrialization of New York City in the 19th century, the work force consisted of very large numbers of unmarried men. The number of bachelors in the city ranged from 125,000 (about 13% of the total population) in 1870,31 to nearly 45 percent of the male population over the age of 15 in 18 90.

 

Howard Chudacoff, in a recent study on the "bachelor subculture in America" from 1880 to 1930, identified 1890 (the year of the Wilbraham's completion) as the peak year in American history of the number of unmarried males over the age of 15 - nearly 42 percent was the national average.33 He and other historians have noted a variety of contemporary social factors that contributed to these numbers of single men: the exclusion of women from most occupations; the greater number of male immigrants; postponement of marriage due to low income level; dissatisfaction with the institution of marriage; and the availability of alternatives, including socializing outside of marriage, the emergence of a gay male community, and the attractions of the heterosexual "sporting male culture."

 

Housing options for middle-class unmarried men in New York were severely limited. As rowhouses and better hotels were expensive, bachelors were forced to find quarters in boarding or rooming houses (usually converted rowhouses) with less privacy or security, in less-than-desirable rooms in cheaper hotels or apartment buildings, or in such facilities as clubs and YMCAs. It was observed in 1898 that "the bachelor was not considered to be entitled to much consideration; any old thing was good enough for him... Anyone who was old enough and had the means to marry and yet did not, was not thought to be entitled to anything better."

 

The emergence of the apartment hotel provided an alternative that accommodated unmarried men along with couples, families, and widows, but this was considered awkward as single men were seen as threatening married couples and traditional gender roles. Chudacoff comments that:

 

Americans have always revered and depended on the family as the chief institution for promoting citizenship and social order. They have celebrated family life as a basic stabilizing influence in society. Those who valued the family in this way considered individuals and groups living outside the family setting as outcasts, people handicapped by an inability to participate in wholesome social life. These individuals were said to be destabilizing influences...

 

The acute need for apartment hotels specifically for bachelors in New York City was reported by architect Emlen T. Littel in a paper read before the annual convention of the American Institute of Architects and published in 1876. He called for the construction of "club chambers, arranged for the special use of bachelors, [in which they] would find a permanent and real home."

 

In his proposal were characteristics that would become standard in bachelor flats: convenient location on a commercial avenue; storefront on the ground floor; apartments consisting of (at least) a bedroom, parlor, and bathroom; and floor plans in which parlors joined another so "that friends occupying adjacent chambers might, if so inclined, enjoy joint possession... [as well as] suites for those wishing to chum together permanently might consist of a larger parlor, two bedrooms, and a bathroom."

 

Littel concluded that "of single men, young and old... there is nothing which would conduce more to their welfare than the erection of such buildings; and, further, that there are few investments in real estate which would so amply reward the proprietor."

 

The first American apartment hotel is believed to have been the Hotel Pelham (1856-57, Alfred Stone of Arthur Gilman's firm) in Boston. In New York City, the proliferation of French flats is usually traced to the success of the Stuyvesant Apartments (1869-70, Richard Morris Hunt; demolished), 142 East 18th Street, which attracted a "respectable" clientele, while one of the city's earliest apartment hotels was the Grosvenor House (1871-72, Detlef Lienau; demolished), 35-37 Fifth Avenue (at 10th Street). Stevens House (1870-72, Richard Morris Hunt; demolished), Broadway and 27th Street, was originally built with apartments (above ground-floor stores), but the building was remodeled and enlarged in 1873-74 (Arthur Gilman, architect) as an apartment hotel.

 

It has been suggested that Stevens House also then became one of the first bachelor apartment hotels in New York.40 The Panic of 1873 slowed the construction of apartment hotels until economic recovery occurred around 1879-80.

 

Among the early buildings built as b ache lor flats were the Benedick (1879-80, McKim, Mead & Bigelow), 79-80 Washington Square East; the Percival (1882, McKim, Mead & White; demolished), 230 West 42nd Street; the Gorham Building (1883-84, Edward H. Kendall), 889-891 Broadway; and the Alpine (1886-87, D. & J. Jardine). Between 1880 and 1915, hundreds of bachelor apartment hotels were erected. The Real Estate Record & Guide in 1890 reflected that the bachelors' apartment house is a product of our modern life. It is not a social fad, ready to disappear directly.

 

It has ceased to be a novelty. It has come to stay, for it fills a gap in the life of every unmarried man who has become weary of the boarding house, the furnished room, or the hotel.

 

Historian Paul Groth noted that the success of American residential hotels, including bachelor flats, made possible a cultured, civilized life for men without the aid of a woman... provid[ing] domestic care as well as, or better than, a woman could. In some cases, then, the maxim "What every man needs is a good woman," became " What every man needs is a good hotel."

 

The Record & Guide commented in 1898 that bachelor flats "began to arise one after the other, and each later one surpassing its predecessor in elegance, comfort and convenience," and by 1905 noted that "such buildings are found for the most part along Fifth Avenue south of Central Park, and in the cross streets adjacent, on Broadway, and in some other choice locations" south to 23rd Street.

 

The Wilbraham was thus one of the earlier bachelor apartment hotels located in the midst of a district where such buildings would flourish prior to World War I. The Wilbraham catered to single professional men of means. The 1900 census listed eleven single male "boarders" at the Wilbraham, ranging in age from 28 to 80: two lawyers, two treasurers, two company "secretaries," a music professor, a drygoods clerk, a silk manufacturer, an architect, and an actor.

 

The 1910 census counted fifteen tenants, aged from 26 to 68: four lawyers, three stockbrokers, two newspaper solicitors, a publisher, a real estate agent, a shopowner, a civil engineer, a clerk, and a treasurer; only one of these men had resided here at the previous census.

 

Gilman Collamore & Co.

 

Occupying the Wilbraham's two-story shopfront (and basement) on Fifth Avenue upon its completion was Gilman Collamore & Co., famous dealers in expensive fine china, porcelain, pottery, glassware, and "bric-a-brac," who specialized in high-quality imported French and English goods. Gilman Collamo re (1834-1888), born in West Scitiuate, Mass., trained in the china importing firm of his uncle in Boston.

 

Collamore moved to New York City in 1854 and worked in the same business with his brother Davis Collamore; he established a firm under his own name in 1861.

 

An advertisement for his business at 731 Broadway in 1868 called it "importers and dealers in china, glass, silver-plated ware, &c." Prior to its move to the Wilbraham, the firm was located at 19 Union Square. After Collamore's death, the company was run by John Joseph Gibbons (d. 1917). King's Handbook remarked in 1893 that in houses of wealth and taste it seldom happens that there are not wares obtained through Collamore's... A large part of its imported goods cannot be found in any other house in America... [which] has always maintained itself at the head of its line of trade by virtue of the artistic excellence of its goods.

 

Gibbons purchased the Wilbraham from Emily Moir for one million dollars in 1908. Of the sale, the Real Estate Record & Guide stated that it shows the growing necessity of tenants on the avenue owning their own property in every case where it is possible. The supply is getting very limited, and as soon as the present inactivity is over investors will be climbing over each other to get choice avenue property.

 

In the New York Times, Gibbons said he believed that Fifth Avenue would "continue to be the best for high-class retail trade." The building, called by the Times "one of the first and finest bachelor apartment houses erected in the Fifth Avenue section," was also to continue in that use. Around 1920, a new building at 15 East 56th Street was constructed to house Gilman Collamore & Co.

 

Fifth Avenue in the 20th Century

 

After the turn of the century, Fifth Avenue between Madison Square and Central Park was largely transformed into a commercial thoroughfare. As the heyday of Ladies' Mile ended, the section of Fifth Avenue north of 34th Street developed a high-end retail trade, with specialty shops catering to the upper class and selling such items as jewelry, perfume, and furs. The section of the avenue south of 34th Street developed as "the main artery of the new wholesale trade centre," according to the New York Times in 1915.

 

The theater district moved to Times Square, new grand hotels were built near Central Park, large department stores opened around Herald Square, and the vicinity of Madison Square was developed with office buildings. Town & Country commented in 1903 that "the brown-stone streets are blossoming out, here and there, with odd houses, all designed for business purposes.

 

They break the monotonous line and make that part of the city a place of pleasant contrasts..."53 It was estimated that by 1907 the avenue had seen a 250 percent increase in real estate values. In 1908, Fifth Avenue was widened to accommodate the increased commercial and automobile traffic. Many 19th-century residences were demolished, and those that remained were converted to commercial use or had their facades replaced.

 

The new buildings were tall store-and-loft or office structures, some associated with the textile industry. Many of the great hotels in the area were demolished and replaced by office structures retaining the original names.

 

Holland House was converted to an office building about 1925. The Waldorf-Astoria Hotel was torn down for the Empire State Building (1929-31, Shreve, Lamb & Harmon), then the tallest building in the world.

 

Later History of the Wilbraham

 

The Wilbraham was sold in 1927 by the John J. Gibbons estate to the 1 West 30 St. Corp.58 A Manhattan directory in 1929 listed fifteen female and ten male residents, though a Buildings Dept. application in 1930 still listed "bachelor apartments" as the use. The building was conveyed to the Metropolitan Life Insurance Co. in 1934 due to unpaid taxes and a mortgage default. Architects Emery Roth and D. Everett Waid, with the firm of Bing & Bing, general contractors, made interior alterations in 1934-35, which included the creation of six apartments with kitchens on floors three through eight; creation of a second-story office; and extension of the penthouse for the creation of two apartments. The New York Times reflected that "a striking illustration of the fact that Fifth Avenue south of Thirty-fourth Street has not entirely lost its charm as a residential neighborhood is presented in the recent renovation of the old Wilbraham apartment building."

 

Metropolitan Life sold the property in 1944, and it has changed hands a number of times since. The Wilbraham has continually remained a residence, although its name was changed by 1984 to the Tiffany.

 

Description

 

The Wilbraham, located on the northwest corner of Fifth Avenue and West 30th Street, is eight stories high (plus basement and a rooftop penthouse). Clad in Philadelphia brick, Belleville (N.J.) brownstone, and cast iron, the building is articulated in a tripartite manner, with a two-story base, three-story midsection, and three-story upper section (including a one-story mansard roof), all separated by cornices.

 

The facades are pierced by window groupings that are linked vertically. The Fifth Avenue facade is two bays wide, while the West 30th Street facade is seven bays with slight projections in the center and western end. A metal fire escape was added to this center section.

 

The building retains its wood sash windows. Base: Fifth Avenue The two-story base consists of two wide bays, separated by a monumental cast-iron Composite order half-round column set on a cast-iron pier (that has been covered with a veneer of polished granite). At each end of the base is a rusticated stone pier (consisting of bands of rock-faced stone alternating with smaller bands of delicate decorative carving) with a polished granite base/watertable and a carved capital with a foliate-and-head design.

 

Each bay of the ground story originally had a display window with a transom and bulkhead, and an entrance door with a transom. There are now non-historic single-pane display windows (with rolldown gates), and non-historic double entrance doors with a transom in the southern bay; the storefront is surmounted by a non-historic projecting metal signband with large lettering.

 

The ground floor is surmounted by cast-iron spandrel panels with dentils and a ribbon design that continues from the central column. The second story has paired one-over-one double-hung wood windows separated by cast-iron colonnettes. The base is capped by a cast-iron and stone cornice with dentils (this cornice originally held lettering for Gilman Collamore & Co.).

 

Base: West 30th Street [east to west] The easternmost two bays are similar in treatment to the Fifth Avenue facade (minus entrances), and are a continuation of the ground-floor storefront. Both display windows retain their original decorative iron framing and bulkhead/grille (now covered with wood). A non-historic projecting metal signband with large lettering, similar to that on Fifth Avenue, surmounts the storefront; both bays have rolldown gates.

 

The slightly projecting central two bays are clad in rock-faced stone with quoins above a high polished granite watertable. Wide round-arched openings are set into this section below smooth-finished and molded surrounds on the ground floor.

 

The eastern bay originally had a basement entrance door surmounted by two windows set within the arch, and steps with iron railings; currently the portion below the stone spandrel panel has non-historic metal service doors, and a non-historic metal fan grille is placed within the arch.

 

The western bay has non-historic entrance doors (to the storefront) with a transom, set below the round-arched transom. A canopy has been placed within this arch, and there is a rolldown gate. The second-story paired windows have a central column, transom, and outer colonnettes surmounted by carved stone ornamental brackets.

 

The next two bays to the west are similar in treatment to the storefront bays on each facade. The ground floor of the eastern bay is filled with masonry, a door, louvers, and a metal grille. The ground floor of the western bay is filled with masonry, glass block and several small windows, and is partly covered with a metal grille.

 

The westernmost bay has the main residential entrance to the building. Flanking the entry are paired squat piers with carved capitals, above a polished granite watertable/base, that support a decorative entablature, from which springs a round arch. The entry has a low stone platform and non-historic doors and a transom.

 

The arch above the entrance has a transom (now covered) set below a smooth-finished, molded surround with a prominent foliate keystone and banderole with the carved inscription "WILBRAHAM." The spandrels are ornamented with elaborate carving. A canopy is hung by cables over the entrance within the arch, and a non-historic light fixture is placed on the arched surround. The second story has a paired window similar to those on the center bays of the West 30th Street facade.

 

Midsection This section, clad in Philadelphia brick with stone trim, consists of the third through the fifth stories. The Fifth Avenue bays are tripartite, while those on West 30th Street are double. The window groupings are linked vertically by colossal decorative stone half-round columns, edge moldings/ colonnettes surmounted by decorative carving, and keyed enframements.

 

Original windows are single-pane wood sash with transoms (transoms on the fourth story are round-arched). Stone spandrel panels have ornate foliate carving. Additionally, there are small original windows located in the center bays and in the next two bays to the west on the West 30th Street facade. The section is capped by a smooth-finished stone cornice with voussoirs, keystones, and dentils.

 

Upper Section This section consists of the sixth through the eighth floors, the last a mansard roof. The Fifth Avenue bays are tripartite, while those on West 30th Street are double. Original windows are one-over-one double hung wood sash. The sixth-story windows are segmental, flanked by piers with corbels, and are surmounted by a stone cornice with voussoirs and corbels.

 

The westermost bay is capped by a pediment above the sixth story. The seventh-story windows are separated by rock-faced stone piers and are surmounted by a rock-faced band course. The top-story mansard roof, now covered in standing-seam copper but originally slate with cresting, has dormers with paired windows set on rock-faced bases, with decorative frames and shed roofs with eaves decorated with egg-and-dart designs; and four tall brick-and-stone chimneys on the West 30th Street facade (each having projecting non-historic metal vents). A non-historic metal railing lines the roof, upon which there is a roof garden.

 

Penthouse The one-story penthouse (dating from 1890-91 and 1934-35), set back at the western half of the roof, is visible from the street. West Wall The top two stories of the western wall (brick, partly painted), as well as the building's water tank, are visible above the adjacent building.

 

- From the 2004 NYCLPC Landmark Designation Report

Marcella is the right place to start this project. In many ways, she represents the pinnacle of what I hoped to accomplish—in artistic technique and impact of expression. She says what I mean to say.

 

She is also a product of my growing awareness of copyright issues and comes from the “no known copyright” pool at the Library of Congress. Marcella Hart worked as a “wiper,” a train washer in 1943 at the railroad in Clinton, Iowa,

 

www.flickr.com/photos/library_of_congress/2178451247/

 

There are many interesting things about the photo. It was taken by Jack Delano, who was a photographer funded by the government in 1943 to travel across America and get photographs and stories in aid of the war effort. The Farm Security Administration (FSA) Office of War Information Collection in 1943. Many of these photos are famous. Many got used in national publications like Life Magazine (propaganda) promoting the health, ingenuity, and steadfastness of Americans all over the country.

 

Delano was one of a handful who shot beautiful black and white and some color photos of people all over America—all of which is now copyright free. It was a goldmine for me after years of learning how to paint using other people’s photos. With collections like Library of Congress, I could paint without fear of stepping on anyone’s toes or having to ask permission or give a percentage of sales to if there is a sale or a show (just ethically)—hooray! So, I’ve painted a lot of these. And my favorite is Marcella.

 

When I paint someone’s face, I spend a lot of time looking at it. The expression is in the details: the tiny wrinkle above her eye tells me she’s not used to smiling or anyone looking at her, she’s self-conscious of how dirty she is, which she didn’t notice until now. She wonders if this photograph request is proper and she should at least be able to wash her hands. And yet she’s proud. She grips her oil can with a sense of ownership; her shoulders are square and down. Her lipstick is even. And she’s smart. She takes this opportunity to pose her question to the world. It’s all in her eyes plain as day. She’s saying: this is what we’ve become.

 

1943. Her husband is away at war. Later, he’ll return from war, after which they’ll separate. But right now, she has three small children at home, and she and other women like her have taken over the men’s jobs. “An engine wiper’s primary job was to ‘wipe down’ the locomotive. Coal-burning locomotives were obviously dirty, and the soot settled on the boiler jacketing and cab roof. A wiper used cotton waste (basically stringy offal from textile production) dipped in a light oil to remove the soot. She also swept cinders off the running boards (the walkways alongside the boiler) and the tender deck, and cleaned the running gear motion.” (source: www.shorpy.com/node/155?size=preview). It was a filthy, nasty job. She’s thinking she wasn’t meant for this. She hates the war. Give us our men back, she says. Shame on you, she beams at the camera.

 

As far as painting her, I used watercolor, ink and gouache on paper. She’s 18x24, which is the size of most ladies. I used black ink in this case to get the shadows between the train wheel spokes dark enough—I don’t usually use black in a painting, so I think this allowed me to deepen the values in Marcella’s face. My version is different than the photo. For one thing, I flipped it horizontally. Aesthetically, I liked the direction of the spokes in the other direction. I also cropped the photo quite a bit—though I dearly loved the oil can. I wanted to emphasize her expression, and any pose with the oil can left her too far away to accomplish my goal—that expression.

 

This is also a chance to use some new paint that mom gave me. I wanted to show her how the violet gray gouache was a good face paint. Purple gray lavender is a good cool color to use on edges if you want to set that edge back—like a chin or under the tip of the nose, or the edge of her face—especially to reflect the cool iron of the train. It’s all an optical illusion anyway, seeing is. An artist has to learn how the eye sees and to mimic how reality accomplishes the same thing. I mean, if an artist wants to understand why these “tricks” work to create depth, suggest the crazy curves and poky bits that make up a face. Boy are those hard to paint! But I guess that’s why I choose to teach myself to paint by painting faces. When I tried to teach myself how to read music and to play the violin, I started with a Bach Partita…. that didn’t end well….

 

So this is my project. I plan to choose paintings at random after this, paintings with stories and histories and the relationships I’ve forged with their subjects. I can come up with 365 ladies no problem—a year of ladies I painted in the span of about 3 years….

 

Some, like Marcella, I’m proud of. In fact, she was one of the last ladies I painted…. and some, well, they suck. But in beautiful ways.

You daren't publish this but I'll take a rain check.

Saudi King sacked FATASS Saudi air force chief Mohammed al-Ayesh and DUMBASS Army Chief Prince Khaled bin Sultan bin Abdul Aziz no explanation was given. When Hezbollah boys of FBI busted Castro in Ohio and DNAed em’on the fly? I though we’re saved, he must be Tamerlan’ Biological father? I waited impatiently more than a week to FOXNEWS, NEWSBUSTER, WEASEL-ZIPPERS, ATLANTIC WIRE, COMMENTARY MAGAZINE, and FRONTPAGE MAGAZINE, TWITCHY and many bankrupt Mediawhores to hail their zombies invade Cuba or Spain or Mexico and send their Patriarch Rich Wyatt Zombies to US streets to Gun-Down anything moving - hoping it’s Castro as they do to Muslims as we speak right after BMB. Absolutely Nothing! Instead, they move their battle-ground to Benghazi where Ambassador Stephens turned USA embassy to gay-bar for green-eyed beaus shoot at each other and got shot in crossfire by Jealous Libyan boyfriend. Latino ain’t miracle enough to move these bankrupt Mediawhores desperadoes’ zombies from Benghazi & Boston to Cleveland Ohio. Those Mediawhores needed a Muslim Castro badly to nail. Castor kidnapped 3 underage girls, rapped, impregnated, tortured, starved tossed their babies in gutters for ten years and yet he’s a celebrity bass player granted 8 million Dollar Bail. Local police ignored Castro’s wife complaints who tortured and murdered. He rounded raping the 3 girls with his two brothers. Read: Mediawhores published articles about Castro. It’s all published in gibberish. Simply because Castro ain’t Muslim enough to be taken seriously. I bet on my bottom dollar that Castro is still at large and whatever’s reported is horsemanure. I saw the worst moments of man last week when Americans celebrated and congratulated each other for denying Tamerlan burial. Trust me. FOXNEWS, NEWSBUSTER, WEASEL-ZIPPERS, ATLANTIC WIRE, COMMENTARY MAGAZINE, and FRONTPAGE MAGAZINE, TWITCHY will move covering Prince Harry’s promoting his bottled pickled scat in New York. These Mediawhores shall downplay it even if Castro abducted Sasha and Malia. To all those Anglosexual Geographical Muslims who ditched Islam for Dollar. This is America-at-large. Stop insulting Islam fighting to cover up your ignorance prejudice and handicap. Don’t worthy the worthless Christian Action Network. How ugly can’t be. Deranged republican frugals are jumpy not to let Benghazi go outta hand, they went into the trap that Obama rapt for them to get IRS apologize or Teeebaagerzz for harassing ‘m during polling.

