new icn messageflickr-free-ic3d pan white
View allAll Photos Tagged Kadazan

The Mari Mari Village on the Island of Borneo in Sabah, Malaysia preserves the culture of 5 different ethnic tribes in one village. They are the rice farmer Kadazan-Dusun, the longhouse resident Rungus, the hunters and fisherman Lundayeh, the cowboy and sea gypsey Bajau, and the famously feared headhunting tribe Murut. It is an amazing place to visit if you are ever in Borneo!

 

Facebook | Twitter | Instagram | Shutterchance |

Getty Images | On Explore

 

All Rights Reserved. All Images Copyright protected.

Another morning in Sabah. My recent trip to Sabah is a sweet memory that will be remembered forever.

 

Buy my artworks here

E.X.P.L.O.R.E.D on 1st Ogos 2009 # 440

 

gadis suku kadazaN

dari sabaH @ negeri di bawaH bayu

maLaysia ...

Part VI of set Passenger seat {Beautiful Sabah}.

 

Passenger seat view.... This photo was taken on the way back from Keningau, the largest town in the interior, about 130km from Kota Kinabalu. At this point, we were going up a hill in the middle of some rain. The altitude is probably 1,500 ~ 2,000 feet. The road gets foggy by 2pm, and showers are regular and short.

 

This area is surrounded by the Crocker Range, the average height of which is 1,800m above sea level (that's right, about 5,400 feet). This is mainly agricultural land... paddy, vegetables, rubber, oil palm and previously, it was a timber town.

 

My friends, this is the Kadazan-Dusun heartland. You have not seen Sabah until you visit the 'soul' of this land. Welcome to Sabah, 'The Land Below The Wind".

 

Traditional kadazan dance..... this dance is pure seduction... the rhythmic sound... the twitch of the hips... the flick of the wrists...

[Traditional Dance] Sumazau ( Borneo Sabah )

A little girl in Kadazan costume during the Harvest Festival Celebration in Sabah.

 

The Kadazans are an ethnic group indigenous to the state of Sabah in Malaysia.

My first visit to Sabah was back in April 2011 with my family. We found out that Sabah is a very beautiful state in Borneo and worth every penny that we spent during our visit. We stay at the Promenade hotel in Kota Kinabalu and the distance from the hotel to this beautiful mosque is just about 15 minutes drive.

 

Check out my Sabah set for all the photos taken during my visit.

 

----------------------------------------------------------------------

 

Buy my artworks here

This image is protected by copyright, no use of this image shall be granted without the written permission from Yaman Ibrahim.

Blistering moment in Tanjung Aru Sabah during sunset. The low tide produce an X reflection from the ray of lights coming out from behind the clouds.

 

Digital Blending from 2 Exposures

1 for the base (EV 0) and 1 for the houses (EV +3)

 

Buy my artworks here

Part VIII of set Passenger seat {Beautiful Sabah}. I am posting these drive-by images every weekend.

 

Passenger seat view.... This photo was taken on the way to Keningau, using a new road which cuts the distance by half but it is too steep for small cars. My friend's car, a 6-month old Honda Accord 2.4V, stalled at the last peak. (See note on photo.) It just refused to go further in "normal Drive" mode. I had better comfort in a 4.6 L turbo-charged Toyota "Ninja", perfect for this type of terrain.

 

This route is less populated as the terrain is very hilly. This is the Crocker Range, and we were basically travelling along its slopes. The average altitude is 1,800m above sea level. (That's right, about 5,400 feet). This is mainly agricultural land... paddy, vegetables, rubber, oil palm and previously, it was a timber area.

 

Keningau, our destination, is the largest town in the interior, about 130km from Kota Kinabalu. At this point, we had just left a 'pit-stop' at one of the few roadside canteens.

 

My friends, this is the Kadazan-Dusun heartland. You have not seen Sabah until you visit the 'soul' of this land. Welcome to Sabah, 'The Land Below The Wind".

 

Traditional kadazan dance..... this dance is pure seduction... the rhythmic sound... the twitch of the hips... the flick of the wrists...

[Traditional Dance] Sumazau ( Borneo Sabah )

Mount Tambuyukon, Sabah, Malaysia.

 

Leptospermum recurvum Hook.f. Myrtaceae. CN: Sayat-sayat (Kadazan). A woody species growing on Mount Kinabalu and distributed from 2700 to 4000 m. on ultramafic soil and is notable for being able to tolerate the high levels of toxic metals present in these soils. This species has a wide habitat range from deep soils to denuded rocks, and varies in life form from a tree to a dwarf shrub to a cushion plant.

 

Ref. and suggested reading:

www.theplantlist.org/tpl/record/kew-111457

www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4103141/

www.sabah.gov.my/htan_caims/Level%202%20frame%20pgs/Fox%2...

Mount Tambuyukon, Sabah, Malaysia.

(Image taken at the southern flank, ca. 2575 m asl)

 

Schima brevifolia Baill. ex Stapf. Theaceae. CN: Tandas (Kadazan). The species is characteristic to the Ericaceous Forest (upper montane/ cloud forest) vegetation.

 

Synonym(s):

Gordonia brevifolia Hook.f.

 

Ref. and suggested reading:

www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2594592

www.sabah.gov.my/htan_caims/Level%202%20frame%20pgs/Fox%2...

Kampung Tanjung Aru is a floating village in Kota Kinabalu Sabah.

 

I consider myself lucky that day. Even though the sky looks dull and cloudy at the beginning, but it shows his pity to me by producing pretty clouds pattern. Thanks to the low tide for the reflection.

 

Alhamdulillah.

Passenger seat {Beautiful Sabah}. Part 10 of drive-by series. View Set here.

Mount Tambuyukon, Sabah, Malaysia.

 

Leptospermum recurvum Hook.f. Myrtaceae. CN: Sayat-sayat (Kadazan). A woody species growing on Mount Kinabalu and distributed from 2700 to 4000 m. on ultramafic soil and is notable for being able to tolerate the high levels of toxic metals present in these soils. This species has a wide habitat range from deep soils to denuded rocks, and varies in life form from a tree to a dwarf shrub to a cushion plant.

 

Ref. and suggested reading:

www.theplantlist.org/tpl/record/kew-111457

www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4103141/

www.sabah.gov.my/htan_caims/Level%202%20frame%20pgs/Fox%2...

Masjid Bandaraya Kota Kinabalu (Kota Kinabalu City Mosque) was officially opened on February 2nd, 2000. It is one of the the main mosques within the city, built to compliment the older state mosque at Jalan Mat Salleh. The mosque commands a great view of Likas Bay in the front with panaromic view of the Tunku Abdul Rahman Islands while large mountain ranges shrouds the background.

My first visit to Sabah was back in April 2011 with my family. We found out that Sabah is a very beautiful state in Borneo and worth every penny that we spent during our visit. We stay at the Promenade hotel in Kota Kinabalu and the distance from the hotel to this beautiful mosque is just about 15 minutes drive.

 

Check out my Sabah set for all the photos taken during my visit.

 

----------------------------------------------------------------------

 

Buy my artworks here

A tutta la community Auguri di Buone Feste

 

Afrikaans ---- Geseende Kerfees en 'n gelukkige nuwe jaar

Albanian ---- Gézuar Krishlindjet Vitin e Ri!

Amharic ---- Melkam Yelidet Beaal

Arabic ---- I'D Miilad Said ous Sana Saida

Aramaic ---- Edo bri'cho o rish d'shato brich'to!

Armenian ---- Shenoraavor Nor Dari yev Pari Gaghand

Aromunian ---- Crãciunu hãriosu shi unu anu nãu, bunu!

Azeri ---- Tezze Iliniz Yahsi Olsun

Bahasa Malaysia ---- Selamat Hari Natal

Basque ---- Zorionak eta Urte Berri On!

Belorussian ---- Winshuyu sa Svyatkami i z Novym godam!

Bengali ---- Shuvo Baro Din - Shuvo Nabo Barsho

Bicolano ---- Maugmang Capascuhan asin Masaganang Ba gong Taon!

Bohemian ---- Vesele Vanoce

Brazilian ---- Boas Festas e Feliz Ano Novo

Breton ---- Nedeleg laouen na bloav ezh mat

Bulgarian ---- Vasel Koleda; Tchestita nova godina!

Catalan ---- Bon nadal i feliç any nou!

Cantonese ---- Seng Dan Fai Lok, Sang Nian Fai Lok

Cebuano ---- Malipayong Pasko ug Bulahang Bagong Tuig!

Choctaw ---- Yukpa, Nitak Hollo Chito

Cornish ---- Nadelik looan na looan blethen noweth

Corsican ---- Bon Natale e Bon capu d' annu

Cree ---- Mitho Makosi Kesikansi

Creek ---- Afvcke Nettvcakorakko

Croatian ---- Sretan Bozic

Czech ---- Prejeme Vam Vesele Vanoce a stastny Novy Rok

Danish ---- Glædelig Jul og godt nytår

Duri ---- Christmas-e- Shoma Mobarak

Dutch ---- Vrolijk Kerstfeest en een Gelukkig Nieuwjaar!

Egyptian ---- Colo sana wintom tiebeen

English ---- Merry Christmas & Happy New Year

Eskimo ---- Jutdlime pivdluarit ukiortame pivdluaritlo!

Esperanto ---- Gajan Kristnaskon

Estonian ---- Rõõmsaid Jõulupühi Head uut aastat

Euskera ---- Zorionak eta Urte Berri On

Faeroese ---- Gledhilig jól og eydnurikt nýggjár!

Farsi ---- Cristmas-e-shoma mobarak bashad

Finnish ---- Hyvää Joulua or Hauskaa Joulua

Flemish ---- Zalig Kerstfeest en Gelukkig nieuw jaar

French ---- Joyeux Noël et Bonne Année!

Frisian ---- Noflike Krystdagen en in protte Lok en Seine yn it Nije Jier!

Friulian ---- Bon Nadâl e Bon An Gnûf

Gaelic ---- Nollaig chridheil agus Bliadhna mhath ur!

Galician ---- Bon Nadal e Bo Ani Novo

German ---- Fröhliche Weihnachten und ein glückliches Neues Jahr!

Greek ---- Kala Christougenna Kieftihismenos O Kenourios Chronos

Greenlandic ---- Juullimi Ukiortaassamilu Pilluarit

Hausa ---- Barka da Kirsimatikuma Barka da Sabuwar Shekara!

Hawaiian ---- Mele Kalikimaka & Hauoli Makahiki Hou

Hebrew ---- Mo'adim Lesimkha. Shana Tova

Hindi ---- Shub Naya Baras

Hungarian ---- Kellemes Karacsonyiunnepeket & Boldog Új Évet

Iban ----Selamat Ari Krismas enggau Taun Baru

Icelandic ---- Gleðileg Jól og Farsaelt Komandi ár!

Ilocano ---- Naimbag a Pascua ken Naragsac nga Baro nga Tawen!

Indonesian ---- Selamat Hari Natal

Iraqi ---- Idah Saidan Wa Sanah Jadidah

Irish ----Nollaig Shona Dhuit

Italian ---- Buon Natale e Felice Anno Nuovo

Japanese ---- Shinnen omedeto. Kurisumasu Omedeto

Jèrriais ---- Bouan Noué et Bouanne Année

Kadazan ----Kotobian Tadau Do Krimas om Toun Vagu

Karelian ---- Rastawanke Sinun, Uvven Vuvenke Sinun

Korean ---- Sung Tan Chuk Ha

Krio ---- Appi Krismes en Appi Niu Yaa

Kurdish ---- Seva piroz sahibe u sersala te piroz be

Ladin ---- Bon Nadel y Bon Ann Nuef

Lappic ---- Buorit Juovllat ja Buorre Oddajahki

Latin ---- Natale hilare et Annum Nuovo!

Latvian ---- Prieci'gus Ziemsve'tkus un Laimi'gu Jauno Gadu!

Lausitzian ---- Wjesole hody a strowe nowe leto

Lithuanian ---- Linksmu Kaledu ir laimingu Nauju metu

Livian ---- Riiemlizi Talspividi ja pagin vonno udaigastos

Low Saxon ---- Heughliche Winachten un 'n moi Nijaar

Luxemburgish ---- Schéi Krëschtdeeg an e Schéint Néi Joer

Macedonian ----Streken Bozhik

Malay ---- Selamat Hari Natal dan Tahun Baru

Malayalam ---- Puthuvalsara Aashamsakal

Maltese ---- Nixtieklek Milied tajjeb u is-sena t-tabja!

Mandarin ---- Kung His Hsin Nien bing Chu Shen Tan

Manx ---- Nollick ghennal as blein vie noa

Maori ---- Meri Kirihimete

Marathi ---- Shub Naya Varsh

Mongolian ---- Zul saryn bolon shine ony mend devshuulye

Monogasque ---- Festusu Natale e Bona ana noeva

Netherland --- Prettige kerstdagen en een gelukkig nieuw jaar.

Norwegian ---- God Jul og Godt Nyttår

Occitan ---- Polit nadal e bona annada

Oriya ---- Sukhamaya christmass ebang khusibhara naba barsa

Pampamgo ---- Malugud Pascu at saca Masayang Bayung Banua!

Papiamento ---- Bon Pasco y un Feliz Aña Nobo

Papua New Guinea ---- Bikpela hamamas blong dispela Krismas na Nupela yia

i go long yu

Pashto ---- De Christmas akhtar de bakhtawar au newai kal de mubarak sha.

Pennsylvania German ---- En frehlicher Grischtdaag unen hallich Nei Yaahr!

Polish ---- Wesolych Swiat i Szczesliwego Nowego Roku.

Portuguese ---- Boas Festas e um feliz Ano Novo

Punjabi ---- Nave sal di mubaraka

Pushto ---- Christmas Aao Ne----way Kaal Mo Mobarak Sha

Raeto----Ramance ---- Bella Festas da zNadal ed in Ventiravel Onn Nov

Rapa----Nui ---- Mata-Ki-Te-Rangi. Te-Pito-O-Te-Henua

Rhetian ---- Bellas festas da nadal e bun onn

Romanche ---- Legreivlas fiastas da Nadal e bien niev onn!

Romani (GYPSY) ---- Bachtalo krecunu Thaj Bachtalo Nevo Bers

Romanian ---- Craciun fericit si un An Nou fericit!

Russian ---- Pozdrevlyayu s prazdnikom Rozhdestva i s Novim Godom

Sambal ---- Maligayang Pasko at Masayang Ba-yon Taon!

Sami ---- Buorrit Juovllat

Samoan ---- La Maunia Le Kilisimasi Ma Le Tausaga Fou

Sardian ---- Felize Nadale e Bonu Cabuannu

Sardinian ---- Bonu nadale e prosperu annu nou

Scots Gaelic ---- Nollaig chridheil huibh

Serbian ---- Hristos se rodi

Serb-Croatian ---- Sretam Bozic. Vesela Nova Godina

Sicilian ---- Bon Natali e Prosperu Annu Novu !

Singhalese ---- Subha nath thalak Vewa. Subha Aluth Awrudhak Vewa

Sorbian ---- Wjesole hody a strowe Nowe leto.

Somali ---- ciid wanaagsan iyo sanad cusub oo fiican.

Slovakian ---- Vesele Vianoce a stastny novy rok

Slovak ---- Vesele Vianoce. A stastlivy Novy Rok

Slovene ---- Vesele bozicne praznike in srecno novo leto

Sorbian ---- Wjesole hody a strowe Nowe leto

Spanish ---- Feliz Navidad y Próspero Año Nuevo

Surigaonon ---- Malipayon na pasko sanan bag-on tuig!

Swahili ---- ºKrismas Njema Na Heri Za Mwaka Mpyaº

Swedish ---- God Jul och Gott Nytt År

Sudanese ---- Wilujeng Natal Sareng Warsa Enggal

Tagalog ---- Maligayang Pasko at Manigong Bagong Taon

Tamil ---- Nathar Puthu Varuda Valthukkal

Thai ---- Suksan Wan Christmas lae Sawadee Pee Mai

Tok Pisin ---- Meri Krismas & Hepi Nu Yia

Tongan ---- Kilisimasi Fiefia & Ta'u fo'ou monu ia

Trukeese ---- Neekirissimas annim oo iyer seefe feyiyeech!

Tswana ---- Keresemose o monate le masego a ngwaga o montsha

Turkish ---- Noeliniz Ve Yeni Yiliniz Kutlu Olsun

Ukrainian ---- Veseloho Vam Rizdva i Shchastlyvoho Novoho Roku!

Urdu ---- Naya Saal Mubarak Ho

Vepsi ---- Rastvoidenke i Udenke Vodenke

Vietnamese ---- Chuc Mung Giang Sinh- Chuc Mung Tan Nien

Waray- ---- Maupay nga Pasko ngan Mainuswagon nga Bago nga Tuig!

Welsh ---- Nadolig LLawen a Blwyddyn Newydd Dda

Xhosa ---- Siniqwenelela Ikrisimesi EmnandI Nonyaka Omtsha Ozele

Iintsikelelo Namathamsanqa

Yayeya ---- Krisema

Yiddish ---- Gute Vaynakhtn un a Gut Nay Yor

Yoruba ---- E ku odun, e hu iye' dun!

Zulu ---- Sinifesela Ukhisimusi Omuhle Nonyaka Omusha Onempumele

This image is protected by copyright, no use of this image shall be granted without the written permission from Yaman Ibrahim.

This image is protected by copyright, no use of this image shall be granted without the written permission from Yaman Ibrahim.

This image is protected by copyright, no use of this image shall be granted without the written permission from Yaman Ibrahim.

Kampung Tanjung Aru is a floating village in Kota Kinabalu Sabah. It is located just about 5 kilometers from the downtown Kota Kinabalu. For this shot, I have to walk about 200 meters from the roadside just to get closer to the water for the full reflection. I was thinking to go further up but scared of the quicksand. Furthermore I am all alone and that was my first visit to this beautiful village.

The most adorable moment of sunset that not even one can resist to stand still until the end.

 

Once the Eagles said:

 

I was standing

All alone against the world outside

You were searching

For a place to hide

Lost and lonely

Now you’ve given me the will to survive

When we’re hungry...love will keep us alive

 

Its totally not TRUE for the last part :)

 

Buy my artworks here

Kopivosian means "Hello" in Kadazan language. The Kadazans are an ethnic group indigenous to the state of Sabah in Malaysia. {Sabah is situated on the northern part of the island of Borneo.} Together with another ethnic group, the "Dusun", the unified Kadazan-Dusun is the largest ethnic group in Sabah. {More information on Wikipedia about Kadazan, and Kadazan-Dusun.}

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Photographed at the "Monsopiad Cultural Village" which is privately owned by the direct descendants (7th generation) of the legendary warrior and head hunter, Monsopiad. Monsopiad took 42 heads in defense of his village some 300 years ago. The descendants have looked after the skulls to this day. They can be seen hanging from the ceiling at the House of Skulls at the Village.

 

The Monsopiad Cultural Village was one of the venues of "The Amazing Race 4", Leg 8.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

These Kadazan ladies are part of the dance troupe that perform twice daily at the Village. This portrait (with camera built-in flash) was taken after their afternoon session, in the "Murut" (another indigenous group) costume for the last segment of the dance. The audience consist of myself and a French man. I guess they were happy to see us too. :-)))

  

English - Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year!

Afrikaans - Geseënde Kersfees en 'n gelukkige nuwe jaar! Geseënde Kersfees en 'n voorspoedige Nuwe jaar!

Akeanon - Maayad-ayad nga Paskwa! Mahigugmaon nga Bag-ong Dag-on kinyo tanan!

Albanian - Gëzuar Krishtlindjet e Vitin e Ri!

Aleut - Kamgan Ukudigaa!

Alsatian - E güeti Wïnâchte un e gleckichs Nej Johr!

Amharic - Melkam Gena! Melkam Addis Amet!

Apache (Western) - Gozhqq Keshmish!

Arabic (Modern Standard)أجمل التهاني بمناسبة الميلاد و حلول السنة الجديدة

(ajmil at-tihānī bimunāsabah al-mīlād wa ḥilūl as-sanah al-jadīdah)

Armenian (Eastern) - Շնորհավոր Ամանոր և Սուրբ Ծնունդ (Shnorhavor Amanor yev Surb Tznund)

Armenian (Western) - Շնորհաւոր Նոր Տարի եւ Սուրբ Ծնունդ: (Shnorhavor Nor Daree yev Soorp Dzuhnoont) Բարի կաղանդ և ամանոր (Paree gaghant yev amanor)

Aromanian - Cãrciun hãrios (Hristolu s-aflà! Dealihea cà s-afla!)

shi ti multsã-anji Anlu Nàù!

