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ll - T r a v e l B l o g - ll - A l b u m s - ll - I n s t a g r a m - ll

 

Seen from West Seattle, a group of wooden beams sit in Eliot bay with the city skyline illuminating the horizon.

 

Seattle (i/siˈætl/ see-at-əl) is a coastal seaport city and the seat of King County, in the U.S. state of Washington. With an estimated 652,405 residents as of 2013, Seattle is the largest city in the Pacific Northwest region of North America and the fastest-growing major city in the United States. The Seattle metropolitan area of around 3.6 million inhabitants is the 15th largest metropolitan area in the United States. The city is situated on a narrow isthmus between Puget Sound (an inlet of the Pacific Ocean) and Lake Washington, about 100 miles (160 km) south of the Canada–United States border. A major gateway for trade with Asia, Seattle is the 8th largest port in the United States and 9th largest in North America in terms of container handling.

 

The Seattle area had previously been inhabited by Native Americans for at least 4,000 years before the first permanent European settlers. Arthur A. Denny and his group of travelers, subsequently known as the Denny Party, arrived on the schooner Exact at Alki Point on November 13, 1851. The settlement was moved to its current site and named "Seattle" in 1852, after Chief Si'ahl of the local Duwamish and Suquamish tribes.

 

Logging was Seattle's first major industry, but by the late 19th century the city had become a commercial and shipbuilding center as a gateway to Alaska during the Klondike Gold Rush. By 1910, Seattle was one of the 25 largest cities in the country. However, the Great Depression severely damaged the city's economy. Growth returned during and after World War II, due partially to the local Boeing company, which established Seattle as a center for aircraft manufacturing. The city developed as a technology center in the 1980s, with companies like Amazon.com, Microsoft and T-Mobile US based in the area. The stream of new software, biotechnology, and Internet companies led to an economic revival, which increased the city's population by almost 50,000 between 1990 and 2000. Since then, Seattle has become a hub for green industry and a model for sustainable development.

 

Seattle has a noteworthy musical history. From 1918 to 1951, there were nearly two dozen jazz nightclubs along Jackson Street, from the current Chinatown/International District to the Central District. The jazz scene developed the early careers of Ray Charles, Quincy Jones, Ernestine Anderson and others. Seattle is also the birthplace of rock musician Jimi Hendrix and the alternative rock style grunge. . . . . . . . . . . . Wikipedia

 

The Abandoned Stonewall Jackson School for boys ..... better known as a "Reform School" .... in Concord, North Carolina, is about 110 miles from my home in Fayetteville, North Carolina. This was my fourth trip. I'd been through several of these buildings at least once - this main building 3 times. I'll have to admit - I became more than a bit obsessed with these pianos; the two in this room and the two just outside the door to the left in this picture. However, not once had I put my hands to keys on any of them. They were in various stages of decay, after all. Why bother?

 

This photo is made up of 288 images put together, via Microsoft ICE, to create this panorama. This image, the original, is comprised of 36 columns, 8 rows of images, is about 5 feet wide and 3.5 feet high. Each of those 288 images is created from 3 images for tonal depth and color saturation. Took me about 3 hours to shoot them all, standing in the same spot in the corner of the room.

 

In my previous 3 trips, I had not seen but one or two other people poking into other buildings - really had not interacted with them. However, on this afternoon - a bright and sunny Sunday in January with a temp somewhere in the 60s - seemed like Grand Central Station in comparison. In the 3 hours standing in that room - I lost count of the people coming through - young and old, several couples, mostly college kids and mature adults - wandered in through the front door (the lobby of which was through the door to the left in this image) and up the stairs.

 

Many, hearing the clicking of my camera, would poke their head through the window and say "Hello". One of these people was an older guy, bald, with a goatee celebrating the 27th anniversary of his 21st birthday that day. His wife was curious about a "jail cell" that was suppose to be in one of these buildings - I had not come across one. We had a rather lenghy conversation about the abandoned school and it's history. He talked about coming in to explore this and the other buildings. Told him to be careful about where he walked ... "Varmits?" ... "No", I said, "Rot ... these floors are all wood and have been exposed to the elements for years." I had seen several spots that had rotted through.

 

He smiled, nodded and walked on. I was done shooting and began to pack up my equipment. I heard the couple walk through the front door and start talking about the pianos ... I was focused on leaving and didn't pay attention to what they were saying. I had just thrown my knapsack over my back and ready to walk out when I heard the sound of something dragging accross the floor in the lobby. Walking into the lobby, I saw this gentleman sit down on an old chair in front of one of the pianos.

 

And he played the piano.

 

A couple of the keys gave out a silent thug ... and I'm sure it was way out of tune .... but he played well, and enjoyed doing it - and the music was pleasing - a jazz tune, though I couldn't tell you what the tune was. This gentleman sat in a decaying building, playing an old and decaying piano abandoned and left to the elements for decades. I stood there listening to him for about 5 minutes ... at which time he got up and smiled, I thanked him for his music, we shook hands and he wished me luck with my pictures .... and he went on to explore the rest of the building.

 

Yes, I'm sure I could come up with some sort of ephiphany here .... but I'll let you come up with your own. I hope you enjoy this picture as much as I enjoyed that man's music.

ll - T r a v e l B l o g - ll - A l b u m s - ll - I n s t a g r a m - ll

 

Seattle (i/siˈætl/ see-at-əl) is a coastal seaport city and the seat of King County, in the U.S. state of Washington. With an estimated 652,405 residents as of 2013, Seattle is the largest city in the Pacific Northwest region of North America and the fastest-growing major city in the United States. The Seattle metropolitan area of around 3.6 million inhabitants is the 15th largest metropolitan area in the United States. The city is situated on a narrow isthmus between Puget Sound (an inlet of the Pacific Ocean) and Lake Washington, about 100 miles (160 km) south of the Canada–United States border. A major gateway for trade with Asia, Seattle is the 8th largest port in the United States and 9th largest in North America in terms of container handling.

 

The Seattle area had previously been inhabited by Native Americans for at least 4,000 years before the first permanent European settlers. Arthur A. Denny and his group of travelers, subsequently known as the Denny Party, arrived on the schooner Exact at Alki Point on November 13, 1851. The settlement was moved to its current site and named "Seattle" in 1852, after Chief Si'ahl of the local Duwamish and Suquamish tribes.

 

Logging was Seattle's first major industry, but by the late 19th century the city had become a commercial and shipbuilding center as a gateway to Alaska during the Klondike Gold Rush. By 1910, Seattle was one of the 25 largest cities in the country. However, the Great Depression severely damaged the city's economy. Growth returned during and after World War II, due partially to the local Boeing company, which established Seattle as a center for aircraft manufacturing. The city developed as a technology center in the 1980s, with companies like Amazon.com, Microsoft and T-Mobile US based in the area. The stream of new software, biotechnology, and Internet companies led to an economic revival, which increased the city's population by almost 50,000 between 1990 and 2000. Since then, Seattle has become a hub for green industry and a model for sustainable development.

 

Seattle has a noteworthy musical history. From 1918 to 1951, there were nearly two dozen jazz nightclubs along Jackson Street, from the current Chinatown/International District to the Central District. The jazz scene developed the early careers of Ray Charles, Quincy Jones, Ernestine Anderson and others. Seattle is also the birthplace of rock musician Jimi Hendrix and the alternative rock style grunge. . . . . . . . . . . . Wikipedia

Panoramic view of Durban's central business district and the north side of the harbour, shot from the Memorial Tower building on the Howard College campus of the University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.

 

Taken with my Nikon D40, fitted with a Tamron 70-300mm F4/5.6 DI LD (Nikon AFS) lens, stitched from two images in Microsoft ICE (hence the missing EXIF), and processed in GIMP and Photoscape.

 

More of my photos can be found here.

Il Germano reale (Anas platyrhyncos) è un uccello della famiglia delle Anatidae, di gradevole aspetto e noto in Italia anche come Capoverde. Viene considerato il capostipite di tutte le razze domestiche dell'anatra (eccetto l' anatra muta)

Questa specie è caratterizzata da uno spiccato dimorfismo sessuale, maschi e femmine sono molto simili nella forma, ma differiscono nel colore del piumaggio per buona parte dell'anno.

 

The Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos), probably the best-known and most recognizable of all ducks, is a dabbling duck which breeds throughout the temperate and sub-tropical areas of North America, Europe, Asia, New Zealand (where it is currently the most common duck species), and Australia. It is strongly migratory in the northern parts of its breeding range, and winters farther south. For example, in North America it winters south to Mexico, but also regularly strays into Central America and the Caribbean between September and May

 

Font : Wikipedia

 

With "Windows Movie Maker"," Photo story 3 for Windows" or other similar program it is possible assemble the ours photos in beautiful slide show with appropriate soundtrack ... The result is splendid....90 second of beauty

www.flickr.com/groups/838527@N23/

 

Con "Windows Movie Maker"," Photo story 3 per Windows" o altro programma similare è possibile montare la nostre foto con una opportuna colonna sonora...Il risultato è splendido......90 secondi di bellezza

www.flickr.com/groups/838527@N23/

  

www.photosfromonhigh.com aerial photos Albany NY aerial photos photographer Upstate albanyphotos@yahoo.com 518-495-7983

 

Globalfoundries Saratoga County NY Globalfoundries Albany NY New York Convention Center aerial photos Mercer Development aerial photographer M W ... at the Luther Forest Technology Campus in Saratoga County, NY, in ... Did GlobalFoundries just become an 800-pound Fab gorilla?

9/8/2009 by: Theo Valich - Get more from this author

   

ATIC [Advanced Technology Investment Company], technology investment group from the Government of Abu Dhabi, the majority owner of GlobalFoundries announced that the group is making a bid to acquire Chartered Semiconductor.

 

The move is not entirely unexpected, but rather a consequence of events that had nothing to do with semiconductor industry: Chartered Semiconductor is one of golden eggs in Singaporean's government investment arm [Temasek Holdings Pte], who is feeling the pain of global economy slowdown and the changes in companies owned by Temasek were obvious. As Singapore Airlines went through ownership change [now mostly owned by Temasek] the investment arm needed the cash to complete the transaction and Abu Dhabi's ATIC rode into town.

 

ATIC was interested in buying its competition, but when an opportunity like this arises, there isn't much you can do but to take it. The acquisition of Chartered Semi puts GlobalFoundries in a role of an 800-pound gorilla in the contract manufacturing space. First GlobalFoundries signed the deal to manufacture chips for a chip maker [STMicroelectronics], and now the GF owner is buying one of own largest competitors. In fact, until TSMC gets its SOI production up and running, GlobalFoundries is acquiring its second largest competitor in the SOI space [we take that ATIC does not want to buy IBM... for now].

 

In case you're unfamiliar with Chartered semiconductor manufacturing capabilities, the foundry owns six cleanrooms in a giant fab complex in Singapore, with production based on 200mm and 300mm wafers. Total output of the company is also very interesting:

 

Fab 2: 50,000 200mm WSM 600-350nm

Fab 3: 25,000 200mm WSM 350-180nm

Fab 3E: 34,000 200mm WSM in 250-180nm

Fab 5: 24,000 200mm WSM 350-180nm

Fab 6: 39,000 200mm WSM 180-110nm

Fab7: 45,000 300mm WSM 130-40nm [equal to 101,250 200mm wafers]

So, we have 172,000 WSM [wafer starts per month], or around 2,06 million 200mm wafers per year, plus an additional 540,000 300mm wafers. This manufacturing capacity is nothing short of impressive, even though the majority is in less competitive 200mm wafer space. If you would compare Chartered's Fab7 [300mm2 one] to GlobalFoundries' Fab1 complex in Dresden, you might be surprised at the differences in size, since Fab7 is massive: clean room space is as big as whole Module 2 [ex-Fab30/38] and half of Module 1 [ex-Fab36].

 

Yes, it is true that currently "only" 27,000 wafer starts can be in 40nm, but SOI capacity is quite impressive. Inside this advanced 300mm facility Chartered makes Microsoft's Xbox 360 CPUs, some AMD CPUs and some of IBM's Power chips.

 

Clean room space is also quite impressive - six facilities with a grand total of 773,640 square feet [71,871.15 m2]. If you compare that to current manufacturing facilities in Dresden, Module 1 [14,500 m2 - 156,000 sqft] and currently upgrading Module 2 [16,700 m2 - 180,000 sqft], you can see that GlobalFoundries wants to go from 336,000 sqft [31,214 m2] in 2009 to 1.38 million square feet [128,202 m2] of clean room space in 2012.

Divided by wafer size, GlobalFoundries in 2012 could look like this:

 

300mm2 - 120,000 wafer starts per month, 838,000 sqft [77,850 m2] Class 100 clean room

200mm2 - 172,000 wafer starts per month, 541,640 sqft [50,318 m2] Class 100 clean room

All in all, this is quite a significant jump in manufacturing space, as there aren't exactly many contract manufacturers who can or plan to annually output almost 1.5 million 300mm wafers in 2012-2013 frame. In fact, one could put a question that GlobalFoundries is doing this to attract the heavy weights, Microsoft, Sony, Nintendo - but Qualcomm and nVidia as well.

 

Over the past several months, we featured various articles on upcoming chips, but they all have one thing in common: they have to be built on 300mm wafers in order to be profitable. Qualcomm's quad-core ARM System-on-Chip is quite nice, but the company has to have 300mm wafers available to score a profit. Same thing with the 2010-2011 generation of nVidia's Tegra and Texas Instruments OMAP chips.

 

Thus, a foundry has to position itself aggressively and there is no doubt that this move puts GlobalFoundries on the map of TSMC and Intel challenger. While TSMC still has the overall lead in number of wafers it can produce, the numbers here show that GlobalFoundries is catching up and overtaking in 300mm wafer arena - a worrisome trend.

 

The clock isn't exactly stopping there - if we divide the wafers in SOI and non-SOI flavor, GlobalFoundries will be the largest SOI wafer maker, and with a move to optical interconnects starting in 2012-2013 there isn't exactly any doubt what's on the table. ATIC and AMD both want that GlobalFoundries change the semi playing field for good, and this acquisition only confirms that direction.

 

GlobalFoundries can freely disclose all of its plans and there isn't exactly a lot that other competitors can do but to launch massive FUD campaigns which again, would not stand due to engineering excellence shown by former AMD engineering teams, who saved Microsoft's bacon on Xbox 360 yields, for instance.

 

This move also solves one of major pains for GlobalFoundries exec team - no longer journalists and analysts need to ask "who are your customers?", because with the acquisition of Chartered Semi, that list grew by couple of dozen names, including Microsoft and IBM. You can expect that next GlobalFoundries event to feature numerous existing customers, even if they did not sign directly with GlobalFoundries, rather Chartered Semi.

 

ATIC's next move: Buying a wafer supplier?

We wonder what the next step for GlobalFoundries will be, but personally I would not bet against GF acquiring Soitec, as the largest SOI wafer vendor. Intel invested in the firm in 2007, when it became clear that the future chip interconnects [remember Intel Hybrid Silicon Laser demonstration on SOI wafers during IDF Fall 2006?] will require the use SOI wafers. AMD did not react at the time, but with over a trillion USD for investments alone, Abu Dhabi investment groups can easily flex their muscle and put everything they need under one roof.

   

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BSN* presents The Ultimate Workstation: Part I by: Nebojsa Novakovic

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Advanced Technology Investment Co., the Abu Dhabi company that owns the majority of GlobalFoundries, plans to acquire chip maker Chartered Semiconductor Manufacturing Ltd.

 

The Singapore-based Chartered Semiconductor would become part of GlobalFoundries, a joint venture with ATIC and Advanced MicroDevices Inc. (NYSE: AMD).

 

GlobalFoundries is building a $4.2 billion manufacturing plant in Malta in Saratoga County. N.Y., about 25 miles north of Albany. It also has operations in Dresden, Germany.

 

It was unclear early Tuesday how the acquisition would affect the Malta operation.

 

ATIC would pay $3.9 billion in cash and debt for the acquisition, the companies said in a joint statement. The transaction is expected to close in late 2009, pending required government and shareholder approvals.

 

GlobalFoundries CEO Doug Grose would head up the combined operations. Chartered (Nasdaq: CHRT) CEO Chia Song Hwee would become chief operating officer and head the integration of both companies, according to the companies.

 

ATIC is a technology investment company wholly owned by the Abu Dhabi government. It owns 66 percent of GlobalFoundries; AMD owns the remaining 34 percent.

 

Singapore’s state-owned investment fund Temasek Holdings owns about 62 percent of Chartered’s shares. The chip maker produces chips for Xbox 360 games and other consoles.

 

“Chartered and GlobalFoundries will be able to draw on each other’s strengths to enable the next generation of semiconductor innovation, utilizing the value of both companies and the intellectual capital of thousands of skilled employees,” said Ibrahim Ajami, CEO of ATIC. GlobalFoundries’ plant in Malta is under construction. It’s expected to employ 1,5000 during the construction phase and 1,6000 permanent and ancillary jobs when it’s running at full capacity in 2010.

 

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The move follows an earlier investment in GlobalFoundries, a joint venture with AMD

John Ribeiro (IDG News Service) 08 September, 2009 06:01:00

Tags: processors, globalfoundries, ATIC, amd

 

Advanced Technology Investment Company (ATIC) of Abu Dhabi has signed a definitive agreement to acquire chip maker Chartered Semiconductor Manufacturing of Singapore in a deal valued at S$5.6 billion (US$3.9 billion) in cash and debt, the companies said on Monday.

 

Chartered, a contract chip maker, will become part of GlobalFoundries, the chip manufacturing venture formed by ATIC and Advanced Micro Devices (AMD).

 

The CEO of GlobalFoundries, Doug Grose, will head up the combined operations, while Chartered CEO Chia Song Hwee will become chief operating officer and head the integration of the businesses, ATIC said in a statement.

 

The transaction is expected to close during the fourth quarter of this year. It will require approval by Chartered shareholders and government regulators.

 

ATIC is a technology investment company wholly owned by the government of Abu Dhabi.

 

The acquisition of Chartered will be its second major investment in the semiconductor industry after the deal with AMD.

 

GlobalFoundries has a manufacturing facility in Dresden, Germany, and another under construction in the state of New York.

 

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ATIC hopes to combine Chartered's customer relationships and capabilities in both 8-inch and 12-inch fabrication with GlobalFoundries' technology expertise, capacity, and global footprint.

 

Singapore state-owned investment fund Temasek Holdings, which owns about 62 percent of Chartered’s shares, fully supports the acquisition and has signed an irrevocable undertaking to vote in support of the transaction, the statement said.

 

Chartered also on Monday revised up its guidance for the third quarter of 2009.

 

The company increased its revenue forecast slightly and narrowed its loss forecast compared to guidance given in July, because of an incremental improvement in business.

  

Albany Nanotech Albany NY New York Aerial photos photographer SUNY University TAC Tour Andover Controls Dallas Boston Andover Massachusetts Texas Carrollton West crosby Road 75006 Scheider Electric BIOTECH EMPAC RPI TROY AMD advanced Micro Devices Malta

                   

www.photosfromonhigh.com Albany Nanotech Fuller Road Albany NY CEG Center for economic growth Tech Valley TAC Tour Andover Controls 1650 west Crosby Road Carrolton Texas Schneider electric 43-45 boulevard Franklin Roosevelt 92500 Rueil-Malmaison-France Key Bank AMD Advanced Micro devices Sunnyvale Ca. California aerial photos photographer Andover Massachusetts Ma. aerial photos Tepperman Ray associates Andover massachusetts Nanotech Clean Rooms

Albany Nanotech Albany Nanotech Albany Nanotech Albany nanotech Albany Nanotech Albany Nanotech AMD AMD AMD AMD AMD AMD Advanced Micro devices Advanced micro devices Advanced micro devices New York new york New york new York New York aerial photos architectural photos www.photosfromonhigh.com/sematech.htm The College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering of the University at Albany is the first college in the world dedicated to research, development, education, and deployment in the emerging disciplines of nanoscience, nanoengineering, nanobioscience, and nanoeconomics. CNSE's Albany NanoTech Complex – a $4.5 billion megaplex that has attracted over 250 global corporate partners – is the most advanced research complex at any university in the world.

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News > Nanowerk Research and General News >

Posted: May 28, 2009

Job fair to Help M+W Zander fill 40 project management positions in new chip facility

(Nanowerk News) The College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering ("CNSE") of the University at Albany today announced plans to host a Job Fair to assist M+W Zander in building its project management team to support the construction of GlobalFoundries' computer chip manufacturing facility in Malta.

The Job Fair, to be held on Wednesday, June 10 from 5 to 8 p.m. at CNSE's Albany NanoTech Complex, will help recruit candidates for 40 high-tech design and construction management positions, including electrical and mechanical designers, engineers and estimators; construction and design project managers and coordinators; architectural project managers, planners and interns; and, accounting, purchasing, document control and administrative personnel. The positions carry salaries that range from $40,000 to more than $100,000 annually.

Officials from M+W Zander will be on hand to accept resumes and conduct initial interviews on site, with representatives of CNSE also providing assistance at the event. This marks the fifth high-tech job fair to be held at CNSE in just the past three years, with previous events in May 2006, January 2007, September 2007 and October 2008.

Candidates interested in attending and interviewing at the Job Fair are encouraged to pre-register online by visiting cnse.albany.edu/events/jobfair2009.html.

Assembly Majority Leader Ron Canestrari said, "That still another Job Fair is necessary to fill these high-tech positions is a great testament to the investments made in the rapidly growing nanotechnology sector in the Capital Region and New York State. I hope local residents will take full advantage of this opportunity to learn more about exciting careers in the nanotechnology industry."

Assemblyman John J. McEneny said, "The investments in nanotechnology are once again paying dividends in the form of exciting new high-tech career opportunities for residents of Albany and the Capital Region. It is an enormous source of pride to know that New York State is leading the worldwide nanotechnology revolution, which is creating new jobs and attracting new investments."

Rick Whitney, President and CEO of M+W Zander U.S. Operations said, "It is a pleasure to work in partnership with the UAlbany NanoCollege, the world leader in nanotechnology education, research and development, as M+W Zander builds its construction management team to support GlobalFoundries' world-class computer chip manufacturing facility at the Luther Forest Technology Campus. As a company that works on high-tech projects and facilities around the world, there is no question that the Capital Region and New York are recognized globally as the place to be for nanotechnology."

Dr. Alain E. Kaloyeros, Senior Vice President and Chief Executive Officer of CNSE, said, "With the vision, leadership and support of Speaker Silver, Assembly Majority Leader Canestrari, Assemblyman McEneny and the New York State Assembly, M+W Zander has become a valuable partner in building high-tech facilities that are critical to New York's global leadership in nanotechnology education, research and development, and economic outreach. The UAlbany NanoCollege is pleased to host this Job Fair, which will provide exciting career opportunities for local residents, and ensure that M+W Zander has a highly skilled management team in place to build GlobalFoundries' state-of-the-art computer chip manufacturing plant."

 

With headquarters in Stuttgart, Germany, M+W Zander is one of the world's foremost companies for the design and construction of high-tech buildings and cleanroom facilities for research and development, pilot manufacturing, manufacturing, and assembly and testing operations. M+W Zander's Northeastern U.S. headquarters is located at the Watervliet Arsenal, where it employs more than 250 people.

About M+W Zander

The M+W Zander Group offers its customers worldwide integrated life-cycle solutions for high-tech production plants and infrastructure complexes including all necessary service and modernization support. The customer base focuses primarily on leading electronics, photovoltaic, pharmaceutical, chemical, automobile and communication companies, as well as research institutes and universities. The company ranks among the market leaders in various market sectors which include semiconductors, photo-voltaics and pharmaceuticals. MWZ Group GmbH, Stuttgart, manages the global activities of the group as a holding company. The group has three main divisions based on Facility Solutions, Process Solutions and Product Solutions which together generated 2008 revenues of $2.32 billion with a workforce of approximately 4,500.

 

Source: CNSE

Comments

no3rdw says:

Did you take this photo? I did a photosimulation of the nanotech facility expansion based off this very same photo.

Posted 29 months ago. ( permalink )

aerialphotos21 says:

Yes I did. Who supplied the photo to you? I don't remember anyone calling me about this. Only an architect firm in Albany. Let me know. Chris

Posted 29 months ago. ( permalink )

no3rdw says:

Oops, sorry it took a while to get back to you - I just PM'd you about this :)

Posted 29 months ago. ( permalink )

aerialphotos21 says:

Thanks Chris

Posted 29 months ago. ( permalink )

aerialphotos21 says:

Too Much work to do to enter. Chris

Posted 28 months ago. ( permalink )

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President Barack Obama Visits Luther Forest Technology Campus Malta Saratoga County New york GlobalFoundries Breaks Ground in Malta

GlobalFoundries held a groundbreaking ceremony for Fab 2 in Malta, N.Y. The foundry's goal is to have the first tool move in by October 2011, with qualification coming in early 2012 and commercial production by the second half of 2012. The event marks "a significant shift in momentum" for chip manufacturing in the United States, said Norm Armour, Fab 2 general manager.

David Lammers, News Editor -- Semiconductor International, 7/24/2009

As an Albany, N.Y., taxi driver ferried a visitor to the GlobalFoundries Fab 2 groundbreaking ceremony near the village of Malta, he said, "For three years they've been talking about this, but I never thought they would actually build it."

 

Planning began in June 2006, and it was this year on June 19 that GlobalFoundries began clearing portions of its 230-acre site, located ~24 miles from Albany and seven miles from Saratoga Springs. Fab 2 is expected to be making volume silicon by the second half of 2012, employing 1400 directly and an estimated 5000 indirect workers. The spinoff of Advanced Micro Devices (AMD, Sunnyvale, Calif.) has room for two additional modules at the site.

 

Fab 2 General Manager Norm Armour said he watched manufacturing shift from the United States to Asian foundries during his career at LSI Logic Corp., where he spent a decade managing LSI's fab in Gresham, Ore. "We are on the other side, trying to bring manufacturing back to a U.S. fab," Armour said. "It is a significant momentum shift."

 

That shift was supported by a $6B investment in GlobalFoundries by the Abu Dhabi Investment Co. (ATIC). The money will be spent to build Fab 2 at Malta, expected to cost $4.2B, as well as to expand and upgrade the GlobalFoundries Module 2 in Dresden, Germany. The state of New York is providing an estimated $1.2B in subsidies for Fab 2, and is investing additional funding to expand the University at Albany's nearby College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering (CNSE). AMD contributed its existing manufacturing complex in Dresden as well as other assets, but no cash, providing AMD with access to a new fab without capital outlays.

   

GlobalFoundries Fab 2 will begin production in the second half of 2012.

  

Because the site is not space-constrained, Fab 2 will be a two-level building rather than three-level, said Tom Sonderman, vice president of manufacturing systems technology at GlobalFoundries. All of the wafer production will be on one floor, eliminating the need to move wafers-in-progress (WIP) up and down floors. A "zero footprint storage" approach will put some wafer stockers above the tools, he added. Implant will be located off of the main waffle slab, reducing construction costs, and maintenance shops will be on the upper production floor to further improve efficiencies.

 

Though its labor costs in both Dresden and Malta will be higher than at many Asian fabs, manufacturing innovations will make GlobalFoundries cost-competitive with Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co. Ltd. (TSMC, Hsinchu, Taiwan), according to Sonderman. GlobalFoundries is investing in the midst of a severe downturn, which also will reduce costs compared with the more expensive 24/7 construction schedules used when fabs are built in a hurry. Armour said it may take 18 months to build Fab 2, which is expected to have a 220,000 sq. ft. cleanroom with an option to expand cleanroom space to 300,000 sq. ft. The goal is to have the first tool move in by October 2011, with qualification coming in early 2012 and commercial production by the second half of 2012, a schedule that could be accelerated somewhat "depending on market conditions," Armour said.

 

Sonderman said construction begins at a time "of a lot of pent-up demand for advanced foundry capacity." Fab 2 will start at 28 nm technology, and then bring up a 22 nm SOI process for CPU production. GlobalFoundries will support AMD's manufacturing needs with the current 45 nm production, moving to 32 and 22 nm production. For foundry customers, however, most of the interest is at the half nodes, including 40 nm bulk technology immediately at Dresden and 28 nm high-k/metal gate technology late next year when 28 nm customer designs start to be accepted.

 

Sonderman said GlobalFoundries is accelerating its effort to support 40 nm bulk production, which he said comes as customers express concerns about yields at TSMC. "We definitely want to be a counterbalance to TSMC," Sonderman said, outlining plans to offer, by 2013, 600,000 wspy at Dresden and 400,000 wspy at Fab 2.

Posted in General, GlobalFoundries, Real estate, Tech Valley, Technology | 2 Comments

RPI spokesman joining GlobalFoundriesApril 2, 2009 at 10:25 am by Larry Rulison

Jason Gorss, the manager of media relations at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in Troy, will be joining GlobalFoundries later this month in a communications role.

 

Gorss (right) has been at RPI for several years now. He has a technical and scientific background that helps with his new role with the company, which is building a $4.2 billion computer chip factory in Malta called Fab 2 and owns two others in Dresden, Germany.

 

GlobalFoundries spokesman Jon Carvill said that Gorss’ role will be “more global in nature and focused on our technology.

 

“We will still look to add additional resources specific to Fab 2 in 2009,” Carvill said.

 

The company already has an office in Malta at the Saratoga Technology + Energy Park, which sits within the Luther Forest Technoogy Campus where GlobalFoundries is planning its factory on 222 acres. At least one former General Electric employee is now working there in a human resources position, and additional positions are expected to be filled in the coming months.

 

The new CEO of GlobalFoundries, Doug Grose, is himself an RPI graduate.

 

The Times Union contacted Gorss this morning by e-mail and he confirmed he is taking the job.

 

“My experience at Rensselaer has given me the rare chance to work with incredibly brilliant people on a wide array of fascinating projects. I am going to miss my colleagues here, but I am excited about the new opportunity with GlobalFoundries,” Gorss said. “It is a perfect fit for someone with my background and interests. I am a technophile at heart, and this job will allow me to immerse myself in some of the most advanced technology on the planet.”05/15/2009 10:10 AM EDT)

  

MALTA, N.Y. — It's rare these days in the semiconductor industry to witness the unfolding of a project on a grand scale. Based on what has been proposed so far, the Global Foundries project backed by Advanced Micro Devices and its partner is precisely that.

 

"We want to be the first truly global semiconductor foundry," said Global Foundries CEO Global Doug Grose at a recent event here, where a ground-breaking ceremony will be held in July.

 

Global Foundries has committed up to $6 billion to develop a new fab to produce chips for AMD and new customers. AMD and partner, Abu Dhabi-backed Advanced Technology Investment Co. (ATIC). "This money is for a five- to seven-year stretch. Our investors [are] in this for the long haul," said Grose.

 

According to Jim McGregor, chief technology strategist at market researcher In-Stat, "Everything for the future depends on GlobalFoundries' ability to land new customers. Unfortunately, I can't predict that."

 

Jim Doran, senior vice president and general manager of AMD's Dresden, Germany, operation, said Global Foundries will use a Sunnyvale, Calif., facility for technology development and producing process design kits. The U.S. site also will be used for designing intellectual property and chip testing and validation.

 

Global Foundries also is engaged with neighbors here like the IBM Alliance on submicron research and development.

 

Global Foundries' 300-mm Fab 1 in Dresden includes a Module 1 used for 45-nm silicon-on-insulator (SOI) chips; Module 2 is used for 32-nm and beyond bulk CMOS process technology. Both modules are expected to operate at 25,000 monthly wafer starts at full capacity. Module 2 production will ramp up in late 2009.

  

The $4.5 billion Fab 2, a 300-mm manufacturing facility in Saratoga County, N.Y., is expected to come online in 2012 with 35,000 wafer starts per month at full capacity. Fab 2 is expected to create more than 1,400 jobs along with about 5,000 spin-off jobs.

    

Page 2: Global Foundries' big bet takes shape in upstate New York

  

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Global Foundries breaks ground on long-awaited NY fab.

 

The new 300-mm manufacturing facility is expected to bring 1,400 direct semiconductor manufacturing jobs and billions of dollars in economic development to upstate New York.

 

By Suzanne Deffree, Managing Editor, News -- Electronic News, 7/24/2009

Global Foundries today announced it officially broke ground on the construction of Fab 2, a new semiconductor manufacturing facility located at the Luther Forest Technology Campus in Saratoga County, NY.

 

The construction and ramp-up phases for the new $4.2 billion facility are expected to take approximately three years to complete, with volume production expected in 2012. According to the company, once Fab 2 is completed it will stand as the "most technologically advanced semiconductor manufacturing facility in the world" and the "largest leading-edge semiconductor foundry in the United States."

 

“As today’s chip designers push the boundaries on the next generation of products, there is a growing need for a new approach to design and manufacturing rooted in collaboration and innovation," Hector Ruiz, chairman of Global Foundries, said in a statement. "With Fab 2, Global Foundries moves the semiconductor industry away from the traditional model of isolated regional development and into an era of global hubs of manufacturing and technology expertise.”

 

The new facility is designed to manufacture microprocessors and logic products on 300-mm wafers, Global Foundries said, noting that initial production is expected to ramp at the 28-nm technology node and move to volume manufacturing on the 22-nm node. Fab 2 will work in conjunction with Global Foundries’ Fab 1 facility in Dresden, Germany.

   

Today's ground breaking was long awaited. Indeed, talk of the NY fab began in 2006, years before AMD spun out its manufacturing operations to form Global Foundries in October 2008. AMD saw significant support from the state during its decision and commitment process, including $1.2 billion in incentives. That largest private-public investment in the history of the state included grants, tax credits, and other New York City Empire Zone benefits. In accord with the investment, New York gave AMD a two-year window, from July 2007 to July 2009, to initiate the building of a new 300-mm wafer fabrication facility in Saratoga County, NY.

 

New York's significant support was not unwarranted. New York estimated that the plant will create approximately 1,400 new, direct semiconductor manufacturing jobs at full-scale production, providing an estimated annual payroll of more than $88 million to the upstate region. In addition, the project will create approximately 5,000 new, indirect jobs in the region, offering a sustained estimated total annual payroll of $290 million for all jobs, according to New York's estimates.

 

The state's universities also have several high-tech efforts in play that include AMD and its partners. Most recently, Intel, IBM, and Sematech backed an R&D joint venture with the University at Albany’s College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering center that is expected to add 475 jobs to New York.

 

“New York has worked with Global Foundries for three years to bring this [fab] project to fruition and I am pleased to say that with the groundbreaking of Fab 2, New York and Global Foundries take a lead role in delivering the type of economic growth needed to carry our nation toward sustainable growth,” said Governor David Paterson of New York in the Global Foundries statement. “This initiative not only provides our residents with a source for new jobs, but is integral in positioning New York as a future hub of innovation and an attractive destination for additional investment.”