GOP conspiring to Impeach Obama as bill Clinton. I ain’t taking Benghazi seriously and I go for Hilary stance ‘who the hell cares’ until Gregory Hicks [the faithful] tell us what’s the name of his Boss’s Libyan Boyfriend who he envied? And why has he left early THEM that afternoon? ‘sup John Boehner! Jack Daniel’s hangover again? What email? Ambassador Stephens turned USA embassy to GAYBAR for jealous beaus shoot at each other and got shot crossfire by jealous Libyan boyfriend. No Coburn please. With a lot of Alexjones. Go on boy. We’re waiting. Benghazi is Republican Frugals’ JUNKBOND IPO they toss it on the floor to scarecrow speculators, rig the market and rip-off foolish shareholders. The first rally was thrown to condemn Susan Rice outta State Department Race, Kerry got the job uncontested. The second raid was to dismiss the Legendary CIA Boss & SURGE Architect Sir David Petraeus outta 2016 Presidency run [never mind about his Bitch-autobiographer Richard Cranium!]. The Third was the incomparable Darrell Issa’s Dog and Pony show of Donuthole underprivileged trio Thomson-Hicks-Nordstrom fabricating new Bollywood Fairytale on AFRICOM, SOCAFRICA & RAO handicap to show-up and gun-down anything that’s moves in Benghazi & nuke the hell of Libya. Braggingly: ‘They would have been scared to death that we would have gotten a laser on them and killed them’. Shut-up... Cut it out CHRIS KYLE! Don’t you ever forget that Hillary is the Republican Frugals Worst Nightmare of Next Poll? Benghazi is one. DARRELL ISSA is Maronite Phalangists has no predicament but to prove that he’s thoroughbred American ain’t Lebanese immigrant no mo; he’s walking circus. He served Osama boy’s as spicy spaghetti to hit Hillary harder to quit the race. Darrell Issa got lucky to impeach Obama during the first term. Now he’s facing another Obama & Hillary to conquer. Idiots never learn. I have notice an alien creature there! What Michele Bachmann was doing backstage? Its Hillary’s tailgate that she’s after? Michele Bachmann believes that has a shot in 2016 Outhouse. To dramatize the hearing to Hollywood norms Chaffetz almost certainly applied Ammonium hydroxide Tear Agents to get poignant emotional and burst in tears. Chaffetz went snooping all the way to Benghazi to steal some ground truth intelligence to crush the Democrats who’re ain’t permitted to have an access to the magnificent trio? He got none. What the heck? Mr. Hicks admitted in his opening statement that he’s influenced by his Shiite Brothers who filled his hollow skull with horsemanure that killed Ambassador Chris Stevens. In short Republican Frugals cut Ambassador Chris Stevens body-guarding budget and doled the money to Israelis to make a YouTube video that eventually killed Ambassador Chris Stevens. Oh no that’s what both Republican & Democrats loathe. Is that all about Attack on U.S. Consulate in Benghazi? Wow easy and literally to stooopid for Libya House Oversight & Government Reform Committee Hearing. I smell Hezbollah Stench Outta Darrell Issa armpit. It’s just boring 213 minutes waste of quality time watching Republican Little League desperately struggling to assassinate Hillary’s and Obama’s characters arguing with 3 frogmarched nutjobs. Please fast-forward Gowdy babble as he puts words in Hicks mouth to aid him to lie. Hicks mentioned very dangerous statement that Ambassador Chris Stevens was taken to Ansar-El-Sharia Hospital at 10 pm on 09.11.2012. Ansar-El-Sharia nomenclature is created and went public just 2 months ago this year when Ansar-El-Sharia declared to overthrow Assad regime in Syria & al-Maliki regime in Iraq and send Iran back where they belong. Hell! What’s going on? What have we here? Another Redherring called Mr. Hicks! Is Mr. Hicks an Iranian spy or what? Hicks is making Corker mission harder to convince the Congress to Arm McCain Germs to oust Assad outta Syria and that’s what Hicks Iranians Masters love most. WOW. Dow Jones closes above 15,000 for first time today and Japan’s Nikkei tops 14,000 for 1st time since 2008 yesterday. Thanks to the Deranged Republican Frugals. The last thing Darrell Issa needs is Pastor Mike Huckabee [the dog slayer] to string up Kathy Issa’s poodle. We got to call Dr. Otto Hasslein for Darrell Issa. I am Provocateur Arabspringer of Picassoic Attitude. This is a bit personal and homophobic. I am going neither here but I like to set facts straight. The secret service & FBI surely performed thorough autopsy on Late Ambassador John Christopher Stevens’s Corpse and surely noted alien Seminal Fluid all over his biology besides HIS off course. Would Darrell Issa quit Redherring? Go kamikaze further this time and be honest to probe into Stevens’ Saliva and Rectum Juice? At least to know whose DNA it is? This is the only way to find out by his name who was that jealous killer beau than grilling Langley underprivileged unemployable to school Al-Qaeda how to hit harder US targets elsewhere. Sorry. I can’t help it.

I never forget Bob Corker when he told Tony Blair: go back to Israel’s and tell them to stop Settlements. Settlements stopped until the word ‘moratorium’ added to Merriam-Webster. Now is the same good ol’ Bob Corker. My libertarian hero took Saxby Chambliss under his arm to beat Obama in golf and push Senate Foreign Relations Committee to arm McCain Germs to overthrow Syria's Bashar Assad. Nice potting POTUS ‘if you won you will never get Syria bill’. It’s Turkey’s Nightmare. Turkey hates Israel’s Airstrikes. Turkey needs Assad in power to Devastate McCain Germs and Syria. It’s an Ugly Turkish dirty game to stop Obama getting into Syria. Turks want to exodus Stateless Kurds outta Turkey to where they belong. HELL. Turks are mean that’s why they ain’t get into you this life. This is Khamenei’s Gettysburg. Winfield Scott Hancock is rolling all over his grave. AWR Hawkins is a conservative writer who holds a Ph.D. in Military History from Texas Tech University. My question for AWR HAWKINS: is Iran male or female? AWR HAWKINS answer I guess is: SHUTUP RAGHEAD. Thank you. I get it. Anti-McCain Germs conservatives enjoyed dollops of Assad, Iran & Hezbollah win all over Syria & Iraq. Iran & Hezbollah duo declared war last week to save Sayeda Zainab Shrine from being bulldozed by McCain Germs. It’s immanent that Syria ain’t the only warring duos grave but it is Lebanon that getting outta hand. Lebanon is an Iranian-bitch-state as Iraq, Qatif and Bahrain to be. Now With McCain Germs armed by USA and air covered by Israel. Lebanon ain’t Maronite Phalangists slum no mo but a brand new Sunni state.

This anonymous officer is bluffing. It’s a scam. Indian Arm forces need Blackwater to bodyguard them If [God-Forbid] they ever frogmarched into real-time war not to sunt-show they pulled with Pakistan in West Bengal and Kargil with Pakistan. It’s an insult to believe that India has agreed to Chinese demand to demolish bunkers near their de facto border in Himalayas, Indian military officers said, as part of deal to end stand-off that threatened to scupper slowly improving relations. Ladakh Incursion is another stunt show pulled by Beijing & Delhi to aid Manmohan Singh takeout Narendra Modi and crush BJP Chaos Manor Tsunami to get Delhi Next Election. I thought you should know that Narendra Modi performs Shastra Puja on Dussehara for Israel to usher him into the White-House against Obama’s darling MMS. Everyone has the right for a daydream. Why not Narendra? Israel will dig his grave as they did to many as Mitt Romney, Musharraf, Mubarak.. More.. OK that’s enough.

It’s Turkey’s Nightmare. Turkey hates Israel’s Airstrikes. Turkey needs Assad in power to Devastate McCain Germs and Syria. It’s an Ugly Turkish dirty game to stop Obama getting into Syria. Turks want to exodus Stateless Kurds outta Turkey to where they belong. HELL. Turks are mean that’s why they ain’t get into Eurozone this life. "It is not the time to give up the struggle, but to start a different one," Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) leader Abdullah Ocalan said. Its Turkish dirty game to stop Obama getting into Syria. Turks want to exodus Stateless Kurds outta turkey to where they belong. HELL. Power Controversial CHEMICAL WEAPON TALE that Assad delivered fleeing Saddam to Americans in 2005 on 2 conditions. ONE: USA must hand over all Saddam’s confiscated Chemical Weapon to Syria. TWO: USA must stop accusing Assad of possessing WMD. America happily did both for the sake of getting Saddam. Kurds brokered the deal. For this deal USA gifted Kurds North of Iraq as Kigali for Stateless Kurds and they called it Kurdistan. Have anyone of you ever asked why SARIN in particular surfaced among those 12,000 types of Chemical Weapons that Saddam enjoyed wholesaling. Simply because Kurds wanted to exploit SYRIAN DILEMMA for their plight to prove to the whole world that Saddam really used SARIN in Halabcha by showing it real in Daraa. Blaming McCain Germs for it, is stooopid scam pulled by Turkey? This UN-Bitch is bluffing. Carla Del Ponte is spoiler especially when Obama declared that SARIN is game-changer. SARIN Stockpiles were stolen by Shiite Clergyman Muqtada al Sader Militiamen from Abu-Ghraib and smuggled to Iran during Iraq war. Iranian troops currently using the same stolen SARIN as SOS against McCain germs who’re butchering Iranian mercenaries as stray dogs while cowardly fleeing Syria to Iraq. Quit Pot. Carla. Who’re you fooling now? SARIN surfaces in Sunni hands that’s preposterous. Carla Del Ponte desperately looking for stalemate to save Assad, Hezbollah, Maronite Phalangists, Iranians & Alawites failing forces that butchered by McCain Germs. Carla Del Ponte never been to Syria, she’s talking from Switzerland. Carla Del Ponte investigators had no access to ground truth; if they did, they will be dog-food if they ever approach any warring faction. I crave for Unprecedented Israeli honesty once in my life. I am stunned. Israel nuke-like Bombing Assad. This is too honest to believe. I need more time to trust Israel. I meant, I needed to see more bombing to take Israel seriously. Israelis has no guts to stand my remarks – they are ready to drop-out everything outta hand and go and kill anyone who they disagrees with - A liter of blood for droplet of ink. How the hell Israelis will have the courage to aid McCain germs in Syria. As I probed Mediawhores underground. I firmly believe that Assad, Hezbollah, Iran, Turkey & Israel warring factions are Kafkaesque Brotberuf can’t be trusted. Every Muslim enjoyed watching Assad, Hezbollah & Iran using chemical weapons & WMD to commit genocides against hundreds of thousands of Muslim elders, women & children condemning Israelis while bedding their women outta godless monotony. This is a Godsend opportunity for Israel to set it right and to redeem esteem of Muslims than Thugocracies. Here’s the deal.. All missiles all over Gush Qatif stopped. It’s a miracle. Its Hezbollah’s call that am waiting.

Gregg Mcphedrain: YOUR A RACIST BIGGOT sir

Stsheetrock: thank you

Gregg Mcphedrain: go look in the mirror

Stsheetrock: you’re blind

Gregg Mcphedrain: you are what most people think of when we think of racist muslims

Stsheetrock: thank you

Gregg Mcphedrain: you call us demons

Stsheetrock: oh so you’re one of peter kings zombies. Good for you.

Gregg Mcphedrain: we call you uneducated sand monkeys who have added nothing to culture for 1000's of years

Stsheetrock: what a redneck fool? Monkeys live in forest not in sand.

Gregg Mcphedrain: difference of opinions makes a horse race the winner determines the facts

Stsheetrock: I couldn't agree with you more

Gregg Mcphedrain: and calling people names - just pisses them off

Stsheetrock: Can I call Dr. Otto Hasslein?

I don’t know what kind of demons elected Peter King as Member of the U.S. House of Representatives and as Chairman of the United States House Committee on Homeland Security. This man is mad. Peter King lures, extorts and bribes Anglosexual Geographical Muslims, Creditcards Fugitive, Urban Rejects and Traitors who fled our sewers to surface in USA to show up, lie, falsify and testify before Handpicked Corrupt Congressmen off the Controversial Homeland Security Committee that TERRORISM is ISLAM. Peter King need to raid mosque now to FRANCHISE bombing NFL, Grammy, Tony, Mann Grauman's, Broadway anywhere were innocent festive Americans having good time. Peter King lost his mind. He’s a fool. Talk to your enemy crackpot. Stop talking to your enemies’ enemy. Learn Arabic for change. Quit listening to Televangelist & Zionazi endangered species that ain’t able to identify Quran from Bhagavad Gita. Here’s the deal... Pat Robertson found 50 verses in Quran orders Merovingian to bomb Americans who quit Monsanto. Don’t you get? Pete. Quarter of Planet Earth at large is saying: UP YOU. PETER KING they gonna do it again and again to piss you off. Get them to your committee. Talk to them before it’s too late. Think about your seat next terms. You are the only one who’s self radicalized and needs help to stay at Capitol. Can I call Dr. Otto Hasslein for you? You stand no chance before your worst nightmare: the Teeebaagerzz floodgate that looking forward to clutch you attractive seat once look that way. You’re getting old, ugly and dumb. You declared a war you can’t finish. I smell the stench of George bush the-kid reeky armpit. Stop political correctness. Shut up Pete. Profiling my Ass! Who cares? Do it if. What’re you waiting for?

hellbound muslims means destined for Hell. did you really mean it?

what would you call someone who prefer trouble to prosperity?hellbound! oh no. i call him Winfield Scott Hancock. I'll take a rain check on your intelligence.

Mark Hatzi: excuse me, are Christian blowing up people thru out the mid east, Europe, the US, no, but then you say nothing to help stop the extremist from doing that to Christians.

STSHEETROCK: YES THEY DID TO MILLIONS OF ELDERS, WOMEN & CHILDREN IN IRAQ, AFHANISTAN, PAKISTAN, YEMEN & SOMALIA.

Mark Hatzi: Sure I know not all Muslims practice extremist views. but 1 murder in the name of religion is to many. Either you help stop it or you become as bad as those you allow to do it by inaction.

STSHEETROCK: THERE IS NOTHING CALLED EXTREMIST. IT’S YOUR NOMENCLATURE YOU DEAL WITH IT. MUSLIM OR NEVER. I WILL BE JERK IF I TELL YOU THAT MUSLIMS AIN’T BOMBERS. I AM APOLOGETIC AND HYPOCRITE SIMPLY BECAUSE YOU HERE TO HEAR ME SAY: “I AM SORRY I DID IT AND I WON’T DO IT AGAIN.”

Mark Hatzi: Now I do not agree with going into a mosque in force, but I do not agree any church should be burned to the ground because it is not your chosen religion either..

STSHEETROCK: Mosques & Churches of God not Peter King’s

Mark Hatzi: God is known by many different names around the world, I prefer to think he is a God of Love instead of violence.

STSHEETROCK: I COULDN'T AGREE WITH YOU MORE.

Mark Hatzi: The OLD TESTAMENT, was a very violent time in the Bible,

STSHEETROCK: THE OLD TESTAMENT AIN’T VERY VIOLENT ITS JUST RIGGED BY HEBREWS.

Mark Hatzi: but Jesus preached LOVE, to ALL, not just a chose few.....

STSHEETROCK: I COULDN'T AGREE WITH YOU MORE.

mark hatzi: but i do not agree any church should be burned to the ground because it is not your chosen religion either

You’re referring to Copts. 1432 years ago they were 100% of Middle East. Why are they now the endangered species under 7%. What happened? Why Jesus cursed them as he cursed Jews who murdered him? Copts & Jews are 7000 old civilization why ain’t they at least quarter of planet earth as Muslims. Simply because they are cursed by Jesus in holy Quran. Copt let paid vigilintes burn churches on facebook to get John Hagee’s sympathy and flee west to suck your resources. Copt pope lost Africa, Russia, East Europe to BB King.

DUBAI AWQAF sacked all mosques cleaners and replaced them by cleaning contractors who use slave workers at $136 per month. Hoping to milking butterflies to save money. These slaves sold everything back home to get into land of plenty. DUBAI AWQAF sequestration introduced new enemies: mosque thieves looting people and charity. Dubai Police Bollywood about finding $1188 hidden in the cleaner's right [foot] sock without either slapping or kicking the poor fellow was immaculate.

Assata Shakur first woman named on FBI most wanted terror list! Who are you kidding? Losers. Booooooooh. FBI ain’t clever to get Joanne Chesimard latest Mugshot. Does FBI have any Dignity & Pride left? Assata Shakur proved to whole world that FBI is Parasitic White-Elephant. Good for nothing but HOTAIR and must immediately moved from New York to Indian Reservations or Beirut. Single handedly she outfoxed FBI for 40 years. Cuba fostered her as Freedom-Fighter not as the Most Wanted Terrorist as FBI alleged. Cuba granted Assata Shakur the political asylum that usually granted to heads of states. There’s no Indy source proves that Assata Shakur is Guilty of any crime dramatized by Hollywood. It’s dirty politics. She ain’t black enough to get whites justice. Here’s the good news... Assata Shakur is grown up, she’s 65, and she ain’t miss USA. It ain’t home no mo. it’s just bad memory. I thought you should know that she quit watching Thelma & Louise all over and ALLOVER again in Havana, she’s ready to come clean on three conditions that ONE: FBI quit voodoo & TWO: FBI quit bitching about busting her. THREE: FBI must dumb down and give her the promised $2M Reward instead giving it to daydreaming Bounty Hunters. She really earned it. Joanne Chesimard will open a mosque in New Jersey State Prison Trenton and convert all Rastafaris to Episcopals. Then you don’t need to worry about Rednecks converting to Teeebaagerzz. Assata Shakur’s Rastafarian Episcopals will guarantee fair share of pot all over Dixie.

American Sniper: Autobiography of Most Lethal Sniper in U.S. Military History Book by Scott McEwen. (MY ASS) Now that’s fact on Hollywood played by Bradley Cooper. Steven Spielberg is digging his own grave this time. This Zionist really has gone mad. He lost his mind after directing Schindler's List horsemanure. You must be kidding! Spielberg to dramatize Autobiography of Donald Rumsfeld’s TOYBOY Redneck Psycho Mercenary who sported shooting 225 ill-elders, pregnant-women and sleeping-babies in Anbar. Spielberg should direct Assata Shakur autobiography first woman named on FBI most wanted terror list instead. Have we any honor left on planet earth. Chris Kyle used to collect his victims’ ears and fingers as trophies to fortify his wins and dole ‘em to Rumsfeld. Rummy loved to use them as dildos to milk his own prostate. Steven Spielberg is sick as Rumsfeld. Man! I was always wondered - why Spielberg adored shirtless underage boys on his logos. Chris Kyle stood no chance to sniper a rat in Fallujah – kids will hunt him down like fox. He would be dead long-long before he ever unpacked his shotgun. Nice Mugshot though. Watch Kyle’s Body-Language. Ain’t but Failing Photoshop of a damn loser. When it comes to worthying the worthless and glorifying criminals? CNN is FOXNEWS. How would Chris Kyle sleeps? Unless he sniffs ton of crack - Before he takes his life and blame Tsarnaeva Brothers, Chris Kyle was GUNDOWN by a Beer-Lout while shooting scarecrows of Dixie. Obama said yes right away because this movie project must be funded by Saudi Arabia as Schindler's List or else he will have McCain Germs overthrow the Dying Monarchy of Saudi Arabia. Obama draws a precedent here to show how helpless Muslims’ ill-elders, pregnant-women and sleeping-babies sniperd by contract killers if they ever rebel against Thugocracies. This brings me to Saud Alfaisal when he said: ‘I will chop anybody’s finger if he ever pointed at House of Alsaud’. AMERICAN SNIPER movie sends a powerful message to the world: “that’s OK to kill Muslim’s and make a mockery outta ‘em in Hollywood movies”. Wow that’s Good signal for Taliban to bomb movie houses than marathoners. Your tailgates are larger than your hollow skull. Politics is scam not religious conviction. Man. You owe me a confession. You’re thicker than Kyle. Kyle was in Fallujah during Iraq War killing unarmed elders, women & babies not in Dubai. I don't hate you. I enjoy writing back to you. Kyle and you must watched Rich Wyatt he’s quite an inspiration for coach potatoes. Credit goes to FOXNEWS who successfully turn Americans to zombies who shoot at anything moves hoping it’s a Muslim. Let’s brush aside our differences. US MEDIA WHORES are bankrupt during Bush the-Kid era, even Rush Limbaugh ain’t getting enough commercials to run his radio. Aljazeera is buying all those bankruptcies. Who would rehire Sean Hannity or Ann Coulter if they were sacked? Only Obama’s Poodles in my backyard love to hide their loots in US Media Streams that Murdoch rules to Redherring masses. Look how they killed the Second Amendment and Sandy Hook by Boston marathon bombing. America was Falkland for 2 weeks thanks to FOXNEWS.

Quit wikitrash. Thomas Coke Sharp ain’t able to identify Quran from Bhagavad Gita. Here’s the deal... Pat Robertson found 50 verses in Quran orders Merovingian to bomb Americans who quit Monsanto.

Blackwater really hit you. I Am proud. Your haha is immaculate I love sharing hahaha with you if present an Indy source that fortifies you horsemanure. Quit Googledjunk & Wikitrash. Tuntun! MULAYAM Singh Yadav must be nuts or somebody must kept ganja in his Rajni Gandha. Samajwadi Party chief said Chinese army had entered one km inside Indian Territory when he was Defense Minister. "I directed the (Indian) forces to drive them out. We entered four km inside Chinese territory in the process," he claimed. Whether the Shaven Bagwas Sirdar Mulayam is laying or bulling or crowing about. Such statement shouldn’t published especially when Salman Khurshid is meeting Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi Thursday in Beijing to talk about resolving the dispute over the presence of PLA troops in Depsang valley in Ladakh through talks without letting it to "affect" bilateral ties. Wang Yi surely will tell Slaman Khurshid: Since Mulayam Singh Yadav directed the (Indian) forces into china to drive PLA Troops outta Chinese territory and entered four km inside Chinese territory. We ain’t even square. Go To Hell. SALMAN. Mulayam Singh Yadav a Godsend Fool.

