Smithsonian Institution · Albums

Oswald Smith family

Oswald Smith family James O. Arthur; White sands 100 yard race Viola & Agnes Chihuahua Mr. A. & Children, Ruidosa Separator at work, White Tail Naiche (Jos. Dykema?) (1/26/32), Eugene, Dr. Darling, Marjean Members Sewing Society

Reverend James Osborne Arthur (1887-1971) and his wife Katherine Arthur (1883-1960) were missionaries for the Reformed Church of America, working on the Nebraska Winnebago Reservation in 1913 and among the Chiricahua and Mescalero Apaches in the Whitetail section of the Mescalero Apache Reservation in New Mexico from 1914 to 1919. The Arthurs had five children who are were also documented in the this collection: Margaret Jean (1913-), James, Jr. (1915-2002), John Paul (1917-1987), Robert Lee (1919-2000) and Kathryn (1923-). This collection documents the activities on the Winnebago Reservation in Nebraska in 1913, and on the Mescalero and Chirichua Reservation in White Tail, New Mexico from 1914-1919. Additional images depict vacations and travels throughout the Southwest and Midwest by the Arthur family and friend between the years 1913-1928. Topics documented in this collection include: the Arthur family and friends, church life, quilt sewing circles, school picnics, school children, fairs, hunting, wildlife, horticulture, and building construction. Notable images include those of an elderly Chief Naiche (Chiricahua Apache), Jasper Kanseah (Nephew of Geronimo), and Eugene Chihuahua (son of Chihuahua).The majority of the images are believed to have been photographed by Rev. James O. Arthur himself, except for the few images in which he appears. Arthur used a 3A folding Kodak camera. These images are part of the National Museum of the American Indian's (NMAI) Photo Archives and are also available online through NMAI’s Collections Search.

For more information about this collection, please visit Snapshots of Transition: Native American Reservation Life in the Early 1900s.

To view more collections from the Smithsonian, visit the Collection Search Center.

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See a blog post about this collection here -
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