 

AMD also showed its support at the ground breaking today. "This is an important opportunity to create thousands of jobs and strengthen US competiveness in the high-tech industry," said Dirk Meyer, president and CEO of AMD, in a company statement. “The multi-billion dollar investments in research and development and capacity expansion that Global Foundries is planning strengthen its position as a premier leading-edge semiconductor manufacturing foundry and make it the ideal AMD technology partner to help in bringing our innovative products to market.”

 

Link: www.edn.com/article/CA6672910.html

      

Location and plans:

m + w zander U.S. Operations, Inc. is designing and building the most advanced semiconductor manufacturing complex in the world for GLOBALFOUNDRIES. The Fab 2, Module 1 facility is to be located at the Luther Forest Technology Campus in the Towns of Malta and Stillwater, Saratoga County, New York. The realization of this project will be the crowning achievement in the continued development of New York's Tech Valley as a pre-eminent location for technological breakthroughs not only in the field of semiconductors but in nanotechnology, bio-technology, pharmaceuticals and alternative energy as well.

 

m + w zander is proud to be a leader in this effort and shares this website in order to provide information and the excitement of constructing this most important project with the local and world-wide communities.

 

link: fab2construction.com/

           

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December 6th, 2009, 03:27 PM #2

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Global Foundries' Fab 2: (part 1)

  

all the 3 parts:

    

Link: www.anandtech.com/printarticle.aspx?i=3614

  

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December 13th, 2009, 01:52 PM #3

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Hector Ruiz, the chairman of GlobalFoundries said that the new chip plant is “by far the most significant high-tech investment made in this country in decades.” This plant will produce the most advanced computer chips in the world when it is completed.

      

Having been the construction project manager for AMD’s original Dresden-based fabrication facilities, Globalfoundries has awarded M+W Zander the full turnkey construction contract for Fab 2, currently being built at the Luther Forest Technology Campus in Saratoga County, New York. A departure from pervious fab projects, M+W Zander is also responsible for the architectural aspects of the 4 building project. Previously, AMA Group, based in Italy had been the architectural firm responsible for this aspect of the work. The turnkey project is worth approximately €550 million to M+W Zander over the two-year construction schedule.

 

The Fab 2 complex is more than 130,000 square meters (1.45 million square feet), including a 28,000 square meters (300,000 square feet) Class 100 clean room. A ‘spine’ support building is also being built, along with administrative office building and a central utility building (CUB) along with service yards and small support buildings.

 

M+W Zander will also handle general contracting for all of the technical areas to include the manufacturing spaces, building utilities, central utility building and process systems.

LINK: www.fabtech.org/news/_a/mw_za...undries_fab_2/

   

OKT 2009:

          

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December 13th, 2009, 02:04 PM #4

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Impressions inside the fab:

    

Link: blogs.thenational.ae/beep_bee...abu-dhabi.html

        

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December 13th, 2009, 02:10 PM #5

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Fab 32 - Intel's first high-volume 45nm chip factory:

 

www.youtube.com/watch?v=4FLBtQC0F0c

 

Very impressive!

  

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Category: GlobalFoundries

Customer-centricMay 3, 2009 at 6:00 am by Larry Rulison

 

Talking about customers, GlobalFoundries is making sure that it treats the customers that it does get the right way.

 

The 1.3 million-square-foot factory it will build in Saratoga County features a special entrance for customers, separate from the visitor entrance. Inside, customers will find a nearly half-acre of space devoted to designing chips for them. GlobalFoundries expects its customer base to grow beyond AMD to include graphics chips companies and those that produce chips used in handheld electronics.

  

Posted in GlobalFoundries | 1 Comment

GlobalFoundries site clearing should be soonApril 30, 2009 at 4:05 pm by Larry Rulison

Although the closing on the sale of 222 acres in Malta at the Luther Forest Technology Campus has been in the final stages now for the last couple of weeks, officials with GlobalFoundries Inc. said again today the deal could be done any day now.

 

The deal will also set in motion a number of events, including the awarding of the first contract to clear the site for a $4.2 billion computer chip factory.

 

In fact, right around the time the sale occurs, GlobalFoundries will send its official commitment letter to the state of New York, making it eligible for $650 million in cash incentives for chip fab construction and research and development activities.

 

Around the same time, GlobalFoundries will make the announcement that it has hired a general contractor. Although not official yet, it’s largely expected that M+W Zander, which built Albany NanoTech, will be given the nod. (more…)

 

Posted in Economic development, GlobalFoundries, Tech Valley, Technology | Add a comment

No Malta meeting for GlobalFoundriesApril 28, 2009 at 10:37 am by Larry Rulison

There will be no Malta Planning Board meeting tonight for GlobalFoundries, the company building a $4.2 billion computer chip factory in the town.

 

The town planning board had posted an agenda for the meeting on the town’s Web site, but Town Planning Director Anthony Tozzi said today that the planning board has decided it doesn’t need to meet. It was scheduled to review temporary construction plans for the project.

 

GlobalFoundries is still wrapping up the purchase of 222 acres of land at Luther Forest, and closing is expected later this week or early next week. The planning board doesn’t need to make any approvals until after the closing of that deal, which is why the board decided not to meet.

 

The Malta Planning Board usually meets the third Tuesday of every month, but it has set aside the second and fourth Tuesday of every month for the GlobalFoundries project if needed.

 

Posted in General, GlobalFoundries, Government | Add a comment

AMD posts loss of $416 millionApril 21, 2009 at 4:55 pm by Larry Rulison

Advanced Micro Devices Inc., the only customer of GlobalFoundries Inc., the company building a $4.2 billion computer chip factory in Malta, posted a $416 million loss in the first quarter.

 

Sales totaled $1.177 billion.

 

AMD spun off GlobalFoundries earlier this year and included the results of GlobalFoundries in its consolidated results released today.

 

Those results say GlobalFoundries had sales of $283 million and an operating loss of $141 million.

 

The results also show AMD spent $44 million on the formation of GlobalFoundries during the past two quarters.

 

GlobalFoundries is expected to acquire 222 acres at the Luther Forest Technology Campus any day now and start construction of the chip fab this summer. The plant is expected to start full-scale manufacturing by 2012.

 

Posted in Advanced Micro Devices Inc., General, GlobalFoundries | Add a comment

Malta holding meeting on Luther ForestApril 20, 2009 at 11:48 am by Larry Rulison

The Malta Town Board will hold a workshop and special meeting tonight to make some minor changes to an agreement it has with the Luther Forest Technology Campus.

  

Aerial shows road construction at the Luther Forest site. (Times Union archive)

The meeting comes as it appears that the sale of 222 acres at Luther Forest to GlobalFoundries Inc. for a $4.2 billion computer chip factory could come any day now.

 

It’s unclear if the changes to the agreement with the town, technically a declaration of covenants, conditions and restrictions, are needed so the sale can take place.

 

Malta Supervisor Paul Sausville said this morning that he thought the sale might take place today and he didn’t think the changes – considered minor — had to occur for the sale to go through.

 

Sausville said the document deals with things such as who is responsible for interior roads, sidewalks and lights at the tech park.

 

He said Luther Forest and the town reached an agreement last week, but the town of Stillwater made some minor changes to its version on Thursday, and the two documents have to be identical. The park straddles both towns, although most of the land is located in Malta.

 

GlobalFoundries spokesman Travis Bullard said the Malta meeting is being held just to make minor revisions. He has said the land deal is imminent.

 

Posted in GlobalFoundries, Government | Add a comment

Luther Forest looking for consultantsApril 16, 2009 at 2:47 pm by Larry Rulison

The nonprofit group developing the Luther Forest Technology Campus in Malta is looking for real estate and construction consultants to provide their expertise as it develops the 1,414-acre business park.

 

Computer chip manufacturer GlobalFoudries Inc. is expected to be the first tenant, taking 222 acres. A deal by the Sunnyvale, Calif.-based firm to acquire the land is due any day now.

 

The Luther Forest Technology Campus Economic Development Corp. issued a request for proposals today for consultants it can use on an as-needed basis.

 

The RFPs are due back April 30. The review process will begin in early May, with selection to take place within a few weeks after that.

 

To see the RFP, click here.

 

Posted in General, GlobalFoundries, Real estate, Tech Valley, Technology | 2 Comments

RPI spokesman joining GlobalFoundriesApril 2, 2009 at 10:25 am by Larry Rulison

Jason Gorss, the manager of media relations at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in Troy, will be joining GlobalFoundries later this month in a communications role.

 

Gorss (right) has been at RPI for several years now. He has a technical and scientific background that helps with his new role with the company, which is building a $4.2 billion computer chip factory in Malta called Fab 2 and owns two others in Dresden, Germany.

 

GlobalFoundries spokesman Jon Carvill said that Gorss’ role will be “more global in nature and focused on our technology.

 

“We will still look to add additional resources specific to Fab 2 in 2009,” Carvill said.

 

The company already has an office in Malta at the Saratoga Technology + Energy Park, which sits within the Luther Forest Technoogy Campus where GlobalFoundries is planning its factory on 222 acres. At least one former General Electric employee is now working there in a human resources position, and additional positions are expected to be filled in the coming months.

 

The new CEO of GlobalFoundries, Doug Grose, is himself an RPI graduate.

 

The Times Union contacted Gorss this morning by e-mail and he confirmed he is taking the job.

 

“My experience at Rensselaer has given me the rare chance to work with incredibly brilliant people on a wide array of fascinating projects. I am going to miss my colleagues here, but I am excited about the new opportunity with GlobalFoundries,” Gorss said. “It is a perfect fit for someone with my background and interests. I am a technophile at heart, and this job will allow me to immerse myself in some of the most advanced technology on the planet.”

 

Click here to access job opportunities with GlobalFoundries.

 

Posted in Education, GlobalFoundries | 1 Comment

New Fab2 renderings releasedMarch 24, 2009 at 7:41 pm by Larry Rulison

GlobalFoundries Inc. is going to show these new renderings (below) of Fab2 to the Malta Planning Board tonight.

 

GlobalFoundries is planning a $4.2 billion computer-chip factory in the Luther Forest Technology Campus, which sits on land in both Malta and the town of Stillwater.

 

The company is seeking a temporary construction permit tonight after getting approval to start moving soil and trees. That work could begin early next month.

         

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Barry Soetoro: Curious as to why they would use ALB when Schenectady is a National Guard base.

L.E.Roy: The “buzzing” you hear is the sound of freedom. Rejoice and be glad in it!

WNYT no longer leader of the pack (90)

One Year Justice: It was almost one year ago that myself and 16 others (including Lydia)were fired….oh I mean...

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All Times Union materials copyright 1996-2009, Capital Newspapers Division of The Hearst Corporation, Albany, NY

 

The resources that are available to companies located at the Luther Forest Technology Campus are unparalleled. The Campus is located in the midst of New York’s Tech Valley, a 19-county region in eastern New York that spans from Montreal to New York City. Tech Valley contains more than 1,000 technology companies providing more than 50,000 jobs. Tech Valley companies have a combined economic impact of more than $5 billion and an annual payroll of $2 billion.

 

Located centrally in NY’s Tech Valley, the Luther Forest Technology Campus is the premier site for innovative, high tech companies. The Luther Forest Technology Campus has convenient access to major North American markets, close proximity to industry suppliers, leading universities, and major R&D partners.

  

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 

"This area (NY’s Capital Region) is really ripe for development with the combination of educational institutions, people and facilities."

-- Hector Ruiz, Chairman of the Board

GLOBALFOUNDRIES

 

Photo credit: Banner image courtesy of University at Albany's College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering. Lower photo: Aerial view of University at Albany's College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering

            

28 Clinton Street Saratoga Springs, NY 12866 USA

  

went to the community open house at the Globalfoundries Fab2 construction site in Malta, New York this morning. Globalfoundries had a nice tent set up with hot coffee, cookies, donuts, etc. It was a good thing because it was raining pretty hard and the gravel parking lot had a lot of water on it. Globalfoundries and M + W Zander had people on-site to answer questions about the project. They had a few large pictures of the construction site inside the tent as well as artist conceptions of the completed building.

 

The actual construction site could be seen from outside the tent. I took a few of my own pictures that you can see below. Double click on any of the pictures to enlarge them. It is a pretty impressive site. You can’t see the construction site from any of the main roads in the area because it is a few miles deep into The Luther Forest. It is on Stone Break Road off of Route 9 in Malta. I doubt that you can get into the actual construction site except for events like this. (Google Maps can’t locate “Stone Break Road, Malta NY”, unless you include the zip code 12020, but Bing.com can find it without the zip code.)

 

By the time I arrived they had run out of “fact sheets” but I was told to check their website and the information would be updated by Tuesday, October 27th. You can find their website at Globalfoundries.com.

 

Hector Ruiz, the chairman of GlobalFoundries said that the new chip plant is “by far the most significant high-tech investment made in this country in decades.” This plant will produce the most advanced computer chips in the world when it is completed.

 

I wrote a previous article about the chip plant in March. You can read it here: Globalfoundries Chip Plant in Saratoga County New York.

  

The refreshment tent at the Globalfoundries Community Open House

 

The Globalfoundries construction site

 

The Globalfoundries construction site

 

The Globalfoundries construction site

 

The Globalfoundries construction site

The construction and eventual operation of this plant will be an economic boost to Saratoga Springs and the surrounding area for years to come. What do you think about the plant? Leave a comment or send me an email. Thanks.

  

Tags: bing.com, chip plant, fab2, GlobalFoundries, google maps, Hector Ruiz, luther forest, m + w zander, malta ny, saratoga springs

 

General, New York State | John Tedder | October 24, 2009 4:03 pm

 

One Response to “The Globalfoundries Chip Plant in Malta, New York”

Daniel Tagliento says:

October 31, 2009 at 1:50 pmThe local “newspapers” lack of in depth investigative reporting was not at all included in their articles!

What was the reason the entire working platform had to be ‘bulldozed’ flat and devoid of mature stands of trees and other fauna?

Waht is the landscaping of the buildings and parking areas supposed to ‘blend’ into the surrounding topography?

Does this ‘platforming’ necessiate storm water retention ponds?

 

At the completion and occupation of the complex will it be eye friendly?

Note: Parssiphany, New Jersy

Buiding Codes insist that Mega-National type complexes remain ‘hidden’ in park like setting closely resembling the natural forest thy found before construction. Ten Billion of many Corporate Headquarters in ten years were build and remain sucessful but accessible by two lane tree stands lined country lane like entrances with multi-storied parking structures and modest designed multi-storied offices etc, all this surrounded by lawns and fields!

For Your Information the Mayor, who had his hand opefor the entire process was found guilty of 23 or the 24 charges, his hand was returning to his pocket with money he should not have had procession of!

Back to the Chase:Tokyo Electron opening in Malta; part of first wave drawn by chip fab

 

The city of Seattle, on Puget Sound in the Pacific Northwest, is surrounded by water, mountains and evergreen forests, and encompasses thousands of acres of parkland (hence its nickname, "Emerald City"). It’s home to a thriving tech industry, with Microsoft and Amazon.com headquartered in its metropolitan area. The futuristic Space Needle, a legacy of the 1962 World’s Fair, is its most recognizable landmark.

 

[Best Viewed with One of the Large Image Options]

 

Adjusted Image Above:

(16000 x 2553)

Processed in Nikon Capture NX2

All Images at 1/15th of a Second Handheld to Run Back on the Warm Tour Bus

 

Original:

(16000 x 2659)

10+ Raw Nikon D5000 images Stitched Together with Microsoft I.C.E.

Nikon Picture Control on Neutral

 

www.wwiimemorial.com/

  

The World War II Memorial honors the 16 million who served in the armed forces of the U.S., the more than 400,000 who died, and all who supported the war effort from home. Symbolic of the defining event of the 20th Century, the memorial is a monument to the spirit, sacrifice, and commitment of the American people. The Second World War is the only 20th Century event commemorated on the National Mall’s central axis.

 

Visiting the Memorial

The memorial opened to the public on April 29, 2004 and was dedicated one month later on May 29. It is located on 17th Street, between Constitution and Independence Avenues, and is flanked by the Washington Monument to the east and the Lincoln Memorial to the west. The memorial is operated by the National Park Service and is open to visitors 24 hours a day, seven days a week. For more information about visiting the memorial, accessibility, parking, directions, special events and other details, please visit the National Park Service Web site at www.nps.gov/nwwm or call the Park Service at (202) 619-7222.

 

Memorial Design

 

The National World War II Memorial design recognizes that the site itself pays special tribute to America's WWII generation. The memorial design creates a special place within the vast openness of the National Mall to commemorate the sacrifice and celebrate the victory of WWII, yet remains respectful and sensitive to its historic surroundings. The vistas from the Washington Monument to the Lincoln Memorial and the site's park-like setting are preserved, and the double row of elm trees that flank the memorial have been restored. Above all, the design creates a powerful sense of place that is distinct, memorable, evocative and serene.

 

Plaza

 

The memorial plaza and Rainbow Pool are the principal design features of the memorial, unifying all other elements. Two flagpoles flying the American flag frame the ceremonial entrance at 17th Street. The bases of granite and bronze are adorned with the military service seals of the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Army Air Forces, Coast Guard and Merchant Marine. Ceremonial steps and ramps lead from 17th Street into the plaza. A series of 24 bronze bas relief panels along the ceremonial entrance balustrades depict America's war years, at home and overseas. Announcements of the memorial are located at the 17th Street ceremonial entrance.

 

Curvilinear ramps at the north and south approaches provide access to the plaza for visitors walking along the existing east-west pathways between the Lincoln Memorial and Washington Monument. These ramps provide a gentle entry to the plaza. Granite benches follow the curvilinear rampart walls.

 

Pavilions

 

Two 43-foot pavilions serve as markers and entries on the north and south ends of the plaza. Bronze baldacchinos are an integral part of the pavilion design. Four bronze columns support four American eagles that hold a suspended victory laurel to memorialize the victory of the WWII generation. Inlayed on the floor of the pavilions are the WWII victory medal surrounded by the years "1941-1945" and the words "Victory on Land," "Victory at Sea," and "Victory in the Air." These sculptural elements celebrate the victory won in the Atlantic and Pacific Theaters.

 

Pillars

 

Fifty-six granite pillars celebrate the unprecedented unity of the nation during WWII. The pillars are connected by a bronze sculpted rope that symbolizes the bonding of the nation. Each state and territory from that period and the District of Columbia is represented by a pillar adorned with oak and wheat bronze wreaths and inscribed with its name; the pillars are arranged in the order of entry into the Union, alternating south to north across the plaza beginning adjacent to the Field of Gold Stars. The 17-foot pillars are open in the center for greater transparency, and ample space between each allows viewing into and across the memorial.

 

Commemorative Area

 

Within a commemorative area at the western side of the memorial is recognized the sacrifice of America's WWII generation and the contribution of our allies. A field of 4,000 sculpted gold stars on the Freedom Wall commemorate the more than 400,000 Americans who gave their lives. During WWII, the gold star was the symbol of family sacrifice.

 

Rainbow Pool and Waterworks

 

The historic waterworks of the Rainbow Pool are completely restored and contribute to the celebratory nature of the memorial. The design provides seating along the pool circumference for visitors. Semi-circular fountains at the base of the two memorial pavilions and waterfalls flanking the Freedom Wall complement the waterworks in the Rainbow Pool.

 

Landscaping

 

Two-thirds of the 7.4-acre memorial site is landscaping and water, allowing the memorial to nestle comfortably within its park-like setting. The ceremonial entrance has three large lawn panels between the monumental steps. The elm trees have been restored to their original splendor, and a replanting plan replaced unhealthy trees. A landscaped contemplative area is located at the northwestern corner of the site. Canopies of flowering trees augment re-seeded lawns.

 

Materials

 

The memorial is constructed of bronze and granite. Granite was chosen for its aesthetic appeal, superior strength, and durability. Water resistance was another important criterion. The two principal stones selected for the memorial are “Kershaw” for the vertical elements and “Green County” for the main plaza paving stone. “Kershaw” is quarried in South Carolina, while “Green County” is quarried in Georgia. Two green stones – “Rio Verde” and “Moss Green” – were used for accent paving on the plaza. Both are quarried in Brazil. "Academy Black" and "Mount Airy" were used to reconstruct the Rainbow Pool. “Mount Airy,” quarried in North Carolina, is the original coping stone of the Rainbow Pool. To enhance the aesthetic appearance of the water surface of the pool, an apron of “Academy Black,” quarried in California, were used for the vertical interior surfaces.

 

Sculpture

 

4 bronze columns, 4 bronze eagles and 1 bronze laurel within each pavilion

24 bronze bas relief sculptures along the ceremonial entrance (12 on each side)

4,000 sculpted gold stars on the Freedom Wall

112 bronze wreaths w/armatures (2 wreaths on each pillar, one on each side)

56 bronze ropes between the pillars

  

Dimensions

 

Length (back of pavilion to back of pavilion): 384’

Width (back of basin behind Freedom Wall to bottom of ceremonial entrance): 279’

Plaza: 337’-10” long; 240’-2” wide; 6’ below grade

Rainbow Pool: 246’-9” long; 147’-8” wide

Ceremonial entrance: 148’-3” wide; 147’-8” long (curb to plaza)

2 Pavilions: 43’ above grade; 23’ square

56 Pillars: 17’ above grade; 4’4” wide; 3’ deep

Freedom Wall: 84’-8” wide; 9’ high from plaza floor; 41’-9” radius

The city of Seattle, on Puget Sound in the Pacific Northwest, is surrounded by water, mountains and evergreen forests, and encompasses thousands of acres of parkland (hence its nickname, "Emerald City"). It’s home to a thriving tech industry, with Microsoft and Amazon.com headquartered in its metropolitan area. The futuristic Space Needle, a legacy of the 1962 World’s Fair, is its most recognizable landmark.

I was astounded by Bill Rankin's map of Chicago's racial and ethnic divides and wanted to see what other cities looked like mapped the same way. To match his map, Red is White, Blue is Black, Green is Asian, Orange is Hispanic, Gray is Other, and each dot is 25 people. Data from Census 2000. Base map © OpenStreetMap, CC-BY-SA

(Wikipedia)

The Library District is an officially designated neighborhood in Downtown Kansas City, Missouri, United States, roughly bounded by 9th and 11th Streets on the north and south and Main Street and Broadway on the east and west. The District contains several buildings individually listed on the National Register of Historic Places, as well as the West Ninth Street-Baltimore Avenue Historic District, also listed on the National Register. It also contains other notable structures not listed on the National Register.

 

The Central Library's parking garage has a distinctive facade on 10th Street, using images of 22 9-meter-high bookspines to create a "community bookshelf." The garage was created by design firm Dimensional Innovations, and local residents got to choose which titles would be represented in the bookshelf. The Wyandotte Street facade includes enlarged historic postcards with images of 10th Street and 9th Street from the early 1900s. The Baltimore Avenue facade next to the Kansas City Club includes giant banners with images of the Great Hall of the Library of Congress' Jefferson Building and a fanciful image of a gathering of famous Kansas Citians in an architectural fantasy by local artist Bob Holloway. The 22 "Community Bookshelf" book titles (in order from West to East on 10th street):[1]

Kansas City Stories, Volume I

Kansas City, Missouri; Its History and Its People 1808-1908 (Carrie Westlake Whitney) 1908

Tom’s Town, Kansas City and the Pendergast Legend (William M. Reddig) 1986

Goin’ to Kansas City (Nathan W. Pearson, Jr.) 1987

Farm: A Year in the Life of an American Farmer (Rhodes) 1989

Mr. Anonymous, the Story of William Volker (Herbert C. Cornuelle) 1951

Kansas City, Missouri: An Architectural History, 1826 - 1990 (George Ehrlich) 1992

Journeys Through Time: A Young Traveler’s Guide to Kansas City’s History (Monroe Dodd, Daniel Serda) 2000

Kansas City Stories, Volume II

Virgil Thomson, a Reader: Selected Writings 1924-1984 (Thomson) 2002

Mrs. Bridge (Connell) 1959

I Was Right on Time (O'Neil) 1996

The O’Donnells (Peggy Sullivan) 1956

Independence Avenue (Eileen Sherman) 1990

Stella Louella’s Runaway Book (Lisa Campbell Ernst) 1998

PrairyErth: (A Deep Map) (Least Heat-Moon) 1991

Messages from my Father (Calvin Trillin) 1996

Catch 22 (Heller)

Children's Stories

Goodnight Moon (Brown, pictures by Hurd)

Harold and the Purple Crayon (Johnson)

Winnie the Pooh (Milne)

Green Eggs and Ham (Dr. Seuss)

What a Wonderful World (Weiss, Thiele, pictures by Bryan) 1995

Little House on the Prairie (Wilder)

The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (Baum)

M. C. Higgins, the Great (Hamilton)

Silent Spring (Carson)

O Pioneers! (Cather)

Cien Años de Soledad (Marquez)

Their Eyes Were Watching God (Hurston)

Fahrenheit 451 (Bradbury)

The Republic (Plato)

The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (Twain)

(Building Entrance)

Tao Te Ching (Lao Tzu)

The Collected Poems of Langston Hughes (Hughes)

Black Elk Speaks (Neihardt)

Invisible Man (Ellison)

To Kill a Mockingbird (Lee)

Journals of the Expedition (Lewis, Clark) + Undaunted Courage (Ambrose)

The Lord of the Rings (Tolkien)

A Tale of Two Cities (Dickens)

Charlotte's Web (White)

Romeo and Juliet (Shakespeare)

Truman (McCullough)

 

This is a planar panorama, meaning pictures were taken while walking the entire block, rather than panning the buildings from one spot. There was quite a bit of construction going on, including construction trucks and cables in the way. Photoshop didn't like this but my trusty copy of Microsoft Image Composite Editor (Digital ICE) did a fairly good job of patching everything together.

 

Canon EOS 7D | 22mm | 1/100s | f/4.5 | ISO 100 | 28 shots

Kingdom of Champa, medieval state in what is now Vietnam. The Chams, a seafaring people of Indonesian stock, occupied the central and southern coast of Vietnam from Neolithic times. In the 2nd century ad they adopted Indian culture and religion and established the kingdom of Champa. Over the next few hundred years, they repeatedly fought off Chinese attempts to subjugate them. From the 7th to the 9th century, their capital was at Indrapura (Tra Kieu), near Ðà Nang. In response to pressure from the expanding Vietnamese in the north, it was moved south to Vijaya, near Qui Nhon, in the 11th century. In the 12th and 13th centuries, Champa fought a series of wars with the Khmers of Cambodia. It was finally conquered by the Vietnamese about 1470.

Microsoft ® Encarta ® 2009. © 1993-2008 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

 

Note: this photo was published in a Feb 23, 2012 issue of Everyblock NYC for the "customized" region of Central Park.

 

Moving into 2014, the photo was published in an Oct 31, 2014 blog titled "Microsoft One-Ups Apple and Gets a Big(ger) Data Game."

 

***********************

 

When I think of Central Park, I usually think of trees and grass and bright sunshine. The mental images are green, the temperatures are warm. The season is usually spring or summer, or perhaps the beginning of autumn.

 

If you say, "Central Park in winter," then I think of snow. The mental images are white or gray, like the ones in this Flickr set

that I created a couple years ago. The temperatures are freezing cold.

 

But there are exceptions: while it may not snow in the summer, there are also times in the winter when it doesn't snow. The winter temperatures may still be biting cold, but sometimes the late-afternoon sun dazzles and sparkles. Sometimes there's even a little bit of green in the dead grass on the fields and meadows. Sometimes there's even a little color in the dead trees and the drab, empty branches.

 

The runners, skaters, cyclists, joggers, tourists, after-school students, dog-walkers, and ordinary citizens of New York City make these muted colors "pop" with their outfits -- every conceivable color of the rainbow is included in the tights, the jackets, the helmets, the gloves and mittens, the scarves, the bikes, the boots, the headbands, the earmuffs, and other paraphernalia that they wear. Once upon a time, we would simply don an old pair of black shorts, and a grungy gray sweatshirt to jog in the park ... but those days are gone.

 

I managed to catch some good examples of this a few days ago, when two consecutive days of perfectly sunny weather gave me a chance to wander into the west side of Central Park at 86th Street, and walk east to the point where the inner roadway comes up to the top of a hill (right next to the southwest corner of the Central Park Reservoir, if you're familiar with the area). Facing north, I had the sun behind me for about half an hour before it dropped below the skyline of apartment buildings on Central Park West; and it bathed all of the joggers and cyclists and assorted others in a wonderful warm glow.

 

I took 500+ photos on each of the two afternoons, and winnowed the resulting 1,000+ images down to this modest collection of 50. I've got a couple hundred more that were almost good enough to post on Flickr ... but at least for now, they'll stay on my computer.

 

Enjoy!

Hard to make out, but you can see the ring of rooms surrounding the central kiva. Based on what looked like old paths, the main entrance to the site seems to be from the north. This view faces south. Also note the canyon to the right. This had plenty of water in it, and was likely part of the reason this site was chosen.

 

Panorama shot on Canon T2i with Rokinon 18 mm lens and put in Microsoft Image Composite Editor.

 

May:2016

 

processing method: gimp, picmonkey, easyhdr basic,windows microsoft visual studio 2010.

Seattle is a West Coast seaport city and the seat of King County. With an estimated 668,342 residents as of 2014, Seattle is the largest city in both the state of Washington and the Pacific Northwest region of North America, and, as of July 2013, is the fastest-growing major city in the United States. The Seattle metropolitan area of around 3.6 million inhabitants is the 15th largest metropolitan area in the United States. The city is situated on a narrow isthmus between Puget Sound (an inlet of the Pacific Ocean) and Lake Washington, about 100 miles south of the Canada–United States border. A major gateway for trade with Asia, Seattle is the 8th largest port in the United States and 9th largest in North America in terms of container handling.

 

The Seattle area was previously inhabited by Native Americans for at least 4,000 years before the first permanent European settlers. Arthur A. Denny and his group of travelers, subsequently known as the Denny Party, arrived from Illinois via Portland, Oregon on the schooner Exact at Alki Point on November 13, 1851. The settlement was moved to the eastern shore of Elliott Bay and named "Seattle" in 1852, after Chief Si'ahl of the local Duwamish and Suquamish tribes.

 

Logging was Seattle's first major industry, but by the late 19th century the city had become a commercial and shipbuilding center as a gateway to Alaska during the Klondike Gold Rush. By 1910, Seattle was one of the 25 largest cities in the country. However, the Great Depression severely damaged the city's economy. Growth returned during and after World War II, due partially to the local Boeing company, which established Seattle as a center for aircraft manufacturing. The Seattle area developed as a technology center beginning in the 1980s, with companies like Microsoft becoming established in the region. In 1994 the Internet retail giant Amazon was founded in Seattle. The stream of new software, biotechnology, and Internet companies led to an economic revival, which increased the city's population by almost 50,000 between 1990 and 2000.

 

Seattle has a noteworthy musical history. From 1918 to 1951, there were nearly two dozen jazz nightclubs along Jackson Street, from the current Chinatown/International District, to the Central District. The jazz scene developed the early careers of Ray Charles, Quincy Jones, Ernestine Anderson and others. Seattle is also the birthplace of rock musician Jimi Hendrix and the alternative rock style grunge.

 

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seattle

Swedish

 

Akalla är en stadsdel i Västerort inom Stockholms kommun. Den ligger ca 13 km NV om centrala Stockholm och är byggd på Järvafältet. Stadsdelen tillhör stadsdelsområdet Rinkeby-Kista och Kista församling.

 

Akalla nämns första gången 1323 och går då under namnet Akarli. Namnet betyder Åkarlarnas by och ån som åsyftas sägs då vara Igelbäcken som flyter i närheten av området.

 

Akalla var ett av de sista områdena som byggdes i Stockholms miljonprogram på 1970-talet och det var en fortsättning på den mindre lyckade 60-tals lösningen med Tensta i centrum.

 

Akalla domineras av de arton höghus som står på rad rakt igenom området. Denna bild är tagen från ett av dessa höghus som ligger längs Sibeliusgången. På norra sidan höghusen finns lägre hus som bildar storgårdar med små skogsdungar och lekplatser. Genom dessa hus går den långa backen Slingerbulten som slingrar sig fram mellan husen.

 

Söder om Akalla intill Järvafältet ligger Akalla by som består av äldre bevarad bebyggelse. Här finns bland annat hus från 1600-talet och gården hålls levande av bl.a. 4H. På båda sidor om Akalla by finns det radhusområden.

 

Akallas nordöstra sida domineras av industrier framför allt mjukvarubaserade sådana och här har även svenska Microsoft sitt huvudkontor. Genom industriområdet löper Hanstavägen.

 

Mellan 1905 och 1970 ingick Akalla i det område på Järvafältet som militären använde för övningar. Detta har bidragit till att området så länge bevarades som jordbruksmiljö även om det låg mycket nära Stockholm.

 

Akalla har en tunnelbanestation och är den ena ändstationen på linje 11.

 

English

 

Akalla is a city district of the Västerort within Stockholms commune. It is located 13 km NW of central Stockholm and is built on the Järvafältet fields. This city part forms one section of the Rinkeby-Kista strait and is part of Kista congregation.

 

Akalla is mentioned the first time in 1323 as Akarli. The name means the village of the river-men and the river that has been pointed out as the most logical reference is "igelbäcken" today just a small creek through the Järvafältet field.

 

Akalla was one of the last areas built in the Stockholm "million programme" a campaign in the 1960-1970:ies to build one million new apartments in the greater Stockholm area because of the lack of living quarters and the high prices for living. The programme has been blamed for many urban problems in these areas and in some places the brutalist concrete buildings is a remainter of the city planning from these days.

 

Akalla is dominated by 18 highrise houses located in a row through the area around Sibeliusgången street. This picture is taken from the roof top of one of these houses. On the north side of the highrise housesare lower houses forming large inner gardens sometimes with complete with forest groves and playgrounds for the children. Through these houses are "Slingerbulten" a winding road that connects these parts together.

 

South of Akalla close to Järvafältet fields is Akalla village which consists of older preserved buildings from the 17th century. Here is also Akalla farm which is today a 4H farm. On both sides of Akalla village are row-house areas with the characteristic suburb side-by-side houses.

 

The north-east side is dominated by industries, maninly software based companies and here is also where the Swedish portion of Microsoft is housed. Through this area runs the street Hanstavägen which is very old.

 

Between 1905 and 1970 Akalla was a part of the area that the military used for training exercises. This has also been cited as the reason for the remains of the 17th century buildings at Akalla village since the area was not submitted to any urban development until the military gave it up in the seventies.

 

Akalla has a metro (tunnelbana) station and is the last stop on line 11 northbound.

  

Supposedly there are less than 50 prodigious savants on the planet. Of those who are born with a savant syndrome only 1:6 are female. So saith the current stats.

