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This photo was taken from Treasure Island, San Francisco in June last year, rechecked it recently, I felt it is not so satisfy just because if the Bay Bridge get more close to the skyline, the result will be better. So I came back again and walked up toward south to Yerba Buena Island, expected combine both subjects during the blur hour at dusk on 27th September.

 

After set up my tripod, suddenly I was pushed and fallen down on the sidewalk, then a robber took all the camera gear jumped into a waiting van behind me, and drove away quickly.

 

A beautiful city we live in, all the different kind artists try to express her glory from each way. Unfortunately, some robbers have destroyed the great dreams with their dirty hands and minds.

 

這張照片是去年六月我在舊金山金銀島拍攝的,前些時重新審視它,覺得不太滿意,因為海灣大橋如果可以更貼近城市的天際線,其結果應該會更好。 因此我再次來此,向南走到 Yerba Buena 島,準備在 9/27 黃昏的藍調時刻結合這兩個主題的拍攝。

 

架好三腳架之後,我突然被推倒在人行道上,一個搶匪將整架相機裝備瞬間搶走,跳進了我身後的一輛等候中的工作休旅車裡,旋即迅速逃逸離去。

 

我們生活在這樣的一個美麗城市,不同種類的藝術工作者天天不斷試圖用各種方式詮釋這座城市的美麗與榮耀。 很不幸的,有些惡徒輕易地就摧毀了所有藝術家的夢想,這是何等的醜陋以及不堪。

The Pier-2 Art Center ~ Interesting visual experience

English website:

pier-2.khcc.gov.tw/eng/home01.aspx?ID=1

駁2藝術特區~ 有趣的視覺體驗

中文網站:

pier-2.khcc.gov.tw/home01.aspx?ID=1

 

Admiralty

is the eastern extension of central business district on the Hong Kong Island of Hong Kong. It is located on the eastern end of the Central and Western District, bordered by Wan Chai to the east and Victoria Harbour to the north. The name of Admiralty refers to the former Admiralty Dock in the area which housed a naval dockyard. The dock was later demolished when land was reclaimed and developed northward as the HMS Tamar naval base. The Chinese name, Kam-chung (金鐘), lit. Golden Bell, refers to a golden bell once housed at the dock.

 

The Admiralty Station of MTR was built on the former site of the Hong Kong dockyards which was built in 1878 and demolished in the 1970s. After completion, the area became increasingly known as Admiralty, rather than Central.

 

Major buildings

Pacific Place is a complex where a shopping mall, a number of hotels and office towers are located at. The complex is connected to the MTR Admiralty Station via an underground walkway. Queensway Plaza is a shopping centre located above Admiralty station. Other Major buildings in the area include British Consulate General Hong Kong, Admiralty Centre, United Centre, Far East Financial Centre, CITIC Tower, and the Lippo Centre Towers which house the Taipei Economic and Cultural Office. Queensway and Harcourt Road are the major roads in the area. The High Court and Hong Kong Park are located south of Queensway.

 

金鐘

位於香港中環東部,灣仔以西,屬中西區的一部分。很多時候,例如根據香港地圖分區,金鐘應被視為中環的一部份.

昔日位於皇后大道東(現時金鐘道)路旁的駐港英軍兵房樂禮樓(Rodney Block),其大門口懸有一個金色銅鐘,每逢中午及下午便敲打,作為士兵、文職人員及工人的午饍及放工訊號,故此附近居民稱此營房為「金鐘營房」,此地區亦順應稱作「金鐘」。另外,由於此處海旁昔日為英國皇家海軍基地,海軍按照傳統稱基地所在為「Admiralty」,意即少將級或以上海軍司令坐鎮的基地。

 

建築物

金鐘早於1840年代時建成域多利軍營,是香港昔日駐港英軍一個主要軍營之一。軍營於1979年交還香港政府,裡面大部分建築在1985年至1992年遭拆卸,只餘下數座歷史建築。當中舊三軍司令官邸改建為茶具文物館及卡素樓於1992年改為香港視覺藝術中心。其餘大部份範圍建成現今的香港公園和太古廣場。

另一方面由1970年代中起,金鐘開始興建多座寫字樓。由早期的美利道停車場大廈、和記大廈、美國銀行中心、東昌大廈及統一中心;到80年代興建的海富中心、遠東金融中心、聖約翰大廈、金鐘廊商場、金鐘道政府合署、最高法院大樓(現為香港高等法院)及力寶中心以至90年代建成的太古廣場、英國駐香港總領事館和中信大廈。而該處亦設山頂纜車站,方便遊客前往山頂。

2011年中,新政府總部大樓落成後,金鐘已成為重要的商業及行政中心區。

Presidential Candidate 總統候選人

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TianLiang Maa

 

~ a Taiwanese social reformer, philosopher, photographer and film director

 

“Touching Fairness and Justice”

  

馬天亮

 

~ 臺灣的社會改革者,哲學家,攝影師,和電影導演

 

《感動的公平與正義》

  

TianLiang Maa, alternative spelling: Tianliang Ma, also known as Theophilus Raynsford Mann; Ma, Tianliang; Chinese: 馬天亮; 马天亮.

  

SUMMARY

 

TianLiang Maa is a naturalist, occultist, Buddhist and Taoist. In 1982, Maa developed a technique for abstract photography, applied “Rayonism” into photographic works. Maa staged 32 individual, extraordinary exhibitions around Taiwan, who was the first exhibitor around Formosa. Maa’s works is the beginning of modernization in the modern abstract arts in the world. At the University of Oxford, Maa’s attractive topic was “A View of Architectural History: Towns through the Ages from Winchester through London Arrived at Oxford in England”; also an author at the University of California, Berkeley and the University of Michigan in the United States; an alumnus from Christ Church College at the University of Oxford in England, the University of Glamorgan in Wales, and National Taiwan University in Taipei on Taiwan. Maa’s works have been quoted by the scholars many times, making Maa one of the highly cited technological, artistic, and managing public administrators in the academia. Maa was listed in “Taiwan Who’s Who In Business” © 1984, 1987, 1989 Harvard Management Service.

  

Early Life and Record of Genealogy

 

TianLiang Maa possesses both Taiwanese and German surnames from birth. Usually, whenever anyone asks Maa about where he comes from, he would reply “Formosa” as he grew up and was educated in the Far East and lives in Taiwanese and Japanese lifestyles. Moreover, he often teaches and educates younger generations based on the methods of the Far Eastern teaching he experienced when he was young, though he does not oppose the Western ways of teaching and thinking. Maa takes great pride in his roots, which go back 150 years (since 1864); Maa’s ancestry originates and creates generations, and prepares younger generations to succeed their personality and ethical standards and integrity.

 

Education in Taiwan and a Brief of Latest Generation of History in Taiwan / Formosa

 

In 1980, Maa obtained his postgraduate certificate from the Graduate Institute of Electrical Engineering of National Taiwan University in Taipei; successfully completed another graduate studies in Information dBase III Plus and Taiwanese Traditional Chinese Mandarin Information System at National Sun Yat-Sen University in Kaohsiung in 1989.

 

In history, the Portuguese explorers discovered and called the island (Taiwan), “Formosa” (meaning “Beautiful Island”) in 1590. They are non-Chinese people; it was long a Chinese and Japanese pirate base. Fighting continued, between its original inhabitants of Taiwanese and the Chinese settlers, into the 19th century. In 1894-95 first Sino-Japanese War that ended in Manchus of the Qing (Ching) dynasty defeat, the late Manchu Qing Government forced to cede Formosa to Japan. This result was made by the Treaty of Shomonoseki in 1895 and remained under Japanese control until the end of the Second World War. Early on, Taiwan was conquered by the Qing in 1683 and for the first time became part of older China dynasty. However, today, the home country of Maa’s origin has around 165 institutions (93 universities) of higher education, which now has one of the best-educated populations in Asia. Among the major public (state) ones are the National Taiwan University (NTU) at Taipei, and National Sun Yat-Sen University (NSYSU) at Kaohsiung. NSYSU is also called National Chun-Shan University; according to Times Higher Education 2010-2011, NSYSU ranks as the 3rd university in Taiwan, 21st in Asia, and 163rd worldwide. National Taiwan University is ranked 51 to 60 ranks on Times Higher Education World University Rankings - Top Universities by Reputation 2013, the United Kingdom (see www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/world-university-rankings/...); King's College London (KCL) (21st in the world and 6th in Europe in the 2010, QS World University Rankings), the University of London, and University of Southern California (is one of the world's leading private research universities, located in the heart of Los Angeles), afterward.

 

Backing to Maa’s early school-time of Taiwan Provincial Kaohsiung Industrial Senior High School (Kaohsiung Municipal Kaohsiung Industrial High school), the professional technical education, which is equivalent to Advanced Level General Certificate of Education, commonly referred to as an A-level in the United Kingdom; China Electronic Engineering College, the distance learning programme, which is in equivalence as UK’s Diploma of Higher Education / Undergraduate Diploma (as an Associate Degree in the United States). An additional, his middle education was taught by the Kaohsiung Municipal Chihjh (Ci Sian) Junior High School; and Kaohsiung Municipal San Min Elementary School was his first school in Taiwan.

  

Early Career

 

In 1989, Maa instituted Maa’s Office of Electrical Engineer, he settled himself in electrical technology and industries as a chief engineer in his early years. He put his professional and precise knowledge to good account in business management. A formal business management with business relationship established to provide for regular services, dealings, and other commercial transactions and deed. He had many customers having a business and credit relationship with his firm then he was a successful engineer.

  

Study Abroad and Immigration into the United Kingdom

 

In 1998, Maa studied abroad when he arrived in Great Britain; he studied at School of Built Environment, the University of Glamorgan (Prifysgol Morgannwg) in Merthyr Tydfil, Pontypridd, Wales for a master of science in real estate appraisal. Until the summer of 2000, Maa completed an academic course on “Towns through the Ages” from Christ Church College at the University of Oxford (is ranked the 2nd place worldwide on The Times Higher Education, World University Rankings 2012-2013

www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/world-university-rankings/...) in England. Afterward, Maa immigrated into the United Kingdom in the early year of 2004.

  

PHILOSOPHICAL VIEWS

 

Maa is a naturalist; he trusts spiritual naturalism and naturalistic spirituality, which teaches that “the unknown” created this wonderful world. “The unknown” arranged the nature with its law so that everything in nature is kept balanced and in order. However, human beings failed to control themselves, deliberately went against the law of nature, and resulted in disasters, which we deserved. He also is an occultist, a Taoist, and a Buddhist; but in Britain, he frequently goes to Christian and Catholic churches, where he makes friends with pastors and fathers as well as churchgoers. In his mind, he recognizes “Belief is truth held in the mind; faith is a fire in the heart”. He is always a freethinker, does not accept traditional, social, and religious teaching, but based on his ideas: a thought or conception that potentially and actually exists in his mind as a product of mental activity - his opinion, conviction, and principle. If people have not come across eastern classics and philosophy, we are afraid that people would never understand TianLiang Maa. People cannot judge an eastern philosopher based on western ways of thinking. He studies I Ching discovering eastern classics of ancient origin consisting of 64 interrelated hexagrams along with commentaries. The hexagrams embody Taoist philosophy by describing all nature and human endeavour in terms of the interaction of yin and yang, and the classics may be consulted as an oracle.

 

Back in the 1990s when Maa just arrived at England, he had been offered places to do Ph.D. and LL.M. degrees (degree in Law and Politics of the European Union) by several western professors in the Great Britain. He has met all the requirements for postgraduate admissions to study at UK’s universities.

 

During his time at Oxford, he learnt a lot of British culture and folk-custom while carrying out research with many British and Western professors, experts, and archaeologists. This proves that Maa understands various aspects in British society, culture, and lifestyles. Of course, he does not fully understand about the perspectives of thinking of a typical British. For example, what would be the most valuable in life for a British person? What would a British want to gain from life? What is the goal in life for a British? Is it fortune or a lover? Alternatively, perhaps honour? On the other hand, maybe being able to travel around the world and see the world?

  

FAIRNESS and JUSTICE

 

As TianLiang Maa’s (馬天亮) saying are:

 

“Touching Fairness and Justice”

 

Feel good about themselves, but do not know the sufferings of the people...

Who can get easy life like them?

What is profile of modern society?

What type and style is truly solemn for this society identify?

Where “the characterization” is? Who can see? Did you see it?

 

《感動的公平與正義》

 

自我感覺良好, 不知民間疾苦...

誰能得到安逸的生活如同他們一樣?

這是個什麼樣子的社會?

這個社會認定什麼樣的類型和風格是真正莊重的?

「特徵」在那裡?誰可以看到?你看到了嗎?

  

Jurisprudence and Political Philosophy and Perspectives

 

Maa ever studied judicial review and governmental action, the impact of law and legal techniques, constitutional mechanisms for the protection of basic rights, and ensuring the integrity of commercial activity, the impact of law and legal techniques on government, policymaking, and administration, as well as the creation of markets. He tries to understand these critical trends in the political development of modern state. Maa will combine both theoretical and empirical approaches, and the conditions for democratic transition and the nature of state development in the ‘post-industrial’ era of globalisation and economic integration.

 

According as Maa’s legal experiences, he comprehend that “the knowledge of the law is like a deep well, out of which each man draught according to the strength of his understanding”, and, law and arbitrary power are in eternal enmity. He is also sure law and institutions are constantly tending to gravitate like clocks; they must be occasionally cleansed, and wound up, and set to true time.

 

The government issues a decree - an authoritative order having the force of law, which charged with putting into effect a country's laws and the administering of its functions. Any of the officials promulgate a law or put into practice relating to the government charged with the execution and administration of the nation's laws then they announce and carry out the creation of any order or new policy that will be responsible for the people.

 

Maa had knowledge in connexion with construction law; he also understands architectural arts, and as well learnt the forms by combining materials and parts include as an integral part concerning modern construct. I ever built urban buildings and rural architecture in different styles under new housing and building projects by the governmental administration and construction corporations.

 

Right now, Maa studies the problems caused by ethnic disputes and human armed conflicts in the modern society resulted code of mixed civil and criminal procedure. He wishes an agreement or a treaty to end human hostilities - the absence of war and other hostilities around the world. The interrelation and arrangement of freedom from quarrels and disagreement become harmonious relations living in peace with each other. Actually, erect peace in more friendly ways of making friendships for modern human society is comfortable in my ideal. It is like building monolithic architecture: houses and buildings for the people. Maa would like to do “something beautiful for `the unknown`”.

 

In the ethnic disagreement and armed conflicts as concerning the poor people and children notwithstanding they live through a bad environment on any of poor or crowded village or town in a particular manner - lived frugally. However, after years of industrialisation as a more educated population, becomes more aware of global plenum, continuing to be alive. Environmental groups are increasing and lobbing government will legislate to stop bad environmental and social practices. The establishments of human rights’ wide and untiring efforts will be alleviated people’s suffering. And as well the poor people shall meet and debate sustainable development and for a concerted government led action towards sustainability is an example that the younger generation are concerned for the future. It shall be making the younger easier for their life and make better on their lives, and help them to build a better future.

 

In present world, Maa really knows the full meanings of “Fundamental Human Rights and Equal Opportunities for the People”. He thinks ethics is the moral code governing the daily conduct of the individual toward those about him / her. It represents those rules or principles by which men and women live and work in a spirit of mutual confidence and service. Without going into the question of how an ethical code was formulated or why anybody should obey it, we can look at the matter in a common-sense fashion with reference to its influence upon our legal affairs. In brief, from the law point of view, a reputable ethical code embodies the qualities of accuracy, dependability, fair play, sound judgement, and service. It is based upon honesty.

 

No person can have an ethical code that concerns him / her alone. Living in society, as he / she must, a person encounters others whose rights must be respected as well as his / her own. An honest regard for the rights of others is an essential element of any decent code of ethics, and one that anyone must observe if anybody intends to follow that code. After all, ethics is not something apart from human beings. Indeed, there is no such thing apart from our actions and us. It is the duty, therefore, of every man and woman in legal affairs to see that his daily associations with others are truly in conformity with the plain meaning of the Ten Commandments: “Thou shalt not barratry, thou shalt not bear false witness, thou shalt not receive illegal fee and the rest”.

 

The knowledge Maa has, in connection with legal affairs, was usually come from his precious experiences of his past over ten year’s law and political careers. In an interval regarded as a distinct period of 1980s, he studied mixed civil and crime, and the code of mixed civil and criminal procedure for the problems caused by ethnic disputes and human armed conflicts in the modern society. He was especially one who maintains the language and customs of the group, and social security in Taiwan.

 

Since 30 July of 1988, Maa settled himself in law as a chief executive and scrivener at Central Legal, Real Estate, and Accounting Services Office; it is in the equivalent to a solicitor of the United Kingdom. The Office provided full legal, accounting, real estate, and commercial services to the public. He did his job as a person legally appointed by another to act as his or her agent in the transaction of business, specifically one qualified and licensed to act for plaintiffs and defendants in legal proceedings and affairs. Over and above Maa was a chairman and executive consultant at Taiwan Credit Information Company®, founded in 1994. The company offered services to the public in response to need and demand in the area of credit information.

 

Maa had excellent experiences in political and law work was pertaining to mixed civil and crime, the code of mixed civil and criminal procedure, construction, and commercial law abroad. The experiences of legal services related to the rights of private individuals and legal proceedings concerning these rights as distinguished. In the criminal proceedings, he did many cases for the defendants. Although an act committed or omitted in violation of a law forbidding or commanding it and for which punishment is imposed upon conviction; but he also laid legal claim, required as useful, just, proper, or necessary to the defendants under the human rights in the meantime. This provision ensures to the defendant a real voice in the subject.

 

The men whose judgement we respect are those who do not allow prejudices, preferences, or personalities to influence their decisions. Profit and self-aggrandisement are likewise ignored in their determination to reach an equitable and fair settlement. What are the basic principles upon which good judgement is founded? A keen intellect, a normal emotionally, a through understanding of human nature, experience of law work, sincerity, and integrity.

  

Developed a Technique for Abstract Photography and Abstractionist

 

In 1982, Maa developed a technique for abstractive photography, which applied “rayonism” to the photographic works. In November of 1984, Maa was 26-year-old, he instructed many professors and students of National Taiwan Normal University in photography of abstract impressionism and rayonnisme in Taipei, Taiwan. The word “rayonnisme” is French for rayonism - a style of abstract painting developed in 1911 in Russia.

  

Photographic Exhibitions

 

TianLiang Maa (Theophilus Raynsford Mann) Photographic Exhibition of “Rayonnisme / Rayonism” Tour - Invitational Exhibition of Taiwan 1983-84.

一九八三〜八四年中華民國臺灣 馬天亮攝影巡迴邀請展

 

TianLiang Maa (Theophilus Raynsford Mann) Photographic Exhibition of Rayonnisme / Rayonism (32 individual exhibitions) 1983~1985.

馬天亮『光影』攝影特展(個人展32場)1983〜1985年.

 

Maa staged 32 individual, extraordinary exhibitions and annual special exhibitions on photography of abstractive image and Rayonnisme around Taiwan / Formosa. Maa was the first exhibitor around the country. All of the invited displays were by the Chinese Government, cultural and artistic organisations, and sponsors. Maa’s earliest exhibition took place in the National Taiwan Arts Education Institute (Museum) on 19 December 1983 when Maa was 25 years old; Maa was the youngest exhibitor in the history of the Institute in any solo exhibitions. The Institute that was opened in March 1957, kept a collection of Maa’s work. It is currently updating the Institute’s internal organisation and strengthening co-operation with leading institutes and museums around the world. Meanwhile, it widened the institute’s scope to increase its emphasis on Taiwan’ regional culture and folk arts.

  

Modernization in the Modern Abstract Arts of Taiwan

 

Maa’s works is the beginning of modernization in the modern abstract arts of Taiwan, China and greater Chinese society in the world. The use of “modernisation” as a concept that is opposed to “Traditional” of “Conservative” ideas began with the approach of the 20th century. It spreads rapidly through academic circles, and was broadly accepted as a means to reform society. Chinese Manchu Qing (Ching) dynasty’s first steps toward modernisation began in the Tung-chih era (1862-1874) with the “Self-Empowerment Movement”. During the late 19th century, as late Manchu dynasty was confronted on all sides by foreign aggression, voices throughout society debated the most effective means to reform and strengthen the country. Some advocated “combining the best of East and West”, while others went so far as to call for “complete Westernisation”. Taiwan was at the centre of these waves of reform. Faced with direct threats against the island by foreign enemies, the Chinese Ching dynasty court took special steps to push Taiwan’s modernisation.

 

In a role just like that of a gardener wanting to create a rich and fertile environment for the seeds of culture, one in which Maa may sprout, grow and bloom. Maa aims to provide an educational stimulus for society by introducing his works - Maa can express the neo-romantic spirit deftly from various creations and supporting international artistic exchanges. Maa believes that the first step in creating such a new and independent state is the real emergence of culture and arts, for which the art and science of designing and erecting buildings, and fine arts (including photography and motion picture) of the civilization is a good measurement of success. For the foreseeable future, Maa should be continuing to forge ahead, working diligently and unceasingly towards its mission of raising China and Formosa / Taiwan’s culture in his spare time.

  

Became an Author and a Scholar

 

In 1980, TianLiang Maa completed his first book - scenario original “The Soul's Sentimentalizing”, also named: “Hun Yun : Jin Qi Tu Rui” 電影原著《魂韻》(衿契吐蕊) then Maa was at the age of 22. In 1983, The General Library of the University of California, Berkeley in the United States of America, collected and kept Maa’s writings - scenario original 「魂韻 : 衿契吐蕊」“Hun Yun : jin qi tu rui”, included a musical composition of his own – “Sonate Nr. 1 C-dur op. 3 für Klavier (piano)”, composed on 3rd April 1977 then Maa was 18 years old. The works were published in 1980; the theme was based on “The Soul's Sentimentalizing”. Another masterpiece was an Album of Academic Work for News Publication “TianLiang Maa (Theophilus Raynsford Mann) Photographic Exhibition of Rayonnisme / Rayonism”, published in 1985. The Hathi Trust Digital Library, the University of Michigan also collected and kept Maa’s writings.

  

Authorship

 

Maa’s articles and writings were published in more than 200 different kinds of domestic and foreign magazines, newspapers, and periodicals, in the period between May of 1972 and 1990s. It was all started when Maa was just 13-year-old. Many of which have been very influential. These have been quoted by Western and Eastern scholars many times in the last few years, making Maa one of the highly cited technological, artistic, and managing public administrators in the world in the late 20th and early 21st century. The Ministry of the Interior in Taiwan had registered Maa’s professional writings and given him two certificates of copyright. The numbers are 33080 and 33081 on 4th July of 1985; and Taiwan’s Gazette of The Presidential Office issue No. 4499, featured his writings on 4th September 1985.

  

Became an Academic and Film Director

 

Today, Maa is a professor at Space Time Life Research Academy, and a photographer, film director, and computer engineer now live and work in London.

  

Director Works:

FILMS:

Experimental Film “New Image for the Spring” © 1982

Documentary Film “Rayonnisme” © 2011

“The Soul's Sentimentalizing” of the feature film is based on the scenario original “The Soul's Sentimentalizing” (preparation)

 

FASHION SHOWS:

New Image for the Spring of Shapely Models International © 1982

High Lights on the Summer and Fall Fashion of Shapely Models Int’l © 1982

 

ART EXHIBITIONS:

The Cadillac Club International Fine Arts Exhibition © 1981

The Cinematic & Photographic Arts Salon and the Hall of the Arts, Pegasus Academy of Arts © 1981

  

Musician Work:

MUSIC COMPOSITION:

Sonate Nr. 1 C-dur op. 3 für Klavier (piano) © 1977, © 1980, © 1981, © 1983, the theme was based on “The Soul's Sentimentalizing”.

  

PHOTOGRAPHIC ALBUMS:

Portrait and Landscape in France © 2000

Portrait and Landscape in Scotland © 2001

Portrait and Landscape in England © 2009

Portrait at Queen Mary, University of London © 2010

Rayonism of London © 2011

Portrait at The University of Nottingham, United Kingdom © 2011

Snowy London © 2012

Portrait at King's College London © 2013

  

BOOKS:

Scenario Original「魂韻」(衿契吐蕊) “Hun yun: jin qi tu rui” © December 1980, © 1981, © 1983 (Date of First Publication: 31 December 1980, Second Edition on 29 July 1981, Date of Revision: Revised Edition on 8 May 1983), Languages: Chinese (traditional), and English language.

“Album of the Cadillac Club International Fine Arts Exhibition” © 1981

“Album of the Cinematic & Photographic Arts Salon and the Hall of the Arts, Pegasus Academy of Arts” © 1981

“Album of New Image for the Spring of Shapely Models International” © 1982

“Album of High Lights on the Summer and Fall Fashion of Shapely Models Int’l” © 1982

“Romantic Carol” © 1982

Album of Academic Work for News Publication: “TianLiang Maa (Theophilus Raynsford Mann) Photographic Exhibitions of Rayonnisme” © May 1985

新聞出版之學術著作專輯「馬天亮『光影』“Rayonism” 攝影展」© May 1985

New version of scenario original “The Soul's Sentimentalizing” (to be published)

「曾經輝煌到頂天立地」 “The Indomitable Spirit Was Brilliant to Upright” (individual biography, to be published)

“My Life, My History, and My Love” (based on a legend, to be published, a film scenario will be developed later)

「感動的公平與正義」“Touching Fairness and Justice” (political science and social studies, to be published)

  

Research Interests:

 

University of Oxford

Research Studies in Archaeology:

Maa’s attractive topic was “A View of Architectural History: Towns through the Ages from Winchester through London Arrived at Oxford in England”.

 

National Taiwan University

Graduate Certificate,

Graduate Institute of Electrical Engineering:

Maa’s monograph of seminar was “Applied the sequence control in the electric power distribution engineering”.

 

University of Glamorgan

M.Sc. Course,

Master of Science in Real Estate Appraisal:

Maa’s thesis - major subject, with relevant construction law was “The Assignment is under Economics of Construction Management in Architecture”.

 

National Sun Yat-Sen University

Postgraduate Certificate,

Postgraduate Studies in Computing:

Maa’s required subject was Information dBase III Plus and Taiwanese Traditional Mandarin Chinese Information System. He combined academic course work and practical laboratory sessions in “Applied Mandarin Phonetic Symbols into Traditional Taiwanese Personal Computer and Its Information System”.

  

Associations:

 

Since 1980, a member of Chinese Taipei Film Archive (CTFA, National Film Archive, Taiwan; founded in 1978), The Motion Picture Foundation, R.O.C. (member of Fédération Internationale des Archives du Film, FIAF; The International Federation of Film Archives was founded in Paris in 1938 by the British Film Institute, the Museum of Modern Art in New York City, the Cinémathèque Française and the Reichsfilmarchiv in Berlin.)

 

Commissioner of the cinema, photography, radio, and television committee of The Culture and Arts Association (Chinese Writers and Artists Association) of Taiwan ever since September 1983.

 

Classic member, the membership is equivalent to a doctorate membership of the Chinese Institute of Electrical Engineering since 23 March 1984.

 

On 15 March 1989, Maa promoted and founded the Consortium Juridical Person Mr. TianLiang Maa Social Benefit Foundation 財團法人馬天亮先生社會公益基金會 in Taiwan. near.archives.gov.tw/cgi-bin/near2/nph-redirect?rname=tre...

 

Classic member, the membership is equal to a professor or associate professor of The Chinese Institute of Engineers since 30 September 1991.

  

Honours:

 

Listed on ‘Taiwan Who’s Who In Business’, © 1984, © 1987, and © 1989 Harvard Management Service.

中華民國企業名人錄編纂委員會, 哈佛企業管理顧問公司.

 

On 26 August 1985, Maa was awarded a professional certificate of the Outdoor Artistry Activities issued by Education Bureau, Kaohsiung City Government, Taiwan. He acquired awards and certificates of honour about twenty times from National Taiwan Arts Education Center (Museum) on 24 December 1983; Kaohsiung Municipal Social Education Center on 17 March 1984, Kaohsiung Cultural Center, Taipei Cultural Center (Taipei Municipal Social Education Hall); and Taiwan Province Government, Taipei City Government, Kaohsiung City Government, and many cultural centres and art galleries, and so on.

  

Careers:

 

Honorary Professor at Space Time Life Research Academy, 7 June 2012 to present; Professor at Space Time Life Research Academy, 1 September 2011 to 1 June 2012 in London, United Kingdom:

Academia,

Teaching and Research:

business management and consultant, political philosophy, Chinese classics, Chinese humanities, modern Chinese language and literature, photography (portrait, fashion, commercial, digital, architectural, abstract photography), visual arts and film production.

www.facebook.com/stlra/info

教學與研究:

企業管理及顧問、政治哲學、中華經典 (古典漢學、文學、藝術、語言) 、中華人文、中華現代語言與文學、攝影 (人像、時裝、商業、數位/數碼、建築、抽象攝影) ,視覺藝術和影片製作。

 

Consultant and Translator at Eternal Life Consultants of Immigration and Translations Services, 10 March 2004 to present in London, United Kingdom:

consultants of immigration, translations, and legal services.

www.facebook.com/elcits/info

永生移民顧問翻譯服務社的移民諮詢顧問和翻譯:

移民事務,翻譯和法律服務。

 

Computer Hardware & Networking Engineer at Maa Office of Electrical Engineer, 8 March 2004 to present in London, United Kingdom:

Computer Engineering and Network Services. Repairing of Motherboards, Monitors, Power Supplies, CD-ROM Drives; UPS, Hard Disk Drives, H.D.D Data Recovery; BIOS Programming, and all types of Computer Hardware and Software Solutions.

www.facebook.com/maaelec/info

計算機工程和網絡服務。維修主機板,顯示器,電源供應器,光碟機/光盘驱动器,不斷電系統,硬碟/硬盘,硬盤數據恢復,基本輸入輸出系統編程,以及所有類型的電腦/計算機硬體/硬件和軟體/軟件解決方案。

 

Film Director & Photographer at Photographer and Film Director (Shapely), 2 April 2007 to present in London, United Kingdom:

1) Photo, Video and Film Production; 2) Graphic Design, Web Design, Social Networking, Social Media and Advertising; 3) Architectural Design and Interior Design.

www.facebook.com/filmshapely/info

 

Reformer and Philosopher at Taiwanese Social Reformer and Philosopher, 7 April 2012 (location: Los Angeles, California) to present in London, United Kingdom:

Social Reform in Taiwan

www.facebook.com/twreform/info

  

《魂韻》(衿契吐蕊) - 馬天亮22歲寫的電影原著。TianLiang Maa (Theophilus Raynsford Mann) wrote “Hun Yun” (Jin Qi Tu Rui), scenario original “The Soul’s Sentimentalizing” © 1980, 1981, 1983, was at the age of 22.

Website

mtltwp.pixnet.net/album/set/1265174

album.blog.yam.com/mtltwp

photo.roodo.com/photos/mtltwp/albums/small/100469.html

www.facebook.com/hunyun22/info

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Sonate Nr. 1 C-dur op. 3 für Klavier (piano) by Theophilus Raynsford Mann (TianLiang Maa 馬天亮) © 1977, © 1980, © 1981, © 1983. The Sonate composed on 3rd April 1977 then Maa was 18-year-old. The work was published in 1980; the theme was based on “The Soul's Sentimentalizing”.

Website

www.facebook.com/sonate1c/info

www.facebook.com/piano1c/info

  

LINKS:

 

University of California, Berkeley

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berkeley.worldcat.org/title/hun-yun/oclc/813684284?refere...

oskicat.berkeley.edu/record=b11283690~S1

 

University of Michigan

mirlyn.lib.umich.edu/Record/006237256

catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/006237256

 

WorldCat® Identities

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Google Books

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National Bibliographic Information Network (NBINet)

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192.83.186.170/search*cht/a%E9%A6%AC%E5%A4%A9%E4%BA%AE

 

National Yang Ming University 國立陽明大學

library.ym.edu.tw/search~S7*cht?/tThe+Soul%27s+and+sentim...

 

National Taiwan University of Science and Technology 國立臺灣科技大學

millennium.lib.ntust.edu.tw/record=b1016706~S1

 

Wikimedia Commons 維基共享資源

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國家圖書館 期刊文獻資訊網, 臺灣期刊論文索引

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聲音藝術的審美角度, 大學雜誌, 天然

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為文化中心把脈, 幼獅文藝

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科學家與守財奴, 中國地方自治

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Yahoo, Bing, Google Search

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Atomzone

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Nature - National Library Board Singapore

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画像検索

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Japan Photos and Pictures

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far-east-movement - Blogcu (Turkey)

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man fashion

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Travel Splash

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Country profile Taiwan

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Who is talking

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University of California, Berkeley period

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University of Michigan period

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University of Oxford period

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University of Glamorgan period

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University of Huddersfield period

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art galleries uk

artgalleriesuk.blogspot.co.uk/2012/08/bigandtall-stores-s...

 

Mitrasites system

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articles.whmsoft

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German

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www.pediatr.org.tw/DB/News/file/1913-1.pdf

  

HOMEPAGE

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VideoRes

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Tel +44 (0)7575 288 016

 

Presidential Candidate 總統候選人

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Tianliang Ma

 

~ a Taiwanese social reformer, philosopher, photographer and film director

 

“Touching Fairness and Justice”

  

馬天亮

 

~ 臺灣的社會改革者,哲學家,攝影師,和電影導演

 

《感動的公平與正義》

  

TianLiang Maa, alternative spelling: Tianliang Ma, also known as Theophilus Raynsford Mann; Ma, Tianliang; Chinese: 馬天亮; 马天亮.

  

SUMMARY

 

TianLiang Maa is a naturalist, occultist, Buddhist and Taoist. In 1982, Maa developed a technique for abstract photography, applied “Rayonism” into photographic works. Maa staged 32 individual, extraordinary exhibitions around Taiwan, who was the first exhibitor around Formosa. Maa’s works is the beginning of modernization in the modern abstract arts in the world. At the University of Oxford, Maa’s attractive topic was “A View of Architectural History: Towns through the Ages from Winchester through London Arrived at Oxford in England”; also an author at the University of California, Berkeley and the University of Michigan in the United States; an alumnus from Christ Church College at the University of Oxford in England, the University of Glamorgan in Wales, and National Taiwan University in Taipei on Taiwan. Maa’s works have been quoted by the scholars many times, making Maa one of the highly cited technological, artistic, and managing public administrators in the academia. Maa was listed in “Taiwan Who’s Who In Business” © 1984, 1987, 1989 Harvard Management Service.