Asturian - Bones Navidaes y Gayoleru añu nuevu!

Aymara - Sooma Nawira-ra!

Azerbaijani - Yeni Iliniz Mübarək / Təzə iliniz yaxşı olsun!

Basque - Zorionak eta urte berri on!

Belarusian - З Божым нараджэннем! (Z Bozym naradzenniem!) Шчаслівых Калядау! (Szczaslivych Kaliadau!) З Новым годам i Калядамi! (Z Novym godam i Kaliadami!)

Bengali - শুভ বড়দিন (shubho bôṛodin) শুভ নববর্ষ (shubho nôbobôrsho)

Bikol - Maogmang Pasko! Mamura-way na Ba-gong Taon sa indo gabos!

Blackfoot - I'taamomahkatoyiiksistsikomi!

Bosnian - Sretan Bozic i sretna nova godina!

Breton - Nedeleg laouen ha bloavezh mat!

Bulgarian - Честита Коледа! (Čestita Koleda!) Щастлива Нова Година! (Štastliva Nova Godina!)

Catalan - Bon Nadal i feliç any nou!

Cebuano - Maayong Pasko! Mabungahong Bag-ong Tuig kaninyong tanan!

Chamorro - Felis Nåbidåt yan Magof na Åñu Nuebu! Felis Påsgua yan Magof na Åñu Nuebu!

Cherokee - Danistayohihv & Aliheli'sdi Itse Udetiyvasadisv!

Cheyenne - Hoesenestotse & Aa'eEmona'e!

Chinese (Cantonese) - 聖誕節同新年快樂 (singdaanjit tùnhg sànnìhn faailohk)

Chinese (Hakka) - 聖誕節快樂, 新年快樂 (shin5-tan5-ziet7 kwai5-lok8, sin1-ngien2 kwai5-lok8)

Chinese (Mandarin) - 聖誕快樂 新年快樂 [圣诞快乐 新年快乐] (shèngdàn kuàilè xīnnián kuàilè)

Chinese (Shanghainese) - 圣诞节快乐 (sendaijiq kualoq) 新年快乐 (sinni kualoq)

Chinese (Taiwanese) - Sèng-tàn-chiat Khòai-lo̍k (聖誕節快樂)

Sin-nî Chhut-thâu-thiⁿ (新年出頭天)

Chinese (Teochew) - 圣诞快乐 (siandang kuailak) 新年快乐 (singnin kuailak)

Choctaw - Yukpa, Nitak Hollo Chito!

Comanche - Tsaa Nu̶u̶sukatu̶̲ Waa Himaru̶!

Cornish - Nadelik Lowen ha Blydhen Nowydh Da! Nadelik Looan ha Looan Blethen Noweth! Nadelack looan ha looan blethan noueth!

Cree - Mitho Makosi Kesikansi!

Creek - Afvcke Nettvcakorakko!

Croatian - Sretan Božić! Sretna Nova godina!

Czech - Veselé vánoce a šťastný nový rok!

Danish - Glædelig jul og godt nytår!

Dutch - Prettige kerstdagen en een Gelukkig Nieuwjaar! Zalig kerstfeest en Gelukkig Nieuwjaar!

East Inuktitut - Quviasummi Quviasugitsi/Quviasuvvisiutsiarit ammalu Qitinngumarik!

Esperanto - Ĝojan/Bonan Kristnaskon kaj feliĉan novan jaron!

Estonian - Rõõmsaid Jõule ja Head Uut Aastat! Häid Jõule ja Head Uut Aastat!

Faroese - Gleðilig Jól og eydnuríkt nýggjár! Gleðilig Jól og gott nýggjár! Gleiðilig jól og eitt av harranum signað nýggjár!

Fijian - Me Nomuni na marau ni siga ni sucu dei na yabaki vou!

Finnish - Hyvää joulua ja onnellista uutta vuotta!

Flemish - Zalig Kerstfeest en Gelukkig nieuw jaar!

Frisian - Noflike Krystdagen en folle lok en seine!

French - Joyeux Noël et bonne année!

Friulian - Bon Nadâl e Biel An Gnûv!

Galician - Bo Nadal e próspero aninovo!

Georgian - გილოცავთ შობა-ახალ წელს (gilocavth shoba-akhal c’els) გილოცავ შობა-ახალ წელს (gilocav shoba-akhal c’els)

German - Fröhliche Weihnachten und ein gutes neues Jahr!

German (Bavarian) - Froue Weihnåcht'n, und a guad's nei's Joah!

German (Hessian) - Frohe Weihnachte unn ein gudes neus Jahr!

German (Swiss) - Schöni Wienachte und e guets neus Jahr! Schöni Wiehnachte und es guets Neus! Schöni Wiänachtä, äs guets Nöis!

German (Pennsylvania) - En frehlicher Grischtdaag un en hallich Nei Yaahr!

Greek - Καλά Χριστούγεννα! (kalá hristúyenna) Ευτυχισμένο το Νέο Έτος! (eftyhisméno to Néo Étos!) Καλή χρονιά! (kalí hroñá)

Greenlandic - Juullimi ukiortaasamilu pilluaritsi!

Hausa - Barka da Kirsimatikuma barka da sabuwar shekara!

Hawaiian - Mele Kalikimaka me ka Hauʻoli Makahiki Hou!

Hebrew - חג מולד שמח ושנה טובה Chag Molad Sameach v'Shanah Tovah

Hiligaynon - Malipayon nga Paskwa!

Mahamungayaon - Nga Bag-ong Tuig sa inyong tanan!

Hindi - शुभ क्रिसमस (Śubh krisamas) नये साल की हार्दिक शुभकामनायें (Naye sāl kī hārdik śubhkāmnayeṅ)

Hungarian - Kellemes karácsonyt és boldog új évet!

Icelandic - Gleðileg jól og farsælt komandi ár! Gleðileg jól og farsælt nýtt ár!

Ilokano - Naragsak a Paskua! Narang-ay a Baro a Tawen kadakayo amin!

Indonesian - Selamat hari natal dan tahun baru!

Inonhan - Malipayon nga Paskwa kag Masadya nga Bag-ong Tuig sa inyo tanan!

Inuktitut - Kuvianak Inovia! IñupiaqQuvianagli Anaiyyuniqpaliqsi suli Nakuuluni Ukiutqiutiqsi! InupiatunAnnaurri Aniruq-lu Paglaun Ukiutchiaq! Quvianaq Agaayuniqpak-lu Paglaun Ukiutchiaq! Nayaangmik Piqagiñ-lu Paglaun Ukiutchiaq!

Irish (Gaelic) - Nollaig shona duit! Beannachtaí na Nollag! Beannachtaí an tSéasúir! Athbhliain faoi mhaise duit! Bliain úr faoi shéan is faoi mhaise duit!

Italian - Buon Natale e felice anno nuovo!

Japanese - メリークリスマス (merī kurisumasu) 新年おめでとうございます (shinnen omedetō gozaimasu) 明けましておめでとうございます (akemashite omedetō gozaimasu) 旧年中大変お世話になりました (kyūnenjū taihen osewa ni narimashita) 本年もよろしくお願いいたします (honnen mo yoroshiku onegai itashimasu)

Jèrriais - Bouan Noué / Jouaiyeux Noué et Bouonne année! Un Bouan Noué et lé Nouvel An!

Judeo-Spanish / Ladino - Noel alegre i felis anyo muevo!

Kapampangan - Masayang Pasku! Masaplalang Bayung Banwa keko ngan!

Kazakh - Жаңа жыл құтты болсын! (Jaña jıl quttı bolsın!) Жаңа жылыңыз құтты болсын! (Jaña jılıñız quttı bolsın!)

Kinyarwanda - Noheri nziza n'umwaka mushya muhire!

Kirghiz - Жаны Жылыныздар куттуу болсун!

Korean - 즐거운 성탄절 보내세요 및 새해 복 많이 받으세요 (jeulgeoun seongtanjeol bonaeseyo mich saehae bok manhi bateusaeyo) 메리 크리스마스 잘 지내고 새해 복 많이 받으세요

(meri keuriseumaseu mich saehae bok manhi bateusaeyo)

Kurdish (Kurmanji) - Kirîsmes u ser sala we pîroz be!

Kurdish (Sorani) - Kirîsmes u salî nwêtan lê pîroz bê!

Lao - Souksan van Christmas! Sabai dee pee mai!

Latin - Natale hilare et annum faustum!

Latvian - Priecīgus Ziemassvētkus un laimīgu Jauno gadu!

Lithuanian - Linksmų Kalėdų ir laimingų Naujųjų Metų!

Luganda - Mbagaliza Christmass Enungi Nomwaka Omugya Gubaberere Gwamirembe!

Luxembourgish - E schéine Chrëschtdag an e glécklecht neit Joer!

Schéi Feierdeeg an e glécklecht neit Joer! Schéi Chrëschtdeeg an e gudde Rutsch an d'neit Joer!

Macedonian - Христос се роди! (Hristoc se rodi!) Среќен Божик и среќна Нова година! (Sreken Božik i srekna Nova godina)

Malagasy - Mirary noely sambatra! Arahabaina tratrin'ny taona vaovao!

Malay - Selamat Hari Natal! Selamat Tahun Baru!

Malayalam - പുഥുവല്സര ആശംസകല് (puthuvalsara aashamsakal) ക്രിസ്തുമസ് ആശംസകല് (kariistumasu aashamsakal) നവവല്സര ആശംസകല് (nava-valsara aashamsakal)

MalteseI - l-Milied Ħieni u s-Sena t-Tajba! Awguri għas-sena l-ġdid!

Manx - Nollick Ghennal as Blein Vie Noa!

Māori - Meri Kirihimete me ngā mihi o te tau hou ki a koutou katoa!

Marathi - शुभ नाताळ (Śubh Nātāḷ) नवीन वर्षच्या हार्दिक शुभेच्छा (Navīn varṣacyā hārdik śubhecchā)

Mongolian - Танд зул сарын баярын болон шинэ жилийн мэндийг хүргэе (Tand zul sariin bayriin bolon shine jiliin mendiig hurgey)

Navajo - Ya'at'eeh Keshmish!

Nepali - क्रस्मसको शुभकामना तथा नयाँ वर्षको शुभकामना

(krismas ko subhakamana tatha nayabarsha ko subhakamana)

Norwegian - God jul og godt nytt år! God jol og godt nyttår!

Occitan - Polit Nadal e bona annada!

Ogoni - Eenyie Mea Krist Ne Eenyie Aagbaa!

Old English - Glæd Geol and Gesælig Niw Gear!

Pangasinan - Maabig ya Pasko! Maaligwas ya Balon Taon ed sikayon amin!

Papiamentu - Bon Pasku i Felis Anja Nobo!

Persian - (kerismas mobārak) كریسمس مبارک

(sale no mobārak) سال نو مبارک

Polish - Wesołych świąt i szczęśliwego nowego roku!

Portuguese - Feliz Natal e próspero ano novo! Feliz Ano Novo!

Boas Festas e Feliz Ano Novo! Um Santo e Feliz Natal!

Punjab - iਕਰਿਸਮ ਤੇ ਨਵਾੰ ਸਾਲ ਖੁਸ਼ਿਯਾੰਵਾਲਾ ਹੋਵੇ (karisama te nawāṃ sāla khušayāṃwālā hewe)

Quenya - Alassëa Hristomerendë! Alassëa Vinyarië!

Rarotongan - Kia orana e kia manuia rava i teia Kiritimeti e te Mataiti Ou!

Romansh (Sursilvan dialect) - Legreivlas fiastas da Nadal ed in bien niev onn!

Romanian - Crăciun fericit şi un An Nou Fericit!

Russian - С наступающим Новым Годом! (S nastupayuščim Novym Godom) С Рождеством Христовым! (S Roždestvom Khristovym)

Samoan - Manuia le Kerisimasi, ma le Tausaga Fou!

Scots - A Blythe Yule an a Guid Hogmanay! Merry Christmas an a Guid Hogmanay!

Scottish - GaelicNollaig chridheil agus bliadhna mhath ùr!

Serbian (Orthodox) Христос се роди и срећна Нова година!

Serbian (Non-Orthodox) Срећан Божић и срећна Нова година!

Sesotho - Keresemese e monate le mahlohonolo a selemo se setjha!

Sicilian - Bon Natali e filici annu novu!

Sindarin - Mereth Veren e-Doled Eruion! Garo Idhrinn Eden Veren!

Slovak - Veselé vianoce a Štastný nový rok!

Slovenian - Vesel božič in Srečno novo leto!

Somali - Ciid wanaagsan iyo sanad cusub oo fiican!

Spanish - ¡Feliz Navidad y próspero año nuevo!

Swahili - Krismasi Njema! Heri ya krismas! Heri ya mwaka mpya!

Swedish - God jul och gott nytt år!

Tagalog - Maligayang Pasko, Manigong bagong taon!

Tamil - Nathar Puthu Varuda Valthukkal

Tahitian - Ia orana no te noere! Ia orana i te matahiti api!

Telugu - సంతోషకరమైన క్రిస్ఠ్మస్ ! (saṅthoashakaramaina kristmas) మరియు నూతన సంవత్సర శుభాకాంక్షలు (mariyu noothana saṅvathsara shubhaakaaṅkshalu)

Thai - สุขสันต์วันคริสต์มาส และสวัสดีปีใหม (souksaan wan Christmas sawatdii pimaï)

Tibetan - Iosalazashidele

Tigrinya - rHus beˋal ldet (ygberelka) rHus əwed ˋamet (ygberelka)

Tongan - Kilisimasi fiefia mo ha ta'u fo'ou monū'ia!

Tsotsil - Xmuyubajuk ti avo'one ti ta k'ine xchu'uk ti ta ach' jabile!

Turkish - İyi Noeller ve Mutlu Yıllar! İyi seneler / Yeni yılınız kutlu olsun! Yeni yılınızı kutlar, sağlık ve başarılar dileriz!

Ukrainian - Веселого Різдва і з Новим Роком!

Urdu - کرسمَس مبارک

نايا سال مبارک هو

بڑدا دنمبارک هو

Uzbek - Yangi yilingiz bilan!

Vietnamese - Chúc Giáng Sinh Vui Vẻ và Chúc Năm Mới Tốt Lành!

Volapük - Lemotöfazäli yofik e nulayeli läbik!

Võro - Hüvvä joulu ja õnnõlikku vahtsõt aastakka!

Waray-Waray - Maupay nga Pasko! Mainuswagon nga Bag-ong Tuig ha iyo ngatanan!

Welsh - Nadolig llawen a blwyddyn newydd dda!

West Inuktitun - Quvianaq Qitchirvik/Quviahugitsi Quviahugvingmi amma Quvianaq Ukiuaq Nutaaq Tikingmivuq!

Xhosa - Siniqwenelela Ikrisimesi Emnandi Nonyaka Omtsha Ozele Iintsikelelo!

Yorùbá - Ẹ ku Ayọ Keresimesi ati Ọdun Tuntun!

Zulu - Sinifesela uKhisimusi oMuhle noNyaka oMusha oNempumelelo!

Bahasa Malaysia - Selamat Hari Natal!

Bengali - Shuvo Baro Din - Shuvo Nabo Barsho!

Corsican - Bon Natale e Bon capu d' annu!

Crazanian - Rot Yikji Dol La Roo!

Duri - Christmas-e- Shoma Mobarak!

Eskimo - Jutdlime pivdluarit ukiortame pivdluaritlo!

Indonesian -Selamat Hari Natal!

Karelian - Rastawanke Sinun, Uvven Vuvenke Sinun!

Lappic - Buorit Juovllat ja Buorre Oddajahki!

Lausitzian - Wjesole hody a strowe nowe leto!

Livian - Riiemlizi Talspividi ja pagin vonno udaigastos!

Low Saxon - Heughliche Winachten un 'n moi Nijaar!

Marathi - Shub Naya Varsh!

Maori - Meri Kirihimete!

Monogasque - Festusu Natale e Bona ana noeva!

Oriya -Sukhamaya christmass ebang khusibhara naba barsa!

Papua New Guinea - Bikpela hamamas blong dispela Krismas na Nupela yia i go long yu!

Philippines Maligayang - Pasco at Manigong Bagong Taon!

Pashto - De Christmas akhtar de bakhtawar au newai kal de mubarak sha!

Punjabi - Nave sal di mubaraka!

Pushto - Christmas Aao Ne-way Kaal Mo Mobarak Sha!

Raeto-Ramance - Bella Festas da zNadal ed in Ventiravel Onn Nov!

Rhetian - Bellas festas da nadal e bun onn!

Romanche - Legreivlas fiastas da Nadal e bien niev onn!

Romani (GYPSY) - Bachtalo krecunu Thaj Bachtalo Nevo Bers!

Sami - Buorrit Juovllat!

Samoan - Manuia le Kerisimasi ma le Tausaga Fou!

Sardian - Felize Nadale e Bonu Cabuannu!

Sardinian -Bonu nadale e prosperu annu nou!

Surinamese (SRANANTONGO) - Wan Santa Bedaki!

Singhalese - Subha nath thalak Vewa. Subha Aluth Awrudhak Vewa!

Sorbian - Wjesole hody a strowe Nowe leto!

Somali - Ciid wanaagsan iyo sanad cusub oo fiican!

Sudanese - Wilujeng Natal Sareng Warsa Enggal!

Tagalog - Maligayang Pasko at Manigong Bagong Taon!

Tamil - Nathar Puthu Varuda Valthukkal!

Tok Pisin - Meri Krismas & Hepi Nu Yia!

Tongan - Kilisimasi Fiefia & Ta'u fo'ou monu ia!

Tswana - Keresemose o monate le masego a ngwaga o montsha!

Urdu - Naya Saal Mubarak Ho!

Vanina - Bon Natale a Tutti!

Vepsi - Rastvoidenke i Udenke Vodenke!

Yayeya - Krisema!

Afrikander - Een Plesierige Kerfees!

Tigrinja - Rehus-Beal-Ledeats!

Assyrian - Eidokhon Avee Brikha!

Azari - Bayramez Mobarak Olsen!

Bicolano - Maugmang Capascuhan asin Masaganang Ba-gong Taon!

Iban - Selamat Ari Krismas enggau Taun Baru!

Kadazan -Kotobian Tadau Do Krimas om Toun Vagu!

Trukeese - Neekirissimas annim oo iyer seefe feyiyeech!

Sobota - Dobro dedek!

Udmurt - Shuldyr Ymuśton!

Iroquois - Ojenyunyat Sungwiyadeson honungradon nagwutut. Ojenyunyat osrasay!

Known as Bambangan among the Sabahans particularly the Kadazans, Mawang in the Iban community and as Asam Bewang by the Bidayuhs in Sarawak is a local mango. The Asam Bewang which is found growing wild in the local jungles is often cooked with fish or made into a form of pickle along with anchovy.

Kuala Lumpur (/ˈkwɑːləˈlʊmpʊər/ or /-pər/; Malaysian pronunciation: [ˈkwalə ˈlumpʊr]) is the national capital and most populous global city in Malaysia. The city covers an area of 243 km2 and has an estimated population of 1.6 million as of 2010. Greater Kuala Lumpur, covering similar area as the Klang Valley, is an urban agglomeration of 7.5 million people as of 2012. It is among the fastest growing metropolitan regions in South-East Asia, in terms of population and economy.

 

Kuala Lumpur is the seat of the Parliament of Malaysia. The city was once home to the executive and judicial branches of the federal government, but they were moved to Putrajaya in early 1999. Some sections of the judiciary still remain in the capital city of Kuala Lumpur. The official residence of the Malaysian King, the Istana Negara, is also situated in Kuala Lumpur. Rated as an alpha world city, Kuala Lumpur is the cultural, financial and economic centre of Malaysia due to its position as the capital as well as being a key city. Kuala Lumpur was ranked 48th among global cities by Foreign Policy's 2010 Global Cities Index and was ranked 67th among global cities for economic and social innovation by the 2thinknow Innovation Cities Index in 2010.

 

Kuala Lumpur is defined within the borders of the Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur and is one of three Malaysian Federal Territories. It is an enclave within the state of Selangor, on the central west coast of Peninsular Malaysia.

 

Since the 1990s, the city has played host to many international sporting, political and cultural events including the 1998 Commonwealth Games and the Formula One Grand Prix. In addition, Kuala Lumpur is home to the tallest twin buildings in the world, the Petronas Twin Towers, which have become an iconic symbol of Malaysia's futuristic development.

