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Detail of the Hammurabi Stele Replica in the Iran 'Bastan' National Museum.

 

* This photo was blogged here

 

Translation of the Hammurabi Codex (by L.W. King):

 

When Anu the Sublime, King of the Anunaki, and Bel, the lord of Heaven and earth, who decreed the fate of the land, assigned to Marduk, the over-ruling son of Ea, God of righteousness, dominion over earthly man, and made him great among the Igigi, they called Babylon by his illustrious name, made it great on earth, and founded an everlasting kingdom in it, whose foundations are laid so solidly as those of heaven and earth; then Anu and Bel called by name me, Hammurabi, the exalted prince, who feared God, to bring about the rule of righteousness in the land, to destroy the wicked and the evil-doers; so that the strong should not harm the weak; so that I should rule over the black-headed people like Shamash, and enlighten the land, to further the well-being of mankind.

 

Hammurabi, the prince, called of Bel am I, making riches and increase, enriching Nippur and Dur-ilu beyond compare, sublime patron of E-kur; who reestablished Eridu and purified the worship of E-apsu; who conquered the four quarters of the world, made great the name of Babylon, rejoiced the heart of Marduk, his lord who daily pays his devotions in Saggil; the royal scion whom Sin made; who enriched Ur; the humble, the reverent, who brings wealth to Gish-shir-gal; the white king, heard of Shamash, the mighty, who again laid the foundations of Sippara; who clothed the gravestones of Malkat with green; who made E-babbar great, which is like the heavens, the warrior who guarded Larsa and renewed E-babbar, with Shamash as his helper; the lord who granted new life to Uruk, who brought plenteous water to its inhabitants, raised the head of E-anna, and perfected the beauty of Anu and Nana; shield of the land, who reunited the scattered inhabitants of Isin; who richly endowed E-gal-mach; the protecting king of the city, brother of the god Zamama; who firmly founded the farms of Kish, crowned E-me-te-ursag with glory, redoubled the great holy treasures of Nana, managed the temple of Harsag-kalama; the grave of the enemy, whose help brought about the victory; who increased the power of Cuthah; made all glorious in E-shidlam, the black steer, who gored the enemy; beloved of the god Nebo, who rejoiced the inhabitants of Borsippa, the Sublime; who is indefatigable for E-zida; the divine king of the city; the White, Wise; who broadened the fields of Dilbat, who heaped up the harvests for Urash; the Mighty, the lord to whom come scepter and crown, with which he clothes himself; the Elect of Ma-ma; who fixed the temple bounds of Kesh, who made rich the holy feasts of Nin-tu; the provident, solicitous, who provided food and drink for Lagash and Girsu, who provided large sacrificial offerings for the temple of Ningirsu; who captured the enemy, the Elect of the oracle who fulfilled the prediction of Hallab, who rejoiced the heart of Anunit; the pure prince, whose prayer is accepted by Adad; who satisfied the heart of Adad, the warrior, in Karkar, who restored the vessels for worship in E-ud-gal-gal; the king who granted life to the city of Adab; the guide of E-mach; the princely king of the city, the irresistible warrior, who granted life to the inhabitants of Mashkanshabri, and brought abundance to the temple of Shidlam; the White, Potent, who penetrated the secret cave of the bandits, saved the inhabitants of Malka from misfortune, and fixed their home fast in wealth; who established pure sacrificial gifts for Ea and Dam-gal-nun-na, who made his kingdom everlastingly great; the princely king of the city, who subjected the districts on the Ud-kib-nun-na Canal to the sway of Dagon, his Creator; who spared the inhabitants of Mera and Tutul; the sublime prince, who makes the face of Ninni shine; who presents holy meals to the divinity of Nin-a-zu, who cared for its inhabitants in their need, provided a portion for them in Babylon in peace; the shepherd of the oppressed and of the slaves; whose deeds find favor before Anunit, who provided for Anunit in the temple of Dumash in the suburb of Agade; who recognizes the right, who rules by law; who gave back to the city of Ashur its protecting god; who let the name of Ishtar of Nineveh remain in E-mish-mish; the Sublime, who humbles himself before the great gods; successor of Sumula-il; the mighty son of Sin-muballit; the royal scion of Eternity; the mighty monarch, the sun of Babylon, whose rays shed light over the land of Sumer and Akkad; the king, obeyed by the four quarters of the world; Beloved of Ninni, am I.

 

When Marduk sent me to rule over men, to give the protection of right to the land, I did right and righteousness in ..., and brought about the well-being of the oppressed.

 

The Code of Laws

 

1. If any one ensnare another, putting a ban upon him, but he can not prove it, then he that ensnared him shall be put to death.

 

2. If any one bring an accusation against a man, and the accused go to the river and leap into the river, if he sink in the river his accuser shall take possession of his house. But if the river prove that the accused is not guilty, and he escape unhurt, then he who had brought the accusation shall be put to death, while he who leaped into the river shall take possession of the house that had belonged to his accuser.

 

3. If any one bring an accusation of any crime before the elders, and does not prove what he has charged, he shall, if it be a capital offense charged, be put to death.

 

4. If he satisfy the elders to impose a fine of grain or money, he shall receive the fine that the action produces.

 

5. If a judge try a case, reach a decision, and present his judgment in writing; if later error shall appear in his decision, and it be through his own fault, then he shall pay twelve times the fine set by him in the case, and he shall be publicly removed from the judge's bench, and never again shall he sit there to render judgement.

 

6. If any one steal the property of a temple or of the court, he shall be put to death, and also the one who receives the stolen thing from him shall be put to death.

 

7. If any one buy from the son or the slave of another man, without witnesses or a contract, silver or gold, a male or female slave, an ox or a sheep, an ass or anything, or if he take it in charge, he is considered a thief and shall be put to death.

 

8. If any one steal cattle or sheep, or an ass, or a pig or a goat, if it belong to a god or to the court, the thief shall pay thirtyfold therefor; if they belonged to a freed man of the king he shall pay tenfold; if the thief has nothing with which to pay he shall be put to death.

 

9. If any one lose an article, and find it in the possession of another: if the person in whose possession the thing is found say "A merchant sold it to me, I paid for it before witnesses," and if the owner of the thing say, "I will bring witnesses who know my property," then shall the purchaser bring the merchant who sold it to him, and the witnesses before whom he bought it, and the owner shall bring witnesses who can identify his property. The judge shall examine their testimony -- both of the witnesses before whom the price was paid, and of the witnesses who identify the lost article on oath. The merchant is then proved to be a thief and shall be put to death. The owner of the lost article receives his property, and he who bought it receives the money he paid from the estate of the merchant.

 

10. If the purchaser does not bring the merchant and the witnesses before whom he bought the article, but its owner bring witnesses who identify it, then the buyer is the thief and shall be put to death, and the owner receives the lost article.

 

11. If the owner do not bring witnesses to identify the lost article, he is an evil-doer, he has traduced, and shall be put to death.

 

12. If the witnesses be not at hand, then shall the judge set a limit, at the expiration of six months. If his witnesses have not appeared within the six months, he is an evil-doer, and shall bear the fine of the pending case.

 

14. If any one steal the minor son of another, he shall be put to death.

 

15. If any one take a male or female slave of the court, or a male or female slave of a freed man, outside the city gates, he shall be put to death.

 

16. If any one receive into his house a runaway male or female slave of the court, or of a freedman, and does not bring it out at the public proclamation of the major domus, the master of the house shall be put to death.

 

17. If any one find runaway male or female slaves in the open country and bring them to their masters, the master of the slaves shall pay him two shekels of silver.

 

18. If the slave will not give the name of the master, the finder shall bring him to the palace; a further investigation must follow, and the slave shall be returned to his master.

 

19. If he hold the slaves in his house, and they are caught there, he shall be put to death.

 

20. If the slave that he caught run away from him, then shall he swear to the owners of the slave, and he is free of all blame.

 

21. If any one break a hole into a house (break in to steal), he shall be put to death before that hole and be buried.

 

22. If any one is committing a robbery and is caught, then he shall be put to death.

 

23. If the robber is not caught, then shall he who was robbed claim under oath the amount of his loss; then shall the community, and ... on whose ground and territory and in whose domain it was compensate him for the goods stolen.

 

24. If persons are stolen, then shall the community and ... pay one mina of silver to their relatives.

 

25. If fire break out in a house, and some one who comes to put it out cast his eye upon the property of the owner of the house, and take the property of the master of the house, he shall be thrown into that self-same fire.

 

26. If a chieftain or a man (common soldier), who has been ordered to go upon the king's highway for war does not go, but hires a mercenary, if he withholds the compensation, then shall this officer or man be put to death, and he who represented him shall take possession of his house.

 

27. If a chieftain or man be caught in the misfortune of the king (captured in battle), and if his fields and garden be given to another and he take possession, if he return and reaches his place, his field and garden shall be returned to him, he shall take it over again.

 

28. If a chieftain or a man be caught in the misfortune of a king, if his son is able to enter into possession, then the field and garden shall be given to him, he shall take over the fee of his father.

 

29. If his son is still young, and can not take possession, a third of the field and garden shall be given to his mother, and she shall bring him up.

 

30. If a chieftain or a man leave his house, garden, and field and hires it out, and some one else takes possession of his house, garden, and field and uses it for three years: if the first owner return and claims his house, garden, and field, it shall not be given to him, but he who has taken possession of it and used it shall continue to use it.

 

31. If he hire it out for one year and then return, the house, garden, and field shall be given back to him, and he shall take it over again.

 

32. If a chieftain or a man is captured on the "Way of the King" (in war), and a merchant buy him free, and bring him back to his place; if he have the means in his house to buy his freedom, he shall buy himself free: if he have nothing in his house with which to buy himself free, he shall be bought free by the temple of his community; if there be nothing in the temple with which to buy him free, the court shall buy his freedom. His field, garden, and house shall not be given for the purchase of his freedom.

 

33. If a ... or a ... enter himself as withdrawn from the "Way of the King," and send a mercenary as substitute, but withdraw him, then the ... or ... shall be put to death.

 

34. If a ... or a ... harm the property of a captain, injure the captain, or take away from the captain a gift presented to him by the king, then the ... or ... shall be put to death.

 

35. If any one buy the cattle or sheep which the king has given to chieftains from him, he loses his money.

 

36. The field, garden, and house of a chieftain, of a man, or of one subject to quit-rent, can not be sold.

 

37. If any one buy the field, garden, and house of a chieftain, man, or one subject to quit-rent, his contract tablet of sale shall be broken (declared invalid) and he loses his money. The field, garden, and house return to their owners.

 

38. A chieftain, man, or one subject to quit-rent can not assign his tenure of field, house, and garden to his wife or daughter, nor can he assign it for a debt.

 

39. He may, however, assign a field, garden, or house which he has bought, and holds as property, to his wife or daughter or give it for debt.

 

40. He may sell field, garden, and house to a merchant (royal agents) or to any other public official, the buyer holding field, house, and garden for its usufruct.

 

41. If any one fence in the field, garden, and house of a chieftain, man, or one subject to quit-rent, furnishing the palings therefor; if the chieftain, man, or one subject to quit-rent return to field, garden, and house, the palings which were given to him become his property.

 

42. If any one take over a field to till it, and obtain no harvest therefrom, it must be proved that he did no work on the field, and he must deliver grain, just as his neighbor raised, to the owner of the field.

 

43. If he do not till the field, but let it lie fallow, he shall give grain like his neighbor's to the owner of the field, and the field which he let lie fallow he must plow and sow and return to its owner.

 

44. If any one take over a waste-lying field to make it arable, but is lazy, and does not make it arable, he shall plow the fallow field in the fourth year, harrow it and till it, and give it back to its owner, and for each ten gan (a measure of area) ten gur of grain shall be paid.

 

45. If a man rent his field for tillage for a fixed rental, and receive the rent of his field, but bad weather come and destroy the harvest, the injury falls upon the tiller of the soil.

 

46. If he do not receive a fixed rental for his field, but lets it on half or third shares of the harvest, the grain on the field shall be divided proportionately between the tiller and the owner.

 

47. If the tiller, because he did not succeed in the first year, has had the soil tilled by others, the owner may raise no objection; the field has been cultivated and he receives the harvest according to agreement.

 

48. If any one owe a debt for a loan, and a storm prostrates the grain, or the harvest fail, or the grain does not grow for lack of water; in that year he need not give his creditor any grain, he washes his debt-tablet in water and pays no rent for this year.

 

49. If any one take money from a merchant, and give the merchant a field tillable for corn or sesame and order him to plant corn or sesame in the field, and to harvest the crop; if the cultivator plant corn or sesame in the field, at the harvest the corn or sesame that is in the field shall belong to the owner of the field and he shall pay corn as rent, for the money he received from the merchant, and the livelihood of the cultivator shall he give to the merchant.

 

50. If he give a cultivated corn-field or a cultivated sesame-field, the corn or sesame in the field shall belong to the owner of the field, and he shall return the money to the merchant as rent.

 

51. If he have no money to repay, then he shall pay in corn or sesame in place of the money as rent for what he received from the merchant, according to the royal tariff.

 

52. If the cultivator do not plant corn or sesame in the field, the debtor's contract is not weakened.

 

53. If any one be too lazy to keep his dam in proper condition, and does not so keep it; if then the dam break and all the fields be flooded, then shall he in whose dam the break occurred be sold for money, and the money shall replace the corn which he has caused to be ruined.

 

54. If he be not able to replace the corn, then he and his possessions shall be divided among the farmers whose corn he has flooded.

 

55. If any one open his ditches to water his crop, but is careless, and the water flood the field of his neighbor, then he shall pay his neighbor corn for his loss.

 

56. If a man let in the water, and the water overflow the plantation of his neighbor, he shall pay ten gur of corn for every ten gan of land.

 

57. If a shepherd, without the permission of the owner of the field, and without the knowledge of the owner of the sheep, lets the sheep into a field to graze, then the owner of the field shall harvest his crop, and the shepherd, who had pastured his flock there without permission of the owner of the field, shall pay to the owner twenty gur of corn for every ten gan.

 

58. If after the flocks have left the pasture and been shut up in the common fold at the city gate, any shepherd let them into a field and they graze there, this shepherd shall take possession of the field which he has allowed to be grazed on, and at the harvest he must pay sixty gur of corn for every ten gan.

 

59. If any man, without the knowledge of the owner of a garden, fell a tree in a garden he shall pay half a mina in money.

 

60. If any one give over a field to a gardener, for him to plant it as a garden, if he work at it, and care for it for four years, in the fifth year the owner and the gardener shall divide it, the owner taking his part in charge.

 

61. If the gardener has not completed the planting of the field, leaving one part unused, this shall be assigned to him as his.

 

62. If he do not plant the field that was given over to him as a garden, if it be arable land (for corn or sesame) the gardener shall pay the owner the produce of the field for the years that he let it lie fallow, according to the product of neighboring fields, put the field in arable condition and return it to its owner.

 

63. If he transform waste land into arable fields and return it to its owner, the latter shall pay him for one year ten gur for ten gan.

 

64. If any one hand over his garden to a gardener to work, the gardener shall pay to its owner two-thirds of the produce of the garden, for so long as he has it in possession, and the other third shall he keep.

 

65. If the gardener do not work in the garden and the product fall off, the gardener shall pay in proportion to other neighboring gardens.

 

[The text for laws 66 through 99 is missing]

 

100. ... interest for the money, as much as he has received, he shall give a note therefor, and on the day, when they settle, pay to the merchant.

 

101. If there are no mercantile arrangements in the place whither he went, he shall leave the entire amount of money which he received with the broker to give to the merchant.

 

102. If a merchant entrust money to an agent (broker) for some investment, and the broker suffer a loss in the place to which he goes, he shall make good the capital to the merchant.

 

103. If, while on the journey, an enemy take away from him anything that he had, the broker shall swear by God and be free of obligation.

 

104. If a merchant give an agent corn, wool, oil, or any other goods to transport, the agent shall give a receipt for the amount, and compensate the merchant therefor. Then he shall obtain a receipt form the merchant for the money that he gives the merchant.

 

105. If the agent is careless, and does not take a receipt for the money which he gave the merchant, he can not consider the unreceipted money as his own.

 

106. If the agent accept money from the merchant, but have a quarrel with the merchant (denying the receipt), then shall the merchant swear before God and witnesses that he has given this money to the agent, and the agent shall pay him three times the sum.

 

107. If the merchant cheat the agent, in that as the latter has returned to him all that had been given him, but the merchant denies the receipt of what had been returned to him, then shall this agent convict the merchant before God and the judges, and if he still deny receiving what the agent had given him shall pay six times the sum to the agent.

 

108. If a tavern-keeper (feminine) does not accept corn according to gross weight in payment of drink, but takes money, and the price of the drink is less than that of the corn, she shall be convicted and thrown into the water.

 

109. If conspirators meet in the house of a tavern-keeper, and these conspirators are not captured and delivered to the court, the tavern-keeper shall be put to death.

 

110. If a "sister of a god" open a tavern, or enter a tavern to drink, then shall this woman be burned to death.

 

111. If an inn-keeper furnish sixty ka of usakani-drink to ... she shall receive fifty ka of corn at the harvest.

 

112. If any one be on a journey and entrust silver, gold, precious stones, or any movable property to another, and wish to recover it from him; if the latter do not bring all of the property to the appointed place, but appropriate it to his own use, then shall this man, who did not bring the property to hand it over, be convicted, and he shall pay fivefold for all that had been entrusted to him.

 

113. If any one have consignment of corn or money, and he take from the granary or box without the knowledge of the owner, then shall he who took corn without the knowledge of the owner out of the granary or money out of the box be legally convicted, and repay the corn he has taken. And he shall lose whatever commission was paid to him, or due him.

 

114. If a man have no claim on another for corn and money, and try to demand it by force, he shall pay one-third of a mina of silver in every case.

 

115. If any one have a claim for corn or money upon another and imprison him; if the prisoner die in prison a natural death, the case shall go no further.

 

116. If the prisoner die in prison from blows or maltreatment, the master of the prisoner shall convict the merchant before the judge. If he was a free-born man, the son of the merchant shall be put to death; if it was a slave, he shall pay one-third of a mina of gold, and all that the master of the prisoner gave he shall forfeit.

 

117. If any one fail to meet a claim for debt, and sell himself, his wife, his son, and daughter for money or give them away to forced labor: they shall work for three years in the house of the man who bought them, or the proprietor, and in the fourth year they shall be set free.

 

118. If he give a male or female slave away for forced labor, and the merchant sublease them, or sell them for money, no objection can be raised.

 

119. If any one fail to meet a claim for debt, and he sell the maid servant who has borne him children, for money, the money which the merchant has paid shall be repaid to him by the owner of the slave and she shall be freed.

 

120. If any one store corn for safe keeping in another person's house, and any harm happen to the corn in storage, or if the owner of the house open the granary and take some of the corn, or if especially he deny that the corn was stored in his house: then the owner of the corn shall claim his corn before God (on oath), and the owner of the house shall pay its owner for all of the corn that he took.

 

121. If any one store corn in another man's house he shall pay him storage at the rate of one gur for every five ka of corn per year.

 

122. If any one give another silver, gold, or anything else to keep, he shall show everything to some witness, draw up a contract, and then hand it over for safe keeping.

 

123. If he turn it over for safe keeping without witness or contract, and if he to whom it was given deny it, then he has no legitimate claim.

 

124. If any one deliver silver, gold, or anything else to another for safe keeping, before a witness, but he deny it, he shall be brought before a judge, and all that he has denied he shall pay in full.

 

125. If any one place his property with another for safe keeping, and there, either through thieves or robbers, his property and the property of the other man be lost, the owner of the house, through whose neglect the loss took place, shall compensate the owner for all that was given to him in charge. But the owner of the house shall try to follow up and recover his property, and take it away from the thief.

 

126. If any one who has not lost his goods state that they have been lost, and make false claims: if he claim his goods and amount of injury before God, even though he has not lost them, he shall be fully compensated for all his loss claimed. (I.e., the oath is all that is needed.)

 

127. If any one "point the finger" (slander) at a sister of a god or the wife of any one, and can not prove it, this man shall be taken before the judges and his brow shall be marked. (by cutting the skin, or perhaps hair.)

 

128. If a man take a woman to wife, but have no intercourse with her, this woman is no wife to him.

 

129. If a man's wife be surprised (in flagrante delicto) with another man, both shall be tied and thrown into the water, but the husband may pardon his wife and the king his slaves.

 

130. If a man violate the wife (betrothed or child-wife) of another man, who has never known a man, and still lives in her father's house, and sleep with her and be surprised, this man shall be put to death, but the wife is blameless.

 

131. If a man bring a charge against one's wife, but she is not surprised with another man, she must take an oath and then may return to her house.

 

132. If the "finger is pointed" at a man's wife about another man, but she is not caught sleeping with the other man, she shall jump into the river for her husband.

 

133. If a man is taken prisoner in war, and there is a sustenance in his house, but his wife leave house and court, and go to another house: because this wife did not keep her court, and went to another house, she shall be judicially condemned and thrown into the water.

 

134. If any one be captured in war and there is not sustenance in his house, if then his wife go to another house this woman shall be held blameless.

 

135. If a man be taken prisoner in war and there be no sustenance in his house and his wife go to another house and bear children; and if later her husband return and come to his home: then this wife shall return to her husband, but the children follow their father.

 

136. If any one leave his house, run away, and then his wife go to another house, if then he return, and wishes to take his wife back: because he fled from his home and ran away, the wife of this runaway shall not return to her husband.

 

137. If a man wish to separate from a woman who has borne him children, or from his wife who has borne him children: then he shall give that wife her dowry, and a part of the usufruct of field, garden, and property, so that she can rear her children. When she has brought up her children, a portion of all that is given to the children, equal as that of one son, shall be given to her. She may then marry the man of her heart.

 

138. If a man wishes to separate from his wife who has borne him no children, he shall give her the amount of her purchase money and the dowry which she brought from her father's house, and let her go.

 

139. If there was no purchase price he shall give her one mina of gold as a gift of release.

 

140. If he be a freed man he shall give her one-third of a mina of gold.

 

141. If a man's wife, who lives in his house, wishes to leave it, plunges into debt, tries to ruin her house, neglects her husband, and is judicially convicted: if her husband offer her release, she may go on her way, and he gives her nothing as a gift of release. If her husband does not wish to release her, and if he take another wife, she shall remain as servant in her husband's house.

 

142. If a woman quarrel with her husband, and say: "You are not congenial to me," the reasons for her prejudice must be presented. If she is guiltless, and there is no fault on her part, but he leaves and neglects her, then no guilt attaches to this woman, she shall take her dowry and go back to her father's house.

 

143. If she is not innocent, but leaves her husband, and ruins her house, neglecting her husband, this woman shall be cast into the water.

 

144. If a man take a wife and this woman give her husband a maid-servant, and she bear him children, but this man wishes to take another wife, this shall not be permitted to him; he shall not take a second wife.

 

145. If a man take a wife, and she bear him no children, and he intend to take another wife: if he take this second wife, and bring her into the house, this second wife shall not be allowed equality with his wife.

 

146. If a man take a wife and she give this man a maid-servant as wife and she bear him children, and then this maid assume equality with the wife: because she has borne him children her master shall not sell her for money, but he may keep her as a slave, reckoning her among the maid-servants.

 

147. If she have not borne him children, then her mistress may sell her for money.

 

148. If a man take a wife, and she be seized by disease, if he then desire to take a second wife he shall not put away his wife, who has been attacked by disease, but he shall keep her in the house which he has built and support her so long as she lives.

 

149. If this woman does not wish to remain in her husband's house, then he shall compensate her for the dowry that she brought with her from her father's house, and she may go.

 

150. If a man give his wife a field, garden, and house and a deed therefor, if then after the death of her husband the sons raise no claim, then the mother may bequeath all to one of her sons whom she prefers, and need leave nothing to his brothers.

 

151. If a woman who lived in a man's house made an agreement with her husband, that no creditor can arrest her, and has given a document therefor: if that man, before he married that woman, had a debt, the creditor can not hold the woman for it. But if the woman, before she entered the man's house, had contracted a debt, her creditor can not arrest her husband therefor.

 

152. If after the woman had entered the man's house, both contracted a debt, both must pay the merchant.

 

153. If the wife of one man on account of another man has their mates (her husband and the other man's wife) murdered, both of them shall be impaled.

 

154. If a man be guilty of incest with his daughter, he shall be driven from the place (exiled).

 

155. If a man betroth a girl to his son, and his son have intercourse with her, but he (the father) afterward defile her, and be surprised, then he shall be bound and cast into the water (drowned).

 

156. If a man betroth a girl to his son, but his son has not known her, and if then he defile her, he shall pay her half a gold mina, and compensate her for all that she brought out of her father's house. She may marry the man of her heart.

 

157. If any one be guilty of incest with his mother after his father, both shall be burned.

 

158. If any one be surprised after his father with his chief wife, who has borne children, he shall be driven out of his father's house.

 

159. If any one, who has brought chattels into his father-in-law's house, and has paid the purchase-money, looks for another wife, and says to his father-in-law: "I do not want your daughter," the girl's father may keep all that he had brought.

 

160. If a man bring chattels into the house of his father-in-law, and pay the "purchase price" (for his wife): if then the father of the girl say: "I will not give you my daughter," he shall give him back all that he brought with him.

 

161. If a man bring chattels into his father-in-law's house and pay the "purchase price," if then his friend slander him, and his father-in-law say to the young husband: "You shall not marry my daughter," the he shall give back to him undiminished all that he had brought with him; but his wife shall not be married to the friend.

 

162. If a man marry a woman, and she bear sons to him; if then this woman die, then shall her father have no claim on her dowry; this belongs to her sons.

 

163. If a man marry a woman and she bear him no sons; if then this woman die, if the "purchase price" which he had paid into the house of his father-in-law is repaid to him, her husband shall have no claim upon the dowry of this woman; it belongs to her father's house.

 

164. If his father-in-law do not pay back to him the amount of the "purchase price" he may subtract the amount of the "Purchase price" from the dowry, and then pay the remainder to her father's house.

 

165. If a man give to one of his sons whom he prefers a field, garden, and house, and a deed therefor: if later the father die, and the brothers divide the estate, then they shall first give him the present of his father, and he shall accept it; and the rest of the paternal property shall they divide.

 

166. If a man take wives for his son, but take no wife for his minor son, and if then he die: if the sons divide the estate, they shall set aside besides his portion the money for the "purchase price" for the minor brother who had taken no wife as yet, and secure a wife for him.

 

167. If a man marry a wife and she bear him children: if this wife die and he then take another wife and she bear him children: if then the father die, the sons must not partition the estate according to the mothers, they shall divide the dowries of their mothers only in this way; the paternal estate they shall divide equally with one another.

 

168. If a man wish to put his son out of his house, and declare before the judge: "I want to put my son out," then the judge shall examine into his reasons. If the son be guilty of no great fault, for which he can be rightfully put out, the father shall not put him out.

 

169. If he be guilty of a grave fault, which should rightfully deprive him of the filial relationship, the father shall forgive him the first time; but if he be guilty of a grave fault a second time the father may deprive his son of all filial relation.

 

170. If his wife bear sons to a man, or his maid-servant have borne sons, and the father while still living says to the children whom his maid-servant has borne: "My sons," and he count them with the sons of his wife; if then the father die, then the sons of the wife and of the maid-servant shall divide the paternal property in common. The son of the wife is to partition and choose.

 

171. If, however, the father while still living did not say to the sons of the maid-servant: "My sons," and then the father dies, then the sons of the maid-servant shall not share with the sons of the wife, but the freedom of the maid and her sons shall be granted. The sons of the wife shall have no right to enslave the sons of the maid; the wife shall take her dowry (from her father), and the gift that her husband gave her and deeded to her (separate from dowry, or the purchase-money paid her father), and live in the home of her husband: so long as she lives she shall use it, it shall not be sold for money. Whatever she leaves shall belong to her children.

 

172. If her husband made her no gift, she shall be compensated for her gift, and she shall receive a portion from the estate of her husband, equal to that of one child. If her sons oppress her, to force her out of the house, the judge shall examine into the matter, and if the sons are at fault the woman shall not leave her husband's house. If the woman desire to leave the house, she must leave to her sons the gift which her husband gave her, but she may take the dowry of her father's house. Then she may marry the man of her heart.

 

173. If this woman bear sons to her second husband, in the place to which she went, and then die, her earlier and later sons shall divide the dowry between them.

 

174. If she bear no sons to her second husband, the sons of her first husband shall have the dowry.

 

175. If a State slave or the slave of a freed man marry the daughter of a free man, and children are born, the master of the slave shall have no right to enslave the children of the free.

 

176. If, however, a State slave or the slave of a freed man marry a man's daughter, and after he marries her she bring a dowry from a father's house, if then they both enjoy it and found a household, and accumulate means, if then the slave die, then she who was free born may take her dowry, and all that her husband and she had earned; she shall divide them into two parts, one-half the master for the slave shall take, and the other half shall the free-born woman take for her children. If the free-born woman had no gift she shall take all that her husband and she had earned and divide it into two parts; and the master of the slave shall take one-half and she shall take the other for her children.

 

177. If a widow, whose children are not grown, wishes to enter another house (remarry), she shall not enter it without the knowledge of the judge. If she enter another house the judge shall examine the state of the house of her first husband. Then the house of her first husband shall be entrusted to the second husband and the woman herself as managers. And a record must be made thereof. She shall keep the house in order, bring up the children, and not sell the house-hold utensils. He who buys the utensils of the children of a widow shall lose his money, and the goods shall return to their owners.

 

178. If a "devoted woman" or a prostitute to whom her father has given a dowry and a deed therefor, but if in this deed it is not stated that she may bequeath it as she pleases, and has not explicitly stated that she has the right of disposal; if then her father die, then her brothers shall hold her field and garden, and give her corn, oil, and milk according to her portion, and satisfy her. If her brothers do not give her corn, oil, and milk according to her share, then her field and garden shall support her. She shall have the usufruct of field and garden and all that her father gave her so long as she lives, but she can not sell or assign it to others. Her position of inheritance belongs to her brothers.

 

179. If a "sister of a god," or a prostitute, receive a gift from her father, and a deed in which it has been explicitly stated that she may dispose of it as she pleases, and give her complete disposition thereof: if then her father die, then she may leave her property to whomsoever she pleases. Her brothers can raise no claim thereto.

 

180. If a father give a present to his daughter -- either marriageable or a prostitute (unmarriageable) -- and then die, then she is to receive a portion as a child from the paternal estate, and enjoy its usufruct so long as she lives. Her estate belongs to her brothers.

 

181. If a father devote a temple-maid or temple-virgin to God and give her no present: if then the father die, she shall receive the third of a child's portion from the inheritance of her father's house, and enjoy its usufruct so long as she lives. Her estate belongs to her brothers.

 

182. If a father devote his daughter as a wife of Mardi of Babylon (as in 181), and give her no present, nor a deed; if then her father die, then shall she receive one-third of her portion as a child of her father's house from her brothers, but Marduk may leave her estate to whomsoever she wishes.

 

183. If a man give his daughter by a concubine a dowry, and a husband, and a deed; if then her father die, she shall receive no portion from the paternal estate.

 

184. If a man do not give a dowry to his daughter by a concubine, and no husband; if then her father die, her brother shall give her a dowry according to her father's wealth and secure a husband for her.

 

185. If a man adopt a child and to his name as son, and rear him, this grown son can not be demanded back again.

 

186. If a man adopt a son, and if after he has taken him he injure his foster father and mother, then this adopted son shall return to his father's house.

 

187. The son of a paramour in the palace service, or of a prostitute, can not be demanded back.

 

188. If an artizan has undertaken to rear a child and teaches him his craft, he can not be demanded back.

 

189. If he has not taught him his craft, this adopted son may return to his father's house.

 

190. If a man does not maintain a child that he has adopted as a son and reared with his other children, then his adopted son may return to his father's house.

 

191. If a man, who had adopted a son and reared him, founded a household, and had children, wish to put this adopted son out, then this son shall not simply go his way. His adoptive father shall give him of his wealth one-third of a child's portion, and then he may go. He shall not give him of the field, garden, and house.

 

192. If a son of a paramour or a prostitute say to his adoptive father or mother: "You are not my father, or my mother," his tongue shall be cut off.

 

193. If the son of a paramour or a prostitute desire his father's house, and desert his adoptive father and adoptive mother, and goes to his father's house, then shall his eye be put out.

 

194. If a man give his child to a nurse and the child die in her hands, but the nurse unbeknown to the father and mother nurse another child, then they shall convict her of having nursed another child without the knowledge of the father and mother and her breasts shall be cut off.

 

195. If a son strike his father, his hands shall be hewn off.

 

196. If a man put out the eye of another man, his eye shall be put out.

 

197. If he break another man's bone, his bone shall be broken.

 

198. If he put out the eye of a freed man, or break the bone of a freed man, he shall pay one gold mina.

 

199. If he put out the eye of a man's slave, or break the bone of a man's slave, he shall pay one-half of its value.

 

200. If a man knock out the teeth of his equal, his teeth shall be knocked out.

 

201. If he knock out the teeth of a freed man, he shall pay one-third of a gold mina.

 

202. If any one strike the body of a man higher in rank than he, he shall receive sixty blows with an ox-whip in public.

 

203. If a free-born man strike the body of another free-born man or equal rank, he shall pay one gold mina.

 

204. If a freed man strike the body of another freed man, he shall pay ten shekels in money.

 

205. If the slave of a freed man strike the body of a freed man, his ear shall be cut off.

 

206. If during a quarrel one man strike another and wound him, then he shall swear, "I did not injure him wittingly," and pay the physicians.

 

207. If the man die of his wound, he shall swear similarly, and if he (the deceased) was a free-born man, he shall pay half a mina in money.

 

208. If he was a freed man, he shall pay one-third of a mina.

 

209. If a man strike a free-born woman so that she lose her unborn child, he shall pay ten shekels for her loss.

 

210. If the woman die, his daughter shall be put to death.

 

211. If a woman of the free class lose her child by a blow, he shall pay five shekels in money.

 

212. If this woman die, he shall pay half a mina.

 

213. If he strike the maid-servant of a man, and she lose her child, he shall pay two shekels in money.

 

214. If this maid-servant die, he shall pay one-third of a mina.

 

215. If a physician make a large incision with an operating knife and cure it, or if he open a tumor (over the eye) with an operating knife, and saves the eye, he shall receive ten shekels in money.

 

216. If the patient be a freed man, he receives five shekels.

 

217. If he be the slave of some one, his owner shall give the physician two shekels.

 

218. If a physician make a large incision with the operating knife, and kill him, or open a tumor with the operating knife, and cut out the eye, his hands shall be cut off.

 

219. If a physician make a large incision in the slave of a freed man, and kill him, he shall replace the slave with another slave.

 

220. If he had opened a tumor with the operating knife, and put out his eye, he shall pay half his value.

 

221. If a physician heal the broken bone or diseased soft part of a man, the patient shall pay the physician five shekels in money.

 

222. If he were a freed man he shall pay three shekels.

 

223. If he were a slave his owner shall pay the physician two shekels.

 

224. If a veterinary surgeon perform a serious operation on an ass or an ox, and cure it, the owner shall pay the surgeon one-sixth of a shekel as a fee.

 

225. If he perform a serious operation on an ass or ox, and kill it, he shall pay the owner one-fourth of its value.

 

226. If a barber, without the knowledge of his master, cut the sign of a slave on a slave not to be sold, the hands of this barber shall be cut off.

 

227. If any one deceive a barber, and have him mark a slave not for sale with the sign of a slave, he shall be put to death, and buried in his house. The barber shall swear: "I did not mark him wittingly," and shall be guiltless.

 

228. If a builder build a house for some one and complete it, he shall give him a fee of two shekels in money for each sar of surface.

 

229 If a builder build a house for some one, and does not construct it properly, and the house which he built fall in and kill its owner, then that builder shall be put to death.

