This globe depicts a map which looks quite different from the current understanding of the terrestrial Earth. At first, I was led to believe it was the Gondwanaland/Laurasia - when all the continents were a single mass of land. But then Africa is separate.
A bit of research using the names of globe led me here - History of the Isle of Pines. It could be a map of an English bookkeeper George Pines who got lost in the Pacific Ocean going towards India in the 1600s.
I would be glad if someone could elucidate the real mystery behind this globe. Do let me know if you wish to take a look at other continents.