 

In May 2015, Kuala Lumpur was officially recognized as one of the New7Wonders Cities together with Vigan City, Doha, Durban, Havana, Beirut, and La Paz.

 

HISTORY

Kuala Lumpur means "muddy confluence", although it is also possible that the name is a corrupted form of an earlier but now unidentifiable forgotten name. It was originally a small settlement of just a few houses at the confluence of Sungai Gombak (previously known as Sungai Lumpur) and Sungai Klang (Klang River). The town of Kuala Lumpur was established circa 1857, when the Malay Chief of Klang, Raja Abdullah bin Raja Jaafar, aided by his brother Raja Juma'at of Lukut, raised funds to hire some Chinese miners from Lukut to open new tin mines here. The miners landed at Kuala Lumpur and continued their journey on foot to Ampang where the first mine was opened. Kuala Lumpur was the furthest point up the Klang River to which supplies could conveniently be brought by boat; it therefore became a collection and dispersal point serving the tin mines. The identity of the founder of Kuala Lumpur has however not been confirmed: Raja Abdullah bin Raja Jaafar and his role in founding the city do not appear in the earliest account of the history of Selangor. On the other hand, the Sumatrans Abdullah Hukum and Sutan Puasa, arrived in Kuala Lumpur at least in 1850. Raja Abdullah only came around 1857 and Yap Ah Loy, also regarded as the founding father of Kuala Lumpur, arrived in 1862. In addition, the Chinese men employed under Raja Abdullah worked in Ampang, 64 kilometres away from the main land. Meanwhile, efficient drainage and irrigation systems (bondar saba) were introduced in Kuala Lumpur by the technologically advanced Mandailing, improving the mining industry.

 

In the early history of Kuala Lumpur, the Minangkabaus of Sumatra were considered to be one of the most important groups of people who involved in trading. Utsman bin Abdullah and Haji Mohamed Taib were influenced tycoon in Kuala Lumpur and surrounding area. Haji Taib, one of the wealthiest figure at that time, was an important person in the early development centre of city: Kampung Baru. Beside as merchants, the Minangkabaus also overwhelmingly on socio-religious figures, such as Utsman bin Abdullah was the first kadi of Kuala Lumpur as well as Muhammad Nur bin Ismail.

 

Although the early miners suffered a high death toll due to the malarial conditions of the jungle, the Ampang mines were successful, and the first tin was exported in 1859. The tin-mining spurred the growth of the town, and miners later also settled in Pudu and Batu. The miners formed gangs among themselves; there were the Hakka-dominated Hai San in Kuala Lumpur, and the Cantonese-dominated Ghee Hin based in Kanching in Ulu Selangor. These two gangs frequently fought to gain control of best tin mines. The leaders of the Chinese community were conferred the title of Kapitan Cina (Chinese headman) by the Malay chief, and Hiu Siew, the owner of a mine in Lukut, was chosen as the first Kapitan of Kuala Lumpur. As one of the first traders to arrive in Ampang (along with Yap Ah Sze), he sold provisions to the miners in exchange for tin.

 

In 1868, Yap Ah Loy was appointed the third Chinese Kapitan of Kuala Lumpur. Yap, together with Frank Swettenham, were the two most important figures in the development of Kuala Lumpur in the early days of Kuala Lumpur. In 1880, the state capital of Selangor was moved from Klang to the more strategically advantageous Kuala Lumpur by the colonial administration, and Swettenham was appointed the Resident in 1882. Kuala Lumpur was a small town with buildings made of wood and atap (thatching) that were prone to burn. It suffered from many problems, including the Selangor Civil War which devastated the town; it was also plagued by diseases and constant fires and floods. The war and other setbacks led to a slump which lasted until 1879, when a rise in the price of tin allowed the town to recover.

 

In 1881, a flood swept through the town, following a fire that had engulfed it earlier. As a response, Frank Swettenham, the British Resident of Selangor, required that buildings be constructed of brick and tile.[33] Hence, Kapitan Yap Ah Loy bought a sprawling piece of real estate to set up a brick industry, which spurred the rebuilding of Kuala Lumpur. This place is the eponymous Brickfields. Hence, destroyed atap buildings were replaced with brick and tiled ones. He restructured the building layout of the city. Many of the new brick buildings mirrored those of shop houses in southern China, characterised by "five foot ways" as well as skilled Chinese carpentry work. This resulted in a distinct eclectic shop house architecture typical to this region. Kapitan Yap Ah Loy expand road access in the city significantly, linking up tin mines with the city, these roads include the main arterial roads of the present Ampang Road, Pudu Road and Petaling Street. As Chinese Kapitan, he was vested with wide powers on par with Malay community leaders. He implemented law reforms and introduced new legal measures. He also presided over a small claims court. With a police force of six, he was able to uphold the rule of law. He built a prison that could accommodate 60 prisoners at any time. Kapitan Yap Ah Loy also built Kuala Lumpur's first school and a major tapioca mill in Petaling Street of which the Selangor's Sultan Abdul Samad had an interest.

 

A railway line between Kuala Lumpur and Klang, initiated by Swettenham and completed in 1886, increased accessibility which resulted in the rapid growth of the town. The population grew from 4,500 in 1884 to 20,000 in 1890. As development intensified in the 1880s, it also put pressure on sanitation, waste disposal and other health issues. A Sanitary Board was created on 14 May 1890 which was responsible for sanitation, upkeep of roads, lighting of street and other functions. This would eventually became the Kuala Lumpur Municipal Council. Kuala Lumpur was only 0.65 km2 in 1895, but it expanded to 20 km2 in 1903, and by the time it became a municipality in 1948 it had expanded to 93 km2, and then to 243 km2 in 1974 as a Federal Territory. In 1896, Kuala Lumpur was chosen as the capital of the newly formed Federated Malay States. A mixture of different communities settled in various sections of Kuala Lumpur. The Chinese mainly settled around the commercial centre of Market Square, east of the Klang River, and towards Chinatown. The Malays, Indian Chettiars, and Indian Muslims resided along Java Street (now Jalan Tun Perak). The Padang, now known as Merdeka Square, was the centre of the British administrative offices.

 

During World War II, Kuala Lumpur was captured by the Imperial Japanese Army on 11 January 1942. They occupied the city until 15 August 1945, when the commander in chief of the Japanese Seventh Area Army in Singapore and Malaysia, Seishirō Itagaki, surrendered to the British administration following the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Kuala Lumpur grew through the war, the rubber and tin commodity crashes and the Malayan Emergency, during which Malaya was preoccupied with the communist insurgency. In 1957, the Federation of Malaya gained its independence from British rule. Kuala Lumpur remained the capital through the formation of Malaysia on 16 September 1963.

 

On 13 May 1969, the worst race riots on record in Malaysia took place in Kuala Lumpur. The so-called 13 May Incident refers to the occurrence of violence between members of the Malay and the Chinese communities. The violence was the result of Malaysian Malays being dissatisfied with their socio-political status. The riots resulted in the deaths of 196 people, and led to major changes in the country's economic policy to promote and prioritise Malay economic development over that of the other ethnicities.

 

Kuala Lumpur later achieved city status in 1972, becoming the first settlement in Malaysia to be granted the status after independence. Later, on 1 February 1974, Kuala Lumpur became a Federal Territory. Kuala Lumpur ceased to be the capital of Selangor in 1978 after the city of Shah Alam was declared the new state capital. On 14 May 1990, Kuala Lumpur celebrated 100 years of local council. The new federal territory Kuala Lumpur flag and anthem were introduced. On 1 February 2001, Putrajaya was declared a Federal Territory, as well as the seat of the federal government. The administrative and judicial functions of the government were shifted from Kuala Lumpur to Putrajaya. Kuala Lumpur however still retained its legislative function, and remained the home of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong (Constitutional King).

 

GEOGRAPHY

The geography of Kuala Lumpur is characterised by the huge Klang Valley. The valley is bordered by the Titiwangsa Mountains in the east, several minor ranges in the north and the south and the Strait of Malacca in the west. Kuala Lumpur is a Malay term that translates to "muddy confluence" as it is located at the confluence of the Klang and Gombak rivers.

 

Located in the centre of Selangor state, Kuala Lumpur was previously under the rule of Selangor State Government. In 1974, Kuala Lumpur was separated from Selangor to form the first Federal Territory governed directly by the Malaysian Federal Government. Its location on the west coast of Peninsular Malaysia, which has wider flat land than the east coast, has contributed to its faster development relative to other cities in Malaysia. The municipality of the city covers an area of 243 km2, with an average elevation of 21.95 m.

 

CLOMATE AND WEATHER

Protected by the Titiwangsa Mountains in the east and Indonesia's Sumatra Island in the west, Kuala Lumpur has a tropical rainforest climate (Köppen climate classification Af), which is warm and sunny, along with abundant rainfall, especially during the northeast monsoon season from October to March. Temperatures tend to remain constant. Maximums hover between 32 and 33 °C and have never exceeded 38.5 °C, while minimums hover between 23.4 and 24.6 °C and have never fallen below 14.4 °C. Kuala Lumpur typically receives minimum 2,600 mm of rain annually; June and July are relatively dry, but even then rainfall typically exceeds 131 millimetres per month.

 

Flooding is a frequent occurrence in Kuala Lumpur whenever there is a heavy downpour, especially in the city centre and downstream areas. Smoke from forest fires of nearby Sumatra sometimes cast a haze over the region. It is a major source of pollution in the city together with open burning, emission from motor vehicles and construction work.

 

POLITICS

Kuala Lumpur is home to the Parliament of Malaysia. The hierarchy of authority in Malaysia, in accordance with the Federal Constitution, has stipulated the three branches, of the Malaysian government as consisting of the Executive, Judiciary and Legislative branches. The Parliament consists of the Dewan Negara (Upper House / House of Senate) and Dewan Rakyat (Lower House / House of Representatives).

 

ECONOMY

Kuala Lumpur and its surrounding urban areas form the most industrialised and economically, the fastest growing region in Malaysia. Despite the relocation of federal government administration to Putrajaya, certain government institutions such as Bank Negara Malaysia (National Bank of Malaysia), Companies Commission of Malaysia and Securities Commission as well as most embassies and diplomatic missions have remained in the city.

 

The city remains as the economic and business centre of the country. Kuala Lumpur is a centre for finance, insurance, real estate, media and the arts of Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur is rated as an alpha world city, and is the only global city in Malaysia, according to the Globalization and World Cities Study Group and Network (GaWC). The infrastructure development in the surrounding areas such as the Kuala Lumpur International Airport at Sepang, the creation of the Multimedia Super Corridor and the expansion of Port Klang further reinforce the economic significance of the city.

 

Bursa Malaysia or the Malaysia Exchange is based in the city and forms one of its core economic activities. As of 5 July 2013, the market capitalisation stood at US$505.67 billion.

 

The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) for Kuala Lumpur is estimated at RM73,536 million in 2008 with an average annual growth rate of 5.9 percent.[66] The per capita GDP for Kuala Lumpur in 2013 is RM79,752 with an average annual growth rate of 5.6 percent. The total employment in Kuala Lumpur is estimated at around 838,400. The service sector comprising finance, insurance, real estate, business services, wholesale and retail trade, restaurants and hotels, transport, storage and communication, utilities, personal services and government services form the largest component of employment representing about 83.0 percent of the total. The remaining 17 percent comes from manufacturing and construction.

 

The average monthly household income for Kuala Lumpur was RM4,105 (USD 1,324) in 1999, up from RM3,371 (USD 1,087) four years prior, making it 66% higher than the national average. In terms of household income distribution, 23.5% of households in the city earned more than RM5,000 (USD 1,613) per month compared to 9.8% for the entire country, while 8.1% earned less than RM1,000 (USD 323) a month.

 

The large service sector is evident in the number of local and foreign banks and insurance companies operating in the city. Kuala Lumpur is poised to become the global Islamic Financing hub with an increasing number of financial institutions providing Islamic Financing and the strong presence of Gulf's financial institutions such as the world's largest Islamic bank, Al-Rajhi Bank and Kuwait Finance House. Apart from that, the Dow Jones & Company is keen to work with Bursa Malaysia to set up Islamic Exchange Trade Funds (ETFs), which would help raise Malaysia's profile in the Gulf. The city has a large number of foreign corporations and is also host to many multi national companies' regional offices or support centres, particularly for finance and accounting, and information technology functions. Most of the countries' largest companies have their headquarters based here and as of December 2007 and excluding Petronas, there are 14 companies that are listed in Forbes 2000 based in Kuala Lumpur.

 

Other important economic activities in the city are education and health services. Kuala Lumpur also has advantages stemming from the high concentration of educational institutions that provide a wide-ranging of courses. Numerous public and private medical specialist centres and hospitals in the city offer general health services, and a wide range of specialist surgery and treatment that caters to locals and tourists.

 

There has been growing emphasis to expand the economic scope of the city into other service activities, such as research and development, which supports the rest of the economy of Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur has been home for years to important research centres such as the Rubber Research Institute of Malaysia, the Forest Research Institute Malaysia and the Institute of Medical Research and more research centres are expected to be established in the coming years.

 

DEMOGRAPHICS

Kuala Lumpur is the most populous city in Malaysia, with a population of 1.6 million in the city proper as of 2010. It has a population density of 6,696 inhabitants per square kilometre , and is the most densely populated administrative district in Malaysia. Residents of the city are colloquially known as KLites. Kuala Lumpur is also the centre of the wider Klang Valley conurbation (covering Petaling Jaya, Klang, Subang Jaya, Shah Alam, Gombak and others) which has an estimated metropolitan population of 7.2–7.5 million as of 2012.

 

Kuala Lumpur's heterogeneous populace includes the country's three major ethnic groups: the Malays, the Chinese and the Indians, although the city also has a mix of different cultures including Eurasians, as well as Kadazans, Ibans and other indigenous races from East Malaysia and Peninsula Malaysia.

 

Historically Kuala Lumpur was a predominantly Chinese, but recently the Bumiputra component of the city has increased substantially and they are now the dominant group. Most of Malays who considered as Bumiputra came from Sumatra and other parts of Indonesia archipelago. The majority of them Javanese, Minangkabaus and Buginese began arriving in Kuala Lumpur in the mid 19th century, in addition to Acehnese who arrived in the late 20th century. The population of Kuala Lumpur was estimated to be around three thousand in 1880 when it was made the capital of Selangor. In the following decade which saw the rebuilding of the town it showed considerable increase, due in large part to the construction of a railway line in 1886 connecting Kuala Lumpur and Klang.

 

A census in 1891 of uncertain accuracy gave a figure of 43,796 inhabitants, 79% of whom were Chinese (71% of the Chinese were Hakka), 14% Malay, and 6% Indian. Another estimate put the population of Kuala Lumpur in 1890 at 20,000. In 1931, 61% of Kuala Lumpur's 111,418 inhabitants were Chinese, and in 1947 63.5%. The Malays however began to settle in the Kuala Lumpur in significant numbers, in part due to government employment, as well as the expansion of the city that absorbed the surrounding rural areas where many Malays lived. between 1947 and 1957 the population of Bumiputras in Kuala Lumpur doubled, increasing from 12.5 to 15%, while the proportion of Chinese dropped. The process continued after Malayan independence with the growth of a largely Malay civil service, and later the implementation of the New Economic Policy which encouraged Malay participation in urban industries and business. In 1980 the population of Kuala Lumpur had reached over a million, with 52% Chinese, 33% Malay, and 15% Indian. From 1980 to 2000 the number of Bumiputras increased by 77%, but the Chinese still outnumbered the Bumiputras in Kuala Lumpur in the 2000 census at 43% compared to Bumiputras at 38%. By the 2010 census, according to the Department of Statistics and excluding non-citizens, the percentage of the Bumiputera population in Kuala Lumpur has reached around 45.9%, with the Chinese population at 43.2% and Indians 10.3%.A notable phenomenon in recent times has been the increase of foreign residents in Kuala Lumpur, which rose from 1% of the city's population in 1980 to about 8% in the 2000 census, and 9.4% in the 2010 census. These figures also do not include a significant number of illegal immigrants. Kuala Lumpur's rapid development has triggered a huge influx of low-skilled foreign workers from Indonesia, Nepal, Burma, Thailand, Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, Philippines, and Vietnam into Malaysia, many of whom enter the country illegally or without proper permits.Birth rates in Kuala Lumpur have declined and resulted in the lower proportion of young people falling below 15 years old category from 33% in 1980 to slightly less than 27% in 2000.[69] On the other hand, the working age group of 15–59 increased from 63% in 1980 to 67% in 2000. The elderly age group, 60 years old and above has increased from 4% in 1980 and 1991 to 6% in 2000.

 

Kuala Lumpur is pluralistic and religiously diverse. The city has many places of worship catering to the multi-religious population. Islam is practised primarily by the Malays and the Indian Muslim communities. Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism are practised mainly among the Chinese. Indians traditionally adhere to Hinduism. Some Chinese and Indians also subscribe to Christianity.

 

As of 2010 Census the population of Kuala Lumpur is 46.4% Muslim, 35.7% Buddhist, 8.5% Hindu, 5.8% Christian, 1.1% Taoist or Chinese religion adherent, 2.0% follower of other religions, and 0.5% non-religious.

 

Bahasa Malaysia is the principal language in Kuala Lumpur. Kuala Lumpur residents are generally literate in English, with a large proportion adopting it as their first language. It has a strong presence, especially in business and is a compulsory language taught in schools. Cantonese and Mandarin are prominent as they are spoken by the local majority Chinese population. Another major dialect spoken is Hakka. While Tamil is dominant amongst the local Indian population, other Indian languages spoken include Telugu, Malayalam, Punjabi and Hindi. Beside the Malay language, there are a variety of languages spoken by Indonesian descent, such as Minangkabau and Javanese.

 

EDUCATION

According to government statistics, Kuala Lumpur has a literacy rate of 97.5% in 2000, the highest rate in any state or territory in Malaysia. In Malaysia, Malay is the language of instruction for most subjects while English is a compulsory subject, but as of 2012, English is still the language of instruction for mathematics and the natural sciences for certain schools. Some schools provide Mandarin and Tamil as languages of instruction for certain subjects. Each level of education demands different skills of teaching and learning ability.Kuala Lumpur contains 13 tertiary education institutions, 79 high schools, 155 elementary schools and 136 kindergartens.

 

WIKIPEDIA

This is Keningau, the largest town in the interior, about 130km from Kota Kinabalu. This area is surrounded by the Crocker Range, the average height of which is 1,800m (5,400 feet) above sea level.. This is mainly agricultural land... paddy, vegetables, rubber, oil palm and previously, it was a timber town.

 

This photo shows the town in the west direction. {Part 4 of 5}

- Photo of the Day for 12/25/2009 at Color Photo Award - PREMIER group.

- 2nd Place Winner Theme Contest: "Christmas*Winter" and displayed on Front Page of "Kreative People" group.

- One of Winners Challenge #31: "XMAS HOLIDAY CARD, 2011" and displayed on Front Page of "EXPLORE Worthy" group.

- Displayed on front page of "TMI: your ART and NATURE" group for the month of January 2012.

 

---------------------------------

 

Vietnamese - Chúc Giáng Sinh Vui Vẻ và Chúc Năm Mới Tốt Lành!

English - Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year!

Afrikaans - Geseënde Kersfees en 'n gelukkige nuwe jaar! Geseënde Kersfees en 'n voorspoedige Nuwe jaar!

Akeanon - Maayad-ayad nga Paskwa! Mahigugmaon nga Bag-ong Dag-on kinyo tanan!

Albanian - Gëzuar Krishtlindjet e Vitin e Ri!

Aleut - Kamgan Ukudigaa!

Alsatian - E güeti Wïnâchte un e gleckichs Nej Johr!

Amharic - Melkam Gena! Melkam Addis Amet!

Apache (Western) - Gozhqq Keshmish!

Arabic (Modern Standard)أجمل التهاني بمناسبة الميلاد و حلول السنة الجديدة

(ajmil at-tihānī bimunāsabah al-mīlād wa ḥilūl as-sanah al-jadīdah)

Armenian (Eastern) - Շնորհավոր Ամանոր և Սուրբ Ծնունդ (Shnorhavor Amanor yev Surb Tznund)

Armenian (Western) - Շնորհաւոր Նոր Տարի եւ Սուրբ Ծնունդ: (Shnorhavor Nor Daree yev Soorp Dzuhnoont) Բարի կաղանդ և ամանոր (Paree gaghant yev amanor)

Aromanian - Cãrciun hãrios (Hristolu s-aflà! Dealihea cà s-afla!)

shi ti multsã-anji Anlu Nàù!