 

230. If it kill the son of the owner the son of that builder shall be put to death.

 

231. If it kill a slave of the owner, then he shall pay slave for slave to the owner of the house.

 

232. If it ruin goods, he shall make compensation for all that has been ruined, and inasmuch as he did not construct properly this house which he built and it fell, he shall re-erect the house from his own means.

 

233. If a builder build a house for some one, even though he has not yet completed it; if then the walls seem toppling, the builder must make the walls solid from his own means.

 

234. If a shipbuilder build a boat of sixty gur for a man, he shall pay him a fee of two shekels in money.

 

235. If a shipbuilder build a boat for some one, and do not make it tight, if during that same year that boat is sent away and suffers injury, the shipbuilder shall take the boat apart and put it together tight at his own expense. The tight boat he shall give to the boat owner.

 

236. If a man rent his boat to a sailor, and the sailor is careless, and the boat is wrecked or goes aground, the sailor shall give the owner of the boat another boat as compensation.

 

237. If a man hire a sailor and his boat, and provide it with corn, clothing, oil and dates, and other things of the kind needed for fitting it: if the sailor is careless, the boat is wrecked, and its contents ruined, then the sailor shall compensate for the boat which was wrecked and all in it that he ruined.

 

238. If a sailor wreck any one's ship, but saves it, he shall pay the half of its value in money.

 

239. If a man hire a sailor, he shall pay him six gur of corn per year.

 

240. If a merchantman run against a ferryboat, and wreck it, the master of the ship that was wrecked shall seek justice before God; the master of the merchantman, which wrecked the ferryboat, must compensate the owner for the boat and all that he ruined.

 

241. If any one impresses an ox for forced labor, he shall pay one-third of a mina in money.

 

242. If any one hire oxen for a year, he shall pay four gur of corn for plow-oxen.

 

243. As rent of herd cattle he shall pay three gur of corn to the owner.

 

244. If any one hire an ox or an ass, and a lion kill it in the field, the loss is upon its owner.

 

245. If any one hire oxen, and kill them by bad treatment or blows, he shall compensate the owner, oxen for oxen.

 

246. If a man hire an ox, and he break its leg or cut the ligament of its neck, he shall compensate the owner with ox for ox.

 

247. If any one hire an ox, and put out its eye, he shall pay the owner one-half of its value.

 

248. If any one hire an ox, and break off a horn, or cut off its tail, or hurt its muzzle, he shall pay one-fourth of its value in money.

 

249. If any one hire an ox, and God strike it that it die, the man who hired it shall swear by God and be considered guiltless.

 

250. If while an ox is passing on the street (market) some one push it, and kill it, the owner can set up no claim in the suit (against the hirer).

 

251. If an ox be a goring ox, and it shown that he is a gorer, and he do not bind his horns, or fasten the ox up, and the ox gore a free-born man and kill him, the owner shall pay one-half a mina in money.

 

252. If he kill a man's slave, he shall pay one-third of a mina.

 

253. If any one agree with another to tend his field, give him seed, entrust a yoke of oxen to him, and bind him to cultivate the field, if he steal the corn or plants, and take them for himself, his hands shall be hewn off.

 

254. If he take the seed-corn for himself, and do not use the yoke of oxen, he shall compensate him for the amount of the seed-corn.

 

255. If he sublet the man's yoke of oxen or steal the seed-corn, planting nothing in the field, he shall be convicted, and for each one hundred gan he shall pay sixty gur of corn.

 

256. If his community will not pay for him, then he shall be placed in that field with the cattle (at work).

 

257. If any one hire a field laborer, he shall pay him eight gur of corn per year.

 

258. If any one hire an ox-driver, he shall pay him six gur of corn per year.

 

259. If any one steal a water-wheel from the field, he shall pay five shekels in money to its owner.

 

260. If any one steal a shadduf (used to draw water from the river or canal) or a plow, he shall pay three shekels in money.

 

261. If any one hire a herdsman for cattle or sheep, he shall pay him eight gur of corn per annum.

 

262. If any one, a cow or a sheep ...

 

263. If he kill the cattle or sheep that were given to him, he shall compensate the owner with cattle for cattle and sheep for sheep.

 

264. If a herdsman, to whom cattle or sheep have been entrusted for watching over, and who has received his wages as agreed upon, and is satisfied, diminish the number of the cattle or sheep, or make the increase by birth less, he shall make good the increase or profit which was lost in the terms of settlement.

 

265. If a herdsman, to whose care cattle or sheep have been entrusted, be guilty of fraud and make false returns of the natural increase, or sell them for money, then shall he be convicted and pay the owner ten times the loss.

 

266. If the animal be killed in the stable by God (an accident), or if a lion kill it, the herdsman shall declare his innocence before God, and the owner bears the accident in the stable.

 

267. If the herdsman overlook something, and an accident happen in the stable, then the herdsman is at fault for the accident which he has caused in the stable, and he must compensate the owner for the cattle or sheep.

 

268. If any one hire an ox for threshing, the amount of the hire is twenty ka of corn.

 

269. If he hire an ass for threshing, the hire is twenty ka of corn.

 

270. If he hire a young animal for threshing, the hire is ten ka of corn.

 

271. If any one hire oxen, cart and driver, he shall pay one hundred and eighty ka of corn per day.

 

272. If any one hire a cart alone, he shall pay forty ka of corn per day.

 

273. If any one hire a day laborer, he shall pay him from the New Year until the fifth month (April to August, when days are long and the work hard) six gerahs in money per day; from the sixth month to the end of the year he shall give him five gerahs per day.

 

274. If any one hire a skilled artizan, he shall pay as wages of the ... five gerahs, as wages of the potter five gerahs, of a tailor five gerahs, of ... gerahs, ... of a ropemaker four gerahs, of ... gerahs, of a mason ... gerahs per day.

 

275. If any one hire a ferryboat, he shall pay three gerahs in money per day.

 

276. If he hire a freight-boat, he shall pay two and one-half gerahs per day.

 

277. If any one hire a ship of sixty gur, he shall pay one-sixth of a shekel in money as its hire per day.

 

278. If any one buy a male or female slave, and before a month has elapsed the benu-disease be developed, he shall return the slave to the seller, and receive the money which he had paid.

 

279. If any one by a male or female slave, and a third party claim it, the seller is liable for the claim.

 

280. If while in a foreign country a man buy a male or female slave belonging to another of his own country; if when he return home the owner of the male or female slave recognize it: if the male or female slave be a native of the country, he shall give them back without any money.

 

281. If they are from another country, the buyer shall declare the amount of money paid therefor to the merchant, and keep the male or female slave.

 

282. If a slave say to his master: "You are not my master," if they convict him his master shall cut off his ear.

 

The Epilogue

 

Laws of justice which Hammurabi, the wise king, established. A righteous law, and pious statute did he teach the land. Hammurabi, the protecting king am I. I have not withdrawn myself from the men, whom Bel gave to me, the rule over whom Marduk gave to me, I was not negligent, but I made them a peaceful abiding-place. I expounded all great difficulties, I made the light shine upon them. With the mighty weapons which Zamama and Ishtar entrusted to me, with the keen vision with which Ea endowed me, with the wisdom that Marduk gave me, I have uprooted the enemy above and below (in north and south), subdued the earth, brought prosperity to the land, guaranteed security to the inhabitants in their homes; a disturber was not permitted. The great gods have called me, I am the salvation-bearing shepherd, whose staff is straight, the good shadow that is spread over my city; on my breast I cherish the inhabitants of the land of Sumer and Akkad; in my shelter I have let them repose in peace; in my deep wisdom have I enclosed them. That the strong might not injure the weak, in order to protect the widows and orphans, I have in Babylon the city where Anu and Bel raise high their head, in E-Sagil, the Temple, whose foundations stand firm as heaven and earth, in order to bespeak justice in the land, to settle all disputes, and heal all injuries, set up these my precious words, written upon my memorial stone, before the image of me, as king of righteousness.

 

The king who ruleth among the kings of the cities am I. My words are well considered; there is no wisdom like unto mine. By the command of Shamash, the great judge of heaven and earth, let righteousness go forth in the land: by the order of Marduk, my lord, let no destruction befall my monument. In E-Sagil, which I love, let my name be ever repeated; let the oppressed, who has a case at law, come and stand before this my image as king of righteousness; let him read the inscription, and understand my precious words: the inscription will explain his case to him; he will find out what is just, and his heart will be glad, so that he will say:

 

"Hammurabi is a ruler, who is as a father to his subjects, who holds the words of Marduk in reverence, who has achieved conquest for Marduk over the north and south, who rejoices the heart of Marduk, his lord, who has bestowed benefits for ever and ever on his subjects, and has established order in the land."

When he reads the record, let him pray with full heart to Marduk, my lord, and Zarpanit, my lady; and then shall the protecting deities and the gods, who frequent E-Sagil, graciously grant the desires daily presented before Marduk, my lord, and Zarpanit, my lady.

 

In future time, through all coming generations, let the king, who may be in the land, observe the words of righteousness which I have written on my monument; let him not alter the law of the land which I have given, the edicts which I have enacted; my monument let him not mar. If such a ruler have wisdom, and be able to keep his land in order, he shall observe the words which I have written in this inscription; the rule, statute, and law of the land which I have given; the decisions which I have made will this inscription show him; let him rule his subjects accordingly, speak justice to them, give right decisions, root out the miscreants and criminals from this land, and grant prosperity to his subjects.

 

Hammurabi, the king of righteousness, on whom Shamash has conferred right (or law) am I. My words are well considered; my deeds are not equaled; to bring low those that were high; to humble the proud, to expel insolence. If a succeeding ruler considers my words, which I have written in this my inscription, if he do not annul my law, nor corrupt my words, nor change my monument, then may Shamash lengthen that king's reign, as he has that of me, the king of righteousness, that he may reign in righteousness over his subjects. If this ruler do not esteem my words, which I have written in my inscription, if he despise my curses, and fear not the curse of God, if he destroy the law which I have given, corrupt my words, change my monument, efface my name, write his name there, or on account of the curses commission another so to do, that man, whether king or ruler, patesi, or commoner, no matter what he be, may the great God (Anu), the Father of the gods, who has ordered my rule, withdraw from him the glory of royalty, break his scepter, curse his destiny. May Bel, the lord, who fixeth destiny, whose command can not be altered, who has made my kingdom great, order a rebellion which his hand can not control; may he let the wind of the overthrow of his habitation blow, may he ordain the years of his rule in groaning, years of scarcity, years of famine, darkness without light, death with seeing eyes be fated to him; may he (Bel) order with his potent mouth the destruction of his city, the dispersion of his subjects, the cutting off of his rule, the removal of his name and memory from the land. May Belit, the great Mother, whose command is potent in E-Kur (the Babylonian Olympus), the Mistress, who harkens graciously to my petitions, in the seat of judgment and decision (where Bel fixes destiny), turn his affairs evil before Bel, and put the devastation of his land, the destruction of his subjects, the pouring out of his life like water into the mouth of King Bel. May Ea, the great ruler, whose fated decrees come to pass, the thinker of the gods, the omniscient, who maketh long the days of my life, withdraw understanding and wisdom from him, lead him to forgetfulness, shut up his rivers at their sources, and not allow corn or sustenance for man to grow in his land. May Shamash, the great Judge of heaven and earth, who supporteth all means of livelihood, Lord of life-courage, shatter his dominion, annul his law, destroy his way, make vain the march of his troops, send him in his visions forecasts of the uprooting of the foundations of his throne and of the destruction of his land. May the condemnation of Shamash overtake him forthwith; may he be deprived of water above among the living, and his spirit below in the earth. May Sin (the Moon-god), the Lord of Heaven, the divine father, whose crescent gives light among the gods, take away the crown and regal throne from him; may he put upon him heavy guilt, great decay, that nothing may be lower than he. May he destine him as fated, days, months and years of dominion filled with sighing and tears, increase of the burden of dominion, a life that is like unto death. May Adad, the lord of fruitfulness, ruler of heaven and earth, my helper, withhold from him rain from heaven, and the flood of water from the springs, destroying his land by famine and want; may he rage mightily over his city, and make his land into flood-hills (heaps of ruined cities). May Zamama, the great warrior, the first-born son of E-Kur, who goeth at my right hand, shatter his weapons on the field of battle, turn day into night for him, and let his foe triumph over him. May Ishtar, the goddess of fighting and war, who unfetters my weapons, my gracious protecting spirit, who loveth my dominion, curse his kingdom in her angry heart; in her great wrath, change his grace into evil, and shatter his weapons on the place of fighting and war. May she create disorder and sedition for him, strike down his warriors, that the earth may drink their blood, and throw down the piles of corpses of his warriors on the field; may she not grant him a life of mercy, deliver him into the hands of his enemies, and imprison him in the land of his enemies. May Nergal, the might among the gods, whose contest is irresistible, who grants me victory, in his great might burn up his subjects like a slender reedstalk, cut off his limbs with his mighty weapons, and shatter him like an earthen image. May Nin-tu, the sublime mistress of the lands, the fruitful mother, deny him a son, vouchsafe him no name, give him no successor among men. May Nin-karak, the daughter of Anu, who adjudges grace to me, cause to come upon his members in E-kur high fever, severe wounds, that can not be healed, whose nature the physician does not understand, which he can not treat with dressing, which, like the bite of death, can not be removed, until they have sapped away his life. May he lament the loss of his life-power, and may the great gods of heaven and earth, the Anunaki, altogether inflict a curse and evil upon the confines of the temple, the walls of this E-barra (the Sun temple of Sippara), upon his dominion, his land, his warriors, his subjects, and his troops. May Bel curse him with the potent curses of his mouth that can not be altered, and may they come upon him forthwith.

Greed + Cartels = U.S. Sickcare/ObamaCare

 

.Submitted by Charles Hugh-Smith

Sickcare/ObamaCare is fundamentally broken at every level.

 

The incremental nature of change makes it difficult for us to notice how systems that once worked well with modest costs have transmogrified into broken systems that cost a fortune. Exhibit # 1 is higher education: 40 years ago, four-year public universities were affordable and two-year community colleges were almost free. Now students have to borrow $1 trillion to pay for the exorbitant privilege of higher education.

 

And no, the difference isn't that states don't provide the same funding--the difference is costs have soared while the yield on the investment has plummeted. Please read:

 

The Mafia State of Mind

 

Our Two Most Onerous Taxes: College Tuition and Healthcare Insurance

 

Our Middleman-Skimming Economy

 

America's Make-Work Sectors (Healthcare and Higher Education) Have Run Out of Oxygen

 

Longtime correspondent Ishabaka (an M.D. with 30+ years experience in primary care and as an emergency room physician) responded to this article with an insider's account of what happens when greed and cartels take over healthcare. After reading What's wrong with American hospitals?, a scathing deconstruction of for-profit healthcare, Ishabaka submitted this commentary:

 

I could have told you what was wrong with our hospital system by 1989 - nobody would listen to me back then.

 

Up til the '70's, almost all hospitals in the United States were not for profit COMMUNITY HOSPITALS. They were LOCAL. The Board of Directors was made up of some senior doctors, maybe the head nurse, and various other prominent local businessmen and professionals. Others (mostly Catholic), were run as non-profits by religious orders. A very few, mostly very small hospitals were for profit, usually owned by a group of doctors, or even one doctor.

 

The mission of these community hospitals was to provide for the LOCAL COMMUNITY - one and all. Payment was various - private insurance, Medicare, Medicaid, self pay - and the idea was to collect just enough money to keep the hospital going, and provide care for the poor who had no money to pay. If your grandma got bad care - you could go - in person - to the local, say, banker, on the Board of Directors, and tell him - and he would CARE.

 

THIS SYSTEM WORKED, and kept costs DOWN. Remember, the hospital just needed enough money to stay in the black. Often local wealthy people would will money to the hospital in which they had been cared for.

 

In the '80's - there was the arrival of the for-profit cartels - and I use the world cartels specifically - these were run by people with the sociopathic Goldman Sachs type mentality - their sole goal was to acquire huge sums of money for themselves, their hospital directors, and their SHAREHOLDERS. They used a typical sneaky technique - they'd come into town, and tell the locals they could run the hospital much cheaper, because of their economy of scale. People believed this, and the cartels bought out most of the community hospitals.

 

I worked at one such for-profit hospital and had a 21-year old indigent man come in who'd been struck by a car while walking, and was rapidly bleeding to death. The hospital administrator refused to open the operating room, even though I had a surgeon right there, willing and able to operate for free to save this young man's life. The surgeon threw a fit, and he was a big wheel at the hospital and the administrator backed down - otherwise I firmly believe the young man would have died. This was LEGAL back then, before the EMTLA law was passed because similar abuses were rampant NATIONWIDE.

 

Around this time, the administrators of the remaining community hospitals found out the administrators of the for-profit hospitals were making tens of times their salaries - and bonuses based on profits - and started demanding similar salaries and bonuses based on PROFITS - a contradiction of the old concept of community hospitals (the article does touch on this).

 

How do you increase hospital profits? Number one - avoid any care for the poor you can weasel out of. Number two - cut staff to the bone and beyond (one of hospital's biggest expenses). Most American hospitals now have UNSAFE nurse to patient ratios because of this.

 

As far as patient care goes, nurses are the most important people in hospitals. I know of one lady who DIED while in a monitored bed, and wasn't found dead until several hours later due to the criminally low nursing staff ratio in a hospital I worked in. I HAD complained about the dearth of nurses, and was threatened with the loss of my job. Another side effect of this is, nursing in hospitals has become unbearable for nurses who really cared about their patients - many good hospital nurses have left hospital work for other fields. The results are appalling.

 

I saved the life of a patient an unqualified, under-educated nurse gave the wrong medicine to - a medicine that IMMEDIATELY MAKES YOU STOP BREATHING, because it was cheaper for the hospital to hire her than a knowledgeable and experienced nurse. The medicine is pancuronium bromide, if you want to Google it. The nurse didn't know one of the effects was cessation of breathing - this is Pharmacology for Nurses 101, this drug is used all day long in every operating room in America (where doctors WANT patients under anesthesia to stop breathing, and put them on breathing machines during the surgery - which is very safe if done correctly).

 

I could go on and on. Simple things, like the instruments you use to suture cuts - community hospitals used to buy Swiss or German made ones that were of the finest quality, sterilize and re-use them over and over. This changed to disposable instruments that sometimes literally fell apart in my hands. Bandage tape that didn't stick, instead of quality Johnson and Johnson tape - anything to save a buck.

 

It is not getting better, it is getting worse. The nurses I know tell me hospitals are cutting staff even MORE now in preparation for Obamacare.

 

I will end with a story that illustrates the difference between Old School and New School hospital administrators.

 

I had the pleasure of working five years in a real community hospital. One of the senior administrators (R.I.P.) was a gentleman who'd made his fortune in the grocery business. In his late 80's, he would arrive at the emergency department entrance every morning between seven and eight am, and proceed to walk throughout the hospital. He would ask various and sundry staff how they were getting along - everyone from janitors to senior physicians. If something was amiss - HE RECTIFIED THE SITUATION. Tragically, this hospital was bought out, and is now part of a chain.

 

I had the displeasure of working in a "community" (really for-profit) hospital with a middle aged administrator who NEVER set foot outside his office or conference rooms - he NEVER appeared in the (very large and busy) emergency department once. This was in the early 90's, and one year it was revealed that his compensation was $600,000 - and a brand new Lexus as a "performance bonus". He was on the golf course by three pm every single day. That was the hospital where the woman who was being "monitored" (alarms and all that) was found very cold and dead after a delay of who knows how many hours.

 

Thank you, Ishabaka, for telling it like it really is. Needless to say, ObamaCare (the Orwellian-named Affordable Care Act--ACA) purposefully ignores everything that is fundamentally broken with U.S. sickcare and extends the soaring-cost cartel system, essentially promising to stripmine the taxpayers of however many trillions of dollars are needed to generate outsized profits for the cartels.

 

Only those with no exposure to the real costs of ObamaCare approve of the current sickcare system. Government employees who have no idea how much their coverage costs, well-paid shills and toadies like Paul Krugman, academics with tenure and lifetime healthcare coverage--all these people swallow the fraud whole and declare it delicious.

 

Only those of us who are paying the real, unsubsidized cost know how unsustainable the system is, and only those inside the machine know how broken it is at every level. Greed + cartels = Sickcare/ObamaCare. Love your servitude, baby--it's affordable, really, really, really it is.

 

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Portuguese

Caixa Econômica Federal (CEF), também conhecida como Caixa Econômica ou apenas Caixa é uma instituição financeira, sob a forma de empresa pública do governo federal brasileiro, com patrimônio próprio e autonomia administrativa com sede em Brasília (DF) e com filiais em todo o território nacional. É um órgão vinculado ao Ministério da Fazenda.

História

Integra o Sistema financeiro nacional, auxiliando na política de crédito do Governo Federal, submetendo-se às suas decisões e à disciplina normativa ao Ministro da Fazenda, e à fiscalização do Banco Central do Brasil. Conta em caráter excepcional com serviços bancários autorizados pelo Conselho Monetário Nacional (CMN). Suas contas e operações estão sujeitas a exame e a julgamento do Tribunal de Contas da União (TCU).

Foi criada em 12 de janeiro de 1861 por Dom Pedro II com o nome Caixa Econômica e Monte de Socorro. Seu propósito era incentivar a poupança e conceder empréstimos sob penhor, com a garantia do governo imperial. Esta característica diferenciava a instituição de outras da época, que agiam no mercado sem dar segurança aos depositantes ou que cobravam juros excessivos dos devedores. Deste modo, a Caixa rapidamente passou a ser procurada pelas camadas sociais mais populares, incluindo os escravos, que podiam economizar para suas cartas de alforria. Assim, desde o início, a empresa estabeleceu seu foco no social. Porém os empréstimos sob penhor só foram possíveis no ano de 1934 quando o Presidente Getúlio Vargas ordenou que a mesma pudesse ser feita, aniquilando outras instituições particulares que cobravam juros altíssimos pelo mesmo serviço.

É o Banco mais antigo do Brasil, diferente do que propaga o BB (O Banco do Brasil foi liquidado 1833) pode ser checado no seguinte link também - contextopolitico.blogspot.com.br/2008/08/histria-banco-do... - diferentemente do BB a Caixa nunca encerrou suas atividades.

 

English

Caixa Econômica Federal (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈkajʃɐ ekoˈnõmikɐ fedeˈɾaw], Federal Savings Bank), also referred to as Caixa or CEF, is a Brazilian bank. It is the largest government-owned financial institution in Latin America. It is one of the largest banks in Brazil and in Latin America by assets.

Financial and Institutional Information

The bank was founded by Emperor D. Pedro II on January 12, 1861 as Caixa Econômica e Monte de Socorro in Rio de Janeiro as a financial institution destined to collect national savings, mostly from the poor. Over the years, several similar institutions were created until most of them were merged into present-day in 1967.

The 1970s were particularly lucrative for the bank, mostly due to its near-monopoly on savings for the poor and lower-middle classes, the management of Brazilian state (federal) lotteries and being the only lawful pawn broker in Brazil. In the 1990s, however, the scenario changed and the bank underwent a serious downsizing, when thousands of employees lost their jobs.

Part of the problem was caused by the modernization of the Brazilian banking system in the 1980s, with many other banks introducing savings accounts to their portfolios, Brazilian states being granted rights to explore lotteries (alongside the federal government), a series of corruption scandals regarding lottery fraud, and the opening of the national market for foreign banks. The control of inflation also hampered Caixa's financial performance by making savings accounts less attractive.

Nowadays, Caixa is the second biggest Brazilian bank and is present in thousands of Brazilian towns (ranked the third financial institution in Brazil in number of branches). Caixa has more than 32 million accounts, with liabilities worth more than R$ 148 billion in savings or investment. Together with government pension funds and other governmental resources, Caixa controls more than R$ 386 billion (roughly about US$ 200bn). Caixa is seen as a tool for public investment and expansion of access to financial services to the Brazilian public.

Caixa is still the manager of most Brazilian lotteries, especially the most popular ones, such as Mega-Sena, Quina and Loteca (former Loteria Esportiva). The profits of Brazilian state (federal) lotteries are reverted to amateur sport promotion and elementary education.

 

Wikipedia

New Post has been published on bit.ly/2r0nuKYThe Ultimate QNUPS Guide. What You Need To Know

  

Table Of ContentsThe Ultimate QNUPS GuideWhat Is A QNUPS?Who Can Qualify?Is It A Good Option For Me?What Can Be Included?When And What Can You Take Out?How Much Do I Need To Invest?Minumum ValuesTax ImplicationsThe Difference Between QNUPS And QROPSWhat You Need To Do Next1. Check If You Qualify2. Chat To Someone About It3. Download Our QNUPS Guide4. Moving Forward5. Start the Transfer6. How Long Will It Take To Transfer?7. Enjoy Your BenefitsWhat Are The Benefits?Free From Inheritance TaxWidely AvailableNo Maximum LimitNo Maximum Age for ContributionsTax EfficientContributionsNo Capital Gains TaxTake A Detailed Look At The Assets That Can Be IncludedWhat Can Be TransferredAssets TransferAsset GrowthCheck If You QualifyEligibilityMinimum Age LimitOther Eligibility FactorsWhat Are The Costs To Transfer To A Qualifying Non-UK Pension SchemeOnetime Setup FeeAnnual Maintenance FeeAdditional FeeAdvisor’s FeesWhat Are The Taxes?Tax ImplicationsWhat Are The Benefits?IHT And CGTWhy It Is A More Reliable Saving Scheme?Opportunities OfferedVarying LawsQNUPS Guide FAQWhat Are QNUPS?Who Is Allowed To Invest?What Are The Advantages?How Does It Differ From A QROPS?

  

The Ultimate QNUPS Guide

Understanding QNUPS Benefits

Globalisation has had a huge impact on the flow of money worldwide. With several people choosing job opportunities abroad there has been an increased demand for more flexible investment options.

Along with these new opportunities, the responsibility to provide adequate pension schemes has risen. QNUPS was created in 2010 after the introduction of QROPS in 2006.

Find out more by reading through our QNUPS guide.

  

What Is A QNUPS?

It is a Qualifying Non-UK Pension Scheme. This was introduced to rectify a mistake that was made in the 2004 Finance Act. Our QNUPS guide will take you through everything you need to know about the scheme.

The 2004 Finance Act stated that money placed in a Qualifying Non-UK Pension Scheme would be subject to UK inheritance tax in the event of the death of the holder.

However, with the introduction of QNUPS, any money transferred to the scheme will not be subject to inheritance tax.

 

QNUPS is the answer to many UK domiciled individuals Click To Tweet

as it offers them an opportunity that is unique, efficient and easy to access as the minimum age to acquire a Qualifying Non-UK Pension Scheme is just 18 years.

The “Qualifying” part means that the overseas pension scheme must meet Her Majesty’s Revenue & Customs strict criteria for pension schemes that will not attract UK inheritance tax.

  

Who Can Qualify?

Another popular question that we wanted to include in our QNUPS guide is ‘Who can qualify?’ This pension scheme is open to anyone who is a resident in the UK or those who have moved out of the United Kingdom but have retained their UK domicile status for IHT. To qualify the individual should be overseas, and are not restricted to countries with Double Taxation Agreements with the United Kingdom.

  

Is It A Good Option For Me?

One of the major reasons is that you will be exempt from UK inheritance tax. This enables a QNUPS scheme holder to pass on all of their assets to their beneficiary. One of the other reasons is that QNUPS can accept money that has not been earned in employment. You also do not need to make any lifetime contribution. There is no maximum age at which you can make payments into a scheme.

  

What Can Be Included?

With a QNUPS, you can put in almost anything you like including residential property and just about any kind of assets that are traditionally associated with retirement funding.

QNUPS can also hold things like antiques and fine wines. Click To Tweet

When And What Can You Take Out?

Similar to any UK private pension scheme, you can only access your benefits after the age of 55.

However, it could be possible to get a loan from the scheme before you reach the age of 55. Depending on the scheme’s rules, you may be permitted you to access larger tax free lump sums earlier than a normal UK pension. Continue reading our QNUPS guide for all the assets that can be included.

  

How Much Do I Need To Invest?

Though QNUPS and QROPS are both overseas pension schemes, some of the benefits of QNUPS are outstanding. This is especially in the area of its flexibility in accepting assets as well as cash and its most popular UK inheritance tax charge mitigation.

However, when it comes to QNUPS minimum values there are certain factors that should be considered.

  

Minumum Values

There is no stipulated minimum value. However, as you will discover in reading this QNUPS guide, you need to be aware that UK tax charges may be applicable if an individual exceeds the UK Lifetime Allowance limit. The current UK lifetime allowance limit 2011/2012 stands at £1.5 million.

  

Although there is technically no minimum value to transfer your pension, service providers recommend a minimum amount of £100,000.

  

This is because the running costs of the selected pension scheme. Any transfer amount less than £100,000 is not likely to be viable.

Though there have been cases where £75,000 has been transferred to a scheme, advisors recommend to keep the figure at £100,000. Hence the minimum value can be as low as £100,000.

However, in certain cases, personal circumstances and trustee discretion could be taken into consideration and have the minimum limits lowered for a transfer.

Tax Implications

You will need to take into account which jurisdiction you are using for your scheme. Benefits received are not taxable in the United Kingdom; however, you need to check whether you will be taxed in the jurisdiction in which the scheme is held.

In view of this,

Advisors recommend a QNUPS minimum value of £100,000. Click To Tweet

It is also recommended to talk to your advisor for specific minimum value.

  

The Difference Between QNUPS And QROPS

Both offer various benefits, both are parked offshore but both are not the same. In the QNUPS guide we have detailed the main differences.

It is important to understand the difference in structure and implication between QROPS and QNUPS to be able to evaluate which would be more useful in one’s circumstances.

Here are a few things that show the differenct schemes side by side:

  

An individual taking a QROPS should be living outside the UK or should live outside the United Kingdom for tax purposes for at least 5 years

An individual taking a QNUPS can be resident in the United Kingdom or in any part of the world but who have retained UK domicile status

QROPS are open to anyone with a UK pension, both UK residents and foreigners who have been working in the UK but who are now residing in another country

QNUPS is open to any UK resident and to UK domiciled residents currently living in another country, not necessarily in countries that have signed the Double Taxation Agreement with the United Kingdom.

Every QROPS has to be reported to the HMRC for 5 years after you have left the United Kingdom

With a QNUPS, you do not have to report it to the HMRC

With QROPS, once you have taken an initial lump sum, you can only derive income from what is left of your funds

With QNUPS, you can continue to invest into the scheme even after taking an initial lump sum

  

There is NO maximum age for taking a QNUPS

In most cases assets will have to be liquidated before it can be transferred to a QROPS. Not all QROPS schemes accept assets before liquidation.

With QNUPS, assets do not have to be liquidated before transferring them to a QNUPS. You can transfer just about anything you like, such as; antiques, residential property, fine vintage wines including other assets.

QROPS offers less confidentiality as all schemes must be reported to the HMRC.

With a QNUPS, there is much more confidentiality as schemes do not have to be reported to the HMRC. This is because QNUPS countries are not required to have Double Taxation Agreements with the United Kingdom. Therefore all QNUPS do not have to be reported to the HMRC, unlike for a QROPS which has to be reported for the first 5 tax years.

With QROPS, assets can be classified as “estates” and can attract inheritance tax charges

WITH QNUPS, there is no inheritance charge that is levied upon the named beneficiaries

  

When comparing QNUPS vs QROPS there are vast differences between the two, though both are overseas pension schemes. You can talk to our financial advisor if you want to compare QNUPS vs QROPS in more detail.

  

What You Need To Do Next

Because of its flexibility and tax efficient factors, it is recommended for those wanting to transfer their UK pensions, assets offshore where it can grow and generate gains that will not be lost by way of heavy taxes. As you may have gathered through reading this QNUPS guide, there is no one size fits all and it is imperative that you consult with an advisor regarding your specific needs.

We Will Guide You Through The Steps

These next steps in the QNUPS guide will help you prepare to transfer your retirement plan.

  

1. Check If You Qualify

To be eligible to transfer your UK pension you need to be at least 18 years old.

The scheme is open to UK residents as well as UK domiciled residents who are currently living abroad.

However, if you are planning to return to the UK at a later time, then you will lose IHT exemption and you will be liable for IHT under UK tax laws.

  

2. Chat To Someone About It

The second step is to get sound advice. Find out about transferring your UK pension – we can help by putting you in touch with a reputable registered financial advisor in your area (free and without obligation).

You can decide what you want to invest after talking to the advisor and he will guide you in the process of setting up the transfer.

3. Download Our QNUPS Guide

Download our comprehensive QNUPS guide and understand all that you need to know about the benefits of the scheme.

Our QNUPS guide will answer most of your questions. You can also contact us and our reputable registered financial advisor will contact you and help you process the transfer.

4. Moving Forward

Once you have spoken to our financial advisor, and after you have understood the various factors, you can choose to start the transfer process.

Any questions you may have regarding mitigating from the UK inheritance tax charge can be discussed with the advisor.

5. Start the Transfer

Now for the most important step.

Our reputable registered financial advisor will arrange for your pension, assets or both to be transferred to your new pension scheme.

You are now on your way to protecting your assets and parking it in a place where it can grow and reap dividends.

 

6. How Long Will It Take To Transfer?

Transferring does not require liquidating your assets before they are transferred, so the time taken will be considerably less.

However, each transfer is unique and your financial advisor will be able to give you a more accurate time limit after assessing your scheme.

7. Enjoy Your Benefits

Once your transfer is through, you can sit back and relax knowing that your investments are working for you.

You can also rest easy knowing that you do not have to lose any money by way of IHT and capital gain tax.

A QNUPS pension scheme provides for easy transfer of all your remaining assets Click To Tweet

and capital gains to your named beneficiaries without the loss of IHT to the taxman.

  

Letting Your Investments Grow

Any UK resident or UK domiciled individual taking a QNUPS will not have to pay any inheritance tax and all the assets of the scheme taken will be transferred to the named beneficiary upon death of the holder.

There are various QNUPS benefits that you can receive when you take a QNUPS transfer. Click To Tweet

What Are The Benefits?

The benefits outlined below are generally applicable.

However, due to the technicalities involved in each individual case it is important to check this with your financial advisor.

  

Free from Inheritance Tax and other local taxes for which you might be liable

No Maximum Limit for what can be invested in this scheme

No Maximum Age for contributions

Tax efficient, in many cases may avoid local wealth taxes

Contributions do not need to be made from earned income

Growth is free from CGT (Capital Gains Tax) which means the capital growth of your assets can be passed on in full to your beneficiaries

The QNUPS guide covers the main benefits, but your situation may be different

  

Free From Inheritance Tax

Introduced in February 2010 by the UK government, schemes have been designated by a set of rules that confirming that certain offshore pension schemes would not be subject to the UK’s Inheritance Tax.

By taking a QNUPS an individual can shelter his/her assets in an offshore pension scheme. Click To Tweet

It is a legitimate way of mitigating your inheritance tax bill.

Widely Available

One of the other benefits is that it does not only have to be located in countries that have signed the Double Taxation Agreement with the United Kingdom.

This is very advantageous as it has two significant issues.

Firstly, since it does not have to be located in country with a DTA, there needs to be no reporting requirements. So the scheme does not have to be reported to HMRC.

Secondly, schemes can be hosted is several other countries thereby giving you wider choice.

  

No Maximum Limit

Tthere is no maximum limit on how much can be transferred. Other offshore pension schemes might have a limit, but you can decide how much you want to invest.

No Maximum Age for Contributions

Unlike other overseas pension schemes,

Тhere is no maximum age limit to contribute to a QNUPS. Click To Tweet

You can contribute for as long as you like.

  

Tax Efficient

The most important part of taking a QNUPS is that your assets including capital gains are passed on to your named beneficiaries without any tax implications.

In other pension schemes as much as 40% could be charged as tax.