  

Early Life and Record of Genealogy

 

TianLiang Maa possesses both Taiwanese and German surnames from birth. Usually, whenever anyone asks Maa about where he comes from, he would reply “Formosa” as he grew up and was educated in the Far East and lives in Taiwanese and Japanese lifestyles. Moreover, he often teaches and educates younger generations based on the methods of the Far Eastern teaching he experienced when he was young, though he does not oppose the Western ways of teaching and thinking. Maa takes great pride in his roots, which go back 150 years (since 1864); Maa’s ancestry originates and creates generations, and prepares younger generations to succeed their personality and ethical standards and integrity.

 

Education in Taiwan and a Brief of Latest Generation of History in Taiwan / Formosa

 

In 1980, Maa obtained his postgraduate certificate from the Graduate Institute of Electrical Engineering of National Taiwan University in Taipei; successfully completed another graduate studies in Information dBase III Plus and Taiwanese Traditional Chinese Mandarin Information System at National Sun Yat-Sen University in Kaohsiung in 1989.

 

In history, the Portuguese explorers discovered and called the island (Taiwan), “Formosa” (meaning “Beautiful Island”) in 1590. They are non-Chinese people; it was long a Chinese and Japanese pirate base. Fighting continued, between its original inhabitants of Taiwanese and the Chinese settlers, into the 19th century. In 1894-95 first Sino-Japanese War that ended in Manchus of the Qing (Ching) dynasty defeat, the late Manchu Qing Government forced to cede Formosa to Japan. This result was made by the Treaty of Shomonoseki in 1895 and remained under Japanese control until the end of the Second World War. Early on, Taiwan was conquered by the Qing in 1683 and for the first time became part of older China dynasty. However, today, the home country of Maa’s origin has around 165 institutions (93 universities) of higher education, which now has one of the best-educated populations in Asia. Among the major public (state) ones are the National Taiwan University (NTU) at Taipei, and National Sun Yat-Sen University (NSYSU) at Kaohsiung. NSYSU is also called National Chun-Shan University; according to Times Higher Education 2010-2011, NSYSU ranks as the 3rd university in Taiwan, 21st in Asia, and 163rd worldwide. National Taiwan University is ranked 51 to 60 ranks on Times Higher Education World University Rankings - Top Universities by Reputation 2013, the United Kingdom (see www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/world-university-rankings/...); King's College London (KCL) (21st in the world and 6th in Europe in the 2010, QS World University Rankings), the University of London, and University of Southern California (is one of the world's leading private research universities, located in the heart of Los Angeles), afterward.

 

Backing to Maa’s early school-time of Taiwan Provincial Kaohsiung Industrial Senior High School (Kaohsiung Municipal Kaohsiung Industrial High school), the professional technical education, which is equivalent to Advanced Level General Certificate of Education, commonly referred to as an A-level in the United Kingdom; China Electronic Engineering College, the distance learning programme, which is in equivalence as UK’s Diploma of Higher Education / Undergraduate Diploma (as an Associate Degree in the United States). An additional, his middle education was taught by the Kaohsiung Municipal Chihjh (Ci Sian) Junior High School; and Kaohsiung Municipal San Min Elementary School was his first school in Taiwan.

  

Early Career

 

In 1989, Maa instituted Maa’s Office of Electrical Engineer, he settled himself in electrical technology and industries as a chief engineer in his early years. He put his professional and precise knowledge to good account in business management. A formal business management with business relationship established to provide for regular services, dealings, and other commercial transactions and deed. He had many customers having a business and credit relationship with his firm then he was a successful engineer.

  

Study Abroad and Immigration into the United Kingdom

 

In 1998, Maa studied abroad when he arrived in Great Britain; he studied at School of Built Environment, the University of Glamorgan (Prifysgol Morgannwg) in Merthyr Tydfil, Pontypridd, Wales for a master of science in real estate appraisal. Until the summer of 2000, Maa completed an academic course on “Towns through the Ages” from Christ Church College at the University of Oxford (is ranked the 2nd place worldwide on The Times Higher Education, World University Rankings 2012-2013

www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/world-university-rankings/...) in England. Afterward, Maa immigrated into the United Kingdom in the early year of 2004.

  

PHILOSOPHICAL VIEWS

 

Maa is a naturalist; he trusts spiritual naturalism and naturalistic spirituality, which teaches that “the unknown” created this wonderful world. “The unknown” arranged the nature with its law so that everything in nature is kept balanced and in order. However, human beings failed to control themselves, deliberately went against the law of nature, and resulted in disasters, which we deserved. He also is an occultist, a Taoist, and a Buddhist; but in Britain, he frequently goes to Christian and Catholic churches, where he makes friends with pastors and fathers as well as churchgoers. In his mind, he recognizes “Belief is truth held in the mind; faith is a fire in the heart”. He is always a freethinker, does not accept traditional, social, and religious teaching, but based on his ideas: a thought or conception that potentially and actually exists in his mind as a product of mental activity - his opinion, conviction, and principle. If people have not come across eastern classics and philosophy, we are afraid that people would never understand TianLiang Maa. People cannot judge an eastern philosopher based on western ways of thinking. He studies I Ching discovering eastern classics of ancient origin consisting of 64 interrelated hexagrams along with commentaries. The hexagrams embody Taoist philosophy by describing all nature and human endeavour in terms of the interaction of yin and yang, and the classics may be consulted as an oracle.

 

Back in the 1990s when Maa just arrived at England, he had been offered places to do Ph.D. and LL.M. degrees (degree in Law and Politics of the European Union) by several western professors in the Great Britain. He has met all the requirements for postgraduate admissions to study at UK’s universities.

 

During his time at Oxford, he learnt a lot of British culture and folk-custom while carrying out research with many British and Western professors, experts, and archaeologists. This proves that Maa understands various aspects in British society, culture, and lifestyles. Of course, he does not fully understand about the perspectives of thinking of a typical British. For example, what would be the most valuable in life for a British person? What would a British want to gain from life? What is the goal in life for a British? Is it fortune or a lover? Alternatively, perhaps honour? On the other hand, maybe being able to travel around the world and see the world?

  

FAIRNESS and JUSTICE

 

As TianLiang Maa’s (馬天亮) saying are:

 

“Touching Fairness and Justice”

 

Feel good about themselves, but do not know the sufferings of the people...

Who can get easy life like them?

What is profile of modern society?

What type and style is truly solemn for this society identify?

Where “the characterization” is? Who can see? Did you see it?

 

《感動的公平與正義》

 

自我感覺良好, 不知民間疾苦...

誰能得到安逸的生活如同他們一樣?

這是個什麼樣子的社會?

這個社會認定什麼樣的類型和風格是真正莊重的?

「特徵」在那裡?誰可以看到?你看到了嗎?

  

Jurisprudence and Political Philosophy and Perspectives

 

Maa ever studied judicial review and governmental action, the impact of law and legal techniques, constitutional mechanisms for the protection of basic rights, and ensuring the integrity of commercial activity, the impact of law and legal techniques on government, policymaking, and administration, as well as the creation of markets. He tries to understand these critical trends in the political development of modern state. Maa will combine both theoretical and empirical approaches, and the conditions for democratic transition and the nature of state development in the ‘post-industrial’ era of globalisation and economic integration.

 

According as Maa’s legal experiences, he comprehend that “the knowledge of the law is like a deep well, out of which each man draught according to the strength of his understanding”, and, law and arbitrary power are in eternal enmity. He is also sure law and institutions are constantly tending to gravitate like clocks; they must be occasionally cleansed, and wound up, and set to true time.

 

The government issues a decree - an authoritative order having the force of law, which charged with putting into effect a country's laws and the administering of its functions. Any of the officials promulgate a law or put into practice relating to the government charged with the execution and administration of the nation's laws then they announce and carry out the creation of any order or new policy that will be responsible for the people.

 

Maa had knowledge in connexion with construction law; he also understands architectural arts, and as well learnt the forms by combining materials and parts include as an integral part concerning modern construct. I ever built urban buildings and rural architecture in different styles under new housing and building projects by the governmental administration and construction corporations.

 

Right now, Maa studies the problems caused by ethnic disputes and human armed conflicts in the modern society resulted code of mixed civil and criminal procedure. He wishes an agreement or a treaty to end human hostilities - the absence of war and other hostilities around the world. The interrelation and arrangement of freedom from quarrels and disagreement become harmonious relations living in peace with each other. Actually, erect peace in more friendly ways of making friendships for modern human society is comfortable in my ideal. It is like building monolithic architecture: houses and buildings for the people. Maa would like to do “something beautiful for `the unknown`”.

 

In the ethnic disagreement and armed conflicts as concerning the poor people and children notwithstanding they live through a bad environment on any of poor or crowded village or town in a particular manner - lived frugally. However, after years of industrialisation as a more educated population, becomes more aware of global plenum, continuing to be alive. Environmental groups are increasing and lobbing government will legislate to stop bad environmental and social practices. The establishments of human rights’ wide and untiring efforts will be alleviated people’s suffering. And as well the poor people shall meet and debate sustainable development and for a concerted government led action towards sustainability is an example that the younger generation are concerned for the future. It shall be making the younger easier for their life and make better on their lives, and help them to build a better future.

 

In present world, Maa really knows the full meanings of “Fundamental Human Rights and Equal Opportunities for the People”. He thinks ethics is the moral code governing the daily conduct of the individual toward those about him / her. It represents those rules or principles by which men and women live and work in a spirit of mutual confidence and service. Without going into the question of how an ethical code was formulated or why anybody should obey it, we can look at the matter in a common-sense fashion with reference to its influence upon our legal affairs. In brief, from the law point of view, a reputable ethical code embodies the qualities of accuracy, dependability, fair play, sound judgement, and service. It is based upon honesty.

 

No person can have an ethical code that concerns him / her alone. Living in society, as he / she must, a person encounters others whose rights must be respected as well as his / her own. An honest regard for the rights of others is an essential element of any decent code of ethics, and one that anyone must observe if anybody intends to follow that code. After all, ethics is not something apart from human beings. Indeed, there is no such thing apart from our actions and us. It is the duty, therefore, of every man and woman in legal affairs to see that his daily associations with others are truly in conformity with the plain meaning of the Ten Commandments: “Thou shalt not barratry, thou shalt not bear false witness, thou shalt not receive illegal fee and the rest”.

 

The knowledge Maa has, in connection with legal affairs, was usually come from his precious experiences of his past over ten year’s law and political careers. In an interval regarded as a distinct period of 1980s, he studied mixed civil and crime, and the code of mixed civil and criminal procedure for the problems caused by ethnic disputes and human armed conflicts in the modern society. He was especially one who maintains the language and customs of the group, and social security in Taiwan.

 

Since 30 July of 1988, Maa settled himself in law as a chief executive and scrivener at Central Legal, Real Estate, and Accounting Services Office; it is in the equivalent to a solicitor of the United Kingdom. The Office provided full legal, accounting, real estate, and commercial services to the public. He did his job as a person legally appointed by another to act as his or her agent in the transaction of business, specifically one qualified and licensed to act for plaintiffs and defendants in legal proceedings and affairs. Over and above Maa was a chairman and executive consultant at Taiwan Credit Information Company®, founded in 1994. The company offered services to the public in response to need and demand in the area of credit information.

 

Maa had excellent experiences in political and law work was pertaining to mixed civil and crime, the code of mixed civil and criminal procedure, construction, and commercial law abroad. The experiences of legal services related to the rights of private individuals and legal proceedings concerning these rights as distinguished. In the criminal proceedings, he did many cases for the defendants. Although an act committed or omitted in violation of a law forbidding or commanding it and for which punishment is imposed upon conviction; but he also laid legal claim, required as useful, just, proper, or necessary to the defendants under the human rights in the meantime. This provision ensures to the defendant a real voice in the subject.

 

The men whose judgement we respect are those who do not allow prejudices, preferences, or personalities to influence their decisions. Profit and self-aggrandisement are likewise ignored in their determination to reach an equitable and fair settlement. What are the basic principles upon which good judgement is founded? A keen intellect, a normal emotionally, a through understanding of human nature, experience of law work, sincerity, and integrity.

  

Developed a Technique for Abstract Photography and Abstractionist

 

In 1982, Maa developed a technique for abstractive photography, which applied “rayonism” to the photographic works. In November of 1984, Maa was 26-year-old, he instructed many professors and students of National Taiwan Normal University in photography of abstract impressionism and rayonnisme in Taipei, Taiwan. The word “rayonnisme” is French for rayonism - a style of abstract painting developed in 1911 in Russia.

  

Photographic Exhibitions

 

TianLiang Maa (Theophilus Raynsford Mann) Photographic Exhibition of “Rayonnisme / Rayonism” Tour - Invitational Exhibition of Taiwan 1983-84.

一九八三〜八四年中華民國臺灣 馬天亮攝影巡迴邀請展

 

TianLiang Maa (Theophilus Raynsford Mann) Photographic Exhibition of Rayonnisme / Rayonism (32 individual exhibitions) 1983~1985.

馬天亮『光影』攝影特展(個人展32場)1983〜1985年.

 

Maa staged 32 individual, extraordinary exhibitions and annual special exhibitions on photography of abstractive image and Rayonnisme around Taiwan / Formosa. Maa was the first exhibitor around the country. All of the invited displays were by the Chinese Government, cultural and artistic organisations, and sponsors. Maa’s earliest exhibition took place in the National Taiwan Arts Education Institute (Museum) on 19 December 1983 when Maa was 25 years old; Maa was the youngest exhibitor in the history of the Institute in any solo exhibitions. The Institute that was opened in March 1957, kept a collection of Maa’s work. It is currently updating the Institute’s internal organisation and strengthening co-operation with leading institutes and museums around the world. Meanwhile, it widened the institute’s scope to increase its emphasis on Taiwan’ regional culture and folk arts.

  

Modernization in the Modern Abstract Arts of Taiwan

 

Maa’s works is the beginning of modernization in the modern abstract arts of Taiwan, China and greater Chinese society in the world. The use of “modernisation” as a concept that is opposed to “Traditional” of “Conservative” ideas began with the approach of the 20th century. It spreads rapidly through academic circles, and was broadly accepted as a means to reform society. Chinese Manchu Qing (Ching) dynasty’s first steps toward modernisation began in the Tung-chih era (1862-1874) with the “Self-Empowerment Movement”. During the late 19th century, as late Manchu dynasty was confronted on all sides by foreign aggression, voices throughout society debated the most effective means to reform and strengthen the country. Some advocated “combining the best of East and West”, while others went so far as to call for “complete Westernisation”. Taiwan was at the centre of these waves of reform. Faced with direct threats against the island by foreign enemies, the Chinese Ching dynasty court took special steps to push Taiwan’s modernisation.

 

In a role just like that of a gardener wanting to create a rich and fertile environment for the seeds of culture, one in which Maa may sprout, grow and bloom. Maa aims to provide an educational stimulus for society by introducing his works - Maa can express the neo-romantic spirit deftly from various creations and supporting international artistic exchanges. Maa believes that the first step in creating such a new and independent state is the real emergence of culture and arts, for which the art and science of designing and erecting buildings, and fine arts (including photography and motion picture) of the civilization is a good measurement of success. For the foreseeable future, Maa should be continuing to forge ahead, working diligently and unceasingly towards its mission of raising China and Formosa / Taiwan’s culture in his spare time.

  

Became an Author and a Scholar

 

In 1980, TianLiang Maa completed his first book - scenario original “The Soul's Sentimentalizing”, also named: “Hun Yun : Jin Qi Tu Rui” 電影原著《魂韻》(衿契吐蕊) then Maa was at the age of 22. In 1983, The General Library of the University of California, Berkeley in the United States of America, collected and kept Maa’s writings - scenario original 「魂韻 : 衿契吐蕊」“Hun Yun : jin qi tu rui”, included a musical composition of his own – “Sonate Nr. 1 C-dur op. 3 für Klavier (piano)”, composed on 3rd April 1977 then Maa was 18 years old. The works were published in 1980; the theme was based on “The Soul's Sentimentalizing”. Another masterpiece was an Album of Academic Work for News Publication “TianLiang Maa (Theophilus Raynsford Mann) Photographic Exhibition of Rayonnisme / Rayonism”, published in 1985. The Hathi Trust Digital Library, the University of Michigan also collected and kept Maa’s writings.

  

Authorship

 

Maa’s articles and writings were published in more than 200 different kinds of domestic and foreign magazines, newspapers, and periodicals, in the period between May of 1972 and 1990s. It was all started when Maa was just 13-year-old. Many of which have been very influential. These have been quoted by Western and Eastern scholars many times in the last few years, making Maa one of the highly cited technological, artistic, and managing public administrators in the world in the late 20th and early 21st century. The Ministry of the Interior in Taiwan had registered Maa’s professional writings and given him two certificates of copyright. The numbers are 33080 and 33081 on 4th July of 1985; and Taiwan’s Gazette of The Presidential Office issue No. 4499, featured his writings on 4th September 1985.

  

Became an Academic and Film Director

 

Today, Maa is a professor at Space Time Life Research Academy, and a photographer, film director, and computer engineer now live and work in London.

  

Director Works:

FILMS:

Experimental Film “New Image for the Spring” © 1982

Documentary Film “Rayonnisme” © 2011

“The Soul's Sentimentalizing” of the feature film is based on the scenario original “The Soul's Sentimentalizing” (preparation)

 

FASHION SHOWS:

New Image for the Spring of Shapely Models International © 1982

High Lights on the Summer and Fall Fashion of Shapely Models Int’l © 1982

 

ART EXHIBITIONS:

The Cadillac Club International Fine Arts Exhibition © 1981

The Cinematic & Photographic Arts Salon and the Hall of the Arts, Pegasus Academy of Arts © 1981

  

Musician Work:

MUSIC COMPOSITION:

Sonate Nr. 1 C-dur op. 3 für Klavier (piano) © 1977, © 1980, © 1981, © 1983, the theme was based on “The Soul's Sentimentalizing”.

  

PHOTOGRAPHIC ALBUMS:

Portrait and Landscape in France © 2000

Portrait and Landscape in Scotland © 2001

Portrait and Landscape in England © 2009

Portrait at Queen Mary, University of London © 2010

Rayonism of London © 2011

Portrait at The University of Nottingham, United Kingdom © 2011

Snowy London © 2012

Portrait at King's College London © 2013

  

BOOKS:

Scenario Original「魂韻」(衿契吐蕊) “Hun yun: jin qi tu rui” © December 1980, © 1981, © 1983 (Date of First Publication: 31 December 1980, Second Edition on 29 July 1981, Date of Revision: Revised Edition on 8 May 1983), Languages: Chinese (traditional), and English language.

“Album of the Cadillac Club International Fine Arts Exhibition” © 1981

“Album of the Cinematic & Photographic Arts Salon and the Hall of the Arts, Pegasus Academy of Arts” © 1981

“Album of New Image for the Spring of Shapely Models International” © 1982

“Album of High Lights on the Summer and Fall Fashion of Shapely Models Int’l” © 1982

“Romantic Carol” © 1982

Album of Academic Work for News Publication: “TianLiang Maa (Theophilus Raynsford Mann) Photographic Exhibitions of Rayonnisme” © May 1985

新聞出版之學術著作專輯「馬天亮『光影』“Rayonism” 攝影展」© May 1985

New version of scenario original “The Soul's Sentimentalizing” (to be published)

「曾經輝煌到頂天立地」 “The Indomitable Spirit Was Brilliant to Upright” (individual biography, to be published)

“My Life, My History, and My Love” (based on a legend, to be published, a film scenario will be developed later)

「感動的公平與正義」“Touching Fairness and Justice” (political science and social studies, to be published)

  

Research Interests:

 

University of Oxford

Research Studies in Archaeology:

Maa’s attractive topic was “A View of Architectural History: Towns through the Ages from Winchester through London Arrived at Oxford in England”.

 

National Taiwan University

Graduate Certificate,

Graduate Institute of Electrical Engineering:

Maa’s monograph of seminar was “Applied the sequence control in the electric power distribution engineering”.

 

University of Glamorgan

M.Sc. Course,

Master of Science in Real Estate Appraisal:

Maa’s thesis - major subject, with relevant construction law was “The Assignment is under Economics of Construction Management in Architecture”.

 

National Sun Yat-Sen University

Postgraduate Certificate,

Postgraduate Studies in Computing:

Maa’s required subject was Information dBase III Plus and Taiwanese Traditional Mandarin Chinese Information System. He combined academic course work and practical laboratory sessions in “Applied Mandarin Phonetic Symbols into Traditional Taiwanese Personal Computer and Its Information System”.

  

Associations:

 

Since 1980, a member of Chinese Taipei Film Archive (CTFA, National Film Archive, Taiwan; founded in 1978), The Motion Picture Foundation, R.O.C. (member of Fédération Internationale des Archives du Film, FIAF; The International Federation of Film Archives was founded in Paris in 1938 by the British Film Institute, the Museum of Modern Art in New York City, the Cinémathèque Française and the Reichsfilmarchiv in Berlin.)

 

Commissioner of the cinema, photography, radio, and television committee of The Culture and Arts Association (Chinese Writers and Artists Association) of Taiwan ever since September 1983.

 

Classic member, the membership is equivalent to a doctorate membership of the Chinese Institute of Electrical Engineering since 23 March 1984.

 

On 15 March 1989, Maa promoted and founded the Consortium Juridical Person Mr. TianLiang Maa Social Benefit Foundation 財團法人馬天亮先生社會公益基金會 in Taiwan. near.archives.gov.tw/cgi-bin/near2/nph-redirect?rname=tre...

 

Classic member, the membership is equal to a professor or associate professor of The Chinese Institute of Engineers since 30 September 1991.

  

Honours:

 

Listed on ‘Taiwan Who’s Who In Business’, © 1984, © 1987, and © 1989 Harvard Management Service.

中華民國企業名人錄編纂委員會, 哈佛企業管理顧問公司.

 

On 26 August 1985, Maa was awarded a professional certificate of the Outdoor Artistry Activities issued by Education Bureau, Kaohsiung City Government, Taiwan. He acquired awards and certificates of honour about twenty times from National Taiwan Arts Education Center (Museum) on 24 December 1983; Kaohsiung Municipal Social Education Center on 17 March 1984, Kaohsiung Cultural Center, Taipei Cultural Center (Taipei Municipal Social Education Hall); and Taiwan Province Government, Taipei City Government, Kaohsiung City Government, and many cultural centres and art galleries, and so on.

  

Careers:

 

Honorary Professor at Space Time Life Research Academy, 7 June 2012 to present; Professor at Space Time Life Research Academy, 1 September 2011 to 1 June 2012 in London, United Kingdom:

Academia,

Teaching and Research:

business management and consultant, political philosophy, Chinese classics, Chinese humanities, modern Chinese language and literature, photography (portrait, fashion, commercial, digital, architectural, abstract photography), visual arts and film production.

www.facebook.com/stlra/info

教學與研究:

企業管理及顧問、政治哲學、中華經典 (古典漢學、文學、藝術、語言) 、中華人文、中華現代語言與文學、攝影 (人像、時裝、商業、數位/數碼、建築、抽象攝影) ,視覺藝術和影片製作。

 

Consultant and Translator at Eternal Life Consultants of Immigration and Translations Services, 10 March 2004 to present in London, United Kingdom:

consultants of immigration, translations, and legal services.

www.facebook.com/elcits/info

永生移民顧問翻譯服務社的移民諮詢顧問和翻譯:

移民事務,翻譯和法律服務。

 

Computer Hardware & Networking Engineer at Maa Office of Electrical Engineer, 8 March 2004 to present in London, United Kingdom:

Computer Engineering and Network Services. Repairing of Motherboards, Monitors, Power Supplies, CD-ROM Drives; UPS, Hard Disk Drives, H.D.D Data Recovery; BIOS Programming, and all types of Computer Hardware and Software Solutions.

www.facebook.com/maaelec/info

計算機工程和網絡服務。維修主機板,顯示器,電源供應器,光碟機/光盘驱动器,不斷電系統,硬碟/硬盘,硬盤數據恢復,基本輸入輸出系統編程,以及所有類型的電腦/計算機硬體/硬件和軟體/軟件解決方案。

 

Film Director & Photographer at Photographer and Film Director (Shapely), 2 April 2007 to present in London, United Kingdom:

1) Photo, Video and Film Production; 2) Graphic Design, Web Design, Social Networking, Social Media and Advertising; 3) Architectural Design and Interior Design.

www.facebook.com/filmshapely/info

 

Reformer and Philosopher at Taiwanese Social Reformer and Philosopher, 7 April 2012 (location: Los Angeles, California) to present in London, United Kingdom:

Social Reform in Taiwan

www.facebook.com/twreform/info

  

《魂韻》(衿契吐蕊) - 馬天亮22歲寫的電影原著。TianLiang Maa (Theophilus Raynsford Mann) wrote “Hun Yun” (Jin Qi Tu Rui), scenario original “The Soul’s Sentimentalizing” © 1980, 1981, 1983, was at the age of 22.

Website

mtltwp.pixnet.net/album/set/1265174

album.blog.yam.com/mtltwp

photo.roodo.com/photos/mtltwp/albums/small/100469.html

www.facebook.com/hunyun22

www.facebook.com/hy22tss

www.facebook.com/tsstrm

  

Sonate Nr. 1 C-dur op. 3 für Klavier (piano) by Theophilus Raynsford Mann (TianLiang Maa 馬天亮) © 1977, © 1980, © 1981, © 1983. The Sonate composed on 3rd April 1977 then Maa was 18-year-old. The work was published in 1980; the theme was based on “The Soul's Sentimentalizing”.

Website

www.facebook.com/sonate1c

www.facebook.com/piano1c/info

  

LINKS:

 

University of California, Berkeley

berkeley.worldcat.org/search?q=Ma%2C+Tianliang&dblist...

berkeley.worldcat.org/title/hun-yun/oclc/813684284?refere...

oskicat.berkeley.edu/record=b11283690~S1

 

University of Michigan

mirlyn.lib.umich.edu/Record/006237256

catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/006237256

 

WorldCat® Identities

www.worldcat.org/search?q=au%3AMa%2C+Tianliang%2C&dbl...

www.worldcat.org/wcidentities/np-ma,%20tianliang$1958

 

Google Books

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books.google.co.uk/books?id=JfxnMwEACAAJ&dq=editions:...

scholar.google.com/scholar?cluster=3569983911138966023&am...

 

National Bibliographic Information Network (NBINet)

nbinet3.ncl.edu.tw/search~S10?/a%7bu99AC%7d%7bu5929%7d%7b...

192.83.186.170/search*cht/a%E9%A6%AC%E5%A4%A9%E4%BA%AE

 

National Yang Ming University 國立陽明大學

library.ym.edu.tw/search~S7*cht?/tThe+Soul%27s+and+sentim...

 

National Taiwan University of Science and Technology 國立臺灣科技大學

millennium.lib.ntust.edu.tw/record=b1016706~S1

 

Wikimedia Commons 維基共享資源

commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?search=TianLiang+Maa+%E...

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國家圖書館 期刊文獻資訊網, 臺灣期刊論文索引

readopac3.ncl.edu.tw/nclJournal/search/search_result.jsp?...

 

聲音藝術的審美角度, 大學雜誌, 天然

readopac3.ncl.edu.tw/nclJournal/search/detail.jsp?sysId=0...,

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為文化中心把脈, 幼獅文藝

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科學家與守財奴, 中國地方自治

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Yahoo, Bing, Google Search

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Atomzone

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lurvely.com www.lurvely.com/photographer/77438197_N03/

 

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www.flickriver.com/photos/mtltwp/

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Nature - National Library Board Singapore

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snap.nl.sg/searchflickr.aspx?q=TianLiang+Maa+&p=1&...

 

画像検索

flickr.akitomo.net/馬天亮/1

flickr.akitomo.net/TianLiang+Maa/1

 

Japan Photos and Pictures

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summer.pictures-photos.com/professor-tianliang-maa%E2%80%A6

 

far-east-movement - Blogcu (Turkey)

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man fashion

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Travel Splash

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Country profile Taiwan

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itpints

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AskJot

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Who is talking

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University of California, Berkeley period

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University of Michigan period

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University of Oxford period

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www.wer-ist.org/person/Oxford_Archaeology

 

University of Glamorgan period

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University of Huddersfield period

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art galleries uk

artgalleriesuk.blogspot.co.uk/2012/08/bigandtall-stores-s...

 

Mitrasites system

sites.google.com/site/mitrasites/system/app/pages/customS...

 

articles.whmsoft

articles.whmsoft.com/related_search.php?keyword=Tianliang...

 

pantieslace-forwomen.blogspot.co.uk/2012/08/motherhood-ma...

3piece-suits.blogspot.co.uk/2012/07/nursing-shawl-become-...

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German

www.wer-ist.org/person/Jin_Mann

 

www.pediatr.org.tw/DB/News/file/1913-1.pdf

  

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Professor TianLiang Maa

 

~ a Taiwanese social reformer, philosopher, photographer and film director

 

“Touching FAIRNESS and JUSTICE”

  

馬天亮教授

 

~ 臺灣的社會改革者,哲學家,攝影師,和電影導演

 

《感動的公平與正義》

  

TianLiang Maa, alternative spelling: Tianliang Ma, also known as Theophilus Raynsford Mann; Ma, Tianliang; Chinese: 馬天亮; 马天亮.

  

SUMMARY

 

TianLiang Maa is a naturalist, occultist, Buddhist and Taoist. In 1982, Maa developed a technique for abstract photography, applied “Rayonism” into photographic works. Maa staged 32 individual, extraordinary exhibitions around Taiwan, who was the first exhibitor around Formosa. Maa’s works is the beginning of modernization in the modern abstract arts in the world. At the University of Oxford, Maa’s attractive topic was “A View of Architectural History: Towns through the Ages from Winchester through London Arrived at Oxford in England”; also an author at the University of California, Berkeley and the University of Michigan in the United States; an alumnus from Christ Church College at the University of Oxford in England, the University of Glamorgan in Wales, and National Taiwan University in Taipei on Taiwan. Maa’s works have been quoted by the scholars many times, making Maa one of the highly cited technological, artistic, and managing public administrators in the academia. Maa was listed in “Taiwan Who’s Who In Business” © 1984, 1987, 1989 Harvard Management Service.

  

Early Life and Record of Genealogy

 

TianLiang Maa possesses both Taiwanese and German surnames from birth. Usually, whenever anyone asks Maa about where he comes from, he would reply “Formosa” as he grew up and was educated in the Far East and lives in Taiwanese and Japanese lifestyles. Moreover, he often teaches and educates younger generations based on the methods of the Far Eastern teaching he experienced when he was young, though he does not oppose the Western ways of teaching and thinking. Maa takes great pride in his roots, which go back 150 years (since 1864); Maa’s ancestry originates and creates generations, and prepares younger generations to succeed their personality and ethical standards and integrity.

 

Education in Taiwan and a Brief of Latest Generation of History in Taiwan / Formosa

 

In 1980, Maa obtained his postgraduate certificate from the Graduate Institute of Electrical Engineering of National Taiwan University in Taipei; successfully completed another graduate studies in Information dBase III Plus and Taiwanese Traditional Chinese Mandarin Information System at National Sun Yat-Sen University in Kaohsiung in 1989.

 

In history, the Portuguese explorers discovered and called the island (Taiwan), “Formosa” (meaning “Beautiful Island”) in 1590. They are non-Chinese people; it was long a Chinese and Japanese pirate base. Fighting continued, between its original inhabitants of Taiwanese and the Chinese settlers, into the 19th century. In 1894-95 first Sino-Japanese War that ended in Manchus of the Qing (Ching) dynasty defeat, the late Manchu Qing Government forced to cede Formosa to Japan. This result was made by the Treaty of Shomonoseki in 1895 and remained under Japanese control until the end of the Second World War. Early on, Taiwan was conquered by the Qing in 1683 and for the first time became part of older China dynasty. However, today, the home country of Maa’s origin has around 165 institutions (93 universities) of higher education, which now has one of the best-educated populations in Asia. Among the major public (state) ones are the National Taiwan University (NTU) at Taipei, and National Sun Yat-Sen University (NSYSU) at Kaohsiung. NSYSU is also called National Chun-Shan University; according to Times Higher Education 2010-2011, NSYSU ranks as the 3rd university in Taiwan, 21st in Asia, and 163rd worldwide. National Taiwan University is ranked 51 to 60 ranks on Times Higher Education World University Rankings - Top Universities by Reputation 2013, the United Kingdom (see www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/world-university-rankings/...); King's College London (KCL) (21st in the world and 6th in Europe in the 2010, QS World University Rankings), the University of London, and University of Southern California (is one of the world's leading private research universities, located in the heart of Los Angeles), afterward.

 

Backing to Maa’s early school-time of Taiwan Provincial Kaohsiung Industrial Senior High School (Kaohsiung Municipal Kaohsiung Industrial High school), the professional technical education, which is equivalent to Advanced Level General Certificate of Education, commonly referred to as an A-level in the United Kingdom; China Electronic Engineering College, the distance learning programme, which is in equivalence as UK’s Diploma of Higher Education / Undergraduate Diploma (as an Associate Degree in the United States). An additional, his middle education was taught by the Kaohsiung Municipal Chihjh (Ci Sian) Junior High School; and Kaohsiung Municipal San Min Elementary School was his first school in Taiwan.

  

Early Career

 

In 1989, Maa instituted Maa’s Office of Electrical Engineer, he settled himself in electrical technology and industries as a chief engineer in his early years. He put his professional and precise knowledge to good account in business management. A formal business management with business relationship established to provide for regular services, dealings, and other commercial transactions and deed. He had many customers having a business and credit relationship with his firm then he was a successful engineer.

  

Study Abroad and Immigration into the United Kingdom

 

In 1998, Maa studied abroad when he arrived in Great Britain; he studied at School of Built Environment, the University of Glamorgan (Prifysgol Morgannwg) in Merthyr Tydfil, Pontypridd, Wales for a master of science in real estate appraisal. Until the summer of 2000, Maa completed an academic course on “Towns through the Ages” from Christ Church College at the University of Oxford (is ranked the 2nd place worldwide on The Times Higher Education, World University Rankings 2012-2013

www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/world-university-rankings/...) in England. Afterward, Maa immigrated into the United Kingdom in the early year of 2004.