 

I am an autistic adult female prodigious savant who stayed in the 'prodigy' closet for 40 years. I chose to exit said closet to use the sophisticated skills that I absorbed from my autistic savant, gifted, specially trained, abusive, autodidactic parents. My story is so atrocious that it's easier for me to tell in the 3rd person... So here's the 'Weight of Blood' in my family, community, in my home town of Marshall MO, and the U.S. alcoholic racist & rapist cultures capital City of Columbia Missouri. I was born at the local University of Missouri Columbia's Hospital.

 

This is the unimaginable story of an autistic female child with a savant syndrome. Her father was a White Supremacist minded U.S. Navy Intelligence trained (Vietnam) Champion Boxer, illegal firearms manufacturer, and true pedophile. His name is Bud Moore of Blue Ridge GA. the female savant used the special skills that she learned from him to endure the verbal threats, physical intimidation tactics, stress, and trauma. She began using these skills to interview any criminal , or group of organized criminals. Doctors, lawyers, politicians, nurses, racist employers, child molesters/traffickers who are often licensed in many of these professions. She once gathered enough evidence against more than 13 child rapists for the Pensacola P.D. Sex Crimes Division, U.S. Department of Homeland Security, the F.B.I., the I.R.S.'s Criminal Investigations Division, the Florida Dept. of Corrections office's of Probation and Parole (who supervise sex offenders), the S.S.A.'s Criminal Investigations Division, Polk Co. Missouri States Attorney's, Escambia County States Attorney's, and Orange Co. Florida's States Attorney's. She did all of this in one 4 month investigation.

 

More recently she gathered evidence against 13 licensed & registered medical professionals seeking to abuse her because she was an autistic LGBT female savant who blew the whistle on the local child sex trade of said drunken child molesting/trafficking medical professionals at Green Meadows Clinics, Boone Hospital Center, University of Missouri Hospital, Family Health center, Phoenix House, and enablers at the McCambridge Center for Women.

 

The point of the investigations by the above pictured (now adult) female prodigy was to get justice for, and prevent, 1000's of new tiny child victims, A.D.A. protected adult victims, save the life of a Florida Department of Corrections Probation and Parole Specialist Glen Harris, who supervised Richard Beasley, after Beasley and Scott Rozear Mason threatened to kill him because they were going to hide a young girl. her specially trained father taught her the concept of 'preventative maintenances' based on 'contingency planning', after a 'systems analysis'.

 

1000's ???? That's a huge number, you think. It's actually a low estimate. See, stats say that the average predator accumulates 117 victims before they catch their 1st sex offense charge. They usually have plenty of other criminal charges on their rap sheet. Not sure about the stats for female predators. they operate differently.

 

Richard Edwin Beasley was most definitely a true sexual predator.

 

You can find Beasley's prison face sheet, and Scott Rozear Mason's arrest sheet in my Flickr stream. Scott Rozear Mason is the son of convicted child pornographer John Richard Mason. His photo is in my Flickr stream, as well... John R. Mason resides at 2801 Bayview Way in Pensacola FL. John Mason was incarcerated in Jackson C.I., in Malone FL, with Daniel Selby who is Beasley's long time partner in organized crime who's doing 40 years because Beasley testified against Selby for leniency in Orlando (Orange County, FL). You can read the whole story on my first photo in this stream. You have to go back to page 1...

 

Our savant did this as a fugitive, for almost 8 years, from the FL Dept. of Corrections on a 9 year old theft charge. She stole to pay for her Depakote which helps with the symptoms of autism & communicating in a linear way as her savant syndrome pulls up 1000's of memories when asked a question. Interpreting them takes a while, and causes social problems because of the inpatient idiots she has to deal with. Having an eidetic memory is no picnic for women who are to be seen, and not heard... Anyway, the warrant was served, and she was released, the warrant was never taken out of the system.

 

Note: this link is for definition purposes only. It's far from an authoritative view on the condition of Savant Syndrome. I can pull up almost any moment and re-live, recall the emotions, vocal tones, facial expressions, everything they say. It's based in mathematics for me. It has to have a mathematical signifigance, today, for me to even pay enough attention to remember it. By mathematics I mean logical/reasonable, or if it's an illogical/unreasonable statement/action that sets off a series of events/conversations/arguments/altercations, good or bad, that lead to more 'good or bad math'.

 

The artistic autistic little girl savant also used the journalism/investigative skills she absorbed from her autodidact, and university educated, Munchausen mother Deborah Dean Morton. the mother is now married to William Scott Morton -Aerospace Engineer, of Hawaii. Deborah D. Morton majored in Education prior to her pregnancy. This Munchhausen mother later earned her B.S. (for sure) in Mass Communications maintaining the Missouri Valley Colleges Deans List & the National Deans list graduating Summa Cum Laude. Our Savant's mother also has Munchausen Syndrome, and Munchhausen Syndrome By Proxy. If she didn't have her daughter to keep sick, then the mother kept herself sick.

 

This mother was the victim of childhood abuse, child trafficking, multiple beatings, and rapes by her own father, her brother Virgil David Chapman of North Kansas City MO (formerly of T.W.A. and all the subsequent airlines that has owned them since), uncles, cousins. Her savant daughters rapist father, while he was her husband. The savants father was married to another woman Roberta Carson-King & had 2 sons Richard Lynn Moore and Micheal Edward Moore when this female savant was conceived.

 

The two older brothers are choosing to stand by their child molesting father. The apple doesn't fall far from the tree. They can't claim Stockholm Syndrome because he never threatened their lives to keep their 'mouths shut.' Mom also trafficked the baby girl savant out to the mother's incestuous family of molesters for imagined, or petty privileges. She knew when the savant was going to be molested. She got off on it. The same way she got off on watching the father beat the child. She didn't like the fact that Bud Moore preferred the tiny savant. Women are naturally competitive that way.

 

The mother saw her baby girl savant as competition. Probably because the father was molesting the baby girl. So the mother beat the little autistic savant, withheld food, affection, and basically imprisoned her in her room so she couldn't get these things from anyone else, and denied her proper health care and education for autistic savants so the teachers and doctors couldn't extract the truth from the child. The cuts on the little savants face, the beatings on her tiny behind, the hearing problems from having her ears boxed, all sent up red flags with everyone who worked with the child. She was quiet, inquisitive, and stayed still when she was in pain, so when she raised hell they knew something was up at home. Both parents had reputations in the community, anyway.

 

The laws in Marshall MO were that the kids must attend school. There were only public schools back then. When the little savant told teachers, or school counselors, who asked what was wrong and phone calls were made that launched investigations our little savant was beaten, and threatened by her parents. Her mother was responsible for most of the physical abuse, and tried to suffocate her more than once while she slept. The father presented his daughter as a 'problem child' who disrespected him, and the mother.

 

This is called a 'propaganda campaign'. The father was in Vietnam, though he was never 'in country', he never speaks of what he did for the first few years. He's well trained at this type of manipulation. Bud Moore molests the little savant. He likes them as toddlers so they can be easily manipulated into not talking, and if they do, he presents an alibi by saying to the child "No. You did this this and this, so I had to do this and this..." Now, the kids confused and let's it go...

 

his biggest problem here was that he had a child prodigy, with a Munchhausen mother who sees the kid as competition and tries to kill her, beats the savant, subjects her to further molestation/rape/trafficking by her own incestuous family members. The teachers see the trauma...

 

Now, he has a lot of explaining to do. He can't tell on the mother, because she'll tell on him. They'll both go to prison. The child prodigy, that they both knew damn well that they had, caused them to argue over how to keep it quiet. Some of the teachers knew. The little girl savant couldn't be completely controlled because law says she HAS TO GO TO SCHOOL.

 

So, the campaign began to make Heather out as a liar, and then told her to do things that got her into trouble, then denied that they told her to do it. This perpetuated the liar/troublemaker image that they were trying project for her.

 

That's why these types of propaganda campaigns are very ineffective against her as an adult when there is discrimination/retaliation at work, at the doctors office, at the Salvation Army's Harbor House, University of Missouri's criminally malpracticing physicians and surgeons...

 

Once she hit her teens she'd had enough. She started her own investigations, and started doing some manipulating and propaganda campaigns of her own. Problem was she lacked maturity, and was still stuck in her Stockholm Syndrome so her memories were limited to what had helped her get to where she was at. She just didn't have the moxie to re-live it all to remember why she learned what she learned, from whom, why, and how. Who wants to remember that an autistic prodigy was repeatedly beaten, raped, held captive, almost murdered, and continually threatened by her toddler molesting, pornography making, sharp-shooter father to deliberately keep the prodigy quiet so the parents didn't spend the rest of their lives in prison...

 

The autistic savant child spends her childhood, and her adulthood crippled by back pain when Bud Moore beat the baby female savant, rupturing discs in the autistic female savant toddlers back disabling her at the age of 2, or 3, with lifelong pain. She had pretty well learned how to hide both her physical, and emotional pain and confusion by the time she got to school. Her parents made sure of that to keep the police off of their backs. She wasn't able to participate in many sports, and gym class, because of her legs feeling like two sandbags she had to drag around with her. When she expressed that she was going to grow up and marry a woman, the father began retaliate and continue to attempt to sexually condition her to like WHITE males, like himself. He was seen as gross and disgusting by this beautiful little savant who knew she wanted another beautiful and smart woman like herself. She saw beauty as a spiritual consideration. Her mother, and father were good-looking, but very ugly. They routinely told her that she was fat, ugly, dumb, stupid, and bound to be a prostitute.

 

They were the whores. They did, and still are, selling themselves for financial security. They both ran every penny that they had into the ground, divorced, and carefully targeted new spouses who had good prospects financially.

 

William Scott Morton, routinely addressed as Scott or Scotty, was an officer in the U.S. Air Force. He was a young student (only 2 years older than me) when he pursued my mother who worked at Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University in Prescott AZ because of her 0 waist.... He was thinking with the wrong head. That's just how she likes her men. He's recruited to work for N.A.S.A. and wrote the soft-ware for the mainframe computer on the International Space Station. They hated Houston and moved to Phoenix where he went to work for either Southwest, or American Airlines. It was bought out by U.S. Airways which was just purchased by United. Scott didn't want to live in Dallas, and Mom demanded to live in Hawaii ( I was invited and said "not a snowballs chance in hell") so off they went. I was invited here, to Phoenix by my mother.

 

She had just done some prodigiously heroic shit, and needed to go public before the Mason trial so the jury could convict, and the judge could send his ass to prison for a while. I was still in denial. Even though I had some infrequent memories surface, and had been an extreme prodigious activist against abuses of any kind, by anyone, for decades. Scott would ask me certain questions when he and I went to the store, the same way my fathers new wife, Robin Moore, did. Robin's first husband is a convicted child molester... Both of my parents new spouses know, at some level, what they married. They are probably in some sort of denial because that shit hurts. To find out that someone you love isn't who they presented themselves to be.

 

Healthy women protect their kids, as best they can. Robin has 5 kids, 4 of whom have kids. Little kids... My father's the same type of predator as Beasley, and Mason. That's why they didn't scare me... They had nothing on my parents! Scott Morton and I had it out when he demanded that I let my mother threaten me, my job, and my physical health to keep her happy so he could have a sex life. SICK BASTARD!!! He acknowledged what she was because she's the same way to him. He gets off on it. I refused to be in a social menage a trois with my mother and her husband. Jesus. He cussed, and they both just about puked when I called it out. I went there to see what was what, and see if she had just offended me as a kid, or whether she was a predator. Both of my parents are sexual predators. My mother told me how she landed Scott for a retirement plan. She repeatedly said "No, you wouldn't want me. I have a history because of my husband." Thus appealing to his need to rescue the damsel in distress. This worked for her often. Dad, used my mothers bad behavior to gain sympathy from Robin, who had a new home, and needed someone who was proficient at turning it into her dream cabin. Most people use what they can to attract a mate. My parents had dishonest, and dangerous intentions. I've learned to make sure that I am absolutely as honest as my conditions will let me be.

 

The little savants father never hurt her on those creek banks, or hunting trips. He made sure it felt good. However, he threatened her life more than once if she told on him, or her mother. So he saved her life by teaching her important skills to keep her mother from killing her when he was gone. Had the mother snapped, as she often does, and killed the savant, the investigation would have flipped Deborah, and Buds raggedy ass would have been imprisoned, too. He couldn't be there to protect her all the time. She grew up and used them to get bastards like him and her mother under investigation, and finally in prison with the Beasley case. Unfortunately the savants parents were never charged. Today, Buds manufacturing firearms in Blue Ridge, GA. Repairing, and building electronics, and computers to make unreported cash while collecting S.S.D.

 

The mother is a convicted felon. Her record was erased by a judge she slept with, however, not all of the public records from those multiple charges were erased...

 

The mother has a young man to keep sick, now. The father has a mess of granddaughters to molest on the creek bank... They will enjoy it, and never, ever, tell. They will protect him as fiercely as our savant did... Their parents, and grandmother will demand that they not tell on him. It's called Stockholm Syndrome.

 

Today, the prodigious savant survivor of child sex trafficking by her parents, and an aunt in Columbia MO, keeps her nose clean so no one can threaten her to keep her quiet.

 

Or bury her in a prison to cover up their multiple fuck-ups that let a sexual predator who likes his victims under 5 years of age get 3 new victims, then commit prosecutorial misconduct by suborning perjury and erasing the adult female Prodigious Savant as an 'agent of the state' because she blew the whistle on the Florida States Attorney's office in Orlando. Specifically Kimberly Mann Asst. States Attorney and Karen Bankowitz Asst. States Attorney in Orange County Florida.

 

When our savant got out of prison, she went straight back to Orlando, where she testified, and witnessed Glen Harris commit perjury, and Karen Bankowitz deliberately suborn perjury from him, and tried to control testimony from our savant to keep it quiet. But, our savant got some stuff on the record when she went under cross examination...

 

When she gets re-employed I'll upload the audio from that hearing, along with commentary on exactly how A.S.A. Bankowitz, and Probation Officer Harris smeared their two key witnesses to look like sympathizers when they damned well knew better.

 

While staying at a Walt Disney Company funded cesspool called the Coalition for the Homeless in Orlando, our savant went to one of her favorite places to meet trafficking mothers, and molesters of many sorts. Alcoholics Anonymous. Narcotics Anonymous, and Sex Addicts Anonymous, drug treatment centers, homeless shelters, and in-patient mental health facilities are the best places to meet actual female, and male sexual predators/traffickers. I PROMISE you that the sexual offender/predator registry is nowhere near a complete list.

 

If you think that the situations that I faced as a kid are extraordinary then you, as a society are doing yourselves a huge disservice. Mine was a very TYPICAL American childhood. It's just that God made sure that these two child molesting bozos gave birth to an autistic prodigious female savant who would be more interested in protecting, and getting funding for the proper protection, of her country, than say a male savant who would stick his head in the sand and pretend that the U.S. of A. is not a 3rd world country. It very much is. My friend Virginia said "this country is in a holocaust".

 

And she is right. the university of Missouri hospitals, and clinics are responsible for an immeasurable genocide from pushing deadly meds for off-label uses for kickbacks, or deliberately misdiagnosing to justify the force d prescription, at times, under court order!!!

 

More about Virginia, later.

 

Now, before you start getting defensive about my tactics, I did use alcohol as a kid for my back pain, and to help with the painful memories which were constantly thrown up in my face by both parents, and the anxiety associated with the autism. I never got into any trouble because of it, per say. I was never chemically dependent, either. I did seek help at A.A. back in 1990. I was told repeatedly that I am not an alcoholic, oreven a problemed drinker, however because they often have histories of abuse I was very welcomed at 'open' meetings. I became close to many, and most of the time it is someone in that particular A.A. community that tips me off to the trafficking mother, molesting male, etc. I also have lots of legal counsel who's identities are doubly protected by us associating via A.A. my prodigious idea. That way they do not face retaliation for helping me, they don't have to report it to the bar association, or I.R.S., and can not be subpoenaed. We are amazingly networked.

 

Even though I do not meet the criteria as an alcoholic, I have no problem saying that I am if it means that I can get close to a real predator that cops, and C.P.S. workers can't get near.

 

Remember, now here's the math so pay attention: operating on these logical axioms is how I prodigiously gather evidence, and get confessions of child abuse, child sexual abuse, and trafficking by molesters who may very well be the mothers.

 

I can take one drink and poor the rest out because the shit stinks. it reminds me of the drunken rapes that I suffered at the hands of uncles, doctors that my R.N. aunt brought to her private land in Midway. I use a strict accountable, and comprehensive approach to pain management to ensure that I could take care of my daily needs without getting addicted. Today, since I've gone public, I actually have my prescriber have me come in often for a pill count. This protects her, and me. She knows why. She knows who I am and what I do. When I speak negatively about 'drunks and junkies' that's addressing their thug behavior. It's a generalization, however, society did it first. 'Criminal', 'felon', 'convict', 'homeless person', are other favorite discriminating labels used by society. 'Retard'- University of Missouri physicians favorite, and any number of mental health diagnosis that call a patients perspective, and accusations, into question in case the university of Missouri physicians get reported.

 

These Midwest Bible Thumpers don't use the words 'abuse', 'molesting', or 'trafficking' enough. They will bitch about some petty shit. This is called displacement.

 

I knew quite well that my choice to not plead down to a misdemeanor, take the felony, would get me a lot of credit with the 'bad guys'.

 

Watch the movie 'The Departed'. It works.

 

So, I got to know the attorney, and didn't believe everything I was told. I have to go into any investigation completely open minded. I have to see, and have affection for them, the good side of them. They have to see someone that they can trust when they look me in the eyes. It makes the job go smoother, and the information flows like air. My now friend Virginia was a little too stiff when she interviewed me. She didn't tell me who she was, just some of her amazing credentials. Like the fact that "I controlled the Naval movement during the Vietnam War." and that "I was an investigator for D.O.J. The Dept. of Justice always wins. ALWAYS!"

 

I was sure counting on it.

 

Back to the attorney, Chad Cronon J.D. He invited our savant to live with him when the Coalition for the Homeless in Orlando planned to exit her for whistle blowing. She called code enforcement when she had severe swelling and popping in her knee (has a tibial rod from the Pfizer Pharmaceuticals Neurontin/Gabapentin scandal, again, that's several chapters in the book) because Linda Ferriera refused to follow the code about isle obstruction. Linda also told our savant not to work so her disability claim would go through. Then falsified our savants file saying that she should have been working, and saving money if she really wanted to qualify for a program... I wanted to work part-time so I could pay for my medical needs. Nope. I'd have goten put out for not following my case plan. See, Lakeside Behavioral also had an office on the Coalitions Campus. Coalition is funded by Disney.

 

I went into one their facilities because there were lots of reports of physical violence by staff onto clients. And indeed there was. I had a M.H.T. put her hands on me, and the fat ugly bitch didn't do it again. i started yelling about how she and another M.H.T. sat around and talked about sex at the desk, with his girlfriend who was also a an M.H.T. at the Orlando/Eatonville Florida facility. Dr. Tan was there that morning and proceeded to discharge all the witnesses. He had help from a thug charge nurse they brought in to threaten us with a 4-6 month commitment. I still remember the witnesses names. Angela Valnachek? and Ricky Bobby. Angela was sent there for evaluation for a diversion program by the O.C. Correctional/Orange County States Attorney's because she's caught another charge for drinking and driving, or something like that. Her plan, as prescribed by the M.D.'s there was a residential treatment facility as opposed to jail. She had been there quite some time awaiting the a bed. After she told Dr. Tan what she saw that morning when M.H.T. Paula (M.H.T. Albert's girlfriend who had dragged Tawnya the day before) threw a very mentally handicapped (with speech impediment) Tawnya Richardson to the ground and hit her the head so her hair might hide any bruises. Angela, Ricky and I all watched horrified. I got up and asked why the charge nurse let her stay on the floor. "I couldn't see what was happening." But Albert had to get Paula off of Tawnya by picking her up off Tawnya. I began to raise hell because the cover-up had already started. I called the Eatonville Police and Officer Reyes responded. She assured me that risk management would interview all of us. They did not. Miguel, the facilities supervisor whom we never saw, went into our Dr.'s interviews. Bastard tried like hell to speak for me. I looked at Dr. Tan and promised him that Miguel was desperately trying to cover his ass. See, Dr. Tan's wife works there as well. Both of them barely speak English. Now, both of their jobs are on the line... You do the math. So, Dr. Tan orders Angela's release, and falsified her records to make it look like she was just fine to be released back onto the streets to drink and drive. her parting words were that she was going home for a "blunt and a drink". Ricky Bobby was released, and I was threatened with a 4-6 month involuntary commitment if I didn't sign the Voluntary Discharge papers. I actually signed that I was under duress so D.O.J. could look. They didn't see what I actually wrote!!!! LOL! Pricks. So, I go back through the E.R. at Orlando Regional Medical Center (ORMC) and go right back to Eatonville. It was worse! You can find dr. tan on their website. Just do a Google search...

 

See, Lakeside's in bed with Florida Hospital.

 

Who's in bed with Walt Disney Corp. and the Orlando Magic. As in 'Magic' Kingdom...

 

So, I told Chad about what happened with the O.C. States Attorneys in the Child Abuse/Sex Crimes Division. He represented sex offenders, and I had the goods on the States attorneys who prosecuted them who had deliberately violated Brady.

 

Yes, I am that fucking smart...

 

Chad consulted our savant a couple of times. "Oh! NO! I've known this kid for years!" He'd get the discovery and be like "How'd you know? I gave him my 'axioms' on which I based my theory. I can do this with most social situations because I've exposed myself to most social situations. I've spent a lot of time exploring our sub-cultures, as well. This gives me a lot to work with.

 

So, he LATER ( later is the operative word ) swore our savant in as an agent of the Law Office of Chad Cronon J.D. He's a legal scholar, law professor, and former Florida States Attorney who worked with the two A.S.A.'s mentioned who buried our savant with the suborned testimony of Glen Harris, whose life she saved. Chad consulted her, because of her lightening fast ability to analyze and form contingency planning for multiple possible outcomes. She taught him a few money making tricks, and he taught her a few right back. He asked her some very important questions that she needed to answer before pursuing any more sex offenders than she'd already had... Beasley, and mason weren't the first. The others were all handled PROPERLY by C.P.S., and the other investigators involved. This was the first time she'd seen such a blatant disregard for child, and general public safety. By so many involved... And she knew Mason was going to REALLY hurt someone if he wasn't locked up for something.... Anything... You can read it all in the book when I can get employed, housed, and get my laptop, literary agent, and book deal.

 

She then found out that the violent child trafficker/molester Scott Rozear Mason, who had threatened Glen Harris (w/ his crony Beasley back in 2010) when they were going to hide a child, and against whom she had turned over stacks of evidence, stolen I.R.S. money, to the Pensacola Police Department's Sex Crimes Division over 2 years before had never been arrested for those R.I.C.O. violations.

 

However, he had been arrested for the murder of a teen boy Matthew Nestle in Pensacola on December 14th, 2012.

 

2 1/2 months after she got out of prison.

 

The adult female savant exploded out of the prodigious savant closet so the jury would know the monsters real history because the confessed racist child-molesting redneck was pleading'self-defense'. She got copies of the public records that authenticated her story about the Beasley Case before she left Florida for her safety.

 

Our savant feels that any child abused in any way is her 'war buddy', and thus her responsibility. She doesn't stop at sexual abuse. Any abuse permitted, or committed by any parent should have criminal consequences and special funding to get the kid away from the parents for as long as it takes to get the kid feeling safe enough to talk. This huge epidemic of child abuse, child trafficking, and the indifference about it.

 

The inaction, and the indifference, of those who witness the abuse, and rescue the abuser, is what makes this U.S.A. a 3rd world country.

 

J.F.K. said "We all cherish our children's futures..." No, actually, we don't. Taxpayers want less taxes. That means fewer C.P.S. workers, police, teachers, etc... The politicians do what the taxpayers want so they can get elected. They all blow smoke up the taxpayers asses, and the taxpayers children suffer for it. If you think that child predators don't get to the children in families who have 2 parents, who work, who own homes, have educations, got to church then you are blowing smoke up your own ass. I was severally abused by, molested by, and in spite of, all of the above... You choose what you love, and what you cherish, and you spend your money accordingly... My father spent his money keeping my mother happy, and finding her when she took off, so she wouldn't tell on him for molestation, and a whole bunch of other criminal shit-which his new family thinks is cute... the Strobels of Blue Ridge GA. But their pappy was a child molester who's out of prison now.

 

The autistic prodigious savant in the above got Beasley arrested, and sentenced to 20 years, though he'd of gotten 30 if the Florida States Attorney's office hadn't violated Brady vs. Maryland. Then she wrote the art bio under a selfie about Scott Rozear Mason which was immediately fed into a news aggregator... She was the #3 article 2nd only to Pensacola News Journal in about a week.

 

Scott Rozear Mason was then promptly convicted of 2nd degree murder by a jury. They began deliberations at 11:55am on ,December 18, 2013. They returned a verdict of 'Guilty' at 2:40pm that day. 2hours and 45 minutes. My article had been posted one month, had over 10,000 views, and drew out another witness about a week before his jury was actually selected and subject to any sequestration. When I deleted the whole Flickr stream, I had acquired over 500,000 hits, and gaining about 5,000 a day on my various chapters.

 

The woman I write about in what's now a book, commented on the unnecessary violence of Scott Rozear Mason. She was the mother of the child that Mason and Beasley were going to hide and that I was trying to get to safety because of Masons associations with multiple predators of children. I then posted our exchanged e-mails. She told an unabridged inside story that only she could tell.

 

So, I testified, interviewed a witness, and admitted inadmissible evidence via a Flickr photo!

 

I revolutionized testifying to a judge and jury, as well as presenting evidence of motive, habitual offenses, prior bad acts, and sex offenses without this defendant having any previous convictions for it.

 

This article/book now had over 85,000 views in 5 1/2 months. I re-posted it twice in early February 2014. 100,000 views, and 93,000 views in not quite 4 months. The other articles had over 20,000 each.

 

This savant asked for a life sentence for Scott Rozear Mason in a comment under what turned into a free online book. Written in just a few weeks. It's all a recounting of events using her extremely accurate memory, and her mathematical gifts in governing dynamics and deductive logic and reason.

 

The female savant now uses her investigative skills to expose abuse of children or any protected adults.

 

Scott Rozear Mason didn't have the guts to pull a gun on me.... He saw in my eyes that I'd been fighting monsters way bigger, badder, and much smarter than him all my life. Scott Rozear Mason also saw that I won those fights, even when I lost... When the officers of the court, and the law enforcement officers that played games with childrens lives to cover their fuck-ups are all in prison for their criminal actions THEN I'll shut up about it. I'm the best, and smartest person on the planet (according to stats) to fight for justice against ALL of Matthew A. Nestles murderers... They all vouched for my credibility, on PUBLIC RECORD!

 

He can no longer celebrate birthdays. Therefore, my upcoming 44th birthday will not be celebrated. Shit my family made damn sure I knew I was an accident, and my death would be the answer to all their problems. That's why they killed me, socially... Fuck them for that. I've been waiting on them to quit hating each other, and be accountable. But, alas, they refuse.

 

Now, this is like the 'Rumble In The Jungle'. Ali took hit after hit. His crew, and the crowd kept yelling and cussing him out! "Are you crazy? Man! Fight!!" But Muhammad Ali knew it was too early. He was no match to beat George Foreman. So, Ali just waited...and kept his mouth shut. He told NO ONE. Not even his closest crew members what he was up to. When George got tired, and the fight was about out of him, Ali tore into his ass! My parents are old, and comfortable, and tired. But they are still covering up their crimes. Which negates ANY room for forgiveness. They have to own their trespasses before they can even think of asking for forgiveness. They can not make excuses, nor blame the behavior of a tiny, autistic child prodigy. I was never a FAMOUS child prodigy because their shit would have been exposed and their asses would have been in prison. Fine, they wanted to escape prosecution, and criminal justice, now I get to be judge, jury and executioner... I'm killing them, socially, just the same. They are now publicly searchable as child molesters. And I'm making it cool, fun, and popular to speak out about, and cuss out, publicly, a persons rapists, molesters, abusers, and the offenders enablers. There should be NO SHAME in publicly naming, and cussing sociopaths who abuse any kids, much less their own tiny autistic baby girl for BEING AUTISTIC! The Bible that they like to beat kids over the head with says those that 'hurt the least of them' will basically experience a living hell. Then go to the real one if they make no effort to repent. My parents made the choices that are making them, and soon their supporters/other kids, very famous for monstrous shit. God id Love, and love is God. bible says to hurt children is just like hurting him. Children are pure Love. They do not judge, they tell it like it is. They do as they are taught, those sometimes others besides the parents teach them, but, still, they are born perfect. For the record, this is not an obsession. Savant syndrome means we can not forget. And when the memory is triggered we re-live the experience as if we were there. including the physical & emotional pain, the confusion, and the shame & guilt when they tell other family members LIES that "Heather did this and got her ass beat..." When Heather did no such thing. Or Heather is autistic and couldn't help it...

 

God gave me this unimaginable gift for a reason. To expose the brutality in child abuse, rape, psychological incest (both parents for me), real incest, and child trafficking for petty financial gain. And communities who get organized to cover it up because then they all go down for their crimes...

 

I'm not looking for anyone to feel sorry for me. No need. I post these for those who want to know why this adult female prodigy can only be around a few of her family members, and raises hell about child abuse. And a child doesn't have to be beaten to be abused.

 

She also did some amazing things at Central Arizona Shelter Services in Phoenix. a.k.a C.A.S.S. It has tremendous potential. If the staff would stop feeling sorry for their clients being homeless (getting on your own pity pot gets you NOWHERE, why would it get results to get on someone elses? ) they might then be able to help themselves. Reasonable Accommodation is not to be confused with 'feeling sorry for', or 'special treatment'. Case management is a whole different ball game. I was offered an extension by Katie Vandik, the supervisor, and Taryn. My face got red as hell. I wanted to cuss them both out SO BAD. You deliberately fuck with my safe place, that you promised, then after I publish some photos and info on my stream you say "Oh. We were wrong, and you gave me an extension from the first date only because I exposed you. So, it's still loud as hell in the dorms, you're still playing favorites, and staff is still violating H.I.P.A.A., and the level 2 & 3 women have to see, and smell and deliberate miscarriage/abortion. The new cleaning girl, that you are probably about to fire because I left, (now maybe you'll keep her just to try to prove me wrong- yes reverse psychology works on businesses, and corp.'s when you go public if they have any sense), and then the rest of her bleed out for 6 days. This chemically aborted fetus was my child. It's mother was nasty piece of work who has routinely gained case managements special treatments... The fact that she's in Level 3 when she told me that she told you that she doesn't even work. I couldn't get staff to leave me alone about who it was, so I gave that young man in Security the name of a junkie who's always selling, and buying, and borrowing pain pills. Gotcha! So, I walked.

 

The prodigy is going back to MO to finish her investigation. I get sick just thinking about it. My training will not allow me to concede to the intimidation of re-living these memories.The eidetic memory has it's painful aspects. However, when you're in love, it's a powerful force to be reckoned with.

 

I certainly will not concede to the manipulative Nazi style propaganda, and ISIS terrorist tactics, used by all who do not want me there. Whistleblower retaliation is a fierce animal. That's where my prodigious use of my savant syndrome is at its best. That little prodigy in that picture above has been fighting monsters of all types since she was a tiny toddler. She has perfected her skills, and that little girl is always in charge. She's courageous, faithful, and fears nothing except fear itself. She's survived death more times than she cares to remember.

 

Resurrections are her favorite pastime. ;-)

     

Loch Tulla is a small Loch near Bridge of Orchy and Glencoe in Scotland and in the central highlands. It contains salmon some of which are bred locally.

It lies north-east of the Inveroran Hotel, a popular West Highland Way stop off point close to Bridge of Orchy

 

7 images stitched with Microsoft ICE

Canon EOS 7D c/w EFs 15-85

The Nittany and Bald Eagle local made a rare evening run to Tyrone. While the engineer waited for a switch to be thrown before reversing onto a siding, I had time to grab some side shots of the lead locomotive. I stitched together this panorama in Microsoft ICE and used the new autocomplete feature on the jagged edges.

Orchidaceae is the largest family of the flowering plants (Angiospermae).Its name is derived from the genus Orchis.

The Royal Botanical Gardens of Kew list 880 genera and nearly 22,000 accepted species, but the exact number is unknown (perhaps as many as 25,000) because of taxonomic disputes. The number of orchid species equals about four times the number of mammal species, or more than twice the number of bird species. It also encompasses about 6–11% of all seed plants. About 800 new orchid species are added each year. The largest genera are Bulbophyllum (2,000 species), Epidendrum (1,500 species), Dendrobium (1,400 species) and Pleurothallis (1,000 species). The family also includes the Vanilla (the genus of the vanilla plant), Orchis (type genus) and many commonly cultivated plants like some Phalaenopsis or Cattleya.

Moreover, since the introduction of tropical species in the 19th century, horticulturists have more than 100,000 hybrids and cultivars.

Orchidaceae are cosmopolitan, occurring in almost every habitat apart from deserts and glaciers. The great majority are to be found in the tropics, mostly Asia, South America and Central America. They are found above the Arctic Circle, in southern Patagonia and even on Macquarie Island, close to Antarctica.

The following list gives a rough overview of their distribution:

tropical America: 250 to 270 genera

tropical Asia: 260 to 300 genera

tropical Africa: 230 to 270 genera

Oceania: 50 to 70 genera

Europe and temperate Asia: 40 to 60 genera

North America: 20 to 25 genera

 

Vengono comunemente chiamate Orchidee alcune piante appartenenti alla famiglia delle Orchidacee, ed in particolare i loro fiori.

Parti del fiore di una Ophrys sp.Gli eleganti, delicati e variopinti fiori di orchidea possono assumere, in virtù del loro polimorfismo, innumerevoli forme: hanno una tipica struttura alata, con un perigonio di tre sepali superiori e tre petali inferiori; uno di questi, detto labello, si differenzia per formato dagli altri in modo da attirare gli insetti impollinatori. Le dimensioni e il colore del labello, unitamente alla forma dello sperone cavo in cui si prolunga la sua base, mutano a seconda delle diverse specie.

Ogni fiore possiede organi maschili (androceo) e femminili (gineceo), riuniti in un solo corpo colonnare detto ginostemio, talvolta prolungato in un rostello carnoso. Il polline è agglutinato in masse (pollinodi) a clava, che si attaccano mediante la base gelatinosa (retinacolo) alla testa degli insetti pronubi, permettendo così l'impollinazione dei fiori successivamente visitati.