  

Contributions

Another one of the benefits is the contributions is unlimited and can be made from a variety of sources. Contributions need not only be made from income earned but from assets acquired by you in any way.

Assets do not have to be liquidated prior to transfer. Residential property, antiques and even fine vintage wines are accepted.

No Capital Gains Tax

Another one of the popular benefits is that you will not be taxed for your capital gains.

The full capital growth of your assets will be passed on to your beneficiaries. Click To Tweet

  

Take A Detailed Look At The Assets That Can Be Included

A QNUPS can be taken by anyone who is a UK resident or any UK domiciled individual currently residing outside the United Kingdom.

You can transfer just about anything with a QNUPS assets transfer. Click To Tweet

  

What Can Be Transferred

This QNUPS guide covers the general inclusions, but there are many more. Investors have the opportunity to move a wide range of assets into the scheme. Schemes may hold investments, assets, residential property and cash.

In addition to this, transfer of unconventional assets such as an antique collection and wine are also allowed to be transferred.

 

This provides pension holders the ability to hold a wide range of assets with their structure, providing increased tax protection on a broader collection of assets.

Because of the flexibility that a transfer offers, it has become one of the most popular offshore pension schemes in the UK.

In comparison to QROPS, a QNUPS offers more investment options for individuals who might want to invest and increase their assets and offers greater flexibility

  

Assets Transfer

Since a transfer allows for the inclusion of assets and other items, there is no need to liquidate the assets first before transfer

This allows individuals to hold property or antiques in their scheme and pass them onto their named beneficiaries.

In stark contrast to other IHT planning steps, when assets are transferred to a scheme the IHT mitigation is immediate.

You do not have to wait for seven years following the date of the transfer for the IHT to become effective.

Asset Growth

All asset growth and capital gains are passed on to the beneficiaries.

So in effect, all assets that you transfer grow and the assets together with the benefits are safeguarded. It is ideal because you can transfer unconventional assets..

  

Check If You Qualify

The scheme is available to UK residents and non-UK residents. Here are some things you need to know about eligibility.

Anyone who is a UK domiciled resident can use a QNUPS. Click To Tweet

  

Remember this – as part of the QNUPS guide: one of the biggest benefits is that you will be exempt from the UK inheritance tax charge.

However, it should be noted that if a scheme holder returns to the UK within 5 years of taking the scheme, then his/her inheritance tax exempt status will be lost and the individual will be subject to the UK’s inheritance tax charge.

  

Eligibility

Any person who is a UK resident, or who have moved outside the United Kingdom but have maintained their UK domicile status is eligible.

When considering a this option, the citizen’s domiciled status is a key factor in determining if their wealth will be subject to the UK inheritance tax charge.

Generally speaking, a person is considered to be domiciled in the country where their permanent home is located.

That is, if a person is staying in France but his permanent home is in the UK, then he is considered to be domiciled in the United Kingdom. The law stipulates that a tax payer can have only one domicile at a time.

Minimum Age Limit

The minimum age limit for a QNUPS is 18 years. Click To Tweet

There is no maximum age limit, unlike other overseas pension schemes.

  

Other Eligibility Factors

Other factors that are connected to eligibility include:

 

All UK domiciled persons and UK residents are eligible and can make pension contributions in excess of the UK maximum limits. UK domiciled persons can be residing in any country not necessarily only in countries that have signed the Double Taxation Agreement with the United Kingdom.

UK non-residents, who already have a QROPS, should talk to their financial advisors to see if they are eligible in case they wish to increase their pension contribution.

Individuals who think it is a priority to save on the UK inheritance tax charge, their earned income and also for other assets they might have as well.

Individuals looking to consolidate their assets including other investments and savings in a less regulated pension environment.

  

It should be noted that ONLY non-investment QROPS can be transferred, otherwise there will be a 55% unauthorised payment charge levied on the individual.

For those who are looking to transfer funds from an investment regulated QROPS to a QNUPS, the funds invested in an investment regulated QROPS should first be transferred to a non-investment regulated QROPS.

Once this is done, the individual can start the process of transferring funds from the QROPS.

In all cases it is advisable to talk to your financial advisor. You can also contact us and we will help you with any queries you may have regarding eligibility.

  

You can contact us and we will arrange for our reputed financial advisor to give you a detailed explanation of the information that we’ve included in this QNUPS guide.

  

Taking a QNUPS can prove quite advantageous Click To Tweet

For any UK resident or UK domiciled resident. Qualifying Non-UK Pension Schemes provides a legal way of mitigating the UK Inheritance Tax charge.

There are very few drawbacks to opening a Qualifying Non-UK Pension Schemes. The scheme provides great personal benefits and the tax benefits are astounding. Costs are extremely reasonable unlike in a QROPS where the charges are much more.

  

What Are The Costs To Transfer To A Qualifying Non-UK Pension Scheme

All accounts are set up with a predetermined fee structure. There are three categories of fees that are payable in a QNUPS. These are the costs you will incur.

  

Find Out More About QNUPS.

  

Onetime Setup Fee

You will need to pay a onetime set up fee. This is not a big amount as compared to QROPS. The cost of setting up is much lower than a QROPS.

You do not have to worry about whether your benefits will cover the expenses incurred as the costs are low making it one of the popular overseas pension schemes.

Costs for each QNUPS are not the same and your financial advisor will be able to give you an exact quote from the service providers.

Annual Maintenance Fee

Again, the annual maintenance fee is much lower compared to a QROPS. Depending on the particular scheme you are taking, your financial advisor will be able to determine the annual maintenance fee and let you know before you actually make the pension transfer.

Additional Fee

There may be additional fees depending on what specific action you may wish to take that could be added to costs. However, whatever you may choose to do, all fees are clearly itemized during the set up process.

It is recommended to go through the scheme carefully and talk to your financial advisor if you are unclear about some part or want clarification about any additional fee that is going to be charged.

Advisor’s Fees

Some advisors charge fees by the hour. However, it is unlikely that your advisor will charge you any fees as providers normally pay advisors a certain commission.

  

In comparison to QROPS which is also an overseas pension scheme, QNUPS costs are very reasonable and the benefits are excellent, thereby making it very cost effective.

  

What Are The Taxes?

Though there are no UK inheritance tax and capital gain tax to be paid. Yet, investors need to confirm that

There will be no low tax bills to pay in the country where the QNUPS is based. Click To Tweet

You will have to talk to your financial advisor and check if there would be any tax payable after a certain number of years. You will have to check the tax options available in various QNUPS countries before you decide where you want to transfer your pension.

  

Tax Implications

In February 2010, the UK government introduced the QNUPS guide, which stands for Qualifying Non UK Pensions Scheme. This term acknowledges the fact that certain overseas pension schemes are not subject to Inheritance Tax in the UK. Here’s what you need to know about tax implications.

Qualifying Non-UK Pension Schemes therefore offers a legal and tested method for mitigating IHT whereby assets are sheltered in an offshore (overseas) pension scheme. A QNUPS guide therefore ensures that the assets built up during an individual’s lifetime can be passed on to beneficiaries with substantial tax savings. These QUNPS tax implications will help you plan which scheme to take.

  

You can have great advantages if you choose the correct QNUPS Jurisdiction.

  

What Are The Benefits?

Reading through our QNUPS guide, you may have notes that it is quite similar to QROPS in structure although you can enjoy its benefits without being subjected to the restrictions that QROPS is known for. QNUPS tax implications are different from that of QROPS.

 

It is not limited to countries that have signed the double taxation agreement with the United Kingdom

You are free from any reporting obligations to the HMRC. Nevertheless, there are particular countries which allow authorities from the Tax Information Exchange Agreements to report any suspected fraud.

  

Once you have finished reading through this QNUPS guide, make sure you check our in depth article on QNUPS benefits.

  

IHT And CGT

 

UK residents and domiciled individuals have long been concerned about the impact of inheritance tax to their assets and investments. A Qualifying Non-UK Pension Schemes is a legal way to shelter their assets and investments and mitigate the high rate of the UK inheritance tax charge.

The holder can pass on the assets and investments to his/her heirs without any substantial tax obligations, therefore, a legal and most efficient method to mitigate IHT.

The assets are exempt from the Capital Gains Tax (CGT), therefore, additional savings and growth for your investment, which your beneficiaries can fully enjoy when it is passed on to them. This is of vital importance for high net worth individuals who are required to pay the increased CGT rates.

  

Why It Is A More Reliable Saving Scheme?

Because of its instant protection for your cash contribution and assets as soon as it is transferred. This means that even if something happens to the holder right after setting up, their beneficiaries can take the assets/funds without any death duties.

Other IHT saving schemes only provides protection for the assets from inheritance tax after several years of signing up to the particular saving scheme.

  

Opportunities Offered

 

UK residents and domiciled individuals with high net worth and substantial levels of income need not worry about tax obligations in their pension contributions.

It allows your investment to grow in a tax-free environment Click To Tweet

, which makes it the ideal option for high earners and for anyone who have already reached maximum funding limit for their UK pensions.

As we have noted previously in the QNUPS guide, other domestic and foreign pension schemes are not exempt from the rules of maximum lifetime contributions. Here, there is no maximum limit.

  

Varying Laws

The complexity of the Qualifying Non-UK Pension Schemes tax implications varies in different jurisdictions. You will need to speak to your financial advisor to know if the jurisdiction you choose has any tax charges that will be imposed on benefits gained after the initial 5 years.

  

Do you know about all the QNUPS Benefits and Assets you can take advantage of? Make sure you are well informed for your investment decisions and that you have taken note of the important information in this QNUPS guide.

  

QNUPS Guide FAQ

Qualifying Non-UK Pension Schemes have been recently introduced by the HMRC and offer individuals a number of benefits including substantial tax savings.

  

What Are QNUPS?

They were introduced on 15 February 2010 by the HMRC and is a regulated tax efficient pension scheme which allows investment of wealth overseas. Although it is a pension fund it does have a degree of flexibility and has some significant tax advantages as we have detailed in this QNUPS guide.

  

Who Is Allowed To Invest?

Anyone is eligible to invest in a Qualifying Non-UK Pension Schemes unless the country where you are resident specifically excludes this.

  

What Are The Advantages?

  

Tax efficient – local taxes and inheritance tax

Tax free asset growth

No maximum age limit for investing into scheme

No maximum limit on the amount invested

Decide who will inherit funds and assets by designating beneficiaries

Avoid local wealth taxes in most jurisdictions

Not necessary to receive income from employment to make contributions

May hold assets such as property, investments, arts and antiques

  

How Does It Differ From A QROPS?

Toggle content goes here, click edit button to change this text.

  

No reporting requirements to the HMRC, whereas with a QROPS, it is a prerequisite to report to the HMRC for 5 years after you have left the UK.

Allowance for continued investment into the scheme after taking an initial lump sum, whereas with a QROPS, once you have taken an initial lump sum you only derive an income from the funds that are left.

 

If there are questions that our QNUPS guide hasn’t answered, please get in touch.

  

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WOW YOU CAN'T ASK THIS GUY ANYTHING....................HE GETS ALL UPSET

BUT THEN AGAIN I GUESS HAVING TO EXPLAIN HALF A BILLION DOLLAR LOAN TO YOUR POLITCAL BUDDIES "GREEN JOBS" SCAM TO THE AMERICAN PEOPLE IS HARD TO DO

 

YEP..................THAT "GREEN ECONOMY" IS JUST HUMMIN ALONG ........GOING WELL HE SAYS ............UNTIL IT RUNS OUT OF TAXPAYER (YOURS AND MINE) MONEY

 

Solyndra, Inc. was supposed to have showcased the effectiveness of the Obama administration’s stimulus and green jobs initiatives, but instead it has become the center of congressional attention for waste, fraud and abuse of such programs.

 

According to a Feb. 17 letter signed by Energy and Commerce Committee Chairman Fred Upton, Michigan Republican, and Oversight Subcommittee Chairman Cliff Stearns, Florida Republican, to Energy Secretary Steven Chu, the Fremont, Calif.-based solar panel manufacturer should never have received a $535 million loan guarantee from the stimulus.*

 

The company became the first recipient of an Energy Department loan guarantee under the stimulus in March 2009, which was intended to “finance construction of the first phase of the company’s new manufacturing facility” for photovoltaic solar panels.

 

The Energy Department estimated in a March 20, 2009 press release that the loan guarantee would create 3,000 construction jobs and a further 1,000 jobs after the plant opened.

 

And President Barack Obama and Vice President Joseph Biden each personally showcased Solyndra as an example of how stimulus dollars were at work creating jobs, during appearances at the company over the course of the following year.

 

Biden personally announced the closure of Solyndra’s $535 million loan guarantee in a Sept. 9, 2009 speech, delivered via closed-circuit television, on the occasion of the groundbreaking of the plant.

 

The vice president justified the federal government’s investment in Solyndra in front of employees and other dignitaries, including Secretary Chu and former Calif. Gov. Arnold Schwartzenegger, saying the jobs the company intended to create would “serve as a foundation for a stronger American economy.”

 

“These jobs are the jobs that are going to define the 21st century that will allow America to compete and to lead like we did in the 20th century,” Biden said.

 

According to Biden’s speech, the $535 million loan guarantee was a smaller part of the $30 billion of stimulus money the administration planned to spend as part of its Green Jobs Initiative.

 

Obama made similar claims in a May 26, 2010 speech at the plant, but the 1,000 jobs he and Biden touted in their respective speeches failed to materialize.

 

Instead, Solyndra announced on Nov. 3 it planned to postpone expanding the plant, which put the taxpayers on the hook to the tune of $390.5 million taxpayers**, or 73 percent of the total loan guarantee, according to the Wall Street Journal.

 

It also announced that it no longer planned to hire the 1,000 workers that Obama and Biden had touted in their speeches and that it planned to close one of its older factories and planned to lay-off 135 temporary or contract workers and 40 full-time employees.

 

A closer look at the company shows it has never turned a profit since it was founded in 2005, according to its Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) filings.

 

And Solyndra’s auditor declared that “the company has suffered recurring losses, negative cash flows since inception and has a net stockholders’ deficit that, among other factors, [that] raise substantial doubt about its ability to continue as a growing concern” in a March 2010 amendment to its SEC registration statement.

 

“While we understand the purpose of the Loan Guarantee Program is to help private companies engaging in clean energy products to obtain financing by providing loan guarantees, subsequent events raise questions about Solyndra was the right candidate to receive a loan guarantee in excess of half a billion dollars,” Upton and Stearns wrote.

 

A June 2010 Wall Street Journal report indicating that Solyndra’s majority owner, Oklahoma billionaire George Kaiser, was a major fundraiser for the 2008 Obama-Biden campaign has stimulus opponents such as Citizens Against Government Waste crying foul.

 

“We have said this is pork-barrel spending since the beginning,” Leslie Page, spokeswoman for Citizens Against Government Waste, told The Daily Caller. “And the one thing about pork is its corruptive influences.”

   

Read more: dailycaller.com/2011/02/22/panel-green-jobs-company-endor...

  

Contact Us

  

Contact Us

We wish to serve you to the best of our knowledge and ability. Please explore our site and do contact us with your query.

You can contact UnlockDaddy in the following ways:

E-ticket – Simply email us at hello@unlockdaddy.co.uk or by using the form given below to raise a ticket. You will get a reply from our support team within few hours.

 

Live Chat – During office opening times when online, the live chat widget will appear at the bottom of this website.

 

Post – We operate from a purpose built office / warehouse, 56 Hebrew Road, Burnley, Lancashire, United Kingdom, BB10 1NQ.

ImportantPlease do not call us for user support, questions or inquiries. You will get much faster response by submitting a support ticket using the form below.

      

About Us

  

About Us

UnlockDaddy.co.uk is owned and operated by Logicam Technologies UK Limited. We have been in the Phone repairing & unlocking industry since January, 2006, supporting local bricks and mortar business with IMEI based mobile phone unlocking services, before launching this website in late February, 2010.

We are, a team of iPhone enthusiasts, here to help all those who are sick of all the scammers on the internet hawking jailbreaks to poor, unsuspecting and fleece able individuals, claiming that their software will unlock an iPhone.

We ONLY provide official IMEI based factory unlocks for Android phones and Apple iPhone which are completed in iTunes, that do not void your Apple warranty and enable safe updating of your iOS and the syncing of data in iTunes without fear of ever re-locking. We provide technical support after the sale to help you get your device setup for Mobile Internet, MMS, transferring contacts from your old phone to new etc – all things that you’d normally have to hunt around on the internet for. We ensure that you will get your device unlocked as quickly and smoothly as possible – all things that you’d expect from any reputable on-line organisation.

IF YOU ARE LOOKING TO OFFICIALLY AND PERMANENTLY UNLOCK YOUR PHONE, WE ARE THE PEOPLE TO TALK TO!!!

      

Payment Methods

  

Payment Methods

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Pay via PayPal; It is the most preferred way to pay on-line because it’s safer and faster.

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Don’t have PayPal? No worries, pay by debit or credit card. 100% Safe & Secure Payments by Stripe Inc. USA, a world leader in the accounts.

Pay by Local bank transfer. This facility is currently available only to customers from UK, UAE and Pakistan.

Need more help? Just fill out the form below and we will get back to you within few hours with the required information.

     

Delivery Time

  

Processing Time

When an order has been successfully completed, customers will receive confirmation email containing instructions on how to complete the unlocking process.

After receipt of payment, orders are usually submitted for processing within 24 hours (Monday to Friday). The network the handset is currently locked to will dictate both the cost and time it takes to process an order. We provide an approximate processing time for order completion. The quoted processing times are a guide only, based upon the average time it has taken to process orders in the past. As the process involves the use of third parties, we can offer no guarantees on processing times.

Orders are sometimes completed with in a few hours, but on occasions the process exceeds the approximate time frame quoted. We have no control over these processing times, the unlocking process is controlled by the networks, and is why we only quote an approximate time frame for order completion.

We will endeavour to beat the delivery times stated but sometimes delays do occur. In the event of a significant delay, there is no automatic right to cancellation. If a customer contacts us to request a cancellation based upon a significant delay, we will see if our supplier is willing to cancel the order, but offer no guarantee.

     

Refunds

  

Refunds

If no unlock is found for a particular handset, a refund will be processed within 24 hours of us becoming aware that no other solution possible, All our services are offered with a money back guarantee, that ensures you will be able to remove the network lock from your phone, as long as the following criteria is met:

 

The information you enter on the order form must be correct. Right carrier info MUST be used and submitted under the right service. There will be ABSOLUTELY NO refund for wrong carrier submitted or IMEI submitted under wrong service.

The phone must not be IMEI blacklisted/blocked (restricted from use on any network). In case, if a blacklisted IMEI is submitted under a clean unlock service, £2 will be deducted from refund.

The phone must have been activated at some point (the IMEI must be registered in Apple’s database).

Activation lock has been disabled on the phone (‘Find My iPhone’ has been switched off).

The phone must not have been subject to previous jailbreak or unlock attempts.

The phone must not be a replacement, given in exchange for a lost or damaged handset.

You must not attempt to unlock your phone via an alternative method after placing an order with us.

 

Refunds can take around 7 days to appear in a customers account depending on their bank, financial institution or credit card company. For more information on refunds, please read Terms & Conditions.

     

Policies

  

Terms & Conditions

Legal Notice

Unlocking a mobile phone is 100% legal in the UK, however different laws may apply elsewhere in the world. It is the customers responsibility to ensure they comply with all local laws when requesting an unlocking service from this website.

The use of the UnlockDaddy website and services purchased from the website are subject to the terms and conditions on this page, and also our privacy policy. By accessing or using this Site in any way you agree to and are bound by the Terms of Use. Likewise, when you place an order with UnlockDaddy.co.uk (the Site), you, (or the “Buyer”) are entering into a contract with UnlockDaddy, (the Seller). Entering into this contract indicates your full acceptance of these terms and conditions.

1. Our Services

1.1. Each product and price on this website is considered an offer to purchase a service. The service offered by UnlockDaddy.co.uk includes sourcing and supplying a code and detailed instructions to unlock a cellular device. This service begins after payment is received from you.

1.2. All our services include customer support via telephone and email during regular office hours.

*Our service may not be used to unlock handsets commercially in order to retail for profit.

2. Buyer Responsibility

While unlocking cellular phones is illegal some countries, it is your responsibility to verify the laws of your country before placing an order with us. All cellular devices do not work on all networks. Therefore, you are responsible for checking the compatibility of the cellular device with the network that you intend to use. Alterations to a cellular device may cause damage or invalidate a manufacturer’s warranty. You are responsible for checking the device’s warranty. UnlockDaddy is not liable for damage caused to your cellular device or for denial of warranty caused by using our Services. The services offered on this website are intended for use by the owner of the cellular device that is indicated by the IMEI (International Mobile Equipment Identity) number at the time the order is placed. Cellular devices that have been reported lost or stolen are considered “Barred” or “Blacklisted” and are not usable even after unlocking. It is the Buyer’s responsibility to ensure that they are the legal owner of the device. We are not liable for service that does not work properly on cellular devices that are reported lost or stolen and we reserve the right to refuse service to any Buyer if suspicious activity is suspected.

3. Our Guarantee

3.1. All our services are offered with a money back guarantee, that ensures you will be able to remove the network lock from your phone, as long as the following criteria is met:

a) The information you enter on the order form must be 100% correct.

b) Correct service is ordered for the device to be unlocked and that the device is compatible with the service selected.

c) The phone must have been activated at some point (the IMEI must be registered in Apple’s database).

d) Activation Lock has been disabled on the phone (Find My iPhone has been switched off).

e) The target cellular device has not been unlocked previously.

f) The target cellular device has not been altered, changed or tampered with in any way.

g) The IMEI number of the target cellular device has never been altered, changed or tampered with in any way.

h) The phone must not have been subject to previous jailbreak or unlock attempts.

i) The phone must not be a replacement, given in exchange for a lost or damaged handset.

j) The phone must not be IMEI blacklisted/blocked (restricted from use on any network).

k) You must not attempt to unlock your phone via an alternative method after placing an order with us.

l) All refund claims must be submitted within 1 month of order placement.

3.2. When a problem is reported with an unlock, we will see if an alternative is available. We may require further information from you at that point. Our aim is to assist you in unlocking your phone, and only if that is not possible will we proceed to a refund. The refund claim procedure is outlined below.

4. Refunds

4.1. If no unlock is found for a particular handset, a refund will be processed within 48 hours of us becoming aware that none is available (*All criteria outlined in 3.1. above must have been adhered to). Refunds can take around 7 days to appear in a customers account depending on their bank, financial institution or credit card company.

4.2. Where an unlock does not work and we confirm by email that we are not able to find an alternative solution, UnlockDaddy reserves the right to require additional evidence to verify the claim that the unlock procedure did not unlock your device.. This is to show that the information on the order form was correct, and that the unlock process did not work. In some situations the video may still enable us to help a customer unlock their phone. You may be required to provide us with a video recording showing the device in question, along with the IMEI number on the sticker of the device and the IMEI number displayed on the device screen. Additionally, the video must show you inserting an alternate SIM card in the device and the screen that appears with the alternate SIM card. Due to the nature of our product, these extreme measures are the only way that we can verify the validity of your claim.

4.3. Please ensure the correct service is ordered for the device to be unlocked and that the device is compatible with the service selected.

4.4. It is the customer’s responsibility to ensure the details provided at the point of order are accurate. We cannot be held responsible for customer error and are unable to issue refunds under such circumstances.

4.5. It is not possible to determine if a ‘SIM Locked’ or ‘SP Locked’ handset has been ‘Blacklisted’ from any particular network prior to performing the ‘unlock’ procedure. If we undertake an unlock and subsequently discover the iPhone is logged as lost, stolen or abused, we cannot be held responsible and are unable to issue refunds under such circumstances.

4.6. We offer an IMEI checking service. If it is suspected an iPhone may be blacklisted, it is strongly recommended that this service is utilized prior to placing an order to verify the handsets status.

5. Delivery Times & Cancellations

5.1. When an order has been successfully completed, customers will receive email notification containing instructions on how to complete the unlocking process.

5.2. After receipt of payment, orders are usually submitted for processing within 24 hours (Monday to Friday). The network the handset is currently locked to will dictate both the cost and time it takes to process an order. We provide an approximate processing time for order completion. The quoted processing times are a guide only, based upon the average time it has taken to process orders in the past. As the process involves the use of third parties, we can offer no guarantees on processing times.

5.3. We will endeavour to beat the delivery times stated but sometimes delays do occur. In the event of a significant delay, there is no automatic right to cancellation. If a customer contacts us to request a cancellation based upon a significant delay, we will see if our supplier is willing to cancel the order, but offer no guarantee.

5.4. In general, order cancelations are not permitted once a payment has been made. The service provision commences as soon as payment is made. The service offered is personalized, based on the unique details of a specific handset and therefore cannot be transferred or utilized by a third party.

6. Fraud and Deception

6.1. Any attempts to obtain our services by fraudulent means will not be tolerated. We report all such fraudulent activities to the relevant authorities and credit reference agencies.

6.2. To combat internet fraud we log the IP address of a customer at the point of order. We cross reference this IP address location with that of the registered account holder of the credit/debit card used to make payment. Any discrepancies will result in the cancelation of the order.

6.3. We work closely with financial institutions, ISP’s and a variety of global debt recovery agents worldwide, to protect ourselves and our customers from exposure to fraudulent activity.

6.4. In cases we can prove attempts to defraud our company, we will take legal action to recover our losses and any additional expenses incurred through the recovery process.

6.5. In cases of fraudulent charge backs, the associated handset IMEI number will be identified and relocked and/or blocked.

*Cellular activity can be monitored via a mobile or cellular phones unique IMEI number, which may also be used to trace the handsets whereabouts by law enforcement agencies in the event of criminal activity, including, but not limited to, fraud.

7. UK Specific Terms

7.1. If a handset is reported lost, stolen or abused, it will be ‘Blacklisted’ on Apple’s servers (also known as ‘Blocked’ or ‘Barred’), preventing it’s use on any GSM network, nationally. We will undertake the job you request but cannot legally make a ‘blacklisted’ handset work again.

8. Limitation Of Liability

8.1. Where permitted by law, UnlockDaddy is not liable for any loss or damage caused as a result of the services provided, or the use of our website. Otherwise, our liability is limited to the amount paid for the provision of the service in question.

8.2 You agree to indemnify and hold UnlockDaddy, and its subsidiaries, affiliates, officers, directors, agents, partners and employees, harmless from any claim or demand, including reasonable attorneys’ fees, made by any third party due to or arising out of content you submit, post to, or transmit through the Site, your use of the Site, your connection to the Site, your violation of these Terms of Use or your violation of any rights of another person or entity.

9. General

9.1. All third party brands & logos are the registered trademarks of their respected owners. This website is not affiliated or parts any of the network operators or handset manufacturers detailed on our websites.

ALL PURCHASES ARE SUBJECT TO THE ABOVE TERMS & CONDITIONS AND ARE IN FULL ACCORDANCE WITH UK CONSUMER LAW.

     

Work With Us

  

Work with Us

Do you own a mobile sale service/repair shop or in a part-time sales job? Or you are thinking to start a business to earn a few extra bucks? Are you reliable, trustworthy, and discreet (as we are), then we would love to hear from you. We have a brilliant idea for you to work with us with ‘zero £’ investment; Join hands with us: you get the customers, we will do the unlocks, we will offer you special discounted unlock rates so that you may also earn a handsome amount per unlock. Simply fill out below contact form with your personal details, we will get back to you ASAP.

Unlockers Required

Do you work, or do you know someone who works, in the unlocking department within a network, or has access to IMEI whitelisting for iPhones? We are always looking to bring new networks online. Are you looking to earn extra money? We require iPhone unlocks for all networks worldwide.

Please note that we are not interested in hearing from middle men. You must have direct access to unlock these units and be able to unlock in an hour or less.

Simply fill out below form or email hello@unlockdaddy.co.uk with what network(s) you can unlock to get the ball rolling.

     

Contact Form:Name * E-Mail * Purpose of Contact? (Optional) QuestionSuggestionComplaintOtherHow did you hear about us? (Optional) GoogleFriendOther Message * 4 + 0 = ? Please prove that you are human by solving the equation *

“Whatever we possess becomes of double value when we have the opportunity of sharing it with others.” Share this Now:FacebookTwitterGoogleLinkedInPinterestTumblrStumbleUponRedditDiggPocketEmailPrint

 

unlockdaddy.co.uk/customer-service/

The New York Palace Hotel (formerly The Helmsley Palace)

455 Madison Avenue at 50th Street

New York, NY 10022

 

The 50th Street Entrance

---------------

The Villard Houses were brownstone residences built by Henry Villard in 1884. Villard was a railway promoter and financier, who took over the Northern Pacific Railroad in 1881. The architect was McKim, Mead & White. The firm also designed the Pennsylvania Hotel in Manhattan. The six residence building was clad in quarried brownstone and wrapped around a u-shaped courtyard representative of a 15th century Italian palazzo. Four homes opened onto the courtyard while two had entrances on 51st Street.

 

Villard moved into the corner residence at 451 Madison, at the corner of 50th Street for just a short while before declaring bankruptcy. Much of the interior decoration is still visible today in the restaurant Gilt (formerly Le Cirque 2000).

 

In the 1940’s the Villard House was known as Women's Military Services Club. It served women in the military that could stay there for .50 cents a night. By the late 60’s the Archdiocese of New York owned the complex.

 

In the early 70’s Harry Helmsley found the perfect location in which to build his dream hotel. The Villard House was located on New York's Madison Avenue, across the street from St. Patrick's Cathedral.

 

Helmsley negotiated a 99 year lease on the site from the the Archdiocese of New York and proposed gutting the interiors of the Villard and putting a 51-story hotel on top of it. The preservationists prevailed and Helmsley’s plan was changed to save most of the interiors of the Villard houses, though the buildings' rear facades were demolished and incorporated in to the new 51-story hotel. long-term ground lease, which runs for decades. The Archdiocese of New York receives $10 million annually in ground rent.

 

Helmsley commissioned architects Emery Roth & Sons and Hardy Holzman Pfeiffer to design the modern structure and integrate the 1884 houses. The tower’s façade is a dark bronze reflective glass that was to blend with the Villard Houses. Started in 1977, the 905-room hotel project was completed in 1980.

 

Leona Helmsley spent a great deal of time and energy managing the decorating and staffing of the hotel. Leona took seriously her role as President of Helmsley Hotels and was determined to give her guests unprecedented service.

 

On September 15, 1980, the opulent Helmsley Palace Hotel opened. At the time The Helmsley Palace had the highest hotel rates in the city. An early print advertisement featuring Leona had the by-line: “It’s the only palace in the world where the Queen stands guard”

 

The hotel has four Triplex Suites. Situated at the top of the tower and occupying the four corners, each 2-bedroom suite is spread over three floors and include a private roof terrace.

 

In 1982, the limited partners in the Helmsley Palace Hotel partnership forced an arbitration proceeding after Harry Helmsley, in his role as general partner demanded more money from the limited partners for cost overruns in building the hotel. The limited partners said the Helmsley’s had mismanaged the business and had hurt the partnership through several self-dealing transactions. The arbitrators ruled in favor of the limited partners and forced the Helmsley’s to pay the cost overruns and an additional $3.5 million to the partnership.

 

Leona Helmsley, was convicted of income tax fraud in August 1989 - (“We don’t pay taxes … only the little people do”). Leona was convicted of 33 felony counts of trying to defraud the government and IRS, including mail fraud, tax evasion and filing false tax returns (essentially running millions of dollars of personal expenses through the Helmsley Palace and Park Lane books)

 

Harry Helmsley was indicted on similar charges in 1988, but was found too ill to stand trial. He died in 1997.

 

Following appeals Leona Helmsley was imprisoned from 1992-1993.

 

The limited partners in the Palace partnership were rightfully concerned during the Helmsley’s legal mess that the hotel was in desperate need for another general partner. The limited partners contended Helmsley Enterprises breached its fiduciary duties in managing and operating the partnership. They sought through the courts to remove the Helmsleys as general partner, and to appoint a receiver until a new general partner and manager can be found or the hotel be sold. They also sought restoration of any money the Helmsleys may have diverted to their affiliates through self-dealing.

 

Helmsley operated the Helmsley Palace hotel until 1992. She was known to fire managers from her jail cell.

 

Interstate Hotels was appointed by the court as the hotel’s receiver. The hotel changed its name to The New York Palace Hotel. The receiver received 6 qualified bids for the hotel.

 

In November 1993 The Royal Family of Brunei agreed to buy the New York Palace for $202 million (the highest offer). The agreement to buy the Palace is with Amedeo Hotels Limited Partnership, an investment company in Brunei. The Sultan of Brunei, through its development company, Amedeo Limited, contracted with Harman Jablin Architects for the complete renovation of the hotel and Villard Houses.

 

The hotel is comprised of three structures: the899-room 55-story hotel tower, the 5-story Villard House, and the 2-story Maloney & Porcelli restaurant.

 

The wealth of the royal family of Brunei, a tiny oil-rich sultanate on the island of Borneo, is controlled by Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah, whose estimated worth of $33 billion makes him one of the world's richest men. He and his family also own the 263-room Beverly Hills Hotel in California, bought for $187 million in 1987, and the Dorchester Hotel in London, bought for about $85 million in 1985.

 

The Royal Family’s new wealth comes from a constant flow of royalties into their private bank accounts from Shell Oil, who they joint ventured with to extract Brunei’s only natural resource.

 

The Sultan of Brunei Hassanal Bolkiah younger brother is Prince Jefri Bolkiah who was the finance minister of Brunei from 1986 to 1998 and thus the chairman of The Brunei Investment Agency (BIA) responsible for overseas investments. He was known for his extravagant lifestyle, which included a private Boeing 747 and 2,000 automobiles. Hotels he controlled included The New York Palace Hotel, Hotel Bel-Air in Los Angeles and Plaza Athénée in Paris.

 

Following an audit in 1987 The Brunei government charged Prince Jefri with embezzling $14.8 billion and he was removed as chairman of BEI.

 

In July 2008 BEI signed management contracts with the Dorchester Group to operate the New York Plaza and the Hotel Bel-Air in Los Angeles.

 

Prince Jefri’s two main legal and financial advisors, the British husband and wife lawyers Thomas Derbyshire and Faith Zaman were dispatched by the Prince to the New York Palace in 2004 to protect his interests. The two were involved in many aspects of Prince Jefri’s business affairs and they held powers of attorney to act of his behalf.

 

So In November 2005, Zaman claims Jefri gave them a 17-year lease on a 2,800-square-foot apartment on the third floor of the hotel, which rented as a suite for $20,000 a night. The prince gave the apartment to them rent-free for the first five years After that, the charge would be $500 a month, with an option to renew for 51 years. According the Vanity Fair this was done so the sultan if ever was successful in taking over the hotel, he would have to deal with them for the rest of his life.

 

In February 2006, John Segreti, the managing director of the Palace, dropped dead at 52 of a pulmonary embolism. Segreti formerly was the chief operating officer at Shangri-La Hotels and Resorts, in Hong Kon).

 

In March 2006 Faith Zaman was appointed Managing Director of the Palace. Her annual salary included 5 percent of the hotel’s gross operating profit, a car allowance of $100,000 per year, and free use of the company credit card for personal expenses. Also the prince gave her control of a second lease at a low price for the Maloney & Porcelli steak house on the hotel’s ground floor, on East 50th Street.

 

Meanwhile Derbyshire was working hard on finding a way for Jefri to cash in on two of his biggest assets the New York Palace and Hotel Bel-Air. A prospective buyer, Ty Warner (owner of the Four Seasons New York), was found who had agreed to acquiring the two hotels for $800 million. The sell certainly would have breached the government of Brunei’s freeze of Prince Jefri’s assets and further, what bank in the world could be used to deposit the proceeds and hide it from the government of Brunei.

