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Yellow-tailed Black-Cockatoo. Calyptorhynchus funereus

Carnaby's Cockatoo - Calyptorhynchus latirostris


Rainbird living up to its name.


Ocean Beach, Denmark, Western Australia

What a magnificent bird.


Explore: Jun 20, 2013 #107

Yellow-tailed Black-Cockatoos were once content to feed on the seeds of native shrubs and trees, especially banksias, hakeas and casuarinas, as well as extracting the insect larvae that bore into the branches of wattles. Now, after the establishment of extensive plantations of exotic Monterey Pines, the cockatoos may feed more often by tearing open pine cones to extract the seeds. The population on South Australia’s Eyre Peninsula is now reliant on the seeds of the Aleppo Pine, a noxious weed, as its preferred habitat, Sugar Gum woodlands, has become extensively fragmented


The Yellow-tailed Black-Cockatoo is a large cockatoo. It is easily identified by its mostly black plumage, with most body feathers edged with yellow, not visible at a distance. It has a yellow cheek patch and yellow panels on the tail. The female has a larger yellow cheek patch, pale grey eye-ring (pink in males), white upper bill (grey-black in males) and black marks in the yellow tail panels. Young birds resemble the adult female, but young males have a smaller cheek patch.




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Red-tailed Black-Cockatoo in an Emu bush

Scientific Name: Calyptorhynchus banksii

A gregarious species, the Red-tailed Black-Cockatoo is often seen in large flocks, though it also occurs in pairs and trios. It is an active, noisy and conspicuous species which is mainly arboreal, spending much of the day feeding, sometimes in a loose association with Yellow-tailed Black-Cockatoos. At sunset, flocks of this species are often seen flying high, returning from feeding areas to roosts in large trees along the banks of rivers or streams. They may be less wary while feeding than at other times, and generally do not allow a close approach by an observer, readily taking flight and screeching loudly.

Description: As its name suggests, the Red-tailed Black-Cockatoo is a cockatoo with largely black plumage and scarlet panels in the tail, at least in the males. Females have yellow spots on the head, neck and wings, and orange-yellow barring on the breast and undertail. Both sexes have dark brown eyes and brown-grey legs and feet; males have a dark grey bill, while the bill of the female is off-white.

Similar Species: Glossy Black-Cockatoos have a dark brown head, neck and underbody, which contrast with the black of the rest of its plumage (whereas Red-tailed had black plumage all over). Female Glossies have yellow patches on the head (rather than the yellow spots of Red-tailed).

Yellow-tailed Black-Cockatoos are readily distinguished by the yellow panels in the tail and a yellow patch on the cheeks.

Distribution: Endemic to mainland Australia, Red-tailed Black-Cockatoos are found in all mainland states, with five distinct subspecies occurring in eight discrete populations across the continent.

Habitat: Red-tailed Black-Cockatoos inhabit a wide variety of habitats, especially forests and woodlands dominated by eucalypts or casuarinas. Some subspecies prefer specific vegetation assemblages, such as Brown Stringybark forests in south-western Victoria and south-eastern SA, or Marri, Jarrah and Karri forests in south-western Australia, but others are less restricted in the habitats they occupy. They also occur in some regional towns and cities.

Feeding: Red-tailed Black-Cockatoos mainly eat seeds, which are usually extracted from the hard seed pods of eucalypts, casuarinas and banksias, using its robust bill to tear them open. They sometimes also eat insect larvae, which are revealed by tearing open the branches of trees. In some regions, they forage on the ground, eating the seeds of various weeds, and in other places they are quite picky, preferring the seeds of particular species of trees.

Breeding: Red-tailed Black-Cockatoos lay one white egg (or sometimes two) in a tree hollow lined with wood dust, woodchips or splinters. Nesting hollows are usually situated in mature or dead eucalypts. Only the female incubates and feeds the young nestlings, but as the chicks grow older, both sexes feed them.



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Forest red-tailed black cockatoo Calyptorhynchus banksii naso, at Bungendore Park, Bedfordale. A group of these gorgeous birds were fairly cooperative during Sunday's BAWA photogroup outing, although they kept a beady eye on those of us who edged closer. Softer light would have been really nice but I'm not too unhappy with the pics I got.

The two facing forwards are females; the shy one at the back is a male.


Yellow-tailed Black-Cockatoo. Calyptorhynchus funereus

Yellow-tailed Black-Cockatoo. Calyptorhynchus funereus

The yellow-tailed black cockatoo (Calyptorhynchus funereus).