Why don’t Dr Gurmanjit Rai, head of department, forensic medicine at civil hospital in Tarn Taran district quit nagging, call Jinnah hospital and request the missing organs stomach, heart, gall bladder and two kidneys than YOUYOUING. Usually organs are removed from any corpse air freighted for burial aboard this is classic routine everywhere. IN RETALIATION Inmate Venod Kumar hit Pakistani Prisoner Sanaullah on the head with brick in the Kot Lakhpat jail. The wretched thing that stroke my head. Sirdarjis were mourning an anonymous busted by Pakistani for being stoopid and kept Indo-Pakistan headline running as cricket more than Narendra Modi Stunt-Show. By the way Modi wanted Delhi to cut it Diplomatic ties with Islamabad for sake of Sarabjit’s blue eyes. What a loser? Say should Delhi take Modi’s advice seriously! Which clowns will be watching before bed to unwind and go to sleep? Lalu Parsad is ma[s]turbating. NOT YOU TUNTUN. SHUT-UP. Looking at Sarabjit’s alas Manjit corpse cremated off course in the presence of Rahul Gandhi the great-grandson of Jawaharlal Nehru who murdered million Punjabis to give Lahore to Jinnah. Don’t be foolish. He’s there to fool Sirdarjis to Congress Next Polling stations. I watched Indian Soldiers Mourning Parade and shooting Blanks in the Air. I almost had heart-attack. They never got a single shot right. Wow! India seriously needs BLACKWATER to guard these poor soldiers if they ever go to war. Back to Sarabjit singh. Why the hell Delhi didn’t take the trouble to prove to Pakistan that Sarabjit ain’t Manjit through DNA Eternal Forensic Game. That will surely keep both probably alive on the media until election is over and every Sirdarji lived happily ever after. MULAYAM Singh Yadav must be nuts or somebody must kept ganja in his Rajni Gandha. Samajwadi Party chief said Chinese army had entered one km inside Indian Territory when he was Defense Minister. "I directed the (Indian) forces to drive them out. We entered four km inside Chinese territory in the process," he claimed. Whether the Shaven Bagwas Sirdar Mulayam is laying or bulling or crowing about. Such statement shouldn’t published especially when Salman Khurshid is meeting Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi Thursday in Beijing to talk about resolving the dispute over the presence of PLA troops in Depsang valley in Ladakh through talks without letting it to "affect" bilateral ties. Wang Yi surely will tell Slaman Khurshid: Since Mulayam Singh Yadav directed the (Indian) forces into China to drive PLA Troops outta Chinese territory and entered four km inside Chinese territory. We ain’t even square. Go To Hell. SALMAN. Mulayam Singh Yadav a Godsend Fool.

I got this in my inbox from the DAILYMAIL: “Celebrations and Jubilations - An Unforgettable Royal Experience” before opening it. I thought this what am waiting for: Oh boy. This is it. This must be the full coverage of Sheikh Khalifa’s Historical State Visit to England. As I hit ‘open’ God Heaven. Buckingham Palace gone for sale from £219pp. Oh My God! Queen Beatrix abdicated Holland thrown to her kid Prince Willem. Where the Hell is the QUEEN of England? She’s supposed to be receiving Abu Dhabi Sheikh as we speak? Oh-No media coverage dark out. It must be bad what’s going on? As matter fact all British headlines focusing on Jason Collins Gay Athlete Benediction by Obama in James S. Brady Press Briefing Room. What about Sheikh Khalifa? Oh I know where I can get his news for sure. Lemme’ hit the sponsored propagandists: KHALEEJTIMES & GULFNEWS. I got it. The usual sponsored slide-show. The Queen stood in the shade while Sheikh Khalifa out inspecting the Beefeaters. I can smell Prince Philips vinegary farts from right here. Akhkheeeh. Poor fellow he got an erection in his pancreas. And then the: BOMB – KABOOOAM from THE INDEPENDENT that put Sheikh Khalifa back on British Headlines. David Cameron confronted Sheikh Khalifa in Ten-Downing-Street to conduct an independent investigation and release immediately 3 Drug Traffickers busted last year for being too stooopid and too dumb vulnerable to be arrested by Dubai Police. Grant Cameron [Irish], Suneet Jeerh [Indian] and Karl Williams [Nigerian] who also happened to hold British passports. THE INDEPENDENT described the trio as Londoners conquistadores on assignment - selling state of art synthetic narcotics to world children in Dubai - apprehended during business hours and they were forced to sign a confession in Arabic or else their rectums will be rammed in Jumeirah Hilton (that’s Britons Executive Branch in al-Aweer Prison). All-that-jazz was in July last year now we’re in May. Damn it 10 months. Rotting in jail for selling drugs? Ain’t fair they are British they’re supposed to be surfing and sipping champagne with Mr. Lawless in Burj al-Arab. Why the hell David Cameron waited that long and treasured his vendetta to extort Sheikh Khalifa now in London, he could settled it on phone. That’s hypocritical. Hold on don’t be foolish. David Cameron exploited Sheikh Khalifa historic visit to Hijack British headlines for his failing tenure at Ten Downing Street. Oh No that crap. I warned you. No conspiracy theory allowed here. I am Truther ain’t BULLSHITTER. He’s meaner than that. David Cameron likes to get even with Queen’s Guest on his mating ground right near his fireplace - where he adds laxative into his guest’s tea to rush him out. Particularly June-disappointments. The HOTAIR that he got NOTHING outta Abu Dhabi overtures. He wanted to tell his guest things his prodigals shielded from him about the unproductive fruitless futile outcome of his June 2012 visit to Abu Dhabi. THE-BIG-FIVE-SHOW paid his fair to Dubai then. Mean Moriarty Moves: David Cameron choked-up Queen’s Guest with useless Drug Dealers’ Dilemma. He hit the jackpot. He got everything. I bet they signed everything David Cameron tossed across. He didn’t needed to raise the Debt-Laden Unprivileged Emarati Activists’ Issue or the Human-Right Violations that yet to be shelved at the right price and the right time. Mind you. We, UAE House over 131,000 overpaid British Unemployables & Bankruptcies Fugitives. I thought you should know that a great chunk of those nagging nutjobs got life insurance policies against David Cameron SCREWUPS with UAE Authorities or being redundant? So who’s the boss Khalifa or Cameron? Let’s pray. O Lord, I beseech thee, let now thine ear be attentive to the prayer of thy servant, because it gave access to the king in those seasons of hilarity when men are.

Ali and India. Pretty genius metaphor. We should know that we have strength, we have stamina, we have bulk, we have presence, reputation and we have history that if someone wants to take few blows at us we will be able to withstand them. Kudos Salman Khurshid! oh by the way here’s 182 Terrorists Organizations based in India. How would Ali Criterion help Delhi to bust them? You kill one they kill hundreds and devastate millions. Never about money its lose change. Here’s some specimens Stipulated hereinbelow: ZRV,ZRA,UPDS,UNLF,UMLFA,ULMA,ULFA,UKLF,UIRA,UILA,UBLF,TTYF,TTYF,TTVF,TTSF,TTDF,TTACF,TSV,TSV,TRRB,TPC,TNRT,TNRF,TNLA,TNDTF,TNA,TMP,TLOF,TLF,TDF,TCF,TATCF,SIMI,SDFT,RNSF,RMC,RJC,PULF,PREPAK,PRA,PLF-M,PLA,NSCN-K,NSCNI-M,NSCN-IM,NNC-Adino,NMT,NLFT,NEMF,NDFB,MVF,MULTA,MULFA,MTF,MSF,MSCA,MPLF,MLTA,MLA,LTTE,KZF,KYKL,KSF,KRPC,KRLO,KRF,KRA,KPF,KNV,KNV,KNO,KNF,KNA,KNA,KLO,KLF,KLF,KLA,KKK,KIF,KIA,KDF,KCP,KCF,KAF,IURPI,ISYF,ISS,Isak-Muivah,IRPA,IRF,INF,ILAA,IKL,HULA,HRF,HPC-D,HPC,HNLC,GTF,DHD,CPI-ML-Janashakti,CPI-Maoist,CKRF,BVYLF,BTFK,BTF,BNCT,BMS,BLTF,BKI,BCF,ATVF,ATTF,ATNF,ATLO,ATBSF,ATBR,ASF,AS,ANVC,AISSF,ADF,ABNES,AAASS, ADINO

I said on Apr 19, 2013 Bravo Jane. You’re really my girl. Welcome to Lee Harvey Oswald World.

Ron Paul is dead-right when he said that USA is a Third World Banana Republic. FBI UNINDEXED clashing Testimonies to jab published ground truth is outrageous. FBI is forcing everyone to LIE even in Yesterday’s President Obama’s 48 minutes answers in James S. Brady Press Briefing Room. Please invite some Black-belt Body-Linguists to watch Obama’s body-language in James S. Brady Press Briefing Room. Focus on when he says “I talk to Putin” watch his eyes. Oh by the way! I picked a new phenomenon from Obama: ‘Self-Radicalized” as ‘self-charged battery.’ Back to FBI: FBI Testimonies are on my radar since Christmas Bomber. FBI become another MOKHABARAT (Secret Police) in my backyard. I have no doubt that FBI finish product ain’t authored by Qualified Patriot Americans but by our WORST Urban Rejects who fled our Sewers to strike rich in the Wild Wet West. People stood no chance of any success in our backyard how the hell they will be added-value assets and will add intelligence to FBI. On the contrary their effect is obvious - negative now as I can see; they really brought FBI intelligence down to earth that they don’t worthy my respect. Look at BMB. A representative specimen of FBI SCREWUPS. FBI said that they interviewed Tamerlan in Makhachkala and let him go to bomb Boston Marathoners: ‘typical Arabic. Oh No! He entered USA by spelling error. Really.’ That’s ain’t FBI that I seen in Denzel Washington movie but sounds typical Maronite Phalangists, Hezbollah, Egyptian Copt, Iranian Pedarsag, Sardarji, Guajarati, Bihari, Iraqi-Shiite, Kurd or Alawite they got great motive just settling their old account in USA courtesy of American taxpayers by snaking Tsarnaeva to fool FBI for living. Zubeidat Tsarnaeva told FBI go to hell! They did big time. Once FBI realized that ‘Misha’ ain’t Mikhail Allakhverdov but ‘teddy bear’ they moved to DNA Game to haunt Tamerlan wife Katherine Russell Saray Mulk-khanum. She told FBI Gorm. I need Tamerlan corpse. They evaporated outta her sight. Now they’re snaking on Kazakhstani trio and toying with Saudi Mountaingoat intelligence whoresmanure. I am expecting FBI to tap on CIA who are dormant all these years as Baghdad frogs in BMB and bring forward Ruslan Tsarni, Graham Fuller, Samantha Ankara Fuller and big A or Ali. Stay tuned it is getting interesting.

Since Seigniorage Banksters crashed in 2007 their Culture ain’t working no mo. Sharia Binge is another Redherring to distracts fools away from real loots. Angosexual Geographical Muslims are the best Arabophobe Guinea pigs to experiment anti-Arabism to crackup nation of Islam. Since English is Islam’s language and Quran is Arabic that most Anti-Arabists loathe to memorize or explore it in the language of origin - then there is huge room for clergymen to maneuver to commit heinous crimes and Freud. Clergymen are feeble corruptible creatures. Islam is shirt of Othman wore wherever a crime yet to be committed. Law of the Land ain’t justice but a game played by scavenging lawyers and fostered by thieving Thugocracies to enable the HAVES rip-off the HAVENOTS. Sharia ain’t justice either it’s a scam played by Ignoramus clergymen to rip-off both the HAVES and the HAVENOTS and dole both loots as commonwealth to Distrusted Trusts notwithstanding Sharia commerce is nothing but an Arabic version of the Old Colonial British-India Merchant Banking

Mark Twain would commit suicide if he knew that Yesterday’s President Obama’s 48 minutes answers in James S. Brady Press Briefing Room were CHOREOGRAPHED to six historic questions. It is mind bugling when BILL asked Obama about Gitmo. Regarding "Maybe I should just pack up and go home. Golly," that’s POWER GESTURE if you go 24 hours back to Correspondence Dinner and see how Obama insulted Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell and the whole Republican Frugals attending then you will understand that Obama didn’t run outta juice wrongly placed "As Mark Twain said, rumors of my demise may be a little exaggerated at this point," metaphor.

First they ignore you, then they laugh at you, then they fight you, then you win. GITMOANS ain’t terrorists but conquistadores disowned by Thieving Thugocracies and they found a window of opportunity larger than life. They privileged trouble to prosperity to get attention. They got it all. They wrecked America. Republican Frugals water-boarded them to extract intelligence they got none but Hollywood Bedrock. Obama as Ho-Nigga then chickened-out to displease white folks he ditched the conquistadores to rot and die in Guantanamo. They decided to starve to test destiny. They battled Force-feeding torture. They have some attention now. I am looking forward to see Lindsey Graham ‘to begin with’ saying hell No. When Kerry & Hagel at the Helm around Obama I feel some smartness in DC’s tinted air. Back to Christian-Post Question. Why Do Radical Muslims Hate Americans So Much? Stooopid Question! First there is nothing called Radical Muslims. This is Muslim or never. Back to HAPPY HATE AMERICA DAY. If I say we don’t then I am a fraudulent hypocrite because you are here to hear this from me: ‘Death to America’. Now stop asking stooopid questions and consult with your gynecologist because you’re pregnant. And by the way don’t be afraid. That’s ain’t but cloth those losers are burning. Give them a decent flag they will stop.

Why Do Radical Muslims Hate Americans So Much? Stooopid Question! First nothing called Radical Muslims. This is Muslim or never. Back to HATE America. If I say we don’t then I am a jerk because you are here to hear this from me: ‘Death to America’. Now stop asking stooopid questions and consult with your gynecologist because you’re pregnant. And by the way don’t be afraid that’s but cloth that those losers are burning. Give them a decent flag they will stop.

PREZ PERES TO POPE FRANCIS: Come to Israel We, Jews didn’t murder Jesus. The Wahabi Mohammed did" (albeit Jesus was murder by Jews 670 years before Mohammed birth). Come Pope! I will show you how Israelis can kill Muslim elders, women & Children by one blow. Please don’t read the News. Israeli police watched, Single handed as with kitchen knife unarmed Salam Za'al killed armed settler Evyatar Borovsky, took Borovsky assault gun and begin shooting at Police Spectators. Salam Za'al was detained for 3 years in Israeli jail for crime of throwing stones. He’s released if he cooperates with Israel and turns his kid brother to traitor. Which he did, then this hitchhiking Borovsky he’s an actor, armed security force and has 4 children that he orphaned. Netanyahu will build more settlement to revenge for Borovsky’s Murder. Salam Za'al ain’t a lone wolf but a terrorist. So how Borovsky settled in Tulkarem? Go to bed boys.

When Ann Coulter said on FOXNEWS Zubeidat Tsarnaeva must be arrested for wearing Hijab, Breitbart banned me for saying Ann Coulter must be arrested for being a woman. Last week I said: watch your Tailgate. Vladimir! Especially when Kerry & Hagel at the Helm. Guys! Since Obama ditched Putin role as BMB Truther. Putin ain’t doing well. He lost control. Just now 30 Anti-Putin Protesters detained on Red Square and 140 people busted at Moscow mosque including more than 30 citizens of other countries. Putin used to be my hero when he weaned Caucuses away from Wahabi Mountaingoats and taken them as Proper Russians. BMB screwed up everything. He got greedy. He exploited BMB to silence Gorky Park Vodka Activists. That’s a wrong call. Syria’s sparks ain’t far away to ignite holy war in Chechnya. That’s Putin’s nightmare. Since FBI is NY outfit then it’s religiously Chuck Schumer business to snack some FBI-Russia whoresmanure to fish any hidden credibility in the mud. Don’t bother reading further than Misha ain’t Mikhail Allakhverdov in Russian it’s for Teddy ‘BEAR’. America is desperate to show the enemy that FBI on top of everything. FBI knew nothing about anything before 03:01PM . April 15, 2009. FBI must be closed-down then by An Executive Branch Order. It ain’t worth it to keep such obese white elephant that can’t defend itself. Paparazzi can deliver far better and cheaper intelligence than this crackpot who showed on CNN talking about an Armenian hippie who converted to Islam to bomb America. Armenians are happy to worship Judas Iscariot but not to be Muslims. We & Armenians have one good thing in common: “we hate each other”. MBM was tolerance stress test to America that’s why the bomb was concealed into pressure cooker to avoid killing innocent people. They just killed 3, hospitalized 246 and traumatized 300 million. That’s a home-run. Ron Paul said: Forced lockdown of city. Militarized police riding tanks in streets. Door-to-door armed searches without warrant. Families thrown out of their homes at gunpoint to be searched without probable cause. Businesses forced to close. Transport shut down. These were not scenes from military coup in far off banana republic, but rather scenes just over week ago in Boston as United States got taste of martial law. The ostensible reason for the military-style takeover of parts of Boston was that accused perpetrator of a horrific crime was on loose. The Boston bombing provided opportunity for government to turn what should have been police investigation into a military-style occupation of an American city. This unprecedented move should frighten us as much or more than the attack itself.

Turks cannot be trusted. Israelis too. IDF is killing our Elders, Women & Children in Gaza to get DC attention for more weapons. The same IDF flew over Assad Palace without harming him and went bombing alleged chemical weapon depot in Damascus and returned home safe. Would you dumb-down and tell us who the enemy is? Oh no SFA..lemme think!

MILITARY ACTION OVER SYRIA'S SUSPECTED USE OF CHEMICAL WEAPONS COULD BACKFIRE. Never mind about the narrative. The question is for you ‘THENATIONAL’. You the publisher! Are you in or out? Who are you dancing for? ISRAEL or SYRIA? Make up your mind. Shame on you! Yesterday a poor Syrian subject jumped to his death from 15th floor of Dubai Silicon Oasis Building probably listening to Mediawhore like you sporting the gassing of his parents with Syrian elders, women & children. Have some decency. Be a journalist. Quit scavenging as coldblooded paparazzi hyena on miseries to earn your living. Quit moderating minds.

I needed John McCain to shakeup the WhiteHouse. Democrats are slow-on boot-on-the-ground but patriot Republicans as

Senator John McCain, a Republican from Arizona who doesn’t need do get Tel-Aviv’s approval to oust Assad outta Syria. Assad Gassing Syrian Elders, Women & Children. It is getting harder and harder for Iran & Russia to maintain their military supplies lines. Russians, Iranians & Hezbollah mercenaries are butchered as boar allover Syria. Jordan king is happy to help to get more USAID for his dying economy and please the Islamists at his end. Turks are mean. Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan will exploit stalemate to occupy Syrian lands as he did in Northern Iraq to use for Kurdish Homeland away from Turkey motherland where they belong. Tayyip Erdogan will fight to stop Obama have boot-on-the-ground in Syria. Turks cannot be trusted.

“When the world can seem very dark and confusing, presence of priest is presence of hope,” Rev. Richard Cannon is bluffing. Priest is for death and wedding unlike Imam who has to drop everything off hand, wash-out, head to mosque, call for prayer outloud and lead the prayers reciting memorized Quran 5397 times not only after bombing but five times a day, 365 days a year. Imam leads rain, eclipse, death & trarweeh prayers. Rev. Tom Carzon showed up for the bombing like any Truther or sympathizer on every blue moon. Back to priest ban: I vote. No. please let them pray.

Russian state media quoted a Russian Federal Security Service statement as saying those detained Friday included more than 30 citizens of other countries. But the statement did not specify which nations.

Abdul Rahman Al-Sudais Mugshot with Geert Wilders Deputy Arnoud Van Doorn. What kind of stunt-show is this? Saudi Arabia fostered Geert Wilders campaign against Islam through FOXNEWS (a subsidiary of the Kingdom holdings run by Prince Alwaleed bin Talal). This is unorthodox and deciptive. Who are you trying to fool? Are you trying to deceive god as well? وَيَمْكُرُونَ وَيَمْكُرُ اللَّهُ وَاللَّهُ خَيْرُ الْمَاكِرِينَ‏ Abdul Rahman Al-Sudais is onto his second Stunt-Show somewhere in India next week without bothering to visit those 22 million devastated Kashmiris who crave to touch his feet. Abdul Rahman Al-Sudais is just following the agenda of those Godless endangered species of House of al-Saud.

GOD, PLEASE DEFEAT AMERICA’S ALLIES ON MAY 11 is preposterous headline. This is a secular & Godless argument. I need those arguing losers in that room to answer one question. Are they Muslims or Pakistani? History proved that you can’t be both. Pakistani means the boring Zardari, Nawaz Sharief, Imran Khan, Musharaf Etc. and Muslims. Use your imagination. KABOOOM if you ever touch Booze or America. I don’t think those in the room ready for that.

This comment is awaiting moderation. This is the harvest of Foreign Office seeds sown. Watching Thugocracies around the Globe committing heinous crimes against their own. All that is necessary for triumph of evil is that good men do nothing. Edmund Burke. Richard Branson devastated by ban on British tourists to Israel, Kenya, South Africa & Turkey due domestic unrest & al-Qaida and yet Thailand went unnoticed where conned British and sedated European tourists are butchered like wild boar in Phuket, Pattaya and those Schizophrenic Islands. Read Pattaya Daily & Phuket Gazette for body count. Ricardo. Mama Teresa killed more infants in her convents than al-Qaida.

Buddhist Monks beat Muslims to death in Burma watch video..Misinformation is act of crime. beforeitsnews contributors trying to draw attention gain mileage. That’s ain't right. Burmese Muslims are butchered while police watching.

Would you guys dumb down and Google how many millions been in Shanghai tower before getting into ranking Burj Khalifa. Bruno said: achievements build nations and ranks kill it.

Quit Googledjunk. What welfare? USA ain't afford foostamp them. They u hauled millions of petrodollars to America to survive in your hostile cities. They’re fooled by the American Dream Propaganda that deranged them to drop everything back home and rush to America and now headhunted as rabids. When Ann Coulter said on FOXNEWS Zubeidat Tsarnaeva must be arrested for wearing Hijab, Breitbart banned me for saying Ann Coulter must be arrested for being a woman.

Replying Charles Ford

I don't have to cover things. Why don't you fly all those copts (that you are committing suicide for) over to your backyard, they're handy to babysit your wife & kids and mow your lawn. Regarding what you said: Islam. The religion of the Pedophile, Rapist and Mass Murderer Mohammed. I have millions of website who're happy to enjoy your ISP if you allow me to pass it to them.