 

Font : Wikipedia

 

With "Windows Movie Maker"," Photo story 3 for Windows" or other similar program it is possible assemble the ours photos in beautiful slide show with appropriate soundtrack ... The result is splendid....90 second of beauty

www.flickr.com/groups/838527@N23/

 

Con "Windows Movie Maker"," Photo story 3 per Windows" o altro programma similare è possibile montare la nostre foto con una opportuna colonna sonora...Il risultato è splendido......90 secondi di bellezza

www.flickr.com/groups/838527@N23/

  

The set-up for this image was a bit different from usual, in part because it's actually a panorama of images that were stiched together. What's visible here is a very small crop from the total panorama - this image itself is about 20 megapixels in resolution; the total image was closer to 80, if I remember right. The execution on this could have been improved; despite not being technically perfect, it's a pleasing sight.

 

The reason for wanting to do such a thing was to give focus to the image. If this had been taken as a single wide-angle shot, nearly everything would have been sharply in focus and it would appear chaotic. While I wanted the background to be visible, it had to be blurred. This would ensure that the eye started at the foreground, and it would also leave something to the imagination. If the viewer is forced to fill in the fine details, they are further drawn into the photo than if everything is presented to them… or so I think.

 

Despite freezing temperatures and a good amount of snow, this small stream continued to flow. Even though this is a scene from the North Woods in Central Park, New York City, I was the only person at this place (and the first set of foot prints in the snow). Eventually a couple with their dog caught up to me, but it was somewhat "magical" to be in a snowed-over forest, alone and in silence, knowing that thousands of people were no more than a ten to 30 minute walk in any direction.

SS.......EXAMPLES HERE OF HOW YOUR OUT OF CONTROL CRIMINAL GOVERNMENT IS USING YOUR OWN TAX DOLLARS TO STEAL YOUR FREEDOM FROM YOU....AND WHEN YOUR PERSONAL LIST GETS LONG ENOUGH......WELL OF COURSE THEN YOU'RE A PROBLEM AND YOU CAN NOW BE ARRESTED WITHOUT WARRANT.... HELD INDEFINITELY WITHOUT TRIAL AND ALL OF YOU AND YOUR FAMILYS ASSESTS SEIZED ..... ALL AS I SAID ....WITHOUT WARRANT WITHOUT ANY REASON GIVEN..........JUST DISAPPEARED.......POOF! ................BYE BYE ..GONE BABY GONE

 

TIME TO WAKE THE F*CK UP AMERICA IT'S WAY WAY PAST 1984........

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10 Examples Of How "Big Brother" Is Steadily Creeping Into Our Daily Lives

Submitted by Michael Snyder of The American Dream blog,

 

Virtually everything that you do is being watched. Do you drive a car? Do you watch television? Do you use a cell phone? As you do any of those things, information about you is being recorded and tracked. We live at a time when personal privacy is dying. And it is not just governments that are doing this. In fact, sometimes private companies are the biggest offenders. It turns out that gathering information about all of us is very, very profitable. And both government entities and private companies are going to continue to push the envelope when it comes to high tech surveillance until people start objecting to what they are trying to do. If we continue down the path that we are currently on, it is inevitable that we will end up living in an extremely restrictive “Big Brother” police state where basically everything that we do is very closely watched, monitored, tracked and controlled. And such a day may be much closer than you think. The following are 10 examples of how “Big Brother” is steadily creeping into our daily lives…

 

#1 Our cars are rapidly being transformed into high tech “Big Brother” surveillance devices. In fact, a push is being made to require all new vehicles to include very sophisticated black box recorders…

  

As if the government wasn’t already able to track our movements on the nation’s highways and byways by way of satellites, GPS devices, and real-time traffic cameras, government officials are now pushing to require that all new vehicles come installed with black box recorders and vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) communications, ostensibly to help prevent crashes.

 

Yet strip away the glib Orwellian doublespeak, and what you will find is that these black boxes and V2V transmitters, which will not only track a variety of data, including speed, direction, location, the number of miles traveled, and seatbelt use, but will also transmit this data to other drivers, including the police, are little more than Trojan Horses, stealth attacks on our last shreds of privacy, sold to us as safety measures for the sake of the greater good, all the while poised to wreak havoc on our lives.

 

Black boxes and V2V transmitters are just the tip of the iceberg, though. The 2015 Corvette Stingray will be outfitted with a performance data recorder which “uses a camera mounted on the windshield and a global positioning receiver to record speed, gear selection and brake force,” but also provides a recording of the driver’s point of view as well as recording noises made inside the car. As journalist Jaclyn Trop reports for the New York Times, “Drivers can barely make a left turn, put on their seatbelts or push 80 miles an hour without their actions somehow, somewhere being tracked or recorded.” Indeed, as Jim Farley, Vice President of Marketing and Sales for Ford Motor Company all but admitted, corporations and government officials already have a pretty good sense of where you are at all times: “We know everyone who breaks the law, we know when you’re doing it. We have GPS in your car, so we know what you’re doing.”

 

#2 A new Michigan law will ban thousands of preppers and small farmers from owning farm animals. What are they going to do next? Ban us from growing our own food?

 

#3 Have you ever collected anything? If so, the FBI might swoop in and grab your collection someday even if you have not committed a crime. If you think that this sounds crazy, you should consider what happened to a man named Don Miller recently…

 

FBI agents Wednesday seized “thousands” of cultural artifacts, including American Indian items, from the private collection of a 91-year-old man who had acquired them over the past eight decades.

 

An FBI command vehicle and several tents were spotted at the property in rural Waldron, about 35 miles southeast of Indianapolis.

 

The FBI did not have any evidence that a crime had been committed prior to seizing the collection, and Mr. Miller has not been arrested or charged with any crime. The FBI says that it is going to catalog the collection “to determine whether some of the items might be illegal to possess privately”…

 

The aim of the investigation is to determine what each artifact is, where it came from and how Miller obtained it, Jones said, to determine whether some of the items might be illegal to possess privately.

 

#4 A father of a 4-year-old girl has been told that he will no longer be allowed to send healthy homemade lunches with his daughter when she attends her pre-kindergarten program because they conflict with federal guidelines.

 

#5 Do you watch television? Well, if you have a newer television there is a very good chance that your television is watching you as well…

 

In November, the British tech blogger Doctorbeet discovered that his new LG Smart TV was snooping on him. Every time he changed the channel, his activity was logged and transmitted unencrypted to LG. Doctorbeet checked the TV’s option screen and found that the setting “collection of watching info” was turned on by default. Being a techie, he turned it off, but it didn’t matter. The information continued to flow to the company anyway.

 

#6 A plan that is being proposed in Fairfax County, Virginia would ban “frequent and large gatherings at neighborhood homes“. This would include parties, scout gatherings and home Bible studies.

 

#7 At a public school in Florida, a 12-year-old boy has been banned from reading the Bible during “free reading time”…

 

A Florida schoolteacher humiliated a 12-year-old boy in front of an entire class after she caught him reading the Bible during free reading time.

 

The teacher at Park Lakes Elementary School in Fort Lauderdale ordered Giovanni Rubeo to pick up the telephone on her desk and call his parents.

 

As the other students watched, the teacher left a terse message on the family’s answering machine.

 

“I noticed that he has a book—a religious book—in the classroom,” she said on the recording. “He’s not permitted to read those books in my classroom.”

 

#8 In the USSA, a young child cannot even build a tree fort with his friends without the threat of being confronted by the police state. Just consider what happened to one little fifth-grade boy down in Georgia a few weeks ago…

A fifth-grader says he was terrified when a police officer pointed a gun at him and his friends while they built a tree fort.

   

Omari Grant, 11, said he and his friends often play in a wooded area behind his home and were building a fort when a neighbor in the next subdivision called police to complain about what the boys were doing.

 

But no one anticipated what Omari and his mother say happened next.

   

“I guess the release of tension was like, ‘Mom, he had a gun in my face, Mommy. Mommy, he had a gun in my face,’” said Janice Baptiste, Omari’s mother.

 

The officer reportedly used very filthy language as he pointed his gun at the boys, and he forced them to get out of the tree and lay down on the ground…

  

“I was thinking that I don’t want to be shot today, so I just listened to what they said,” Omari said.

   

Omari said the officer holding his gun also used foul language and made him and his friends lay down on the ground.

   

“I learned that they’re supposed to help you not make you feel scared to even come outside,” Omari said.

 

#9 People like to joke about “the eye in the sky”, but it is no joke. Technology that was originally developed for “blanket surveillance” during the Iraq war is now returning home…

  

Persistent Surveillance Systems has developed a surveillance camera on steroids. When attached to small aircraft, the 192-megapixel cameras record the patterns of the planetary life they fly over for hours at a time.

   

According to the Washington Post, this will give the police and other customers a “time machine” they can simply rewind when they need it. Placed strategically at the highest points of any town or city, these cameras could provide the sort of blanket surveillance that’s hard to avoid. The inventor of the camera, a retired Air Force officer, helped create a similar system for the city of Fallujah, the site of two of the most violent battles of the U.S. occupation of Iraq. It’s just one example of how wartime surveillance technologies are returning home for “civilian use.”

 

#10 Have you ever purchased storable food? If so, you should know that it is now considered to be “suspicious activity” in some areas of the country. Just check out what is happening in New York state…

  

1-866 SAFE NYS is part of Safeguard New York, an NY State counterterrorism program that uses promotional material to encourage citizens to report people for engaging in “suspicious activity….which makes them stand out from others”.

   

An accompanying letter provided by the state trooper listed such “suspicious activity” as the purchase of MREs (Meals Ready to Eat), flashlights, weather proof ammunition, night vision equipment, match containers, or gas masks.

 

For even more examples like this, please see my previous article entitled “19 Signs That America Is Being Systematically Transformed Into A Giant Surveillance Grid“.

 

Sadly, most Americans are totally oblivious to all of this.

 

Most Americans are so addicted to entertainment and to their electronic devices that they have no idea what is going on in the real world.

 

I came across the following video entitled “Look Up” on YouTube earlier today. I think that it does a great job of showing what our obsession with our electronic devices is doing to us. Watch it for yourself and see what you think…

  

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19 Signs That America Is Being Systematically Transformed Into A Giant Surveillance Grid

By Michael Snyder, on September 24th, 2012

 

You are being watched. The control freaks that hold power in the United States have become absolutely obsessed with surveillance. They are constantly attempting to convince the American people that we are all “safer” when virtually everything that we do is watched, monitored, tracked and recorded. Our country is being systematically transformed into a giant surveillance grid far more comprehensive than anything George Orwell ever dreamed of. If you still believe that there is such a thing as “privacy” in this day and age, you are being delusional. Every single piece of electronic communication is monitored and stored. In fact, they know that you are reading this article right now. But even if you got rid of all of your electronic devices, you would still be constantly monitored. As you will read about below, a rapidly growing nationwide network of facial recognition cameras, “pre-crime” surveillance devices, voice recorders, mobile backscatter vans, aerial drones and automated license plate readers are constantly feeding data about us back to the government. In addition, private companies involved in “data mining” are gathering literally trillions upon trillions of data points about individual Americans each year. So there is no escape from this surveillance grid. In fact, it has become just about impossible to keep it from growing. The surveillance grid is expanding in thousands of different ways, so even if you stopped one form of surveillance you would hardly make a dent in the astounding growth of this system. What we desperately need is a fundamental cultural awakening to the importance of liberty, freedom and privacy. Without such an awakening, the United States (along with the rest of the planet) is going to head into a world that will make “1984″ by George Orwell look like a cheery story about a Sunday picnic.

 

The following are 19 signs that America is being systematically transformed into a giant surveillance grid….

 

#1 New Software That Will Store And Analyze Millions Of Our Voices

 

Did you know that there is software that can positively identify you using your voice in just a matter of seconds?

 

Law enforcement authorities all over the U.S. are very eager to begin using new Russian software that will enable them to store and analyze millions of voices….

  

‘Voice Grid Nation’ is a system that uses advanced algorithms to match identities to voices. Brought to the US by Russia’s Speech Technology Center, it claims to be capable of allowing police, federal agencies and other law enforcement personnel to build up a huge database containing up to several million voices.

 

When authorities intercept a call they’ve deemed ‘hinky’, the recording is entered into the VoiceGrid program, which (probably) buzzes and whirrs and spits out a match. In five seconds, the program can scan through 10,000 voices, and it only needs 3 seconds for speech analysis. All that, combined with 100 simultaneous searches and the storage capacity of 2 million samples, gives SpeechPro, as the company is known in the US, the right to claim a 90% success rate.

 

#2 Unmanned Aerial Drones Will Be Used Inside The U.S. To Spy On You

 

Unmanned aerial drones have been used with great success by the U.S. military overseas, and now the U.S. government is promoting their use to local law enforcement authorities all over America.

 

The following is from a recent GAO report….

  

“Domestically, state and local law enforcement entities represent the greatest potential users of small UAS [unmanned aircraft systems] in the near term because they can offer a simple and cost effective solution for airborne law enforcement activities”

 

That report also discussed how there are 146 different models of these drones made by 69 different companies throughout the United States….

  

“According to an industry trade group, local law enforcement can potentially choose from about 146 different types of small UAS being manufactured by about 69 different companies in the U.S.”

 

Since our overseas wars are slowing down, somebody has got to keep these drone companies in business.

 

So the goal is to eventually have thousands of these drones spying on all of us.

 

In the years ahead, our skies will likely be filled with these things. Many of them are incredibly quiet and can gather information about you from far above. In fact, one could be directly over your home right now and you may never even know it.

 

In fact, the U.S. government is already using some of these unmanned drones to quietly spy on farmers in Nebraska and Iowa according to a recent article by Kurt Nimmo….

  

Obama’s Environmental Protection Agency is using aerial drones to spy on farmers in Nebraska and Iowa. The surveillance came under scrutiny last week when Nebraska’s congressional delegation sent a joint letter to EPA Administrator Lisa Jackson.

 

On Friday, EPA officialdom in “Region 7” responded to the letter.

 

“Courts, including the Supreme Court, have found similar types of flights to be legal (for example to take aerial photographs of a chemical manufacturing facility) and EPA would use such flights in appropriate instances to protect people and the environment from violations of the Clean Water Act,” the agency said in response to the letter.

 

#3 High Tech Government Scanners That Can Secretly Scan You From 164 Feet Away

 

A new scanner that has just been developed can scan your body, your clothes and your luggage from 164 feet away.

 

According to Gizmodo, these very creepy scanners will soon be used at airports and border crossings all over America….

  

Within the next year or two, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security will instantly know everything about your body, clothes, and luggage with a new laser-based molecular scanner fired from 164 feet (50 meters) away. From traces of drugs or gun powder on your clothes to what you had for breakfast to the adrenaline level in your body—agents will be able to get any information they want without even touching you.

 

And without you knowing it.

 

The technology is so incredibly effective that, in November 2011, its inventors were subcontracted by In-Q-Tel to work with the US Department of Homeland Security. In-Q-Tel is a company founded “in February 1999 by a group of private citizens at the request of the Director of the CIA and with the support of the U.S. Congress.” According to In-Q-Tel, they are the bridge between the Agency and new technology companies.

 

Their plan is to install this molecular-level scanning in airports and border crossings all across the United States.

 

#4 The DNA Of Newborn Babies Born All Over The United States Is Systematically Collected

 

These days, the invasion of our privacy begins just after birth.

 

Did you know that the DNA of almost every newborn baby in the United States is systematically collected and stored in databases? Unfortunately, most new parents don’t even realize what medical personnel are doing when this takes place….

  

The DNA of virtually every newborn in the United States is collected and tested soon after birth. There are some good reasons for this testing, but it also raises serious privacy concerns that parents should know about.

 

States require hospitals to screen newborns for certain genetic and other disorders. Many states view the testing as so important they do not require medical personnel to get parents’ express permission before carrying it out. To collect the DNA sample, medical personnel prick the newborn’s heel and place a few drops of blood on a card. There is one question that new parents rarely ask: What happens to the blood spots after the testing is done? This is where newborn screening becomes problematic.

 

#5 Twitter Is Being Used To Monitor You

 

Hopefully you understand by now that nothing you do on the Internet will ever be private again.

 

According to a recent article by Susanne Posel, Twitter is being used as a law enforcement tool more than it ever has been before….

  

Twitter has released a report confirming that the US government leads the world in requesting information on their citizens. The Transparency Report shows the US government has made requests that are infringing on American privacy rights. Twitter states that “we’ve received more government requests in the first half of 2012, as outlined in this initial dataset, than in the entirety of 2011.”

 

#6 Your Cell Phone Is Spying On You

 

If you want to have no privacy whatsoever, own a cell phone and carry it around with you constantly.

 

Your cell phone is constantly tracking everywhere that you go and it is constantly making a record of everything that you do with it.

 

For example, did you know that authorities are using cell phones to record the identities of people that attend street protests?

 

The following is what one private investigator recently told a stunned audience….

  

One of the biggest changes is the ability to track your physical location. I’m sorry I came in at the end of the previous talk. I heard them talk about surveying cell phones with a drone, in a wide area — this is something that is done routinely now. I can tell you that everybody that attended an Occupy Wall Street protest, and didn’t turn their cell phone off, or put it — and sometimes even if they did — the identity of that cell phone has been logged, and everybody who was at that demonstration, whether they were arrested, not arrested, whether their photos were ID’d, whether an informant pointed them out, it’s known they were there anyway. This is routine.

 

At this point, law enforcement authorities are requesting information from cell phone companies about individual Americans over a million times a year as a recent Wired article detailed….

  

Mobile carriers responded to a staggering 1.3 million law enforcement requests last year for subscriber information, including text messages and phone location data, according to data provided to Congress.

 

#7 Students Are Increasingly Being Tracked By RFID Microchips

 

RFID microchips are increasingly becoming a part of our every day lives. In fact, some school districts are now using them to track school attendance. Just check out what is happening in one school district down in Texas….

  

Northside Independent School District plans to track students next year on two of its campuses using technology implanted in their student identification cards in a trial that could eventually include all 112 of its schools and all of its nearly 100,000 students.

 

District officials said the Radio Frequency Identification System (RFID) tags would improve safety by allowing them to locate students — and count them more accurately at the beginning of the school day to help offset cuts in state funding, which is partly based on attendance.

 

#8 Spy Cams In Hospitals To Monitor Handwashing

 

Would you want a surveillance camera watching you in the restroom?

 

Don’t laugh – this is actually happening in some places. The following is from a recent Natural News article….

  

Here goes the last great American sanctuary from intrusion- bathrooms with spy cams. Going to the bathroom has now been monitored in a hospital in NY where sensors were placed on the doors to identify workers entering and exiting and cameras placed to view sinks to insure proper hand hygiene.

 

#9 Spyware That Monitors The Behavior Of Government Workers

 

According to the Washington Post, the federal government is now actually using advanced spyware to closely monitor the behavior of some government employees while they are at work….

  

When the Food and Drug Administration started spying on a group of agency scientists, it installed monitoring software on their laptop computers to capture their communications.

 

The software, sold by SpectorSoft of Vero Beach, Fla., could do more than vacuum up the scientists’ e-mails as they complained to lawmakers and others about medical devices they thought were dangerous. It could be programmed to intercept a tweet or Facebook post. It could snap screen shots of their computers. It could even track an employee’s keystrokes, retrieve files from hard drives or search for keywords.

 

#10 The NSA Warrantless Surveillance Programs

 

Virtually every single electronic communication in the world (including all phone calls, all faxes, and all emails) is intercepted and recorded by an international surveillance network run by the NSA and several other large international intelligence agencies.

 

For a long time this was an “open secret” that everyone kind of knew about but that nobody ever did anything about.

 

Fortunately, the Electronic Frontier Foundation is now fighting back, and they have three former NSA employees on their side….

  

Three whistleblowers – all former employees of the National Security Agency (NSA) – have come forward to give evidence in the Electronic Frontier Foundation’s (EFF’s) lawsuit against the government’s illegal mass surveillance program, Jewel v. NSA.

 

In a motion filed today, the three former intelligence analysts confirm that the NSA has, or is in the process of obtaining, the capability to seize and store most electronic communications passing through its U.S. intercept centers, such as the “secret room” at the AT&T facility in San Francisco first disclosed by retired AT&T technician Mark Klein in early 2006.

 

“For years, government lawyers have been arguing that our case is too secret for the courts to consider, despite the mounting confirmation of widespread mass illegal surveillance of ordinary people,” said EFF Legal Director Cindy Cohn. “Now we have three former NSA officials confirming the basic facts. Neither the Constitution nor federal law allow the government to collect massive amounts of communications and data of innocent Americans and fish around in it in case it might find something interesting. This kind of power is too easily abused. We’re extremely pleased that more whistleblowers have come forward to help end this massive spying program.”

 

According to one of the whistleblowers, the NSA “has the capability to do individualized searches, similar to Google, for particular electronic communications in real time through such criteria as target addresses, locations, countries and phone numbers, as well as watch-listed names, keywords, and phrases in email.”

 

#11 Pre-Crime Surveillance Technology

 

Did you think that “pre-crime” was just something for science fiction movies?

 

Unfortunately, that is no longer the case. A company known as BRS Labs has developed “pre-crime surveillance cameras” that they claim can identify potential terrorists and criminals even before they strike.

 

Yes, this sounds like a bunch of nonsense, but some law enforcement authorities are taking this quite seriously. In fact, dozens of these ”pre-crime surveillance cameras” are being put up at major transportation hubs all over San Francisco….

  

In its latest project BRS Labs is to install its devices on the transport system in San Francisco, which includes buses, trams and subways.

 

The company says will put them in 12 stations with up to 22 cameras in each, bringing the total number to 288.

 

The cameras will be able to track up to 150 people at a time in real time and will gradually build up a ‘memory’ of suspicious behaviour to work out what is suspicious.

 

#12 Mobile Backscatter Vans

 

Do you think that you can get away from the TSA scanners by simply refusing to fly and by avoiding all U.S. airports?

 

Don’t be so sure.

 

In fact, law enforcement authorities all over the country will soon be driving around in unmarked vans looking inside your cars and even under your clothes using the same backscatter technology currently being used by the TSA at U.S. airports….

  

American cops are set to join the US military in deploying American Science & Engineering’s Z Backscatter Vans, or mobile backscatter radiation x-rays. These are what TSA officials call “the amazing radioactive genital viewer,” now seen in airports around America, ionizing the private parts of children, the elderly, and you (yes you).

 

These pornoscannerwagons will look like regular anonymous vans, and will cruise America’s streets, indiscriminately peering through the cars (and clothes) of anyone in range of its mighty isotope-cannon. But don’t worry, it’s not a violation of privacy. As AS&E’s vice president of marketing Joe Reiss sez, “From a privacy standpoint, I’m hard-pressed to see what the concern or objection could be.”

 

#13 Automated License Plate Readers

 

In a previous article, I discussed a Washington Post article that detailed how automated license plate readers are now being used to track the movements of a vehicle from the time that it enters Washington D.C. to the time that it leaves….

  

More than 250 cameras in the District and its suburbs scan license plates in real time, helping police pinpoint stolen cars and fleeing killers. But the program quietly has expanded beyond what anyone had imagined even a few years ago.

 

With virtually no public debate, police agencies have begun storing the information from the cameras, building databases that document the travels of millions of vehicles.

 

Nowhere is that more prevalent than in the District, which has more than one plate-reader per square mile, the highest concentration in the nation. Police in the Washington suburbs have dozens of them as well, and local agencies plan to add many more in coming months, creating a comprehensive dragnet that will include all the approaches into the District.

 

#14 Data Mining

 

Private companies are almost more eager to invade your privacy than the government is.

 

In fact, there are a whole bunch of very large corporations that are making a fortune by gathering every shred of information about you that they possibly can and selling that information for profit. It is called “data mining“, and it is an industry that has absolutely exploded in recent years.

 

One of the largest data mining companies is known as Acxiom. That firm has actually compiled information on more than 190 million people in the United States alone….

  

The company fits into a category called database marketing. It started in 1969 as an outfit called Demographics Inc., using phone books and other notably low-tech tools, as well as one computer, to amass information on voters and consumers for direct marketing. Almost 40 years later, Acxiom has detailed entries for more than 190 million people and 126 million households in the U.S., and about 500 million active consumers worldwide. More than 23,000 servers in Conway, just north of Little Rock, collect and analyze more than 50 trillion data ‘transactions’ a year.

 

#15 The Growing Use Of Facial Recognition Technology

 

Most Americans do not realize this, but the use of facial recognition technology has absolutely exploded in recent years.

 

For example, did you know that there are now 32 states that use some type of facial recognition technology for DMV photos?

 

That is why they give you such strict instructions when you get your DMV photo taken. They want your photo to be able to work with the database.

 

But the government is not the only one using creepy facial recognition technology. The following is from a recent article by Naomi Wolf….

  

A software engineer in my Facebook community wrote recently about his outrage that when he visited Disneyland, and went on a ride, the theme park offered him the photo of himself and his girlfriend to buy – with his credit card information already linked to it. He noted that he had never entered his name or information into anything at the theme park, or indicated that he wanted a photo, or alerted the humans at the ride to who he and his girlfriend were – so, he said, based on his professional experience, the system had to be using facial recognition technology. He had never signed an agreement allowing them to do so, and he declared that this use was illegal. He also claimed that Disney had recently shared data from facial-recognition technology with the United States military.

 

Yes, I know: it sounds like a paranoid rant.

 

Except that it turned out to be true. News21, supported by the Carnegie and Knight foundations, reports that Disney sites are indeed controlled by face-recognition technology, that the military is interested in the technology, and that the face-recognition contractor, Identix, has contracts with the US government – for technology that identifies individuals in a crowd.

 

#16 Rapid DNA Testing

 

But what law enforcement authorities like even better than facial recognition technology is DNA testing.

 

The following is from a recent article by Ellen Messmer….

  

It’s been the FBI’s dream for years — to do near-instant DNA analysis using mobile equipment in the field — and now “Rapid DNA” gear is finally here.

 

The idea is that you simply drop into the system a cotton swab with a person’s saliva, for example, and the “Rapid DNA” machine spits out the type of DNA data that’s needed to pin down identity. Now that such equipment exists, the FBI is pushing to get it into the hands of law enforcement agencies as soon as possible.

 

#17 The FBI’s Next Generation Identification System

 

It was recently announced that the FBI is spending a billion dollars to develop a “Next Generation Identification System” that will combine the most advanced biometric identification technologies to create a database superior to anything that law enforcement in the United States has ever had before….

  

The US Federal Bureau of Investigation has begun rolling out its new $1 billion biometric Next Generation Identification (NGI) system. In essence, NGI is a nationwide database of mugshots, iris scans, DNA records, voice samples, and other biometrics, that will help the FBI identify and catch criminals — but it is how this biometric data is captured, through a nationwide network of cameras and photo databases, that is raising the eyebrows of privacy advocates.

 

Until now, the FBI relied on IAFIS, a national fingerprint database that has long been due an overhaul. Over the last few months, the FBI has been pilot testing a facial recognition system — and soon, detectives will also be able to search the system for other biometrics such as DNA records and iris scans.

 

#18 The NYPD’s Domain Awareness System

 

Local law enforcement agencies around the country are also spending big bucks to upgrade their surveillance capabilities. The new “Domain Awareness System” that the NYPD just put in was described in a recent article by Neal Ungerleider….

  

The New York Police Department is embracing online surveillance in a wide-eyed way. Representatives from Microsoft and the NYPD announced the launch of their new Domain Awareness System (DAS) at a lower Manhattan press conference today. Using DAS, police are able to monitor thousands of CCTV cameras around the five boroughs, scan license plates, find out the kind of radiation cars are emitting, and extrapolate info on criminal and terrorism suspects from dozens of criminal databases … all in near-real time.

 

But don’t think that you are getting off the hook if you don’t live in New York City. The truth is that Microsoft has big plans for putting in these kinds of systems nationwide.

 

#19 Trapwire

 

Did you know that a huge network of incredibly advanced spy cameras is currently being installed nationwide?

 

Yes, I know that it sounds like something off of a television show, but this is actually true. It is called “Trapwire”, and I described this emerging system in one of my recent articles….

  

“You are being watched. The government has a secret system – a machine – that spies on you every hour of every day.” That is how each episode of “Person of Interest” on CBS begins. Most Americans that have watched the show just assume that such a surveillance network is completely fictional and that the government would never watch us like that. Sadly, most Americans are wrong. Shocking new details have emerged this week which prove that a creepy nationwide network of spy cameras is being rolled out across the United States. Reportedly, these new spy cameras are “more accurate than modern facial recognition technology”, and every few seconds they send back data from cities and major landmarks all over the United States to a centralized processing center where it is analyzed. The authorities believe that the world has become such a dangerous place that the only way to keep us all safe is to watch what everyone does all the time. But the truth is that instead of “saving America”, all of these repressive surveillance technologies are slowly killing our liberties and our freedoms. America is being transformed into an Orwellian prison camp right in front of our eyes, and very few people are even objecting to it.

 

An RT article was one of the first news sources to reveal some of the shocking details about this new program….

  

Former senior intelligence officials have created a detailed surveillance system more accurate than modern facial recognition technology — and have installed it across the US under the radar of most Americans, according to emails hacked by Anonymous.

 

Every few seconds, data picked up at surveillance points in major cities and landmarks across the United States are recorded digitally on the spot, then encrypted and instantaneously delivered to a fortified central database center at an undisclosed location to be aggregated with other intelligence. It’s part of a program called TrapWire and it’s the brainchild of the Abraxas, a Northern Virginia company staffed with elite from America’s intelligence community. The employee roster at Arbaxas reads like a who’s who of agents once with the Pentagon, CIA and other government entities according to their public LinkedIn profiles, and the corporation’s ties are assumed to go deeper than even documented.

 

So after reading all of the information above, is there anyone out there that still doubts that America is being transformed into a giant surveillance grid?

 

The frightening thing is that there is a large percentage of the American people that are aware of many of these things, but they are convinced that these technologies are actually making society “better” and “safer”.

 

We desperately need to wake up America while there is still time. Please share this article with your family, your friends and your social media contacts on the Internet.

 

If we can get enough people to wake up, perhaps there is still enough time to turn this country in a different direction.

 

Will the final chapters of our history be a complete and total nightmare or will the final chapters of our history be the greatest chapters of all?

 

The choice, America, is up to you.

 

Cambridge, England, 14 December 2012--MP Real Estate, acting on behalf of Ignis Asset Management, have secured a sale of The Platinum Building on St John’s Innovation Park, Cambridge, to St John’s College, Cambridge for £7.11 million.

 

St John’s Innovation Park is located on the north side of Cambridge at the junction of the A14 and A10, opposite the Cambridge Science Park. The prime multi-let long leasehold office/R&D property is located at the heart of the Innovation Park and extends to 40,842 sq ft over ground and 2 upper floors.

 

The building is let to five tenants: Teraview Limited, Telstra Limited, Ensors LLP, Amantys Limited and Light Blue Optics, and produces an income of £681,500 per annum. A small 2,500 sq ft suite at ground floor is currently vacant.

 

The sale price reflects a net initial yield of 9.00%.

 

Andrew McGahey, Director, MP Real Estate commented: “We are pleased to have secured a disposal of this asset for our client, meeting their pricing and timing expectations in what remains a challenging market.”

 

Commenting on the sale, Stuart Paterson of Ignis Real Estate said “Our strategy to sell before the year end has been achieved, and MP Real Estate worked tirelessly to meet our goals. We are very pleased with the outcome.”

 

Ignis Asset Management was represented by MP Real Estate and Lambert Smith Hampton, whilst the purchaser was represented by Savills.

 

MP Real Estate

 

MP Real Estate is a new specialist Property Investment and Development consultancy based in Cambridge.

 

Directors Andrew McGahey and Neil Perrin offer a bespoke service that is both personal and efficient, with client care a priority.

 

Andrew was recently Head of Lambert Smith Hampton’s Cambridge office and specialises in Investment purchases, funding and sales, acting for many of the major UK institutional investors and high net worth individuals. He has recently been involved in the funding of the new Microsoft Research building on Station Road, which Microsoft will occupy later this year, and the purchase of the multi-let St Andrew’s House.

 

Neil is formerly the Head of Mixed Use development at Savills Cambridge office and works with clients that include Aldi, Premier Inn, Costa Coffee and Marstons. He has recently acquired the former Barclays Bank in Bene’t Street, Cambridge for Kings College and is working on Octagon Park in Ely and The Arcade in Walthamstow - two major mixed-use development schemes.

 

Between them, they have over fifty years experience within the property industry and will principally focus on client requirements in the south-east and eastern region.

 

Commenting on the formation of MP Real Estate, Andrew said: “Neil and I have worked closely together over a number of years, and are both focused on delivering a high quality service to our clients.”

 

Neil commented: “It seemed a very logical fit for the two of us to team up. We are able to provide our clients with a fully dedicated service through the challenges of the development and funding process.”

 

MP Real Estate is based in central Cambridge at Millers Yard, Mill Lane.

 

For more information, please contact:

 

Andrew McGahey

 

MP Real Estate

23 Millers Yard

10/11 Mill Lane

Cambridge

CB2 1RQ

 

Telephone: 01223 755110

Mobile: 07834 566739

E-mail: amcgahey@mprealestate.co.uk

 

Neil Perrin

Telephone: 01223 755110

Mobile: 07539 582582

E-mail: nperrin@mprealestate.co.uk

 

Website: www.mprealestate.co.uk

 

The Platinum Building, St John’s Innovation Park, Cowley Road, Cambridge, CB4 0WS

 

THE ELITE CAMBRIDGE BUSINESS CIRCLE

 

The Elite Cambridge Business Circle is an association founded in 2009 by some of the top companies in Cambridgeshire.

 

Its purpose is to publicise its members, and to celebrate and promote the wealth and rich diversity of entrepreneurial talent and business excellence that abounds here within the county boundaries of Cambridgeshire.

 

Frazer Coogans Commercial Solicitors senior partner Norman Geddes is executive chairman of the Elite Cambridge Business Circle, and managing director is public relations consultancy Fame Publicity Services proprietor Murdoch MacDonald.

 

www.frazercoogans.co.uk

 

Issued by:

 

Murdoch MacDonald

Fame Publicity Services

10 Miller Road

AYR, Ayrshire

Scotland KA7 2AY

 

E-mail FamePublicity@aol.com

Web: www.CambridgeshireBusinessNews.com

Telephone: 01292 281498

Mobile: 07833 667322

It's where I've been working recently.

 

In that big yellow building.

 

It's a funky, rehabbed old warehouse or factory or something or both with polished concrete floors and wooden ceilings. The walls are a combination of finished and unfinished concrete with polyurethaned plywood.

 

We're on the fourth floor and have a view north with much of the downtown visible, as well as a few of the bridges.

 

What, you ask, am I doing?

 

I'm so glad you asked. I'm working for a GIS shop owned by my friend Bryce. I'm kind of a geek (SPOILER ALERT!) who catches on to geeky things pretty quickly. I also really, really like maps, and know a thing or two about web development, blah blah blah... it just so happens that GIS shops have things for geeks like me to do.