 

The sell never occurred. Prince Jefri filed a suit against Derbyshire and Zaman seeking to recover $7 million in questionable expenses, Derbyshire and Zaman countersued for $13 million in contractual wages never received. In December 2010 the New York City jury awarded Derbyshire and Zaman $21 million.

 

Prince Jefri, a father of 17 with four wives, has swapped a decadent lifestyle for a fugitive existence. He is reported to have been allowed back in Brunei.

 

In 1997, with a new name--Le Cirque 2000--the restaurant moved from the Mayfair to the New York Palace Hotel and its landmark, the Villard Houses. Designer Adam Tihany gave Le Cirque its dazzling new look, and, as the opening approached, Siro Maccioni told New York magazine, "They're either going to give us a medal or exile us to Kilimanjaro."

 

In 2006 Siro Maccioni moved Le Cirque from the Palace Hotel to the Bloomberg building on East 58th Street.

 

John Segretti, the hotel’s managing director, decided The Palace Hotel should operate its own restaurant in the Villard space. In December 2005 it opened the 52-seat restaurant GILT with the interior design done by Patrick Jouin. The executive chef was Paul Liebrandt. The NY Times food critic panned Gilt two months after opening describing some entrees as “no larger than a hockey puck”. Shortly after Liebrandt was fired. In 2009 GILT was awarded Twp Michelin Stars under the direction of Executive Chef Justin Bogle.

 

In July 2011 Northwood Investors acquired the New York Plaza for approximately $400 million. The price is low by NYC standards – held down due to the $10 million dollar a year ground lease. The seller Brunei Investment Agency also owns the Dorchester Collection of luxury hotels. The New York Palace is no longer affiliated with the Dorchester Collection.

 

Northwood Investors is a privately-held real estate investment advisor that was founded in 2006 by John Z. Kukral, the former President and CEO of Blackstone Real Estate Advisors. It also owns the Alden Houston Hotel and The Radisson Hotel Boston.

 

Northwood has appointed David Chase to general manager of The New York Palace. Most recently he was the pre-opening general manager of Trump SoHo New York.

 

From 'Comercial Motor', 1980...

"The most expensive member of the Volkswagen family of dummies goes by the splendid name of Oscar Humanus. With Oscar the strength of each section of his body has been matched as closely as possible to that of the human body. This means that his ceramic leg bones, for example, will fracture under the same load that would break a human bone. Oscar has one tremendous advantage, however, over a mere human — his bones are easily replaceable.

Oscar's instrumentation is also capable of recording impact and the resultant injury to the softer parts of the body.

As I mentioned, Oscar is the most expensive member of the VW family at around £15,000. Indeed the total family of dummies maintained by Volkswagen — 50 males, two females and three children — represents total investment in the region c £250,000."

archive.commercialmotor.com/article/5th-january-1980/44/f...

Not a montage, just a single exposure cleaned up.

The idea was to to express Debt as experienced and viewed by the individual paradigm.

Hence the glasses represent the individual and the coins his economic worth.

It took a month of working to understand how to produce this with one shot, yes it is not perfect but it is my expression, my protest to what the greedy banking system have done to society.

Let them snort their cocaine, reveal in their gambling addictions but it is time to cut their balls off.

Lets put an end to fiscal tax havens once and for all, they only benefit the fraud of the rich and corrupt. Let's have a new Glass-Steagall Act that works to harness and divide the savings banks from the roulette toting gamblers of the investment banks.

 

Les réseaux sociaux,

Des gens masqués,

derrière des pseudos,

insultants d'autres pseudos

les réseaux sociaux

le paradis promis

d'un web peace & love

Social network

En fait, les américains

voyaient ça autrement.

Les militaires plus spécialement.

socialiser les réseaux,

la webiser, tisser la toile

et attraper qui on veut,

quand on veut, comme on veut.

Relier le tueur à l'innocent,

faire parler Dieu et le Diable

et socialiser tout ça.

Nous faire dire tout et n'importe quoi,

que les pseudos se déchirent

de haines et d'insultes.

L'homme est un loup pour l'homme.

 

YYMMDD, yymmdd, yymmddhhss,

transmission, transmissions, telecom, alcatel, bouygues, SANOFI

Accor Air liquide Airbus Group Alcatel-Lucent Alstom ArcelorMittal Axa BNP Paribas Bouygues Capgemini Carrefour 'Crédit agricole' Danone EDF Essilor Engie Kering 'Lafarge SA' Legrand L'Oreal LVMH Michelin Orange Telecommunications Pernod-Ricard PSA Peugeot Citroën Publicis Renault Safran Saint-Gobain Sanofi Schneider 'Société générale' Solvay Technip Total Unibail-Rodamco Valeo Veolia Vinci Vivendi, bitcoin, Faucet, faucet

UBS, 'Credit Suisse', Raiffeisen, 'Wegelin & Co', PostFinance,

Swissquote, 'Zurich Financial Services',

'Banque coopérative de Geneve', 'Bordier & Cie',

'E. Gutzwiller & Cie', 'Gonet & Cie',

'La Roche & Co SA', 'Lombard Odier & Cie SA', 'Mirabaud & Cie SA', 'Mourgue d'Algue & Cie', 'Banque Pictet & Cie SA',

'Rahn & Bodmer Co', 'Reichmuth & Co',

'Deutsche Bank' Postbank DSL Norisbank 'Sal. Oppenheim' BHF HypoVereinsbank Raiffeisen Volksbank Commerzbank

Dresdner Bank, Comdirectbank, EuroHypo, Hypothekenbank, 'DZ Bank', 'Deutsche Genossenschafts-Hypothekenbank', ReiseBank, Sparda-Banken, 'Volksbanken & Raiffeisenbanken', 'Münchner Hypothekenbank',

Teambank, 'M.M.Warburg & CO', 'PSD Bank', 'BNP Paribas Bank', 'Sparkassen Finanzgruppe',

'Banques régionales', BayernLB, Helaba, HSH Nordbank, Landesbank Baden-Württemberg (LBBW), Landesbank Berlin, AG, NordLB, WestLB, 'Caisses d'epargne',

'Berliner Sparkasse', 'Hamburger Sparkasse', 'Frankfurter Sparkasse', DekaBank, Frankfurt (Investment banking)

Landesbausparkassen (de) (LBS)

loop, circuit, chain, code, secret, cs, sc,

sel, initiation, solitude, seul, solitaire, sol, soul, saoul, houle, eau, remous, marais, autumn, nuit, froid, humidity, nuit, glace, peur, bois, ombre, ombres, poids,

Explosives, guns, assassination, conspiracy, primers, detonators, Kakadan, initiators,

main charge, nuclear charges, ambush, sniping, motorcade, IRS, ETA, FARC, Cuba, Castro,

Che Guevara, revolution, ATTAC, BATF, jtf-6, mjtf, hrt, srt, hostages, munitions, weapons,

TNT, rdx, amfo, love, peace, hmtd, picric acid, silver itrite, mercury fulminate, presidential |^|^|^|^|^|^|^|^|^|^|^|^|^|

@#@#@#

motorcade, Greenpeace, Chirac, salt peter, charcoal, sulfur, c4, composition b, petn, lead azide,

lead styphante, ddnp, tetryl, nitrocellulose, nitrostarch, mines, grenades, rockets, fuses,

delay mechanism, mortars, rpg7, propellants, incendiaries, incendiary device, thermite, security

forces, intelligence, agencies, hrt, resistance, psyops, infiltration, assault team, defensive elements,

evasion, detection, mission, communications, the football, platter charge, shaped charges, m118, claymore,

body armor, charges, shrapnel, timers, timing devices, boobytraps, detcord, pmk 40, silencers, Uzi, HK-MP5,

AK-47, FAL, Jatti, Skorpion MP, teflon bullets, cordite, napalm, law, Stingers, RPK, SOCIMI 821 SMG, STEN,

BAR, MP40, HK-G3,FN-MAG, RPD,PzB39, Air Force One, M60, RPK74, SG530, SG540, Galil arm, Walther WA2000,

HK33KE, Parker-Hale, MOD. 82, AKR, Ingram MAC10, M3, L34A1, Walther MPL, AKS-74, HK-GR6, subsonic rounds,

ballistic media, special forces, JFKSWC, SFOD-D, SRT, Rewson, SAFE, Waihopai, INFOSEC, ASPIC, Information Security,

SAI, Information Warfare, IW, IS, Privacy, Information Terrorism, Kenya, Terrorism Defensive, Bucky Roberts, José Bové,

Confédérarion Paysanne, Information, Defense Information Warfare, Offensive Information, listeriose, listeria,

Offensive Information Warfare, NAIA, SAPM, ASU, ECHELON ASTS, National Information Infrastructure, InfoSec, SAO,

Reno, Compsec, JICS, Computer Terrorism, Firewalls, Secure Internet Connections, RSP, ISS, JDF, Passwords, NAAP,

DefCon V, RSO, Hackers, Encryption, ASWS, Espionage, USDOJ, NSA, CIA, S/Key, SSL, FBI, Secret Service, USSS, Defcon,

Military, White House, Undercover, NCCS, Mayfly, PGP, SALDV, PEM, resta, RSA, Perl-RSA, MSNBC, bet, AOL, AOL,

street fight, against, TOS, CIS, CBOT, AIMSX, STARLAN, 3B2, BITNET, Tanzania, SAMU, COSMOS, DATTA, E911, FCIC, HTCIA, IACIS,

UT/RUS, JANET, ram, JICC, ReMOB, LEETAC, UTU, VNET, BRLO, SADCC, NSLEP, SACLANTCEN, FALN, 877, NAVELEXSYSSECENGCEN,

BZ, CANSLO, CBNRC, CIDA, JAVA, rsta, Active X, Compsec 97, RENS, LLC, DERA, JIC, rip, rb, Wu, RDI, Mavricks, BIOL,

Meta-hackers, ^?, SADT, Steve Case, Tools, RECCEX, Telex, OTAN, monarchist, NMIC, NIOG, IDB, MID/KL, NADIS, NMI, SEIDM,

BNC, CNCIS, STEEPLEBUSH, RG, BSS, DDIS, mixmaster, BCCI, BRGE, SARL, Military Intelligence, JICA, Scully, recondo, Flame,

Infowar, Bubba, Freeh, Archives, ISADC, CISSP, Sundevil, jack, Investigation, JOTS, ISACA, NCSA, ASVC, spook words, RRF,

1071, Bugs Bunny, Verisign, Secure, ASIO, Lebed, ICE, NRO, Lexis-Nexis, NSCT, SCIF, FLiR, JIC, bce, Lacrosse, Flashbangs,

HRT, IRA, EODG, DIA, USCOI, CID, BOP, FINCEN, FLETC, NIJ, ACC, AFSPC, BMDO, Chávez, mouvement, movement, site, SASSTIXS,

NAVWAN, NRL, RL, NAVWCWPNS, NSWC, USAFA, AHPCRC, ARPA, SARD, Marx, Groucho Marx, Marx Brothers, LABLINK, USACIL, SAPT,

USCG, NRC, ~, O, NSA/CSS, CDC, DOE, SAAM, FMS, HPCC, NTIS, SEL, USCODE, CISE, SIRC, CIM, ISN, DJC, bemd, SGC, UNCPCJ, CFC,

SABENA, DREO, CDA, SADRS, DRA, SHAPE, bird dog, SACLANT, BECCA, DCJFTF, HALO,SC, TASAS, Lander, GSM, T Branch, AST, SAMCOMM,

HAHO, FKS, 868, GCHQ, DITSA,SORT,AMEMB, NSG, HIC, EDI, benelux, SAS, SBS, SAW, UDT, EODC, GOE, catholic,integrist, exorcist,

DOE, SAMF, GEO, JRB, 3P-HV, Masuda, Forte, AT,GIGN,Exon Shell, radint, MB, CQB, CONUS, CTU, RCMP, GRU, SASR, GSG-9, 22nd SAS,

GEOS, EADA, SART, FLB, Bretagne, BBE, STEP, Echelon, Dictionary, MD2, MD4,MDA, diwn, 747, ASIC, 777, RDI, 767, MI5, 737, MI6,

757, Kh-11, EODN, SHS,^X, Shayet-13, SADMS, Spetznaz, Recce, 707, CIO, NOCS, Halcon, NSS, Duress,RAID, Uziel, wojo, Psyops,

SASCOM, grom, NSIRL, D-11, SERT, VIP, ARC,S.E.T.Team, NSWG, MP5k, SATKA, DREC, DEVGRP, DF, DSD, FDM, GRU, LRTS, SIGDEV,NACSI,

MEU/SOC,PSAC, PTT, RFI, EDF, ZL31, SIGDASYS, TDM, SUKLO, SUSLO,TELINT, fake, TEXTA, ELF, LF, MF, CGT, SIGS, VHF, Recon, peapod,

PA598D28, Spall, dort, 50MZ, 11Emc Choe, SATCOMA, UHF, SHF, ASIO, SASP, WANK, Colonel, domestic disruption, divorce, 5ESS, smuggle,

Z-200, 15kg, DUVDEVAN, RFX,nitrate, OIR, Pretoria, M-14, enigma, Bletchley Park, Clandestine, NSO, nkvd, argus, afsatcom, CQB, NVD,

Counter Terrorism Security, SARA, RapidReaction, JSOFC3IP, Corporate Security, Police, sniper, PPS, ASIS, ASLET, TSCM,

Security Consulting, M-x spook, Z-150T, High Security, SecurityEvaluation, Electronic Surveillance, MI-17, ISR, NSAS, Counterterrorism,

real, spies, IWO, eavesdropping, debugging, CCSS, interception, COCOT,NACSI, rhost, rhosts, ASO, SETA, Amherst, Broadside, Capricorn,

NAVCM,Gamma, Gorizont, Guppy, NSS, rita, ISSO, submiss, ASDIC, tc, 2EME REP,FID,7NL SBS, tekka, captain, 226, .45, nonac, .li,

Ionosphere, Mole,Keyhole,NABS, Kilderkin, Artichoke, Badger, Emerson, Tzvrif, SDIS, T2S2, STTC,DNR,NADDIS, NFLIS, CFD, quarter,

Cornflower, Daisy, Egret, Iris, JSOTF,Hollyhock, Jasmine, Juile, Vinnell, B.D.M., Sphinx, Stephanie,Reflection,Spoke, Talent, Trump,

FX, FXR, IMF, POCSAG, rusers, Covert Video, Intiso, r00t, lock picking, Beyond Hope, LASINT, csystems, .tm, passwd, 2600Magazine,

JUWTF, Competitor, EO, Chan, Pathfinders, JTF,Nash,ISSAA, B61-11, Alouette, executive, Event Security, Mace, Cap-Stun,stakeout,

ninja, ASIS, ISA, EOD, Oscor, Merlin, NTT, SL-1, Prologue, Rolm, TIE, Tie-fighter, PBX, SLI, NTT, MSCJ, MIT, RIT, Time, MSEE,

Cable &Wireless, CSE, SUW, J2, Embassy, ETA, Fax, finks, Fax encryption, whitenoise, Fernspah, MYK, GAFE, forcast, import, rain,

tiger, buzzer, N9,pinknoise, CRA, M.P.R.I., top secret, Mossberg, 50BMG, Macintosh Security, Macintosh Internet Security, OC3,

Macintosh Firewalls, Unix Security, VIPProtection, SIG, sweep, Medco, TRD, TDR, Z, sweeping, SURSAT, 5926, TELINT, Audiotel,

Harvard, 1080H, SWS, Asset, Satellite imagery, force, NAIAG,Cypherpunks, NARF, 127, Coderpunks, TRW, remailers, replay, redheads,

RX-7,explicit, FLAME, JTF-6, AVN, ISSSP, Anonymous, W, Sex, chaining, codes,Nuclear, 20, subversives, SLIP, toad, fish, data havens,

unix, c, a, b,d,SUBACS, the, Elvis, quiche, DES, 1*, NATIA, NATOA, sneakers, UXO, (),OC-12,counterintelligence, Shaldag, sport, NASA,

TWA, DT, gtegsc, owhere, .ch,hope, emc, industrial espionage, SUPIR, PI, TSCI, spookwords, industrialintelligence, H.N.P., SUAEWICS,

Juiliett Class Submarine, Locks, qrss,loch,64 Vauxhall Cross, Ingram Mac-10, wwics, sigvoice, ssa, E.O.D., SEMTEX,penrep, racal, OTP,

OSS, Siemens, RPC, Met, CIA, DST, INI, watchers,keebler, contacts, Blowpipe, BTM, CCS, GSA, Kilo Class, squib,primacord,RSP, Z7, Becker,

Nerd, fangs, Austin, nod, Comirex, GPMG, Speakeasy,humint,GEODSS, SORO, M5, BROMURE, ANC, zone, SBI, DSS, S.A.I.C., Minox,Keyhole, SAR,

Rand Corporation, Starr, Wackenhutt, EO, burhop, Wackendude, mol,Shelton, 2E781, F-22, 2010, JCET, cocaine, coca, Vale, IG, Kosovo, Dake,

36, 800, Hillal, Pesec, Hindawi, GGL, NAICC, CTU, botux, Virii, CCC,ISPE,CCSC, Scud, SecDef, Magdeyev, VOA, Kosiura, Small Pox, Tajik,

Blacklisted 411, TRDL, Internet Underground, BX, XS4ALL, wetsu, LOL,muezzin, Retinal Fetish, WIR, Fetish, FCA, Yobie, forschung, emm,

ANZUS,Reprieve, NZC-332, edition, cards, mania, 701, CTP, CATO, phone, ChicagoSeattle, Davos, Bangkok, Paris, Posse, NSDM, l0ck, spook,

keywords, QRR,PLA, TDYC, W3, CUD, CdC, news, Weekly World News, Zen, World Domination,Dead, GRU, M72750, Salsa, 7, Blowfish, feminism,

Gorelick, Glock, Ft.Meade, NSWT, press-release, WISDIM, burned, Indigo, wire transfer,e-cash,Bubba the Love Sponge, Enforcers, Digicash,

zip, SWAT, Ortega, PPP,NACSE,crypto-anarchy, AT&T, SGI, SUN, MCI, Blacknet, ISM, JCE, Middleman, KLM,Blackbird, NSV, GQ360, X400, Texas,

jihad, SDI, BRIGAND, Uzi, FortMeade, gchq.gov.uk, supercomputer, bullion, 3, NTTC, Blackmednet, :,Propaganda, ABC, Satellite phones, IWIS,

Planet-1, ISTA, rs9512c, SouthAfrica, Sergeyev, Montenegro, Toeffler, Rebollo, sorot, cryptanalysis,nuclear, 52 52 N – 03 03 W, Morgan,

Canine, GEBA, INSCOM, France, MEMEX,Stanley, FBI, Panama, fissionable, Sears Tower, NORAD, Delta Force,SEAL,virtual, WASS, WID, Dolch,

secure shell, screws, Black-Ops, O/S,Venezuela,Ecuador, Argentina, Area51, SABC, basement, ISWG, data-haven, NSDD,black-bag, rack, TEMPEST,

Goodwin, rebels, ID, MD5, IDEA, garbage,market,beef, Stego, ISAF, unclassified, Sayeret Tzanhanim, PARASAR, Gripan,pirg,curly, Taiwan, guest,

utopia, NSG, orthodox, CCSQ, Alica, SHA, Global,gorilla, Bob, UNSCOM, Fukuyama, Manfurov, Kvashnin, Marx,Lenin,Abdurahmon,snullen, Pseudonyms,

MITM, NARF, Gray Data, VLSI, mega, Leitrim, Yakima,NSES, Sugar Grove, WAS, Cowboy, Gist, 8182, Gatt, Platform, 1911,Geraldton,UKUSA, veggie,

XM, Parvus, NAVSVS, 3848, Morwenstow, Consul, Oratory,PineGap, Menwith, Mantis, DSD, BVD, 1984, blow out, BUDS, WQC, Flintlock,PABX,Electron,

Church, Chicago Crust, e95, DDR&E, 3M, KEDO, iButton, R1,erco,Toffler, FAS, RHL, K3, Visa/BCC, SNT, Ceridian, STE, condor,CipherTAC-2000,Etacs,

Corsica, Shipiro, ssor, piz, fritz, KY, 32, Edens, Kiwis,Kamumaruha,DODIG, Firefly, HRM, Albright, Bellcore, rail, csim, NMS, 2c, FIPS140-1,CAVE,

E-Bomb, CDMA, Fortezza, 355ml, ISSC, cybercash, NAWAS, government,NSY, hate, Microsoft, MP3, speedbump, joe, illuminati, BOSS, Kourou,Misawa,Morse,

HF, P415, ladylove, filofax, Gulf, lamma, Unit 5707, SayeretMat’Kal,Unit 669, Sayeret Golani, Lanceros, Ejército, Liberación, Nacional,Summercon,

NSADS, president, ISFR, freedom, ISSO, walburn, Defcon VI,DC6,Larson, P99, HERF pipe-bomb, cocaine, impact, Roswell, ESN,COS,E.T., credit card, b9,

fraud, ST1, assassinate, virus, ISCS, ISPR,anarchy,anarchysm, rogue, mailbomb, Chelsea, Whitewater, MOD, York, plutonium, libertad, OMC, MOC,

William Gates, clone, BATF, SGDN, Nike,WWSV,Atlas, IWWSVCS, Delta, TWA, Lewiski, Kiwi, PGP 2.6.2., PGP 5.0i, PGP5.1,siliconpimp, SASSTIXS, IWG,

Lynch, 414, Face, Pixar, IRIDF, NSRB,eternityserver, Skytel, Yukon, Templeton, Johohonbu, LUK, Cohiba, Soros,Standford,niche, ISEP, ISEC, 51,

H&K, USP, sardine, bank, EUB, USP, PCS, NRO,RedCell, NSOF, Glock 26, snuffle, indigeneous, indian, Patel, package, ISI,INR, INS, IRS, GRU, RUOP,

GSS, NSP, SRI, Ronco, Armani, BOSS, Chobetsu,FBIS, BND, SISDE, FSB, BfV, IB, froglegs, JITEM, SADF, advise, TUSA,LITE,PKK, HoHoCon, SISMI, ISG,

FIS, MSW, Spyderco, UOP, SSCI, NIMA,HAMASMOIS,SVR, SIN, advisors, SAP, Monica, OAU, PFS, Aladdin, AG, chameleon man,Hutsul, CESID, Bess, rail gun,

.375, Peering, CSC, Tangimoana Beach,Commecen, Vanuatu, Kwajalein, LHI, DRM, GSGI, DST, MITI, JERTO, SDF,Koancho, Blenheim, Rivera, Kyudanki, varon, syria, Kobani, kobani, alep, mossoul,

310, 17, 312, NB, CBM, CTP,Sardine, SBIRS, jaws, SGDN, ADIU, DEADBEEF, IDP, IDF, Halibut, SONANGOL,Flu, &, Loin, PGP 5.53, meta, Faber, SFPD, EG&G,

ISEP, blackjack, Fox,Aum,AIEWS, AMW, RHL, Baranyi, WORM, MP5K-SD, WINGS, cdi, VIA, DynCorp,food, UXO, Ti, WWSP, WID, honor, Templar, THAAD, package,

CISD,ISG, IVG, social, BIOLWPN, JRA, ISB, ISDS, chosen, LBSD, van, schloss,secops, DCSS, DPSD, LIF, PRIME, SURVIAC, telex, SP4, Analyzer, embassy,Golf,

B61-7, Maple, Tokyo, ERR, SBU, Threat, JPL, Tess, SE, EPL,SPINTCOM,ISS-ADP, Merv, Mexico, SUR, SO13, Rojdykarna, airframe, 510, EuroFed,Avi,shelter,

Crypto AG, BeepBeepKarl, Justin, RamasseBoy, Stronger than theAverage, koulou-koulou, cagoulard, Ligue,Front, Frente,

RESEAU ECHELON NSA GCHQ GCSB CSE DSD CNCIS DGSE CIA FBI PENTAGONE DST KALASCHNICOV TERRORISM IRAK KOSOVO ISRAEL LEBANON MISSILE CHIRAC JOSPIN ELTSINE

GAZA SPY LSD SATELLITE GOVERNMENT U.S. ADMINISTRATION CONTROL SECRET CONFIDENTIAL DEFENSE NATIONALE GUERRE BILL CLINTON SECURITY SECURITE OPERATIONAL

OPERATIONNEL RG H.C.OTAN UNITED NATIONS UNIES IRS ATF BATF DOD WACO RUBY RIDGE OKC OKLAHOMA CITY MILITIA GUN HANDGUN MILGOV ASSAULT RIFLE DRUG HORUCHI

KORESH DAVIDIAN KAHL POSSE COMITATUS RANDY WEAVER VICKIE WEAVER SPECIAL FORCES LINDA THOMPSON CONSTITUTION MILITARY TERRORIST TASK FORCE SPECIAL OPS

GROUP PARATROOPER SPECIAL OPERATIONS GROUP SOG SOCRATE RANGER SIPRNET SOF SURVEILLANCE DIRECTION SYSTEM WARLORD DELTA FORCE COBRA CONSTITUTION TUERIE DEPRAVATION FIN MORT DECES

BILL OF RIGHTS WHITEWATER POM PARK ON METER ARKANSIDE IRAN CONTRAS OLIVER NORTH VINCE FOSTER PROMIS MOSSAD NASA MI5 ONI CID AK47 M16 C4 MALCOLM X

REVOLUTION CHEROKEE HILLARY BILL CLINTON GORE GEORGE BUSH WACKENHUT TERRORIST TASK FORCE 160 SPECIAL OPS 12TH GROUP 5TH GROUP

constant, super global, global, variable, mute, net,

forces, intelligence, agencies, hrt, resistance, psyops, infiltration, assault team, defensive elements,

evasion, detection, mission, communications, the football, platter charge, shaped charges, m118, claymore,

body armor, charges, shrapnel, timers, timing devices, boobytraps, detcord, pmk 40, silencers, Uzi, HK-MP5,

AK-47, FAL, Jatti, Skorpion MP, teflon bullets, cordite, napalm, law, Stingers, RPK, SOCIMI 821 SMG, STEN,

BAR, MP40, HK-G3,FN-MAG, RPD,PzB39, Air Force One, M60, RPK74, SG530, SG540, Galil arm, Walther WA2000,

HK33KE, Parker-Hale, MOD. 82, AKR, Ingram MAC10, M3, L34A1, Walther MPL, AKS-74, HK-GR6, subsonic rounds,

ballistic media, special forces, JFKSWC, SFOD-D, SRT, Rewson, SAFE, Waihopai, INFOSEC, ASPIC, Information Security,

greece, ellas, Ελλας, FMI, UE, Berlin, Darning street, Office

SAI, Information Warfare, IW, IS, Privacy, Information Terrorism, Kenya, Terrorism Defensive, Bucky Roberts, José Bové,

Confédérarion Paysanne, Information, Defense Information Warfare, Offensive Information, listeriose, listeria,

Offensive Information Warfare, NAIA, SAPM, ASU, ECHELON ASTS, National Information Infrastructure, InfoSec, SAO,

Reno, Compsec, JICS, Computer Terrorism, Firewalls, Secure Internet Connections, RSP, ISS, JDF, Passwords, NAAP,

DefCon V, RSO, Hackers, Encryption, ASWS, Espionage, USDOJ, NSA, CIA, S/Key, SSL, FBI, Secret Service, USSS, Defcon,

Military, White House, Undercover, NCCS, Mayfly, PGP, SALDV, PEM, resta, RSA, Perl-RSA, MSNBC, bet, AOL, AOL,

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OSS, Siemens, RPC, Met, CIA, DST, INI, watchers,keebler, contacts, Blowpipe, BTM, CCS, GSA, Kilo Class, squib,primacord,RSP, Z7, Becker,

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Rand Corporation, Starr, Wackenhutt, EO, burhop, Wackendude, mol,Shelton, 2E781, F-22, 2010, JCET, cocaine, coca, Vale, IG, Kosovo, Dake,

36, 800, Hillal, Pesec, Hindawi, GGL, NAICC, CTU, botux, Virii, CCC,ISPE,CCSC, Scud, SecDef, Magdeyev, VOA, Kosiura, Small Pox, Tajik,

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ANZUS,Reprieve, NZC-332, edition, cards, mania, 701, CTP, CATO, phone, ChicagoSeattle, Davos, Bangkok, Paris, Posse, NSDM, l0ck, spook,

keywords, QRR,PLA, TDYC, W3, CUD, CdC, news, Weekly World News, Zen, World Domination,Dead, GRU, M72750, Salsa, 7, Blowfish, feminism,

Gorelick, Glock, Ft.Meade, NSWT, press-release, WISDIM, burned, Indigo, wire transfer,e-cash,Bubba the Love Sponge, Enforcers, Digicash,

zip, SWAT, Ortega, PPP,NACSE,crypto-anarchy, AT&T, SGI, SUN, MCI, Blacknet, ISM, JCE, Middleman, KLM,Blackbird, NSV, GQ360, X400, Texas,

jihad, SDI, BRIGAND, Uzi, FortMeade, gchq.gov.uk, supercomputer, bullion, 3, NTTC, Blackmednet, :,Propaganda, ABC, Satellite phones, IWIS,

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MITM, NARF, Gray Data, VLSI, mega, Leitrim, Yakima,NSES, Sugar Grove, WAS, Cowboy, Gist, 8182, Gatt, Platform, 1911,Geraldton,UKUSA, veggie,

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E-Bomb, CDMA, Fortezza, 355ml, ISSC, cybercash, NAWAS, government,NSY, hate, Microsoft, MP3, speedbump, joe, illuminati, BOSS, Kourou,Misawa,Morse,

HF, P415, ladylove, filofax, Gulf, lamma, Unit 5707, SayeretMat’Kal,Unit 669, Sayeret Golani, Lanceros, Ejército, Liberación, Nacional,Summercon,

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William Gates, clone, BATF, SGDN, Nike,WWSV,Atlas, IWWSVCS, Delta, TWA, Lewiski, Kiwi, PGP 2.6.2., PGP 5.0i, PGP5.1,siliconpimp, SASSTIXS, IWG,

Lynch, 414, Face, Pixar, IRIDF, NSRB,eternityserver, Skytel, Yukon, Templeton, Johohonbu, LUK, Cohiba, Soros,Standford,niche, ISEP, ISEC, 51,

H&K, USP, sardine, bank, EUB, USP, PCS, NRO,RedCell, NSOF, Glock 26, snuffle, indigeneous, indian, Patel, package, ISI,INR, INS, IRS, GRU, RUOP,

GSS, NSP, SRI, Ronco, Armani, BOSS, Chobetsu,FBIS, BND, SISDE, FSB, BfV, IB, froglegs, JITEM, SADF, advise, TUSA,LITE,PKK, HoHoCon, SISMI, ISG,

FIS, MSW, Spyderco, UOP, SSCI, NIMA,HAMASMOIS,SVR, SIN, advisors, SAP, Monica, OAU, PFS, Aladdin, AG, chameleon man,Hutsul, CESID, Bess, rail gun,

.375, Peering, CSC, Tangimoana Beach,Commecen, Vanuatu, Kwajalein, LHI, DRM, GSGI, DST, MITI, JERTO, SDF,Koancho, Blenheim, Rivera, Kyudanki, varon, syria, Kobani, kobani, alep, mossoul,

310, 17, 312, NB, CBM, CTP,Sardine, SBIRS, jaws, SGDN, ADIU, DEADBEEF, IDP, IDF, Halibut, SONANGOL,Flu, &, Loin, PGP 5.53, meta, Faber, SFPD, EG&G,

ISEP, blackjack, Fox,Aum,AIEWS, AMW, RHL, Baranyi, WORM, MP5K-SD, WINGS, cdi, VIA, DynCorp,food, UXO, Ti, WWSP, WID, honor, Templar, THAAD, package,

CISD,ISG, IVG, social, BIOLWPN, JRA, ISB, ISDS, chosen, LBSD, van, schloss,secops, DCSS, DPSD, LIF, PRIME, SURVIAC, telex, SP4, Analyzer, embassy,Golf,

B61-7, Maple, Tokyo, ERR, SBU, Threat, JPL, Tess, SE, EPL,SPINTCOM,ISS-ADP, Merv, Mexico, SUR, SO13, Rojdykarna, airframe, 510, EuroFed,Avi,shelter,

Crypto AG, BeepBeepKarl, Justin, RamasseBoy, Stronger than theAverage, koulou-koulou, cagoulard, Ligue,Front, Frente,

RESEAU ECHELON NSA GCHQ GCSB CSE DSD CNCIS DGSE CIA FBI PENTAGONE DST KALASCHNICOV TERRORISM IRAK KOSOVO ISRAEL LEBANON MISSILE CHIRAC JOSPIN ELTSINE

GAZA SPY LSD SATELLITE GOVERNMENT U.S. ADMINISTRATION CONTROL SECRET CONFIDENTIAL DEFENSE NATIONALE GUERRE BILL CLINTON SECURITY SECURITE OPERATIONAL

OPERATIONNEL RG H.C.OTAN UNITED NATIONS UNIES IRS ATF BATF DOD WACO RUBY RIDGE OKC OKLAHOMA CITY MILITIA GUN HANDGUN MILGOV ASSAULT RIFLE DRUG HORUCHI

KORESH DAVIDIAN KAHL POSSE COMITATUS RANDY WEAVER VICKIE WEAVER SPECIAL FORCES LINDA THOMPSON CONSTITUTION MILITARY TERRORIST TASK FORCE SPECIAL OPS

GROUP PARATROOPER SPECIAL OPERATIONS GROUP SOG SOCRATE RANGER SIPRNET SOF SURVEILLANCE DIRECTION SYSTEM WARLORD DELTA FORCE COBRA CONSTITUTION

BILL OF RIGHTS WHITEWATER POM PARK ON METER ARKANSIDE IRAN CONTRAS OLIVER NORTH VINCE FOSTER PROMIS MOSSAD NASA MI5 ONI CID AK47 M16 C4 MALCOLM X

REVOLUTION CHEROKEE HILLARY BILL CLINTON GORE GEORGE BUSH WACKENHUT TERRORIST TASK FORCE 160 SPECIAL OPS 12TH GROUP 5TH GROUP

GAGA MADOnna ITALIA WAMPA WAMPAS SACRIFICE GIFT HOPE FAITH

   

✅ Marco Verch is a Professional Photographer and Speaker from Cologne. 👆 This image can be used under Creative Commons 2.0. Please link to the original photo and the license.

Money trail leads to three bank accounts in the US

 

In collaboration with the FBI, the Danish police has tracked down a large portion of the estimated 220 million kroner that Stein Bagger, along with his Swedish accomplice Mikael Ljungman, embezzled from his company IT Factory, according to a report in financial daily Børsen.

 

The FBI and a Danish special task force have followed the trail of a sum amounting to 162 million kroner that was transferred to Ljungman’s Swedish company Xiop, and then divided between three accounts: two US-based firms, Ecommerce LLC and Media Power, both of which Ljungman owns together with the already-convicted Swede Carl Freer; and a secret account with a US credit card set up under the name Lord Mikael Ljungman.

 

Police have been looking for the embezzled money for 18 months, and according to Børsen, they have reportedly applied to Lyngby Court for a seizure warrant to acquire the cash from all three accounts.

 

Copenhagan Post Online's story here www.cphpost.dk/component/content/49712.html?task=view

 

www.airscoot.co.uk/dev/2010/08/15/net-closing-in-on-missi...

 

Hunt for Stein Bagger's missing millions resumes cphpost.dk/news/national/hunt-stein-baggers-missing-milli...

  

Article copy in case it gets deleted like the about article:

 

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As defrauder Stein Bagger once again tries to establish himself in the business world from behind bars, the pursuit for the missing millions he stole begins anew

 

Stein Bagger, or Steen Bach as he now likes to be called, has begun an internship which has renewed the hunt for the missing IT Factory millions (Photo: Scanpix)

The search for the missing 200 million kroner in the case of disgraced businessman Stein Bagger, has been renewed after new information has surfaced in connection with an internship Bagger is doing from behind bars.