Asturian - Bones Navidaes y Gayoleru añu nuevu!

Aymara - Sooma Nawira-ra!

Azerbaijani - Yeni Iliniz Mübarək / Təzə iliniz yaxşı olsun!

Basque - Zorionak eta urte berri on!

Belarusian - З Божым нараджэннем! (Z Bozym naradzenniem!) Шчаслівых Калядау! (Szczaslivych Kaliadau!) З Новым годам i Калядамi! (Z Novym godam i Kaliadami!)

Bengali - শুভ বড়দিন (shubho bôṛodin) শুভ নববর্ষ (shubho nôbobôrsho)

Bikol - Maogmang Pasko! Mamura-way na Ba-gong Taon sa indo gabos!

Blackfoot - I'taamomahkatoyiiksistsikomi!

Bosnian - Sretan Bozic i sretna nova godina!

Breton - Nedeleg laouen ha bloavezh mat!

Bulgarian - Честита Коледа! (Čestita Koleda!) Щастлива Нова Година! (Štastliva Nova Godina!)

Catalan - Bon Nadal i feliç any nou!

Cebuano - Maayong Pasko! Mabungahong Bag-ong Tuig kaninyong tanan!

Chamorro - Felis Nåbidåt yan Magof na Åñu Nuebu! Felis Påsgua yan Magof na Åñu Nuebu!

Cherokee - Danistayohihv & Aliheli'sdi Itse Udetiyvasadisv!

Cheyenne - Hoesenestotse & Aa'eEmona'e!

Chinese (Cantonese) - 聖誕節同新年快樂 (singdaanjit tùnhg sànnìhn faailohk)

Chinese (Hakka) - 聖誕節快樂, 新年快樂 (shin5-tan5-ziet7 kwai5-lok8, sin1-ngien2 kwai5-lok8)

Chinese (Mandarin) - 聖誕快樂 新年快樂 [圣诞快乐 新年快乐] (shèngdàn kuàilè xīnnián kuàilè)

Chinese (Shanghainese) - 圣诞节快乐 (sendaijiq kualoq) 新年快乐 (sinni kualoq)

Chinese (Taiwanese) - Sèng-tàn-chiat Khòai-lo̍k (聖誕節快樂)

Sin-nî Chhut-thâu-thiⁿ (新年出頭天)

Chinese (Teochew) - 圣诞快乐 (siandang kuailak) 新年快乐 (singnin kuailak)

Choctaw - Yukpa, Nitak Hollo Chito!

Comanche - Tsaa Nu̶u̶sukatu̶̲ Waa Himaru̶!

Cornish - Nadelik Lowen ha Blydhen Nowydh Da! Nadelik Looan ha Looan Blethen Noweth! Nadelack looan ha looan blethan noueth!

Cree - Mitho Makosi Kesikansi!

Creek - Afvcke Nettvcakorakko!

Croatian - Sretan Božić! Sretna Nova godina!

Czech - Veselé vánoce a šťastný nový rok!

Danish - Glædelig jul og godt nytår!

Dutch - Prettige kerstdagen en een Gelukkig Nieuwjaar! Zalig kerstfeest en Gelukkig Nieuwjaar!

East Inuktitut - Quviasummi Quviasugitsi/Quviasuvvisiutsiarit ammalu Qitinngumarik!

Esperanto - Ĝojan/Bonan Kristnaskon kaj feliĉan novan jaron!

Estonian - Rõõmsaid Jõule ja Head Uut Aastat! Häid Jõule ja Head Uut Aastat!

Faroese - Gleðilig Jól og eydnuríkt nýggjár! Gleðilig Jól og gott nýggjár! Gleiðilig jól og eitt av harranum signað nýggjár!

Fijian - Me Nomuni na marau ni siga ni sucu dei na yabaki vou!

Finnish - Hyvää joulua ja onnellista uutta vuotta!

Flemish - Zalig Kerstfeest en Gelukkig nieuw jaar!

Frisian - Noflike Krystdagen en folle lok en seine!

French - Joyeux Noël et bonne année!

Friulian - Bon Nadâl e Biel An Gnûv!

Galician - Bo Nadal e próspero aninovo!

Georgian - გილოცავთ შობა-ახალ წელს (gilocavth shoba-akhal c’els) გილოცავ შობა-ახალ წელს (gilocav shoba-akhal c’els)

German - Fröhliche Weihnachten und ein gutes neues Jahr!

German (Bavarian) - Froue Weihnåcht'n, und a guad's nei's Joah!

German (Hessian) - Frohe Weihnachte unn ein gudes neus Jahr!

German (Swiss) - Schöni Wienachte und e guets neus Jahr! Schöni Wiehnachte und es guets Neus! Schöni Wiänachtä, äs guets Nöis!

German (Pennsylvania) - En frehlicher Grischtdaag un en hallich Nei Yaahr!

Greek - Καλά Χριστούγεννα! (kalá hristúyenna) Ευτυχισμένο το Νέο Έτος! (eftyhisméno to Néo Étos!) Καλή χρονιά! (kalí hroñá)

Greenlandic - Juullimi ukiortaasamilu pilluaritsi!

Hausa - Barka da Kirsimatikuma barka da sabuwar shekara!

Hawaiian - Mele Kalikimaka me ka Hauʻoli Makahiki Hou!

Hebrew - חג מולד שמח ושנה טובה Chag Molad Sameach v'Shanah Tovah

Hiligaynon - Malipayon nga Paskwa!

Mahamungayaon - Nga Bag-ong Tuig sa inyong tanan!

Hindi - शुभ क्रिसमस (Śubh krisamas) नये साल की हार्दिक शुभकामनायें (Naye sāl kī hārdik śubhkāmnayeṅ)

Hungarian - Kellemes karácsonyt és boldog új évet!

Icelandic - Gleðileg jól og farsælt komandi ár! Gleðileg jól og farsælt nýtt ár!

Ilokano - Naragsak a Paskua! Narang-ay a Baro a Tawen kadakayo amin!

Indonesian - Selamat hari natal dan tahun baru!

Inonhan - Malipayon nga Paskwa kag Masadya nga Bag-ong Tuig sa inyo tanan!

Inuktitut - Kuvianak Inovia! IñupiaqQuvianagli Anaiyyuniqpaliqsi suli Nakuuluni Ukiutqiutiqsi! InupiatunAnnaurri Aniruq-lu Paglaun Ukiutchiaq! Quvianaq Agaayuniqpak-lu Paglaun Ukiutchiaq! Nayaangmik Piqagiñ-lu Paglaun Ukiutchiaq!

Irish (Gaelic) - Nollaig shona duit! Beannachtaí na Nollag! Beannachtaí an tSéasúir! Athbhliain faoi mhaise duit! Bliain úr faoi shéan is faoi mhaise duit!

Italian - Buon Natale e felice anno nuovo!

Japanese - メリークリスマス (merī kurisumasu) 新年おめでとうございます (shinnen omedetō gozaimasu) 明けましておめでとうございます (akemashite omedetō gozaimasu) 旧年中大変お世話になりました (kyūnenjū taihen osewa ni narimashita) 本年もよろしくお願いいたします (honnen mo yoroshiku onegai itashimasu)

Jèrriais - Bouan Noué / Jouaiyeux Noué et Bouonne année! Un Bouan Noué et lé Nouvel An!

Judeo-Spanish / Ladino - Noel alegre i felis anyo muevo!

Kapampangan - Masayang Pasku! Masaplalang Bayung Banwa keko ngan!

Kazakh - Жаңа жыл құтты болсын! (Jaña jıl quttı bolsın!) Жаңа жылыңыз құтты болсын! (Jaña jılıñız quttı bolsın!)

Kinyarwanda - Noheri nziza n'umwaka mushya muhire!

Kirghiz - Жаны Жылыныздар куттуу болсун!

Korean - 즐거운 성탄절 보내세요 및 새해 복 많이 받으세요 (jeulgeoun seongtanjeol bonaeseyo mich saehae bok manhi bateusaeyo) 메리 크리스마스 잘 지내고 새해 복 많이 받으세요

(meri keuriseumaseu mich saehae bok manhi bateusaeyo)

Kurdish (Kurmanji) - Kirîsmes u ser sala we pîroz be!

Kurdish (Sorani) - Kirîsmes u salî nwêtan lê pîroz bê!

Lao - Souksan van Christmas! Sabai dee pee mai!

Latin - Natale hilare et annum faustum!

Latvian - Priecīgus Ziemassvētkus un laimīgu Jauno gadu!

Lithuanian - Linksmų Kalėdų ir laimingų Naujųjų Metų!

Luganda - Mbagaliza Christmass Enungi Nomwaka Omugya Gubaberere Gwamirembe!

Luxembourgish - E schéine Chrëschtdag an e glécklecht neit Joer!

Schéi Feierdeeg an e glécklecht neit Joer! Schéi Chrëschtdeeg an e gudde Rutsch an d'neit Joer!

Macedonian - Христос се роди! (Hristoc se rodi!) Среќен Божик и среќна Нова година! (Sreken Božik i srekna Nova godina)

Malagasy - Mirary noely sambatra! Arahabaina tratrin'ny taona vaovao!

Malay - Selamat Hari Natal! Selamat Tahun Baru!

Malayalam - പുഥുവല്സര ആശംസകല് (puthuvalsara aashamsakal) ക്രിസ്തുമസ് ആശംസകല് (kariistumasu aashamsakal) നവവല്സര ആശംസകല് (nava-valsara aashamsakal)

MalteseI - l-Milied Ħieni u s-Sena t-Tajba! Awguri għas-sena l-ġdid!

Manx - Nollick Ghennal as Blein Vie Noa!

Māori - Meri Kirihimete me ngā mihi o te tau hou ki a koutou katoa!

Marathi - शुभ नाताळ (Śubh Nātāḷ) नवीन वर्षच्या हार्दिक शुभेच्छा (Navīn varṣacyā hārdik śubhecchā)

Mongolian - Танд зул сарын баярын болон шинэ жилийн мэндийг хүргэе (Tand zul sariin bayriin bolon shine jiliin mendiig hurgey)

Navajo - Ya'at'eeh Keshmish!

Nepali - क्रस्मसको शुभकामना तथा नयाँ वर्षको शुभकामना

(krismas ko subhakamana tatha nayabarsha ko subhakamana)

Norwegian - God jul og godt nytt år! God jol og godt nyttår!

Occitan - Polit Nadal e bona annada!

Ogoni - Eenyie Mea Krist Ne Eenyie Aagbaa!

Old English - Glæd Geol and Gesælig Niw Gear!

Pangasinan - Maabig ya Pasko! Maaligwas ya Balon Taon ed sikayon amin!

Papiamentu - Bon Pasku i Felis Anja Nobo!

Persian - (kerismas mobārak) كریسمس مبارک

(sale no mobārak) سال نو مبارک

Polish - Wesołych świąt i szczęśliwego nowego roku!

Portuguese - Feliz Natal e próspero ano novo! Feliz Ano Novo!

Boas Festas e Feliz Ano Novo! Um Santo e Feliz Natal!

Punjab - iਕਰਿਸਮ ਤੇ ਨਵਾੰ ਸਾਲ ਖੁਸ਼ਿਯਾੰਵਾਲਾ ਹੋਵੇ (karisama te nawāṃ sāla khušayāṃwālā hewe)

Quenya - Alassëa Hristomerendë! Alassëa Vinyarië!

Rarotongan - Kia orana e kia manuia rava i teia Kiritimeti e te Mataiti Ou!

Romansh (Sursilvan dialect) - Legreivlas fiastas da Nadal ed in bien niev onn!

Romanian - Crăciun fericit şi un An Nou Fericit!

Russian - С наступающим Новым Годом! (S nastupayuščim Novym Godom) С Рождеством Христовым! (S Roždestvom Khristovym)

Samoan - Manuia le Kerisimasi, ma le Tausaga Fou!

Scots - A Blythe Yule an a Guid Hogmanay! Merry Christmas an a Guid Hogmanay!

Scottish - GaelicNollaig chridheil agus bliadhna mhath ùr!

Serbian (Orthodox) Христос се роди и срећна Нова година!

Serbian (Non-Orthodox) Срећан Божић и срећна Нова година!

Sesotho - Keresemese e monate le mahlohonolo a selemo se setjha!

Sicilian - Bon Natali e filici annu novu!

Sindarin - Mereth Veren e-Doled Eruion! Garo Idhrinn Eden Veren!

Slovak - Veselé vianoce a Štastný nový rok!

Slovenian - Vesel božič in Srečno novo leto!

Somali - Ciid wanaagsan iyo sanad cusub oo fiican!

Spanish - ¡Feliz Navidad y próspero año nuevo!

Swahili - Krismasi Njema! Heri ya krismas! Heri ya mwaka mpya!

Swedish - God jul och gott nytt år!

Tagalog - Maligayang Pasko, Manigong bagong taon!

Tamil - Nathar Puthu Varuda Valthukkal

Tahitian - Ia orana no te noere! Ia orana i te matahiti api!

Telugu - సంతోషకరమైన క్రిస్ఠ్మస్ ! (saṅthoashakaramaina kristmas) మరియు నూతన సంవత్సర శుభాకాంక్షలు (mariyu noothana saṅvathsara shubhaakaaṅkshalu)

Thai - สุขสันต์วันคริสต์มาส และสวัสดีปีใหม (souksaan wan Christmas sawatdii pimaï)

Tibetan - Iosalazashidele

Tigrinya - rHus beˋal ldet (ygberelka) rHus əwed ˋamet (ygberelka)

Tongan - Kilisimasi fiefia mo ha ta'u fo'ou monū'ia!

Tsotsil - Xmuyubajuk ti avo'one ti ta k'ine xchu'uk ti ta ach' jabile!

Turkish - İyi Noeller ve Mutlu Yıllar! İyi seneler / Yeni yılınız kutlu olsun! Yeni yılınızı kutlar, sağlık ve başarılar dileriz!

Ukrainian - Веселого Різдва і з Новим Роком!

Urdu - کرسمَس مبارک

نايا سال مبارک هو

بڑدا دنمبارک هو

Uzbek - Yangi yilingiz bilan!

Volapük - Lemotöfazäli yofik e nulayeli läbik!

Võro - Hüvvä joulu ja õnnõlikku vahtsõt aastakka!

Waray-Waray - Maupay nga Pasko! Mainuswagon nga Bag-ong Tuig ha iyo ngatanan!

Welsh - Nadolig llawen a blwyddyn newydd dda!

West Inuktitun - Quvianaq Qitchirvik/Quviahugitsi Quviahugvingmi amma Quvianaq Ukiuaq Nutaaq Tikingmivuq!

Xhosa - Siniqwenelela Ikrisimesi Emnandi Nonyaka Omtsha Ozele Iintsikelelo!

Yorùbá - Ẹ ku Ayọ Keresimesi ati Ọdun Tuntun!

Zulu - Sinifesela uKhisimusi oMuhle noNyaka oMusha oNempumelelo!

Bahasa Malaysia - Selamat Hari Natal!

Bengali - Shuvo Baro Din - Shuvo Nabo Barsho!

Corsican - Bon Natale e Bon capu d' annu!

Crazanian - Rot Yikji Dol La Roo!

Duri - Christmas-e- Shoma Mobarak!

Eskimo - Jutdlime pivdluarit ukiortame pivdluaritlo!

Indonesian -Selamat Hari Natal!

Karelian - Rastawanke Sinun, Uvven Vuvenke Sinun!

Lappic - Buorit Juovllat ja Buorre Oddajahki!

Lausitzian - Wjesole hody a strowe nowe leto!

Livian - Riiemlizi Talspividi ja pagin vonno udaigastos!

Low Saxon - Heughliche Winachten un 'n moi Nijaar!

Marathi - Shub Naya Varsh!

Maori - Meri Kirihimete!

Monogasque - Festusu Natale e Bona ana noeva!

Oriya -Sukhamaya christmass ebang khusibhara naba barsa!

Papua New Guinea - Bikpela hamamas blong dispela Krismas na Nupela yia i go long yu!

Philippines Maligayang - Pasco at Manigong Bagong Taon!

Pashto - De Christmas akhtar de bakhtawar au newai kal de mubarak sha!

Punjabi - Nave sal di mubaraka!

Pushto - Christmas Aao Ne-way Kaal Mo Mobarak Sha!

Raeto-Ramance - Bella Festas da zNadal ed in Ventiravel Onn Nov!

Rhetian - Bellas festas da nadal e bun onn!

Romanche - Legreivlas fiastas da Nadal e bien niev onn!

Romani (GYPSY) - Bachtalo krecunu Thaj Bachtalo Nevo Bers!

Sami - Buorrit Juovllat!

Samoan - Manuia le Kerisimasi ma le Tausaga Fou!

Sardian - Felize Nadale e Bonu Cabuannu!

Sardinian -Bonu nadale e prosperu annu nou!

Surinamese (SRANANTONGO) - Wan Santa Bedaki!

Singhalese - Subha nath thalak Vewa. Subha Aluth Awrudhak Vewa!

Sorbian - Wjesole hody a strowe Nowe leto!

Somali - Ciid wanaagsan iyo sanad cusub oo fiican!

Sudanese - Wilujeng Natal Sareng Warsa Enggal!

Tagalog - Maligayang Pasko at Manigong Bagong Taon!

Tamil - Nathar Puthu Varuda Valthukkal!

Tok Pisin - Meri Krismas & Hepi Nu Yia!

Tongan - Kilisimasi Fiefia & Ta'u fo'ou monu ia!

Tswana - Keresemose o monate le masego a ngwaga o montsha!

Urdu - Naya Saal Mubarak Ho!

Vanina - Bon Natale a Tutti!

Vepsi - Rastvoidenke i Udenke Vodenke!

Yayeya - Krisema!

Afrikander - Een Plesierige Kerfees!

Tigrinja - Rehus-Beal-Ledeats!

Assyrian - Eidokhon Avee Brikha!

Azari - Bayramez Mobarak Olsen!

Bicolano - Maugmang Capascuhan asin Masaganang Ba-gong Taon!

Iban - Selamat Ari Krismas enggau Taun Baru!

Kadazan -Kotobian Tadau Do Krimas om Toun Vagu!

Trukeese - Neekirissimas annim oo iyer seefe feyiyeech!

Sobota - Dobro dedek!

Udmurt - Shuldyr Ymuśton!

Iroquois - Ojenyunyat Sungwiyadeson honungradon nagwutut. Ojenyunyat osrasay!

Karambunai beach is located just 28km from the Kota Kinabalu city and 38km from Kota Kinabalu International Airport. So near yet too far from my home in Puchong Selangor.

 

Buy my artworks here

This is Keningau, the largest town in the interior, about 130km from Kota Kinabalu. This area is surrounded by the Crocker Range, the average height of which is 1,800m (5,400 feet) above sea level.. This is mainly agricultural land... paddy, vegetables, rubber, oil palm and previously, it was a timber town.

 

This photo shows the town in the south-west direction. {Part 5 of 5}

Simple natural tree on the second floor stairway landing. Didn't want to leave this one out, though it is not elaborately decorated.

 

And it gives me the opportunity to wish a Happy Christmas to EVERYONE. (Thanks to Tristan - Mukumbura - for providing the translations.)

 

English - Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year!

Afrikaans - Geseënde Kersfees en 'n gelukkige nuwe jaar! Geseënde Kersfees en 'n voorspoedige Nuwe jaar!

Akeanon - Maayad-ayad nga Paskwa! Mahigugmaon nga Bag-ong Dag-on kinyo tanan!

Albanian - Gëzuar Krishtlindjet e Vitin e Ri!

Aleut - Kamgan Ukudigaa!

Alsatian - E güeti Wïnâchte un e gleckichs Nej Johr!

Amharic - Melkam Gena! Melkam Addis Amet!

Apache (Western) - Gozhqq Keshmish!

Arabic (Modern Standard)أجمل التهاني بمناسبة الميلاد و حلول السنة الجديدة

(ajmil at-tihānī bimunāsabah al-mīlād wa ḥilūl as-sanah al-jadīdah)

Armenian (Eastern) - Շնորհավոր Ամանոր և Սուրբ Ծնունդ (Shnorhavor Amanor yev Surb Tznund)

Armenian (Western) - Շնորհաւոր Նոր Տարի եւ Սուրբ Ծնունդ: (Shnorhavor Nor Daree yev Soorp Dzuhnoont) Բարի կաղանդ և ամանոր (Paree gaghant yev amanor)

Aromanian - Cãrciun hãrios (Hristolu s-aflà! Dealihea cà s-afla!)

shi ti multsã-anji Anlu Nàù!