GAZA BIOMETRY IS AGAINST LAW.

إثبت أنها زوجتك او أختك.. فصلٌ جديد من حملة "الفضيلة" في شوارع غزة

هذه حريات شخصية civil liberties

مش من حق حماس او عباس او الاحتلال اصدار او طلب هوية اي فرد الا اذا ارتكب جريمة فحريته كحرية الطيور في الهواء والسمك في الماء و الدود في الارض. المشكلة ليست سياية وانما مشكلة دستورية هل يحق بيروقراطيا ان تطلب هوية شخص لاتعرفه.

حماس هي شريعة فلسطين بغظ النظر ان كانت مؤسسة ارهابية في حسابات اسرائيل هذا لايعني شيء عند العرب والمسلمين حالها كالاخوان في مصر اوطالبان في باكستان وافغانستان والنصرة في العراق وسوريا

Whites are cautious nutjob doublethinkers. In 2004 it was white vs. white. Everywhite hit the streets and voted for Bush to loot US Reserves and burn it over military complex engaged in two wars that wrecked America. Who cares? Whites preferred jobs over USA. Simply because USA was Whiteman’s World. In 2008 & 2012 it was white vs. black. Whites stayed at home because firstly they don’t trust each other and secondly they didn’t trusted the Rigged Diebold Machines which controlled by ABOVE-THE-LAWs. You must be kidding! Should some White crackpot voted for black against white The ABOVE-THE-LAWs will hunt him down and finish him. The White voters were so scared they stayed back at home lest they’re disowned by The ABOVE-THE-LAWs who will starve their children & elders to death if they ever voted black. As a matter of fact they are doing it to those white fools who voted black today. “Kill that bloody Nigga-lover”. During Obama administration foodstamps subscribers are higher than ever. Black Inmates and Black jobless are gracefully holding to the 90% Residency over America’s Stats since Lincoln. Black voters turnout ain’t perspective here. If a Ho-Nigga spotted singing and crying at the mall during Obama inauguration. That ain’t black enough. That’s Rupert Murdoch in his natural habitat minting money outta zombie’s turnout. This percussion is over Joe Biden’s tactical allegation to MSNBC that if McCain pushed harder on saving American economy he probably won 2008 Presidency.

Fountain of jihad that's nice. I Am a Muslim I love to sip some amrit to ram your rectum. would you pass zip code of this fountain to me so I can franchise it and open a bottling factory around to sell its water to all thousands of Hindu terrorist groups whoever love to devastate Delhi to get their birthrights here’s specimens of them: ZRV,ZRA,UPDS,UNLF,UMLFA,ULMA,ULFA,UKLF,UIRA,UILA,UBLF,TTYF,TTYF,TTVF,TTSF,TTDF,TTACF,TSV,TSV,TRRB,TPC,TNRT,TNRF,TNLA,TNDTF,TNA,TMP,TLOF,TLF,TDF,TCF,TATCF,SIMI,SDFT,RNSF,RMC,RJC,PULF,PREPAK,PRA,PLF-M,PLA,NSCN-K,NSCNI-M,NSCN-IM,NNC-Adino,NMT,NLFT,NEMF,NDFB,MVF,MULTA,MULFA,MTF,MSF,MSCA,MPLF,MLTA,MLA,LTTE,KZF,KYKL,KSF,KRPC,KRLO,KRF,KRA,KPF,KNV,KNV,KNO,KNF,KNA,KNA,KLO,KLF,KLF,KLA,KKK,KIF,KIA,KDF,KCP,KCF,KAF,IURPI,ISYF,ISS,Isak-Muivah,IRPA,IRF,INF,ILAA,IKL,HULA,HRF,HPC-D,HPC,HNLC,GTF,DHD,CPI-ML-Janashakti,CPI-Maoist,CKRF,BVYLF,BTFK,BTF,BNCT,BMS,BLTF,BKI,BCF,ATVF,ATTF,ATNF,ATLO,ATBSF,ATBR,ASF,AS,ANVC,AISSF,ADF,ABNES,AAASS, ADINO,

That’s ain’t Zionist problem. Unless you won’t to fool the whole world that: “Guys! We, Jews didn’t murder Jesus. The Wahabi Mohammed did. Go get him" (albeit Jesus was murder by Jews 670 years before Mohammed birth). Have some decency be journalist don’t be paparazzi. Try blind and quit scavenging on miseries as hyena to get noticed. On the contrary you’re getting condemned day by day.

Retailing religion in the military was during Former US Defence Secretary Donald Rumsfeld accused of using quotes from Bible underneath a passage from Book of Isaiah: "Their arrows are sharp, all their bows are strung; their horses' hoofs seem like flint, their chariot wheels are like a whirlwind." Another briefing showed a picture of Iraqi President Saddam Hussein beneath a quotation from the First Epistle of Peter: "It is God's will that by doing good you should silence the ignorant talk of foolish men." risked giving Muslims impression that war was a clash between Christianity and Islam. "taking a risk with national security,"

Obama t o Emir of Qatar: Hire 800 Unemployable Us Journalists or I will have McCain Germs overthrow you and dole Aljazeera to Iran. You hear me.

TheLegend33: It seems you know some English in order to input slang

Stsheetrock: THANK YOU

TheLegend33: plus you sound like a smart-arse who thinks he's smarter than everyone else. …

Stsheetrock: NO I AM NO THAT SICK THAT’S CALLED INFERIORITY COMPLEX DO YOU

TheLegend33: Which leads me to believe you’re just another follower with some sort of identity crisis

Stsheetrock: I DON NEED AN IDENTITY I HAVE ONE. I AM MUSLIM.

TheLegend33: You sound like a cross between a mis-informed misfit and an Alex Jones wannabe.

Stsheetrock: PSST: IT’S MISINFORMED! NO AM NEITHER AM NOT UNEMPLOYABLE. AM RICH

TheLegend33: You really hate America

Stsheetrock: GOD HEAVEN NO

TheLegend33: but your here because daddy sent you to get an education.

Stsheetrock: NO HE DIDN’T AM AN AUTOMATH. I DON’T NEED THAT ABUSE

TheLegend33: Your either very rich or from the "sewer" and receiving living assistance from the people you actually hate.

Stsheetrock: NO AM A BANK THIEF I DON’T USE FIAT I CAN CLONE YOUR CREDIT FOR FUN AND TOY YOUR ISP

TheLegend33: If you don't like us,

Stsheetrock: YOU’RE JUST NOBODY WHY SHOULD I DISLIKE YOU

TheLegend33: why do you stay?

Stsheetrock: I DON’T STAY THERE. I LOATHE THAT

TheLegend33: If I went to your country and I didn't like it, I would leave.

Stsheetrock: PLEASE DON’T COME YOU’RE NOT WELCOME PLEASE LEAVE IF YOU DID

TheLegend33: If your here for an education,

Stsheetrock: GOD FORBID NO

TheLegend33: appreciate it

Stsheetrock: YOU MEAN WASTE TIME & MONEY STUDY JUCKSCEINCE Of HARVARD, MIT, BOSTON, PRINCETON, COLUMBIA And YALE WHO TURN SMART HUMAN TO STOOOPID CORPORATE FRUGAL ZOMBIES.

TheLegend33: Try and be respectful to others and you'll find people here (real Americans) will treat you with respect.

Stsheetrock: I RESPECT MYSELF AND I CAN BUY MY OTHERS RESPECT. I DON’T NEED FOXNEWS AMERICAN VERSION RESPECT

KiddingMe: Why should India need to prove Sarabjit is Sarabjit?

Obaid Karki: WE HAVE 2 INDIAN SUBJECTS: SARABJIT+MANJIT

KiddingMe: It is responsibility of Pakistan police and government that they punish the real culprit(s) who did the bomb blast.

Obaid Karki: TRUE

KiddingMe: They needed to prove to the Pakistani people that the actual culprit is not at large and they punished a scapegoat.

Obaid Karki: TRUE

KiddingMe: If they killed a scapegoat then it is a big disservice to their own people.

Obaid Karki: TRUE

KiddingMe: You decide in your heart if you can trust that Pakistani police caught the culprit the very next day of blast! Are they that efficient?

Obaid Karki: I DON’T TRUST ANY

KiddingMe: Do you see such quick action in other daily bomb blasts now or was it just one of case when they were so quick?

Obaid Karki: YOU KILL ONE THEY KILL TEN

PSST: its brick ain't bomb

Man. Your tailgate is larger than your hollow skull. It’s painful politics. You owe me a confession. I bet on another loser Greyhound. My fault. I overpriced you I should snubbed you at the beginning of this clever conversation.

If the White House has no power to find a gravesite for its subject how would the white house will be able to protect them. Its Saudi solemn responsibility to fly Tamerlan Tsarnaev's body to the holy land to be buried.

Its lethally boring gooooogledjunk. Try Jimmy Fallon trash, me be you get lucky and don't forget to stuff some Methylenedioxymethamphetamine into your tailgate to aid you laugh at yourself. You’re psychoactive

Michele backman behind mr thomas

Gowdy rep Islamic extremist why Susan rice call hick

Maloney: Issa accused Hillary

Chafftez Rep: diplomats has more balls than army

Norton Dem: not allowed to talk to Dems kicked out Thomson counter-terrorism

Lankford rep: OSPV standards. Hilary converts Benghazi become permanent

Tierney Dem: accuse Potus misleading

Jordan Rep: demonstration question lawyer instruct hicks don’t to talk to congressional delegation Sherman called hick

Clay Dem: budget cuts who caused death ARB a validity of funding republican screwup saving is problem

Mica rep: nobody interviewed Thomas, interviewed hicks, Nordstrom

Lynch Dem: saving

Turner Rep: Colonel Gibson dropped out stay in Tripoli transfer their authority to training general ham reduces team because shooting at people.

Issa: all civilian under hicks. Security under general ham

Connolly Dem: Patrick Kennedy was on top of everything. Thomson Mr. Betjeman contradicts.

Duncan Rep: Nordstrom not interviewed.

Speier dem: hicks retelling. Lawyer told hick not to be interviewed not to be isolated with Chafftez

Mchenry rep: YouTube video no protest hicks 17 days fbi arrived.

I didn't know that Japanese are eugenics also. Someone must dropped this granite slab into the ocean to confuse Atlantis Truthers. Hitler established Nazi phenomenon based on such Junk Science. Stop pouring money into oceans. Please spend it on living Atlantis beings. Gaucho Children of Southern Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, eastern and southern Bolivia and Southern Chile. You will never miss it. it’s around your discovery site.

WOW. Dow Jones closes above 15,000 for first time today and Japan’s Nikkei tops 14,000 for 1st time since 2008 yesterday. Is that a joke? Warren Buffett bragged about recovering thanks Gutsy Bernanke. Warren Buffett was thrilled about us growth because he’s giving away money to his fellow billionaire to buy/lease his own NetJets. Can we share some Hebrew with you guys? 90 millions American on foodstamps. Oh what a terrible junk bonds? Oh really! Who’re you gonna rate & rob now? Warren.

 

RIP Tamerlan. You did what you have suspected to do. The rest is history.

And none will bind [as severely] as His binding [of the evildoers].

89:27 [To the righteous it will be said], "O reassured soul,

89:28 Return to your Lord, well-pleased and pleasing [to Him],

89:29 And enter among My [righteous] servants And enter My Paradise."

Every loser has the birthright for a daydream Tamerlan has none he didn’t know that greatest nations on earth is devastated for a month. Americans are in FOXNEWS Zombie Mode, they took the streets to gun-down anything moving in their way hoping it’s a Muslim. America ain’t for Muslims no mo. Flee to Canada or swim to Greenland if you can. Tamerlan left us an enigma in his pressure cooker that dropped gold price to 50 years low. Mama nature was so mean & coward to take back her son and then something went wrong. We have a home-run. We have a tomb that saved America for the time being. Here’s the deal... he’s still a suspect. RIP Tamerlan.

 

Americans are in FOXNEWS Zombie Mode, they took the streets to gun-down anything moving in their way hoping it’s a Muslim. America ain’t for Muslims no mo. Flee to Canada or swim to Greenland if you can.

 

I was devastated and I felted insulted when I received this notice "You do not have permission to post on this thread" from Gateway Pundit the Beacon of Freedom of Speech. stsheetrock alias my name is Obaid Karki a Sexagenarian UAE Paleoconservative Provocateur Arabspringer of Picassoic Attitude, Blackbelt Diehard Paulite Constitutionalist Libertarian Wordsmith. I am too old to be deceptive, spammer or offensive. Good men only use the second amendment when the 1st amendment is deprived. All that is necessary for triumph of evil is that good men do nothing... Edmund Burke. If we can’t stand disagreements how we will enjoy our concord. Please revise your decision and unblock me. Let me breathe. We, here in the Arab World we need your help, we’re in the Dark Ages. Don’t radicalize us. Please.

Truly yours,

Obaid

    

You daren't publish this but I'll take a rain check.

I got this in my inbox from the DAILYMAIL: “Celebrations and Jubilations - An Unforgettable Royal Experience” before opening it. I thought this what am waiting for: Oh boy. This is it. This must be the full coverage of Sheikh Khalifa’s Historical State Visit to England. As I hit ‘open’ God Heaven. Buckingham Palace gone for sale from £219pp. Oh My God! Queen Beatrix abdicated Holland thrown to her kid Prince Willem. Where the Hell is the QUEEN of England? She’s supposed to be receiving Abu Dhabi Sheikh as we speak? Oh-No media coverage dark out. It must be bad what’s going on? As matter fact all British headlines focusing on Jason Collins Gay Athlete Benediction by Obama in James S. Brady Press Briefing Room. What about Sheikh Khalifa? Oh I know where I can get his news for sure. Lemme’ hit the sponsored propagandists: KHALEEJTIMES & GULFNEWS. I got it. The usual sponsored slide-show. The Queen stood in the shade while Sheikh Khalifa out inspecting the Beefeaters. I can smell Prince Philips vinegary farts from right here. Akhkheeeh. Poor fellow he got an erection in his pancreas. And then the: BOMB – KABOOOAM from THE INDEPENDENT that put Sheikh Khalifa back on British Headlines. David Cameron confronted Sheikh Khalifa in Ten-Downing-Street to conduct an independent investigation and release immediately 3 Drug Traffickers busted last year for being too stooopid and too dumb vulnerable to be arrested by Dubai Police. Grant Cameron [Irish], Suneet Jeerh [Indian] and Karl Williams [Nigerian] who also happened to hold British passports. THE INDEPENDENT described the trio as Londoners conquistadores on assignment - selling state of art synthetic narcotics to world children in Dubai - apprehended during business hours and they were forced to sign a confession in Arabic or else their rectums will be rammed in Jumeirah Hilton (that’s Britons Executive Branch in al-Aweer Prison). All-that-jazz was in July last year now we’re in May. Damn it 10 months. Rotting in jail for selling drugs? Ain’t fair they are British they’re supposed to be surfing and sipping champagne with Mr. Lawless in Burj al-Arab. Why the hell David Cameron waited that long and treasured his vendetta to extort Sheikh Khalifa now in London, he could settled it on phone. That’s hypocritical. Hold on don’t be foolish. David Cameron exploited Sheikh Khalifa historic visit to Hijack British headlines for his failing tenure at Ten Downing Street. Oh No that crap. I warned you. No conspiracy theory allowed here. I am Truther ain’t BULLSHITTER. He’s meaner than that. David Cameron likes to get even with Queen’s Guest on his mating ground right near his fireplace - where he adds laxative into his guest’s tea to rush him out. Particularly June-disappointments. The HOTAIR that he got NOTHING outta Abu Dhabi overtures. He wanted to tell his guest things his prodigals shielded from him about the unproductive fruitless futile outcome of his June 2012 visit to Abu Dhabi. THE-BIG-FIVE-SHOW paid his fair to Dubai then. Mean Moriarty Moves: David Cameron choked-up Queen’s Guest with useless Drug Dealers’ Dilemma. He hit the jackpot. He got everything. I bet they signed everything David Cameron tossed across. He didn’t needed to raise the Debt-Laden Unprivileged Emarati Activists’ Issue or the Human-Right Violations that yet to be shelved at the right price and the right time. Mind UAE House 131,000 over Paid British Unemployables Bankruptcies. Can you believe that a great chunk of them insured their life against David Cameron SCREWUPS with UAE Authorities? Let’s pray. O Lord, I beseech thee, let now thine ear be attentive to the prayer of thy servant, because it gave access to the king in those seasons of hilarity when men are.

Ali and India. Pretty genius metaphor. We should know that we have strength, we have stamina, we have bulk, we have presence, reputation and we have history that if someone wants to take few blows at us we will be able to withstand them. Kudos Salman Khurshid! oh by the way here’s 182 Terrorists Organizations based in India. How would Ali Criterion help Delhi to bust them? You kill one they kill hundreds and devastate millions. Never about money its lose change. Here’s some specimens Stipulated hereinbelow: ZRV,ZRA,UPDS,UNLF,UMLFA,ULMA,ULFA,UKLF,UIRA,UILA,UBLF,TTYF,TTYF,TTVF,TTSF,TTDF,TTACF,TSV,TSV,TRRB,TPC,TNRT,TNRF,TNLA,TNDTF,TNA,TMP,TLOF,TLF,TDF,TCF,TATCF,SIMI,SDFT,RNSF,RMC,RJC,PULF,PREPAK,PRA,PLF-M,PLA,NSCN-K,NSCNI-M,NSCN-IM,NNC-Adino,NMT,NLFT,NEMF,NDFB,MVF,MULTA,MULFA,MTF,MSF,MSCA,MPLF,MLTA,MLA,LTTE,KZF,KYKL,KSF,KRPC,KRLO,KRF,KRA,KPF,KNV,KNV,KNO,KNF,KNA,KNA,KLO,KLF,KLF,KLA,KKK,KIF,KIA,KDF,KCP,KCF,KAF,IURPI,ISYF,ISS,Isak-Muivah,IRPA,IRF,INF,ILAA,IKL,HULA,HRF,HPC-D,HPC,HNLC,GTF,DHD,CPI-ML-Janashakti,CPI-Maoist,CKRF,BVYLF,BTFK,BTF,BNCT,BMS,BLTF,BKI,BCF,ATVF,ATTF,ATNF,ATLO,ATBSF,ATBR,ASF,AS,ANVC,AISSF,ADF,ABNES,AAASS, ADINO

I said on Apr 19, 2013 Bravo Jane. You’re really my girl. Welcome to Lee Harvey Oswald World.

Ron Paul is dead-right when he said that USA is a Third World Banana Republic. FBI UNINDEXED clashing Testimonies to jab published ground truth is outrageous. FBI is forcing everyone to LIE even in Yesterday’s President Obama’s 48 minutes answers in James S. Brady Press Briefing Room. Please invite some Black-belt Body-Linguists to watch Obama’s body-language in James S. Brady Press Briefing Room. Focus on when he says “I talk to Putin” watch his eyes. Oh by the way! I picked a new phenomenon from Obama: ‘Self-Radicalized” as ‘self-charged battery.’ Back to FBI: FBI Testimonies are on my radar since Christmas Bomber. FBI become another MOKHABARAT (Secret Police) in my backyard. I have no doubt that FBI finish product ain’t authored by Qualified Patriot Americans but by our WORST Urban Rejects who fled our Sewers to strike rich in the Wild Wet West. People stood no chance of any success in our backyard how the hell they will be added-value assets and will add intelligence to FBI. On the contrary their effect is obvious - negative now as I can see; they really brought FBI intelligence down to earth that they don’t worthy my respect. Look at BMB. A representative specimen of FBI SCREWUPS. FBI said that they interviewed Tamerlan in Makhachkala and let him go to bomb Boston Marathoners: ‘typical Arabic. Oh No! He entered USA by spelling error. Really.’ That’s ain’t FBI that I seen in Denzel Washington movie but sounds typical Maronite Phalangists, Hezbollah, Egyptian Copt, Iranian Pedarsag, Sardarji, Guajarati, Bihari, Iraqi-Shiite, Kurd or Alawite they got great motive just settling their old account in USA courtesy of American taxpayers by snaking Tsarnaeva to fool FBI for living. Zubeidat Tsarnaeva told FBI go to hell! They did big time. Once FBI realized that ‘Misha’ ain’t Mikhail Allakhverdov but ‘teddy bear’ they moved to DNA Game to haunt Tamerlan wife Katherine Russell Saray Mulk-khanum. She told FBI Gorm. I need Tamerlan corpse. They evaporated outta her sight. Now they’re snaking on Kazakhstani trio and toying with Saudi Mountaingoat intelligence whoresmanure. I am expecting FBI to tap on CIA who are dormant all these years as Baghdad frogs in BMB and bring forward Ruslan Tsarni, Graham Fuller, Samantha Ankara Fuller and big A or Ali. Stay tuned it is getting interesting.

Since Seigniorage Banksters crashed in 2007 their Culture ain’t working no mo. Sharia Binge is another Redherring to distracts fools away from real loots. Angosexual Geographical Muslims are the best Arabophobe Guinea pigs to experiment anti-Arabism to crackup nation of Islam. Since English is Islam’s language and Quran is Arabic that most Anti-Arabists loathe to memorize or explore it in the language of origin - then there is huge room for clergymen to maneuver to commit heinous crimes and Freud. Clergymen are feeble corruptible creatures. Islam is shirt of Othman wore wherever a crime yet to be committed. Law of the Land ain’t justice but a game played by scavenging lawyers and fostered by thieving Thugocracies to enable the HAVES rip-off the HAVENOTS. Sharia ain’t justice either it’s a scam played by Ignoramus clergymen to rip-off both the HAVES and the HAVENOTS and dole both loots as commonwealth to Distrusted Trusts notwithstanding Sharia commerce is nothing but an Arabic version of the Old Colonial British-India Merchant Banking

Mark Twain would commit suicide if he knew that Yesterday’s President Obama’s 48 minutes answers in James S. Brady Press Briefing Room were CHOREOGRAPHED to six historic questions. It is mind bugling when BILL asked Obama about Gitmo. Regarding "Maybe I should just pack up and go home. Golly," that’s POWER GESTURE if you go 24 hours back to Correspondence Dinner and see how Obama insulted Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell and the whole Republican Frugals attending then you will understand that Obama didn’t run outta juice wrongly placed "As Mark Twain said, rumors of my demise may be a little exaggerated at this point," metaphor.