 

Boris Frederiksen, the man in charge of locating the missing funds, had initially begun the hunt in early 2010, but he was forced to halt the search in October 2011 after the money trail went cold.

 

Bagger was an acclaimed CEO of the company IT Factory before disappearing on 27 November 2008 while on a trip to Dubai with his wife and business partners. A few days later, it emerged that IT Factory’s revenue had been falsely inflated as part of a plan to defraud banks and investors for over 1.2 billion kroner, the biggest case of it’s kind in Denmark for decades.

 

IT Factory was declared bankrupt and a warrant was issued for Bragger's arrest. Bagger fled Dubai for New York, were he hired a car and drove to Los Angeles, turning himself in to police authorities on December 6.

 

The 45-year-old Bagger is currently serving a seven-year sentence for his actions but seems to be trying to make a comeback of sorts. Adopting the name Steen Bach, Bagger is taking a business degree at Copenhagen Business School from behind bars and has been allowed by the prison service to take part in an internship programme in a moving and storage company.

 

The company, called Dansk-Selfstorage.dk, is led by Rene Andersen, who is one of Bagger’s acquaintances, and is shrouded in mystery, especially when it comes to the 3.2 million kroner in the company that comes from the off-shore firm Niva Trading LTD.

 

It is on this background that Frederiksen has decided to renew his search for the missing 200 million kroner and to see if Bagger's latest move is a ploy to launder the money.

 

“The question that I and everyone else have when they look into the story is of course whether this is a plot to somehow lead some of the hidden funds overseas back into the country,” Frederiksen told Børsen newspaper.

 

But regardless of the hunt for the missing money, it is clear that Bagger will never be allowed to be in an influential position in a company ever again.

 

“Stein Bagger’s right to be a founder, CEO or board member with limited responsibility in a company or an association which demands special public approval or a fund, has been suspended indefinitely according to the criminal law § 79,” his sentence read.

 

Bagger rejected the notion that he has anything to do with Niva Trading Ltd

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New Yorkers Protest the US$850 BILLION (US$3 TRILLION) Wall Street BAILOUT: Wall Street, NYC - September 25, 2008

 

VOTE YOUR CONSCIENCE on 04 NOVEMBER 2008!

 

Phototgrapher: a. golden, eyewash design - c. 2008.

 

Friends,

 

The richest 400 Americans -- that's right, just four-hundred people -- own MORE than the bottom 150 million Americans COMBINED! 400 of the wealthiest Americans have got more stashed away than half the entire country! Their combined net worth is $1.6 trillion. During the eight years of the Bush Administration, their wealth has increased by nearly $700 billion -- the same amount that they were demanding We give to them for the "bailout." Why don't they just spend the money they made under Bush to bail themselves out? They'd still have nearly a trillion dollars left over to spread amongst themselves!

 

Of course, they are not going to do that -- at least not voluntarily. George W. Bush was handed a $127 billion surplus when Bill Clinton left office. Because that money was OUR money and not HIS, he did what the rich prefer to do -- spend it and never look back. Now we have a $9.5 trillion debt that will take seven generations from which to recover. Why -- on --earth – did -- our -- "representatives" -- give -- these -- robber -- barons -- $US850 BILLION -- of – OUR -- money?

 

Last week, proposed my own bailout plan. My suggestions, listed below, were predicated on the singular and simple belief that the rich must pull themselves up by their own platinum bootstraps. Sorry, fellows, but you drilled it into our heads one too many times: THERE...IS...NO…FREE... LUNCH ~ PERIOD! And thank you for encouraging us to hate people on welfare! So, there should have been NO HANDOUTS FROM US TO YOU! Last Friday, after voting AGAINST this BAILOUT, in an unprecedented turn of events, the House FLIP-FLOPPED their "No" Vote & said "Yes", in a rush version of a "bailout" bill vote. IN SPITE OF THE PEOPLE'S OVERWHELMING DISAPPROVAL OF THIS BAILOUT BILL... IN SPITE OF MILLIONS OF CALLS FROM THE PEOPLE CRASHING WASHINGTON "representatives'" PHONE LINES...IN SPITE OF CRASHING OUR POLITICIAN'S WEBSITES...IN SPITE OF HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS OF PEOPLE PROTESTING AROUND THE COUNTRY... THEY VOTED FOR THIS BAILOUT! The People first succeeded on Monday with the House, but failed do it with the Senate and then THE HOUSE TURNED ON US TOO!

 

It is clear, though, we cannot simply continue protesting without proposing exactly what it is we think THESE IDIOTS should/'ve do/one. So, after consulting with a number of people smarter than Phil Gramm, here’s the proposal, now known as "Mike's Rescue Plan." (From Michael Moore's Bailout Plan) It has 10 simple, straightforward points. They are that you DIDN'T, BUT SHOULD'VE:

 

1. APPOINTED A SPECIAL PROSECUTOR TO CRIMINALLY INDICT ANYONE ON WALL STREET WHO KNOWINGLY CONTRIBUTED TO THIS COLLAPSE. Before any new money was expended, Congress should have committed, by resolution, to CRIMINALLY PROSECUTE ANYONE who had ANYTHING to do with the attempted SACKING OF OUR ECONOMY. This means that anyone who committed insider trading, securities fraud or any action that helped bring about this collapse should have and MUST GO TO JAIL! This Congress SHOULD HAVE called for a Special Prosecutor who would vigorously go after everyone who created the mess, and anyone else who attempts to scam the public in future. (I like Elliot Spitzer ~ so, he played a little hanky-panky...Wall Street hates him & this is a GOOD thing.)

 

2. THE RICH SHOULD HAVE PAID FOR THEIR OWN BAILOUT! They may have to live in 5 houses instead of 7. They may have to drive 9 cars instead of 13. The chef for their mini-terriers may have to be reassigned. But there is no way in hell, after forcing family incomes to go down more than $2,000 dollars during the Bush years, that working people and the middle class should have to fork over one dime to underwrite the next yacht purchase.

 

If they truly needed the $850 billion they say they needed, well, here is an easy way they could have raised it:

 

a) Every couple makeing over a million dollars a year and every single taxpayer who makes over $500,000 a year should pay a 10% surcharge tax for five years. (It's the Senator Sanders plan. He's like Colonel Sanders, only he's out to fry the right chickens.) That means the rich would have still been paying less income tax than when Carter was president. That would have raise a total of $300 billion.

 

b) Like nearly every other democracy, they should have charged a 0.25% tax on every stock transaction. This would have raised more than $200 billion in a year.

 

c) Because every stockholder is a patriotic American, stockholders should have forgone receiving a dividend check for ONE quarter and instead this money would have gone the treasury to help pay for the bullsh*t bailout.

 

d) 25% of major U.S. corporations currently pay NO federal income tax. Federal corporate tax revenues currently amount to 1.7% of the GDP compared to 5% in the 1950s. If we raised the corporate income tax BACK to the levels of the 1950s, this would give us an extra $500 billion.

 

All of this combined should have been enough to end the calamity. The rich would have gotten to keep their mansions and their servants and our United States government ("COUNTRY FIRST!") would've have a little leftover to repair some roads, bridges and schools...

 

3. YOU SHOULD HAVE BAIL OUT THE PEOPLE LOSING THEIR HOMES, NOT THE PEOPLE WHO WILL BUILD AN EIGHTH HOME! There are 1.3 million homes in foreclosure right now. That is what is at the heart of this problem. So, instead of giving the money to the banks as a gift, they should have paid down each of these mortgages by $100,000. They should have forced the banks to renegotiate the mortgage so the homeowner could pay on its current value. To insure that this help wouldn't go to speculators and those who tried to making money by flipping houses, the bailout should have only been for people's primary residences. And, in return for the $100K pay-down on the existing mortgage, the government would have gotten to share in the holding of the mortgage so it could get some of its money back. Thus, the total initial cost of fixing the mortgage crisis at its roots (instead of with the greedy lenders) is $150 billion, not $850 BILLION.

 

And let's set the record straight. People who have defaulted on their mortgages are not "bad risks." They are our fellow Americans, and all they wanted was what we all want: a home to call their own. But, during the Bush years, millions of the People lost the decent paying jobs they had. SIX MILLION fell into poverty! SEVEN MILLION lost their health insurance! And, every one of them saw their real wages go DOWN by $2,000! Those who DARE look down on these Americans who got hit with one bad break after another should be ASHAMED.! We are a better, stronger, safer and happier society when all of our citizens can afford to live in a home they own.

 

4. THERE SHOULD HAVE BEEN A STIPULATION THAT IF YOUR BANK OR COMPANY GOT ANY OF OUR MONEY IN A "BAILOUT," THEN WE OWN YOU. Sorry, that's how it's done. If the bank gives me money so I can buy a house, the bank "owns" that house until I pay it all back -- with interest. Same deal for Wall Street. Whatever money you need to stay afloat, if our government considers you a safe risk -- and necessary for the good of the country -- then you can get a loan, but WE SHOULD OWN YOU. If you default, we will sell you. This is how the Swedish government did it and it worked.

 

5. ALL REGULATIONS SHOULD HAVE BEEN BE RESTORED. THE REAGAN REVOLUTION IS DEAD! This catastrophe happened because we let the fox have the keys to the hen-house. In 1999, Phil Gramm authored a bill to remove all the regulations that governed Wall Street and our banking system. The bill passed and Clinton signed it. Here's what Sen.Phil Gramm, McCain's chief economic advisor, said at the bill signing:

 

"In the 1930s ... it was believed that government was the answer. It was believed that stability and growth came from government overriding the functioning of free markets.

 

"We are here today to repeal [that] because we have learned that government is not the answer. We have learned that freedom and competition are the answers. We have learned that we promote economic growth and we promote stability by having competition and freedom.

 

"I am proud to be here because this is an important bill; it is a deregulatory bill. I believe that that is the wave of the future, and I am awfully proud to have been a part of making it a reality."

 

FOR THIS NOT TO REOCCUR, This BILL SHOULD HAVE BEEN REPEALED! Bill Clinton could have helped by leading the effort for the repeal of the Gramm bill and the reinstating of even tougher regulations regarding our financial institutions. And when they were done with that, they should have restored the regulations for the airlines, the inspection of our food, the oil industry, OSHA, and every other entity that affects our daily lives. All oversight provisions for any "bailout" should have had enforcement monies attached to them and criminal penalties for all offenders.

 

6. IF IT'S TOO BIG TO FAIL, THEN THAT MEANS IT'S TOO BIG TO EXIST! Allowing the creation of these mega-mergers and not enforcing the monopoly and anti-trust laws has allowed a number of financial institutions and corporations to become so large, the very thought of their collapse means an even bigger collapse across the entire economy. No ONE or TWO companies should EVER have this kind of power! The so-called "economic Pearl Harbor" can't happen when you have hundreds -- thousands -- of institutions where people have their money. When we have a dozen auto companies, if one goes belly-up, we DON'T FACE A NATIONAL DISASTER! If we have three separately-owned daily newspapers in your town, then one media company can't call all the shots (I know... What am I thinking?! Who reads a paper anymore? Sure glad all those mergers and buyouts left us with a STRONG and "FREE" press!). Laws Should have been enacted to prevent companies from being so large and dominant that with one slingshot to the eye, the GIANT FALLS and DIES. And no institution should be allowed to set up money schemes that NO ONE understands. If you can't explain it in two sentences, you shouldn't be taking anyone's money!

 

7. NO EXECUTIVE SHOULD EVER BE PAID MORE THAN 40 TIMES THEIR AVERAGE EMPLOYEE, AND NO EXECUTIVE SHOULD RECEIVE ANY KIND OF "PARACHUTE" OTHER THAN THE VERY GENEROUS SALARY HE OR SHE MADE WHILE WORKING FOR THE COMPANY. In 1980, the average American CEO made 45 times what their employees made. By 2003, they were making 254 times what their workers made. After 8 years of Bush, they now make over 400 times what their average employee makes. How We have allowed this to happen at publicly held companies is beyond reason. In Britain, the average CEO makes 28 times what their average employee makes. In Japan, it's only 17 times! The last I heard, the CEO of Toyota was living the high life in Tokyo. How does he do it on so little money? Seriously, this is an OUTRAGE! We have created the mess we're in by letting the people at the top become bloated beyond belief with millions of dollars. THIS HAS TO STOP! Not only should no executive who receives help out of this mess profit from it, but any executive who was in charge of running his company into the ground should be FIRED before the company receives ANY help.

 

8. CONGRESS SHOULD HAVE STRENGTHENED THE FDIC AND MADE IT A MODEL FOR PROTECTING NOT ONLY PEOPLE'S SAVINGS, BUT ALSO THEIR PENSIONS AND THEIR HOMES. Obama was correct to propose expanding FDIC protection of people's savings in their banks to $250,000. But, this same sort of government insurance must be given to our NEVER have to worry about whether or not the money they've put away for their old age will be there. This should have meant strict government oversight of companies who manage their employees' funds -- or perhaps it means the companies should have been forced to turn over those funds and their management to the government? People's private retirement funds must also be protected, but perhaps it's time to consider not having one's retirement invested in the casino known as the stock market??? Our government should have a solemn duty to guarantee that no one who grows old in this country has to worry about becoming destitute.

 

9. EVERYBODY NEEDS TO TAKE A DEEP BREATH, CALM DOWN, AND NOT LET FEAR RULE THE DAY. Turn off your TVs! We are NOT in the Second Great Depression. The sky is NOT falling, Chicken Little! Pundits and politicians have lied to us so FAST and FURIOUS it's hard not to be affected by all the fear mongering. Even I wrote to and repeated what I heard on the news last week, that the Dow had the biggest one day drop in its history. Well, that was true in terms of points, but its 7% drop came nowhere close to Black Monday in 1987 when the stock market in one day lost 23% of its value. In the '80s, 3,000 banks closed, but America didn't go out of business. These institutions have always had their ups and downs and eventually it works out. It has to, because the rich do not like their wealth being disrupted! They have a vested interest in calming things down and getting back into their Jacuzzis before they slip into their million thread-count sheets to drift off to a peaceful, Vodka tonic and Ambien-induced slumber.

 

As crazy as things are right now, tens of thousands of people got a car loan last week. Thousands went to the bank and got a mortgage to buy a home. Students just back to college found banks more than happy to put them into hock for the next 15 years with a student loan. I was even pre-approved for a US$5K personal loan. Yes, life has gone on with little-or-no-change (other than the whopping 6.1% umeployment rate, but that happened last month). Not a single person lost any of his/her monies in bank, or a treasury note, or in a CD. And, the perhaps the most amazing thing is that the American public FINALLY didn't buy the scare campaign. The citizens didn't blink, instead telling Congress to take that bailout and shove it. THAT was impressive. Why didn't the population succumb to the fright-filled warnings from their president and his cronies? Well, you can only say 'Saddam has the bomb' so many times before the people realize you're a lying sack of shit. After eight long years, the nation is worn out and simply can't take it any longer. The WORLD is fed up & I don't blame them.

 

10. THEY SHOULD HAVE CREATED A NATIONAL BANK, A "PEOPLE'S BANK." Since they're really itching to print up a trillion dollars, instead of giving it to a few rich people, why don't We give it to ourselves? Now that We own Freddie and Fannie, why not set up a People's bank? One that can provide low-interest loans for all sorts of people who want to own a home, start a small business, go to school, come up with the cure for cancer or create the next great invention. And, now that we own AIG - the country's largest insurance company - let's take the next step and PROVIDE HEALTH INSURANCE FOR EVERYONE. MEDICARE FOR ALL! It will SAVE us SO MUCH MONEY in the LONG RUN (not to mention bring peace of mind to all). And, America won't be 12th on the life expectancy list! We'll be able to have a longer lifespan, enjoying our government-protected pension and will live to see the day when the corporate criminals who caused this much misery are let out of prison so that We can help re-acclimate them to plain old ordinary, civilian life -- a life with ONE nice home and ONE gas-free car invented with help from the People's Bank.

 

P.S. Call your Senators NOW !!! ---> www.visi.com/juan/congress/

 

Since they voted against passing the extension of unemployment benefits and skipped out to "campaign" to us to be re-elected...call them and tell them you will vote for the other "guy" if they don't get their act together!

 

UPDATE:

  

The Bailout Is A Truly Evil Disaster And Enabler Pelosi Must Go

 

We are hearing more and more reports of how badly the ill-advised banker's bailout is being handled, multi-million dollar bonuses for Paulson's old cronies at Goldman Sachs, billions going to finance the takeover of rival banks, making the "too big to fail" even bigger, and the taxpayer getting an otherwise rotten deal for their investment. We even heard a Republic senator asking how fast they could blow the money.

 

NONE of this could have happened without the fawning complicity of Nancy Pelosi, who infamously said it was Bush's proposal, INSTEAD of coming forward with a robust alternative plan. Just like Bush, she believes she is immune, she believes she is unaccountable, and shame on us if we don't do everything we can to defeat her this Tuesday, and replace her with Cindy Sheehan.

 

Here is Cindy's last TV spot. Please make whatever donation you can to put this ad on the air in these critical final days.

 

Last Cindy TV Spot Action Page:

www.usalone.com/cindy/donations_tv2.php

 

There is still time for you to make a real difference. We thank all of our participants who have already donated so generously to make this campaign what it is. For those who cannot make a contribution, please consider helping with the phone banking, and there is a link for that also on the page above.

 

The one thing we know is that we must continue to speak out. We must continue to challenge. Surrendering is what our current so-called representatives in Congress are so prone to, NOT what we do. Ultimate victory is not only possible, it is assured if we work as hard as we can for real change, not just the rebranding of the same old boys'

network.

 

And we promise you, immediately after the election we will go right back to work on pure issue advocacy full time, to continue to build the base of action for the future.

 

Paid for by Cindy Sheehan for Congress

 

Donations to Cindy Sheehan for Congress are not tax-deductible

 

Please take action NOW, so we can win all victories that are supposed to be ours, and forward this alert as widely as possible.

 

If you would like to get alerts like these, you can do so at www.usalone.net/in.htm

 

Or if you want to cease receiving our messages, just use the function at www.usalone.net/out.htm

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Crypto AG, BeepBeepKarl, Justin, RamasseBoy, Stronger than theAverage, koulou-koulou, cagoulard, Ligue,Front, Frente,

RESEAU ECHELON NSA GCHQ GCSB CSE DSD CNCIS DGSE CIA FBI PENTAGONE DST KALASCHNICOV TERRORISM IRAK KOSOVO ISRAEL LEBANON MISSILE CHIRAC JOSPIN ELTSINE

GAZA SPY LSD SATELLITE GOVERNMENT U.S. ADMINISTRATION CONTROL SECRET CONFIDENTIAL DEFENSE NATIONALE GUERRE BILL CLINTON SECURITY SECURITE OPERATIONAL

OPERATIONNEL RG H.C.OTAN UNITED NATIONS UNIES IRS ATF BATF DOD WACO RUBY RIDGE OKC OKLAHOMA CITY MILITIA GUN HANDGUN MILGOV ASSAULT RIFLE DRUG HORUCHI

KORESH DAVIDIAN KAHL POSSE COMITATUS RANDY WEAVER VICKIE WEAVER SPECIAL FORCES LINDA THOMPSON CONSTITUTION MILITARY TERRORIST TASK FORCE SPECIAL OPS

GROUP PARATROOPER SPECIAL OPERATIONS GROUP SOG SOCRATE RANGER SIPRNET SOF SURVEILLANCE DIRECTION SYSTEM WARLORD DELTA FORCE COBRA CONSTITUTION TUERIE DEPRAVATION FIN MORT DECES

BILL OF RIGHTS WHITEWATER POM PARK ON METER ARKANSIDE IRAN CONTRAS OLIVER NORTH VINCE FOSTER PROMIS MOSSAD NASA MI5 ONI CID AK47 M16 C4 MALCOLM X

REVOLUTION CHEROKEE HILLARY BILL CLINTON GORE GEORGE BUSH WACKENHUT TERRORIST TASK FORCE 160 SPECIAL OPS 12TH GROUP 5TH GROUP

constant, super global, global, variable, mute, net,

forces, intelligence, agencies, hrt, resistance, psyops, infiltration, assault team, defensive elements,

evasion, detection, mission, communications, the football, platter charge, shaped charges, m118, claymore,

body armor, charges, shrapnel, timers, timing devices, boobytraps, detcord, pmk 40, silencers, Uzi, HK-MP5,

AK-47, FAL, Jatti, Skorpion MP, teflon bullets, cordite, napalm, law, Stingers, RPK, SOCIMI 821 SMG, STEN,

BAR, MP40, HK-G3,FN-MAG, RPD,PzB39, Air Force One, M60, RPK74, SG530, SG540, Galil arm, Walther WA2000,

HK33KE, Parker-Hale, MOD. 82, AKR, Ingram MAC10, M3, L34A1, Walther MPL, AKS-74, HK-GR6, subsonic rounds,

ballistic media, special forces, JFKSWC, SFOD-D, SRT, Rewson, SAFE, Waihopai, INFOSEC, ASPIC, Information Security,

greece, ellas, Ελλας, FMI, UE, Berlin, Darning street, Office

SAI, Information Warfare, IW, IS, Privacy, Information Terrorism, Kenya, Terrorism Defensive, Bucky Roberts, José Bové,

Confédérarion Paysanne, Information, Defense Information Warfare, Offensive Information, listeriose, listeria,

Offensive Information Warfare, NAIA, SAPM, ASU, ECHELON ASTS, National Information Infrastructure, InfoSec, SAO,

Reno, Compsec, JICS, Computer Terrorism, Firewalls, Secure Internet Connections, RSP, ISS, JDF, Passwords, NAAP,

DefCon V, RSO, Hackers, Encryption, ASWS, Espionage, USDOJ, NSA, CIA, S/Key, SSL, FBI, Secret Service, USSS, Defcon,

Military, White House, Undercover, NCCS, Mayfly, PGP, SALDV, PEM, resta, RSA, Perl-RSA, MSNBC, bet, AOL, AOL,

street fight, against, TOS, CIS, CBOT, AIMSX, STARLAN, 3B2, BITNET, Tanzania, SAMU, COSMOS, DATTA, E911, FCIC, HTCIA, IACIS,

UT/RUS, JANET, ram, JICC, ReMOB, LEETAC, UTU, VNET, BRLO, SADCC, NSLEP, SACLANTCEN, FALN, 877, NAVELEXSYSSECENGCEN,

BZ, CANSLO, CBNRC, CIDA, JAVA, rsta, Active X, Compsec 97, RENS, LLC, DERA, JIC, rip, rb, Wu, RDI, Mavricks, BIOL,

Meta-hackers, ^?, SADT, Steve Case, Tools, RECCEX, Telex, OTAN, monarchist, NMIC, NIOG, IDB, MID/KL, NADIS, NMI, SEIDM,

BNC, CNCIS, STEEPLEBUSH, RG, BSS, DDIS, mixmaster, BCCI, BRGE, SARL, Military Intelligence, JICA, Scully, recondo, Flame,

Infowar, Bubba, Freeh, Archives, ISADC, CISSP, Sundevil, jack, Investigation, JOTS, ISACA, NCSA, ASVC, spook words, RRF,

1071, Bugs Bunny, Verisign, Secure, ASIO, Lebed, ICE, NRO, Lexis-Nexis, NSCT, SCIF, FLiR, JIC, bce, Lacrosse, Flashbangs,

HRT, IRA, EODG, DIA, USCOI, CID, BOP, FINCEN, FLETC, NIJ, ACC, AFSPC, BMDO, Chávez, mouvement, movement, site, SASSTIXS,

NAVWAN, NRL, RL, NAVWCWPNS, NSWC, USAFA, AHPCRC, ARPA, SARD, Marx, Groucho Marx, Marx Brothers, LABLINK, USACIL, SAPT,

USCG, NRC, ~, O, NSA/CSS, CDC, DOE, SAAM, FMS, HPCC, NTIS, SEL, USCODE, CISE, SIRC, CIM, ISN, DJC, bemd, SGC, UNCPCJ, CFC,

SABENA, DREO, CDA, SADRS, DRA, SHAPE, bird dog, SACLANT, BECCA, DCJFTF, HALO,SC, TASAS, Lander, GSM, T Branch, AST, SAMCOMM,

HAHO, FKS, 868, GCHQ, DITSA,SORT,AMEMB, NSG, HIC, EDI, benelux, SAS, SBS, SAW, UDT, EODC, GOE, catholic,integrist, exorcist,

DOE, SAMF, GEO, JRB, 3P-HV, Masuda, Forte, AT,GIGN,Exon Shell, radint, MB, CQB, CONUS, CTU, RCMP, GRU, SASR, GSG-9, 22nd SAS,

GEOS, EADA, SART, FLB, Bretagne, BBE, STEP, Echelon, Dictionary, MD2, MD4,MDA, diwn, 747, ASIC, 777, RDI, 767, MI5, 737, MI6,

757, Kh-11, EODN, SHS,^X, Shayet-13, SADMS, Spetznaz, Recce, 707, CIO, NOCS, Halcon, NSS, Duress,RAID, Uziel, wojo, Psyops,

SASCOM, grom, NSIRL, D-11, SERT, VIP, ARC,S.E.T.Team, NSWG, MP5k, SATKA, DREC, DEVGRP, DF, DSD, FDM, GRU, LRTS, SIGDEV,NACSI,

MEU/SOC,PSAC, PTT, RFI, EDF, ZL31, SIGDASYS, TDM, SUKLO, SUSLO,TELINT, fake, TEXTA, ELF, LF, MF, CGT, SIGS, VHF, Recon, peapod,

PA598D28, Spall, dort, 50MZ, 11Emc Choe, SATCOMA, UHF, SHF, ASIO, SASP, WANK, Colonel, domestic disruption, divorce, 5ESS, smuggle,

Z-200, 15kg, DUVDEVAN, RFX,nitrate, OIR, Pretoria, M-14, enigma, Bletchley Park, Clandestine, NSO, nkvd, argus, afsatcom, CQB, NVD,

Counter Terrorism Security, SARA, RapidReaction, JSOFC3IP, Corporate Security, Police, sniper, PPS, ASIS, ASLET, TSCM,

Security Consulting, M-x spook, Z-150T, High Security, SecurityEvaluation, Electronic Surveillance, MI-17, ISR, NSAS, Counterterrorism,

real, spies, IWO, eavesdropping, debugging, CCSS, interception, COCOT,NACSI, rhost, rhosts, ASO, SETA, Amherst, Broadside, Capricorn,

NAVCM,Gamma, Gorizont, Guppy, NSS, rita, ISSO, submiss, ASDIC, tc, 2EME REP,FID,7NL SBS, tekka, captain, 226, .45, nonac, .li,

Ionosphere, Mole,Keyhole,NABS, Kilderkin, Artichoke, Badger, Emerson, Tzvrif, SDIS, T2S2, STTC,DNR,NADDIS, NFLIS, CFD, quarter,

Cornflower, Daisy, Egret, Iris, JSOTF,Hollyhock, Jasmine, Juile, Vinnell, B.D.M., Sphinx, Stephanie,Reflection,Spoke, Talent, Trump,

FX, FXR, IMF, POCSAG, rusers, Covert Video, Intiso, r00t, lock picking, Beyond Hope, LASINT, csystems, .tm, passwd, 2600Magazine,

JUWTF, Competitor, EO, Chan, Pathfinders, JTF,Nash,ISSAA, B61-11, Alouette, executive, Event Security, Mace, Cap-Stun,stakeout,

ninja, ASIS, ISA, EOD, Oscor, Merlin, NTT, SL-1, Prologue, Rolm, TIE, Tie-fighter, PBX, SLI, NTT, MSCJ, MIT, RIT, Time, MSEE,

Cable &Wireless, CSE, SUW, J2, Embassy, ETA, Fax, finks, Fax encryption, whitenoise, Fernspah, MYK, GAFE, forcast, import, rain,

tiger, buzzer, N9,pinknoise, CRA, M.P.R.I., top secret, Mossberg, 50BMG, Macintosh Security, Macintosh Internet Security, OC3,

Macintosh Firewalls, Unix Security, VIPProtection, SIG, sweep, Medco, TRD, TDR, Z, sweeping, SURSAT, 5926, TELINT, Audiotel,

Harvard, 1080H, SWS, Asset, Satellite imagery, force, NAIAG,Cypherpunks, NARF, 127, Coderpunks, TRW, remailers, replay, redheads,

RX-7,explicit, FLAME, JTF-6, AVN, ISSSP, Anonymous, W, Sex, chaining, codes,Nuclear, 20, subversives, SLIP, toad, fish, data havens,

unix, c, a, b,d,SUBACS, the, Elvis, quiche, DES, 1*, NATIA, NATOA, sneakers, UXO, (),OC-12,counterintelligence, Shaldag, sport, NASA,

TWA, DT, gtegsc, owhere, .ch,hope, emc, industrial espionage, SUPIR, PI, TSCI, spookwords, industrialintelligence, H.N.P., SUAEWICS,

Juiliett Class Submarine, Locks, qrss,loch,64 Vauxhall Cross, Ingram Mac-10, wwics, sigvoice, ssa, E.O.D., SEMTEX,penrep, racal, OTP,

OSS, Siemens, RPC, Met, CIA, DST, INI, watchers,keebler, contacts, Blowpipe, BTM, CCS, GSA, Kilo Class, squib,primacord,RSP, Z7, Becker,

Nerd, fangs, Austin, nod, Comirex, GPMG, Speakeasy,humint,GEODSS, SORO, M5, BROMURE, ANC, zone, SBI, DSS, S.A.I.C., Minox,Keyhole, SAR,

Rand Corporation, Starr, Wackenhutt, EO, burhop, Wackendude, mol,Shelton, 2E781, F-22, 2010, JCET, cocaine, coca, Vale, IG, Kosovo, Dake,

36, 800, Hillal, Pesec, Hindawi, GGL, NAICC, CTU, botux, Virii, CCC,ISPE,CCSC, Scud, SecDef, Magdeyev, VOA, Kosiura, Small Pox, Tajik,

Blacklisted 411, TRDL, Internet Underground, BX, XS4ALL, wetsu, LOL,muezzin, Retinal Fetish, WIR, Fetish, FCA, Yobie, forschung, emm,

ANZUS,Reprieve, NZC-332, edition, cards, mania, 701, CTP, CATO, phone, ChicagoSeattle, Davos, Bangkok, Paris, Posse, NSDM, l0ck, spook,

keywords, QRR,PLA, TDYC, W3, CUD, CdC, news, Weekly World News, Zen, World Domination,Dead, GRU, M72750, Salsa, 7, Blowfish, feminism,

Gorelick, Glock, Ft.Meade, NSWT, press-release, WISDIM, burned, Indigo, wire transfer,e-cash,Bubba the Love Sponge, Enforcers, Digicash,

zip, SWAT, Ortega, PPP,NACSE,crypto-anarchy, AT&T, SGI, SUN, MCI, Blacknet, ISM, JCE, Middleman, KLM,Blackbird, NSV, GQ360, X400, Texas,

jihad, SDI, BRIGAND, Uzi, FortMeade, gchq.gov.uk, supercomputer, bullion, 3, NTTC, Blackmednet, :,Propaganda, ABC, Satellite phones, IWIS,

Planet-1, ISTA, rs9512c, SouthAfrica, Sergeyev, Montenegro, Toeffler, Rebollo, sorot, cryptanalysis,nuclear, 52 52 N – 03 03 W, Morgan,

Canine, GEBA, INSCOM, France, MEMEX,Stanley, FBI, Panama, fissionable, Sears Tower, NORAD, Delta Force,SEAL,virtual, WASS, WID, Dolch,

secure shell, screws, Black-Ops, O/S,Venezuela,Ecuador, Argentina, Area51, SABC, basement, ISWG, data-haven, NSDD,black-bag, rack, TEMPEST,

Goodwin, rebels, ID, MD5, IDEA, garbage,market,beef, Stego, ISAF, unclassified, Sayeret Tzanhanim, PARASAR, Gripan,pirg,curly, Taiwan, guest,

utopia, NSG, orthodox, CCSQ, Alica, SHA, Global,gorilla, Bob, UNSCOM, Fukuyama, Manfurov, Kvashnin, Marx,Lenin,Abdurahmon,snullen, Pseudonyms,

MITM, NARF, Gray Data, VLSI, mega, Leitrim, Yakima,NSES, Sugar Grove, WAS, Cowboy, Gist, 8182, Gatt, Platform, 1911,Geraldton,UKUSA, veggie,

XM, Parvus, NAVSVS, 3848, Morwenstow, Consul, Oratory,PineGap, Menwith, Mantis, DSD, BVD, 1984, blow out, BUDS, WQC, Flintlock,PABX,Electron,

Church, Chicago Crust, e95, DDR&E, 3M, KEDO, iButton, R1,erco,Toffler, FAS, RHL, K3, Visa/BCC, SNT, Ceridian, STE, condor,CipherTAC-2000,Etacs,

Corsica, Shipiro, ssor, piz, fritz, KY, 32, Edens, Kiwis,Kamumaruha,DODIG, Firefly, HRM, Albright, Bellcore, rail, csim, NMS, 2c, FIPS140-1,CAVE,

E-Bomb, CDMA, Fortezza, 355ml, ISSC, cybercash, NAWAS, government,NSY, hate, Microsoft, MP3, speedbump, joe, illuminati, BOSS, Kourou,Misawa,Morse,

HF, P415, ladylove, filofax, Gulf, lamma, Unit 5707, SayeretMat’Kal,Unit 669, Sayeret Golani, Lanceros, Ejército, Liberación, Nacional,Summercon,

NSADS, president, ISFR, freedom, ISSO, walburn, Defcon VI,DC6,Larson, P99, HERF pipe-bomb, cocaine, impact, Roswell, ESN,COS,E.T., credit card, b9,

fraud, ST1, assassinate, virus, ISCS, ISPR,anarchy,anarchysm, rogue, mailbomb, Chelsea, Whitewater, MOD, York, plutonium, libertad, OMC, MOC,

William Gates, clone, BATF, SGDN, Nike,WWSV,Atlas, IWWSVCS, Delta, TWA, Lewiski, Kiwi, PGP 2.6.2., PGP 5.0i, PGP5.1,siliconpimp, SASSTIXS, IWG,

Lynch, 414, Face, Pixar, IRIDF, NSRB,eternityserver, Skytel, Yukon, Templeton, Johohonbu, LUK, Cohiba, Soros,Standford,niche, ISEP, ISEC, 51,

H&K, USP, sardine, bank, EUB, USP, PCS, NRO,RedCell, NSOF, Glock 26, snuffle, indigeneous, indian, Patel, package, ISI,INR, INS, IRS, GRU, RUOP,

GSS, NSP, SRI, Ronco, Armani, BOSS, Chobetsu,FBIS, BND, SISDE, FSB, BfV, IB, froglegs, JITEM, SADF, advise, TUSA,LITE,PKK, HoHoCon, SISMI, ISG,

FIS, MSW, Spyderco, UOP, SSCI, NIMA,HAMASMOIS,SVR, SIN, advisors, SAP, Monica, OAU, PFS, Aladdin, AG, chameleon man,Hutsul, CESID, Bess, rail gun,

.375, Peering, CSC, Tangimoana Beach,Commecen, Vanuatu, Kwajalein, LHI, DRM, GSGI, DST, MITI, JERTO, SDF,Koancho, Blenheim, Rivera, Kyudanki, varon, syria, Kobani, kobani, alep, mossoul,

310, 17, 312, NB, CBM, CTP,Sardine, SBIRS, jaws, SGDN, ADIU, DEADBEEF, IDP, IDF, Halibut, SONANGOL,Flu, &, Loin, PGP 5.53, meta, Faber, SFPD, EG&G,

ISEP, blackjack, Fox,Aum,AIEWS, AMW, RHL, Baranyi, WORM, MP5K-SD, WINGS, cdi, VIA, DynCorp,food, UXO, Ti, WWSP, WID, honor, Templar, THAAD, package,

CISD,ISG, IVG, social, BIOLWPN, JRA, ISB, ISDS, chosen, LBSD, van, schloss,secops, DCSS, DPSD, LIF, PRIME, SURVIAC, telex, SP4, Analyzer, embassy,Golf,

B61-7, Maple, Tokyo, ERR, SBU, Threat, JPL, Tess, SE, EPL,SPINTCOM,ISS-ADP, Merv, Mexico, SUR, SO13, Rojdykarna, airframe, 510, EuroFed,Avi,shelter,

Crypto AG, BeepBeepKarl, Justin, RamasseBoy, Stronger than theAverage, koulou-koulou, cagoulard, Ligue,Front, Frente,

RESEAU ECHELON NSA GCHQ GCSB CSE DSD CNCIS DGSE CIA FBI PENTAGONE DST KALASCHNICOV TERRORISM IRAK KOSOVO ISRAEL LEBANON MISSILE CHIRAC JOSPIN ELTSINE

GAZA SPY LSD SATELLITE GOVERNMENT U.S. ADMINISTRATION CONTROL SECRET CONFIDENTIAL DEFENSE NATIONALE GUERRE BILL CLINTON SECURITY SECURITE OPERATIONAL

OPERATIONNEL RG H.C.OTAN UNITED NATIONS UNIES IRS ATF BATF DOD WACO RUBY RIDGE OKC OKLAHOMA CITY MILITIA GUN HANDGUN MILGOV ASSAULT RIFLE DRUG HORUCHI

KORESH DAVIDIAN KAHL POSSE COMITATUS RANDY WEAVER VICKIE WEAVER SPECIAL FORCES LINDA THOMPSON CONSTITUTION MILITARY TERRORIST TASK FORCE SPECIAL OPS

GROUP PARATROOPER SPECIAL OPERATIONS GROUP SOG SOCRATE RANGER SIPRNET SOF SURVEILLANCE DIRECTION SYSTEM WARLORD DELTA FORCE COBRA CONSTITUTION

BILL OF RIGHTS WHITEWATER POM PARK ON METER ARKANSIDE IRAN CONTRAS OLIVER NORTH VINCE FOSTER PROMIS MOSSAD NASA MI5 ONI CID AK47 M16 C4 MALCOLM X

REVOLUTION CHEROKEE HILLARY BILL CLINTON GORE GEORGE BUSH WACKENHUT TERRORIST TASK FORCE 160 SPECIAL OPS 12TH GROUP 5TH GROUP

GAGA MADOnna ITALIA WAMPA WAMPAS SACRIFICE GIFT HOPE FAITH

   

Washington, DC) – Judicial Watch today released its 2013 list of Washington’s “Ten Most Wanted Corrupt Politicians.” The list, in alphabetical order, includes:

 

•Speaker of the House John Boehner (R-OH)

•CIA Director John Brennan

•Senator Saxby Chambliss

•Former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton

•Attorney General Eric Holder

•Former IRS Commissioner Steven T. Miller / Former IRS Official Lois Lerner

•Former DHS Secretary Janet Napolitano

•President Barack Obama

•Senator Harry Reid (D-NV)

•Health Secretary Kathleen Sebelius

 

Dishonorable Mentions for 2013 include:

•Former New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg

•Outgoing Virginia Gov. Bob McDonnell (R) / Incoming Virginia Gov. Terry McAuliffe (D)

•Former Rep. Rick Renzi (R-AZ)

•National Security Adviser Susan Rice

  

Speaker of the House John Boehner (R-OH):

 

House Speaker John Boehner has apparently become a master at what Government Accountability Institute President Peter Schweizer calls the “Tollbooth Strategy.” As Schweizer explains in his new book, Extortion: How Politicians Extract Your Money, Buy Votes, and Line Their Own Pockets: “You pay money at a tollbooth in order to use a road or bridge. The methodology in Washington is similar: if someone wants a bill passed, charge them money to allow the bill to move down the legislative highway.” According to Schweizer, Boehner apparently used the Tollbooth Strategy to collect more than $200,000 in political donations from executives just days before holding votes on bills critically important to their industries.