  

PHILOSOPHICAL VIEWS

 

Maa is a naturalist; he trusts spiritual naturalism and naturalistic spirituality, which teaches that “the unknown” created this wonderful world. “The unknown” arranged the nature with its law so that everything in nature is kept balanced and in order. However, human beings failed to control themselves, deliberately went against the law of nature, and resulted in disasters, which we deserved. He also is an occultist, a Taoist, and a Buddhist; but in Britain, he frequently goes to Christian and Catholic churches, where he makes friends with pastors and fathers as well as churchgoers. In his mind, he recognizes “Belief is truth held in the mind; faith is a fire in the heart”. He is always a freethinker, does not accept traditional, social, and religious teaching, but based on his ideas: a thought or conception that potentially and actually exists in his mind as a product of mental activity - his opinion, conviction, and principle. If people have not come across eastern classics and philosophy, we are afraid that people would never understand TianLiang Maa. People cannot judge an eastern philosopher based on western ways of thinking. He studies I Ching discovering eastern classics of ancient origin consisting of 64 interrelated hexagrams along with commentaries. The hexagrams embody Taoist philosophy by describing all nature and human endeavour in terms of the interaction of yin and yang, and the classics may be consulted as an oracle.

 

Back in the 1990s when Maa just arrived at England, he had been offered places to do Ph.D. and LL.M. degrees (degree in Law and Politics of the European Union) by several western professors in the Great Britain. He has met all the requirements for postgraduate admissions to study at UK’s universities.

 

During his time at Oxford, he learnt a lot of British culture and folk-custom while carrying out research with many British and Western professors, experts, and archaeologists. This proves that Maa understands various aspects in British society, culture, and lifestyles. Of course, he does not fully understand about the perspectives of thinking of a typical British. For example, what would be the most valuable in life for a British person? What would a British want to gain from life? What is the goal in life for a British? Is it fortune or a lover? Alternatively, perhaps honour? On the other hand, maybe being able to travel around the world and see the world?

  

FAIRNESS and JUSTICE

 

As TianLiang Maa’s (馬天亮) saying are:

 

“Touching Fairness and Justice”

 

Feel good about themselves, but do not know the sufferings of the people...

Who can get easy life like them?

What is profile of modern society?

What type and style is truly solemn for this society identify?

Where “the characterization” is? Who can see? Did you see it?

 

《感動的公平與正義》

 

自我感覺良好, 不知民間疾苦...

誰能得到安逸的生活如同他們一樣?

這是個什麼樣子的社會?

這個社會認定什麼樣的類型和風格是真正莊重的?

「特徵」在那裡?誰可以看到?你看到了嗎?

  

Jurisprudence and Political Philosophy and Perspectives

 

Maa ever studied judicial review and governmental action, the impact of law and legal techniques, constitutional mechanisms for the protection of basic rights, and ensuring the integrity of commercial activity, the impact of law and legal techniques on government, policymaking, and administration, as well as the creation of markets. He tries to understand these critical trends in the political development of modern state. Maa will combine both theoretical and empirical approaches, and the conditions for democratic transition and the nature of state development in the ‘post-industrial’ era of globalisation and economic integration.

 

According as Maa’s legal experiences, he comprehend that “the knowledge of the law is like a deep well, out of which each man draught according to the strength of his understanding”, and, law and arbitrary power are in eternal enmity. He is also sure law and institutions are constantly tending to gravitate like clocks; they must be occasionally cleansed, and wound up, and set to true time.

 

The government issues a decree - an authoritative order having the force of law, which charged with putting into effect a country's laws and the administering of its functions. Any of the officials promulgate a law or put into practice relating to the government charged with the execution and administration of the nation's laws then they announce and carry out the creation of any order or new policy that will be responsible for the people.

 

Maa had knowledge in connexion with construction law; he also understands architectural arts, and as well learnt the forms by combining materials and parts include as an integral part concerning modern construct. I ever built urban buildings and rural architecture in different styles under new housing and building projects by the governmental administration and construction corporations.

 

Right now, Maa studies the problems caused by ethnic disputes and human armed conflicts in the modern society resulted code of mixed civil and criminal procedure. He wishes an agreement or a treaty to end human hostilities - the absence of war and other hostilities around the world. The interrelation and arrangement of freedom from quarrels and disagreement become harmonious relations living in peace with each other. Actually, erect peace in more friendly ways of making friendships for modern human society is comfortable in my ideal. It is like building monolithic architecture: houses and buildings for the people. Maa would like to do “something beautiful for `the unknown`”.

 

In the ethnic disagreement and armed conflicts as concerning the poor people and children notwithstanding they live through a bad environment on any of poor or crowded village or town in a particular manner - lived frugally. However, after years of industrialisation as a more educated population, becomes more aware of global plenum, continuing to be alive. Environmental groups are increasing and lobbing government will legislate to stop bad environmental and social practices. The establishments of human rights’ wide and untiring efforts will be alleviated people’s suffering. And as well the poor people shall meet and debate sustainable development and for a concerted government led action towards sustainability is an example that the younger generation are concerned for the future. It shall be making the younger easier for their life and make better on their lives, and help them to build a better future.

 

In present world, Maa really knows the full meanings of “Fundamental Human Rights and Equal Opportunities for the People”. He thinks ethics is the moral code governing the daily conduct of the individual toward those about him / her. It represents those rules or principles by which men and women live and work in a spirit of mutual confidence and service. Without going into the question of how an ethical code was formulated or why anybody should obey it, we can look at the matter in a common-sense fashion with reference to its influence upon our legal affairs. In brief, from the law point of view, a reputable ethical code embodies the qualities of accuracy, dependability, fair play, sound judgement, and service. It is based upon honesty.

 

No person can have an ethical code that concerns him / her alone. Living in society, as he / she must, a person encounters others whose rights must be respected as well as his / her own. An honest regard for the rights of others is an essential element of any decent code of ethics, and one that anyone must observe if anybody intends to follow that code. After all, ethics is not something apart from human beings. Indeed, there is no such thing apart from our actions and us. It is the duty, therefore, of every man and woman in legal affairs to see that his daily associations with others are truly in conformity with the plain meaning of the Ten Commandments: “Thou shalt not barratry, thou shalt not bear false witness, thou shalt not receive illegal fee and the rest”.

 

The knowledge Maa has, in connection with legal affairs, was usually come from his precious experiences of his past over ten year’s law and political careers. In an interval regarded as a distinct period of 1980s, he studied mixed civil and crime, and the code of mixed civil and criminal procedure for the problems caused by ethnic disputes and human armed conflicts in the modern society. He was especially one who maintains the language and customs of the group, and social security in Taiwan.

 

Since 30 July of 1988, Maa settled himself in law as a chief executive and scrivener at Central Legal, Real Estate, and Accounting Services Office; it is in the equivalent to a solicitor of the United Kingdom. The Office provided full legal, accounting, real estate, and commercial services to the public. He did his job as a person legally appointed by another to act as his or her agent in the transaction of business, specifically one qualified and licensed to act for plaintiffs and defendants in legal proceedings and affairs. Over and above Maa was a chairman and executive consultant at Taiwan Credit Information Company®, founded in 1994. The company offered services to the public in response to need and demand in the area of credit information.

 

Maa had excellent experiences in political and law work was pertaining to mixed civil and crime, the code of mixed civil and criminal procedure, construction, and commercial law abroad. The experiences of legal services related to the rights of private individuals and legal proceedings concerning these rights as distinguished. In the criminal proceedings, he did many cases for the defendants. Although an act committed or omitted in violation of a law forbidding or commanding it and for which punishment is imposed upon conviction; but he also laid legal claim, required as useful, just, proper, or necessary to the defendants under the human rights in the meantime. This provision ensures to the defendant a real voice in the subject.

 

The men whose judgement we respect are those who do not allow prejudices, preferences, or personalities to influence their decisions. Profit and self-aggrandisement are likewise ignored in their determination to reach an equitable and fair settlement. What are the basic principles upon which good judgement is founded? A keen intellect, a normal emotionally, a through understanding of human nature, experience of law work, sincerity, and integrity.

  

Developed a Technique for Abstract Photography and Abstractionist

 

In 1982, Maa developed a technique for abstractive photography, which applied “rayonism” to the photographic works. In November of 1984, Maa was 26-year-old, he instructed many professors and students of National Taiwan Normal University in photography of abstract impressionism and rayonnisme in Taipei, Taiwan. The word “rayonnisme” is French for rayonism - a style of abstract painting developed in 1911 in Russia.

  

Photographic Exhibitions

 

TianLiang Maa (Theophilus Raynsford Mann) Photographic Exhibition of “Rayonnisme / Rayonism” Tour - Invitational Exhibition of Taiwan 1983-84.

一九八三〜八四年中華民國臺灣 馬天亮攝影巡迴邀請展

 

TianLiang Maa (Theophilus Raynsford Mann) Photographic Exhibition of Rayonnisme / Rayonism (32 individual exhibitions) 1983~1985.

馬天亮『光影』攝影特展(個人展32場)1983〜1985年.

 

Maa staged 32 individual, extraordinary exhibitions and annual special exhibitions on photography of abstractive image and Rayonnisme around Taiwan / Formosa. Maa was the first exhibitor around the country. All of the invited displays were by the Chinese Government, cultural and artistic organisations, and sponsors. Maa’s earliest exhibition took place in the National Taiwan Arts Education Institute (Museum) on 19 December 1983 when Maa was 25 years old; Maa was the youngest exhibitor in the history of the Institute in any solo exhibitions. The Institute that was opened in March 1957, kept a collection of Maa’s work. It is currently updating the Institute’s internal organisation and strengthening co-operation with leading institutes and museums around the world. Meanwhile, it widened the institute’s scope to increase its emphasis on Taiwan’ regional culture and folk arts.

  

Modernization in the Modern Abstract Arts of Taiwan

 

Maa’s works is the beginning of modernization in the modern abstract arts of Taiwan, China and greater Chinese society in the world. The use of “modernisation” as a concept that is opposed to “Traditional” of “Conservative” ideas began with the approach of the 20th century. It spreads rapidly through academic circles, and was broadly accepted as a means to reform society. Chinese Manchu Qing (Ching) dynasty’s first steps toward modernisation began in the Tung-chih era (1862-1874) with the “Self-Empowerment Movement”. During the late 19th century, as late Manchu dynasty was confronted on all sides by foreign aggression, voices throughout society debated the most effective means to reform and strengthen the country. Some advocated “combining the best of East and West”, while others went so far as to call for “complete Westernisation”. Taiwan was at the centre of these waves of reform. Faced with direct threats against the island by foreign enemies, the Chinese Ching dynasty court took special steps to push Taiwan’s modernisation.

 

In a role just like that of a gardener wanting to create a rich and fertile environment for the seeds of culture, one in which Maa may sprout, grow and bloom. Maa aims to provide an educational stimulus for society by introducing his works - Maa can express the neo-romantic spirit deftly from various creations and supporting international artistic exchanges. Maa believes that the first step in creating such a new and independent state is the real emergence of culture and arts, for which the art and science of designing and erecting buildings, and fine arts (including photography and motion picture) of the civilization is a good measurement of success. For the foreseeable future, Maa should be continuing to forge ahead, working diligently and unceasingly towards its mission of raising China and Formosa / Taiwan’s culture in his spare time.

  

Became an Author and a Scholar

 

In 1980, TianLiang Maa completed his first book - scenario original “The Soul's Sentimentalizing”, also named: “Hun Yun : Jin Qi Tu Rui” 電影原著《魂韻》(衿契吐蕊) then Maa was at the age of 22. In 1983, The General Library of the University of California, Berkeley in the United States of America, collected and kept Maa’s writings - scenario original「魂韻 : 衿契吐蕊」“Hun Yun : jin qi tu rui”, included a musical composition of his own – “Sonate Nr. 1 C-dur op. 3 für Klavier (piano)”, composed on 3rd April 1977 (then Maa was 18 years old). The works were published in 1980; the theme was based on “The Soul's Sentimentalizing”. Another masterpiece was an Album of Academic Work for News Publication “TianLiang Maa (Theophilus Raynsford Mann) Photographic Exhibition of Rayonnisme / Rayonism”, published in 1985. The Hathi Trust Digital Library, the University of Michigan also collected and kept Maa’s writings.

  

Authorship

 

Maa’s articles and writings were published in more than 200 different kinds of domestic and foreign magazines, newspapers, and periodicals, in the period between May of 1972 and 1990s. It was all started when Maa was just 13-year-old. Many of which have been very influential. These have been quoted by Western and Eastern scholars many times in the last few years, making Maa one of the highly cited technological, artistic, and managing public administrators in the world in the late 20th and early 21st century. The Ministry of the Interior in Taiwan had registered Maa’s professional writings and given him two certificates of copyright. The numbers are 33080 and 33081 on 4th July of 1985; and Taiwan’s Gazette of The Presidential Office issue No. 4499, featured his writings on 4th September 1985.

  

Became an Academic and Film Director

 

Today, Maa is a professor at Space Time Life Research Academy, and a photographer, film director, and computer engineer now live and work in London.

  

Director Works:

FILMS:

Experimental Film “New Image for the Spring” © 1982

Documentary Film “Rayonnisme” © 2011

“The Soul's Sentimentalizing” of the feature film is based on the scenario original “The Soul's Sentimentalizing” (preparation)

 

FASHION SHOWS:

New Image for the Spring of Shapely Models International © 1982

High Lights on the Summer and Fall Fashion of Shapely Models Int’l © 1982

 

ART EXHIBITIONS:

The Cadillac Club International Fine Arts Exhibition © 1981

The Cinematic & Photographic Arts Salon and the Hall of the Arts, Pegasus Academy of Arts © 1981

  

Musician Work:

MUSIC COMPOSITION:

Sonate Nr. 1 C-dur op. 3 für Klavier (piano) © 1977, © 1980, © 1981, © 1983, the theme was based on “The Soul's Sentimentalizing”.

  

PHOTOGRAPHIC ALBUMS:

Portrait and Landscape in France © 2000

Portrait and Landscape in Scotland © 2001

Portrait and Landscape in England © 2009

Portrait at Queen Mary, University of London © 2010

Rayonism of London © 2011

Portrait at The University of Nottingham, United Kingdom © 2011

Snowy London © 2012

Portrait at King's College London © 2013

  

BOOKS:

Scenario Original「魂韻」(衿契吐蕊) “Hun yun: jin qi tu rui” © December 1980, © 1981, © 1983 (Date of First Publication: 31 December 1980, Second Edition on 29 July 1981, Date of Revision: Revised Edition on 8 May 1983), Languages: Chinese (traditional), and English language.

“Album of the Cadillac Club International Fine Arts Exhibition” © 1981

“Album of the Cinematic & Photographic Arts Salon and the Hall of the Arts, Pegasus Academy of Arts” © 1981

“Album of New Image for the Spring of Shapely Models International” © 1982

“Album of High Lights on the Summer and Fall Fashion of Shapely Models Int’l” © 1982

“Romantic Carol” © 1982

Album of Academic Work for News Publication: “TianLiang Maa (Theophilus Raynsford Mann) Photographic Exhibitions of Rayonnisme” © May 1985

新聞出版之學術著作專輯「馬天亮『光影』“Rayonism” 攝影展」© May 1985

New version of scenario original “The Soul's Sentimentalizing” (to be published)

「曾經輝煌到頂天立地」(individual biography, to be published)

“My Life, My History, and My Love” (based on a legend, to be published, a film scenario will be developed later)

「感動的公平與正義」“Touching Fairness and Justice” (political science and social studies, to be published)

  

Research Interests:

 

University of Oxford

Research Studies in Archaeology:

Maa’s attractive topic was “A View of Architectural History: Towns through the Ages from Winchester through London Arrived at Oxford in England”.

 

National Taiwan University

Graduate Certificate,

Graduate Institute of Electrical Engineering:

Maa’s monograph of seminar was “Applied the sequence control in the electric power distribution engineering”.

 

University of Glamorgan

M.Sc. Course,

Master of Science in Real Estate Appraisal:

Maa’s thesis - major subject, with relevant construction law was “The Assignment is under Economics of Construction Management in Architecture”.

 

National Sun Yat-Sen University

Postgraduate Certificate,

Postgraduate Studies in Computing:

Maa’s required subject was Information dBase III Plus and Taiwanese Traditional Mandarin Chinese Information System. He combined academic course work and practical laboratory sessions in “Applied Mandarin Phonetic Symbols into Traditional Taiwanese Personal Computer and Its Information System”.

  

Associations:

 

Since 1980, a member of Chinese Taipei Film Archive (CTFA, National Film Archive, Taiwan; founded in 1978), The Motion Picture Foundation, R.O.C. (member of Fédération Internationale des Archives du Film, FIAF; The International Federation of Film Archives was founded in Paris in 1938 by the British Film Institute, the Museum of Modern Art in New York City, the Cinémathèque Française and the Reichsfilmarchiv in Berlin.)

 

Commissioner of the cinema, photography, radio, and television committee of The Culture and Arts Association (Chinese Writers and Artists Association) of Taiwan ever since September 1983.

 

Classic member, the membership is equivalent to a doctorate membership of the Chinese Institute of Electrical Engineering since 23 March 1984.

 

On 15 March 1989, Maa promoted and founded the Consortium Juridical Person Mr. TianLiang Maa Social Benefit Foundation 財團法人馬天亮先生社會公益基金會籌備處 (Social Charity 社會慈善事業) in Taiwan.

near.archives.gov.tw/cgi-bin/near2/nph-redirect?rname=tre...

 

Classic member, the membership is equal to a professor or associate professor of The Chinese Institute of Engineers since 30 September 1991.

  

Honours:

 

Listed on ‘Taiwan Who’s Who In Business’, © 1984, © 1987, and © 1989 Harvard Management Service.

中華民國企業名人錄編纂委員會, 哈佛企業管理顧問公司.

 

On 26 August 1985, Maa was awarded a professional certificate of the Outdoor Artistry Activities issued by Education Bureau, Kaohsiung City Government, Taiwan. He acquired awards and certificates of honour about twenty times from National Taiwan Arts Education Center (Museum) on 24 December 1983; Kaohsiung Municipal Social Education Center on 17 March 1984, Kaohsiung Cultural Center, Taipei Cultural Center (Taipei Municipal Social Education Hall); and Taiwan Province Government, Taipei City Government, Kaohsiung City Government, and many cultural centres and art galleries, and so on.

  

Careers:

 

Honorary Professor at Space Time Life Research Academy, 7 June 2012 to present; Professor at Space Time Life Research Academy, 1 September 2011 to 1 June 2012 in London, United Kingdom:

Academia,

Teaching and Research:

business management and consultant, political philosophy, Chinese classics, Chinese humanities, modern Chinese language and literature, photography (portrait, fashion, commercial, digital, architectural, abstract photography), visual arts and film production.

www.facebook.com/stlra/info

教學與研究:

企業管理及顧問、政治哲學、中華經典 (古典漢學、文學、藝術、語言) 、中華人文、中華現代語言與文學、攝影 (人像、時裝、商業、數位/數碼、建築、抽象攝影) ,視覺藝術和影片製作。

 

Consultant and Translator at Eternal Life Consultants of Immigration and Translations Services, 10 March 2004 to present in London, United Kingdom:

consultants of immigration, translations, and legal services.

www.facebook.com/elcits/info

永生移民顧問翻譯服務社的移民諮詢顧問和翻譯:

移民事務,翻譯和法律服務。

 

Computer Hardware & Networking Engineer at Maa Office of Electrical Engineer, 8 March 2004 to present in London, United Kingdom:

Computer Engineering and Network Services. Repairing of Motherboards, Monitors, Power Supplies, CD-ROM Drives; UPS, Hard Disk Drives, H.D.D Data Recovery; BIOS Programming, and all types of Computer Hardware and Software Solutions.

www.facebook.com/maaelec/info

計算機工程和網絡服務。維修主機板,顯示器,電源供應器,光碟機/光盘驱动器,不斷電系統,硬碟/硬盘,硬盤數據恢復,基本輸入輸出系統編程,以及所有類型的電腦/計算機硬體/硬件和軟體/軟件解決方案。

 

Film Director & Photographer at Photographer and Film Director (Shapely), 2 April 2007 to present in London, United Kingdom:

1) Photo, Video and Film Production; 2) Graphic Design, Web Design, Social Networking, Social Media and Advertising; 3) Architectural Design and Interior Design.

www.facebook.com/filmshapely/info

 

Reformer and Philosopher at Taiwanese Social Reformer and Philosopher, 7 April 2012 (location: Los Angeles, California) to present in London, United Kingdom:

Social Reform in Taiwan

www.facebook.com/twreform/info

  

《魂韻》(衿契吐蕊) - 馬天亮22歲寫的電影原著。TianLiang Maa (Theophilus Raynsford Mann) wrote “Hun Yun” (Jin Qi Tu Rui), scenario original “The Soul’s Sentimentalizing” © 1980, 1981, 1983, was at the age of 22.

Website

mtltwp.pixnet.net/album/set/1265174

album.blog.yam.com/mtltwp

photo.roodo.com/photos/mtltwp/albums/small/100469.html

www.facebook.com/hunyun22/info

www.facebook.com/hy22tss/info

www.facebook.com/tsstrm/info

  

Sonate Nr. 1 C-dur op. 3 für Klavier (piano) by Theophilus Raynsford Mann (TianLiang Maa 馬天亮) © 1977, © 1980, © 1981, © 1983. The Sonate composed on 3rd April 1977 then Maa was 18-year-old. The work was published in 1980; the theme was based on “The Soul's Sentimentalizing”.

Website

mtltwp.pixnet.net/album/set/1265208

album.blog.yam.com/mtltwp&folder=9369697

photo.roodo.com/photos/mtltwp/albums/small/100477.html

www.facebook.com/sonate1c/info

www.facebook.com/piano1c/info

  

LINKS:

 

University of California, Berkeley

berkeley.worldcat.org/search?q=Ma%2C+Tianliang&dblist...

berkeley.worldcat.org/title/hun-yun/oclc/813684284?refere...

oskicat.berkeley.edu/record=b11283690~S1

 

University of Michigan

mirlyn.lib.umich.edu/Record/006237256

catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/006237256

 

WorldCat® Identities

www.worldcat.org/search?q=au%3AMa%2C+Tianliang%2C&dbl...

www.worldcat.org/wcidentities/np-ma,%20tianliang$1958

 

Google Books

books.google.co.uk/books?id=PkyaAAAAIAAJ&redir_esc=y

books.google.co.uk/books?id=JfxnMwEACAAJ&dq=editions:...

scholar.google.com/scholar?cluster=3569983911138966023&am...

 

National Bibliographic Information Network (NBINet)

nbinet3.ncl.edu.tw/search~S10?/a%7bu99AC%7d%7bu5929%7d%7b...

192.83.186.170/search*cht/a%E9%A6%AC%E5%A4%A9%E4%BA%AE

 

National Yang Ming University 國立陽明大學

library.ym.edu.tw/search~S7*cht?/tThe+Soul%27s+and+sentim...

 

National Taiwan University of Science and Technology 國立臺灣科技大學

millennium.lib.ntust.edu.tw/record=b1016706~S1

 

Wikimedia Commons 維基共享資源

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Professor TianLiang Maa

 

~ a Taiwanese social reformer, philosopher, photographer and film director

 

“Touching FAIRNESS and JUSTICE”

  

馬天亮教授

 

~ 臺灣的社會改革者,哲學家,攝影師,和電影導演

 

《感動的公平與正義》

  

TianLiang Maa, alternative spelling: Tianliang Ma, also known as Theophilus Raynsford Mann; Ma, Tianliang; Chinese: 馬天亮; 马天亮.

  

SUMMARY

 

TianLiang Maa is a naturalist, occultist, Buddhist and Taoist. In 1982, Maa developed a technique for abstract photography, applied “Rayonism” into photographic works. Maa staged 32 individual, extraordinary exhibitions around Taiwan, who was the first exhibitor around Formosa. Maa’s works is the beginning of modernization in the modern abstract arts in the world. At the University of Oxford, Maa’s attractive topic was “A View of Architectural History: Towns through the Ages from Winchester through London Arrived at Oxford in England”; also an author at the University of California, Berkeley and the University of Michigan in the United States; an alumnus from Christ Church College at the University of Oxford in England, the University of Glamorgan in Wales, and National Taiwan University in Taipei on Taiwan. Maa’s works have been quoted by the scholars many times, making Maa one of the highly cited technological, artistic, and managing public administrators in the academia. Maa was listed in “Taiwan Who’s Who In Business” © 1984, 1987, 1989 Harvard Management Service.

  

Early Life and Record of Genealogy

 

TianLiang Maa possesses both Taiwanese and German surnames from birth. Usually, whenever anyone asks Maa about where he comes from, he would reply “Formosa” as he grew up and was educated in the Far East and lives in Taiwanese and Japanese lifestyles. Moreover, he often teaches and educates younger generations based on the methods of the Far Eastern teaching he experienced when he was young, though he does not oppose the Western ways of teaching and thinking. Maa takes great pride in his roots, which go back 150 years (since 1864); Maa’s ancestry originates and creates generations, and prepares younger generations to succeed their personality and ethical standards and integrity.

 

Education in Taiwan and a Brief of Latest Generation of History in Taiwan / Formosa

 

In 1980, Maa obtained his postgraduate certificate from the Graduate Institute of Electrical Engineering of National Taiwan University in Taipei; successfully completed another graduate studies in Information dBase III Plus and Taiwanese Traditional Chinese Mandarin Information System at National Sun Yat-Sen University in Kaohsiung in 1989.

 

In history, the Portuguese explorers discovered and called the island (Taiwan), “Formosa” (meaning “Beautiful Island”) in 1590. They are non-Chinese people; it was long a Chinese and Japanese pirate base. Fighting continued, between its original inhabitants of Taiwanese and the Chinese settlers, into the 19th century. In 1894-95 first Sino-Japanese War that ended in Manchus of the Qing (Ching) dynasty defeat, the late Manchu Qing Government forced to cede Formosa to Japan. This result was made by the Treaty of Shomonoseki in 1895 and remained under Japanese control until the end of the Second World War. Early on, Taiwan was conquered by the Qing in 1683 and for the first time became part of older China dynasty. However, today, the home country of Maa’s origin has around 165 institutions (93 universities) of higher education, which now has one of the best-educated populations in Asia. Among the major public (state) ones are the National Taiwan University (NTU) at Taipei, and National Sun Yat-Sen University (NSYSU) at Kaohsiung. NSYSU is also called National Chun-Shan University; according to Times Higher Education 2010-2011, NSYSU ranks as the 3rd university in Taiwan, 21st in Asia, and 163rd worldwide. National Taiwan University is ranked 51 to 60 ranks on Times Higher Education World University Rankings - Top Universities by Reputation 2013, the United Kingdom (see www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/world-university-rankings/...); King's College London (KCL) (21st in the world and 6th in Europe in the 2010, QS World University Rankings), the University of London, and University of Southern California (is one of the world's leading private research universities, located in the heart of Los Angeles), afterward.

 

Backing to Maa’s early school-time of Taiwan Provincial Kaohsiung Industrial Senior High School (Kaohsiung Municipal Kaohsiung Industrial High school), the professional technical education, which is equivalent to Advanced Level General Certificate of Education, commonly referred to as an A-level in the United Kingdom; China Electronic Engineering College, the distance learning programme, which is in equivalence as UK’s Diploma of Higher Education / Undergraduate Diploma (as an Associate Degree in the United States). An additional, his middle education was taught by the Kaohsiung Municipal Chihjh (Ci Sian) Junior High School; and Kaohsiung Municipal San Min Elementary School was his first school in Taiwan.

  

Early Career

 

In 1989, Maa instituted Maa’s Office of Electrical Engineer, he settled himself in electrical technology and industries as a chief engineer in his early years. He put his professional and precise knowledge to good account in business management. A formal business management with business relationship established to provide for regular services, dealings, and other commercial transactions and deed. He had many customers having a business and credit relationship with his firm then he was a successful engineer.

  

Study Abroad and Immigration into the United Kingdom

 

In 1998, Maa studied abroad when he arrived in Great Britain; he studied at School of Built Environment, the University of Glamorgan (Prifysgol Morgannwg) in Merthyr Tydfil, Pontypridd, Wales for a master of science in real estate appraisal. Until the summer of 2000, Maa completed an academic course on “Towns through the Ages” from Christ Church College at the University of Oxford (is ranked the 2nd place worldwide on The Times Higher Education, World University Rankings 2012-2013

www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/world-university-rankings/...) in England. Afterward, Maa immigrated into the United Kingdom in the early year of 2004.

  

PHILOSOPHICAL VIEWS

 

Maa is a naturalist; he trusts spiritual naturalism and naturalistic spirituality, which teaches that “the unknown” created this wonderful world. “The unknown” arranged the nature with its law so that everything in nature is kept balanced and in order. However, human beings failed to control themselves, deliberately went against the law of nature, and resulted in disasters, which we deserved. He also is an occultist, a Taoist, and a Buddhist; but in Britain, he frequently goes to Christian and Catholic churches, where he makes friends with pastors and fathers as well as churchgoers. In his mind, he recognizes “Belief is truth held in the mind; faith is a fire in the heart”. He is always a freethinker, does not accept traditional, social, and religious teaching, but based on his ideas: a thought or conception that potentially and actually exists in his mind as a product of mental activity - his opinion, conviction, and principle. If people have not come across eastern classics and philosophy, we are afraid that people would never understand TianLiang Maa. People cannot judge an eastern philosopher based on western ways of thinking. He studies I Ching discovering eastern classics of ancient origin consisting of 64 interrelated hexagrams along with commentaries. The hexagrams embody Taoist philosophy by describing all nature and human endeavour in terms of the interaction of yin and yang, and the classics may be consulted as an oracle.

 

Back in the 1990s when Maa just arrived at England, he had been offered places to do Ph.D. and LL.M. degrees (degree in Law and Politics of the European Union) by several western professors in the Great Britain. He has met all the requirements for postgraduate admissions to study at UK’s universities.

 

During his time at Oxford, he learnt a lot of British culture and folk-custom while carrying out research with many British and Western professors, experts, and archaeologists. This proves that Maa understands various aspects in British society, culture, and lifestyles. Of course, he does not fully understand about the perspectives of thinking of a typical British. For example, what would be the most valuable in life for a British person? What would a British want to gain from life? What is the goal in life for a British? Is it fortune or a lover? Alternatively, perhaps honour? On the other hand, maybe being able to travel around the world and see the world?

  

FAIRNESS and JUSTICE

 

As TianLiang Maa’s (馬天亮) saying are:

 

“Touching Fairness and Justice”

 

Feel good about themselves, but do not know the sufferings of the people...

Who can get easy life like them?

What is profile of modern society?

What type and style is truly solemn for this society identify?

Where “the characterization” is? Who can see? Did you see it?

 

《感動的公平與正義》

 

自我感覺良好, 不知民間疾苦...

誰能得到安逸的生活如同他們一樣?

這是個什麼樣子的社會?

這個社會認定什麼樣的類型和風格是真正莊重的?

「特徵」在那裡?誰可以看到?你看到了嗎?

  

Jurisprudence and Political Philosophy and Perspectives

 

Maa ever studied judicial review and governmental action, the impact of law and legal techniques, constitutional mechanisms for the protection of basic rights, and ensuring the integrity of commercial activity, the impact of law and legal techniques on government, policymaking, and administration, as well as the creation of markets. He tries to understand these critical trends in the political development of modern state. Maa will combine both theoretical and empirical approaches, and the conditions for democratic transition and the nature of state development in the ‘post-industrial’ era of globalisation and economic integration.

 

According as Maa’s legal experiences, he comprehend that “the knowledge of the law is like a deep well, out of which each man draught according to the strength of his understanding”, and, law and arbitrary power are in eternal enmity. He is also sure law and institutions are constantly tending to gravitate like clocks; they must be occasionally cleansed, and wound up, and set to true time.

 

The government issues a decree - an authoritative order having the force of law, which charged with putting into effect a country's laws and the administering of its functions. Any of the officials promulgate a law or put into practice relating to the government charged with the execution and administration of the nation's laws then they announce and carry out the creation of any order or new policy that will be responsible for the people.

 

Maa had knowledge in connexion with construction law; he also understands architectural arts, and as well learnt the forms by combining materials and parts include as an integral part concerning modern construct. I ever built urban buildings and rural architecture in different styles under new housing and building projects by the governmental administration and construction corporations.

 

Right now, Maa studies the problems caused by ethnic disputes and human armed conflicts in the modern society resulted code of mixed civil and criminal procedure. He wishes an agreement or a treaty to end human hostilities - the absence of war and other hostilities around the world. The interrelation and arrangement of freedom from quarrels and disagreement become harmonious relations living in peace with each other. Actually, erect peace in more friendly ways of making friendships for modern human society is comfortable in my ideal. It is like building monolithic architecture: houses and buildings for the people. Maa would like to do “something beautiful for `the unknown`”.

 

In the ethnic disagreement and armed conflicts as concerning the poor people and children notwithstanding they live through a bad environment on any of poor or crowded village or town in a particular manner - lived frugally. However, after years of industrialisation as a more educated population, becomes more aware of global plenum, continuing to be alive. Environmental groups are increasing and lobbing government will legislate to stop bad environmental and social practices. The establishments of human rights’ wide and untiring efforts will be alleviated people’s suffering. And as well the poor people shall meet and debate sustainable development and for a concerted government led action towards sustainability is an example that the younger generation are concerned for the future. It shall be making the younger easier for their life and make better on their lives, and help them to build a better future.

 

In present world, Maa really knows the full meanings of “Fundamental Human Rights and Equal Opportunities for the People”. He thinks ethics is the moral code governing the daily conduct of the individual toward those about him / her. It represents those rules or principles by which men and women live and work in a spirit of mutual confidence and service. Without going into the question of how an ethical code was formulated or why anybody should obey it, we can look at the matter in a common-sense fashion with reference to its influence upon our legal affairs. In brief, from the law point of view, a reputable ethical code embodies the qualities of accuracy, dependability, fair play, sound judgement, and service. It is based upon honesty.

 

No person can have an ethical code that concerns him / her alone. Living in society, as he / she must, a person encounters others whose rights must be respected as well as his / her own. An honest regard for the rights of others is an essential element of any decent code of ethics, and one that anyone must observe if anybody intends to follow that code. After all, ethics is not something apart from human beings. Indeed, there is no such thing apart from our actions and us. It is the duty, therefore, of every man and woman in legal affairs to see that his daily associations with others are truly in conformity with the plain meaning of the Ten Commandments: “Thou shalt not barratry, thou shalt not bear false witness, thou shalt not receive illegal fee and the rest”.