First they ignore you, then they laugh at you, then they fight you, then you win. GITMOANS ain’t terrorists but conquistadores disowned by Thieving Thugocracies and they found a window of opportunity larger than life. They privileged trouble to prosperity to get attention. They got it all. They wrecked America. Republican Frugals water-boarded them to extract intelligence they got none but Hollywood Bedrock. Obama as Ho-Nigga then chickened-out to displease white folks he ditched the conquistadores to rot and die in Guantanamo. They decided to starve to test destiny. They battled Force-feeding torture. They have some attention now. I am looking forward to see Lindsey Graham ‘to begin with’ saying hell No. When Kerry & Hagel at the Helm around Obama I feel some smartness in DC’s tinted air. Back to Christian-Post Question. Why Do Radical Muslims Hate Americans So Much? Stooopid Question! First there is nothing called Radical Muslims. This is Muslim or never. Back to HAPPY HATE AMERICA DAY. If I say we don’t then I am a fraudulent hypocrite because you are here to hear this from me: ‘Death to America’. Now stop asking stooopid questions and consult with your gynecologist because you’re pregnant. And by the way don’t be afraid. That’s ain’t but cloth those losers are burning. Give them a decent flag they will stop.

Why Do Radical Muslims Hate Americans So Much? Stooopid Question! First nothing called Radical Muslims. This is Muslim or never. Back to HATE America. If I say we don’t then I am a jerk because you are here to hear this from me: ‘Death to America’. Now stop asking stooopid questions and consult with your gynecologist because you’re pregnant. And by the way don’t be afraid that’s but cloth that those losers are burning. Give them a decent flag they will stop.

PREZ PERES TO POPE FRANCIS: Come to Israel We, Jews didn’t murder Jesus. The Wahabi Mohammed did" (albeit Jesus was murder by Jews 670 years before Mohammed birth). Come Pope! I will show you how Israelis can kill Muslim elders, women & Children by one blow. Please don’t read the News. Israeli police watched, Single handed as with kitchen knife unarmed Salam Za'al killed armed settler Evyatar Borovsky, took Borovsky assault gun and begin shooting at Police Spectators. Salam Za'al was detained for 3 years in Israeli jail for crime of throwing stones. He’s released if he cooperates with Israel and turns his kid brother to traitor. Which he did, then this hitchhiking Borovsky he’s an actor, armed security force and has 4 children that he orphaned. Netanyahu will build more settlement to revenge for Borovsky’s Murder. Salam Za'al ain’t a lone wolf but a terrorist. So how Borovsky settled in Tulkarem? Go to bed boys.

When Ann Coulter said on FOXNEWS Zubeidat Tsarnaeva must be arrested for wearing Hijab, Breitbart banned me for saying Ann Coulter must be arrested for being a woman. Last week I said: watch your Tailgate. Vladimir! Especially when Kerry & Hagel at the Helm. Guys! Since Obama ditched Putin role as BMB Truther. Putin ain’t doing well. He lost control. Just now 30 Anti-Putin Protesters detained on Red Square and 140 people busted at Moscow mosque including more than 30 citizens of other countries. Putin used to be my hero when he weaned Caucuses away from Wahabi Mountaingoats and taken them as Proper Russians. BMB screwed up everything. He got greedy. He exploited BMB to silence Gorky Park Vodka Activists. That’s a wrong call. Syria’s sparks ain’t far away to ignite holy war in Chechnya. That’s Putin’s nightmare. Since FBI is NY outfit then it’s religiously Chuck Schumer business to snack some FBI-Russia whoresmanure to fish any hidden credibility in the mud. Don’t bother reading further than Misha ain’t Mikhail Allakhverdov in Russian it’s for Teddy ‘BEAR’. America is desperate to show the enemy that FBI on top of everything. FBI knew nothing about anything before 03:01PM . April 15, 2009. FBI must be closed-down then by An Executive Branch Order. It ain’t worth it to keep such obese white elephant that can’t defend itself. Paparazzi can deliver far better and cheaper intelligence than this crackpot who showed on CNN talking about an Armenian hippie who converted to Islam to bomb America. Armenians are happy to worship Judas Iscariot but not to be Muslims. We & Armenians have one good thing in common: “we hate each other”. MBM was tolerance stress test to America that’s why the bomb was concealed into pressure cooker to avoid killing innocent people. They just killed 3, hospitalized 246 and traumatized 300 million. That’s a home-run. Ron Paul said: Forced lockdown of city. Militarized police riding tanks in streets. Door-to-door armed searches without warrant. Families thrown out of their homes at gunpoint to be searched without probable cause. Businesses forced to close. Transport shut down. These were not scenes from military coup in far off banana republic, but rather scenes just over week ago in Boston as United States got taste of martial law. The ostensible reason for the military-style takeover of parts of Boston was that accused perpetrator of a horrific crime was on loose. The Boston bombing provided opportunity for government to turn what should have been police investigation into a military-style occupation of an American city. This unprecedented move should frighten us as much or more than the attack itself.

Turks cannot be trusted. Israelis too. IDF is killing our Elders, Women & Children in Gaza to get DC attention for more weapons. The same IDF flew over Assad Palace without harming him and went bombing alleged chemical weapon depot in Damascus and returned home safe. Would you dumb-down and tell us who the enemy is? Oh no SFA..lemme think!

MILITARY ACTION OVER SYRIA'S SUSPECTED USE OF CHEMICAL WEAPONS COULD BACKFIRE. Never mind about the narrative. The question is for you ‘THENATIONAL’. You the publisher! Are you in or out? Who are you dancing for? ISRAEL or SYRIA? Make up your mind. Shame on you! Yesterday a poor Syrian subject jumped to his death from 15th floor of Dubai Silicon Oasis Building probably listening to Mediawhore like you sporting the gassing of his parents with Syrian elders, women & children. Have some decency. Be a journalist. Quit scavenging as coldblooded paparazzi hyena on miseries to earn your living. Quit moderating minds.

I needed John McCain to shakeup the WhiteHouse. Democrats are slow-on boot-on-the-ground but patriot Republicans as

Senator John McCain, a Republican from Arizona who doesn’t need do get Tel-Aviv’s approval to oust Assad outta Syria. Assad Gassing Syrian Elders, Women & Children. It is getting harder and harder for Iran & Russia to maintain their military supplies lines. Russians, Iranians & Hezbollah mercenaries are butchered as boar allover Syria. Jordan king is happy to help to get more USAID for his dying economy and please the Islamists at his end. Turks are mean. Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan will exploit stalemate to occupy Syrian lands as he did in Northern Iraq to use for Kurdish Homeland away from Turkey motherland where they belong. Tayyip Erdogan will fight to stop Obama have boot-on-the-ground in Syria. Turks cannot be trusted.

“When the world can seem very dark and confusing, presence of priest is presence of hope,” Rev. Richard Cannon is bluffing. Priest is for death and wedding unlike Imam who has to drop everything off hand, wash-out, head to mosque, call for prayer outloud and lead the prayers reciting memorized Quran 5397 times not only after bombing but five times a day, 365 days a year. Imam leads rain, eclipse, death & trarweeh prayers. Rev. Tom Carzon showed up for the bombing like any Truther or sympathizer on every blue moon. Back to priest ban: I vote. No. please let them pray.

Russian state media quoted a Russian Federal Security Service statement as saying those detained Friday included more than 30 citizens of other countries. But the statement did not specify which nations.

Abdul Rahman Al-Sudais Mugshot with Geert Wilders Deputy Arnoud Van Doorn. What kind of stunt-show is this? Saudi Arabia fostered Geert Wilders campaign against Islam through FOXNEWS (a subsidiary of the Kingdom holdings run by Prince Alwaleed bin Talal). This is unorthodox and deciptive. Who are you trying to fool? Are you trying to deceive god as well? وَيَمْكُرُونَ وَيَمْكُرُ اللَّهُ وَاللَّهُ خَيْرُ الْمَاكِرِينَ‏ Abdul Rahman Al-Sudais is onto his second Stunt-Show somewhere in India next week without bothering to visit those 22 million devastated Kashmiris who crave to touch his feet. Abdul Rahman Al-Sudais is just following the agenda of those Godless endangered species of House of al-Saud.

GOD, PLEASE DEFEAT AMERICA’S ALLIES ON MAY 11 is preposterous headline. This is a secular & Godless argument. I need those arguing losers in that room to answer one question. Are they Muslims or Pakistani? History proved that you can’t be both. Pakistani means the boring Zardari, Nawaz Sharief, Imran Khan, Musharaf Etc. and Muslims. Use your imagination. KABOOOM if you ever touch Booze or America. I don’t think those in the room ready for that.

This comment is awaiting moderation. This is the harvest of Foreign Office seeds sown. Watching Thugocracies around the Globe committing heinous crimes against their own. All that is necessary for triumph of evil is that good men do nothing. Edmund Burke. Richard Branson devastated by ban on British tourists to Israel, Kenya, South Africa & Turkey due domestic unrest & al-Qaida and yet Thailand went unnoticed where conned British and sedated European tourists are butchered like wild boar in Phuket, Pattaya and those Schizophrenic Islands. Read Pattaya Daily & Phuket Gazette for body count. Ricardo. Mama Teresa killed more infants in her convents than al-Qaida.

Buddhist Monks beat Muslims to death in Burma watch video..Misinformation is act of crime. beforeitsnews contributors trying to draw attention gain mileage. That’s ain't right. Burmese Muslims are butchered while police watching.

Would you guys dumb down and Google how many millions been in Shanghai tower before getting into ranking Burj Khalifa. Bruno said: achievements build nations and ranks kill it.

Quit Googledjunk. What welfare? USA ain't afford foostamp them. They u hauled millions of petrodollars to America to survive in your hostile cities. They’re fooled by the American Dream Propaganda that deranged them to drop everything back home and rush to America and now headhunted as rabids. When Ann Coulter said on FOXNEWS Zubeidat Tsarnaeva must be arrested for wearing Hijab, Breitbart banned me for saying Ann Coulter must be arrested for being a woman.

Replying Charles Ford

I don't have to cover things. Why don't you fly all those copts (that you are committing suicide for) over to your backyard, they're handy to babysit your wife & kids and mow your lawn. Regarding what you said: Islam. The religion of the Pedophile, Rapist and Mass Murderer Mohammed. I have millions of website who're happy to enjoy your ISP if you allow me to pass it to them.

GAZA BIOMETRY IS AGAINST LAW.

إثبت أنها زوجتك او أختك.. فصلٌ جديد من حملة "الفضيلة" في شوارع غزة

هذه حريات شخصية civil liberties

مش من حق حماس او عباس او الاحتلال اصدار او طلب هوية اي فرد الا اذا ارتكب جريمة فحريته كحرية الطيور في الهواء والسمك في الماء و الدود في الارض. المشكلة ليست سياية وانما مشكلة دستورية هل يحق بيروقراطيا ان تطلب هوية شخص لاتعرفه.

حماس هي شريعة فلسطين بغظ النظر ان كانت مؤسسة ارهابية في حسابات اسرائيل هذا لايعني شيء عند العرب والمسلمين حالها كالاخوان في مصر اوطالبان في باكستان وافغانستان والنصرة في العراق وسوريا

Whites are cautious nutjob doublethinkers. In 2004 it was white vs. white. Everywhite hit the streets and voted for Bush to loot US Reserves and burn it over military complex engaged in two wars that wrecked America. Who cares? Whites preferred jobs over USA. Simply because USA was Whiteman’s World. In 2008 & 2012 it was white vs. black. Whites stayed at home because firstly they don’t trust each other and secondly they didn’t trusted the Rigged Diebold Machines which controlled by ABOVE-THE-LAWs. You must be kidding! Should some White crackpot voted for black against white The ABOVE-THE-LAWs will hunt him down and finish him. The White voters were so scared they stayed back at home lest they’re disowned by The ABOVE-THE-LAWs who will starve their children & elders to death if they ever voted black. As a matter of fact they are doing it to those white fools who voted black today. “Kill that bloody Nigga-lover”. During Obama administration foodstamps subscribers are higher than ever. Black Inmates and Black jobless are gracefully holding to the 90% Residency over America’s Stats since Lincoln. Black voters turnout ain’t perspective here. If a Ho-Nigga spotted singing and crying at the mall during Obama inauguration. That ain’t black enough. That’s Rupert Murdoch in his natural habitat minting money outta zombie’s turnout. This percussion is over Joe Biden’s tactical allegation to MSNBC that if McCain pushed harder on saving American economy he probably won 2008 Presidency.

Fountain of jihad that's nice. I Am a Muslim I love to sip some amrit to ram your rectum. would you pass zip code of this fountain to me so I can franchise it and open a bottling factory around to sell its water to all thousands of Hindu terrorist groups whoever love to devastate Delhi to get their birthrights here’s specimens of them: ZRV,ZRA,UPDS,UNLF,UMLFA,ULMA,ULFA,UKLF,UIRA,UILA,UBLF,TTYF,TTYF,TTVF,TTSF,TTDF,TTACF,TSV,TSV,TRRB,TPC,TNRT,TNRF,TNLA,TNDTF,TNA,TMP,TLOF,TLF,TDF,TCF,TATCF,SIMI,SDFT,RNSF,RMC,RJC,PULF,PREPAK,PRA,PLF-M,PLA,NSCN-K,NSCNI-M,NSCN-IM,NNC-Adino,NMT,NLFT,NEMF,NDFB,MVF,MULTA,MULFA,MTF,MSF,MSCA,MPLF,MLTA,MLA,LTTE,KZF,KYKL,KSF,KRPC,KRLO,KRF,KRA,KPF,KNV,KNV,KNO,KNF,KNA,KNA,KLO,KLF,KLF,KLA,KKK,KIF,KIA,KDF,KCP,KCF,KAF,IURPI,ISYF,ISS,Isak-Muivah,IRPA,IRF,INF,ILAA,IKL,HULA,HRF,HPC-D,HPC,HNLC,GTF,DHD,CPI-ML-Janashakti,CPI-Maoist,CKRF,BVYLF,BTFK,BTF,BNCT,BMS,BLTF,BKI,BCF,ATVF,ATTF,ATNF,ATLO,ATBSF,ATBR,ASF,AS,ANVC,AISSF,ADF,ABNES,AAASS, ADINO,

That’s ain’t Zionist problem. Unless you won’t to fool the whole world that: “Guys! We, Jews didn’t murder Jesus. The Wahabi Mohammed did. Go get him" (albeit Jesus was murder by Jews 670 years before Mohammed birth). Have some decency be journalist don’t be paparazzi. Try blind and quit scavenging on miseries as hyena to get noticed. On the contrary you’re getting condemned day by day.

Retailing religion in the military was during Former US Defence Secretary Donald Rumsfeld accused of using quotes from Bible underneath a passage from Book of Isaiah: "Their arrows are sharp, all their bows are strung; their horses' hoofs seem like flint, their chariot wheels are like a whirlwind." Another briefing showed a picture of Iraqi President Saddam Hussein beneath a quotation from the First Epistle of Peter: "It is God's will that by doing good you should silence the ignorant talk of foolish men." risked giving Muslims impression that war was a clash between Christianity and Islam. "taking a risk with national security,"

Obama t o Emir of Qatar: Hire 800 Unemployable Us Journalists or I will have McCain Germs overthrow you and dole Aljazeera to Iran. You hear me.

        

TheLegend33: It seems you know some English in order to input slang

Stsheetrock: THANK YOU

TheLegend33: plus you sound like a smart-arse who thinks he's smarter than everyone else. …

Stsheetrock: NO I AM NO THAT SICK THAT’S CALLED INFERIORITY COMPLEX DO YOU

TheLegend33: Which leads me to believe you’re just another follower with some sort of identity crisis

Stsheetrock: I DON NEED AN IDENTITY I HAVE ONE. I AM MUSLIM.

TheLegend33: You sound like a cross between a mis-informed misfit and an Alex Jones wannabe.

Stsheetrock: PSST: IT’S MISINFORMED! NO AM NEITHER AM NOT UNEMPLOYABLE. AM RICH

TheLegend33: You really hate America

Stsheetrock: GOD HEAVEN NO

TheLegend33: but your here because daddy sent you to get an education.

Stsheetrock: NO HE DIDN’T AM AN AUTOMATH. I DON’T NEED THAT ABUSE

TheLegend33: Your either very rich or from the "sewer" and receiving living assistance from the people you actually hate.

Stsheetrock: NO AM A BANK THIEF I DON’T USE FIAT I CAN CLONE YOUR CREDIT FOR FUN AND TOY YOUR ISP

TheLegend33: If you don't like us,

Stsheetrock: YOU’RE JUST NOBODY WHY SHOULD I DISLIKE YOU

TheLegend33: why do you stay?

Stsheetrock: I DON’T STAY THERE. I LOATHE THAT

TheLegend33: If I went to your country and I didn't like it, I would leave.

Stsheetrock: PLEASE DON’T COME YOU’RE NOT WELCOME PLEASE LEAVE IF YOU DID

TheLegend33: If your here for an education,

Stsheetrock: GOD FORBID NO

TheLegend33: appreciate it

Stsheetrock: YOU MEAN WASTE TIME & MONEY STUDY JUCKSCEINCE Of HARVARD, MIT, BOSTON, PRINCETON, COLUMBIA And YALE WHO TURN SMART HUMAN TO STOOOPID CORPORATE FRUGAL ZOMBIES.

TheLegend33: Try and be respectful to others and you'll find people here (real Americans) will treat you with respect.

Stsheetrock: I RESPECT MYSELF AND I CAN BUY MY OTHERS RESPECT. I DON’T NEED FOXNEWS AMERICAN VERSION RESPECT

 

The 30th: out last proper day in Laos before a massive flight home... That being said, it was out most productive day in Laos in regards to work. We hadn't been out to get any proper stories in Laos since landing...

 

John, our resident Nobel Laureate, had organised small trips out with the Lao branch of Handicap International. Several groups had gone out in twos during the week, and come back disappointed, covering mostly office workers (it's hard to get standout photos of people working at desks...). Me, Katie, and Earle lucked out, and went into the field, into the rural outskirts of Vientiane to visit Handicap International clients. It was a great follow-up, after doing out big stint with HI in cambodia, and great to see the difference in operation. As I've mentioned in a previous post, Laos has a large number of upper body disabilites from cluster undetonated munitions. We didn't see anybody with UXO injuries with HI. We visited 7 people- a duck farmer, a hairdresser, a mobile phone repairman, two weavers, a mechanic, and a goat farmer. Interestingly none of them were UXO victims. 6 of them had issues related to polio and dodgy vaccine/needle cleanliness complications, and the 7th had a birth defect. This trip introduced to another issue altogether.

 

This photo was taken at the duck farmers house. The shack in the middle of the paddy is his incubation shed. He raises the ducklings to the right age for sale at the markets (quite young...). In all of the visits, HI provides something that enables their clients to live self sufficiently. Ducklings, hairdressing equipment, looms, goats, tool, etc. The rest is up to the clients. They need to be proactive in their endevours, and all of the clients we met with were running very successful little operations. It's a great aid model, and the guys at HI do an amazing job to make it work.

 

Unfortunately after a long day we had to head back, pack up, and get ready to say goodbye to SE Asia for now... We flew out the next morning at 6. We had a final meal together as a group at a great French restaurant behind the hotel called Kongkhao. All in all a great experience, both the food and the trip. A great bunch of people, and a really exciting environment to work in.

 

Nikon FM2N

Nikkor 50mm f/1.2

Velvia 100

You daren't publish this but I'll take a rain check.

I don’t know what kind of demons elected Peter King as Member of the U.S. House of Representatives and as Chairman of the United States House Committee on Homeland Security. This man is mad. Peter King lures, extorts and bribes Anglosexual Geographical Muslims, Creditcards Fugitive, Urban Rejects and Traitors who fled our sewers to surface in USA to show up and testify before Handpicked Corrupt Congressmen off the Controversial Homeland Security Committee that TERRORISM is ISLAM. Peter King need to raid mosque now to franchise bombing NFL, Grammy, Tony, Mann Grauman's, Broadway anywhere were innocent festive Americans having good time. Peter King lost his mind. He’s a fool. Talk to your enemy crackpot. Stop talking to your enemies’ enemy. Learn Arabic for change. Quit listening to Televangelist & Zionazi endangered species that ain’t able to identify Quran from Bhagavad Gita. Here’s the deal... Pat Robertson found 50 verses in Quran orders Merovingian to bomb Americans who quit Monsanto. Don’t you get? Pete. Quarter of Planet Earth at large is saying: UP YOU. PETER KING they gonna do it again and again to piss you off. Get them to your committee. Talk to them before it’s too late. Think about your seat next terms. You are the only one who’s self radicalized and needs help to stay at Capitol. You stand no chance before Teeebaagerzz floodgate that looking forward to get you attractive seat. You’re getting old, ugly and dumb. STOP POLITICAL CORRECTNESS. SHUT UP PETE. PROFILING MY ✡SS

I crave for Unprecedented Israeli honesty once in my life. I am stunned. Israel nuke-like Bombing Assad. This is too honest to believe. I need more time to trust Israel. I meant, I needed to see more bombing to take Israel seriously. Israelis has no guts to stand my remarks – they are ready to drop-out everything outta hand and go and kill anyone who they disagrees with - A liter of blood for droplet of ink. How the hell Israelis will have the courage to aid McCain germs in Syria. As I probed Mediawhores underground. I firmly believe that Assad, Hezbollah, Iran, Turkey & Israel warring factions are Kafkaesque Brotberuf can’t be trusted. Every Muslim enjoyed watching Assad, Hezbollah & Iran using chemical weapons & WMD to commit genocides against hundreds of thousands of Muslim elders, women & children condemning Israelis while bedding their women outta godless monotony. This is a Godsend opportunity for Israel to set it right and to redeem esteem of Muslims than Thugocracies. Here’s the deal.. All missiles all over Gush Qatif stopped. It’s a miracle. Its Hezbollah’s call that am waiting.