 

The first bill was the Wireless Tax Fairness Act. Strongly supported by big phone companies like AT&T and Verizon, it sailed through the House Judiciary Committee, and was expected to immediately come to the floor for a full House vote. Instead of scheduling the bill for a vote, however, Boehner allowed it to languish on the calendar for the next three months. What finally prompted Boehner to bring the bill to a vote? As Schweizer explains it: “The day before the vote, Boehner’s campaign collected the toll: thirty-three checks from wireless industry executives, totaling almost $40,000.”

 

According to Schweizer, two more bills on which Boehner employed the Tollbooth Strategy were the Access to Capital for Job Creators Act and the Small Company Capital Formation Act. Brokers and venture capitalists and investment firms strongly supported the proposed law. Explains Schweizer in Extortion: “The Speaker of the House took in $91,000 in the forty-eight hours of October 30 and 31 from investment banks and private equity firms, two days before the vote. During the same time period, he took in $46,500 from self-described ‘investors’ and another $32,450 from bank holding companies. With the tolls paid, the votes took place on the full House floor. Both passed easily.”

  

CIA Director John Brennan:

 

In mid-December 2013, Judicial Watch obtained and released the full transcript of a May 7, 2012, teleconference between then-White House top counterterror adviser (now CIA Director) John Brennan and various TV terrorism consultants in which Brennen revealed that the U.S. and its allies had “inside control over any plot” in its efforts to thwart a May 2012 terrorism bomb plot, thus blowing the cover on undercover agents within al Qaeda.

 

The Brennan revelation of “inside control” – an intelligence community euphemism for spies within an enemy operation – reportedly helped lead to the disclosure of a previously well-kept secret at the heart of a joint U.S.-British-Saudi undercover terrorism operation inside Yemen-based al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP). According to a Reuters May 18, 2012, report:

 

The next day’s headlines were filled with news of a U.S. spy planted inside Yemen-based Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP), who had acquired the latest, non-metallic model of the underwear bomb and handed it over to U.S. authorities.

 

At stake was an operation that could not have been more sensitive — the successful penetration by Western spies of AQAP, al Qaeda’s most creative and lethal affiliate. As a result of leaks, the undercover operation had to be shut down.

 

In the transcript obtained by Judicial Watch, Brennan led the teleconference where he addressed the top terror consultants for ABC, NBC, CNN, and CBS including Caitlin Hayden, Frances Townsend, Richard Clarke, Roger Cressey, and Juan Zarate. In an apparent attempt to soft-peddle the thwarted terrorist attack, Brennan twice exposed the covert operation; first at the outset of the call, then as the conference drew to a close:

 

BRENNAN: The device itself, as I think the FBI statement said quite clearly, never posed a threat to the American public or the public … Well, as we, well know, Al Qaeda has tried to carry out simultaneous types of attacks, and so we were confident that we had inside control over the – any plot that might have been associated with this device.

 

CLARKE: If it gets asked. There was no active threat because we had insider control …

 

BRENNAN: I would not disagree with the way you put that, at all.

 

It should also be noted that records obtained by Judicial Watch in May 2012, through a Freedom of Information lawsuit, indicate that Brennan helped orchestrate the administration’s attempt to influence the storyline of the movie “Zero Dark Thirty.” A transcript of a July 14, 2011, meeting between Defense Department officials, including Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence Michael Vickers, and filmmakers Kathryn Bigelow and Mark Boal reveals that Boal met directly with White House officials on at least two occasions regarding the film: “I took your guidance and spoke to the WH and had a good meeting with Brennan and McDonough and I plan to follow up with them; and they were forward leaning and interested in sharing their point of view; command and control; so that was great, thank you,” Boal said according to the transcript. During Brennan’s February 2013 CIA confirmation hearings, he confirmed he had met with Boal “on how White House officials viewed the opportunities and risks associated with a film about the raid that killed bin Laden.”

 

Brennan, of course, was not the only Obama administration official who attempted to curry favor with “Zero Dark Thirty” filmmakers. In early December Judicial Watch released more than 200 pages of documents from the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), including a previously unreleased CIA internal report, confirming that former CIA Director Leon Panetta revealed classified information at a June 24, 2011, bin Laden assault awards ceremony attended by filmmaker Mark Boal. Significantly, the entire transcript of the Panetta speech provided to Judicial Watch by the CIA was classified “Top Secret.” More than 90 lines are redacted for security reasons, further confirming that significant portions of the speech should not have been made in front of the filmmaker who lacked top security clearance.

  

Senator Saxby Chambliss (R-GA):

 

Sen. Saxby Chambliss makes the “Ten Worst” list for what he actually did in 2012, but which was finally exposed in 2013. Just as with House Speaker Boehner, Chambliss’s misdeeds were revealed in Peter Schweizer’s book Extortion: How Politicians Extract Your Money, Buy Votes, and Line Their Own Pockets. In fact, Chambliss is highlighted as one of the key abusers who used leadership PAC loopholes to convert campaign cash into lavish lifestyle upgrades for themselves and their family members.

 

As the New York Times reported:

 

The book details the extravagant expenses of Senator Saxby Chambliss, Republican of Georgia, for instance, whose leadership PAC spent $10,000 on golf at Pebble Beach, nearly $27,000 at Ruth’s Chris Steakhouse, and $107,752 at the exclusive Breakers resort in Palm Beach, Fla. The amount Mr. Chambliss spent at the Breakers in the 2012 election cycle, the book reports, is three times what the senator gave to the National Republican Senatorial Committee during the same period.

 

When Chambliss’s campaign was asked about the flagrantly lavish spending, they responded that all spending was reported according to the law. Though it may be legal, it is a clear abuse. And one has to wonder if the hardworking Georgians who sacrificed their scarce funds to support Chambliss’ re-election would be comfortable knowing their campaign contributions were used to support the “lifestyles of the rich and famous.”

  

Former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton:

 

On January 23, 2013, outgoing Secretary of State Hillary Clinton testified to congressional committees regarding the terrorist attacks on the U.S. Consulate in Benghazi, which led to the murder of U.S. Ambassador Chris Stevens and three other American citizens. At times evasive, at other times defensive and aggressive, Clinton delivered her version of events in the days before and after the murders in Benghazi. And, in the end, the Secretary of State pretended to take “responsibility,” but gave a predictable response regarding who is to blame: “…the level of responsibility for the failures…was set at the Assistant Secretary of State level and below,” Clinton said, referring to an investigation of the incident. In other words, this was not my fault.

 

At one point in her testimony, in what is, perhaps, the epitome of Obama-era contempt for accountability, Clinton yelled “What difference does it make?” in response to a reasonable question about why the attack transpired and why the administration told an obvious lie about an obscure Internet video as the cause of the attack.

 

If the mere mention of the contrived video scenario triggered Clinton’s emotional outburst, it is certainly understandable. Remember, it was Clinton herself who was instrumental in advancing the false narrative that the video sparked the attacks. For example, at a September 14, 2012, event honoring the victims, Clinton said, “We’ve seen the heavy assault on our post in Benghazi that took the lives of those brave men. We’ve seen the rage and violence directed at American embassies over an awful video that we had nothing to do with.” To this day, she has not set the record straight.

 

In addition to Hillary Clinton’s apparent cover-up of the role she played in the Benghazi tragedy and its aftermath, she left office in another ethical cloud about conflicts of interest in the activities of her longtime top aide Huma Abedin. Abedin left the State Department in February 2013, and in May 2013, Politico broke the story that, since June 2012, she had been working as a “special government employee” (SGE), a consultant position allowing her to represent outside clients while continuing as a top adviser at State. While working as an SGE, Abedin’s outside clients included Teneo, a strategic consulting firm co-founded by former Bill Clinton counselor Doug Band. According to Fox News, Abedin earned $355,000 as a consultant to Teneo, in addition to her $135,000 SGE compensation.

 

And compounding the corruption scenario were the potential for conflicts of interest between Hillary Clinton’s role as Secretary of State and Bill Clinton’s international ventures, which grew increasingly controversial in late 2008 when the former president released a list of donors to his library and foundation in what he termed “a deal between” Obama “and Hillary.” According to an Associated Press wire story, “Saudi Arabia gave $10 million to $25 million to the foundation. Other government donors include Norway, Kuwait, Qatar, Brunei, Oman …”

  

Attorney General Eric Holder:

 

Attorney General Holder has become a regular on the Ten Most Wanted Corrupt Politicians list.

 

In May 2013, Holder may well have committed perjury when he was involved in a back-and-forth with Rep. Hank Johnson (D-GA) about whether the Department of Justice (DOJ) could prosecute reporters under the Espionage Act for publishing classified material. In response to Johnson’s interrogatories Holder made the following statement: “In regard to potential prosecution of the press for the disclosure of material – this is not something I’ve ever been involved in, heard of, or would think would be wise policy.”

 

Since Holder made that statement, NBC news reported that the attorney general had approved a search warrant for the email account and phone records of Fox News reporter James Rosen. As Hotair.com said at the time: “There is no other way to view this except as a lie. Even if Holder wasn’t under oath, that would constitute a felony punishable by up to five years in prison. It certainly should produce at least a resignation, and almost assuredly would require the appointment of a special prosecutor ….”

 

Time and again in recent years, Judicial Watch has had to take legal action to prevent Holder’s DOJ from bludgeoning states over taking steps to prevent voter fraud. After a June Supreme Court ruling striking down a Voting Rights Act requirement requiring certain states and local jurisdictions to get permission from the DOJ or a federal judge before enacting voting law changes, Holder announced his intention to skirt the law. In a speech in September at a convention of the Congressional Black Caucus Foundation, Holder vowed that the DOJ would find ways to try to accomplish the goals of the section of the law that was struck down.

 

As a result, Judicial Watch went to court in North Carolina in early December to defend the State of North Carolina against a DOJ lawsuit to prevent enforcement of the state’s recently passed law HB 589, which simply requires that voters present a photo ID before casting their ballots. As PJ Media explains it:

 

Judicial Watch uncovered collusion between radical leftist groups and the administration to attack voter integrity laws around the nation. Indeed, the [Judicial Watch] brief notes:

 

On July 29, 2013, a group of political activists attended a meeting at the White House with Attorney General Holder, Labor Secretary (and former Assistant Attorney General for Civil Rights) Tom Perez, and President Obama. Those attending included representatives from the ACLU, the NAACP, and the Rev. Al Sharpton. Mr. Sharpton told an interviewer for MSNBC that, based on what he heard at that meeting, he expected action regarding North Carolina ‘when this governor signs the bill.’

 

The DOJ is similarly assaulting Texas in federal court as part of this ideological effort to suppress efforts to protect election integrity.

 

More than a dozen states—including Kansas, Indiana, Tennessee and Wisconsin—have similar laws that require voters to show government-issued photo identification at the polls, and Obama’s attorney general has launched a campaign to challenge them all.

 

The Holder DOJ is clearly hostile to the idea of one person, one vote, one time.

 

Yet, even with all of that, Holder’s malfeasance doesn’t stop there. In August Judicial Watch released DOJ documents highlighting over $4.2 million in accrued travel expenses by Mr. Holder from March 2008 until August 2012; of which $697,525.20 were personal travel expenses. All, of course, at taxpayer expense. Add to this Holder’s continued stonewalling on the “Fast & Furious” gun-running scandal and it is all too obvious that Eric Holder’s corruption knows no limits.

  

Former IRS Commissioner Steven T. Miller / Former IRS Official Lois Lerner:

 

Steve Miller, then head of the IRS, resigned in May 2013, after admitting to the targeting of anti-Obama Tea Party groups during the 2012 presidential election, which he offhandedly tossed off as “horrible customer service.” Under Miller, the IRS purposely stonewalledthe approval of nonprofit applications from “Tea Party” and other conservative groups that were seeking tax exempt status. According to a report by the agency’s inspector general released in May 2013, for more than 18 months beginning in early 2010: “The IRS used inappropriate criteria that identified for review Tea Party and other organizations applying for tax-exempt status based upon their names or policy positions instead of indications of potential political campaign intervention.”

 

As reported by CNN:

 

Among the criteria used by IRS officials to flag applications was a “Be On the Look Out” list, or a BOLO, which was discontinued in 2012 according to the report. The criteria on the BOLO included:

•Whether “Tea Party,” “Patriots” or “9/12 Project” was referenced in the case file.

•Whether the issues outlined in the application included government spending, government debt or taxes.

•Whether there was advocating or lobbying to “make America a better place to live.”

•Whether a statement in the case file criticized how the country is being run.

•Whether it advocated education about the U.S. Constitution and the Bill of Rights.

 

Miller was eagerly aided in his suppression of conservative groups by former IRS Director of Exempt Organizations Lois Lerner. Subpoenaed to testify before Congress in May 2013, Lerner disdainfully refused to answer inquiries, demanding full immunity concerning her role in the targeting scandal. Eventually, the IRS acknowledged that while she was in charge, IRS agents improperly targeted Tea Party groups for extra scrutiny when they applied for tax-exempt status from 2010-2012. Lerner retired from the IRS on September 23 with full benefits, even after an internal investigation found she was guilty of “neglect of duties” and was going to call for her firing, according to news reports.

 

Subsequent to Lerner’s lavish retirement, Judicial Watch, in October 2013, obtained email exchanges between her and enforcement attorneys at the Federal Election Commission (FEC) indicating that under Lerner’s direction, the IRS provided detailed, confidential information concerning the tax exempt application status and returns of conservative groups to the FEC – in violation of federal law.

 

Not only did Miller and Lerner deliberately target conservative organizations for IRS harassment, they both lied about it in separate appearances before Congress. In July 2012, Miller was asked at a congressional hearing, “What kind of … action is taking place at this time that you are aware of” to address complaints that groups seeking nonprofit status were being harassed. Claiming that an overload of applications had caused the problem, Miller covered up the fact that he had learned two months earlier that conservative groups were being inappropriately singled out for extra scrutiny. In May 2013, Lerner told a congressional committee that she found out about the harassment when she read about it “in the press” in early 2012. But, according to the IG report timeline, she was informed in June 2011 about the IRS’s BOLO criteria that included words such as “Tea Party” or “patriots.”

 

The true damage wrought by the Miller/Lerner witch-hunt may never be fully known. One can certainly speculate as to impact the Tea Party movement could have made had Miller and Lerner not cowed much of it into silence with their ruthless, reckless assault on Barack Obama’s political opponents. In short, the Obama IRS duo may have perfected the formula for stealing an election in plain sight.

  

Former DHS Secretary Janet Napolitano:

 

In August 2013 Department of Homeland Security Secretary Janet Napolitano stepped down from her post expressing both “pride and regret” – the regret stemming from her failure to help push through the so-called Development, Relief, and Education for Alien Minors (DREAM) Act. The truth is, however, that Napolitano actually played a major role in doing an end run around existing immigration law by helping President Obama implement his Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) directive in lieu of DREAM Act passage.

 

Documents obtained by Judicial Watch in June 2013 revealed that Napolitano’s Department of Homeland Security (DHS) U.S. Citizenship & Immigration Services (USCIS) abandoned required background checks in 2012, adopting, instead, costly “lean and lite” procedures in effort to keep up with the flood of amnesty applications resulting from the DACA directive.

 

The documents also revealed that, contrary to Napolitano’s claim that DACA applied only to minors who came to this country illegally “through no fault of their own,” the directive actually created a new avenue of chain migration, whereby immediate relatives of DACA requesters could be approved for amnesty. As a result, according to an agency memo from District 15 Director David Douglas, “some of the districts closer to the U.S./Mexico border have been inundated.”

 

The Obama/Napolitano stealth amnesty policy received a setback in July 2013 when the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Texas left DACA hanging by a string as he dismissed a challenge strictly due to jurisdictional issues. While the court determined that it did not have authority to hear the case, Judge Reed O’Connor agreed that program is likely unconstitutional, saying, “[T]he Court finds that Plaintiffs are likely to succeed on the merits of their claim challenging the Directive and Morton Memorandum as contrary to the provisions of the Immigration and Nationality Act.”

 

In an earlier ruling handed down in April, Judge O’Connor stated clearly that, “DHS does not have discretion to refuse to initiate removal proceedings when the requirements of Section 1225(b)(2)(A) are satisfied.” That section requires the agents to place aliens who are not “clearly and beyond a doubt entitled to be admitted” to the United States into removal proceedings.

 

DHS malfeasance did not stop there. And, in fact, according to a court order filed in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Texas on December 13, DHS has actually enabled cartel trafficking of minors, delivering those minors to illegals living inside the United States and completing criminal transactions for illegal immigrants. The court document details a guilty plea from Mirtha Veronica Nava-Martinez for being paid to smuggle a 10-year-old El Salvadoran female into the United States. Nava-Martinez was hired by Patricia Elizabeth Salmeron Santos, the mother of the 10-year-old, who was living illegally in Virginia after being denied legal entry into the U.S. in 2001. According to U.S. District Judge Andrew Hanen who wrote the court order: “The DHS officials were notified that Salmeron-Santos instigated this illegal conduct. Yet, instead of arresting Salmeron-Santos for instigating the conspiracy to violate our border security laws, the DHS delivers the child to her – thus successfully completing the mission of the criminal conspiracy. It did not arrest her. It did not prosecute her. It did not even initiate deportation proceedings for her. This DHS policy is a dangerous course of action.”

 

Napolitano’s legacy is one that has gutted, for political reasons, the very immigration laws she swore to uphold.

  

President Barack Obama:

 

President Barack Obama actually tops this “Top Ten Most Wanted Corrupt Politicians” list for 2013 as the driving force behind so many of the misdeeds. This is Obama’s seventh straight year on the list, dating back all the way to 2007 (in 2006, he earned a “Dishonorable Mention”). He is a master at catch-me-if-you-can, corrupt politics. This year, he has again acted as a one-man Congress, rewriting entire sections of federal law on his own. Not only is his administration secretive and dishonest; its callous disregard for the rule of law undermines our constitutional republic. Examples include:

•Perhaps Obama’s most outrageous actions over the past year were his continual lies about the ability of Americans to keep their own health insurance under Obamacare. According the Free Beacon, Obama misled the American people a total of 36 times between 2008 and 2013 with his promise, “If you like your health insurance, you can keep it.” And according to NBC News, Obama knew, even as he repeated his lie, that “more than 40 to 67 percent of those in the individual market would not be able to keep their plans, even if they liked them:”

 

None of this should come as a shock to the Obama administration. The law states that policies in effect as of March 23, 2010 will be “grandfathered,” meaning consumers can keep those policies even though they don’t meet requirements of the new health care law. But the Department of Health and Human Services then wrote regulations that narrowed that provision, by saying that if any part of a policy was significantly changed since that date – the deductible, co-pay, or benefits, for example – the policy would not be grandfathered.

 

Buried in Obamacare regulations from July 2010 is an estimate that because of normal turnover in the individual insurance market, “40 to 67 percent” of customers will not be able to keep their policy. And because many policies will have been changed since the key date, “the percentage of individual market policies losing grandfather status in a given year exceeds the 40 to 67 percent range.”

 

That means the administration knew that more than 40 to 67 percent of those in the individual market would not be able to keep their plans, even if they liked them.

•Throughout 2013, the Obama family continued to use the White House as its own personal travel bureau and the taxpayers as their personal expense account.

•Though Obama quickly disavowed any knowledge of the IRS assault on Tea Party and other conservative groups leading up to the 2012 presidential election, the fact is that it was the president himself who fingered the groups for what might be called “special handling.” Consider Obama’s own hostile and aggressive statements, made just as his IRS officials were gearing up their assault:

 

August 9, 2010: During his weekly radio address, Obama warned of “attack ads run by shadowy groups with harmless-sounding names.” The President said: We don’t know who’s behind these ads and we don’t know who’s paying for them . . . you don’t know if it’s a foreign controlled corporation. … The only people who don’t want to disclose the truth are people with something to hide.”

 

September 20, 2010: Speaking in Philadelphia, Obama once again warned that “nobody knows” the identities of the individuals who support conservative groups.

 

September 22, 2010: Speaking in New York, Obama warned against groups opposing his policies “[posing] as non-for-profit social and welfare trade groups” and he claimed such groups were “guided by seasoned Republican political operatives” and potentially supported by some unidentified “foreign controlled entity.”

 

October 14, 2010: Obama attacked organizations with “benign sounding” names as “a problem for democracy.”

 

Little wonder that after their boss sounded the call to attack, Obama’s IRS appointees obeyed the command. And even less wonder that, caught red-handed, Obama first claimed total ignorance and, when the ploy failed, simply labeled it all a “phony scandal.”

•According to the Galen Institute, Obama has now unilaterally rewritten the Obamacare law as passed by Congress 14 times by executive fiat, with the majority of those changes coming in 2013. Those changes include such major overhauls as the congressional opt-out, eviscerating the individual mandate, and delaying the employer mandate. The latest Obama fix came on December 20, when he suddenly moved to allow hundreds of thousands of people who have lost their insurance due to Obamacare to sign up for bare-bone “catastrophic” plans. As National Review observed, “Of course, like every other exemption from Obamacare the latest fix is supposed to last only a year, raising the prospect that people will be kicked off their catastrophic coverage as soon as the 2014 election is safely in the political rear-view mirror.”

  

Senator Harry Reid (D-NV):

 

Last year, Harry Reid made the Judicial Watch Ten Worst list for his influence-peddling scandal involving ENN Energy Group, a Chinese “green energy” company for which Reid “applied his political muscle” – and which just happened to be a major client of the Nevada law firm in which Reid’s son, Rory, is a principal.

 

This year Reid makes the Ten Worst list again. His “friends” list is examined by Frontpage.com:

 

On Monday, Harry Reid’s close friend and donor, Harvey Whittemore was sentenced to two years in prison for funneling more than $130,000 in illegal campaign funds to Sen. Harry Reid’s re-election committee in 2007 …

 

According to the Las Vegas Review Journal, Reid and Whittemore go way back; four of Reid’s sons were hired by the law firm in which Harvey Whittemore was a senior partner. Sen. Reid and Whittemore were involved in very big land deals, including federal legislation to help the development of Coyote Springs.

 

None of which is surprising, since Reid has long-since made funneling money to his family’s enterprises his stock-in-trade. According to Peter Schweizer, writing for Fox News, “Sen. Reid has sponsored at least $47 million in earmarks that directly benefitted organizations that one of his sons, Key Reid, [RW1] either lobbies for or is affiliated with.”

 

While not teaming up with family members to fleece taxpayers, Reid was teaming up with President Obama to use executive authority to skirt the law. Obama and Reid have long opposed a proposed nuclear waste dump in Yucca Mountain, Nevada, which has already cost U.S. taxpayers an astounding $15 billion, according to various federal audits. So, Obama simply instructed the Nuclear Regulatory Commission(NRC) to decline to conduct the statutorily mandated Yucca Mountain licensing process, essentially destroying the project.

 

In mid-August, a federal appellate court ruled that Obama “is simply flouting the law.” According to the court, “It is no overstatement to say that our constitutional system of separation of powers would be significantly altered if we were to allow executive and independent agencies to disregard federal law in the manner asserted in this case by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission.”

 

Topping off the year, on November 21, 2013, – a day which should live in congressional infamy – Reid gutted the long-standing filibuster rules of the U.S. Senate in order to grease the path for Barack Obama’s court appointees. The new Reid rule prevents the minority party from filibustering any nominations other than nods to the Supreme Court. And to effect the change, Reid first triggered the “nuclear option,” which allows a change to Senate rules by majority vote (and which he had adamantly opposed in 2005, calling it “illegal” and “unAmerican”). Minority Leader Mitch McConnell accused Reid of attempting “break the rules of the Senate … in order to change the rules of the Senate.” Not surprisingly, as the Wall Street Journal editorialized, an ancillary benefit of the rule change is that it will get judges on the DC Court of Appeals who are more friendly to Reid’s agenda.

  

Health and Human Services Secretary Kathleen Sebelius:

 

It’s a wonder Secretary Sebelius was still around to do damage in 2013 after last year’s fiasco for which she appeared on the Ten Most Wanted list. The Obama administration’s own lawyers determined Sebelius could be fired for violating federal law when reports surfaced that she had campaigned for Obama while acting in her official capacity as an executive branch official during the last presidential campaign. This made Kathleen Sebelius the first member ever of a president’s cabinet to be found guilty of violating the Hatch Act.

 

In 2013, rather than solicit votes, Sebelius solicited financial support for President Obama’s huge health care disaster. In May, Secretary Sebelius was caught hitting health care companies up for cash to fund Obamacare after Congress rejected all of the administration’s requests.

 

But, that was just for openers – because in October Sebelius redefined the term “incompetence” when she oversaw the disastrous launch of the Obamacare website. As Mercedes Schlapp wrote in US News:

 

She refused to listen to the IT experts who expressed serious concerns about the launch as early as March of 2013. Henry Chao, deputy chief information officer said in a meeting that he was “pretty nervous” about the exchanges being ready for October 1. Prior to the launch, one insurance executive also stated, “the extent of the problems was pretty enormous.”

 

Yet the American people are forced to settle for mediocrity from their leaders who play political games rather than deliver effective products.

 

Pressed by Congress to explain the disastrous, costly website rollout, Sebelius rolled her eyes, shrugged her shoulders and caustically replied, “Whatever” blithely dismissing the lies and the fraud that have become part and parcel of Obamacare. The fact is, were Sebelius in the private sector, she would probably be prosecuted for fraud.

 

Dishonorable Mentions

  

Former New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg:

 

In late December, documents obtained by Judicial Watch revealed that former New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg apparently used his top mayoral staff to work on Mayors Against Illegal Guns (MAIG) – of which Bloomberg is a co-founder – at taxpayer expense. Included in the documents were emails revealing that Bloomberg aid John Feinblatt worked closely with MAIG executive Mark Glaze on the following:

•On December 14, 2013, Glaze and Feinblatt discussed MAIG lobbying efforts in the state of Colorado.

•On the day following the Sandy Hook tragedy, Glaze and Feinblatt conferred on how they could “”keep the mayor ahead of congress, the white house, the press.”

•On December 17 and 18 and email exchange makes it clear that Feinblatt was involved in the day-to-day operations of MAIG, including media buys by the organization.

•On December 19, an email from Glaze to Feinblatt indicates that Feinblatt was directly involved in MAIG finances.

  

Outgoing Virginia Gov. Bob McDonnell (R) / Incoming Virginia Gov. Terry McAuliffe (D):

 

The citizens of Virginia got a dubious “twofer” in 2013, as both their outgoing and incoming governors were revealed as having been embroiled in apparently shady dealings, to put it mildly.

 

In April 2013, outgoing Governor McDonnell became the subject of an FBI probe because of his possible quid-pro-quo dealings with Jonnie R. Williams Sr., the chief executive of Star Scientific, a company that makes a tobacco-derived dietary supplement. Williams allegedly paid $15,000 to cover catering expenses at the June 2011 wedding of McDonnell’s daughter at the time the McDonnell family was actively promoting the supplement. And that’s just the beginning. According to The Washington Post report on the relationship, “Williams’s company donated $28,500 worth of flights to McDonnell’s successful 2009 campaign for governor and $80,000 worth of air travel to his political action committee after the election, the Post reported. Williams also allowed the governor’s family to borrow a Ferrari and stay at a western Virginia vacation home he owns in July 2011.”

 

In mid-December, federal prosecutors told McDonnell that he and his wife would be charged in connection with the scandal. Senior Justice Department officials delayed the decision, however, reportedly to wait until after McDonnell leaves office.

 

For his part, incoming Governor Terry McAuliffe is preparing for his inauguration with a Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) investigation hanging over his head. Perhaps Mother Jones magazine best explains the latest McAuliffe scandal:

 

When McAuliffe in 2009 created GreenTech, a now-troubled electric-car company, he turned to an old pal for assistance in courting foreign investors: Tony Rodham, who is best known as one of Hillary Clinton’s embarrassing brothers. A former repo man, prison guard, and private eye, Rodham by then had a long history of trying to cash in on his famous sister’s connections and generally causing problems for her…

 

But McAuliffe somehow thought Rodham was just the guy to help him with his electric-car venture. Rodham owns a company that solicits foreign investors for American projects (deals that allow these foreign investors secure US visas). GreenTech relied heavily on foreign investors.

 

According to The Washington Post: “In May, the SEC subpoenaed documents from GreenTech Automotive and bank records from a sister company, Gulf Coast Funds Management of McLean. The investigation is focused, at least in part, on alleged claims that the company ‘guarantees returns’ to the investors, according to government documents.”

  

Former Rep. Rick Renzi (R-AZ):

 

Former three-term Republican Congressman Rick Renzi first made the Judicial Watch Ten Worst list back in 2008, when was indicted by a federal grand jury for conspiracy, extortion, money laundering and wire fraud. At the time, we said, “He allegedly used his influence on a House Natural Resources Committee to orchestrate a land swap with the federal government that financially benefited himself and his associates. The 49-year-old lawmaker, who owns an insurance business, is also charged with embezzling more than $400,000 from insurance clients to fund his congressional campaign.” Well, now we can drop the “allegedly” – because in June, 2013, Renzi was convicted on 17 counts of extortion, racketeering and other federal charges. And in October, he was sentenced to three years in prison.

  

National Security Adviser Susan Rice:

 

Last year, Susan Rice shared Ten Worst dishonors with Hillary Clinton for their dual roles in the high-profile campaign to portray the deadly attack on the consulate in Benghazi, Libya, as solely related to a privately produced YouTube video that was offensive to Muslims. On the Sunday following the attack, Rice repeatedly stated on five different network TV news programs that the Benghazi assault had been a spontaneous reaction to an obscure online video mocking Mohammed, rather than a planned terrorist attack.

 

This year, Rice makes the Ten Worst list all on her own by joining with Barack Obama to add insult to injury by pulling an end-run around the United States Congress. Realizing that after her campaign of deception involving Benghazi, she could not be approved by the Senate for the job of Secretary of State she so clearly coveted, Rice accepted the position of National Security Advisor, which requires no Senate approval. Thus, her duplicity could be rewarded – without the American people having any say whatsoever in the matter.

 

_F2A8427

 

“STATES ARE INTRODUCING BILLS THAT COULD PREVENT TEACHERS FROM ADVOCATING FOR CLIMATE CHANGE”

 

Boycott all hiring and business investment in South Dakota, Arizona, Virginia, Maine, and Montana.

 

psmag.com/news/state-bills-could-prevent-teachers-from-ad...

 

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“URGENT: DON’T LET TRUMP OPEN OUR COASTS TO BIG OIL!”

 

petitions.signforgood.com/nooffshoredrilling/?code=FOE&am...

 

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Venezuela is already being plundered.

 

The UK and America, both under conservative control, have taken advantage of efforts to destabilize Venezuela to steal $10s of billions in Venezuelan cash and gold reserves held in financial institutions within their respective borders. This wealth could be used by Venezuela to purchase desperately needed food and basic medicine.

 

As was the case when the U.S. perpetrated a similar theft from Libya while Washington was under Democratic leadership, it is not known whether the billions stolen were transferred to private individuals within the administration, laundered through special interests for campaign contributions, or used by American public officials in ventures that are wildly at odds with America's best interests. Take note, however, that Dark money is a business venture and it comes with its on legal protections to aid in hiding the identity of funds sources and uses. For further information see the article below and try googling for the billions of dollars in Haitian earthquake relief that the clintons disappeared.

 

Quote: “Quote: "Well, you know, the interesting thing is that this humanitarian aid that the United States is promising is going to be about $20 million, maybe $50 million, at most. Meanwhile, the United States and the Bank of England have plundered this country of billions of dollars, which it could have used in the open market to have bought the goods that it needs. I mean, imports into Venezuela have contracted deeply, and partly because of this plunder."

 

www.democracynow.org/2019/2/19/venezuela_in_crisis_as_us_...

 

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“GOP Election Fraud Revealed in North Carolina Congressional Race”

 

www.democracynow.org/2019/2/19/headlines/gop_election_fra...