 

The knowledge Maa has, in connection with legal affairs, was usually come from his precious experiences of his past over ten year’s law and political careers. In an interval regarded as a distinct period of 1980s, he studied mixed civil and crime, and the code of mixed civil and criminal procedure for the problems caused by ethnic disputes and human armed conflicts in the modern society. He was especially one who maintains the language and customs of the group, and social security in Taiwan.

 

Since 30 July of 1988, Maa settled himself in law as a chief executive and scrivener at Central Legal, Real Estate, and Accounting Services Office; it is in the equivalent to a solicitor of the United Kingdom. The Office provided full legal, accounting, real estate, and commercial services to the public. He did his job as a person legally appointed by another to act as his or her agent in the transaction of business, specifically one qualified and licensed to act for plaintiffs and defendants in legal proceedings and affairs. Over and above Maa was a chairman and executive consultant at Taiwan Credit Information Company®, founded in 1994. The company offered services to the public in response to need and demand in the area of credit information.

 

Maa had excellent experiences in political and law work was pertaining to mixed civil and crime, the code of mixed civil and criminal procedure, construction, and commercial law abroad. The experiences of legal services related to the rights of private individuals and legal proceedings concerning these rights as distinguished. In the criminal proceedings, he did many cases for the defendants. Although an act committed or omitted in violation of a law forbidding or commanding it and for which punishment is imposed upon conviction; but he also laid legal claim, required as useful, just, proper, or necessary to the defendants under the human rights in the meantime. This provision ensures to the defendant a real voice in the subject.

 

The men whose judgement we respect are those who do not allow prejudices, preferences, or personalities to influence their decisions. Profit and self-aggrandisement are likewise ignored in their determination to reach an equitable and fair settlement. What are the basic principles upon which good judgement is founded? A keen intellect, a normal emotionally, a through understanding of human nature, experience of law work, sincerity, and integrity.

  

Developed a Technique for Abstract Photography and Abstractionist

 

In 1982, Maa developed a technique for abstractive photography, which applied “rayonism” to the photographic works. In November of 1984, Maa was 26-year-old, he instructed many professors and students of National Taiwan Normal University in photography of abstract impressionism and rayonnisme in Taipei, Taiwan. The word “rayonnisme” is French for rayonism - a style of abstract painting developed in 1911 in Russia.

  

Photographic Exhibitions

 

TianLiang Maa (Theophilus Raynsford Mann) Photographic Exhibition of “Rayonnisme / Rayonism” Tour - Invitational Exhibition of Taiwan 1983-84.

一九八三〜八四年中華民國臺灣 馬天亮攝影巡迴邀請展

 

TianLiang Maa (Theophilus Raynsford Mann) Photographic Exhibition of Rayonnisme / Rayonism (32 individual exhibitions) 1983~1985.

馬天亮『光影』攝影特展(個人展32場)1983〜1985年.

 

Maa staged 32 individual, extraordinary exhibitions and annual special exhibitions on photography of abstractive image and Rayonnisme around Taiwan / Formosa. Maa was the first exhibitor around the country. All of the invited displays were by the Chinese Government, cultural and artistic organisations, and sponsors. Maa’s earliest exhibition took place in the National Taiwan Arts Education Institute (Museum) on 19 December 1983 when Maa was 25 years old; Maa was the youngest exhibitor in the history of the Institute in any solo exhibitions. The Institute that was opened in March 1957, kept a collection of Maa’s work. It is currently updating the Institute’s internal organisation and strengthening co-operation with leading institutes and museums around the world. Meanwhile, it widened the institute’s scope to increase its emphasis on Taiwan’ regional culture and folk arts.

  

Modernization in the Modern Abstract Arts of Taiwan

 

Maa’s works is the beginning of modernization in the modern abstract arts of Taiwan, China and greater Chinese society in the world. The use of “modernisation” as a concept that is opposed to “Traditional” of “Conservative” ideas began with the approach of the 20th century. It spreads rapidly through academic circles, and was broadly accepted as a means to reform society. Chinese Manchu Qing (Ching) dynasty’s first steps toward modernisation began in the Tung-chih era (1862-1874) with the “Self-Empowerment Movement”. During the late 19th century, as late Manchu dynasty was confronted on all sides by foreign aggression, voices throughout society debated the most effective means to reform and strengthen the country. Some advocated “combining the best of East and West”, while others went so far as to call for “complete Westernisation”. Taiwan was at the centre of these waves of reform. Faced with direct threats against the island by foreign enemies, the Chinese Ching dynasty court took special steps to push Taiwan’s modernisation.

 

In a role just like that of a gardener wanting to create a rich and fertile environment for the seeds of culture, one in which Maa may sprout, grow and bloom. Maa aims to provide an educational stimulus for society by introducing his works - Maa can express the neo-romantic spirit deftly from various creations and supporting international artistic exchanges. Maa believes that the first step in creating such a new and independent state is the real emergence of culture and arts, for which the art and science of designing and erecting buildings, and fine arts (including photography and motion picture) of the civilization is a good measurement of success. For the foreseeable future, Maa should be continuing to forge ahead, working diligently and unceasingly towards its mission of raising China and Formosa / Taiwan’s culture in his spare time.

  

Became an Author and a Scholar

 

In 1980, TianLiang Maa completed his first book - scenario original “The Soul's Sentimentalizing”, also named: “Hun Yun : Jin Qi Tu Rui” 電影原著《魂韻》(衿契吐蕊) then Maa was at the age of 22. In 1983, The General Library of the University of California, Berkeley in the United States of America, collected and kept Maa’s writings - scenario original「魂韻 : 衿契吐蕊」“Hun Yun : jin qi tu rui”, included a musical composition of his own – “Sonate Nr. 1 C-dur op. 3 für Klavier (piano)”, composed on 3rd April 1977 (then Maa was 18 years old). The works were published in 1980; the theme was based on “The Soul's Sentimentalizing”. Another masterpiece was an Album of Academic Work for News Publication “TianLiang Maa (Theophilus Raynsford Mann) Photographic Exhibition of Rayonnisme / Rayonism”, published in 1985. The Hathi Trust Digital Library, the University of Michigan also collected and kept Maa’s writings.

  

Authorship

 

Maa’s articles and writings were published in more than 200 different kinds of domestic and foreign magazines, newspapers, and periodicals, in the period between May of 1972 and 1990s. It was all started when Maa was just 13-year-old. Many of which have been very influential. These have been quoted by Western and Eastern scholars many times in the last few years, making Maa one of the highly cited technological, artistic, and managing public administrators in the world in the late 20th and early 21st century. The Ministry of the Interior in Taiwan had registered Maa’s professional writings and given him two certificates of copyright. The numbers are 33080 and 33081 on 4th July of 1985; and Taiwan’s Gazette of The Presidential Office issue No. 4499, featured his writings on 4th September 1985.

  

Became an Academic and Film Director

 

Today, Maa is a professor at Space Time Life Research Academy, and a photographer, film director, and computer engineer now live and work in London.

  

Director Works:

FILMS:

Experimental Film “New Image for the Spring” © 1982

Documentary Film “Rayonnisme” © 2011

“The Soul's Sentimentalizing” of the feature film is based on the scenario original “The Soul's Sentimentalizing” (preparation)

 

FASHION SHOWS:

New Image for the Spring of Shapely Models International © 1982

High Lights on the Summer and Fall Fashion of Shapely Models Int’l © 1982

 

ART EXHIBITIONS:

The Cadillac Club International Fine Arts Exhibition © 1981

The Cinematic & Photographic Arts Salon and the Hall of the Arts, Pegasus Academy of Arts © 1981

  

Musician Work:

MUSIC COMPOSITION:

Sonate Nr. 1 C-dur op. 3 für Klavier (piano) © 1977, © 1980, © 1981, © 1983, the theme was based on “The Soul's Sentimentalizing”.

  

PHOTOGRAPHIC ALBUMS:

Portrait and Landscape in France © 2000

Portrait and Landscape in Scotland © 2001

Portrait and Landscape in England © 2009

Portrait at Queen Mary, University of London © 2010

Rayonism of London © 2011

Portrait at The University of Nottingham, United Kingdom © 2011

Snowy London © 2012

Portrait at King's College London © 2013

  

BOOKS:

Scenario Original「魂韻」(衿契吐蕊) “Hun yun: jin qi tu rui” © December 1980, © 1981, © 1983 (Date of First Publication: 31 December 1980, Second Edition on 29 July 1981, Date of Revision: Revised Edition on 8 May 1983), Languages: Chinese (traditional), and English language.

“Album of the Cadillac Club International Fine Arts Exhibition” © 1981

“Album of the Cinematic & Photographic Arts Salon and the Hall of the Arts, Pegasus Academy of Arts” © 1981

“Album of New Image for the Spring of Shapely Models International” © 1982

“Album of High Lights on the Summer and Fall Fashion of Shapely Models Int’l” © 1982

“Romantic Carol” © 1982

Album of Academic Work for News Publication: “TianLiang Maa (Theophilus Raynsford Mann) Photographic Exhibitions of Rayonnisme” © May 1985

新聞出版之學術著作專輯「馬天亮『光影』“Rayonism” 攝影展」© May 1985

New version of scenario original “The Soul's Sentimentalizing” (to be published)

「曾經輝煌到頂天立地」(individual biography, to be published)

“My Life, My History, and My Love” (based on a legend, to be published, a film scenario will be developed later)

「感動的公平與正義」“Touching Fairness and Justice” (political science and social studies, to be published)

  

Research Interests:

 

University of Oxford

Research Studies in Archaeology:

Maa’s attractive topic was “A View of Architectural History: Towns through the Ages from Winchester through London Arrived at Oxford in England”.

 

National Taiwan University

Graduate Certificate,

Graduate Institute of Electrical Engineering:

Maa’s monograph of seminar was “Applied the sequence control in the electric power distribution engineering”.

 

University of Glamorgan

M.Sc. Course,

Master of Science in Real Estate Appraisal:

Maa’s thesis - major subject, with relevant construction law was “The Assignment is under Economics of Construction Management in Architecture”.

 

National Sun Yat-Sen University

Postgraduate Certificate,

Postgraduate Studies in Computing:

Maa’s required subject was Information dBase III Plus and Taiwanese Traditional Mandarin Chinese Information System. He combined academic course work and practical laboratory sessions in “Applied Mandarin Phonetic Symbols into Traditional Taiwanese Personal Computer and Its Information System”.

  

Associations:

 

Since 1980, a member of Chinese Taipei Film Archive (CTFA, National Film Archive, Taiwan; founded in 1978), The Motion Picture Foundation, R.O.C. (member of Fédération Internationale des Archives du Film, FIAF; The International Federation of Film Archives was founded in Paris in 1938 by the British Film Institute, the Museum of Modern Art in New York City, the Cinémathèque Française and the Reichsfilmarchiv in Berlin.)

 

Commissioner of the cinema, photography, radio, and television committee of The Culture and Arts Association (Chinese Writers and Artists Association) of Taiwan ever since September 1983.

 

Classic member, the membership is equivalent to a doctorate membership of the Chinese Institute of Electrical Engineering since 23 March 1984.

 

On 15 March 1989, Maa promoted and founded the Consortium Juridical Person Mr. TianLiang Maa Social Benefit Foundation 財團法人馬天亮先生社會公益基金會籌備處 (Social Charity 社會慈善事業) in Taiwan.

near.archives.gov.tw/cgi-bin/near2/nph-redirect?rname=tre...

 

Classic member, the membership is equal to a professor or associate professor of The Chinese Institute of Engineers since 30 September 1991.

  

Honours:

 

Listed on ‘Taiwan Who’s Who In Business’, © 1984, © 1987, and © 1989 Harvard Management Service.

中華民國企業名人錄編纂委員會, 哈佛企業管理顧問公司.

 

On 26 August 1985, Maa was awarded a professional certificate of the Outdoor Artistry Activities issued by Education Bureau, Kaohsiung City Government, Taiwan. He acquired awards and certificates of honour about twenty times from National Taiwan Arts Education Center (Museum) on 24 December 1983; Kaohsiung Municipal Social Education Center on 17 March 1984, Kaohsiung Cultural Center, Taipei Cultural Center (Taipei Municipal Social Education Hall); and Taiwan Province Government, Taipei City Government, Kaohsiung City Government, and many cultural centres and art galleries, and so on.

  

Careers:

 

Honorary Professor at Space Time Life Research Academy, 7 June 2012 to present; Professor at Space Time Life Research Academy, 1 September 2011 to 1 June 2012 in London, United Kingdom:

Academia,

Teaching and Research:

business management and consultant, political philosophy, Chinese classics, Chinese humanities, modern Chinese language and literature, photography (portrait, fashion, commercial, digital, architectural, abstract photography), visual arts and film production.

www.facebook.com/stlra/info

教學與研究:

企業管理及顧問、政治哲學、中華經典 (古典漢學、文學、藝術、語言) 、中華人文、中華現代語言與文學、攝影 (人像、時裝、商業、數位/數碼、建築、抽象攝影) ,視覺藝術和影片製作。

 

Consultant and Translator at Eternal Life Consultants of Immigration and Translations Services, 10 March 2004 to present in London, United Kingdom:

consultants of immigration, translations, and legal services.

www.facebook.com/elcits/info

永生移民顧問翻譯服務社的移民諮詢顧問和翻譯:

移民事務,翻譯和法律服務。

 

Computer Hardware & Networking Engineer at Maa Office of Electrical Engineer, 8 March 2004 to present in London, United Kingdom:

Computer Engineering and Network Services. Repairing of Motherboards, Monitors, Power Supplies, CD-ROM Drives; UPS, Hard Disk Drives, H.D.D Data Recovery; BIOS Programming, and all types of Computer Hardware and Software Solutions.

www.facebook.com/maaelec/info

計算機工程和網絡服務。維修主機板,顯示器,電源供應器,光碟機/光盘驱动器,不斷電系統,硬碟/硬盘,硬盤數據恢復,基本輸入輸出系統編程,以及所有類型的電腦/計算機硬體/硬件和軟體/軟件解決方案。

 

Film Director & Photographer at Photographer and Film Director (Shapely), 2 April 2007 to present in London, United Kingdom:

1) Photo, Video and Film Production; 2) Graphic Design, Web Design, Social Networking, Social Media and Advertising; 3) Architectural Design and Interior Design.

www.facebook.com/filmshapely/info

 

Reformer and Philosopher at Taiwanese Social Reformer and Philosopher, 7 April 2012 (location: Los Angeles, California) to present in London, United Kingdom:

Social Reform in Taiwan

www.facebook.com/twreform/info

  

《魂韻》(衿契吐蕊) - 馬天亮22歲寫的電影原著。TianLiang Maa (Theophilus Raynsford Mann) wrote “Hun Yun” (Jin Qi Tu Rui), scenario original “The Soul’s Sentimentalizing” © 1980, 1981, 1983, was at the age of 22.

Website

mtltwp.pixnet.net/album/set/1265174

album.blog.yam.com/mtltwp

photo.roodo.com/photos/mtltwp/albums/small/100469.html

www.facebook.com/hunyun22/info

www.facebook.com/hy22tss/info

www.facebook.com/tsstrm/info

  

Sonate Nr. 1 C-dur op. 3 für Klavier (piano) by Theophilus Raynsford Mann (TianLiang Maa 馬天亮) © 1977, © 1980, © 1981, © 1983. The Sonate composed on 3rd April 1977 then Maa was 18-year-old. The work was published in 1980; the theme was based on “The Soul's Sentimentalizing”.

Website

mtltwp.pixnet.net/album/set/1265208

album.blog.yam.com/mtltwp&folder=9369697

photo.roodo.com/photos/mtltwp/albums/small/100477.html

www.facebook.com/sonate1c/info

www.facebook.com/piano1c/info

  

LINKS:

 

University of California, Berkeley

berkeley.worldcat.org/search?q=Ma%2C+Tianliang&dblist...

berkeley.worldcat.org/title/hun-yun/oclc/813684284?refere...

oskicat.berkeley.edu/record=b11283690~S1

 

University of Michigan

mirlyn.lib.umich.edu/Record/006237256

catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/006237256

 

WorldCat® Identities

www.worldcat.org/search?q=au%3AMa%2C+Tianliang%2C&dbl...

www.worldcat.org/wcidentities/np-ma,%20tianliang$1958

 

Google Books

books.google.co.uk/books?id=PkyaAAAAIAAJ&redir_esc=y

books.google.co.uk/books?id=JfxnMwEACAAJ&dq=editions:...

scholar.google.com/scholar?cluster=3569983911138966023&am...

 

National Bibliographic Information Network (NBINet)

nbinet3.ncl.edu.tw/search~S10?/a%7bu99AC%7d%7bu5929%7d%7b...

192.83.186.170/search*cht/a%E9%A6%AC%E5%A4%A9%E4%BA%AE

 

National Yang Ming University 國立陽明大學

library.ym.edu.tw/search~S7*cht?/tThe+Soul%27s+and+sentim...

 

National Taiwan University of Science and Technology 國立臺灣科技大學

millennium.lib.ntust.edu.tw/record=b1016706~S1

 

Wikimedia Commons 維基共享資源

commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?search=TianLiang+Maa+%E...

commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:TianLiang_Maa_馬天亮.jpg

commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:馬天亮_TianLiang_Maa.jpg

 

國家圖書館 期刊文獻資訊網, 臺灣期刊論文索引

readopac3.ncl.edu.tw/nclJournal/search/search_result.jsp?...

 

聲音藝術的審美角度, 大學雜誌, 天然

readopac3.ncl.edu.tw/nclJournal/search/detail.jsp?sysId=0...,

readopac3.ncl.edu.tw/nclJournal/search/detail.jsp?sysId=0...

 

為文化中心把脈, 幼獅文藝

readopac3.ncl.edu.tw/nclJournal/search/detail.jsp?sysId=0...,

 

科學家與守財奴, 中國地方自治

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Yahoo, Bing, Google Search

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Atomzone

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lurvely.com www.lurvely.com/photographer/77438197_N03/

 

portfotolio.net/mtltwp

portfotolio.net/mtltwpprof

 

www.flickriver.com/photos/mtltwp/

www.flickriver.com/photos/mtltwpprof/

 

Nature - National Library Board Singapore

snap.nl.sg/searchflickr.aspx?q=%E9%A6%AC%E5%A4%A9%E4%BA%A...

snap.nl.sg/searchflickr.aspx?q=TianLiang+Maa+&p=1&...

 

画像検索

flickr.akitomo.net/馬天亮/1

flickr.akitomo.net/TianLiang+Maa/1

 

Japan Photos and Pictures

japan.pictures-photos.com/professor-tianliang-maa%E2%80%A6

summer.pictures-photos.com/professor-tianliang-maa%E2%80%A6

 

far-east-movement - Blogcu (Turkey)

far-east-movement.blogcu.com/professor-tianliang-maa/1226...

far-east-movement.blogcu.com/professor-tianliang-maa/1236...

 

man fashion

spirehim.com/3454/professor-tianliang-maa-%E9%A6%AC%E5%A4...

 

Travel Splash

travel-splash.com/photos/view.php?id=13397167315&sear...

 

Country profile Taiwan

atomzone.co.uk/images/search/Country+profile+Taiwan

 

itpints

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AskJot

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Who is talking

whotalking.com/flickr/TianLiang+Maa

 

University of California, Berkeley period

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University of Michigan period

atomzone.co.uk/scaffold/images/search/University%20of%20M...

 

University of Oxford period

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www.wer-ist.org/person/Oxford_Archaeology

 

University of Glamorgan period

atomzone.co.uk/images/search/University+of+Glamorgan+period

www.wer-ist.org/person/Glamorgan_University

 

University of Huddersfield period, UK. Huddersfield period

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art galleries uk

artgalleriesuk.blogspot.co.uk/2012/08/bigandtall-stores-s...

 

Mitrasites system

sites.google.com/site/mitrasites/system/app/pages/customS...

 

articles.whmsoft

articles.whmsoft.com/related_search.php?keyword=Tianliang...

 

pantieslace-forwomen.blogspot.co.uk/2012/08/motherhood-ma...

3piece-suits.blogspot.co.uk/2012/07/nursing-shawl-become-...

3piece-suits.blogspot.co.uk/2012/08/body-briefers-childre...

modeling-agencies-inboston.blogspot.co.uk/2012/08/black-a...

 

www.flickriver.com/search/%E6%BC%A2%E5%AD%B8+OR.../intere...

www.flickriver.com/search/%E8%AB%96%E6%96%87+OR.../recent/

 

German

www.wer-ist.org/person/Jin_Mann

 

www.pediatr.org.tw/DB/News/file/1913-1.pdf

  

HOMEPAGE

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Google+

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Professor TianLiang Maa

 

~ a Taiwanese social reformer, philosopher, photographer and film director

 

“Touching FAIRNESS and JUSTICE”

  

馬天亮教授

 

~ 臺灣的社會改革者,哲學家,攝影師,和電影導演

 

《感動的公平與正義》

  

TianLiang Maa, alternative spelling: Tianliang Ma, also known as Theophilus Raynsford Mann; Ma, Tianliang; Chinese: 馬天亮; 马天亮.

  

SUMMARY

 

TianLiang Maa is a naturalist, occultist, Buddhist and Taoist. In 1982, Maa developed a technique for abstract photography, applied “Rayonism” into photographic works. Maa staged 32 individual, extraordinary exhibitions around Taiwan, who was the first exhibitor around Formosa. Maa’s works is the beginning of modernization in the modern abstract arts in the world. At the University of Oxford, Maa’s attractive topic was “A View of Architectural History: Towns through the Ages from Winchester through London Arrived at Oxford in England”; also an author at the University of California, Berkeley and the University of Michigan in the United States; an alumnus from Christ Church College at the University of Oxford in England, the University of Glamorgan in Wales, and National Taiwan University in Taipei on Taiwan. Maa’s works have been quoted by the scholars many times, making Maa one of the highly cited technological, artistic, and managing public administrators in the academia. Maa was listed in “Taiwan Who’s Who In Business” © 1984, 1987, 1989 Harvard Management Service.

  

Early Life and Record of Genealogy

 

TianLiang Maa possesses both Taiwanese and German surnames from birth. Usually, whenever anyone asks Maa about where he comes from, he would reply “Formosa” as he grew up and was educated in the Far East and lives in Taiwanese and Japanese lifestyles. Moreover, he often teaches and educates younger generations based on the methods of the Far Eastern teaching he experienced when he was young, though he does not oppose the Western ways of teaching and thinking. Maa takes great pride in his roots, which go back 150 years (since 1864); Maa’s ancestry originates and creates generations, and prepares younger generations to succeed their personality and ethical standards and integrity.

 

Education in Taiwan and a Brief of Latest Generation of History in Taiwan / Formosa

 

In 1980, Maa obtained his postgraduate certificate from the Graduate Institute of Electrical Engineering of National Taiwan University in Taipei; successfully completed another graduate studies in Information dBase III Plus and Taiwanese Traditional Chinese Mandarin Information System at National Sun Yat-Sen University in Kaohsiung in 1989.

 

In history, the Portuguese explorers discovered and called the island (Taiwan), “Formosa” (meaning “Beautiful Island”) in 1590. They are non-Chinese people; it was long a Chinese and Japanese pirate base. Fighting continued, between its original inhabitants of Taiwanese and the Chinese settlers, into the 19th century. In 1894-95 first Sino-Japanese War that ended in Manchus of the Qing (Ching) dynasty defeat, the late Manchu Qing Government forced to cede Formosa to Japan. This result was made by the Treaty of Shomonoseki in 1895 and remained under Japanese control until the end of the Second World War. Early on, Taiwan was conquered by the Qing in 1683 and for the first time became part of older China dynasty. However, today, the home country of Maa’s origin has around 165 institutions (93 universities) of higher education, which now has one of the best-educated populations in Asia. Among the major public (state) ones are the National Taiwan University (NTU) at Taipei, and National Sun Yat-Sen University (NSYSU) at Kaohsiung. NSYSU is also called National Chun-Shan University; according to Times Higher Education 2010-2011, NSYSU ranks as the 3rd university in Taiwan, 21st in Asia, and 163rd worldwide. National Taiwan University is ranked 51 to 60 ranks on Times Higher Education World University Rankings - Top Universities by Reputation 2013, the United Kingdom (see www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/world-university-rankings/...); King's College London (KCL) (21st in the world and 6th in Europe in the 2010, QS World University Rankings), the University of London, and University of Southern California (is one of the world's leading private research universities, located in the heart of Los Angeles), afterward.

 

Backing to Maa’s early school-time of Taiwan Provincial Kaohsiung Industrial Senior High School (Kaohsiung Municipal Kaohsiung Industrial High school), the professional technical education, which is equivalent to Advanced Level General Certificate of Education, commonly referred to as an A-level in the United Kingdom; China Electronic Engineering College, the distance learning programme, which is in equivalence as UK’s Diploma of Higher Education / Undergraduate Diploma (as an Associate Degree in the United States). An additional, his middle education was taught by the Kaohsiung Municipal Chihjh (Ci Sian) Junior High School; and Kaohsiung Municipal San Min Elementary School was his first school in Taiwan.

  

Early Career

 

In 1989, Maa instituted Maa’s Office of Electrical Engineer, he settled himself in electrical technology and industries as a chief engineer in his early years. He put his professional and precise knowledge to good account in business management. A formal business management with business relationship established to provide for regular services, dealings, and other commercial transactions and deed. He had many customers having a business and credit relationship with his firm then he was a successful engineer.

  

Study Abroad and Immigration into the United Kingdom

 

In 1998, Maa studied abroad when he arrived in Great Britain; he studied at School of Built Environment, the University of Glamorgan (Prifysgol Morgannwg) in Merthyr Tydfil, Pontypridd, Wales for a master of science in real estate appraisal. Until the summer of 2000, Maa completed an academic course on “Towns through the Ages” from Christ Church College at the University of Oxford (is ranked the 2nd place worldwide on The Times Higher Education, World University Rankings 2012-2013

www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/world-university-rankings/...) in England. Afterward, Maa immigrated into the United Kingdom in the early year of 2004.

  

PHILOSOPHICAL VIEWS

 

Maa is a naturalist; he trusts spiritual naturalism and naturalistic spirituality, which teaches that “the unknown” created this wonderful world. “The unknown” arranged the nature with its law so that everything in nature is kept balanced and in order. However, human beings failed to control themselves, deliberately went against the law of nature, and resulted in disasters, which we deserved. He also is an occultist, a Taoist, and a Buddhist; but in Britain, he frequently goes to Christian and Catholic churches, where he makes friends with pastors and fathers as well as churchgoers. In his mind, he recognizes “Belief is truth held in the mind; faith is a fire in the heart”. He is always a freethinker, does not accept traditional, social, and religious teaching, but based on his ideas: a thought or conception that potentially and actually exists in his mind as a product of mental activity - his opinion, conviction, and principle. If people have not come across eastern classics and philosophy, we are afraid that people would never understand TianLiang Maa. People cannot judge an eastern philosopher based on western ways of thinking. He studies I Ching discovering eastern classics of ancient origin consisting of 64 interrelated hexagrams along with commentaries. The hexagrams embody Taoist philosophy by describing all nature and human endeavour in terms of the interaction of yin and yang, and the classics may be consulted as an oracle.

 

Back in the 1990s when Maa just arrived at England, he had been offered places to do Ph.D. and LL.M. degrees (degree in Law and Politics of the European Union) by several western professors in the Great Britain. He has met all the requirements for postgraduate admissions to study at UK’s universities.

 

During his time at Oxford, he learnt a lot of British culture and folk-custom while carrying out research with many British and Western professors, experts, and archaeologists. This proves that Maa understands various aspects in British society, culture, and lifestyles. Of course, he does not fully understand about the perspectives of thinking of a typical British. For example, what would be the most valuable in life for a British person? What would a British want to gain from life? What is the goal in life for a British? Is it fortune or a lover? Alternatively, perhaps honour? On the other hand, maybe being able to travel around the world and see the world?

  

FAIRNESS and JUSTICE

 

As TianLiang Maa’s (馬天亮) saying are:

 

“Touching Fairness and Justice”

 

Feel good about themselves, but do not know the sufferings of the people...

Who can get easy life like them?

What is profile of modern society?

What type and style is truly solemn for this society identify?

Where “the characterization” is? Who can see? Did you see it?

 

《感動的公平與正義》

 

自我感覺良好, 不知民間疾苦...

誰能得到安逸的生活如同他們一樣?

這是個什麼樣子的社會?

這個社會認定什麼樣的類型和風格是真正莊重的?

「特徵」在那裡?誰可以看到?你看到了嗎?

  

Jurisprudence and Political Philosophy and Perspectives

 

Maa ever studied judicial review and governmental action, the impact of law and legal techniques, constitutional mechanisms for the protection of basic rights, and ensuring the integrity of commercial activity, the impact of law and legal techniques on government, policymaking, and administration, as well as the creation of markets. He tries to understand these critical trends in the political development of modern state. Maa will combine both theoretical and empirical approaches, and the conditions for democratic transition and the nature of state development in the ‘post-industrial’ era of globalisation and economic integration.

 

According as Maa’s legal experiences, he comprehend that “the knowledge of the law is like a deep well, out of which each man draught according to the strength of his understanding”, and, law and arbitrary power are in eternal enmity. He is also sure law and institutions are constantly tending to gravitate like clocks; they must be occasionally cleansed, and wound up, and set to true time.

 

The government issues a decree - an authoritative order having the force of law, which charged with putting into effect a country's laws and the administering of its functions. Any of the officials promulgate a law or put into practice relating to the government charged with the execution and administration of the nation's laws then they announce and carry out the creation of any order or new policy that will be responsible for the people.

 

Maa had knowledge in connexion with construction law; he also understands architectural arts, and as well learnt the forms by combining materials and parts include as an integral part concerning modern construct. I ever built urban buildings and rural architecture in different styles under new housing and building projects by the governmental administration and construction corporations.

 

Right now, Maa studies the problems caused by ethnic disputes and human armed conflicts in the modern society resulted code of mixed civil and criminal procedure. He wishes an agreement or a treaty to end human hostilities - the absence of war and other hostilities around the world. The interrelation and arrangement of freedom from quarrels and disagreement become harmonious relations living in peace with each other. Actually, erect peace in more friendly ways of making friendships for modern human society is comfortable in my ideal. It is like building monolithic architecture: houses and buildings for the people. Maa would like to do “something beautiful for `the unknown`”.

 

In the ethnic disagreement and armed conflicts as concerning the poor people and children notwithstanding they live through a bad environment on any of poor or crowded village or town in a particular manner - lived frugally. However, after years of industrialisation as a more educated population, becomes more aware of global plenum, continuing to be alive. Environmental groups are increasing and lobbing government will legislate to stop bad environmental and social practices. The establishments of human rights’ wide and untiring efforts will be alleviated people’s suffering. And as well the poor people shall meet and debate sustainable development and for a concerted government led action towards sustainability is an example that the younger generation are concerned for the future. It shall be making the younger easier for their life and make better on their lives, and help them to build a better future.

 

In present world, Maa really knows the full meanings of “Fundamental Human Rights and Equal Opportunities for the People”. He thinks ethics is the moral code governing the daily conduct of the individual toward those about him / her. It represents those rules or principles by which men and women live and work in a spirit of mutual confidence and service. Without going into the question of how an ethical code was formulated or why anybody should obey it, we can look at the matter in a common-sense fashion with reference to its influence upon our legal affairs. In brief, from the law point of view, a reputable ethical code embodies the qualities of accuracy, dependability, fair play, sound judgement, and service. It is based upon honesty.

 

No person can have an ethical code that concerns him / her alone. Living in society, as he / she must, a person encounters others whose rights must be respected as well as his / her own. An honest regard for the rights of others is an essential element of any decent code of ethics, and one that anyone must observe if anybody intends to follow that code. After all, ethics is not something apart from human beings. Indeed, there is no such thing apart from our actions and us. It is the duty, therefore, of every man and woman in legal affairs to see that his daily associations with others are truly in conformity with the plain meaning of the Ten Commandments: “Thou shalt not barratry, thou shalt not bear false witness, thou shalt not receive illegal fee and the rest”.

 

The knowledge Maa has, in connection with legal affairs, was usually come from his precious experiences of his past over ten year’s law and political careers. In an interval regarded as a distinct period of 1980s, he studied mixed civil and crime, and the code of mixed civil and criminal procedure for the problems caused by ethnic disputes and human armed conflicts in the modern society. He was especially one who maintains the language and customs of the group, and social security in Taiwan.

 

Since 30 July of 1988, Maa settled himself in law as a chief executive and scrivener at Central Legal, Real Estate, and Accounting Services Office; it is in the equivalent to a solicitor of the United Kingdom. The Office provided full legal, accounting, real estate, and commercial services to the public. He did his job as a person legally appointed by another to act as his or her agent in the transaction of business, specifically one qualified and licensed to act for plaintiffs and defendants in legal proceedings and affairs. Over and above Maa was a chairman and executive consultant at Taiwan Credit Information Company®, founded in 1994. The company offered services to the public in response to need and demand in the area of credit information.

 

Maa had excellent experiences in political and law work was pertaining to mixed civil and crime, the code of mixed civil and criminal procedure, construction, and commercial law abroad. The experiences of legal services related to the rights of private individuals and legal proceedings concerning these rights as distinguished. In the criminal proceedings, he did many cases for the defendants. Although an act committed or omitted in violation of a law forbidding or commanding it and for which punishment is imposed upon conviction; but he also laid legal claim, required as useful, just, proper, or necessary to the defendants under the human rights in the meantime. This provision ensures to the defendant a real voice in the subject.

 

The men whose judgement we respect are those who do not allow prejudices, preferences, or personalities to influence their decisions. Profit and self-aggrandisement are likewise ignored in their determination to reach an equitable and fair settlement. What are the basic principles upon which good judgement is founded? A keen intellect, a normal emotionally, a through understanding of human nature, experience of law work, sincerity, and integrity.

  

Developed a Technique for Abstract Photography and Abstractionist

 

In 1982, Maa developed a technique for abstractive photography, which applied “rayonism” to the photographic works. In November of 1984, Maa was 26-year-old, he instructed many professors and students of National Taiwan Normal University in photography of abstract impressionism and rayonnisme in Taipei, Taiwan. The word “rayonnisme” is French for rayonism - a style of abstract painting developed in 1911 in Russia.