Asturian - Bones Navidaes y Gayoleru añu nuevu!

Aymara - Sooma Nawira-ra!

Azerbaijani - Yeni Iliniz Mübarək / Təzə iliniz yaxşı olsun!

Basque - Zorionak eta urte berri on!

Belarusian - З Божым нараджэннем! (Z Bozym naradzenniem!) Шчаслівых Калядау! (Szczaslivych Kaliadau!) З Новым годам i Калядамi! (Z Novym godam i Kaliadami!)

Bengali - শুভ বড়দিন (shubho bôṛodin) শুভ নববর্ষ (shubho nôbobôrsho)

Bikol - Maogmang Pasko! Mamura-way na Ba-gong Taon sa indo gabos!

Blackfoot - I'taamomahkatoyiiksistsikomi!

Bosnian - Sretan Bozic i sretna nova godina!

Breton - Nedeleg laouen ha bloavezh mat!

Bulgarian - Честита Коледа! (Čestita Koleda!) Щастлива Нова Година! (Štastliva Nova Godina!)

Catalan - Bon Nadal i feliç any nou!

Cebuano - Maayong Pasko! Mabungahong Bag-ong Tuig kaninyong tanan!

Chamorro - Felis Nåbidåt yan Magof na Åñu Nuebu! Felis Påsgua yan Magof na Åñu Nuebu!

Cherokee - Danistayohihv & Aliheli'sdi Itse Udetiyvasadisv!

Cheyenne - Hoesenestotse & Aa'eEmona'e!

Chinese (Cantonese) - 聖誕節同新年快樂 (singdaanjit tùnhg sànnìhn faailohk)

Chinese (Hakka) - 聖誕節快樂, 新年快樂 (shin5-tan5-ziet7 kwai5-lok8, sin1-ngien2 kwai5-lok8)

Chinese (Mandarin) - 聖誕快樂 新年快樂 [圣诞快乐 新年快乐] (shèngdàn kuàilè xīnnián kuàilè)

Chinese (Shanghainese) - 圣诞节快乐 (sendaijiq kualoq) 新年快乐 (sinni kualoq)

Chinese (Taiwanese) - Sèng-tàn-chiat Khòai-lo̍k (聖誕節快樂)

Sin-nî Chhut-thâu-thiⁿ (新年出頭天)

Chinese (Teochew) - 圣诞快乐 (siandang kuailak) 新年快乐 (singnin kuailak)

Choctaw - Yukpa, Nitak Hollo Chito!

Comanche - Tsaa Nu̶u̶sukatu̶̲ Waa Himaru̶!

Cornish - Nadelik Lowen ha Blydhen Nowydh Da! Nadelik Looan ha Looan Blethen Noweth! Nadelack looan ha looan blethan noueth!

Cree - Mitho Makosi Kesikansi!

Creek - Afvcke Nettvcakorakko!

Croatian - Sretan Božić! Sretna Nova godina!

Czech - Veselé vánoce a šťastný nový rok!

Danish - Glædelig jul og godt nytår!

Dutch - Prettige kerstdagen en een Gelukkig Nieuwjaar! Zalig kerstfeest en Gelukkig Nieuwjaar!

East Inuktitut - Quviasummi Quviasugitsi/Quviasuvvisiutsiarit ammalu Qitinngumarik!

Esperanto - Ĝojan/Bonan Kristnaskon kaj feliĉan novan jaron!

Estonian - Rõõmsaid Jõule ja Head Uut Aastat! Häid Jõule ja Head Uut Aastat!

Faroese - Gleðilig Jól og eydnuríkt nýggjár! Gleðilig Jól og gott nýggjár! Gleiðilig jól og eitt av harranum signað nýggjár!

Fijian - Me Nomuni na marau ni siga ni sucu dei na yabaki vou!

Finnish - Hyvää joulua ja onnellista uutta vuotta!

Flemish - Zalig Kerstfeest en Gelukkig nieuw jaar!

Frisian - Noflike Krystdagen en folle lok en seine!

French - Joyeux Noël et bonne année!

Friulian - Bon Nadâl e Biel An Gnûv!

Galician - Bo Nadal e próspero aninovo!

Georgian - გილოცავთ შობა-ახალ წელს (gilocavth shoba-akhal c’els) გილოცავ შობა-ახალ წელს (gilocav shoba-akhal c’els)

German - Fröhliche Weihnachten und ein gutes neues Jahr!

German (Bavarian) - Froue Weihnåcht'n, und a guad's nei's Joah!

German (Hessian) - Frohe Weihnachte unn ein gudes neus Jahr!

German (Swiss) - Schöni Wienachte und e guets neus Jahr! Schöni Wiehnachte und es guets Neus! Schöni Wiänachtä, äs guets Nöis!

German (Pennsylvania) - En frehlicher Grischtdaag un en hallich Nei Yaahr!

Greek - Καλά Χριστούγεννα! (kalá hristúyenna) Ευτυχισμένο το Νέο Έτος! (eftyhisméno to Néo Étos!) Καλή χρονιά! (kalí hroñá)

Greenlandic - Juullimi ukiortaasamilu pilluaritsi!

Hausa - Barka da Kirsimatikuma barka da sabuwar shekara!

Hawaiian - Mele Kalikimaka me ka Hauʻoli Makahiki Hou!

Hebrew - חג מולד שמח ושנה טובה Chag Molad Sameach v'Shanah Tovah

Hiligaynon - Malipayon nga Paskwa!

Mahamungayaon - Nga Bag-ong Tuig sa inyong tanan!

Hindi - शुभ क्रिसमस (Śubh krisamas) नये साल की हार्दिक शुभकामनायें (Naye sāl kī hārdik śubhkāmnayeṅ)

Hungarian - Kellemes karácsonyt és boldog új évet!

Icelandic - Gleðileg jól og farsælt komandi ár! Gleðileg jól og farsælt nýtt ár!

Ilokano - Naragsak a Paskua! Narang-ay a Baro a Tawen kadakayo amin!

Indonesian - Selamat hari natal dan tahun baru!

Inonhan - Malipayon nga Paskwa kag Masadya nga Bag-ong Tuig sa inyo tanan!

Inuktitut - Kuvianak Inovia! IñupiaqQuvianagli Anaiyyuniqpaliqsi suli Nakuuluni Ukiutqiutiqsi! InupiatunAnnaurri Aniruq-lu Paglaun Ukiutchiaq! Quvianaq Agaayuniqpak-lu Paglaun Ukiutchiaq! Nayaangmik Piqagiñ-lu Paglaun Ukiutchiaq!

Irish (Gaelic) - Nollaig shona duit! Beannachtaí na Nollag! Beannachtaí an tSéasúir! Athbhliain faoi mhaise duit! Bliain úr faoi shéan is faoi mhaise duit!

Italian - Buon Natale e felice anno nuovo!

Japanese - メリークリスマス (merī kurisumasu) 新年おめでとうございます (shinnen omedetō gozaimasu) 明けましておめでとうございます (akemashite omedetō gozaimasu) 旧年中大変お世話になりました (kyūnenjū taihen osewa ni narimashita) 本年もよろしくお願いいたします (honnen mo yoroshiku onegai itashimasu)

Jèrriais - Bouan Noué / Jouaiyeux Noué et Bouonne année! Un Bouan Noué et lé Nouvel An!

Judeo-Spanish / Ladino - Noel alegre i felis anyo muevo!

Kapampangan - Masayang Pasku! Masaplalang Bayung Banwa keko ngan!

Kazakh - Жаңа жыл құтты болсын! (Jaña jıl quttı bolsın!) Жаңа жылыңыз құтты болсын! (Jaña jılıñız quttı bolsın!)

Kinyarwanda - Noheri nziza n'umwaka mushya muhire!

Kirghiz - Жаны Жылыныздар куттуу болсун!

Korean - 즐거운 성탄절 보내세요 및 새해 복 많이 받으세요 (jeulgeoun seongtanjeol bonaeseyo mich saehae bok manhi bateusaeyo) 메리 크리스마스 잘 지내고 새해 복 많이 받으세요

(meri keuriseumaseu mich saehae bok manhi bateusaeyo)

Kurdish (Kurmanji) - Kirîsmes u ser sala we pîroz be!

Kurdish (Sorani) - Kirîsmes u salî nwêtan lê pîroz bê!

Lao - Souksan van Christmas! Sabai dee pee mai!

Latin - Natale hilare et annum faustum!

Latvian - Priecīgus Ziemassvētkus un laimīgu Jauno gadu!

Lithuanian - Linksmų Kalėdų ir laimingų Naujųjų Metų!

Luganda - Mbagaliza Christmass Enungi Nomwaka Omugya Gubaberere Gwamirembe!

Luxembourgish - E schéine Chrëschtdag an e glécklecht neit Joer!

Schéi Feierdeeg an e glécklecht neit Joer! Schéi Chrëschtdeeg an e gudde Rutsch an d'neit Joer!

Macedonian - Христос се роди! (Hristoc se rodi!) Среќен Божик и среќна Нова година! (Sreken Božik i srekna Nova godina)

Malagasy - Mirary noely sambatra! Arahabaina tratrin'ny taona vaovao!

Malay - Selamat Hari Natal! Selamat Tahun Baru!

Malayalam - പുഥുവല്സര ആശംസകല് (puthuvalsara aashamsakal) ക്രിസ്തുമസ് ആശംസകല് (kariistumasu aashamsakal) നവവല്സര ആശംസകല് (nava-valsara aashamsakal)

MalteseI - l-Milied Ħieni u s-Sena t-Tajba! Awguri għas-sena l-ġdid!

Manx - Nollick Ghennal as Blein Vie Noa!

Māori - Meri Kirihimete me ngā mihi o te tau hou ki a koutou katoa!

Marathi - शुभ नाताळ (Śubh Nātāḷ) नवीन वर्षच्या हार्दिक शुभेच्छा (Navīn varṣacyā hārdik śubhecchā)

Mongolian - Танд зул сарын баярын болон шинэ жилийн мэндийг хүргэе (Tand zul sariin bayriin bolon shine jiliin mendiig hurgey)

Navajo - Ya'at'eeh Keshmish!

Nepali - क्रस्मसको शुभकामना तथा नयाँ वर्षको शुभकामना

(krismas ko subhakamana tatha nayabarsha ko subhakamana)

Norwegian - God jul og godt nytt år! God jol og godt nyttår!

Occitan - Polit Nadal e bona annada!

Ogoni - Eenyie Mea Krist Ne Eenyie Aagbaa!

Old English - Glæd Geol and Gesælig Niw Gear!

Pangasinan - Maabig ya Pasko! Maaligwas ya Balon Taon ed sikayon amin!

Papiamentu - Bon Pasku i Felis Anja Nobo!

Persian - (kerismas mobārak) كریسمس مبارک

(sale no mobārak) سال نو مبارک

Polish - Wesołych świąt i szczęśliwego nowego roku!

Portuguese - Feliz Natal e próspero ano novo! Feliz Ano Novo!

Boas Festas e Feliz Ano Novo! Um Santo e Feliz Natal!

Punjab - iਕਰਿਸਮ ਤੇ ਨਵਾੰ ਸਾਲ ਖੁਸ਼ਿਯਾੰਵਾਲਾ ਹੋਵੇ (karisama te nawāṃ sāla khušayāṃwālā hewe)

Quenya - Alassëa Hristomerendë! Alassëa Vinyarië!

Rarotongan - Kia orana e kia manuia rava i teia Kiritimeti e te Mataiti Ou!

Romansh (Sursilvan dialect) - Legreivlas fiastas da Nadal ed in bien niev onn!

Romanian - Crăciun fericit şi un An Nou Fericit!

Russian - С наступающим Новым Годом! (S nastupayuščim Novym Godom) С Рождеством Христовым! (S Roždestvom Khristovym)

Samoan - Manuia le Kerisimasi, ma le Tausaga Fou!

Scots - A Blythe Yule an a Guid Hogmanay! Merry Christmas an a Guid Hogmanay!

Scottish - GaelicNollaig chridheil agus bliadhna mhath ùr!

Serbian (Orthodox) Христос се роди и срећна Нова година!

Serbian (Non-Orthodox) Срећан Божић и срећна Нова година!

Sesotho - Keresemese e monate le mahlohonolo a selemo se setjha!

Sicilian - Bon Natali e filici annu novu!

Sindarin - Mereth Veren e-Doled Eruion! Garo Idhrinn Eden Veren!

Slovak - Veselé vianoce a Štastný nový rok!

Slovenian - Vesel božič in Srečno novo leto!

Somali - Ciid wanaagsan iyo sanad cusub oo fiican!

Spanish - ¡Feliz Navidad y próspero año nuevo!

Swahili - Krismasi Njema! Heri ya krismas! Heri ya mwaka mpya!

Swedish - God jul och gott nytt år!

Tagalog - Maligayang Pasko, Manigong bagong taon!

Tamil - Nathar Puthu Varuda Valthukkal

Tahitian - Ia orana no te noere! Ia orana i te matahiti api!

Telugu - సంతోషకరమైన క్రిస్ఠ్మస్ ! (saṅthoashakaramaina kristmas) మరియు నూతన సంవత్సర శుభాకాంక్షలు (mariyu noothana saṅvathsara shubhaakaaṅkshalu)

Thai - สุขสันต์วันคริสต์มาส และสวัสดีปีใหม (souksaan wan Christmas sawatdii pimaï)

Tibetan - Iosalazashidele

Tigrinya - rHus beˋal ldet (ygberelka) rHus əwed ˋamet (ygberelka)

Tongan - Kilisimasi fiefia mo ha ta'u fo'ou monū'ia!

Tsotsil - Xmuyubajuk ti avo'one ti ta k'ine xchu'uk ti ta ach' jabile!

Turkish - İyi Noeller ve Mutlu Yıllar! İyi seneler / Yeni yılınız kutlu olsun! Yeni yılınızı kutlar, sağlık ve başarılar dileriz!

Ukrainian - Веселого Різдва і з Новим Роком!

Urdu - کرسمَس مبارک

نايا سال مبارک هو

بڑدا دنمبارک هو

Uzbek - Yangi yilingiz bilan!

Vietnamese - Chúc Giáng Sinh Vui Vẻ và Chúc Năm Mới Tốt Lành!

Volapük - Lemotöfazäli yofik e nulayeli läbik!

Võro - Hüvvä joulu ja õnnõlikku vahtsõt aastakka!

Waray-Waray - Maupay nga Pasko! Mainuswagon nga Bag-ong Tuig ha iyo ngatanan!

Welsh - Nadolig llawen a blwyddyn newydd dda!

West Inuktitun - Quvianaq Qitchirvik/Quviahugitsi Quviahugvingmi amma Quvianaq Ukiuaq Nutaaq Tikingmivuq!

Xhosa - Siniqwenelela Ikrisimesi Emnandi Nonyaka Omtsha Ozele Iintsikelelo!

Yorùbá - Ẹ ku Ayọ Keresimesi ati Ọdun Tuntun!

Zulu - Sinifesela uKhisimusi oMuhle noNyaka oMusha oNempumelelo!

Bahasa Malaysia - Selamat Hari Natal!

Bengali - Shuvo Baro Din - Shuvo Nabo Barsho!

Corsican - Bon Natale e Bon capu d' annu!

Crazanian - Rot Yikji Dol La Roo!

Duri - Christmas-e- Shoma Mobarak!

Eskimo - Jutdlime pivdluarit ukiortame pivdluaritlo!

Indonesian -Selamat Hari Natal!

Karelian - Rastawanke Sinun, Uvven Vuvenke Sinun!

Lappic - Buorit Juovllat ja Buorre Oddajahki!

Lausitzian - Wjesole hody a strowe nowe leto!

Livian - Riiemlizi Talspividi ja pagin vonno udaigastos!

Low Saxon - Heughliche Winachten un 'n moi Nijaar!

Marathi - Shub Naya Varsh!

Maori - Meri Kirihimete!

Monogasque - Festusu Natale e Bona ana noeva!

Oriya -Sukhamaya christmass ebang khusibhara naba barsa!

Papua New Guinea - Bikpela hamamas blong dispela Krismas na Nupela yia i go long yu!

Philippines Maligayang - Pasco at Manigong Bagong Taon!

Pashto - De Christmas akhtar de bakhtawar au newai kal de mubarak sha!

Punjabi - Nave sal di mubaraka!

Pushto - Christmas Aao Ne-way Kaal Mo Mobarak Sha!

Raeto-Ramance - Bella Festas da zNadal ed in Ventiravel Onn Nov!

Rhetian - Bellas festas da nadal e bun onn!

Romanche - Legreivlas fiastas da Nadal e bien niev onn!

Romani (GYPSY) - Bachtalo krecunu Thaj Bachtalo Nevo Bers!

Sami - Buorrit Juovllat!

Samoan - Manuia le Kerisimasi ma le Tausaga Fou!

Sardian - Felize Nadale e Bonu Cabuannu!

Sardinian -Bonu nadale e prosperu annu nou!

Surinamese (SRANANTONGO) - Wan Santa Bedaki!

Singhalese - Subha nath thalak Vewa. Subha Aluth Awrudhak Vewa!

Sorbian - Wjesole hody a strowe Nowe leto!

Somali - Ciid wanaagsan iyo sanad cusub oo fiican!

Sudanese - Wilujeng Natal Sareng Warsa Enggal!

Tagalog - Maligayang Pasko at Manigong Bagong Taon!

Tamil - Nathar Puthu Varuda Valthukkal!

Tok Pisin - Meri Krismas & Hepi Nu Yia!

Tongan - Kilisimasi Fiefia & Ta'u fo'ou monu ia!

Tswana - Keresemose o monate le masego a ngwaga o montsha!

Urdu - Naya Saal Mubarak Ho!

Vanina - Bon Natale a Tutti!

Vepsi - Rastvoidenke i Udenke Vodenke!

Yayeya - Krisema!

Afrikander - Een Plesierige Kerfees!

Tigrinja - Rehus-Beal-Ledeats!

Assyrian - Eidokhon Avee Brikha!

Azari - Bayramez Mobarak Olsen!

Bicolano - Maugmang Capascuhan asin Masaganang Ba-gong Taon!

Iban - Selamat Ari Krismas enggau Taun Baru!

Kadazan -Kotobian Tadau Do Krimas om Toun Vagu!

Trukeese - Neekirissimas annim oo iyer seefe feyiyeech!

Sobota - Dobro dedek!

Udmurt - Shuldyr Ymuśton!

Iroquois - Ojenyunyat Sungwiyadeson honungradon nagwutut. Ojenyunyat osrasay!

Traditional gongs man at work. Photographed at Monsopiad Cultural Village.

 

#201009-01~Lightbox~

Merry Christmas to you all. Santa is on his way!

 

Wishing you all the best for Christmas and a happy and productive 2011

 

English - Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year!

Afrikaans - Geseënde Kersfees en 'n gelukkige nuwe jaar! Geseënde Kersfees en 'n voorspoedige Nuwe jaar!

Akeanon - Maayad-ayad nga Paskwa! Mahigugmaon nga Bag-ong Dag-on kinyo tanan!

Albanian - Gëzuar Krishtlindjet e Vitin e Ri!

Aleut - Kamgan Ukudigaa!

Alsatian - E güeti Wïnâchte un e gleckichs Nej Johr!

Amharic - Melkam Gena! Melkam Addis Amet!

Apache (Western) - Gozhqq Keshmish!

Arabic (Modern Standard)أجمل التهاني بمناسبة الميلاد و حلول السنة الجديدة

(ajmil at-tihānī bimunāsabah al-mīlād wa ḥilūl as-sanah al-jadīdah)

Armenian (Eastern) - Շնորհավոր Ամանոր և Սուրբ Ծնունդ (Shnorhavor Amanor yev Surb Tznund)

Armenian (Western) - Շնորհաւոր Նոր Տարի եւ Սուրբ Ծնունդ: (Shnorhavor Nor Daree yev Soorp Dzuhnoont) Բարի կաղանդ և ամանոր (Paree gaghant yev amanor)

Aromanian - Cãrciun hãrios (Hristolu s-aflà! Dealihea cà s-afla!)

shi ti multsã-anji Anlu Nàù!

Asturian - Bones Navidaes y Gayoleru añu nuevu!

Aymara - Sooma Nawira-ra!

Azerbaijani - Yeni Iliniz Mübarək / Təzə iliniz yaxşı olsun!