 

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IT IS NOT A GOOD IDEA FOR THE REPUBLICANS TO GIVE SAUDI ARABIA NUCLEAR BOMB CAPABLE TECHNOLOGY

 

“Top Trump aides pushed selling nuclear plants to Saudi Arabia despite objection from national security council, Democrats say”

 

www.nydailynews.com/news/politics/ny-pol-trump-nuclear-sa...

 

“House Opens Inquiry Into Proposed U.S. Nuclear Venture in Saudi Arabia”

 

www.nytimes.com/2019/02/19/us/politics/trump-saudi-arabia...

 

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The following statistic and related article occurring at the same time as record concentration of wealth is no coincidence. To amass wealth and get the world’s assets flowing in your direction takes blood and treasury – period. Worse still it is well known that there is profit to be had in chaos and uphevel.

 

“Nearly 1 in 5 Children Live in Areas Plagued by Conflict and War: Report”

 

www.globalcitizen.org/en/content/children-in-conflict-sav...

 

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“Young People Are Ditching School to Protest Climate Change. We Asked Why They Care.”

 

www.globalcitizen.org/en/content/climate-change-march-sch...

 

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“Sen. Lindsey Graham Says Kentucky Kids Need ‘Secure Border’ More Than A School”

 

www.huffpost.com/entry/lindsey-graham-kentucky-school-bor...

  

Bangkok (English pronunciation: /ˈbæŋkɒk/) is the capital and most populous city of Thailand. It is known in Thai as Krung Thep Maha Nakhon (กรุงเทพมหานคร, pronounced [krūŋ tʰêːp mahǎː nákʰɔ̄ːn] or simply Krung Thep. The city occupies 1,568.7 square kilometres (605.7 sq mi) in the Chao Phraya River delta in Central Thailand, and has a population of over 8 million, or 12.6 percent of the country's population. Over 14 million people (22.2 percent) live within the surrounding Bangkok Metropolitan Region, making Bangkok an extreme primate city, significantly dwarfing Thailand's other urban centres in terms of importance.

 

Bangkok traces its roots to a small trading post during the Ayutthaya Kingdom in the 15th century, which eventually grew and became the site of two capital cities: Thonburi in 1768 and Rattanakosin in 1782. Bangkok was at the heart of the modernization of Siam - later renamed Thailand - during the late 19th century, as the country faced pressures from the West. The city was at the centre of Thailand's political struggles throughout the 20th century, as the country abolished absolute monarchy, adopted constitutional rule and underwent numerous coups and several uprisings. The city grew rapidly during the 1960s through the 1980s and now exerts a significant impact on Thailand's politics, economy, education, media and modern society.

 

The Asian investment boom in the 1980s and 1990s led many multinational corporations to locate their regional headquarters in Bangkok. The city is now a major regional force in finance and business. It is an international hub for transport and health care, and has emerged as a regional centre for the arts, fashion and entertainment. The city is well known for its vibrant street life and cultural landmarks, as well as its notorious red-light districts. The historic Grand Palace and Buddhist temples including Wat Arun and Wat Pho stand in contrast with other tourist attractions such as the nightlife scenes of Khaosan Road and Patpong. Bangkok is among the world's top tourist destinations. It is named the most visited city in MasterCard's Global Destination Cities Index, and was named "World's Best City" for four consecutive years by Travel + Leisure magazine.

 

Bangkok's rapid growth amidst little urban planning and regulation has resulted in a haphazard cityscape and inadequate infrastructure systems. Limited roads, despite an extensive expressway network, together with substantial private car usage, have led to chronic and crippling traffic congestion, which caused severe air pollution in the 1990s. The city has since turned to public transport in an attempt to solve this major problem. Five rapid transit lines are now in operation, with more systems under construction or planned by the national government and the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration.

 

HISTORY

The history of Bangkok dates at least back to the early 15th century, when it was a village on the west bank of the Chao Phraya River, under the rule of Ayutthaya. Because of its strategic location near the mouth of the river, the town gradually increased in importance. Bangkok initially served as a customs outpost with forts on both sides of the river, and became the site of a siege in 1688 in which the French were expelled from Siam. After the fall of Ayutthaya to the Burmese Empire in 1767, the newly declared King Taksin established his capital at the town, which became the base of the Thonburi Kingdom. In 1782, King Phutthayotfa Chulalok (Rama I) succeeded Taksin, moved the capital to the eastern bank's Rattanakosin Island, thus founding the Rattanakosin Kingdom. The City Pillar was erected on 21 April, which is regarded as the date of foundation of the present city.

 

Bangkok's economy gradually expanded through busy international trade, first with China, then with Western merchants returning in the early-to-mid 19th century. As the capital, Bangkok was the centre of Siam's modernization as it faced pressure from Western powers in the late 19th century. The reigns of Kings Mongkut (Rama IV, 1851–68) and Chulalongkorn (Rama V, 1868–1910) saw the introduction of the steam engine, printing press, rail transport and utilities infrastructure in the city, as well as formal education and healthcare. Bangkok became the centre stage for power struggles between the military and political elite as the country abolished absolute monarchy in 1932. It was subject to Japanese occupation and Allied bombing during World War II, but rapidly grew in the post-war period as a result of United States developmental aid and government-sponsored investment. Bangkok's role as an American military R&R destination boosted its tourism industry as well as firmly establishing it as a sex tourism destination. Disproportionate urban development led to increasing income inequalities and unprecedented migration from rural areas into Bangkok; its population surged from 1.8 to 3 million in the 1960s. Following the United States' withdrawal from Vietnam in 1973, Japanese businesses took over as leaders in investment, and the expansion of export-oriented manufacturing led to growth of the financial market in Bangkok. Rapid growth of the city continued through the 1980s and early 1990s, until it was stalled by the 1997 Asian financial crisis. By then, many public and social issues had emerged, among them the strain on infrastructure reflected in the city's notorious traffic jams. Bangkok's role as the nation's political stage continues to be seen in strings of popular protests, from the student uprisings in 1973 and 1976, anti-military demonstrations in 1992, and successive anti-government demonstrations by the "Yellow Shirt", "Red Shirt" and "Light blue Shirt" movements from 2008 onwards.

 

Administration of the city was first formalized by King Chulalongkorn in 1906, with the establishment of Monthon Krung Thep Phra Maha Nakhon (มณฑลกรุงเทพพระมหานคร) as a national subdivision. In 1915 the monthon was split into several provinces, the administrative boundaries of which have since further changed. The city in its current form was created in 1972 with the formation of the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (BMA), following the merger of Phra Nakhon Province on the eastern bank of the Chao Phraya and Thonburi Province on the west during the previous year.

 

NAME

The etymology of the name Bangkok (บางกอก, pronounced in Thai as [bāːŋ kɔ̀ːk] is not absolutely clear. Bang is a Thai word meaning "a village situated on a stream", and the name might have been derived from Bang Ko (บางเกาะ), ko meaning "island", a reference to the area's landscape which was carved by rivers and canals. Another theory suggests that it is shortened from Bang Makok (บางมะกอก), makok being the name of Elaeocarpus hygrophilus, a plant bearing olive-like fruit.[a] This is supported by the fact that Wat Arun, a historic temple in the area, used to be named Wat Makok. Officially, however, the town was known as Thonburi Si Mahasamut (ธนบุรีศรีมหาสมุทร, from Pali and Sanskrit, literally "city of treasures gracing the ocean") or Thonburi, according to Ayutthaya chronicles. Bangkok was likely a colloquial name, albeit one widely adopted by foreign visitors, whose continued use of the name finally resulted in it being officially adopted with the creation of the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration.

 

When King Rama I established his new capital on the river's eastern bank, the city inherited Ayutthaya's ceremonial name, of which there were many variants, including Krung Thep Thawarawadi Si Ayutthaya (กรุงเทพทวารวดีศรีอยุธยา) and Krung Thep Maha Nakhon Si Ayutthaya (กรุงเทพมหานครศรีอยุธยา). Edmund Roberts, visiting the city as envoy of the United States in 1833, noted that the city, since becoming capital, was known as Sia-Yut'hia, and this is the name used in international treaties of the period. Today, the city is known in Thai as Krung Thep Maha Nakhon (กรุงเทพมหานคร) or simply as Krung Thep (กรุงเทพฯ). Its full ceremonial name, which came into use during the reign of King Mongkut, reads as follows:

 

Krungthepmahanakhon Amonrattanakosin Mahintharayutthaya Mahadilokphop Noppharatratchathaniburirom Udomratchaniwetmahasathan Amonphimanawatansathit Sakkathattiyawitsanukamprasit

กรุงเทพมหานคร อมรรัตนโกสินทร์ มหินทรายุธยา มหาดิลกภพ นพรัตนราชธานีบูรีรมย์ อุดมราชนิเวศน์มหาสถาน อมรพิมานอวตารสถิต สักกะทัตติยวิษณุกรรมประสิทธิ์

 

The name, composed of Pali and Sanskrit root words, translates as:

 

City of angels, great city of immortals, magnificent city of the nine gems, seat of the king, city of royal palaces, home of gods incarnate, erected by Vishvakarman at Indra's behest.

 

The name is listed in Guinness World Records as the world's longest place name, at 168 letters. Thai school children are taught the full name, although few can explain its meaning as many of the words are archaic, and known to few. Most Thais who recall the full name do so because of its use in a popular song, "Krung Thep Maha Nakhon" (1989) by Asanee–Wasan and will often recount it by singing it, much as an English speaker might sing the alphabet song to recite the alphabet. The entirety of the lyrics is just the name of the city repeated over and over.

 

GOVERNMENT

The city of Bangkok is locally governed by the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (BMA). Although its boundaries are at the provincial (changwat) level, unlike the other 76 provinces Bangkok is a special administrative area whose governor is directly elected to serve a four-year term. The governor, together with four appointed deputies, form the executive body, who implement policies through the BMA civil service headed by the Permanent Secretary for the BMA. In separate elections, each district elects one or more city councillors, who form the Bangkok Metropolitan Council. The council is the BMA's legislative body, and has power over municipal ordinances and the city's budget. However, after the coup of 2014 all local elections have been cancelled and the council has been appointed by government on September 15 2014. The current Bangkok Governor is Police General Aswin Kwanmuang, who was appointed by the military government on October 26 following the suspension of the last elected governor M.R. Sukhumbhand Paribatra.

 

Bangkok is subdivided into fifty districts (khet, equivalent to amphoe in the other provinces), which are further subdivided into 169 subdistricts (khwaeng, equivalent to tambon). Each district is managed by a district director appointed by the governor. District councils, elected to four-year terms, serve as advisory bodies to their respective district directors.

 

The BMA is divided into sixteen departments, each overseeing different aspects of the administration's responsibilities. Most of these responsibilities concern the city's infrastructure, and include city planning, building control, transportation, drainage, waste management and city beautification, as well as education, medical and rescue services. Many of these services are provided jointly with other agencies. The BMA has the authority to implement local ordinances, although civil law enforcement falls under the jurisdiction of the Metropolitan Police Bureau.

 

The seal of the city shows Hindu god Indra riding in the clouds on Airavata, a divine white elephant known in Thai as Erawan. In his hand Indra holds his weapon, the vajra.[19] The seal is based on a painting done by Prince Naris. The tree symbol of Bangkok is Ficus benjamina. The official city slogan, adopted in 2012, reads:

 

As built by deities, the administrative center, dazzling palaces and temples, the capital of Thailand

กรุงเทพฯ ดุจเทพสร้าง เมืองศูนย์กลางการปกครอง วัดวังงามเรืองรอง เมืองหลวงของประเทศไทย

 

As the capital of Thailand, Bangkok is the seat of all branches of the national government. The Government House, Parliament House and Supreme, Administrative and Constitutional Courts are all located within the city. Bangkok is the site of the Grand Palace and Chitralada Villa, respectively the official and de facto residence of the king. Most government ministries also have headquarters and offices in the capital.

 

GEOGRAPHY

The Bangkok city proper covers an area of 1,568.737 square kilometres, ranking 69th among the other 76 provinces of Thailand. Of this, about 700 square kilometres form the built-up urban area. It is ranked 73rd in the world in terms of land area by City Mayors. The city's urban sprawl reaches into parts of the six other provinces it borders, namely, in clockwise order from northwest: Nonthaburi, Pathum Thani, Chachoengsao, Samut Prakan, Samut Sakhon and Nakhon Pathom. With the exception of Chachoengsao, these provinces, together with Bangkok, form the greater Bangkok Metropolitan Region.

 

PARKS AND GREEN ZONES

Bangkok has several parks, although these amount to a per-capita total park area of only 1.82 square metres in the city proper. Total green space for the entire city is moderate, at 11.8 square metres per person; however, in the more densely built-up areas of the city these numbers are as low as 1.73 and 0.72 square metres per person. More recent numbers claim that there is only 3.3 m2 of green space per person, compared to an average of 39 m2 in other cities across Asia. Bangkokians thus have 10 times less green space than is standard in the region's urban areas. Green belt areas include about 700 square kilometres of rice paddies and orchards in the eastern and western edges of the city proper, although their primary purpose is to serve as flood detention basins rather than to limit urban expansion. Bang Kachao, a 20-square-kilometre conservation area in an oxbow of the Chao Phraya, lies just across the southern riverbank districts, in Samut Prakan Province. A master development plan has been proposed to increase total park area to 4 square metres per person.

 

Bangkok's largest parks include the centrally located Lumphini Park near the Si Lom – Sathon business district with an area of 57.6 hectares, the 80-hectare Suanluang Rama IX in the east of the city, and the Chatuchak–Queen Sirikit–Wachirabenchathat park complex in northern Bangkok, which has a combined area of 92 hectares.

 

DEMOGRAPHY

The city of Bangkok has a population of 8,280,925 according to the 2010 census, or 12.6 percent of the national population. However, there are only 5,692,284 registered residents, belonging to 2,672,423 households. A large number of Bangkok's daytime population commutes from surrounding provinces in the Bangkok Metropolitan Region, the total population of which is 14,565,547. Bangkok is a cosmopolitan city; the census showed that it is home to 81,570 Japanese and 55,893 Chinese nationals, as well as 117,071 expatriates from other Asian countries, 48,341 from Europe, 23,418 from the Americas, 5,289 from Australia and 3,022 from Africa. Immigrants from neighbouring countries include 303,595 Burmese, 63,438 Cambodians and 18,126 Lao.

 

Although it has been Thailand's largest population centre since its establishment as capital city in 1782, Bangkok grew only slightly throughout the 18th and early 19th centuries. British diplomat John Crawfurd, visiting in 1822, estimated its population at no more than 50,000. As a result of Western medicine brought by missionaries as well as increased immigration from both within Siam and overseas, Bangkok's population gradually increased as the city modernized in the late 19th century. This growth became even more pronounced in the 1930s, following the discovery of antibiotics. Although family planning and birth control was introduced in the 1960s, the lowered birth rate was more than offset by increased migration from the provinces as economic expansion accelerated. Only in the 1990s have Bangkok's population growth rates decreased, following the national rate. Thailand had long since become highly centralized around the capital. In 1980, Bangkok's population was fifty-one times that of Hat Yai and Songkhla, the second-largest urban centre, making it the world's most prominent primate city.

 

The majority of Bangkok's population are of Thai ethnicity,[d] although details on the city's ethnic make-up are unavailable, as the national census does not document race.[e] Bangkok's cultural pluralism dates back to the early days of its foundation; several ethnic communities were formed by immigrants and forced settlers including the Khmer, Northern Thai, Lao, Vietnamese, Tavoyan, Mon and Malay. Most prominent were the Chinese, who played major roles in the city's trade and became the majority of Bangkok's population - estimates include up to three-fourths in 1828 and almost half in the 1950s. However, Chinese immigration was restricted from the 1930s and effectively ceased after the Chinese Revolution in 1949. Their prominence subsequently declined as most of younger generations of Thai Chinese have integrated and adopted a Thai identity. Bangkok is still nevertheless home to a large Chinese community, with the greatest concentration in Yaowarat, Bangkok's Chinatown. The majority (91 percent) of the city's population is Buddhist. Other religions include Islam (4.7%), Christianity (2.0%), Hinduism (0.5%), Sikhism (0.1%) and Confucianism (0.1%).

 

Apart from Yaowarat, Bangkok also has several other distinct ethnic neighbourhoods. The Indian community is centred in Phahurat, where the Gurdwara Siri Guru Singh Sabha, founded in 1933, is located. Ban Khrua on Saen Saep Canal is home to descendants of the Cham who settled in the late 18th century. Although the Portuguese who settled during the Thonburi period have ceased to exist as a distinct community, their past is reflected in Santa Kruz Church, on the west bank of the river. Likewise, the Assumption Cathedral on Charoen Krung Road is among many European-style buildings in the Old Farang Quarter, where European diplomats and merchants lived during the late 19th to early 20th centuries. Nearby, the Haroon Mosque is the centre of a Muslim community. Newer expatriate communities exist along Sukhumvit Road, including the Japanese community near Soi Phrom Phong and Soi Thong Lo, and the Arab and North African neighbourhood along Soi Nana. Sukhumvit Plaza, a mall on Soi Sukhumvit 12, is popularly known as Korea Town.

 

ECONOMY

Bangkok is the economic centre of Thailand, and the heart of the country's investment and development. In 2010, the city had an economic output of 3.142 trillion baht (98.34 billion US dollars), contributing 29.1 percent of the gross domestic product (GDP). This amounted to a per-capita GDP value of ฿456,911 ($14,301), almost three times the national average of ฿160,556 ($5,025). The Bangkok Metropolitan Region had a combined output of ฿4.773tn ($149.39bn), or 44.2 percent of GDP. Bangkok's economy ranks as the sixth among Asian cities in terms of per-capita GDP, after Singapore, Hong Kong, Tokyo, Osaka–Kobe and Seoul.

 

Wholesale and retail trade is the largest sector in the city's economy, contributing 24.0 percent of Bangkok's gross provincial product. It is followed by manufacturing (14.3%); real estate, renting and business activities (12.4%); transport and communications (11.6%); and financial intermediation (11.1%). Bangkok alone accounts for 48.4 percent of Thailand's service sector, which in turn constitutes 49.0 percent of GDP. When the Bangkok Metropolitan Region is considered, manufacturing is the most significant contributor at 28.2 percent of the gross regional product, reflecting the density of industry in the Bangkok's neighbouring provinces. The automotive industry based around Greater Bangkok is the largest production hub in Southeast Asia. Tourism is also a significant contributor to Bangkok's economy, generating ฿427.5bn ($13.38bn) in revenue in 2010.

 

The Stock Exchange of Thailand (SET) is located on Ratchadaphisek Road in inner Bangkok. The SET, together with the Market for Alternative Investment (mai) has 648 listed companies as of the end of 2011, with a combined market capitalization of 8.485 trillion baht ($267.64bn). Due to the large amount of foreign representation, Thailand has for several years been a mainstay of the Southeast Asian economy and a centre of Asian business. The Globalization and World Cities Research Network ranks Bangkok as an "Alpha−" world city, and it is ranked 59th in Z/Yen's Global Financial Centres Index 11.

 

Bangkok is home to the headquarters of all of Thailand's major commercial banks and financial institutions, as well as the country's largest companies. A large number of multinational corporations base their regional headquarters in Bangkok due to the lower cost of the workforce and firm operations relative to other major Asian business centres. Seventeen Thai companies are listed on the Forbes 2000, all of which are based in the capital, including PTT, the only Fortune Global 500 company in Thailand.

 

Income inequality is a major issue in Bangkok, especially between relatively unskilled lower-income immigrants from rural provinces and neighbouring countries, and middle-class professionals and business elites. Although absolute poverty rates are low - only 0.64 percent of Bangkok's registered residents were living under the poverty line in 2010, compared to a national average of 7.75 - economic disparity is still substantial. The city has a Gini coefficient of 0.48, indicating a high level of inequality.

 

CULTURE

The culture of Bangkok reflects its position as Thailand's centre of wealth and modernisation. The city has long been the portal of entry of Western concepts and material goods, which have been adopted and blended with Thai values to various degrees by its residents. This is most evident in the lifestyles of the expanding middle class. Conspicuous consumption serves as a display of economic and social status, and shopping centres are popular weekend hangouts. Ownership of electronics and consumer products such as mobile phones is ubiquitous. This has been accompanied by a degree of secularism, as religion's role in everyday life has rather diminished. Although such trends have spread to other urban centres, and, to a degree, the countryside, Bangkok remains at the forefront of social change.

 

A distinct feature of Bangkok is the ubiquity of street vendors selling goods ranging from food items to clothing and accessories. It has been estimated that the city may have over 100,000 hawkers. While the BMA has authorised the practice in 287 sites, the majority of activity in another 407 sites takes place illegally. Although they take up pavement space and block pedestrian traffic, many of the city's residents depend on these vendors for their meals, and the BMA's efforts to curb their numbers have largely been unsuccessful.

 

In 2015, however, the BMA, with support from the National Council for Peace and Order (Thailand's ruling military junta), began cracking down on street vendors in a bid to reclaim public space. Many famous market neighbourhoods were affected, including Khlong Thom, Saphan Lek, and the flower market at Pak Khlong Talat. Nearly 15,000 vendors were evicted from 39 public areas in 2016. While some applauded the efforts to focus on pedestrian rights, others have expressed concern that gentrification would lead to the loss of the city's character and adverse changes to people's way of life.

 

FESTIVALS AND EVENTS

The residents of Bangkok celebrate many of Thailand's annual festivals. During Songkran on 13–15 April, traditional rituals as well as water fights take place throughout the city. Loi Krathong, usually in November, is accompanied by the Golden Mount Fair. New Year celebrations take place at many venues, the most prominent being the plaza in front of CentralWorld. Observances related to the royal family are held primarily in Bangkok. Wreaths are laid at King Chulalongkorn's equestrian statue in the Royal Plaza on 23 October, which is King Chulalongkorn Memorial Day. The present king's and queen's birthdays, respectively on 5 December and 12 August, are marked as Thailand's national Father's Day and national Mother's Day. These national holidays are celebrated by royal audiences on the day's eve, in which the king or queen gives a speech, and public gatherings on the day of the observance. The king's birthday is also marked by the Royal Guards' parade.

 

Sanam Luang is the site of the Thai Kite, Sport and Music Festival, usually held in March, and the Royal Ploughing Ceremony which takes place in May. The Red Cross Fair at the beginning of April is held at Suan Amporn and the Royal Plaza, and features numerous booths offering goods, games and exhibits. The Chinese New Year (January–February) and Vegetarian Festival (September–October) are celebrated widely by the Chinese community, especially in Yaowarat.

 

TRANSPORT

Although Bangkok's canals historically served as a major mode of transport, they have long since been surpassed in importance by land traffic. Charoen Krung Road, the first to be built by Western techniques, was completed in 1864. Since then, the road network has vastly expanded to accommodate the sprawling city. A complex elevated expressway network helps bring traffic into and out of the city centre, but Bangkok's rapid growth has put a large strain on infrastructure, and traffic jams have plagued the city since the 1990s. Although rail transport was introduced in 1893 and electric trams served the city from 1894 to 1968, it was only in 1999 that Bangkok's first rapid transit system began operation. Older public transport systems include an extensive bus network and boat services which still operate on the Chao Phraya and two canals. Taxis appear in the form of cars, motorcycles, and "tuk-tuk" auto rickshaws.

 

Bangkok is connected to the rest of the country through the national highway and rail networks, as well as by domestic flights to and from the city's two international airports. Its centuries-old maritime transport of goods is still conducted through Khlong Toei Port.

 

The BMA is largely responsible for overseeing the construction and maintenance of the road network and transport systems through its Public Works Department and Traffic and Transportation Department. However, many separate government agencies are also in charge of the individual systems, and much of transport-related policy planning and funding is contributed to by the national government.

 

ROADS

Road-based transport is the primary mode of travel in Bangkok. Due to the city's organic development, its streets do not follow an organized grid structure. Forty-eight major roads link the different areas of the city, branching into smaller streets and lanes (soi) which serve local neighbourhoods. Eleven bridges over the Chao Phraya link the two sides of the city, while several expressway and motorway routes bring traffic into and out of the city centre and link with nearby provinces.

 

Bangkok's rapid growth in the 1980s resulted in sharp increases in vehicle ownership and traffic demand, which have since continued - in 2006 there were 3,943,211 in-use vehicles in Bangkok, of which 37.6 percent were private cars and 32.9 percent were motorcycles. These increases, in the face of limited carrying capacity, caused severe traffic congestion evident by the early 1990s. The extent of the problem is such that the Thai Traffic Police has a unit of officers trained in basic midwifery in order to assist deliveries which do not reach hospital in time. While Bangkok's limited road surface area (8 percent, compared to 20–30 percent in most Western cities) is often cited as a major cause of its traffic jams, other factors, including high vehicle ownership rate relative to income level, inadequate public transport systems, and lack of transportation demand management, also play a role. Efforts to alleviate the problem have included the construction of intersection bypasses and an extensive system of elevated highways, as well as the creation of several new rapid transit systems. The city's overall traffic conditions, however, remain bad.

 

Traffic has been the main source of air pollution in Bangkok, which reached serious levels in the 1990s. However, efforts to improve air quality by improving fuel quality and enforcing emission standards, among others, have been largely successful. Atmospheric particulate matter levels dropped from 81 micrograms per cubic metre in 1997 to 43 in 2007.

 

Although the BMA has created thirty signed bicycle routes along several roads totalling 230 kilometres, cycling is still largely impractical, especially in the city centre. Most of these bicycle lanes share the pavement with pedestrians. Poor surface maintenance, encroachment by hawkers and street vendors, and a hostile environment for cyclists and pedestrians, make cycling and walking unpopular methods of getting around in Bangkok.

 

BUSES AND TAXIS

Bangkok has an extensive bus network providing local transit services within the Greater Bangkok area. The Bangkok Mass Transit Authority (BMTA) operates a monopoly on bus services, with substantial concessions granted to private operators. Buses, minibus vans, and song thaeo operate on a total of 470 routes throughout the region. A separate bus rapid transit system owned by the BMA has been in operation since 2010. Known simply as the BRT, the system currently consists of a single line running from the business district at Sathon to Ratchaphruek on the western side of the city. The Transport Co., Ltd. is the BMTA's long-distance counterpart, with services to all provinces operating out of Bangkok.

 

Taxis are ubiquitous in Bangkok, and are a popular form of transport. As of August 2012, there are 106,050 cars, 58,276 motorcycles and 8,996 tuk-tuk motorized tricycles cumulatively registered for use as taxis. Meters have been required for car taxis since 1992, while tuk-tuk fares are usually negotiated. Motorcycle taxis operate from regulated ranks, with either fixed or negotiable fares, and are usually employed for relatively short journeys.

 

Despite their popularity, taxis have gained a bad reputation for often refusing passengers when the requested route is not to the driver's convenience. Motorcycle taxis were previously unregulated, and subject to extortion by organized crime gangs. Since 2003, registration has been required for motorcycle taxi ranks, and drivers now wear distinctive numbered vests designating their district of registration and where they are allowed to accept passengers.

 

RAIL SYSTEMS

Bangkok is the location of Hua Lamphong Railway Station, the main terminus of the national rail network operated by the State Railway of Thailand (SRT). In addition to long-distance services, the SRT also operates a few daily commuter trains running from and to the outskirts of the city during the rush hour.

 

Bangkok is currently served by three rapid transit systems: the BTS Skytrain, the underground MRT and the elevated Airport Rail Link. Although proposals for the development of rapid transit in Bangkok had been made since 1975, it was only in 1999 that the BTS finally began operation.

 

The BTS consists of two lines, Sukhumvit and Silom, with thirty stations along 30.95 kilometres. The MRT opened for use in July 2004, and currently consists of two line, the Blue Line and Purple Line. The Airport Rail Link, opened in August 2010, connects the city centre to Suvarnabhumi Airport to the east. Its eight stations span a distance of 28 kilometres.

 

Although initial passenger numbers were low and their service area remains limited to the inner city, these systems have become indispensable to many commuters. The BTS reported an average of 600,000 daily trips in 2012, while the MRT had 240,000 passenger trips per day.

 

As of 2016, construction work is ongoing to extend BTS and MRT, as well as several additional transit lines, including the Light Red grade-separated commuter rail line. The entire Mass Rapid Transit Master Plan in Bangkok Metropolitan Region consists of eight main lines and four feeder lines totalling 508 kilometres to be completed by 2029. In addition to rapid transit and heavy rail lines, there have been proposals for several monorail systems.

 

WATER TRANSPORT

Although much diminished from its past prominence, water-based transport still plays an important role in Bangkok and the immediate upstream and downstream provinces. Several water buses serve commuters daily. The Chao Phraya Express Boat serves thirty-four stops along the river, carrying an average of 35,586 passengers per day in 2010, while the smaller Khlong Saen Saep boat service serves twenty-seven stops on Saen Saep Canal with 57,557 daily passengers. Long-tail boats operate on fifteen regular routes on the Chao Phraya, and passenger ferries at thirty-two river crossings served an average of 136,927 daily passengers in 2010.

 

Bangkok Port, popularly known by its location as Khlong Toei Port, was Thailand's main international port from its opening in 1947 until it was superseded by the deep-sea Laem Chabang Port in 1991. It is primarily a cargo port, though its inland location limits access to ships of 12,000 deadweight tonnes or less. The port handled 11,936,855 tonnes of cargo in the first eight months of the 2010 fiscal year, about 22 percent the total of the country's international ports.

 

AIRPORTS

Bangkok is one of Asia's busiest air transport hubs. Two commercial airports serve the city, the older Don Mueang International Airport and the new Bangkok International Airport, commonly known as Suvarnabhumi. Suvarnabhumi, which replaced Don Mueang as Bangkok's main airport at its opening in 2006, served 52,808,013 passengers in 2015, making it the world's 20th busiest airport by passenger volume. This amount of traffic is already over its designed capacity of 45 million passengers. Don Mueang reopened for domestic flights in 2007, and resumed international services focusing on low-cost carriers in October 2012. Suvarnabhumi is undergoing expansion to increase its capacity to 60 million, which is expected to be completed by 2016.

 

HEALTH AND EDUCATION

EDUCATION

Bangkok has long been the centre of modern education in Thailand. The first schools in the country were established here in the later 19th century, and there are now 1,351 schools in the city. The city is home to the country's five oldest universities, Chulalongkorn, Thammasat, Kasetsart, Mahidol and Silpakorn, founded between 1917 and 1943. The city has since continued its dominance, especially in higher education; the majority of the country's universities, both public and private, are located in Bangkok or the Metropolitan Region. Chulalongkorn and Mahidol are the only Thai universities to appear in the top 500 of the QS World University Rankings. King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi, also located in Bangkok, is the only Thai university in the top 400 of the 2012–13 Times Higher Education World University Rankings.

 

Over the past few decades the general trend of pursuing a university degree has prompted the founding of new universities to meet the needs of Thai students. Bangkok became not only a place where immigrants and provincial Thais go for job opportunities, but also for a chance to receive a university degree. Ramkhamhaeng University emerged in 1971 as Thailand's first open university; it now has the highest enrolment in the country. The demand for higher education has led to the founding of many other universities and colleges, both public and private. While many universities have been established in major provinces, the Greater Bangkok region remains home to the greater majority of institutions, and the city's tertiary education scene remains over-populated with non-Bangkokians. The situation is not limited to higher education, either. In the 1960s, 60 to 70 percent of 10- to 19-year-olds who were in school had migrated to Bangkok for secondary education. This was due to both a lack of secondary schools in the provinces and perceived higher standards of education in the capital. Although this discrepancy has since largely abated, tens of thousands of students still compete for places in Bangkok's leading schools. Education has long been a prime factor in the centralization of Bangkok and will play a vital role in the government's efforts to decentralize the country.

 

HEALTHCARE

Much of Thailand's medical resources are disproportionately concentrated in the capital. In 2000, Bangkok had 39.6 percent of the country's doctors and a physician-to-population ratio of 1:794, compared to a median of 1:5,667 among all provinces. The city is home to 42 public hospitals, five of which are university hospitals, as well as 98 private hospitals and 4,063 registered clinics. The BMA operates nine public hospitals through its Medical Service Department, and its Health Department provides primary care through sixty-eight community health centres. Thailand's universal healthcare system is implemented through public hospitals and health centres as well as participating private providers.

 

Research-oriented medical school affiliates such as Siriraj, King Chulalongkorn Memorial and Ramathibodi Hospitals are among the largest in the country, and act as tertiary care centres, receiving referrals from distant parts of the country. Lately, especially in the private sector, there has been much growth in medical tourism, with hospitals such as Bumrungrad and Bangkok Hospital, among others, providing services specifically catering to foreigners. An estimated 200,000 medical tourists visited Thailand in 2011, making Bangkok the most popular global destination for medical tourism.

 

CRIME AND SAFETY

Bangkok has a relatively moderate crime rate when compared to urban counterparts around the world.[119] Traffic accidents are a major hazard, while natural disasters are rare. Intermittent episodes of political unrest and occasional terrorist attacks have resulted in losses of life.

 

Although the crime threat in Bangkok is relatively low, non-confrontational crimes of opportunity such as pick-pocketing, purse-snatching, and credit card fraud occur with frequency. Bangkok's growth since the 1960s has been followed by increasing crime rates partly driven by urbanisation, migration, unemployment and poverty. By the late 1980s, Bangkok's crime rates were about four times that of the rest of the country. The police have long been preoccupied with street crimes ranging from housebreaking to assault and murder. The 1990s saw the emergence of vehicle theft and organized crime, particularly by foreign gangs. Drug trafficking, especially that of ya ba methamphetamine pills, is also chronic.

 

According to police statistics, the most common complaint received by the Metropolitan Police Bureau in 2010 was housebreaking, with 12,347 cases. This was followed by 5,504 cases of motorcycle thefts, 3,694 cases of assault and 2,836 cases of embezzlement. Serious offences included 183 murders, 81 gang robberies, 265 robberies, 1 kidnapping and 9 arson cases. Offences against the state were by far more common, and included 54,068 drug-related cases, 17,239 cases involving prostitution and 8,634 related to gambling. The Thailand Crime Victim Survey conducted by the Office of Justice Affairs of the Ministry of Justice found that 2.7 percent of surveyed households reported a member being victim of a crime in 2007. Of these, 96.1 percent were crimes against property, 2.6 percent were crimes against life and body, and 1.4 percent were information-related crimes.

 

Political demonstrations and protests are common in Bangkok. While most events since 1992 had been peaceful, the series of protests alternately staged by the Yellow Shirts and Red Shirts since 2006 have often turned violent. Red Shirt demonstrations during March–May 2010 ended in a crackdown in which 92 were killed, including armed and unarmed protesters, security forces, civilians and journalists. Terrorist incidents have also occurred in Bangkok, most notably the 2015 Bangkok bombing at the Erawan shrine, and also a series of bombings on the 2006–07 New Year's Eve.

 

WIKIPEDIA

SS.......AND MAYBE... QUITE PROBABLY (wink wink) A CRIMINAL TOO

======================================================

First Whitewater prosecutor says 'serious crimes' were uncovered in probe

Robert Fiske's new memoir provides fresh look at investigation into Clintons

 

The first federal prosecutor to probe the financial dealings of Bill and Hillary Clinton says he was poised to bring high-profile indictments against top Arkansas political and business figures — based in part on testimony from a chief witness against the then president — when he was abruptly replaced by a panel of federal judges, throwing his investigation into turmoil.

 

"I was angry, frustrated and above all disappointed that I was not going to be able to carry through and finish bringing the indictments," writes Robert Fiske, a former U.S. attorney who served as the original independent counsel in charge of the Whitewater investigation, in a forthcoming memoir, "Prosecutor Defender Counselor."

 

Fiske — ever the punctilious prosecutor — offers no judgments on the conduct of the Clintons, nor on that of the man who replaced him, Kenneth Starr.