  

Photographic Exhibitions

 

TianLiang Maa (Theophilus Raynsford Mann) Photographic Exhibition of “Rayonnisme / Rayonism” Tour - Invitational Exhibition of Taiwan 1983-84.

一九八三〜八四年中華民國臺灣 馬天亮攝影巡迴邀請展

 

TianLiang Maa (Theophilus Raynsford Mann) Photographic Exhibition of Rayonnisme / Rayonism (32 individual exhibitions) 1983~1985.

馬天亮『光影』攝影特展(個人展32場)1983〜1985年.

 

Maa staged 32 individual, extraordinary exhibitions and annual special exhibitions on photography of abstractive image and Rayonnisme around Taiwan / Formosa. Maa was the first exhibitor around the country. All of the invited displays were by the Chinese Government, cultural and artistic organisations, and sponsors. Maa’s earliest exhibition took place in the National Taiwan Arts Education Institute (Museum) on 19 December 1983 when Maa was 25 years old; Maa was the youngest exhibitor in the history of the Institute in any solo exhibitions. The Institute that was opened in March 1957, kept a collection of Maa’s work. It is currently updating the Institute’s internal organisation and strengthening co-operation with leading institutes and museums around the world. Meanwhile, it widened the institute’s scope to increase its emphasis on Taiwan’ regional culture and folk arts.

  

Modernization in the Modern Abstract Arts of Taiwan

 

Maa’s works is the beginning of modernization in the modern abstract arts of Taiwan, China and greater Chinese society in the world. The use of “modernisation” as a concept that is opposed to “Traditional” of “Conservative” ideas began with the approach of the 20th century. It spreads rapidly through academic circles, and was broadly accepted as a means to reform society. Chinese Manchu Qing (Ching) dynasty’s first steps toward modernisation began in the Tung-chih era (1862-1874) with the “Self-Empowerment Movement”. During the late 19th century, as late Manchu dynasty was confronted on all sides by foreign aggression, voices throughout society debated the most effective means to reform and strengthen the country. Some advocated “combining the best of East and West”, while others went so far as to call for “complete Westernisation”. Taiwan was at the centre of these waves of reform. Faced with direct threats against the island by foreign enemies, the Chinese Ching dynasty court took special steps to push Taiwan’s modernisation.

 

In a role just like that of a gardener wanting to create a rich and fertile environment for the seeds of culture, one in which Maa may sprout, grow and bloom. Maa aims to provide an educational stimulus for society by introducing his works - Maa can express the neo-romantic spirit deftly from various creations and supporting international artistic exchanges. Maa believes that the first step in creating such a new and independent state is the real emergence of culture and arts, for which the art and science of designing and erecting buildings, and fine arts (including photography and motion picture) of the civilization is a good measurement of success. For the foreseeable future, Maa should be continuing to forge ahead, working diligently and unceasingly towards its mission of raising China and Formosa / Taiwan’s culture in his spare time.

  

Became an Author and a Scholar

 

In 1980, TianLiang Maa completed his first book - scenario original “The Soul's Sentimentalizing”, also named: “Hun Yun : Jin Qi Tu Rui” 電影原著《魂韻》(衿契吐蕊) then Maa was at the age of 22. In 1983, The General Library of the University of California, Berkeley in the United States of America, collected and kept Maa’s writings - scenario original「魂韻 : 衿契吐蕊」“Hun Yun : jin qi tu rui”, included a musical composition of his own – “Sonate Nr. 1 C-dur op. 3 für Klavier (piano)”, composed on 3rd April 1977 (then Maa was 18 years old). The works were published in 1980; the theme was based on “The Soul's Sentimentalizing”. Another masterpiece was an Album of Academic Work for News Publication “TianLiang Maa (Theophilus Raynsford Mann) Photographic Exhibition of Rayonnisme / Rayonism”, published in 1985. The Hathi Trust Digital Library, the University of Michigan also collected and kept Maa’s writings.

  

Authorship

 

Maa’s articles and writings were published in more than 200 different kinds of domestic and foreign magazines, newspapers, and periodicals, in the period between May of 1972 and 1990s. It was all started when Maa was just 13-year-old. Many of which have been very influential. These have been quoted by Western and Eastern scholars many times in the last few years, making Maa one of the highly cited technological, artistic, and managing public administrators in the world in the late 20th and early 21st century. The Ministry of the Interior in Taiwan had registered Maa’s professional writings and given him two certificates of copyright. The numbers are 33080 and 33081 on 4th July of 1985; and Taiwan’s Gazette of The Presidential Office issue No. 4499, featured his writings on 4th September 1985.

  

Became an Academic and Film Director

 

Today, Maa is a professor at Space Time Life Research Academy, and a photographer, film director, and computer engineer now live and work in London.

  

Director Works:

FILMS:

Experimental Film “New Image for the Spring” © 1982

Documentary Film “Rayonnisme” © 2011

“The Soul's Sentimentalizing” of the feature film is based on the scenario original “The Soul's Sentimentalizing” (preparation)

 

FASHION SHOWS:

New Image for the Spring of Shapely Models International © 1982

High Lights on the Summer and Fall Fashion of Shapely Models Int’l © 1982

 

ART EXHIBITIONS:

The Cadillac Club International Fine Arts Exhibition © 1981

The Cinematic & Photographic Arts Salon and the Hall of the Arts, Pegasus Academy of Arts © 1981

  

Musician Work:

MUSIC COMPOSITION:

Sonate Nr. 1 C-dur op. 3 für Klavier (piano) © 1977, © 1980, © 1981, © 1983, the theme was based on “The Soul's Sentimentalizing”.

  

PHOTOGRAPHIC ALBUMS:

Portrait and Landscape in France © 2000

Portrait and Landscape in Scotland © 2001

Portrait and Landscape in England © 2009

Portrait at Queen Mary, University of London © 2010

Rayonism of London © 2011

Portrait at The University of Nottingham, United Kingdom © 2011

Snowy London © 2012

Portrait at King's College London © 2013

  

BOOKS:

Scenario Original「魂韻」(衿契吐蕊) “Hun yun: jin qi tu rui” © December 1980, © 1981, © 1983 (Date of First Publication: 31 December 1980, Second Edition on 29 July 1981, Date of Revision: Revised Edition on 8 May 1983), Languages: Chinese (traditional), and English language.

“Album of the Cadillac Club International Fine Arts Exhibition” © 1981

“Album of the Cinematic & Photographic Arts Salon and the Hall of the Arts, Pegasus Academy of Arts” © 1981

“Album of New Image for the Spring of Shapely Models International” © 1982

“Album of High Lights on the Summer and Fall Fashion of Shapely Models Int’l” © 1982

“Romantic Carol” © 1982

Album of Academic Work for News Publication: “TianLiang Maa (Theophilus Raynsford Mann) Photographic Exhibitions of Rayonnisme” © May 1985

新聞出版之學術著作專輯「馬天亮『光影』“Rayonism” 攝影展」© May 1985

New version of scenario original “The Soul's Sentimentalizing” (to be published)

「曾經輝煌到頂天立地」(individual biography, to be published)

“My Life, My History, and My Love” (based on a legend, to be published, a film scenario will be developed later)

「感動的公平與正義」“Touching Fairness and Justice” (political science and social studies, to be published)

  

Research Interests:

 

University of Oxford

Research Studies in Archaeology:

Maa’s attractive topic was “A View of Architectural History: Towns through the Ages from Winchester through London Arrived at Oxford in England”.

 

National Taiwan University

Graduate Certificate,

Graduate Institute of Electrical Engineering:

Maa’s monograph of seminar was “Applied the sequence control in the electric power distribution engineering”.

 

University of Glamorgan

M.Sc. Course,

Master of Science in Real Estate Appraisal:

Maa’s thesis - major subject, with relevant construction law was “The Assignment is under Economics of Construction Management in Architecture”.

 

National Sun Yat-Sen University

Postgraduate Certificate,

Postgraduate Studies in Computing:

Maa’s required subject was Information dBase III Plus and Taiwanese Traditional Mandarin Chinese Information System. He combined academic course work and practical laboratory sessions in “Applied Mandarin Phonetic Symbols into Traditional Taiwanese Personal Computer and Its Information System”.

  

Associations:

 

Since 1980, a member of Chinese Taipei Film Archive (CTFA, National Film Archive, Taiwan; founded in 1978), The Motion Picture Foundation, R.O.C. (member of Fédération Internationale des Archives du Film, FIAF; The International Federation of Film Archives was founded in Paris in 1938 by the British Film Institute, the Museum of Modern Art in New York City, the Cinémathèque Française and the Reichsfilmarchiv in Berlin.)

 

Commissioner of the cinema, photography, radio, and television committee of The Culture and Arts Association (Chinese Writers and Artists Association) of Taiwan ever since September 1983.

 

Classic member, the membership is equivalent to a doctorate membership of the Chinese Institute of Electrical Engineering since 23 March 1984.

 

On 15 March 1989, Maa promoted and founded the Consortium Juridical Person Mr. TianLiang Maa Social Benefit Foundation 財團法人馬天亮先生社會公益基金會籌備處 (Social Charity 社會慈善事業) in Taiwan.

near.archives.gov.tw/cgi-bin/near2/nph-redirect?rname=tre...

 

Classic member, the membership is equal to a professor or associate professor of The Chinese Institute of Engineers since 30 September 1991.

  

Honours:

 

Listed on ‘Taiwan Who’s Who In Business’, © 1984, © 1987, and © 1989 Harvard Management Service.

中華民國企業名人錄編纂委員會, 哈佛企業管理顧問公司.

 

On 26 August 1985, Maa was awarded a professional certificate of the Outdoor Artistry Activities issued by Education Bureau, Kaohsiung City Government, Taiwan. He acquired awards and certificates of honour about twenty times from National Taiwan Arts Education Center (Museum) on 24 December 1983; Kaohsiung Municipal Social Education Center on 17 March 1984, Kaohsiung Cultural Center, Taipei Cultural Center (Taipei Municipal Social Education Hall); and Taiwan Province Government, Taipei City Government, Kaohsiung City Government, and many cultural centres and art galleries, and so on.

  

Careers:

 

Honorary Professor at Space Time Life Research Academy, 7 June 2012 to present; Professor at Space Time Life Research Academy, 1 September 2011 to 1 June 2012 in London, United Kingdom:

Academia,

Teaching and Research:

business management and consultant, political philosophy, Chinese classics, Chinese humanities, modern Chinese language and literature, photography (portrait, fashion, commercial, digital, architectural, abstract photography), visual arts and film production.

www.facebook.com/stlra/info

教學與研究:

企業管理及顧問、政治哲學、中華經典 (古典漢學、文學、藝術、語言) 、中華人文、中華現代語言與文學、攝影 (人像、時裝、商業、數位/數碼、建築、抽象攝影) ,視覺藝術和影片製作。

 

Consultant and Translator at Eternal Life Consultants of Immigration and Translations Services, 10 March 2004 to present in London, United Kingdom:

consultants of immigration, translations, and legal services.

www.facebook.com/elcits/info

永生移民顧問翻譯服務社的移民諮詢顧問和翻譯:

移民事務,翻譯和法律服務。

 

Computer Hardware & Networking Engineer at Maa Office of Electrical Engineer, 8 March 2004 to present in London, United Kingdom:

Computer Engineering and Network Services. Repairing of Motherboards, Monitors, Power Supplies, CD-ROM Drives; UPS, Hard Disk Drives, H.D.D Data Recovery; BIOS Programming, and all types of Computer Hardware and Software Solutions.

www.facebook.com/maaelec/info

計算機工程和網絡服務。維修主機板,顯示器,電源供應器,光碟機/光盘驱动器,不斷電系統,硬碟/硬盘,硬盤數據恢復,基本輸入輸出系統編程,以及所有類型的電腦/計算機硬體/硬件和軟體/軟件解決方案。

 

Film Director & Photographer at Photographer and Film Director (Shapely), 2 April 2007 to present in London, United Kingdom:

1) Photo, Video and Film Production; 2) Graphic Design, Web Design, Social Networking, Social Media and Advertising; 3) Architectural Design and Interior Design.

www.facebook.com/filmshapely/info

 

Reformer and Philosopher at Taiwanese Social Reformer and Philosopher, 7 April 2012 (location: Los Angeles, California) to present in London, United Kingdom:

Social Reform in Taiwan

www.facebook.com/twreform/info

  

《魂韻》(衿契吐蕊) - 馬天亮22歲寫的電影原著。TianLiang Maa (Theophilus Raynsford Mann) wrote “Hun Yun” (Jin Qi Tu Rui), scenario original “The Soul’s Sentimentalizing” © 1980, 1981, 1983, was at the age of 22.

Website

mtltwp.pixnet.net/album/set/1265174

album.blog.yam.com/mtltwp

photo.roodo.com/photos/mtltwp/albums/small/100469.html

www.facebook.com/hunyun22/info

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Sonate Nr. 1 C-dur op. 3 für Klavier (piano) by Theophilus Raynsford Mann (TianLiang Maa 馬天亮) © 1977, © 1980, © 1981, © 1983. The Sonate composed on 3rd April 1977 then Maa was 18-year-old. The work was published in 1980; the theme was based on “The Soul's Sentimentalizing”.

Website

mtltwp.pixnet.net/album/set/1265208

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photo.roodo.com/photos/mtltwp/albums/small/100477.html

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www.facebook.com/piano1c/info

  

LINKS:

 

University of California, Berkeley

berkeley.worldcat.org/search?q=Ma%2C+Tianliang&dblist...

berkeley.worldcat.org/title/hun-yun/oclc/813684284?refere...

oskicat.berkeley.edu/record=b11283690~S1

 

University of Michigan

mirlyn.lib.umich.edu/Record/006237256

catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/006237256

 

WorldCat® Identities

www.worldcat.org/search?q=au%3AMa%2C+Tianliang%2C&dbl...

www.worldcat.org/wcidentities/np-ma,%20tianliang$1958

 

Google Books

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scholar.google.com/scholar?cluster=3569983911138966023&am...

 

National Bibliographic Information Network (NBINet)

nbinet3.ncl.edu.tw/search~S10?/a%7bu99AC%7d%7bu5929%7d%7b...

192.83.186.170/search*cht/a%E9%A6%AC%E5%A4%A9%E4%BA%AE

 

National Yang Ming University 國立陽明大學

library.ym.edu.tw/search~S7*cht?/tThe+Soul%27s+and+sentim...

 

National Taiwan University of Science and Technology 國立臺灣科技大學

millennium.lib.ntust.edu.tw/record=b1016706~S1

 

Wikimedia Commons 維基共享資源

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國家圖書館 期刊文獻資訊網, 臺灣期刊論文索引

readopac3.ncl.edu.tw/nclJournal/search/search_result.jsp?...

 

聲音藝術的審美角度, 大學雜誌, 天然

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為文化中心把脈, 幼獅文藝

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科學家與守財奴, 中國地方自治

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Atomzone

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Nature - National Library Board Singapore

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画像検索

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Japan Photos and Pictures

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far-east-movement - Blogcu (Turkey)

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man fashion

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Travel Splash

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itpints

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University of California, Berkeley period

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University of Michigan period

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University of Oxford period

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University of Glamorgan period

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www.wer-ist.org/person/Glamorgan_University

 

University of Huddersfield period, UK. Huddersfield period

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art galleries uk

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Mitrasites system

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articles.whmsoft

articles.whmsoft.com/related_search.php?keyword=Tianliang...

 

pantieslace-forwomen.blogspot.co.uk/2012/08/motherhood-ma...

3piece-suits.blogspot.co.uk/2012/07/nursing-shawl-become-...

3piece-suits.blogspot.co.uk/2012/08/body-briefers-childre...

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www.flickriver.com/search/%E8%AB%96%E6%96%87+OR.../recent/

 

German

www.wer-ist.org/person/Jin_Mann

 

www.pediatr.org.tw/DB/News/file/1913-1.pdf

  

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台南市北區 - 321巷藝術聚落 / 光線讓感覺變化 - 一個視角不是全貌

North area of Tainan - 321 Art Village / The light makes the sensation change - A perspective is not the whole picture

North área de Tainan - 321 Art Village / La luz hace que la sensación cambie - Una perspectiva no es toda la imagen

台南市北区 - 321坑道の芸術の集落 / 光線は感覚を変化させます - 1つの視角は全貌ではありません

North Bereich der Tainan - 321 Art Village / Das Licht macht die Sensation ändern - eine Perspektive ist nicht das ganze Bild

North région de Tainan - 321 Art Village / La lumière fait changer la sensation - Une perspective n'est pas l'image entière

 

Tainan Taiwan / Tainan Taiwán / 台灣台南

 

管樂小集 2017/09/08 台南文化中心 Tainan Cultural Center Star Plaza performances 1080P

{ 鳳凰于飛 Phoenix in the fly }

 

{View large size on fluidr/觀看大圖}

 

{My Blog / 管樂小集精彩演出-觸動你的心}

{My Blog / Great Music The splendid performance touches your heart}

{My Blog / 管楽小集すばらしい公演-はあなたの心を心を打ちます}

{Mi blog / La gran música el funcionamiento espléndido toca su corazón}

{Mein Blog / Große Musik die herrliche Leistung berührt Ihr Herz}

{Mon blog / La grande musique l'exécution splendide touche votre coeur}

 

Melody 曲:JAPAN / Words 詞:Sheesen / Singing : Sheesen

{ 夢旅人 1990 Dream Traveler 1990 }

 

家住安南鹽溪邊

The family lives in nearby the Annan salt river

 

隔壁就是聽雨軒

The next door listens to the rain porch

 

一旦落日照大員

The sunset Shineing to the Taiwan at once

 

左岸青龍飛九天

The left bank white dragon flying in the sky

粤剧经历几代艺人的创作:形成粤语声腔、南派武打、雅俗共赏的广东大戏。也谱写了一批大众喜见乐闻的广东音乐和粤语小曲。近代的大老倌有楚岫雲、罗品超、何非凡、红线女、靓少佳、文觉非……其中有不少是佛山人(含顺德、南海),如薛觉先、马师曾、白驹荣、叶弗弱、李海泉、林小群、谭玉真、罗家宝、半日安、罗艳卿等等。粤剧的剧目众多,凑趣按数字有:一代情僧、二度梅、三帅困崤山、四郎探母、五鼠闹东京、六国大封相、七虎渡金滩、八仙贺寿、九件衣、十奏严嵩……

 

  佛山大戏院两千多个座位分成超等、一等、二等和俗称“马骝山”的普通位。马骝山在楼上偏角,前面有铁网拦住。有戏迷故意开场了两幕才买票入场,票价五折,美其名曰“打戏钉”,是戏瘾大而荷包涩者的“桥段”。上世纪五六十年代,大戏院天天排满粤剧团演出,剧团有永光明、新世界、花锦绣、日月星、大四喜及何非凡领衔的“非凡响”,薛觉先领衔的“觉先声”,邓碧云领衔的“碧云天”等。每团一般演五天,新戏班一到就派人敲锣打鼓,抬一件写着剧名和演员名的大牌,沿公正路到普君墟巡城做势。但凡剧团有名气大、唱功好、容貌靓的花旦小生,加上戏服鲜艳、灯光幻变和布景奇特,必然受到戏迷的热情追捧。唐朝王维有诗:“红豆生南国,春来发几枝,愿君多采撷,此物最相思。”当年未有电视电脑,娱乐文化缺乏,粤剧和电影成为小城文娱的主要内容。

 

楚岫雲戰後榮歸一嗚驚人

戰後1947年 楚岫雲從外地演罷載譽榮歸回國,即先拍馮少俠演《花街神女》等劇。接著拍薛覺先演 《紅娘》、《胡不歸》等劇。由於她聲色藝全、能文能武,演技精湛,唱做出眾,極受歡迎,一嗚驚人,轟动省港澳,因此業界伶星、班政團體高薪挖角,搶聘她組團埋班演出。楚岫雲從三十年代至六十年代一直備受高薪挖角聘請她過檔,數十載演出從不間斷,她簡直是無暇自當班主及無須自組劇團演出呢!

 

張活游無緣拍楚岫雲,楚岫雲在覺先聲演出一鳴驚人,雷霆萬鈞之際,梨園同業與班政家另眼相看爭相搶聘,十分搶手,當中列舉一例。當時其中有位影劇紅星張活游目睹楚岫雲勢如破竹之聲威,打算在廣州起班重金禮聘楚岫雲為正印花旦合作演出,約人在戲人茶市會面商談合作組班,計劃將議好之藝員表迅速組織新班:文武生張活游。正印花旦楚岫雲。二幫花旦徐人心等等。

 

如能成事堪稱是中上型班矣!奈何謀事在人,成事在天,正印花旦楚岫雲已被班政家蘇永年,簽聘了與何非凡合作,共同組織非凡響劇團。張活游無緣與著名花旦楚岫雲結台緣,但又因缺乏信心另聘其他花旦,不作他人之想,衹好迫於把埋班計劃告吹了,索性淡出舞台專注在香港拍電影。

 

何非凡得運拍楚岫雲,非凡響劇團第一屆班,何非凡拍花旦芳艷芬,因票房不佳而散班,第二屆至第五屆班,正印花旦換了楚岫雲,劇劇狂滿,何非凡紅了起來。正印花旦楚岫雲唱演兼優,文武全才,人人喜愛,萬人空巷,紅透了半邊天:《情僧偷到瀟湘館》她演林黛玉,聲情並茂,演唱葬花、焚稿、歸天,情感豐富,聲韻動人心弦,創造出悅耳動聽的唱腔,贏得了“翻生林黛玉”之美譽。

 

呂玉郎撬聘拍楚岫雲,楚岫雲在非凡響劇團,正演至第五屆之際,呂玉郎與蘇永年誠意搶聘楚岫雲過檔合組永光明粵劇團,出任正印花旦。稍後 楚岫雲真的加入永光明一錘鑼鼓便演足十年,永光明更成了實力威猛昭著的巨型青年班霸。五十年代楚岫雲領導十年之久的永光明劇團,成為了省港澳最賣座、最長 壽之巨型班霸。省港澳地區當時廣泛流行流通這樣說法:『睇戲要睇永光明,永光明好人材,好演技,好唱情,富朝氣,有實力』。

 

永光明粵劇團亦是廣州唯一最後一 個私營劇團,能夠支持至最後一刻 (1959年) 才被迫併入國營廣東粵劇院,其雄厚實力可見一班。四、五、六十年代楚岫雲炙手可熱,紅透半邊天,她廣受歡迎,技藝之高,唱演之優,名聲之隆,擁躉之多,票房之佳,世界之冠,成為一時佳話。

 

楚岫雲18歲紮升巨型班正印花旦,1938年太平劇團擁有四位年青貌美之花旦,譚蘭卿、衛少芳、楚岫雲、趙蘭芳,更有四位嬌俏梅香,以年齡先後:鄒潔雲、鄧碧雲、鳳凰女、紅綫女。從那個時候起,台柱老倌馮俠魂便展開向楚岫雲追求。但楚岫雲很理智地接受馮之追求,她曾誇下海口:如不紮為正印,永不結婚云。皇天不負努力鑽研粵劇之楚岫雲,在1940年便果然紮職至正印花旦,加盟白玉堂之興中華劇團,演足一年。查馮俠魂與楚岫雲這一雙藝海鴛鴦,結婚快,離婚更快,雙方分道揚鑣。彼此各自粉墨登台,轉瞬間經過二次大戰、國共內戰、文化大革命。

 

1959年廣東粵劇院一團,當家花旦楚岫雲不願意和羅家寶合拍演出劇目,馬師曾出面說平道:亞雲妳都已經叻咗幾十年啦,重咁執着做乜,許多領導都曾作過說平沒結果,後來羅家寶要向雲姐斟茶認錯才告一段落。

 

上世紀1950年至1958年廣州粵劇戲班,在鄉間及在廣州市演出的售票價目: 下鄉班分為3類,分別是票價最高收4角、票價最高收6角、及票價最高收8角3類,3類下鄉班都極少會在廣州市演出。

而廣州班則分別有小型班、中型班、大型班3類,小型班票價最高收9角,中型班票價最高收1元5角,大型班票價最高收2元5角,大、中、小型班間中也會到鄉間演出一兩台。

廣州市粵劇工作團:薛覺先、白駒榮等等最高票價前座位收八角,多往各鄉鎮演出。

廣東粵劇團:馬師曾、紅線女等最高票價前座位收一元五角。

勝壽年劇團:靚少佳、郎筠玉、林小群等最高票價前座位一元五角。

永光明劇團:呂玉郎、楚岫雲等最高票價前座位二元五角。

永光明劇團:馮俠魂、楚岫雲等最高票價前座位二元五角。

 

1952至1954年平安戲院老闆,聘白超鴻為太陽昇劇團文武生,拍林小群,票價最高九角,屬小型班。1954年白超鴻離開太陽昇劇團。平安戲院老闆改聘羅家寶來拍林小群,其票價依然最高九角,仍屬小型班。至1955年平安戲院老闆,換聘呂玉郎過檔到太陽昇任文武生拍林小群, 太陽昇劇團即升為巨型大班,票價驟升至最高二元五角。

 

馮俠魂,乃成名於三十年代之粵劇大老倌,扮相俊俏,武打精湛出色,三十年代拍男花旦陳非儂,三十年代末至四十年代初先後在馬師曾的太平劇團,白玉堂的興中華劇團任正印小武文武小生,後又在勝利年劇團任文武生拍唐雪卿等,抗戰時期他夥拍著名花旦楚岫雲前往美加及越南、泰國等地演出,大受歡迎,哄動異城,上演多齣大型文場戲及武打劇,當中以「嫦娥奔月」、「木蘭從軍」、「劉金定斬四門」等劇最為轟動。戰後回國曾在各大劇團演出,1950年組洛阳春剧团:主要演员冯侠魂、红光光、蟾宫女、曾君瑞、梁国风、黄秉铿。剧目:背解红罗等。1952年馮俠魂加入巨型青年猛班永光明粵劇團(廣州著名青年班霸,以富朝氣、有實力、好技藝、好唱情,馳名見稱整個梨園界裡裡外外),1955年至1956年兩年間拍花旦之王楚岫雲演出「牛郎織女」一劇,轟動羊城,持續連演滿座三百場次佳績。

  

斯人永逝藝苑留香,紀念粵劇表演藝術家楚岫雲[彭壽輝,劉玲玉]

 

提起粵劇表演藝術家楚岫雲,老一輩粵劇觀眾無不熟悉,許多觀眾還記得她塑造的藝術形象───嫦娥、織女、林黛玉、王寶釧、趙顰娘、劉金定、十三妹、紅娘子、林沖娘子......。舞台上的她亦文亦武,充滿藝術魅力,使人難以忘懷,粵劇界的老前輩還清楚記得,解放前楚岫雲與何非凡主演的情僧偷到瀟湘館,在廣州海珠戲院(今人民劇場)連演三百多場,場場滿座,以致當時有一家新建的酒家就命名為瀟湘館,開張當日特邀翻生黛玉楚岫雲前來剪綵致慶,剪綵之時萬人空巷觀者如雲,場面極為熱鬧!由此足見楚岫雲技藝之高,唱演之優,名聲之隆,擁躉之多,票房之佳,世界之冠。

 

楚岫雲演林黛玉聲情並茂,唱做演技精湛, 當時被譽為“生黛玉": 她演荷鋤葬花觀眾為之動容,演焚稿歸天聽者垂涕。她把體質柔弱、病態懨懨、多愁善感、愛恨交煎、品格雅潔高尚的林黛玉,恰如其份地集中表現在角色身上,塑造出一個栩栩如生的古典美人形象。

 

楚岫雲原藉廣東東莞,出身於教師家庭,唸小學時開始練功學藝,拜粵劇名優巢雪舟為師,縱觀她的藝術道路,由武入文,曾在武打高手伍冉明手下苦練過腰腿功和跟斗功,由於她進步得快,加上名師扶掖,早在四十年代,就與當時著名的粵劇演員上海妹、譚蘭卿、衛少芳齊名,譽為四大名旦,並先後與白駒榮、馬師曾、趙驚魂、黃鶴聲、白玉堂、薛覺先、羅品超、馮俠魂、馮少俠、何非凡、呂玉郎、陳笑風、羅家寶合作,主演過眾多著名劇目。

 

楚岫雲文武全材,武功超群,表演技藝堪稱一絕,例如演《劉金定斬四門》她踩蹻出場,在舞台上縱橫馳騁,從容自若;身紮大扣在頻繁的轉身中,扣旗不亂,旋如風中,但見甲裙飛舞,踩蹻殺四門的圓台碎步,猶如蓮花之舞,台風步法雅麗,關目表情靈活巧妙,身段優美,輕快灑脫,勝似流水行雲。表演水袖藝術功夫有層有次,收放裕如,翻卷疏密剛柔起垂,都注意配合從人物感情關目做手出發,花式動作別具特色,一舉一投,並非千篇一律,胡亂抽卷。在紀念楚岫雲逝世五周年之際,粵劇同行憶及她生前音貌,無不動容,婉惜婉惜。

演出楚岫雲生前名劇選場,由羅品超等名伶聯袂登台 詹忠琨 彭壽輝

 

楚岫雲持續無間從事粵劇事業四十多年,曾與著名粵劇表演藝術家薛覺先拍擋演出,蜚聲東南亞、美國、加拿大和港澳,楚岫雲不但擅演悲劇,刀馬旦戲演得更加獨到,早在四十年代就被譽為四大名旦之一。

 

〔本報訊〕為紀念粵劇表演藝術家楚岫雲而舉辦的文藝晚會,由廣東粵劇院老中青演員演出楚岫雲生前名劇選場。羅品超曾與楚岫雲合演王寶釧,羅品超說楚岫雲飾演王寶釧那強裝歡容,無言咽淚的感人表演,至今仍繞腦際,這次羅品超與林小群主演王寶釧,向楚岫雲獻上一瓣心香。胡不歸是一齣膾炙人口的苦情戲,楚岫雲在劇中飾演的趙顰娘曾使滿座欷歔,文覺非、羅家寶、鄭培英等將在晚會上演出此劇選場,別妻和迫媳。中青年演員陳曉明、關青和曹秀琴、吳國華、岑海雁、林燕子等將演出梵宮駙馬選場,劉金定斬四門之私探營房,和黛玉葬花等劇;郎筠玉為紀念逝世藝友將在晚會選演花木蘭。

 

..痛失二花王.悼小飛紅    一九八○年劉玲玉

粵劇戲迷永遠不會忘記她多年出現在舞台上的音容,小飛紅原名甘慧清,新會縣人,少時候家境清貧,十二歲即隨粵劇演員小叫天學藝,故取藝名為小飛紅,她和香港著名藝人任劍輝是師姐妹,她連續從事粵劇事業四十多年,解放前曾在覺先聲、大前程等省港大班出色地歷任二幫花旦,也曾飄洋過海到美洲,檀香山,安南等國去演出,她藝術精湛,觀眾喜愛,同行稱讚,當時享有二花王之盛譽。

 

解放後她是永光明劇團和粵劇院的台柱之一,她最擅長小旦行當表演洗練純樸,形神兼備,唱腔清麗圓潤,有人曾以“自然”二字概括她的藝術風格,她一貫來不跟別人爭戲份,而是著手集中精力,力求演好自己擔任的角色,雖然向來都是任第二花旦(或稱大配角),但往往能夠給整台戲增添不少令人神往的風彩,她好像是悄悄地給觀眾留下了深深的好感,她長期和均已先後去世的呂玉郎,楚岫雲,陸雲飛等同志合作得極好,成功地演過不少膾炙人口的名劇,她參與演出的蘇武牧羊,紅菱血等劇,曾飲譽當年的省港藝壇,六十年代和陸雲飛合演三件寶,評雪辨蹤也深受觀眾歡迎.文革前一兩年間,她以飽滿的熱情,積極參加現代劇演出,在紅色的種子,阿霞,沙家濱中,分別扮演了張素貞,母親,沙奶奶等人物,仍顯示了她真切純樸的藝術風格。

 

小飛紅熱愛新中國,勤勤懇懇工作,她的為人,心地善良,作風樸實,不慕虛榮,但在十年浩劫期間,她雖未入“牛欄”,際遇同樣是苦楚的,長年的演戲積勞,她早患肺氣腫疾,提前衰老,白髮蒼蒼,病態懨懨,那時,像這樣的半百老嫗,仍然免不了要到英德的原勞改場去做四年多五七戰士,她半條人命,長年累月,在風風雨雨裡去摘茶,在刺骨的寒風中去挑爛泥打泥磚...七年前她已退休,此後身體一天不如一天,於今年十月二十六日與世長辭,享年六十五,這很令人悲嘆,恰好是“十載冰霜花事盡”,粵劇再度興起時,她已無力氣重登舞台,就默默地與觀眾永別了,人亡藝了,實是粵劇的一大損失!嗚呼哀哉!