Basque - Zorionak eta urte berri on!

Belarusian - З Божым нараджэннем! (Z Bozym naradzenniem!) Шчаслівых Калядау! (Szczaslivych Kaliadau!) З Новым годам i Калядамi! (Z Novym godam i Kaliadami!)

Bengali - শুভ বড়দিন (shubho bôṛodin) শুভ নববর্ষ (shubho nôbobôrsho)

Bikol - Maogmang Pasko! Mamura-way na Ba-gong Taon sa indo gabos!

Blackfoot - I'taamomahkatoyiiksistsikomi!

Bosnian - Sretan Bozic i sretna nova godina!

Breton - Nedeleg laouen ha bloavezh mat!

Bulgarian - Честита Коледа! (Čestita Koleda!) Щастлива Нова Година! (Štastliva Nova Godina!)

Catalan - Bon Nadal i feliç any nou!

Cebuano - Maayong Pasko! Mabungahong Bag-ong Tuig kaninyong tanan!

Chamorro - Felis Nåbidåt yan Magof na Åñu Nuebu! Felis Påsgua yan Magof na Åñu Nuebu!

Cherokee - Danistayohihv & Aliheli'sdi Itse Udetiyvasadisv!

Cheyenne - Hoesenestotse & Aa'eEmona'e!

Chinese (Cantonese) - 聖誕節同新年快樂 (singdaanjit tùnhg sànnìhn faailohk)

Chinese (Hakka) - 聖誕節快樂, 新年快樂 (shin5-tan5-ziet7 kwai5-lok8, sin1-ngien2 kwai5-lok8)

Chinese (Mandarin) - 聖誕快樂 新年快樂 [圣诞快乐 新年快乐] (shèngdàn kuàilè xīnnián kuàilè)

Chinese (Shanghainese) - 圣诞节快乐 (sendaijiq kualoq) 新年快乐 (sinni kualoq)

Chinese (Taiwanese) - Sèng-tàn-chiat Khòai-lo̍k (聖誕節快樂)

Sin-nî Chhut-thâu-thiⁿ (新年出頭天)

Chinese (Teochew) - 圣诞快乐 (siandang kuailak) 新年快乐 (singnin kuailak)

Choctaw - Yukpa, Nitak Hollo Chito!

Comanche - Tsaa Nu̶u̶sukatu̶̲ Waa Himaru̶!

Cornish - Nadelik Lowen ha Blydhen Nowydh Da! Nadelik Looan ha Looan Blethen Noweth! Nadelack looan ha looan blethan noueth!

Cree - Mitho Makosi Kesikansi!

Creek - Afvcke Nettvcakorakko!

Croatian - Sretan Božić! Sretna Nova godina!

Czech - Veselé vánoce a šťastný nový rok!

Danish - Glædelig jul og godt nytår!

Dutch - Prettige kerstdagen en een Gelukkig Nieuwjaar! Zalig kerstfeest en Gelukkig Nieuwjaar!

East Inuktitut - Quviasummi Quviasugitsi/Quviasuvvisiutsiarit ammalu Qitinngumarik!

Esperanto - Ĝojan/Bonan Kristnaskon kaj feliĉan novan jaron!

Estonian - Rõõmsaid Jõule ja Head Uut Aastat! Häid Jõule ja Head Uut Aastat!

Faroese - Gleðilig Jól og eydnuríkt nýggjár! Gleðilig Jól og gott nýggjár! Gleiðilig jól og eitt av harranum signað nýggjár!

Fijian - Me Nomuni na marau ni siga ni sucu dei na yabaki vou!

Finnish - Hyvää joulua ja onnellista uutta vuotta!

Flemish - Zalig Kerstfeest en Gelukkig nieuw jaar!

Frisian - Noflike Krystdagen en folle lok en seine!

French - Joyeux Noël et bonne année!

Friulian - Bon Nadâl e Biel An Gnûv!

Galician - Bo Nadal e próspero aninovo!

Georgian - გილოცავთ შობა-ახალ წელს (gilocavth shoba-akhal c’els) გილოცავ შობა-ახალ წელს (gilocav shoba-akhal c’els)

German - Fröhliche Weihnachten und ein gutes neues Jahr!

German (Bavarian) - Froue Weihnåcht'n, und a guad's nei's Joah!

German (Hessian) - Frohe Weihnachte unn ein gudes neus Jahr!

German (Swiss) - Schöni Wienachte und e guets neus Jahr! Schöni Wiehnachte und es guets Neus! Schöni Wiänachtä, äs guets Nöis!

German (Pennsylvania) - En frehlicher Grischtdaag un en hallich Nei Yaahr!

Greek - Καλά Χριστούγεννα! (kalá hristúyenna) Ευτυχισμένο το Νέο Έτος! (eftyhisméno to Néo Étos!) Καλή χρονιά! (kalí hroñá)

Greenlandic - Juullimi ukiortaasamilu pilluaritsi!

Hausa - Barka da Kirsimatikuma barka da sabuwar shekara!

Hawaiian - Mele Kalikimaka me ka Hauʻoli Makahiki Hou!

Hebrew - חג מולד שמח ושנה טובה Chag Molad Sameach v'Shanah Tovah

Hiligaynon - Malipayon nga Paskwa!

Mahamungayaon - Nga Bag-ong Tuig sa inyong tanan!

Hindi - शुभ क्रिसमस (Śubh krisamas) नये साल की हार्दिक शुभकामनायें (Naye sāl kī hārdik śubhkāmnayeṅ)

Hungarian - Kellemes karácsonyt és boldog új évet!

Icelandic - Gleðileg jól og farsælt komandi ár! Gleðileg jól og farsælt nýtt ár!

Ilokano - Naragsak a Paskua! Narang-ay a Baro a Tawen kadakayo amin!

Indonesian - Selamat hari natal dan tahun baru!

Inonhan - Malipayon nga Paskwa kag Masadya nga Bag-ong Tuig sa inyo tanan!

Inuktitut - Kuvianak Inovia! IñupiaqQuvianagli Anaiyyuniqpaliqsi suli Nakuuluni Ukiutqiutiqsi! InupiatunAnnaurri Aniruq-lu Paglaun Ukiutchiaq! Quvianaq Agaayuniqpak-lu Paglaun Ukiutchiaq! Nayaangmik Piqagiñ-lu Paglaun Ukiutchiaq!

Irish (Gaelic) - Nollaig shona duit! Beannachtaí na Nollag! Beannachtaí an tSéasúir! Athbhliain faoi mhaise duit! Bliain úr faoi shéan is faoi mhaise duit!

Italian - Buon Natale e felice anno nuovo!

Japanese - メリークリスマス (merī kurisumasu) 新年おめでとうございます (shinnen omedetō gozaimasu) 明けましておめでとうございます (akemashite omedetō gozaimasu) 旧年中大変お世話になりました (kyūnenjū taihen osewa ni narimashita) 本年もよろしくお願いいたします (honnen mo yoroshiku onegai itashimasu)

Jèrriais - Bouan Noué / Jouaiyeux Noué et Bouonne année! Un Bouan Noué et lé Nouvel An!

Judeo-Spanish / Ladino - Noel alegre i felis anyo muevo!

Kapampangan - Masayang Pasku! Masaplalang Bayung Banwa keko ngan!

Kazakh - Жаңа жыл құтты болсын! (Jaña jıl quttı bolsın!) Жаңа жылыңыз құтты болсын! (Jaña jılıñız quttı bolsın!)

Kinyarwanda - Noheri nziza n'umwaka mushya muhire!

Kirghiz - Жаны Жылыныздар куттуу болсун!

Korean - 즐거운 성탄절 보내세요 및 새해 복 많이 받으세요 (jeulgeoun seongtanjeol bonaeseyo mich saehae bok manhi bateusaeyo) 메리 크리스마스 잘 지내고 새해 복 많이 받으세요

(meri keuriseumaseu mich saehae bok manhi bateusaeyo)

Kurdish (Kurmanji) - Kirîsmes u ser sala we pîroz be!

Kurdish (Sorani) - Kirîsmes u salî nwêtan lê pîroz bê!

Lao - Souksan van Christmas! Sabai dee pee mai!

Latin - Natale hilare et annum faustum!

Latvian - Priecīgus Ziemassvētkus un laimīgu Jauno gadu!

Lithuanian - Linksmų Kalėdų ir laimingų Naujųjų Metų!

Luganda - Mbagaliza Christmass Enungi Nomwaka Omugya Gubaberere Gwamirembe!

Luxembourgish - E schéine Chrëschtdag an e glécklecht neit Joer!

Schéi Feierdeeg an e glécklecht neit Joer! Schéi Chrëschtdeeg an e gudde Rutsch an d'neit Joer!

Macedonian - Христос се роди! (Hristoc se rodi!) Среќен Божик и среќна Нова година! (Sreken Božik i srekna Nova godina)

Malagasy - Mirary noely sambatra! Arahabaina tratrin'ny taona vaovao!

Malay - Selamat Hari Natal! Selamat Tahun Baru!

Malayalam - പുഥുവല്സര ആശംസകല് (puthuvalsara aashamsakal) ക്രിസ്തുമസ് ആശംസകല് (kariistumasu aashamsakal) നവവല്സര ആശംസകല് (nava-valsara aashamsakal)

MalteseI - l-Milied Ħieni u s-Sena t-Tajba! Awguri għas-sena l-ġdid!

Manx - Nollick Ghennal as Blein Vie Noa!

Māori - Meri Kirihimete me ngā mihi o te tau hou ki a koutou katoa!

Marathi - शुभ नाताळ (Śubh Nātāḷ) नवीन वर्षच्या हार्दिक शुभेच्छा (Navīn varṣacyā hārdik śubhecchā)

Mongolian - Танд зул сарын баярын болон шинэ жилийн мэндийг хүргэе (Tand zul sariin bayriin bolon shine jiliin mendiig hurgey)

Navajo - Ya'at'eeh Keshmish!

Nepali - क्रस्मसको शुभकामना तथा नयाँ वर्षको शुभकामना

(krismas ko subhakamana tatha nayabarsha ko subhakamana)

Norwegian - God jul og godt nytt år! God jol og godt nyttår!

Occitan - Polit Nadal e bona annada!

Ogoni - Eenyie Mea Krist Ne Eenyie Aagbaa!

Old English - Glæd Geol and Gesælig Niw Gear!

Pangasinan - Maabig ya Pasko! Maaligwas ya Balon Taon ed sikayon amin!

Papiamentu - Bon Pasku i Felis Anja Nobo!

Persian - (kerismas mobārak) كریسمس مبارک

(sale no mobārak) سال نو مبارک

Polish - Wesołych świąt i szczęśliwego nowego roku!

Portuguese - Feliz Natal e próspero ano novo! Feliz Ano Novo!

Boas Festas e Feliz Ano Novo! Um Santo e Feliz Natal!

Punjab - iਕਰਿਸਮ ਤੇ ਨਵਾੰ ਸਾਲ ਖੁਸ਼ਿਯਾੰਵਾਲਾ ਹੋਵੇ (karisama te nawāṃ sāla khušayāṃwālā hewe)

Quenya - Alassëa Hristomerendë! Alassëa Vinyarië!

Rarotongan - Kia orana e kia manuia rava i teia Kiritimeti e te Mataiti Ou!

Romansh (Sursilvan dialect) - Legreivlas fiastas da Nadal ed in bien niev onn!

Romanian - Crăciun fericit şi un An Nou Fericit!

Russian - С наступающим Новым Годом! (S nastupayuščim Novym Godom) С Рождеством Христовым! (S Roždestvom Khristovym)

Samoan - Manuia le Kerisimasi, ma le Tausaga Fou!

Scots - A Blythe Yule an a Guid Hogmanay! Merry Christmas an a Guid Hogmanay!

Scottish - GaelicNollaig chridheil agus bliadhna mhath ùr!

Serbian (Orthodox) Христос се роди и срећна Нова година!

Serbian (Non-Orthodox) Срећан Божић и срећна Нова година!

Sesotho - Keresemese e monate le mahlohonolo a selemo se setjha!

Sicilian - Bon Natali e filici annu novu!

Sindarin - Mereth Veren e-Doled Eruion! Garo Idhrinn Eden Veren!

Slovak - Veselé vianoce a Štastný nový rok!

Slovenian - Vesel božič in Srečno novo leto!

Somali - Ciid wanaagsan iyo sanad cusub oo fiican!

Spanish - ¡Feliz Navidad y próspero año nuevo!

Swahili - Krismasi Njema! Heri ya krismas! Heri ya mwaka mpya!

Swedish - God jul och gott nytt år!

Tagalog - Maligayang Pasko, Manigong bagong taon!

Tamil - Nathar Puthu Varuda Valthukkal

Tahitian - Ia orana no te noere! Ia orana i te matahiti api!

Telugu - సంతోషకరమైన క్రిస్ఠ్మస్ ! (saṅthoashakaramaina kristmas) మరియు నూతన సంవత్సర శుభాకాంక్షలు (mariyu noothana saṅvathsara shubhaakaaṅkshalu)

Thai - สุขสันต์วันคริสต์มาส และสวัสดีปีใหม (souksaan wan Christmas sawatdii pimaï)

Tibetan - Iosalazashidele

Tigrinya - rHus beˋal ldet (ygberelka) rHus əwed ˋamet (ygberelka)

Tongan - Kilisimasi fiefia mo ha ta'u fo'ou monū'ia!

Tsotsil - Xmuyubajuk ti avo'one ti ta k'ine xchu'uk ti ta ach' jabile!

Turkish - İyi Noeller ve Mutlu Yıllar! İyi seneler / Yeni yılınız kutlu olsun! Yeni yılınızı kutlar, sağlık ve başarılar dileriz!

Ukrainian - Веселого Різдва і з Новим Роком!

Urdu - کرسمَس مبارک

نايا سال مبارک هو

بڑدا دنمبارک هو

Uzbek - Yangi yilingiz bilan!

Vietnamese - Chúc Giáng Sinh Vui Vẻ và Chúc Năm Mới Tốt Lành!

Volapük - Lemotöfazäli yofik e nulayeli läbik!

Võro - Hüvvä joulu ja õnnõlikku vahtsõt aastakka!

Waray-Waray - Maupay nga Pasko! Mainuswagon nga Bag-ong Tuig ha iyo ngatanan!

Welsh - Nadolig llawen a blwyddyn newydd dda!

West Inuktitun - Quvianaq Qitchirvik/Quviahugitsi Quviahugvingmi amma Quvianaq Ukiuaq Nutaaq Tikingmivuq!

Xhosa - Siniqwenelela Ikrisimesi Emnandi Nonyaka Omtsha Ozele Iintsikelelo!

Yorùbá - Ẹ ku Ayọ Keresimesi ati Ọdun Tuntun!

Zulu - Sinifesela uKhisimusi oMuhle noNyaka oMusha oNempumelelo!

Bahasa Malaysia - Selamat Hari Natal!

Bengali - Shuvo Baro Din - Shuvo Nabo Barsho!

Corsican - Bon Natale e Bon capu d' annu!

Crazanian - Rot Yikji Dol La Roo!

Duri - Christmas-e- Shoma Mobarak!

Eskimo - Jutdlime pivdluarit ukiortame pivdluaritlo!

Indonesian -Selamat Hari Natal!

Karelian - Rastawanke Sinun, Uvven Vuvenke Sinun!

Lappic - Buorit Juovllat ja Buorre Oddajahki!

Lausitzian - Wjesole hody a strowe nowe leto!

Livian - Riiemlizi Talspividi ja pagin vonno udaigastos!

Low Saxon - Heughliche Winachten un 'n moi Nijaar!

Marathi - Shub Naya Varsh!

Maori - Meri Kirihimete!

Monogasque - Festusu Natale e Bona ana noeva!

Oriya -Sukhamaya christmass ebang khusibhara naba barsa!

Papua New Guinea - Bikpela hamamas blong dispela Krismas na Nupela yia i go long yu!

Philippines Maligayang - Pasco at Manigong Bagong Taon!

Pashto - De Christmas akhtar de bakhtawar au newai kal de mubarak sha!

Punjabi - Nave sal di mubaraka!

Pushto - Christmas Aao Ne-way Kaal Mo Mobarak Sha!

Raeto-Ramance - Bella Festas da zNadal ed in Ventiravel Onn Nov!

Rhetian - Bellas festas da nadal e bun onn!

Romanche - Legreivlas fiastas da Nadal e bien niev onn!

Romani (GYPSY) - Bachtalo krecunu Thaj Bachtalo Nevo Bers!

Sami - Buorrit Juovllat!

Samoan - Manuia le Kerisimasi ma le Tausaga Fou!

Sardian - Felize Nadale e Bonu Cabuannu!

Sardinian -Bonu nadale e prosperu annu nou!

Surinamese (SRANANTONGO) - Wan Santa Bedaki!

Singhalese - Subha nath thalak Vewa. Subha Aluth Awrudhak Vewa!

Sorbian - Wjesole hody a strowe Nowe leto!

Somali - Ciid wanaagsan iyo sanad cusub oo fiican!

Sudanese - Wilujeng Natal Sareng Warsa Enggal!

Tagalog - Maligayang Pasko at Manigong Bagong Taon!

Tamil - Nathar Puthu Varuda Valthukkal!

Tok Pisin - Meri Krismas & Hepi Nu Yia!

Tongan - Kilisimasi Fiefia & Ta'u fo'ou monu ia!

Tswana - Keresemose o monate le masego a ngwaga o montsha!

Urdu - Naya Saal Mubarak Ho!

Vanina - Bon Natale a Tutti!

Vepsi - Rastvoidenke i Udenke Vodenke!

Yayeya - Krisema!

Afrikander - Een Plesierige Kerfees!

Tigrinja - Rehus-Beal-Ledeats!

Assyrian - Eidokhon Avee Brikha!

Azari - Bayramez Mobarak Olsen!

Bicolano - Maugmang Capascuhan asin Masaganang Ba-gong Taon!

Iban - Selamat Ari Krismas enggau Taun Baru!

Kadazan -Kotobian Tadau Do Krimas om Toun Vagu!

Trukeese - Neekirissimas annim oo iyer seefe feyiyeech!

Sobota - Dobro dedek!

Udmurt - Shuldyr Ymuśton!

Iroquois - Ojenyunyat Sungwiyadeson honungradon nagwutut. Ojenyunyat osrasay!

 

The flat white sandy beach produce a mesmerizing reflection during sunset in Nexus Karambunai Beach, Sabah

 

Buy my artworks here

Santa Claus is coming tonight!

 

Merry Christmas to everyone!

 

Christmas cake decoration depicting Santa Claus on a chimney photographed against a background of coloured Christmas tinsel

 

Lots more photos like this in my Christmas Set

    

Merry Christmas translations:-

 

English - Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year!

Afrikaans - Geseënde Kersfees en 'n gelukkige nuwe jaar! Geseënde Kersfees en 'n voorspoedige Nuwe jaar!

Akeanon - Maayad-ayad nga Paskwa! Mahigugmaon nga Bag-ong Dag-on kinyo tanan!

Albanian - Gëzuar Krishtlindjet e Vitin e Ri!

Aleut - Kamgan Ukudigaa!

Alsatian - E güeti Wïnâchte un e gleckichs Nej Johr!

Amharic - Melkam Gena! Melkam Addis Amet!

Apache (Western) - Gozhqq Keshmish!

Arabic (Modern Standard)أجمل التهاني بمناسبة الميلاد و حلول السنة الجديدة

(ajmil at-tihānī bimunāsabah al-mīlād wa ḥilūl as-sanah al-jadīdah)

Armenian (Eastern) - Շնորհավոր Ամանոր և Սուրբ Ծնունդ (Shnorhavor Amanor yev Surb Tznund)

Armenian (Western) - Շնորհաւոր Նոր Տարի եւ Սուրբ Ծնունդ: (Shnorhavor Nor Daree yev Soorp Dzuhnoont) Բարի կաղանդ և ամանոր (Paree gaghant yev amanor)

Aromanian - Cãrciun hãrios (Hristolu s-aflà! Dealihea cà s-afla!)

shi ti multsã-anji Anlu Nàù!

Asturian - Bones Navidaes y Gayoleru añu nuevu!

Aymara - Sooma Nawira-ra!

Azerbaijani - Yeni Iliniz Mübarək / Təzə iliniz yaxşı olsun!

Basque - Zorionak eta urte berri on!

Belarusian - З Божым нараджэннем! (Z Bozym naradzenniem!) Шчаслівых Калядау! (Szczaslivych Kaliadau!) З Новым годам i Калядамi! (Z Novym godam i Kaliadami!)