 

But in his first extensive public comments on his Whitewater investigation, in his book and in an exclusive Yahoo News interview, Fiske contends his removal had a devastating impact on the agents and prosecutors working the case: It ultimately caused the Whitewater probe to stretch on for years longer than it needed to under Starr, a conservative former federal appellate judge who had no prosecutorial experience.

 

"The simplest way to put it, after I was replaced, the lawyers on the staff in Arkansas said the agents for the FBI and IRS were totally demoralized," Fiske said in the Yahoo News interview. "They thought we were on the brink of doing all these great things, and now that was not going to happen."

 

The long-ago Whitewater probe seems likely to be revived by political foes if, as is widely expected, Hillary Clinton runs for president. (The Clinton library is due to release new documents, including some that are expected to include Whitewater files, this Friday.) For years, the Clintons have sought to portray the entire investigation as a politically inspired witch hunt, pushed by partisans hunting for any ammunition they could find to damage the president and first lady.

 

"I'm still waiting for them to admit that there was nothing to Whitewater," Bill Clinton said in a recent appearance.

 

But the new account of Fiske, a pillar of the New York legal community, offers a more complicated picture. He describes how he had quickly uncovered "serious crimes" in the Whitewater investigation but that his probe was cut short after conservatives falsely accused him of a "cover up."

 

"There were indictments, there were convictions," said Fiske when asked about claims that there was "nothing" to the investigation. "People went to jail. There was never any evidence that was sufficient to link the Clintons to any of it, but there were certainly serious crimes."

 

Appointed by Janet Reno in January 1994, Fiske describes how he moved aggressively from the start, carving out a wide-ranging mandate and hiring a top-flight staff of veteran prosecutors. One of his first moves was to subpoena Hillary Clinton's law firm billing records — documents that were later found under mysterious circumstances in the White House living quarters.

 

By the summer of 1994, Fiske says, he was preparing to bring eight indictments against 11 defendants, including criminal charges for fraud against Jim and Susan McDougal (the Clintons' Whitewater business partners), Webster Hubbell (then an associate attorney general and formerly Hillary Clinton's law partner) and Jim Guy Tucker (Clinton's successor as governor of Arkansas).

 

A key witness in these cases was David Hale, a former municipal judge and the owner of a federally subsidized small-business lending company. It was Hale who had made the most serious allegation against Bill Clinton: Hale had claimed that Clinton, while Arkansas governor, had pressured him to make a fraudulent $300,000 federally backed loan to a marketing company owned by Susan McDougal that was really intended to pay off the two couples' debts in their Whitewater real estate investment. ("My name can't show up on this," Hale claimed Clinton had told him, an account that President Clinton later denied.)

 

Defenders of the Clintons have long depicted Hale as an inveterate liar who was put up to his allegations by bitter political enemies of the then president and first lady.

 

But Fiske devotes a chapter of his book to how he cut a plea deal with Hale, titling it "An Early Breakthrough," and describing how Hale's information "moved us forward."

 

"You used David Hale as a witness. You believed he was credible?" Fiske was asked by Yahoo News.

 

"Yes, we did," Fiske replied. He noted that FBI agents and prosecutors working for him (including famed Texas trial attorney Rusty Hardin) had closely vetted Hale's story.

 

"He provided very valuable information to us," Fiske said about Hale.

 

But Hale was also a confessed felon, who had pleaded guilty to defrauding the government. "Standing alone, nobody was going to bring a case based on what he was telling us," Fiske said — unless there was corroboration from other witnesses and documents. "But from what we had seen of him, we thought the story was plausible and was certainly worth pursuing," said Fiske.

 

Despite Fiske's efforts to find more evidence, he soon ran afoul of conservatives in Congress and on the Wall Street Journal editorial page, who accused him of pulling his punches. In late June, he issued two reports — one clearing the Clintons and White House officials of any wrongdoing in trying to influence a regulatory agency review of Jim McDougal's savings and loan, and a second one concluding that Vince Foster, another law firm partner of Hillary Clinton's, who was serving as White House counsel, had committed suicide in Fort Marcy Park overlooking the Potomac River and was not the victim of foul play.

 

In his memoir, Fiske contends that the evidence that Foster took his own life was overwhelming. But Fiske writes, "conspiracy theorists" attacked his findings, suggesting that Foster may have been murdered elsewhere and his body dumped in the park. Fiske recounts how an Indiana congressman, Dan Burton, even sought to disprove his findings by shooting a watermelon in his backyard. And soon Fiske was also being accused of conflicts of interest and protecting the Clintons. "The Fiske cover up," ran the headline on one Wall Street Journal editorial.

 

In August 1994, just as his investigation in Arkansas was gathering steam, Fiske was jolted when a panel of three federal judges — two of them strong conservatives — removed him on the grounds that he was not independent enough (because he had been appointed by Clinton's attorney general) and replaced him with Starr.

 

Fiske says he sought to reassure his dejected staff. Starr "has no experience as a prosecutor, so things may move a little slower but these indictments will happen," he told them.

 

The indictments were ultimately brought by Starr — only in some cases more than a year after Fiske's removal, and by then, Starr was widely being depicted by the White House and its allies as a conservative partisan. In that sense, Fiske's removal may have been a turning point that ended up undermining public confidence in the entire Whitewater probe, said Ken Gormley, the dean of Duquesne University School of Law and the author of "The Death of American Virtue: Clinton vs. Starr," an exhaustive study of the investigation.

 

"Painting the whole thing as a witch hunt would have been much harder" if Fiske had not been replaced, said Gormley. And, he believes, Fiske would likely not have expanded the probe, as Starr did, to include Clinton's relationship with Monica Lewinsky. "Fiske was a lawyer's lawyer," said Gormley. "He was the consummate principled prosecutor."

 

New Yorkers Protest the US$850 BILLION (US$3 TRILLION) Wall Street BAILOUT: Wall Street, NYC - September 25, 2008

 

VOTE YOUR CONSCIENCE on 04 NOVEMBER 2008!

 

Photographer: a. golden, eyewash design - c. 2008.

 

Friends,

 

The richest 400 Americans -- that's right, just four-hundred people -- own MORE than the bottom 150 million Americans COMBINED! 400 of the wealthiest Americans have got more stashed away than half the entire country! Their combined net worth is $1.6 trillion. During the eight years of the Bush Administration, their wealth has increased by nearly $700 billion -- the same amount that they were demanding We give to them for the "bailout." Why don't they just spend the money they made under Bush to bail themselves out? They'd still have nearly a trillion dollars left over to spread amongst themselves!

 

Of course, they are not going to do that -- at least not voluntarily. George W. Bush was handed a $127 billion surplus when Bill Clinton left office. Because that money was OUR money and not HIS, he did what the rich prefer to do -- spend it and never look back. Now we have a $9.5 trillion debt that will take seven generations from which to recover. Why -- on --earth – did -- our -- "representatives" -- give -- these -- robber -- barons -- $US850 BILLION -- of – OUR -- money?

 

Last week, proposed my own bailout plan. My suggestions, listed below, were predicated on the singular and simple belief that the rich must pull themselves up by their own platinum bootstraps. Sorry, fellows, but you drilled it into our heads one too many times: THERE...IS...NO…FREE... LUNCH ~ PERIOD! And thank you for encouraging us to hate people on welfare! So, there should have been NO HANDOUTS FROM US TO YOU! Last Friday, after voting AGAINST this BAILOUT, in an unprecedented turn of events, the House FLIP-FLOPPED their "No" Vote & said "Yes", in a rush version of a "bailout" bill vote. IN SPITE OF THE PEOPLE'S OVERWHELMING DISAPPROVAL OF THIS BAILOUT BILL... IN SPITE OF MILLIONS OF CALLS FROM THE PEOPLE CRASHING WASHINGTON "representatives'" PHONE LINES...IN SPITE OF CRASHING OUR POLITICIAN'S WEBSITES...IN SPITE OF HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS OF PEOPLE PROTESTING AROUND THE COUNTRY... THEY VOTED FOR THIS BAILOUT! The People first succeeded on Monday with the House, but failed do it with the Senate and then THE HOUSE TURNED ON US TOO!

 

It is clear, though, we cannot simply continue protesting without proposing exactly what it is we think THESE IDIOTS should/'ve do/one. So, after consulting with a number of people smarter than Phil Gramm, here’s the proposal, now known as "Mike's Rescue Plan." (From Michael Moore's Bailout Plan) It has 10 simple, straightforward points. They are that you DIDN'T, BUT SHOULD'VE:

 

1. APPOINTED A SPECIAL PROSECUTOR TO CRIMINALLY INDICT ANYONE ON WALL STREET WHO KNOWINGLY CONTRIBUTED TO THIS COLLAPSE. Before any new money was expended, Congress should have committed, by resolution, to CRIMINALLY PROSECUTE ANYONE who had ANYTHING to do with the attempted SACKING OF OUR ECONOMY. This means that anyone who committed insider trading, securities fraud or any action that helped bring about this collapse should have and MUST GO TO JAIL! This Congress SHOULD HAVE called for a Special Prosecutor who would vigorously go after everyone who created the mess, and anyone else who attempts to scam the public in future. (I like Elliot Spitzer ~ so, he played a little hanky-panky...Wall Street hates him & this is a GOOD thing.)

 

2. THE RICH SHOULD HAVE PAID FOR THEIR OWN BAILOUT! They may have to live in 5 houses instead of 7. They may have to drive 9 cars instead of 13. The chef for their mini-terriers may have to be reassigned. But there is no way in hell, after forcing family incomes to go down more than $2,000 dollars during the Bush years, that working people and the middle class should have to fork over one dime to underwrite the next yacht purchase.

 

If they truly needed the $850 billion they say they needed, well, here is an easy way they could have raised it:

 

a) Every couple makeing over a million dollars a year and every single taxpayer who makes over $500,000 a year should pay a 10% surcharge tax for five years. (It's the Senator Sanders plan. He's like Colonel Sanders, only he's out to fry the right chickens.) That means the rich would have still been paying less income tax than when Carter was president. That would have raise a total of $300 billion.

 

b) Like nearly every other democracy, they should have charged a 0.25% tax on every stock transaction. This would have raised more than $200 billion in a year.

 

c) Because every stockholder is a patriotic American, stockholders should have forgone receiving a dividend check for ONE quarter and instead this money would have gone the treasury to help pay for the bullsh*t bailout.

 

d) 25% of major U.S. corporations currently pay NO federal income tax. Federal corporate tax revenues currently amount to 1.7% of the GDP compared to 5% in the 1950s. If we raised the corporate income tax BACK to the levels of the 1950s, this would give us an extra $500 billion.

 

All of this combined should have been enough to end the calamity. The rich would have gotten to keep their mansions and their servants and our United States government ("COUNTRY FIRST!") would've have a little leftover to repair some roads, bridges and schools...

 

3. YOU SHOULD HAVE BAIL OUT THE PEOPLE LOSING THEIR HOMES, NOT THE PEOPLE WHO WILL BUILD AN EIGHTH HOME! There are 1.3 million homes in foreclosure right now. That is what is at the heart of this problem. So, instead of giving the money to the banks as a gift, they should have paid down each of these mortgages by $100,000. They should have forced the banks to renegotiate the mortgage so the homeowner could pay on its current value. To insure that this help wouldn't go to speculators and those who tried to making money by flipping houses, the bailout should have only been for people's primary residences. And, in return for the $100K pay-down on the existing mortgage, the government would have gotten to share in the holding of the mortgage so it could get some of its money back. Thus, the total initial cost of fixing the mortgage crisis at its roots (instead of with the greedy lenders) is $150 billion, not $850 BILLION.

 

And let's set the record straight. People who have defaulted on their mortgages are not "bad risks." They are our fellow Americans, and all they wanted was what we all want: a home to call their own. But, during the Bush years, millions of the People lost the decent paying jobs they had. SIX MILLION fell into poverty! SEVEN MILLION lost their health insurance! And, every one of them saw their real wages go DOWN by $2,000! Those who DARE look down on these Americans who got hit with one bad break after another should be ASHAMED.! We are a better, stronger, safer and happier society when all of our citizens can afford to live in a home they own.

 

4. THERE SHOULD HAVE BEEN A STIPULATION THAT IF YOUR BANK OR COMPANY GOT ANY OF OUR MONEY IN A "BAILOUT," THEN WE OWN YOU. Sorry, that's how it's done. If the bank gives me money so I can buy a house, the bank "owns" that house until I pay it all back -- with interest. Same deal for Wall Street. Whatever money you need to stay afloat, if our government considers you a safe risk -- and necessary for the good of the country -- then you can get a loan, but WE SHOULD OWN YOU. If you default, we will sell you. This is how the Swedish government did it and it worked.

 

5. ALL REGULATIONS SHOULD HAVE BEEN BE RESTORED. THE REAGAN REVOLUTION IS DEAD! This catastrophe happened because we let the fox have the keys to the hen-house. In 1999, Phil Gramm authored a bill to remove all the regulations that governed Wall Street and our banking system. The bill passed and Clinton signed it. Here's what Sen.Phil Gramm, McCain's chief economic advisor, said at the bill signing:

 

"In the 1930s ... it was believed that government was the answer. It was believed that stability and growth came from government overriding the functioning of free markets.

 

"We are here today to repeal [that] because we have learned that government is not the answer. We have learned that freedom and competition are the answers. We have learned that we promote economic growth and we promote stability by having competition and freedom.

 

"I am proud to be here because this is an important bill; it is a deregulatory bill. I believe that that is the wave of the future, and I am awfully proud to have been a part of making it a reality."

 

FOR THIS NOT TO REOCCUR, This BILL SHOULD HAVE BEEN REPEALED! Bill Clinton could have helped by leading the effort for the repeal of the Gramm bill and the reinstating of even tougher regulations regarding our financial institutions. And when they were done with that, they should have restored the regulations for the airlines, the inspection of our food, the oil industry, OSHA, and every other entity that affects our daily lives. All oversight provisions for any "bailout" should have had enforcement monies attached to them and criminal penalties for all offenders.

 

6. IF IT'S TOO BIG TO FAIL, THEN THAT MEANS IT'S TOO BIG TO EXIST! Allowing the creation of these mega-mergers and not enforcing the monopoly and anti-trust laws has allowed a number of financial institutions and corporations to become so large, the very thought of their collapse means an even bigger collapse across the entire economy. No ONE or TWO companies should EVER have this kind of power! The so-called "economic Pearl Harbor" can't happen when you have hundreds -- thousands -- of institutions where people have their money. When we have a dozen auto companies, if one goes belly-up, we DON'T FACE A NATIONAL DISASTER! If we have three separately-owned daily newspapers in your town, then one media company can't call all the shots (I know... What am I thinking?! Who reads a paper anymore? Sure glad all those mergers and buyouts left us with a STRONG and "FREE" press!). Laws Should have been enacted to prevent companies from being so large and dominant that with one slingshot to the eye, the GIANT FALLS and DIES. And no institution should be allowed to set up money schemes that NO ONE understands. If you can't explain it in two sentences, you shouldn't be taking anyone's money!

 

7. NO EXECUTIVE SHOULD EVER BE PAID MORE THAN 40 TIMES THEIR AVERAGE EMPLOYEE, AND NO EXECUTIVE SHOULD RECEIVE ANY KIND OF "PARACHUTE" OTHER THAN THE VERY GENEROUS SALARY HE OR SHE MADE WHILE WORKING FOR THE COMPANY. In 1980, the average American CEO made 45 times what their employees made. By 2003, they were making 254 times what their workers made. After 8 years of Bush, they now make over 400 times what their average employee makes. How We have allowed this to happen at publicly held companies is beyond reason. In Britain, the average CEO makes 28 times what their average employee makes. In Japan, it's only 17 times! The last I heard, the CEO of Toyota was living the high life in Tokyo. How does he do it on so little money? Seriously, this is an OUTRAGE! We have created the mess we're in by letting the people at the top become bloated beyond belief with millions of dollars. THIS HAS TO STOP! Not only should no executive who receives help out of this mess profit from it, but any executive who was in charge of running his company into the ground should be FIRED before the company receives ANY help.

 

8. CONGRESS SHOULD HAVE STRENGTHENED THE FDIC AND MADE IT A MODEL FOR PROTECTING NOT ONLY PEOPLE'S SAVINGS, BUT ALSO THEIR PENSIONS AND THEIR HOMES. Obama was correct to propose expanding FDIC protection of people's savings in their banks to $250,000. But, this same sort of government insurance must be given to our NEVER have to worry about whether or not the money they've put away for their old age will be there. This should have meant strict government oversight of companies who manage their employees' funds -- or perhaps it means the companies should have been forced to turn over those funds and their management to the government? People's private retirement funds must also be protected, but perhaps it's time to consider not having one's retirement invested in the casino known as the stock market??? Our government should have a solemn duty to guarantee that no one who grows old in this country has to worry about becoming destitute.

 

9. EVERYBODY NEEDS TO TAKE A DEEP BREATH, CALM DOWN, AND NOT LET FEAR RULE THE DAY. Turn off your TVs! We are NOT in the Second Great Depression. The sky is NOT falling, Chicken Little! Pundits and politicians have lied to us so FAST and FURIOUS it's hard not to be affected by all the fear mongering. Even I wrote to and repeated what I heard on the news last week, that the Dow had the biggest one day drop in its history. Well, that was true in terms of points, but its 7% drop came nowhere close to Black Monday in 1987 when the stock market in one day lost 23% of its value. In the '80s, 3,000 banks closed, but America didn't go out of business. These institutions have always had their ups and downs and eventually it works out. It has to, because the rich do not like their wealth being disrupted! They have a vested interest in calming things down and getting back into their Jacuzzis before they slip into their million thread-count sheets to drift off to a peaceful, Vodka tonic and Ambien-induced slumber.

 

As crazy as things are right now, tens of thousands of people got a car loan last week. Thousands went to the bank and got a mortgage to buy a home. Students just back to college found banks more than happy to put them into hock for the next 15 years with a student loan. I was even pre-approved for a US$5K personal loan. Yes, life has gone on with little-or-no-change (other than the whopping 6.1% umeployment rate, but that happened last month). Not a single person lost any of his/her monies in bank, or a treasury note, or in a CD. And, the perhaps the most amazing thing is that the American public FINALLY didn't buy the scare campaign. The citizens didn't blink, instead telling Congress to take that bailout and shove it. THAT was impressive. Why didn't the population succumb to the fright-filled warnings from their president and his cronies? Well, you can only say 'Saddam has the bomb' so many times before the people realize you're a lying sack of shit. After eight long years, the nation is worn out and simply can't take it any longer. The WORLD is fed up & I don't blame them.

 

10. THEY SHOULD HAVE CREATED A NATIONAL BANK, A "PEOPLE'S BANK." Since they're really itching to print up a trillion dollars, instead of giving it to a few rich people, why don't We give it to ourselves? Now that We own Freddie and Fannie, why not set up a People's bank? One that can provide low-interest loans for all sorts of people who want to own a home, start a small business, go to school, come up with the cure for cancer or create the next great invention. And, now that we own AIG - the country's largest insurance company - let's take the next step and PROVIDE HEALTH INSURANCE FOR EVERYONE. MEDICARE FOR ALL! It will SAVE us SO MUCH MONEY in the LONG RUN (not to mention bring peace of mind to all). And, America won't be 12th on the life expectancy list! We'll be able to have a longer lifespan, enjoying our government-protected pension and will live to see the day when the corporate criminals who caused this much misery are let out of prison so that We can help re-acclimate them to plain old ordinary, civilian life -- a life with ONE nice home and ONE gas-free car invented with help from the People's Bank.

 

P.S. Call your Senators NOW !!! ---> www.visi.com/juan/congress/

 

Since they voted against passing the extension of unemployment benefits and skipped out to "campaign" to us to be re-elected...call them and tell them you will vote for the other "guy" if they don't get their act together!

 

UPDATE:

  

The Bailout Is A Truly Evil Disaster And Enabler Pelosi Must Go

 

We are hearing more and more reports of how badly the ill-advised banker's bailout is being handled, multi-million dollar bonuses for Paulson's old cronies at Goldman Sachs, billions going to finance the takeover of rival banks, making the "too big to fail" even bigger, and the taxpayer getting an otherwise rotten deal for their investment. We even heard a Republic senator asking how fast they could blow the money.

 

NONE of this could have happened without the fawning complicity of Nancy Pelosi, who infamously said it was Bush's proposal, INSTEAD of coming forward with a robust alternative plan. Just like Bush, she believes she is immune, she believes she is unaccountable, and shame on us if we don't do everything we can to defeat her this Tuesday, and replace her with Cindy Sheehan.

 

Here is Cindy's last TV spot. Please make whatever donation you can to put this ad on the air in these critical final days.

 

Last Cindy TV Spot Action Page:

www.usalone.com/cindy/donations_tv2.php

 

There is still time for you to make a real difference. We thank all of our participants who have already donated so generously to make this campaign what it is. For those who cannot make a contribution, please consider helping with the phone banking, and there is a link for that also on the page above.

 

The one thing we know is that we must continue to speak out. We must continue to challenge. Surrendering is what our current so-called representatives in Congress are so prone to, NOT what we do. Ultimate victory is not only possible, it is assured if we work as hard as we can for real change, not just the rebranding of the same old boys'

network.

 

And we promise you, immediately after the election we will go right back to work on pure issue advocacy full time, to continue to build the base of action for the future.

 

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NEW: New High-Speed Rail biz plan crashes into reality

 

April 14, 2012

By Katy Grimes

 

What a train wreck. Barreling down the tracks in one direction, on April 9 a congressional committee launched a probe California’s high-speed rail project over charges of conflicts of interest and questionable spending of federal dollars. Barreling head-on toward it from the other direction, on April 12 the California High-Speed Rail Authority voted to approve its own revised business plan.

 

The state action leaves only an up-or-down vote from the state Legislature to break ground on a project the CHSRA now pegs at costing $68.4 billion.

 

The project costs have varied from an original estimate of $33 billion, to an official high estimate of $98.5 billion, and back down to a dubious $68.4 billion. But the Legislative Analyst’s Office said that it is “highly uncertain if funding to complete the high-speed rail system will ever materialize,” and rail experts have estimated the project will cost more than $136 billion.

 

The next stop for the CHSRA is to convince the Legislature to approve the project in order to move full steam ahead. Right now, the rail authority and supportive Democrats are counting noses in the Legislature to determine where the needed votes will come from.

 

Reublicans want the plan demolished, and Democrats aren’t talking much at all.

 

However, Article XVl of the California Constitution authorizes the Legislature to either pull the plug on high-speed rail, or at the very least, reduce the amount of indebtedness, if no debt has been contracted.

 

There is still plenty of time to stop this runaway train.

 

What Voters Approved in 2008

California voters approved Proposition 1A in 2008, the “Safe, Reliable High-Speed Passenger Train Bond Act for the 21st Century.” Here are some details:

 

* $33.5 billion cost. They approved a total cost of $33.5 billion for a high-speed rail system. The $33.5 billion was to be made up of a combination of 1/3 federal funds, 1/3 state funds and 1/3 private funds. Importantly, the investment from California taxpayers was limited to a $9.95 billion bond.

 

Today, the costs have skyrocketed to $98.5 billion from $33.5 billion, reliance on federal funds has increased by more than six times the original cost and no private funders have materialized to invest in the project.

 

Assemblywoman Diane Harkey, R-Dana Point, said it’s highly unlikely any private parties will pony up investment money on the project. “There are no private party investments, and no earnest deposits,” Harkey said. “As long as California continues with this plan, we will never attract private capital.

 

Instead, the state is taking a hugh risk with taxpayer “capital.”

 

* S.F. to L.A. Voters approved a system connecting San Francisco to Los Angeles, with a trip time of two hours and 40 minutes, at a cost of $55 per ticket. But the plan has veered sharply inland from San Francisco to Los Angeles, over to the Central Valley, with a leg from Fresno to Bakersfield. And the cost of the trip jumped to $105.

 

* Ridership: 95 million. Even ridership numbers have been toyed with. Voters were told that there would be a ridership of 95 million passengers by 2030. Ridership estimates have decreased nearly three times since 2008, and they are still absurdly inflated. In the new report, they’re estimated to be as high as 36 million passengers by 2060 (page 5-17). That’s about a third of the Prop. 1A promise.

 

* Bond repayment. Repaying high-speed rail bonds will cost the state’s General Fund $647 million per year for 30 years, or approximately $20 billion for the $9.95 billion bond.

 

High-Speed Fairy Tale

The High-Speed Rail Authority claims that high-speed rail throughout the world runs profitably. But:

 

France subsidizes its high-speed rail system by nearly $10 billion annually. Japan subsidizes its rail system with nearly $2 billion annually. And Spain spends nearly $3 billion on high-speed rail subsidies every year.

 

“Jobs, jobs, jobs” was the campaign rally cry for Jerry Brown during his run for governor, and when he vowed his support for high-speed rail. He supported it so much it’s earned the nickname the “Browndoggle.”

  

But while Brown continues to blindly support the rail plan, the High-Speed Rail Authority claims that the project will create 20,000 jobs. However, a January report by the Assembly Republican Caucus found that there is evidence to prove that the rail authority overstated job creation by nearly 50 percent. “Even using the HSRA optimistic job creation estimates for Phase l, California investment will be about $1.96 million per job created, or $5.8 million per direct job created,” the caucus report found.

 

The rail authority must have used the New Math to calculate jobs. The HSRA claims that jobs are calculated in “job-years.” One year of full employment equals a job-year. Therefore, one person employed for 20 years counts as 20 “jobs” using this new math.

 

Greenhouse gases

The High-Speed Rail Authority has always claimed that the rail plan will dramatically reduce greenhouse gas emissions. But estimates of just how much carbon emissions will be reduced have gone from absurdly high, to only ridiculously high. Now “methods are still being developed” to determine just how much GHG will be reduced.

 

Even the California Air Resources Board in its AB 32 scoping plan dramatically dropped the estimates of greenhouse gas reductions for high-speed rail by 82 percent of what voters were promised in 2008.

 

High-Speed Rail 5.0

Sen. Doug LaMalfa, R-Richvale, calls the latest reincarnation of the high-speed rail business plan, “High-Speed Rail 5.0.”

 

“In plan number one we had the ballot initiative and cost estimates of $33 to $45 billion. Plan number two was up the ticket prices,” La Malfa said. “Plan number three was the $98.5 billion plan. Plan number four was the $68 billion plan, and Orange County was kicked out. Plan number five is the latest business plan approval with Orange County back in.”

 

Harkey added that the plan is wrought with inconsistencies and violations of the 2008 law. She explained that it’s not high-speed rail if it will be used in crowded urban areas such as Orange County. Nor can high-speed rail be used in moving freight.

 

What’s Ahead For High-Speed Rail?

The Legislature has until Aug. 31 to authorize the bond sale that would get the project started. While Republicans can’t kill the rail project by themselves, there are many Democrats who are not supportive of it, but appear to be holding out to make deals on local transit projects.

 

Keep an eye on termed-out legislators, or legislators who don’t have to run again until 2014 for key votes on the plan.

 

Sen. Joe Simitian, D-Palo Alto, has been somewhat cryptic in his comments about the rail project. Simitian has warned the rail authority several times in committee hearings that it needed to have a more realistic business plan or state funding for the rail project would be cut off, but repeatedly says that he favors high-speed rail “if done right.”

 

While Simitian has voiced concerns aloud in committee hearings, he has voted to pass rail bills, while simultaneously telling the rail authority and committee members to provide him with amendments addressing his concerns.

 

Rep. Darrell Issa, R-San Diego, chairman of the U.S. House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, notified the California High-Speed Rail Authority about the probe earlier this week, and ordered the agency to preserve its documents and records.

 

Issa’s committee announced earlier this week that it’s questioning whether the $4 billion from the federal government has been spent appropriately, and said they want to investigate possible conflicts of interest between rail officials and contractors.

 

“California high-speed rail was sold to voters as a grand vision for tomorrow but in practice appears to be no different than countless other pork-barrel projects — driven more by political interests and consultant spending than valid cost-benefit analysis,” Issa said. “Before more taxpayer money is sent to the rail authority, questions must be answered about mismanagement, conflicts of interest, route selection, ridership and other risks.”

 

While offering her praise last week for Gov. Jerry Brown’s revised approach on California’s high-speed rail, U.S. Sen. Dianne Feinstein still cautioned that the federal funding for the project could depend on final cost projections. But that was last week’s high-speed rail plan. This week the plan is again different.

 

“If this was a debate, the rail authority would get smoked,” La Malfa added. “This is the most abusive waste of the taxpayers’ money, and one of the biggest frauds since the $600 toilet seats” for military aircraft, a scandal from the past.

 

www.calwatchdog.com/2012/04/14/high-speed-rail-is-mission...

they had a full construction crew assembly "set designs"

 

hyster... ical!

BLOGGED: 19 Nov. 2008: www.counterspinyc.blogspot.com/

 

New Yorkers Protest the US$850 BILLION (US$3 TRILLION) Wall Street BAILOUT: Wall Street, NYC - September 25, 2008.

 

This is actually a GOOD guy. See: billionairesforbush.com/index.php for more information.

 

VOTE YOUR CONSCIENCE on 04 NOVEMBER 2008!

 

Photographer: a. golden, eyewash design - c. 2008.

 

Friends,

 

The richest 400 Americans -- that's right, just four-hundred people -- own MORE than the bottom 150 million Americans COMBINED! 400 of the wealthiest Americans have got more stashed away than half the entire country! Their combined net worth is $1.6 trillion. During the eight years of the Bush Administration, their wealth has increased by nearly $700 billion -- the same amount that they were demanding We give to them for the "bailout." Why don't they just spend the money they made under Bush to bail themselves out? They'd still have nearly a trillion dollars left over to spread amongst themselves!

 

Of course, they are not going to do that -- at least not voluntarily. George W. Bush was handed a $127 billion surplus when Bill Clinton left office. Because that money was OUR money and not HIS, he did what the rich prefer to do -- spend it and never look back. Now we have a $9.5 trillion debt that will take seven generations from which to recover. Why -- on --earth – did -- our -- "representatives" -- give -- these -- robber -- barons -- $US850 BILLION -- of – OUR -- money?

 

Last week, proposed my own bailout plan. My suggestions, listed below, were predicated on the singular and simple belief that the rich must pull themselves up by their own platinum bootstraps. Sorry, fellows, but you drilled it into our heads one too many times: THERE...IS...NO…FREE... LUNCH ~ PERIOD! And thank you for encouraging us to hate people on welfare! So, there should have been NO HANDOUTS FROM US TO YOU! Last Friday, after voting AGAINST this BAILOUT, in an unprecedented turn of events, the House FLIP-FLOPPED their "No" Vote & said "Yes", in a rush version of a "bailout" bill vote. IN SPITE OF THE PEOPLE'S OVERWHELMING DISAPPROVAL OF THIS BAILOUT BILL... IN SPITE OF MILLIONS OF CALLS FROM THE PEOPLE CRASHING WASHINGTON "representatives'" PHONE LINES...IN SPITE OF CRASHING OUR POLITICIAN'S WEBSITES...IN SPITE OF HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS OF PEOPLE PROTESTING AROUND THE COUNTRY... THEY VOTED FOR THIS BAILOUT! The People first succeeded on Monday with the House, but failed do it with the Senate and then THE HOUSE TURNED ON US TOO!

 

It is clear, though, we cannot simply continue protesting without proposing exactly what it is we think THESE IDIOTS should/'ve do/one. So, after consulting with a number of people smarter than Phil Gramm, here’s the proposal, now known as "Mike's Rescue Plan." (From Michael Moore's Bailout Plan) It has 10 simple, straightforward points. They are that you DIDN'T, BUT SHOULD'VE:

 

1. APPOINTED A SPECIAL PROSECUTOR TO CRIMINALLY INDICT ANYONE ON WALL STREET WHO KNOWINGLY CONTRIBUTED TO THIS COLLAPSE. Before any new money was expended, Congress should have committed, by resolution, to CRIMINALLY PROSECUTE ANYONE who had ANYTHING to do with the attempted SACKING OF OUR ECONOMY. This means that anyone who committed insider trading, securities fraud or any action that helped bring about this collapse should have and MUST GO TO JAIL! This Congress SHOULD HAVE called for a Special Prosecutor who would vigorously go after everyone who created the mess, and anyone else who attempts to scam the public in future. (I like Elliot Spitzer ~ so, he played a little hanky-panky...Wall Street hates him & this is a GOOD thing.)

 

2. THE RICH SHOULD HAVE PAID FOR THEIR OWN BAILOUT! They may have to live in 5 houses instead of 7. They may have to drive 9 cars instead of 13. The chef for their mini-terriers may have to be reassigned. But there is no way in hell, after forcing family incomes to go down more than $2,000 dollars during the Bush years, that working people and the middle class should have to fork over one dime to underwrite the next yacht purchase.

 

If they truly needed the $850 billion they say they needed, well, here is an easy way they could have raised it:

 

a) Every couple makeing over a million dollars a year and every single taxpayer who makes over $500,000 a year should pay a 10% surcharge tax for five years. (It's the Senator Sanders plan. He's like Colonel Sanders, only he's out to fry the right chickens.) That means the rich would have still been paying less income tax than when Carter was president. That would have raise a total of $300 billion.

 

b) Like nearly every other democracy, they should have charged a 0.25% tax on every stock transaction. This would have raised more than $200 billion in a year.

 

c) Because every stockholder is a patriotic American, stockholders should have forgone receiving a dividend check for ONE quarter and instead this money would have gone the treasury to help pay for the bullsh*t bailout.

 

d) 25% of major U.S. corporations currently pay NO federal income tax. Federal corporate tax revenues currently amount to 1.7% of the GDP compared to 5% in the 1950s. If we raised the corporate income tax BACK to the levels of the 1950s, this would give us an extra $500 billion.

 

All of this combined should have been enough to end the calamity. The rich would have gotten to keep their mansions and their servants and our United States government ("COUNTRY FIRST!") would've have a little leftover to repair some roads, bridges and schools...

 

3. YOU SHOULD HAVE BAIL OUT THE PEOPLE LOSING THEIR HOMES, NOT THE PEOPLE WHO WILL BUILD AN EIGHTH HOME! There are 1.3 million homes in foreclosure right now. That is what is at the heart of this problem. So, instead of giving the money to the banks as a gift, they should have paid down each of these mortgages by $100,000. They should have forced the banks to renegotiate the mortgage so the homeowner could pay on its current value. To insure that this help wouldn't go to speculators and those who tried to making money by flipping houses, the bailout should have only been for people's primary residences. And, in return for the $100K pay-down on the existing mortgage, the government would have gotten to share in the holding of the mortgage so it could get some of its money back. Thus, the total initial cost of fixing the mortgage crisis at its roots (instead of with the greedy lenders) is $150 billion, not $850 BILLION.

 

And let's set the record straight. People who have defaulted on their mortgages are not "bad risks." They are our fellow Americans, and all they wanted was what we all want: a home to call their own. But, during the Bush years, millions of the People lost the decent paying jobs they had. SIX MILLION fell into poverty! SEVEN MILLION lost their health insurance! And, every one of them saw their real wages go DOWN by $2,000! Those who DARE look down on these Americans who got hit with one bad break after another should be ASHAMED.! We are a better, stronger, safer and happier society when all of our citizens can afford to live in a home they own.

 

4. THERE SHOULD HAVE BEEN A STIPULATION THAT IF YOUR BANK OR COMPANY GOT ANY OF OUR MONEY IN A "BAILOUT," THEN WE OWN YOU. Sorry, that's how it's done. If the bank gives me money so I can buy a house, the bank "owns" that house until I pay it all back -- with interest. Same deal for Wall Street. Whatever money you need to stay afloat, if our government considers you a safe risk -- and necessary for the good of the country -- then you can get a loan, but WE SHOULD OWN YOU. If you default, we will sell you. This is how the Swedish governme