 

粵劇二幫花旦王小飛紅:戰前一九三五年本港有一位副車花旦小飛紅,乃由梅香,馬旦而紮職至二幫包頭,她聲色藝俱全,每一屆新組織之劇團,等閒之正印花旦,多是給這位副車花旦小飛紅所蓋過的;於是給班政家抬舉,把小飛紅提升當正印台柱,豈料這位聲色藝俱全之小飛紅轉為正印花旦之後,竟然不為台下觀眾接受,八和弟子稱之生就二奶命;班政家重組新班,把小飛紅再次屈居副車花旦;凡是小飛紅當副車之劇團賣座驚人。

 

影劇奇才演藝奇葩之楚岫雲,文武狀元首席全能藝術旦后。唱唸演打技藝超凡功架了得。圓台碎步踩蹺美如蓮花之舞。水袖身段精雅勝似流水行雲。台風亮相關目表情神韻一流。演活黛玉紅娘金定眾多人物。表演創逾萬場屢創票房新高。

  

淺談楚岫雲的表演藝術 陳酉名

 

楚岫雲,粵劇大師,著名花旦。她的表演嚴肅認真,台風端凝莊重;做功利落細緻,理解角色的能力較強。這些都是大家所知道,也是大家所公認的。

 

功底紮實是戲曲演員的表演基礎,我們很欣賞楚岫雲的"圓台"、"水袖"、"身段" (形體動作) 的藝術創造。

 

她的圓台功的功力十分深厚,表演時動中見靜,暢而不虛,有語言表達不了的特殊韻味。粵劇界都了解,楚岫雲年輕時期先學刀馬旦,既善翻功,也有腿功,這方面的基礎比較鞏固。後來改演青衣,集文武演技於一身,兩種功力融合,巧妙運用,因此她的圓台技藝,就掌握得極有分寸。

 

她的水袖也別具特色,有層有次,不浮不滯,她懂得演員外部表演應與角色內心活動相一致的道理。她演《黛玉焚稿》的林黛玉,《平貴別窑》的王寶釧,《荊軻》的荊妻,《林沖》的張氏,《胡不歸》的顰娘等,所運用的水袖,並非千篇一律,而是根據怨恨、激動、痛苦、憤懣、傷感等各種不同的人物感情,認真考慮它的變化,如疏密、快慢、收放、輕重、起垂、剛柔等等。她精心琢磨,肯下苦工,所謂 "練死演活",楚岫雲正符合這一要求。

 

她的表演身段靈活巧妙,輕快灑脫,令人有 "動的雕塑" 之感!她對表演形體動作發過議論,認為戲曲在表演現代生活時,旦角在某種情況下不妨借鑑男角的表演程式,她舉某個戲為例作了說明:一個女游擊隊員闖入險地,唱到 "我似山鷹展翅飛" 一句,如果演員能採用花臉行當的表演動作,把兩手伸高,過頭展開,作飛鷹翔空之勢,曲意和表演手段成為有機結合,人物性格就更加鮮明。倘只局限於旦角的原有傳統表演,墨守成規,不敢跨前一步,塑造人物必然束手無策。她又談到這位女隊員在敵人面前,忠貞不屈,指著對方痛罵的表演,認為此時可以採用鬚生運用鬚功的方法,左手撥動長鬚 (女隊員撥動的當然只是胸前的長圍巾),(代鬚),然後右手直指敵人,這就更能顯出人物的英雄氣慨,否則,僅在旦角本身規範動作之中兜圈子,恐怕不容易找到 "出路"。我覺得這些見解是高明的,這不就意味著戲曲表演上的 "突破" 和 "創新" 嗎?

 

楚岫雲的戲曲藝術造詣很深,但她過早逝世,沒有更多時間讓她將自己的精湛表演傳給下一代,這是非常惋惜的事!

 

冷水雖然清涼 珍貴異常 .羅品超

 

楚岫雲離開我們已經多年了,好像只是一瞬間的事,她給我的印象太深了,一直不能忘懷。

 

我和她曾有兩度合作,第一次合作是一九四二年在香港平安劇團。該團的台柱除我和楚岫雲外,還有曾三多、區倩明、張活游和王中王等,演出的劇目以袍甲戲《黃飛虎反五關》及《熬星降地球》等連台戲為主,還有她的《劉金定斬四門》。那時,香港有幾個出名的花旦,而楚岫雲則是與薛覺先合作而受到好評的。在平安劇團合作期間,楚岫雲的好學勤奮與對藝術的嚴肅認真態度,是令人敬佩的,不管演出的戲份輕重,她都主動找對手練唱,同時,還請北派老師打套子和打一些難度較大的北派脫手,天天如是,從沒間歇。

 

解放後,楚岫雲參加了永光明劇團,對粵劇藝術又作出了新的貢獻,她在《紅娘子》、《后羿嫦娥》和《十三妹大鬧能仁寺》………..等等劇目的演出中,都有獨特表演。

 

省、市劇團合併後,成立了廣東粵劇院,我們又再度合作了,我與楚岫雲演出《荊軻》、《林沖》等長劇和《平貴別窑》、以及楚岫雲的首本戲《黛玉歸天》等短劇,在這一次合作的過程中,我發覺楚岫雲的藝術造詣,又提高了許多,如荊軻中的荊妻,戲雖不多,但她對人物和青衣行當結合有一定的深度,給荊軻這個戲生色不少,最為突出的是演林沖之妻張氏這一角色,感人至深。

 

從別家、遊廟開始至郊別休妻的這場戲,真是開正楚岫雲的戲路,和她合演過程中,她很注重交流與配合,在每個要點關節中,都以很高的藝術手段使對手演戲的我,感到很自然和愉快,這真像足球場上交波到位,使前鋒能把球一腳勁射入門,從而達到絲絲入扣、水到渠成的地步。

 

又如她在送別林沖,二人見面無言可說的情景下,拿出了休書,一字一淚的唸著,當她唸第一句"林沖休棄妻張氏"時,她一直把淚水停留在眼眶內,觀眾看到的只是淚水盈盈,一滴不流出來,可是在她唸到林沖休妻的最後一句時,加上重槌鑼鼓點,隨著一句 ”沉腔滾花”下句。她的感情已升華到高度,她的抖音得到盡情的發揮,忍耐了分多鍾的淚水,再也忍耐不住,一滴滴的滴落衣衿了。這時,使我這個受到的表演感染,再難抑制內心的痛苦,這真是楚岫雲藝術修養的高度成就。

 

楚岫雲後人永遠不會忘記你 .郎筠玉.

回憶與雲姐相處的日子,如同昨天,歷歷在目

楚岫雲曾師事薛覺先和上海妹,並深得其神,是薛門很有造詣的弟子,她為藝術拚搏的精神很值得我們學習,就算成名之後,她仍然堅持練功,為演好劉金定踩翹斬四門,曾連續多天練習踮腳挑水上三樓,楚岫雲既工於青衣,也長於閨門旦、刀馬旦則更有獨到之處,她聲音清脆,扮相嬌俏,表演細膩,身段優美,台步輕盈,是行內不可多得的佼佼者。

建國不久,我從海外歸來,組建珠江劇團,戲改會領導原定我排演薛派名劇《胡不歸》但我早慕楚岫雲之名,她演的青衣和苦情戲確比我好,於是,便建議領導改由楚岫雲參加的永光明劇團演出,《胡不歸》演出後,楚岫雲果然不負眾望,深受廣大觀眾讚許。

   

神童楚岫雲十三歲前之演出

1934年 上海天仙樂在特別區演出。演員:黎明鍾、

楚岫雲、醒魂鍾、謝醒儂、百日紅、陳少泉、楊名聲、紅衣女。

劇目:《六國大封相》、《趙子龍》、《道學先生》、《食齋蛇》、《凡鳥恨屠龍》、

《洞房三怪變》、《羅成》、《摩登地獄》、《嶽飛出世》、《夜光杯》、《樊梨花》、《戲諸侯》、《猛龍》、《天上笙歌》、《龍鳳再生緣》。

 

1934年11月15日   上海廣東大戲院

特聘“華山玉劇團”。

演員:靚華亨、楚岫雲、段劍沖、李松坡、譚玉蘭、賽子龍、譚少鳳。

劇目:《陳友諒兵下南昌》、《迷魂網》、《薛家將》、《兇手是情人》、《腸斷蕭郎》、 《陳宮罵曹》、《虎吻偷香》、《賭鬼打城隍》、《銀宮豔盜》、

《六國大封相》、《呂洞賓》、《何仙姑》等。

 

 上海廣東大戲院

 “華山玉劇團”調整演員陣容繼續演出。

演員:王醒伯、楚岫雲、牡丹蘇、李松坡、梁淑卿、盧雪鴻、王振聲、段劍沖、賽子龍、儂非女、黃少秋、陳少泉、謝福培、靚蛇仔。

劇目:《麒麟崖》、《寶鏡重圓》、《情場怪傑》、《錦繡香囊》、《昆侖劍》

、《三取龍鳳劍》、《血灌自由花》、《老嫩情人》、《二叔公搏命》、

、《武大郎娶妻》、《咸濕皇帝》、《寶蝴蝶》、《夜探嚴相府》

、《昭君娘娘二卷》。

 

1935年5月21日   上海 廣東大戲院

特聘“金龍男女劇團”。

演員:陳皮鴨、上海妹、楚岫雲、段劍沖、趙驚雲、林鷹楊、鄧少秋、紫雲

霞、胡小寶、顔思德、馬夢先。

劇目:《吳越春秋》、《雙封相》、《狀元貪駙馬》、《迫夫同殺父》、《春滿壽星橋》、《可憐秋後扇》、《花蝴蝶》、《佳偶兵戎》、《潘金蓮出嫁》

《大妗戲新郎》、《獸陣銅崖》。

 

何非凡 (1919年—1980年),廣東東莞人,原名何賀年,又名何康棋,著名粵劇演員,著名文武生。曾取藝名何小年的他在入粵班之初,從跑龍套開始,初期登臺時心情過份緊張,幾句道白都常常念錯,甚至完全念不出來。但何非凡並不氣餒,反而更加鞭策自己,久而久之,決心以自己抱負非凡而改名何非凡。師事李叫天、陳醒章、石燕子等。早年何非凡曾當過馬旦。先後加入「大羅天」、「黃金」、「樂其樂」、「紅棉」等劇團,未有成名。

 

1947年 ,何非凡自組第一屆非凡響劇團,第一屆班拍花旦芳艷芬,票房未有起色,散班收場。1948年何非凡自組第二屆非凡響,這一屆班他換聘從外國演出載譽歸來的名旦楚岫雲任正印花旦,楚岫雲精湛卓絕的表演技藝成功令非凡響劇團一轉頹勢,第二屆班至第五屆非凡響班果然一飛沖天,場場爆滿,《情僧偷到瀟湘館》一劇更連滿百餘場,劇中楚岫雲演林黛玉爐火純青,聲情並茂,入木三分,動人心絃,贏得了”生黛玉”之美譽,楚岫雲在《西廂記》演紅娘一角維妙維肖,絲絲入扣,精彩絕倫,再贏得了”生紅娘”之美譽,而楚岫雲的唱腔流水行雲,脫穎特出,唱功繞樑三日,被譽為「岫雲腔」,合作兩年以來,第二屆非凡響班至第五屆非凡響班,賣座成功令班主拍檔何非凡的名聲也因而響了起來。

 

岳清在月刊指鄧碧云與上海妹、譚蘭卿等為50年代廣州四大名旦。

這該是極之毫無根據,因為上海妹等幾人在那個年代已是極度走下坡的了,

無人會喜歡看她們的花旦戲了。至於鄧碧云她在50年代時期仍未站穩巨型班的正印位置,當時她拍的薛覺先已是極度走下坡的,覺云天劇团於現在

看來當是人才濟濟,除薛、鄧二人,還有麥炳榮和羅艷卿組成中型班。我曾

在廣州平安戲院看過這個团演的「月宮宝盒」,戲好景靚,可惜在廣州不多台期,主要在鄉間演出,不久又散班了,後來鄧碧云又改拍陳燕棠、盧海天了。

 

楚岫云講過,50年代她正在休暑時,薛覺先就曾邀請她組团來港演出,她說她沒有答應,薛覺先就說如果妳不答應我就去找鄧碧云、芳艷芬喇!

 

1942年覺先聲劇團在澳門演出時正印花旦應該是楚岫雲,不是鄧碧雲,後來覺先聲移師內地,鄧碧雲加入新聲當二幫花旦,她後來又到了大陸四鄉演出。查實當時新聲只是在澳門鄉間演出的落鄉小型班而已。

 

陳艷儂戰前曾在興中華劇團任三幫花旦,戰時才轉到澳門新聲任正印,且看任劍輝和小飛紅等的太平艷影劇團可見,該班演的夜戲大堂前座票價也只是收五毫左右。在當時同一時期別的大班演的夜戲則收一元多二元大堂前座,所以後來小飛紅加盟覺先聲劇團也只是當其三幫花旦,可見其概也。

 

戰後任劍輝從澳門來港,五零年時加盟將走下坡的陳錦棠的錦添花,也只是當其二幫小生而已。不久羅麗娟離開錦添花去拍何非凡,錦添花劇團才改由二幫芳艷芬升為正印花旦。

  

楚岫雲傳奇

影劇奇才,演藝奇葩,文武狀元,唱做精優,名聲響徹雲霄,首席藝術旦后,粵劇藝術大師,藝術造詣極高,技藝精湛超群,花旦王楚岫雲,功架一流,圓台身段、碎步踩蹺、水袖水髮、靠靶圓台,功夫一流。金雞獨立、擘一字馬、雙飛腳、打大翻、打真軍、拗腰、推車、車身、車輪、起霸、搶背、跨背、觔斗、吊模、大架、大跳、小跳、紥脚、踩蹻……等等功架技藝絕佳,全部精通。舞旗、舞劍、耍刀、耍劍、耍鞭、耍槍、拋槍、踢槍、分槍、回槍各欵脫手北派武打精練,武藝非凡,登峰造極,種種難度較高的卓越南北派功架藝術皆是爐火純青:觀眾稱讚她的圓台猶如蓮花之舞,身段優美勝似流水行雲;圓台、碎步、身段、水袖靈活巧妙別具特色;塑造人物角色絲絲入扣,表演細膩柔密;戲路廣闊縱橫,演男女老少任何人物都能勝任裕如,不論文場或武戲都演得同樣精彩出色:既精於閨門旦,也擅長青衣和小旦,演武旦刀馬旦更是一絕,演技出神入化、維肖維妙,受到行內外好評讚譽,花旦行中公認第一。

 

楚岫雲,獨步梨園,南國牡丹,威震藝壇數十春秋,享譽海外內省港澳。唱功造詣高深奧妙,擅唱傳統梆黃,聲腔獨特怡悅,聲情腔意並重,感情表露無遺,充滿雲腔韻味,優點以聲傳情,特色依字行腔,字字清晰鏗鏘,句句腔韻兼備,曲曲委婉醉人,演繹不同人物角色,唱出不同腔韻聲調,聲腔快慢高低起伏抑揚頓挫,音韻旋律迭蕩多姿節奏鮮明,表達劇中人物和思想感情恰到好處,演唱喜怒哀樂及悲苦恨憤表露無遺,情感豐富,聲情並茂,扣人心絃,精彩絕倫。

 

楚岫雲從三十年代演出成名至六十年代,長期演出無間,她的舞台表演創超逾萬場的佳績,主演過的首本名劇戲寶多不勝數,略述她生平塑造的經典代表佳作人物有南海觀音、華山聖母、雙陽公主、刁蠻公主、長平公主、林沖娘子、劉金定、葛嫩娘、穆桂英、梁紅玉、白蛇精、女兒香、十三妹、紅娘子、武潘安、孟麗君、花木蘭、佘賽花、樊梨花、林黛玉、玉堂春、卓文君、王昭君、王寶釧、祝英台、倫碧容、秦香蓮、潘金蓮、趙顰娘、趙飛燕、趙京娘、董小苑、猩猩女、可憐女、李三娘、嫦娥。

紅娘、織女、香妃、燕燕、西施、金釧、夷娜、李仙、刁嬋、虞姬………………等等古典人物角色形象都曾經栩栩如生、維妙維肖、活靈活現於舞台之上,當年風靡了萬萬千千的戲迷,深印觀眾腦海,深入民心,長期得到廣大觀眾歡迎愛戴,屢創票房新高傳奇佳績。

  

楚岫雲於一九四八年初回穗和何非凡合作演出《情僧偷到瀟湘館》等劇,高破賣座紀錄,紅透了半邊天,大獲好評,觀眾與同業及報章一致讚譽,這位演活了林黛玉的青春美艷花旦,聲色藝全前途遠大,擁有卓越一流演技,唱做表演俱佳.已達到爐火純青最高境界,以致萬人空巷爭看『生黛玉』,因而創了演出三百多場滿座的佳績,同時也造就了何非凡這名字開始響噹噹起來了。

  

楚岫雲於一九四九年初春又和幾位一流皇牌大老倌呂玉郎、白超鴻、馮俠魂、小飛紅和陸雲飛等合組永光明劇團,長年長月連續不間演出,四九至五八年長期旺台爆棚,每劇必連演一二百或二三百場的滿座,轟動羊城,開創了持續演出十年的長壽班霸傳奇佳績。楚岫雲在永光明劇團曾演出過數十戲寶名劇,演至五八年轉入廣東粵劇院第一團,任正印花旦再演了不少好戲,如《月夜借紅燈》、《荊軻》、《林沖》、《胡不歸》、《斷橋會》、《佘賽花》、《李文茂》、《黛玉歸天》、《平貴別窰》、《平貴回窰》、《蘇三起解》、《猩猩女追舟》等,再創佳績。她自三十年代中一直持續不停演出至六十年代中,是因文化大革命開始了才中斷了她多彩多姿的演藝事業。

 

楚岫雲這位名伶紅遍四個年代,三十年代已任演電影女主角,伶影雙棲紅極一時,從1940年開始當上巨型班正印花旦,持續無間跨代至1965年很長的時光裡,都是擔演著一流大班的正印花旦,實是數代的名旦:曾傳奇創出多項粵劇獨一無二的第一佳績,她屢屢創造出前無古人後無來者的粵劇票房新高峰,她還獨創了粵劇戲班由花旦擔綱起一個劇團,巨型猛班,擔票擔戲演出各類人物角色,文武戲場,集青衣刀馬,閨門小旦於一身,技藝一流,武打精湛,演悲喜劇全居勝首,創造出粵劇史上空前絕後新的一頁佳績。過去但凡有楚岫雲演出的劇團,賣座就必創造驚人紀錄。又如若有楚岫雲主演的劇目,每一齣戲目都必能夠持續上演過百場至數百場次爆滿,特別是演林黛玉、劉金定、可憐女、王寶釧、趙顰娘這些人物,更是各自均曾演上六、七百場次滿座,創出了今古無雙最高的票房紀錄,她畢生創了演出多達萬場。其影劇事業已於三、四十年代時期紅得發紫,到了五、六十年代期間,她的粵劇事業、舞台演出,更達到光輝燦爛至巔峰,她的藝術成就及票房紀錄空前絕後,梨園界中無出其右。四五十年代期間她先後拍紅了文武生何非凡、呂玉郎、羅家寶、陳笑風和白超鴻,六十年代重拍羅品超、羅家寶等再創藝術新高峰。這都是楚岫雲在粵劇舞台上驕傲的輝煌成就、驚人創舉佳績實錄。

  

長勝擂台永光明

 

四五六十年代行內外都公認之四大天頂王牌大老倌楚岫雲、呂玉郎、小飛紅、陸雲飛與大老倌馮俠魂、白超鴻、黃君武等台柱由班政家蘇永年策劃下之永光明劇團紅極多時,冠絕全行,其台柱大老倌人靚聲靚演技佳,擁最佳編劇撰曲、最佳樂隊拍和、最佳服裝佈景,樣樣一流水準,美侖美奐。其台柱以富有朝氣復加藝術實力見稱於觀眾,演出嚴肅、表演認真,故此劇團成立後到處演出莫不大獲歡迎,當時被稱為省港班最為收得者,該首推永光明劇團矣,創歷史票房新高峰,是則該團之實力若何,可見其概也。當年之戲人夢寐以求都想取得廣州海珠大戲院之演出權,認為乃是掘金之最好地盤,而永光明劇團卻獲簽得經常在海珠戲院上演,其時羡煞不少同業行家!

 

永光明劇團長期雄霸廣州粵劇藝壇,屬首屈一指的巨型猛班,且號稱粵劇擂台,從1949年頭演至1958年底長期持續無間,演出十個年頭,每年平均開演一或兩個新戲,演出場次足4000多場,長期在廣州海珠、樂善、太平等大戲院上演。每年上演10個月休假2個月(7至8月休暑停演)每月夜戲演約30場,逢星期四和星期日台柱亦演日戲(每月約演出8至10場),每場皆編演不同的劇目,例如為悼念薛覺先逝世就特別編演了含笑飲砒霜,日夜場票價一致。日夜戲每月共演40場左右,即一年演約400場,十年演了4000場,晚上準七時半開場(開場前樂隊演奏音樂),演至十二點幾或一點多鐘。超值的票價最高只收2元5角。當年廣州的電台都常常現場直播,永光明劇團在戲院演出的劇目,同一個晚上裡又另有其他電台選播,永光明劇團的現場錄音舊劇,日間各個電台也常常播放楚岫雲和呂玉郎的獨唱或合唱歌曲。

永光明四九至五八年其間演出過眾多名符其實的首本名劇戲寶,計有《香妃》、《西施》、《燕燕》、《紅娘子》、《可憐女》、《卓文君》、《葛嫩娘》、《玉堂春》、《王寶釧》、《穆桂英》、《鴛鴦劍》、《王昭君》、《董小宛》、《紅菱血》、《嫦娥奔月》、《劈山救母》、《牛郎織女》、《綠野仙蹤》、《新女兒香》、《梵宮駙馬》、《鴛鴦玫瑰》、《金釧投井》、《闖王進京》、《蘇武牧羊》、《三娘汲水》、《偷祭瀟相館》、《淒涼姊妹碑》、《梁山伯祝英台》、《劉金定斬四門》、《陳世美不認妻》、《狄青三取珍珠旗》、《沖天野鶴會嫦娥》、《梁紅玉擊鼓抗金兵》、《十三妹大鬧能仁寺》等等膾炙人口的名劇,全部叫好叫座,套套旺台爆棚,每劇持續連台上演一二百至二三百場次滿座,創了粵劇票房歷史新高,創世佳績冠蓋古今,威震省港澳。

 

舉例《淒涼姊姊碑》、《可憐女》這類爛衫戲,並不是大製作劇目,卻同樣演出旺台爆滿,賣座驚人,《可憐女》曾於一九四九及五零年,前後兩度演出了數多百場滿座,深入民心,也能夠成為當時觀眾心目中的戲寶名劇,相信其中極大原因應當是有賴當時演員,高水準的唱做演精優吸引著觀眾吧!至今仍印象深刻,永久回味難忘,祇單看尾場二三十分鐘的精彩表演,已令人目不暇給,讚嘆不已,拍案叫絕。當時飾演可憐女的楚岫雲從虎度門右邊舞台出場,跪地移步膝行兼搖耍水髮,邊演邊唱,表演至舞台左邊設的墳墓哭祭亡夫,這幕戲真的感人至深,觀眾頻呼好戲,掌聲雷動,楚岫雲精湛出色的表演唱做,感情非常豐富投入,使人嘆為觀止,疑是劇中人活現於舞台之上。

 

一九五五年呂玉郎離開了永光明過檔太陽昇取代羅家寶文武生之位,於一九五六初開鑼演出,此劇團即從小型班升為大型班,票價驟升三倍,上座率更勝先前;同時加入關國華、林麗心開演二步針日戲。

羅家寶則於一九五五年早已離開了太陽昇劇團,灣水停演不知去向,要於一九五六年秋才見他在永光明出現演出第一個劇目《金釧投井》,因為一九五六年中永光明文武生馮俠魂演出牛郎織女一劇途中病倒腰斬了。恰巧羅家寶仍在灣水停演還未有埋班之際,他才被邀加入了永光明,但於一九五七年期間他又因與楚岫雲不和離團,後來他重返細班東方紅,補陳笑風的空缺。

說回永光明就即時改由馮俠魂勝任文武生,人選票價一切照舊,可料演出依然爆棚轟動。但憑過往紀錄,一般戲班若是文武生或正印花旦玩停演或離團,必致票房不保而散班,獨有永光明劇團例外,雖是缺了位文武生王呂玉郎,但卻仍尚還有花旦王楚岫雲坐陣擔飛,因為楚岫雲具有票房保證,乃是當代賣座冠軍之名伶,再加上二花王小飛紅和丑生王陸雲飛,這三位都是票房皇者,足見實力依然雄厚,絲毫無損票房聲威,賣座依舊驚人。開演新劇《牛郎織女》,由馮俠魂演牛郎,加入文武生蔣世勳演金童一角。《牛郎織女》從一九五五年秋演到一九五六年中,持續演出爆滿了差不多三百場次時,演牛郎的馮俠魂突然患上急病無法演出。

 

無奈隨即找了灣水已久全未夠班之羅家寶,加入升拍楚岫雲演出《金釧投井》,一九五七年演《鴛鴦玫瑰》其間,羅家寶鬧意見離團,永光明再即時提拔陳笑風接演《鴛鴦玫瑰》。永光明劇團演到一九五八年始被轉為廣東粵劇院。是因早已有不少伶人及私營劇團,站不穩陣腳而轉入了公營集團矣。而永光明劇團則創出十載賣座冠軍佳績,創下了光輝燦爛耀梨園的驕人威水史頁。

 

靚樣靚聲文武生何非凡差不多拍盡全行花旦,一九四七年底組第一屆非凡响劇團是拍芳艷芬、鳳凰女、小覺天等,因虧本只演了一屆便散伙了。四八年初再組第二至第五屆非凡響劇團,夥拍剛從外地歸國的著名花旦楚岫雲、又有譚玉真、陸雲飛等,演《情僧偷到瀟湘館》等劇,高破賣座紀錄。不久楚岫雲參加了永光明劇團演出,從此永光明劇團所演出的劇目晚晚頂籠爆棚,屢屢創下了省港澳粵劇空前絕後的歷史票房新高紀錄,永光明也就一直成為了在四五十年代時期最受歡迎最賣座的巨型班霸。

 

戲班行情略述一二

一九五二年英俊文武生白超鴻與林小群組織太陽昇劇團,票價最高收九角,也甚為收得,五四年白超鴻因婚姻問題離團,起初羅家寶加入演出《柳毅傳書》、《玉河浸女》等竟令票房出現一落千丈慘情,入座率少貓幾隻,逐後票房才漸見起色,不是一炮而紅,也更不是當時最收得劇目,真不知何解現在竟被訛傳為當時最賣座劇目?及後又因六十年代劇院極少給羅家寶開演新劇,他就經常找劇院內的女演員重演《柳毅傳書》等舊劇。

四十年代末至五十年代初廣東省的戲班有六七十班之眾,百花齊放,百家爭鳴。先有楚岫雲、呂玉郎、鄒潔雲的永光明,最高票價2元5角。繼有不少短期班出現,包括靚少佳、郎筠玉、林小群的勝壽年,最高票價收1元5角。少新權、李帆風、梁雪珍的大權威和呂雁聲、繞雲娘的永光榮,同樣最高票價八角。永光榮全都搬演永光明曾演出之劇目。何非凡、羅麗娟的非凡响、馬師曾紅線女的紅星、新馬仔、石燕子、上海妹、余麗珍的大鳳凰、陳錦棠、羅麗娟、芳艷芬、任劍輝的錦添花、薛覺先、陳艷儂的新華、薛覺先、鄧碧雲的覺雲天、羅品超、陳艷儂的光華………等等許多劇團解放前後也曾在廣州演出,全部不敵永光明劇團,相繼鎩羽而散。

後來又再有珠、永、新;東、南、太等等大、中、小型劇團及下鄉班,最高票價分別是:落鄉班6至8角、小型班9角、中型班1元5角、大型班2元5角。廣東粵劇團有馬師曾、紅綫女,最高票價1元5角。廣州市粵劇工作團有白駒榮、薛覺先、薛覺明、陳小茶、白超鴻、譚玉真、小木蘭,間中在廣州演出,票價最高收8角。南方劇團五二至五七年持續演出,台柱有呂雁聲、曾三多、顏鐵英、羅思、蝴蝶女、馬麗明等,最高票價9角,差不多每屆都更換文武生花旦。東方紅劇團曾先後有陶醒非拍衛少芳,馮少俠拍陳綺綺,陳笑風拍李艷霜,盧啟光及羅家寶都曾任該團文武生,前後歷屆票價一律最高收9角。蔣世勳、陳笑風、紫蘭女、徐人心等曾演出《搜孤救孤》、《三姐下凡》,最高票價8角。曾君瑞和陳露薇曾演出《春風秋兩又三年》,最高票價6角。

  

一代名花旦楚岫雲,數十春秋演出無間

  

一代名伶楚岫雲,劇藝精英,威震藝海,純青技藝兼資文武,精通傳統功架藝術,集絕佳演技於一身。唱做唸打名優萬里飄香,演悲喜劇勝首千古留芳。擅長表演閨秀旦、花衫俏皮、風騷艷旦、武旦刀馬、小旦、青衣各類角色人物,藝驚省港澳。

三十年代時段楚岫雲芳齡只十幾歲,已紅極一時,蜚聲國際,歌、影、劇事業突飛猛進,開創了奇迹。當年她歌、影、劇三棲,年年月月天天主要演出粵劇,又忙於拍攝電影,還參加灌錄唱片等工作。

楚岫雲從小學藝,很年輕就成名,上世紀1934年至35年期間在上海廣東大戲院演出。

1935年之後楚岫雲灌錄了第一批唱片,其中「琴韻動情思」與陳皮梅合唱,「七情迷佛祖」與白駒榮等合唱,「情關俘虜」與新馬師曾合唱。

1936年楚岫雲14歲,任覺先聲劇團三花,執生出色,一夜揚名,勝任正印。

1937年在光華劇团和盧海天、上海妹合作,她當演劇中主角林英娥殺嫂等。

1938年在太平劇团當日戲正印花旦拍黃鶴聲,並上演了第一部電影梅知府,飾演女主角倫碧容。

1939年至1940年和桂名揚合作之後,前往美國、加拿大各地演出,極受歡迎。

1940年至1942年先後分別拍白玉堂、薛覺先及羅品超各大老倌,亦創佳績。

1942年至1945年戰時拍馮俠魂,往越南演出。

1945年至1947年在泰國演出,哄動異城。

1947年底楚岫雲從外地演罷回國先後拍馮少俠、薛覺先演出。

1948年初至1949年初拍何非凡,演『情僧偷到瀟湘館』等劇,首次高創了省港澳粵劇票房新紀錄,紅透了半邊天,盛名遠播。

1949年初至1955年夏季拍呂玉郎,演出過無數膾炙人口的好戲,一齣劇目連續上演

過百場滿座,當中更有不少戲目連演超過二百及三百場爆滿,連續十年旺台爆棚,年復年月復月,每天演出無間,持續屢屢高創出歷史票房新高佳績,轟動藝壇,當時得令。

1955年休暑後至1956年夏季拍馮俠魂,演盧丹編寫之『牛郎織女』一劇,依然哄動,跨演兩個年頭,狂滿近三百場;不料牛郎突於演出途中暈倒而致腰斬。

1956年楚岫雲休暑後秋季接著換拍羅家寶,演出《金釧投井》、《鴛鴦玫瑰》。兩人曾鬧不和,至今死無對證,近年羅家寶爲了突出自己、吹噓聲價,竟然低貶誣衊前輩,他揑造假話,胡說八道,詆毀楚岫雲當時已屆高齡、將走下坡等等完全不符合事實的侮辱性謊言謬論。

1956年,其實楚岫雲才剛30餘歲,風華正茂,是她演藝事業正當最尖峰的黃金時段,如日中天,譽滿梨園,獨步南中,藝苑之珍、粵劇瑰寶席位捨她誰能企及。

1957年中至1958年底,楚岫雲拍陳笑風演出《梵宮駙馬》、《燕燕》等。

1958年底至1959年中,楚岫雲在廣東粵劇院二團拍靚少佳、陳笑風、呂雁聲、盧啟光、陳少棠等演出《董小宛下卷》、《月夜借紅燈》、《秋湖戲妻》、《三帥困崤山》、《趙子龍攔江截斗》等。

1959年中至1966年,楚岫雲在廣東粵劇院一團和二團任團長,正印花旦再拍羅品超、羅家寶,演出《荊軻》、《林沖》、《胡不歸》、《斷橋會》、《佘賽花》、《李文茂》、《黛玉歸天》、《平貴別窰》、《平貴回窰》、《蘇三起解》、《猩猩女追舟》等劇。

 

楚岫雲演粵劇、拍電影,事業如日方中

 

楚岫雲,粵劇著名藝術家,出身於教師家庭,從小先學基本功,翻騰跌扑硬功夫,後學唱功身段台步等技藝。楚岫雲是一位較年輕便成名的紅伶,享譽粵劇界四大名旦之一,在國內外一致享獲極高的聲譽。楚小姐在演梅香的時候已被前輩發現她是一顆明日之星,把她介紹到落鄉班去擔當第二花旦,不久後又有前輩更大膽引薦她到上海和白駒榮拍擋演出。廣州被日本攻打之前,戲人紛紛來到香港,楚小姐也不例外,來港加入了太平劇團和馬師曾合作,兩年後她又參加拍攝電影工作,三八年上演了她第一部電影〔梅知府〕,擔演倫碧容,男主角為趙驚魂。

 

楚岫雲於戰前戰後所演出之電影不知共多少部,只能夠搜集出下面之電影名列:

梅知府1938年8月3曰首映與趙驚雲合演

風流債1938年1O月9日首映與鄺山笑合演

鍾無艷  1939年3月16日首映,楚岫雲演夏迎春與新馬師曾合演,大口何以丑角演鍾無艷,

1948年12月30日重映易名夏迎春

栴開二度1939年5月21日首映與鄺山笑合演

十二寡婦   1939年8月8日首映與新馬師曾、馮俠魂、黃鶴聲、張活游等合演

竹織鴨1939年9月17日首映與鄺山笑合演

八美圖1941年1月16日首映與趙驚雲合演

醋淹藍橋1941年2月11日首吷與白駒榮合演

蕩寇誌1941年2月2O日首映。1947年1月28日重映與麥炳榮合演

神秘小姐   1941年9月5日首映。1946年2月18曰重映易名殺人小姐與張瑛合演

國難財主1941年11月2曰首映,與馮俠魂、劉克宣合演

生武松1941年11月20日首映。【生潘金蓮楚岫雲】戲【生武松關德興】

黑衣怪人   1942年2月2O日首映,與馮俠魂合演,戰前製作,曰軍攻港,延遲上映

 

劉金定斬四門1948年9月5日首映,與黃干歲合演

陳夢吉1949年1月3日首映,楚岫雲演出戲中戲黛玉葬花

可憐女1950年8月26日首映,與呂玉郎、陸雲飛、小飛紅合演

啼笑姻緣   本港?年?月?日首映,1950年曾於廣州長壽電影院院線上映。楚岫雲扮演鳳喜與鄺山笑合演

  

香港戰前楚小姐已被聘到美國加拿大各處演出,當她在美加演出一年後返港,巨型班興中華劇團即聘她擔當第二花旦及正印花旦,和名伶白玉堂合作,接著薛覺先和羅品超對楚小姐都很器重,先後聘她在平安劇團和覺先聲劇團為正印花旦。

 

楚岫雲從事粵劇事業數十年,曾到過美加和東南亞各地演出,解放前她已歷任省港巨型班的正印花旦,演過的戲目數以百計,如有《劉金定斬四門》、《暴雨殘梅》、《嫣然一笑》、《雪野哀鴻》、《胡不歸》、《王昭君》、《歸來燕》、《紅娘》、《霸王別姬》、《關公月下釋刁嬋》、《月上柳梢頭》、《情僧偷到瀟湘館》、《西廂記》、《花街神女》.............等等許多名劇,皆大受歡迎,抗戰前後曾與白駒榮、馬師曾、趙驚魂、黃鶴聲、桂名揚、張活游、白玉堂、薛覺先、羅品超、馮俠魂、馮少俠、何非凡等名家演出。之後和呂玉郎合作演出了一段很長時間,曾演出數十首本名劇戲寶,極受觀眾歡迎愛戴,繼而又和羅家寶、陳笑風、靚少佳、盧啟光、呂雁聲、陳少棠、羅品超拍擋。

 

楚岫雲扮相肖麗,圓台身段水袖美,唱做唸演打卓絕,既可精於閨門旦,也擅青衣和小旦,復能演刀馬武旦,唱演打八面玲瓏,故促使她很年輕就成了大名,享譽電影和粵劇藝壇,較早期已紅遍省港澳,蜚聲美加、越南、泰國和東南亞各地。數十年來受到廣泛讚譽。

  

睇戲要睇永光明戲迷暢敘

我們一大班戲迷,少年至青年住廣州,戰後到六十年代廣州戲班很興旺,我們一眾戲迷朋友天天都看大戲,各大中小型戲班都捧場來作比較,當中令我們最好評的是《永光明劇團》:不論台柱老倌以至梅香的演出、編劇家、樂隊、佈景、服飾,樣樣一流,看永光明的戲真是看到如癡如醉,簡直是物超所值。當時省、港、澳都廣泛流傳說:『看戲最好是看永光明的戲,永光明好技藝、好唱情』。

 

正印花旦楚岫雲更是萬中無一,演技超凡。我們一直都有跟蹤她的演出,還記得一九四八年看她演的林黛玉,演得聲情並茂、絲絲入扣、出神入化,維肖維妙,現場觀眾都嘆為觀止,焚稿一幕她還使出嘔吐真血的功夫,賺了我們不少熱淚。四九至五九年整整十年她長駐永光明劇團,演技更上一層樓,達至爐火純青、登峰造極地步,起初主要演武戲,計有:劉金定斬四門、紅娘子、梁紅玉擊鼓退金兵、新女兒香、穆桂英掛帥、十三妹大鬧能仁寺、嫦娥奔月、綠野仙蹤、迷樓俠影、鴛鴦劍、葛嫩娘、闖王進京、狄青三取珍珠旗等等首本,其他戲寶還有牛郎織女、相思樹、香妃、西施、燕燕、玉堂春、王寶釧、卓文君、王昭君、董小宛、紅菱血、可憐女、劈山救母、梵宮駙馬、碧容探監、鴛鴦玫瑰、金釧投井、蘇武牧羊、偷祭瀟相館、淒涼姊妹碑、梁山伯祝英台、陳世美不認妻、沖天野鶴會嫦娥……等等許多好戲,她在永光明十年期間拍檔文武生先後為呂玉郎、馮俠魂、羅家寶、陳笑風,當時都名聲雀起。一九五九年永光明被政府納入國營廣東粵劇院,永光明亦是廣州市內能夠維持經營到最後一刻的私人劇團。六十年代楚岫雲小姐與呂雁聲、羅品超等合作至文化大革命,演出佘賽花、蘇三起解、白蛇傳斷橋、黛玉歸天、別窑、紅燈記、胡不歸、秋湖戲妻、林沖、荊軻等劇。

 

演藝奇葩劇影奇才粵劇紅伶楚岫雲,刀馬旦名優,悲喜劇勝手:她能身扎大靠帥旗車身打大翻,扎腳踩蹺大打脫手北派,功架了得;圓台、碎步、水袖、身段、關目、做手等舞台技藝堪稱一絕,擅演任何角色,演活眾多人物,主演劇目千變萬化,集文武全才於一身,演技精湛淵博,情感淋漓盡致,榮享活黛玉、生紅娘、活金定等等眾多美譽,曾風靡省港澳,她深厚的功底令人敬佩!