    

DUBAI AWQAF sacked all mosques cleaners and replaced them by cleaning contractors who use slave workers at $136 per month. Hoping to milking butterflies to save money. These slaves sold everything back home to get into land of plenty. DUBAI AWQAF sequestration introduced new enemies: mosque thieves looting people and charity. Dubai Police Bollywood about finding $1188 hidden in the cleaner's right [foot] sock without either slapping or kicking the poor fellow was immaculate.

Assata Shakur first woman named on FBI most wanted terror list! Who are you kidding? Losers. Booooooooh. FBI ain’t clever to get Joanne Chesimard latest Mugshot. Does FBI have any Dignity & Pride left? Assata Shakur proved to whole world that FBI is Parasitic White-Elephant. Good for nothing but HOTAIR and must immediately moved from New York to Indian Reservations or Beirut. Single handedly she outfoxed FBI for 40 years. Cuba fostered her as Freedom-Fighter not as the Most Wanted Terrorist as FBI alleged. Cuba granted Assata Shakur the political asylum that usually granted to heads of states. There’s no Indy source proves that Assata Shakur is Guilty of any crime dramatized by Hollywood. It’s dirty politics. She ain’t black enough to get whites justice. Here’s the good news... Assata Shakur is grown up, she’s 65, and she ain’t miss USA. It ain’t home no mo. it’s just bad memory. I thought you should know that she quit watching Thelma & Louise all over and ALLOVER again in Havana, she’s ready to come clean on three conditions that ONE: FBI quit voodoo & TWO: FBI quit bitching about busting her. THREE: FBI must dumb down and give her the promised $2M Reward instead giving it to daydreaming Bounty Hunters. She really earned it. Joanne Chesimard will open a mosque in New Jersey State Prison Trenton and convert all Rastafaris to Episcopals. Then you don’t need to worry about Rednecks converting to Teeebaagerzz. Assata Shakur’s Rastafarian Episcopals will guarantee fair share of pot all over Dixie.

American Sniper: Autobiography of Most Lethal Sniper in U.S. Military History Book by Scott McEwen. (MY ASS) Now that’s fact on Hollywood played by Bradley Cooper. Steven Spielberg is digging his own grave this time. This Zionist really has gone mad. He lost his mind after directing Schindler's List horsemanure. You must be kidding! Spielberg to dramatize Autobiography of Donald Rumsfeld’s TOYBOY Redneck Psycho Mercenary who sported shooting 225 ill-elders, pregnant-women and sleeping-babies in Anbar. Spielberg should direct Assata Shakur autobiography first woman named on FBI most wanted terror list instead. Have we any honor left on planet earth. Chris Kyle used to collect his victims’ ears and fingers as trophies to fortify his wins and dole ‘em to Rumsfeld. Rummy loved to use them as dildos to milk his own prostate. Steven Spielberg is sick as Rumsfeld. Man! I was always wondered - why Spielberg adored shirtless underage boys on his logos. Chris Kyle stood no chance to sniper a rat in Fallujah – kids will hunt him down like fox. He would be dead long-long before he ever unpacked his shotgun. Nice Mugshot though. Watch Kyle’s Body-Language. Ain’t but Failing Photoshop of a damn loser. When it comes to worthying the worthless and glorifying criminals? CNN is FOXNEWS. How would Chris Kyle sleeps? Unless he sniffs ton of crack - Before he takes his life and blame Tsarnaeva Brothers, Chris Kyle was GUNDOWN by a Beer-Lout while shooting scarecrows of Dixie. Obama said yes right away because this movie project must be funded by Saudi Arabia as Schindler's List or else he will have McCain Germs overthrow the Dying Monarchy of Saudi Arabia. Obama draws a precedent here to show how helpless Muslims’ ill-elders, pregnant-women and sleeping-babies sniperd by contract killers if they ever rebel against Thugocracies. This brings me to Saud Alfaisal when he said: ‘I will chop anybody’s finger if he ever pointed at House of Alsaud’. AMERICAN SNIPER movie sends a powerful message to the world: “that’s OK to kill Muslim’s and make a mockery outta ‘em in Hollywood movies”. Wow that’s Good signal for Taliban to bomb movie houses than marathoners. Your tailgates are larger than your hollow skull. Politics is scam not religious conviction. Man. You owe me a confession. You’re thicker than Kyle. Kyle was in Fallujah during Iraq War killing unarmed elders, women & babies not in Dubai. I don't hate you. I enjoy writing back to you. Kyle and you must watched Rich Wyatt he’s quite an inspiration for coach potatoes. Credit goes to FOXNEWS who successfully turn Americans to zombies who shoot at anything moves hoping it’s a Muslim. Let’s brush aside our differences. US MEDIA WHORES are bankrupt during Bush the-Kid era, even Rush Limbaugh ain’t getting enough commercials to run his radio. Aljazeera is buying all those bankruptcies. Who would rehire Sean Hannity or Ann Coulter if they were sacked? Only Obama’s Poodles in my backyard love to hide their loots in US Media Streams that Murdoch rules to Redherring masses. Look how they killed the Second Amendment and Sandy Hook by Boston marathon bombing. America was Falkland for 2 weeks thanks to FOXNEWS.

Quit wikitrash. Thomas Coke Sharp ain’t able to identify Quran from Bhagavad Gita. Here’s the deal... Pat Robertson found 50 verses in Quran orders Merovingian to bomb Americans who quit Monsanto.

Blackwater really hit you. I Am proud. Your haha is immaculate I love sharing hahaha with you if present an Indy source that fortifies you horsemanure. Quit Googledjunk & Wikitrash. Tuntun! MULAYAM Singh Yadav must be nuts or somebody must kept ganja in his Rajni Gandha. Samajwadi Party chief said Chinese army had entered one km inside Indian Territory when he was Defense Minister. "I directed the (Indian) forces to drive them out. We entered four km inside Chinese territory in the process," he claimed. Whether the Shaven Bagwas Sirdar Mulayam is laying or bulling or crowing about. Such statement shouldn’t published especially when Salman Khurshid is meeting Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi Thursday in Beijing to talk about resolving the dispute over the presence of PLA troops in Depsang valley in Ladakh through talks without letting it to "affect" bilateral ties. Wang Yi surely will tell Slaman Khurshid: Since Mulayam Singh Yadav directed the (Indian) forces into china to drive PLA Troops outta Chinese territory and entered four km inside Chinese territory. We ain’t even square. Go To Hell. SALMAN. Mulayam Singh Yadav a Godsend Fool.

Why don’t Dr Gurmanjit Rai, head of department, forensic medicine at civil hospital in Tarn Taran district quit nagging, call Jinnah hospital and request the missing organs stomach, heart, gall bladder and two kidneys than YOUYOUING. Usually organs are removed from any corpse air freighted for burial aboard this is classic routine everywhere. IN RETALIATION Inmate Venod Kumar hit Pakistani Prisoner Sanaullah on the head with brick in the Kot Lakhpat jail. The wretched thing that stroke my head. Sirdarjis were mourning an anonymous busted by Pakistani for being stoopid and kept Indo-Pakistan headline running as cricket more than Narendra Modi Stunt-Show. By the way Modi wanted Delhi to cut it Diplomatic ties with Islamabad for sake of Sarabjit’s blue eyes. What a loser? Say should Delhi take Modi’s advice seriously! Which clowns will be watching before bed to unwind and go to sleep? Lalu Parsad is ma[s]turbating. NOT YOU TUNTUN. SHUT-UP. Looking at Sarabjit’s alas Manjit corpse cremated off course in the presence of Rahul Gandhi the great-grandson of Jawaharlal Nehru who murdered million Punjabis to give Lahore to Jinnah. Don’t be foolish. He’s there to fool Sirdarjis to Congress Next Polling stations. I watched Indian Soldiers Mourning Parade and shooting Blanks in the Air. I almost had heart-attack. They never got a single shot right. Wow! India seriously needs BLACKWATER to guard these poor soldiers if they ever go to war. Back to Sarabjit singh. Why the hell Delhi didn’t take the trouble to prove to Pakistan that Sarabjit ain’t Manjit through DNA Eternal Forensic Game. That will surely keep both probably alive on the media until election is over and every Sirdarji lived happily ever after. MULAYAM Singh Yadav must be nuts or somebody must kept ganja in his Rajni Gandha. Samajwadi Party chief said Chinese army had entered one km inside Indian Territory when he was Defense Minister. "I directed the (Indian) forces to drive them out. We entered four km inside Chinese territory in the process," he claimed. Whether the Shaven Bagwas Sirdar Mulayam is laying or bulling or crowing about. Such statement shouldn’t published especially when Salman Khurshid is meeting Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi Thursday in Beijing to talk about resolving the dispute over the presence of PLA troops in Depsang valley in Ladakh through talks without letting it to "affect" bilateral ties. Wang Yi surely will tell Slaman Khurshid: Since Mulayam Singh Yadav directed the (Indian) forces into China to drive PLA Troops outta Chinese territory and entered four km inside Chinese territory. We ain’t even square. Go To Hell. SALMAN. Mulayam Singh Yadav a Godsend Fool.

I got this in my inbox from the DAILYMAIL: “Celebrations and Jubilations - An Unforgettable Royal Experience” before opening it. I thought this what am waiting for: Oh boy. This is it. This must be the full coverage of Sheikh Khalifa’s Historical State Visit to England. As I hit ‘open’ God Heaven. Buckingham Palace gone for sale from £219pp. Oh My God! Queen Beatrix abdicated Holland thrown to her kid Prince Willem. Where the Hell is the QUEEN of England? She’s supposed to be receiving Abu Dhabi Sheikh as we speak? Oh-No media coverage dark out. It must be bad what’s going on? As matter fact all British headlines focusing on Jason Collins Gay Athlete Benediction by Obama in James S. Brady Press Briefing Room. What about Sheikh Khalifa? Oh I know where I can get his news for sure. Lemme’ hit the sponsored propagandists: KHALEEJTIMES & GULFNEWS. I got it. The usual sponsored slide-show. The Queen stood in the shade while Sheikh Khalifa out inspecting the Beefeaters. I can smell Prince Philips vinegary farts from right here. Akhkheeeh. Poor fellow he got an erection in his pancreas. And then the: BOMB – KABOOOAM from THE INDEPENDENT that put Sheikh Khalifa back on British Headlines. David Cameron confronted Sheikh Khalifa in Ten-Downing-Street to conduct an independent investigation and release immediately 3 Drug Traffickers busted last year for being too stooopid and too dumb vulnerable to be arrested by Dubai Police. Grant Cameron [Irish], Suneet Jeerh [Indian] and Karl Williams [Nigerian] who also happened to hold British passports. THE INDEPENDENT described the trio as Londoners conquistadores on assignment - selling state of art synthetic narcotics to world children in Dubai - apprehended during business hours and they were forced to sign a confession in Arabic or else their rectums will be rammed in Jumeirah Hilton (that’s Britons Executive Branch in al-Aweer Prison). All-that-jazz was in July last year now we’re in May. Damn it 10 months. Rotting in jail for selling drugs? Ain’t fair they are British they’re supposed to be surfing and sipping champagne with Mr. Lawless in Burj al-Arab. Why the hell David Cameron waited that long and treasured his vendetta to extort Sheikh Khalifa now in London, he could settled it on phone. That’s hypocritical. Hold on don’t be foolish. David Cameron exploited Sheikh Khalifa historic visit to Hijack British headlines for his failing tenure at Ten Downing Street. Oh No that crap. I warned you. No conspiracy theory allowed here. I am Truther ain’t BULLSHITTER. He’s meaner than that. David Cameron likes to get even with Queen’s Guest on his mating ground right near his fireplace - where he adds laxative into his guest’s tea to rush him out. Particularly June-disappointments. The HOTAIR that he got NOTHING outta Abu Dhabi overtures. He wanted to tell his guest things his prodigals shielded from him about the unproductive fruitless futile outcome of his June 2012 visit to Abu Dhabi. THE-BIG-FIVE-SHOW paid his fair to Dubai then. Mean Moriarty Moves: David Cameron choked-up Queen’s Guest with useless Drug Dealers’ Dilemma. He hit the jackpot. He got everything. I bet they signed everything David Cameron tossed across. He didn’t needed to raise the Debt-Laden Unprivileged Emarati Activists’ Issue or the Human-Right Violations that yet to be shelved at the right price and the right time. Mind you. We, UAE House over 131,000 overpaid British Unemployables & Bankruptcies Fugitives. I thought you should know that a great chunk of those nagging nutjobs got life insurance policies against David Cameron SCREWUPS with UAE Authorities or being redundant? So who’s the boss Khalifa or Cameron? Let’s pray. O Lord, I beseech thee, let now thine ear be attentive to the prayer of thy servant, because it gave access to the king in those seasons of hilarity when men are.

Ali and India. Pretty genius metaphor. We should know that we have strength, we have stamina, we have bulk, we have presence, reputation and we have history that if someone wants to take few blows at us we will be able to withstand them. Kudos Salman Khurshid! oh by the way here’s 182 Terrorists Organizations based in India. How would Ali Criterion help Delhi to bust them? You kill one they kill hundreds and devastate millions. Never about money its lose change. Here’s some specimens Stipulated hereinbelow: ZRV,ZRA,UPDS,UNLF,UMLFA,ULMA,ULFA,UKLF,UIRA,UILA,UBLF,TTYF,TTYF,TTVF,TTSF,TTDF,TTACF,TSV,TSV,TRRB,TPC,TNRT,TNRF,TNLA,TNDTF,TNA,TMP,TLOF,TLF,TDF,TCF,TATCF,SIMI,SDFT,RNSF,RMC,RJC,PULF,PREPAK,PRA,PLF-M,PLA,NSCN-K,NSCNI-M,NSCN-IM,NNC-Adino,NMT,NLFT,NEMF,NDFB,MVF,MULTA,MULFA,MTF,MSF,MSCA,MPLF,MLTA,MLA,LTTE,KZF,KYKL,KSF,KRPC,KRLO,KRF,KRA,KPF,KNV,KNV,KNO,KNF,KNA,KNA,KLO,KLF,KLF,KLA,KKK,KIF,KIA,KDF,KCP,KCF,KAF,IURPI,ISYF,ISS,Isak-Muivah,IRPA,IRF,INF,ILAA,IKL,HULA,HRF,HPC-D,HPC,HNLC,GTF,DHD,CPI-ML-Janashakti,CPI-Maoist,CKRF,BVYLF,BTFK,BTF,BNCT,BMS,BLTF,BKI,BCF,ATVF,ATTF,ATNF,ATLO,ATBSF,ATBR,ASF,AS,ANVC,AISSF,ADF,ABNES,AAASS, ADINO

I said on Apr 19, 2013 Bravo Jane. You’re really my girl. Welcome to Lee Harvey Oswald World.

Ron Paul is dead-right when he said that USA is a Third World Banana Republic. FBI UNINDEXED clashing Testimonies to jab published ground truth is outrageous. FBI is forcing everyone to LIE even in Yesterday’s President Obama’s 48 minutes answers in James S. Brady Press Briefing Room. Please invite some Black-belt Body-Linguists to watch Obama’s body-language in James S. Brady Press Briefing Room. Focus on when he says “I talk to Putin” watch his eyes. Oh by the way! I picked a new phenomenon from Obama: ‘Self-Radicalized” as ‘self-charged battery.’ Back to FBI: FBI Testimonies are on my radar since Christmas Bomber. FBI become another MOKHABARAT (Secret Police) in my backyard. I have no doubt that FBI finish product ain’t authored by Qualified Patriot Americans but by our WORST Urban Rejects who fled our Sewers to strike rich in the Wild Wet West. People stood no chance of any success in our backyard how the hell they will be added-value assets and will add intelligence to FBI. On the contrary their effect is obvious - negative now as I can see; they really brought FBI intelligence down to earth that they don’t worthy my respect. Look at BMB. A representative specimen of FBI SCREWUPS. FBI said that they interviewed Tamerlan in Makhachkala and let him go to bomb Boston Marathoners: ‘typical Arabic. Oh No! He entered USA by spelling error. Really.’ That’s ain’t FBI that I seen in Denzel Washington movie but sounds typical Maronite Phalangists, Hezbollah, Egyptian Copt, Iranian Pedarsag, Sardarji, Guajarati, Bihari, Iraqi-Shiite, Kurd or Alawite they got great motive just settling their old account in USA courtesy of American taxpayers by snaking Tsarnaeva to fool FBI for living. Zubeidat Tsarnaeva told FBI go to hell! They did big time. Once FBI realized that ‘Misha’ ain’t Mikhail Allakhverdov but ‘teddy bear’ they moved to DNA Game to haunt Tamerlan wife Katherine Russell Saray Mulk-khanum. She told FBI Gorm. I need Tamerlan corpse. They evaporated outta her sight. Now they’re snaking on Kazakhstani trio and toying with Saudi Mountaingoat intelligence whoresmanure. I am expecting FBI to tap on CIA who are dormant all these years as Baghdad frogs in BMB and bring forward Ruslan Tsarni, Graham Fuller, Samantha Ankara Fuller and big A or Ali. Stay tuned it is getting interesting.

Since Seigniorage Banksters crashed in 2007 their Culture ain’t working no mo. Sharia Binge is another Redherring to distracts fools away from real loots. Angosexual Geographical Muslims are the best Arabophobe Guinea pigs to experiment anti-Arabism to crackup nation of Islam. Since English is Islam’s language and Quran is Arabic that most Anti-Arabists loathe to memorize or explore it in the language of origin - then there is huge room for clergymen to maneuver to commit heinous crimes and Freud. Clergymen are feeble corruptible creatures. Islam is shirt of Othman wore wherever a crime yet to be committed. Law of the Land ain’t justice but a game played by scavenging lawyers and fostered by thieving Thugocracies to enable the HAVES rip-off the HAVENOTS. Sharia ain’t justice either it’s a scam played by Ignoramus clergymen to rip-off both the HAVES and the HAVENOTS and dole both loots as commonwealth to Distrusted Trusts notwithstanding Sharia commerce is nothing but an Arabic version of the Old Colonial British-India Merchant Banking

Mark Twain would commit suicide if he knew that Yesterday’s President Obama’s 48 minutes answers in James S. Brady Press Briefing Room were CHOREOGRAPHED to six historic questions. It is mind bugling when BILL asked Obama about Gitmo. Regarding "Maybe I should just pack up and go home. Golly," that’s POWER GESTURE if you go 24 hours back to Correspondence Dinner and see how Obama insulted Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell and the whole Republican Frugals attending then you will understand that Obama didn’t run outta juice wrongly placed "As Mark Twain said, rumors of my demise may be a little exaggerated at this point," metaphor.

First they ignore you, then they laugh at you, then they fight you, then you win. GITMOANS ain’t terrorists but conquistadores disowned by Thieving Thugocracies and they found a window of opportunity larger than life. They privileged trouble to prosperity to get attention. They got it all. They wrecked America. Republican Frugals water-boarded them to extract intelligence they got none but Hollywood Bedrock. Obama as Ho-Nigga then chickened-out to displease white folks he ditched the conquistadores to rot and die in Guantanamo. They decided to starve to test destiny. They battled Force-feeding torture. They have some attention now. I am looking forward to see Lindsey Graham ‘to begin with’ saying hell No. When Kerry & Hagel at the Helm around Obama I feel some smartness in DC’s tinted air. Back to Christian-Post Question. Why Do Radical Muslims Hate Americans So Much? Stooopid Question! First there is nothing called Radical Muslims. This is Muslim or never. Back to HAPPY HATE AMERICA DAY. If I say we don’t then I am a fraudulent hypocrite because you are here to hear this from me: ‘Death to America’. Now stop asking stooopid questions and consult with your gynecologist because you’re pregnant. And by the way don’t be afraid. That’s ain’t but cloth those losers are burning. Give them a decent flag they will stop.

Why Do Radical Muslims Hate Americans So Much? Stooopid Question! First nothing called Radical Muslims. This is Muslim or never. Back to HATE America. If I say we don’t then I am a jerk because you are here to hear this from me: ‘Death to America’. Now stop asking stooopid questions and consult with your gynecologist because you’re pregnant. And by the way don’t be afraid that’s but cloth that those losers are burning. Give them a decent flag they will stop.

PREZ PERES TO POPE FRANCIS: Come to Israel We, Jews didn’t murder Jesus. The Wahabi Mohammed did" (albeit Jesus was murder by Jews 670 years before Mohammed birth). Come Pope! I will show you how Israelis can kill Muslim elders, women & Children by one blow. Please don’t read the News. Israeli police watched, Single handed as with kitchen knife unarmed Salam Za'al killed armed settler Evyatar Borovsky, took Borovsky assault gun and begin shooting at Police Spectators. Salam Za'al was detained for 3 years in Israeli jail for crime of throwing stones. He’s released if he cooperates with Israel and turns his kid brother to traitor. Which he did, then this hitchhiking Borovsky he’s an actor, armed security force and has 4 children that he orphaned. Netanyahu will build more settlement to revenge for Borovsky’s Murder. Salam Za'al ain’t a lone wolf but a terrorist. So how Borovsky settled in Tulkarem? Go to bed boys.