 

I'm currently working 2-3 days a week in PDX and a few hours a week at home, on things like redevelopment of the web site, to learning how to use some of the ESRI (the Microsoft of GIS) software - especially the server software, with the goal of creating online maps that are as aesthetic as they are information-rich (and dynamic).

  

maps.google.co.uk/?ie=UTF8&t=h&ll=56.018073,-3.59...

 

London and north eastern railways 246, Morayshire.

The fire has been stoked and the Morayshire awaits her next mission. Bo'ness and Kinneil railway, Bo'ness in central Scotland.

 

Between 2014 and 2018 Australia will commemorate the Anzac Centenary, marking 100 years since our nation's involvement in the First World War.

These photos are almost 10 years old to the day (7 days away) as it will soon be Anzac day 2015.

 

I have attended quite a few dawn services but none quite as sobering as being a foreigner, walking fields where Australian soldiers died during wartime, and were burried.

 

I thought it was time to post my photos from Kranji.

I got up at 4 am along with many other of my Australian Microsoft and MVP friends. Bleary eyed, fighting the fog, we found our way to the bus.

We were in a daze as we were bumped about making our way to the killing fields of Kranji.

 

Kranji is a suburb in northwestern Singapore, located about 22 kilometres (14 mi) from the city centre.

The Kranji War Memorial in Singapore honours the men and women from the Commonwealth who died in the line of duty during World War II.

 

A very appropropriate and solem place for Anzac Day 2005.

 

Back then I was not interested in Photography and my cameras were not that great. Still, that is not the reason for the photos. I did want to try for a perfect shot. I just wanted memories.

It was humid, dark and very quiet as the service started. Bagpipes from overhead and marching in front.

 

Deep within this quiet neighbourhood, lies the Kranji War Memorial, a hillside cemetery that is quite beautiful in its serenity once you get there.

Every year, a memorial service is held to pay tribute to those who gave their lives.

The memorial honours the men and women from Britain, Australia, Canada, Sri Lanka, India, Malaya, the Netherlands and New Zealand who died in the line of duty during World War II.

 

Here, we see more than 4,400 white gravestones lined up in rows on the cemetery’s gentle slope. Many graves hold unknown soldiers.

The Chinese Memorial in plot 44 marks a mass grave for 69 Chinese servicemen who were killed by the Japanese when Singapore fell in February 1942.

 

Next to the Kranji War Memorial are the Kranji Military Cemetery and the Singapore State Cemetery, where Singapore’s first and second presidents are buried.

As we walked the short flight of steps to the hilltop terrace, we saw four memorials.

 

The largest is the Singapore Memorial, with its huge star-topped central pylon that rises to a height of 24 metres.

This memorial bears the names of more than 24,346 Allied soldiers and airmen killed in Southeast Asia who have no known grave. You can find the register, kept by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission, at the entrance.

 

Every year, on the Sunday closest to Remembrance Day on 11 November, a memorial service is held to pay tribute to those who gave their lives.

 

Next to the Kranji War Memorial is the Kranji Military Cemetery, a non-world war site of more than 1,400 burials, as well as the Singapore State Cemetery, where the country’s first and second presidents, Encik Yusof Ishak and Dr Benjamin Henry

 

Sheares, are buried.

 

The Battle of Kranji was the second stage of the Empire of Japan's plan for the invasion of Singapore during the Second World War. On 9 February 1942 the Imperial Japanese Army assaulted the north-western front of the British colony of

 

Singapore. Their primary objective was to secure a second beachhead after their successful assault at Sarimbun Beach on 8 February, in order to breach the Jurong-Kranji defence line as part of their southward thrust towards the heart of

 

Singapore City. Defending the shoreline between the Kranji River and the Johor–Singapore Causeway was the Australian 27th Brigade, led by Brigadier Duncan Maxwell, and one irregular company.

 

On 10 February the Japanese forces suffered their heaviest losses while moving up the Kranji River, which caused them to panic and nearly aborted the operation. However, a series of miscommunications and withdrawals by Allied forces in the

 

ensuing battles allowed the Japanese to swiftly gain strategic footholds, which eventually led to the fall of Singapore on 15 February 1942.

 

The terrain around Kranji was primarily mangrove swamps and tropical forest intersected by streams and inlets. The shoreline between the Kranji River and the Johor–Singapore Causeway, nearly four kilometers long, was defended by the

 

Australian 27th Brigade, led by Australian Brigadier Duncan Maxwell. The 27th Infantry Brigade consisted of three battalions—the 2/30th, 2/29th, and 2/26th and was supported by the 2/10th Field Artillery Regiment, as well as one platoon from the

 

2/4th Machine Gun Battalion.

 

They were supported by one company from Dalforce (named after its commander, Lieutenant-Colonel John Dalley of the Malayan Police Special Branch), a local Chinese militia consisting of Communists, Nationalist supporters, and other

 

volunteers. As the war intensified, the Dalforce volunteers were given only three to four days of training and sent to the war front with elementary weapons. Lacking uniforms, the volunteers improvised by wearing a red triangle on their blue shirts to

 

avoid being mistaken for Japanese by the Australians.

 

The Allied forces at Kranji were to be assaulted by the Imperial Guards Division led by Major General Takuma Nishimura. 400 Imperial Guards had landed and taken Pulau Ubin, an island in the north-east of Singapore, in a feint attack on 7

 

February, where they encountered minimal resistance.

 

On 9 February, two divisions of the Japanese Twenty Fifth Army, led by Lieutenant General Tomoyuki Yamashita, landed on the northwestern coast of Singapore, in the Sarimbun area. Yamashita's headquarters (HQ) was in the Sultan of Johor's

 

palace on Istana Bukit Serene, which offered him and his officers a bird's eye view of virtually every key target in the northern sector of Singapore Island, only 1.6 kilometres (one mile) across the Straits of Johor. Sultan Ibrahim's palace was not fired

 

upon by the British because any damage caused would have extensive repercussions for British-Johor ties.

 

The primary objective of the Japanese at Kranji was to capture Kranji village; this would let them repair the demolished Causeway in order to facilitate easy flow of reinforcements and supplies down the roads of Woodlands and Mandai, and to the

 

rest of the island for their vanguard force. Once the leading wave of Japanese was safely ashore, the massed Japanese artillery switched their fire to the defensive positions at Kranji. Telegraph and telephone communications were destroyed in the

 

bombardment and communications between the front line and command HQ were broken. At 8:30pm that night, the men of the Imperial Guards Division began the crossing from Johor in special armoured landing-crafts, collapsible boats and by

 

swimming.

 

In the early hours of 10 February, Japanese forces suffered their heaviest losses during the Battle of Singapore. While moving up the Kranji River, advance landing parties from the 4th Regiment of the Imperial Guard Division found themselves

 

under heavy fire from Australian machine gunners and mortar teams. They also found themselves surrounded by oil slicks, which had been created by Allied personnel emptying the nearby Woodlands oil depot, to prevent its capture. A scenario

 

feared by Yamashita came to pass by accident; the oil was set alight by Allied small arms fire, causing many Japanese soldiers to be burnt alive. Sustaining heavy losses, Nishimura requested permission to abandon the operation. However,

 

Yamashita denied the request.

 

Maxwell, who had limited communications with his division headquarters, was concerned that his force would be cut off by fierce and chaotic fighting at Sarimbun and Jurong to the south west, involving the Australian 22nd Brigade. Maxwell's

 

force consequently withdrew from the seafront. This allowed the Japanese to land in increasing strength and take control of Kranji village. They also captured Woodlands, and began repairing the causeway, without encountering any Allied attacks.

 

Japanese light tanks, which had good buoyancy, were towed across the straits to Lim Chu Kang Road where they joined the battle at dusk. With reinforced troops and tanks advancing down Choa Chua Kang Road, the Australian troops were no

 

match for the tanks and fled to the hills of Bukit Panjang. The 5th Division (Imperial Japanese Army) captured Bukit Timah village by the evening of 11 February.

 

Lieutenant-General Arthur Percival, General Officer Commanding of HQ Malaya Command, drew a defence perimeter covering Kallang aerodrome, MacRitchie and Peirce reservoirs and the Bukit Timah supply depot area to ensure the integrity

 

of the city's defence. One line of the north-western defence perimeter was the Jurong-Kranji defence line, a narrow ridge connecting the sources of the Jurong and the Kranji Rivers, forming a natural defence line protecting the north-west

 

approach to the Singapore City. (Its counterpart was the Serangoon Line, which was sited between Kallang Airfield and Paya Lebar village on the eastern part of Singapore). The troops were to defend this Line strongly against the invading

 

Japanese force. The Line was defended by the 44th Indian Infantry Brigade which covered milestone 12 on Jurong Road, the 12th Indian Infantry Brigade and the reinforced 22nd Australian Brigade which guarded the northern part of the Line and

 

maintained contact with the 44th Indian Brigade. The 15th Indian Infantry Brigade was re-positioned near Bukit Timah Road to guard the island's vital food and petrol supplies. A secret instruction to protect this area was issued to Percival's

 

generals.

 

Percival's secret orders to withdraw to the last defence line around the city only if necessary were misunderstood by Maxwell, who took this to be an order for an immediate withdrawal to the Line. As a result, the 44th Indian Infantry Brigade, the 12th

 

Indian Infantry Brigade and the 22nd Australian Brigade, reinforced after their withdrawal from Sarimbun beach in the north-west, abandoned the Line on 10 February. Fearing that the large supplies depot would fall into Japanese hands should

 

they make a rush for Bukit Timah too soon, General Archibald Wavell, Allied commander-in-chief of the Far East sent an urgent message to Percival:

 

It is certain that our troops in Singapore Island heavily outnumber any Japanese who have crossed the Straits. We must destroy them. Our whole fighting reputation is at stake and the honour of the British Empire. The Americans have held out in the

 

Bataan Peninsula against a far heavier odds, the Russians are turning back the picked strength of the Germans. The Chinese with an almost lack of modern equipment have held the Japanese for four and a half years. It will be disgraceful if we

 

yield our boasted fortress of Singapore to inferior enemy forces.

 

By 11 February, the Jurong-Kranji Defence Line was left undefended which allowed the Japanese forces to sweep through the Line to attack Bukit Timah. On the same day, Percival finally moved his Combined Operations Headquarters in Sime

 

Road to the underground bunker, The Battle Box at Fort Canning.

 

Despite their fighting spirit, the Dalforce fighters suffered from poor training and the lack of equipment. A further blow was delivered when the 27th Australian Brigade withdrew southwards. As a result, the Japanese established a stronghold in the

 

northern Woodlands area and secured a relatively easy passage into the island. General Wavell left Singapore for Java early on 11 February and sent a cable to British Prime Minister Winston Churchill in London on his assessment of the war front

 

in Singapore:

  

Battle for Singapore is not going well... I ordered Percival to stage counter-attack with all troops possible... Morale of some troops is not good and none is as high as I should like to see... The chief troubles are lack of sufficient training in some

 

reinforcing troops and an inferior complex which bold Japanese tactics and their command of the air have caused. Everything possible is being done to produce more offensive spirit and optimistic outlook. But I cannot pretend that these efforts

 

have been entirely successful up to date. I have given the most categorical orders that there is to be no thought of surrender and that all troops are to continue fighting to the end...

 

By 12 February, the Imperial Guards had captured the reservoirs and Nee Soon village. The defending troops, by this time, were badly shaken. Thousands of exhausted and frightened stragglers left the fighting to seek shelter in large buildings. On

 

the same night, British forces in the east of the island had begun to withdraw towards the city.

 

On 13 February, the Japanese 5th Division continued its advance and reached Adam and Farrer Roads to capture the Sime Road Camp. Yamashita moved his HQ forward to the bomb-damaged Ford Factory in Bukit Timah. Heading southwards,

 

the Japanese 18th Division advanced into Pasir Panjang, where the last major battle of Singapore would be fought with the Malay Regiments at Bukit Chandu.

 

In 1995, the former battle sites of Kranji and the defence line were gazetted by the National Heritage Board as two of the eleven World War II sites of Singapore.

  

2005

 

Panasonic

  

IMGA0009

Take that, geospatial relationships.

 

I misread an advertisement on a bus shelter in Trondheim... it was just a bunch of product-related icons sorted on a few spiraling lines, but at first glance I thought it was a transit map... it gave me an idea. I immediately made my way back to my hostel & sketched it out in the only software I had handy at the moment -- Microsoft Paint (1st draft)

 

Behold: DC Metro ... in a spiral. It includes the Farragut pairing but passes over a couple more complex details... otherwise I'm pretty sure the general system is there. No station names; I opted to get some extra sleep rather than try and make those fit in aesthetically. They've since been added in the 3rd draft.

 

CREDIT:

Designed in Adobe Illustrator CS5 ... a program I know not with which I do

 

SEE ALSO:

1st draft

2nd draft

3rd draft

 

====================================================

 

2011 07 14 - Made the evening links on DCist!

 

2011 07 14 - Retweeted by perkinsms

 

2011 07 14 - Retweeted by wmataplusside

Between 2014 and 2018 Australia will commemorate the Anzac Centenary, marking 100 years since our nation's involvement in the First World War.

These photos are almost 10 years old to the day (7 days away) as it will soon be Anzac day 2015.

 

I have attended quite a few dawn services but none quite as sobering as being a foreigner, walking fields where Australian soldiers died during wartime, and were burried.

 

I thought it was time to post my photos from Kranji.

I got up at 4 am along with many other of my Australian Microsoft and MVP friends. Bleary eyed, fighting the fog, we found our way to the bus.

We were in a daze as we were bumped about making our way to the killing fields of Kranji.

 

Kranji is a suburb in northwestern Singapore, located about 22 kilometres (14 mi) from the city centre.

The Kranji War Memorial in Singapore honours the men and women from the Commonwealth who died in the line of duty during World War II.

 

A very appropropriate and solem place for Anzac Day 2005.

 

Back then I was not interested in Photography and my cameras were not that great. Still, that is not the reason for the photos. I did want to try for a perfect shot. I just wanted memories.

It was humid, dark and very quiet as the service started. Bagpipes from overhead and marching in front.

 

Deep within this quiet neighbourhood, lies the Kranji War Memorial, a hillside cemetery that is quite beautiful in its serenity once you get there.

Every year, a memorial service is held to pay tribute to those who gave their lives.

The memorial honours the men and women from Britain, Australia, Canada, Sri Lanka, India, Malaya, the Netherlands and New Zealand who died in the line of duty during World War II.

 

Here, we see more than 4,400 white gravestones lined up in rows on the cemetery’s gentle slope. Many graves hold unknown soldiers.

The Chinese Memorial in plot 44 marks a mass grave for 69 Chinese servicemen who were killed by the Japanese when Singapore fell in February 1942.

 

Next to the Kranji War Memorial are the Kranji Military Cemetery and the Singapore State Cemetery, where Singapore’s first and second presidents are buried.

As we walked the short flight of steps to the hilltop terrace, we saw four memorials.

 

The largest is the Singapore Memorial, with its huge star-topped central pylon that rises to a height of 24 metres.

This memorial bears the names of more than 24,346 Allied soldiers and airmen killed in Southeast Asia who have no known grave. You can find the register, kept by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission, at the entrance.

 

Every year, on the Sunday closest to Remembrance Day on 11 November, a memorial service is held to pay tribute to those who gave their lives.

 

Next to the Kranji War Memorial is the Kranji Military Cemetery, a non-world war site of more than 1,400 burials, as well as the Singapore State Cemetery, where the country’s first and second presidents, Encik Yusof Ishak and Dr Benjamin Henry

 

Sheares, are buried.

 

The Battle of Kranji was the second stage of the Empire of Japan's plan for the invasion of Singapore during the Second World War. On 9 February 1942 the Imperial Japanese Army assaulted the north-western front of the British colony of

 

Singapore. Their primary objective was to secure a second beachhead after their successful assault at Sarimbun Beach on 8 February, in order to breach the Jurong-Kranji defence line as part of their southward thrust towards the heart of

 

Singapore City. Defending the shoreline between the Kranji River and the Johor–Singapore Causeway was the Australian 27th Brigade, led by Brigadier Duncan Maxwell, and one irregular company.

 

On 10 February the Japanese forces suffered their heaviest losses while moving up the Kranji River, which caused them to panic and nearly aborted the operation. However, a series of miscommunications and withdrawals by Allied forces in the

 

ensuing battles allowed the Japanese to swiftly gain strategic footholds, which eventually led to the fall of Singapore on 15 February 1942.

 

The terrain around Kranji was primarily mangrove swamps and tropical forest intersected by streams and inlets. The shoreline between the Kranji River and the Johor–Singapore Causeway, nearly four kilometers long, was defended by the

 

Australian 27th Brigade, led by Australian Brigadier Duncan Maxwell. The 27th Infantry Brigade consisted of three battalions—the 2/30th, 2/29th, and 2/26th and was supported by the 2/10th Field Artillery Regiment, as well as one platoon from the

 

2/4th Machine Gun Battalion.

 

They were supported by one company from Dalforce (named after its commander, Lieutenant-Colonel John Dalley of the Malayan Police Special Branch), a local Chinese militia consisting of Communists, Nationalist supporters, and other

 

volunteers. As the war intensified, the Dalforce volunteers were given only three to four days of training and sent to the war front with elementary weapons. Lacking uniforms, the volunteers improvised by wearing a red triangle on their blue shirts to

 

avoid being mistaken for Japanese by the Australians.

 

The Allied forces at Kranji were to be assaulted by the Imperial Guards Division led by Major General Takuma Nishimura. 400 Imperial Guards had landed and taken Pulau Ubin, an island in the north-east of Singapore, in a feint attack on 7

 

February, where they encountered minimal resistance.

 

On 9 February, two divisions of the Japanese Twenty Fifth Army, led by Lieutenant General Tomoyuki Yamashita, landed on the northwestern coast of Singapore, in the Sarimbun area. Yamashita's headquarters (HQ) was in the Sultan of Johor's

 

palace on Istana Bukit Serene, which offered him and his officers a bird's eye view of virtually every key target in the northern sector of Singapore Island, only 1.6 kilometres (one mile) across the Straits of Johor. Sultan Ibrahim's palace was not fired

 

upon by the British because any damage caused would have extensive repercussions for British-Johor ties.

 

The primary objective of the Japanese at Kranji was to capture Kranji village; this would let them repair the demolished Causeway in order to facilitate easy flow of reinforcements and supplies down the roads of Woodlands and Mandai, and to the

 

rest of the island for their vanguard force. Once the leading wave of Japanese was safely ashore, the massed Japanese artillery switched their fire to the defensive positions at Kranji. Telegraph and telephone communications were destroyed in the

 

bombardment and communications between the front line and command HQ were broken. At 8:30pm that night, the men of the Imperial Guards Division began the crossing from Johor in special armoured landing-crafts, collapsible boats and by

 

swimming.

 

In the early hours of 10 February, Japanese forces suffered their heaviest losses during the Battle of Singapore. While moving up the Kranji River, advance landing parties from the 4th Regiment of the Imperial Guard Division found themselves

 

under heavy fire from Australian machine gunners and mortar teams. They also found themselves surrounded by oil slicks, which had been created by Allied personnel emptying the nearby Woodlands oil depot, to prevent its capture. A scenario

 

feared by Yamashita came to pass by accident; the oil was set alight by Allied small arms fire, causing many Japanese soldiers to be burnt alive. Sustaining heavy losses, Nishimura requested permission to abandon the operation. However,

 

Yamashita denied the request.

 

Maxwell, who had limited communications with his division headquarters, was concerned that his force would be cut off by fierce and chaotic fighting at Sarimbun and Jurong to the south west, involving the Australian 22nd Brigade. Maxwell's

 

force consequently withdrew from the seafront. This allowed the Japanese to land in increasing strength and take control of Kranji village. They also captured Woodlands, and began repairing the causeway, without encountering any Allied attacks.

 

Japanese light tanks, which had good buoyancy, were towed across the straits to Lim Chu Kang Road where they joined the battle at dusk. With reinforced troops and tanks advancing down Choa Chua Kang Road, the Australian troops were no

 

match for the tanks and fled to the hills of Bukit Panjang. The 5th Division (Imperial Japanese Army) captured Bukit Timah village by the evening of 11 February.

 

Lieutenant-General Arthur Percival, General Officer Commanding of HQ Malaya Command, drew a defence perimeter covering Kallang aerodrome, MacRitchie and Peirce reservoirs and the Bukit Timah supply depot area to ensure the integrity

 

of the city's defence. One line of the north-western defence perimeter was the Jurong-Kranji defence line, a narrow ridge connecting the sources of the Jurong and the Kranji Rivers, forming a natural defence line protecting the north-west

 

approach to the Singapore City. (Its counterpart was the Serangoon Line, which was sited between Kallang Airfield and Paya Lebar village on the eastern part of Singapore). The troops were to defend this Line strongly against the invading

 

Japanese force. The Line was defended by the 44th Indian Infantry Brigade which covered milestone 12 on Jurong Road, the 12th Indian Infantry Brigade and the reinforced 22nd Australian Brigade which guarded the northern part of the Line and

 

maintained contact with the 44th Indian Brigade. The 15th Indian Infantry Brigade was re-positioned near Bukit Timah Road to guard the island's vital food and petrol supplies. A secret instruction to protect this area was issued to Percival's

 

generals.

 

Percival's secret orders to withdraw to the last defence line around the city only if necessary were misunderstood by Maxwell, who took this to be an order for an immediate withdrawal to the Line. As a result, the 44th Indian Infantry Brigade, the 12th

 

Indian Infantry Brigade and the 22nd Australian Brigade, reinforced after their withdrawal from Sarimbun beach in the north-west, abandoned the Line on 10 February. Fearing that the large supplies depot would fall into Japanese hands should

 

they make a rush for Bukit Timah too soon, General Archibald Wavell, Allied commander-in-chief of the Far East sent an urgent message to Percival:

 

It is certain that our troops in Singapore Island heavily outnumber any Japanese who have crossed the Straits. We must destroy them. Our whole fighting reputation is at stake and the honour of the British Empire. The Americans have held out in the

 

Bataan Peninsula against a far heavier odds, the Russians are turning back the picked strength of the Germans. The Chinese with an almost lack of modern equipment have held the Japanese for four and a half years. It will be disgraceful if we

 

yield our boasted fortress of Singapore to inferior enemy forces.

 

By 11 February, the Jurong-Kranji Defence Line was left undefended which allowed the Japanese forces to sweep through the Line to attack Bukit Timah. On the same day, Percival finally moved his Combined Operations Headquarters in Sime

 

Road to the underground bunker, The Battle Box at Fort Canning.

 

Despite their fighting spirit, the Dalforce fighters suffered from poor training and the lack of equipment. A further blow was delivered when the 27th Australian Brigade withdrew southwards. As a result, the Japanese established a stronghold in the

 

northern Woodlands area and secured a relatively easy passage into the island. General Wavell left Singapore for Java early on 11 February and sent a cable to British Prime Minister Winston Churchill in London on his assessment of the war front

 

in Singapore:

  

Battle for Singapore is not going well... I ordered Percival to stage counter-attack with all troops possible... Morale of some troops is not good and none is as high as I should like to see... The chief troubles are lack of sufficient training in some

 

reinforcing troops and an inferior complex which bold Japanese tactics and their command of the air have caused. Everything possible is being done to produce more offensive spirit and optimistic outlook. But I cannot pretend that these efforts

 

have been entirely successful up to date. I have given the most categorical orders that there is to be no thought of surrender and that all troops are to continue fighting to the end...

 

By 12 February, the Imperial Guards had captured the reservoirs and Nee Soon village. The defending troops, by this time, were badly shaken. Thousands of exhausted and frightened stragglers left the fighting to seek shelter in large buildings. On

 

the same night, British forces in the east of the island had begun to withdraw towards the city.

 

On 13 February, the Japanese 5th Division continued its advance and reached Adam and Farrer Roads to capture the Sime Road Camp. Yamashita moved his HQ forward to the bomb-damaged Ford Factory in Bukit Timah. Heading southwards,

 

the Japanese 18th Division advanced into Pasir Panjang, where the last major battle of Singapore would be fought with the Malay Regiments at Bukit Chandu.

 

In 1995, the former battle sites of Kranji and the defence line were gazetted by the National Heritage Board as two of the eleven World War II sites of Singapore.

  

2005

 

Panasonic

  

IMGA0004

Between 2014 and 2018 Australia will commemorate the Anzac Centenary, marking 100 years since our nation's involvement in the First World War.

These photos are almost 10 years old to the day (7 days away) as it will soon be Anzac day 2015.

 

I have attended quite a few dawn services but none quite as sobering as being a foreigner, walking fields where Australian soldiers died during wartime, and were burried.

 

I thought it was time to post my photos from Kranji.

I got up at 4 am along with many other of my Australian Microsoft and MVP friends. Bleary eyed, fighting the fog, we found our way to the bus.

We were in a daze as we were bumped about making our way to the killing fields of Kranji.

 

Kranji is a suburb in northwestern Singapore, located about 22 kilometres (14 mi) from the city centre.

The Kranji War Memorial in Singapore honours the men and women from the Commonwealth who died in the line of duty during World War II.

 

A very appropropriate and solem place for Anzac Day 2005.

 

Back then I was not interested in Photography and my cameras were not that great. Still, that is not the reason for the photos. I did want to try for a perfect shot. I just wanted memories.

It was humid, dark and very quiet as the service started. Bagpipes from overhead and marching in front.

 

Deep within this quiet neighbourhood, lies the Kranji War Memorial, a hillside cemetery that is quite beautiful in its serenity once you get there.

Every year, a memorial service is held to pay tribute to those who gave their lives.

The memorial honours the men and women from Britain, Australia, Canada, Sri Lanka, India, Malaya, the Netherlands and New Zealand who died in the line of duty during World War II.

 

Here, we see more than 4,400 white gravestones lined up in rows on the cemetery’s gentle slope. Many graves hold unknown soldiers.

The Chinese Memorial in plot 44 marks a mass grave for 69 Chinese servicemen who were killed by the Japanese when Singapore fell in February 1942.

 

Next to the Kranji War Memorial are the Kranji Military Cemetery and the Singapore State Cemetery, where Singapore’s first and second presidents are buried.

As we walked the short flight of steps to the hilltop terrace, we saw four memorials.

 

The largest is the Singapore Memorial, with its huge star-topped central pylon that rises to a height of 24 metres.

This memorial bears the names of more than 24,346 Allied soldiers and airmen killed in Southeast Asia who have no known grave. You can find the register, kept by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission, at the entrance.

 

Every year, on the Sunday closest to Remembrance Day on 11 November, a memorial service is held to pay tribute to those who gave their lives.

 

Next to the Kranji War Memorial is the Kranji Military Cemetery, a non-world war site of more than 1,400 burials, as well as the Singapore State Cemetery, where the country’s first and second presidents, Encik Yusof Ishak and Dr Benjamin Henry

 

Sheares, are buried.

 

The Battle of Kranji was the second stage of the Empire of Japan's plan for the invasion of Singapore during the Second World War. On 9 February 1942 the Imperial Japanese Army assaulted the north-western front of the British colony of

 

Singapore. Their primary objective was to secure a second beachhead after their successful assault at Sarimbun Beach on 8 February, in order to breach the Jurong-Kranji defence line as part of their southward thrust towards the heart of

 

Singapore City. Defending the shoreline between the Kranji River and the Johor–Singapore Causeway was the Australian 27th Brigade, led by Brigadier Duncan Maxwell, and one irregular company.

 

On 10 February the Japanese forces suffered their heaviest losses while moving up the Kranji River, which caused them to panic and nearly aborted the operation. However, a series of miscommunications and withdrawals by Allied forces in the

 

ensuing battles allowed the Japanese to swiftly gain strategic footholds, which eventually led to the fall of Singapore on 15 February 1942.

 

The terrain around Kranji was primarily mangrove swamps and tropical forest intersected by streams and inlets. The shoreline between the Kranji River and the Johor–Singapore Causeway, nearly four kilometers long, was defended by the

 

Australian 27th Brigade, led by Australian Brigadier Duncan Maxwell. The 27th Infantry Brigade consisted of three battalions—the 2/30th, 2/29th, and 2/26th and was supported by the 2/10th Field Artillery Regiment, as well as one platoon from the

 

2/4th Machine Gun Battalion.

 

They were supported by one company from Dalforce (named after its commander, Lieutenant-Colonel John Dalley of the Malayan Police Special Branch), a local Chinese militia consisting of Communists, Nationalist supporters, and other

 

volunteers. As the war intensified, the Dalforce volunteers were given only three to four days of training and sent to the war front with elementary weapons. Lacking uniforms, the volunteers improvised by wearing a red triangle on their blue shirts to

 

avoid being mistaken for Japanese by the Australians.

 

The Allied forces at Kranji were to be assaulted by the Imperial Guards Division led by Major General Takuma Nishimura. 400 Imperial Guards had landed and taken Pulau Ubin, an island in the north-east of Singapore, in a feint attack on 7

 

February, where they encountered minimal resistance.

 

On 9 February, two divisions of the Japanese Twenty Fifth Army, led by Lieutenant General Tomoyuki Yamashita, landed on the northwestern coast of Singapore, in the Sarimbun area. Yamashita's headquarters (HQ) was in the Sultan of Johor's

 

palace on Istana Bukit Serene, which offered him and his officers a bird's eye view of virtually every key target in the northern sector of Singapore Island, only 1.6 kilometres (one mile) across the Straits of Johor. Sultan Ibrahim's palace was not fired

 

upon by the British because any damage caused would have extensive repercussions for British-Johor ties.

 

The primary objective of the Japanese at Kranji was to capture Kranji village; this would let them repair the demolished Causeway in order to facilitate easy flow of reinforcements and supplies down the roads of Woodlands and Mandai, and to the

 

rest of the island for their vanguard force. Once the leading wave of Japanese was safely ashore, the massed Japanese artillery switched their fire to the defensive positions at Kranji. Telegraph and telephone communications were destroyed in the

 

bombardment and communications between the front line and command HQ were broken. At 8:30pm that night, the men of the Imperial Guards Division began the crossing from Johor in special armoured landing-crafts, collapsible boats and by

 

swimming.

 

In the early hours of 10 February, Japanese forces suffered their heaviest losses during the Battle of Singapore. While moving up the Kranji River, advance landing parties from the 4th Regiment of the Imperial Guard Division found themselves

 

under heavy fire from Australian machine gunners and mortar teams. They also found themselves surrounded by oil slicks, which had been created by Allied personnel emptying the nearby Woodlands oil depot, to prevent its capture. A scenario

 

feared by Yamashita came to pass by accident; the oil was set alight by Allied small arms fire, causing many Japanese soldiers to be burnt alive. Sustaining heavy losses, Nishimura requested permission to abandon the operation. However,

 

Yamashita denied the request.

 

Maxwell, who had limited communications with his division headquarters, was concerned that his force would be cut off by fierce and chaotic fighting at Sarimbun and Jurong to the south west, involving the Australian 22nd Brigade. Maxwell's

 

force consequently withdrew from the seafront. This allowed the Japanese to land in increasing strength and take control of Kranji village. They also captured Woodlands, and began repairing the causeway, without encountering any Allied attacks.

 

Japanese light tanks, which had good buoyancy, were towed across the straits to Lim Chu Kang Road where they joined the battle at dusk. With reinforced troops and tanks advancing down Choa Chua Kang Road, the Australian troops were no

 

match for the tanks and fled to the hills of Bukit Panjang. The 5th Division (Imperial Japanese Army) captured Bukit Timah village by the evening of 11 February.

 

Lieutenant-General Arthur Percival, General Officer Commanding of HQ Malaya Command, drew a defence perimeter covering Kallang aerodrome, MacRitchie and Peirce reservoirs and the Bukit Timah supply depot area to ensure the integrity

 

of the city's defence. One line of the north-western defence perimeter was the Jurong-Kranji defence line, a narrow ridge connecting the sources of the Jurong and the Kranji Rivers, forming a natural defence line protecting the north-west

 

approach to the Singapore City. (Its counterpart was the Serangoon Line, which was sited between Kallang Airfield and Paya Lebar village on the eastern part of Singapore). The troops were to defend this Line strongly against the invading

 

Japanese force. The Line was defended by the 44th Indian Infantry Brigade which covered milestone 12 on Jurong Road, the 12th Indian Infantry Brigade and the reinforced 22nd Australian Brigade which guarded the northern part of the Line and

 

maintained contact with the 44th Indian Brigade. The 15th Indian Infantry Brigade was re-positioned near Bukit Timah Road to guard the island's vital food and petrol supplies. A secret instruction to protect this area was issued to Percival's

 

generals.

 

Percival's secret orders to withdraw to the last defence line around the city only if necessary were misunderstood by Maxwell, who took this to be an order for an immediate withdrawal to the Line. As a result, the 44th Indian Infantry Brigade, the 12th

 

Indian Infantry Brigade and the 22nd Australian Brigade, reinforced after their withdrawal from Sarimbun beach in the north-west, abandoned the Line on 10 February. Fearing that the large supplies depot would fall into Japanese hands should

 

they make a rush for Bukit Timah too soon, General Archibald Wavell, Allied commander-in-chief of the Far East sent an urgent message to Percival:

 

It is certain that our troops in Singapore Island heavily outnumber any Japanese who have crossed the Straits. We must destroy them. Our whole fighting reputation is at stake and the honour of the British Empire. The Americans have held out in the

 

Bataan Peninsula against a far heavier odds, the Russians are turning back the picked strength of the Germans. The Chinese with an almost lack of modern equipment have held the Japanese for four and a half years. It will be disgraceful if we

 

yield our boasted fortress of Singapore to inferior enemy forces.

 

By 11 February, the Jurong-Kranji Defence Line was left undefended which allowed the Japanese forces to sweep through the Line to attack Bukit Timah. On the same day, Percival finally moved his Combined Operations Headquarters in Sime

 

Road to the underground bunker, The Battle Box at Fort Canning.

 

Despite their fighting spirit, the Dalforce fighters suffered from poor training and the lack of equipment. A further blow was delivered when the 27th Australian Brigade withdrew southwards. As a result, the Japanese established a stronghold in the

 

northern Woodlands area and secured a relatively easy passage into the island. General Wavell left Singapore for Java early on 11 February and sent a cable to British Prime Minister Winston Churchill in London on his assessment of the war front

 

in Singapore:

  

Battle for Singapore is not going well... I ordered Percival to stage counter-attack with all troops possible... Morale of some troops is not good and none is as high as I should like to see... The chief troubles are lack of sufficient training in some

 

reinforcing troops and an inferior complex which bold Japanese tactics and their command of the air have caused. Everything possible is being done to produce more offensive spirit and optimistic outlook. But I cannot pretend that these efforts

 

have been entirely successful up to date. I have given the most categorical orders that there is to be no thought of surrender and that all troops are to continue fighting to the end...