Bengali - শুভ বড়দিন (shubho bôṛodin) শুভ নববর্ষ (shubho nôbobôrsho)

Bikol - Maogmang Pasko! Mamura-way na Ba-gong Taon sa indo gabos!

Blackfoot - I'taamomahkatoyiiksistsikomi!

Bosnian - Sretan Bozic i sretna nova godina!

Breton - Nedeleg laouen ha bloavezh mat!

Bulgarian - Честита Коледа! (Čestita Koleda!) Щастлива Нова Година! (Štastliva Nova Godina!)

Catalan - Bon Nadal i feliç any nou!

Cebuano - Maayong Pasko! Mabungahong Bag-ong Tuig kaninyong tanan!

Chamorro - Felis Nåbidåt yan Magof na Åñu Nuebu! Felis Påsgua yan Magof na Åñu Nuebu!

Cherokee - Danistayohihv & Aliheli'sdi Itse Udetiyvasadisv!

Cheyenne - Hoesenestotse & Aa'eEmona'e!

Chinese (Cantonese) - 聖誕節同新年快樂 (singdaanjit tùnhg sànnìhn faailohk)

Chinese (Hakka) - 聖誕節快樂, 新年快樂 (shin5-tan5-ziet7 kwai5-lok8, sin1-ngien2 kwai5-lok8)

Chinese (Mandarin) - 聖誕快樂 新年快樂 [圣诞快乐 新年快乐] (shèngdàn kuàilè xīnnián kuàilè)

Chinese (Shanghainese) - 圣诞节快乐 (sendaijiq kualoq) 新年快乐 (sinni kualoq)

Chinese (Taiwanese) - Sèng-tàn-chiat Khòai-lo̍k (聖誕節快樂)

Sin-nî Chhut-thâu-thiⁿ (新年出頭天)

Chinese (Teochew) - 圣诞快乐 (siandang kuailak) 新年快乐 (singnin kuailak)

Choctaw - Yukpa, Nitak Hollo Chito!

Comanche - Tsaa Nu̶u̶sukatu̶̲ Waa Himaru̶!

Cornish - Nadelik Lowen ha Blydhen Nowydh Da! Nadelik Looan ha Looan Blethen Noweth! Nadelack looan ha looan blethan noueth!

Cree - Mitho Makosi Kesikansi!

Creek - Afvcke Nettvcakorakko!

Croatian - Sretan Božić! Sretna Nova godina!

Czech - Veselé vánoce a šťastný nový rok!

Danish - Glædelig jul og godt nytår!

Dutch - Prettige kerstdagen en een Gelukkig Nieuwjaar! Zalig kerstfeest en Gelukkig Nieuwjaar!

East Inuktitut - Quviasummi Quviasugitsi/Quviasuvvisiutsiarit ammalu Qitinngumarik!

Esperanto - Ĝojan/Bonan Kristnaskon kaj feliĉan novan jaron!

Estonian - Rõõmsaid Jõule ja Head Uut Aastat! Häid Jõule ja Head Uut Aastat!

Faroese - Gleðilig Jól og eydnuríkt nýggjár! Gleðilig Jól og gott nýggjár! Gleiðilig jól og eitt av harranum signað nýggjár!

Fijian - Me Nomuni na marau ni siga ni sucu dei na yabaki vou!

Finnish - Hyvää joulua ja onnellista uutta vuotta!

Flemish - Zalig Kerstfeest en Gelukkig nieuw jaar!

Frisian - Noflike Krystdagen en folle lok en seine!

French - Joyeux Noël et bonne année!

Friulian - Bon Nadâl e Biel An Gnûv!

Galician - Bo Nadal e próspero aninovo!

Georgian - გილოცავთ შობა-ახალ წელს (gilocavth shoba-akhal c’els) გილოცავ შობა-ახალ წელს (gilocav shoba-akhal c’els)

German - Fröhliche Weihnachten und ein gutes neues Jahr!

German (Bavarian) - Froue Weihnåcht'n, und a guad's nei's Joah!

German (Hessian) - Frohe Weihnachte unn ein gudes neus Jahr!

German (Swiss) - Schöni Wienachte und e guets neus Jahr! Schöni Wiehnachte und es guets Neus! Schöni Wiänachtä, äs guets Nöis!

German (Pennsylvania) - En frehlicher Grischtdaag un en hallich Nei Yaahr!

Greek - Καλά Χριστούγεννα! (kalá hristúyenna) Ευτυχισμένο το Νέο Έτος! (eftyhisméno to Néo Étos!) Καλή χρονιά! (kalí hroñá)

Greenlandic - Juullimi ukiortaasamilu pilluaritsi!

Hausa - Barka da Kirsimatikuma barka da sabuwar shekara!

Hawaiian - Mele Kalikimaka me ka Hauʻoli Makahiki Hou!

Hebrew - חג מולד שמח ושנה טובה Chag Molad Sameach v'Shanah Tovah

Hiligaynon - Malipayon nga Paskwa!

Mahamungayaon - Nga Bag-ong Tuig sa inyong tanan!

Hindi - शुभ क्रिसमस (Śubh krisamas) नये साल की हार्दिक शुभकामनायें (Naye sāl kī hārdik śubhkāmnayeṅ)

Hungarian - Kellemes karácsonyt és boldog új évet!

Icelandic - Gleðileg jól og farsælt komandi ár! Gleðileg jól og farsælt nýtt ár!

Ilokano - Naragsak a Paskua! Narang-ay a Baro a Tawen kadakayo amin!

Indonesian - Selamat hari natal dan tahun baru!

Inonhan - Malipayon nga Paskwa kag Masadya nga Bag-ong Tuig sa inyo tanan!

Inuktitut - Kuvianak Inovia! IñupiaqQuvianagli Anaiyyuniqpaliqsi suli Nakuuluni Ukiutqiutiqsi! InupiatunAnnaurri Aniruq-lu Paglaun Ukiutchiaq! Quvianaq Agaayuniqpak-lu Paglaun Ukiutchiaq! Nayaangmik Piqagiñ-lu Paglaun Ukiutchiaq!

Irish (Gaelic) - Nollaig shona duit! Beannachtaí na Nollag! Beannachtaí an tSéasúir! Athbhliain faoi mhaise duit! Bliain úr faoi shéan is faoi mhaise duit!

Italian - Buon Natale e felice anno nuovo!

Japanese - メリークリスマス (merī kurisumasu) 新年おめでとうございます (shinnen omedetō gozaimasu) 明けましておめでとうございます (akemashite omedetō gozaimasu) 旧年中大変お世話になりました (kyūnenjū taihen osewa ni narimashita) 本年もよろしくお願いいたします (honnen mo yoroshiku onegai itashimasu)

Jèrriais - Bouan Noué / Jouaiyeux Noué et Bouonne année! Un Bouan Noué et lé Nouvel An!

Judeo-Spanish / Ladino - Noel alegre i felis anyo muevo!

Kapampangan - Masayang Pasku! Masaplalang Bayung Banwa keko ngan!

Kazakh - Жаңа жыл құтты болсын! (Jaña jıl quttı bolsın!) Жаңа жылыңыз құтты болсын! (Jaña jılıñız quttı bolsın!)

Kinyarwanda - Noheri nziza n'umwaka mushya muhire!

Kirghiz - Жаны Жылыныздар куттуу болсун!

Korean - 즐거운 성탄절 보내세요 및 새해 복 많이 받으세요 (jeulgeoun seongtanjeol bonaeseyo mich saehae bok manhi bateusaeyo) 메리 크리스마스 잘 지내고 새해 복 많이 받으세요

(meri keuriseumaseu mich saehae bok manhi bateusaeyo)

Kurdish (Kurmanji) - Kirîsmes u ser sala we pîroz be!

Kurdish (Sorani) - Kirîsmes u salî nwêtan lê pîroz bê!

Lao - Souksan van Christmas! Sabai dee pee mai!

Latin - Natale hilare et annum faustum!

Latvian - Priecīgus Ziemassvētkus un laimīgu Jauno gadu!

Lithuanian - Linksmų Kalėdų ir laimingų Naujųjų Metų!

Luganda - Mbagaliza Christmass Enungi Nomwaka Omugya Gubaberere Gwamirembe!

Luxembourgish - E schéine Chrëschtdag an e glécklecht neit Joer!

Schéi Feierdeeg an e glécklecht neit Joer! Schéi Chrëschtdeeg an e gudde Rutsch an d'neit Joer!

Macedonian - Христос се роди! (Hristoc se rodi!) Среќен Божик и среќна Нова година! (Sreken Božik i srekna Nova godina)

Malagasy - Mirary noely sambatra! Arahabaina tratrin'ny taona vaovao!

Malay - Selamat Hari Natal! Selamat Tahun Baru!

Malayalam - പുഥുവല്സര ആശംസകല് (puthuvalsara aashamsakal) ക്രിസ്തുമസ് ആശംസകല് (kariistumasu aashamsakal) നവവല്സര ആശംസകല് (nava-valsara aashamsakal)

MalteseI - l-Milied Ħieni u s-Sena t-Tajba! Awguri għas-sena l-ġdid!

Manx - Nollick Ghennal as Blein Vie Noa!

Māori - Meri Kirihimete me ngā mihi o te tau hou ki a koutou katoa!

Marathi - शुभ नाताळ (Śubh Nātāḷ) नवीन वर्षच्या हार्दिक शुभेच्छा (Navīn varṣacyā hārdik śubhecchā)

Mongolian - Танд зул сарын баярын болон шинэ жилийн мэндийг хүргэе (Tand zul sariin bayriin bolon shine jiliin mendiig hurgey)

Navajo - Ya'at'eeh Keshmish!

Nepali - क्रस्मसको शुभकामना तथा नयाँ वर्षको शुभकामना

(krismas ko subhakamana tatha nayabarsha ko subhakamana)

Norwegian - God jul og godt nytt år! God jol og godt nyttår!

Occitan - Polit Nadal e bona annada!

Ogoni - Eenyie Mea Krist Ne Eenyie Aagbaa!

Old English - Glæd Geol and Gesælig Niw Gear!

Pangasinan - Maabig ya Pasko! Maaligwas ya Balon Taon ed sikayon amin!

Papiamentu - Bon Pasku i Felis Anja Nobo!

Persian - (kerismas mobārak) كریسمس مبارک

(sale no mobārak) سال نو مبارک

Polish - Wesołych świąt i szczęśliwego nowego roku!

Portuguese - Feliz Natal e próspero ano novo! Feliz Ano Novo!

Boas Festas e Feliz Ano Novo! Um Santo e Feliz Natal!

Punjab - iਕਰਿਸਮ ਤੇ ਨਵਾੰ ਸਾਲ ਖੁਸ਼ਿਯਾੰਵਾਲਾ ਹੋਵੇ (karisama te nawāṃ sāla khušayāṃwālā hewe)

Quenya - Alassëa Hristomerendë! Alassëa Vinyarië!

Rarotongan - Kia orana e kia manuia rava i teia Kiritimeti e te Mataiti Ou!

Romansh (Sursilvan dialect) - Legreivlas fiastas da Nadal ed in bien niev onn!

Romanian - Crăciun fericit şi un An Nou Fericit!

Russian - С наступающим Новым Годом! (S nastupayuščim Novym Godom) С Рождеством Христовым! (S Roždestvom Khristovym)

Samoan - Manuia le Kerisimasi, ma le Tausaga Fou!

Scots - A Blythe Yule an a Guid Hogmanay! Merry Christmas an a Guid Hogmanay!

Scottish - GaelicNollaig chridheil agus bliadhna mhath ùr!

Serbian (Orthodox) Христос се роди и срећна Нова година!

Serbian (Non-Orthodox) Срећан Божић и срећна Нова година!

Sesotho - Keresemese e monate le mahlohonolo a selemo se setjha!

Sicilian - Bon Natali e filici annu novu!

Sindarin - Mereth Veren e-Doled Eruion! Garo Idhrinn Eden Veren!

Slovak - Veselé vianoce a Štastný nový rok!

Slovenian - Vesel božič in Srečno novo leto!

Somali - Ciid wanaagsan iyo sanad cusub oo fiican!

Spanish - ¡Feliz Navidad y próspero año nuevo!

Swahili - Krismasi Njema! Heri ya krismas! Heri ya mwaka mpya!

Swedish - God jul och gott nytt år!

Tagalog - Maligayang Pasko, Manigong bagong taon!

Tamil - Nathar Puthu Varuda Valthukkal

Tahitian - Ia orana no te noere! Ia orana i te matahiti api!

Telugu - సంతోషకరమైన క్రిస్ఠ్మస్ ! (saṅthoashakaramaina kristmas) మరియు నూతన సంవత్సర శుభాకాంక్షలు (mariyu noothana saṅvathsara shubhaakaaṅkshalu)

Thai - สุขสันต์วันคริสต์มาส และสวัสดีปีใหม (souksaan wan Christmas sawatdii pimaï)

Tibetan - Iosalazashidele

Tigrinya - rHus beˋal ldet (ygberelka) rHus əwed ˋamet (ygberelka)

Tongan - Kilisimasi fiefia mo ha ta'u fo'ou monū'ia!

Tsotsil - Xmuyubajuk ti avo'one ti ta k'ine xchu'uk ti ta ach' jabile!

Turkish - İyi Noeller ve Mutlu Yıllar! İyi seneler / Yeni yılınız kutlu olsun! Yeni yılınızı kutlar, sağlık ve başarılar dileriz!

Ukrainian - Веселого Різдва і з Новим Роком!

Urdu - کرسمَس مبارک

نايا سال مبارک هو

بڑدا دنمبارک هو

Uzbek - Yangi yilingiz bilan!

Vietnamese - Chúc Giáng Sinh Vui Vẻ và Chúc Năm Mới Tốt Lành!

Volapük - Lemotöfazäli yofik e nulayeli läbik!

Võro - Hüvvä joulu ja õnnõlikku vahtsõt aastakka!

Waray-Waray - Maupay nga Pasko! Mainuswagon nga Bag-ong Tuig ha iyo ngatanan!

Welsh - Nadolig llawen a blwyddyn newydd dda!

West Inuktitun - Quvianaq Qitchirvik/Quviahugitsi Quviahugvingmi amma Quvianaq Ukiuaq Nutaaq Tikingmivuq!

Xhosa - Siniqwenelela Ikrisimesi Emnandi Nonyaka Omtsha Ozele Iintsikelelo!

Yorùbá - Ẹ ku Ayọ Keresimesi ati Ọdun Tuntun!

Zulu - Sinifesela uKhisimusi oMuhle noNyaka oMusha oNempumelelo!

Bahasa Malaysia - Selamat Hari Natal!

Bengali - Shuvo Baro Din - Shuvo Nabo Barsho!

Corsican - Bon Natale e Bon capu d' annu!

Crazanian - Rot Yikji Dol La Roo!

Duri - Christmas-e- Shoma Mobarak!

Eskimo - Jutdlime pivdluarit ukiortame pivdluaritlo!

Indonesian -Selamat Hari Natal!

Karelian - Rastawanke Sinun, Uvven Vuvenke Sinun!

Lappic - Buorit Juovllat ja Buorre Oddajahki!

Lausitzian - Wjesole hody a strowe nowe leto!

Livian - Riiemlizi Talspividi ja pagin vonno udaigastos!

Low Saxon - Heughliche Winachten un 'n moi Nijaar!

Marathi - Shub Naya Varsh!

Maori - Meri Kirihimete!

Monogasque - Festusu Natale e Bona ana noeva!

Oriya -Sukhamaya christmass ebang khusibhara naba barsa!

Papua New Guinea - Bikpela hamamas blong dispela Krismas na Nupela yia i go long yu!

Philippines Maligayang - Pasco at Manigong Bagong Taon!

Pashto - De Christmas akhtar de bakhtawar au newai kal de mubarak sha!

Punjabi - Nave sal di mubaraka!

Pushto - Christmas Aao Ne-way Kaal Mo Mobarak Sha!

Raeto-Ramance - Bella Festas da zNadal ed in Ventiravel Onn Nov!

Rhetian - Bellas festas da nadal e bun onn!

Romanche - Legreivlas fiastas da Nadal e bien niev onn!

Romani (GYPSY) - Bachtalo krecunu Thaj Bachtalo Nevo Bers!

Sami - Buorrit Juovllat!

Samoan - Manuia le Kerisimasi ma le Tausaga Fou!

Sardian - Felize Nadale e Bonu Cabuannu!

Sardinian -Bonu nadale e prosperu annu nou!

Surinamese (SRANANTONGO) - Wan Santa Bedaki!

Singhalese - Subha nath thalak Vewa. Subha Aluth Awrudhak Vewa!

Sorbian - Wjesole hody a strowe Nowe leto!

Somali - Ciid wanaagsan iyo sanad cusub oo fiican!

Sudanese - Wilujeng Natal Sareng Warsa Enggal!

Tagalog - Maligayang Pasko at Manigong Bagong Taon!

Tamil - Nathar Puthu Varuda Valthukkal!

Tok Pisin - Meri Krismas & Hepi Nu Yia!

Tongan - Kilisimasi Fiefia & Ta'u fo'ou monu ia!

Tswana - Keresemose o monate le masego a ngwaga o montsha!

Urdu - Naya Saal Mubarak Ho!

Vanina - Bon Natale a Tutti!

Vepsi - Rastvoidenke i Udenke Vodenke!

Yayeya - Krisema!

Afrikander - Een Plesierige Kerfees!

Tigrinja - Rehus-Beal-Ledeats!

Assyrian - Eidokhon Avee Brikha!

Azari - Bayramez Mobarak Olsen!

Bicolano - Maugmang Capascuhan asin Masaganang Ba-gong Taon!

Iban - Selamat Ari Krismas enggau Taun Baru!

Kadazan -Kotobian Tadau Do Krimas om Toun Vagu!

Trukeese - Neekirissimas annim oo iyer seefe feyiyeech!

Sobota - Dobro dedek!

Udmurt - Shuldyr Ymuśton!

Iroquois - Ojenyunyat Sungwiyadeson honungradon nagwutut. Ojenyunyat osrasay!

A young Kadazan man plays the traditional gongs.. soothing, rhythmic and muted sounds, yet clearly heard in the surrounding neighborhood. In this photo, he is shown playing only the small gongs.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Photographed at the Monsopiad Cultural Vilage, about 25 minutes from Kota Kinabalu City. This Cultural Village was featured in "The Amazing Race 4, Leg No:8.

 

Located in a predominantly Kadazan district, the surrounding area can be called an 'urban village". All the modern amenities are here, such as satellite TV, the latest model pick-up trucks (and cars), mobile networks, internet connectivity, etc.

 

Not counting the current residential developments in the area, many of the houses are semi-concrete or wooden. Small paddy fields are commonly seen. Very nice and rustic.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

[Traditional Dance] Sumazau ( Borneo Sabah ). Sounds from a full ensemble of gongs.

This image is protected by copyright, no use of this image shall be granted without the written permission from Yaman Ibrahim.

We left early in the morning to Kundasang, Kinabalu Park, Ranau and further up to Poring. By the time we left Poring was already late for sunset. I have no choice to step up the throttle rushing for the sunset in Karambunai. Luck is on our side because the sunset was so beautiful. In this photo are myself, my wife and our three kids. Its so difficult to get them in the right position that I wanted especially our youngest one. You can see that I have to hold one of them so that they will not run away chasing the waves. :))

OK...I'm sensing that interest in these Christmas photos is waning. Actually, there is a VERY small, and very limited interest in Christmas photos on Flickr anyway. Such is life.

 

This will be the last of the Christmas decoration photos for this year. I may do a couple of specific detail shots -- like the Nutcracker diorama seen on top of the wood-burning stove in the mantle. I think, though, that the several shots I've uploaded of the room are sufficient for this year.

 

2015 will be a year of new and different types of photography. I'll be spending much more time in the studio, working on 'commercial'-type images. And I'll be attempting to guide folks through how some of the photos were made. A few will actually be interested.

 

TO EVERYONE:

 

English - Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year!

 

Afrikaans - Geseënde Kersfees en 'n gelukkige nuwe jaar! Geseënde Kersfees en 'n voorspoedige Nuwe jaar!

 

Akeanon - Maayad-ayad nga Paskwa! Mahigugmaon nga Bag-ong Dag-on kinyo tanan!

 

Albanian - Gëzuar Krishtlindjet e Vitin e Ri!

 

Aleut - Kamgan Ukudigaa!

 

Alsatian - E güeti Wïnâchte un e gleckichs Nej Johr!