The red-tailed black cockatoo (Calyptorhynchus banksii) also known as Banksian- or Banks' black cockatoo, is a large black cockatoo native to Australia. Adult males have a characteristic pair of bright red panels on the tail that gives the species its name. It is more common in the drier parts of the continent.


The species is usually found in eucalyptus woodlands, or along water courses. In the more northerly parts of the country, these cockatoos are commonly seen in large flocks. They are seed eaters and cavity nesters, and as such depend on fairly large trees, generally Eucalyptus. Populations in southeastern Australia are threatened by deforestation and other habitat alterations. I saw this bird in central Australia.

Yellow-tailed Black-Cockatoo, immature or female carrying pine cone from which they extract the seeds. Taken at Encounter Bay, South Australia.

Searching for wood-boring grubs.

Yellow-tailed Black-Cockatoo, immature, taken at Encounter Bay, South Australia. Carrying remains of pine cone from which most of the edible seeds have been extracted.

Best Viewed Large.......Yellow-tailed Cockatoo (Calyptorhynchus funereus)


Many thanks friends for taking the time to view, fave and comment on my photos - always appreciated !!!

I think this might be quite an old bird. Or maybe it's just the feather season?

The yellow-tailed black cockatoo (Calyptorhynchus funereus). Marcoola on The Sunshine Coast. Queensland, Australia.

This beauty was one of a flock that paused (in the woods where I happened to be) for a half an hour of frantic tree chewing. They really do seem to enjoy chewing wood!

The male fanning out his bright red tail trying to impress the lady beside. In this shot I was lucky to have a cloudy sky which diffused much of the light to give a nice exposure underneath the birds plumage. Otherwise it would appeared black as coal.

@Gidgegannup , WA

A yellow-tailed black cockatoo (Calyptorhynchus funereus) enjoying a nut. Love how its holding its food. This bird is quite common in South Australia and especially in the national parks and up the hills

An early morning walk rewarded me with this female Glossy Black-Cockatoo (7:03AM) - no sun and I'd forgotten to change my manual shutter speed and aperture settings from the day before, so fairly high ISO.

Male and Female Red-tailed Black Cockatoo (Calyptorhynchus banksii naso), Kings Park, Perth, Western Australia


Ebird checklist:


The red-tailed black cockatoo (Calyptorhynchus banksii) also known as Banksian- or Banks' black cockatoo, is a large black cockatoo native to Australia. Adult males have a characteristic pair of bright red panels on the tail that gives the species its name. It is more common in the drier parts of the continent. Five subspecies are recognised, differing most significantly in beak size. Although the more northerly subspecies are widespread, the two southern subspecies, the forest red-tailed black cockatoo and the south-eastern red-tailed black cockatoo are under threat.


Source: Wikipedia

The Yellow-tailed Black-Cockatoo is found in south-eastern Australia, from Eyre Peninsula, South Australia to south and central eastern Queensland.


The Yellow-tailed Black-Cockatoo inhabits a variety of habitat types, but favours eucalypt woodland and pine plantations. Small to large flocks can be seen in these areas, either perched or flying on slowly flapping wings.


Yellow-tailed Black-Cockatoos feed in small to large, noisy flocks. The favoured food is seeds of native trees and pinecones, but birds also feed on the seeds of ground plants. Some insects are also eaten.


Photographed Maleny, Queensland, Australia.


Steve Hitchcock © All rights reserved

A male Carnaby's Cockatoo just about to take off from the banksia bush he was feeding on. Taken on ECU's campus - the birds are attracted by the large pine trees (non-native but provide a good food source) and the odd patches of native banksia woodland that has been left in between all the buildings and carparks.


Nature in Focus ~ 500px ~ G+ ~ Redbubble ~ Instagram

Red-tailed Black Cockatoo, Great Flight Aviary, Melbourne Zoo.

Part of a flock of Yellow-tailed Black-Cockatoos feeding on pine cone seeds, taken at Encounter Bay, South Australia. Top right bird with pinkish eye ring and dark bill - adult male. Centre bird with whitish bill, dark eye ring, larger and brighter yellow ear patch - adult female.

Charters Towers, Queensland


Two females arguing over perch ownership.


Best viewed large.

The Yellow-tailed Black-Cockatoo is a large (to 680mm) cockatoo clearly distinguished by its mostly black plumage, yellow cheek patch and yellow panels on the tail. The body feathers are edged with yellow giving a scalloped appearance. It has a short, mobile crest on the top of its head.