 

By 12 February, the Imperial Guards had captured the reservoirs and Nee Soon village. The defending troops, by this time, were badly shaken. Thousands of exhausted and frightened stragglers left the fighting to seek shelter in large buildings. On

 

the same night, British forces in the east of the island had begun to withdraw towards the city.

 

On 13 February, the Japanese 5th Division continued its advance and reached Adam and Farrer Roads to capture the Sime Road Camp. Yamashita moved his HQ forward to the bomb-damaged Ford Factory in Bukit Timah. Heading southwards,

 

the Japanese 18th Division advanced into Pasir Panjang, where the last major battle of Singapore would be fought with the Malay Regiments at Bukit Chandu.

 

In 1995, the former battle sites of Kranji and the defence line were gazetted by the National Heritage Board as two of the eleven World War II sites of Singapore.

  

2005

 

Knoica Minolta

  

PICT0059

Between 2014 and 2018 Australia will commemorate the Anzac Centenary, marking 100 years since our nation's involvement in the First World War.

These photos are almost 10 years old to the day (7 days away) as it will soon be Anzac day 2015.

 

I have attended quite a few dawn services but none quite as sobering as being a foreigner, walking fields where Australian soldiers died during wartime, and were burried.

 

I thought it was time to post my photos from Kranji.

I got up at 4 am along with many other of my Australian Microsoft and MVP friends. Bleary eyed, fighting the fog, we found our way to the bus.

We were in a daze as we were bumped about making our way to the killing fields of Kranji.

 

Kranji is a suburb in northwestern Singapore, located about 22 kilometres (14 mi) from the city centre.

The Kranji War Memorial in Singapore honours the men and women from the Commonwealth who died in the line of duty during World War II.

 

A very appropropriate and solem place for Anzac Day 2005.

 

Back then I was not interested in Photography and my cameras were not that great. Still, that is not the reason for the photos. I did want to try for a perfect shot. I just wanted memories.

It was humid, dark and very quiet as the service started. Bagpipes from overhead and marching in front.

 

Deep within this quiet neighbourhood, lies the Kranji War Memorial, a hillside cemetery that is quite beautiful in its serenity once you get there.

Every year, a memorial service is held to pay tribute to those who gave their lives.

The memorial honours the men and women from Britain, Australia, Canada, Sri Lanka, India, Malaya, the Netherlands and New Zealand who died in the line of duty during World War II.

 

Here, we see more than 4,400 white gravestones lined up in rows on the cemetery’s gentle slope. Many graves hold unknown soldiers.

The Chinese Memorial in plot 44 marks a mass grave for 69 Chinese servicemen who were killed by the Japanese when Singapore fell in February 1942.

 

Next to the Kranji War Memorial are the Kranji Military Cemetery and the Singapore State Cemetery, where Singapore’s first and second presidents are buried.

As we walked the short flight of steps to the hilltop terrace, we saw four memorials.

 

The largest is the Singapore Memorial, with its huge star-topped central pylon that rises to a height of 24 metres.

This memorial bears the names of more than 24,346 Allied soldiers and airmen killed in Southeast Asia who have no known grave. You can find the register, kept by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission, at the entrance.

 

Every year, on the Sunday closest to Remembrance Day on 11 November, a memorial service is held to pay tribute to those who gave their lives.

 

Next to the Kranji War Memorial is the Kranji Military Cemetery, a non-world war site of more than 1,400 burials, as well as the Singapore State Cemetery, where the country’s first and second presidents, Encik Yusof Ishak and Dr Benjamin Henry

 

Sheares, are buried.

 

The Battle of Kranji was the second stage of the Empire of Japan's plan for the invasion of Singapore during the Second World War. On 9 February 1942 the Imperial Japanese Army assaulted the north-western front of the British colony of

 

Singapore. Their primary objective was to secure a second beachhead after their successful assault at Sarimbun Beach on 8 February, in order to breach the Jurong-Kranji defence line as part of their southward thrust towards the heart of

 

Singapore City. Defending the shoreline between the Kranji River and the Johor–Singapore Causeway was the Australian 27th Brigade, led by Brigadier Duncan Maxwell, and one irregular company.

 

On 10 February the Japanese forces suffered their heaviest losses while moving up the Kranji River, which caused them to panic and nearly aborted the operation. However, a series of miscommunications and withdrawals by Allied forces in the

 

ensuing battles allowed the Japanese to swiftly gain strategic footholds, which eventually led to the fall of Singapore on 15 February 1942.

 

The terrain around Kranji was primarily mangrove swamps and tropical forest intersected by streams and inlets. The shoreline between the Kranji River and the Johor–Singapore Causeway, nearly four kilometers long, was defended by the

 

Australian 27th Brigade, led by Australian Brigadier Duncan Maxwell. The 27th Infantry Brigade consisted of three battalions—the 2/30th, 2/29th, and 2/26th and was supported by the 2/10th Field Artillery Regiment, as well as one platoon from the

 

2/4th Machine Gun Battalion.

 

They were supported by one company from Dalforce (named after its commander, Lieutenant-Colonel John Dalley of the Malayan Police Special Branch), a local Chinese militia consisting of Communists, Nationalist supporters, and other

 

volunteers. As the war intensified, the Dalforce volunteers were given only three to four days of training and sent to the war front with elementary weapons. Lacking uniforms, the volunteers improvised by wearing a red triangle on their blue shirts to

 

avoid being mistaken for Japanese by the Australians.

 

The Allied forces at Kranji were to be assaulted by the Imperial Guards Division led by Major General Takuma Nishimura. 400 Imperial Guards had landed and taken Pulau Ubin, an island in the north-east of Singapore, in a feint attack on 7

 

February, where they encountered minimal resistance.

 

On 9 February, two divisions of the Japanese Twenty Fifth Army, led by Lieutenant General Tomoyuki Yamashita, landed on the northwestern coast of Singapore, in the Sarimbun area. Yamashita's headquarters (HQ) was in the Sultan of Johor's

 

palace on Istana Bukit Serene, which offered him and his officers a bird's eye view of virtually every key target in the northern sector of Singapore Island, only 1.6 kilometres (one mile) across the Straits of Johor. Sultan Ibrahim's palace was not fired

 

upon by the British because any damage caused would have extensive repercussions for British-Johor ties.

 

The primary objective of the Japanese at Kranji was to capture Kranji village; this would let them repair the demolished Causeway in order to facilitate easy flow of reinforcements and supplies down the roads of Woodlands and Mandai, and to the

 

rest of the island for their vanguard force. Once the leading wave of Japanese was safely ashore, the massed Japanese artillery switched their fire to the defensive positions at Kranji. Telegraph and telephone communications were destroyed in the

 

bombardment and communications between the front line and command HQ were broken. At 8:30pm that night, the men of the Imperial Guards Division began the crossing from Johor in special armoured landing-crafts, collapsible boats and by

 

swimming.

 

In the early hours of 10 February, Japanese forces suffered their heaviest losses during the Battle of Singapore. While moving up the Kranji River, advance landing parties from the 4th Regiment of the Imperial Guard Division found themselves

 

under heavy fire from Australian machine gunners and mortar teams. They also found themselves surrounded by oil slicks, which had been created by Allied personnel emptying the nearby Woodlands oil depot, to prevent its capture. A scenario

 

feared by Yamashita came to pass by accident; the oil was set alight by Allied small arms fire, causing many Japanese soldiers to be burnt alive. Sustaining heavy losses, Nishimura requested permission to abandon the operation. However,

 

Yamashita denied the request.

 

Maxwell, who had limited communications with his division headquarters, was concerned that his force would be cut off by fierce and chaotic fighting at Sarimbun and Jurong to the south west, involving the Australian 22nd Brigade. Maxwell's

 

force consequently withdrew from the seafront. This allowed the Japanese to land in increasing strength and take control of Kranji village. They also captured Woodlands, and began repairing the causeway, without encountering any Allied attacks.

 

Japanese light tanks, which had good buoyancy, were towed across the straits to Lim Chu Kang Road where they joined the battle at dusk. With reinforced troops and tanks advancing down Choa Chua Kang Road, the Australian troops were no

 

match for the tanks and fled to the hills of Bukit Panjang. The 5th Division (Imperial Japanese Army) captured Bukit Timah village by the evening of 11 February.

 

Lieutenant-General Arthur Percival, General Officer Commanding of HQ Malaya Command, drew a defence perimeter covering Kallang aerodrome, MacRitchie and Peirce reservoirs and the Bukit Timah supply depot area to ensure the integrity

 

of the city's defence. One line of the north-western defence perimeter was the Jurong-Kranji defence line, a narrow ridge connecting the sources of the Jurong and the Kranji Rivers, forming a natural defence line protecting the north-west

 

approach to the Singapore City. (Its counterpart was the Serangoon Line, which was sited between Kallang Airfield and Paya Lebar village on the eastern part of Singapore). The troops were to defend this Line strongly against the invading

 

Japanese force. The Line was defended by the 44th Indian Infantry Brigade which covered milestone 12 on Jurong Road, the 12th Indian Infantry Brigade and the reinforced 22nd Australian Brigade which guarded the northern part of the Line and

 

maintained contact with the 44th Indian Brigade. The 15th Indian Infantry Brigade was re-positioned near Bukit Timah Road to guard the island's vital food and petrol supplies. A secret instruction to protect this area was issued to Percival's

 

generals.

 

Percival's secret orders to withdraw to the last defence line around the city only if necessary were misunderstood by Maxwell, who took this to be an order for an immediate withdrawal to the Line. As a result, the 44th Indian Infantry Brigade, the 12th

 

Indian Infantry Brigade and the 22nd Australian Brigade, reinforced after their withdrawal from Sarimbun beach in the north-west, abandoned the Line on 10 February. Fearing that the large supplies depot would fall into Japanese hands should

 

they make a rush for Bukit Timah too soon, General Archibald Wavell, Allied commander-in-chief of the Far East sent an urgent message to Percival:

 

It is certain that our troops in Singapore Island heavily outnumber any Japanese who have crossed the Straits. We must destroy them. Our whole fighting reputation is at stake and the honour of the British Empire. The Americans have held out in the

 

Bataan Peninsula against a far heavier odds, the Russians are turning back the picked strength of the Germans. The Chinese with an almost lack of modern equipment have held the Japanese for four and a half years. It will be disgraceful if we

 

yield our boasted fortress of Singapore to inferior enemy forces.

 

By 11 February, the Jurong-Kranji Defence Line was left undefended which allowed the Japanese forces to sweep through the Line to attack Bukit Timah. On the same day, Percival finally moved his Combined Operations Headquarters in Sime

 

Road to the underground bunker, The Battle Box at Fort Canning.

 

Despite their fighting spirit, the Dalforce fighters suffered from poor training and the lack of equipment. A further blow was delivered when the 27th Australian Brigade withdrew southwards. As a result, the Japanese established a stronghold in the

 

northern Woodlands area and secured a relatively easy passage into the island. General Wavell left Singapore for Java early on 11 February and sent a cable to British Prime Minister Winston Churchill in London on his assessment of the war front

 

in Singapore:

  

Battle for Singapore is not going well... I ordered Percival to stage counter-attack with all troops possible... Morale of some troops is not good and none is as high as I should like to see... The chief troubles are lack of sufficient training in some

 

reinforcing troops and an inferior complex which bold Japanese tactics and their command of the air have caused. Everything possible is being done to produce more offensive spirit and optimistic outlook. But I cannot pretend that these efforts

 

have been entirely successful up to date. I have given the most categorical orders that there is to be no thought of surrender and that all troops are to continue fighting to the end...

 

By 12 February, the Imperial Guards had captured the reservoirs and Nee Soon village. The defending troops, by this time, were badly shaken. Thousands of exhausted and frightened stragglers left the fighting to seek shelter in large buildings. On

 

the same night, British forces in the east of the island had begun to withdraw towards the city.

 

On 13 February, the Japanese 5th Division continued its advance and reached Adam and Farrer Roads to capture the Sime Road Camp. Yamashita moved his HQ forward to the bomb-damaged Ford Factory in Bukit Timah. Heading southwards,

 

the Japanese 18th Division advanced into Pasir Panjang, where the last major battle of Singapore would be fought with the Malay Regiments at Bukit Chandu.

 

In 1995, the former battle sites of Kranji and the defence line were gazetted by the National Heritage Board as two of the eleven World War II sites of Singapore.

  

2005

 

Knoica Minolta

  

PICT0056

Seattle is a coastal seaport city and the seat of King County, in the U.S. state of Washington. With an estimated 652,405 residents as of 2013, Seattle is the largest city in both the State of Washington and the Pacific Northwest region of North America and the fastest-growing major city in the United States. The Seattle metropolitan area of around 3.6 million inhabitants is the 15th largest metropolitan area in the United States. The city is situated on a narrow isthmus between Puget Sound (an inlet of the Pacific Ocean) and Lake Washington, about 100 miles (160 km) south of the Canada–United States border. A major gateway for trade with Asia, Seattle is the 8th largest port in the United States and 9th largest in North America in terms of container handling.

 

The Seattle area had previously been inhabited by Native Americans for at least 4,000 years before the first permanent European settlers. Arthur A. Denny and his group of travelers, subsequently known as the Denny Party, arrived on the schooner Exact at Alki Point on November 13, 1851. The settlement was moved to its current site and named "Seattle" in 1852, after Chief Si'ahl of the local Duwamish and Suquamish tribes.

 

Logging was Seattle's first major industry, but by the late 19th century the city had become a commercial and shipbuilding center as a gateway to Alaska during the Klondike Gold Rush. By 1910, Seattle was one of the 25 largest cities in the country. However, the Great Depression severely damaged the city's economy. Growth returned during and after World War II, due partially to the local Boeing company, which established Seattle as a center for aircraft manufacturing. The city developed as a technology center in the 1980s, with companies like Amazon.com, Microsoft and T-Mobile US based in the area. The stream of new software, biotechnology, and Internet companies led to an economic revival, which increased the city's population by almost 50,000 between 1990 and 2000. Since then, Seattle has become a hub for green industry and a model for sustainable development.

 

Seattle has a noteworthy musical history. From 1918 to 1951, there were nearly two dozen jazz nightclubs along Jackson Street, from the current Chinatown/International District to the Central District. The jazz scene developed the early careers of Ray Charles, Quincy Jones, Ernestine Anderson and others. Seattle is also the birthplace of rock musician Jimi Hendrix and the alternative rock style grunge.

 

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seattle

 

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Text_of_Creative_Commons_...

Between 2014 and 2018 Australia will commemorate the Anzac Centenary, marking 100 years since our nation's involvement in the First World War.

These photos are almost 10 years old to the day (7 days away) as it will soon be Anzac day 2015.

 

I have attended quite a few dawn services but none quite as sobering as being a foreigner, walking fields where Australian soldiers died during wartime, and were burried.

 

I thought it was time to post my photos from Kranji.

I got up at 4 am along with many other of my Australian Microsoft and MVP friends. Bleary eyed, fighting the fog, we found our way to the bus.

We were in a daze as we were bumped about making our way to the killing fields of Kranji.

 

Kranji is a suburb in northwestern Singapore, located about 22 kilometres (14 mi) from the city centre.

The Kranji War Memorial in Singapore honours the men and women from the Commonwealth who died in the line of duty during World War II.

 

A very appropropriate and solem place for Anzac Day 2005.

 

Back then I was not interested in Photography and my cameras were not that great. Still, that is not the reason for the photos. I did want to try for a perfect shot. I just wanted memories.

It was humid, dark and very quiet as the service started. Bagpipes from overhead and marching in front.

 

Deep within this quiet neighbourhood, lies the Kranji War Memorial, a hillside cemetery that is quite beautiful in its serenity once you get there.

Every year, a memorial service is held to pay tribute to those who gave their lives.

The memorial honours the men and women from Britain, Australia, Canada, Sri Lanka, India, Malaya, the Netherlands and New Zealand who died in the line of duty during World War II.

 

Here, we see more than 4,400 white gravestones lined up in rows on the cemetery’s gentle slope. Many graves hold unknown soldiers.

The Chinese Memorial in plot 44 marks a mass grave for 69 Chinese servicemen who were killed by the Japanese when Singapore fell in February 1942.

 

Next to the Kranji War Memorial are the Kranji Military Cemetery and the Singapore State Cemetery, where Singapore’s first and second presidents are buried.

As we walked the short flight of steps to the hilltop terrace, we saw four memorials.

 

The largest is the Singapore Memorial, with its huge star-topped central pylon that rises to a height of 24 metres.

This memorial bears the names of more than 24,346 Allied soldiers and airmen killed in Southeast Asia who have no known grave. You can find the register, kept by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission, at the entrance.

 

Every year, on the Sunday closest to Remembrance Day on 11 November, a memorial service is held to pay tribute to those who gave their lives.

 

Next to the Kranji War Memorial is the Kranji Military Cemetery, a non-world war site of more than 1,400 burials, as well as the Singapore State Cemetery, where the country’s first and second presidents, Encik Yusof Ishak and Dr Benjamin Henry

 

Sheares, are buried.

 

The Battle of Kranji was the second stage of the Empire of Japan's plan for the invasion of Singapore during the Second World War. On 9 February 1942 the Imperial Japanese Army assaulted the north-western front of the British colony of

 

Singapore. Their primary objective was to secure a second beachhead after their successful assault at Sarimbun Beach on 8 February, in order to breach the Jurong-Kranji defence line as part of their southward thrust towards the heart of

 

Singapore City. Defending the shoreline between the Kranji River and the Johor–Singapore Causeway was the Australian 27th Brigade, led by Brigadier Duncan Maxwell, and one irregular company.

 

On 10 February the Japanese forces suffered their heaviest losses while moving up the Kranji River, which caused them to panic and nearly aborted the operation. However, a series of miscommunications and withdrawals by Allied forces in the

 

ensuing battles allowed the Japanese to swiftly gain strategic footholds, which eventually led to the fall of Singapore on 15 February 1942.

 

The terrain around Kranji was primarily mangrove swamps and tropical forest intersected by streams and inlets. The shoreline between the Kranji River and the Johor–Singapore Causeway, nearly four kilometers long, was defended by the

 

Australian 27th Brigade, led by Australian Brigadier Duncan Maxwell. The 27th Infantry Brigade consisted of three battalions—the 2/30th, 2/29th, and 2/26th and was supported by the 2/10th Field Artillery Regiment, as well as one platoon from the

 

2/4th Machine Gun Battalion.

 

They were supported by one company from Dalforce (named after its commander, Lieutenant-Colonel John Dalley of the Malayan Police Special Branch), a local Chinese militia consisting of Communists, Nationalist supporters, and other

 

volunteers. As the war intensified, the Dalforce volunteers were given only three to four days of training and sent to the war front with elementary weapons. Lacking uniforms, the volunteers improvised by wearing a red triangle on their blue shirts to

 

avoid being mistaken for Japanese by the Australians.

 

The Allied forces at Kranji were to be assaulted by the Imperial Guards Division led by Major General Takuma Nishimura. 400 Imperial Guards had landed and taken Pulau Ubin, an island in the north-east of Singapore, in a feint attack on 7

 

February, where they encountered minimal resistance.

 

On 9 February, two divisions of the Japanese Twenty Fifth Army, led by Lieutenant General Tomoyuki Yamashita, landed on the northwestern coast of Singapore, in the Sarimbun area. Yamashita's headquarters (HQ) was in the Sultan of Johor's

 

palace on Istana Bukit Serene, which offered him and his officers a bird's eye view of virtually every key target in the northern sector of Singapore Island, only 1.6 kilometres (one mile) across the Straits of Johor. Sultan Ibrahim's palace was not fired

 

upon by the British because any damage caused would have extensive repercussions for British-Johor ties.

 

The primary objective of the Japanese at Kranji was to capture Kranji village; this would let them repair the demolished Causeway in order to facilitate easy flow of reinforcements and supplies down the roads of Woodlands and Mandai, and to the

 

rest of the island for their vanguard force. Once the leading wave of Japanese was safely ashore, the massed Japanese artillery switched their fire to the defensive positions at Kranji. Telegraph and telephone communications were destroyed in the

 

bombardment and communications between the front line and command HQ were broken. At 8:30pm that night, the men of the Imperial Guards Division began the crossing from Johor in special armoured landing-crafts, collapsible boats and by

 

swimming.

 

In the early hours of 10 February, Japanese forces suffered their heaviest losses during the Battle of Singapore. While moving up the Kranji River, advance landing parties from the 4th Regiment of the Imperial Guard Division found themselves

 

under heavy fire from Australian machine gunners and mortar teams. They also found themselves surrounded by oil slicks, which had been created by Allied personnel emptying the nearby Woodlands oil depot, to prevent its capture. A scenario

 

feared by Yamashita came to pass by accident; the oil was set alight by Allied small arms fire, causing many Japanese soldiers to be burnt alive. Sustaining heavy losses, Nishimura requested permission to abandon the operation. However,

 

Yamashita denied the request.

 

Maxwell, who had limited communications with his division headquarters, was concerned that his force would be cut off by fierce and chaotic fighting at Sarimbun and Jurong to the south west, involving the Australian 22nd Brigade. Maxwell's

 

force consequently withdrew from the seafront. This allowed the Japanese to land in increasing strength and take control of Kranji village. They also captured Woodlands, and began repairing the causeway, without encountering any Allied attacks.

 

Japanese light tanks, which had good buoyancy, were towed across the straits to Lim Chu Kang Road where they joined the battle at dusk. With reinforced troops and tanks advancing down Choa Chua Kang Road, the Australian troops were no

 

match for the tanks and fled to the hills of Bukit Panjang. The 5th Division (Imperial Japanese Army) captured Bukit Timah village by the evening of 11 February.

 

Lieutenant-General Arthur Percival, General Officer Commanding of HQ Malaya Command, drew a defence perimeter covering Kallang aerodrome, MacRitchie and Peirce reservoirs and the Bukit Timah supply depot area to ensure the integrity

 

of the city's defence. One line of the north-western defence perimeter was the Jurong-Kranji defence line, a narrow ridge connecting the sources of the Jurong and the Kranji Rivers, forming a natural defence line protecting the north-west

 

approach to the Singapore City. (Its counterpart was the Serangoon Line, which was sited between Kallang Airfield and Paya Lebar village on the eastern part of Singapore). The troops were to defend this Line strongly against the invading

 

Japanese force. The Line was defended by the 44th Indian Infantry Brigade which covered milestone 12 on Jurong Road, the 12th Indian Infantry Brigade and the reinforced 22nd Australian Brigade which guarded the northern part of the Line and

 

maintained contact with the 44th Indian Brigade. The 15th Indian Infantry Brigade was re-positioned near Bukit Timah Road to guard the island's vital food and petrol supplies. A secret instruction to protect this area was issued to Percival's

 

generals.

 

Percival's secret orders to withdraw to the last defence line around the city only if necessary were misunderstood by Maxwell, who took this to be an order for an immediate withdrawal to the Line. As a result, the 44th Indian Infantry Brigade, the 12th

 

Indian Infantry Brigade and the 22nd Australian Brigade, reinforced after their withdrawal from Sarimbun beach in the north-west, abandoned the Line on 10 February. Fearing that the large supplies depot would fall into Japanese hands should

 

they make a rush for Bukit Timah too soon, General Archibald Wavell, Allied commander-in-chief of the Far East sent an urgent message to Percival:

 

It is certain that our troops in Singapore Island heavily outnumber any Japanese who have crossed the Straits. We must destroy them. Our whole fighting reputation is at stake and the honour of the British Empire. The Americans have held out in the

 

Bataan Peninsula against a far heavier odds, the Russians are turning back the picked strength of the Germans. The Chinese with an almost lack of modern equipment have held the Japanese for four and a half years. It will be disgraceful if we

 

yield our boasted fortress of Singapore to inferior enemy forces.

 

By 11 February, the Jurong-Kranji Defence Line was left undefended which allowed the Japanese forces to sweep through the Line to attack Bukit Timah. On the same day, Percival finally moved his Combined Operations Headquarters in Sime

 

Road to the underground bunker, The Battle Box at Fort Canning.

 

Despite their fighting spirit, the Dalforce fighters suffered from poor training and the lack of equipment. A further blow was delivered when the 27th Australian Brigade withdrew southwards. As a result, the Japanese established a stronghold in the

 

northern Woodlands area and secured a relatively easy passage into the island. General Wavell left Singapore for Java early on 11 February and sent a cable to British Prime Minister Winston Churchill in London on his assessment of the war front

 

in Singapore:

  

Battle for Singapore is not going well... I ordered Percival to stage counter-attack with all troops possible... Morale of some troops is not good and none is as high as I should like to see... The chief troubles are lack of sufficient training in some

 

reinforcing troops and an inferior complex which bold Japanese tactics and their command of the air have caused. Everything possible is being done to produce more offensive spirit and optimistic outlook. But I cannot pretend that these efforts

 

have been entirely successful up to date. I have given the most categorical orders that there is to be no thought of surrender and that all troops are to continue fighting to the end...

 

By 12 February, the Imperial Guards had captured the reservoirs and Nee Soon village. The defending troops, by this time, were badly shaken. Thousands of exhausted and frightened stragglers left the fighting to seek shelter in large buildings. On

 

the same night, British forces in the east of the island had begun to withdraw towards the city.

 

On 13 February, the Japanese 5th Division continued its advance and reached Adam and Farrer Roads to capture the Sime Road Camp. Yamashita moved his HQ forward to the bomb-damaged Ford Factory in Bukit Timah. Heading southwards,

 

the Japanese 18th Division advanced into Pasir Panjang, where the last major battle of Singapore would be fought with the Malay Regiments at Bukit Chandu.

 

In 1995, the former battle sites of Kranji and the defence line were gazetted by the National Heritage Board as two of the eleven World War II sites of Singapore.

  

2005

Canon IXUS 330

  

IMG_8952

MINKA News

 

DIARIO DE LONDRES

 

Corazón latino en la cuna del idioma inglés/

 

Tribuna livre dos ibero americanos/

 

UK's Latin Tri-Lingual Newsletter Londres, 28 de Diciembre del 2008 . Año internacional

de la papa. Minka aparece de manera intercalada con ANALISIS GLOBAL. Minka,

Mink’a o Minga son palabras en las 3 lenguas amerindias más habladas que significan

una forma de trabajo por y para la comunidad.Si por error le enviamos este

email por favor responder ‘remover’. If you don't read Spanish reply 'English'

     

Indios americanos descubrieron Europa hace 2 milenios

 

Nuevo hallazgo en Inglaterra ha de cambiar a la historia

   

En el sur de Londres se hallaron restos irrefutables de la presencia de indios

que provenieron del Caribe entre los años 150 y 200 antes de Cristo

   

Según la historiografía hubo migraciones transoceánicas a las Américas desde

Asia, Europa u Oceanía, pero hoy el Museo Británico revelará que también pasó

lo inverso. En Londres se han encontrado restos amerindios de hace dos milenios,

antes de que esta ciudad fuera fundada por los romanos y luego ocupada por

los anglo-sajones.

 

El viaje que hizo en 1947 el Kon Tiki desde Callao a la Polinesia mostró como

los antiguos americanos podían hacer travesías inter-continentales de al menos

7,000 kilómetros. Los hallazgos muestran que navegantes desde las Antillas

siguieron la corriente que va hacia el mar del norte pescando anguilas que

emigran desde el Caribe hasta los ríos ingleses donde depositan sus huevos.

 

La mayor urbe europea tendría un origen amerindio. London significa ‘nuevo

mundo’ en un idioma arawac. Los arawacos colonizaron desde Argentina hasta

casi todas las cientos de islas que hay en el Caribe y el Atlántico centro-oeste,

e incluso moldearon la lengua de la nobleza inca.

 

Debido a la importancia del anuncio de hoy, esta fecha nuevamente ocupará un

lugar destacado en el calendario internacional.

   

En balsas como las del Kon Tiki llegaron los primeros londinenses desde las

Antillas

         

A fondo:

 

Indios americanos descubrieron Londres hace 2,200 años

   

Colosal hallazgo en excavación del sur de Londres cambia la historia. No fueron

los europeos quienes descubrieron a las Américas, sino que los indígenas americanos

llegaron a Europa más de un milenio antes que se hubiesen dado las travesías

de Colón o de los vikingos.

 

Se han encontrado vasijas, figuras, indumentarias e instrumentos muy similares

a los que aún hoy usan pueblos originarios de América central y del sur. El

análisis de los huesos muestran rasgos y DNA exactos a los de las poblaciones

amerindias y es muy distinto al del tipo común europeo. Las pruebas de carbono

14 arrojan que los hallazgos datan de al menos 150 años de cuando los romanos

en el año 45 antes de Cristo entraron a Inglaterra y fundaron Londonium.

   

Prototipo de barco pre-colombino en museo de Oslo. Este tipo de botes era capaz

de navegar desde uno a otro continente

   

El British Museum abrirá sala para exponer los artefactos encontrados

 

En una conferencia ha realizarse en unas horas en el British Museum expertos

de la University College of London (UCL) han de explicar que se demoró en hacer

público tales hallazgos hasta poderse comprobar de manera irrefutable que las

ruinas encontradas pertenecieron a pueblos que debieron haber pasado previamente

por el Caribe. Una nueva sala será habilitada en los próximos meses.

 

El destacado arqueólogo César Astahuamán (UCL) explicó en una conferencia de

prensa que la historia convencional sostiene que los terrenos sobre los que

hoy se asienta Londres fueron inicialmente habitados por tribus celtas hasta

que a fines de la era pasada los romanos le sometieron; luego, a partir del

siglo V, se inicia la invasión de los anglo-sajones y desde 1066 los normandos

llegaron desde Francia para conquistarla.

 

El nuevo descubrimiento prueba que antes de los romanos hubo pueblos americanos.

Esto explica que varios de los tatuajes de tribus británicas como la de los

‘pictos’ se pareciesen a varios de los que se encuentran en el Caribe o el

Amazonas, acotó. Estos hallazgos podrían dar luz sobre quienes eran los tricomantes,

los habitantes nativos del actual Londres que los romanos sojuzgaron, los mismos

que serían pueblos de origen y habla arawak.

   

No es cierto que los arawaks fueron descubiertos por Colón en 1492, pues navegantes

arawaks llegaron a Europa 1,600 a 1,700 años antes que los conquistadores

   

Se demuestra que no solo los del Viejo Mundo llegaron al Nuevo Mundo sino que

se dio el fenómeno inverso

 

Robert Barker (UCL), quien viene haciendo una revisión en la historia para

mostrar que el imperio incaico era más antiguo de lo que se cree, dijo que

hasta la fecha todos los expertos suelen discutir acerca de distintas teorías

sobre como las Américas fueron pobladas desde otros continentes, pero hasta

recién hoy no se había logrado demostrar que los americanos también pudieron

hacer viajes hacia otros continentes.

 

La principal teoría sobre migraciones transcontinentales asevera que hace más

de 13,000 años pueblos mongoloides llegaron a las Américas desde Siberia cruzando

por Bering, el cual hoy es un estrecho de mar, pero antes estaba conectado

por tierra firme con el Asia. Se supone que estos primeros colonizadores humanos

eran cazadores, tal y cual lo hacen los actuales inuits o esquimales, surcaban

los témpanos de hielo en canoas persiguiendo peces o mamíferos acuáticos.

 

Otras teorías sostienen que otros cazadores o pescadores llegaron de tal forma

desde Europa occidental circunnavegando la capa de hielo polar que hace más

de 13,000 años conectaba a la península ibérica con Norte América. Una evidencia

de ello es que las formas de los utensilios paleolíticos de la cultura Clovis

en el actual EEUU es similar al que entonces se hallaba en Francia y el sur

de Europa.

 

Siguiendo el mismo razonamiento hay otra teoría que dice que muchos de los

primeros americanos pueden ser descendientes de otros pueblos que vinieron

por las capas polares del Pacífico Sur y que originalmente llegaron de Australia.

 

Sin embargo, tal y como mostraron los expertos de la UCL, la ruta que une el

Caribe con Inglaterra es más corta que muchas de las rutas anteriormente descritas.

La colonización que vino de las Américas hacia Europa fue hecha en tiempos

m modernos donde las embarcaciones y las técnicas de navegación eran mejores

y siguiendo una corriente de agua caliente (como es la que parte desde las

Antillas hasta el Mar del Norte) lo que hubiese hecho más placentero el viaje.

   

La ruta tomada por los indios de las Antillas fue inversa a la que un milenio

y medio después hicieron los hispanos

   

Se reivindica al Kon Tiki

 

Los hallazgos fueron revelados a medio siglo de que el científico noruego Thor

Heyerdhal probase que los antiguos americanos tenían la tecnología y los barcos

capaces de cruzar océanos. El 28 de Abril de 1947 una balsa de totora bautizada

como el Kon Tiki zarpó del puerto peruano del Callao para acabar surcando casi

7,000 kilómetros y llegar al 101 dia de viaje al archipiélago polinesio de

Tuamutu.

 

Esa distancia es menor que la que separa al viejo del nuevo mundo, con lo que

es factible que balsas del Caribe bien pudiesen haber llegado a Europa siglos

antes que Colon hubiese hecho el viaje inverso.

 

Quienes edificaron el Kon Tiki fueron artesanos aymaras del lago Titicaca,

quienes utilizaron la totora que hay en su zona natal.

 

Este lago, el mayor de Sudamérica, es el origen de los incas y antes de los

Tiawanacos, civilización que, según su descubridor Arturo Posnansky, tuvo más

de 10,000 anhos de antigüedad.

 

Algunos historiadores incluso conjeturan que Tiawanaco pudo haber sido la antigua

Atlántida.

 

Los restos de los indios americanos encontrados en el sur de Londres muestran

rasgos arawacs y ya estimado que la lengua originaria de los Tiawanacos e incas

era el puquina, idioma de corte arawac.

 

Los descubrimientos han vuelto a revitalizar la teoría de la Atlántida, aunque

ahora se le diese un toque distinto, pues los primeros atlantes habrían sido

amerindios.

     

Modernopescador de anguilas, peces que desde hace milenios emigran entre el

Caribe e Inglaterra,y cuya codiciada carne hizo que los antiguos americanos

se desplazacen a Europa

   

¿Por qué los americanos llegaron al río Támesis antes que a otras partes de

Europa?

 

Efectivamente que Europa tiene otros puntos que están un poco más al oeste

y cercanos a las Américas. Sin embargo, la corriente marina que viene desde

las Antillas y que va de frente hacia las islas británicas.

 

La bióloga Mary Ingham, quien es experta en anguilas, detalla que hay un tipo

de éstas cuyo sabor es muy apreciado, que nace en el río Támesis y que luego

viaja al Caribe para luego, cuando quiere colocar sus huevos, retorna al río

de la actual capital británica.