When Ann Coulter said on FOXNEWS Zubeidat Tsarnaeva must be arrested for wearing Hijab, Breitbart banned me for saying Ann Coulter must be arrested for being a woman. Last week I said: watch your Tailgate. Vladimir! Especially when Kerry & Hagel at the Helm. Guys! Since Obama ditched Putin role as BMB Truther. Putin ain’t doing well. He lost control. Just now 30 Anti-Putin Protesters detained on Red Square and 140 people busted at Moscow mosque including more than 30 citizens of other countries. Putin used to be my hero when he weaned Caucuses away from Wahabi Mountaingoats and taken them as Proper Russians. BMB screwed up everything. He got greedy. He exploited BMB to silence Gorky Park Vodka Activists. That’s a wrong call. Syria’s sparks ain’t far away to ignite holy war in Chechnya. That’s Putin’s nightmare. Since FBI is NY outfit then it’s religiously Chuck Schumer business to snack some FBI-Russia whoresmanure to fish any hidden credibility in the mud. Don’t bother reading further than Misha ain’t Mikhail Allakhverdov in Russian it’s for Teddy ‘BEAR’. America is desperate to show the enemy that FBI on top of everything. FBI knew nothing about anything before 03:01PM . April 15, 2009. FBI must be closed-down then by An Executive Branch Order. It ain’t worth it to keep such obese white elephant that can’t defend itself. Paparazzi can deliver far better and cheaper intelligence than this crackpot who showed on CNN talking about an Armenian hippie who converted to Islam to bomb America. Armenians are happy to worship Judas Iscariot but not to be Muslims. We & Armenians have one good thing in common: “we hate each other”. MBM was tolerance stress test to America that’s why the bomb was concealed into pressure cooker to avoid killing innocent people. They just killed 3, hospitalized 246 and traumatized 300 million. That’s a home-run. Ron Paul said: Forced lockdown of city. Militarized police riding tanks in streets. Door-to-door armed searches without warrant. Families thrown out of their homes at gunpoint to be searched without probable cause. Businesses forced to close. Transport shut down. These were not scenes from military coup in far off banana republic, but rather scenes just over week ago in Boston as United States got taste of martial law. The ostensible reason for the military-style takeover of parts of Boston was that accused perpetrator of a horrific crime was on loose. The Boston bombing provided opportunity for government to turn what should have been police investigation into a military-style occupation of an American city. This unprecedented move should frighten us as much or more than the attack itself.

Turks cannot be trusted. Israelis too. IDF is killing our Elders, Women & Children in Gaza to get DC attention for more weapons. The same IDF flew over Assad Palace without harming him and went bombing alleged chemical weapon depot in Damascus and returned home safe. Would you dumb-down and tell us who the enemy is? Oh no SFA..lemme think!

MILITARY ACTION OVER SYRIA'S SUSPECTED USE OF CHEMICAL WEAPONS COULD BACKFIRE. Never mind about the narrative. The question is for you ‘THENATIONAL’. You the publisher! Are you in or out? Who are you dancing for? ISRAEL or SYRIA? Make up your mind. Shame on you! Yesterday a poor Syrian subject jumped to his death from 15th floor of Dubai Silicon Oasis Building probably listening to Mediawhore like you sporting the gassing of his parents with Syrian elders, women & children. Have some decency. Be a journalist. Quit scavenging as coldblooded paparazzi hyena on miseries to earn your living. Quit moderating minds.

I needed John McCain to shakeup the WhiteHouse. Democrats are slow-on boot-on-the-ground but patriot Republicans as

Senator John McCain, a Republican from Arizona who doesn’t need do get Tel-Aviv’s approval to oust Assad outta Syria. Assad Gassing Syrian Elders, Women & Children. It is getting harder and harder for Iran & Russia to maintain their military supplies lines. Russians, Iranians & Hezbollah mercenaries are butchered as boar allover Syria. Jordan king is happy to help to get more USAID for his dying economy and please the Islamists at his end. Turks are mean. Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan will exploit stalemate to occupy Syrian lands as he did in Northern Iraq to use for Kurdish Homeland away from Turkey motherland where they belong. Tayyip Erdogan will fight to stop Obama have boot-on-the-ground in Syria. Turks cannot be trusted.

“When the world can seem very dark and confusing, presence of priest is presence of hope,” Rev. Richard Cannon is bluffing. Priest is for death and wedding unlike Imam who has to drop everything off hand, wash-out, head to mosque, call for prayer outloud and lead the prayers reciting memorized Quran 5397 times not only after bombing but five times a day, 365 days a year. Imam leads rain, eclipse, death & trarweeh prayers. Rev. Tom Carzon showed up for the bombing like any Truther or sympathizer on every blue moon. Back to priest ban: I vote. No. please let them pray.

Russian state media quoted a Russian Federal Security Service statement as saying those detained Friday included more than 30 citizens of other countries. But the statement did not specify which nations.

Abdul Rahman Al-Sudais Mugshot with Geert Wilders Deputy Arnoud Van Doorn. What kind of stunt-show is this? Saudi Arabia fostered Geert Wilders campaign against Islam through FOXNEWS (a subsidiary of the Kingdom holdings run by Prince Alwaleed bin Talal). This is unorthodox and deciptive. Who are you trying to fool? Are you trying to deceive god as well? وَيَمْكُرُونَ وَيَمْكُرُ اللَّهُ وَاللَّهُ خَيْرُ الْمَاكِرِينَ‏ Abdul Rahman Al-Sudais is onto his second Stunt-Show somewhere in India next week without bothering to visit those 22 million devastated Kashmiris who crave to touch his feet. Abdul Rahman Al-Sudais is just following the agenda of those Godless endangered species of House of al-Saud.

GOD, PLEASE DEFEAT AMERICA’S ALLIES ON MAY 11 is preposterous headline. This is a secular & Godless argument. I need those arguing losers in that room to answer one question. Are they Muslims or Pakistani? History proved that you can’t be both. Pakistani means the boring Zardari, Nawaz Sharief, Imran Khan, Musharaf Etc. and Muslims. Use your imagination. KABOOOM if you ever touch Booze or America. I don’t think those in the room ready for that.

This comment is awaiting moderation. This is the harvest of Foreign Office seeds sown. Watching Thugocracies around the Globe committing heinous crimes against their own. All that is necessary for triumph of evil is that good men do nothing. Edmund Burke. Richard Branson devastated by ban on British tourists to Israel, Kenya, South Africa & Turkey due domestic unrest & al-Qaida and yet Thailand went unnoticed where conned British and sedated European tourists are butchered like wild boar in Phuket, Pattaya and those Schizophrenic Islands. Read Pattaya Daily & Phuket Gazette for body count. Ricardo. Mama Teresa killed more infants in her convents than al-Qaida.

Buddhist Monks beat Muslims to death in Burma watch video..Misinformation is act of crime. beforeitsnews contributors trying to draw attention gain mileage. That’s ain't right. Burmese Muslims are butchered while police watching.

Would you guys dumb down and Google how many millions been in Shanghai tower before getting into ranking Burj Khalifa. Bruno said: achievements build nations and ranks kill it.

Quit Googledjunk. What welfare? USA ain't afford foostamp them. They u hauled millions of petrodollars to America to survive in your hostile cities. They’re fooled by the American Dream Propaganda that deranged them to drop everything back home and rush to America and now headhunted as rabids. When Ann Coulter said on FOXNEWS Zubeidat Tsarnaeva must be arrested for wearing Hijab, Breitbart banned me for saying Ann Coulter must be arrested for being a woman.

Replying Charles Ford

I don't have to cover things. Why don't you fly all those copts (that you are committing suicide for) over to your backyard, they're handy to babysit your wife & kids and mow your lawn. Regarding what you said: Islam. The religion of the Pedophile, Rapist and Mass Murderer Mohammed. I have millions of website who're happy to enjoy your ISP if you allow me to pass it to them.

GAZA BIOMETRY IS AGAINST LAW.

إثبت أنها زوجتك او أختك.. فصلٌ جديد من حملة "الفضيلة" في شوارع غزة

هذه حريات شخصية civil liberties

مش من حق حماس او عباس او الاحتلال اصدار او طلب هوية اي فرد الا اذا ارتكب جريمة فحريته كحرية الطيور في الهواء والسمك في الماء و الدود في الارض. المشكلة ليست سياية وانما مشكلة دستورية هل يحق بيروقراطيا ان تطلب هوية شخص لاتعرفه.

حماس هي شريعة فلسطين بغظ النظر ان كانت مؤسسة ارهابية في حسابات اسرائيل هذا لايعني شيء عند العرب والمسلمين حالها كالاخوان في مصر اوطالبان في باكستان وافغانستان والنصرة في العراق وسوريا

Whites are cautious nutjob doublethinkers. In 2004 it was white vs. white. Everywhite hit the streets and voted for Bush to loot US Reserves and burn it over military complex engaged in two wars that wrecked America. Who cares? Whites preferred jobs over USA. Simply because USA was Whiteman’s World. In 2008 & 2012 it was white vs. black. Whites stayed at home because firstly they don’t trust each other and secondly they didn’t trusted the Rigged Diebold Machines which controlled by ABOVE-THE-LAWs. You must be kidding! Should some White crackpot voted for black against white The ABOVE-THE-LAWs will hunt him down and finish him. The White voters were so scared they stayed back at home lest they’re disowned by The ABOVE-THE-LAWs who will starve their children & elders to death if they ever voted black. As a matter of fact they are doing it to those white fools who voted black today. “Kill that bloody Nigga-lover”. During Obama administration foodstamps subscribers are higher than ever. Black Inmates and Black jobless are gracefully holding to the 90% Residency over America’s Stats since Lincoln. Black voters turnout ain’t perspective here. If a Ho-Nigga spotted singing and crying at the mall during Obama inauguration. That ain’t black enough. That’s Rupert Murdoch in his natural habitat minting money outta zombie’s turnout. This percussion is over Joe Biden’s tactical allegation to MSNBC that if McCain pushed harder on saving American economy he probably won 2008 Presidency.

Fountain of jihad that's nice. I Am a Muslim I love to sip some amrit to ram your rectum. would you pass zip code of this fountain to me so I can franchise it and open a bottling factory around to sell its water to all thousands of Hindu terrorist groups whoever love to devastate Delhi to get their birthrights here’s specimens of them: ZRV,ZRA,UPDS,UNLF,UMLFA,ULMA,ULFA,UKLF,UIRA,UILA,UBLF,TTYF,TTYF,TTVF,TTSF,TTDF,TTACF,TSV,TSV,TRRB,TPC,TNRT,TNRF,TNLA,TNDTF,TNA,TMP,TLOF,TLF,TDF,TCF,TATCF,SIMI,SDFT,RNSF,RMC,RJC,PULF,PREPAK,PRA,PLF-M,PLA,NSCN-K,NSCNI-M,NSCN-IM,NNC-Adino,NMT,NLFT,NEMF,NDFB,MVF,MULTA,MULFA,MTF,MSF,MSCA,MPLF,MLTA,MLA,LTTE,KZF,KYKL,KSF,KRPC,KRLO,KRF,KRA,KPF,KNV,KNV,KNO,KNF,KNA,KNA,KLO,KLF,KLF,KLA,KKK,KIF,KIA,KDF,KCP,KCF,KAF,IURPI,ISYF,ISS,Isak-Muivah,IRPA,IRF,INF,ILAA,IKL,HULA,HRF,HPC-D,HPC,HNLC,GTF,DHD,CPI-ML-Janashakti,CPI-Maoist,CKRF,BVYLF,BTFK,BTF,BNCT,BMS,BLTF,BKI,BCF,ATVF,ATTF,ATNF,ATLO,ATBSF,ATBR,ASF,AS,ANVC,AISSF,ADF,ABNES,AAASS, ADINO,

That’s ain’t Zionist problem. Unless you won’t to fool the whole world that: “Guys! We, Jews didn’t murder Jesus. The Wahabi Mohammed did. Go get him" (albeit Jesus was murder by Jews 670 years before Mohammed birth). Have some decency be journalist don’t be paparazzi. Try blind and quit scavenging on miseries as hyena to get noticed. On the contrary you’re getting condemned day by day.

Retailing religion in the military was during Former US Defence Secretary Donald Rumsfeld accused of using quotes from Bible underneath a passage from Book of Isaiah: "Their arrows are sharp, all their bows are strung; their horses' hoofs seem like flint, their chariot wheels are like a whirlwind." Another briefing showed a picture of Iraqi President Saddam Hussein beneath a quotation from the First Epistle of Peter: "It is God's will that by doing good you should silence the ignorant talk of foolish men." risked giving Muslims impression that war was a clash between Christianity and Islam. "taking a risk with national security,"

Obama t o Emir of Qatar: Hire 800 Unemployable Us Journalists or I will have McCain Germs overthrow you and dole Aljazeera to Iran. You hear me.

        

TheLegend33: It seems you know some English in order to input slang

Stsheetrock: THANK YOU

TheLegend33: plus you sound like a smart-arse who thinks he's smarter than everyone else. …

Stsheetrock: NO I AM NO THAT SICK THAT’S CALLED INFERIORITY COMPLEX DO YOU

TheLegend33: Which leads me to believe you’re just another follower with some sort of identity crisis

Stsheetrock: I DON NEED AN IDENTITY I HAVE ONE. I AM MUSLIM.

TheLegend33: You sound like a cross between a mis-informed misfit and an Alex Jones wannabe.

Stsheetrock: PSST: IT’S MISINFORMED! NO AM NEITHER AM NOT UNEMPLOYABLE. AM RICH

TheLegend33: You really hate America

Stsheetrock: GOD HEAVEN NO

TheLegend33: but your here because daddy sent you to get an education.

Stsheetrock: NO HE DIDN’T AM AN AUTOMATH. I DON’T NEED THAT ABUSE

TheLegend33: Your either very rich or from the "sewer" and receiving living assistance from the people you actually hate.

Stsheetrock: NO AM A BANK THIEF I DON’T USE FIAT I CAN CLONE YOUR CREDIT FOR FUN AND TOY YOUR ISP

TheLegend33: If you don't like us,

Stsheetrock: YOU’RE JUST NOBODY WHY SHOULD I DISLIKE YOU

TheLegend33: why do you stay?

Stsheetrock: I DON’T STAY THERE. I LOATHE THAT

TheLegend33: If I went to your country and I didn't like it, I would leave.

Stsheetrock: PLEASE DON’T COME YOU’RE NOT WELCOME PLEASE LEAVE IF YOU DID

TheLegend33: If your here for an education,

Stsheetrock: GOD FORBID NO

TheLegend33: appreciate it

Stsheetrock: YOU MEAN WASTE TIME & MONEY STUDY JUCKSCEINCE Of HARVARD, MIT, BOSTON, PRINCETON, COLUMBIA And YALE WHO TURN SMART HUMAN TO STOOOPID CORPORATE FRUGAL ZOMBIES.

TheLegend33: Try and be respectful to others and you'll find people here (real Americans) will treat you with respect.

Stsheetrock: I RESPECT MYSELF AND I CAN BUY MY OTHERS RESPECT. I DON’T NEED FOXNEWS AMERICAN VERSION RESPECT

    

KiddingMe: Why should India need to prove Sarabjit is Sarabjit?

Obaid Karki: WE HAVE 2 INDIAN SUBJECTS: SARABJIT+MANJIT

KiddingMe: It is responsibility of Pakistan police and government that they punish the real culprit(s) who did the bomb blast.

Obaid Karki: TRUE

KiddingMe: They needed to prove to the Pakistani people that the actual culprit is not at large and they punished a scapegoat.

Obaid Karki: TRUE

KiddingMe: If they killed a scapegoat then it is a big disservice to their own people.

Obaid Karki: TRUE

KiddingMe: You decide in your heart if you can trust that Pakistani police caught the culprit the very next day of blast! Are they that efficient?

Obaid Karki: I DON’T TRUST ANY

KiddingMe: Do you see such quick action in other daily bomb blasts now or was it just one of case when they were so quick?

Obaid Karki: YOU KILL ONE THEY KILL TEN

PSST: its brick ain't bomb

Man. Your tailgate is larger than your hollow skull. It’s painful politics. You owe me a confession. I bet on another loser Greyhound. My fault. I overpriced you I should snubbed you at the beginning of this clever conversation.

If the White House has no power to find a gravesite for its subject how would the white house will be able to protect them. Its Saudi solemn responsibility to fly Tamerlan Tsarnaev's body to the holy land to be buried.

 

You daren't publish this but I'll take a rain check.

I don’t know what kind of demons elected Peter King as Member of the U.S. House of Representatives and as Chairman of the United States House Committee on Homeland Security. This man is mad. Peter King lures, extorts and bribes Anglosexual Geographical Muslims, Creditcards Fugitive, Urban Rejects and Traitors who fled our sewers to surface in USA to show up and testify before Handpicked Corrupt Congressmen off the Controversial Homeland Security Committee that TERRORISM is ISLAM. Peter King need to raid mosque now to franchise bombing NFL, Grammy, Tony, Mann Grauman's, Broadway anywhere were innocent festive Americans having good time. Peter King lost his mind. He’s a fool. Talk to your enemy crackpot. Stop talking to your enemies’ enemy. Learn Arabic for change. Quit listening to Televangelist & Zionazi endangered species that ain’t able to identify Quran from Bhagavad Gita. Here’s the deal... Pat Robertson found 50 verses in Quran orders Merovingian to bomb Americans who quit Monsanto. Don’t you get? Pete. Quarter of Planet Earth at large is saying: UP YOU. PETER KING they gonna do it again and again to piss you off. Get them to your committee. Talk to them before it’s too late. Think about your seat next terms. You are the only one who’s self radicalized and needs help to stay at Capitol. You stand no chance before Teeebaagerzz floodgate that looking forward to get you attractive seat. You’re getting old, ugly and dumb. STOP POLITICAL CORRECTNESS. SHUT UP PETE. PROFILING MY ✡SS

I crave for Unprecedented Israeli honesty once in my life. I am stunned. Israel nuke-like Bombing Assad. This is too honest to believe. I need more time to trust Israel. I meant, I needed to see more bombing to take Israel seriously. Israelis has no guts to stand my remarks – they are ready to drop-out everything outta hand and go and kill anyone who they disagrees with - A liter of blood for droplet of ink. How the hell Israelis will have the courage to aid McCain germs in Syria. As I probed Mediawhores underground. I firmly believe that Assad, Hezbollah, Iran, Turkey & Israel warring factions are Kafkaesque Brotberuf can’t be trusted. Every Muslim enjoyed watching Assad, Hezbollah & Iran using chemical weapons & WMD to commit genocides against hundreds of thousands of Muslim elders, women & children condemning Israelis while bedding their women outta godless monotony. This is a Godsend opportunity for Israel to set it right and to redeem esteem of Muslims than Thugocracies. Here’s the deal.. All missiles all over Gush Qatif stopped. It’s a miracle. Its Hezbollah’s call that am waiting.

    

DUBAI AWQAF sacked all mosques cleaners and replaced them by cleaning contractors who use slave workers at $136 per month. Hoping to milking butterflies to save money. These slaves sold everything back home to get into land of plenty. DUBAI AWQAF sequestration introduced new enemies: mosque thieves looting people and charity. Dubai Police Bollywood about finding $1188 hidden in the cleaner's right [foot] sock without either slapping or kicking the poor fellow was immaculate.

Assata Shakur first woman named on FBI most wanted terror list! Who are you kidding? Losers. Booooooooh. FBI ain’t clever to get Joanne Chesimard latest Mugshot. Does FBI have any Dignity & Pride left? Assata Shakur proved to whole world that FBI is Parasitic White-Elephant. Good for nothing but HOTAIR and must immediately moved from New York to Indian Reservations or Beirut. Single handedly she outfoxed FBI for 40 years. Cuba fostered her as Freedom-Fighter not as the Most Wanted Terrorist as FBI alleged. Cuba granted Assata Shakur the political asylum that usually granted to heads of states. There’s no Indy source proves that Assata Shakur is Guilty of any crime dramatized by Hollywood. It’s dirty politics. She ain’t black enough to get whites justice. Here’s the good news... Assata Shakur is grown up, she’s 65, and she ain’t miss USA. It ain’t home no mo. it’s just bad memory. I thought you should know that she quit watching Thelma & Louise all over and ALLOVER again in Havana, she’s ready to come clean on three conditions that ONE: FBI quit voodoo & TWO: FBI quit bitching about busting her. THREE: FBI must dumb down and give her the promised $2M Reward instead giving it to daydreaming Bounty Hunters. She really earned it. Joanne Chesimard will open a mosque in New Jersey State Prison Trenton and convert all Rastafaris to Episcopals. Then you don’t need to worry about Rednecks converting to Teeebaagerzz. Assata Shakur’s Rastafarian Episcopals will guarantee fair share of pot all over Dixie.

American Sniper: Autobiography of Most Lethal Sniper in U.S. Military History Book by Scott McEwen. (MY ASS) Now that’s fact on Hollywood played by Bradley Cooper. Steven Spielberg is digging his own grave this time. This Zionist really has gone mad. He lost his mind after directing Schindler's List horsemanure. You must be kidding! Spielberg to dramatize Autobiography of Donald Rumsfeld’s TOYBOY Redneck Psycho Mercenary who sported shooting 225 ill-elders, pregnant-women and sleeping-babies in Anbar. Spielberg should direct Assata Shakur autobiography first woman named on FBI most wanted terror list instead. Have we any honor left on planet earth. Chris Kyle used to collect his victims’ ears and fingers as trophies to fortify his wins and dole ‘em to Rumsfeld. Rummy loved to use them as dildos to milk his own prostate. Steven Spielberg is sick as Rumsfeld. Man! I was always wondered - why Spielberg adored shirtless underage boys on his logos. Chris Kyle stood no chance to sniper a rat in Fallujah – kids will hunt him down like fox. He would be dead long-long before he ever unpacked his shotgun. Nice Mugshot though. Watch Kyle’s Body-Language. Ain’t but Failing Photoshop of a damn loser. When it comes to worthying the worthless and glorifying criminals? CNN is FOXNEWS. How would Chris Kyle sleeps? Unless he sniffs ton of crack - Before he takes his life and blame Tsarnaeva Brothers, Chris Kyle was GUNDOWN by a Beer-Lout while shooting scarecrows of Dixie. Obama said yes right away because this movie project must be funded by Saudi Arabia as Schindler's List or else he will have McCain Germs overthrow the Dying Monarchy of Saudi Arabia. Obama draws a precedent here to show how helpless Muslims’ ill-elders, pregnant-women and sleeping-babies sniperd by contract killers if they ever rebel against Thugocracies. This brings me to Saud Alfaisal when he said: ‘I will chop anybody’s finger if he ever pointed at House of Alsaud’. AMERICAN SNIPER movie sends a powerful message to the world: “that’s OK to kill Muslim’s and make a mockery outta ‘em in Hollywood movies”. Wow that’s Good signal for Taliban to bomb movie houses than marathoners. Your tailgates are larger than your hollow skull. Politics is scam not religious conviction. Man. You owe me a confession. You’re thicker than Kyle. Kyle was in Fallujah during Iraq War killing unarmed elders, women & babies not in Dubai. I don't hate you. I enjoy writing back to you. Kyle and you must watched Rich Wyatt he’s quite an inspiration for coach potatoes. Credit goes to FOXNEWS who successfully turn Americans to zombies who shoot at anything moves hoping it’s a Muslim. Let’s brush aside our differences. US MEDIA WHORES are bankrupt during Bush the-Kid era, even Rush Limbaugh ain’t getting enough commercials to run his radio. Aljazeera is buying all those bankruptcies. Who would rehire Sean Hannity or Ann Coulter if they were sacked? Only Obama’s Poodles in my backyard love to hide their loots in US Media Streams that Murdoch rules to Redherring masses. Look how they killed the Second Amendment and Sandy Hook by Boston marathon bombing. America was Falkland for 2 weeks thanks to FOXNEWS.