The female has a larger, more defined yellow cheek patch than the male, pale grey eye-ring (pink in males) and a whitish upper bill (grey-black in males).

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The Little Corella, Cacatua sanguinea, also known as the Bare-eyed Cockatoo, is a white cockatoo native to Australia and southern New Guinea.

The Little Corella grows to 36 to 39 cm in length and congregates in flocks of up to several thousand birds, which often include many Galahs. The bird generally roosts in trees overnight, and flies off to feed in the early morning with an almost deafening screeching. It mostly feeds on the ground, eating seeds including cereal crops such as wheat and barley. It is so common that it has become something of a pest throughout much of Australia, and can be destructive to the trees in which it perches, by chewing the bark off smaller twigs.

It was known as Birdirra among the Yindjibarndi people of the central and western Pilbara. They would keep them as pets, or traditionally cook and eat them. The downy feathers are used in traditional ceremonies and dances where they adorn head and armbands.[1]


A cockatoo is any of the 21 species belonging to the bird family Cacatuidae. Along with the Psittacidae (the true parrots) and the Strigopidae (the large New Zealand parrots), they make up the parrot order Psittaciformes. Placement of the cockatoos as a separate family is fairly undisputed, although many aspects of the other living lineages of parrots are unresolved. The family has a mainly Australasian distribution, ranging from the Philippines and the eastern Indonesian islands of Wallacea to New Guinea, the Solomon Islands and Australia. The name cockatoo originated from the Malay name for these birds, kaka(k)tua (either from kaka "parrot" + tuwah, or "older sister" from kakak "sister" + tua "old").

Cockatoos are instantly recognisable by their showy crests and curved bills. On average they are larger than other parrots; however, the Cockatiel, the smallest cockatoo species, is a small bird. Their plumage is generally less colourful than that of other parrots, being mainly white, grey, or black, and often with coloured features in the crest, cheeks, or tail. The genus Cacatua comprises 11 species of white plumaged cockatoos, including the corellas, a group of smaller cockatoos. Closely related to them are the pink and grey Galah and the pink and white Major Mitchell's Cockatoo. The five species of the genus Calyptorhynchus are large black coloured cockatoos. The remaining three species—the large black-plumaged Palm Cockatoo, the mainly grey Gang-gang Cockatoo, and the small mainly grey Cockatiel—are related to the other cockatoos through early and unclear evolutionary branches.

The diet of the cockatoos is composed of seeds, tubers, corms, fruit, flowers and insects. They often feed in large flocks, particularly when ground-feeding. Cockatoos are monogamous and nest in tree hollows. Some cockatoo species have been adversely affected by habitat loss, particularly the loss of suitable nesting hollows when large, mature trees are cleared; conversely, some species have adapted well to human changes and are considered agricultural pests.

Cockatoos are popular birds in aviculture, but their needs are difficult to cater for. However, the Cockatiel is much easier to keep as a pet, and is by far the most popular. White cockatoos are more commonly found in captivity than black cockatoos. Some species are threatened by the largely illegal trade in wild-caught parrots.

... ou Cacatoès de Banks


Calyptorhynchus banksii

Red-tailed black Cockatoo


Cacatúa Colirroja

Траурный какаду Бэнкса


Merci pour vos commentaires - Thank you for your comments

A female Red-tailed Black Cockatoo taking a reward from her keeper at Taronga Zoo - a reward for returning from a flight above the open air bird show arena.




... ou Cacatoès de Banks


Calyptorhynchus banksii

Red-tailed black Cockatoo


Cacatúa Colirroja

Траурный какаду Бэнкса


Merci pour vos commentaires - Thank you for your comments

Calyptorhynchus banksii, Nightcliff, Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia

Yellow-tailed Black-Cockatoo, adult male, taken at Encounter Bay, South Australia.

This Carnaby's cockatoo at Star Swamp is giving me a cheeky look as he flies up from a banksia he was feeding on. He flew just over the top of my head.


Nature in Focus ~ 500px ~ G+ ~ Redbubble

Calyptorhynchus banksii, Nightcliff, Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia

Calyptorhynchus banksii, Nightcliff, Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia

We're always pleased when the Glossy Black-Cockatoos visit our yard, and it's not just because they're listed as "uncommon to rare". Like all Cockatoos they are playful and full of high spirits, and it's entertaining to watch them enjoying themselves.


More photos in Comments.

eating their favourite food Casuarina seeds. From Bilpin, NSW

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