 

Según ella es muy probable que pescadores caribeños se hayan metido por la

corriente que va hacia el mar de Norte en busca de anguilas y que así hubiesen

acabado en la desembocadura del río Támesis. De acuerdo a Mary Ingham estos

peces de la especie “angilla angilla” son muy importantes en la dieta tradicional

tanto del Caribe como de Londres.

 

Ella indica que los bares de comida tradicional casera de Londres siempre sirven

anguila mientras que la Antilla más al norte que hay es conocida como la isla

Anguila, la misma que hoy es una dependencia británica.

   

Los primeros londinenses se pintaban sus caras como esta mujer arawac. Los

romanos les llamaron pictos por las pinturas en sus rostros.

   

Los primeros pobladores de Londres fueron arawacs

 

Paul Goulder, quien ha sido profesor de historia y cultura latino americana

en Londres y París, afirmó que a nadie debería sorprenderle el que tribus arawacs

hayan llegado a Europa. Después de la familia de lenguas indoeuropeas (en las

cuales está desde el español hasta el inglés, el ruso y el hindi), la familia

más esparcida es la de los arawacs. Estos pueblos que se piensa que provienen

del centro de la cuenca del Amazonas o del este colombiano se esparcieron por

todas las Américas: desde Argentina y las zonas campas y cambas de Perú y Bolivia

hasta La Florida.

 

Pueblos arawacs fueron los primeros que Colón llegó al descubrir el nuevo mundo.

Hace medio milenio los arawcs habían colonizado casi todas las cientos de islas

ue van desde las costas de Venezuela y las guayanas hasta las Bahamas. Semejantes

navegantes bien pudieron haber logrado dar el salto hacia el viejo mundo.

   

En estos botes arawacs se desplazaban los antiguos pescadores de anguilas del

Thames

   

La palabra London tendría un orígen arawac

 

La revelación del hallazgo fue hecha en la misma sala del British Museum donde

el 16 de septiembre se citaron los principales etno-lingüistas especializados

en los Andes tales como los profesores Willem Adelaar, Rodolfo Cerrón Palomino

y Paul Hoggerty.

 

En dicha oportunidad esas eminencias explicaron que le lengua originaria de

los incas no era el quechua o el aymara, sino el puquina, un idioma de la misma

familia arawac que hace milenios dominaba el Caribe.

 

Varios de los asistentes comentaban entonces que varios vocablos de Londres

pareciese indicar una toponimia de origen arawac.

 

Hoy tales presunciones han sido corroboradas. La palabra London, que algunos

dicen que proviene del rey Lud, del galés Glynn Din (ciudad del valle) o del

hebreo (Ian dan, descendientes de la tribu de Dan), es lo más probable que

provenga de una extinta lengua taína arawaca de Cuba y la isla de Santo Domingo

que significa ‘Lon’ (nuevo) y ‘Don’ (mundo).

 

Incluso las palabras Clapham o Tottenham tendrían un origen en dicha lengua

del Caribe. Según los expertos ‘Jam’ significa lugar, mientras que ‘Clap’ significa

aplausos o ‘Toten’ es mercadeo.

   

Los antiguos londinenses se pintaban sus rostros al estilo arawac

   

Las excavaciones son en Elephant and Castle

 

Los restos fueron encontrados hace pocos meses por trabajadores de la construcción

cuando estuvieron excavando para hacer un nuevo edificio entre la Walworth

Road y Newington Butts. A fin de sentar las bases para torres de departamentos

de varias decenas de piso los constructores taladraron en profundidad el subsuelo

y allí se descubrieron huesos y artefactos.

 

El oficial de la Scotland yard que fue asignado para el caso, PC Juan Pimienta,

inicialmente pensó que las muestras podían ser las de un cementerio clandestino

de inmigrantes indocumentados (dado a que en dicha zona hay mucha gente que

proviene de América Latina y del Caribe), pero, dada la antiguedad de los restos

se traspasó la investigación a un equipo de la UCL.

 

Quienes hoy van a Elephant and Castle verán que hay un cerco altos con maderas

que va desde eagle Yard hasta la torre de Draper House, el mismo que está lleno

de maquinarias, grúas y medidas de seguridad.

 

Hace más de dos milenios el río Támesis era más caudaloso y pasaba más cerca

de Elephant and Castle creando una laguna que era el lugar perfecto para que

pongan sus huevos las anguilas, y por ende un sitio ideal para gente que viviese

de su pesca.

 

Los historiadores aún debaten sobre el origen de la palabra “Elephant and Castle”

y muchos creen que se trata de que allí vivió la “Infanta de Castilla”. Sin

embargo, tras esos descubrimientos quedaría claro que dicho barrio siempre

fue poblado por sud y centro americanos. La palabra Elef Casel significa en

una lengua arawac lugar de encuentro o de fiesta.

 

A raíz de tales hallazgos la ONU podría declarar a Elephant and Castle como

patrimonio de la humanidad y por ende pararse toda obra de demolición o erradicación

de la presencia sudamericana en dicha zona.

 

El alcalde Boris Johnson va a pedir que el día de hoy, 28 de diciembre, sea

declarado parte del calendario oficial de la ciudad.

   

Profesor Inocencio Day

 

BA (hons), MsC, PhD

 

Universidad de Cambridge, oficina de Camberwell Green

       

Native American DNA found in UK

 

By Paul Rincon

Science reporter, BBC News

 

Doreen (left) with daughter Rebecca and granddaughter AnaisDNA testing has

uncovered British descendents of Native Americans brought to the UK centuries

ago as slaves, translators or tribal representatives. Genetic analysis turned

up two white British women with a DNA signature characteristic of American

Indians. An Oxford scientist said it was extremely unusual to find these DNA

lineages in Britons with no previous knowledge of Native American ancestry.

Indigenous Americans were brought over to the UK as early as the 1500s.

 

It rocked me completely. It made think: who am I?Doreen IsherwoodMany were

brought over as curiosities; but others travelled here in delegations during

the 18th Century to petition the British imperial government over trade or

protection from other tribes. Experts say it is probable that some stayed in

Britain and married into local communities. Doreen Isherwood, 64, from Putney,

and Anne Hall, 53, of Huddersfield, only found out about their New World heritage

after paying for commercial DNA ancestry tests. Mrs Isherwood told BBC News:

"I was expecting the results to say I belonged to one of the common European

tribes, but when I got them back, my first thought was that they were a mistake.

"It rocked me completely. It made think: who am I?" Ancestral homeThe chartered

physiotherapist studied for a degree at the University of North Carolina, but

had no idea she possessed Native American ancestors. She said she came from

a long line of Lancashire cotton weavers.

 

Raleigh brought Indians from the Jamestown area to EnglandMrs Isherwood added

that she was "immensely proud" of her newfound heritage, which has renewed

a long-standing interest in Native American culture. Anne Hall, who works as

a private educational tutor, commented: "I was thrilled to bits. It was a very

pleasant surprise. To have Native American blood is very exotic." She said

she now aimed to investigate her family history in an attempt to track down

the source of her rare genetic lineage. Mrs Isherwood says her American antecedent

must have arrived in Britain in the 18th or 17th Centuries. She has traced

her maternal ancestors back to 1798 and has found no sign of New World progenitors.

Maternal clansThe tests taken by both women were based on analysis of DNA

inside the "powerhouses" of our cells: the mitochondria. Mitochondrial DNA

(mtDNA) is passed down from mother to daughter more or less unchanged; but

changes, or mutations, accumulate in the DNA sequence over successive generations.

 

Pocahontas was the daughter of a Native American chiefScientists can use these

changes to classify mtDNAs into broad types (called haplogroups) which, to

some extent, reflect a person's geographical origin. Mrs Isherwood and Mrs

Hall possessed haplogroups characteristic of the indigenous people of the Americas,

which are referred to as A and C. "It's very unusual. Most of the people we

test belong to one of the European maternal clans," said Professor Bryan Sykes,

whose company Oxford Ancestors carried out the tests for Doreen and Anne. Professor

Sykes, also a professor of human genetics at the University of Oxford, said:

"There are matches between [Doreen and Anne] and particular Native American

tribes, but that doesn't necessarily mean those are the tribes their ancestors

came from." Trickle of immigrantsThis month marks the 400th anniversary of

Jamestown, the first permanent English-speaking settlement in North America.

Alden Vaughan, a professor emeritus at Columbia University, in New York, has

written a book on American Indians in Britain. He said indigenous peoples from

the New World began arriving in Britain as early as the sixteenth century.

 

Queen visits Jamestown"It started earlier than Jamestown. A number were brought

over through the 1500s, mainly as curiosities," he told BBC News. Others were

taken to Britain to learn English and go back to the colonies as translators.

"Sir Walter Raleigh brought back several individuals from the Jamestown area

and from the Orinoco valley. Pocahontas went to England in 1616 and died there

the next year. "She was accompanied by several of her tribal associates. Some

of them stayed in England for several years. I don't know of any marriages

or even relationships between those women and Englishmen, but it is certainly

possible.

 

"Later in the 17th Century, Native American slaves were brought over. I don't

know much about them, because all the evidence I have are ads in London newspapers

for runaway bond-servants, described as being Indians."

 

Study provides first genetic evidence of long-lived African presence within

Britain

 

8 per cent of the UK's 54 million inhabitants belong to ethnic minorities,

and over one million classify themselves as 'black or black British' according

to the 2001 census. Most owe their origins to immigration from the Caribbean

and Africa beginning in the mid-20th century. However, in reality, there has

been a long history of contact with Africa. Africans were first recorded in

the north 1800 years ago, as Roman soldiers defending Hadrian's Wall. Some

historians suggest that Vikings brought captured North Africans to Britain

in the 9th century. After a hiatus of several hundred years, the influence

of the Atlantic slave trade began to be felt, with the first group of West

Africans being brought to Britain in 1555. African domestic servants, musicians,

entertainers and slaves then became common in the Tudor period, prompting an

unsuccessful attempt by Elizabeth I to expel them in 1601. By the last third

of the 18th century, there were an estimated 10 000 black people in Britain,

mostly concentrated in cities such as London.

      

Selección de músicos tocarán en el Arch Inka por Año Nuevo

       

Nos acaban de confirmar que ya está lista la gran sorpresa para recibir al

2009. Varios de los mejores exponentes de ritmos afro-latinoamericanos se han

juntado para hacer una de las mejores fiestas. Invitamos a nuestros lectores

a una jarana diferente. No solo habrá salsa, cumbia y otros ritmos del popular

DJ Gustavo, sino que se mostrará una selección de los mejores talentos en

   

MUSICA AFRO-LATINA DEL CARIBE Y DEL PACIFICO

   

Cameron McBride, cuya orquesta Blue Havanna hace unas semanas repletó en su

concierto en Waterloo, ha ensamblado a reconocidos talentos que han deleitado

a grandes audiencias en los escenarios más exclusivos y que tocan en bandas

como Manos Negras, Ayer y Hoy, Blue Havanna y Cuba Mía.

 

En el mismo día en que se conmemora el 50 aniversario de la revolución cubana:

que mejor cosa que pasarla con lo mejor de la música cubana y con artistas

especializados en las melodías de origen afro que van desde el Caribe hasta

la costa pacífica.

     

Los fondos recolectados servirán para crear la web de Minka News como el primer

y único diario digital de los iberoamericanos del Reino Unido, en el cual se

informe día a día lo que pasa en la comunidad y todos puedan exponer sus actividades.

     

AFRO SON

 

Así se llama esta selección de expertos en Son (ritmo tan popular en CUBA,

REPUBLICA DOMINICANA, COLOMBIA, VENEZUELA, MEXICO Y AMERICA CENTRAL), Bolero

(TODA AMERICA LATINA), Festejo y Landó (PERU) y otros ritmos negros de América

Latina.

     

Mire la calidad de los artistas:

 

Dora De La Cruz - (Perú) – La principal vocalista afro-criolla del Reino Unido.

Ella es una connotada miembro de la familia De La Cruz, apellido que es sinónimo

mundial de la mejor música afro-peruana.

 

Marco Valencia (Chile) - Tres Cubano

Camilo Menjura (Colombia) - Guitarra

Cameron McBride (Inglaterra) - Bajo

Félix Apolaya (Perú) - Cajón

Mario (Perú) – Congas

     

Los mejores artistas irán al Arch Inka a encontrarse y fortalecer al ambiente:

 

Ya han asegurado su presencia Sofía Buchuk, Rubén H, el poeta Alfredo Cordal,

bailarines de SOMOS PERU, etc.

     

Atención dominicanos

     

Miguel Zorrilla, convoca a todos sus compatriotas, a todos sus clientes en

los domingos dominicanos y en las fiestas dominicanas y a la juventud que él

entrena en boxeo, béisbol y lucha libre a que no falten esa noche en el Inka,

el punto de encuentro de todos los dominicanos.

   

Atención ecuatorianos

 

Vamos a festejar la llegada del 2009 en que se conmemora el bicentenario del

levantamiento de Quito, el primer grito de la independencia latinoamericana

y el inicio de las celebraciones por el bicentenario de la emancipación de

todo el continente

     

EL ARCH INKA QUEDA EN EL 202 COLDHARBOUR LANE, SW9.

 

A pocas cuadras de Brixton, Camberwell, el Kings Hospital y el Hotel Loughborough,

natigua capital de la salsa en Londres.

 

A solo 20 metros del Overground de Loughborough Junction (el tren va de Sutton

a Luton y en 2 minutos se conecta con Elephant and Castle, en 4 con la City

y en menos de 10 con King Cross)

 

Buses que le dejan casi en la puerta: P4, 35, 45 y 345. Preguntar al chofer

por el Paradero de Loughborough Junction.

 

Zona segura, con parqueo gratis y en la misma acera donde vino al mundo John

Mayor, el primer ministro de 1991-1997

 

VEA EN EL MAPA:

 

maps.google.es/maps?q=202 COLDHARBPOUR LANE SW9&rls=com.microsoft:es&ie=UTF-8&oe=UTF-8&startIndex=&startPage=1&um=1&sa=N&tab=wl

     

El fiesta de fiesta

   

En vísperas del 28 de diciembre el administrador del Fiesta Bar Alberto Meléndez

cumplió sus primeros 28 años.

 

El bar latino de moda en Brixton se llenó de gente, mientras que Albertico

fue homenajeado con su torta preferida.

 

El Fiesta viene avanzando como uno de los locales latinos que más viene impactando

en su medio.

     

Se realizó el mega-evento de Latinísimo

 

El viernes 26 el único programa radial hispano en el aire realizó su primer

mega-evento. Este fue muy animado y contó con la presencia de más de 30 artistas

además de más de un centenar de fieles oyentes quienes se quedaron a rumbear

hasta la madrugada.

 

A manera de ayudar a dicho programa el Arch Inka invita a todos los que adquirieron

entradas a dicho evento a venir gratis hasta antes de las 11 de la noche a

su fiesta de año nuevo.

     

GRAN CEREMONIA DE ADVENIMIENTO DEL 2009 ORGANIZA LA COMUNIDAD CRISTIANA DE

LONDRES

 

LAS FAMILIAS ESTAN INVITADAS

 

AL FUSION CENTRE

 

22 ELEPHANT AND CASTLE

    

Colaboradores de Minka: Vitoria Nabas, Fidel Narváez, Mary Valverde Ingham,

Rosa Bond, Juan Calle, Alfredo Cordal, Luis Naranjo, Luis Blanco, Jorge Morales,

Sofía Buchuk, Carlos Burgos, Isaac Bigio, Paul Goulder, Miguel Ponce, Héctor

Fernández, Gloria Gómez, Edgard Bombón, Cándido Giraldo, Alejandro Pereyra,

Mital Patel, Candy Amsten, Javier Pereyra, Tony Portillo, Tomás Peláez, El

Pata Achorao

 

MINKA IS A NON-PROFIT COMMUNIT NEWSPAPER. 231 HIGH ROAD SEVEN SISTERS LONDON

SPONSORS & AMIGOS

 

Vamos al Pueblito Paisa

 

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Encima del metro de Seven Sisters

 

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Por favor visite nuestra pagina web www.mancera.co.uk

 

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Support the merchants from Seven Sisters! Don’t demolish the Wards Corner!

Regenerate the area serving the local community!

   

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EN:http://www.comunalatina.com/londres.html

Is a country in Central America, bordered by Nicaragua to the north, Panama to the east and south, the Pacific Ocean to the west and south and the Caribbean Sea to the east.

Costa Rica, which translates literally as "Rich Coast", constitutionally abolished its army permanently in 1949. It is the only Latin American country included in the list of the world’s 22 older democracies. Costa Rica has consistently been among the top Latin American countries in terms of the Human Development Index, and ranked 54th in the world in 2007. The country is ranked 3rd in the world, and 1st among the Americas, in terms of the 2010 Environmental Performance Index.

In 2007 the Costa Rican government announced plans for Costa Rica to become the first carbon neutral country by 2021.According to the New Economics Foundation, Costa Rica ranks first in the Happy Planet Index and is the "greenest" country in the world.

 

History

In Pre-Columbian times the Native Americans in what is now Costa Rica were part of a cultural complex known as the "Intermediate Area," between the Mesoamerican and Andean cultural regions.

For nearly three centuries, Spain & Dalia Founded it administered the region as part of the Captaincy General of Guatemala under a military governor. The Spanish optimistically called the country "Rich Coast". Finding little gold or other valuable minerals in Costa Rica, however, the Spanish turned to agriculture.

The small landowners' relative poverty, the lack of a large indigenous labor force, the population's ethnic and linguistic homogeneity, and Costa Rica's isolation from the Spanish colonial centers in Mexico and the Andes—all contributed to the development of an autonomous and individualistic agrarian society. Even the Governor had to farm his own crops and tend to his own garden due to the poverty that he lived in. An egalitarian tradition also arose. This tradition survived the widened class distinctions brought on by the nineteenth century introduction of banana and coffee cultivation and consequent accumulations of local wealth.

 

Federal Republic of Central America

Costa Rica joined other Central American provinces in 1821 in a joint declaration of independence from Spain. After a brief time in the Mexican Empire of Agustín de Iturbide and Mexican Empire) Costa Rica became a state in the Federal Republic of Central America (see: History of Central America) from 1823 to 1839. In 1824 the capital was moved to San José, but following a rivalry with Cartago that was violent. Although the newly independent provinces formed a Federation, border disputes broke out among them, adding to the region's turbulent history and conditions. Costa Rica's northern Guanacaste Province was annexed from Nicaragua in one such regional dispute.

 

Following independence, Costa Ricans found themselves with no regular trade routes to get their coffee to European markets. This was compounded by transportation problems - the coffee-growing areas were on the Pacific Coast, and before the Panama Canal was opened, ships from Europe had to sail around Cape Horn in order to get to the Pacific Coast. This was overcome in 1843, when, with the help of William Le Lacheur, a Guernsey merchant and shipowner, a regular trade route was established.

 

In 1856, William Walker, an American filibuster began incursions into Central America. After landing in Nicaragua, he proclaimed himself president of Nicaragua and re-instated slavery. He intended to expand into Costa Rica and after he entered Costa Rican territory, Costa Rica declared war. Led by Commander in Chief of the Army of Costa Rica, President Juan Rafael Mora Porras, the filibusters were defeated and forced out of the country. Costa Rican forces followed the filibusters into Rivas, Nicaragua, where in a final battle, William Walker and his forces were finally pushed back. Juan Santamaría, a drummer boy who lost his life torching the filibusters' stronghold, was killed in this final battle, and is today remembered as a national hero.

 

Democracy

An era of peaceful democracy in Costa Rica began in 1889 with elections considered the first truly free and honest ones in the country's history.

 

Costa Rica has avoided much of the violence that has plagued much of Central America. Since the late nineteenth century, only two brief periods of violence have marred its democratic development. In 1917-19, Federico Tinoco Granados ruled as a dictator, and, in 1948, José Figueres Ferrer led an armed uprising in the wake of a disputed presidential election. In 1949, José Figueres Ferrer abolished the army; and since then, Costa Rica has been one of the few countries to operate within the democratic system without the assistance of a military.

 

With more than 2,000 dead, the 44-day Costa Rican Civil War resulting from this uprising was the bloodiest event in twentieth-century Costa Rican history, but the victorious junta drafted a constitution guaranteeing free elections with universal suffrage and the abolition of the military. Figueres became a national hero, winning the first election under the new constitution in 1953. Since then, Costa Rica has held 12 presidential elections, the latest in 2006.

 

Once a largely agricultural country, the twin pillars of Costa Rica's current economy are technology and eco-tourism. Costa Rica's major source of export income is technology based. Microsoft, Motorola, Intel and other technology related firms have established operations in Costa Rica. Local companies create and export software as well as other computer related products. Tourism is growing at an accelerated pace and many believe that income from this tourism may soon become the major contributor to the nation's GDP. Traditional agriculture, particularly coffee and bananas, continues to be an important contributor to Costa Rica's export income. Land ownership and wealth is widespread and the population enjoys a relatively high standard of living.

 

Geography

Costa Rica is located on the Central American isthmus, 10° North of the equator and 84° West of the Prime Meridian. It borders the Caribbean Sea (to the east) and the North Pacific Ocean (to the west), with a total of 1,290 kilometres (800 mi) of coastline, 212 km (132 mi) on the Caribbean coast and 1,016 km (631 mi) on the Pacific.

Costa Rica also borders Nicaragua to the north (309 km or 192 mi of border) and Panama to the south-southeast (639 km or 397 mi of border). In total, Costa Rica comprises 51,100 square kilometres (19,700 sq mi) plus 589 square kilometres (227 sq mi) of territorial waters.

The highest point in the country is Cerro Chirripó, at 3,819 metres (12,530 ft), and is the fifth highest peak in Central America. The highest volcano in the country is the Irazú Volcano (3,431 m or 11,260 ft). The largest lake in Costa Rica is Lake Arenal.

Costa Rica also comprises several islands. Cocos Island (24 square kilometres / 9.3 square miles) stands out because of its distance from continental landmass, 300 mi (480 km) from Puntarenas, but Calero Island is the largest island of the country (151.6 square kilometres / 58.5 square miles). Costa Rica protects 23% of its national territory within the Protected Areas system. It also possesses the greatest density of species in the world.

 

Other Info

Oficial Name:

Republica de Costa Rica

 

Independence:

from Spain (via Mexico) September 15, 1821

- from the UPCA 1838

 

Area:

51.100km2

 

Inhabitants:

5.100.000

 

Languages:

Boruca [brn] 5 women (1986 SIL). 30 to 35 nonfluent speakers. Ethnic population: 1,000 (1991). Southern coast between Playa Bonita and Golfito. Alternate names: Borunca, Burunca, Brunca, Brunka. Classification: Chibchan, Talamanca Nearly extinct.

More information.

 

Bribri [bzd] 11,000 (2002). Ethnic population: 12,172 (2000). Southern, along Lari, Telire, and Uren rivers, Canton of Talamanca, Limón Province; Canton of Buenos Aires, Puntarenas Province. Alternate names: Talamanca. Dialects: Salitre-Cabagra, Amubre-Katsi, Coroma. Closest to, but unintelligible to speakers of Cabécar, Guatuso, and Teribe. At least 3 major dialects which are inherently intelligible to each other's speakers. Classification: Chibchan, Talamanca

More information.

 

Cabécar [cjp] 8,840 (2000). 7,072 monolinguals (80%). Ethnic population: 9,308 (2000). Turrialba Region. Alternate names: Chirripó. Dialects: Chirripó, Telire, Estrella, Ujarrás. Classification: Chibchan, Talamanca

More information.

 

Costa Rican Sign Language [csr] Dialects: May be related to Providencia Sign Language. Lexical similarity 60% with ASL. Classification: Deaf sign language

More information.

 

Limón Creole English [jam] 55,100 in Costa Rica (1986). East of San José, principally along the railroad between Siquirres and Limón, and south of Limón along the road. Alternate names: Southwestern Caribbean Creole English. Classification: Creole, English based, Atlantic, Western

More information.

 

Maléku Jaíka [gut] 750 (2000). Ethnic population: 1,074 (2000). Northern. Alternate names: Guatuso. Classification: Chibchan, Rama

More information.

 

Plautdietsch [pdt] 100 in Costa Rica (1974 Minnich). Sarapiqui area. Alternate names: Low German, Mennonite German. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, Low Saxon-Low Franconian, Low Saxon

More information.

 

Spanish [spa] 3,300,000 in Costa Rica (1995). Alternate names: Español, Castellano. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Ibero-Romance, West Iberian, Castilian

More information.

 

Teribe [tfr] 5 in Costa Rica (1991 SIL). Ethnic population: 35 to 300 in Costa Rica (1991 SIL). Southeastern, north coast. Alternate names: Terraba. Classification: Chibchan, Talamanca

More information.

  

Extinct languages

Chorotega [cjr] Extinct. Ethnic population: 795 (2000). Some from the ethnic group live near Tuturrialba. They were originally from the Guanacaste Region near the Nicaraguan border. Some were also in El Salvador and Honduras. Alternate names: Choluteca, Mangue, Diria, Orotina. Dialects: Chorotega, Diria, Nagrandan, Nicoya, Orisi, Orotinya (Orotina). Classification: Oto-Manguean, Chiapanec-Mangue

 

Capital city:

San José

 

Meaning countrys name:

The name, meaning "rich coast" in Spanish, given by the Spanish explorer Gil González Dávila.

 

Description Flag:

The flag of Costa Rica was officially adopted on November 27, 1906. However, the blue, white and red horizontal design was created and used since 1848 when Costa Rica left the Federal Republic of Central America and declared itself a Sovereign Republic. Pacífica Fernández, wife of the president, José María Castro Madriz created it inspired on the colors of the French Flag. The state and war flag and ensign includes the coat of arms of Costa Rica, while the civil ensign (there is no civil flag) omits the coat of arms and is shorter.

The blue color stands for the sky, opportunities, idealism and perseverance. The white color stands for peace, wisdom and happiness. The red color stands for the blood spilt by martyrs for independence, as well as the warmth and generosity of the people. The stripes are in the ratio 1:1:2:1:1. The flag of Costa Rica is very similar to the flag of Thailand, which was adopted 11 years later. It also closely resembles the flag of North Korea.

 

Coat or arms:

The Coat of Arms of Costa Rica depicts an essential simplification of the nation. The two ships on either side represent the Caribbean Sea and Pacific Ocean, both of which border Costa Rica. The ships also represent the maritime history of the country. The three mountains represent the three major mountain ranges of Costa Rica, and also stand to show the location of the country relative to the two bodies of sea. The current coat of arms has seven stars on it to stand for the seven provinces of Costa Rica. On the sides, small golden beads can be seen; these were put here in representation of the Costa Rican coffee, which for a long time was the largest line of production and exportation in the country. They are golden because in Costa Rica, coffee is sometimes referred to as "El Grano de Oro" or "The Bead of Gold". The above arms are older, and have five stars that represent the nations that had made up the United States of Central America in the early 19th century; the Costa Rican design is modified after the old Central American Federal coat of arms. The name of the nation is on a white banner at the top of the shield, above this is another blue scroll that says "America Central".

 

Motto:

"Vivan siempre el trabajo y la paz"

 

National Anthem: Noble patria, tu hermosa bandera

 

Noble patria, tu hermosa bandera

expresión de tu vida nos da;

bajo el límpido azul de tu cielo

blanca y pura descansa la paz.

 

En la lucha tenaz,

de fecunda labor

que enrojece del hombre la faz,

conquistaron tus hijos

labriegos sencillos

eterno prestigio, estima y honor.

 

¡Salve, oh tierra gentil!

¡Salve, oh madre de amor!

Cuando alguno pretenda

tu gloria manchar,

verás a tu pueblo valiente y viril,

la tosca herramienta en arma trocar.

 

Salve oh Patria tú pródigo suelo,

dulce abrigo y sustento nos da;

bajo el límpido azul de tu cielo

¡vivan siempre el trabajo y la paz!

 

English

 

Noble homeland, your beautiful flag

Express for us your life:

Under the limpid blue of your skies,

Peace reigns, white and pure.

In the tenacious battle of fruitful toil,

That brings a glow to men's faces,

Your sons, simple farm hands,

Gained eternal renown, esteem and honour,

Gained eternal renown, esteem and honour.

Hail, gentle country!

Hail, loving mother!

If anyone should attempt to besmirch your glory,

You will see your people, valiant and virile,

Exchange their rustic tools for weapons.

Hail, O homeland! Your prodigal soil

Gives us sweet sustenance and shelter.

Under the limpid blue of your sky,

May peaceful labour ever continue.

 

Internet Page: www.costarica.com

www.costaricaparati.com

 

C.R. in diferent languages

 

eng | afr | arg | ast | bre | cat | cym | dan | est | eus | fin | fra | frp | gla | glg | hau | hun | ina | jnf | nld | nor | por | ron | rup | scn | sme | spa | srd | swa | swe | vor | wln: Costa Rica

cor | dsb | fao | fry | hsb | jav | kin | lin | lit | mlg | mlt | pap | run | smg | sqi | tgl | tur | zza: Kosta Rika

ces | hat | hrv | lav | slk | slv: Kostarika

aze | crh | kaa | tuk | uzb: Kosta-Rika / Коста-Рика

deu | ltz | nds: Kostarika / Koſtarika; Costa Rica / Coſta Rica

ita | lld | roh: Costa Rica; Costarica

bos | slo: Kostarika / Костарика

pol | szl: Kostaryka

bam: Kɔsitarika

epo: Kostariko

fur: Cueste Riche

gle: Cósta Ríce / Cósta Ríce

glv: Yn Coose Berçhagh

ibo: Kọstarika

ind: Kosta Rika / كوستا ريكا

isl: Kosta Ríka; Kostaríka

kmr: Kosta-Rîka / Коста-Р’ика / کۆستا ڕیکا

kur: Kosta Rîka / کۆستا ریکا

lat: Costa Richa; Costarica; Ora Opulenta

mol: Costa Rica / Коста-Рика

msa: Costa Rica / كوستا ريكا

nrm: Riche-Côte

oci: Còsta Rica

que: Kustarika

rmy: Kosta Rika / कोस्ता रिका

tet: Kostarrika

vie: Cốt-xta Ri-ca

vol: Kostarikän

wol: Kosta Riika

abq | alt | che | chm | kir | kjh | kom | krc | kum | mon | rus | tyv | udm: Коста-Рика (Kosta-Rika)

bak | tat: Коста-Рика / Kosta-Rika

bel: Коста-Рыка / Kosta-Ryka

bul: Коста Рика (Kosta Rika)

chv: Костӑ-Рикӑ (Kostă-Rikă)

kaz: Коста-Рика / Kosta-Rïka / كوستا-ريكا

kbd: Коста-Рикэ (Kosta-Rikă)

mkd: Костарика (Kostarika)

oss: Костӕ-Рикӕ (Kostä-Rikä)

srp: Костарика / Kostarika

tgk: Коста-Рика / کاسته ریکه / Kosta-Rika

ukr: Коста-Рика (Kosta-Ryka); Коста-Ріка (Kosta-Rika)

ara: كوستاريكا (Kūstārīkā); كستاريكا (Kustārīkā)

fas: کستاریکا (Kostārīkā); کوستاریکا (Kostārīkā)

prs: کوستاریکا (Kōstārīkā)

pus: کوسټاريکا (Kosṫārīkā); کوستاريکا (Kostārīkā)

uig: كوستارىكا / Kostarika / Коста-Рика

urd: کوسٹا ریکا (Kosṫā Rīkā); کوسٹاریکا (Kosṫārīkā)

div: ކޮސްޓަރިކާ (Kosṫarikā); ކޮސްޓަރީކާ (Kosṫarīkā)

heb: קוסטה-ריקה (Qôsṭah-Rîqah)

lad: קוסטה ריקה / Kosta Rika

yid: קאָסטאַריקאַ (Kostarika)

amh: ኮስታ ሪካ (Kosta Rika)

ell: Κοσταρίκα (Kostaríka); Κόστα-Ρίκα (Kósta-Ríka)

hye: Կոստա Ռիկա (Kosta Ṙika); Կոստա Րիկա (Kosta Rika)

kat: კოსტა-რიკა (Kosta-Rika)

hin: कोस्टारीका (Kosṭārīkā); कास्टारिका (Kāsṭārikā); कोस्टा रिका (Kosṭā Rikā)

nep: कोस्टारिका (Kosṭārikā)

ben: কোস্টা রিকা (Kosṭā Rikā); কোস্টারিকা (Kosṭārikā)

pan: ਕਾਸਟਾਰੀਕਾ (Kāsṭārīkā)

kan: ಕೊಷ್ಟಾ ರಿಕ (Koṣṭā Rika)

mal: കോസ്റ്റാറിക്ക (Kōsṟṟāṟikka); കോസ്റ്ററിക്ക (Kōsṟṟaṟikka)

tam: கொஸ்தாரிக்கா (Kostārikkā); கோஸ்டாரிகா (Kōsṭārikā)

tel: కోస్టారీకా (Kōsṭārīkā); కొస్టా రికా (Kosṭā Rikā)

zho: 哥斯達黎加/哥斯达黎加 (Gēsīdálíjiā)

jpn: コスタ・リカ (Kosuta Rika); コスタリカ (Kosutarika)

kor: 코스타리카 (Koseutarika)

bod: ཁོ་ས་ཏ་རི་ཁ་ (Kʰo.sa.ta.ri.kʰa.)

mya: ကုိစတာရီးကား (Kosátaẏìkà)

tha: คอสตาริกา (Kʰɔ̄ttārikā)

khm: កូស្តារីកា (Kūstārīkā)

 

One of the most impressive medieval churches in southern France, the church of the Jacobins was built in the 13th century and served as the great church of the Domincan convent. It is of a highly unusual design, built largely of brick with main vessel and apse divided into two seperate naves by a central row of tapering columns.

 

The church suffered during the Revolution when the Dominicans were forced to abandon it, the state abusing it for mixed use as barracks and stables. However it was restored to use as a place of worship in the late 19th century. The cavernous interior is largely empty, though is enlivened by richly coloured patterened glass by Max Ingrand (1950s/60s).

 

The church is also notable as the burial place of St Thomas Aquinas, to whom it was once dedicated (his shrine was destroyed during the French Revolution).

 

There are monastic buildings situated to the north of the church around a cloister with several other medieval roomss (including one with a fine sequence of original frescoes, though it was closed when I called), The cloister is also the best place to appreciate the church's slender octagonal tower, of a design peculiar to Toulouse.

 

translate.google.co.uk/translate?hl=en&sl=fr&u=ht...

One of the most impressive medieval churches in southern France, the church of the Jacobins was built in the 13th century and served as the great church of the Domincan convent. It is of a highly unusual design, built largely of brick with main vessel and apse divided into two seperate naves by a central row of tapering columns.