 

楚岫雲歌聲腔韻悅耳動人繞樑三日,楚小姐演唱最經典之曲目有嫦娥夜怨、黛玉焚稿、佘賽花、董小宛思公子、金釧投井、情關俘虜........;及名劇 燕燕 的舞台錄音!

                    永光明劇團戲迷群

楚岫雲:青衣刀馬集於一身

 

“青衣刀馬集一身,梨園幾十顯光輝;悲劇名優驚四座,純青技藝啓後人”。這是唐瑜同志悼念粵劇名旦楚岫雲的題詩。

楚岫雲被粵劇同行稱爲“全才女旦”之人。她善長演風情人物,如《胡不歸》的顰娘,纏綿愁怨;演《黛玉焚稿》則淒切感人。楚岫雲扮演武旦戲,有鬚眉氣慨,靶子功及舊戲的踩蹻功很熟練,演舊戲《劉金定斬四門》,文武雙全,聲情並茂。

戲行有人細緻分析:刀馬旦重身段功架,造型要求剛勁挺拔,重氣度神情,如穆桂英等。武旦強調跌撲翻打,矯健威武,如《盜仙草》的白素貞、(孫悟空)《三打白骨精》的女妖。有一類叫“武戲文做”的戲,要求扮演者文武兼備,無論唱、做、念、打,都要中規中矩。清末民初,粵劇受京劇的影響,吸收京劇武藝,如北派武場的“打脫手”等。使粵劇武旦的表演手法得到豐富的發展。

一個旦角,如果只會唱,不能打,這樣有許多戲不能演。武旦要掌握各種唱做基本功,還要熟練刀、槍、劍的武功。刀法有耍刀花、拖刀、抛刀及鴛鴦刀;槍法有花槍、回槍及分槍踢槍;劍法花式更多。“臺上三分鐘,台下三年功”。青年旦角要苦學前人的經驗,又創新發展,才能提高自己。

 

六柱制轉型到三柱制

 

一個劇種是否興旺,其實主要表現在這個劇種的行當是否健全。聽說過去粵劇有所謂十大行當,大概這是粵劇人才濟濟,鼎盛時期的表演藝術形式達到最完美的境界云云。無奈到了三十年代初,新興的“六柱制”替代了十大行當。對於這一點,前些時期還有人爲“十大行當”的湮沒鳴不平,對“六柱制”甚表不滿。筆者以爲大可不必。“六柱制”’是粵劇進入三十年代的必然産物,是當時的粵劇體制的一大改革。“六柱”絕非六種行當,如“武生”,既是須生,也是花臉,更兼飾演正面老旦(如岳毋、佘太君等角色);又如醜生,也要經常扮演“彩旦”和“家姑”之類的反串角色;又如擔綱起一個團的“正印花旦”,就要既能演黛玉(閨門旦),也能演劉金定(刀馬旦),既演紅娘(小旦),也演三娘(青衣)之類的旦角行當。至於與“六柱”差不多同時産生的粵劇獨創的“文武生”行當,更是一般小生、小武不能替代的亦文亦武的行當。

 

所謂“六柱”,絕非是六個行當。就以人們所熟悉的薛覺先、馬師曾先生爲例,前者是文武生行當,後者是文武丑生。可以說,文武生這一行當,在戲曲行當藝術上是粵劇演員的獨創。顧名思義,這個文武生既要能演賈寶玉,又要能演馬超、周瑜這樣的角色,是集小生、小武行當於一身的唱做念打俱能的頂梁柱。又如六柱之一的“正印花旦”,就要背著幾個

 

“葫蘆”才敢下山。如過去的名旦楚岫雲,既演刀馬旦“殺四門”的劉金定,又創造了一個“翻生”林黛玉,掌“青衣”、“刀馬旦”、“閨門旦”等多方面的行當藝術。另一條柱“第二花旦”,與正印是同一檔次的,排名分先後,是劇團藝術的另一條台柱,在戲份上也要應付各樣的人物與行當演技。如過去粵劇行當中稱爲“第二花旦王”的小飛紅,她擅長小旦戲,但在《評雪辨蹤》一劇(名醜陸雲飛演呂蒙正)中她飾演的介乎青衣與閨門旦行當的劉翠屏,其表演之細膩、穩重、風趣,真是有口皆碑。再一台柱是醜生,演丑角或反派,有時也要反串,戴上“二寸髻”演“頑笑旦”。

 

六柱制發展至四十年代,有一個頗爲突出的現象。通過劇本,有意突出三條柱:文武生、正印花旦、醜生,即所謂“三王班”。如“永光明”的呂玉郎、楚岫雲、陸雲飛;及續後五十年代“珠江”的羅品超、文覺非、郎筠玉,和“勝利”的馬師曾、紅線女、文覺非等。這一點,應從三十年代名劇《胡不歸》說起,整台戲無非突出了生、旦、醜。其他什麽武生(須生)、小生、第二花旦都成了一些很次要的大配角。一出《情僧》,大觀園似乎很熱鬧,但整個舞臺上無非是看何非凡的賈寶玉、楚岫雲的林黛玉,再加上一個插科打

 

諢的陸雲飛反串飾演的彩旦石春。這一現象,可以看成是粵劇舞臺表演從十大行當過渡到六柱制,再從六柱轉型到三柱的藝術集權制。

 

在粵劇舞臺上,“文武生”最受觀衆歡迎,因此不少人都朝這個“寶座”擁躍而上。殊不知這一行當,並非人人都能“走紅”。何非凡,從廣州淪陷那年就開始擔綱文武生,也是慘淡經營將近十個年頭,經歷一段寂寂無聞之後,演出《情僧偷到瀟湘館》,一炮打響,才幸運地紅起來。

 

括言之,六柱制其實也是十大行當的繼承與發展。六柱制絕非取消行當,相反,演員的行當表演藝術更趨多面化(如著名演員小飛紅,就集小旦、青衣、閨門旦行當的表演藝術於一身)。六柱制的體制從三十年代一直沿襲至今,遺憾的是,近十多年來省市粵劇團在這方面難以爲繼,花面應功戲沒有了,小武、須生、彩旦等行當,幾乎已經無人問津、無心繼承了。能夠湊成六柱而爲大衆所認可的劇團,已不復存在了。譬曰,一間小小大排檔,也講求雞鵝鴨海鮮一應俱全,粵劇是中國一大劇種,是嶺南文化一個重要部份,行當在於一個劇種,仿佛百花在於一個花圃,百花殘缺不全,花圃還能給人以千紅萬紫,豔麗迷人的鑒賞價值?整天怨艾什麽低潮,嘮叨青年一代不愛粵劇,這既可笑又無濟於事。

 

粵樂大師王粵生

 

王粵生除了在歌壇工作外,約於三十年代後期偶而在戲班擔任伴奏樂手,隨戲班往廣州演出。香港淪陷後,王氏夫婦同上廣州。這期間常與薛覺先、呂玉郎、楚岫雲及小飛紅合作。在衆多音樂員中,楚氏特別看重阮四襟及王粵生玩色土風,每次演出,都要求班主聘用他們。此外,王氏也曾與廖俠懷、羅麗娟等合作,參與《甘地會西施》及《孟姜女哭崩長城》等劇的演出。解放初期,王粵生夫人回港,王氏獨居廣州,在永光明劇團擔任樂隊頭架樂師。

  

曹秀琴無官一身輕

“無官一身輕”。這是形容做官的卸下重擔一身松曬的成語。其實“無官”並非“一身輕”的。至少閣下已失去權力,再不可能頤指氣使了!不愉快的事多得很哩。至於老倌,到了無倌(無戲演出)確是“一身輕”的。居士曾聽名醜陸雲飛,對晚晚有倌(戲)做,發出感歎(也包含自豪):“晚晚演戲,條馬路八九點鍾是怎樣的?我是不會知道的。想飲餐夜茶‘松松’都沒有機會!”有倌做的,盼無倌時輕鬆一下。可是,有的老倌無倌(無戲演出)並不見得“一身輕”。如大陸新紮名旦曹秀琴,“無倌”差不多兩個年頭了。相見之下,並未見“一身輕”;反見“一身重”—— 她發胖了。

 

曹秀琴多次來香港演出。或拍羅家寶,或拍彭熾權。阿琴文武唱做打兼擅。文,可演纏綿悱惻的《百花公主》;武,能演斬四門的《劉金定》。至於唱,竟不趕潮流,依正傳統法度,有“原汁原味”之妙。當了正印,還時時尋師訪友,來補自己的不足。如演《劉金定斬四門》(本爲楚岫雲秘本。但雲已作古)就向南洋州府老倌出身的老藝人梅蘭香處請教。梅感其誠,欣然將“絕招”傳授。因而在金山演出,老華僑讚歎不已:“該個妹仔絲,咁好工夫袋(仔)”。像阿琴這樣的文武旦,本應不斷催穀,不難躋列“超級紅伶”。無如,廣東粵劇院在編制上,僅得兩班。旦角名額已滿。她“無班可落”。而拍彭熾權,也僅是臨時借用。她經常“無倌”。在“無倌”期間,又生了孩子。她有個結拜姐妹在澳門,水源充足。經常叫她到澳旅遊。玩得開心,身子焉得不胖。故曰:曹氏女無戲身重也。

 

小群多演小旦戲,青衣刀馬不曾演 

 

幾乎與新中國同齡的《柳毅傳書》,至今傳演不衰,湧現若干個柳毅,十多二十個龍女。它擁有觀衆至多,這是誰也不能不承認。然而它面世至今,從沒有得過獎賞。

似乎從沒有專家去分析過這個劇目爲什麽如此旺台?是否專門家們不屑去探索這些勞什子?其實這個戲可供探索,可供吸取的經驗很多。不宜把它認作並非“拳頭産品”,珠玉在前,也視而不見。或簡單地說它“行運”。

 

如果說“行運”,它所“行”的是與新中國的南方人民翻了身後審美觀起變化的“運”。儘管編演者並不覺察。從舊時代過來的老行尊,他衡量一個花旦,是否能獨當一面,必然要問這位花旦擅不擅長“大頭戲”?然而首演龍女的林小群,她的“大頭戲”是最不擅長(儘管後來,她也拍過羅品超演《別窰》的玉寶釧。但行家一看,無不認爲在水平以下)而獨工“閨門旦”。以閨門旦作爲一個劇團的正印花旦,似無先例。在林氏女的前輩,包括她的父親林超群,數上數下,從千里駒數:上海妹(1905)、余麗珍(1915)、衛少芳(1913)、楚岫雲(1922)、芳豔芬(1926)、郎筠玉(1917)……其叫座戲無不與“大頭戲”有關。燒相書的是林小群,當她崛起時,觀察家咸認她爲沒有“正印命”,但她當了下去,而且從未被搖撼過她的正印位置。 ﹙龍舟)

 

粵劇藝術走了下坡!怎能再復興?

白雪仙擅演潑辣刁蠻角色戲路,文靜閨秀穩重青衣人物不擅演,更加不擅長刀馬靠靶開打戲路。上世紀五十年代初她的父親白駒榮也曾批說:她最高只能紮上第二花旦位置。

但因五十年代中期,本港粵劇一線男女藝員全缺,白雪仙等二線伶人得以上位。

白雪仙是於五十年代後期當正印花旦,她向來搞演出都重視劇本、燈光和佈景、服飾等等至要。日前看到她在電視螢幕上也說﹔當今粵劇沒有東西給人看,才致走向下坡!

本觀眾是於四、五十年代觀看粵劇至今,感慨由五十年代末期開始,粵劇大戲真的再也沒有藝術東西可觀矣:缺劇本,極少新編劇目可觀!缺伶人演者來去只得那幾丁,每場演出也比從前縮短了近半時間。

本觀眾喜歡欣賞較有技藝修養和藝術水平高之藝員演者,及要求演出嚴謹認真。演文場戲,要求演唱出劇中人物及表達出面部感情,和配合優美身段、水袖台步等表演。若演武場戲,要求藝員表演劇情須要適當之技藝工夫,配合劇中角色表演給觀眾欣賞。

劇本方面,觀看舊劇目不感興趣,最討厭那些舊劇演來演去如帝女花‧‧‧之類劇目。要求多觀賞新編劇作,不論作者是不是唐滌生手筆不為重要,若有藝術修養的藝員,他們會將新編之劇本演活演生,成為名劇戲寶佳作,令人喜歡。至於燈光佈景服飾音樂方面也要求一定水準。

﹙龍舟)

 

佈景大師洪三和。楚岫雲、馮俠魂的劇團演出《嫦娥奔月》,洪三和替他們炮製了月宮奇景,因而哄動西貢。

 

粤剧经历几代艺人的创作:形成粤语声腔、南派武打、雅俗共赏的广东大戏。也谱写了一批大众喜见乐闻的广东音乐和粤语小曲。近代的大老倌有楚岫雲、罗品超、何非凡、红线女、靓少佳、文觉非……其中有不少是佛山人(含顺德、南海),如薛觉先、马师曾、白驹荣、叶弗弱、李海泉、林小群、谭玉真、罗家宝、半日安、罗艳卿等等。粤剧的剧目众多,凑趣按数字有:一代情僧、二度梅、三帅困崤山、四郎探母、五鼠闹东京、六国大封相、七虎渡金滩、八仙贺寿、九件衣、十奏严嵩……

 

  佛山大戏院两千多个座位分成超等、一等、二等和俗称“马骝山”的普通位。马骝山在楼上偏角,前面有铁网拦住。有戏迷故意开场了两幕才买票入场,票价五折,美其名曰“打戏钉”,是戏瘾大而荷包涩者的“桥段”。上世纪五六十年代,大戏院天天排满粤剧团演出,剧团有永光明、新世界、花锦绣、日月星、大四喜及何非凡领衔的“非凡响”,薛觉先领衔的“觉先声”,邓碧云领衔的“碧云天”等。每团一般演五天,新戏班一到就派人敲锣打鼓,抬一件写着剧名和演员名的大牌,沿公正路到普君墟巡城做势。但凡剧团有名气大、唱功好、容貌靓的花旦小生,加上戏服鲜艳、灯光幻变和布景奇特,必然受到戏迷的热情追捧。唐朝王维有诗:“红豆生南国,春来发几枝,愿君多采撷,此物最相思。”当年未有电视电脑,娱乐文化缺乏,粤剧和电影成为小城文娱的主要内容。

 

楚岫雲戰後榮歸一嗚驚人

戰後1947年 楚岫雲從外地演罷載譽榮歸回國,即先拍馮少俠演《花街神女》等劇。接著拍薛覺先演 《紅娘》、《胡不歸》等劇。由於她聲色藝全、能文能武,演技精湛,唱做出眾,極受歡迎,一嗚驚人,轟动省港澳,因此業界伶星、班政團體高薪挖角,搶聘她組團埋班演出。楚岫雲從三十年代至六十年代一直備受高薪挖角聘請她過檔,數十載演出從不間斷,她簡直是無暇自當班主及無須自組劇團演出呢!

 

張活游無緣拍楚岫雲,楚岫雲在覺先聲演出一鳴驚人,雷霆萬鈞之際,梨園同業與班政家另眼相看爭相搶聘,十分搶手,當中列舉一例。當時其中有位影劇紅星張活游目睹楚岫雲勢如破竹之聲威,打算在廣州起班重金禮聘楚岫雲為正印花旦合作演出,約人在戲人茶市會面商談合作組班,計劃將議好之藝員表迅速組織新班:文武生張活游。正印花旦楚岫雲。二幫花旦徐人心等等。

 

如能成事堪稱是中上型班矣!奈何謀事在人,成事在天,正印花旦楚岫雲已被班政家蘇永年,簽聘了與何非凡合作,共同組織非凡響劇團。張活游無緣與著名花旦楚岫雲結台緣,但又因缺乏信心另聘其他花旦,不作他人之想,衹好迫於把埋班計劃告吹了,索性淡出舞台專注在香港拍電影。

 

何非凡得運拍楚岫雲,非凡響劇團第一屆班,何非凡拍花旦芳艷芬,因票房不佳而散班,第二屆至第五屆班,正印花旦換了楚岫雲,劇劇狂滿,何非凡紅了起來。正印花旦楚岫雲唱演兼優,文武全才,人人喜愛,萬人空巷,紅透了半邊天:《情僧偷到瀟湘館》她演林黛玉,聲情並茂,演唱葬花、焚稿、歸天,情感豐富,聲韻動人心弦,創造出悅耳動聽的唱腔,贏得了“翻生林黛玉”之美譽。

 

呂玉郎撬聘拍楚岫雲,楚岫雲在非凡響劇團,正演至第五屆之際,呂玉郎與蘇永年誠意搶聘楚岫雲過檔合組永光明粵劇團,出任正印花旦。稍後 楚岫雲真的加入永光明一錘鑼鼓便演足十年,永光明更成了實力威猛昭著的巨型青年班霸。五十年代楚岫雲領導十年之久的永光明劇團,成為了省港澳最賣座、最長 壽之巨型班霸。省港澳地區當時廣泛流行流通這樣說法:『睇戲要睇永光明,永光明好人材,好演技,好唱情,富朝氣,有實力』。

 

永光明粵劇團亦是廣州唯一最後一 個私營劇團,能夠支持至最後一刻 (1959年) 才被迫併入國營廣東粵劇院,其雄厚實力可見一班。四、五、六十年代楚岫雲炙手可熱,紅透半邊天,她廣受歡迎,技藝之高,唱演之優,名聲之隆,擁躉之多,票房之佳,世界之冠,成為一時佳話。

 

楚岫雲18歲紮升巨型班正印花旦,1938年太平劇團擁有四位年青貌美之花旦,譚蘭卿、衛少芳、楚岫雲、趙蘭芳,更有四位嬌俏梅香,以年齡先後:鄒潔雲、鄧碧雲、鳳凰女、紅綫女。從那個時候起,台柱老倌馮俠魂便展開向楚岫雲追求。但楚岫雲很理智地接受馮之追求,她曾誇下海口:如不紮為正印,永不結婚云。皇天不負努力鑽研粵劇之楚岫雲,在1940年便果然紮職至正印花旦,加盟白玉堂之興中華劇團,演足一年。查馮俠魂與楚岫雲這一雙藝海鴛鴦,結婚快,離婚更快,雙方分道揚鑣。彼此各自粉墨登台,轉瞬間經過二次大戰、國共內戰、文化大革命。

 

1959年廣東粵劇院一團,當家花旦楚岫雲不願意和羅家寶合拍演出劇目,馬師曾出面說平道:亞雲妳都已經叻咗幾十年啦,重咁執着做乜,許多領導都曾作過說平沒結果,後來羅家寶要向雲姐斟茶認錯才告一段落。

 

上世紀1950年至1958年廣州粵劇戲班,在鄉間及在廣州市演出的售票價目: 下鄉班分為3類,分別是票價最高收4角、票價最高收6角、及票價最高收8角3類,3類下鄉班都極少會在廣州市演出。

而廣州班則分別有小型班、中型班、大型班3類,小型班票價最高收9角,中型班票價最高收1元5角,大型班票價最高收2元5角,大、中、小型班間中也會到鄉間演出一兩台。

廣州市粵劇工作團:薛覺先、白駒榮等等最高票價前座位收八角,多往各鄉鎮演出。

廣東粵劇團:馬師曾、紅線女等最高票價前座位收一元五角。

勝壽年劇團:靚少佳、郎筠玉、林小群等最高票價前座位一元五角。

永光明劇團:呂玉郎、楚岫雲等最高票價前座位二元五角。

永光明劇團:馮俠魂、楚岫雲等最高票價前座位二元五角。

 

1952至1954年平安戲院老闆,聘白超鴻為太陽昇劇團文武生,拍林小群,票價最高九角,屬小型班。1954年白超鴻離開太陽昇劇團。平安戲院老闆改聘羅家寶來拍林小群,其票價依然最高九角,仍屬小型班。至1955年平安戲院老闆,換聘呂玉郎過檔到太陽昇任文武生拍林小群, 太陽昇劇團即升為巨型大班,票價驟升至最高二元五角。

 

馮俠魂,乃成名於三十年代之粵劇大老倌,扮相俊俏,武打精湛出色,三十年代拍男花旦陳非儂,三十年代末至四十年代初先後在馬師曾的太平劇團,白玉堂的興中華劇團任正印小武文武小生,後又在勝利年劇團任文武生拍唐雪卿等,抗戰時期他夥拍著名花旦楚岫雲前往美加及越南、泰國等地演出,大受歡迎,哄動異城,上演多齣大型文場戲及武打劇,當中以「嫦娥奔月」、「木蘭從軍」、「劉金定斬四門」等劇最為轟動。戰後回國曾在各大劇團演出,1950年組洛阳春剧团:主要演员冯侠魂、红光光、蟾宫女、曾君瑞、梁国风、黄秉铿。剧目:背解红罗等。1952年馮俠魂加入巨型青年猛班永光明粵劇團(廣州著名青年班霸,以富朝氣、有實力、好技藝、好唱情,馳名見稱整個梨園界裡裡外外),1955年至1956年兩年間拍花旦之王楚岫雲演出「牛郎織女」一劇,轟動羊城,持續連演滿座三百場次佳績。

  

斯人永逝藝苑留香,紀念粵劇表演藝術家楚岫雲[彭壽輝,劉玲玉]

 

提起粵劇表演藝術家楚岫雲,老一輩粵劇觀眾無不熟悉,許多觀眾還記得她塑造的藝術形象───嫦娥、織女、林黛玉、王寶釧、趙顰娘、劉金定、十三妹、紅娘子、林沖娘子......。舞台上的她亦文亦武,充滿藝術魅力,使人難以忘懷,粵劇界的老前輩還清楚記得,解放前楚岫雲與何非凡主演的情僧偷到瀟湘館,在廣州海珠戲院(今人民劇場)連演三百多場,場場滿座,以致當時有一家新建的酒家就命名為瀟湘館,開張當日特邀翻生黛玉楚岫雲前來剪綵致慶,剪綵之時萬人空巷觀者如雲,場面極為熱鬧!由此足見楚岫雲技藝之高,唱演之優,名聲之隆,擁躉之多,票房之佳,世界之冠。

 

楚岫雲演林黛玉聲情並茂,唱做演技精湛, 當時被譽為“生黛玉": 她演荷鋤葬花觀眾為之動容,演焚稿歸天聽者垂涕。她把體質柔弱、病態懨懨、多愁善感、愛恨交煎、品格雅潔高尚的林黛玉,恰如其份地集中表現在角色身上,塑造出一個栩栩如生的古典美人形象。

 

楚岫雲原藉廣東東莞,出身於教師家庭,唸小學時開始練功學藝,拜粵劇名優巢雪舟為師,縱觀她的藝術道路,由武入文,曾在武打高手伍冉明手下苦練過腰腿功和跟斗功,由於她進步得快,加上名師扶掖,早在四十年代,就與當時著名的粵劇演員上海妹、譚蘭卿、衛少芳齊名,譽為四大名旦,並先後與白駒榮、馬師曾、趙驚魂、黃鶴聲、白玉堂、薛覺先、羅品超、馮俠魂、馮少俠、何非凡、呂玉郎、陳笑風、羅家寶合作,主演過眾多著名劇目。

 

楚岫雲文武全材,武功超群,表演技藝堪稱一絕,例如演《劉金定斬四門》她踩蹻出場,在舞台上縱橫馳騁,從容自若;身紮大扣在頻繁的轉身中,扣旗不亂,旋如風中,但見甲裙飛舞,踩蹻殺四門的圓台碎步,猶如蓮花之舞,台風步法雅麗,關目表情靈活巧妙,身段優美,輕快灑脫,勝似流水行雲。表演水袖藝術功夫有層有次,收放裕如,翻卷疏密剛柔起垂,都注意配合從人物感情關目做手出發,花式動作別具特色,一舉一投,並非千篇一律,胡亂抽卷。在紀念楚岫雲逝世五周年之際,粵劇同行憶及她生前音貌,無不動容,婉惜婉惜。

演出楚岫雲生前名劇選場,由羅品超等名伶聯袂登台 詹忠琨 彭壽輝

 

楚岫雲持續無間從事粵劇事業四十多年,曾與著名粵劇表演藝術家薛覺先拍擋演出,蜚聲東南亞、美國、加拿大和港澳,楚岫雲不但擅演悲劇,刀馬旦戲演得更加獨到,早在四十年代就被譽為四大名旦之一。

 

〔本報訊〕為紀念粵劇表演藝術家楚岫雲而舉辦的文藝晚會,由廣東粵劇院老中青演員演出楚岫雲生前名劇選場。羅品超曾與楚岫雲合演王寶釧,羅品超說楚岫雲飾演王寶釧那強裝歡容,無言咽淚的感人表演,至今仍繞腦際,這次羅品超與林小群主演王寶釧,向楚岫雲獻上一瓣心香。胡不歸是一齣膾炙人口的苦情戲,楚岫雲在劇中飾演的趙顰娘曾使滿座欷歔,文覺非、羅家寶、鄭培英等將在晚會上演出此劇選場,別妻和迫媳。中青年演員陳曉明、關青和曹秀琴、吳國華、岑海雁、林燕子等將演出梵宮駙馬選場,劉金定斬四門之私探營房,和黛玉葬花等劇;郎筠玉為紀念逝世藝友將在晚會選演花木蘭。

 

..痛失二花王.悼小飛紅    一九八○年劉玲玉

粵劇戲迷永遠不會忘記她多年出現在舞台上的音容,小飛紅原名甘慧清,新會縣人,少時候家境清貧,十二歲即隨粵劇演員小叫天學藝,故取藝名為小飛紅,她和香港著名藝人任劍輝是師姐妹,她連續從事粵劇事業四十多年,解放前曾在覺先聲、大前程等省港大班出色地歷任二幫花旦,也曾飄洋過海到美洲,檀香山,安南等國去演出,她藝術精湛,觀眾喜愛,同行稱讚,當時享有二花王之盛譽。

 

解放後她是永光明劇團和粵劇院的台柱之一,她最擅長小旦行當表演洗練純樸,形神兼備,唱腔清麗圓潤,有人曾以“自然”二字概括她的藝術風格,她一貫來不跟別人爭戲份,而是著手集中精力,力求演好自己擔任的角色,雖然向來都是任第二花旦(或稱大配角),但往往能夠給整台戲增添不少令人神往的風彩,她好像是悄悄地給觀眾留下了深深的好感,她長期和均已先後去世的呂玉郎,楚岫雲,陸雲飛等同志合作得極好,成功地演過不少膾炙人口的名劇,她參與演出的蘇武牧羊,紅菱血等劇,曾飲譽當年的省港藝壇,六十年代和陸雲飛合演三件寶,評雪辨蹤也深受觀眾歡迎.文革前一兩年間,她以飽滿的熱情,積極參加現代劇演出,在紅色的種子,阿霞,沙家濱中,分別扮演了張素貞,母親,沙奶奶等人物,仍顯示了她真切純樸的藝術風格。

 

小飛紅熱愛新中國,勤勤懇懇工作,她的為人,心地善良,作風樸實,不慕虛榮,但在十年浩劫期間,她雖未入“牛欄”,際遇同樣是苦楚的,長年的演戲積勞,她早患肺氣腫疾,提前衰老,白髮蒼蒼,病態懨懨,那時,像這樣的半百老嫗,仍然免不了要到英德的原勞改場去做四年多五七戰士,她半條人命,長年累月,在風風雨雨裡去摘茶,在刺骨的寒風中去挑爛泥打泥磚...七年前她已退休,此後身體一天不如一天,於今年十月二十六日與世長辭,享年六十五,這很令人悲嘆,恰好是“十載冰霜花事盡”,粵劇再度興起時,她已無力氣重登舞台,就默默地與觀眾永別了,人亡藝了,實是粵劇的一大損失!嗚呼哀哉!

 

粵劇二幫花旦王小飛紅:戰前一九三五年本港有一位副車花旦小飛紅,乃由梅香,馬旦而紮職至二幫包頭,她聲色藝俱全,每一屆新組織之劇團,等閒之正印花旦,多是給這位副車花旦小飛紅所蓋過的;於是給班政家抬舉,把小飛紅提升當正印台柱,豈料這位聲色藝俱全之小飛紅轉為正印花旦之後,竟然不為台下觀眾接受,八和弟子稱之生就二奶命;班政家重組新班,把小飛紅再次屈居副車花旦;凡是小飛紅當副車之劇團賣座驚人。

 

影劇奇才演藝奇葩之楚岫雲,文武狀元首席全能藝術旦后。唱唸演打技藝超凡功架了得。圓台碎步踩蹺美如蓮花之舞。水袖身段精雅勝似流水行雲。台風亮相關目表情神韻一流。演活黛玉紅娘金定眾多人物。表演創逾萬場屢創票房新高。

  

淺談楚岫雲的表演藝術 陳酉名

 

楚岫雲,粵劇大師,著名花旦。她的表演嚴肅認真,台風端凝莊重;做功利落細緻,理解角色的能力較強。這些都是大家所知道,也是大家所公認的。

 

功底紮實是戲曲演員的表演基礎,我們很欣賞楚岫雲的"圓台"、"水袖"、"身段" (形體動作) 的藝術創造。

 

她的圓台功的功力十分深厚,表演時動中見靜,暢而不虛,有語言表達不了的特殊韻味。粵劇界都了解,楚岫雲年輕時期先學刀馬旦,既善翻功,也有腿功,這方面的基礎比較鞏固。後來改演青衣,集文武演技於一身,兩種功力融合,巧妙運用,因此她的圓台技藝,就掌握得極有分寸。

 

她的水袖也別具特色,有層有次,不浮不滯,她懂得演員外部表演應與角色內心活動相一致的道理。她演《黛玉焚稿》的林黛玉,《平貴別窑》的王寶釧,《荊軻》的荊妻,《林沖》的張氏,《胡不歸》的顰娘等,所運用的水袖,並非千篇一律,而是根據怨恨、激動、痛苦、憤懣、傷感等各種不同的人物感情,認真考慮它的變化,如疏密、快慢、收放、輕重、起垂、剛柔等等。她精心琢磨,肯下苦工,所謂 "練死演活",楚岫雲正符合這一要求。

 

她的表演身段靈活巧妙,輕快灑脫,令人有 "動的雕塑" 之感!她對表演形體動作發過議論,認為戲曲在表演現代生活時,旦角在某種情況下不妨借鑑男角的表演程式,她舉某個戲為例作了說明:一個女游擊隊員闖入險地,唱到 "我似山鷹展翅飛" 一句,如果演員能採用花臉行當的表演動作,把兩手伸高,過頭展開,作飛鷹翔空之勢,曲意和表演手段成為有機結合,人物性格就更加鮮明。倘只局限於旦角的原有傳統表演,墨守成規,不敢跨前一步,塑造人物必然束手無策。她又談到這位女隊員在敵人面前,忠貞不屈,指著對方痛罵的表演,認為此時可以採用鬚生運用鬚功的方法,左手撥動長鬚 (女隊員撥動的當然只是胸前的長圍巾),(代鬚),然後右手直指敵人,這就更能顯出人物的英雄氣慨,否則,僅在旦角本身規範動作之中兜圈子,恐怕不容易找到 "出路"。我覺得這些見解是高明的,這不就意味著戲曲表演上的 "突破" 和 "創新" 嗎?