Quit wikitrash. Thomas Coke Sharp ain’t able to identify Quran from Bhagavad Gita. Here’s the deal... Pat Robertson found 50 verses in Quran orders Merovingian to bomb Americans who quit Monsanto.

Blackwater really hit you. I Am proud. Your haha is immaculate I love sharing hahaha with you if present an Indy source that fortifies you horsemanure. Quit Googledjunk & Wikitrash. Tuntun! MULAYAM Singh Yadav must be nuts or somebody must kept ganja in his Rajni Gandha. Samajwadi Party chief said Chinese army had entered one km inside Indian Territory when he was Defense Minister. "I directed the (Indian) forces to drive them out. We entered four km inside Chinese territory in the process," he claimed. Whether the Shaven Bagwas Sirdar Mulayam is laying or bulling or crowing about. Such statement shouldn’t published especially when Salman Khurshid is meeting Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi Thursday in Beijing to talk about resolving the dispute over the presence of PLA troops in Depsang valley in Ladakh through talks without letting it to "affect" bilateral ties. Wang Yi surely will tell Slaman Khurshid: Since Mulayam Singh Yadav directed the (Indian) forces into china to drive PLA Troops outta Chinese territory and entered four km inside Chinese territory. We ain’t even square. Go To Hell. SALMAN. Mulayam Singh Yadav a Godsend Fool.

Why don’t Dr Gurmanjit Rai, head of department, forensic medicine at civil hospital in Tarn Taran district quit nagging, call Jinnah hospital and request the missing organs stomach, heart, gall bladder and two kidneys than YOUYOUING. Usually organs are removed from any corpse air freighted for burial aboard this is classic routine everywhere. IN RETALIATION Inmate Venod Kumar hit Pakistani Prisoner Sanaullah on the head with brick in the Kot Lakhpat jail. The wretched thing that stroke my head. Sirdarjis were mourning an anonymous busted by Pakistani for being stoopid and kept Indo-Pakistan headline running as cricket more than Narendra Modi Stunt-Show. By the way Modi wanted Delhi to cut it Diplomatic ties with Islamabad for sake of Sarabjit’s blue eyes. What a loser? Say should Delhi take Modi’s advice seriously! Which clowns will be watching before bed to unwind and go to sleep? Lalu Parsad is ma[s]turbating. NOT YOU TUNTUN. SHUT-UP. Looking at Sarabjit’s alas Manjit corpse cremated off course in the presence of Rahul Gandhi the great-grandson of Jawaharlal Nehru who murdered million Punjabis to give Lahore to Jinnah. Don’t be foolish. He’s there to fool Sirdarjis to Congress Next Polling stations. I watched Indian Soldiers Mourning Parade and shooting Blanks in the Air. I almost had heart-attack. They never got a single shot right. Wow! India seriously needs BLACKWATER to guard these poor soldiers if they ever go to war. Back to Sarabjit singh. Why the hell Delhi didn’t take the trouble to prove to Pakistan that Sarabjit ain’t Manjit through DNA Eternal Forensic Game. That will surely keep both probably alive on the media until election is over and every Sirdarji lived happily ever after. MULAYAM Singh Yadav must be nuts or somebody must kept ganja in his Rajni Gandha. Samajwadi Party chief said Chinese army had entered one km inside Indian Territory when he was Defense Minister. "I directed the (Indian) forces to drive them out. We entered four km inside Chinese territory in the process," he claimed. Whether the Shaven Bagwas Sirdar Mulayam is laying or bulling or crowing about. Such statement shouldn’t published especially when Salman Khurshid is meeting Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi Thursday in Beijing to talk about resolving the dispute over the presence of PLA troops in Depsang valley in Ladakh through talks without letting it to "affect" bilateral ties. Wang Yi surely will tell Slaman Khurshid: Since Mulayam Singh Yadav directed the (Indian) forces into China to drive PLA Troops outta Chinese territory and entered four km inside Chinese territory. We ain’t even square. Go To Hell. SALMAN. Mulayam Singh Yadav a Godsend Fool.

I got this in my inbox from the DAILYMAIL: “Celebrations and Jubilations - An Unforgettable Royal Experience” before opening it. I thought this what am waiting for: Oh boy. This is it. This must be the full coverage of Sheikh Khalifa’s Historical State Visit to England. As I hit ‘open’ God Heaven. Buckingham Palace gone for sale from £219pp. Oh My God! Queen Beatrix abdicated Holland thrown to her kid Prince Willem. Where the Hell is the QUEEN of England? She’s supposed to be receiving Abu Dhabi Sheikh as we speak? Oh-No media coverage dark out. It must be bad what’s going on? As matter fact all British headlines focusing on Jason Collins Gay Athlete Benediction by Obama in James S. Brady Press Briefing Room. What about Sheikh Khalifa? Oh I know where I can get his news for sure. Lemme’ hit the sponsored propagandists: KHALEEJTIMES & GULFNEWS. I got it. The usual sponsored slide-show. The Queen stood in the shade while Sheikh Khalifa out inspecting the Beefeaters. I can smell Prince Philips vinegary farts from right here. Akhkheeeh. Poor fellow he got an erection in his pancreas. And then the: BOMB – KABOOOAM from THE INDEPENDENT that put Sheikh Khalifa back on British Headlines. David Cameron confronted Sheikh Khalifa in Ten-Downing-Street to conduct an independent investigation and release immediately 3 Drug Traffickers busted last year for being too stooopid and too dumb vulnerable to be arrested by Dubai Police. Grant Cameron [Irish], Suneet Jeerh [Indian] and Karl Williams [Nigerian] who also happened to hold British passports. THE INDEPENDENT described the trio as Londoners conquistadores on assignment - selling state of art synthetic narcotics to world children in Dubai - apprehended during business hours and they were forced to sign a confession in Arabic or else their rectums will be rammed in Jumeirah Hilton (that’s Britons Executive Branch in al-Aweer Prison). All-that-jazz was in July last year now we’re in May. Damn it 10 months. Rotting in jail for selling drugs? Ain’t fair they are British they’re supposed to be surfing and sipping champagne with Mr. Lawless in Burj al-Arab. Why the hell David Cameron waited that long and treasured his vendetta to extort Sheikh Khalifa now in London, he could settled it on phone. That’s hypocritical. Hold on don’t be foolish. David Cameron exploited Sheikh Khalifa historic visit to Hijack British headlines for his failing tenure at Ten Downing Street. Oh No that crap. I warned you. No conspiracy theory allowed here. I am Truther ain’t BULLSHITTER. He’s meaner than that. David Cameron likes to get even with Queen’s Guest on his mating ground right near his fireplace - where he adds laxative into his guest’s tea to rush him out. Particularly June-disappointments. The HOTAIR that he got NOTHING outta Abu Dhabi overtures. He wanted to tell his guest things his prodigals shielded from him about the unproductive fruitless futile outcome of his June 2012 visit to Abu Dhabi. THE-BIG-FIVE-SHOW paid his fair to Dubai then. Mean Moriarty Moves: David Cameron choked-up Queen’s Guest with useless Drug Dealers’ Dilemma. He hit the jackpot. He got everything. I bet they signed everything David Cameron tossed across. He didn’t needed to raise the Debt-Laden Unprivileged Emarati Activists’ Issue or the Human-Right Violations that yet to be shelved at the right price and the right time. Mind you. We, UAE House over 131,000 overpaid British Unemployables & Bankruptcies Fugitives. I thought you should know that a great chunk of those nagging nutjobs got life insurance policies against David Cameron SCREWUPS with UAE Authorities or being redundant? So who’s the boss Khalifa or Cameron? Let’s pray. O Lord, I beseech thee, let now thine ear be attentive to the prayer of thy servant, because it gave access to the king in those seasons of hilarity when men are.

Ali and India. Pretty genius metaphor. We should know that we have strength, we have stamina, we have bulk, we have presence, reputation and we have history that if someone wants to take few blows at us we will be able to withstand them. Kudos Salman Khurshid! oh by the way here’s 182 Terrorists Organizations based in India. How would Ali Criterion help Delhi to bust them? You kill one they kill hundreds and devastate millions. Never about money its lose change. Here’s some specimens Stipulated hereinbelow: ZRV,ZRA,UPDS,UNLF,UMLFA,ULMA,ULFA,UKLF,UIRA,UILA,UBLF,TTYF,TTYF,TTVF,TTSF,TTDF,TTACF,TSV,TSV,TRRB,TPC,TNRT,TNRF,TNLA,TNDTF,TNA,TMP,TLOF,TLF,TDF,TCF,TATCF,SIMI,SDFT,RNSF,RMC,RJC,PULF,PREPAK,PRA,PLF-M,PLA,NSCN-K,NSCNI-M,NSCN-IM,NNC-Adino,NMT,NLFT,NEMF,NDFB,MVF,MULTA,MULFA,MTF,MSF,MSCA,MPLF,MLTA,MLA,LTTE,KZF,KYKL,KSF,KRPC,KRLO,KRF,KRA,KPF,KNV,KNV,KNO,KNF,KNA,KNA,KLO,KLF,KLF,KLA,KKK,KIF,KIA,KDF,KCP,KCF,KAF,IURPI,ISYF,ISS,Isak-Muivah,IRPA,IRF,INF,ILAA,IKL,HULA,HRF,HPC-D,HPC,HNLC,GTF,DHD,CPI-ML-Janashakti,CPI-Maoist,CKRF,BVYLF,BTFK,BTF,BNCT,BMS,BLTF,BKI,BCF,ATVF,ATTF,ATNF,ATLO,ATBSF,ATBR,ASF,AS,ANVC,AISSF,ADF,ABNES,AAASS, ADINO

I said on Apr 19, 2013 Bravo Jane. You’re really my girl. Welcome to Lee Harvey Oswald World.

Ron Paul is dead-right when he said that USA is a Third World Banana Republic. FBI UNINDEXED clashing Testimonies to jab published ground truth is outrageous. FBI is forcing everyone to LIE even in Yesterday’s President Obama’s 48 minutes answers in James S. Brady Press Briefing Room. Please invite some Black-belt Body-Linguists to watch Obama’s body-language in James S. Brady Press Briefing Room. Focus on when he says “I talk to Putin” watch his eyes. Oh by the way! I picked a new phenomenon from Obama: ‘Self-Radicalized” as ‘self-charged battery.’ Back to FBI: FBI Testimonies are on my radar since Christmas Bomber. FBI become another MOKHABARAT (Secret Police) in my backyard. I have no doubt that FBI finish product ain’t authored by Qualified Patriot Americans but by our WORST Urban Rejects who fled our Sewers to strike rich in the Wild Wet West. People stood no chance of any success in our backyard how the hell they will be added-value assets and will add intelligence to FBI. On the contrary their effect is obvious - negative now as I can see; they really brought FBI intelligence down to earth that they don’t worthy my respect. Look at BMB. A representative specimen of FBI SCREWUPS. FBI said that they interviewed Tamerlan in Makhachkala and let him go to bomb Boston Marathoners: ‘typical Arabic. Oh No! He entered USA by spelling error. Really.’ That’s ain’t FBI that I seen in Denzel Washington movie but sounds typical Maronite Phalangists, Hezbollah, Egyptian Copt, Iranian Pedarsag, Sardarji, Guajarati, Bihari, Iraqi-Shiite, Kurd or Alawite they got great motive just settling their old account in USA courtesy of American taxpayers by snaking Tsarnaeva to fool FBI for living. Zubeidat Tsarnaeva told FBI go to hell! They did big time. Once FBI realized that ‘Misha’ ain’t Mikhail Allakhverdov but ‘teddy bear’ they moved to DNA Game to haunt Tamerlan wife Katherine Russell Saray Mulk-khanum. She told FBI Gorm. I need Tamerlan corpse. They evaporated outta her sight. Now they’re snaking on Kazakhstani trio and toying with Saudi Mountaingoat intelligence whoresmanure. I am expecting FBI to tap on CIA who are dormant all these years as Baghdad frogs in BMB and bring forward Ruslan Tsarni, Graham Fuller, Samantha Ankara Fuller and big A or Ali. Stay tuned it is getting interesting.

Since Seigniorage Banksters crashed in 2007 their Culture ain’t working no mo. Sharia Binge is another Redherring to distracts fools away from real loots. Angosexual Geographical Muslims are the best Arabophobe Guinea pigs to experiment anti-Arabism to crackup nation of Islam. Since English is Islam’s language and Quran is Arabic that most Anti-Arabists loathe to memorize or explore it in the language of origin - then there is huge room for clergymen to maneuver to commit heinous crimes and Freud. Clergymen are feeble corruptible creatures. Islam is shirt of Othman wore wherever a crime yet to be committed. Law of the Land ain’t justice but a game played by scavenging lawyers and fostered by thieving Thugocracies to enable the HAVES rip-off the HAVENOTS. Sharia ain’t justice either it’s a scam played by Ignoramus clergymen to rip-off both the HAVES and the HAVENOTS and dole both loots as commonwealth to Distrusted Trusts notwithstanding Sharia commerce is nothing but an Arabic version of the Old Colonial British-India Merchant Banking

Mark Twain would commit suicide if he knew that Yesterday’s President Obama’s 48 minutes answers in James S. Brady Press Briefing Room were CHOREOGRAPHED to six historic questions. It is mind bugling when BILL asked Obama about Gitmo. Regarding "Maybe I should just pack up and go home. Golly," that’s POWER GESTURE if you go 24 hours back to Correspondence Dinner and see how Obama insulted Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell and the whole Republican Frugals attending then you will understand that Obama didn’t run outta juice wrongly placed "As Mark Twain said, rumors of my demise may be a little exaggerated at this point," metaphor.

First they ignore you, then they laugh at you, then they fight you, then you win. GITMOANS ain’t terrorists but conquistadores disowned by Thieving Thugocracies and they found a window of opportunity larger than life. They privileged trouble to prosperity to get attention. They got it all. They wrecked America. Republican Frugals water-boarded them to extract intelligence they got none but Hollywood Bedrock. Obama as Ho-Nigga then chickened-out to displease white folks he ditched the conquistadores to rot and die in Guantanamo. They decided to starve to test destiny. They battled Force-feeding torture. They have some attention now. I am looking forward to see Lindsey Graham ‘to begin with’ saying hell No. When Kerry & Hagel at the Helm around Obama I feel some smartness in DC’s tinted air. Back to Christian-Post Question. Why Do Radical Muslims Hate Americans So Much? Stooopid Question! First there is nothing called Radical Muslims. This is Muslim or never. Back to HAPPY HATE AMERICA DAY. If I say we don’t then I am a fraudulent hypocrite because you are here to hear this from me: ‘Death to America’. Now stop asking stooopid questions and consult with your gynecologist because you’re pregnant. And by the way don’t be afraid. That’s ain’t but cloth those losers are burning. Give them a decent flag they will stop.

Why Do Radical Muslims Hate Americans So Much? Stooopid Question! First nothing called Radical Muslims. This is Muslim or never. Back to HATE America. If I say we don’t then I am a jerk because you are here to hear this from me: ‘Death to America’. Now stop asking stooopid questions and consult with your gynecologist because you’re pregnant. And by the way don’t be afraid that’s but cloth that those losers are burning. Give them a decent flag they will stop.

PREZ PERES TO POPE FRANCIS: Come to Israel We, Jews didn’t murder Jesus. The Wahabi Mohammed did" (albeit Jesus was murder by Jews 670 years before Mohammed birth). Come Pope! I will show you how Israelis can kill Muslim elders, women & Children by one blow. Please don’t read the News. Israeli police watched, Single handed as with kitchen knife unarmed Salam Za'al killed armed settler Evyatar Borovsky, took Borovsky assault gun and begin shooting at Police Spectators. Salam Za'al was detained for 3 years in Israeli jail for crime of throwing stones. He’s released if he cooperates with Israel and turns his kid brother to traitor. Which he did, then this hitchhiking Borovsky he’s an actor, armed security force and has 4 children that he orphaned. Netanyahu will build more settlement to revenge for Borovsky’s Murder. Salam Za'al ain’t a lone wolf but a terrorist. So how Borovsky settled in Tulkarem? Go to bed boys.

When Ann Coulter said on FOXNEWS Zubeidat Tsarnaeva must be arrested for wearing Hijab, Breitbart banned me for saying Ann Coulter must be arrested for being a woman. Last week I said: watch your Tailgate. Vladimir! Especially when Kerry & Hagel at the Helm. Guys! Since Obama ditched Putin role as BMB Truther. Putin ain’t doing well. He lost control. Just now 30 Anti-Putin Protesters detained on Red Square and 140 people busted at Moscow mosque including more than 30 citizens of other countries. Putin used to be my hero when he weaned Caucuses away from Wahabi Mountaingoats and taken them as Proper Russians. BMB screwed up everything. He got greedy. He exploited BMB to silence Gorky Park Vodka Activists. That’s a wrong call. Syria’s sparks ain’t far away to ignite holy war in Chechnya. That’s Putin’s nightmare. Since FBI is NY outfit then it’s religiously Chuck Schumer business to snack some FBI-Russia whoresmanure to fish any hidden credibility in the mud. Don’t bother reading further than Misha ain’t Mikhail Allakhverdov in Russian it’s for Teddy ‘BEAR’. America is desperate to show the enemy that FBI on top of everything. FBI knew nothing about anything before 03:01PM . April 15, 2009. FBI must be closed-down then by An Executive Branch Order. It ain’t worth it to keep such obese white elephant that can’t defend itself. Paparazzi can deliver far better and cheaper intelligence than this crackpot who showed on CNN talking about an Armenian hippie who converted to Islam to bomb America. Armenians are happy to worship Judas Iscariot but not to be Muslims. We & Armenians have one good thing in common: “we hate each other”. MBM was tolerance stress test to America that’s why the bomb was concealed into pressure cooker to avoid killing innocent people. They just killed 3, hospitalized 246 and traumatized 300 million. That’s a home-run. Ron Paul said: Forced lockdown of city. Militarized police riding tanks in streets. Door-to-door armed searches without warrant. Families thrown out of their homes at gunpoint to be searched without probable cause. Businesses forced to close. Transport shut down. These were not scenes from military coup in far off banana republic, but rather scenes just over week ago in Boston as United States got taste of martial law. The ostensible reason for the military-style takeover of parts of Boston was that accused perpetrator of a horrific crime was on loose. The Boston bombing provided opportunity for government to turn what should have been police investigation into a military-style occupation of an American city. This unprecedented move should frighten us as much or more than the attack itself.

Turks cannot be trusted. Israelis too. IDF is killing our Elders, Women & Children in Gaza to get DC attention for more weapons. The same IDF flew over Assad Palace without harming him and went bombing alleged chemical weapon depot in Damascus and returned home safe. Would you dumb-down and tell us who the enemy is? Oh no SFA..lemme think!

MILITARY ACTION OVER SYRIA'S SUSPECTED USE OF CHEMICAL WEAPONS COULD BACKFIRE. Never mind about the narrative. The question is for you ‘THENATIONAL’. You the publisher! Are you in or out? Who are you dancing for? ISRAEL or SYRIA? Make up your mind. Shame on you! Yesterday a poor Syrian subject jumped to his death from 15th floor of Dubai Silicon Oasis Building probably listening to Mediawhore like you sporting the gassing of his parents with Syrian elders, women & children. Have some decency. Be a journalist. Quit scavenging as coldblooded paparazzi hyena on miseries to earn your living. Quit moderating minds.

I needed John McCain to shakeup the WhiteHouse. Democrats are slow-on boot-on-the-ground but patriot Republicans as

Senator John McCain, a Republican from Arizona who doesn’t need do get Tel-Aviv’s approval to oust Assad outta Syria. Assad Gassing Syrian Elders, Women & Children. It is getting harder and harder for Iran & Russia to maintain their military supplies lines. Russians, Iranians & Hezbollah mercenaries are butchered as boar allover Syria. Jordan king is happy to help to get more USAID for his dying economy and please the Islamists at his end. Turks are mean. Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan will exploit stalemate to occupy Syrian lands as he did in Northern Iraq to use for Kurdish Homeland away from Turkey motherland where they belong. Tayyip Erdogan will fight to stop Obama have boot-on-the-ground in Syria. Turks cannot be trusted.

“When the world can seem very dark and confusing, presence of priest is presence of hope,” Rev. Richard Cannon is bluffing. Priest is for death and wedding unlike Imam who has to drop everything off hand, wash-out, head to mosque, call for prayer outloud and lead the prayers reciting memorized Quran 5397 times not only after bombing but five times a day, 365 days a year. Imam leads rain, eclipse, death &