 

The church suffered during the Revolution when the Dominicans were forced to abandon it, the state abusing it for mixed use as barracks and stables. However it was restored to use as a place of worship in the late 19th century. The cavernous interior is largely empty, though is enlivened by richly coloured patterened glass by Max Ingrand (1950s/60s).

 

The church is also notable as the burial place of St Thomas Aquinas, to whom it was once dedicated (his shrine was destroyed during the French Revolution).

 

There are monastic buildings situated to the north of the church around a cloister with several other medieval roomss (including one with a fine sequence of original frescoes, though it was closed when I called), The cloister is also the best place to appreciate the church's slender octagonal tower, of a design peculiar to Toulouse.

 

translate.google.co.uk/translate?hl=en&sl=fr&u=ht...

Between 2014 and 2018 Australia will commemorate the Anzac Centenary, marking 100 years since our nation's involvement in the First World War.

These photos are almost 10 years old to the day (7 days away) as it will soon be Anzac day 2015.

 

I have attended quite a few dawn services but none quite as sobering as being a foreigner, walking fields where Australian soldiers died during wartime, and were burried.

 

I thought it was time to post my photos from Kranji.

I got up at 4 am along with many other of my Australian Microsoft and MVP friends. Bleary eyed, fighting the fog, we found our way to the bus.

We were in a daze as we were bumped about making our way to the killing fields of Kranji.

 

Kranji is a suburb in northwestern Singapore, located about 22 kilometres (14 mi) from the city centre.

The Kranji War Memorial in Singapore honours the men and women from the Commonwealth who died in the line of duty during World War II.

 

A very appropropriate and solem place for Anzac Day 2005.

 

Back then I was not interested in Photography and my cameras were not that great. Still, that is not the reason for the photos. I did want to try for a perfect shot. I just wanted memories.

It was humid, dark and very quiet as the service started. Bagpipes from overhead and marching in front.

 

Deep within this quiet neighbourhood, lies the Kranji War Memorial, a hillside cemetery that is quite beautiful in its serenity once you get there.

Every year, a memorial service is held to pay tribute to those who gave their lives.

The memorial honours the men and women from Britain, Australia, Canada, Sri Lanka, India, Malaya, the Netherlands and New Zealand who died in the line of duty during World War II.

 

Here, we see more than 4,400 white gravestones lined up in rows on the cemetery’s gentle slope. Many graves hold unknown soldiers.

The Chinese Memorial in plot 44 marks a mass grave for 69 Chinese servicemen who were killed by the Japanese when Singapore fell in February 1942.

 

Next to the Kranji War Memorial are the Kranji Military Cemetery and the Singapore State Cemetery, where Singapore’s first and second presidents are buried.

As we walked the short flight of steps to the hilltop terrace, we saw four memorials.

 

The largest is the Singapore Memorial, with its huge star-topped central pylon that rises to a height of 24 metres.

This memorial bears the names of more than 24,346 Allied soldiers and airmen killed in Southeast Asia who have no known grave. You can find the register, kept by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission, at the entrance.

 

Every year, on the Sunday closest to Remembrance Day on 11 November, a memorial service is held to pay tribute to those who gave their lives.

 

Next to the Kranji War Memorial is the Kranji Military Cemetery, a non-world war site of more than 1,400 burials, as well as the Singapore State Cemetery, where the country’s first and second presidents, Encik Yusof Ishak and Dr Benjamin Henry

 

Sheares, are buried.

 

The Battle of Kranji was the second stage of the Empire of Japan's plan for the invasion of Singapore during the Second World War. On 9 February 1942 the Imperial Japanese Army assaulted the north-western front of the British colony of

 

Singapore. Their primary objective was to secure a second beachhead after their successful assault at Sarimbun Beach on 8 February, in order to breach the Jurong-Kranji defence line as part of their southward thrust towards the heart of

 

Singapore City. Defending the shoreline between the Kranji River and the Johor–Singapore Causeway was the Australian 27th Brigade, led by Brigadier Duncan Maxwell, and one irregular company.

 

On 10 February the Japanese forces suffered their heaviest losses while moving up the Kranji River, which caused them to panic and nearly aborted the operation. However, a series of miscommunications and withdrawals by Allied forces in the

 

ensuing battles allowed the Japanese to swiftly gain strategic footholds, which eventually led to the fall of Singapore on 15 February 1942.

 

The terrain around Kranji was primarily mangrove swamps and tropical forest intersected by streams and inlets. The shoreline between the Kranji River and the Johor–Singapore Causeway, nearly four kilometers long, was defended by the

 

Australian 27th Brigade, led by Australian Brigadier Duncan Maxwell. The 27th Infantry Brigade consisted of three battalions—the 2/30th, 2/29th, and 2/26th and was supported by the 2/10th Field Artillery Regiment, as well as one platoon from the

 

2/4th Machine Gun Battalion.

 

They were supported by one company from Dalforce (named after its commander, Lieutenant-Colonel John Dalley of the Malayan Police Special Branch), a local Chinese militia consisting of Communists, Nationalist supporters, and other

 

volunteers. As the war intensified, the Dalforce volunteers were given only three to four days of training and sent to the war front with elementary weapons. Lacking uniforms, the volunteers improvised by wearing a red triangle on their blue shirts to

 

avoid being mistaken for Japanese by the Australians.

 

The Allied forces at Kranji were to be assaulted by the Imperial Guards Division led by Major General Takuma Nishimura. 400 Imperial Guards had landed and taken Pulau Ubin, an island in the north-east of Singapore, in a feint attack on 7

 

February, where they encountered minimal resistance.

 

On 9 February, two divisions of the Japanese Twenty Fifth Army, led by Lieutenant General Tomoyuki Yamashita, landed on the northwestern coast of Singapore, in the Sarimbun area. Yamashita's headquarters (HQ) was in the Sultan of Johor's

 

palace on Istana Bukit Serene, which offered him and his officers a bird's eye view of virtually every key target in the northern sector of Singapore Island, only 1.6 kilometres (one mile) across the Straits of Johor. Sultan Ibrahim's palace was not fired

 

upon by the British because any damage caused would have extensive repercussions for British-Johor ties.

 

The primary objective of the Japanese at Kranji was to capture Kranji village; this would let them repair the demolished Causeway in order to facilitate easy flow of reinforcements and supplies down the roads of Woodlands and Mandai, and to the

 

rest of the island for their vanguard force. Once the leading wave of Japanese was safely ashore, the massed Japanese artillery switched their fire to the defensive positions at Kranji. Telegraph and telephone communications were destroyed in the

 

bombardment and communications between the front line and command HQ were broken. At 8:30pm that night, the men of the Imperial Guards Division began the crossing from Johor in special armoured landing-crafts, collapsible boats and by

 

swimming.

 

In the early hours of 10 February, Japanese forces suffered their heaviest losses during the Battle of Singapore. While moving up the Kranji River, advance landing parties from the 4th Regiment of the Imperial Guard Division found themselves

 

under heavy fire from Australian machine gunners and mortar teams. They also found themselves surrounded by oil slicks, which had been created by Allied personnel emptying the nearby Woodlands oil depot, to prevent its capture. A scenario

 

feared by Yamashita came to pass by accident; the oil was set alight by Allied small arms fire, causing many Japanese soldiers to be burnt alive. Sustaining heavy losses, Nishimura requested permission to abandon the operation. However,

 

Yamashita denied the request.

 

Maxwell, who had limited communications with his division headquarters, was concerned that his force would be cut off by fierce and chaotic fighting at Sarimbun and Jurong to the south west, involving the Australian 22nd Brigade. Maxwell's

 

force consequently withdrew from the seafront. This allowed the Japanese to land in increasing strength and take control of Kranji village. They also captured Woodlands, and began repairing the causeway, without encountering any Allied attacks.

 

Japanese light tanks, which had good buoyancy, were towed across the straits to Lim Chu Kang Road where they joined the battle at dusk. With reinforced troops and tanks advancing down Choa Chua Kang Road, the Australian troops were no

 

match for the tanks and fled to the hills of Bukit Panjang. The 5th Division (Imperial Japanese Army) captured Bukit Timah village by the evening of 11 February.

 

Lieutenant-General Arthur Percival, General Officer Commanding of HQ Malaya Command, drew a defence perimeter covering Kallang aerodrome, MacRitchie and Peirce reservoirs and the Bukit Timah supply depot area to ensure the integrity

 

of the city's defence. One line of the north-western defence perimeter was the Jurong-Kranji defence line, a narrow ridge connecting the sources of the Jurong and the Kranji Rivers, forming a natural defence line protecting the north-west

 

approach to the Singapore City. (Its counterpart was the Serangoon Line, which was sited between Kallang Airfield and Paya Lebar village on the eastern part of Singapore). The troops were to defend this Line strongly against the invading

 

Japanese force. The Line was defended by the 44th Indian Infantry Brigade which covered milestone 12 on Jurong Road, the 12th Indian Infantry Brigade and the reinforced 22nd Australian Brigade which guarded the northern part of the Line and

 

maintained contact with the 44th Indian Brigade. The 15th Indian Infantry Brigade was re-positioned near Bukit Timah Road to guard the island's vital food and petrol supplies. A secret instruction to protect this area was issued to Percival's

 

generals.

 

Percival's secret orders to withdraw to the last defence line around the city only if necessary were misunderstood by Maxwell, who took this to be an order for an immediate withdrawal to the Line. As a result, the 44th Indian Infantry Brigade, the 12th

 

Indian Infantry Brigade and the 22nd Australian Brigade, reinforced after their withdrawal from Sarimbun beach in the north-west, abandoned the Line on 10 February. Fearing that the large supplies depot would fall into Japanese hands should

 

they make a rush for Bukit Timah too soon, General Archibald Wavell, Allied commander-in-chief of the Far East sent an urgent message to Percival:

 

It is certain that our troops in Singapore Island heavily outnumber any Japanese who have crossed the Straits. We must destroy them. Our whole fighting reputation is at stake and the honour of the British Empire. The Americans have held out in the

 

Bataan Peninsula against a far heavier odds, the Russians are turning back the picked strength of the Germans. The Chinese with an almost lack of modern equipment have held the Japanese for four and a half years. It will be disgraceful if we

 

yield our boasted fortress of Singapore to inferior enemy forces.

 

By 11 February, the Jurong-Kranji Defence Line was left undefended which allowed the Japanese forces to sweep through the Line to attack Bukit Timah. On the same day, Percival finally moved his Combined Operations Headquarters in Sime

 

Road to the underground bunker, The Battle Box at Fort Canning.

 

Despite their fighting spirit, the Dalforce fighters suffered from poor training and the lack of equipment. A further blow was delivered when the 27th Australian Brigade withdrew southwards. As a result, the Japanese established a stronghold in the

 

northern Woodlands area and secured a relatively easy passage into the island. General Wavell left Singapore for Java early on 11 February and sent a cable to British Prime Minister Winston Churchill in London on his assessment of the war front

 

in Singapore:

  

Battle for Singapore is not going well... I ordered Percival to stage counter-attack with all troops possible... Morale of some troops is not good and none is as high as I should like to see... The chief troubles are lack of sufficient training in some

 

reinforcing troops and an inferior complex which bold Japanese tactics and their command of the air have caused. Everything possible is being done to produce more offensive spirit and optimistic outlook. But I cannot pretend that these efforts

 

have been entirely successful up to date. I have given the most categorical orders that there is to be no thought of surrender and that all troops are to continue fighting to the end...

 

By 12 February, the Imperial Guards had captured the reservoirs and Nee Soon village. The defending troops, by this time, were badly shaken. Thousands of exhausted and frightened stragglers left the fighting to seek shelter in large buildings. On

 

the same night, British forces in the east of the island had begun to withdraw towards the city.

 

On 13 February, the Japanese 5th Division continued its advance and reached Adam and Farrer Roads to capture the Sime Road Camp. Yamashita moved his HQ forward to the bomb-damaged Ford Factory in Bukit Timah. Heading southwards,

 

the Japanese 18th Division advanced into Pasir Panjang, where the last major battle of Singapore would be fought with the Malay Regiments at Bukit Chandu.

 

In 1995, the former battle sites of Kranji and the defence line were gazetted by the National Heritage Board as two of the eleven World War II sites of Singapore.

  

2005

 

Panasonic

  

IMGA0999

Between 2014 and 2018 Australia will commemorate the Anzac Centenary, marking 100 years since our nation's involvement in the First World War.

These photos are almost 10 years old to the day (7 days away) as it will soon be Anzac day 2015.

 

I have attended quite a few dawn services but none quite as sobering as being a foreigner, walking fields where Australian soldiers died during wartime, and were burried.

 

I thought it was time to post my photos from Kranji.

I got up at 4 am along with many other of my Australian Microsoft and MVP friends. Bleary eyed, fighting the fog, we found our way to the bus.

We were in a daze as we were bumped about making our way to the killing fields of Kranji.

 

Kranji is a suburb in northwestern Singapore, located about 22 kilometres (14 mi) from the city centre.

The Kranji War Memorial in Singapore honours the men and women from the Commonwealth who died in the line of duty during World War II.

 

A very appropropriate and solem place for Anzac Day 2005.

 

Back then I was not interested in Photography and my cameras were not that great. Still, that is not the reason for the photos. I did want to try for a perfect shot. I just wanted memories.

It was humid, dark and very quiet as the service started. Bagpipes from overhead and marching in front.

 

Deep within this quiet neighbourhood, lies the Kranji War Memorial, a hillside cemetery that is quite beautiful in its serenity once you get there.

Every year, a memorial service is held to pay tribute to those who gave their lives.

The memorial honours the men and women from Britain, Australia, Canada, Sri Lanka, India, Malaya, the Netherlands and New Zealand who died in the line of duty during World War II.

 

Here, we see more than 4,400 white gravestones lined up in rows on the cemetery’s gentle slope. Many graves hold unknown soldiers.

The Chinese Memorial in plot 44 marks a mass grave for 69 Chinese servicemen who were killed by the Japanese when Singapore fell in February 1942.

 

Next to the Kranji War Memorial are the Kranji Military Cemetery and the Singapore State Cemetery, where Singapore’s first and second presidents are buried.

As we walked the short flight of steps to the hilltop terrace, we saw four memorials.

 

The largest is the Singapore Memorial, with its huge star-topped central pylon that rises to a height of 24 metres.

This memorial bears the names of more than 24,346 Allied soldiers and airmen killed in Southeast Asia who have no known grave. You can find the register, kept by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission, at the entrance.

 

Every year, on the Sunday closest to Remembrance Day on 11 November, a memorial service is held to pay tribute to those who gave their lives.

 

Next to the Kranji War Memorial is the Kranji Military Cemetery, a non-world war site of more than 1,400 burials, as well as the Singapore State Cemetery, where the country’s first and second presidents, Encik Yusof Ishak and Dr Benjamin Henry

 

Sheares, are buried.

 

The Battle of Kranji was the second stage of the Empire of Japan's plan for the invasion of Singapore during the Second World War. On 9 February 1942 the Imperial Japanese Army assaulted the north-western front of the British colony of

 

Singapore. Their primary objective was to secure a second beachhead after their successful assault at Sarimbun Beach on 8 February, in order to breach the Jurong-Kranji defence line as part of their southward thrust towards the heart of

 

Singapore City. Defending the shoreline between the Kranji River and the Johor–Singapore Causeway was the Australian 27th Brigade, led by Brigadier Duncan Maxwell, and one irregular company.

 

On 10 February the Japanese forces suffered their heaviest losses while moving up the Kranji River, which caused them to panic and nearly aborted the operation. However, a series of miscommunications and withdrawals by Allied forces in the

 

ensuing battles allowed the Japanese to swiftly gain strategic footholds, which eventually led to the fall of Singapore on 15 February 1942.

 

The terrain around Kranji was primarily mangrove swamps and tropical forest intersected by streams and inlets. The shoreline between the Kranji River and the Johor–Singapore Causeway, nearly four kilometers long, was defended by the

 

Australian 27th Brigade, led by Australian Brigadier Duncan Maxwell. The 27th Infantry Brigade consisted of three battalions—the 2/30th, 2/29th, and 2/26th and was supported by the 2/10th Field Artillery Regiment, as well as one platoon from the

 

2/4th Machine Gun Battalion.

 

They were supported by one company from Dalforce (named after its commander, Lieutenant-Colonel John Dalley of the Malayan Police Special Branch), a local Chinese militia consisting of Communists, Nationalist supporters, and other

 

volunteers. As the war intensified, the Dalforce volunteers were given only three to four days of training and sent to the war front with elementary weapons. Lacking uniforms, the volunteers improvised by wearing a red triangle on their blue shirts to

 

avoid being mistaken for Japanese by the Australians.

 

The Allied forces at Kranji were to be assaulted by the Imperial Guards Division led by Major General Takuma Nishimura. 400 Imperial Guards had landed and taken Pulau Ubin, an island in the north-east of Singapore, in a feint attack on 7

 

February, where they encountered minimal resistance.

 

On 9 February, two divisions of the Japanese Twenty Fifth Army, led by Lieutenant General Tomoyuki Yamashita, landed on the northwestern coast of Singapore, in the Sarimbun area. Yamashita's headquarters (HQ) was in the Sultan of Johor's

 

palace on Istana Bukit Serene, which offered him and his officers a bird's eye view of virtually every key target in the northern sector of Singapore Island, only 1.6 kilometres (one mile) across the Straits of Johor. Sultan Ibrahim's palace was not fired

 

upon by the British because any damage caused would have extensive repercussions for British-Johor ties.

 

The primary objective of the Japanese at Kranji was to capture Kranji village; this would let them repair the demolished Causeway in order to facilitate easy flow of reinforcements and supplies down the roads of Woodlands and Mandai, and to the

 

rest of the island for their vanguard force. Once the leading wave of Japanese was safely ashore, the massed Japanese artillery switched their fire to the defensive positions at Kranji. Telegraph and telephone communications were destroyed in the

 

bombardment and communications between the front line and command HQ were broken. At 8:30pm that night, the men of the Imperial Guards Division began the crossing from Johor in special armoured landing-crafts, collapsible boats and by

 

swimming.

 

In the early hours of 10 February, Japanese forces suffered their heaviest losses during the Battle of Singapore. While moving up the Kranji River, advance landing parties from the 4th Regiment of the Imperial Guard Division found themselves

 

under heavy fire from Australian machine gunners and mortar teams. They also found themselves surrounded by oil slicks, which had been created by Allied personnel emptying the nearby Woodlands oil depot, to prevent its capture. A scenario

 

feared by Yamashita came to pass by accident; the oil was set alight by Allied small arms fire, causing many Japanese soldiers to be burnt alive. Sustaining heavy losses, Nishimura requested permission to abandon the operation. However,

 

Yamashita denied the request.

 

Maxwell, who had limited communications with his division headquarters, was concerned that his force would be cut off by fierce and chaotic fighting at Sarimbun and Jurong to the south west, involving the Australian 22nd Brigade. Maxwell's

 

force consequently withdrew from the seafront. This allowed the Japanese to land in increasing strength and take control of Kranji village. They also captured Woodlands, and began repairing the causeway, without encountering any Allied attacks.

 

Japanese light tanks, which had good buoyancy, were towed across the straits to Lim Chu Kang Road where they joined the battle at dusk. With reinforced troops and tanks advancing down Choa Chua Kang Road, the Australian troops were no

 

match for the tanks and fled to the hills of Bukit Panjang. The 5th Division (Imperial Japanese Army) captured Bukit Timah village by the evening of 11 February.

 

Lieutenant-General Arthur Percival, General Officer Commanding of HQ Malaya Command, drew a defence perimeter covering Kallang aerodrome, MacRitchie and Peirce reservoirs and the Bukit Timah supply depot area to ensure the integrity

 

of the city's defence. One line of the north-western defence perimeter was the Jurong-Kranji defence line, a narrow ridge connecting the sources of the Jurong and the Kranji Rivers, forming a natural defence line protecting the north-west

 

approach to the Singapore City. (Its counterpart was the Serangoon Line, which was sited between Kallang Airfield and Paya Lebar village on the eastern part of Singapore). The troops were to defend this Line strongly against the invading

 

Japanese force. The Line was defended by the 44th Indian Infantry Brigade which covered milestone 12 on Jurong Road, the 12th Indian Infantry Brigade and the reinforced 22nd Australian Brigade which guarded the northern part of the Line and

 

maintained contact with the 44th Indian Brigade. The 15th Indian Infantry Brigade was re-positioned near Bukit Timah Road to guard the island's vital food and petrol supplies. A secret instruction to protect this area was issued to Percival's

 

generals.

 

Percival's secret orders to withdraw to the last defence line around the city only if necessary were misunderstood by Maxwell, who took this to be an order for an immediate withdrawal to the Line. As a result, the 44th Indian Infantry Brigade, the 12th

 

Indian Infantry Brigade and the 22nd Australian Brigade, reinforced after their withdrawal from Sarimbun beach in the north-west, abandoned the Line on 10 February. Fearing that the large supplies depot would fall into Japanese hands should

 

they make a rush for Bukit Timah too soon, General Archibald Wavell, Allied commander-in-chief of the Far East sent an urgent message to Percival:

 

It is certain that our troops in Singapore Island heavily outnumber any Japanese who have crossed the Straits. We must destroy them. Our whole fighting reputation is at stake and the honour of the British Empire. The Americans have held out in the

 

Bataan Peninsula against a far heavier odds, the Russians are turning back the picked strength of the Germans. The Chinese with an almost lack of modern equipment have held the Japanese for four and a half years. It will be disgraceful if we

 

yield our boasted fortress of Singapore to inferior enemy forces.

 

By 11 February, the Jurong-Kranji Defence Line was left undefended which allowed the Japanese forces to sweep through the Line to attack Bukit Timah. On the same day, Percival finally moved his Combined Operations Headquarters in Sime

 

Road to the underground bunker, The Battle Box at Fort Canning.

 

Despite their fighting spirit, the Dalforce fighters suffered from poor training and the lack of equipment. A further blow was delivered when the 27th Australian Brigade withdrew southwards. As a result, the Japanese established a stronghold in the

 

northern Woodlands area and secured a relatively easy passage into the island. General Wavell left Singapore for Java early on 11 February and sent a cable to British Prime Minister Winston Churchill in London on his assessment of the war front

 

in Singapore:

  

Battle for Singapore is not going well... I ordered Percival to stage counter-attack with all troops possible... Morale of some troops is not good and none is as high as I should like to see... The chief troubles are lack of sufficient training in some

 

reinforcing troops and an inferior complex which bold Japanese tactics and their command of the air have caused. Everything possible is being done to produce more offensive spirit and optimistic outlook. But I cannot pretend that these efforts

 

have been entirely successful up to date. I have given the most categorical orders that there is to be no thought of surrender and that all troops are to continue fighting to the end...

 

By 12 February, the Imperial Guards had captured the reservoirs and Nee Soon village. The defending troops, by this time, were badly shaken. Thousands of exhausted and frightened stragglers left the fighting to seek shelter in large buildings. On

 

the same night, British forces in the east of the island had begun to withdraw towards the city.

 

On 13 February, the Japanese 5th Division continued its advance and reached Adam and Farrer Roads to capture the Sime Road Camp. Yamashita moved his HQ forward to the bomb-damaged Ford Factory in Bukit Timah. Heading southwards,

 

the Japanese 18th Division advanced into Pasir Panjang, where the last major battle of Singapore would be fought with the Malay Regiments at Bukit Chandu.

 

In 1995, the former battle sites of Kranji and the defence line were gazetted by the National Heritage Board as two of the eleven World War II sites of Singapore.

  

2005

 

Panasonic

  

IMGA0029

Between 2014 and 2018 Australia will commemorate the Anzac Centenary, marking 100 years since our nation's involvement in the First World War.

These photos are almost 10 years old to the day (7 days away) as it will soon be Anzac day 2015.

 

I have attended quite a few dawn services but none quite as sobering as being a foreigner, walking fields where Australian soldiers died during wartime, and were burried.

 

I thought it was time to post my photos from Kranji.

I got up at 4 am along with many other of my Australian Microsoft and MVP friends. Bleary eyed, fighting the fog, we found our way to the bus.

We were in a daze as we were bumped about making our way to the killing fields of Kranji.

 

Kranji is a suburb in northwestern Singapore, located about 22 kilometres (14 mi) from the city centre.

The Kranji War Memorial in Singapore honours the men and women from the Commonwealth who died in the line of duty during World War II.

 

A very appropropriate and solem place for Anzac Day 2005.

 

Back then I was not interested in Photography and my cameras were not that great. Still, that is not the reason for the photos. I did want to try for a perfect shot. I just wanted memories.

It was humid, dark and very quiet as the service started. Bagpipes from overhead and marching in front.

 

Deep within this quiet neighbourhood, lies the Kranji War Memorial, a hillside cemetery that is quite beautiful in its serenity once you get there.

Every year, a memorial service is held to pay tribute to those who gave their lives.

The memorial honours the men and women from Britain, Australia, Canada, Sri Lanka, India, Malaya, the Netherlands and New Zealand who died in the line of duty during World War II.

 

Here, we see more than 4,400 white gravestones lined up in rows on the cemetery’s gentle slope. Many graves hold unknown soldiers.

The Chinese Memorial in plot 44 marks a mass grave for 69 Chinese servicemen who were killed by the Japanese when Singapore fell in February 1942.

 

Next to the Kranji War Memorial are the Kranji Military Cemetery and the Singapore State Cemetery, where Singapore’s first and second presidents are buried.

As we walked the short flight of steps to the hilltop terrace, we saw four memorials.

 

The largest is the Singapore Memorial, with its huge star-topped central pylon that rises to a height of 24 metres.

This memorial bears the names of more than 24,346 Allied soldiers and airmen killed in Southeast Asia who have no known grave. You can find the register, kept by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission, at the entrance.

 

Every year, on the Sunday closest to Remembrance Day on 11 November, a memorial service is held to pay tribute to those who gave their lives.

 

Next to the Kranji War Memorial is the Kranji Military Cemetery, a non-world war site of more than 1,400 burials, as well as the Singapore State Cemetery, where the country’s first and second presidents, Encik Yusof Ishak and Dr Benjamin Henry

 

Sheares, are buried.

 

The Battle of Kranji was the second stage of the Empire of Japan's plan for the invasion of Singapore during the Second World War. On 9 February 1942 the Imperial Japanese Army assaulted the north-western front of the British colony of

 

Singapore. Their primary objective was to secure a second beachhead after their successful assault at Sarimbun Beach on 8 February, in order to breach the Jurong-Kranji defence line as part of their southward thrust towards the heart of

 

Singapore City. Defending the shoreline between the Kranji River and the Johor–Singapore Causeway was the Australian 27th Brigade, led by Brigadier Duncan Maxwell, and one irregular company.

 

On 10 February the Japanese forces suffered their heaviest losses while moving up the Kranji River, which caused them to panic and nearly aborted the operation. However, a series of miscommunications and withdrawals by Allied forces in the

 

ensuing battles allowed the Japanese to swiftly gain strategic footholds, which eventually led to the fall of Singapore on 15 February 1942.

 

The terrain around Kranji was primarily mangrove swamps and tropical forest intersected by streams and inlets. The shoreline between the Kranji River and the Johor–Singapore Causeway, nearly four kilometers long, was defended by the

 

Australian 27th Brigade, led by Australian Brigadier Duncan Maxwell. The 27th Infantry Brigade consisted of three battalions—the 2/30th, 2/29th, and 2/26th and was supported by the 2/10th Field Artillery Regiment, as well as one platoon from the

 

2/4th Machine Gun Battalion.

 

They were supported by one company from Dalforce (named after its commander, Lieutenant-Colonel John Dalley of the Malayan Police Special Branch), a local Chinese militia consisting of Communists, Nationalist supporters, and other

 

volunteers. As the war intensified, the Dalforce volunteers were given only three to four days of training and sent to the war front with elementary weapons. Lacking uniforms, the volunteers improvised by wearing a red triangle on their blue shirts to

 

avoid being mistaken for Japanese by the Australians.

 

The Allied forces at Kranji were to be assaulted by the Imperial Guards Division led by Major General Takuma Nishimura. 400 Imperial Guards had landed and taken Pulau Ubin, an island in the north-east of Singapore, in a feint attack on 7

 

February, where they encountered minimal resistance.

 

On 9 February, two divisions of the Japanese Twenty Fifth Army, led by Lieutenant General Tomoyuki Yamashita, landed on the northwestern coast of Singapore, in the Sarimbun area. Yamashita's headquarters (HQ) was in the Sultan of Johor's

 

palace on Istana Bukit Serene, which offered him and his officers a bird's eye view of virtually every key target in the northern sector of Singapore Island, only 1.6 kilometres (one mile) across the Straits of Johor. Sultan Ibrahim's palace was not fired

 

upon by the British because any damage caused would have extensive repercussions for British-Johor ties.

 

The primary objective of the Japanese at Kranji was to capture Kranji village; this would let them repair the demolished Causeway in order to facilitate easy flow of reinforcements and supplies down the roads of Woodlands and Mandai, and to the

 

rest of the island for their vanguard force. Once the leading wave of Japanese was safely ashore, the massed Japanese artillery switched their fire to the defensive positions at Kranji. Telegraph and telephone communications were destroyed in the

 

bombardment and communications between the front line and command HQ were broken. At 8:30pm that night, the men of the Imperial Guards Division began the crossing from Johor in special armoured landing-crafts, collapsible boats and by

 

swimming.

 

In the early hours of 10 February, Japanese forces suffered their heaviest losses during the Battle of Singapore. While moving up the Kranji River, advance landing parties from the 4th Regiment of the Imperial Guard Division found themselves

 

under heavy fire from Australian machine gunners and mortar teams. They also found themselves surrounded by oil slicks, which had been created by Allied personnel emptying the nearby Woodlands oil depot, to prevent its capture. A scenario

 

feared by Yamashita came to pass by accident; the oil was set alight by Allied small arms fire, causing many Japanese soldiers to be burnt alive. Sustaining heavy losses, Nishimura requested permission to abandon the operation. However,

 

Yamashita denied the request.

 

Maxwell, who had limited communications with his division headquarters, was concerned that his force would be cut off by fierce and chaotic fighting at Sarimbun and Jurong to the south west, involving the Australian 22nd Brigade. Maxwell's

 

force consequently withdrew from the seafront. This allowed the Japanese to land in increasing strength and take control of Kranji village. They also captured Woodlands, and began repairing the causeway, without encountering any Allied attacks.

 

Japanese light tanks, which had good buoyancy, were towed across the straits to Lim Chu Kang Road where they joined the battle at dusk. With reinforced troops and tanks advancing down Choa Chua Kang Road, the Australian troops were no

 

match for the tanks and fled to the hills of Bukit Panjang. The 5th Division (Imperial Japanese Army) captured Bukit Timah village by the evening of 11 February.

 

Lieutenant-General Arthur Percival, General Officer Commanding of HQ Malaya Command, drew a defence perimeter covering Kallang aerodrome, MacRitchie and Peirce reservoirs and the Bukit Timah supply depot area to ensure the integrity

 

of the city's defence. One line of the north-western defence perimeter was the Jurong-Kranji defence line, a narrow ridge connecting the sources of the Jurong and the Kranji Rivers, forming a natural defence line protecting the north-west

 

approach to the Singapore City. (Its counterpart was the Serangoon Line, which was sited between Kallang Airfield and Paya Lebar village on the eastern part of Singapore). The troops were to defend this Line strongly against the invading

 

Japanese force. The Line was defended by the 44th Indian Infantry Brigade which covered milestone 12 on Jurong Road, the 12th Indian Infantry Brigade and the reinforced 22nd Australian Brigade which guarded the northern part of the Line and

 

maintained contact with the 44th Indian Brigade. The 15th Indian Infantry Brigade was re-positioned near Bukit Timah Road to guard the island's vital food and petrol supplies. A secret instruction to protect this area was issued to Percival's

 

generals.

 

Percival's secret orders to withdraw to the last defence line around the city only if necessary were misunderstood by Maxwell, who took this to be an order for an immediate withdrawal to the Line. As a result, the 44th Indian Infantry Brigade, the 12th

 

Indian Infantry Brigade and the 22nd Australian Brigade, reinforced after their withdrawal from Sarimbun beach in the north-west, abandoned the Line on 10 February. Fearing that the large supplies depot would fall into Japanese hands should

 

they make a rush for Bukit Timah too soon, General Archibald Wavell, Allied commander-in-chief of the Far East sent an urgent message to Percival:

 

It is certain that our troops in Singapore Island heavily outnumber any Japanese who have crossed the Straits. We must destroy them. Our whole fighting reputation is at stake and the honour of the British Empire. The Americans have held out in the

 

Bataan Peninsula against a far heavier odds, the Russians are turning back the picked strength of the Germans. The Chinese with an almost lack of modern equipment have held the Japanese for four and a half years. It will be disgraceful if we

 

yield our boasted fortress of Singapore to inferior enemy forces.

 

By 11 February, the Jurong-Kranji Defence Line was left undefended which allowed the Japanese forces to sweep through the Line to attack Bukit Timah. On the same day, Percival finally moved his Combined Operations Headquarters in Sime

 

Road to the underground bunker, The Battle Box at Fort Canning.

 

Despite their fighting spirit, the Dalforce fighters suffered from poor training and the lack of equipment. A further blow was delivered when the 27th Australian Brigade withdrew southwards. As a result, the Japanese established a stronghold in the

 

northern Woodlands area and secured a relatively easy passage into the island. General Wavell left Singapore for Java early on 11 February and sent a cable to British Prime Minister Winston Churchill in London on his assessment of the war front

 

in Singapore:

  

Battle for Singapore is not going well... I ordered Percival to stage counter-attack with all troops possible... Morale of some troops is not good and none is as high as I should like to see... The chief troubles are lack of sufficient training in some

 

reinforcing troops and an inferior complex which bold Japanese tactics and their command of the air have caused. Everything possible is being done to produce more offensive spirit and optimistic outlook. But I cannot pretend that these efforts

 

have been entirely successful up to date. I have given the most categorical orders that there is to be no thought of surrender and that all troops are to continue fighting to the end...

 

By 12 February, the Imperial Guards had captured the reservoirs and Nee Soon village. The defending troops, by this time, were badly shaken. Thousands of exhausted and frightened stragglers left the fighting to seek shelter in large buildings. On

 

the same night, British forces in the east of the island had begun to withdraw towards the city.

 

On 13 February, the Japanese 5th Division continued its advance and reached Adam and Farrer Roads to capture the Sime Road Camp. Yamashita moved his HQ forward to the bomb-damaged Ford Factory in Bukit Timah. Heading southwards,

 

the Japanese 18th Division advanced into Pasir Panjang, where the last major battle of Singapore would be fought with the Malay Regiments at Bukit Chandu.

 

In 1995, the former battle sites of Kranji and the defence line were gazetted by the National Heritage Board as two of the eleven World War II sites of Singapore.

  

2005

 

Knoica Minolta

  

PICT0041