 

楚岫雲的戲曲藝術造詣很深,但她過早逝世,沒有更多時間讓她將自己的精湛表演傳給下一代,這是非常惋惜的事!

 

冷水雖然清涼 珍貴異常 .羅品超

 

楚岫雲離開我們已經多年了,好像只是一瞬間的事,她給我的印象太深了,一直不能忘懷。

 

我和她曾有兩度合作,第一次合作是一九四二年在香港平安劇團。該團的台柱除我和楚岫雲外,還有曾三多、區倩明、張活游和王中王等,演出的劇目以袍甲戲《黃飛虎反五關》及《熬星降地球》等連台戲為主,還有她的《劉金定斬四門》。那時,香港有幾個出名的花旦,而楚岫雲則是與薛覺先合作而受到好評的。在平安劇團合作期間,楚岫雲的好學勤奮與對藝術的嚴肅認真態度,是令人敬佩的,不管演出的戲份輕重,她都主動找對手練唱,同時,還請北派老師打套子和打一些難度較大的北派脫手,天天如是,從沒間歇。

 

解放後,楚岫雲參加了永光明劇團,對粵劇藝術又作出了新的貢獻,她在《紅娘子》、《后羿嫦娥》和《十三妹大鬧能仁寺》………..等等劇目的演出中,都有獨特表演。

 

省、市劇團合併後,成立了廣東粵劇院,我們又再度合作了,我與楚岫雲演出《荊軻》、《林沖》等長劇和《平貴別窑》、以及楚岫雲的首本戲《黛玉歸天》等短劇,在這一次合作的過程中,我發覺楚岫雲的藝術造詣,又提高了許多,如荊軻中的荊妻,戲雖不多,但她對人物和青衣行當結合有一定的深度,給荊軻這個戲生色不少,最為突出的是演林沖之妻張氏這一角色,感人至深。

 

從別家、遊廟開始至郊別休妻的這場戲,真是開正楚岫雲的戲路,和她合演過程中,她很注重交流與配合,在每個要點關節中,都以很高的藝術手段使對手演戲的我,感到很自然和愉快,這真像足球場上交波到位,使前鋒能把球一腳勁射入門,從而達到絲絲入扣、水到渠成的地步。

 

又如她在送別林沖,二人見面無言可說的情景下,拿出了休書,一字一淚的唸著,當她唸第一句"林沖休棄妻張氏"時,她一直把淚水停留在眼眶內,觀眾看到的只是淚水盈盈,一滴不流出來,可是在她唸到林沖休妻的最後一句時,加上重槌鑼鼓點,隨著一句 ”沉腔滾花”下句。她的感情已升華到高度,她的抖音得到盡情的發揮,忍耐了分多鍾的淚水,再也忍耐不住,一滴滴的滴落衣衿了。這時,使我這個受到的表演感染,再難抑制內心的痛苦,這真是楚岫雲藝術修養的高度成就。

 

楚岫雲後人永遠不會忘記你 .郎筠玉.

回憶與雲姐相處的日子,如同昨天,歷歷在目

楚岫雲曾師事薛覺先和上海妹,並深得其神,是薛門很有造詣的弟子,她為藝術拚搏的精神很值得我們學習,就算成名之後,她仍然堅持練功,為演好劉金定踩翹斬四門,曾連續多天練習踮腳挑水上三樓,楚岫雲既工於青衣,也長於閨門旦、刀馬旦則更有獨到之處,她聲音清脆,扮相嬌俏,表演細膩,身段優美,台步輕盈,是行內不可多得的佼佼者。

建國不久,我從海外歸來,組建珠江劇團,戲改會領導原定我排演薛派名劇《胡不歸》但我早慕楚岫雲之名,她演的青衣和苦情戲確比我好,於是,便建議領導改由楚岫雲參加的永光明劇團演出,《胡不歸》演出後,楚岫雲果然不負眾望,深受廣大觀眾讚許。

   

神童楚岫雲十三歲前之演出

1934年 上海天仙樂在特別區演出。演員:黎明鍾、

楚岫雲、醒魂鍾、謝醒儂、百日紅、陳少泉、楊名聲、紅衣女。

劇目:《六國大封相》、《趙子龍》、《道學先生》、《食齋蛇》、《凡鳥恨屠龍》、

《洞房三怪變》、《羅成》、《摩登地獄》、《嶽飛出世》、《夜光杯》、《樊梨花》、《戲諸侯》、《猛龍》、《天上笙歌》、《龍鳳再生緣》。

 

1934年11月15日   上海廣東大戲院

特聘“華山玉劇團”。

演員:靚華亨、楚岫雲、段劍沖、李松坡、譚玉蘭、賽子龍、譚少鳳。

劇目:《陳友諒兵下南昌》、《迷魂網》、《薛家將》、《兇手是情人》、《腸斷蕭郎》、 《陳宮罵曹》、《虎吻偷香》、《賭鬼打城隍》、《銀宮豔盜》、

《六國大封相》、《呂洞賓》、《何仙姑》等。

 

 上海廣東大戲院

 “華山玉劇團”調整演員陣容繼續演出。

演員:王醒伯、楚岫雲、牡丹蘇、李松坡、梁淑卿、盧雪鴻、王振聲、段劍沖、賽子龍、儂非女、黃少秋、陳少泉、謝福培、靚蛇仔。

劇目:《麒麟崖》、《寶鏡重圓》、《情場怪傑》、《錦繡香囊》、《昆侖劍》

、《三取龍鳳劍》、《血灌自由花》、《老嫩情人》、《二叔公搏命》、

、《武大郎娶妻》、《咸濕皇帝》、《寶蝴蝶》、《夜探嚴相府》

、《昭君娘娘二卷》。

 

1935年5月21日   上海 廣東大戲院

特聘“金龍男女劇團”。

演員:陳皮鴨、上海妹、楚岫雲、段劍沖、趙驚雲、林鷹楊、鄧少秋、紫雲

霞、胡小寶、顔思德、馬夢先。

劇目:《吳越春秋》、《雙封相》、《狀元貪駙馬》、《迫夫同殺父》、《春滿壽星橋》、《可憐秋後扇》、《花蝴蝶》、《佳偶兵戎》、《潘金蓮出嫁》

《大妗戲新郎》、《獸陣銅崖》。

 

何非凡 (1919年—1980年),廣東東莞人,原名何賀年,又名何康棋,著名粵劇演員,著名文武生。曾取藝名何小年的他在入粵班之初,從跑龍套開始,初期登臺時心情過份緊張,幾句道白都常常念錯,甚至完全念不出來。但何非凡並不氣餒,反而更加鞭策自己,久而久之,決心以自己抱負非凡而改名何非凡。師事李叫天、陳醒章、石燕子等。早年何非凡曾當過馬旦。先後加入「大羅天」、「黃金」、「樂其樂」、「紅棉」等劇團,未有成名。

 

1947年 ,何非凡自組第一屆非凡響劇團,第一屆班拍花旦芳艷芬,票房未有起色,散班收場。1948年何非凡自組第二屆非凡響,這一屆班他換聘從外國演出載譽歸來的名旦楚岫雲任正印花旦,楚岫雲精湛卓絕的表演技藝成功令非凡響劇團一轉頹勢,第二屆班至第五屆非凡響班果然一飛沖天,場場爆滿,《情僧偷到瀟湘館》一劇更連滿百餘場,劇中楚岫雲演林黛玉爐火純青,聲情並茂,入木三分,動人心絃,贏得了”生黛玉”之美譽,楚岫雲在《西廂記》演紅娘一角維妙維肖,絲絲入扣,精彩絕倫,再贏得了”生紅娘”之美譽,而楚岫雲的唱腔流水行雲,脫穎特出,唱功繞樑三日,被譽為「岫雲腔」,合作兩年以來,第二屆非凡響班至第五屆非凡響班,賣座成功令班主拍檔何非凡的名聲也因而響了起來。

 

岳清在月刊指鄧碧云與上海妹、譚蘭卿等為50年代廣州四大名旦。

這該是極之毫無根據,因為上海妹等幾人在那個年代已是極度走下坡的了,

無人會喜歡看她們的花旦戲了。至於鄧碧云她在50年代時期仍未站穩巨型班的正印位置,當時她拍的薛覺先已是極度走下坡的,覺云天劇团於現在

看來當是人才濟濟,除薛、鄧二人,還有麥炳榮和羅艷卿組成中型班。我曾

在廣州平安戲院看過這個团演的「月宮宝盒」,戲好景靚,可惜在廣州不多台期,主要在鄉間演出,不久又散班了,後來鄧碧云又改拍陳燕棠、盧海天了。

 

楚岫云講過,50年代她正在休暑時,薛覺先就曾邀請她組团來港演出,她說她沒有答應,薛覺先就說如果妳不答應我就去找鄧碧云、芳艷芬喇!

 

1942年覺先聲劇團在澳門演出時正印花旦應該是楚岫雲,不是鄧碧雲,後來覺先聲移師內地,鄧碧雲加入新聲當二幫花旦,她後來又到了大陸四鄉演出。查實當時新聲只是在澳門鄉間演出的落鄉小型班而已。

 

陳艷儂戰前曾在興中華劇團任三幫花旦,戰時才轉到澳門新聲任正印,且看任劍輝和小飛紅等的太平艷影劇團可見,該班演的夜戲大堂前座票價也只是收五毫左右。在當時同一時期別的大班演的夜戲則收一元多二元大堂前座,所以後來小飛紅加盟覺先聲劇團也只是當其三幫花旦,可見其概也。

 

戰後任劍輝從澳門來港,五零年時加盟將走下坡的陳錦棠的錦添花,也只是當其二幫小生而已。不久羅麗娟離開錦添花去拍何非凡,錦添花劇團才改由二幫芳艷芬升為正印花旦。

  

楚岫雲傳奇

影劇奇才,演藝奇葩,文武狀元,唱做精優,名聲響徹雲霄,首席藝術旦后,粵劇藝術大師,藝術造詣極高,技藝精湛超群,花旦王楚岫雲,功架一流,圓台身段、碎步踩蹺、水袖水髮、靠靶圓台,功夫一流。金雞獨立、擘一字馬、雙飛腳、打大翻、打真軍、拗腰、推車、車身、車輪、起霸、搶背、跨背、觔斗、吊模、大架、大跳、小跳、紥脚、踩蹻……等等功架技藝絕佳,全部精通。舞旗、舞劍、耍刀、耍劍、耍鞭、耍槍、拋槍、踢槍、分槍、回槍各欵脫手北派武打精練,武藝非凡,登峰造極,種種難度較高的卓越南北派功架藝術皆是爐火純青:觀眾稱讚她的圓台猶如蓮花之舞,身段優美勝似流水行雲;圓台、碎步、身段、水袖靈活巧妙別具特色;塑造人物角色絲絲入扣,表演細膩柔密;戲路廣闊縱橫,演男女老少任何人物都能勝任裕如,不論文場或武戲都演得同樣精彩出色:既精於閨門旦,也擅長青衣和小旦,演武旦刀馬旦更是一絕,演技出神入化、維肖維妙,受到行內外好評讚譽,花旦行中公認第一。

 

楚岫雲,獨步梨園,南國牡丹,威震藝壇數十春秋,享譽海外內省港澳。唱功造詣高深奧妙,擅唱傳統梆黃,聲腔獨特怡悅,聲情腔意並重,感情表露無遺,充滿雲腔韻味,優點以聲傳情,特色依字行腔,字字清晰鏗鏘,句句腔韻兼備,曲曲委婉醉人,演繹不同人物角色,唱出不同腔韻聲調,聲腔快慢高低起伏抑揚頓挫,音韻旋律迭蕩多姿節奏鮮明,表達劇中人物和思想感情恰到好處,演唱喜怒哀樂及悲苦恨憤表露無遺,情感豐富,聲情並茂,扣人心絃,精彩絕倫。

 

楚岫雲從三十年代演出成名至六十年代,長期演出無間,她的舞台表演創超逾萬場的佳績,主演過的首本名劇戲寶多不勝數,略述她生平塑造的經典代表佳作人物有南海觀音、華山聖母、雙陽公主、刁蠻公主、長平公主、林沖娘子、劉金定、葛嫩娘、穆桂英、梁紅玉、白蛇精、女兒香、十三妹、紅娘子、武潘安、孟麗君、花木蘭、佘賽花、樊梨花、林黛玉、玉堂春、卓文君、王昭君、王寶釧、祝英台、倫碧容、秦香蓮、潘金蓮、趙顰娘、趙飛燕、趙京娘、董小苑、猩猩女、可憐女、李三娘、嫦娥。

紅娘、織女、香妃、燕燕、西施、金釧、夷娜、李仙、刁嬋、虞姬………………等等古典人物角色形象都曾經栩栩如生、維妙維肖、活靈活現於舞台之上,當年風靡了萬萬千千的戲迷,深印觀眾腦海,深入民心,長期得到廣大觀眾歡迎愛戴,屢創票房新高傳奇佳績。

  

楚岫雲於一九四八年初回穗和何非凡合作演出《情僧偷到瀟湘館》等劇,高破賣座紀錄,紅透了半邊天,大獲好評,觀眾與同業及報章一致讚譽,這位演活了林黛玉的青春美艷花旦,聲色藝全前途遠大,擁有卓越一流演技,唱做表演俱佳.已達到爐火純青最高境界,以致萬人空巷爭看『生黛玉』,因而創了演出三百多場滿座的佳績,同時也造就了何非凡這名字開始響噹噹起來了。

  

楚岫雲於一九四九年初春又和幾位一流皇牌大老倌呂玉郎、白超鴻、馮俠魂、小飛紅和陸雲飛等合組永光明劇團,長年長月連續不間演出,四九至五八年長期旺台爆棚,每劇必連演一二百或二三百場的滿座,轟動羊城,開創了持續演出十年的長壽班霸傳奇佳績。楚岫雲在永光明劇團曾演出過數十戲寶名劇,演至五八年轉入廣東粵劇院第一團,任正印花旦再演了不少好戲,如《月夜借紅燈》、《荊軻》、《林沖》、《胡不歸》、《斷橋會》、《佘賽花》、《李文茂》、《黛玉歸天》、《平貴別窰》、《平貴回窰》、《蘇三起解》、《猩猩女追舟》等,再創佳績。她自三十年代中一直持續不停演出至六十年代中,是因文化大革命開始了才中斷了她多彩多姿的演藝事業。

 

楚岫雲這位名伶紅遍四個年代,三十年代已任演電影女主角,伶影雙棲紅極一時,從1940年開始當上巨型班正印花旦,持續無間跨代至1965年很長的時光裡,都是擔演著一流大班的正印花旦,實是數代的名旦:曾傳奇創出多項粵劇獨一無二的第一佳績,她屢屢創造出前無古人後無來者的粵劇票房新高峰,她還獨創了粵劇戲班由花旦擔綱起一個劇團,巨型猛班,擔票擔戲演出各類人物角色,文武戲場,集青衣刀馬,閨門小旦於一身,技藝一流,武打精湛,演悲喜劇全居勝首,創造出粵劇史上空前絕後新的一頁佳績。過去但凡有楚岫雲演出的劇團,賣座就必創造驚人紀錄。又如若有楚岫雲主演的劇目,每一齣戲目都必能夠持續上演過百場至數百場次爆滿,特別是演林黛玉、劉金定、可憐女、王寶釧、趙顰娘這些人物,更是各自均曾演上六、七百場次滿座,創出了今古無雙最高的票房紀錄,她畢生創了演出多達萬場。其影劇事業已於三、四十年代時期紅得發紫,到了五、六十年代期間,她的粵劇事業、舞台演出,更達到光輝燦爛至巔峰,她的藝術成就及票房紀錄空前絕後,梨園界中無出其右。四五十年代期間她先後拍紅了文武生何非凡、呂玉郎、羅家寶、陳笑風和白超鴻,六十年代重拍羅品超、羅家寶等再創藝術新高峰。這都是楚岫雲在粵劇舞台上驕傲的輝煌成就、驚人創舉佳績實錄。

  

長勝擂台永光明

 

四五六十年代行內外都公認之四大天頂王牌大老倌楚岫雲、呂玉郎、小飛紅、陸雲飛與大老倌馮俠魂、白超鴻、黃君武等台柱由班政家蘇永年策劃下之永光明劇團紅極多時,冠絕全行,其台柱大老倌人靚聲靚演技佳,擁最佳編劇撰曲、最佳樂隊拍和、最佳服裝佈景,樣樣一流水準,美侖美奐。其台柱以富有朝氣復加藝術實力見稱於觀眾,演出嚴肅、表演認真,故此劇團成立後到處演出莫不大獲歡迎,當時被稱為省港班最為收得者,該首推永光明劇團矣,創歷史票房新高峰,是則該團之實力若何,可見其概也。當年之戲人夢寐以求都想取得廣州海珠大戲院之演出權,認為乃是掘金之最好地盤,而永光明劇團卻獲簽得經常在海珠戲院上演,其時羡煞不少同業行家!

 

永光明劇團長期雄霸廣州粵劇藝壇,屬首屈一指的巨型猛班,且號稱粵劇擂台,從1949年頭演至1958年底長期持續無間,演出十個年頭,每年平均開演一或兩個新戲,演出場次足4000多場,長期在廣州海珠、樂善、太平等大戲院上演。每年上演10個月休假2個月(7至8月休暑停演)每月夜戲演約30場,逢星期四和星期日台柱亦演日戲(每月約演出8至10場),每場皆編演不同的劇目,例如為悼念薛覺先逝世就特別編演了含笑飲砒霜,日夜場票價一致。日夜戲每月共演40場左右,即一年演約400場,十年演了4000場,晚上準七時半開場(開場前樂隊演奏音樂),演至十二點幾或一點多鐘。超值的票價最高只收2元5角。當年廣州的電台都常常現場直播,永光明劇團在戲院演出的劇目,同一個晚上裡又另有其他電台選播,永光明劇團的現場錄音舊劇,日間各個電台也常常播放楚岫雲和呂玉郎的獨唱或合唱歌曲。

永光明四九至五八年其間演出過眾多名符其實的首本名劇戲寶,計有《香妃》、《西施》、《燕燕》、《紅娘子》、《可憐女》、《卓文君》、《葛嫩娘》、《玉堂春》、《王寶釧》、《穆桂英》、《鴛鴦劍》、《王昭君》、《董小宛》、《紅菱血》、《嫦娥奔月》、《劈山救母》、《牛郎織女》、《綠野仙蹤》、《新女兒香》、《梵宮駙馬》、《鴛鴦玫瑰》、《金釧投井》、《闖王進京》、《蘇武牧羊》、《三娘汲水》、《偷祭瀟相館》、《淒涼姊妹碑》、《梁山伯祝英台》、《劉金定斬四門》、《陳世美不認妻》、《狄青三取珍珠旗》、《沖天野鶴會嫦娥》、《梁紅玉擊鼓抗金兵》、《十三妹大鬧能仁寺》等等膾炙人口的名劇,全部叫好叫座,套套旺台爆棚,每劇持續連台上演一二百至二三百場次滿座,創了粵劇票房歷史新高,創世佳績冠蓋古今,威震省港澳。

 

舉例《淒涼姊姊碑》、《可憐女》這類爛衫戲,並不是大製作劇目,卻同樣演出旺台爆滿,賣座驚人,《可憐女》曾於一九四九及五零年,前後兩度演出了數多百場滿座,深入民心,也能夠成為當時觀眾心目中的戲寶名劇,相信其中極大原因應當是有賴當時演員,高水準的唱做演精優吸引著觀眾吧!至今仍印象深刻,永久回味難忘,祇單看尾場二三十分鐘的精彩表演,已令人目不暇給,讚嘆不已,拍案叫絕。當時飾演可憐女的楚岫雲從虎度門右邊舞台出場,跪地移步膝行兼搖耍水髮,邊演邊唱,表演至舞台左邊設的墳墓哭祭亡夫,這幕戲真的感人至深,觀眾頻呼好戲,掌聲雷動,楚岫雲精湛出色的表演唱做,感情非常豐富投入,使人嘆為觀止,疑是劇中人活現於舞台之上。

 

一九五五年呂玉郎離開了永光明過檔太陽昇取代羅家寶文武生之位,於一九五六初開鑼演出,此劇團即從小型班升為大型班,票價驟升三倍,上座率更勝先前;同時加入關國華、林麗心開演二步針日戲。

羅家寶則於一九五五年早已離開了太陽昇劇團,灣水停演不知去向,要於一九五六年秋才見他在永光明出現演出第一個劇目《金釧投井》,因為一九五六年中永光明文武生馮俠魂演出牛郎織女一劇途中病倒腰斬了。恰巧羅家寶仍在灣水停演還未有埋班之際,他才被邀加入了永光明,但於一九五七年期間他又因與楚岫雲不和離團,後來他重返細班東方紅,補陳笑風的空缺。

說回永光明就即時改由馮俠魂勝任文武生,人選票價一切照舊,可料演出依然爆棚轟動。但憑過往紀錄,一般戲班若是文武生或正印花旦玩停演或離團,必致票房不保而散班,獨有永光明劇團例外,雖是缺了位文武生王呂玉郎,但卻仍尚還有花旦王楚岫雲坐陣擔飛,因為楚岫雲具有票房保證,乃是當代賣座冠軍之名伶,再加上二花王小飛紅和丑生王陸雲飛,這三位都是票房皇者,足見實力依然雄厚,絲毫無損票房聲威,賣座依舊驚人。開演新劇《牛郎織女》,由馮俠魂演牛郎,加入文武生蔣世勳演金童一角。《牛郎織女》從一九五五年秋演到一九五六年中,持續演出爆滿了差不多三百場次時,演牛郎的馮俠魂突然患上急病無法演出。

 

無奈隨即找了灣水已久全未夠班之羅家寶,加入升拍楚岫雲演出《金釧投井》,一九五七年演《鴛鴦玫瑰》其間,羅家寶鬧意見離團,永光明再即時提拔陳笑風接演《鴛鴦玫瑰》。永光明劇團演到一九五八年始被轉為廣東粵劇院。是因早已有不少伶人及私營劇團,站不穩陣腳而轉入了公營集團矣。而永光明劇團則創出十載賣座冠軍佳績,創下了光輝燦爛耀梨園的驕人威水史頁。

 

靚樣靚聲文武生何非凡差不多拍盡全行花旦,一九四七年底組第一屆非凡响劇團是拍芳艷芬、鳳凰女、小覺天等,因虧本只演了一屆便散伙了。四八年初再組第二至第五屆非凡響劇團,夥拍剛從外地歸國的著名花旦楚岫雲、又有譚玉真、陸雲飛等,演《情僧偷到瀟湘館》等劇,高破賣座紀錄。不久楚岫雲參加了永光明劇團演出,從此永光明劇團所演出的劇目晚晚頂籠爆棚,屢屢創下了省港澳粵劇空前絕後的歷史票房新高紀錄,永光明也就一直成為了在四五十年代時期最受歡迎最賣座的巨型班霸。

 

戲班行情略述一二

一九五二年英俊文武生白超鴻與林小群組織太陽昇劇團,票價最高收九角,也甚為收得,五四年白超鴻因婚姻問題離團,起初羅家寶加入演出《柳毅傳書》、《玉河浸女》等竟令票房出現一落千丈慘情,入座率少貓幾隻,逐後票房才漸見起色,不是一炮而紅,也更不是當時最收得劇目,真不知何解現在竟被訛傳為當時最賣座劇目?及後又因六十年代劇院極少給羅家寶開演新劇,他就經常找劇院內的女演員重演《柳毅傳書》等舊劇。

四十年代末至五十年代初廣東省的戲班有六七十班之眾,百花齊放,百家爭鳴。先有楚岫雲、呂玉郎、鄒潔雲的永光明,最高票價2元5角。繼有不少短期班出現,包括靚少佳、郎筠玉、林小群的勝壽年,最高票價收1元5角。少新權、李帆風、梁雪珍的大權威和呂雁聲、繞雲娘的永光榮,同樣最高票價八角。永光榮全都搬演永光明曾演出之劇目。何非凡、羅麗娟的非凡响、馬師曾紅線女的紅星、新馬仔、石燕子、上海妹、余麗珍的大鳳凰、陳錦棠、羅麗娟、芳艷芬、任劍輝的錦添花、薛覺先、陳艷儂的新華、薛覺先、鄧碧雲的覺雲天、羅品超、陳艷儂的光華………等等許多劇團解放前後也曾在廣州演出,全部不敵永光明劇團,相繼鎩羽而散。

後來又再有珠、永、新;東、南、太等等大、中、小型劇團及下鄉班,最高票價分別是:落鄉班6至8角、小型班9角、中型班1元5角、大型班2元5角。廣東粵劇團有馬師曾、紅綫女,最高票價1元5角。廣州市粵劇工作團有白駒榮、薛覺先、薛覺明、陳小茶、白超鴻、譚玉真、小木蘭,間中在廣州演出,票價最高收8角。南方劇團五二至五七年持續演出,台柱有呂雁聲、曾三多、顏鐵英、羅思、蝴蝶女、馬麗明等,最高票價9角,差不多每屆都更換文武生花旦。東方紅劇團曾先後有陶醒非拍衛少芳,馮少俠拍陳綺綺,陳笑風拍李艷霜,盧啟光及羅家寶都曾任該團文武生,前後歷屆票價一律最高收9角。蔣世勳、陳笑風、紫蘭女、徐人心等曾演出《搜孤救孤》、《三姐下凡》,最高票價8角。曾君瑞和陳露薇曾演出《春風秋兩又三年》,最高票價6角。

  

一代名花旦楚岫雲,數十春秋演出無間

  

一代名伶楚岫雲,劇藝精英,威震藝海,純青技藝兼資文武,精通傳統功架藝術,集絕佳演技於一身。唱做唸打名優萬里飄香,演悲喜劇勝首千古留芳。擅長表演閨秀旦、花衫俏皮、風騷艷旦、武旦刀馬、小旦、青衣各類角色人物,藝驚省港澳。

三十年代時段楚岫雲芳齡只十幾歲,已紅極一時,蜚聲國際,歌、影、劇事業突飛猛進,開創了奇迹。當年她歌、影、劇三棲,年年月月天天主要演出粵劇,又忙於拍攝電影,還參加灌錄唱片等工作。

楚岫雲從小學藝,很年輕就成名,上世紀1934年至35年期間在上海廣東大戲院演出。

1935年之後楚岫雲灌錄了第一批唱片,其中「琴韻動情思」與陳皮梅合唱,「七情迷佛祖」與白駒榮等合唱,「情關俘虜」與新馬師曾合唱。

1936年楚岫雲14歲,任覺先聲劇團三花,執生出色,一夜揚名,勝任正印。

1937年在光華劇团和盧海天、上海妹合作,她當演劇中主角林英娥殺嫂等。

1938年在太平劇团當日戲正印花旦拍黃鶴聲,並上演了第一部電影梅知府,飾演女主角倫碧容。

1939年至1940年和桂名揚合作之後,前往美國、加拿大各地演出,極受歡迎。

1940年至1942年先後分別拍白玉堂、薛覺先及羅品超各大老倌,亦創佳績。

1942年至1945年戰時拍馮俠魂,往越南演出。

1945年至1947年在泰國演出,哄動異城。

1947年底楚岫雲從外地演罷回國先後拍馮少俠、薛覺先演出。

1948年初至1949年初拍何非凡,演『情僧偷到瀟湘館』等劇,首次高創了省港澳粵劇票房新紀錄,紅透了半邊天,盛名遠播。

1949年初至1955年夏季拍呂玉郎,演出過無數膾炙人口的好戲,一齣劇目連續上演

過百場滿座,當中更有不少戲目連演超過二百及三百場爆滿,連續十年旺台爆棚,年復年月復月,每天演出無間,持續屢屢高創出歷史票房新高佳績,轟動藝壇,當時得令。

1955年休暑後至1956年夏季拍馮俠魂,演盧丹編寫之『牛郎織女』一劇,依然哄動,跨演兩個年頭,狂滿近三百場;不料牛郎突於演出途中暈倒而致腰斬。

1956年楚岫雲休暑後秋季接著換拍羅家寶,演出《金釧投井》、《鴛鴦玫瑰》。兩人曾鬧不和,至今死無對證,近年羅家寶爲了突出自己、吹噓聲價,竟然低貶誣衊前輩,他揑造假話,胡說八道,詆毀楚岫雲當時已屆高齡、將走下坡等等完全不符合事實的侮辱性謊言謬論。

1956年,其實楚岫雲才剛30餘歲,風華正茂,是她演藝事業正當最尖峰的黃金時段,如日中天,譽滿梨園,獨步南中,藝苑之珍、粵劇瑰寶席位捨她誰能企及。

1957年中至1958年底,楚岫雲拍陳笑風演出《梵宮駙馬》、《燕燕》等。

1958年底至1959年中,楚岫雲在廣東粵劇院二團拍靚少佳、陳笑風、呂雁聲、盧啟光、陳少棠等演出《董小宛下卷》、《月夜借紅燈》、《秋湖戲妻》、《三帥困崤山》、《趙子龍攔江截斗》等。

1959年中至1966年,楚岫雲在廣東粵劇院一團和二團任團長,正印花旦再拍羅品超、羅家寶,演出《荊軻》、《林沖》、《胡不歸》、《斷橋會》、《佘賽花》、《李文茂》、《黛玉歸天》、《平貴別窰》、《平貴回窰》、《蘇三起解》、《猩猩女追舟》等劇。

 

楚岫雲演粵劇、拍電影,事業如日方中

 

楚岫雲,粵劇著名藝術家,出身於教師家庭,從小先學基本功,翻騰跌扑硬功夫,後學唱功身段台步等技藝。楚岫雲是一位較年輕便成名的紅伶,享譽粵劇界四大名旦之一,在國內外一致享獲極高的聲譽。楚小姐在演梅香的時候已被前輩發現她是一顆明日之星,把她介紹到落鄉班去擔當第二花旦,不久後又有前輩更大膽引薦她到上海和白駒榮拍擋演出。廣州被日本攻打之前,戲人紛紛來到香港,楚小姐也不例外,來港加入了太平劇團和馬師曾合作,兩年後她又參加拍攝電影工作,三八年上演了她第一部電影〔梅知府〕,擔演倫碧容,男主角為趙驚魂。

 

楚岫雲於戰前戰後所演出之電影不知共多少部,只能夠搜集出下面之電影名列:

梅知府1938年8月3曰首映與趙驚雲合演

風流債1938年1O月9日首映與鄺山笑合演

鍾無艷  1939年3月16日首映,楚岫雲演夏迎春與新馬師曾合演,大口何以丑角演鍾無艷,

1948年12月30日重映易名夏迎春

栴開二度1939年5月21日首映與鄺山笑合演

十二寡婦   1939年8月8日首映與新馬師曾、馮俠魂、黃鶴聲、張活游等合演

竹織鴨1939年9月17日首映與鄺山笑合演

八美圖1941年1月16日首映與趙驚雲合演

醋淹藍橋1941年2月11日首吷與白駒榮合演

蕩寇誌1941年2月2O日首映。1947年1月28日重映與麥炳榮合演

神秘小姐   1941年9月5日首映。1946年2月18曰重映易名殺人小姐與張瑛合演

國難財主1941年11月2曰首映,與馮俠魂、劉克宣合演

生武松1941年11月20日首映。【生潘金蓮楚岫雲】戲【生武松關德興】

黑衣怪人   1942年2月2O日首映,與馮俠魂合演,戰前製作,曰軍攻港,延遲上映

 

劉金定斬四門1948年9月5日首映,與黃干歲合演

陳夢吉1949年1月3日首映,楚岫雲演出戲中戲黛玉葬花

可憐女1950年8月26日首映,與呂玉郎、陸雲飛、小飛紅合演

啼笑姻緣   本港?年?月?日首映,1950年曾於廣州長壽電影院院線上映。楚岫雲扮演鳳喜與鄺山笑合演

  

香港戰前楚小姐已被聘到美國加拿大各處演出,當她在美加演出一年後返港,巨型班興中華劇團即聘她擔當第二花旦及正印花旦,和名伶白玉堂合作,接著薛覺先和羅品超對楚小姐都很器重,先後聘她在平安劇團和覺先聲劇團為正印花旦。

 

楚岫雲從事粵劇事業數十年,曾到過美加和東南亞各地演出,解放前她已歷任省港巨型班的正印花旦,演過的戲目數以百計,如有《劉金定斬四門》、《暴雨殘梅》、《嫣然一笑》、《雪野哀鴻》、《胡不歸》、《王昭君》、《歸來燕》、《紅娘》、《霸王別姬》、《關公月下釋刁嬋》、《月上柳梢頭》、《情僧偷到瀟湘館》、《西廂記》、《花街神女》.............等等許多名劇,皆大受歡迎,抗戰前後曾與白駒榮、馬師曾、趙驚魂、黃鶴聲、桂名揚、張活游、白玉堂、薛覺先、羅品超、馮俠魂、馮少俠、何非凡等名家演出。之後和呂玉郎合作演出了一段很長時間,曾演出數十首本名劇戲寶,極受觀眾歡迎愛戴,繼而又和羅家寶、陳笑風、靚少佳、盧啟光、呂雁聲、陳少棠、羅品超拍擋。

 

楚岫雲扮相肖麗,圓台身段水袖美,唱做唸演打卓絕,既可精於閨門旦,也擅青衣和小旦,復能演刀馬武旦,唱演打八面玲瓏,故促使她很年輕就成了大名,享譽電影和粵劇藝壇,較早期已紅遍省港澳,蜚聲美加、越南、泰國和東南亞各地。數十年來受到廣泛讚譽。

  

睇戲要睇永光明戲迷暢敘

我們一大班戲迷,少年至青年住廣州,戰後到六十年代廣州戲班很興旺,我們一眾戲迷朋友天天都看大戲,各大中小型戲班都捧場來作比較,當中令我們最好評的是《永光明劇團》:不論台柱老倌以至梅香的演出、編劇家、樂隊、佈景、服飾,樣