 

Amharic - Melkam Gena! Melkam Addis Amet!

 

Apache (Western) - Gozhqq Keshmish!

 

Arabic (Modern Standard)أجمل التهاني بمناسبة الميلاد و حلول السنة الجديدة

 

(ajmil at-tihānī bimunāsabah al-mīlād wa ḥilūl as-sanah al-jadīdah)

 

Armenian (Eastern) - Շնորհավոր Ամանոր և Սուրբ Ծնունդ (Shnorhavor Amanor yev Surb Tznund)

 

Armenian (Western) - Շնորհաւոր Նոր Տարի եւ Սուրբ Ծնունդ: (Shnorhavor Nor Daree yev Soorp Dzuhnoont) Բարի կաղանդ և ամանոր (Paree gaghant yev amanor)

 

Aromanian - Cãrciun hãrios (Hristolu s-aflà! Dealihea cà s-afla!)

 

shi ti multsã-anji Anlu Nàù!

 

Asturian - Bones Navidaes y Gayoleru añu nuevu!

 

Aymara - Sooma Nawira-ra!

 

Azerbaijani - Yeni Iliniz Mübarək / Təzə iliniz yaxşı olsun!

 

Basque - Zorionak eta urte berri on!

 

Belarusian - З Божым нараджэннем! (Z Bozym naradzenniem!) Шчаслівых Калядау! (Szczaslivych Kaliadau!) З Новым годам i Калядамi! (Z Novym godam i Kaliadami!)

 

Bengali - শুভ বড়দিন (shubho bôṛodin) শুভ নববর্ষ (shubho nôbobôrsho)

 

Bikol - Maogmang Pasko! Mamura-way na Ba-gong Taon sa indo gabos!

 

Blackfoot - I'taamomahkatoyiiksistsikomi!

 

Bosnian - Sretan Bozic i sretna nova godina!

 

Breton - Nedeleg laouen ha bloavezh mat!

 

Bulgarian - Честита Коледа! (Čestita Koleda!) Щастлива Нова Година! (Štastliva Nova Godina!)

 

Catalan - Bon Nadal i feliç any nou!

 

Cebuano - Maayong Pasko! Mabungahong Bag-ong Tuig kaninyong tanan!

 

Chamorro - Felis Nåbidåt yan Magof na Åñu Nuebu! Felis Påsgua yan Magof na Åñu Nuebu!

 

Cherokee - Danistayohihv & Aliheli'sdi Itse Udetiyvasadisv!

 

Cheyenne - Hoesenestotse & Aa'eEmona'e!

 

Chinese (Cantonese) - 聖誕節同新年快樂 (singdaanjit tùnhg sànnìhn faailohk)

 

Chinese (Hakka) - 聖誕節快樂, 新年快樂 (shin5-tan5-ziet7 kwai5-lok8, sin1-ngien2 kwai5-lok8)

 

Chinese (Mandarin) - 聖誕快樂 新年快樂 [圣诞快乐 新年快乐] (shèngdàn kuàilè xīnnián kuàilè)

 

Chinese (Shanghainese) - 圣诞节快乐 (sendaijiq kualoq) 新年快乐 (sinni kualoq)

 

Chinese (Taiwanese) - Sèng-tàn-chiat Khòai-lo̍k (聖誕節快樂)

 

Sin-nî Chhut-thâu-thiⁿ (新年出頭天)

 

Chinese (Teochew) - 圣诞快乐 (siandang kuailak) 新年快乐 (singnin kuailak)

 

Choctaw - Yukpa, Nitak Hollo Chito!

 

Comanche - Tsaa Nu̶u̶sukatu̶̲ Waa Himaru̶!

 

Cornish - Nadelik Lowen ha Blydhen Nowydh Da! Nadelik Looan ha Looan Blethen Noweth! Nadelack looan ha looan blethan noueth!

 

Cree - Mitho Makosi Kesikansi!

 

Creek - Afvcke Nettvcakorakko!

 

Croatian - Sretan Božić! Sretna Nova godina!

 

Czech - Veselé vánoce a šťastný nový rok!

 

Danish - Glædelig jul og godt nytår!

 

Dutch - Prettige kerstdagen en een Gelukkig Nieuwjaar! Zalig kerstfeest en Gelukkig Nieuwjaar!

 

East Inuktitut - Quviasummi Quviasugitsi/Quviasuvvisiutsiarit ammalu Qitinngumarik!

 

Esperanto - Ĝojan/Bonan Kristnaskon kaj feliĉan novan jaron!

 

Estonian - Rõõmsaid Jõule ja Head Uut Aastat! Häid Jõule ja Head Uut Aastat!

 

Faroese - Gleðilig Jól og eydnuríkt nýggjár! Gleðilig Jól og gott nýggjár! Gleiðilig jól og eitt av harranum signað nýggjár!

 

Fijian - Me Nomuni na marau ni siga ni sucu dei na yabaki vou!

 

Finnish - Hyvää joulua ja onnellista uutta vuotta!

 

Flemish - Zalig Kerstfeest en Gelukkig nieuw jaar!

 

Frisian - Noflike Krystdagen en folle lok en seine!

 

French - Joyeux Noël et bonne année!

 

Friulian - Bon Nadâl e Biel An Gnûv!

 

Galician - Bo Nadal e próspero aninovo!

 

Georgian - გილოცავთ შობა-ახალ წელს (gilocavth shoba-akhal c’els) გილოცავ შობა-ახალ წელს (gilocav shoba-akhal c’els)

 

German - Fröhliche Weihnachten und ein gutes neues Jahr!

 

German (Bavarian) - Froue Weihnåcht'n, und a guad's nei's Joah!

 

German (Hessian) - Frohe Weihnachte unn ein gudes neus Jahr!

 

German (Swiss) - Schöni Wienachte und e guets neus Jahr! Schöni Wiehnachte und es guets Neus! Schöni Wiänachtä, äs guets Nöis!

 

German (Pennsylvania) - En frehlicher Grischtdaag un en hallich Nei Yaahr!

 

Greek - Καλά Χριστούγεννα! (kalá hristúyenna) Ευτυχισμένο το Νέο Έτος! (eftyhisméno to Néo Étos!) Καλή χρονιά! (kalí hroñá)

 

Greenlandic - Juullimi ukiortaasamilu pilluaritsi!

 

Hausa - Barka da Kirsimatikuma barka da sabuwar shekara!

 

Hawaiian - Mele Kalikimaka me ka Hauʻoli Makahiki Hou!

 

Hebrew - חג מולד שמח ושנה טובה Chag Molad Sameach v'Shanah Tovah

 

Hiligaynon - Malipayon nga Paskwa!

 

Mahamungayaon - Nga Bag-ong Tuig sa inyong tanan!

 

Hindi - शुभ क्रिसमस (Śubh krisamas) नये साल की हार्दिक शुभकामनायें (Naye sāl kī hārdik śubhkāmnayeṅ)

 

Hungarian - Kellemes karácsonyt és boldog új évet!

 

Icelandic - Gleðileg jól og farsælt komandi ár! Gleðileg jól og farsælt nýtt ár!

 

Ilokano - Naragsak a Paskua! Narang-ay a Baro a Tawen kadakayo amin!

 

Indonesian - Selamat hari natal dan tahun baru!

 

Inonhan - Malipayon nga Paskwa kag Masadya nga Bag-ong Tuig sa inyo tanan!

 

Inuktitut - Kuvianak Inovia! IñupiaqQuvianagli Anaiyyuniqpaliqsi suli Nakuuluni Ukiutqiutiqsi! InupiatunAnnaurri Aniruq-lu Paglaun Ukiutchiaq! Quvianaq Agaayuniqpak-lu Paglaun Ukiutchiaq! Nayaangmik Piqagiñ-lu Paglaun Ukiutchiaq!

 

Irish (Gaelic) - Nollaig shona duit! Beannachtaí na Nollag! Beannachtaí an tSéasúir! Athbhliain faoi mhaise duit! Bliain úr faoi shéan is faoi mhaise duit!

 

Italian - Buon Natale e felice anno nuovo!

 

Japanese - メリークリスマス (merī kurisumasu) 新年おめでとうございます (shinnen omedetō gozaimasu) 明けましておめでとうございます (akemashite omedetō gozaimasu) 旧年中大変お世話になりました (kyūnenjū taihen osewa ni narimashita) 本年もよろしくお願いいたします (honnen mo yoroshiku onegai itashimasu)

 

Jèrriais - Bouan Noué / Jouaiyeux Noué et Bouonne année! Un Bouan Noué et lé Nouvel An!

 

Judeo-Spanish / Ladino - Noel alegre i felis anyo muevo!

 

Kapampangan - Masayang Pasku! Masaplalang Bayung Banwa keko ngan!

 

Kazakh - Жаңа жыл құтты болсын! (Jaña jıl quttı bolsın!) Жаңа жылыңыз құтты болсын! (Jaña jılıñız quttı bolsın!)

 

Kinyarwanda - Noheri nziza n'umwaka mushya muhire!

 

Kirghiz - Жаны Жылыныздар куттуу болсун!

 

Korean - 즐거운 성탄절 보내세요 및 새해 복 많이 받으세요 (jeulgeoun seongtanjeol bonaeseyo mich saehae bok manhi bateusaeyo) 메리 크리스마스 잘 지내고 새해 복 많이 받으세요

 

(meri keuriseumaseu mich saehae bok manhi bateusaeyo)

 

Kurdish (Kurmanji) - Kirîsmes u ser sala we pîroz be!

 

Kurdish (Sorani) - Kirîsmes u salî nwêtan lê pîroz bê!

 

Lao - Souksan van Christmas! Sabai dee pee mai!

 

Latin - Natale hilare et annum faustum!

 

Latvian - Priecīgus Ziemassvētkus un laimīgu Jauno gadu!

 

Lithuanian - Linksmų Kalėdų ir laimingų Naujųjų Metų!

 

Luganda - Mbagaliza Christmass Enungi Nomwaka Omugya Gubaberere Gwamirembe!

 

Luxembourgish - E schéine Chrëschtdag an e glécklecht neit Joer!

 

Schéi Feierdeeg an e glécklecht neit Joer! Schéi Chrëschtdeeg an e gudde Rutsch an d'neit Joer!

 

Macedonian - Христос се роди! (Hristoc se rodi!) Среќен Божик и среќна Нова година! (Sreken Božik i srekna Nova godina)

 

Malagasy - Mirary noely sambatra! Arahabaina tratrin'ny taona vaovao!

 

Malay - Selamat Hari Natal! Selamat Tahun Baru!

 

Malayalam - പുഥുവല്സര ആശംസകല് (puthuvalsara aashamsakal) ക്രിസ്തുമസ് ആശംസകല് (kariistumasu aashamsakal) നവവല്സര ആശംസകല് (nava-valsara aashamsakal)

 

MalteseI - l-Milied Ħieni u s-Sena t-Tajba! Awguri għas-sena l-ġdid!

 

Manx - Nollick Ghennal as Blein Vie Noa!

 

Māori - Meri Kirihimete me ngā mihi o te tau hou ki a koutou katoa!

 

Marathi - शुभ नाताळ (Śubh Nātāḷ) नवीन वर्षच्या हार्दिक शुभेच्छा (Navīn varṣacyā hārdik śubhecchā)

 

Mongolian - Танд зул сарын баярын болон шинэ жилийн мэндийг хүргэе (Tand zul sariin bayriin bolon shine jiliin mendiig hurgey)

 

Navajo - Ya'at'eeh Keshmish!

 

Nepali - क्रस्मसको शुभकामना तथा नयाँ वर्षको शुभकामना

 

(krismas ko subhakamana tatha nayabarsha ko subhakamana)

 

Norwegian - God jul og godt nytt år! God jol og godt nyttår!

 

Occitan - Polit Nadal e bona annada!

 

Ogoni - Eenyie Mea Krist Ne Eenyie Aagbaa!

 

Old English - Glæd Geol and Gesælig Niw Gear!

 

Pangasinan - Maabig ya Pasko! Maaligwas ya Balon Taon ed sikayon amin!

 

Papiamentu - Bon Pasku i Felis Anja Nobo!

 

Persian - (kerismas mobārak) كریسمس مبارک

 

(sale no mobārak) سال نو مبارک

 

Polish - Wesołych świąt i szczęśliwego nowego roku!

 

Portuguese - Feliz Natal e próspero ano novo! Feliz Ano Novo!

 

Boas Festas e Feliz Ano Novo! Um Santo e Feliz Natal!

 

Punjab - iਕਰਿਸਮ ਤੇ ਨਵਾੰ ਸਾਲ ਖੁਸ਼ਿਯਾੰਵਾਲਾ ਹੋਵੇ (karisama te nawāṃ sāla khušayāṃwālā hewe)

 

Quenya - Alassëa Hristomerendë! Alassëa Vinyarië!

 

Rarotongan - Kia orana e kia manuia rava i teia Kiritimeti e te Mataiti Ou!

 

Romansh (Sursilvan dialect) - Legreivlas fiastas da Nadal ed in bien niev onn!

 

Romanian - Crăciun fericit şi un An Nou Fericit!

 

Russian - С наступающим Новым Годом! (S nastupayuščim Novym Godom) С Рождеством Христовым! (S Roždestvom Khristovym)

 

Samoan - Manuia le Kerisimasi, ma le Tausaga Fou!

 

Scots - A Blythe Yule an a Guid Hogmanay! Merry Christmas an a Guid Hogmanay!

 

Scottish - GaelicNollaig chridheil agus bliadhna mhath ùr!

 

Serbian (Orthodox) Христос се роди и срећна Нова година!

 

Serbian (Non-Orthodox) Срећан Божић и срећна Нова година!

 

Sesotho - Keresemese e monate le mahlohonolo a selemo se setjha!

 

Sicilian - Bon Natali e filici annu novu!

 

Sindarin - Mereth Veren e-Doled Eruion! Garo Idhrinn Eden Veren!

 

Slovak - Veselé vianoce a Štastný nový rok!

 

Slovenian - Vesel božič in Srečno novo leto!

 

Somali - Ciid wanaagsan iyo sanad cusub oo fiican!

 

Spanish - ¡Feliz Navidad y próspero año nuevo!

 

Swahili - Krismasi Njema! Heri ya krismas! Heri ya mwaka mpya!

 

Swedish - God jul och gott nytt år!

 

Tagalog - Maligayang Pasko, Manigong bagong taon!

 

Tamil - Nathar Puthu Varuda Valthukkal

 

Tahitian - Ia orana no te noere! Ia orana i te matahiti api!

 

Telugu - సంతోషకరమైన క్రిస్ఠ్మస్ ! (saṅthoashakaramaina kristmas) మరియు నూతన సంవత్సర శుభాకాంక్షలు (mariyu noothana saṅvathsara shubhaakaaṅkshalu)

 

Thai - สุขสันต์วันคริสต์มาส และสวัสดีปีใหม (souksaan wan Christmas sawatdii pimaï)

 

Tibetan - Iosalazashidele

 

Tigrinya - rHus beˋal ldet (ygberelka) rHus əwed ˋamet (ygberelka)

 

Tongan - Kilisimasi fiefia mo ha ta'u fo'ou monū'ia!

 

Tsotsil - Xmuyubajuk ti avo'one ti ta k'ine xchu'uk ti ta ach' jabile!

 

Turkish - İyi Noeller ve Mutlu Yıllar! İyi seneler / Yeni yılınız kutlu olsun! Yeni yılınızı kutlar, sağlık ve başarılar dileriz!

 

Ukrainian - Веселого Різдва і з Новим Роком!

 

Urdu - کرسمَس مبارک

 

نايا سال مبارک هو

 

بڑدا دنمبارک هو

 

Uzbek - Yangi yilingiz bilan!

 

Vietnamese - Chúc Giáng Sinh Vui Vẻ và Chúc Năm Mới Tốt Lành!

 

Volapük - Lemotöfazäli yofik e nulayeli läbik!

 

Võro - Hüvvä joulu ja õnnõlikku vahtsõt aastakka!

 

Waray-Waray - Maupay nga Pasko! Mainuswagon nga Bag-ong Tuig ha iyo ngatanan!

 

Welsh - Nadolig llawen a blwyddyn newydd dda!

 

West Inuktitun - Quvianaq Qitchirvik/Quviahugitsi Quviahugvingmi amma Quvianaq Ukiuaq Nutaaq Tikingmivuq!

 

Xhosa - Siniqwenelela Ikrisimesi Emnandi Nonyaka Omtsha Ozele Iintsikelelo!

 

Yorùbá - Ẹ ku Ayọ Keresimesi ati Ọdun Tuntun!

 

Zulu - Sinifesela uKhisimusi oMuhle noNyaka oMusha oNempumelelo!

 

Bahasa Malaysia - Selamat Hari Natal!

 

Bengali - Shuvo Baro Din - Shuvo Nabo Barsho!

 

Corsican - Bon Natale e Bon capu d' annu!

 

Crazanian - Rot Yikji Dol La Roo!

 

Duri - Christmas-e- Shoma Mobarak!

 

Eskimo - Jutdlime pivdluarit ukiortame pivdluaritlo!

 

Indonesian -Selamat Hari Natal!

 

Karelian - Rastawanke Sinun, Uvven Vuvenke Sinun!

 

Lappic - Buorit Juovllat ja Buorre Oddajahki!

 

Lausitzian - Wjesole hody a strowe nowe leto!

 

Livian - Riiemlizi Talspividi ja pagin vonno udaigastos!

 

Low Saxon - Heughliche Winachten un 'n moi Nijaar!

 

Marathi - Shub Naya Varsh!

 

Maori - Meri Kirihimete!

 

Monogasque - Festusu Natale e Bona ana noeva!

 

Oriya -Sukhamaya christmass ebang khusibhara naba barsa!

 

Papua New Guinea - Bikpela hamamas blong dispela Krismas na Nupela yia i go long yu!

 

Philippines Maligayang - Pasco at Manigong Bagong Taon!

 

Pashto - De Christmas akhtar de bakhtawar au newai kal de mubarak sha!

 

Punjabi - Nave sal di mubaraka!

 

Pushto - Christmas Aao Ne-way Kaal Mo Mobarak Sha!

 

Raeto-Ramance - Bella Festas da zNadal ed in Ventiravel Onn Nov!

 

Rhetian - Bellas festas da nadal e bun onn!

 

Romanche - Legreivlas fiastas da Nadal e bien niev onn!

 

Romani (GYPSY) - Bachtalo krecunu Thaj Bachtalo Nevo Bers!

 

Sami - Buorrit Juovllat!

 

Samoan - Manuia le Kerisimasi ma le Tausaga Fou!

 

Sardian - Felize Nadale e Bonu Cabuannu!

 

Sardinian -Bonu nadale e prosperu annu nou!

 

Surinamese (SRANANTONGO) - Wan Santa Bedaki!

 

Singhalese - Subha nath thalak Vewa. Subha Aluth Awrudhak Vewa!

 

Sorbian - Wjesole hody a strowe Nowe leto!

 

Somali - Ciid wanaagsan iyo sanad cusub oo fiican!

 

Sudanese - Wilujeng Natal Sareng Warsa Enggal!

 

Tagalog - Maligayang Pasko at Manigong Bagong Taon!

 

Tamil - Nathar Puthu Varuda Valthukkal!

 

Tok Pisin - Meri Krismas & Hepi Nu Yia!

 

Tongan - Kilisimasi Fiefia & Ta'u fo'ou monu ia!

 

Tswana - Keresemose o monate le masego a ngwaga o montsha!

 

Urdu - Naya Saal Mubarak Ho!

 

Vanina - Bon Natale a Tutti!

 

Vepsi - Rastvoidenke i Udenke Vodenke!

 

Yayeya - Krisema!

 

Afrikander - Een Plesierige Kerfees!

 

Tigrinja - Rehus-Beal-Ledeats!

 

Assyrian - Eidokhon Avee Brikha!

 

Azari - Bayramez Mobarak Olsen!

 

Bicolano - Maugmang Capascuhan asin Masaganang Ba-gong Taon!

 

Iban - Selamat Ari Krismas enggau Taun Baru!

 

Kadazan -Kotobian Tadau Do Krimas om Toun Vagu!

 

Trukeese - Neekirissimas annim oo iyer seefe feyiyeech!

 

Sobota - Dobro dedek!

 

Udmurt - Shuldyr Ymuśton!

 

Iroquois - Ojenyunyat Sungwiyadeson honungradon nagwutut. Ojenyunyat osrasay!

1 3 4 5 6 7 ••• 74 75